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We Review the Best of the Latest Books

ISSN 1934-6557

March 2018, Issue #227

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Reviews

Business & Economics / Administration / Higher Education

Budgets and Financial Management in Higher Education, 3rd edition by Margaret J. Barr & George S. McClellan (Jossey-Bass)

Budgets and Financial Management in Higher Education, 3rd edition helps new administrators (department chairs, directors, deans) understand and become more proficient in their financial management role within the institution. 

The authors are Margaret J. Barr, professor emerita in the School of Education and Social Policy at Northwestern University, where she supervised operating budgets for both general and auxiliary enterprises and George S. McClellan, associate professor of higher education at the University of Mississippi.

Practitioners will be able to put the book's guidance to immediate use in their work. It is grounded in the latest knowledge base and filled with examples from across all types of institutions, making it is a good text for courses in graduate programs in higher education leadership and administration. The book:

  • Provides an understanding of the basics of budgeting and fiscal management in higher education.
  • Defines the elements of a budget, the budget cycle, and the steps for creating a budget.
  • Suggests ways of avoiding common pitfalls and problems of managing budgets.
  • Contains effective strategies for dealing with loss of resources.
  • Includes end-of-chapter reflection questions and an expanded glossary of terms. 

This 3rd edition of Budgets and Financial Management in Higher Education contains new information in every chapter reflecting both the most recent developments in higher education and feedback from readers of the earlier edition. The information on the current higher education financial environment has been updated, and the case studies have been revised. Readers are introduced to Bowen's theory of resources and expenses as an important way to understand budgetary decision making in colleges and universities. Special attention is paid to the use of restricted funds, the budget implications of faculty appointments and the challenges caused by personnel policies for staff. In addition, greater attention is given to development and implementation of repair and replacement programs in auxiliary enterprises.

Chapter One, "The Fiscal Context and the Role of the Budget Manager," discusses the broader fiscal forces that influence funding in American higher education. In addition, the chapter contains a discussion of the role of a budget manager (whether it is a full- or part-time responsibility) within a budgetary unit and within the greater institutional environment. The revised chapter includes more recent information on the fiscal environment following the 2008–2009 recession. There is also discussion of the findings of the bipartisan task force on the costs associated with federal regulations in higher education and on budget implications from a wave of retirements. The information on the for-profit sector has also been expanded.

Chapter Two, "Primary Elements of the Budget: Revenue and Expenses," presents the various sources of revenue and the broad categories of expenses that characterize budgets in higher education. Attention is given to the issues that should be confronted when dealing with revenue and expenses. This 3rd edition of Budgets and Financial Management in Higher Education features greater explication of the challenges related to restricted funds, notes on new strategies institutions are pursuing to increase revenue from tuition, updates on endowment revenue and greater regulatory scrutiny of them, and similar comments regarding the scrutiny of foundations associated with universities.

Chapter Three, "Understanding Budgets," discusses the purposes of the budget, the different types of budgets, and the different budget models that may be part of the responsibility of any administrator in higher education. It introduces readers to Bowen's theory regarding resources and expenses. In Chapter Four, "Management of the Budget Cycle," the discussion centers on the ongoing nature of budget management and the need to understand the past, present, and future fiscal issues of the budget unit. Auxiliary enterprises and capital budgets provide special issues in fiscal management. Implications of the timing of hiring cycles on budget development, particularly as they relate to hiring in academic positions, are addressed.

Chapter Five, "Understanding Auxiliary and Capital Budgets," clarifies the challenges and opportunities facing budget managers dealing with those enterprises. Revisions in this chapter include additional discussion of maintenance and replacement cycles, a specific section on sustainability, and discussion of new social concerns as they relate to budgeting. Chapter Six, "Problems and Pitfalls in Budget Management," discusses those issues in detail and suggests how to confront problems and avoid pitfalls. Changes in Chapter Six speak to the sharing or pooling of resources by institutions to handle some expenses, the challenges of tuition discounting, and the unfortunate tendency of some to postpone problems rather than address them in a timely fashion.

Finally, Chapter Seven, "Managing Budget Fluctuations," offers suggestions on how to manage both budget cuts and new resources flowing into the institution and budget unit. Also in Chapter Seven, Alpha University is revisited in an additional case study with budget reductions as the task for readers. Chapter Seven also contains a new case study on Omega College that permits readers to apply the information learned throughout the volume. Chapter Seven has been revised to include discussion of whether resource scarcity is a transient condition or sustained public policy.

Budgets and Financial Management in Higher Education concludes with a Glossary of Terms, which will be helpful to readers in understanding the terminology used throughout the volume as well as in their daily work as budget managers within an institution of higher education.

Highly accessible for students and practitioners alike, this valuable resource offers solid guidance readers can immediately put to use in their work. Written in plain language, Budgets and Financial Management in Higher Education, 3rd edition provides practical approaches to many complex problems in fiscal management as it is intended for readers who do not have a strong background in matters financial. The target audiences for the volume include managers in a variety of roles within higher education, including director, dean, vice president, department chair, coordinator, and program director. Graduate students studying higher education administration at both the master's and doctoral levels will also find this book useful.

Business & Economics / Entrepreneurship / Handbooks

The Harvard Business Review Entrepreneur's Handbook: Everything You Need to Launch and Grow Your New Business by Harvard Business Review (HBR Handbooks: Harvard Business Review Press)

Seventy-five percent of startup ventures fail to return investors' capital, according to research by Harvard Business School's Shikhar Ghosh. But if things go well, the entrepreneur can reap a sizable profit. So if readers have a business idea or an idea about how to fill a market need – or even if they just think they are interested in starting a business – how do they make sure that their venture is successful?

Whether readers are imagining their new business to be the next big thing in Silicon Valley, a pivotal B2B provider, or an anchor in the local community, The Harvard Business Review Entrepreneur's Handbook is an essential resource`for getting the company off the ground.

Starting an independent new business is rife with both opportunity and risk. And as an entrepreneur, readers are in charge: their actions can make or break their business. They need to know the tried-and-true fundamentals – from writing a business plan to getting their first loan. They also need to know the latest thinking on how to create an irresistible pitch deck, mitigate risk through experimentation, and develop unique opportunities through business model innovation. The Harvard Business Review Entrepreneur's Handbook addresses these challenges and more with practical advice and wisdom from Harvard Business Review's archive.

In The Harvard Business Review Entrepreneur's Handbook readers find:

  • Step-by-step guidance through the entrepreneurial process.
  • Concise explanations of the latest research and thinking on entrepreneurship from Harvard Business Review contributors such as Marc Andreessen and Reid Hoffman.
  • Time-honed best practices.
  • Stories of real companies, from Airbnb to eBay.

Readers learn:

  • Which skills and characteristics make for the best entrepreneurs.
  • How to gauge potential opportunities.
  • The basics of business models and competitive strategy.
  • How to test their assumptions – before they build a whole business.
  • How to select the right legal structure for their company.
  • How to navigate funding options, from venture capital and angel investors to accelerators and crowdfunding.
  • How to develop sales and marketing programs for their venture.
  • What entrepreneurial leaders must do to build culture and set direction as the business keeps growing.

According to The Harvard Business Review Entrepreneur's Handbook, the same basic process applies whether their idea is the next high-growth wunderkind, a robust B2B player in a critical industry niche, or a local retail shop close to home. They recognize a potential commercial opportunity and pursue it through an organization, their own managerial or technical talents, and some combination of human and financial capital.

The Harvard Business Review Entrepreneur's Handbook takes a linear approach to entrepreneurship, from initial questions that readers should ask themselves before they begin ("Am I the type of person who should start a business?") to the last issue that they will need to consider as a successful business owner ("How can I cash out of the business I've built?"). Though their own experience is likely to differ from this simplified framework – this book should give them a good overview of the issues they will probably face and how to approach them.

Part 1 prepares readers for their journey. Chapter 1 describes the self-diagnosis that every prospective entrepreneur should undertake. Part 2 helps readers define their enterprise. The first steps in the entrepreneurial process are to identify and evaluate potential business opportunities. Chapter 2 offers five characteristics they should look for in a business opportunity, particularly focusing on the problem their business is trying to solve. It also introduces the lean-startup methodology as a way to evaluate market interest and to experiment with other hypotheses about the opportunity they have identified.

If their initial evaluation of the opportunity pans out, they will further refine their business model and strategy. These two critical concepts are the focus of chapter 3. It describes how the business model explains the way key components of the enterprise work together to make money – and how to begin to test their business model with real customers. It also shows how strategy must be designed to differentiate the entity and confer it with a competitive advantage. Finally, the chapter offers a five-step process for formulating strategy and aligning business activities with it.

Assuming that their evaluations and experiments have given them continued confidence in their business idea, they will need to structure their business from a legal perspective. In chapter 4, they will learn about the various legal forms of business organization used in the United States. They will see their pros and cons and decide which organizational structure is best for their venture: a limited-liability corporation, a sole proprietorship, a partnership, a corporation, or something else.

Chapter 5 gets readers started on writing a plan for their business, incorporating many of the elements discussed previously. This chapter tells them why a business plan is necessary, gives them a format for organizing one, and offers tips for developing each section in the format. It also describes other documents similar to a business plan, such as a pitch deck.

Part 3 focuses on how to get the funding they need to finance the various stages of their enterprise. The global recession of 2008 took a big toll on entrepreneurship, a sector that has not yet recovered. In the United States, new business starts went from 525,000 in 2007 to just over 400,000 in 2014. Since the recession, some new forms of financing, such as crowdfunding, angel investing, and online banking, have appeared. This part of The Harvard Business Review Entrepreneur's Handbook describes those new forms along with more traditional methods of raising capital.

Chapter 6 concentrates on the financing requirements that businesses typically encounter in the first phase of their life cycles. It also provides an overview of life cycles for different types of businesses. In chapter 7, the discussion of financing continues. It addresses the next stages of a business's life cycle: that of growth and maturity.

Chapter 8 focuses on rapidly growing firms and their need for external capital specifically. Entrepreneurs can bootstrap early development from personal sources, friends, and relatives, but these enterprises usually need external infusions of capital to move to a higher level. This chapter introduces two external sources of capital – angel investors and venture capitalists or venture-capital firms (VCs) – and explains how best to approach them and win their support.

At some point, many growing firms with exceptional revenue potential seek and obtain financing through an initial public offering (IPO) of their shares to individual and institutional investors such as pension funds and mutual funds. That rare event results in a significant exchange of paper ownership shares for the hard cash the firm needs for stability and expansion. Chapter 9 describes what it takes to be an IPO candidate, the pros and cons of going public, the role of investment bankers, and eight steps for doing a deal. Because very few businesses will obtain external capital from an IPO, The Harvard Business Review Entrepreneur's Handbook also presents an alternative arrangement: the private placement.

Part 4 discusses the effects of growth on the organization. Paradoxically, success is sometimes the entrepreneurial company's greatest enemy; hierarchy, bureaucracy, and complacency frequently follow. Chapter 10 walks readers through the organizational and strategic aspects of dealing with growth, while chapter 11 emphasizes that they as leaders may need to reexamine their way of working and even their own role as their business becomes larger.

As organizations grow, they tend to become more complacent about how to best serve their customers. Chapter 12 addresses how they can sustain entrepreneurial innovation and energy in their growing company even as it naturally becomes more process-driven and operations-focused. They can keep new ideas flourishing through efforts to manage their organization's culture, strategic considerations around innovation, and their own leadership involvement.

Finally, part 5 looks to the future. In chapter 13, readers learn about harvesting their investment in a private business. Founders – and the business angels and venture capitalists who support them – look forward to the day when they can turn their paper ownership into real money. This chapter describes the motivations that lead to harvesting, the primary mechanisms for doing so, and the methods they can use to answer the all-important question, "What is this business worth?"

The Harvard Business Review Entrepreneur's Handbook is the one primer readers need to develop their entrepreneurial skills. The entrepreneurial journey often takes many twists and turns; this book walks readers through the process of turning an idea into reality in more detail. Then readers can keep this comprehensive guide with them throughout their startup's life – and increase their business's odds for success.

Children’s Books / Ages 10-17 / Grades 5-12 / Young Adult Fiction / Travel

Surprised?, Library Binding by Nick Day (Summer Road Trip Series: Epic Press, ABDO Publishing)

In Surprised?, Sara is nearing the end of her first year at college, and can't wait for summer vacation. Then, out of nowhere, Sara gets a surprising phone call: her estranged father is getting remarried – and he wants her at the wedding. Sara's best friend Pete volunteers to drive to Texas with her.

But is this how Sara wants to spend her summer? Driving a thousand miles to spend time with someone she barely knows, and traveling with someone who might have something else on his mind?

What follows is a summer Sara will never forget. For better or for worse.

Surprised? is from the Summer Road Trip Series.

Its author is Nick Day.

About the Summer Road Trip Series: It is summer, and six groups of teens are hitting the road. These will be voyages of discovery. As the open road streams past the rolled-down window, new truths seep in, too. New friendships blossom, and old friendships change course. While spring fades in the rear-view mirror, there's no time to look back: each character puts a foot on the gas pedal and goes. The Summer Road Trip Series is an EPIC Press series, a division of ABDO Publishing.

Titles in this series include:

  • Golden
  • The Rapids
  • Rocky Road
  • Shooting Lights
  • Surprised?
  • Vegas

Children’s Books / Grades 6-12 / History / Social Studies

Male Privilege, Library Binding by Duchess Harris, JD, PhD, with Heidi Deal (Being Female in America Series: Essential Library, ABDO Publishing)

Men receive certain privileges that impact the daily lives of women and keep women in lower positions in society. Male Privilege takes a look at the history of male privilege, the current issues surrounding this topic, and steps people can take to eliminate sexist practices.

Chapters in Male Privilege include:

  1. What Is Male Privilege?
  2. It's a Man's World
  3. Free Speech
  4. Privilege In the Workplace
  5. Family and Relationships
  6. Health and Body Image
  7. Privilege in Education
  8. Violence against Women
  9. Representation and Progress

Author Professor Duchess Harris, the chair of the American Studies Department at Macalester College, has been an associate editor for Litigation News and the first editor-in-chief of Law Roza Journal.

Male Privilege is part of the Being Female in America series.

About the Being Female in America series:

Feminist groups have worked hard over the past century to raise awareness about gender inequities. But many of today's enduring differences between the female and male experience are not widely obvious.

A principal sends a girl home from school for not wearing a bra. A manager fires a woman because she questions the difference in pay between herself and her male counterpart. The public ignores a female athlete's accomplishments but scrutinizes her for how she looks. The Being Female in America series draws out the biases, double standards, and discriminatory attitudes embedded in American culture and considers their impact on women nationwide.

Features of the books include a glossary, essential facts, references, websites, index, infographics, informative sidebars, sources for further research, table of contents, and timeline of key events. The books are aligned to Common Core Standards and correlated to state standards. Essential Library is an imprint of ABDO Publishing.

Books in the Being Female in America set include:

  • Growing Up a Girl
  • Male Privilege
  • Sexism and Race
  • Sexism at Work
  • Sexism in Politics
  • Sexism in the Media

The Being Female in America series examines the gender-based biases ensconced in the American way of life and invites readers to form their own opinions. Readers can prepare to engage meaningfully in the conversation.

Children’s Books / Grades 5-12 / Young Adult Fiction

Keyword Cypher, Library Binding by E. A. House (Treasure Hunters Series: Epic Press, ABDO Publishing)

In Keyword Cypher Chris Kingsolver has always been especially close to his aunt Elsie and is heartbroken when she dies in a car accident. When she sends him a cryptic message in the mail after her death, it leads Chris on a quest for the location of the San Telmo, a famous sunken treasure ship.

Elsie left Chris clues as to the location of the ship as an inheritance – if he, his cousin Carrie, and their new friend Maddison can find it.

To discover who killed Aunt Elsie and where the San Telmo lies, they must decode the clues, uncover the secrets, and unmask the shadowy figures dogging their investigation.

With the mysterious people stalking them, and the strange behavior of the new archivist, it may get difficult.

And was Aunt Elsie's death really an accident?

Keyword Cypher is part of the Treasure Hunters Series.

Its author is E.A. House.

Treasure Hunters is an EPIC Press series, a division of ABDO Publishing.

Titles in the Treasure Hunters Series include:

  1. Keyword Cypher
  2. Secrets of the Old Church
  3. Treasure in the Woods
  4. Deep Waters
  5. The Truth
  6. The Treasure

Cooking, Food & Wine

Posh Pancakes: Over 70 recipes, from hoppers to hotcakes by Sue Quinn, with photography by Faith Mason (Quadrille Publishing)

All over the world people have discovered the joy of Sri Lankan hoppers, Keralan dosas, Japanese okonomiyaki, Vietnamese banh xeo, as well galettes and the humble crêpe, hotcake and blini.

Who doesn't love pancakes? Thin and delicate, or thick and squidgy. Bite-sized or generously proportioned. Rolled, folded, or piled into towers. Drenched in syrup or stuffed with vegetables. Breakfast manna or superlative supper. Whatever readers’ tastes or gustatory requirements, there's something for everyone in pancake land.

Posh Pancakes brings readers over 70 recipes from around the world for this simple, quick meal on a plate. Breakfast, brunch, lunch, dinner and dessert, the dishes include Chinese pancakes with duck and hoisin sauce, Italian farinata, ham hock and harissa crêpes, coconut pancakes with passion fruit curd, spicy Mexican hotcakes with avocado and chili, classic English pikelets, as well as the quintessential French crêpes Suzette.

Offering over 70 recipes, both sweet and savory, Posh Pancakes begins with tips for making perfect pancakes, covering equipment and cooking methods. Then, chapter one provides recipes for Pancake Basics, including recipes for Buckwheat Blinis and Galettes, French Crêpes, Indian Dosas, as well as Buttermilk, Oatmeal, Potato, Sourdough, and Vegan Pancake options. Chapters then go on to cover Breakfast & Brunch, Lunch & Light Bites, Pancake Dinners, and Sweet Things. Dishes include Cheese, Egg & Spinach Buckwheat Galettes, Coconut Crêpes with Strawberry Chia Jam, Beetroot`Blinis with Smoked Mackerel & Dill, Sauteed Mushrooms with Dutch Babies, Kimchi Pancakes, Squash and herb yogurt chickpea crêpes, classic Australian pikelets and Toad-­in-a-Hole.

According to Quinn in Posh Pancakes researchers believe that as far back as 30,000 years ago, humans were partial to a pancake stack. Stone-Age cooks mixed together ground-up plants and water and fried the resulting batter on hot rocks. Pancakes are almost as old as cooking itself. Why have they survived the test of time? Probably because they're cheap, and this vast food family shares one defining feature: flatness. It makes them easy to prepare, portable when necessary, and a versatile vehicle for almost any ingredient a cook has at hand. That's why virtually all cuisines have a version, from yeasty injera in the Horn of Africa to pannekoek in Holland.

Readers discover the joys of pancakes from all around the world – galettes, crêpes, dosas, blinis, pikelets, okonomiyaki, hoppers, and Dutch babies. With a photo accompanying every single recipe, Posh Pancakes is sure to have readers flipping over the variety of tasty new meal ideas in no time.

Crafts & Hobbies / Quilting

Quick & Easy Quilts: 20 machine quilting projects by Lynne Goldsworthy, with photography by Jan Baldwin (The Taunton Press)

Quick & Easy Quilts is a collection of 20 simple and colorful quilt projects for beginners or quilters who want to start and finish a project in a weekend. The 20 projects include 12 quilts and 8 smaller projects, all featuring straightforward designs focused on time- and money-saving techniques, including working with bundles and precuts, strip piecing, and ‘quilt as you go.’

Author Lynne Goldsworthy provides a thorough techniques section that introduces must-know information to new quilters. Goldsworthy is a British quilter who works under the name Lily's Quilts. She is a regular magazine and book contributor as well as being the co-author of 500 Quilt Blocks. She co-runs the online quilting magazine Fat Quarterly, and also organizes quilting retreats in the UK.

Goldsworthy says that when she first learned patchwork as a child, it was using paper hexagons, wrapping fabric around them and hand-sewing them together. That method of piecing quilt tops has not changed since the days of the American pioneers, whose creations probably spring to mind when one thinks of traditional quilts. The hours and hours of work that went into them can be seen in every stitch.

According to Goldsworthy, with the advent of sewing machines, it became possible to create quilts much faster. Templates and scissors were replaced with rotary cutters, cutting mats and strip piecing, all of which helped speed up the process. These days, long-arm machines and dedicated home sewing machines mean large quilts can be pieced and quilted at home in a fraction of the time it would take by hand. Of course, many people still love to piece and quilt by hand, but Quick & Easy Quilts is designed for anyone who would like to make a quilt in a few days rather than weeks or months.

Goldsworthy says that there are so many beautiful new quilting fabric lines coming out all the time and so much inspiration on Instagram, Facebook, Pinterest and the other social media platforms, that she is always impatient to delve into the next quilt, the next fabric line, the next design. So, although she appreciates the peacefulness of hand-sewing and admires beautiful hand-piecing and quilting done by others, she is all about the speed. And so is this book.

Readers will find that the projects in Quick & Easy Quilts are designed to be made with a bit more speed and a few more shortcuts than most quilts. In this book, they discover 12 stunning, simple, and speedy quilt patterns. The bright and fresh designs, clear instructions, and useful tips and shortcuts will have quilters of all skill levels starting – and finishing – a quilt in just a few days.

Fashion & Design / Makeup

Life Is a Stage photographed by Ellen von Unwerth, with an introduction by Dany Sanz (Rizzoli)

Long before becoming founder and artistic director of Make Up For Ever, my vision as a makeup artist was shaped by the education I received at the School of Fine Arts in terms of color, materials, and the importance of light and shadows. I view art as a form of movement, which is why I chose to paint bodies, rather than canvases, and sculpt faces rather than clay. – Dany Sanz

Through glamorous photography and intimate anecdotes, Life Is a Stage explores the technical innovation, unparalleled artistry, and myriad inspirations behind the revered Paris-based makeup line.
A former fine-arts student and the founder and artistic director of Make Up For Ever, author Dany Sanz started by painting theater sets and eventually worked her way to the human body. By applying her paintbrushes and expertise to the world of makeup, she discovered a new way to convey an entire range of emotions and characters.
In Life Is a Stage Sanz presents her artistry and unique vision of makeup through photographer Ellen von Unwerth’s eye. Inspired by the theatricality and drama of all kinds of stages, Sanz explores makeup in all of its facets, including body painting.

Sanz says Life Is a Stage is an illustration of her own creative processl which she strove to transmit to her students and through her Make Up For Ever Academy. She wanted an original book, which would reflect her creative philosophy. The book had to demonstrate the technical expertise of makeup artistry, while conveying emotion.

Sanz says, the final result of makeup is transformation. However, if there is no story line, she is unable to make up the characters. She needs a real scenario on which she can base her creations. When she applies makeup, she gives shape to the character she has in mind, by endowing the model with emotion that is vital to his or her role. In Life Is a Stage, her imagination led her on a nighttime adventure cloaked in unexpected and surprising mystery. She wrote a scenario in which passion and emotion take shape in allegorical scenes that end in a dream that vanishes into thin air.

Life Is a Stage is a collection of photographs without text, because Sanz prefers to express herself through images and also because she wants to share a crea­tive world that is pictorial. For the book she gathered together a team of makeup artists from her community who share the same professional philosophy. She asked them to transpose her dream with their own personal sensitivity. Photographer von Unwerth, interpreted the story in her own way, photographing the most crucial moments and capturing the intensity of a gaze, the onset of a gesture.

Life Is a Stage is a beautiful volume giving lovers of cosmetics, fashion, and photography the opportunity to discover the artistic and exuberant world of a cult makeup brand. The book comes as a boxed set including a ‘sketchbook’ composed of sketches for the project.

History / Biographies & Memoirs / Essays

Where Were We?: The Conversation Continues by Frederic Raphael & Joseph Epstein (St. Augustine’s Press)

Frederic Raphael, the English novelist, screenwriter, and man of letters, and Joseph Epstein, the American essayist, short-story writer, and literary critic, exchanged e-mails sporadically over the years, usually commenting on each other’s various writings. As told in Where Were We?, one day in 2009, Raphael wrote to Epstein to suggest that, since they enjoyed a benevolence toward each other unusual among literary men, they begin an exchange of e-mail correspondence on a regular basis. His thought was that, at the end of a year or so, the result might be an interesting book. Epstein, who had long admired Raphael’s writing, agreed.
According to Where Were We?, the two men had never met, nor had they even spoken over the phone. Their friendship was conducted entirely online. Each week they exchanged e-mails of roughly 2,000 words. They discovered a great many things about each other they hadn’t previously known. They shared, for example, a common birthplace in Chicago, where Raphael was born, though his family moved to England in 1938, and his education after that was exclusively English. Each man belongs to that dolorous fraternity of those who have buried a child. Their literary tastes vary, though not widely, since both grew up admiring the great modernist writers and both had an enduring love for Greek and Roman culture. Both men share a fundamental agreement about what, in artistic and intellectual realms, is serious.
Raphael and Epstein are artists who happen also to be intellectuals. The result is that few subjects are off limits to them. They are of an age when they have long ceased to worry about their reputations. Wherever else they may look, it is not over their shoulders. Candor reinforced by comedy is the reigning note of Where Were We? as it was of Distant Intimacy, their earlier volume of e-mail correspondence.

Comments on Distant Intimacy:

A `friendship electronique' at its best in delving into matters closest to heart: anti-Semitism in literature, the decline of good critics and the novel, wise commiserations on the state of the publishing industry, and reflections on long, successful careers. – Publishers Weekly

Raphael and Epstein may not prove that the art of correspondence as we know it will survive into the digital age, but they do prove that two writers who are insightful and witty in print can be equally insightful and witty online. A cause for hope, then. – Matthew Walther, The Daily Beast

Joseph Epstein is America's finest essayist and amongst America's finest short story writers. Frederic Raphael is English, a prodigiously gifted man of letters in the fullest sense.... Both write like angels with boundless wit, exquisitely honed intelligence, and stiletto cattiness about their fellow writers, living and dead. – Barbara Kay, National Post

Writing about other writers, actors, politics, the movies, intellectual fashions, the writing life, and much else, both men in Where Were We? say precisely what they think, and say it in high style. Readers may or may not agree with their strong views, but they will never find their thoughts other than fascinating. 

History / Great Britain

Dark Days of Georgian Britain: Rethinking the Regency by James Hobson (Pen and Sword, Casemate)

Dark Days of Georgian Britain explores the darker side of life in Regency Britain, 1811-1820. Often upheld as a period of elegance with many achievements in the fine arts and architecture, the Regency era also encompassed a time of great social, political and economic change. In this social history the emphasis is on the life of the everyman, on the lives of the poor and the challenges they faced.

In Dark Days of Georgian Britain, James Hobson challenges the long established view of high society during the Regency, and instead details an account of a society in change.
Hobson has 25 year's experience of teaching and reading about history. Now retired, he researches the social history of his specialist period, Britain c1790-c1837, and runs his successful blog on the Regency ‘about1816’.

Using a wide range of sources, Hobson shares the stories of real people. He explores corruption in government and elections; ‘bread or blood’ rioting, the political discontent felt and the revolutionaries involved. He explores attitudes to adultery and marriage, and the moral panic about homosexuality. Grave robbery is exposed, along with the sharp pinch of food scarcity, prison and punishment. It is not a gentle portrayal akin to Jane Austen's England; this is a society where the popular hatred of the Prince Regent was widespread and where laws and new capitalist attitudes oppressed the poor.

Hobson says that, if one were not lucky enough to be Emma Woodhouse or one of her ilk, then this era of history was appalling in nearly every way that a period could be. Indeed, when historians debate the `worst year in history', the only recent year that is considered is 1816, and its earlier competitors are usually times of vicious epidemic disease or fratricidal civil war. Hobson contends that 1800 to 1819 were the most dismal years in the last three centuries in Britain, with 1815 to 1819 being the worst. They had the full range of calamities – climate crisis, war, austerity, social unrest, a rotten and corrupt system of law, welfare and government, and a ruling class too scared and arrogant to do much about it. Unlike disease and civil war, it was only the lower orders that were affected by the Regency crisis.

The rich and privileged are present in Dark Days of Georgian Britain, but only in their role as tormentors of the ordinary people or as thoroughly bad examples. They are not presented as cardboard-cut-out villains, but Hobson has no sympathy for them. The poor are his main interest, although they are not always presented as heroes. There was little scope for heroics when conditions were so bad.

Luckily, this is one of the first eras in history in which the voice of the poor can be heard, albeit faintly and often through the filter of people who had no regard for them. The eighteenth century was a time of rising literacy and for the first time the lower orders could sometimes speak without the squire or the vicar looking over their shoulder. We also have, faintly but with growing confidence, the voice of women. Hobson has found original stories of real people that shine a light on their life.

Dark Days of Georgian Britain falls into four parts: the appalling experiences of the poor in the years 1811-1820; the failure of the rich to help and their tendency to make things worse; the ramshackle and the corrupt nature of the British state; and finally, some aspects of social history which show how very different people today are from their Regency ancestors.

Dark Days of Georgian Britain is a consciously unromantic book about an era which has been fictionalized as elegant. With Hobson's illustrative and insightful account, it is time to rethink the Regency.

History / US / Politics / Gun Rights

Armed in America: A History of Gun Rights from Colonial Militias to Concealed Carry by Patrick J. Charles (Prometheus Books)

Armed in America is an accessible legal history describing how the Second Amendment has been interpreted throughout most of American history and shows that today's gun-rights advocates have drastically departed from the long-held interpretation of the constitutional right to bear arms.
This illuminating study traces the transformation of the right to arms from its inception in English and colonial American law to today's impassioned gun-control debate. As historian and legal scholar Patrick J. Charles shows, what the right to arms means to Americans, as well as what it legally protects, has changed drastically since its first appearance in the 1689 Declaration of Rights.
Charles currently serves as a senior historian for United States Special Operations Command, located at MacDill Air Force Base, Florida.

Armed in America explores how and why the right to arms transformed at different points in history. The right was initially meant to serve as a parliamentary right of resistance, yet by the ratification of the Second Amendment in 1791 the right had become indispensably intertwined with civic republicanism. As the United States progressed into the 19th century the right continued to change – this time away from civic republicanism and towards the individual-right understanding that is known today, albeit with the important caveat that the right could be severely restricted by the government's police power.
Throughout the 20th century this understanding of the right remained the predominant view. But working behind the scenes was the beginnings of the gun-rights movement – a movement that was started in the early 20th century through the collective efforts of sporting magazine editors and was eventually commandeered by the National Rifle Association to become the gun-rights movement known today.

Impeccably sourced and including useful illustrations, Armed in America delves into the complete history of American gun rights, republican virtue, and militia ideology and offers a keen critique of the NRA’s highly influential rhetoric and stance…. This thorough, clarifying volume should be displayed prominently and recommended for coverage of this hot-button subject. In the never-ending battle over gun rights, the public safety side now has a go-to source for facts about the Second Amendment. – Booklist

Meticulous, objective, and captivating. The history of gun rights is constantly being exploited and manipulated by self-interested forces for political gain. Armed in America finally sets the record straight. – Louis Klarevas, author of Rampage Nation: Securing America from Mass Shootings
Others have written on the Second Amendment, but no account provides such a detailed, clear-headed, and deep analysis of the amendment’s origins, construction, and interpretation, including much new history and evidence. An important, valuable, and highly readable work that does much to clarify the ongoing debate.
– Robert J. Spitzer, Distinguished Service Professor of Political Science, SUNY Cortland, author of Guns across America and The Politics of Gun Control
Patrick Charles’s historical work is already central to many areas of Second Amendment law – scholars, lawyers, and judges all rely on him.
Armed in America is his most comprehensive work yet, and draws attention to some of the most fundamental disagreements, misunderstandings, and misrepresentations in the gun debate. This will be required reading for anyone involved or interested in the gun debate. – Joseph Blocher, Professor of Law, Duke Law School
A scrupulously documented survey of gun rights and gun regulations spanning from ninth-century England to twenty-first century America. Full of fresh and surprising details, and unflinching in its analysis, Armed in America provides incisive new perspectives for any serious student of the right to keep and bear arms. – Darrell A. H. Miller, Melvin G. Shimm Professor of Law, Duke Law School

Provides solid history that is welcome in our current political atmosphere. An evenhanded book about a controversy that will not die. – Kirkus Reviews

A fascinating and thoroughly researched history.... While he avoids taking a position, his meticulously documented, highly convincing account suggests that one particularly controversial right-to carry concealed weapons in public is constitutionally untenable. – Publishers Weekly

Charles's research is exhaustive and well documented.... Armed in America is a valuable and singular primer on the ongoing controversies around the Second Amendment and its role in American law. – Fore Word Reviews

This important book will appeal to readers interested in the Second Amendment and U.S. intellectual and political history. – Library Journal

Readers looking to sort through the shrill rhetoric surrounding the current gun debate and arrive at an informed understanding of the legal and historical development of the right to arms will find the highly readable IArmed in America to be an invaluable resource.

Literature & Fiction / Mysteries & Thrillers

Mood Indigo by Ed Ifkovic (Edna Ferber Mysteries: Poisoned Pen Press)

Ed Ifkovic’s latest in the Edna Ferber Mysteries series is Mood Indigo.

Ifkovic taught literature and creative writing at a community college in Connecticut for over three decades. His short stories and essays have appeared in the Village Voice, America, Hartford Monthly, and Journal of Popular Culture.

In Mood Indigo, as the crowds in Time Square ready for a half-hearted New Year's celebration, are Noel and Edna watching the last act of a New York Othello, or is there some other killer afoot on the icy pavements of New York City?

Three years after the Crash that ushered in the Great Depression, Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist and playwright Edna Ferber finds herself a guest at Noel Coward's lavish 33rd birthday party. The British wit, enjoying the Christmas holiday season in New York and bracing for a trip to Cleveland in the new year, has filled his rooms with rich, famous folks whose lives continue in stark contrast to those being lived out in the city's streets and poorer neighborhoods.

Edna is haunted by the dark landscape of Manhattan outside Noel's elegant rooms: the snake-like breadlines, the shanty village in Central Park, the gaunt apple sellers in threadbare suits on freezing sidewalks. She has yet to be introduced to the Automat where a few cents are the difference between nourishment and starvation.

Among those who've kept fortune intact is Dougie Maddox, the financially astute but socially naïve only son of a Fifth Avenue dynasty. His widowed mother, known as Lady Maud, has kept the thirty-five-year-old on a short leash, but Dougie has crossed paths with Belinda Ross, the new Broadway songbird. He's mesmerized by her, a woman flagrantly courted by other men. Gossip flourishes – she has a shadowy past and a producer brother anxious to break onto the Great White Way.

In Mood Indigo Belinda is found strangled late one night in a Times Square Automat; and jealous, hot-tempered Dougie is the prime suspect. But Noel, who had befriended him, and Edna, who likes him, team up to clear Dougie's name. Their investigation inevitably takes them deep into Belinda's circle and her past.

.... Many scenes crackle with tension – especially the confrontations between Edna and Dougie's ferocious widowed mother, Lady Maud, with whom he lives in a Fifth Avenue mansion. Ifkovic adroitly squeezes huge amounts of research into the story, with glimpses of people in the arty New York scene as well as the poor on the streets. The novel's main strength, though, is its vivid depiction of a country in crisis in the depths of the Depression. – Publishers Weekly, starred review

As entertaining as the previous Ferber mysteries have been, the presence of the genteel Coward playing the role of crime-solving sidekick ups the ante considerably. The verbal interplay between Edna and Noel sparkles like fine champagne, and the thrill of watching Coward playing amateur sleuth cannot be understated. Ifkovic sets the bar terrifically high for future Ferber mysteries, but it's probably a safe bet that he can meet his own challenge. – David Pitt, Booklist, starred review

Ifkovic's outstanding, vivid, ninth mystery, Mood Indigo, does a great job portraying the New York art scene.

Medicine & Health / Self-help / Guides

Pregnancy Day by Day, 3rd edition by DK, with consulting editor Paula Amato, with editor-in-chief Maggie Blott (DK)

For expectant parents who want to know everything about their developing baby at every stage, Pregnancy Day by Day provides a daily countdown to the date of delivery.

Editor-in-chief Maggie Blott has worked for more than 30 years in obstetrics and gynecology. Formerly a consultant obstetrician at Kings College Hospital and University College Hospital in London, she was spokesperson for the Royal College of Obstetricians. Currently, Blott works as a consultant obstetrician and gynecologist in Abu Dhabi, where she is actively involved in antenatal care and delivery.

Pregnancy Day by Day is the only book that enables readers to follow their pregnancy journey day by day. It

  • Gives expert advice with clear and comprehensive answers to every pregnancy concern.
  • Provides essential guidance on how to stay in the best health throughout the pregnancy.
  • Reveals how the unborn baby is developing inside the womb, including amazing images and detailed illustrations.
  • Informs readers about their options for labor and birth so that they can make the decisions that are right for them.
  • Tells them what to expect for the first 12 hours after childbirth, hour by hour, and provides day-by-day guidance as they adjust to life with their new baby.

Pregnancy Day by Day starts with guidance on how to enjoy a healthy and safe pregnancy, with lifestyle advice that often applies to the preconception period too. The core section of the book gives a day-by-day account of pregnancy with detailed explanations of the physical and emotional changes that take place in the body along with insights into how the baby develops within the uterus. A labor and birth chapter takes readers through the delivery of their baby, followed by a summary of the first two weeks with the new baby. A final chapter deals with concerns and complications in the mother and baby in pregnancy, labor, and the postpartum period.

A healthy pregnancy. This chapter provides the information readers need to make lifestyle choices that will maximize their own health throughout pregnancy and give their baby the best possible start in life. It includes guidelines for exercising safely, eating healthily, avoiding hazards, and dealing with illnesses. It also addresses concerns they may have about how the emotional and physical changes of pregnancy may impact their relationships.

Pregnancy day by day. Pregnancy Day by Day takes readers day by day through the extraordinary story of conception and pregnancy, counting down each of the 280 days until the onset of labor. Each day reveals how the baby is developing and the changes that are occurring in their body.

The first trimester. This trimester covers the time from the beginning of the menstrual period to the moment of conception. Blott in Pregnancy Day by Day explains the changes that take place in the uterus to prepare it for conception and implantation of the early embryo, and offer dietary advice and recommendations from fertility experts to boost their chances of conceiving. The first trimester is a period of extraordinary development, when all of the baby's major organs form, and he or she will grow faster than at any other period in life. A day-by-day account is given of the changes that readers and their babies undergo, and advice offered on how to cope with the exhausting changes that occur in early pregnancy. There's also an honest appraisal of the emotional feelings they are likely to experience, reassuring them that negative as well as positive emotions are normal. Practical information on accessing prenatal care and detailed explanations of the choices that are available help them begin to plan their pregnancy and think about their options for the birth.

The second trimester. The baby's organs mature further and growth continues. This is an exciting time as the body starts to change shape to accommodate the growing baby and they feel their baby move for the first time. However, it is also a time when women can experience symptoms that are often due to quite normal pregnancy changes but that can occasionally indicate a problem. Symptoms are discussed at the relevant point in pregnancy, with detailed explanations that will provide reassurance or alert readers to the possibility of something that should be brought to the attention of their doctor.

The third trimester. The baby continues to grow and mature and, if born early, could survive life outside the uterus. Their body starts to prepare itself for labor. Blott in Pregnancy Day by Day describes the changes taking place and explain why they occur, as well as providing pointers to which symptoms need to be reported to the doctor. Women recount their experiences, and questions that are presented daily to doctors are reproduced to provide a bank of vital knowledge. Practical guidance on all matters, from maternity leave entitlement information to reassurance that having sex won't harm the growing baby, helps readers navigate their way through the final weeks of pregnancy.

Labor and birth. One of the best ways to cope with labor is to understand its stages. A team of professionals covers in detail the progress of labor. A doctor writes about normal births and discusses natural pain relief. An anesthesiologist gives the options available for medical pain relief, including detailed descriptions of how epidurals are given and their pros and cons. Around 30 percent of women have a cesarean section, and around 5 percent have an assisted delivery. An obstetrician writes about difficult births, describing complications and the medical interventions that may be required.

The first two weeks. The early days as the new mother adjusts to life with the new baby are charted in the day-by-day format. A pediatrician addresses the practical issues of baby care. Also discussed are the emotional and physical renewal they undergo as their body recovers from the birth and they begin the new tasks of nurturing and feeding their baby.

Concerns and complications. This reference section is a concise guide to conditions in pregnancy and labor, and postpartum concerns in the mother and baby. Clear explanations enable readers to digest medical information, understand which symptoms are not of concern, and feel reassured about how more serious conditions are managed in pregnancy, labor, and the postpartum period.

[E]verything a pregnant woman would want to know about pregnancy, birth and beyond. – Celebrity Parents Magazine

Readers feel supported and informed every day with Pregnancy Day by Day. Covering each day of pregnancy in detail, as well as labor, birth, and life with a new baby, Pregnancy Day by Day is an unprecedented and comprehensive guide that is written by a team of experts and is the one resource no parent-to-be should be without.

Psychology & Counseling / Therapy / Children & Adolescents / Clinical

Exposure Therapy for Treating Anxiety in Children and Adolescents: A Comprehensive Guide by Veronica L. Raggi, Jessica G. Samson, Julia W. Felton, Heather R. Olffredo, & Lisa H. Berghorst (New Harbinger Publications)

Written by a team of clinicians specializing in the treatment of children and adolescents, Exposure Therapy for Treating Anxiety in Children and Adolescents, a professional guide, offers a comprehensive, practical resource for implementing exposure therapy when treating children and adolescents with anxiety.

Many clinicians within the practice of Alvord, Baker & Associates made contributions to this book. The team effort was led by Veronica Raggi, PhD, who developed it from an initial idea, to the organization of its content, to solicitation of the authors, to the final product. The authors are all licensed clinical psychologists.

In Exposure Therapy for Treating Anxiety in Children and Adolescents, readers will find detailed hierarchies and clinical suggestions for treating each specific childhood anxiety condition, including separation anxiety, school refusal, selective mutism, specific phobia, generalized anxiety, phobias, panic disorder, social anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), and emotion tolerance. The book also offers an overview of exposure therapy and its implementation in children and adolescents, including a review of current research and empirical findings on this approach.

With this book, readers also find solid strategies for conducting detailed clinical assessments so they can gain a greater understanding the specific anxiety triggers and factors that play a role in the development of and maintenance of the child’s problem, and learn how this information can be used to guide them in their development of specific exposure exercises. Finally, readers find tips on how to assess for family variables that may contribute to the maintenance of the child’s condition, as well as ways to work with parents in becoming effective coaches for their children during exposure-based activities.

Exposure Therapy for Treating Anxiety in Children and Adolescents presents an overview of exposures, an outline of current research and empirical findings, and step-by-step guidance to help readers advance and fine-tune their use of this approach in therapy sessions.

Exposure therapy, a technique that introduces gradual approaches for facing one's fears, is backed by strong empirical evidence. Yet this technique is underutilized by clinicians. Exposures can seem complicated and difficult because they arouse the very anxieties and sensations of discomfort the client is looking to overcome. Sometimes clinicians wonder, "Are we being cruel to elicit such distress? Will it make the client get worse? Will it induce trauma or retraumatize the client? What about our ethical obligation to do no harm?" These are questions asked by clinicians, even those who are trained in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and exposure. Despite these concerns, when exposure therapy is done thoughtfully and in conjunction with the underlying principles that guide it, it works, and often quickly. Further, sometimes it can be logistically difficult to target certain core fears. What type of exposure tasks would address a fear of dying? How about vomit? By offering practical, specific suggestions, Exposure Therapy for Treating Anxiety in Children and Adolescents targets these logistical concerns that may otherwise prevent clinicians from engaging in exposures with their clients.

Alvord says that this is the first book she is aware of that describes the basic principles of CBT and exposure for youth and expands these concepts fully – in terms of how to prepare children, teens, and families for exposure therapy, and how to design and implement practical, specific, and engaging exposure ideas for children and teens. It is written by clinicians, for clinicians. Prior to this book, the clinicians at Alvord, Baker & Associates were unable to find a single source that provided guidance on the best ways to approach children, teens, and their families, and which also described varied and creative exposure ideas for children and teens.

Exposure Therapy for Treating Anxiety in Children and Adolescents helps get into the nitty-gritty of what clinicians should do, why they should do it, and how they should do it. In addition, for those who treat children and teens, readers know that successful therapeutic strategies must be tailored to the developmental level of the child or teen. The strategies must be relevant, must make sense to children and teens, and, most importantly, should be introduced at a pace at which they can be tolerated. Each chapter focuses on a specific childhood anxiety disorder. Clinicians are guided through all the steps in the detail necessary for properly implementing the strategies. Also discussed are typical obstacles encountered and suggestions for how to overcome barriers and troubleshoot. Examples are included with sample dialogues between clinicians and clients to help readers implement the exposure session from start to finish and, when necessary, make adjustments.

This brilliant book pulls together practical, creative, and evidenced-based strategies to help anxious youth face their fears. It is a rich resource for all clinicians. – Golda S. Ginsburg, PhD, professor in the department of psychiatry at the University of Connecticut School-of Medicine

Sure to become a go-to desk reference in the offices of many clinicians and trainees working to improve the lives of kids suffering from anxiety and related problems. – Jonathan S. Comer, PhD, professor of psychology and psychiatry at Florida International University

Exposure Therapy for Treating Anxiety in Children and Adolescents is a must-read for every therapist working with anxiety and related disorders. This incredibly well-organized guide will become every new and experienced cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) clinician's go-to resource for creative and effective exposure planning. Brimming with innovative, specific, and easy-to-implement exposure ideas, the authors have teamed up to create a one-of-a-kind book that contains every essential piece of information that a clinician needs to successfully plan and implement exposure-based treatment for childhood anxiety. Based on the most empirically supported approach to addressing anxiety, this guidebook will empower and fuel clinicians to provide the most effective treatment possible. – Bonnie Zucker, PsyD, author of Anxiety-Free Kids and Take Control of OCD

Conducting exposures for anxious youth is deceptively straightforward, so when treatment fails, practitioners are often unsure how to proceed. Therapists' own anxieties about creating child distress or making fears worse can further derail treatment. This essential book walks therapists through the subtle yet critical nuances of effective exposure, providing evidence-based guidance for designing individualized treatments that work. The wealth of creative examples all but ensures this resource will be used again and again. – Candice A. Alfano, PhD, licensed psychologist, professor of psychology, and director of the Sleep and Anxiety Center of Houston (SACH) at the University of Houston

Although instinctively, everyone knows that to get over your fear of a dog, you have to be around a dog, successfully getting over fears is not just a matter of rushing into the feared situation. Were it that simple, therapists would be out of jobs and this book would be unnecessary. Full of helpful information about how to conduct exposure therapy properly with children and adolescents, this book contains the necessary and useful information to engineer and implement exposure therapy. Thoughtfully written to address all the issues that therapists face, this book will be an invaluable resource for anyone who works with children with anxiety disorders. – Deborah C. Beidel, PhD, ABPP, trustee chair, Pegasus Professor of psychology and medical education, and director of UCF RESTORES at the University of Central Florida

The authors of this excellent book provide abundant, detailed illustrations on how to apply the exposure principle in creative, flexible, and diverse ways to help children and adolescents overcome anxiety and obsessive-compulsive disorders. Their book is essential reading for any clinician working with these young clients. – Richard J. McNally, PhD, professor and director of clinical training in the department of psychology at Harvard University, and author of What Is Mental Illness?

Mental health professionals now have their `consultant on a shelf' for conducting exposures with anxious youth. The book goes beyond elucidating basic elements of exposures and considerations regarding their implementation, and provides mental health professionals with the ingredients for carrying out successful exposures with youths presenting with a range of anxiety concerns. The authors walk you through a number of options for conducting exposures, and as a reader I felt like I was meeting with an experienced professional who I sought to give me advice on how to use exposure to meet the needs of one of my clients. – Andres De Los Reyes, PhD, associate professor of psychology and director of clinical training at University of Maryland, College Park; director of The Comprehensive Assessment and Intervention Program; and editor of the Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology (JCCAP)

Here is a comprehensive guide to adapting exposure exercises for children and adolescents. If readers currently practice exposure therapy with children and teens, they are probably always looking for better ways to creatively and effectively encourage their participation and ‘ownership’ of the exposure treatment. For those who might be just starting to do this work or have been hesitant up to this point, this book provides a treasure chest of clear, practical, implementable, realistic, and clinician-tested exposures.

Exposure Therapy for Treating Anxiety in Children and Adolescents provides everything needed in one place.

Psychology / Human Development

Lifespan Development in Context: A Topical Approach, 1st edition, by Tara L. Kuther (Sage Publications)

Award-winning author Tara L. Kuther presents Lifespan Development in Context, a topically organized version of her bestselling Lifespan Development text that provides a panoramic view of the many influences that shape human development.

Kuther is a professor of psychology at Western Connecticut State University where she has taught courses in child, adolescent, and adult development for over two decades.

Kuther’s student-friendly narrative guides readers through immersive video cases and real-world examples to illustrate how the places, sociocultural environments, and ways in which people are raised influences who they become and how they grow and change throughout their lives. Three core themes resonate throughout the chapters: the centrality of context, the importance of research, and the value of applied developmental science. Foundational theories and classic studies are combined with contemporary research and culturally diverse perspectives for a modern introduction to the field that is both comprehensive and concise. Visual overviews, case studies, and critical thinking questions encourage self-reflection and class discussion, ensuring students have the tools they need to apply course concepts to their lives and future careers.

Key features of Lifespan Development in Context include:

  • Chapter-opening Learning Objectives are aligned to Bloom's taxonomy and matched with digital resources developed specifically to facilitate comprehension.
  • Lives in Context boxes provide rich examples of how we are all embedded in multiple layers of context, including family, culture, neighborhood, community, norms, values, and historical events.
  • Thinking in Context critical thinking questions at the end of every section prompt students to compare concepts, apply theoretical perspectives, and consider applications of research findings.
  • Kuther's Chalk Talks are whiteboard-style animations narrated by the author that provide a foundational overview for students to learn basic concepts outside the classroom so that class time can be spent on active learning.
  • Lives in Context Video Cases with follow-up assessments spotlight individuals in every stage of the lifespan, allowing students to see theories of development through a culturally rich, real-world lens.
  • Robust pedagogical tools include key terms, summaries, end-of-chapter Review Questions, and visual overviews that allow students to revisit, review, and retain chapter content.

Lifespan Development in Context focuses on two key themes that promote understanding of how humans develop through the lifespan: the centrality of context and the applied value of developmental science. These two themes are highlighted throughout the text as well as in boxed features. The text also emphasizes cutting-edge research and a student-friendly writing style.

The contextual approach of Lifespan Development in Context emphasizes understanding the role of context in diversity and the many forms that diversity takes (gender, race and ethnicity, socioeconomic status, etc.). The field of lifespan developmental science is unique because so much of its content has immediate relevance to our daily lives. Students come to the field with a variety of questions and interests: Do the first three years shape the brain for a lifetime of experiences? Is learning more than one language beneficial to children? Should teens work? Do people's personalities change over their lifetimes? Do adults go through a midlife crisis? How common is dementia in older adulthood? Lifespan Development in Context engages students by exploring these and many more real-world questions. The emphasis on application is highlighted specifically in the Applying Developmental Science boxed feature, which examines applied topics such as the implications of poverty for development, Project Head Start, whether video games cause aggression, anti-bullying legislation, and the issue of disclosing dementia diagnoses to patients.

In writing Lifespan Development in Context, Kuther says she has sifted through the most current research available, selecting important findings. However, classic theory and research remain important foundations for today's most exciting scholarly work. She integrates cutting-edge and classic research to present a unified story of what is currently known in developmental psychology.

Lifespan Development in Context is organized into sixteen topical chapters, within six units, that depict the wide range of developments that occur over the lifespan. Part I, Chapter 1, introduces lifespan theory and research design within a single chapter. The streamlined approach combines comprehensive coverage of methods of data collection, research design, developmental designs (such as sequential designs), and ethical issues in research with full coverage of the major theories in developmental psychology.

Part II includes Chapters 2, 3, 4, and 5. Chapter 2 presents the biological foundations of development, prenatal development, and birth, including patterns of genetic inheritance, gene-environment interactions, and epigenetics. Chapters 4 and 5 describe processes of physical development from birth to death and the role of health in development.

Part III covers cognitive processes of development. Chapters 6 and 7 describe findings on lifespan cognitive development from the cognitive-developmental and information processing perspectives. Intelligence and language development are covered in Chapters 8 and 9, respectively.

Part IV organizes findings regarding socioemotional development into Chapters 10, 11, 12, and 13. Emotional development, including attachment across the lifespan, is discussed in Chapter 10. Chapter 11 explores the development of the sense of self, identity, and personality. Moral development, prosocial and antisocial behavior, and spirituality are discussed in Chapter 12. Chapter 13 describes genders across the lifespan and devel­opmental changes in sexuality.

Part V explores the contexts in which development unfolds. Chapter 14 examines the family, including the range of lifestyles adults may choose and parenting, as well as the role of friendships across life. Chapter 16 examines important contexts outside of the family and peer world, such as school and work, including career development in adolescence and emerging adulthood and the transition to retirement in later adulthood.

Finally, Part VI, Chapter 16, presents death and dying, including the process of death, how children and adults understand death, and coping with bereavement.

Core learning objectives are listed at the beginning of each chapter. The end-of-chapter summary returns to each learning objective, recapping the key concepts presented in the chapter related to that objective.

Each chapter closes with a case scenario, followed by in-depth questions that require students to apply their understanding to address a particular situation or problem.

Lifespan Development in Context is accompanied by a robust collection of Lives in Context Video Cases that demonstrate key concepts through real-life examples, as well as Kuther's Chalk Talks, a series of whiteboard-style videos carefully crafted to engage students with course content. All videos are accessible through the interactive eBook available to pair with the text.

An inclusive textbook that presents complex research information (current and classic studies) in ways that a general audience not familiarized with the discipline of developmental psychology can understand and relate. Very engaging! – Andrea Garvey

Kuther has structured each chapter with sensitivity to the ways introductory level students are likely to think about this content. The textbook is more consistent than others available in offering cross-cultural research on each topic, and it provides many compelling conversation starters for class, including special topic boxes and questions for discussion. – Stacy DeZutter

An up-to-date text containing a wealth of resource viewpoints addressing contemporary issues written in a student-friendly manner. – Clark E McKinney

The videos cover a variety of important concepts in human development and they bring the textbook information to life. Human development is a lot of information to learn in a short time span so these are helpful in making it easier to learn. – Lakitta Johnson

I watched a few videos and believe that they are useful because they provide students with real-world applications. They can see constructs in context and in the real world which should provide them with the foundation to make more practical applications of course material. – Sue Kelley

Lifespan Development in Context, a student-friendly text, explains, in a way that is comprehensive yet concise, the sophisticated interactions that constitute development. Having taught at a regional public university for more than 22 years, Kuther writes in a style that engages undergraduate readers like her own students. This text helps them understand challenging concepts in language that will not overwhelm: she avoids jargon but maintains the use of professional and research terms that students need to know in order to comprehend classic and current literature in the lifespan development field.

Religion & Spirituality / Christianity / Encyclopedias

The Popular Encyclopedia of Bible Prophecy: Over 150 Topics from the World's Foremost Prophecy Experts by Tim LaHaye & Ed Hindson (Tim LaHaye Prophecy Library Series: Harvest House Publishers)

Despite easy access to modern technologies and conveniences, including computers that can process billions of bits of information in the blink of an eye, many people still believe that the Bible, a book written thousands of years ago, holds the answers to life and the life hereafter.

Unfortunately, most seekers get little help in the area of prophetic study. Unless they take it upon themselves to make prophecy a spe­cial study, they are not fully equipped to answer many of the questions they may have on this important subject. And important it must be, for 28 percent of the Bible was prophetic when it was written. Evidently God considered it important to include prophetic passages in nearly every book in the Bible, and He used, almost exclusively, prophets to record the Scriptures.

Readers find the clarity and answers they need in this comprehensive resource filled with thousands of facts about Christ's return and the end times. Prophecy teachers Tim LaHaye and Ed Hindson in The Popular Encyclopedia of Bible Prophecy, an A-to-Z encyclopedia combine knowledge from an outstanding team of more than 40 experts, to bring readers:

  • Definitions of prophecy-related terms.
  • Timetables of last-days events, including the rapture and the glorious appearing.
  • Summaries of all the major prophetic viewpoints.
  • Understanding of the key players, such as the Antichrist and the False Prophet.

LaHaye – a renowned prophecy scholar, minister, and educator – conceived the Left Behind series and authored and coauthored more than 80 books, including Charting the End Times and Exploring Bible Prophecy from Genesis to Revelation. Hindson, Dean of the School of Divinity and Distinguished Professor of Religion at Liberty University in Virginia, is the speaker on The King Is Coming telecast and the author and general editor of 40 books.

The Popular Encyclopedia of Bible Prophecy is a key book in the LaHaye Prophecy Library series and may in fact be one of the most comprehensive. With the help of Wayne Brindle, LaHaye and Hendson have compiled a team of prophecy experts who have written on the most important subjects of prophetic study. They may differ slightly on minor points of discussion, but they are in agreement with the major issues of biblical eschatology, particularly in terms of holding to the pretribulational, premillennial view of the end times. The topics covered in this encyclopedia have been arranged alphabetically for ease of study, and the articles have been written to appeal to both those who are new to prophecy and those who are experienced students of the subject.

The Popular Encyclopedia of Bible Prophecy will inspire readers to search the Scriptures and become, as the apostle Paul admonished, "Approved to God... rightly dividing the word of truth". (2 Timothy 2:15).

Readers gain wisdom and insight as they repeatedly reach for The Popular Encyclopedia of Bible Prophecy to find biblical answers to their toughest prophecy questions. These articles will inform the mind, bless the heart, and stir the soul.

Religion & Spirituality / Philosophy / Tibetian Buddhism / Education & Teaching

The Teacher-Student Relationship by Jamgön Kongtrul the Great, translated from the Tibetian by Ron Garry (Snow Lion)

There is no mention in any of the sutras, tantras, or commentaries of anyone accomplishing buddhahood without following a lama. It can be seen that no one has attained the noble qualities of the levels and paths by their own creation and conjecture. Similarly, all sentient beings, including ourselves, are very good at following the wrong path. – Patrul Rinpoche

It is crucial for students of Vajrayana Buddhism to find an authentic wisdom teacher and to know how to properly rely upon that teacher in order to awaken to their buddha nature and thereby attain full enlightenment. As Buddhism is still relatively new in the West, we don't always know how to go about this essential task. Fortunately, the topic has never been more thoroughly explored, nor the ideal relationship more clearly delineated, than by the unsurpassed Tibetan teacher Jamgön Kongtrul in the tenth chapter of his monumental Buddhist encyclopedia, The Treasury of Knowledge.

Jamgön Kongtrul (1813–1899) was a versatile and prolific scholar. He has been characterized as a ‘Tibetan Leonardo’ because of his significant contributions to religion, education, medicine, and politics. Jamgön Kongtrul Lodrö Thayé, popularly known as Jamgön Kongtrul the Great, was a pivotal figure in eastern Tibet's non-sectarian movement and one of the most outstanding writers and teachers of his time. In his monumental Encyclopedia of Buddhism (Treasury of Knowledge), he presents a complete account of the major lines of thought and practice that comprise Tibetan Buddhism.

Translated by Dr. Ron Garry (Yeshe Nyima), this essential text lays out what credentials and qualities every student should look for in a wisdom teacher, why a wisdom teacher is necessary, and how the relationship between this teacher and disciple best develops once it is established. With chapters such as How to Seek the Wisdom Teacher, Why a Wisdom Teacher Is Necessary, Categories and Qualifications of the Master, and How to Choose a Wisdom Teacher, this authoritative work places into the hands of every student all he or she needs to know to undertake the most fundamental and important step on the path: finding a qualified wisdom teacher.

The Teacher-Student Relationship also includes a teaching by Gyatrul Rinpoche that explains for Western students the critical importance of the teacher-student relationship in Buddhist practice.

Lama Tharchin Rinpoche says in the foreword to The Teacher-Student Relationship he is pleased with this work of Yeshe Nyima (Ron Garry) because it fulfills a need of Western students for a comprehensive manual explaining all aspects of the relationship between the wisdom teacher and the student. He says he highly recommends this book because it shows us in a clear and concise way how to create and nurture this relationship – including the necessity of having a wisdom teacher, the qualities needed by both the wisdom teacher and the student, and how`we can relate properly and effectively with our wisdom teacher.

According to H.H. Dudjom Rinpoche, we are very fortunate that due to the efforts of Yeshe Nyima a detailed elucidation of the relationship between the wisdom teacher and the student is now available. This current translation of Kongtrul Rinpoche's work, along with the commentary drawn from some of the great masters of the Vajrayana tradition, is a manual on the wis­dom teacher and student relationship for the dharma practitioner; and because this relationship is the foundation for all Vajrayana practice, he wishes that its timely release will be of great benefit to all practitioners in the West.

The Teacher-Student Relationship consists of three sections:

    I.                    Translator's Introduction

    II.                 Translation of Jamgön Kongtrul Lodro Thaye's root verses found in "The Chapter on the Explanation of the Characteristics of the Master and Student [Relationship], How to Follow [the Master], and How to Teach and Listen [to the Dharma]," located in The Treasury of Knowledge

    III.               The Auto-commentary on the preceding root verses

This is a critical teaching especially suited for our confusing times, as students in the West continue to adapt to the Buddhist conceptions of devotion, submission, trust, and acceptance. – Shambhala Sun

The Teacher-Student Relationship is an essential text clearly laying out what credentials and qualities one should look for in a wisdom teacher, why a wisdom teacher is necessary, and how the relationship between this teacher and disciple best develops once it is established.

Sociology / Language / Linguistics

New Speakers of Minority Languages: Linguistic Ideologies and Practices, 1st edition edited by Cassie Smith-Christmas, Noel P. Ó Murchadha, Michael Hornsby, Máiréad Moriarty (Palgrave MacMillan)

New Speakers of Minority Languages represents the first collection specifically devoted to New Speaker Studies, focusing on language ideologies and practices of speakers in a variety of minority language communities. Over thirteen chapters, it uses the new speaker lens to investigate not only linguistic issues, such as language variation and change, phonetics, morphosyntax, language acquisition, code-switching, but also sociolinguistic issues, such as legitimacy, integration, and motivation in language learning and use. Besides covering a range of languages – Basque, Breton, Galician, Giernesiei, Irish, Scottish Gaelic and Welsh – and their different sociolinguistic situations, the chapters also encompass a series of interactional settings: institutional settings, media and the home domain, as well as different contexts for becoming a new speaker of a minority language, such as by migration or through education.

New Speakers of Minority Languages represents an output by a lively network of researchers. Editors include: Cassie Smith-Christmas, Noel P. Ó Murchadha, Michael Hornsby and Máiréad Moriarty. Christmas is a Research Fellow at the University of Limerick, Ireland. Murchadha is Assistant Professor of Language Education at Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland. Hornsby is Professor at Adam Mickiewicz University, Poland, and head of its Centre for Celtic Studies. Moriarty is a lecturer in Sociolinguistics and New Media at the University of Limerick, Ireland. The book has 19 contributors including the editors.

New Speakers of Minority Languages is the first edited volume which brings together a series of studies by different authors specifically devoted to the concept of the new speaker. The volume follows in the wake of special issue journal publications in the International Journal of the Sociology of Language and the journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development (forthcoming), and the monograph by Hornsby, in which he explores how new speakers operate in three minority language settings. The current volume includes 14 chapters which are arranged in 2 sections: ideologies and practices. Together, the chapters in New Speakers of Minority Languages represent a thorough investigation of many of the most pressing issues surrounding new speakers of minority languages, with the goals of language maintenance, revitalization, and revival in the background, if not explicitly in the foreground, of each chapter. The chapters range in focus film examinations at the linguistic end of the sociolinguistic spectrum through to more sociologically focused explorations as well as the nexus between the two.

Ideologies and New Speakers of Minority Languages. The first two chapters in this section examine the intersection of language ideologies and identities in the context of minority language education, which, as discussed throughout New Speakers of Minority Languages, is often the initial step in `becoming' a new speaker of a minority language. However, as demonstrated in Dunmore's chapter on the linguistic trajectories of Scottish Gaelic immersion students after they have left school, the production of new speakers through formal education does not necessarily result in speakers who use the language as adults. Here language lies at the core of identity negotiations, and Selleck explores the various ways in which the students enlist language to define and understand their `Welshness' and `Englishness'.

The overarching theme of identity carries forth in the next two chapters, both of which focus more specifically on ideologies of authenticity and legitimacy and the consequences of such ideologies for adult new speakers. In Sallabank and Marquis' chapter on Giernesiei, a language which has experienced such extreme language shift that very few fluent speakers of the indigenous language exist, the authors demonstrate how perceptions of language ownership can pose significant barriers both to using and teaching`the minority language. Similarly, issues of authenticity and legitimacy are central to O'Rourke and Ramallo's discussion of identities, language revitalization, and adult new speakers of Galician

Issues of authenticity and legitimacy are also the focus of the following two chapters, both of which look at migrant new speakers of minority languages. In spite of their relative rarity, the experiences of migrant new speakers share many commonalities with other types of new speakers dis­cussed in New Speakers of Minority Languages. In the first of these two chapters on migrant minority language new speakers, Bermingham looks at Cape Verdean migrants in Galicia who are, what she terms, `double' new speakers of Spanish and Galician. Her chapter discusses how perceptions of language ownership and authenticity mean that although Galician is closer linguistically to the migrants' native Cape Verdean Kriolu, most migrants prefer to speak Spanish. The second chapter on migrant new speakers of minority languages is Smith-Christmas' discussion of World War II evacuees to Gaelic-speaking areas of Scotland. The chapter investigates why, despite their language socialization being `native-like', this cohort is typically not identified as `native', and suggests that the distinction between `native' and `new' can in part be attributed to the relationship between language and place.

The final chapter of this section ties together the most salient themes in this first section of the volume. Here, O hIfearnáin posits that in minority language contexts, linguistic ideologies represent a decisive link between language practices and processes of shift, decline, maintenance, and revival. He discusses how, as the role of time, space, and place in the formation of linguistic identity is redefined in late capitalism, the authenticity associated with being `of' a place and culture becomes less important, and posits that the perceived distance between the traditional and the new is becoming more penetrable.

Practices of New Speakers of Minority Languages. New Speakers of Minority Languages's second section looks specifically at the linguistic practices of new speakers. Following the previous section on ideologies, the first two chapters address the intersection between ideologies and practices, illustrating their reflexive and interrelated nature. In the first chapter, Lantto discusses how Basque-Spanish code-switching practices are perceived differently depending on whether the speaker is `old' or `new', with the `glass always being half empty' for new speakers. This observation resonates with much of the work in this volume and explains why `new' Basques' practices tend to orient towards purism. Similarly, the second chapter in this section – Moal, Ó Murchadha, and Walsh's comparative analysis of linguistic variation in Breton and Irish language broadcast media – demonstrates how linguistic variation in terms of traditional and new speaker features both reflects and feeds into broader sociocultural processes through which language varieties are imbued with social meaning and how utilization of different forms helps presenters navigate a diverse speaker audience.

The possible emergence of new varieties due to new speakers is the focus of Nance's chapter. Nance's phonetic comparison of new speakers of Gaelic in Glasgow to speakers in traditional heartland areas reveals that while the linguistic behavior of new speakers may differ to traditional forms of the language, the type of speech new speakers use has its own internal consistency and can be considered innovative rather than deficient. Similarly, Kennard's chapter on initial consonant mutation in Breton compares younger speakers' practices to that of older speakers. Kennard finds that while both older adult speakers and younger adult speakers use initial consonant mutation consistently, a number of children do not use this particular feature consistently.

The final two chapters in this section delve deeply into the linguistic and conceptual dimensions of the term `new speaker'. The first of these is Carty's chapter on perceptions of oral proficiency among new speakers of Scottish Gaelic on the one hand and potentials on the other. Her study demonstrates how the new speaker label plays out at the linguistic level: not only have the new speakers attained higher proficiency in the language and use it more in their daily lives, but they are also adept at employing more complex and sophisticated communicative strategies than potentials. In the final chapter in this section, Atkinson begins with a critique of the term `new speaker' itself, arguing that the term can and should be negotiated in the arena of actual language practices. Focusing on the preceding chapters, Atkinson draws parallels between the micro and the macro considerations with which the authors of this section are concerned and concludes with some reflections on possible future directions.

The final chapter of New Speakers of Minority Languages reflects on the new journeys that new speaker research has taken, tying together the most salient themes emergent from this volume, illustrating how, although new speakers are indeed an `old' phenomenon, there is much research that remains to be done.

This volume is a must-read for scholars of minority languages. Data and theoretically rich, the chapters explore the lived complexities of practice and identification associated with learning a minority language against the backdrop of diverse language ideologies. New Speakerness emerges as a site of boundary-making and/or contestation around which core questions of what ‘the language’ is and who counts as being a speaker are negotiated. – Alexandra Jaffe, Professor, Department of Linguistics, California State University

Although the languages that comprise New Speakers of Minority Languages are all European minority languages, it is hoped that the discussion and analysis will have relevance and applicability to minority language contexts worldwide. It will appeal to postgraduate students, researchers and academics working in the field of sociolinguistics, applied linguistics, language policy and those working within minority language communities.

Travel / Europe / Guides

Rick Steves France 2018 by Rick Steves &  Steve Smith (Avalon Travel)

Travelers`wander the lavender fields of Provence, climb the Eiffel Tower, and bite into a perfect croissant; with Rick Steves and Steve Smith on their side, France can be theirs.
Since 1973, Steves has spent about four months a year exploring Europe. His mission: to empower Americans to have European trips that are fun, affordable, and culturally broadening. Co-author Smith manages tour guides for Rick Steves' Europe tour program and has been researching guidebooks with Steves for over two decades.

Inside Rick Steves France 2018 readers find:

  • Comprehensive coverage for planning a multi-week trip to France.
  • Steves' strategic advice on how to get the most out of their time and money, with rankings of his must-see favorites.
  • Top sights and hidden gems, from the Louvre and the Palace of Versailles to neighborhood restaurants and delicate macarons.
  • How to connect with local culture: Stroll through open-air markets in Paris, or bike between rustic villages and local vineyards.
  • How to beat the crowds, skip the lines, and avoid tourist traps with Steves' candid, humorous insight.
  • The best places to eat, sleep, and relax over a vin rouge.
  • Self-guided walking tours of lively neighborhoods and museums.
  • Vital trip-planning tools, like how to link destinations, build their itinerary, and get from place to place.
  • Detailed maps, including a fold-out map for exploring on the go.
  • Useful resources including a packing list, French phrase book, a historical overview, and recommended reading.
  • Over 1,000 bible-thin pages include everything worth seeing without weighing travelers down.
Rick Steves France 2018 includes annually updated information on Paris, Chartres, Normandy, Mont St-Michel, Brittany, The Loire, Dordogne, Languedoc-Roussillon, Provence, The French Riviera, Nice, Monaco, The French Alps, Burgundy, Lyon, Alsace, Reims, and Verdun.

In this thorough guide, Rick Steves France 2018, Steves and Smith make it easy to experience it all:

  • Craft an itinerary based on their interests, budget, and time.
  • Follow step-by-step city walks, insightful museum tours, and scenic drives.
  • Sightsee smartly, choosing from a full range of sights and activities.
  • Rely on the candid, humorous advice to avoid crowds, lines, and tourist traps.
  • Treat their taste buds to delicious regional cuisine.
  • Meet friendly locals and connect with the culture.

Rick Steves France 2018 offers readers a balanced mix of France's lively cities and cozy towns, from the traditional heartland to jet-set­ting beach resorts. And it's selective – rather than listing dozens of beautiful chateaux in the Loire region, the book covers only the top 10. The self-guided museum tours, city walks, and driving tours give insight into France's vibrant history and today's living, breathing culture.

Steves and Smith advocate traveling simply and smartly. Travelers can take advantage of the money- and time-saving tips on sight-seeing, and transportation. They can try local, characteristic alternatives to pricey chain hotels and famous restaurants. In many ways, advises Rick Steves France 2018, spending more money only builds a thicker wall between travelers and what they traveled so far to see.

Travelers visit France to experience it – to become temporary locals. Thoughtful travel engages them with the world, as they learn to appreciate other cultures and new ways to measure quality of life.

Travel is intensified living – maximum thrills per minute and one of the last great sources of legal adventure. Travel is freedom. It's recess, and everyone needs it. Rick Steves France 2018 helps travelers enjoy a fun, affordable, and rewarding vacation – they make the most of every day and every dollar with this book.

 

 

 

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