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SirReadaLot.org


We Review the Best of the Latest Books

ISSN 1934-6557

June 2015, Issue #194

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Guide to Contents this Page 

Park's The Pediatric Cardiology Handbook: Mobile Medicine Series, 5th edition by Myung K. Park MD FAAP FACC (Elsevier Saunders)

Respiratory Care Exam Review, 4th edition by Gary Persing BS RRT (Elsevier Saunders)

Complete Phlebotomy Exam Review, 2nd edition by Pamela Primrose (Elsevier Saunders)

And Still We Rise: Race, Culture and Visual Conversations by Carolyn L. Mazloomi (Schiffer Publishing)

Star Brands: A Brand Manager's Guide to Build, Manage & Market Brands by Carolina Rogoll, with a foreword by Debbie Millman (Allworth Press)

Designing Online Communities: How Designers, Developers, Community Managers, and Software Structure Discourse and Knowledge Production on the Web by Trevor Owens (New Literacies and Digital Epistemologies Series: Peter Lang Publishing, Inc.)

The Technique of Islamic Bookbinding: Methods, Materials and Regional Varieties (Islamic Manuscripts and Books, Vol. 8) by Karin Scheper (Brill)

Criminology, 3rd edition by Frank J. Schmalleger (Justice Series: Pearson Education, Inc.)

College for Convicts: The Case for Higher Education in American Prisons by Christopher Zoukis, with a foreword by Alex Friedmann (McFarland)

Listen, Yankee!: Why Cuba Matters by Tom Hayden, based in part on conversations with Ricardo Alarcón (Seven Stories Press)

The Anatomist, the Barber-Surgeon, and the King: How the Accidental Death of Henry II of France Changed the World by Seymour I. Schwartz (Humanity Books)

Outsiders Still: Why Women Journalists Love – and Leave – Their Newspaper Careers by Vivian Smith (University of Toronto Press)

Pidgins, Creoles and Mixed Languages: An Introduction by Viveka Velupillai (Creole Language Library Series, Vol 48: John Benjamins Publishing Company)

Tales of Remarkable Birds by Dominic Couzens (Bloomsbury USA)

Pediatric Decision-Making Strategies, 2nd edition by Albert J. Pomeranz MD, Svapna Sabnis MD, Sharon L. Busey MD, and Robert M. Kliegman MD (Elsevier Saunders)

Nutritional and Integrative Strategies in Cardiovascular Medicine edited by Stephen T. Sinatra & Mark C. Houston (CRC Press)

Tietz Fundamentals of Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics, 7th edition (Fundamentals of Clinical Chemistry (Tietz)) by Carl A. Burtis PhD & David E. Bruns MD (Elsevier Saunders)

Goldman-Cecil Medicine, 2-Volume Set, 25th edition edited by Lee Goldman MD & Andrew I. Schafer MD (Elsevier Saunders)

Cancer and Cancer Care edited by Debbie Wyatt & Nicholas Hulbert-Williams (Sage Publications, Ltd.)

The Muscle and Bone Palpation Manual with Trigger Points, Referral Patterns and Stretching, 2nd edition by Joseph E. Muscolino DC, with a foreword by Ruth Werner (Elsevier Mosby)

 

What Works with Teens: A Professional’s Guide to Engaging Authentically with Adolescents to Achieve Lasting Change by Britt H. Rathbone & Julie B. Baron, with a foreword by Rosalind Wiseman (New Harbinger Publications)

 

MENTIONS
Professional & Technical / Medicine & Health Sciences / Clinical / Internal / Pediatrics / Cardiology / Reference

Park's The Pediatric Cardiology Handbook: Mobile Medicine Series, 5th edition by Myung K. Park MD FAAP FACC (Elsevier Saunders)

Clinicians can effectively diagnose and manage children with congenital and acquired heart disease by consulting the concise, portable and fully updated edition of Park's The Pediatric Cardiology Handbook, 5th edition. Designed as a companion to Dr. Park's larger text, Pediatric Cardiology for Practitioners, this pocket-sized resource features useful diagrams and clear descriptions of disorders, presenting healthcare professionals in practice or in training with a reliable point-of-care reference or general review.

With Park's The Pediatric Cardiology Handbook clinicians are able to:

  • Facilitate the decision-making process with a user-friendly organization; consistent, easy-to-read coverage; and pocket-sized portability.
  • Better understand core concepts with help from numerous illustrative diagrams.
  • Familiarize themselves with the latest developments in the field through extensive updates on congenital heart defects, infective endocarditis, cardiomyopathies, cardiac arrhythmias, long QT syndrome, blood pressure and systemic hypertension.
  • Stay abreast of new recommendations in lipid screening for children, as well as the normative blood pressure standards for auscillometric and oscillometric methods obtained in the San Antonio Children’s Blood Pressure Study.
  • Access an expanded section covering two-dimensional echocardiography, and consult detailed normative values of echocardiography in the Appendix.
  • Study the newest approaches in the area of cardiac surgery, such as hybrid procedures.
  • Search all of the text, figures, references, and videos from the book on a variety of devices with Expert Consult eBook version.

Pocket-sized, Park's The Pediatric Cardiology Handbook, 5th edition allows healthcare professionals, whether in practice or in training, access to up-to-date information on pediatric cardiology in the most convenient format.

Professional & Technical / Medicine & Health Sciences / Exam Preparation / Respiratory Care

Respiratory Care Exam Review, 4th edition by Gary Persing BS RRT (Elsevier Saunders)

Respiratory Care Exam Review, 4th edition contains everything learners need to review and prepare for the new Therapist Multiple-Choice Examination that closely aligns with the NBRC's new testing format. The accompanying Evolve website offers more review with a practice Therapist Multiple-Choice Exam (TM-CE) so students can familiarize themselves with the computerized exam format. Twenty clinical simulations that reflect the new quantity of simulations on the actual Clinical Simulation Exam (CSE) are also included on the companion website for additional practice on this difficult portion of the Registry exam.

Features of Respiratory Care Exam Review include:

  • Rationales on the Evolve companion site for every question in the practice exam along with the NBRC code for the difficulty level of the question (recall, application, analysis).
  • Exam notes highlighted in special boxes to help learners streamline their time by identifying content specific to the credentialing exam.
  • A practice exam reflecting the new TM-CE included in the back of the text with the answer key and rationales provided on Evolve.
  • Pre-tests with several multiple-choice questions formatted like those found on the NBRC TM-CE beginning each chapter to help learners determine a base of knowledge and content areas of strength and weakness before studying the chapter.
  • Computerized practice exam on the Evolve companion site available in both study (untimed) and exam (timed) modes to provide an additional opportunity to practice and experience the actual NBRC testing environment in a computerized format.
  • Experienced and test-savvy author, Gary Persing, ensuring that critical NBRC TM-CE content is covered thoroughly and accurately.
  • Comprehensive, yet straightforward outline format correlated with the updated 2015 NBRC Detailed Content Outline and exam matrix to keep content current.
  • Open-ended post-chapter study questions ending each chapter to reinforce information and help learners retain the material.
  • Revised resources on Evolve companion site include the following new features:
    • HTML5 formatting for greater flexibility among platforms.
    • 9 additional clinical simulations (for a total of 20) with shortened sections to align with the new 2015 NBRC CSE in both study mode and exam mode.
    • One TM-CE practice exam for both levels of credentialing to closely align with the new testing format.
    • Equation tips providing special hints or instructions for common equations.
    • Standard normal range guide featuring standard values of various parameters used in respiratory care assessment.
    • Additional analysis-type questions added to the Pre- and Post-Chapter study questions to align with the changes in the matrix content outlines.

Students can now prepare themselves for the new 2015 NBRC credentialing examination with the most up-to-date review resource. Respiratory Care Exam Review, 4th edition contains everything learners need to pass the new therapist multiple-choice exam.

Professional & Technical / Medicine & Health Sciences / Exam Preparation / Phlebotomy / Clinical Laboratory Science / Medical Office

Complete Phlebotomy Exam Review, 2nd edition by Pamela Primrose (Elsevier Saunders)

For those seeking self-directed study or preparing for certification or licensure exams, Complete Phlebotomy Exam Review can be used as a companion to a phlebotomy textbook, or it can be used as a single resource that provides a quick, concise review of the content before testing students' knowledge in the Certification Prepara­tion Questions section.

The comprehensive Complete Phlebotomy Exam Review, 2nd edition has 1,500 questions. A new pretest provides an assessment of strengths and weaknesses, and a mock certification exam at the end of the book tests learners’ knowledge of necessary information. Organized into chapters that correlate with the trusted textbook Phlebotomy: Worktext and Pro­cedures Manual, 4th edition by Warekois and Robinson, each chapter includes a content review followed by multiple-choice questions, each with an answer, a rationale, and a page-number reference to information in the companion textbook. An Evolve website offers more opportunity to practice, with all the questions in the book plus 500 extra and the ability to sort by category or test in study or exam modes.

Features of Complete Phlebotomy Exam Review include:

  • 100-question mock certification exam at the end of the book allowing learners to test their comprehension of the material and identify areas of strength and weakness to target study.
  • Answers, rationales, and page-number references to the trusted companion test by Warekois and Robinson helping them understand why their selected answer was right or wrong and strengthen their knowledge of key exam content areas.
  • The Evolve site providing them with myriad opportunities for practice. With all the text questions plus an additional 500, learners can take tests in exam or study mode and sort questions by category or chapter to tailor practice to their individual needs.
  • Organized by chapters, each beginning with a content review to break the subject of phlebotomy into manageable areas.
  • Multiple-choice questions with answers and rationales in each chapter testing their comprehension of the material.
  • 1,500 questions providing them with even more opportunities for testing themselves and reinforcing the content.
  • 100-question pretest at the beginning of the book so learners can assess where they stand from the start to target their study accordingly.
  • Photos and line drawings throughout the book illustrate what is being discussed and help them learn more about the equipment they will encounter on the job.

Complete Phlebotomy Exam Review provides a thorough review of each phlebotomy content area in the same progression as most phlebotomy textbooks, beginning with an introduction to phlebotomy, the health care setting, safety, and infection control; phlebotomy basics that include medical terminology and anatomy and physiology; routine, special, and nonblood specimen collection; special populations; specimen handling, transport, and processing; and professional issues, such as quality assurance/control, legal issues, and point-of-care testing. It addresses each of the content areas delineated in the various certification and licensure content outlines. Each chapter begins with a detailed outline for review of the content area followed by questions, answers, and rationales.

Complete Phlebotomy Exam Review, 2nd edition is the must have companion for phlebotomy exam review. Whether students are just beginning the study of phlebotomy through a formal program or self-directed study, preparing to take a certification or licensure exam, or refreshing their knowledge, Complete Phlebotomy Exam Review addresses each stage of student learning. The outline at the beginning of each chapter is perfect for use in a formal program setting. It allows students to follow along during lectures without having to take copious notes, instead making small nota­tions as necessary. Use of the Certification Preparation Questions and Answers and Rationales sections after each outline allows students to test their understanding, reinforce the correctness of each answer, and learn why other choices are incorrect.

In essence, Complete Phlebotomy Exam Review| is an easy-to-use tool that enables students to put knowledge and practice together in a way that supersedes all other review books by providing understanding and reinforcement of phlebotomy concepts immediately followed by the opportu­nity for practical application of those concepts in the assessment section of each chapter.

 

REVIEWS

Art & Photography / Arts & Crafts / Art History / Folk Art / Ethnic Studies

And Still We Rise: Race, Culture and Visual Conversations by Carolyn L. Mazloomi (Schiffer Publishing)

The quilters offer their own personal account of the events. The encounter with the images in the show is a visual feast of innovation, striking color, and historic reference that not only enlarges our spoken, written, and visual vocabularies, but, with the availability of a cloth journey, also allows the viewer to expand his/her own journey of visual literacy into that of cultural literacy. Through the genteel medium of cloth, we travel from story to story, through space and time, following the movements of an exceptional people who manage to soar above ordinarily crushing circumstances to claim victory, one moment, one decade, one era, one century at a time. – from the Foreword by L'Merchie Frazier, Director of Education, Museum of African-American History, Boston

Contemporary quilt artists trace the path of black history in the United States with 97 original works exploring important events, places, people, and ideas over 400 years. Arranged in chronological order, quilt themes in And Still We Rise include the first enslaved people brought over by Dutch traders in 1619, the brave souls marching for civil rights, the ascendant influence of African American culture on the American cultural landscape, and the election of the first African American president. Other quilts commemorate and celebrate cultural milestones and memories, such as the first African American teacher, the Buffalo Soldier, the first black man to play Othello on Broadway, Muhammed Ali, and Maya Angelou’s I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. The 69 artists who contributed works for the curated collection in And Still We Rise provide narrative explaining the important stories and histories behind the quilts.

Author/curator Carolyn L. Mazloomi is among the most influential historians of African American quilts in the United States. Mazloomi is the recipient of the 2014 Bess Lomax Hawes NEA National Heritage Fellowship Award, the highest honor the nation bestows upon its folk and traditional artists.

And Still We Rise excites themes of liberty, revolution, slavery, abolition, civil rights, voting, women's rights, entrepreneurship, innovation, space exploration, black citizenship, agency, resistance, protest, power, and freedom. The themes are all here, presented and made available in the exhibition of strong, sumptuous, vivid, and bold art quilts. In a roll call of the timeline of 400 years of the African-American experience, ninety-seven quilts commissioned by Mazloomi, support the recognition and rearrangement of American memory.

Through this quilt show, readers encounter agitation and comfort, unrest and peace, questions and answers, myth and truth, and exigencies of entrance and exit. One might ask how it is possible to cover such dynamic historical terrain in a display of quilted art works. It becomes possible through a timeline created to tell the story and the commissioning of artists to create quilts that narrate and demonstrate events, places, and people that inhabit that block of time.

As America celebrates the Sesquicentennial of the Civil War and the Emancipation Proclamation, this 150th anniversary reckons that there was a reason for the emergence of what Dr. Martin Luther King cites as the most important documents in American history – the Declaration of Independence and the Emancipation Proclamation. America's quest for freedom and liberty, expressed in these documents, underscores its historical advance, which began with the laws adopted by first colonists to establish their rights, rights that were once denied in England, and then continued through the ensuing tensions in the resultant democratic republic.

As Frazier explains in the foreword, monumental to the documentation of the quest for equality is a timeline mapping the people, places, events, achievements, and contributions that underscore triumph over unbelievable circumstances. A unique, first of its kind exhibition, And Still We Rise is the brainchild of curator Mazloomi. It chronicles this timeline, highlighting its cataclysmic moments and its heroes. The quilts in this exhibition tell an important and neglected story, an African-American and, yet at once, a truly American story in the magic of cloth. It serves as a visual document and presents a compelling narrative. In this format, readers engage in a much needed and warranted dialogue. Issues of slavery, oppression, racism, gender, and social justice pose difficult conversations and are the ‘tough stuff’ of American history. The quilts in this show make available the critical content of African-Americans' experience and the lesser-known history of their place and role in the foundation of this country to the present day. These quilts contribute to the full orbit of American history and its whole story of resilience, survival, and triumph.

Business & Economics / Management / Branding

Star Brands: A Brand Manager's Guide to Build, Manage & Market Brands by Carolina Rogoll, with a foreword by Debbie Millman (Allworth Press)

Contemporary culture is now almost entirely composed of brands, and I contend that the condition of brand reflects the condition of our culture.… Brands are so persuasive in their personal, political, economic, aesthetic, psychologi­cal, moral, ethical, and social consequences that they leave no part of us untouched, unaffected, and unaltered. Any knowledge of culture is impossible now without an understanding of the implications of ‘brand.’ Fortunately for readers, Rogoll fundamentally and unequivocally understands the living and working context of these implications. Her Star Brand Model can be applied to any brand, in any stage of its development, at any size and in any market, and in doing so, she shows how to honestly and authentically create meaning and momentum. – Debbie Millman, from the foreword

For anyone who wants to learn the fundamentals of branding in an approachable way without pouring over dense text or hiring a consultant, Star Brands presents a unique model that offers structured guidance and professional tips for building, managing, and marketing any brand. Created by savvy brand manager, Carolina Rogoll, the star brand model is the intersection of solid marketing and management theory with an approachable, visually oriented design.

Rogoll has been building brands for over a decade for the world's largest consumer packaged goods company; she has been on the faculty of the first-ever Masters in Branding program at the School of Visual Arts in New York City since 2011. Rogoll teaches step-by-step how to assess a brand's unique challenge, how to define the brand's equity and target, how to craft a solid brand growth strategy, and how to measure success once the brand is in the marketplace. Star Brands includes case studies from famous star brands as well`as interviews with top business school professors, advertising agency leaders, and former CEOs. Topics covered include the star brand model; leaders behind star brands; brand assessment and goal setting; defining brand equity; selecting a brand target; insights, benefits, ideas; theory from the best marketing and management resources; marketing strategy; and how to build a marketing plan.

Rogoll says in the introduction to Star Brands that after studying the best star brands for over a decade, she learned how to build these brands. She has successfully built, managed, and marketed a billion dollar brand. Passionate about building capability, she has been teaching what she believes has made these brands successful for a couple of years too. In Star Brands she summarizes her brand-building experience in the form of an easy-to-follow, step-by-step approachable framework.

The star brand model is her personal take on an ideal brand-building process. It is a compilation of over a decade of experience building brands at the front lines of a big multinational company and the soundest theory she has encountered in her research, marketing, and business studies – from business administration to the traditional MBA. She has also had the opportunity to personally interview many brand-building minds from active chaired professors at top international business schools to Chief Marketing Officers. The star brand model has been curated with experience of real brand management practitioners as well as top-notch academic theory.

Star Brands has two audiences. One is the graduate level student from her Brand Management class. The other is any professional or startup that wants to learn how to successfully build a brand in a very practical way. Rogoll wants to simplify the existing brand management theory for students and professionals and make it more actionable with a touch of reality. She says she suspects that most active professionals are not able to sign up to do a two-year MBA, navigate a dense MBA textbook on their own, or shadow a real brand manager to learn about brand management. Meeting the needs of these readers was her main motivation in creating Star Brands.

Rogoll believes that business people and marketers have the responsibility to create better brands and products that truly fulfill peoples' most desired needs. To do so they need to understand the theory and follow a disciplined process to building brands that meet the needs of the people they market to.

… A great product, service, or personality without the proper guidance will simply simmer mildly without the potential of becoming what Rogoll describes as a ‘Star Brand.’ This book provides a tangible framework to aim for that lofty status through clearly explained processes and milestones that both new and seasoned brand managers will benefit from implementing on behalf of the brand they've been entrusted with. – Armin Vit, co-founder of Under Consideration

Next time I get a tricky question from one of my clients, I might say, `Wait, let me check page X of Star Brands,' as the book cuts all the corners and goes straight to the point on how to build a big brand. – Renata Florio, global group creative director, Ogilvy & Mather

A startup cannot afford to wait to work on their brand until they are successful. Instead, the Brand Experience must be an integral part of how an entrepreneur approaches their company from day 1. In her book, Carolina gives entrepreneurs an insider view of how to apply the principles of brand building so their companies will be positioned to one day be a Star Brand. – Dave Knox, co-founder, The Brandery

I thoroughly enjoyed reading Star Brands. Even after thirty-six years in the world of branding, I learned something new. Star Brands is written by someone who loves branding, thoroughly cares about her reader, and knows from her unique perspective as a practicing brand manager and as a teacher how to demystify brands for businesspeople, students, and even professionals looking to distinguish themselves in a competitive marketplace... Carolina's unique combination of loving brands and loving to teach the subject is impressive. – Jacquelyn A. Ottman, author, The New Rules of Green Marketing: Strategies, Tools and Insights for Sustainable Branding

One of the great pleasures of reading Star Brands is how authentically it reflects Carolina's voice and the experience of working with her on the day to day challenges of building a great brand. Carolina has encapsulated her years of experience into a practical and fun guide to the process of marketing, from analyzing the lay of the land to defining a vision; developing and executing a plan; to measuring results and continuously feeding learning back into the marketing plan. She takes complex ideas and distills them to their essence, illustrates them with clear and easy to understand examples and then links them so that you clearly see the impact of each decision and how everything should work together. Whether you are new to marketing, a seasoned marketer who needs to mentor others or work on the agency side and want a fresh perspective on how a client approaches branding, Star Brands is a smart, pragmatic and empowering guide to marketing today. – Alain Groenendaal, president and CEO, Grey Latin America

A refreshing framework to build brands in today's marketplace. – Sarah Hofstetter, CEO, 360i
Can't decide between entering a top business school or learning on-the-job from a successful marketer? Do both by reading this book. – Paul Smith, Bestselling author of Lead with a Story 
 A timely reminder that great brands are built by people who can see the bigger picture and plan for the long term. Better still – she explains how to do it... – Julian Boulding, President, thenetworkone

Rogoll combines her experience building brands at the front lines of a big multinational company with top-notch marketing and management theory in Star Brands. What results is an ideal primer for anyone seeking structured guidance on building a brand for a client, managing a brand, or even starting a brand for oneself.

Computers & Internet

Designing Online Communities: How Designers, Developers, Community Managers, and Software Structure Discourse and Knowledge Production on the Web by Trevor Owens (New Literacies and Digital Epistemologies Series: Peter Lang Publishing, Inc.)

More and more educational researchers, social scientists, and humanities scholars are becoming interested in studying online communities.

Discussion on the Web is mediated through layers of software and protocols. As scholars increasingly study communication and learning on the Internet, it is essential to consider how site administrators, programmers, and designers create interfaces and enable functionality. The managers, administrators, and designers of online communities can turn to more than 20 years of technical books for guidance on how to design online communities toward particular objectives. Through analysis of this how-to literature, Designing Online Communities explores the discourse of design and configuration that partially structures online communities and later social networks. Through consideration of the particular tactics of administrators, Designing Online Communities suggests how researchers should approach the study and analysis of the records of online communities.

Author Trevor Owens, a digital archivist at the Library of Congress, in 2014 received the Society for American Archivists' Archival Innovator Award.

According to Owens, tracking the history of notions of community in these books suggests the emergence of a logic of permission and control. In these books, the idea of ‘online community’ defies many of our conventional notions of community. Throughout these books, participants in online communities are increasingly treated as ‘users’ or even as commodities to be used. By studying the tactics of site administrators, programmers, and designers, Designing Online Communities offers suggestions for how sociologists, anthropologists, folklorists, historians, and other scholars interested in studying the records of online communities might approach the analysis of those records.

Over the past 15 years there has been a proliferation of research on learning and discourse in online communities. In educational research, much of the work on new media literacies is grounded in ethnographic approaches to studying community, cultures, and affinity spaces that have emerged on the web. Designing Online Communities provides insight into the ideology and values behind the software that enables these kinds of online communities and informal learning spaces. As such, the book contributes to ongoing work on online communities in two primary ways: first, it provides a framework and context for researchers studying the textual records; second, as educators increasingly explore using these systems as platforms for creating their own online learning communities, it gives them the necessary understanding of the values and ideology that inform the design and development of the software they are considering.

Owens says he is convinced that, in order to adequately parse the records of an online community, one needs some understanding of the context, platforms, process, mechanisms, and decisions by different actors that result in the records of the community being made available. This book develops and refines a bit of source criticism for the study and analysis of this genre of primary sources.

Designing Online Communities is divided into seven chapters. Each chapter builds on the work of the previous chapter. The chapters largely stand on their own. Chapter 1: Learning and Collective Intelligence on the Web. This chapter introduces the ideas of collective intelligence and knowledge bases and situates the book in relation to work on informal learning in online communities and new media studies approaches.

Chapter 2: A Framework for Studying Online Community Software. Bringing together work from psychology, software studies, and science and technology studies, this chapter presents an underlying framework for studying the software that enables online communities to provide a robust and substantive synthesis of work from these different fields.

Chapter 3: Research Questions and Methods. This chapter describes the methods, approaches, and research questions that the subsequent chapters explore and explains how the study was done, why it was done that way, and the inherent limitations of the approach taken.

Chapter 4: Community and Values: A Worked Example of Analysis. The first of the analytic chapters focuses on a close reading of one paragraph from Invision Power Board 2: A User Guide, by David Mytton, which defines the roles and values of online communities. This chapter also serves as a model for how to use Jim Gee's approach to discourse analysis on technical books and as a point of entry to some of the key themes that emerge from the more extensive analytic chapters that follow.

Chapter 5 of Designing Online Communities: Rhetorics of Online Community. A Brief History: Start­ing from bulletin board systems of the late 1970s, this chapter explores the vision, ideology, and rhetoric of online communities through the early web, the development of commonly used discussion platforms such as phpBB, and the creation of social networks. It develops and presents the historical narrative of how the ideology and values in the software design have evolved, as evidenced in books about setting up and running an online community. This historical chapter also provides a basis for understanding the range of competing values at play in current manifestations of these communities.

Chapter 6: Enacting Control, Granting Permissions. This chapter explores how the creators and managers of online communities use visual design information architecture tools for moderating, filtering, and banning users and reputation systems to push users behave as they would like them to in their communities. This chapter presents a model for the various ways in which these individuals and the software they use structure and shape participation in online communities.

Chapter 7: Studying the Records of Online Communities. This chapter unpacks the implications of the study for researchers and for educators inter­ested in studying, designing and developing online communities. Returning to many of the issues explored in the first and second chapters, it offers a revised set of ideas about how to think about the character of social interaction in online communities. Owens makes specific suggestions for approaches and questions that will help researchers studying records from online communities avoid the significant inherent limitations that come from interpreting these records. The core idea is to approach records of online communities as filtered and selected traces of discourse and not as transparent presentations of conversation and discussion. Given the growing interest of educators in creating and designing their own online communities, Owens offers suggestions for how educators can become aware of and avoid many of the pitfalls associated with simply picking up features and functionality created with a particular behaviorist and highly commercialized vision of community that is at odds with the values and perspectives that undergird educational institutions.

Designing Online Communities is a must-have for anyone designing or researching online communities, particularly for learning. Trevor Owens's work is both comprehensive and eminently readable, a sweeping look at the technologies, design patterns, and cultural forms they produce that is both theoretically ambitious and grounded in examples and tools that will help you develop, research, and manage online communities. – Kurt Squire, University of Wisconsin

… In Designing Online Communities, Owens deftly mixes actor-network theory, discourse analysis, and other approaches, writing with clear language and insight to expose the ideologies inherent in seemingly pedestrian historical artifacts – how-to books for web forum administrators. His engaging analysis gives clarity to how the design strategies implicit in code influence the ways we build conversations, relationships, and communities on the web. – Jefferson Bailey, Internet Archive

Can media archaeology have a methodology? Does software studies need data sets? In Designing Online Communities, Owens presents a bracing case study that not only contributes to our understanding of lives lived online, but also joins the empirical rigor of applied social science with leading-edge digital and media studies. – Matthew Kirschenbaum, University of Maryland

An important read for educators interested in using and building online communities. Owens asks us to consider how technologies reflect and shape permissions and control, and how the managers and builders of online communities wield power beyond simply an offer of `connectivity.’ – Audrey Watters, Hack Education

At a time when online communities are ubiquitous, and in some cases larger than most countries, it is critical that we understand how they are composed – technologically, psychologically, and sociologically. Owens shrewdly looks back to early bulletin boards and web forums to grasp the nature of these modern communities, how they arose, how they dealt with bad behavior and the inevitable disagreements between members, and how all of this was represented in rhetoric and code. This book provides essential context for our shared online existence. – Dan Cohen, Digital Public Library of America

Designing Online Communities fills a gap in existing work on methodology. As such it will be of broad interest as a text or a supplemental textbook for social science courses focused on studying the web. As a study of the values and ideology behind online community software, the book is also valuable to those interested in social studies of the web more generally. Aside from these academic audiences, librarians, archivists, and curators who collect and preserve these records will find relevance in the analysis of records of online communities. Finally, practitioners who design and build these communities can use the review of the history of ideas about running online communities to inform their reflective practice.

Conservation / Manuscripts / Islamic

The Technique of Islamic Bookbinding: Methods, Materials and Regional Varieties (Islamic Manuscripts and Books, Vol. 8) by Karin Scheper (Brill)

The Technique of Islamic Bookbinding is the first monograph dedicated to the technical development of the bookbinding tradition in the Islamic world. Based on an assessment of the extensive oriental collections in the Leiden University Library, the various sewing techniques, constructions and the application of covering materials are described in great detail. A comparative analysis of the historic treatises on bookbinding provides further insight into the actual making of the Islamic book. In addition, Karin Scheper's work refutes the current perception of Islamic bookbinding as a weak structure, which has generally but erroneously been typified as a case-binding. Instead, she argues how diverse methods were used to create sound structures, thus fundamentally challenging our understanding of the Islamic bookbinding practice.

Scheper is conservation specialist at the Leiden University Library, concentrating on Islamic manuscripts in both her conservation practice and scholarly research. According to Scheper in the introduction to The Technique of Islamic Bookbinding, although the manuscript in codex form originated in the Middle East, the study of the Islamic manuscript as a physical object has its foundations in the Western world. The field of book history covers the making, dissemination and reception of books, and the development of scripts and printing.

Contrary to the field of Western book archaeology, the technical study of Islamic manuscripts is still in its initial phase. Research in the field of Islamic manuscripts also gradually widened its scope from philological and palaeographical studies to contributions concerning the design and ornamentation of calligraphy and bindings. As with the Western bookbinding tradition, the interest in the materials and techniques, applied to produce the artifacts, arose at a later stage. It is this aspect of Islamic manuscripts with which The Technique of Islamic Bookbinding is concerned.

It is customary to use the term `Islamic' for objects of art and artifacts produced in the Islamic world which are made by or for Muslim peoples, whether the items themselves function in a religious, sociocultural or political context. The term thus indicates a clear cultural origin, and that is what `Islamic manuscript' signifies in The Technique of Islamic Bookbinding. The book arts have always held a prominent position in Islamic culture throughout territories, which links the manuscript tradition to a vast geographic area and a wide timeframe, in which diverse ethnic groups adopted Islam. The assumption that the bulk of these manuscripts were made according to a uniform procedure, does not suffice; there are simply too many variations and anomalies to justify such a conclusion.

Another misperception is the supposed weakness of the Islamic codex. Again, when a comparison with `the Western book' is made, the Islamic binding structure is deemed to be inferior. Its binding is commonly described to be a case-binding, which implies that the binding was made separately from the textblock, and was only attached to it by means of adhesive on the spine. Additionally, the unsupported link-stitch sewing on two sewing stations, which was common for the Islamic textblock production, is generally judged to be an inferior sewing method. This faulty interpretation may lead to alterations and `improvements' that interfere with the original artifact, and are often harmful to its functioning.

Working with the Oriental Collections in the Leiden University Library and examining objects before and during treatment, Scheper saw that many Islamic manuscripts refuted these general assumptions. The dominant link-stitch sewing appeared to be part of a composite structure, involving a method of lining and endband application which together resulted in a functional and durable construction. In addition, though a consistent, archetypal binding format could be defined, she observed a variety of original sewing methods. Moreover, the characterization of the Islamic binding as a case-binding was contradicted by many volumes. These observations prompted the comprehensive assessment and technical analysis of all of Leiden's Islamic manuscripts.

Needless to say, many manuscripts have already been resewn, rebound, repaired or ruthlessly restored. In the light of this loss, it is all the more important to safeguard those manuscripts still retaining their original structure and cover as best as possible. The responsibility for this falls within the domain of professional book conservators. They are the specialists who preserve these valuable objects with all their particular characteristics, provided that they are aware of these features and understand their importance. Therefore, one of the aims of The Technique of Islamic Bookbinding is to serve the preservation and conservation of Islamic manuscripts. It does so directly, by informing conservation specialists about the multiplicity of structures and techniques one can encounter when working with Islamic manuscripts, and indirectly, by creating an awareness that underpins the development of preservation strategies for this particular heritage.

To conservation professionals working in the Islamic world, The Technique of Islamic Bookbinding may provide arguments to revaluate their cultural heritage and reconsider some of the Western conservation techniques that were implemented in their practice. Research into the materiality of manuscripts belongs to the field of codicology, the study of the codex's physical form. In order to be able to date and localize a manuscript with the aid of material characteristics, a reference framework should be available. Such a framework contains characteristics of textblock and binding elements, structural components, and the materials or techniques applied which are linked to a certain area or period. For the Islamic bookbinding tradition only part of the necessary knowledge on the characteristics is available. Studies on the decorative aspects, for example, provide useful tools to classify certain manuscripts or bindings, but there are restrictions to the applicability of these art-historical features. Analytical techniques make it possible to investigate paper fibers and ink components, adding essential information to the framework. However, the applicability of technological analysis is limited for several reasons, which is further discussed in Chapter One. The art-historical and technological studies on the one hand and book archaeology on the other complement each other.

Scheper in The Technique of Islamic Bookbinding says that her position as a conservator allowed for the examination of the materiality, literally on the inside, since the structures of damaged books are often exposed. Retracing the actions of a book-binder appeared to be the only way to verify certain parts from the historic sources on Islamic bookbinding, and to test her understanding of the exact procedures an original binder could or would have followed.

Without sufficiently detailed written documentation about the use of particular techniques and materials in certain periods or regions, information of the historic bookbinding practice can only be retrieved from the manuscripts themselves. Boards can be reused and manuscripts resewn. Therefore, an expert eye is needed to first establish if there are indica­tions of rebinding or any other alterations made to the manuscript's structure or binding, that might diffuse the analysis. Unfortunately, Islamic bindings are hardly ever signed by their makers, although the colophon at the end of a text may reveal a date or place of completion. Those manuscripts that are dated can be informative with regard to binding traditions in a certain period; when their origin can also be verified specific techniques or materials can be mapped. It is important, however, to realize that such data can only function as a steppingstone: the binding may not have been applied directly or even in the same place. When a survey can be conducted on a large enough collection – with a wide enough range of manuscripts – it may become possible to define the dissemination and development of a bookbinding tradition over time. Given the expanse of the Islamic world and its long history, it necessitates the examination of a large number of manuscripts before such a framework can be built.

Four hundred years of Arabic studies at the University of Leiden have resulted in a rich and internationally well-known collection of c. 6000 Islamic manuscript volumes. The Leiden Oriental collections can be typified as a scholarly collection. Few manuscripts were collected because of their splendor and beauty, most volumes have been used: they were consulted, transported and annotated, and sometimes repaired or rebound, before they arrived in the Leiden collections. As a result, these items are physical witnesses of a variety of cultures and users, over several centuries. This signifies the importance of the Leiden Oriental collections as a valuable source for a book archaeological study.

In Chapter One of The Technique of Islamic Bookbinding, the current state of learning with regard to the materiality of the Islamic book is explored. It demonstrates that our knowledge of Islamic binding structures is still in need of fundamental research. As the secondary literature analysis in Chapter Three shows, a framework to actually locate and date bindings is lacking as yet. In some cases, there is a more or less limited idea of the origin of techniques used, based on findings that occurred during conservation or cataloguing projects; this sort of empirical understanding is important, but needs to be verified. The results presented in The Technique of Islamic Bookbinding can be further used for the examination of manuscripts elsewhere, preserved in other collections, thereby enlarging the framework.

The assessment involved the close observation of over a thousand original sewing structures and bindings, and provided information on Islamic book-binding techniques and materials used during seven centuries and throughout the Islamic world. For the first time, all these varieties have been grouped and described; representative specimens were photographed. For certain aspects such as sewing structures, drawings were added, since a simple line drawing helps to understand the sometimes not so photogenic sewing systems. All these particularities and differences have converged into a substantial section of the present study, Chapter Two, which in itself bears witness of the richness of the Islamic bookbinding tradition. The systematic presentation facilitates easy reference for those readers who want to compare the technical descriptions as presented in the literature analysis, Chapter Three, with the images of the structural components in Chapter Two.

Examining the physical aspects of many bindings is a time-consuming task, and undertaking a study such as The Technique of Islamic Bookbinding requires a well-considered but at the same time pragmatic approach. The actual survey forms the nucleus of the study, and decisions made with regard to the inclusion or exclusion of binding elements therefore resonate throughout the results. Compromising between too pragmatic and too careful, it was decided to exclude certain details of binding characteristics and a fair number of textblock elements in The Technique of Islamic Bookbinding. An account for these decisions, as well as an explanation of the database, which was designed for the purpose of the survey, are given in Chapter Four, preced­ing the quantitative results of the assessment.

Whereas the results of the physical assessment of the manuscripts generated quantifiable data concerning predominant methods and materials, they also pointed out less frequently used techniques. To increase the value of these findings, they were further qualified by linking them to the available data on provenance, date and place of origin, while at the same time the manuscripts with replacement sewings were deselected. The outcome of this diachronic approach is found in Chapter Five. Bearing in mind the restrictions posed by the formation and focus of the Leiden Oriental collections, these results can only be a starting point for classifying Islamic binding techniques. Nevertheless, certain lines of development and trends came to light, pointing out avenues of interest for further study, which are addressed in the last, recapitulating chapter, Chapter Six.

The Technique of Islamic Bookbinding sheds light on the developments in the manuscript production and diffusion of the techniques used, which are of interest to scholars in the field of codicology, provenance research, manuscript trade or the manufacturing of Islamic manuscripts in general. The book corrects misperceptions, showing the diversity of Islamic book-binding traditions and hopefully helping to stop the wholesale destruction of original bindings. Understanding the book structure as a composite artifact also promotes the development of treatment solutions. An increase of the knowledge of the manuscripts' materiality contributes to better-informed decision making regarding preservation. The preservation of Islamic manuscript collections may be further stimulated when the intrinsic value of the materiality of the artifacts is made known to the institutional bodies involved in setting out preservation policies and the allocation of budgets. A structured research specifically designed to examine physical aspects in relation to their origin has not yet been undertaken, but the present research fills part of that gap, providing at least some of the building blocks for the codicological framework.

Criminology / Criminal Justice

Criminology, 3rd edition by Frank J. Schmalleger (Justice Series: Pearson Education, Inc.)

Criminology, 3rd edition provides a look at criminology that uses clear writing and eye-catching visuals to get students straight to the important concepts. By focusing on these core concepts, students gain understanding of the material without becoming overwhelmed with unnecessary information. With an approach that focuses on social problems versus social responsibility, students learn to think critically about the causes of crime and see the link between crime theories and crime policies. Criminology's conversation-starting pedagogy encourages active participation in learning, moving students beyond memorization by engaging them in the latest research findings and current events shaping the field.

Author Frank Schmalleger is Distinguished Professor Emeritus at the University of North Carolina at Pembroke, where he taught criminal justice courses and chaired the university’s Department of Sociology, Social Work, and Criminal Justice.

Chapters in Criminology include:

PART 1           Criminology Explained – The Evil Men (and Women) Do

    1. What Is Criminology? Understanding Crime and Criminals

PART 2           Crime Causation – What We Do and Why We Do It

    1. Classical and Neoclassical Criminology – Choice and Consequences
    2. Early Biological Perspectives on Criminal Behavior – It's What We Are
    3. Biosocial and Other Contemporary Perspectives – Interaction is Key
    4. Psychological and Psychiatric Foundations of Criminal Behavior – It's How We Think
    5. Social Structure – It's How We Live
    6. Social Process and Social Development – It's What We Learn
    7. Social Conflict – It’s How We Relate

PART 3           The Crime Picture – It's Not Pretty

    1. Crimes against Persons – What We Fear
    2. Crimes against Property – It's What We Lose
    3. White-Collar and Organized Crime – Crime as a Job
    4. Drug and Sex Crimes – Recreational Offenses

PART 4           Crime In the Modern World – Today’s Headlines

    1. Technology and Crime – It's a Double-Edged Sword
    2. Globalization and Terrorism – Our Small World

As readers flip through the pages, they notice that Criminology doesn't rely on distracting, overly used photos to add visual appeal. Every piece of art serves a purpose – to help students learn. The authors and instructional designers have built engaging infographics, flowcharts, pull-out statistics, and other visuals that flow with the body of the text, provide context and engagement, and promote recall and understanding.

The content is organized around key learning objectives for each chapter and tied together in a new objective-driven end-of-chapter layout.

Highlights to the author's approach include the lavish use of figures, charts, and line art visually attracts readers to the subject matter of criminology, making for ease of learning. Criminology moves beyond the confusing terminology found in other criminology texts to provide students with straight-forward explanations of criminology important concepts and most fascinating schools of thought. Content is readily accessible through the use of plain language and commonsense definitions of key terms. Cases in every chapter illustrate the principles discussed and provide true-to-life stories of criminal offenders. Thought-provoking questions within the cases provide students with the opportunity to apply what they have learned.

Additions to Criminology include:

  • An entirely new chapter on biosocial theories.
  • ‘Who's to Blame?’ boxes, which question the degree to which an offender is responsible for law violations. The boxes point out that offenders might be influenced by a wide variety of factors in their decision to commit crime, and ask whether some of the responsibility for criminality rests with society.
  • All statistics on crime, criminal victimization, probation and parole, jail populations, and imprisonment updated.
  • New pull quotes throughout the text.

Instructor Supplements include:

  • Instructor's Manual with Test Bank includes content outlines for classroom discussion, teaching sug­gestions, and answers to selected end-of-chapter questions from the text.
  • TestGen is a computerized test generation system giving instructors maximum flexibility in creating and administering tests on paper, electronically, or online.
  • PowerPoint presentations offer clear, straightforward outlines and notes to use for class lectures or study materials.

Criminology, 3rd edition, is supported by a variety of online course and me­dia solutions and is also available in multiple eBook formats, including Adobe Reader and CourseSmart.

When best-selling authors and instructional designers come together focused on one goal – to improve student performance across the criminal justice (CJ) curriculum – they come away with a groundbreaking new series of print and digital content: the Justice Series. The Justice Series expands this format and philosophy to more core CJ and criminology courses, providing affordable, engaging instructor and student resources across the curriculum. The content not only is engaging to students, but also is easy to follow and focuses students on the key learning objectives. Although brief, affordable, and visually engaging, Criminology, like others in the Justice Series, is no quick, cheap way to appeal to the lowest common denominator. It is instructionally sound and student-approved.

Criminology / Education

College for Convicts: The Case for Higher Education in American Prisons by Christopher Zoukis, with a foreword by Alex Friedmann (McFarland)

Do we want prisoners to return to our communities with no more than a GED, few job skills, and even fewer employment prospects – a recipe for a relapse to crime? Or do we want them to obtain educational achievements that provide a road map for success once they're released, thereby reducing recidivism rates and the human and fiscal costs of our bloated corrections system? – from the foreword by Alex Friedmann

The United States accounts for 5 percent of the world's population, yet incarcerates about 25 percent of the world's prisoners. Examining a wealth of studies by researchers and correctional professionals, and the experience of educators, College for Convicts shows recidivism rates drop in direct correlation with the amount of education prisoners receive, and the rate drops dramatically with each additional level of education attained.

So College for Convicts states the obvious – that educating prisoners reduces recidivism, thus leading to less crime and victimization, while increasing the ability of ex-offenders to enter the workforce with all of the economic benefits that entails. But this is an obvious truth that many policy makers and members of the public do not want to hear. Christopher Zoukis lays out the documented connections between prison education programs and rehabilitation and discusses the reasons why post-secondary education is an important tool in a corrections system where around 95 percent of prisoners will one day be released. Zoukis is the founder of prisoneducation.com, and a contributing writer to The Huffington Post and Prison Legal News. Zoukis advocates for the public and lawmakers to expand educational offerings for prisoners. He is incarcerated at FCI Petersburg Medium, Virginia.

According to Zoukis in the introduction, while state prison populations dropped in 2009 and 2010, federal prisons are bursting at the seams, and federal prison budgets are increasing by 10 percent a year to accommodate the ever-growing prison population. Lawmakers are calling for the creation of a second federal ‘supermax’ similar to the notorious Florence ADX in Colorado – a place where solitary confinement has been raised to a torturous art, and prisoners seldom, if ever, see another human being. Conditions at this 'Alcatraz of the Rockies' are so harsh that the European Court of Human Rights initially refused to extradite terrorism suspects to the United States lest they end up in ADX.

"In response to the American public's growing fear of crime and the call for more punitive measures ... many legislators and policy makers have promoted building more prisons, enacting harsher sentencing legislation, and eliminating various programs inside prisons and jails. But more than half these prisoners are in on drug charges and another 10 percent on immigration violations, so that more than 72 percent of our incarcerated population are offenders with no history of violence. With re-arrest rates averaging around 67 to 80 percent, it is clear that incarceration alone is not working."

Despite all the studies that confirm the significant benefits to be reaped from it, the idea of providing post-secondary education in prisons is a hard sell. The public appears to have a visceral, but understandable, reaction against the idea of higher education for prisoners. Why, people ask, should Americans pay to provide a college education for prisoners when so many law-abiding, tax-paying citizens struggle to send themselves or their children to school? It doesn't seem fair.

And besides, say some of the opponents to correctional education, if we provide a learning environment for prisoners, perhaps prison will seem less terrible and serve as a less effective deterrent to crime. However, the deterrent argument fails, because people do not decide whether or not to commit a crime based on the program opportunities available if they are sent to prison.

Others believe that people who commit a crime have chosen to limit their opportunities and freedoms, including access to valuable privileges like education. Therefore, handing it free to people who break the law feels wrong, feels like a slap in the face of justice.

Why, should we care about educating prisoners – educating people who didn't care about the victims they hurt, the communities they impoverished, and the society they endangered? College for Convicts says, we care, very simply, because they get out. Almost everyone who is locked up now is going to be set free one day. If we treat prisoners like animals the whole time they are locked up, that's what we'll get when they're back on the streets: wild, dangerous animals. But if we educate these people, give them positive reinforcement, and introduce the idea that they will have something to offer society when they return to their communities, that's what we will get when they are free: people who have something to offer society.

In this book, author Christopher Zoukis, a leading expert in correctional education, lays out a convincing case for providing post-secondary education for our incarcerated population. – San Francisco Book Review
Incarcerated author Zoukis gives excellent examples to demonstrate that the US would benefit from higher education for inmates by preparing them for life after prison. The book ends with important appendixes on the FBP's position, on becoming pen pals with prisoners, funding, free books, & more. A strongly suggested purchase. Highly recommended. All public & academic levels/libraries. –
M. G. Meacham, Valdosta State University
Zoukis gives excellent examples to demonstrate that the U.S. would benefit from higher education for inmates in prison ... a strongly suggested purchase ... highly recommended. – Choice

For those who are tired of a punitive corrections system that has done the same thing for decades at enormous cost with few socially beneficial results, College for Convicts provides an alternative way to look at prisons: as schools rather than warehouses. Presenting a workable solution to America's mass incarceration and recidivism problems, the book demonstrates that great fiscal benefits arise when modest sums are spent educating prisoners.

History / Americas / Politics

Listen, Yankee!: Why Cuba Matters by Tom Hayden, based in part on conversations with Ricardo Alarcón (Seven Stories Press)

Two old guys talking. That was the reason given to me, with a smile and shrug, by thirty-something Margarita Alarcón when I asked her why on earth her father Ricardo wanted to interview me. Cuba's former foreign minister, United Nations representative, and then-president of Cuba's National Assembly, Ricardo Alarcón was a busy man. It was 2006, and he wanted to see me in Havana. I knew him only slightly at the time, but I flew down to the island on wings of curiosity.

Six years later, pushed by my good friend Jean Stein in New York, I went back to begin a round of my own interviews with Ricardo, as I came to know him. He was seventy-six, no longer in power, had lost his wife to a long illness, and wanted to compose some reflections on his fifty years in official positions. He was a man of widely respected intelligence and, by my reckoning, probably had met more revolutionaries, political leaders, diplomats, and heads of state than anyone on the planet. He was a rare treasure of worldly information, but off-limits to direct contact with the United States because of our embargo. Ricardo had been denied permission to travel to the United States even when invited by academicians or members of Congress. Who was really being isolated, I wondered, Ricardo, who could meet those professors and politicians in Cuba at any time, or the United States from vital contact with key representatives of an important neighboring country? – from the introduction

Listen, Yankee! offers an account of Cuban politics from Tom Hayden's unique position as an observer of Cuba and as a US revolutionary student leader whose efforts to mobilize political change in the US mirrored the radical transformation simultaneously going on in Cuba. Chapters in Listen, Yankee! are devoted to the writings of Che Guevara, Régis Debray, and C. Wright Mills; the Cuban missile crisis; the Weather Underground; the assassination of JFK; the strong historical links between Cuba and Africa; the Carter era; the Clinton era; the Cuban Five; Elián González; and the December 17, 2014 declaration of normalization by presidents Obama and Castro.

Primary author of the famous Port Huron Statement, Hayden was a leader in the student, antiwar, and civil rights protests throughout the 1960s. He took up the environmental cause in the 1970s, leading campaigns to shut down nuclear power plants and serving as California’s first solar energy official. He was elected to the California legislature in 1982, serving for eighteen years. He continues to write as an editor of the Nation, and has taught at universities across the country – from Harvard’s Institute of Politics to the UCLA Labor Center. He is currently the director of the Peace and Justice Resource Center in California. Contributor Ricardo Alarcón de Quesada is a Cuban statesman and revolutionary. A member of the 26th of July movement who joined the Cuban Revolution as a student organizer, he later served as president of Cuba's National Assembly and, for nearly thirty years, as Cuba's permanent representative to the United Nations. From 1992 to 1993 he served as Cuba's minister of foreign affairs.

According to Hayden, in Havana they met, day after day, on the sixth floor of the venerable Hotel Nacional, where one feels all the currents of recent Cuban history. The lurid contradictions of its history are famously dramatized in Francis Ford Coppola's The Godfather Part II in a scene where the mobsters enjoy a sunlit penthouse rooftop while a young Fidelista blows himself up on the streets below rather than be taken alive.

The conversations between Ricardo and Hayden are the backbone of Listen, Yankee!. They arise from tens of hours of interviews. In addition to Hayden’s writing, readers see whole paragraphs in italics representing Ricardo's running commentaries on the subject that has always been of passionate interest to them both – the decades-long, intertwined histories of the two nations, an intense relationship some have described as being ‘the closest of enemies.’

Hayden says he understands Ricardo as a voice of Cuba rarely heard in the United States even though he has lived here more years than any other high Cuban official. He is basically embargoed. The Cuban ambassador to the United States who-might-have-been. His range of experience and contacts is vast, from Latin America to Africa, spanning nine US administrations. Yet his life has been officially circumscribed by US executive order: to a twenty-five-mile radius from the United Nations or the metropolitan limits of Washington, D.C. He was denied a visa to attend meetings with academics and congressional officials.

Hayden thought Ricardo might shed light, as a man of several worlds, on the long roads they had traveled in parallel. When he and Hayden were both idealistic revolutionary student leaders, at universities in Havana and Ann Arbor, the Cuban Revolution was an inspiration to the black civil rights movement, the emerging Chicano movement and the American New Left overall. They mutually survived the danger of nuclear incineration in 1962, he on the island and Hayden at a vigil in Washington, D.C. They both felt the suffocating burden of the Cold War, Hayden as a dissenter from thoughtless anti-communism and militarism, he as a socialist with reservations about the Soviet Big Brother. Each of them was deeply influenced by the writings of the radical sociologist C. Wright Mills, who inspired Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) and spent two weeks in Cuba in 1960, including three and a half eighteen-hour days interviewing Fidel, researching his bestselling Listen, Yankee.

In writing Listen, Yankee!, Hayden says he gained new information and insights on several chapters of historical interest, information that should help readers understand the history of Cuba and the United States in new ways that will stand in stark contrast to the story told in the American media. Most of these insights illustrate plainly the price we have paid for isolating ourselves from Cuba.

Over half a century after C. Wright Mills published his remarkable account of the Cuban Revolution, Listen, Yankee!, Tom Hayden continues the conversation. Hayden was there at the beginning. Inspired by the struggle for freedom in Cuba, Hayden pushed the New Left in the US to think about the larger world. And he is here at the end – or at least the beginning of the end – of the decades-long embargo Washington used to contain Cuba's promise. This book is much more than an account of the politics of the current thaw: it is a memoir and a meditation, a thoughtful reflection on the inter-American struggles of activists, intellectuals and politicians for a more just world. – Greg Grandin, author of The Empire of Necessity: Slavery, Freedom, and Deception in the New World
At a moment when all eyes are on Cuba, Tom Hayden has written a must-read book, 
Listen, Yankee!, on the paired revolutionary histories of Cuba and the US. As readers of The Nation know, Hayden has been an important voice in these last few years, predicting President Obama would normalize relations in his second term. Guess what, he turned out to get it just right. A vital book for understanding this watershed moment in our countries' shared history. – Katrina vanden Heuvel, editor, The Nation

Based on unprecedented access to both Cuban and American officials, Listen, Yankee! offers fresh insight into one of history's most enigmatic relationships between nation-states – from one of America's best-known voices of political and social activism. Hayden puts the present moment into historical context, and shows how we're finally finding common ground to the advantage of Cubans and Americans alike. 

History / Europe

The Anatomist, the Barber-Surgeon, and the King: How the Accidental Death of Henry II of France Changed the World by Seymour I. Schwartz (Humanity Books)

The Anatomist, the Barber-Surgeon, and the King is a unique study examining a critical juncture in the history of the Renaissance brought about by a freak accident. Combining both a history of sixteenth-century medicine and European politics, the author describes the far-reaching effects of the death of King Henry II of France (1519-1559). Grievously wounded by an accidental blow to the head suffered during a mock jousting competition, the king lingered for weeks before expiring. Even the ministrations of Europe’s two most renowned physicians – Andreas Vesalius and Ambroise Paré – could not prevent his demise. As the author shows, the death of Henry II created a power vacuum, and the subsequent chain of events had significant effects on the balance of power in Europe. 
A noted surgeon, Seymour I. Schwartz, in The Anatomist, the Barber-Surgeon, and the King also provides insights into the state of medicine in this era – a time when the practice of surgery and knowledge of human anatomy were being transformed. Readers learn how Vesalius’s ingenious studies of anatomy advanced the understanding of human body functions. And Paré’s experience with battlefield wounds led to more humane and effective treatments of the injured. 

Schwartz, Distinguished Alumni Professor of Surgery at the University of Rochester, is a world-renowned surgeon and the author of Schwartz’s Principles of Surgery, which in its ten editions and translations has sold more than 300,000 copies. He is also the author of a history of American surgery. Schwartz is equally renowned as a cartographic historian. Swartz says in the introduction that the chance viewing of a picture that was printed almost four and a half centuries ago provided the stimulus for The Anatomist, the Barber-Surgeon, and the King. The woodcut is, of itself, significant because it represents one of the earliest examples of printed graphic journalism, the ancient forerunner of modern photojournalism. The specific print, La mort du roy Henry deuxieme aux tournelles á Paris, le x. Julliet, 1559 [The death of King Henry II at the Tournelles at Paris, July 10, 1559], chronicled a transformative event. A descriptive narrative offered a definition of the individuals who were represented on the print, including the two most notable contributors to the renaissance of medicine standing side by side in consultation. Andreas Vesalius, ‘the father of modern anatomy,’ was within arm's length of Ambroise Paré, ‘the great surgical innovator.’ The two physicians, whose contributions advanced medicine and surgery and who had previously attended the wounded and sick soldiers of opposing armies, were brought together to attend the dying king of France.

The early print triggered for Schwartz several diverse pathways of investigation. One path focused on the lives and contributions of the two depicted physicians in order to determine the factors that led to their eminence and the call for their specific consultation related to the medical management of one of the most powerful figures among European royalty. Although there had been a previously asserted intellectual bond between the two medical innovators, in that Ambroise Paré had formally credited Andreas Vesalius's modernization of anatomy as indispensable to the former's transformation of surgery, the two achieved their respective reputations and renown despite distinctly different starting points. Similarly, the paths they took to achieve their individual recognition and those they would follow after their roles in the care of the dying French king were decidedly different.

Another distinct pathway of inquiry, unrelated to medicine yet also emanating from the ancient woodcut, focused on the central dying figure, Henry II, king of France. At the time of the graphically chronicled event, Henry II was effectively the reigning head of the House of Valois, one of the two royal dynasties that domi­nated sixteenth-century Europe.

Henry II's deathbed scene was the consequence of an improbable accident during a joust, a competitive demonstration that was characteristically performed at important occasions. And to add to the improbability associated with the accident, which resulted in the untimely demise of the French king, the death had been predicted, with extraordinary specificity, by two of Europe's most notable contemporary prognosticators well in advance of its occurrence. Also, just before the accident took place, more warnings and admonitions, accompanied by pleas to abort the joust, went unheeded.

According to The Anatomist, the Barber-Surgeon, and the King, the death of the central royal figure in the graphic journalistic print marked a watershed for European history in the sixteenth century. The period before the death of Henry II was replete with shifts of political power and dominance, wars, and changes in possession of kingdoms. That time span also witnessed the birth and early rise of the religious movement known as Protestantism, which transformed Europe and the world.

After the death of the king, the power of France was immediately and persistently weakened. Henry's three sons, who sequentially occupied the throne, were incapable of providing the required leadership or stature. The focal point of The Anatomist, the Barber-Surgeon, and the King, the unusual and untimely death of a dominant leader, is considered against the background of wars for acquisition and control, and also a time of intense religious turmoil.

Seymour I. Schwartz offers an intelligent, engaging, and incisive account of the innovative efforts of noted physicians Andreas Vesalius and Ambrose Paré to attend the mortally wounded King Henry II of France after a jousting match in 1559. Following the death of the king, Schwartz carefully maps the broader political, religious, and medical terrain of the late Renaissance and the early Reformation that shaped an entire continent. The result is a book that intersects Schwartz’s keen sensibilities and perspectives as a physician, surgeon, and historian of medicine. – Stephanie Brown Clark, MD, PhD, Director, Division of Medical Humanities & Bioethics, University of Rochester School of Medicine

The colorful, lively and unique narrative in The Anatomist, the Barber-Surgeon, and the King combines engrossing details about politics, history, and medicine during an important period at the end of the Renaissance.

Journalism / Women’s Studies

Outsiders Still: Why Women Journalists Love – and Leave – Their Newspaper Careers by Vivian Smith (University of Toronto Press)

Despite years of dominating journalism school classrooms across North America, women remain vastly underrepresented at the highest levels of newspaper leadership. Why do so many female journalists leave the industry and so few reach the top?

Interviewing female journalists at daily newspapers across Canada, Vivian Smith, author of Outsiders Still – who spent fourteen years at The Globe and Mail as a reporter, editor, and manager – finds that many of the obstacles that women face in the newspaper industry are the same now as they have been historically, made worse by the challenging times in which the industry finds itself. The youngest fear they will have to choose between a career and a family; mid-career women madly juggle the pressures of work and family while worrying that they are not ‘good mothers’; and the most senior reflect on decades of accomplishments mixed with frustration at newsroom sexism that has held them back.

Smith, PhD, is a journalist, media consultant, and an instructor in the Department of Writing at the University of Victoria. She is a former National Beats Editor at The Globe and Mail. Listening carefully to the stories these journalists tell, both about themselves and about what they write, Smith reveals in Outsiders Still how overt hostility to women in the newsroom has been replaced by systemic inequality that limits or ends the careers of many female journalists. Despite decades of contributions to society’s news agenda, women print journalists are outsiders still.

Despite the news media's fundamental role as public agenda-setters, little study has been done on the small group of historically influential workers within them: the subjects of Outsiders Still, senior women print journalists in Canada. Worldwide, women occupy a small fraction of middle management in news media organizations, and they are even more seriously underrepresented in senior management.

Women's minority status has persisted even though women have been the majority gender in journalism schools for over thirty years in North America. Women's rise through the ranks of journalism is slower than in the overall workforce: while nearly half the people in management or professional occupations in the United States are women, for example, only 24 per cent of women occupy supervisory roles in journalism.

Smith says she wrote Outsiders Still because research in print newsrooms is needed to witness, document, and reexamine the impact of individual journalists' experiences and differences from both a public-policy/social-agenda perspective and in terms of the working lives of senior women journalists and those who might wish to follow them. At first blush, a story about Canada's shrinking pool of women print journalists might not seem of interest beyond the potluck dinner parties of those involved. But the story is the same across the United States, Britain, and Western-style democracies around the world, where corporately owned media dominate. The strength and progress of all these democracies do depend on all their citizens being well informed; editorial staffers do influence the news media for which they work in various, if contradictory, ways; and the media are among the main transmitters of information about what is allowable behavior for both women and men.

To write Outsiders Still Smith conducted individual interviews and focus groups with women print journalists across Canada to investigate and analyze how junior and senior women print journalists make sense of their career trajectory over time, focusing on the ways in which they say they have had to adapt to, reject, rationalize, and revolutionize the male-dominated newsroom culture which persists across Western democracies today. She also analyzed the ways in which the women say they have affected the sociopolitical agenda as a result of who they are as individuals and what they do as journalism decision-makers. An important and connected sub-theme is whether and how the new industry focus – some might argue frantic obsession – on emerging media technologies might affect the entrenched newsroom cultural discourses that, historically, women find limiting.

Smith says her starting point for Outsiders Still was gender and it remained the primary lens of analysis. But by widening the focus to range over other qualities, she noted how they were bound up with gendered experience: participants' age, class, race, parenthood status, and physical ability also shaped women's newsroom careers. When she examined answers to the open-ended question ‘tell me about your career,’ she realized the women invariably told stories in which their gender, age, and parenthood status were central. If they had other qualities that put them in the minority in the newsroom – and`very few did mention factors such as race or sexual orientation – those became part of the storytelling, too. Later, in focus groups, these qualities became part of their discussions about gendered experience, and what did, or did not, offer them positions of power in the newsroom.

For Outsiders Still Smith interviewed twenty-seven individual women at different ages and career stages in person for about ninety minutes each at the five newspapers across the country, as well as one journalist-turned-academic, and conducted focus groups with the women, one at each paper, with most of the participants from each paper attending. She conducted two follow-up interviews on site nearly a year later with two participating women, and has had ongoing email exchanges with several of them.

Narrative analysis offers an opportunity to use a method of inquiry for a journalistic topic that aligns with the field itself: Outsiders Still charts how the participants make sense of their lives as journalists using their own lingua franca of storytelling. Critical questions arose: Do women print journalists tell stories that help them accommodate contradictions in their work lives, or to be subversive, or both? Do the stories end with them remaining outside of power positions? Or are they creating new styles of leadership? What would she learn about her own story and whether it is about development, resistance or abdication, or all of those things?

In Outsiders Still, readers meet more than two dozen fascinating women who reinforce and resist the newsroom culture every day of their working lives, whether it has been for as little as two years or more than thirty. How their age interacts with their gender is a primary theme, with the women's stories revealing how, over time, they take the complexities of their multiple identities and the externalities and try to create a coherent whole. Assumptions about social characteristics such as race, class, parenthood, sexuality, and physical ability further complicate matters of their gender and age, offering other possible positions from which to hold on tight to their shrinking, turbulent newsrooms so they can continue their work or decide to jump ship. No matter what course they chose, the women saw themselves as different from their male peers in terms of their career paths.

In Outsiders Still, each of the participants' individual interviews and focus groups are described and analyzed. The chapters are grouped into three stages of career trajectories by age: chapter 2 focuses on the longest-employed women, who recount their experiences over decades in the business, often with a sense of deep frustration but also with humor and satisfaction. Chapter 3 introduces the mid-career women who find themselves at a crossroads, where the demands of their careers and personal lives are most extreme and demanding. Chapter 4 analyses the stories of the latest recruits to daily print journalism, the young women who look warily ahead and worry that they will be sidelined by maternity if they are not ousted before their contract positions expire. In chapter 5, participants at each of the newspapers speak as a group and compare notes on their experiences and expectations across the generations. In chapter 6, those who left the business reflect on their achievements, regrets, and hopes. The final chapter draws conclusions about the study participants and their impact on the`newspaper industry and the wider, more diverse society they seek to inform and even to represent.

Outsiders Still should be read by female journalists everywhere. – Marsha Barber, Ryerson School of Journalism, and former senior producer at The National

A thorough look at how a business that deals with daily change is often resistant to change within its own newsroom walls. Anyone who has worked at a newspaper will be nodding in recognition of the familiar stories in this book. – Susan Delacourt, author and political writer

In Outsiders Still, Vivian Smith makes a substantial new contribution to our understanding of how the world of journalism finds a place – or, often, doesn’t find one – for women. Rich with engaging portraits and careful analysis of individual experiences and career trajectories, and thoroughly up to date, this book will take an important place in the`literature about newsworkers, feminism, and news media. – Gene Allen, Ryerson School of Journalism, and author of Making National News: A History of Canadian Press

Outsiders Still is a lovely book, beautifully written. Weaving together stories from key women journalists, Vivian Smith reveals the ways in which print journalism remains male dominated despite superb women in the field. Smith shows how sexism, racism, and other forms of discrimination are at work in the profession, and also shows the ways in which women have resisted, succumbed to, changed, and left the profession. – Meg Luxton, School of Gender, Sexuality and Women's Studies, York University

Outsiders Still is a much needed study providing a rich portrait of the experience of women in print journalism in Canada. The thorough and thoughtful analysis helps readers understand why women are underrepresented in print journalism’s upper levels.

Linguistics

Pidgins, Creoles and Mixed Languages: An Introduction by Viveka Velupillai (Creole Language Library Series, Vol 48: John Benjamins Publishing Company)

Pidgins, Creoles and Mixed Languages is a lucid and theory-neutral introduction to the study of pidgins, creoles and mixed languages covering both theoretical and empirical issues pertinent to the field of contact linguistics.

Part I presents the theoretical background, with chapters devoted to the definition of terms, the sociohistorical settings, theories on the genesis of pidgins and creoles, as well as discussions on language variation and the sociology of language. Part II empirically tests assumptions made about the linguistic characteristics of pidgins and creoles by systematically comparing them with other natural languages in all linguistic domains. Pidgins, Creoles and Mixed Languages is the first introduction that consistently applies the findings of the Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures and systematically includes extended pidgins and mixed languages in the discussion of each linguistic feature. The author is Viveka Velupillai, Justus Liebig University, Giessen.

According to Velupillai, Pidgin and especially Creole languages have for the last century been a focus of interest because of how they challenge various theories of language. They do not fit the concept of family trees, that is, the idea that languages descend from one parent, since pidgins, creoles and mixed languages clearly have more than one ancestor. They also raise questions about what they might reveal about the interaction of language and the mind and the process of acquisition. Since the inception of pidgin and Creole studies, major questions have therefore included how these languages emerged, whether they form a structural group of their own and what they may tell us about the nature of language.

Part II in Pidgins, Creoles and Mixed Languages is therefore devoted to the empirical testing of linguistic features from all levels of the linguistic system, ranging from contrastive segments (phonology) over morphological and syntactic features to pragmatic features. Velupillai includes holistic overviews of selected pidgin, Creole and mixed languages in order to give readers access to collected language data in addition to isolated examples. Each chapter in the book contains three language sketches (‘snapshots’), bringing the total to 45 language sketches for the book, the highest collection of holistic language overviews of pidgins, creoles and mixed languages after APiCS. Each chapter features one pidgin, extended pidgin, Creole or mixed language with English (or an English-lexified language) as a major input language, one with Romance as a major input language and one with some other language as a major input language. This allows for cross-comparison within as well as between lexifier languages. Velupillai makes an effort to spread the languages regionally, also within each chapter. She also makes an effort to strike a balance between including well-known and lesser-discussed languages. Furthermore, while a considerable overlap with the languages in APiCS is unavoidable, 18 of the 45 ‘snapshots’ are in fact of languages that do not appear in APiCS.

With the exception of Arends et al. and Winford, mixed languages tend to be neglected in general introductions to contact languages. Pidgins, Creoles and Mixed Languages seeks to remedy that by devoting one whole chapter to mixed languages in Part I of the book, and by consistently including mixed languages for each of the linguistic features discussed in Part II of the book, as well as by providing nine different ‘snapshots’ of mixed languages, the largest collection of holistic overviews of mixed languages after Bakker & Mous.

The purpose of Pidgins, Creoles and Mixed Languages is first and foremost to serve as a course book introducing readers to the field of pidgin, Creole and mixed language studies. It is directed towards those readers who have a basic linguistic background, i.e., have at the minimum done introductory courses in general linguistics and phonetics/phonology, but have not studied pidgins, creoles or mixed languages before. The book thus seeks to provide an overview of what pidgins, creoles and mixed languages are, as well as of the various issues that have received specific attention in the debate about contact languages.

Although a general linguistic background is presupposed, short definitions and explanations are given for even the most basic linguistic concepts when they appear in the discussion, in order to make the book as self-contained as possible. The glossary at the end of the book also serves to increase the autonomy of the book.

Pidgins, Creoles and Mixed Languages is self-contained enough to be used on its own as a course book. The motivation for the structure of the book is first of all to introduce issues gradually and in such a way that the discussion can lean on previous chapters and sections. At the same time chapters are structured so that they are independent enough to be used in isolation or in any chosen combination. On occasion this may lead to some repetition, a compromise which Velupillai retains in order to make the chapters independent of each other.

The chapters have a largely uniform format: they start with a short overview of what the chapter is about, then deal with the topic at hand, then give ‘snapshots’ of three languages that were mentioned in the chapter, before concluding with a summary. For each chapter a map of the languages cited in that particular chapter has been provided, as well as a list of key topics relevant for the chapter at hand and some exercises. The ‘snapshots’ have a largely uniform format: Velupillai first gives a short sociohistorical and sociolinguistic background, then give a short overview of the structure of the language, then provide a short text and finally give a few primary sources of the language, as a starting point for readers to investigate the language further.

Chapter 1 of Pidgins, Creoles and Mixed Languages gives a definition of what pidgin languages are and lists the linguistic features assumed to be typical for them. Similarly Chapter 2 focuses on Creole languages and their assumed linguistic characteristics. Chapter 3 provides a definition of mixed languages and brings up various formation processes that have been proposed for them.

The rest of Part I deals with various theoretical issues associated with the study of pidgins and creoles. Chapter 4 discusses the sociohistorical contexts of pidgins and creoles, with a focus on Creole languages. Chapter 5 introduces the main theories of genesis that have been put forth for pidgin languages, while Chapter 6 deals with the main theories of genesis that have been put forth for Creole languages. Chapter 7 brings up the notion of variation and change in pidgin and Creole languages, such as the issues of lectal continua and diglossia. Chapter 8 looks at the position of these languages in society, including sociological issues such as language policy and planning, as well as cultural issues such as different types of literature in pidgin and Creole languages.

Part II systematically and empirically tests a selection of the features that were given in the lists of typically assumed characteristics for pidgins and creoles (in Chapters 1 and 2) by checking samples of pidgins and creoles for the features in question, as well as by comparing the distribution of the features in the respective samples with that in non-pidgins and non-creoles. Each linguistic feature is also discussed for extended pidgins and mixed languages. The creation of separate samples for pidgins on the one hand and creoles on the other, as well as treating extended pidgins as a separate group, allows readers to establish in how far these languages (or language types) differ from or align with each other. Moreover, a separate section on mixed languages has been included for each linguistic feature.

The chapters in Part II start with the smallest linguistic unit and gradually move to larger units. Chapter 9 investigates the consonant and vowel inventories, syllable structures and tone, while Chapter 10 discusses morphological synthesis and reduplication in contact languages. Chapter 11 brings up nominal plurality as well as definite and indefinite articles and Chapter 12 discusses tense, aspect and mood. Chapter 13 investigates word order and passive constructions, while Chapter 14 examines relative clauses and serial verb constructions. Chapter 15 discusses strategies for negation and polar questions.

Pidgins, Creoles and Mixed Languages is not exhaustive; rather, it provides a glimpse into the rich and multifaceted nature of contact linguistics and the study of pidgins, creoles and mixed languages, which will hopefully be intriguing enough to spur readers into further investigation. The book is designed for students of courses with a focus on pidgins, creoles and mixed languages, as well as typologically oriented courses on contact linguistics. Lucid, it will not only whet the appetite of the newcomer to the study of pidgin, Creole, and mixed languages, but also serve the linguistic community in general as a guide to the current state of knowledge of the field.

Outdoors & Nature / Arts & Photography

Tales of Remarkable Birds by Dominic Couzens (Bloomsbury USA)

Throughout the bird world, examples of strange and seemingly inexplicable behavior abound. For example:

Why do male Fairywrens bring flowers to females as a nuptial gift in the pre-dawn darkness? Especially when the gift-givers are not the official mates of the females concerned, but visitors, who furthermore may give these gifts in full view of the official mate?

What happens in an albatross ‘divorce’?

Which bird is so big, strong, and fierce that stories of it killing humans abound? Tales of Remarkable Birds looks at accounts of murderous Cassowaries and explains just what might have happened.

Throughout the bird world there are abundant examples of stray and often poorly understood behavior. These include:

  • The Andean Cock-of-the rock that displays using a male partner.
  • The White-winged Chough that 'kidnaps' its neighbors' fledglings.
  • The female Ostrich that uses other hens' eggs as a protective buffer.
  • The strange relationship between the Purple Grenadier and its ‘stalker', the Straw-tailed Whydah.
  • The Rockhopper Penguin that routinely wastes an egg.
  • The Cliff Swallow which evolving shorter wings to avoid traffic.
  • The seabird that nests in a treetop.
  • The warbler that keeps on migrating the wrong way!

Written by Dominic Couzens, who has written many books on birds and other wildlife, Tales of Remarkable Birds divides the world by continent and takes a series of extraordinary stories from each to illustrate a great diversity of bird behavior, each examining the truths and the mythology behind each example. The book takes five birds from every continent including Antarctica – and a number of island species – to explore a wide range of bird behavior including songs and calls; parasitism, nest-sharing, feeding adaptations, breeding display and mating.

Tales of Remarkable Birds is a small taster for a great feast. Birds do some extraordinary things, and to cover all their solutions to the trials of life would take many volumes. A taster whet the appetite, so the function of this book is to entice readers to find out more about what birds get up to around the world, by reading further books, trawling the internet or going into the field to watch. The next discoveries, after all, are often in the backyard.

How does one go about selecting some stories to reflect the diversity and complexity of avian lives? Couzens uses three main criteria: a worldwide spread of stories, a spread of behaviors from across the spectrum of what birds do (migrating, feeding, incubating eggs, and so on), and his own personal preferences. He avoids stories that most people have already heard and will not come to fresh. As a result, some of those in this book are quite obscure.

Tales of Remarkable Birds is divided into eight sections to keep a wide geographic breadth of stories. Most sections cover genuinely biogeographical entities: North America (Nearctic), South America (Neotropical, which includes Central America), Africa south of the Sahara (Afrotropical), Australasia and the Antarctic. However, for convenience Europe is treated as an entity because of the high level of research traffic there, and one story from the Asian part of the Palearctic is included in the Asian section. The world's islands are treated in a section on their own.

Although the spread of stories largely reflects the wide spectrum of different bird behaviors, Couzens covers themes that are relevant to the region where this is possible. For example, the obligate following of army ant swarms is best developed in the Neotropics, and in Australia there is an unusual high percentage of group-living birds. One might also argue that duetting is especially well developed in Africa, and that incubating an egg independently of a bird's skin is virtually confined to Australasia and Oceania.

While a book on global bird behavior needs a suitably complete geographic reach, it also needs to cover the main ornithological bases in regard to the different types of behavior. It will never get near to complete, since within every division of bird biology (e.g. breeding), there are numerous subdivisions and subdivisions of subdivisions. Indeed, the sheer scope of behavioral research is simply overwhelming – where does one start? In preparing Tales of Remarkable Birds Couzens divides a bird's life into its various compartments and made sure that, across the work, as many as possible were covered.

To give readers an idea of the range of subjects covered, here is something of an alternative index to them, with the type of behavior and the species or families concerned:

  • Roosting: Northern Wren (Europe), Varied Sittella (Australasia), Hummingbirds (South America)
  • Incubation: Rockhopper Penguin (Antarctic), Pheasant-tailed Jacana (Asia), Ostrich (Africa), Micronesian Scrubfowl (Island)
  • Nest-site: Marbled Murrelet (North America)
  • Infanticide: Pheasant-tailed Jacana (Asia)
  • Group-living: White-winged Chough (Australasia), Arabian Babbler (Asia)
  • Vocalisations: Boubous/Gonolek (Africa), White-crowned Sparrow (North America)
  • Duetting: Boubous/Gonolek (Africa)
  • Pair-bonds: Fairywrens (Australasia), Great Grey Shrike (Europe), Albatrosses (Antarctic)
  • Sexual selection: Long-tailed Widowbird (Africa)
  • Display: Great Bowerbird (Australasia), Blue Bird-of-paradise (Islands) Lek: Andean Cock-of-the-Rock (South America)
  • Brood parasitism: Great Spotted Cuckoo (Europe), Whydah/Grenadier (Africa)
  • Parental care: Pheasant-tailed Jacana (Asia), Rockhopper Penguin (Antarctic), Marbled Murrelet (North America)
  • Commensal feeding: Greater Racket-tailed Drongo (Asia)
  • Food-storing: Great Grey Shrike (Europe), Black-capped Chickadee (North America)
  • Resource partition: Oystercatcher (Europe), Tanagers (South America)
  • Communal foraging: Harris's Hawk (North America)
  • Optimal foraging: Swallow-tailed Gull (Islands)
  • Ant-following: Antbirds (South America)
  • Scavenging: Sheathbills (Antarctic)
  • Nest-robbing: Toucans (South America)
  • Mobbing: Greater Racket-tailed Drongo (Asia)
  • Evolution in action: Sunbirds (Africa), Cliff Swallows (North America)
  • Comparative ecology: Tanagers (South America), Penguins (Antarctic)
  • Memory: Black-capped Chickadee (North America)
  • Intelligence: New Caledonian Crow (Islands)
  • Echolocation: Swiftlets (Asia)
  • Flight style: Hummingbirds (South America), Albatrosses (Antarctic)
  • Footed-ness: Crossbill (Europe)
  • Physical intimidation: Toucans (South America)
  • Migration: Yellow-browed Warbler (Asia), Albatrosses (Antarctic)
  • Birds and people: Southern Cassowary (Australia), Cliff Swallow (North America)
  • Conservation: Hawaiian Honeycreepers (Islands)

Broad though this list seems, it can only ever scratch the surface of the complexity of bird biology. According to Couzens, one could write a book with exactly the same title and premise, and choose 40 completely different stories to the ones chosen for this book.

Tales of Remarkable Birds entices readers to find out more about what birds get up to around the world. It is an intriguing book from an author with a remarkable ability to engage his audience. Lavishly illustrated in full color, it looks at a number of familiar and many more less well-known birds. Couzens says he writes the book just as a report by the London Zoological Society says that global wildlife populations have halved in the last 40 years. If this book can somehow help inflame readers’ passions so that they are further inspired to fight against this trend, then it will have been worth the effort.

Professional & Technical / Medicine & Health Sciences / Clinical / Internal / Exam Preparation / Pediatrics / Reference

Pediatric Decision-Making Strategies, 2nd edition by Albert J. Pomeranz MD, Svapna Sabnis MD, Sharon L. Busey MD, and Robert M. Kliegman MD (Elsevier Saunders)

Designed to accompany Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics and Nelson Essentials of Pediatrics, Pediatric Decision-Making Strategies, 2nd edition is a concise, user-friendly reference using a unique algorithmic approach to facilitate diagnosis, testing, and basic treatment of common pediatric disorders. For any given symptom, an algorithm guides clinicians through the appropriate investigative procedures and lab tests to reach definitive diagnoses.

With Pediatric Decision-Making Strategies, students and clinicians are able to:

  • Explore concise, focused, and updated algorithms that cover the most common pediatric problems.
  • Gain requisite knowledge from an expert author team that includes Robert M. Kliegman (of the Nelson line of textbooks), as well as references to related chapters in both Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics and Nelson Essentials of Pediatrics.
  • Access important information with a new standard format and trim size for practicality and usability.
  • Search the text, figures, algorithms, and references from the book on a variety of devices using Expert Consult eBook.

Authors of Pediatric Decision-Making Strategies are: Albert J. Pomeranz, MD, Professor; Svapna Sabnis, MD, Associate Professor; Sharon L. Busey, MD, Associate Professor; and Robert M. Kliegman, MD, Professor, all at the Medical College of Wisconsin and the Children's Hospital of Wisconsin in Milwaukee.

The purpose and basic algorithmic format of Pediatric Decision-Making Strategies, 2nd edition has not changed, but each chapter has been updated to reflect the latest medical information. As with the original text, the purpose is to assist students, house officers, and clinicians in the evaluation of common pediatric signs and symptoms and abnormal laboratory findings. The algorithmic format provides a rapid and concise stepwise approach to a diagnosis. The text accompanying each algorithm helps to clarify certain approaches to diagnoses and supplies additional useful information regarding various medical conditions.

The information in Pediatric Decision-Making Strategies is up to date. The literature has been extensively reviewed, and many of the algorithms have been discussed with the appropriate specialists. There is rarely a single acceptable approach to any given problem, and not all diagnoses can fit neatly into an algorithm. Even though the algorithms cannot be considered all-inclusive, they facilitate a logical and efficient step-wise approach to reasonable differential diagnoses for the common clinical problems discussed.

Contents of Pediatric Decision-Making Strategies include:

Part I          HEAD, NECK, AND EYES

Ear Pain; Rhinorrhea; Sore Throat; Neck Masses; Abnormal Head Size, Shape, and Fontanels; Red Eye; Strabismus; Visual Impairment and Leukocoria; Abnormal Eye Movements

Part II        RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

Cough; Hoarseness; Stridor; Wheezing; Cyanosis; Hemoptysis; Apnea

Part III       CARDIOLOGY

Chest Pain; Syncope; Palpitations; Heart Murmurs

Part IV       GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM

Abdominal Pain; Vomiting; Diarrhea; Constipation; Gastrointestinal Bleeding; Jaundice; Hepatomegaly; Splenomegaly; Abdominal Masses

Part V        GENITOURINARY SYSTEM

Dysuria; Enuresis; Red Urine and Hematuria; Proteinuria; Edema; Hypertension; Scrotal Pain; Scrotal Swelling (Painless); Dysmenorrhea; Amenorrea; Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding; Vaginal Discharge

Part VI       MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM

Limp; Arthritis; Knee Pain; Extremity Pain; Back Pain; Stiff or Painful Neck; In-Toeing, Out-Toeing, and Toe-Walking; Bowlegs and Knock-Knees

Part            VII NEUROLOGY

Headaches; Seizures and Other Paroxysmal Disorders; Involuntary Movements; Hypotonia and Weakness; Ataxia; Altered Mental Status; Hearing Loss

Part VIII    DERMATOLOGY

Alopecia; Vesicles and Bullae; Fever and Rash

Part IX       HEMATOLOGY

Lymphadenopathy; Anemia; Bleeding; Petechiae/Purpura; Neutropenia; Pancytopenia; Eosinophilia

Part X        ENDOCRINE SYSTEM

Short Stature; Pubertal Delay; Precocious Puberty in the Male; Precocious Puberty in the Female; Atypical or Ambiguous Genitalia; Hirsutism; Gynecomastia; Obesity; Polyuria

Part XI       GENERAL

Fever without a Source; Fever of Unknown Origin; Recurrent Infections; Irritable Infant (Fussy or Excessively Crying Infant); Failure to Thrive; Sleep Disturbances

Part XII      FLUIDS AND ELECTROLYTES

Acidemia; Alkalemia; Hypernatremia; Hyponatremia; Hypokalemia; Hyperkalemia; Hypocalcemia; Hypercalcemia

The authors in Pediatric Decision-Making Strategies, 2nd edition have created algorithms that are accurate and easy to follow. An updated format that enhances usability makes this medical reference book a must-have for medical students, residents, and practitioners treating pediatric patients.

Professional & Technical / Medicine & Health Sciences / Cardiovascular Medicine / Nutrition

Nutritional and Integrative Strategies in Cardiovascular Medicine edited by Stephen T. Sinatra & Mark C. Houston (CRC Press)

Nutritional medicine and understanding nutrigenomics for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease is expected to become the recommended practice of medicine in the very near future.

Despite 40 years of aggressive pharmaceutical and surgical interventions, coronary artery disease (CAD) remains the number one killer of women and men in Western civilization. When it comes to CAD, prevention is easier than cure, and if CAD does present itself, a combination of conventional and alternative methodologies can make a real difference in people’s lives. Nutritional and Integrative Strategies in Cardiovascular Medicine provides scientific and clinical insight from leaders in the field of cardiovascular medicine who explore an integrative approach to treating and curing cardiovascular diseases through conventional and non-allopathic methodologies.

Nutritional interventions with both appropriate noninflammatory diets and targeted nutraceutical supports are simple and basic strategies to prevent as well as help manage CAD and congestive heart failure (CHF). This evidence-based book describes how to integrate nutrition, supplements, lifestyle changes, and medications for improved outcomes in hypertension, lipids, diabetes, coronary heart disease, and congestive heart failure. Topics include:

  • Nutrigenomics, proteomics, and metabolomics in heart disease.
  • The risks and side effects of statin drugs.
  • The value of omega-3s and other fats.
  • Naturopathic approaches.
  • Gender-specific medicine.
  • Nutrient-drug interactions in cardiovascular medicine.

Editors are Stephen T. Sinatra and Mark Houston. Sinatra is a board-certified cardiologist with over 40 years of experience in treating cardiovascular disease. He is an assistant clinical professor of medicine at the University of Connecticut School of Medicine in Farmington, Connecticut, and a clinical assistant professor of family medicine at the University of New England College of Osteopathic Medicine in Biddeford, Maine. Houston is an associate clinical professor of medicine at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, director of the Hypertension Institute and Vascular Biology, and medical director of the Division of Human Nutrition at Saint Thomas Medical Group, Saint Thomas Hospital and Health Services in Nashville, Tennessee. Nutritional and Integrative Strategies in Cardiovascular Medicine has 16 contributors.

Chapters and their authors include:

  1. Myths of Cholesterol: Rethinking a Paradigm – Jonny Bowden and Stephen T. Sinatra
  2. Fats and Cardiovascular Disease: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly – Beverly B. Teter
  3. Has Statin Therapy Been Oversold? A Call for a Reevaluation of the Standards for Treatment – Stephen T. Sinatra and Jonny Bowden
  4. Lipid Subfraction Testing – Richard Delany
  5. The Role of Nutrition and Nutritional Supplements in the Treatment of Dyslipidemia – Mark Houston
  6. Healing the Heart with Whole Foods and Food Bioactives – Deanna Minich and Benjamin Brown
  7. Potential of Diet and Dietary Supplementation to Ameliorate the Chronic Clinical Perturbations of Metabolic Syndrome – Harry G. Preuss and Dallas Clouatre
  8. Naturopathic Medicine and the Prevention and Treatment of Cardiovascular Disease – Drew Sinatra
  9. Nutrition and Nutraceutical Supplements for the Treatment of Hypertension – Mark Houston
  10. The Role of Dentistry in Cardiovascular Health and General Well-Being – Mark A. Breiner
  11. Lyme Disease and the Heart – William Lee Cowden
  12. Metabolic Cardiology: The Missing Link in the Treatment and Management of Heart Failure – Stephen T. Sinatra
  13. Be the Willow: Stress, Resiliency, and Diseases of the Heart – Mimi Guarneri and Ryan Bradley
  14. Women and Heart Disease: Special Considerations – Stephen T. Sinatra
  15. Hormones and Their Effects on the Cardiovascular System – Pamela Smith
  16. Consequences of Cardiovascular Drug-Induced Nutrient Depletion – James B. LaValle

Nutritional and Integrative Strategies in Cardiovascular Medicine is an in-depth communication offering vital information in the diagnosis and management of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Although urgent use of percutaneous coronary artery intervention (PCI) can be lifesaving in acute myocardial infarction, the elective use of these procedures offers minimal protection from future cardiovascular events or even longevity.

Even if patients do manage to eat healthy foods most of the time, their diets probably do not contain therapeutic amounts of antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals necessary to help prevent cancer, cardiovascular disease, and other degenerative diseases, and which contribute to premature aging. Behind these conditions is inflammation. And what drives inflammation are out-of-control free radicals, molecular fragments produced by natural metabolism, foods, transfats, sugar, environmental toxins, and radiation, to mention a few. As human bodies contain limited amounts of enzymes that neutralize free radicals, people need to look for antioxidants from outside sources.

Today, clinicians realize that vast numbers of people eat poorly and do not get proper nutrition from their diets that their bodies need to sustain good health. Moreover, a global wave of revealing nutritional research has rendered the conventional viewpoint on supplementation utterly obsolete. Hundreds of published studies have shown that individual nutrients at doses higher than those usually present in food have a significant preventive and therapeutic effect on one's health.

Targeted nutraceuticals are not a substitute for good nutrition, but they provide the kind of support that can help prevent inflammatory damage and boost energy production in the body. Knowing which nutrients are best for the individual, as well as in what amounts, can help patients nurture themselves appropriately. For example, supplementing with nutrients designed to facilitate and stimulate energy substrate production is the basis of metabolic cardiology.

When pharmaceutical drugs do not work in restoring blood flow, surgeons may be called in to perform lifesaving bypasses or heart transplants. In addition, a comprehensive targeted nutritional supplement program in combination with a noninflammatory diet is a major part of a preventive and therapeutic intervention. The supplements address specific cardiovascular shortcomings and simultaneously strengthen overall physiology to thwart off infection, inflammation, and plaque while attenuating oxidative lipid issues and blood pressure problems.

In Nutritional and Integrative Strategies in Cardiovascular Medicine, a list of talented authors offers discussions and therapeutic options highlighting their expertise in cardiovascular disease. An in-depth evaluation of fats and lipids as well as alternative and integrative options are offered in the management of lipid disorders and high blood pressure. Other than cigarette smoking, hypertension remains the second most significant risk factor in both men and women. The management of hypertension with diet and targeted nutritional supports is presented by several authors. Detoxification, Lyme disease (a serious microbe threat to the heart), and the enormous importance of dental considerations are presented to readers. The discussion on metabolic syndrome is timely given the fact that this inflammatory metabolic problem is affecting millions of our youth. A naturopathic approach to cardiovascular disease highlighting the value of detoxification is introduced in the care and the management of cardiovascular patients. Hormonal bioidentical interventions and the special concerns of heart disease in women are highlighted with a gender-specific focus. The impact of emotional stress on the heart and the poorly understood association regarding pharmaceutical drugs' influence on nutrient depletion are also presented.

Nutritional and Integrative Strategies in Cardiovascular Medicine is a testimony to the integrative care of the patients. It helps established health professionals as well as students preparing for degrees in healthcare. Written for doctors who want to know about the most leading and cutting-edge integrative advances that will benefit their patients, it assists in utilizing natural healing foods, as well as nutritional supports and other valuable interventions in the battle against cardiovascular disease.

Professional & Technical / Medicine & Health Sciences / Clinical / Internal / Clinical Laboratory Science / Chemistry / Medical Technology / Education & Training

Tietz Fundamentals of Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics, 7th edition (Fundamentals of Clinical Chemistry (Tietz)) by Carl A. Burtis PhD & David E. Bruns MD (Elsevier Saunders)

A condensed, easier-to-understand student version of the acclaimed Tietz Textbook of Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics, Tietz Fundamentals of Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics, 7th edition uses a laboratory perspective in providing the clinical chemistry fundamentals readers need to work in a real-world, clinical lab. Coverage ranges from laboratory principles to analytical techniques and instrumentation, analytes, and pathophysiology. New content keeps learners current with the latest developments in molecular diagnostics. From highly respected clinical chemistry experts Carl Burtis, Ph.D. and David Bruns, M.D., this textbook shows how to select and perform diagnostic lab tests, and accurately evaluate results.

Burtis is Emeritus at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, and Clinical Professor of Pathology, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City and Bruns is Professor of Pathology, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Director of Clinical Chemistry and Associate Director of Molecular Diagnostics, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville. Consulting Editor is Barbara G. Sawyer, Ph.D., M.L.S., (A.S.C.P.)CM, MB (A.S C.P.) CM, Professor, Clinical Laboratory Science/ Molecular Pathology, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock. The book has 81 contributors.

Tietz Fundamentals of Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics provides students with:

  • An authoritative, respected author team consisting of two well-known experts in the clinical chemistry world.
  • Coverage of analytical techniques and instrumentation including optical techniques, electrochemistry, electrophoresis, chromatography, mass spectrometry, enzymology, immunochemical techniques, microchips, automation, and point-of-care testing.
  • Learning objectives at the beginning of each chapter, providing measurable outcomes to achieve after completing the material.
  • Key words listed and defined at the beginning of each chapter and bolded in the text.
  • A glossary at the end of the book, making it quick and easy-to-look-up definitions of key terms.
  • More than 500 illustrations plus easy-to-read tables to help students understand and remember key concepts.
  • New chapters on molecular diagnostics, including the principles of molecular biology, nucleic acid techniques and applications, and genomes and nucleic acid alterations, reflecting the changes in this rapidly evolving field.
  • New content on clinical evaluation of methods, kidney function tests, and diabetes.
  • New multiple-choice review questions at the end of each chapter, allowing students to measure their comprehension of the material.
  • New case studies on the Evolve companion website using real-life scenarios to reinforce concepts.

Chapters in Tietz Fundamentals of Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics include:

PART I PRINCIPLES OF LABORATORY MEDICINE

  1. Clinical Chemistry, Molecular Diagnostics, and Laboratory Medicine
  2. Selection and Analytical Evaluation of Methods – With Statistical Techniques
  3. Clinical Evaluation of Methods
  4. Evidence-Based Laboratory Medicine
  5. Establishment and Use of Reference Values
  6. Specimen Collection, Processing, and Other Preanalytical Variables
  7. Quality Management
  8. Principles of Basic Techniques and Laboratory Safety

PART II ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES AND INSTRUMENTATION

  1. Optical Techniques
  2. Electrochemistry and Chemical Sensors
  3. Electrophoresis
  4. Chromatography
  5. Mass Spectrometry
  6. Enzyme and Rate Analyses
  7. Immunochemical Techniques
  8. Automation
  9. Point-of-Care Instrumentation

PART III ANALYTES

  1. Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins
  2. Serum Enzymes
  3. Tumor Markers and Cancer Genes
  4. Kidney Function Tests – Creatinine, Urea, and Uric Acid
  5. Carbohydrates
  6. Lipids, Lipoproteins, Apolipoproteins, and Other Cardiac Risk Factors
  7. Electrolytes and Blood Gases
  8. Hormones
  9. Catecholamines and Serotonin
  10. Vitamins, Trace Elements, and Nutritional Assessment
  11. Hemoglobin, Iron, and Bilirubin
  12. Porphyrins and Porphyrias
  13. Therapeutic Drugs and Their Management
  14. Clinical Toxicology
  15. Toxic Metals

PART IV PATHOPHYSIOLOGY

  1. Diabetes
  2. Cardiovascular Disease
  3. Kidney Disease
  4. Physiology and Disorders of Water, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Metabolism
  5. Liver Disease
  6. Gastrointestinal and Pancreatic Diseases
  7. Disorders of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
  8. Disorders of the Pituitary
  9. Disorders of the Adrenal Cortex
  10. Thyroid Disorders
  11. Reproduction-Related Disorders
  12. Pregnancy and Prenatal Testing
  13. Newborn Screening and Inborn Errors of Metabolism
  14. Pharmacogenetics

PART V MOLECULAR DIAGNOSTICS

  1. Principles of Molecular Biology
  2. Nucleic Acid Techniques and Applications
  3. Genomes and Nucleic Acid Variations

PART VI REFERENCE INFORMATION

  1. Reference Information for the Clinical Laboratory

Barbara G. Sawyer in the foreword says that as a practitioner and instructor of clinical chemistry for over 20 years, she has observed many innovative changes in the clinical laboratory, from implementation of new analytical techniques to dependence on laboratory informatics to the inclusion of molecular testing and its unique practice standards. She has worked with the editors and publishers of Tietz Fundamentals of Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics as consulting editor for three editions and has followed each edition as they reflect the numerous advances in laboratory science. In the area of education, such updates are crucial for informing students of what they should expect in their careers as professional laboratorians or as other practitioners in health care. As with previous editions, the 7th edition presents information that today's clinical chemistry students and practicing laboratorians must know to succeed in the discipline and in the contemporary world of pathology.

The true purpose of education must go beyond providing the knowledge necessary to be successful in a particular field. It must also stimulate and encourage students to investigate knowledge beyond that presented in the formal classroom setting. The highly regarded authors of the seventh edition of Tietz Fundamentals of Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics excel at presenting essential knowledge. Their updates and revisions of traditional topics and the addition of new chapters, such as "Pharmacogenetics" and "Genomes and Nucleic Acid Alterations," provide interesting and indispensable material for active learners. To inspire students to seek information beyond that provided in the various chapters, the 7th edition provides end-of-chapter multiple-choice questions that encourage continued review and study. Updated websites within each chapter offer further sources of data to increase understanding of the subject matter. Thought-provoking figures that illustrate chapter concepts and innovative algorithms that provide a unique way of examining diagnostic issues have been added to this edition.

For both educators and students, improved and testable objectives have been designed and related Test Bank questions have been added, revised, or modified. For the laboratory science student, the professional laboratorian, and the practicing pathologist, this textbook serves as an outstanding resource for (1) the study of basic laboratory operations, (2) understanding clinical chemistry analytes, and (3) comprehending fundamental pathophysiology. The last chapter "Reference Information for the Clinical Laboratory" provides an excellent source of reference intervals for analytes of clinical relevance.

Burtis and Bruns in the preface state that as the discipline of clinical laboratory science and medicine has evolved and expanded, each new edition of Tietz Fundamentals of Clinical Chemistry has been revised to reflect these changes. The seventh edition of this series is no exception, as Burtis and Bruns have made significant revisions in its format and content. First, reflecting the effect that molecular diagnostics has had and continues to have on the practice of clinical chemistry and laboratory medicine, they have retitled the 7th edition Tietz Fundamentals of Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics. Consequently, chapters have been added on the topic of molecular diagnostics and many of the other updated chapters now include discussions of genetic testing and descriptions of the genetic basis of diseases.

Second, 47 new authors along with 53 veterans from the sixth edition have joined Burtis and Bruns to revise and produce chapters that reflect the state-of-the-art in their respective fields. Consequently, this new edition covers many new topics and updates information on older ones.

Third, learning tools have been added or expanded. For example, a set of objectives and a list of key terms and definitions were included at the beginning of each chapter. (Note: in each chapter key terms are listed in alphabetical order in a bold red font and again when each appears for the first time in their respective chapter.) At the end of each chapter, a list of review questions has been added to assist students in the review of the salient points covered in each chapter. At the end of the book, Burtis and Bruns have combined the keywords and definitions into a Glossary.

Maintaining the highest standards of quality while providing crucial contemporary information that is both concise and readable, this 7th edition continues in the tradition of excellence set by previous editions of Tietz Fundamentals of Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics. As with previous editions, this textbook provides something of interest for anyone who is involved in the field of medical laboratory science. Students, educators, managers, and pathologists use this text as a primary resource in the classroom, laboratory, and clinic for information regarding the field of clinical chemistry.

Professional & Technical / Medicine & Health Sciences / Clinical / Internal / Education and Training / Reference

Goldman-Cecil Medicine, 2-Volume Set, 25th edition edited by Lee Goldman MD & Andrew I. Schafer MD (Elsevier Saunders)

Since 1927, Goldman-Cecil Medicine has been the world’s most influential internal medicine resource. With the new, more powerful Expert Consult eBook platform, this 2-volume, 25th edition ‘living text’ provides continuous updates that integrate the latest research, guidelines, and treatments into each chapter, ensuring that the content is as current as the day this edition was first published. A practical, straightforward style; templated organization; evidence-based references; and robust interactive content combine to make this dynamic resource the fastest and best place to find the authoritative, state-of-the-art clinical answers clinicians and students need.

With Goldman-Cecil Medicine, clinicians and students have access to:

  • Expert Consult eBook version, which includes:
    • Continuous updates from Editor Lee Goldman, MD, who thoroughly reviews internal medicine and specialty journals, updating online content to reflect the latest guidelines and translating that evidence into treatment.
    • Interactive Q&A section featuring over 1,500 board-style questions and answers to aid in preparing for certification or recertification exams.
    • Supplementary tools including figures, tables, videos, heart and lung sounds, treatment and management algorithms, fully integrated references, and thousands of illustrations and full-color photos.
    • All of the text, figures, supplementary material, and references from the book on a variety of devices at no additional cost using Expert Consult.
  • Practical, bulleted, highly templated text with easy-to-use features including flow charts and treatment boxes.
  • New chapters on global health, cancer biology and genetics, and the human microbiome in health and disease to keep readers on the cutting edge of medicine.
  • Today's most current evidence-based medicine guidelines to help readers form a definitive diagnosis and create the best treatment plans possible.
  • Focused coverage of the latest developments in biology including the specifics of current diagnosis, therapy, and medication doses.

Goldman-Cecil Medicine is edited by Lee Goldman, MD, Harold and Margaret Hatch Professor, Executive Vice President and Dean of the Faculties of Health Sciences and Medicine, Chief Executive, Columbia University Medical Center, Columbia University, New York and Andrew I. Schafer, MD, Professor of Medicine, Director, Richard T. Silver Center for Myeloproliferative Neoplasms, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York. The book has 9 associate editors and 523 contributors.

In the 90 years since the first edition of the Cecil Textbook of Medicine was published, almost everything we know about internal medicine has changed. Progress in medical science is now occurring at an ever-accelerating pace, and it is doing so within the framework of transformational changes in clinical practice and the delivery of health care at individual, social, and global levels.

Even as specific information covered in Goldman-Cecil Medicine has changed, the authors remain true to the tradition of a comprehensive textbook of medicine that carefully explains the why (the underlying pathophysiology of disease) and the how (now expected to be evidence-based from randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses). Descriptions of physiology and pathophysiology include the latest genetic advances in a practical format that strives to be useful to the nonexpert. Medicine has entered an era when the acuity of illness and the limited time available to evaluate a patient have diminished the ability of physicians to satisfy their intellectual curiosity. As a result, the acquisition of information, quite easily achieved in this era, is often confused with knowledge. Goldman-Cecil Medicine addresses this dilemma with a textbook that not only informs but also stimulates new questions and gives a glimpse of the future path to new knowledge. Grade A evidence is specifically highlighted in the text and referenced at the end of each chapter. In addition to the information provided in the textbook, the website supplies expanded content and functionality. In many cases, the full articles referenced in each chapter can be accessed from the website. The website is also continuously updated to incorporate subsequent Grade A information, other evidence, and new discoveries.

The sections for each organ system begin with a chapter that summarizes an approach to patients with key symptoms, signs, or laboratory abnormali­ties associated with dysfunction of that organ system. Goldman-Cecil Medicine specifically provides clear, concise information regarding how a physician should approach more than 100 common symptoms, signs, and laboratory abnormalities, usually with a flow diagram, a table, or both for easy reference. In this way, the text remains a comprehensive text to guide diagnosis and therapy, not only for patients with suspected or known diseases but also for patients who may have undiagnosed abnormalities that require an initial evaluation.

Sections of the two volumes of Goldman-Cecil Medicine include:

VOLUME I

Section I: Social and Ethical Issues in Medicine

Section II: Principles of Evaluation and Management

Section III: Preventive and Environmental Issues

Section IV: Aging and Geriatric Medicine

Section V: Clinical Pharmacology

Section VI: Genetics

Section VII: Principles of Immunology and Inflammation

Section VIII: Cardiovascular Disease

Section IX: Respiratory Diseases

Section X: Critical Care Medicine

Section XI: Renal and Genitourinary Diseases

Section XII: Gastrointestinal Diseases

Section XIII: Diseases of the Liver, Gallbladder, and Bile Ducts

Section XIV: Hematologic Diseases

Section XV: Oncology

VOLUME II

Section XVI: Metabolic Diseases

Section XVII: Nutritional Diseases

Section XVIII: Endocrine Diseases

Section XIX: Women's Health

Section XX: Diseases of Bone and Mineral Metabolism

Section XXI: Diseases of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Section XXII: Rheumatic Diseases

Section XXIII: Infectious Diseases

Section XXIV: HIV and the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

Section XXV: Neurology

Section XXVI: Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases

Section XXVII: Medical Consultation

Section XXVIII: Skin Diseases

Comments on the 24th edition: First published in 1927 and now in its 24th edition, this book continues its legacy as a comprehensive pillar of modern medicine. The editors have brought together the best of world-renowned experts in their areas to organize an overview of the accepted facts of physiology, diagnosis, and treatment. Each of the classic textbooks of medicine is written with a particular philosophy, and this one is known for its practical, quick, comprehensive nature. This edition continues to meet that extraordinary goal. The editors and authors have drawn on their extensive experience to produce a truly noteworthy book. It is organized in the usual organ-system manner, but what really sets the tone are the exquisite figures, tables, and illustrations that help readers better understand and remember important points. The online full-text version is extremely easy to use with videos for diagnostic tests such as echocardiograms and endoscopies, physical examinations such as evaluating gait and other neurological signs, self-assessment questions, and case studies. Also included are QR Codes that, when used with a smartphone, will directly open the videos from the website. These videos are of extraordinarily high quality. This is part of the foundation of modern medicine. It remains a must-have for every medical library. Weighted Numerical Score: 100 – 5 Stars! – Doody’s Book Review

This is the 24th edition of these well recognized text books. Excellent tabular material, thorough diagrams, and bibliographies are available. All chapters have been brought up to date, which are completely rewritten include geriatric medicine, genetics, immunology and clinical pharmacology. All chapters are written by well recognized experts in the appropriate fields. In addition to the two main editors, there are nine associate editors, all outstanding representatives of their fields. This is a comprehensive volume of internal medicine and associated areas which can serve most excellently not only the medical student and the clinical resident but it should be on the bookshelf of all practicing physicians including those whose field is different from internal medicine. – Julian L. Ambrus, MD, PhD, FACP (Professor of Internal Medicine, State University of New York/Buffalo)

Goldman-Cecil Medicine – the best internal medicine resource available since 1927 – far exceeds the competition in versatility, ease of use and up-to-datedness. This 25th edition remains the reference of choice for every stage of readers’ careers, an ideal learning tool for residents, physicians, and students as well as a valuable go-to resource for experienced healthcare professionals. Goldman-Cecil Medicine offers definitive, unbiased guidance on the evaluation and management of every medical condition, presented by a veritable "Who's Who" of modern medicine. Goldman-Cecil Medicine and its associated electronic products incorporate the latest medical knowledge in multiple formats that should appeal to students and seasoned practitioners regardless of how they prefer to access this rapidly changing information. In the ground-breaking 25th edition, the original purchase ensures readers will be up-to-date without the need for a subscription.

Professional & Technical / Medicine & Health Sciences / Internal / Oncology / Psychology & Counseling / Reference

Cancer and Cancer Care edited by Debbie Wyatt & Nicholas Hulbert-Williams (Sage Publications, Ltd.)

Nearly all health care professionals will come across a person with cancer either in their professional or non-professional lives and by 2030 there will be more than four million people living with a diagnosis of cancer. Nearly half of the population can expect to have cancer during their lifetime; many do not realize how cancer has changed. For some cancers, the majority of patients can expect to live decades after treatment but a significant minority may have unmet needs related to ongoing effects of their treatment; others may live many months or years with incurable but treatable cancer and still others may die within a few months of diagnosis. A holistic approach to treatment and care can make all the difference. We welcome the publication of a book which recognizes the importance of understanding cancer in the context of prevailing attitudes as well as how to personalize care for each patient. – Professor Jane Maher, Joint Chief Medical Officer, Macmillan Cancer Support, from the foreword

Cancer and Cancer Care is a complete study of cancer, the care of people with the disease and its impact on everyday life. Addressing the physical and psychosocial aspects of the illness in detail, it covers all fundamental aspects of cancer diagnosis, treatment, survival and aspects of psychosocial support for all those affected by cancer: patients, their families, and their healthcare providers. Specialist chapters focus on the unique challenges of providing cancer care to populations with particular needs, including older adults; children and young people, those with learning disabilities and those with mental health problems.

Editors are Debbie Wyatt and Nicholas Hulbert-Williams. Wyatt is a Senior lecturer at the University of Chester and Macmillan Lecturer/Head of Clinical Education at Clatterbridge Cancer Centre. Hulbert-Williams is a Coaching Psychologist and Reader in Psychology at the University of Chester where he is Director of the Chester Research Unit for the Psychology of Health (CRUPH). The book has 52 contributors.

Every chapter includes a review of the latest theory and evidence on over 30 separate topic areas. Reflective questions challenge readers to reappraise what they have learned. Chapter overviews and chapter summaries highlight the key points. And further reading supports evidence-based practice and learning.

Chapters in Cancer and Cancer Care and their authors include:

  1. Cancer in context – Debbie Wyatt, Brooke Swash and Nicholas Hulbert-Williams
  2. Cancer risk and screening – Christine Campbell
  3. Cancer detection and diagnosis – Daniel Seddon and Paul Mackenzie
  4. The biology of cancer – Debbie Wyatt and Victoria Bates
  5. Tumour pathology: classification, grading and staging – Paul Mansour
  6. Lifespan perspectives: children, teenagers and young adults – Ruth Sadik and David Wright
  7. Lifespan perspectives: older adults – Hazel Brodie
  8. Diversity and equality in cancer care – Mark R.D. Johnson and Julie Fish
  9. Cancer and mental illness – Maureen Deacon and Elise Hymanson
  10. Cancer and intellectual disability – Irene Tuffrey-Wijne
  11. Surgery – George Foster, Tina Lightfoot and Dale Vimalchandran
  12. Cytotoxic chemotherapy – Elaine Lennan
  13. Radiotherapy – Kate Parker, Ann Maloney and Debbie Wyatt
  14. Haematopoietic stem cell transplantation – Colin Thain and Jacqueline Bloomfield
  15. Biological therapy – Anoop Haridass and Helen Neville-Webbe
  16. Gene therapy – Fiona Gibbs
  17. Effective communication in cancer care – Catherine Heaven and Claire Green
  18. Psychosocial adjustment to cancer – Nicholas Hulbert-Williams and Gill Hubbard
  19. Assessment of psychological wellbeing and emotional distress – Alex J. Mitchell
  20. The impact of cancer on family members and family caregivers – Ella Watson and Mary Boulton
  21. The impact of cancer on body image and sexuality – Daniel Kelly and Liz Forbat
  22. Psychological care and support for people affected by cancer – Alex King, Nicholas Hulbert-Williams and Samantha Flynn
  23. Survivorship and self-management in cancer care – Claire Foster
  24. Lifestyle change and health promotion in cancer survivorship – Lee Hulbert-Williams
  25. The use of complementary and alternative therapies in cancer care – Lesley Storey
  26. Art and music therapy in cancer care – Fay Mitchell and Leslie Bunt
  27. Spirituality and existential angst – Mark Cobb
  28. Adjusting to the palliative phase and preparing for end of life – Alison Conner and Kathryn Mannix
  29. Bereavement support in cancer care – Margaret Foulkes
  30. Supporting healthcare professionals in cancer settings – Jan Woodhouse
  31. Involving and engaging people affected by cancer – Gill Hubbard, Bill Culbard, Peter McAlear and Liz Forbat
  32. Clinical drug trials in cancer care – Pat Gillis and Emma Whitby
  33. Psychosocial research in cancer care – Fiona Kennedy and Nicholas Hulbert-Williams

According to Phyllis Butow in the foreword of Cancer and Cancer Care, cancer is a major cause of mortality and morbidity across the globe. Despite many advances in prevention, screening, detection and treatment, the incidence of cancer is still rising as the population ages, and while some cancers have high cure rates, others are associated with high mortality rates. As treatments improve, the number of people living with cancer, coping with long-term side effects and managing the risk of cancer recurrence is growing. Thus this disease continues to be a major challenge to patients, families, health professionals and healthcare systems.

Cancer is a complex disease that often requires multimodal therapy and the involvement of many different health professionals. Therefore, the multidisciplinary and holistic focus of Cancer and Cancer Care is particularly appropriate and welcome. Decision-making in cancer increasingly involves a multidisciplinary team who meet together and discuss all relevant options before formulating and presenting a clear recommendation to the patient and family. The optimal combination and timing of treatments vary from patient to patient. Thus it is critical to have all perspectives, including those of the patient and family, who bring their own values, beliefs, circumstances and goals to the table.

The editors have included chapters on both the physical and psychosocial aspects of the disease, its treatment and care because these aspects are inextricably interleaved in the patient and family experience. For example, patients with worse side effects are known to be at greater risk of anxiety and depression. Conversely high levels of distress can increase the use of pain medication, lengthen hospital stays and increase re-hospitalization rates.

The International Psycho-Oncology Society has set a standard of care that involves monitoring distress as the 6th vital sign, along with temperature, respiration, heart rate, blood pressure and pain. The high rate of distress in cancer patients and family members is well recognized. Patients and their families can be challenged by the stress of diagnosis, the immediate consequences of treatment such as pain, disfigurement and fatigue, existential questions and fear of cancer recurrence, changes to body image, difficulties with sexuality, loss of fertility and interpersonal problems. Thus, psychosocial care is now recognized as an integral part of quality cancer care, and the book includes several chapters discussing different approaches to such care.

Another aspect of Cancer and Cancer Care is its focus on vulnerable and special populations who may need specific care, and can present particular challenges to healthcare staff. These include patients with intellectual disability and mental health issues. Within a busy cancer clinic, these people can cause disruption and confusion if staff do not understand their specific needs and how to ensure they receive appropriate care. The book provides a helpful perspective on these issues.

This book creates new ground for all health professionals working in cancer care to read, enjoy, look at and question their practice. – Caroline Adcock, Clinical Practice Educator, Haematology and Oncology, Royal Shrewsbury Hospital 

It’s really good to see patients’ psychological needs during and after treatment integrated in this book. The chapter on patient involvement is particularly welcome. The text is designed to be read in total or as a reference book, making it accessible to all. – Carolyn Morris and Adrienne Morgan, Independent Cancer Patients' Voices advocacy group
An invaluable text for health professionals, researchers and policy makers. The editors have amassed an expert group of contributors and provide a truly holistic and multi-disciplinary view of cancer care. – Phyllis Butow, Professor at the University of Sydney and Senior Principal Research Fellow, National Health and Medical Research Council, Australia

Cancer and Cancer Care is essential reading for all those in cancer care courses at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. It is also valuable reading for nurses, oncologists, psychologists, social workers and all healthcare practitioners and researchers working with people affected by cancer.

Professional & Technical / Medicine & Health Sciences / Massage Therapy / Physical Therapy / Chiropractic

The Muscle and Bone Palpation Manual with Trigger Points, Referral Patterns and Stretching, 2nd edition by Joseph E. Muscolino DC, with a foreword by Ruth Werner (Elsevier Mosby)

Joseph E. Muscolino's comprehensive and visually engaging coverage takes an in-depth look at palpation of muscle and bone along with trigger points and their pain referral patterns, stretching, and specific muscle treatment in The Muscle and Bone Palpation Manual with Trigger Points, Referral Patterns and Stretching, 2nd edition. New additions such as review questions, "Deeper Thoughts," case studies and an Interactive Muscle Program help therapists develop integrative clinical-reasoning skills and successfully apply palpation techniques in massage therapy. Muscolino, DC is Instructor, Purchase College, State University of New York (SUNY), and Owner, The Art and Science of Kinesiology Stamford, Connecticut.

Amazing four-color artwork shows palpation of the muscle with muscle and bone illustrations drawn over full-color photos offering students and practitioners a better sense of exactly how the muscles look and where the muscle is located underneath the skin as it is being palpated.

Features of The Muscle and Bone Palpation Manual with Trigger Points, Referral Patterns and Stretching, 2nd edition include:

  • Stretching coverage providing more information on this effective treatment technique and helping readers understand the role of stretching in treatment.
  • Trigger Points and Referral Patterns illustrations showing where trigger points lie on the muscle and where pain radiates when an injury is felt so they can effectively identify trigger points and referral patterns in a clinical setting.
  • Palpation photos to help students and practitioners learn to identify muscles when the body is positioned the way they will encounter it in the massage setting.
  • Specific massage-related assessment and treatment strokes shown through illustrations and in the Palpation Notes, moving them from theory and assessment to practical application.
  • Bone Palpation coverage teaching them to identify and palpate bones and bony landmarks.
  • Chapter overviews and outlines introducing each chapter so therapists can preview the content and direction of the chapter at the major concept level.
  • Measurable chapter objectives at the start of each chapter identifying key goals as well as information that should be mastered.
  • Interactive Muscle Program available on Evolve allowing therapists to see muscle attachments and the relationship among the muscles of the region, easing the process and aiding in retention of material.
  • Drawings of therapist-assisted stretches added to the third section supplying a comprehensive look at stretching, with both the existing self-stretches and the assisted stretches presented side-by-side.
  • Case studies to keep their interest level high with the opportunity for integrative, clinical reasoning.
  • Reformatted Bone Palpation and Ligaments section offering content in a narrative format consistent with the text for easier navigation.
  • 'Deeper Thoughts' questions actively engaging and challenging their reasoning skills.
  • Review questions allowing them to discuss concepts and synthesize important chapter information.

The Muscle and Bone Palpation Manual with Trigger Points, Referral Patterns and Stretching is organized into three parts:

Part I covers assessment and treatment techniques. Two chapters are provided that explain the art and science of how to palpate. These chapters simply and clearly explain the guidelines that will help clinicians become effective and confident palpators. There is also a chapter that explains how to reason out stretches for the muscles of the body, and explains how to perform advanced stretching techniques, such as contract relax (CR) stretching (also known as proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation [PNF] stretching), and agonist contract (AC) stretching. Another chapter explains what trigger points are and how they are formed, along with what is likely a treatment method superior to ischemic/sustained compression. Given the crucial importance of body mechanics to the students and therapists, there is also a chapter that offers 10 guidelines that will appreciably improve the efficiency with which they work. Another chapter rounds out logistics of treatment by providing an atlas of soft tissue manipulation (massage) strokes and draping methods for massage.

Part II is composed of three chapters that cover palpation of the bones, bony landmarks, and joints of the body, as well as the ligaments of the body. Effective palpation of the bones and bony landmarks of the body is a crucial first step before muscle palpation can be tackled. Effective palpation of the joints is also a necessary skill for assessment of clients. Each chapter in Part II also contains a thorough set of anterior, posterior, and lateral illustrations, depicting the ligaments of the body.

Part III is the centerpiece of The Muscle and Bone Palpation Manual with Trigger Points, Referral Patterns and Stretching. It contains 11 chapters that cover palpation of the skeletal muscles of the body. Each chapter presents a tour of the muscles of a region of the body. For each muscle, a step-by-step palpation is presented, with the reasoning given for the steps so that the palpation can be understood and remembered, instead of being memorized. In addition, unique muscle stretch illustrations, for both self-care and therapist-assisted stretches, are given for each and every muscle covered, as well as trigger point and trigger point referral zone information and illustrations for all the muscles.

In addition to the clear and simple, yet thorough, approach to the content of this book, the accompanying Evolve resources for instructors is included. Instructors can access Power Point presentations accompanied by complete TEACH lesson plans along with learning objectives, critical reasoning questions, and classroom activities. An image bank containing every illustration in The Muscle and Bone Palpation Manual with Trigger Points, Referral Patterns and Stretching, a 600 question test bank, and answers to Review Questions and Case Studies.

Students and therapists receive access to the student/therapist resources on Evolve, which include the unique Interactive Muscle Program, exercises, a new Body Systems Quick Guide, and a new Self-Care Stretching Customization form. And to enhance muscle palpation illustrations and text in Part III of this book, Evolve also has over 4 hours of video of Muscolino demonstrating the muscle palpations of the book. The videos also contain cameo presentations by prestigious names in the world of massage therapy education, including Tom Myers, Leon Chaitow, Whitney Lowe, Bob King, and Gil Hedley.

Massage therapy education today puts increasing empha­sis on the development of strong skill competencies, and The Muscle and Bone Palpation Manual with Trigger Points, Referral Patterns and Stretching 2nd edition is well designed to answer that call. The illustrated therapist-assisted stretches, the case studies that conclude each chapter, and the printable client self-care charts reflect this priority. Students will find this text indispensable long after they graduate, because the information here isn't just for beginning a career: it's for a lifelong calling in this field.

The Muscle and Bone Palpation Manual with Trigger Points, Referral Patterns and Stretching, 2nd edition continues to identify the needs of massage practitioners and students, and consistently meets them with accessible language, beautiful art that represents a wide range of bodies, and a sharp focus on how this knowledge can inform the way every massage therapist touches another human being. Meticulous attention to accuracy is obvious on every page. This book can provide tools for massage therapists and students not only to become soft tissue experts, but to communicate professionally with other health care providers in order to obtain the best outcomes for their clients.

I am confident that The Muscle and Bone Palpation Manual with Trigger Points, Referral Patterns and Stretching, 2nd edition is a tool that can help to launch new generations of therapists ready to improve the quality of life for all their clients. It and texts like it will continue to set the best possible standards in massage education: a goal that supports us all. – Ruth Werner, BCTMB Waldport, Oregon

The Muscle and Bone Palpation Manual with Trigger Points, Referral Patterns and Stretching offers the comprehensive and visually engaging way to truly master manual therapy palpation techniques. It contains thorough and clear palpation methods accompanied by the highest quality illustrations, and it includes a wealth of valuable study aids. With chapters on how to palpate, how to stretch, and understanding trigger points, complete coverage of the ligaments, a compendium of all major massage strokes and draping methods, and a thorough chapter on body mechanics, the book can take the place of three or four books needed in clinicians’ libraries. Step-by-step muscle palpation coverage with clear reasoning provided for each step presents content in a way that is easily understood and remembered rather than just memorized.

Professional & Technical / Psychology & Counseling

What Works with Teens: A Professional’s Guide to Engaging Authentically with Adolescents to Achieve Lasting Change by Britt H. Rathbone & Julie B. Baron, with a foreword by Rosalind Wiseman (New Harbinger Publications)

Not too long ago, a fifteen-year-old boy I was working with was kicked out of his school's lunchroom for being loud. It wasn't the first time he had been disruptive, and the monitoring teacher was fed up. She threw him out of the cafeteria and reported him to the principal. Later that afternoon, the teen tried to apologize to the teacher, but she interrupted him as soon as he said the word ‘but.’ She said, "Your apology is meaningless if you're going to sit here and make excuses." The boy shut down and walked out, convinced that even when you try to make amends the teacher will be waiting for you to mess up and throw it in your face. – Rosalind Wiseman, from the foreword

If readers work with teens, they know they are challenging to communicate with. And when teens are resistant to help, they may respond by acting defiant, guarded, defensive, rude, or even outright hostile. They may respond by reasserting their authority – resulting in an endless power struggle. So how can they break the cycle and start connecting?

In What Works with Teens, readers discover the core skills that research shows underlie all effective work with teens. They learn how to engage authentically with teens, create an atmosphere of mutual respect, and use humor to establish a deeper connection. Many books offer evidence-based approaches to treating teens, but very little information on how to establish and maintain a productive working relationship. This is the first trans-therapeutic book to provide real tools for creating a positive relationship with teens to help bolster effective treatment.

Authors are Britt H. Rathbone, MSSW, LCSW-C, and Julie B. Baron, MSW, LCSW-C. Rathbone is currently the director of a private practice specializing in adolescent mental health issues and has worked exclusively with adolescents and their families. Baron is a licensed clinical social worker providing individual, group, and family therapy, as well as school advocacy services, at Rathbone and Associates in Rockville, MD.
According to Rosalind Wiseman in the foreword to What Works with Teens, the adults working with youth too often neglect to examine their own attitudes and behaviors toward them. They perceive a teen's critical feedback as disrespectful. They are loath to apologize to a teen when they should – mistakenly believing that this will somehow take away their authority instead of strengthening it. They discipline young people by isolating them and therefore alienating them. They resist implementing disciplinary practices based on what common sense and science consistently prove – that social connection is fundamental to learning community values and inspiring a teen's personal motivation for change.

Fundamentally, What Works with Teens asks readers to hold themselves to the same standard to which they hold others. It not only challenges them, but also lays out what they can do to build or rebuild their relationships with the parents, colleagues, and teens in their professional lives.

Rathbone and Baron in the introduction say that there are numerous guides available on therapeutic techniques, classroom curricula, medical procedures, coaching drills, and so on. What they say they have found lacking is a guide for how to implement this good information specifically with adolescents who may be ambivalent about the process, or outright resistant to it. The concepts in What Works with Teens are win-win. When relationships flourish, adolescents thrive, and they pay it forward.

The book provides a framework using a relational approach based on research and information gathered from focus groups, surveys, and interviews with hundreds of adolescents and helping adults. Rathbone and Baron provide practical help with the teens readers serve. The examples offered throughout the book all come from the real world, and can be extrapolated to all settings and utilized by various professional disciplines to establish and maintain effective relationships with young people.

Part one of What Works with Teens describes the rapidly changing physical, neurological, social, emotional, and cognitive world of adolescents and how the interactions between these numerous changes contribute to a complex and tumultuous experience for the adolescent as well as for the helping adult. Rathbone and Baron explain some of the reasons teenagers can be so difficult to understand and engage. They also describe the developmental tasks at hand for adolescents in their move toward independence and self-sufficiency. The ways that adolescents treat relationships are often contradictory, confusing, and frustrating. They provide explanations for these dynamics.

Part two describes the six fundamental and essential components for unlocking successful working relationships with adolescents. They describe these necessary elements, show readers what they look like in real life through examples and anecdotes, and troubleshoot potential difficulties. They describe ways to understand and attend to the change process to help move teens effectively toward their goals. They then synthesize all the components necessary for improved outcomes. Their goals are to inspire readers to elevate their practices with their students, clients, patients, and athletes; to give them a solid sense of what adolescents are capable of; and to show them how to guide them on their path to success.

Adolescents are the future. Rathbone and Baron say that caregivers have a great moral responsibility to create environments and relationships that empower, validate, motivate, and engage. Climates of caring, connection, safety, and respect shape the future of communities and the culture at large. The reward is in contributing to a generation so they will be likely to give back and, in turn, shape future generations.

Rathbone and Baron are exceedingly talented clinicians who really ‘get’ teens, and who are well grounded in current thinking about the adolescent brain and teen development. This outstanding book artfully presents their knowledge and clinical wisdom to professionals who work with adolescents. The strong emphasis the authors place on trust, authenticity, acceptance, and respect in dealing with teens is equally relevant to teachers, therapists, counselors, and physicians, all of whose work with young people will be elevated if they study this book. – William R. Stixrud, PhD, director of The Stixrud Group, and assistant professor of psychiatry, behavioral sciences, and pediatrics at the George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences

What Works with Teens is a gift to clinicians – simply a must-read!… Based on science and the authors’ clear mastery of treating teens, this book provides a comprehensive and sophisticated understanding of what is needed for successful work with teenagers. Presented in a clear and engaging manner, What Works with Teens will leave the clinician prepared and inspired. – Bonnie Zucker, PhD, psychologist, author of Anxiety-Free Kids and Take Control of OCD, and coauthor of Resilience Builder Program for Children and Adolescents
I have read many books that attempt to describe the athletic challenges, peer pressure, and stress that teens endure on a daily basis.
What Works with Teens is the only book that truly connects not only to teens but to the parents, teachers, and coaches. After reading this book, I finally felt that sense of understanding with how I work, and why we do the things we do! – Kaitlin Mills, former division one student-athlete, North Carolina State University

What Works with Teens is a must-read for most any adult working with adolescents in the course of his or her day…. Although I have been in clinical practice for nearly thirty years, I relearned important lessons and gained new perspective on my work with teens when reading this book. I will keep my copy close at hand, as it will remain a valuable reference for years to come. – Lance D. Clawson, MD, child and adolescent psychiatrist and distinguished fellow of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

This book provides an invaluable resource for professionals working with adolescents today. As a longtime middle school educator, I applaud its practical applications and strong foundational information. The insights of these two authors are a tremendous contribution to the educational community working with students during these complicated and confusing years. – Caroline MacNichol, director of the middle school at Dana Hall School in Wellesley, MA

In What Works with Teens, Rathbone and Baron have pulled back the curtain on relating successfully with teenagers, and ably demonstrate the understated yet incontrovertible power of thoughtfulness, graciousness, and courtesy in influencing behavior change among youth…. This is a terrific book, deserving of attention from therapists, counselors, parents, coaches, and the people teaching our next generation of mental health providers. I know of no other book like it and consider it a very valuable addition to the literature on counseling, parenting, teaching, and simply caring for adolescents. – Janet Sasson Edgette, PsyD, child and adolescent psychologist, author of Stop Negotiating with Your Teen, and coauthor of The Last Boys Picked

Whether readers have a backgrounds in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), psychotherapy, or any other treatment modality, if they are looking for more effective ways to connect with teens and are ready for a program that works, What Works with Teens is a vital addition to their professional libraries. The book offers clinicians, educators, coaches, and other youth counselors the first professional book that focuses on engaging authentically with teens in order to create lasting change. Anyone who works with teens should read this book. 

 

Contents this Issue:

 

Park's The Pediatric Cardiology Handbook: Mobile Medicine Series, 5th edition by Myung K. Park MD FAAP FACC (Elsevier Saunders)

Respiratory Care Exam Review, 4th edition by Gary Persing BS RRT (Elsevier Saunders)

Complete Phlebotomy Exam Review, 2nd edition by Pamela Primrose (Elsevier Saunders)

And Still We Rise: Race, Culture and Visual Conversations by Carolyn L. Mazloomi (Schiffer Publishing)

Star Brands: A Brand Manager's Guide to Build, Manage & Market Brands by Carolina Rogoll, with a foreword by Debbie Millman (Allworth Press)

Designing Online Communities: How Designers, Developers, Community Managers, and Software Structure Discourse and Knowledge Production on the Web by Trevor Owens (New Literacies and Digital Epistemologies Series: Peter Lang Publishing, Inc.)

The Technique of Islamic Bookbinding: Methods, Materials and Regional Varieties (Islamic Manuscripts and Books, Vol. 8) by Karin Scheper (Brill)

Criminology, 3rd edition by Frank J. Schmalleger (Justice Series: Pearson Education, Inc.)

College for Convicts: The Case for Higher Education in American Prisons by Christopher Zoukis, with a foreword by Alex Friedmann (McFarland)

Listen, Yankee!: Why Cuba Matters by Tom Hayden, based in part on conversations with Ricardo Alarcón (Seven Stories Press)

The Anatomist, the Barber-Surgeon, and the King: How the Accidental Death of Henry II of France Changed the World by Seymour I. Schwartz (Humanity Books)

Outsiders Still: Why Women Journalists Love – and Leave – Their Newspaper Careers by Vivian Smith (University of Toronto Press)

Pidgins, Creoles and Mixed Languages: An Introduction by Viveka Velupillai (Creole Language Library Series, Vol 48: John Benjamins Publishing Company)

Tales of Remarkable Birds by Dominic Couzens (Bloomsbury USA)

Pediatric Decision-Making Strategies, 2nd edition by Albert J. Pomeranz MD, Svapna Sabnis MD, Sharon L. Busey MD, and Robert M. Kliegman MD (Elsevier Saunders)

Nutritional and Integrative Strategies in Cardiovascular Medicine edited by Stephen T. Sinatra & Mark C. Houston (CRC Press)

Tietz Fundamentals of Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics, 7th edition (Fundamentals of Clinical Chemistry (Tietz)) by Carl A. Burtis PhD & David E. Bruns MD (Elsevier Saunders)

Goldman-Cecil Medicine, 2-Volume Set, 25th edition edited by Lee Goldman MD & Andrew I. Schafer MD (Elsevier Saunders)

Cancer and Cancer Care edited by Debbie Wyatt & Nicholas Hulbert-Williams (Sage Publications, Ltd.)

The Muscle and Bone Palpation Manual with Trigger Points, Referral Patterns and Stretching, 2nd edition by Joseph E. Muscolino DC, with a foreword by Ruth Werner (Elsevier Mosby)

What Works with Teens: A Professional’s Guide to Engaging Authentically with Adolescents to Achieve Lasting Change by Britt H. Rathbone & Julie B. Baron, with a foreword by Rosalind Wiseman (New Harbinger Publications)