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Arts / Performing
Building the Successful Theater Company, 3rd edition by Lisa Mulcahy (Allworth Press)
Lisa Mulcahy poses the question to leaders from nineteen of the country’s most diverse and vital theater companies from the recent past and present, and offers answers in Building the Successful Theater Company.
Mulcahy is a theater teacher, director, performer, and multimedia writer. She was cowriter and stage director of the hit Off-Broadway musical Renegade Sluts on Bikes and was directed by Edward Albee in her appearance in his play Malcolm.
Producers, stage managers, directors – anyone dreaming of running a theater troupe – will benefit from the practical guidance, amusing anecdotes, and sincere advice in this peek behind the curtains of the seductive profession of theater.
New chapters cover funding and financial aspects, maximizing a company's potential through powerful social media use, and creating successful partnerships by teaming up with corporate sponsors and establishing artistic collaborations. Stage veterans reveal advice on everything from locating performance space, to developing a business plan, to rehearsing and publicizing productions.
With five additional companies profiled in this fully revised third edition, Building the Successful Theater Company features:
The LABrynth Theater Company, New Paradise Laboratories, National Theatre of the Deaf, Shotgun Players, Asian-American Theatre Company, Steppenwolf Theater Company, The Pasadena Playhouse, La Jolla Playhouse, Chicago City Limits, Berkeley Repertory Theatre, Arena Stage’s The Living Stage Theatre Company, Mixed Blood Theatre Company, Horizons Theatre, Wheelock Family Theatre, L.A. Theatre Works, A Traveling Jewish Theatre, Jean Cocteau Repertory, Bailiwick Repertory, and New Repertory Theatre.
Building the Successful Theater Company examines the processes and practicalities involved in running a professional theater company. Mulcahy says she interviewed at length the key personnel who run many of this country's most successful, free-spirited, and artistically vital theater companies, and she learned more from them than she ever thought possible. These folks are realistic, due to personal ideology as well as from hard experience.
She says she choose to let these subjects tell their stories themselves in a series of directly quoted anecdotes that feel a lot like the type of discourse that might take place after a show, over a late, lingering dinner, when eager novices are lucky enough to be seated next to legendary elders who are in the mood to reminisce for a while. What is discussed adds up to a full explanation of what factors make a solid theater company develop and persevere.
Diversity was a key component in Mulcahy’s selection of the theater companies she wanted to include in Building the Successful Theater Company. Some of the companies are traditional repertory organizations – that is, in terms of definition, a resident company of actors performing a number of different shows throughout a set season. Other companies are more concerned with a very specific artistic concentration – producing plays that speak to multicultural issues, for instance. Some bust all myth, expectation, and convention, and that is their mission statement.
So what makes a theater company successful? Primarily, it's the importance of combining a sharp artistic focus, a smart and objective business viewpoint, a fully operational approach to physical production in any given venue, and a big-picture plan.
It’s also crucial to understand that art and
commerce do indeed walk hand in hand. Successful theater company
personnel know how to translate abstract artistic visions into clear
and concise sound bites that attract funders. They know the
importance of applying for grants. They know the value of networking
and thinking out of the box about marketing and strategic planning.
Other vital aspects of what makes companies shine? Optimism and pride.
The people behind the most successful theater organizations are universally can-do in their attitudes. Although they are realistic, they balance that with the knowledge that pessimism is an energy-drainer and, therefore, a big potential nail in a company's coffin. So they reject negative thinking. If these company heads want to do something, they figure out a way to do it, even if that takes a bit of time and brainstorming. They are not easily daunted.
A teeming font of information that abounds with rich tidbits and juicy anecdotes! – Iris Dorbian, editor, Stage Directions magazine
Want to start a theater company? Start here. – James Palmarini, editor, Teaching Theatre journal
Building the Successful Theater Company is a potent mixture of practical advice and fascinating oral history from some of the most forward-thinking theaters around. Mulcahy doesn't just lay out sound guidelines for attaining success but lets those who have achieved it share their experience in their own words, offering an invaluable roadmap for those starting on their own journey. – Jacob Coakley, editor, Stage Directions magazine
A valuable resource for theater people around the country. – Martin A. David, New York Journal of Books
This book is an invaluable guide to creating or growing a theater company. Whatever reason readers have for reading Building the Successful Theater Company – whether they are theater students, budding pros looking to found their own company, or fans who love reading about backstage blood, sweat, and tears – there's a lot of fascinating stuff to be learned from these individuals' hard-won experience, clear-cut perspectives, and concrete advice.
Audio / History / World War II / Biographies & Memoirs
Hitler's Hangman: The Life of Heydrich – Audio CD, Audiobook, 2 MP3-CDs, Unabridged, running time 16 hours by Robert Gerwarth, with narrator Napoleon Ryan (Tantor Audio)
Hitler's Hangman: The Life of Heydrich – Hardcover – by Robert Gerwarth (Yale University Press)
Reinhard Heydrich is widely recognized as one of the great iconic villains of the twentieth century, an appalling figure even within the context of the Nazi leadership. Chief of the Nazi Criminal Police, the SS Security Service, and the Gestapo, ruthless overlord of Nazi-occupied Bohemia and Moravia, and leading planner of the ‘Final Solution,’ Heydrich played a central role in Hitler's Germany. He shouldered a major share of responsibility for some of the worst Nazi atrocities, and up to his assassination in Prague in 1942, he was widely seen as one of the most dangerous men in Nazi Germany. Yet Heydrich has received remarkably modest attention in the extensive literature of the Third Reich.
Robert Gerwarth in Hitler's Hangman weaves together little-known stories of Heydrich's private life with his deeds as head of the Nazi Reich Security Main Office. Exploring Heydrich's progression from a privileged middle-class youth to a rapacious mass murderer, Gerwarth sheds new light on the complexity of Heydrich's adult character, his motivations, the incremental steps that led to unimaginable atrocities, and the consequences of his murderous efforts toward re-creating the entire ethnic makeup of Europe.
Gerwarth is a professor of modern history at University College Dublin and the director of its Centre for War Studies. The audio version of Hitler's Hangman is read by Napoleon Ryan, a British actor from London, who performs on television and in films, and is also known for his work as an audiobook narrator.
This admirable biography makes plausible what actually happened and makes human what we might prefer to dismiss as monstrous. – Timothy Snyder, The Wall Street Journal
[A] probing biography … Gerwarth’s fine study shows in chilling detail how genocide emerged from the practicalities of implementing a demented belief system. – Publishers Weekly
Supremely enlightening. – Jacob Heilbrunn, The New York Times Book Review
[M]eticulously takes us inside the Third
Reich, face to face with the Nazi hero, revealing as few texts do
how the bureaucracy of evil worked. – Kirkus Reviews
Gerwarth’s approach is subtle, painstaking and psychologically acute; it convincingly demonstrates that the historian’s tool of 'cold empathy' best clarifies the enduring question of what brings forth monsters. – Roy Foster, Times Literary Supplement (Books of the Year)
Hitler's Hangman: The Life of Heydrich by
Robert Gerwarth is superb on the making of evil. – Frank
Dikotter, The Daily Telegraph (Books of the Year)
Robert Gerwarth’s Hitler's Hangman: The Life of Heydrich is the outstanding definitive scholarly and heartbreakingly horrible biography of the repellent mastermind of the Holocaust. – Simon Sebag Montefiore, BBC History Magazine (Books of the Year)
Gerwarth's mastery of primary sources and relevant secondary literature is impressive, and his integration of the most recent scholarship and historiographical perspectives on the Nazi dictatorship and the Holocaust make this fine biography even more compelling. An outstanding, exceptional book sure to become the standard account of one of the most infamous Nazi war criminals. – D.R. Snyder, Choice
An excellent inquiry into one of Hitler’s most fearsome paladins, the aide to Heinrich Himmler who played a key role in implementing the Holocaust. Gerwarth dispassionately examines Heydrich’s rise and assassination, which resulted in a horrific series of Nazi reprisals in Czechoslovakia. The best account of Heydrich. – Jacob Heilbrunn, The Daily Beast
Probing, revealing, Hitler's Hangman sheds new light on the story of Heinrich Himmler.
Biographies & Memoirs / Philosophy
Navigating Life: Things I Wish My Mother Had Told Me by Margaux Bergen (Penguin Press)
You learn a few useful things at school – the three Rs come in handy, and it's good to know how to perform under pressure and wait your turn – but most of what matters, what makes you into a functioning human being, able to hold your own in conversation, find your path, know what to avoid in relationships and secure a meaningful job, no teacher will ever tell you. – from the book
Navigating Life is a user's guide to life,
written for the author's daughter and given to her on her first day
of college, reflecting tough lessons about family, work, and
marriage. This diamond-sharp, gut-punchingly honest book of
hard-earned wisdom is one mother's effort to equip her daughter for
survival in the real world.
Margaux Bergen says she began writing Navigating Life when her daughter Charlotte turned nine and gave it to her right after graduation from high school, when she was setting off for her first day of college. "I am not writing this to groom or guide you to professional or academic success," she writes. "My goal is rather to give you tools that might help you engage with the world and flourish.... Think of this as a kind of developing bath-time wisdom."
Bergen has held senior communications positions at Vital Voices, The Center for Interfaith Action on Global Poverty, The United Way and the World Bank and is now at ORBMedia.
I absolutely loved this beautiful book! It's
wise, wry, bracingly honest and so gripping I couldn't put it down.
Clearly whip smart, Margaux Bergen has one of those rare voices that
pulls you in and makes you want to keep reading. – Amy Chua,
author of Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother and The Triple
Bergen’s ballsy, elegantly burnished guide tackles bedrock issues such as friendship, sexuality, and paying the bills. – Elle Magazine
With charming candor and insight, Bergen addresses her college-bound daughter on subjects such as love, friendship, education and work… She discusses career moves and handling prickly employers and sudden terminations with grace before meaningfully recounting her experience with depression and the death of her alcoholic father. Her comments on divorce are wise and sensitive… She is at her most poignant when describing the fluctuations of intimacy and parental control with a child on the verge of adulthood… well told and piercing in its honesty. – Publisher's Weekly
Inspiring, wise, heartbreakingly funny, and resonantly true, Navigating Life has invaluable lessons for students of life of all ages. It challenges readers to lead a more meaningful life and to tackle the bumps along the way with grace, grit, style, and ingenuity. What The Blessings of a Skinned Knee did for the early years of parenting, Navigating Life does for the next, far more perilous chapter, when new graduates are cast out on the high seas and have to learn to find their way by themselves.
Comparative Literature / Chinese / Handbooks
The Oxford Handbook of Modern Chinese Literatures, 1st edition edited by Carlos Rojas & Andrea Bachner (Oxford Handbooks: Oxford University Press)
With over forty original essays, The Oxford Handbook of Modern Chinese Literatures offers an in-depth engagement with the current analytical methodologies and critical practices that are shaping the field in the twenty-first century. Divided into three sections – structure, taxonomy, and methodology – the volume moves across approaches, genres, and forms to address a rich range topics that include popular culture in Late Qing China, Zhang Guangyu's Journey to the West in Cartoons, writings of Southeast Asian migrants in Taiwan, and depictions of HIV/AIDS in Chu T'ien-wen's Notes of a Desolate Man.
With original essays by leading scholars from North America, Europe and Asia, The Oxford Handbook of Modern Chinese Literatures is divided into three parts. Part I examines a set of structural elements that inform how texts are produced, distributed, and consumed; Part II focuses on issues of literary taxonomy, and particularly the historical, national, and formal groupings that comprise the category of modern Chinese literature; and Part III illustrates various analytical methodologies that may be used to interpret literary texts.
Topics include innovative interpretations of works by familiar figures ranging from Lu Xun to Eileen Chang, as well as provocative engagements with works and topics that deliberately challenge conventional understandings of what might be considered ‘modern Chinese literature’ – including chapters on Aku Wuwu's Yi poetry, and Xiaolu Guo's Anglophone novels, as well as chapters on China's censorship system, unpublished writings from the Maoist period, and contemporary Chinese Internet literature. Rather than attempting to offer an encyclopedic overview of the field, The Oxford Handbook of Modern Chinese Literatures instead foregrounds a set of methodologies and practices by which the field is constituted and rendered legible in the first place.
Editors of The Oxford Handbook of Modern Chinese Literatures are Carlos Rojas, Professor of Chinese Cultural Studies; Gender, Sexuality, and Feminist Studies; and Arts of the Moving Image at Duke University and Andrea Bachner, Associate Professor of Comparative Literature at Cornell University. Contributors include: Nick Admussen, Andrea Bachner, Mark Bender, Brian Bernards, Leonard Kwok-Kou Chan, Shelby Kar-yan Chan, Chang Cheng, Sung-sheng Yvonne Chang, Chen Pingyuan, Xiaomei Chen, Rey Chow, John A. Crespi, Kirk A. Denton, Gilbert C.F. Fong, Matthew Fraleigh, Junning Fu, Ge Zhaoguang, Jonathan Christopher Hamm, Michael Gibbs Hill, Nathaniel Isaacson, JI Jin, Belinda Kong, Jie Li, Liao Chaovang, Ping-hui Liao, Yun Chan Liao, Jianmei Liu, Mei Chia-ling. Viren Murthy, Laikwan Pang, David Porter, Carlos Rojas, Deborah Tze-lan Sang, Shuang Shen, Haun Saussy, Mingwei Song, E. K. Tan, Karen Thornber, Xiaofei Tian, Chien-Hsin Tsai, Ban Wang, David Der-wei Wang, Wang Hui, Xiaojue Nang, Xia Xiaohong, Yan Lianke, and Yingjin Zhang.
The Oxford Handbook of Modern Chinese Literatures is a part of the Oxford Handbooks series, a major initiative in academic publishing. Each volume offers an authoritative and state-of-the-art survey of current thinking and research in a particular subject area. Specially commissioned essays from leading international figures in the discipline give critical examination of the progress and direction of debates.
Cooking, Food & Wine / Entertainment & Sports
The Hungry Fan's Game Day Cookbook: 165 Recipes for Eating, Drinking & Watching Sports by Daina Falk (Oxmoor House)
The daughter of legendary sports agent David Falk, Daina Falk spent her early years around pro athletes. Today, her love of sports is matched only by her passion for food. Falk celebrates game day cooking at its best, from pulled pork sandwiches at the tailgate to sky-high stadium chili at home in The Hungry Fan's Game Day Cookbook.
Falk presents more than 150 crowd-pleasing recipes to jazz up a tailgate and score points with any home game-watching guest. Readers discover fresh takes on classics like Buffalo wings, sliders, and layered dips, alongside delicious dishes inspired by local fan traditions. Falk also enlisted a dream team of athletes including LeBron James, Michael Jackson, Boomer Esiason, Victoria Azarenka, and Dikembe Mutombo to contribute their signature recipes to the mix. The Hungry Fan's Game Day Cookbook features tips on planning menus, packing snacks, and finding top stadium eats, plus fun facts, team trivia, and Falk's memories of growing up on the sidelines.
Falk created Hungry Fan®, Fangating®, and other brands that marry sports and food for the ultimate fan experience. Falk is also a freelance producer and journalist who has covered major events, including the Super Bowl and the 2012 Summer Olympic Games. A nationally recognized game day expert, cook, and lifelong fan who grew up in the world of sports, Falk combines her passions for sports, food, and sports fan culture to create more than 150 fangating recipes along with advice on how to fangate like a pro.
The Hungry Fan's Game Day Cookbook includes recipes such as:
Regardless of culinary preferences or skill
level, every hungry sports fan can find something appealing in this
go-to guide for game days all year long. – Publisher's Weekly
Readers in search of new ideas for game-day entertaining will appreciate this book's blend of classic and contemporary recipes... – Library Journal
With both healthy and decadent choices Falk seems to cover all the goodness of food. Universally, Falk's recipes are truly inspirational not just for sports game lovers, but for all of us who wish to enjoy the festivity and flavor of good food. – Huffington Post
Whether you're feasting in a stadium parking lot, on a college quad or in your own back yard, Falk brings it all into the tailgating tent – or what she calls 'fangating.’ – Parade
This fan-friendly cookbook is a guide to the ultimate game day experience. With insider anecdotes about life as the daughter of a famous sports agent, heaps of athlete stats, and info about stadiums, The Hungry Fan's Game Day Cookbook is the perfect gift for sports fans of all stripes who love to eat – and those who cook for them.
Engineering / Computers & Internet / Education
Engineering Design and Graphics with SolidWorks 2016 by James D. Bethune (Peachpit Press, Pearson)
Engineering Design and Graphics with SolidWorks 2016 shows
students how to use SolidWorks to create
engineering drawings and designs. The textbook has been updated to
cover the new features in SolidWorks 2016. It focuses on the
creation of engineering drawings, including dimensions and
tolerances and the use of standard parts and tools. Each chapter
contains step-by-step sample problems that show students how to
apply the concepts presented in the chapter.
Effective pedagogy throughout Engineering Design and Graphics with SolidWorks 2016 helps students learn and retain concepts:
Bethune taught drafting and Computer Aided-Design (CAD) for 39 years, twice winning the Outstanding Professor of the year award. While retired from full-time teaching, Bethune continues to write textbooks on CAD.
Since students learn best by doing, Engineering Design and Graphics with SolidWorks 2016 contains hundreds of projects of various degrees of difficulty specifically designed to reinforce the chapter's content. In response to reviewers' requests, some more difficult projects have been included.
Chapter 1 and 2 show how to set up a part document and how to use the SolidWorks Sketch tools. The chapters contain an explanation of how SolidWorks' colors are used and of how shapes can be fully defined. The two chapters include 43 projects using both inches and millimeters for students to use for practice in applying the various Sketch tools.
Chapter 3 shows how to use the Features tools. In addition, reference planes are covered, and examples of how to edit existing models are given. Chapter 4 explains how to create and interpret orthographic views. The differences between first-angle and third-angle projections are demonstrated. Five exercise problems are included to help students learn to work with the two different standards. Several of the projects require that a 3D solid model be drawn from a given set of orthographic views to help students develop visualization skills.
Chapter 5 explains how to create assembly drawings using the Assembly tools and how to document assemblies using the Drawing Documents tools. Chapter 6 of Engineering Design and Graphics with SolidWorks 2016 shows how to create and design with threads and fasteners. The Design Library is presented, and examples are used to show how to select and size screws and other fasteners for assembled parts.
Chapter 7 covers dimensioning and is in compliance with ANSI standards and conventions. There are extensive visual examples of dimensioned shapes and features that serve as references for various dimensioning applications. Chapter 8 covers tolerances. This is often a difficult area to understand, so there are many examples of how to apply and how to interpret the various types of tolerances.
Chapter 9 explains bearings and fit tolerances. The Design Library is used to create bearing drawings, and examples show how to select the correct interference tolerance between bearings and housing, and clearance tolerances between bearings and shafts.
Chapter 10 presents gears. Gear terminology, gear formulas, gear ratios, and gear creation using the SolidWorks Toolbox are covered. Chapter 11 covers belts and pulleys. Belts, pulleys, sprockets, and chains are drawn. All examples are based on information from the Design Library.
Chapter 12 covers cams. Displacement diagrams are defined. The chapter shows how to add hubs and keyways to cams and then insert the cams into assembly drawings. Chapter 13 is an online chapter. It includes two large project-type problems.
Filled with educational features, Engineering Design and Graphics with SolidWorks 2016 actually teaches the material it covers. Students learn by application, completing practical projects.
Entertainment & Sports / Exercise / Music
Applying Music in Exercise and Sport by Costas I. Karageorghis (Human Kinetics)
With Applying Music in Exercise and Sport, respected psychologist and consultant for major organizations, Costas I. Karageorghis incorporates his unique experiences as a performer, researcher, and practitioner in music and sport to create a groundbreaking text that provides readers with an understanding of how music can play an important role in enhancing the experience of exercisers and athletes.
Applying Music in Exercise and Sport combines contemporary research, evidence-based practice, and specific recommendations to help exercise and sport professionals, coaches, students, researchers, and enthusiasts use music to enhance enjoyment, motivation, and performance of physical activity. Readers explore the psychological and physiological effects of music and learn how to apply scientific principles to personal workouts, group exercise classes, and both individual and team sport settings.
Karageorghis draws from contemporary research in an emerging field of academic study, exploring the application of music in the domain of exercise and sport. Karageorghis, PhD, CPsychol, CSci, FBASES, AFBPsS, is a reader in sport psychology in the department of life sciences at Brunel University London, UK. He is internationally renowned for his research on the effects of music in the realm of exercise and sport. From 2007 to 2011, Karageorghis served as head coach of the Great Britain Students track and field team. He has also managed and coached the Brunel University London track and field team since the early 1990s, leading it to seven British Universities championships.
Applying Music in Exercise and Sport combines contemporary research, evidence-based practice, and specific recommendations to enhance motivation and performance through music-related intervention. Readers benefit from tools such as:
Although myriad books have been written about the application of music in everyday living situations and therapeutic environments, none has sought to address specifically the domain of exercise and sport. Karageorghis has spent almost every day of his academic career investigating and writing about the influence of music on exercisers and athletes. He has worked with many Olympic and world championship athletes from a wide range of sports and countries as a consultant psychologist. Such work has afforded him an opportunity to put his ideas and experimental findings into practice in the highest echelons of sport. In Applying Music in Exercise and Sport he shares his findings and applied experiences as well as the insights of many scientist-practitioners who work in this emerging field. He also shares contemporary research and applied knowledge so that exercisers and athletes derive the greatest benefit from music and that they and those who guide them can select music based on scientific principles. It details the circumstances under which exercise participants and athletes are likely to derive the largest gains from music, as well as those in which music use is best avoided. It also provides the skills necessary for devising playlists for both groups and individuals, implementing a wide variety of music-related interventions, and comprehensively assessing the effects of music in the field.
Applying Music in Exercise and Sport is organized in three parts, each with a distinct theme. Part I addresses the when, how, and why of music use in exercise and sport to provide a thorough grounding in the subject. Chapter 1 is a general introduction to the topic that includes explanations of key concepts and several examples to illustrate how music can influence people's behavior and feelings. A short section at the end of chapter 1 covers legal considerations for the use of music in exercise and sport environments. Chapter 2 delves into the scientific premise of the applications that follow in chapters 4 through 9 to enable practitioners to engage in evidence-based practice and fully understand the theoretical premise of music-related interventions. Chapter 3 provides a broad range of assessment methods that exercise and sport professionals can use to inform their selections of music. These methods are useful for measuring how effective music interventions are both with individuals and groups or teams.
Part II focuses on music applications in the exercise domain, although many of the principles will resonate with sport professionals who use musical accompaniment in their training programs. Chapter 4 addresses music use in individual exercise and workout sessions with reference to a range of training modalities that include strength, flexibility, and cardiorespiratory. Chapter 5 takes a similar approach for group-based exercise and workouts and covers internationally popular classes such as spinning, dance aerobics, and circuit training. Chapter 6 provides case studies for individual and group-based exercise along with sample playlists to illustrate the principles outlined in chapters 4 and 5. The vivid examples may inspire trainers and exercise leaders to consider how to incorporate music into the exercise routines of those in their charge. Exercisers can just as easily apply the principles to their own training programs.
Part III covers the use of music to enhance the training and performance of competitive athletes and teams. This part may also be of interest to exercise professionals who work with highly committed and performance-oriented exercisers whose regimens approximate those of elite athletes. Chapter 7 contains specific training and performance-related music applications for those participating in individual sports such as track and field, tennis, golf, cycling, and martial arts. Chapter 8 takes a parallel approach for team sports such as soccer, netball, basketball, rugby, and American football. Finally, chapter 9 provides two case studies – one for an individual and one for a team – as well as carefully crafted playlists that bring the principles of chapters 7 and 8 to life.
Applying Music in Exercise and Sport facilitates creation of effective playlists, empowers music-related interventions, and enables assessment of the effects of music in the field. Karageorghis writes in an accessible, nonscientific style to make the material fully relevant to practitioners and students with an interest in application and psychological interventions. Applying Music in Exercise and Sport will appeal to those who might use music in a physical activity context, be that for a jog in the park, to accompany a fitness class, or to prepare a professional sport team for a big game. This book is also relevant to students and practitioners with an interest in sport psychology and/or music psychology.
History / Social
Holocaust Landscapes by Tim Cole (Bloomsbury Continuum)
Holocaust Landscapes provides a new perspective surrounding the shifting geographies and stories of a dark period in world history. The theme is the places of the Holocaust, the Holocaust as place-making event for both perpetrators and victims. Through special concepts such as distance and proximity, Professor Tim Cole tells the story of the Holocaust through a number of landscapes where genocide was implemented, experienced, and evaded – many of which have subsequently been forgotten in the post war world. Cole is the head of the history department at Bristol University.
In Holocaust Landscapes, Cole presents an original take on this continent-wide event. Anchoring his argument in the geography and place of the Holocaust, as well as the testimony of survivor accounts, Cole shifts the view of an event whose focus ranged from the towns and forests of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, to the transient networks of the Reich's deadly railways and roads.
He situates his study in an array of Holocaust landscapes, some familiar, others less so. Drawing on survivor's narratives, Holocaust Landscapes moves between a series of ordinary and extraordinary places and the people who inhabited them throughout the years of the Second World War. Starting in Germany in the late 1930s, the book shifts chronologically and geographically westwards, ending in Germany in the final chaotic months of the war. These landscapes range from the most iconic (synagogue, ghetto, railroad, camp, attic) to less well known sites (forest, sea mountain, river, road, and displaced persons camp).
What emerges is a moving account of the places and stories of this catastrophic period in twentieth century history – no longer a single, monolithic event, but rather a shifting nexus of chronology and location, foregrounding the histories as much as the geographies of the Holocaust and provoking new questions as to how we might change the way we view the Holocaust now and in future.
Eventually, the tragic story culminated in men, women and children being transported to overcrowded camps such as Bergen-Belsen that are perhaps best seen as post-genocidal space. Instead of viewing the Holocaust as a single, monolithic event, rather different genocides were enacted in different places, at different times across the course of the war. Moving through these landscapes, Cole is struck by how focusing on place highlights the shifting chronology of the genocide. Rather than geographies of the Holocaust being ahistorical, his sense is that probing ideas of place and space, as he does in Holocaust Landscapes, foregrounds histories as much as geographies of the Holocaust.
But the Holocaust was not simply something that happened at particular times and in particular places. It was also a place-making event that created new places – ghettos and camps – within the European landscape, or reworked more familiar places – such as rivers or roads – into genocidal landscapes.
Holocaust landscapes were not simply sites of incarceration and killing, but also of escape and hiding. While the Holocaust involved the construction of thousands of sites of incarceration by Nazi Germany and her collaborators, it also involved the construction of thousands of hiding places where Jews and non-Jews sought to carve out spaces beyond German control. Although the Holocaust involved the forced transfer of millions within and across national borders, it also meant that hundreds of thousands decided to flee within, and outside of, occupied territory.
Driven by an interest in the range of spatial strategies of survival that individuals, families and groups developed, Cole draws heavily on the stories that survivors have told in diaries, memoirs and oral histories. In doing so, he is conscious that many voices are missing. Stories of survival dominate over stories of murder. Like every other scholar of the Holocaust who uses oral history sources, he is aware that we hear almost nothing from those millions who were killed, meaning that in some senses we never really get to the very heart of the matter.
Because Cole has gone to places in Holocaust Landscapes where the survivors' voices are richest, it means that he has not visited some of the deadliest sites – camps like Belzec, Sobibor and Tieblinka – where the surviving human and material traces are so sparse.
While there are, inevitably, places that Cole misses out, Holocaust Landscapes is a journey through a number of key Holocaust landscapes that cover the years 1938 through to 1945, following the eastward and then westward thrust of the killings. He starts with the ghetto (focusing on Warsaw where the largest ghetto in Europe was established), before moving to consider the role of the forest, camp (honing in on Auschwitz), train, attic and cellar, mountain and sea, river (where he examines rescue and murder on the banks of the Danube in Budapest), road, and finally returning once more to the camp (where he looks at Bergen-Belsen at liberation).
These key ideas – the diverse range of victim experiences, spatial strategies of survival and the shifting landscapes of the Holocaust – are interwoven in Holocaust Landscapes. It was not simply that the Holocaust was enacted in specific places, or through space, but it was also experienced by individuals for whom the idea of `place' became paramount and the horrors they faced were evaded through the adoption of spatial strategies. Not only does the Holocaust have geographies as well as histories, it has micro-geographies as well as macro-geographies, and Cole captures something of that in this book that moves between the scales of the continent and cattle car. This sense of the Holocaust as a multi-scalar event tends to get lost in historical writing that often adopts a fixed scale of analysis and then works with a shifting chronology, rather than seeking to write about this event more dynamically as something moving through time and space.
Locating the Holocaust in specific places raises questions about the limits and possibilities of both German power and victim agency. It also brings into sharp focus the `choiceless choices' that faced Jews as they sought to survive, oftentimes through spatial strategies, while their world was being reshaped around them.
Fluently written and based largely on personal accounts, Holocaust Landscapes makes an important contribution to the massive scholarly literature on this event. It does so by shifting our gaze from the decision-makers in Berlin to their victims; depicting the extraordinary variety of victim experiences; making important gender distinctions; and focusing much attention on Eastern Europe. – Times Literary Supplement
Holocaust Landscapes is a book of genuine originality and imagination.
A coherent, moving and dignified account, this revelatory new study is an original take on the holocaust. Journeying through a number of Holocaust landscapes provides an opportunity to take a fresh look at a familiar event by focusing on the places where genocide was perpetrated or avoided.
History / U.S. / Documents
American Treasures: The Secret Efforts to Save the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution and the Gettysburg Address by Stephen Puleo (St Martin’s Press)
On December 26, 1941, Secret Service Agent Harry E. Neal stood on a platform at Washington's Union Station, watching a train chug off into the dark and feeling at once relieved and inexorably anxious. These were dire times: as Hitler's armies plowed across Europe, seizing or destroying the Continent's historic artifacts at will, Japan bristled to the East. The Axis was rapidly closing in.
So FDR set about hiding the country's valuables. On the train speeding away from Neal sat four plain-wrapped cases containing the documentary history of American democracy: the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, the Gettysburg Address, and more, guarded by a battery of agents and bound for safekeeping in the nation's most impenetrable hiding place.
American Treasures charts the little-known journeys of these American crown jewels. From the risky and audacious adoption of the Declaration of Independence in 1776 to modern Fourth of July celebrations, American Treasures shows how the ideas captured in these documents underscore the nation's strengths and hopes, and embody its fundamental values of liberty and equality. Stephen Puleo weaves in exciting stories of freedom under fire – from the Declaration and Constitution smuggled out of Washington days before the British burned the capital in 1814, to their covert relocation during WWII, to Library of Congress staff members working as some of America's earliest spies – crafting a sweeping history of a nation united to preserve its definition of democracy.
Puleo, formerly an award-winning newspaper reporter, is a contributor to American History magazine, among other publications and has taught history at Suffolk University in Boston.
There are not many secrets left in our country's storied history, and here Stephen Puleo has uncovered a true gem. American Treasures takes readers on an incredible journey filled with mystery and surprise. American Treasures is an American treasure. – Doug Most, Author of The Race Underground: Boston, New York and The Incredible Rivalry That Built America's First Subway
If you yearn for a book that sweeps you through time, forging fresh new connections between past and present while reinforcing universal truths about our national aspirations, read American Treasures. It's a rich and resonant narrative history, surging with character and incident, the kind of book that you will devour for the depth and breadth of its erudition and, more simply, because it's a terrific tale, told by a fine historian who also happens to write like a seasoned novelist. – William Martin, New York Times Bestselling Author of The Lost Constitution and The Lincoln Letter
Stephen Puleo once again educates, enlightens, and entertains us, this time through the history of the most important documents of our democracy. A tour de force based on exhaustive research into both primary and secondary sources, he tells the miraculous stories of the survival of the most precious evidence of our freedom thanks to, until now, the unsung heroes and heroines of our past. – David Ferriero, Archivist of the United States
Weaving together a riveting narrative of the
effort to keep America's founding documents safe from harm during
World War II with a stirring recap of the origins of the
Declaration, Constitution and other precious American treasures,
this is a wonderful tale. Not only does Stephen Puleo recount the
little-known heroics of Archibald MacLeish, the Librarian Congress,
in a post Pearl Harbor climate of fear, he also reminds us of how
these ‘Charters of Freedom’ are what truly make America
exceptional. – Kenneth C. Davis, Author of Don't Know Much About History, America's Hidden History
Stephen Puleo has written an extraordinary and truly innovative book on a subject on which hundreds of books have been written: the great American documents, most important among them the Declaration of Independence, the U.S. Constitution and the Gettysburg Address. Puleo weaves together the fascinating story of how the documents were created, how they came to be protected in times of national crisis, and how as a result they have become ever more priceless. – Richard R. Beeman, Author of Plain, Honest Men: The Making of the American Constitution
A novel perspective on American history that focuses on the story of the country's founding documents and the Americans who composed, safeguarded, and preserved them for the benefit of future generations. A fast moving presentation and a solid retelling of an inspiring story. – Kirkus
An engrossing account of the creation, consecration, and conservation of the documents that defined American democracy. Readers will take away a new appreciation for the vision and savvy of government officials in finding ways to insure such treasures would survive. – Library Journal
In a series of useful and interesting tangents, Puleo describes some of the histories of these documents and occasional threats they have faced since their creation. This unique, easily digestible, and well-researched saga is ideal for general readers. – Booklist
His vivid and detailed descriptions of characters and events will make readers feel like they are in the room with historic figures. – Patriot Ledger
In a sweeping history of a nation united to preserve the values embodied in its founding documents, American Treasures tells the dramatic, never-before-told stories of America's secret efforts to save the documents that define its commitment to freedom.
History / U.S. / Education & Training
America in the Teens by Andrew J. Dunar, with a foreword by series editor John Robert Greene (America in the Twentieth Century Series: Syracuse University Press)
"There just never seems to be enough time." "The textbook is so bland, the students won't read it." "Don't teachers ever write?" "If I could only find more than one book that I feel good about assigning." These complaints are endemic to those of us who teach survey American history courses. The series America in the Twentieth Century was designed to address these issues in a novel fashion that attempts to meet the needs of both student and instructor alike. – John Robert Greene, from the Foreword
In the latest addition to the America in the Twentieth Century series, Andrew J. Dunar provides a sweeping account of the twentieth century’s second decade. Dunar is professor emeritus of history at the University of Alabama in Huntsville.
Beginning with the social, political, and
economic circumstances in the United States in 1910,
America in the Teens presents the themes and pivotal events
that shaped America during this tumultuous period. The election of
1912, World War I, social change in the late Progressive Era, the
influence of war on women and minorities, and changes in the motion
picture industry are among the many issues covered in this concise
Dunar traces the development of a vibrant society during a time of enormous change and explores the ways in which Americans reacted. World War I brought the nation to the forefront of the world’s great powers but also provoked divisions that Americans would confront through the twentieth century and beyond: racial tensions, immigration issues, and labor-management disputes. At the same time, there were progressive triumphs: women earned the right to vote; American industry made great strides, symbolized by the mass production of Henry Ford’s automobiles; and American cinema and jazz enjoyed international acclaim.
According to Dunar in America in the Teens, for Americans, the second decade of the twentieth century began in optimism and ended in disillusion. By 1910 the United States had emerged as one of the most dynamic nations in the world, an economic powerhouse that could compete on equal footing with the leading European nations. In the midst of a regenerative reform movement known as Progressivism, its cities, institutions, and government had undergone modernization stimulated by industrialization and urbanization. The second half of the decade, however, dominated as it was by the First World War, witnessed unprecedented destruction and death – as a result not only of the war, but also of a worldwide influenza epidemic. The war underscored fissures in American society that had been obscured or minimized by economic prosperity at the beginning of the decade. These problems included racial divisions, labor-management issues, and ethnic strife stirred by immigration. It was in this atmosphere that the nation experienced one of the most unsettling decades of the twentieth century, and it is the context of America in the Teens.
The first two chapters of America in the Teens examine the political situation in the early years of the decade. Several factors made it one of the most competitive and important periods in American politics since the Civil War. Of the three men who occupied the office of president, two of them – Roosevelt and Wilson – took steps that greatly expanded the powers of the presidency, thus beginning a trend that continued throughout the century, leading to what would later be call the ‘imperial presidency.’
The next four chapters examine other aspects of the decade: foreign policy, financial and economic issues as well as technological developments, society, and culture. Prior to World War I, American foreign policy focused particularly on Latin America, which is the subject of chapter 3. Taft's policy toward the region, which came to be called dollar diplomacy, sought to supplant military intervention with investment, with at best a mixed record. Wilson’s intervention in Mexico in response to the Mexican Revolution was his most important foreign policy decision prior to World War I.
Chapter 4 deals with two aspects of the rapid expansion of the American economy in the early twentieth century. The first is financial reform, the most important aspect of which was the creation of the Federal Reserve System, the most significant development in banking since the battle over the Bank of the United States during Andrew Jackson's presidency. Another aspect of economic growth was the development of new technology; the United States moved into a position of international leadership.
The 1910s was a decade of social change across a broad spectrum, a phenomenon examined in chapter 5. Immigrants continued to come to the United States in large numbers in the early years of the decade, providing a workforce for developing industry, but also experiencing opposition in industrial centers. African Americans began leaving the South in large numbers, seeking jobs in industrial cities of the North and Midwest.
Chapter 6 examines the rich culture that characterized the decade.
The last five chapters of America in the Teens investigate the many and varied ways in which American participation in World War I affected the United States. Chapter 7 traces efforts by President Wilson to keep the United States out of the war and the complex interplay of international events and internal pressures that eventually brought the nation into the conflict. Once the nation entered the war, its participation had a profound effect on domestic affairs, and chapter 8 charts the war's impact at home. Chapter 9 turns to the US military involvement in the Allied war effort. Chapter 10 considers these crucial discussions but focuses especially on President Wilson's dream of forming a League of Nations that would seek to resolve disputes peacefully through negotiation instead of war. Ultimately, the US Congress rejected membership in the League of Nations, a decision that was one of the developments that led to post-war disillusionment.
Chapter 11 looks forward into the 1920s. It does so by going back to the end of the war and discussing how the war and its aftermath created the circumstances that shaped the 1920s. Elements of disillusionment dominate this discussion: disappointment with the failure of the war to eradicate sources of international discord and the failure of the League of Nations, renewed racial strife, labor strikes, distrust of recent immigrants and ethnic minorities, and a recession at the beginning of the 1920s.
As the new decade began, the United States was on the brink of becoming a major world power, and by many economic measures it had already achieved this status. The rise in power, however, came with new challenges. How would the country handle its new international role? Would it fulfill its self-proclaimed destiny as an exceptional nation, a beacon to the world? How would it deal with the demands of marginalized minorities, particularly African Americans and ethnic immigrants? Would it be able to resolve conflicts between labor and the captains of industry? Would the nation be able to sustain its impressive rate of economic growth and its zeal for reform? How would its identity change as cultural forms such as jazz and motion pictures emerged as particularly American art forms? Americans in 1910 looked forward to meeting these challenges.
A significant contribution to our understanding of America during a pivotal decade in American history. Dunar masterfully illuminates the key political, diplomatic, military, and social developments of the decade and persuasively explains their intricate connections and lasting consequences. – William A. Taylor, assistant professor of security studies, Angelo State University, Texas
… a readable, concise, and scholarly series of books from master teachers who know what works in the college classroom. – John Robert Greene, Foreword
Eminently readable and concise, America in the Teens is a wide-ranging survey of a remarkable era in American history, one that thrust the nation into the modern age. Combining an engrossing narrative with intelligent analysis, America in the Teens enriches our understanding of that critical era. The book uses decades for its organizational schema (chronology, not theme, makes for a better survey course) and tackles the main issues of the particular decade in a scholarly fashion.
History / U.S. / Travel
The President Is Dead!: The Extraordinary Stories of the Presidential Deaths, Final Days, Burials, and Beyond by Louis L. Picone (Skyhorse Publishing)
With stories and presidential trivia,
The President Is Dead! tells readers
everything they could possibly want to know about how the
presidents, from George Washington to Gerald Ford (who was the most
recent president to die), met their ends, the circumstances of their
deaths, the pomp of their funerals, and their public afterlives,
including stories of attempted grave robbings, reinterments,
vandalism, and conspiracy theories surrounding their deaths.
The President Is Dead! is filled with never-before-told stories, including a suggestion by one prominent physician to resurrect George Washington from death by transfusing his body with lamb's blood. Readers may have heard of a plot to rob Abraham Lincoln's body from its grave site, but who knew there were also attempts to steal Benjamin Harrison's and Andrew Jackson's remains? The book also includes "Critical Death Information," which prefaces each chapter, and a complete visitor's guide to each grave site and death-related historical landmark. An "Almost Presidents" section includes chapters on John Hanson (first president under the Articles of Confederation), Sam Houston (former president of the Republic of Texas), David Rice Atchison (president for a day), and Jefferson Davis. The President Is Dead! is layered with colorful facts and entertaining stories about how the presidents have passed.
Louis L. Picone, the author of several books, has served on the board of the Roxbury Historic Trust and is a member of the Authors Guild and Mensa International.
There is something enormously compelling about the presidents – the good, the bad, and the mediocre. They have each held the most powerful position in America, if not the world, and almost every aspect of their lives has been meticulously studied and written about – but that is not the case with their deaths. While sometimes moving and poignant, their deaths and the sites related to their demise are also teeming with fascinating stories.
The place where a president was born only became ‘historic in the rearview mirror,’ after he achieved prominence and won the office many years later. But that is not the case with death and burial, where often the minutest detail is documented and the most trivial artifact is preserved. While the difficulty of writing about birthplaces was finding sufficient credible sources, according to Picone, the challenge of writing The President Is Dead! was processing the abundance of information.
As the title suggests, burial is sometimes not the end of the journey. More than a third of the presidents have been reinterred, and a handful more than once. Often the end of their lives is replete with fascinating and bizarre stories – mysterious circumstances of death, attempted grave robbings, and a corpse temporarily misplaced. The President Is Dead! explores graves and funerals, but also hospitals, viewing sites, funeral homes, and all locations in between. But while GEORGE WASHINGTON SLEPT HERE signs dot the landscape as well as a few scattered MILLARD FILLMORE STUDIED HERE and HARRY S. TRUMAN ATE HERE, rarely does one see a marker that CHESTER ARTHUR WAS EMBALMED HERE or BENJAMIN HARRISON'S FUNERAL WAS HERE. The President Is Dead! includes such sites. It is for both readers of history who want to know what occurred after the presidents' deaths and travelers who want to visit those locations. In downtown Manhattan, for instance, there are many hipster fashion stores, but only a handful of passersby could point out the one that sits at the location where James Monroe died.
How the death-related locations have progressed is fascinating. Today, it is hard to believe that both Washington's Mount Vernon and Jefferson's Monticello were in ruins and almost lost forever, as were the graves of William Henry Harrison, Zachary Taylor, and James Buchanan, to name a few. The book covers the evolution of their graves – from humble crypts and unmarked mounds to the grandiose monuments and memorials of the Victorian era to the current tradition of grave sites at presidential libraries.
Packed with details of how our presidents met their ends and their public afterlives, The President Is Dead! recounts surprising facts and never-before-told stories, such as:
Exhaustively researched, The President Is Dead! is a fun, anecdote-filled, encyclopedic look at the circumstances surrounding the deaths of every president and a few ‘almost presidents’. Readers will enjoy the rich history, fascinating stories, and remarkable lives of the presidents after their deaths. They may even feel inspired to take a road trip of their own to visit some of the notorious and obscure death-related sites.
Home & Garden / Crafts & Hobbies
Cool Copper Cuffs: 25 metal and wire projects by Eva M. Sherman (Kalmbach Books)
One feels just a little more confident, a bit more put together, and a tad more polished when the wrist is embellished. Wearing a bold and beautiful work of art will draw admiring glances from across the room, and a bold cuff is a guaranteed conversation starter with art and jewelry lovers everywhere.
And copper is affordable, plentiful and easy to work with.
With Cool Copper Cuffs, readers learn to make gorgeous copper cuffs.
In this, her second book, Eva M. Sherman explores ways copper, copper wire and sheet metal can be transformed into numerous different styles of cuffs. She uses standard gauges of sheet and wire, along with common metalworking and wire working tools to create over 25 unique cuffs.
Jewelry designer Sherman began beading as a way to spend time with her daughters, but soon became hopelessly addicted. She traded in her architectural career, as well as her bank account for the opportunity to spend all her time among beads. Grand River Beads and Gift Gallery opened in 2005 and has become a destination for jewelry designers looking for unique beads as well as art appreciators looking for locally created, hand crafted art.
Punching, dapping, fold-forming, wireworking ... these are just a few of the techniques found in Cool Copper Cuffs.
With experienced teacher Sherman's easy-to-follow instructions, readers explore many different ways to form cuffs from malleable, affordable copper. Whether they want a statement piece or a lovely cuff to wear with anything, the possibilities with copper are endless.
Cool Copper Cuffs includes:
Crafters find 25 different eye-catching projects. They can explore the basic technique section at the front of Cool Copper Cuffs for detailed information about crafting, and then apply those techniques to achieve various looks. They can choose a chunky, bold cuff, or craft a delicately shaped accessory.
The warmth and economy that copper offers are just a couple of reasons Sherman says she loves working with this versatile metal. As an added bonus, all of these cuffs can be made in silver or brass, or in any other combination of non-ferrous metals. The myriad combinations are left only to the reader's imagination.
These designs will inspire readers to not only create the cuffs in Cool Copper Cuffs, but to continue using these techniques in innovative ways. Crafters may even find themselves developing new ideas to use wire, add textures, and layer metal to design truly unique and amazing cuffs.
Literature & Fiction / Family Saga
Addlands: A Novel – Deckle Edge by Tom Bullough (The Dial Press)
Addlands (i.e., headlands): the border of plough land which is ploughed last of all.
The patriarch of Funnon Farm is Idris Hamer, stubborn, strong, a man of the plough and the prayer-sheet, haunted by his youth in the trenches of France. The son is Oliver, a junior boxing champion and hell-raising local legend who seems from birth inextricably rooted to his corner of Wales, Radnorshire. Bridging these two men’s uneasy relationship is Etty, a woman born into a world unequipped to deal with her.
Following the Hamer family for seventy years, Addlands’s beauty is in its pure and moving prose, and its insight into a traditional way of life splintering in the face of inevitable change. Addlands is also a tale of blood feuds and momentous revelations, of the great dramas that simmer beneath the surface of the everyday. Through all the upheavals of the twentieth century, the only constant is the living presence of the land itself, a dazzling, harsh, and haunting terrain that Tom Bullough conjures with the skill and grace of a master.
Bullough, a Visiting Fellow at the University of South Wales, grew up on a hill farm in Wales, where he still lives. He has worked as a sawmiller, a music promotor in Zimbabwe, a tractor driver, and a contributor to various titles in the Rough Guides series. Addlands is his fourth novel, the first to be published in the United States.
Addlands was written from an insider's perspective; Bullough grew up on a farm in Radnorshire and the beauty and harshness of Welsh farm life is one he knows intimately. Bullough says that he spent a year doing research and the people he spoke to – including another farmer who had lived on the same farm for 96 years and was using horses to plough as late as the 1960s – were the source of many of the words, details and superstitions that are in the novel. He says, "I knew accurately portraying the obscure, often extinct, dialect and practices of Welsh farmers was crucial" to the story he wanted to tell.
From time to time, readers will say that a setting is so vivid that it is a character in its own right. Never has that been truer than in Addlands; readers experience the fraught and integral relationship between man and land and by the end of the novel, they too may feel they can tell "any place in this valley simply by its sounds, by the movement of air."
This is the book we have been waiting for
from Tom Bullough, a complete work of art, astonishingly beautiful,
deeply moving, and gripping from first to last.
Addlands appears to be a tale of the Welsh borders, told
through the battles, loves, and losses of its Heathcliff hero,
Oliver, but it is much more – the story of how the land made us all,
and how the last century has changed us. Zola would have saluted it
and pressed copies on his friends. – Horatio Clare, winner of
the Somerset Maugham Award
Tom Bullough’s story of one family’s struggle in a world of continuity and change is beautifully imagined and exquisitely told – passionate, lyrical, profound, sad, and sometimes, too, when you least expect it, very funny. – Carys Davies, winner of the Frank O’Connor International Short Story Award
Addlands is a gorgeous and painstaking evocation of the land and those who work it. Bullough’s writing is a joy – disciplined, observant, and musical, blissfully free of cliché. – Andrew Miller, winner of the International IMPAC Dublin Literary Award
An absolutely splendid book ... Bullough roots the reader in the Welsh landscape, which like all inhabited landscapes is a place in flux – he wants us to make it our home, to get a sense of its light and shadow and textures. Of this place he’s made a world that is rich and absorbing. Every time I’d pick up Addlands to read, I did so with relish – to return to these pages is to come back to terrain so lushly imagined that it feels luxurious to spend time there. – John Darnielle, New York Times bestselling author of Wolf in White Van
Addlands is a mesmerisingly beautiful experience, a haunting fusion of person, place, and history. It is a really important contribution to the literature of the Welsh borders. – Gerard Woodward
Marrow-deep in its connection to place yet global in its thematic exploration and significance, Addlands does what literature should unstintingly aspire to do: make individual lives the essential stuff of epic. In crystalline, perfect, and stunning prose, Tom Bullough sites, convincingly and movingly, the entire history of these islands in a small section of Radnorshire. It’s an astonishing work of words – Niall Griffiths
The stark beauty of the Welsh countryside is
given powerful life in
Addlands, a sweeping tale of one family from World War II to
the present day, for readers of Alice Munro, Kent Haruf, Bruce
Chatwin, and Louise Erdrich. Following the family and their
traditional community for seventy years, this novel's beauty is in
its pure and moving prose and its vast and complex look at a remote
area of Wales.
Politics / Linguistics
Political Metaphor Analysis: Discourse and Scenarios by Andreas Musolff (Bloomsbury Critical Introductions to Linguistics Series: Bloomsbury Academic)
Political metaphors and related figurative discourse tools are characterized by their variability and contentiousness. Using them, discourse participants try to gain competitive advantage over others by offering their audiences new meaning nuances, challenging each other and announcing political initiatives. It is here that metaphor as a means to change meanings – and thus, to change social and political reality – comes into its own.
Political Metaphor Analysis provides an innovative approach to the study of figurative language use in political discourse by presenting empirical analyses based on a large corpus of political metaphors and metonymies, linking these analyses to theoretical positions and assessing their limitations and perspectives for further exploration.
The author is Andreas Musolff, Director of Research at the University of East Anglia, UK.
The 'classic' model of conceptual metaphor analysis is critically examined with regard to new findings about the variation, historicity, pragmatic exploitation, comprehension and interpretation of metaphors. As a central new analytical category, in Political Metaphor Analysis, the notion of ‘metaphor scenario’ is proposed and tested against various sub-sets of data. It links hypothesized conceptual metaphors to narrative, argumentative and evaluative patterns in actual discourse and understanding processes, so that their cognitive significance can be more reliably gauged and theoretically modeled.
Musolff uses an example a terrorist's message, where the link between political metaphor and terrorist action is more evident. In 2001, O. Bin Laden addressed his followers after the '9/11' mass murder of almost 3,000 people by his terrorist organization al-Qaeda: 'Here is America struck by God Almighty in one of its vital organs'. Literally, it is not true that God himself had 'struck' the United States, nor is it true that the Twin Towers in New York and the Pentagon in Washington DC were 'organs' of a biological entity called America. Even if we assume that Bin Laden and his followers genuinely believed themselves to be acting on behalf of God and viewed America as a kind of monster organism, their depiction of mass murder as a kind of body blow in a boxing match cannot be viewed as a 'literal' statement. If we categorize it instead as 'figurative' or 'metaphorical', what do we imply about the relationship between such language use and its social and political consequences? What communicative function does metaphor fulfill in political discourse?
Political Metaphor Analysis formulates answers to these questions by using insights from Conceptual Metaphor Theory (CMT) and Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) as its starting point. CMT was first outlined by G. Lakoff and M. Johnson in their 1980 book Metaphors We Live By. They proposed that metaphor is not a merely ornamental feature that is typical of only a few specialized forms of speech; as a means of expressing beliefs, values and attitudes, it is also essential to human communication and is of high social, ethical and political significance. According to Lakoff and Johnson,
Metaphors may create realities for us.... A metaphor may thus be a guide for future action. Such actions will, of course, fit the metaphor. This will, in turn, reinforce the power of the metaphor to make experience coherent. In this sense metaphors can be self-fulfilling prophecies.
Since then, there has been a boom of publications on metaphor and other non-literal uses of language. They have moved metaphor into the center of theories of meaning (i.e. semantics and pragmatics) and of applied linguistics. Metaphors are seen as providing a direct access to conceptual, including ideological, structures, which CDA aims to uncover. By exposing and explaining them, CDA-inspired Political Metaphor Analysis aims to render political metaphors less dangerous for politicians, journalists and members of the public who use and 'receive' them without, it is assumed, realizing their ideological bias and manipulative effect.
The ideological bias of metaphors does not always determine their popular impact. Appeals to ride into a battlefield and chop opponents' heads off, burn down warehouses or striking a blow against a state organ for God are all potentially dangerous utterances but whether or not that potential is realized depends on their relationship to the social and political circumstances of their use. Their real consequences (or lack thereof) are visible only in hindsight and are dependent on the uptake by their audiences. Any study of metaphor that is committed to, or at least interested in, a critical investigation of how metaphors can serve to convey ideologies and negotiate power relationships, therefore, needs to focus on their multifunctionality in situations of actual use.
According to Musolff in Political Metaphor Analysis, especially in politics, metaphors are not only used to denote specific target concepts; they always have pragmatic 'added value', for example, to express an evaluation of the topic, to make an emotional and persuasive appeal, and/ or to reassure the public that a perceived threat or problem fits into familiar experience patterns and can be dealt with by familiar problem-solving strategies. Metaphors in political discourse also lend themselves, as readers see in Chapter 4, to reflexive uses that allude to preceding figurative utterances and modify them. Reflexive and 'echoic' metaphor uses convey the speakers' interpretations of preceding utterances as well as their own (second-order) stance on the target topics, which recipients are invited to share. For this reflexivity to be recognized, however, we must assume some kind of discourse-historical awareness on the part of the recipients, that is, knowledge of the historicity of the metaphorical formulations they encounter. In the course of Political Metaphor Analysis Musolff presents evidence of such historical awareness being explicitly articulated and referred to. In methodological and theoretical terms, this dimension of metaphor use can perhaps best be handled by the 'discourse-historical approach' (DHA) pioneered by R. Wodak, which aims at an integration of linguistic, social and historical methods, so as to arrive at an in-depth 'triangulation' of language use in its full sociohistorical context.
It is this discourse-historical interest that informs the discussion of political metaphor in Political Metaphor Analysis. It pursues a data-driven approach that starts from documented usage examples and focuses on interpreting their sociopolitical 'situatedness' and effects. Theoretical models are introduced, discussed and assessed in relation to these interpretations and the challenges they pose, rather than from an abstract meta-theoretical perspective. The chapters are ordered by four major political metaphors that have been much debated publicly, that is, the depiction of politics and political entities in terms of WAR, FAMILY, BODY and PERSON. In discussing these metaphors, Musolff also touches on general issues of how figurative language is conceptually organized and how it is actually interpreted by real-life users (rather than by introspectively 'intuiting' linguists or by informants in artificially concocted and controlled experiments). These issues are considered not for their own sake, but for shedding light on political metaphor as an object of study for a critical linguistic enquiry that aims to understand real discourses as they are conducted, not as they should be according to a special theoretical or ideological framework.
Andreas Musolff's book takes great strides
in Political Metaphor Analysis, exploring a wealth of exciting
discourses to rethink old and define new research avenues. A
must-read for students, cognitive scientists and critical scholars
of all persuasions. – Piotr Cap, Professor of Linguistics,
University of Lodz, Poland
This is an amazingly informative and fascinating book on political metaphor. It teaches us about the significance and enormously complex reality of the use of metaphor in politics – and beyond. In doing so, it poses new challenges to our theories of how we think metaphorically. – Zoltán Kövecses, Professor of Linguistics, Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary
Through an intriguing array of examples, Musolff provides a well-structured and interesting set of analyses of metaphoric language as used in the realm of current political discourse. He argues for the need to understand the historical, social, and political setting in which metaphors are used for the hearer/reader to appreciate their often powerful messages. This book builds on past work in metaphor theory, demonstrating an evolution to the next generation of analysis where generalities give way to careful consideration of more local and nuanced contexts. The result is a theoretical framework for the extended examples in the volume, but also a broader approach to contextualized metaphor which will serve well in a wide range of other semantic domains. – Margaret E. Winters, Professor of French and Linguistics, Wayne State University
Political Metaphor Analysis is a much needed critical account of political metaphor, focusing on cognitive approaches and their application to real-world data. Readers can judge what practical applications they may wish to derive from it.
Public Policy / National Security
Rampage Nation: Securing America from Mass Shootings by Louis Klarevas (Prometheus Books)
In the past decade, no individual
act of violence has killed more people in the United States than the
Rampage Nation answers some of the most pressing questions
facing our society: Why do people go on killing sprees? Are gun-free
zones magnets for deadly rampages? What can we do to curb the
carnage of this disturbing form of firearm violence?
Contrary to conventional wisdom, the author, Louis Klarevas, in Rampage Nation shows that gun possession often prods aggrieved, mentally unstable individuals to go on shooting sprees. These attacks largely occur in places where guns are not prohibited by law, and sensible gun-control measures like the federal Assault Weapons Ban – which helped drastically reduce rampage violence when it was in effect – are instrumental to keeping Americans safe from mass shootings in the future.
Klarevas, PhD, teaches in the Department of Global Affairs at the University of Massachusetts–Boston and serves as a consultant to the federal government on national security matters. In addition, he has served as the Defense Analysis Research Fellow at the London School of Economics and a Senior Fulbright Scholar in Security Studies.
To stem gun massacres, Klarevas proposes several original policy prescriptions, ranging from the enactment of sensible firearm safety reforms to an overhaul of how the justice system investigates potential active-shooter threats and prosecutes violent crimes. Calling attention to the growing problem of mass shootings, Rampage Nation demonstrates that this unique form of gun violence is more than just a criminal justice offense or public health scourge – it is a threat to American security.
A deeply researched, clearly written study
that educates while it horrifies. – Kirkus Reviews
Despite what you think you know about mass shootings in America, Louis Klarevas shows us that there is no other single violent act that causes more fatalities on domestic soil. So what can we do about it? Rampage Nation makes a compelling case for a strategic effort to address this plague. It is based on exhaustive research and presented with coolheaded analysis and much-needed perspective. From his painstaking reconstructions of tragic events, to identifying key lessons learned, Klarevas’s insights lay waste to the pundits and self-proclaimed experts who routinely misinform the public about this complex problem. Already setting a new standard for informed analysis on the subject, there is simply no better book on mass shootings than this. – John Horgan, PhD, professor at Georgia State University and author of The Psychology of Terrorism
A groundbreaking study of a growing problem in the United States: mass shootings by a diverse array of individuals. Through extensive research and an engaging writing style, Klarevas provides fresh insights and offers innovative recommendations for dealing with this threat. – Jeffrey D. Simon, author of Lone Wolf Terrorism
Klarevas has assembled what is known about mass shootings, plus added a great deal of new material, in this highly readable book. Do you want to really understand the effect of gun-free zones or armed civilians on mass shootings? Then you have to read this book. Rampage Nation is a tour de force that greatly expands current knowledge about mass shootings in the United States. – David Hemenway, PhD, professor at the Harvard School of Public Health and author of Private Guns, Public Health
Klarevas combines analysis of a unique data set with reporting on a number of prominent cases to provide new insights into America’s scourge of mass shootings. Among much else, his evenhanded treatment helps establish the increasing frequency of mass shootings while thoroughly discrediting the claim that ‘gun-free zones’ are somehow the cause. If evidence can trump ideology, this book will become a vital guide to developing effective policy in this area. – Philip Cook, economist, ITT/Sanford Professor of Public Policy Studies at Duke University’s Sanford School of Public Policy, and coauthor of The Gun Debate
Amid today’s search for an intimate understanding of mass shootings in present-day America, Rampage Nation stands out. It is uniquely immersive, with riveting humanistic and statistical data gleaned from America’s mass shootings, which serve as the foundation for plausible explanations and credible answers. I highly recommend this book! – Col. Gerald Massengill, Virginia State Police superintendent (ret.) and chair of the Virginia Tech Mass Shootings Review Panel
Rampage Nation is a well-researched and forcefully argued treatise from a well-respected consultant to the federal government on national security and foreign policy.
Religion & Spirituality / Abrahamic
Safeguarding the Stranger: An Abrahamic Theology and Ethic of Protective Hospitality by Jayme R. Reaves (Pickwick Publications)
What are the resources and teachings in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam that take hospitality – and its call to provide protective hospitality – seriously enough to inform shared action and belief on behalf of the threatened other? Safeguarding the Stranger argues that protective hospitality and its faith-based foundations as seen in the Abrahamic traditions merit greater theological attention and that the practice of protective hospitality in Christianity can be enhanced by better understandings of Judaism's and Islam's practices of hospitality, namely their codes and etiquettes related to honor.
Safeguarding the Stranger draws especially on two currents in contemporary Christian theologies: (1) a contextual and political theological approach informed by liberation and feminist theologies, and (2) a cooperative and complementary theological approach informed by interreligious, Abrahamic, and hospitable approaches to dialogue.
Author Jayme R. Reaves is a public theologian based in the United Kingdom. Originally from the American South, she has worked in post-conflict Former Yugoslavia and Northern Ireland and focuses on bridging the gap between theology, peacemaking, and reconciliation.
Safeguarding the Stranger is distinctive in that it extends the discussion related to hospitality beyond the usual topics of table fellowship and inclusion by considering the provision of refuge or sanctuary to an endangered other as a hospitable act. Throughout this research, the focus is on an exploration and analysis of protective hospitality and its faith-based motivations and resources. For clarity's sake, protective hospitality is defined as the provision of welcome and sanctuary to the threatened other, often at great risk to oneself.
When practitioners are questioned about why they provided a safe place for someone in danger, they often declare, "It is just what we do" or "It's what anyone would do." For religious practitioners of protective hospitality, their actions often appear innate, as a matter of course. Yet there is something more. Safeguarding the Stranger seeks to explore what that is and how it can be applied in a variety of contexts.
An additional unique contribution of this work is that it considers the Christian practice of protective hospitality by also examining its practice in the Jewish and Islamic traditions, noting commonalities as well as differences which provide new perspectives or opportunities for renewal and growth. Such an analysis highlights the positive potential for a ‘cooperative theology’ between the Abrahamic traditions that could be used to address issues of peacebuilding, conflict, marginalization, oppression and threat to the vulnerable in meaningful and effective ways.
Reaves says that during and after her experiences of living in Bosnia and Croatia, a question began to form that Safeguarding the Stranger seeks to address. Ethnic cleansing and genocide of the religious other in the Former Yugoslavia, Darfur, Rwanda, Iraq, Syria, and numerous other places is a well-documented reality. Yet, there are defiant examples of people reaching out beyond their own identity to welcome and provide safe haven or assistance to someone from the other side in practically every modern conflict narrative. Safeguarding the Stranger aims to be both ecumenical and inter-religious in its theological approach. While offering a Christian point of view, it seeks to broaden that same Christian theology by being in intentional conversation with the perspectives of other Christian denominations beyond Reaves’ own Baptist background, as well as the other Abrahamic traditions.
Thus, Safeguarding the Stranger is primarily an endeavor from an inclusive Christian point of view that utilizes resources from both Judaism and Islam to interrogate and challenge the Christian tradition's theology and practice of protective hospitality. So, while Reaves focuses upon the Abrahamic traditions, she recognizes her limits in speaking with authority beyond the Christian tradition. Accordingly, this research does not speak for all Christians or every Christianity. Instead, it recognizes the complexity within each identified tradition, but it also recognizes the clumsiness and unwieldiness that can come from over-precision in naming just which Judaism, Christianity, or Islam is being talked about at every point.
Safeguarding the Stranger is divided into two parts. The first part is comprised of the first three chapters, focusing upon a greater analysis of hospitality, theology, and ethics. The second part, comprised of the final two chapters, look specifically at protective hospitality.
Chapter One identifies the theological movements and influences that shape the investigation to follow. Chapter Two extends hospitality through examination of its scope and complexity and highlight aspects that contribute its amorphous nature. Reaves argues in this chapter that three main themes can be identified in the practice of hospitality – table fellowship, intellectual welcome, and the provision of protection – and that hospitality is inextricably linked to the essence of ethics and ethical practice.
Chapter Three analyzes the practice of hospitality as exhibited in the Abrahamic traditions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, considering their shared cultural and geographic origins and patterns related to models of behavior and impact of early experiences of persecution.
Chapter Four examines the stages of hospitality and the role of protection in hospitable practice, while also noting the motivations for action on behalf of a threatened other that have been identified by other scholars. It examines the challenge of negotiating boundaries, risk and concerns for purity, which necessitates the need for an ethic of risk to be adopted to inform responsible action.
Chapter Five identifies and explores various texts from the Abrahamic traditions that illustrate the practice and limitations of protective hospitality pointing to an often conflicted and imperfect practice, but a practice authoritatively modeled in the traditions nonetheless.
The conclusion of Safeguarding the Stranger draws all of these elements together to present some distilled points that may be useful in moving forward with what has been presented.
Safeguarding the Stranger is an immensely important addition to the literature on hospitality, notably protective hospitality as practiced in the Abrahamic faith traditions. The work reflects extraordinarily deep research and years of interfaith and cross-cultural experience, as well as time logged in some of our world's most conflicted regions. The author combines fluency in feminist and liberationist Christian thought with competence in Hebrew Bible and Quranic studies – and more than a bit of continental philosophy as well. A major contribution by an important new voice, both in its substance and in its method. Highly recommended. – David P. Gushee, Distinguished University Professor of Christian Ethics; Director, Center for Theology & Public Life, Mercer University; Vice President, American Academy of Religion; Columnist, Religion News Service; President-Elect, Society of Christian Ethics
Safeguarding the Stranger is unique in that it contributes to academic debates within theology and religious dialogue as well as to discussions within the fields of peace studies and conflict resolution on the positive role that religions might play in contexts of conflict. It can contribute to the further development of a body of literature that encourages inter-religious cooperative action and the work of creating safe spaces on behalf of marginalized groups and individuals. Moreover, it may spark the imagination and provide a space to consider the development of a culture and cycle of courageous reciprocity and resistance through the memory of acts of protective hospitality provided in the past to counteract cycles of abusive power and violence.
Religion & Spirituality / Catholicism / U.S.
Polarization in the US Catholic Church: Naming the Wounds, Beginning to Heal edited by Mary Ellen Konieczny, Charles C. Camosy, & Tricia C. Bruce (Liturgical Press)
It is no secret: the body of Christ in the United States is broken. While universality – and unity amid diversity – is a fundamental characteristic of Roman Catholicism, all-too-familiar issues related to gender, sexuality, race, and authority have rent the church. Healthy debates, characteristic of a living tradition, suffer instead from an absence of genuine engagement and dialogue. But there is still much that binds American Catholics. In naming the wounds and exploring their social and religious underpinnings, Polarization in the US Catholic Church underscores how shared beliefs and aspirations can heal deep fissures and the hurts they have caused. Cutting across disciplinary and political lines, this volume brings essential commentary in the direction of reclaimed universality among American Catholics.
Editors are Mary Ellen Konieczny, assistant
professor of sociology at the University of Notre Dame; Charles C.
Camosy, associate professor of theology at Fordham University; and
Tricia C. Bruce, associate professor of sociology at Maryville
College. The book has 19 contributors.
In part 1 of Polarization in the US Catholic Church, six prominent scholars, Catholic leaders, and public intellectuals reflect on how they see the problems and the promise of today's church from their own particular experiences and point of view. The first five of these brief reflections comprise chapter 1. They were initially presented as opening remarks during a plenary panel on the first evening of the conference. The sixth of these brief reflections is presented in chapter 2, by Michael McGillicuddy, an active Catholic and a social worker in Chicago who inspired the conference and this book.
Parts 2 through 4 of Polarization in the US Catholic Church originated in the three sets of panel presentations that formed the basis of conference discussions on day two. In part 2, the authors address how cultural conflicts and polarizing public debates have been experienced among particular groups of Catholics and the resulting wounds that need healing. Chapters 3 and 4 present divergent parish perspectives. Here we glimpse the perspectives and the needs of Catholics who do not seem to engage in, or run from, polarizing issues and public cultural conflicts. Theologian Brian Flanagan writes perceptively in chapter 5 about the challenges and pain experienced by gay and lesbian Catholics. In chapter 6, Holly Taylor Coolman describes how the college students in her courses come to them either ill-informed, misinformed, or both. They grapple with the church's teachings about marriage and sexuality, not knowing what the church offers.
The authors in part 3 assess the landscape of cultural conflicts in church and society through three different lenses. In chapter 7, Christian ethicist David Gushee argues from his personal religious history, which includes both evangelical Protestantism and Catholicism, together with the recent political history of US society, that Catholicism is uniquely equipped to resist polarization and present a hopeful sign for the future of the nation. Law professor Amy Uelmen speaks in chapter 8 from the perspective of her membership in the Focolare movement and her experience of teaching young adults, exploring how the ‘see-judge-act’ model might be rethought to better promote authentic listening and direct discussions about polarizing issues. And in chapter 9, theologian Nichole Flores makes the essential point that ‘neuralgic’ church and cultural issues are not the only ones that can be polarizing. If readers focus on them, we egregiously omit the role played by race in conflicts in US society.
Part 4 of Polarization in the US Catholic Church looks to social groups who form the future basis of church and society. In chapter 10, journalist Elizabeth Tenety gives voice to how Millennial Catholics' life experiences while growing to adulthood, including 9/11 and the Great Recession, color their ways of thinking about American society, the Catholic Church, and cultural conflicts in the church. Erin Stoyell-Mulholland, also a Millennial Catholic and recent undergraduate at the University of Notre Dame, gives readers another perspective on this generation's concerns and how Catholics might move forward through the lens of her participation in the pro-life movement. In chapter 12, theologian Hosffman Ospino discusses the central position Hispanics will occupy in the future of American Catholicism and how Hispanics' growing presence within the United States has the power to uniquely shape Catholics' concerns in ways that refocus energies positively, uniting them to address both material and spiritual needs. And in chapter 13, theologian Michael Peppard interrogates the relationship between polarization in American culture and politics and polarization among Catholics. He advocates a series of concrete, practical suggestions for appreciating diversity as Catholics and, at the same time, resisting further polarization.
Polarization is one of the gravest illnesses infecting the US Catholic Church. In fact, Catholics often have an easier time talking with members of other Christian denominations and other religious traditions than with one another. Before we can accomplish anything in our church, we must first be able to talk to one another charitably. This book is an important step forward, as some of the church's most thoughtful men and women lay out the scope of the problem, consider its roots, and point to healthy and life-giving ways to move ahead. Essential reading for Catholics in the United States. – James Martin, SJ, Author of Jesus: A Pilgrimage
Pope Francis reminds us that open and fraternal debate makes theological and pastoral thought grow. We should welcome such debate as evidence of a vibrant Church engaging issues at the heart of our faith. Polarization in the US Catholic Church advances this effort, challenging Catholics to remember that ours is a Church of relationship rooted in love and that our discourse must reflect that if we're to advance our evangelizing mission. – Kim Daniels, Member of the Vatican Secretariat for Communications, Former spokesperson for the president of the US Conference of Catholic Bishops
The volume is a rich collection of essays that offer a diversity of voices on the reality of polarization in the Catholic Church, a polarization that reflects the reality of the broader American reality. The essays offer wisdom drawn from personal experiences of polarization brought to bear on the expertise of religious leaders, academics, and advocates. I encourage anyone interested not only in understanding the phenomenon of polarization in the Church but also in finding insights into strategies to address it to pick up this book. The honest assessments of the wounds in our Church and society are coupled with genuine hope for healing grounded in the various authors' experiences of working toward creating the space for genuine dialogue. This volume is a gift to those of us who long to help create such spaces. It was truly a pleasure to read this work. I intend to bring different essays into my various classes, work with students, and conversations with colleagues. – Catherine Punsalan-Manlimos, PhD; Malcolm and Mari Stamper Endowed Chair in Catholic Intellectual and Cultural Traditions; Director, Institute for Catholic Thought and Culture; Associate Professor, Theology and Religious Studies, Seattle University
Cutting across disciplinary and political lines, Polarization in the US Catholic Church brings essential commentary in the direction of reclaimed universality among American Catholics. The book provides the opportunity to unite friends, companions, and all who share their thoughts and experiences, to join in reflecting on how engaging those with different views on controversial issues might challenge each reader to revise and incorporate new understandings of the issues that divide them.