Contents this page
Principles and Practice of Pediatric Sleep Medicine: Expert Consult – Online and Print, 2nd edition by Stephen H. Sheldon DO FAAP, Meir H. Kryger MD, Richard Ferber MD and David Gozal MD (Elsevier Saunders)
Professional & Technical / Medicine / Clinical / Surgery / Anesthesiology / Reference
Faust's Anesthesiology Review: Expert Consult – Online and Print, 4th edition by Michael J. Murray MD PhD FCCM FCCP, Steven H. Rose, Denise J. Wedel MD and Charles T Wass (Elsevier Saunders)
Residents expand their knowledge base and master their residency with Faust's Anesthesiology Review, the world's best-selling review book in anesthesiology. Combining comprehensive coverage with an easy-to-use format, this newly updated medical reference book is designed to equip them with the latest advances, procedures, guidelines, and protocols. This fourth edition contains over 60 new chapters.
With Faust's Anesthesiology Review residents are able to:
If you are looking for a book that provides a nice series of compact (1-2 pages) clinical synopses, consider Faust's Anesthesiology Review, 3rd Edition. Highly recommended! – Hint for Mastering the ABA Anesthesiology Oral Board Examination, by D. John Doyle, MD, PhD, FRCPC
Offering concise content for everything needed for certification, recertification, or as a refresher training for anesthesiology, Faust's Anesthesiology Review, 4th edition has now improved with a more comprehensive view on the most important topics in the specialty. It is the perfect refresher on every major aspect of anesthesia.
Professional & Technical / Medicine & Health Sciences / Basic Sciences / Anatomy / Education & Training
Netter's Anatomy Flash Cards: with Online Student Consult Access, 4th edition by John T. Hansen PhD (Netter Basic Science Series: Elsevier Saunders)
Netter's Anatomy Flash Cards are the most convenient and portable way to review anatomy on the fly. This 4th edition contains full-color illustrations from Netter's Atlas of Human Anatomy, 6th edition, paired with concise text identifying those structures and reviewing relevant anatomical information and clinical correlations. Online access lets students review anatomy from any computer, plus bonus cards and over 300 multiple-choice questions.
The set is a compatible study aid and complement to the concise text of Netter's Clinical Anatomy, 3rd edition, and Netter's Atlas of Human Anatomy, 6th edition.
With Netter's Anatomy Flash Cards students are able to:
Students can focus on the most relevant clinical implications of anatomical concepts, helpful in preparing for exams and the USMLE Step 1 using the convenient and portable Netter's Anatomy Flash Cards, 4th edition.Professional & Technical / Medicine & Health Sciences / Clinical / Internal / Basic Sciences / Anatomy / Education & Training / Reference
Netter's Clinical Anatomy: with Online Access, 3rd edition by John T. Hansen PhD (Netter Basic Science Series: Elsevier Saunders)
Netter's Clinical Anatomy, 3rd edition is a clinical anatomy textbook students will actually ‘read.’ The uniquely aesthetic and memorable Netter-style illustrations – accompanied by descriptive text and tables – help students visually grasp and focus on the most relevant clinical implications of anatomical concepts. Multiple-choice review questions at the end of each chapter plus online access to the complete text – with additional clinical examples and study questions – result in a thorough but quick introduction to basic and clinical anatomy as well as a fast review source.
With Netter's Clinical Anatomy students are able to:
A concise, focused and manageable medical reference textbook for their busy lives, Netter's Clinical Anatomy, 3rd edition is the perfect supplement to students’ course syllabus, lectures, conferences and labs, providing a thorough but quick introduction to anatomy as well as a source of fast review.
Professional & Technical / Medicine & Health Sciences / Nursing / Clinical / Internal / Pediatrics / Reference
Park's Pediatric Cardiology for Practitioners: Expert Consult – Online and Print, 6th edition by Myung K. Park MD FAAP FACC (Elsevier Saunders)
Park's Pediatric Cardiology for Practitioners, 6th edition is a comprehensive reference providing the practical guidance clinicians need to diagnose and manage children with congenital and acquired heart diseases. Every topic and chapter has been revised and updated to reflect the latest medical and surgical treatments for all congenital and acquired-heart diseases. New surgical approaches, including hybrid procedures have been updated. The book places a special focus on noninvasive imaging techniques, normative blood pressure standards; suggested approaches to pediatric hypertension, detection and management of lipid abnormalities as recommended by the Expert Panel, and pediatric arrhythmias (including long QT syndrome).
With Park's Pediatric Cardiology for Practitioners clinicians are able to:
This is a wonderful and extremely useful teaching guide and clinical tool... surpasses all other books on this topic in its goal of providing practical information to primary care practitioners. – Doody's Review Service, Review of the 5th Edition
From history and physical examination through preventative treatment and the management of special problems, the practical, comprehensive, and fully revised 6th edition of Park's Pediatric Cardiology for Practitioners incorporates all of the latest concepts in cardiology, distilled in a way that is understandable to pediatricians, family practitioners, NPs, and PAs alike.
Arts & Photography / Portraits / Education & Reference
Portrait Photography: From Snapshots to Great Shots by Erik Valind (Digital Photography Courses: Peachpit Press)
Portrait Photography: From Snapshots to Great Shots,
author and photographer Erik Valind shows readers
how to get the best shots of their subjects – whether they are in a
studio or outdoors, at a family get-together, or at a formal event.
Starting with the fundamentals of portrait photography, including how to select the right camera settings and lenses and how to compose shots, Valind covers building a rapport with the subject, and offers suggestions for poses that flatter the subject to achieve great shots. He then addresses the problems and opportunities of both natural and indoor light, offering ways to resolve lighting challenges of both, showing when and how to use a flash and how to add and modify light to improve the quality of their images. Finally, he walks through several portrait scenarios, including creating single-person shots such as headshots and environmental shots, and group shots such as family and wedding photos.
In Portrait Photography readers learn how to:
Valind is a commercial lifestyle and portrait photographer, born and raised on the Florida beaches. Valind says he wrote Portrait Photography with a goal of combining all of the different pieces that work together to make a great portrait, with any subject, regardless of the lighting conditions. He guarantees after reading this book, readers will approach their subject, gear, and locations differently.
Readers should begin with Chapter 1. It is designed to improve readers’ portrait photography skills in a matter of minutes, helping them dial in key camera settings and important tips on composition. After that most of the book is broken up in such a way that each chapter covers a specific scenario or lighting environment. Readers can skip ahead to a problem that's vexing them at the moment, or more importantly, they can use these chapters as references to reread before future portrait shoots.
Beautifully illustrated with large, vibrant photos, Portrait Photography teaches readers how to take control of their photography to get the portraits they want every time they pick up a camera. Readers get a well-rounded guide to taking better portraits – from the technical camera settings and lens selection, to the intangible communication and direction with their subjects, and finally, to specific tools and techniques for conquering a wide range of lighting environments to make people look their best.
Business & Economics / International Policy
Knowledge-Based Economic Policy Development in the Arab World by Ahmed Driouchi (Advances in Finance, Accounting, and Economics Book Series: Business Science Reference, IGI Global)
The Arab world is one of the fastest growing economies in the world. In order to keep up with the ever-progressing and expanding developments, advancements must be made with the current systems process and procedures.
Knowledge-Based Economic Policy Development in the Arab World focuses on the economics of knowledge and its role in generating new economic policies with the development of new paths suitable for furthering inclusive growth and development in Arab countries. The book focuses on knowledge economy as the most important engine for economic growth and development under the globalizing world economies. This publication analyzes the major issues that constrain further access to knowledge economy in the Arab countries with comparisons in Eastern and Central European economies.
Author Ahmed Driouchi is a professor of Applied Economics at Al Akhawayn University and also Dean of the Institute of Economic Analysis & Prospective Studies.
Topics covered in the book include:
According to Terry Roe in the foreword of Knowledge-Based Economic Policy Development in the Arab World, in the early 1990s, knowledge was modeled as economic good, requiring resources to produce. Its production, however, is characterized as being non-rival and only partially excludable. These conditions cause competitive markets and incomplete institutions to under-produce and miss-allocate knowledge goods. The increase in knowledge production and the huge decline in the cost of its transmission are recognized in the writings of Baldwin, Martin and others as playing a fundamental role, starting in roughly the 1960s, in helping to reverse the world's division between rich and poor nations. Knowledge is embodied in blueprints, technical documents, the new forms of organizational structure of multiple-enterprise firms, more efficient forms of public enterprise for schooling and for managing natural resources, and the design of institutions to create and market intellectual property rights, to mention only a few. Moreover, the transition to a more knowledge-based economy requires an understanding of those knowledge-induced changes that are likely to bear the highest rewards, and to synchronize these changes in society depending upon a country's major trading partners and level of development. This is the background and subject matter the scholars of this volume address in the context of the Arab economies. This is referred to as ‘the knowledge economy’ and hence the title: Knowledge-Based Economic Policy Development in the Arab World.
With the general objective to characterize the main trends taking place in Arab countries that pertain to the knowledge economy, Knowledge-Based Economic Policy Development in the Arab World is divided into four major sections. Section 1 lays out the major research questions, and discusses the conceptual setting of knowledge-based economies and the general empirical methodology employed in later chapters. To benchmark the findings of many of the analyses, comparisons are made with countries in Eastern and Central Europe that faced rapid readjustments starting in the early 1990s. Section 2 is composed for four chapters that provide an overall characterization of the book's focus on the key elements of the knowledge economy in Arab and EEE countries. The analyses in these chapters are sound empirical contributions. One of the chapters fits country panel data to an aggregate economy-wide production function of labor and capital and variables to account for pillars of a knowledge economy. These pillars are an economic and institutional regime index, educational level, an innovation index, and an information and communication index. These pillars are found to be positive and statistically significant to increasing aggregate output.
The third section of Knowledge-Based Economic Policy Development in the Arab World is composed of six chapters that focus on various aspects of production, trade, and employment. The chapters consider how the knowledge economy has impacted different sectors, including education with emphasis on its internationalization, trends pursued in production and trade, the energy sector, intellectual property rights, and employment issues. The first chapter is relatively ‘data rich.’ It focuses on education, links to urbanization, intellectual property rights, and the loss, through migration, of educated workers to other parts of the world. The internationalization of education is also noted and viewed as the export of services by advanced economies. Data on several countries are presented. Another chapter investigates the persistence of unemployment, the risk this poses to the obsolescence of skills, and its impact on the knowledge economy.
The concluding section focuses on economic and social policies for harnessing knowledge for development. This section is important because of the non-rival nature of knowledge as a resource and its non-excludible nature, both of which contribute to a free market's poor performance in producing and allocating it. The section has four chapters. The first chapter considers the rents from natural resources, some of which can be allocated to support knowledge production and dissemination. The next chapter discusses doing business and the implications to the development of knowledge. Knowledge's link to economic growth is presented in the following chapter. The last chapter is devoted to a discussion of policy outcomes and what can be learned from the East European countries, as many of them have faced rapid adjustments linked to admission to the European Economic Community. A chapter studying what can be learned from doing business in Arab economies draws upon a number of indexes to directly or indirectly affect the creation of new enterprises. The descriptive analysis shows that Arab countries exhibit high costs for starting a business. Another cost is the time required to adjudicate commercial disputes. These and other factors are shown to be barriers to the economic application of knowledge.
Knowledge-Based Economic Policy Development in the Arab World focuses on the analysis of Arab economies from the stand point of knowledge and innovation. It uses Eastern and Central European Economies as comparators with the challenges they face while being assimilated into the European Union. The book is mainly based on descriptive statistics and regression analysis to characterize the knowledge economy globally, locally, and at the levels of series of sectors. A major point is related to the roles of economic rents from natural resources in shaping the current economic situation and constraining further access to the new knowledge economy. Prospects towards access to greener economies are also addressed in relation to the framework of inclusive growth. Directions for alternative economic and social policies that are more knowledge-based are also introduced.
Knowledge-Based Economic Policy Development in the Arab World considers that the knowledge economy is the underlying force of the ongoing world globalization. More practically, the development and publication of this book are motivated by the increasing need for North-South policies that account for the potential provided by the new knowledge economy. This type of research is in conformity with the international and regional trends pursued internationally for the attainment of inclusive growth besides the shifts to new development paths.
Examples of potential gains in knowledge from the present publication include the interdependencies of education variables, unemployment, literacy, and access to further components of the knowledge economy in the context of the Arab region. The likely gains include also the empirical findings about the linkages made between the role of rents from natural resources and the constraints facing the expansion of the knowledge economy, such as educational attainment, feminization, enterprise creation, renewable energies, and greening of the economy, besides unemployment persistence. The large arrays of benefits from knowledge-based new policies constitute also an area that might attract further numbers of readers.
Knowledge-Based Economic Policy Development in the Arab World is unique in addressing the topics of knowledge over a relatively large number of Arab countries and to a relatively large number of sub-knowledge related topics. The book is timely because of the fundamental knowledge and communication-based forces driving the globalization of the world's economy. While these forces have lifted more people from poverty than anytime in world history, they also place social and economic pressures on those countries that are slow to adapt to these knowledge-based forces. – Terry L. Roe, University of Minnesota
Researchers, business practitioners, and academics interested in new economic and development inclusive growth policies will benefit greatly from the wide variety of discussion in Knowledge-Based Economic Policy Development in the Arab World.
Computers & Technology / Interface Design / Education & Reference
Interface Design for Learning: Design Strategies for Learning Experiences by Dorian Peters (Voices That Matter Series: New Riders)
In offices, colleges, and living rooms across the globe, learners of all ages are logging into virtual laboratories, online classrooms, and 3D worlds. Kids from kindergarten to high school are honing math and literacy skills on their phones and iPads. If that weren’t enough, people worldwide are aggregating internet services (from social networks to media content) to learn from each other in ‘Personal Learning Environments.’ The future of education is now as much in the hands of digital designers and programmers as it is in the hands of teachers.
And yet, as interface designers, how much do we really know about how people learn? How does interface design actually impact learning? And how do we design environments that support both the cognitive and emotional sides of learning experiences? The answers have been hidden away in the research on education, psychology, and human-computer interaction, until now.
Packed with over 100 evidence-based strategies, Interface Design for Learning shows readers how to:
Author Dorian Peters has specialized in user experience design for learning for over a decade. She directs online strategy for the Faculty of Education at the University of Sydney and is a member of the Centre for Research on Computer Supported Learning and Cognition. She is a founder of the eLearning Network of Australasia, and a member of the eLearning Guild and the User Experience Professionals Association.
Peters in Interface Design for Learning says that for a decade now she has been marveling at the fact that, despite the eLearning explosion across industry and education, the thousands of designers responsible for creating these learning environments face a conspicuous lack of help. We thrive on the wealth of knowledge available from user experience and web design, but learning really is unique, and design for learning requires specialized knowledge. Over the last ten years she has spent time reading, researching, writing, and practicing interface design for learning – finding needles in haystacks of educational research.
Peters says that readers wouldn't be crazy to think Interface Design for Learning was only for people developing ‘educational technologies.’ But that would belie the reality that we engage in learning processes all the time, throughout our day and throughout our lives. It would also miss the point that social media and open content have seen many of the boundaries around learning and expertise bust wide open.
Where exactly will Interface Design for Learning take readers? First the book does a round of speed dating with the big names in learning theory and psychology (Chapter 2, "How We Learn"). Then it takes a tour of the wilderness of online learning from the conventional to the experimental (Chapter 3, "A View of the eLearning Landscape"). After that, it puts some core principles into the kit (Chapter 4, "Basic Principles A-Z") before making a beeline for the practical stuff: design strategies.
Chapters 5-10 deal with specific areas of interface design for learning: emotion, social learning, educational games, and so on. Each of these chapters has two parts: the backstory and strategies. The backstory includes research and core principles that form a foundation for the strategies that follow.
Peters throws in a set of heuristics, lists, and resources in Chapter 11, "The Learning Interface Designer's Toolkit," that may save readers time and money, or just inject some extra finesse when they need it. With all this at hand, readers are ready to design incredible learning experiences.
By channeling this into a book for fellow designers, Peters meets a need, inject a bit of inspiration into the field, and at the end of the day, help people learn a little bit better with technology. Interface Design for Learning may be a kickoff to a vibrant new community of practice, expanding the body of knowledge and best practices in digital learning.
Culture / Body Image / Beauty
Becoming Women: The Embodied Self in Image Culture by Carla Rice (University of Toronto Press)
In a culture where beauty is currency, women’s bodies are often perceived as measures of value and worth. The search for visibility and self-acceptance can be daunting, especially for those on the cultural margins of ‘beauty.’
Becoming Women offers a thoughtful examination of the search for identity in an image-oriented world. That search is told through the experiences of a group of women who came of age in the wake of second and third wave feminism, featuring voices from marginalized and misrepresented groups.
Author Carla Rice pairs popular imagery with personal narratives to expose the ‘culture of contradiction’ where increases in individual body acceptance have been matched by even more restrictive feminine image ideals and norms. With insider insights from the Dove Campaign for Real Beauty, Rice exposes the beauty industry’s colonization of women’s bodies, and examines why ‘the beauty myth’ has yet to be resolved.
Rice, with more than 20 years of experience as a clinician, researcher, and media consultant on body image and beauty culture, is the Canada Research Chair in Care, Gender, and Relationships in the College of Social and Applied Human Sciences at the University of Guelph.
Becoming Women examines the reach of cultural misrepresentations and their wide-ranging consequences for ordinary Canadian women. It explores the ways that girls become women in response to the messages they receive and how they work to create a sense of bodily self through and against the images and narratives the culture hands to them. It is now almost a cliché to say that the body has become a consuming project for girls growing up in image culture, but women are not simply dupes of manipulative marketers or of a pervasive beauty myth. For close to one hundred women with whom Rice spoke, something else is at stake. Rather than vanity or superficiality, their body projects and problems stem from deeper doubts about their personhood and value. Coming of age in a body categorized as female and often otherwise as different, their body concerns represent, rather than individual flaws or failings, their search for identity in an image-oriented world.
Most books about bodies focus either on cultural imagery or on personal narrative. Becoming Women synthesizes both. It highlights the stories of women aged twenty to forty-five from all walks of life, the first generation to grow up in an image-saturated world replete with visual technologies like cameras, scales, and movies as well as methods for modifying their appearance such as skin-lightening products and cosmetic surgery. Since research largely looks at white, middle-class girls, Rice includes under-researched groups falling outside the bounds of ‘idealized femininity’: those from different social classes and racial backgrounds, of diverse body types, and with and without disabilities and physical differences. Rice situates their stories not only within the context of popular media but also school curricula, health campaigns, and government policies on multiculturalism. By locating their stories in the social milieu, the book reframes, from a critical feminist perspective, how diverse women respond to a barrage of messages in their attempt to create an acceptable identity and affirm a self.
Becoming Women captures a historical moment of transition for a generation overlooked by writers more concerned with the experiences and activities of those at feminism's crests and centers. She is concerned about how the cohort caught between the peaks of activism negotiated image culture because she is a member of it, and because she witnessed and experienced many of the issues that emerged as significant to this hidden generation.
Although inspired by her observations, this project was guided by a deeper intention: to grasp, without collapsing, women's experiences of differences. Thus, she distinguishes the accounts of those she interviewed in multiple ways, including by race, size, disability, and age. The life stories show that while everyone felt pressures to embody restrictive standards, they did not experience these in the same way. Instead of focusing solely on gender, it attends to the ‘indivisibility and interaction’ of people's identities and situations. For example, all women are judged according to beauty codes, but young thin white women are more likely to be seen as the epitome of beauty; disabled women as undesirable and sexless; Black women as wild and aggressive; Asian or South Asian women as meek and mysterious; and poor women as loud and lewd. These standards and stereotypes overlap in participants' stories in complicated, distressing, and, ultimately, limiting ways.
Extrapolating from individuals' unique experiences, Rice crafts a collective story of becoming gendered and sexed in visual culture that reveals how becoming a woman is inextricably a biological, psychological, and a cultural process.
Rice in Becoming Women begins with the story of difference. Although most people recognize that our ideas about beauty are socially shaped, few grasp how concepts of difference are likewise constructed. Relating a cultural history of differences, chapter 1 sheds light on the ideas that have cast a shadow over the images of storytellers in this study. Moving from the broad sweep of history to the intimate stories of individual women, chapter 2 explores the process the women identified as pivotal in shaping their earliest sense of body: becoming gendered. While almost all vividly remember moments of playing with gender, they also relate the serious work of coming to know their gendered selves – the frustrating, unfunny, and weighty ways they worked at embodying an acceptable gender.
Chapter 3 focuses on the experiences of women often marginalized in image research: those with disabilities and differences. Their childhood experiences in medically oriented systems reveal how women with body differences became ‘invisible in full view.’ This occurred when their bodies became the primary focus of others' attention, and their personhood remained overlooked and unseen. Chapter 4 then looks at women's experiences in school, a place where perceptions of appearance and difference shaped belonging and status. Although all women received lessons about their bodies as students, racialized women and women perceived as fat felt keenly the social consequences of being different.
At the heart of Becoming Women, chapters 5 and 6 focus on puberty – a central drama in the social process of becoming a woman. Analyzing the dominant story of maturation, Rice uncovers how official accounts frame puberty in ways that do not serve young women's interests or support them in the transition to womanhood. Despite adults' concerns about the supposed risks puberty poses to girls, our culture's coupling of puberty with sex and sexuality, rather than the physical maturation process itself, creates many of the emotional and social problems associated with puberty in girls. Chapter 6 turns to puberty experiences and illuminates how many women moved through adolescence with a deep sense of difference. Body dissatisfaction emerged or peaked between ages 9 and 16 when each encountered negative attributions given to developing differences along with mounting pressures to appear desirable. The chapter weaves examples from puberty and sex education to illustrate the ways that cultural texts have encouraged women to see their bodies as measures of womanhood.
Chapter 7 illustrates how commercial culture is deeply implicated in women's body projects. In a consumerist visual society, research participants dealt with the disparity between their differences and ideals of desirability by imagining their ‘best possible’ body and self. Messages in contemporary beauty industries echo women's efforts to close the gap between their body differences and ideals of desirability by aspiring to their best body. This sophisticated self-making strategy has also become a marketing strategy since it pulls diverse audiences into image-related concerns and, thereby, into consumerism. The conclusion moves beyond individual struggles to spotlight participants' resistance and broader responses to body standards. Turning to media work by women pushed to the margins of beauty culture, Rice highlights the tremendous potential and promising avenues that exist through new media for our creative expression and collective action.
Becoming Women reveals and analyses crucial dimensions of women’s experiences, with a depth that has not been attained before. A model for all in examining people’s lives, it constitutes a serious advance in state-of-the-art research. – Natalie Beausoleil, Division of Community Health and Humanities, Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University
Based on interviews with the first generation of women to have grown up in an image-saturated world replete with cosmetic and digital technologies, Becoming Women offers the reader an extensive and engaging exploration of image culture. The rich narrative about how women worry about their bodies provides a good introduction to issues surrounding beauty culture and its impact on girls and women. – Dawn Currie, Department of Sociology, University of British Columbia
Well written and accessible, this is an interesting book that raises some important issues around women's embodiment. – Sarah Grogan, Department of Psychology, Manchester Metropolitan University
A good introduction, Becoming Women offers a unique take on issues related to body image and embodiment. Based on extensive research, this detailed study synthesizes both cultural imagery and personal narrative. Throughout Becoming Women, diverse women's stories bring attention to an underlining, pressing issue: the ways in which our relationships to our bodies – hence, our sense of ourselves as embodied – are increasingly mediated by commercial media.
History / US / 20th Century / Business & Investing / Biographies & Memoirs
When Money Grew on Trees: A.B. Hammond and the Age of the Timber Baron by Greg Gordon Ph.D. (University of Oklahoma Press)
In 1934, when eighty-five-year-old timber baron A. B. Hammond died, a story quickly circulated among the lumbermen of San Francisco. According to legend, Hammond – impeccably dressed, with a shock of white hair and neatly trimmed goatee, just as he was in life – sat up in his coffin at the approach of the pallbearers. "Six pallbearers?" he thundered. "Fire two, and cut the wages of the others by ten percent."
The anecdote reflected Hammond's hardnosed business reputation and the attitude of his employees and fellow lumbermen toward him. – from the book
Born in the timber colony of New Brunswick, Maine, in 1848, Andrew Benoni Hammond got off to an inauspicious start as a teenage lumberjack. By his death in 1934, Hammond had built an empire of wood that stretched from Puget Sound to Arizona – and in the process had reshaped the American West and the nation’s way of doing business. When Money Grew on Trees follows Hammond from the rough-and-tumble world of mid-nineteenth-century New Brunswick to frontier Montana and the forests of Northern California – from lowly lumberjack to unrivaled timber baron.
Although he began his career as a pioneer entrepreneur, Hammond, unlike many of his associates, successfully negotiated the transition to corporate businessman. Against the backdrop of western expansion and nation-building, his life dramatically demonstrates how individuals – more than the impersonal forces of political economy – shaped capitalism in this country, and in doing so, transformed the forests of the West from functioning natural ecosystems into industrial landscapes. In revealing Hammond’s instrumental role in converting the nation’s public domain into private wealth, historian Greg Gordon also shows how the struggle over natural resources gave rise to the two most pervasive forces in modern American life: the federal government and the modern corporation. Gordon is assistant professor of Environmental Studies at Gonzaga University in Spokane, Washington.
Combining environmental, labor, and business history with biography, When Money Grew on Trees challenges the conventional view that the development and exploitation of the western United States was dictated from the East Coast. The West, Gordon suggests, was perfectly capable of exploiting itself, and in this book readers see how Hammond and other regional entrepreneurs dammed rivers, logged forests, and leveled mountains in just a few decades. Hammond and his like also built cities, towns, and a vast transportation network of steamships and railroads to export natural resources and import manufactured goods. In short, they established much of the modern American state and economy.
In this splendid new take on western frontier capitalism, Greg Gordon not only gives us a classic time-and-place biography of Northwest timber baron A. B. Hammond – the worst enemy a redwood tree ever had – but, with engaging prose, recalibrates our belief that it was outsiders alone who exploited western resources. – Dan Flores, author of The Natural West: Environmental History in the Great Plains and Rocky Mountains and Visions of the Big Sky: Painting and Photographing the Northern Rocky Mountain West
Greg Gordon skillfully depicts A. B. Hammond's evolution from a young man seeking adventure and fortune into a full-blown robber baron with little concern for his workers, government regulations, or the public good. Gordon leaves room for the reader to arrive at his or her own assessment of whether Hammond's career is a story of triumph or tragedy. This sobering yet fascinating tale is one sure to make historians rethink their analyses of western economic development. – Thomas R. Cox, author of The Lumberman's Frontier: Three Centuries of Land Use, Society; and Change in America's Forests
When Money Grew on Trees is a sobering yet fascinating tale. In engaging prose, Gordon gives readers a new angle on western capitalism, unfolding the evolution of Hammond from lumberjack to robber baron.
History / US / 20th Century / Civil Rights
The Martin Luther King Congressional Cover-Up: The Railroading of James Earl Ray by John Emison (Pelican Publishing Company)
Did James Earl Ray kill Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.? Ray vehemently claimed that he was set up as the scapegoat for King's brutal murder – and the King family has agreed. Meticulous research and interviews with Ray's family, attorneys, and Ray himself reveal altered evidence, significant corruption, and hidden motives among the United States government's agents, including the House Select Committee on Assassinations.
With meticulous research, author John Avery Emison in The Martin Luther King Congressional Cover-Up proves that the United States government altered key evidence against Ray. This work provides proof that there was a systematic cover-up, a betrayal of the American people that stemmed from the highest levels of power. Emison is a distinguished environmental scientist whose lifelong scholarly pursuit of Southern history has earned him numerous accolades.
When King was assassinated on April 4, 1968, a worldwide manhunt began. Ray, apprehended two months later, pled guilty to avoid the death penalty and spent the rest of his life fighting for a trial by jury. He claimed that he was set up to take the blame – a claim that the King family supports.
Drawn from interviews, The Martin Luther King Congressional Cover-Up exposes the corruption and dark machinations of the House Select Committee on Assassinations' investigation into the murder. The book examines the weak physical and circumstantial evidence against Ray. It examines Ray's alleged motive to assassinate King and dismisses it as inadequate and wishful thinking on the part of both local and federal investigators and prosecutors. It examines the much stronger motive others had to murder King. It examines Ray's ability or lack thereof to commit this crime and describes the implausibility of him doing so without help.
This book also scrutinizes the work of four influential authors who have written about the King assassination, each of whom has assured the public that the government got its man – that Ray acted alone and there was no conspiracy: William Bradford Huie, He Slew the Dreamer; George E. McMillan, The Making of an Assassin; Gerald Posner, Killing the Dream; and Hampton Sides, Hellhound on His Trail. The Martin Luther King Congressional Cover-Up examines the historiography of these authors' cases against Ray. It reveals through the progression of these books the repetition of many unproven, and in some cases specifically disproven, elements of the government's allegations against Ray. Without these elements of the case against Ray, the government's storyline of Ray as the lone assassin falls apart, as does these authors' credibility. Finally, The Martin Luther King Congressional Cover-Up proposes a complete theory of the crime and Ray's pivotal role as a patsy. It identifies the parties responsible for King's assassination at an organizational level within the CIA.
Emison says that he wrote The Martin Luther King Congressional Cover-Up because he was tired of being lied to by the government, the mainstream news and publishing media, and the sycophant writers who clamor to destroy the truth and accommodate official lies. The Establishment controls most of what the public sees and hears about the assassination of King, too. It amounts to a semi-official narrative that sanctions a very narrow range of discussion of the case. The CIA even had an in-house joke to describe their control of the news and publishing media. They boasted they were ‘the mighty Wurlitzer,’ playing the tune the CIA wanted the public to hear.
The writers who collaborated created a fictitious reality – a false consciousness that G. Robert Blakey, general counsel of the HSCA, bought into and continues to serve decades later – that makes their narrative of Ray as a ‘dirty racist’ believable. These writers ignored evidence that Ray was manipulated to be a pawn and take the fall for intelligence-related organizations, which had their own reasons for silencing King.
Finally, nearly a half century after the crime, comes a fascinating and convincing case that the criminal justice system did indeed 'railroad' James Earl Ray as a lone assassin of Martin Luther King. That Ray acted alone out of racial hatred has always been unbelievable. – James Squires, former editor for the Chicago Tribune
Excellent book. Finally someone has explained why James Earl Ray could not be convicted as the lone assassin. Emison has gone beyond the role of Ray's lawyers. He bases his theory and his conclusions on facts rather than on convenient but unsupported speculation. – Arthur J. Hanes Jr., legal defense for James Earl Ray
I am pleased to have finally read a responsible form of closure to the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King. Herein, the nation can conclude for itself the ways and means by which the government has manipulate[d] issues at hand for its selfish protocol.... [M]ind awakening. This is a must read. – Reginald Tate, Tennessee state senator and board member of the National Civil Rights Museum
The Martin Luther King Congressional Cover-Up revisits the narrative of one of the greatest tragedies of the twentieth century, delivering justice for Ray and a deceived nation. This revelatory book helps to clarify what really happened in Memphis and the consequences as well as why the official explanation is inadequate and inaccurate on many points. This book shifts the subsequent debate about King's murder away from declaring Ray the gunman into asking who killed him and why.
History / US / Military / WWII
US Marine Corps Fighter Squadrons of World War II by Barrett Tillman (General Aviation Series: Osprey Publishing)
The US Marine Corps has a long and proud heritage of aviation excellence, celebrating its centenary in 2012. While ‘flying leathernecks’ made their mark in both world wars, Korea, Vietnam and more recently throughout the global war on terrorism, it was during World War II that they captured the hearts and minds of the public with their daring exploits.
US Marine Corps Fighter Squadrons of World War II is the first book to detail the legendary actions of famous fighter aces. Author Barrett Tillman combines expert research into the history and organization of the Marine Fighter Squadrons with dramatic accounts of deadly dogfights. Tillman is the world's most prolific US naval aviation author, having published over two dozen titles on the World War II period alone.
According to Tillman in US Marine Corps Fighter Squadrons of World War II, the US Marine Corps’ reputation was largely built on the impact and performance of the ‘flying leathernecks’ in the bitter fighting in the Pacific during World War II. As the US island-hopping campaign against Japan gathered pace, US Marine Corps fighter squadrons operating legendary Grumman and Vought aircraft became instrumental in the success of amphibious assaults and in breaking fierce enemy resistance, engaging Japanese attack aircraft in the skies and ground-based targets while supporting and protecting US ground forces.
The flying legends Marion Carl, Greg ‘Pappy’ Boyington, Joe Foss, John Smith and others were all World War II Marine fighter pilots, taking to the skies in Corsairs, Wildcats, Venturas and Hellcats. US Marine Corps Fighter Squadrons of World War II pays homage to these individuals and their mounts, including historic and organizational details of the squadrons who took to the skies above the Pacific. The presence of ‘flying leathernecks’ in the Pacific Theater helped lead the United States to victory over the formidable Japanese forces. Dogfighting over the sea and islands, and supporting the amphibious assaults that eventually secured victory over the Japanese in the Pacific, the US Marine Corps' Corsairs, Wildcats and Hellcats proved to be more than just aircraft, becoming icons as World War II progressed.
Engaging in combat with Japanese fighters, principally the Zero, and attacking targets on the ground, the aviators' scores mounted, and a growing number of US Marine Corps pilots achieved ‘ace’ status having downed five or more enemy aircraft. The ‘top guns’ included legendary pilots Foss, Boyington and Smith, all of whom were recipients of the prestigious Medal of Honor.
During World War II, 50 US Marine Corps fighter squadrons designated VMF (for heavier than air Marine fighter) were deployed outside the Continental United States. This number included seven nightfighter units. A further 23 squadrons provided operational training, and two deployable units (VMF-514 and VMF-544) were established too late for combat. Thus, the US Marine Corps counted a total of 75 fighter squadrons, of which 67 percent deployed. That figure compares to about 160 US Navy fighting squadrons, 80 of which deployed to combat. Eight (VMF-111, VMF-114, VMF-155, VMF-231, VMF-324, VMF-331, VMF-333 and VMF-513) of the 50 VMFs west of Hawaii did not shoot down a single ‘bandit’, with eight more failing to produce a single ace.
Based on the published work of World War II aviation historian Dr Frank Olynyk, US Marine Corps Fighter Squadrons of World War II recognizes 120 US Marine Corps fighter aces. They contributed 966 (35 percent) of the total 2,627 victories attributed to US Marine Corps fighter squadrons. That is in line with the ratio for other services. However, attrition among ‘leatherneck’ aces was far lower – 16 lost to all causes equaled about 13 percent, versus as high as 24 percent for the other services. Three more US Marine Corps aces died in Korea, where 1Lt John Andre added to his four World War II victories to become an ace.
In the squadron histories section of this volume, location and date of establishment are given, as well as dates of redesignations, when known. Often the changes were unsubstantial, as in assignment to carrier service (CVS), although some observation squadrons (VMOs) became VMFs. The combat squadrons described in US Marine Corps Fighter Squadrons of World War II include three overseas scout-bomber (VMSB) units briefly redesignated bombing-fighting (VMBF) units with F4Us in late 1944. Deployments usually list each combat tour, but because some squadrons operated from many bases in a few months, several entries merely include ‘Solomon’ or ‘Marshalls’.
Tillman's comprehensive account, US Marine Corps Fighter Squadrons of World War II, pays homage to the individuals and their mounts, and is packed with historic and organizational details of the squadrons who took to the skies above the Pacific.
Humanities / Education / Management & Leadership
Creating Productive Cultures in Schools: For Students, Teachers, and Parents by Joseph F. Murphy and Daniela Torre (Corwin)
School reform scholars Joseph Murphy and Daniela Torre in Creating Productive Cultures in Schools shed light on the components that promote learning-centered leadership at the secondary level. Readers can strengthen their school culture and discover clearly defined processes for engagement among students, teachers, parents and community members, including:
Murphy is the Frank W. Mayborn Chair and associate dean at Peabody College of Education at Vanderbilt University. He has also been a faculty member at the University of Illinois and The Ohio State University, where he was the William Ray Flesher Professor of Education. In the public schools, he has served as an administrator at the school, district, and state levels. Torre is currently pursuing her Ph.D. in Education Policy at Vanderbilt University. Previously she taught for five years as an elementary school teacher in both traditional public and charter schools.
According to Murphy and Torre in the preface to Creating Productive Cultures in Schools, good leadership helps develop good schools. Grounded in over 35 years of research, the book sheds light on the historical roots, definitions, and well-known structures that support high performing high schools. Readers learn realistic and specific strategies and practices for learning-centered leadership that results in increased student achievement.
Schools that serve children and young people well are defined by two anchoring pillars, strong academic press and supportive culture, a mixture of nurture and intellectual challenge. Focusing primarily on the academic side of the equation is insufficient, especially for students placed in peril by poverty. That is, schools with strong press can still prove inadequate if they provide little attention to the social and relationship dimensions of education. At the same time, nearly exclusive attention to culture is problematic as well. Recent analysis confirms that featuring culture at the expense of academic press is not a wise pathway for school leaders to pursue, nor a destination to which principals should steer their schools.
While in Creating Productive Cultures in Schools Murphy and Torre focus on the cultural element of schooling improvement algorithm, academic emphasis is never far from the center stage. It is threaded throughout the analysis of culture.
Culture encompasses the values and norms that define a school; it can be thought of as the personality of the school. It consists of ingredients such as membership, trust, and influence. As Murphy and Torre illustrate throughout Creating Productive Cultures in Schools, community stands in juxtaposition to institutionalism and hierarchy as an organizational frame of reference and an approach to leading.
They begin their analysis by focusing on communities of pastoral care for students. They suggest that understanding of such communities is critical because at the heart of the educational narrative is this essential truth: Learning is voluntary for students and students do not volunteer effort when they are detached from school. Creating attachments is key to the work of educators who need to learn all they can about accomplishing that goal.
Murphy and Torre provide a model of personalized community. Supportive learning community is defined by essential norms. These norms combine to produce intermediate outcomes such as student learning dispositions which, in turn, lead to academic engagement. All of this powers student learning.
The second part of Creating Productive Cultures in Schools addresses professional culture, culture reflected in collaborative communities of practice. It examines the ‘seed-bed’ from which professional culture grows as well as what some of the flowers look like when they have emerged. The book provides definitions and list well-known frameworks of the components of professional learning communities, and it presents and unpacks a model of community of professionalism for teachers.
The final part of Creating Productive Cultures in Schools focuses on communities of engagement for parents and the larger group of stakeholders beyond the school building. Murphy and Torre establish the framework to turn work with these critical players from public relations and simple involvement to meaningful engagement. The focus is on forging norms (e.g., trust) that support collaboration, collaboration that fosters student academic and social learning.
The culture of a school has a significant impact on the academic
achievement of our students and on the community as a whole. Dr.
Murphy and Dr. Torre have clearly defined the processes to implement
an operational goal resulting in a productive school culture in
which students are challenged and supported. This book enables
leaders, specifically school principals, to facilitate reflective
practices designed to engage students, teachers, and parents in
achieving successful learning communities. – Gail Connelly,
Executive Director, National Association of Elementary School
A comprehensive, detailed understanding of the challenges and constraints education leaders face when encouraging, guiding, and supporting positive learning environments. Recognizing the diversity of school cultures, the authors take bold steps to identify what can and should happen to make our nation’s schools more successful. A must read for those seeking realistic and specific strategies for change. – Barbara Schneider, John A. Hannah University Distinguished Professor
A detailed and comprehensive resource for school improvement leaders, Creating Productive Cultures in Schools explores how comprehensive school improvement really works. This exhaustively researched book gives students, teachers and parents a powerful framework for considering which actions effectively strengthen their school culture.
Professional & Technical / Medicine & Health Sciences / Basic Sciences / Anatomy / Education & Training
Netter's Anatomy Coloring Book: with Student Consult Access, 2nd edition (Netter Basic Science) by John T. Hansen PhD (Elsevier Saunders)
The best reason is because ‘active learning’ always trumps passive learning. Seeing, doing, and learning go hand in hand; said another way, ‘eye to hand to mind to memory.’ This is how most of us learn best. Textbooks, flash cards, videos, and anatomy atlases all have their place in learning human anatomy, but those elements that engage learners the most and allow them to participate in an active learning experience ‘cement’ the material into memory.
Students learn and master anatomy with ease through the unique approach of Netter's Anatomy Coloring Book, 2nd edition, by John T. Hansen, PhD. Using this interactive coloring workbook, they trace arteries, veins, and nerves through their courses and bifurcations, reinforce their understanding of muscle origins and insertions from multiple views and dissection layers, and develop a better understanding of the integration of individual organs in the workings of each body system throughout the human form. Hansen is Professor of Neurobiology and Anatomy, Associate Dean for Admissions, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York.
In Netter's Anatomy Coloring Book students use the color guide as they work through each exercise, review attachments, innervation, action, and blood supply, retracing the lines of master anatomical illustrator and teacher, Frank Netter, MD, as compiled in his Atlas of Human Anatomy. This anatomy atlas is the most widely used anatomy atlas in the world and is translated into 16 different languages with good reason. The Netter illustrations have withstood the test of time and have illuminated human anatomy for millions of students around the world. Students can access the full text online, with clinical notes highlighting the importance of anatomy in medicine.
The Netter's Anatomy Coloring Book approaches human anatomy by body system. Footnotes to the illustrated pages refer to Netter's Atlas of Human Anatomy and Netter's Clinical Anatomy – the sources of the original full-color, fully labeled illustrations – for their further review and reference. In each coloring book plate, the most important structures are emphasized. The coloring exercises, labels, text, bullet points of essential material, and tables are provided to help students understand why the carefully chosen views of the human body are important both anatomically and functionally.
Contents of Netter's Anatomy Coloring Book include:
Terminology; Body Planes and Terms of Relationship; Movements; The Cell; Epithelial Tissues; Connective Tissues; Skeleton; Joints; Synovial Joints; Muscle; Nervous System; Skin (Integument); Body Cavities
Bone Structure and Classification; External Features of the Skull; Internal Features of the Skull; Mandible and Temporomandibular Joint; Vertebral Column; Cervical and Thoracic Vertebrae; Lumbar, Sacral, and Coccygeal Vertebrae; Thoracic Cage; Joints and Ligaments of the Spine; Pectoral Girdle and Arm; Shoulder Joint; Forearm and Elbow Joint; Wrist and Hand; Wrist and Finger Joints and Movements; Pelvic Girdle; Hip Joint; Thigh and Leg Bones; Knee Joint; Bones of the Ankle and Foot; Ankle and Foot Joints
Muscles of Facial Expression; Muscles of Mastication; Extraocular Muscles; Muscles of the Tongue and Palate; Muscles of the Pharynx and Swallowing; Intrinsic Muscles of the Larynx and Phonation; Muscles of the Neck; Prevertebral Muscles; Superficial and Intermediate Back Muscles; Deep (Intrinsic) Back Muscles; Thoracic Wall Muscles; Anterior Abdominal Wall Muscles; Muscles of the Male Inguinal Region; Muscles of the Posterior Abdominal Wall; Muscles of the Pelvis; Muscles of the Perineum; Posterior Shoulder Muscles; Anterior Shoulder Muscles; Arm Muscles; Pronation and Supination of the Radioulnar Joints; Anterior Forearm Muscles; Posterior Forearm Muscles; Intrinsic Hand Muscles; Summary of Upper Limb Muscles; Gluteal Muscles; Posterior Thigh Muscles; Anterior Thigh Muscles; Medial Thigh Muscles; Anterior and Lateral Leg Muscles; Posterior Leg Muscles; Intrinsic Foot Muscles; Summary of Lower Limb Muscles
Neuronal Structure; Glial Cells; Types of Synapses; Cerebrum; Cortical Connections; Midsagittal and Basal Brain Anatomy; Basal Ganglia; Limbic System; Hippocampus; Thalamus; Hypothalamus; Cerebellum; Spinal Cord I; Spinal Cord II; Spinal and Peripheral Nerves; Dermatomes; Brain Ventricles; Subarachnoid Space; Sympathetic Division of the ANS; Parasympathetic Division of the ANS; Enteric Nervous System; Cranial Nerves; Visual System I; Visual System II; Auditory and Vestibular Systems I; Auditory and Vestibular Systems II; Taste and Olfaction; Cervical Plexus; Brachial Plexus; Lumbar Plexus; Sacral Plexus
Composition of Blood; General Organization; Heart I; Heart II; Heart III; Heart IV; Features of Arteries, Capillaries, and Veins; Head and Neck Arteries; Head Arteries; Arteries of the Brain; Veins of the Head and Neck; Arteries of the Upper Limb; Arteries of the Lower Limb; Thoracic and Abdominal Aorta; Arteries of the Gastrointestinal Tract; Arteries of the Pelvis and Perineum; Veins of the Thorax; Veins of the Abdominopelvic Cavity; Portosystemic Anastomoses; Veins of the Upper Limb; Veins of the Lower Limb; Prenatal and Postnatal Circulation;
General Organization of the Lymphatic System; Innate Immunity; Adaptive Immunity; Thymus and Bone Marrow; Spleen; Tonsils, BALT, GALT, and MALT; Clinical Aspects of the Lymphatic System
Overview; Nasal Cavity and Nasopharynx; Paranasal Sinuses; Oropharynx, Laryngopharynx, and Larynx; Trachea and Lungs; Respiratory Mechanisms
Overview; Oral Cavity; Teeth; Pharynx and Esophagus; Peritoneal Cavity and Mesenteries; Stomach; Small Intestine; Large Intestine; Liver; Gallbladder and Exocrine Pancreas
Overview of the Urinary System; Kidney; Nephron; Renal Tubular Function; Urinary Bladder and Urethra
Overview of the Female Reproductive System; Ovaries and Uterine Tubes; Uterus and Vagina; Menstrual Cycle; Female Breast; Overview of the Male Reproductive System; Testis and Epididymis; Male Urethra and Penis
Overview; Hypothalamus and Pituitary Gland; Pituitary Gland; Thyroid and Parathyroid Glands; Adrenal Glands; Pancreas; Puberty; Digestive System Hormones
The book is not expensive at around £10 and I would recommend buying it to any medical student! – The Naked Truth: Medical Textbooks Revealed – website, September 2009
Exploring human anatomy in a simple, systematic, and fun way is what the Netter's Anatomy Coloring Book, 2nd edition is all about. This coloring book is for students of all ages; curiosity is the only prerequisite. Whether they are taking an anatomy course or just curious about how the body works, the beautiful art of Netter can guide them in learning.
Professional & Technical / Medicine & Health Sciences / Clinical / Internal / Gynecology / Radiology / Ultrasound / Reference
Gynecologic Ultrasound: A Problem-Based Approach: Expert Consult – Online and Print, 1st edition by Beryl R. Benacerraf MD, Steven R. Goldstein MD and Yvette Groszmann MD MPH (Elsevier Saunders)
For pelvic symptoms, ultrasound is the initial imaging modality of choice in today's cost-conscious climate. Employing a practical, problem-based approach, Gynecologic Ultrasound is the only medical reference that provides a stepwise method in the diagnosis of gynecological abnormalities. Abundantly illustrated and easily accessible, it is ideal for the clinical setting. An accessible format organized by both entity and differential diagnosis facilitates searches and zeroing in on the one correct entity.
With Gynecologic Ultrasound clinicians are able to:
Authors of Gynecologic Ultrasound are Beryl R. Benacerraf, MD, Clinical Professor of Radiology and Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, Harvard Medical School, Radiologist, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Consultant in OB-GYN, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston; Steven R. Goldstein, MD, Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, New York University School of Medicine, Director, Gynecologic Ultrasound, Co-Director, Bone Densitometry, New York University, Langone Medical Center, New York; and Yvette S. Groszmann, MD, MPH, Clinical Instructor in Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston.
Gynecologic Ultrasound is organized by a listing of symptoms or findings that practitioners might encounter when evaluating a patient sonographically (in the Contents section called List of Differential Diagnoses). These categories include a variety of topics, including pelvic pain, pelvic masses, and post-menopausal bleeding. Under each category, there is a list of differential diagnostic possibilities. For example, within pelvic pain, the differential diagnoses include appendicitis, ectopic pregnancy, hemorrhagic cyst, degenerating fibroid, and so on. Readers can select or refer to the specific disease or entity to go into a ‘mini-chapter’ (there are 54 of these) and read more about that particular entity and its sonographic appearance, as well as review images illustrating it.
The 54 mini-chapters focus on each entity or diagnosis (such as hemorrhagic cyst, fibroid, or polyps) and contain abundant images (more than 600) from several patients to give comprehensive examples of the sonographic and Doppler findings for each of these findings or disease states. Each mini-chapter is arranged in a standard format that includes Synonyms/Description, Etiology, Ultrasound Findings, Differential Diagnosis, Clinical Aspects and Recommendations, and Suggested Reading. There is also a chapter on the normal ultra-sound examination of the female pelvis, followed by a series of 26 test cases of abnormalities for readers to see what they have learned.
Gynecologic Ultrasound is not a standard textbook on gynecologic ultrasound. Most of these textbooks are constructed with separate chapters for each organ. Rather, this book is intended as a reference focused on problem solving. Clinicians can consult the book to look up a specific symptom or finding and help narrow down the differential diagnoses to one correct entity. The diagnoses are presented by symptom, differential diagnosis, and alphabetically for easy searching.
Contents of Gynecologic Ultrasound include:
Section 1 ENTITIES
A: Adenomyosis; Adhesions (Peritoneal Inclusion Cyst); Appendiceal Mucocele; Atrophic Endometrium
B: Bladder Masses; Borderline Ovarian Tumor; Bowel Diseases; Brenner Tumor
C: Cervical Masses; Cesarean Scar Defect; Corpus Luteum and Hemorrhagic Cyst; Cyst, Clear; Cystadenofibroma
D: Dermoid Cyst; Dysgerminoma
E: Ectopic Pregnancy; Endometrial Carcinoma; Endometrial Hyperplasia and the Differential Diagnosis for Thick Endometrium; Endometriosis; Epidermoid Cyst
F: Fibroids; Fibroma (Ovarian), Thecoma, and Fibrothecoma
G: Granulosa Cell Tumor
H: Hematometra and Hematocolpos; Hydrosalpinx
I: Intrauterine Device Location, Abnormal; Intravenous Leiomyomatosis
L: Lymph Nodes, Enlarged
M: Metastatic Tumor to the Ovary; Mucinous Cystadenoma; Müllerian Duct Anomalies
O: Ovarian Calcifications; Ovarian Cancer (Epithelial); Ovarian/Tubal Torsion; Ovarian Vein Thrombosis
P: Paratubal or Paraovarian Cysts; Pelvic Congestion Syndrome; Pelvic Kidney; Polycystic Ovaries; Polyps, Endometrial; Premature Ovarian Failure
R: Retained Products of Conception
S: Scarred Uterus and Asherman's Syndrome; Schwannoma; Serous Cystadenoma; Struma Ovarii
T: T-Shaped Uterus; Tarlov Cysts; Theca Lutein Cyst; Tube Carcinoma, Primary Fallopian; Tubo-Ovarian Abscess and Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
U: Ureteral Stone; Uterine Sarcoma
V: Vaginal Masses
Section 2 NORMAL PELVIC ULTRASOUND AND COMMON NORMAL VARIANTS: Normal Pelvic Ultrasound and Common Normal Variants
Section 3 CASE STUDIES FOR REVIEW
Gynecologic Ultrasound gives practitioners who take care of women with pelvic complaints a practical reference that will be useful in solving their diagnostic dilemmas.
Designed as a practical approach to problem-solving for gynecologic patients, it provides a stepwise and convenient guide to the diagnosis of gynecologic abnormalities for practitioners providing gynecologic care. The book is intended for radiologists, obstetricians/gynecologists, infertility specialists, emergency physicians, sonographers, and residents in OB-GYN and radiology who perform pelvic ultrasound. The book will also be useful to primary care physicians, nurse practitioners, physician's assistants, and other personnel who see patients with pelvic symptoms and order the imaging. Abundantly illustrated and easily accessible, the book is organized by both entity and differential diagnosis facilitates searches and zeroing in on the one correct entity.
Professional & Technical / Medicine & Health Sciences / Clinical / Pediatrics / Sleep Medicine / Reference
Principles and Practice of Pediatric Sleep Medicine: Expert Consult – Online and Print, 2nd edition by Stephen H. Sheldon DO FAAP, Meir H. Kryger MD, Richard Ferber MD and David Gozal MD (Elsevier Saunders)
Sleep medicine is a medical specialty unique in that it concentrates on events occurring during the hours of sleep to explain various aspects of a patient's health and disease. Pediatric sleep medicine is a field holding special significance because of its concern with a state that occupies over half of a child's life during the important early years of development.
Principles and Practice of Pediatric Sleep Medicine, 2nd edition, written by preeminent sleep medicine experts Drs. Sheldon, Kryger, Ferber, and Gozal, is a comprehensive source for diagnosing and managing sleep disorders in children. Newly updated and now in full color throughout, this medical reference book is a definitive resource for health practitioners who treat children, providing absolute guidance on virtually all of the sleep-associated problems encountered in pediatric patients.
With Principles and Practice of Pediatric Sleep Medicine practitioners are able to:
Editors of Principles and Practice of Pediatric Sleep Medicine are Stephen H. Sheldon DO FAAP, Professor of Pediatrics, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Director, Sleep Medicine Center, Division of Pediatric Pulmonary Medicine, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago; Richard Ferber MD, Associate Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School, Staff Associate Emeritus, Boston Children's Hospital; Meir H. Kryger MD FRCPC, Professor, Department of Medicine, Section of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven; David Gozal MD, Herbert T. Abelson Professor and Chairman, Department of Pediatrics, Physician-in-Chief, Corner Children's Hospital, The University of Chicago. The book has 65 contributors.
Chapters in Principles and Practice of Pediatric Sleep Medicine and their authors include:
PART I PRINCIPLES AND BASIC SCIENCE OF PEDIATRIC SLEEP MEDICINE
PART II PRACTICE AND CLINICAL SCIENCE OF PEDIATRIC SLEEP MEDICINE
SECTION 1 THE INSOMNIAS (SLEEP ONSET AND MAINTENANCE DIFFICULTIES)
SECTION 2 THE HYPERSOMNIAS
SECTION 3 SLEEP AND BREATHING DISORDERS
SECTION 4 PARASOMNIAS
SECTION 5 MOVEMENT DISORDERS
SECTION 6 SLEEP IN MEDICAL DISORDERS AND SPECIAL POPULATIONS
SECTION 7 SCORING AND ASSESSMENT OF SLEEP AND RELATED PHYSIOLOGICAL EVENTS
According to the editors in the preface to Principles and Practice of Pediatric Sleep Medicine, Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine in the Child was published as a volume separate from Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine for the first time in 1995. The existence of this and other texts in pediatric sleep medicine has helped move the practice of pediatric sleep medicine away from the sphere of adult medicine practitioners to one that is overseen by professionals who have dedicated their careers to the health and well-being of the pediatric patient. The preface to that 1995 volume states, in a sentence still true today, that "... a robust scientifically based body of knowledge has emerged, and the tools to diagnose and effectively treat children with sleep disorders are now available. The subsequent edition, published in 2005 as Principles and Practice of Pediatric Sleep Medicine, along with Principles and Practice of Pediatric Sleep Medicine, 2nd edition, hopefully represent additional meaningful steps in the development of pediatric sleep medicine as a distinct discipline.
Both the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Board of Pediatrics have formally recognized and supported growth of this important discipline. In 2007, the American Board of Pediatrics joined several other member boards of the American Board of Medical Specialties in providing subspeciality certification in the field of sleep medicine. By so doing, these boards acknowledged that sleep-related disorders are not only distinctive but are also important in the evaluation and management of many disorders affecting children.
The 28 chapters of this book compile the expertise of the leading pediatric sleep researchers and clinicians in the field of sleep medicine. It also covers in detail those sleep-related disturbances that are most prevalent in the pediatric population, including respiratory disorders, problems of circadian timing, parasomnias and movement disorders. – Margaret Papadakis, BS, RPSGT, Review of the First Edition
To deliver optimal care, child-care professionals must possess a comprehensive knowledge of the interactions among daytime symptoms, adverse health sequelae, co-morbid conditions for the child and the possibly greater impact on other family members.
Principles and Practice of Pediatric Sleep Medicine, 2nd edition provides both sleep medicine specialists and primary care practitioners with resources to enable them to provide the best possible care to their pediatric patients throughout the 24-hour day and night. Newly updated and now in full color throughout, this medical reference book is internationally recognized as the definitive resource, providing absolute guidance and complete understanding on virtually all of the sleep-associated problems encountered in pediatric patients.
Professional & Technical / Medicine / Clinical / Internal / Endocrinology / Pediatrics / Reference
Pediatric Endocrinology: Expert Consult – Online and Print, 4th edition by Mark A. Sperling MD (Elsevier Saunders)
In a single volume, Pediatric Endocrinology offers complete coverage of all aspects of basic science and clinical practice, ideal for both pediatricians and endocrinologists. Pediatric endocrinology expert Dr. Mark Sperling teams up with world-renowned authors to bring clinicians up to date with the latest key developments in every area of the field, providing invaluable guidance on how their clinical decision making will be affected by today's technological and scientific advances. The user-friendly text is enhanced by all-new online access to the complete contents of the book.
The author, Mark A. Sperling, MD, is Professor and Chair Emeritus, Department of Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Diabetes Mellitus Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh. The book has 52 contributors.
With Pediatric Endocrinology, 4th edition clinicians are able to:
The fourth edition of Pediatric Endocrinology aims to build on the models of excellence in basic and clinical research in endocrinology applied to newborns, infants, and children as they evolved in the first three editions. Now, close to 20 years since its inception, the current issue provides perspective on how much has been learned and applied for the benefit of those children referred to pediatric endocrinologists for evaluation and management. Each new edition has attempted to incorporate advances in the field that occurred in the preceding five years; the fourth edition is no exception. To achieve these aims, the editors involved those at the forefront of their field to share their expertise and to transmit new knowledge in the context of contemporary developments.
In terms of organization, three sections are delineated. The first deals with principles and methods in pediatric endocrinology, beginning with an overview and historical evolution of the field, and its unique pediatric aspects. Three succeeding chapters review principles of molecular endocrinology and genetics, receptor signal transduction, and laboratory methods in pediatric endocrinology; together they form the nucleus of the discipline and provide a framework for the methods used to understand, investigate, and treat our patients. The second section contains five chapters dealing specifically with the most common endocrine-related disorders encountered in the newborn nursery and the NICU; ambiguous genitalia, hypoglycemia, disorders of the thyroid and abnormal thyroid function tests, disorders in calcium and phosphorous metabolism, and neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM). Although rare, NDM has been disproportionately of value in understanding the role of the same defects, albeit to a milder degree, in the much larger problem of T2DM. The third section is organized on the traditional organ approach; here, several new authors have taken over a chapter or enlarged the list of contributors to an existing chapter, bringing in new insights and perspectives in the process.
Dramatic changes have occurred in the past five years. Whole genome and exon sequencing is increasingly being applied as the cost of sequencing declines, yielding discovery of spectacular new findings. This might be best exemplified by the increasing complexity of the genes regulating puberty and reproduction, especially hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, and the recent description of a gene responsible for precocious puberty, MKRN3. In diabetes research, the discovery of betatrophin, a hormone that regulates β-cell mass and insulin secretion in response to insulin resistance; Irisin, which regulates fat metabolism and mediates improved glucose homeostasis in response to exercise; and the imminent application of closed-loop systems, as an ‘artificial pancreas’, for treating children with T1DM requiring insulin treatment, portend exciting developments in the near future. Similar exciting discoveries are to be found in virtually every chapter. Altogether this 4th edition covers a broad, but contemporary canvas of the field of pediatric endocrinology. The editors trust it is suitable to inform the serious student, and update the experienced practitioner or investigator in the field. They introduce questions for each chapter and an online version supplemented by rich, full-color illustrations.
Chapters of Pediatric Endocrinology and their authors include:
Section I: Principles and Methods of Pediatric Endocrinology
Section II: Endocrine Disorders in the Neonate
Section III: Endocrine Disorders in Children and Adolescents
This volume includes many new sections that were not presented in previous texts devoted to clinical pediatric endocrinology. It will serve as a valuable reference for family physicians, internists, pediatricians, and other health professionals, covering as it does the gamut of information from basic molecular biology to practical considerations in the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric endocrine disorders. – Solomon A. Kaplan, MD, foreword to the first edition
Clinicians can tackle their toughest pediatric endocrine challenges with Pediatric Endocrinology, the definitive resource in the field. That new advances in the field have been incorporated is evident in the reorganization and increased number of contributors to this volume. A team of world-renowned authors brings clinicians up to date with the latest key developments in every area, providing invaluable guidance on how their clinical decision making will be affected by today's technological and scientific advances.
Professional & Technical / Medicine / Clinical / Internal / Pathology / Reference
Pathology of the Female Reproductive Tract: Expert Consult – Online and Print, 3rd edition edited by George L. Mutter MD and Jaime Prat MD PhD FRCPath (Elsevier Churchill-Livingstone)
Covering a comprehensive range of common, rare, benign and malignant lesions, Pathology of the Female Reproductive Tract, 3rd edition, authored by an international panel of subspecialty experts, brings clinicians the latest scientific and diagnostic information for diseases of the female reproductive tract. From basic concepts of pathophysiology and diagnostic criteria to clinical correlation, this updated medical reference book delivers an integrated and practical approach to diagnosis and management of women with reproductive tract disorders.
Authors are George L. Mutter MD, Professor of Pathology, Harvard Medical School, Division of Women's and Perinatal Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston and Jaime Prat MD, PhD, FRCPath, Professor and Chairman of Pathology, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Autonomous University of Barcelona. The book has 33 contributors.
With Pathology of the Female Reproductive Tract clinicians are able to:
Chapters of Pathology of the Female Reproductive Tract and their authors include:
In this third edition of Pathology of the Female Reproductive Tract, the new editorial team presents new concepts and findings as a background to furthering patient management. They have deleted sections deemed no longer relevant, while retaining classic material still pertinent for today's practice. They kept and even expanded the clinical discussions because pathologists should be aware of the therapeutic implications of their diagnosis, and clinicians should be able to understand the meaning of a pathology report.
The most significant changes made with respect to the previous edition of Pathology of the Female Reproductive Tract include the following:
The diseases of the lower genital tract related to HPV are comprehensively presented in six separate chapters including one (Chapter 9) exclusively devoted to the molecular biology of cervical squamous neoplasia, early detection, and prophylactic vaccines. Even if it has been unilaterally proposed by the Lower Anogenital Tract Squamous Terminology (LAST) group, the unified nomenclature with two-tier (LSIL and HSIL) system for all HPV-related preinvasive squamous lesions of the lower anogenital tract has been adhered to throughout.
Endometrial carcinomas and their precursors are presented in two chapters (Chapters 17 and 18). Besides an in-depth discussion of prototypic endometrioid and nonendometrioid (serous) carcinomas which includes clinicopathologic features, differential diagnosis and treatment, the clinical and molecular characteristics of some unique tumor histotypes (such as clear cell carcinomas and carcinosarcomas that do not fit into either of the two main types) are also analyzed. Uterine sarcomas are also presented in two chapters (Chapters 19 and 20) dominated by the clinicopathologic features of leiomyosarcomas and endometrial stromal sarcomas respectively. Among the latter tumors, the prematurely eliminated high-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma has been resurrected, based upon its distinctive histologic and molecular characteristics.
Recent advances in epidemiology, molecular genetics and therapy, have confirmed the older 1960s idea that ovarian epithelial cancer is not one, but many diseases not only exhibiting different morphology, but also different genetic risk factors, precursor lesions, patterns of spread, molecular events during oncogenesis, response to chemotherapy, and prognosis. Accordingly, the five main types of ovarian carcinoma, accounting for 98% of the total, are presented in three separate chapters (Chapters 25-27) emphasizing conventional histopathology and differential diagnosis, as well as immunohistochemistry and molecular genetic analysis.
The increasing demonstration of both intraepithelial high-grade serous carcinoma and putative precursor epithelial lesions in the distal fallopian tube, particularly in women carrying BRCA1 mutations, are discussed in detail on the chapters dealing with diseases of the fallopian tube (Chapter 21) and serous tumors of the ovary (Chapter 25). The relative importance of the fallopian tube mucosa compared with the ovarian surface epithelium (mesothelium) in the genesis of high-grade serous ovarian cancers is still a subject of debate. Similarly, the increasing evidence that both endometrioid and clear cell carcinomas of the ovary originate from ovarian endometriosis and the role of AT-rich interactive domain lA gene (ARID1A) mutations in endometrioid and clear cell carcinogenesis are presented on Chapter 27. The diagnostic value of FOXL2 and pluripotency stem cell markers is discussed in the chapters dealing with ovarian sex cordstromal and germ cell tumors (Chapters 28 and 29), respectively.
Regarding molecular diagnosis and biomarkers, the editors have been pragmatic in keeping those which have already demonstrated added value in clinical practice, or might become so in the foreseeable future. Furthermore, the range of histopathologic variants of the main gynecological and obstetrical tumors and tumor-like conditions can be quite broad. It would be impossible to rigidly consider all morphologic variants as separate entities, much less illustrate them well. Rather, aggregation by disease mechanism, clinical outcome, and available therapies guides the editors throughout.
It is just right for a busy pathologist swamped in his or her daily practice with tons of surgical material. – Modern Pathology, review of the first edition
With its striking use of color and its readability, Pathology of the Female Reproductive Tract has created a new niche. It represents a pleasing and relatively detailed exploration of gynecologic pathology with a wealth of information and illustrations for the resident in gynecology or pathology or for the practicing pathologist who would like diagnostic assistance when next confronted with a problematic gynecologic biopsy or resection specimen. – NEJM, review of the first edition
Pathology of the Female Reproductive Tract gives the latest, most accurate review of what is currently available in scientific and diagnostic information for diseases of the female reproductive tract, delivering an integrated, practical approach. The book presents new concepts and findings, thereby improving communication between the pathologist and the clinician, which is essential for optimal patient care. The text balances the broad range of contents, a difficult task.
Religion & Spirituality / Biographies & Memoirs / Feminism / Encyclopedias
Encyclopedia of Goddesses and Heroines by Patricia Monaghan (New World Library)
From the beginning, there have been goddesses who reigned alongside their male counterparts as figures of inspiration and awe. Today, even the most modern among us still speak of Mother Earth and Mother Nature, yet few books offer the depth and breadth of knowledge and information about the feminine divine as the revised edition of Encyclopedia of Goddesses and Heroines.
Groundbreaking scholar Patricia Monaghan spent her life researching, writing about, and documenting goddesses and heroines from all religions and all corners of the globe. Her work demonstrated that from the beginning of recorded history, goddesses reigned alongside their male counterparts as figures of inspiration and awe. Monaghan (1946-2012) was a pioneer in the contemporary women's spirituality movement and published numerous books on the topic for more than 30 years. Before retirement, she was an associate professor of interdisciplinary studies at DePaul University in Chicago, and also served as senior fellow at the Black Earth Institute in Wisconsin. She was a poet as well as a scholar, and was awarded the Pushcart Prize in literature and the Paul Gruchow Award for Nature Writing.
Drawing on anthropology, folklore, literature, and psychology, Encyclopedia of Goddesses and Heroines covers the female deities from Africa, the eastern Mediterranean, Asia and Oceania, Europe, and the Americas, as well as every major religious tradition. They are organized by culture, region, and religion, exploring the role of women in each culture's religious life and introducing readers to the background of each pantheon, as well as the figures who peopled it. With more than 1,000 entries, Monaghan's encyclopedia reflects extensive research in anthropology, archeology, mythology, art history, and religious studies and covers widely known Greek and Roman figures as well as women from lesser-known traditions such as Korea, the Baltics, Africa, and Australia.
According to Monaghan in Encyclopedia of Goddesses and Heroines, we cannot know whether those who carved the Hohle Fels Venus intended to represent a divinity in female form. But we do know that almost every culture since the dawn of time has honored goddesses as well as gods. Then, somewhere around 2,500 years ago, monotheism emerged in the eastern Mediterranean, first in the form of Hebrew tribal religion (which became Judaism), then as Christianity, and finally as Islam. These related religions center their worship on a single male divinity. In doing so, they eliminate age-old reverence for the divine female. The difference between monotheism and goddess religion cannot be clearer: No monotheistic goddess religion has ever been found. Every religion that honors a goddess honors a god as well.
Whether or not prehistoric figures represent goddesses, there is no doubt that once written history begins, we find goddesses sharing the religious stage with gods. Throughout the world, people pictured divinity in female form. Often, divine women acted like human women, especially when they performed the one activity biologically limited to women: bearing children. Goddesses often conceive without a male partner. They are impregnated by wind or ocean waves, by snakes or fiery flames, or simply by their own desire. When they have a mate, the relationship need not replicate those of humans. The goddess may have intercourse with her father or her brother, with a stranger, or with several deities at once. She may be promiscuous. Or she may have one mate with whom she forms a model of the ideal human couple.
Not all female divinities are ‘mother goddesses.’ Goddesses can appear as young nymphs, self-reliant workers, aged sages. They can be athletes or huntresses, dancers or acrobats, herbalists or midwives. We find goddesses as teachers, inventors, bartenders, potters, surfers, magicians, warriors, and queens. Virtually any social role women have played or are capable of playing appears in a goddess myth.
Encyclopedia of Goddesses and Heroines shows the breadth of possibilities associated with the feminine through many ages and cultures. Some figures will be familiar to general readers, especially those from classical European sources. Others are obscure, recorded only in a single source as, for instance, some native North American stories transcribed from the last speaker of a dying language. Not all would be called ‘goddesses’ by the people who told their stories, for that word generally refers to divine or supernatural beings. Between such figures and mortal women exists a category this work calls ‘heroines.’ Some were originally human women who attained to legendary status: clan ancestors, extraordinarily faithful lovers, self-sacrificing saviors, remarkable queens, bold adventurers, wonder workers. Others represent a halfway category between human and divine. These include women with superhuman powers, spirits of nature, personified abstractions, bodhisattvas, ogres, cannibals, and saints. Finally, monotheistic religions often have female figures who function in goddess-like ways, giving birth to gods or saving humanity from peril. Although monotheisms deny the existence of goddesses, these figures are listed in this work, because such figures are sometimes submerged goddesses or powerful goddess-like beings. Where such figures are included, the view of worshippers from that religion is clearly stated.
No encyclopedia, no matter its length, could list all the goddesses the world has known. Due to colonization and forced conversion, innumerable goddesses and their stories have been lost. But an impressive amount of information remains, although scattered in sacred texts, literary epics and drama, story collections, ethnographies, and many other works. Encyclopedia of Goddesses and Heroines brings together thousands of such sources to offer an entry point for further research. Casual and curious readers will find the legends and myths the most compelling part of this work, but researchers will be able to trace each figure to additional writers, who in turn will provide further reference points.
All the works referenced in the book are in English. This excludes many works available in other languages, especially those of the cultures in question. In some areas, as with the former Soviet Union, little is available in translation. Were all published material in multiple languages to be included in this encyclopedia, it would be volumes longer. But the sources listed typically offer bibliographical references in the languages of cultural origin for each figure, so scholars should be able to access information where available.
Sources are not limited to scholarly ones, because much goddess material appears in literature and in children's storybooks. Where traditional religion was subjugated, goddess narratives often were sustained by becoming ‘old wives' tales,’ told orally to children and as entertainment to adults. Thus folklore as well as literature provides a source of information about ancient goddess figures.
Encyclopedia of Goddesses and Heroines's sections are based on geographical and cultural divisions. Each section offers an introduction describing the role of women therein. Any specific questions contemporary researchers address are also covered in these introductory sections. Each section provides individual entries for important goddesses and heroines from that culture.
beautiful volume – akin to Athena’s gift of weaving to the Greeks –
provides a tapestry of glimmering threads of goddess figures from
the world’s mythologies. This is an important introductory reference
volume crafted with scholarship both deep and wide. – Safron
Rossi, PhD, editor of Joseph Campbell’s Goddesses: Mysteries of
the Feminine Divine
It’s really valuable to have a book describing all goddesses and heroines. I’m sure many artists will find it inspiring. – Erica Jong, author of Fear of Flying
For almost thirty-five years, generations of students and scholars have used editions of Patricia Monaghan’s rich and detailed encyclopedias describing thousands of goddesses and heroines. This wonderful new edition contains an introduction to bring the book up-to-date, discussing the most recent finds of female figures. This will be a superb addition to anyone’s library. – Miriam Robbins Dexter, author of Whence the Goddesses: A Source Book
Patricia Monaghan is deeply missed by her colleagues, friends, and students; this new edition of her marvelous Encyclopedia of Goddesses and Heroines is a fitting memorial to her lifelong contribution in the field of women's spirituality and goddess scholarship. This book is a rich resource and a valuable asset for investigators looking into the ancient worldwide tradition of goddess veneration. Who knew She had so many names? – Vicki Noble, cocreator of the Motherpeace Tarot deck and author of Shakti Woman
This introductory overview of historical goddesses worldwide is a much-needed correction to the androcentric biases that still skew our sense of religion. I'm grateful to Patricia Monaghan for researching and composing this rich history of spiritual abundance. – Charlene Spretnak, author of Lost Goddesses of Early Greece
I count Patricia Monaghan as one of the illustrious ancestors of the global women's spirituality movement. The Encyclopedia of Goddesses and Heroines first came onto the literary scene at a time when most people knew little about the feminine face of the divine and almost nothing about the myths and rituals of African people. Patricia's book gives us the names and definitions that make it possible to embrace goddesses from cultures around the world. A new generation of students and artists will reap the benefit of her legacy. – Yeye Luisah Teish, author of Jambalaya: The Natural Woman's Book of Personal Charms and Practical Rituals
Encyclopedia of Goddesses and Heroines provides a comprehensive introduction to the ways figures have been viewed through the ages, covering the myths and attributes of goddesses and female spiritual powers from around the world. It makes clear that the history of goddesses is essential to understanding the historical, cultural, and spiritual histories of all peoples – and is undeniably meaningful and resonant in contemporary life.
Religion & Spirituality / Theology
Spirituality Seeking Theology by Roger Haight (Orbis Books)
Spirituality Seeking Theology is written as a companion volume to Christian Spirituality for Seekers. In that book Roger Haight, S.J., uses the Spiritual Exercises of Ignatius Loyola as a framework for representing a spirituality of following Jesus that could be entertained by anyone. Haight, a Jesuit priest and theologian, formerly president of the Catholic Theological Society of America, is the director of the PhD program at Union Theological Seminary.
Because Jesus is a public figure captured in the four Gospels, anyone seeking spiritual wisdom can turn to these collected stories of Jesus to be inspired by his teachings and recorded actions. This could work for people of any age, whether they are religious or not, no matter the religious tradition to which they belong, or the amount of experience they bring to the quest. This book does not depend on the earlier one, in the sense that Christian Spirituality for Seekers would have to be read first for this one to make sense, but it does go back to the same spirituality, based on the ministry of Jesus of Nazareth.
Spirituality Seeking Theology is designed to address a specific problem in the Western church in our day, namely, the decline of Christianity and the steady flow of people out of the churches. No single factor accounts for this slow withdrawal from the church; complex shifts in culture do not yield to simple analysis. But it can be said, because it is almost synonymous with the decline itself, that Christian doctrine has lost traction with the faithful. Few young people understand Christian doctrine, and when they have some idea of it, they fail to see its bearing on their immediate lives. Spirituality Seeking Theology addresses this problem.
The book remains on the level of spirituality. ‘Spirituality’ refers to the way persons and groups live their lives with reference to something that they acknowledge as transcendent. The appeal to spirituality gives this work a direct relevance to human life. It both describes and addresses Christian life. Spirituality Seeking Theology does not appeal to doctrines to explain human life. It probes Christian praxis and the life of faith itself to show where the doctrines have their source. Many Christians today live in a situation that is analogous to first-century followers of Jesus who did not yet possess the theological or doctrinal framework that developed in the centuries that followed. Analogously, this book relates directly to a following of Jesus. It appeals to the same Christian life as a following of Jesus of Nazareth ‘prior’ to the development of doctrine.
Spirituality Seeking Theology is ecumenical, because Christian spirituality is shared in common across the churches. All Christians are followers of Jesus of Nazareth. This definition of what all Christians share gives this book an ecumenical coinage that allows cross-denominational appreciation and exchange at a level prior to the differences of doctrine and theological biases. The description of Christian spirituality in the book should not be measured by The Small Catechism of Martin Luther, or The Institutes of John Calvin, or The Catechism of the Council of Trent, or The Catechism of the Catholic Church. What is being described in this book is not doctrine but spirituality, the following of Jesus of Nazareth, which unfolds in good measure prior to and innocent of theology and doctrines. Everything in this book can be reviewed by formal, critical, and dialectical theology and found wanting or affirmed with new vigor by the standards of different churches. But the substance of what is described is spirituality that exists prior to theology, as existence is to reflection upon it, and certainly does not compete with it.
The chapters in Spirituality Seeking Theology are searching for a place where Protestant, Catholics, Orthodox, those committed to other faith traditions, and unbelievers can speak about Jesus of Nazareth and what he inserted into history. The premise for this revolves around spirituality, a concern for transcendent values worthy of attracting a commitment. Spirituality Seeking Theology, then, is open to further development, to theological debate and critical appropriation. It is also open to dialogue and to being used as a lens for trying to understand what is truly important in Christian faith and where it illumines human life and encourages human flourishing.
The structure of the book mirrors the Christian story. This refers to the large story of the rise of the Christian community through explicit encounters with God as creator, as saving power in Jesus of Nazareth, and as constant presence as Spirit. The book loosely follows the grand sacred narrative by which Christianity understands reality as it comes from the hands of the creator and is visited by God in the ministry of Jesus, which gives rise to the church and a hope in an absolute destiny for humankind. Beneath that narrative superstructure are the personal and collective lives of Christians across the centuries that Haight calls spirituality.
Spirituality Seeking Theology is roughly divided into three parts. The first part includes chapters 1-3 and describes the story of the emergence of the universe and of the human species within it. Being a part of that story, for it is the story of our own creation, gives rise to the question of the ‘whence?’ of the universe in transcendent terms. From questions like this come the ideas of creation and a creator God. In the Christian framework, God and creator have become almost synonymous.
The second part turns to Jesus of Nazareth, and in four chapters Haight speaks about various aspects of Jesus of Nazareth as the centering inspiration of Christian spirituality. These chapters discuss how Jesus became the particular focus of Christian faith by his preaching the rule of God and attracting followers. Haight draws out contours or aspects that Jesus revealed of God and of human existence in the light of God. Then, from the perspective of spirituality as distinct from theology, he meditates on the death and resurrection of Jesus.
The third part, chapters 8 and 9, turns to the Christian story after Jesus. Chapter 8 discusses the foundations of the church as a movement of the corporate spirituality of the followers of Jesus, first within Judaism, but then gradually developing into a religious organization distinct from Judaism. This took much more time than one tends to think. The concluding chapter describes how the doctrine of trinity developed and how it has its roots in the corporate spirituality that is the church. Spirituality Seeking Theology ends with that other all-encompassing prospect that provides a counterpart to creation, that is, eschatology. Conceptions of beginning and the end are the bookends of the story that leads through Jesus of Nazareth and the church.
Many religious seekers in our time do not understand church doctrines or fail to see the bearing of such doctrines on their immediate lives. For such people, Christian spirituality can offer a more pertinent and fulfilling avenue toward faith. In treating the Christian story of creation, the life of Jesus, the history of the church, eschatology, and more, Roger Haight suggests ways in which spirituality – the cultivation of a relationship with the transcendent – can lead spiritual seekers to open-ended questions of theology.
In a time of so many spiritual quests for the transcendent, this book provides a sure-footed guide through a spirituality of following Jesus. It forms an elegant companion to Haight's Christian Spirituality for Seekers. Readers will not only encounter Jesus in the various facets of his ministry, but will also see what following Jesus has meant for so many generations of disciples. – Robert Schreiter, author of The New Catholicity
If you are looking for a lucid and accessible book on Christian spirituality that is thoroughly steeped in the life, ministry, teaching, death, and resurrection of Jesus while at the same time responsive to the challenges of postmodernity, Roger Haight's book is the one. It is truly spirituality seeking theology, but no less theology seeking spirituality. At long last, the two estranged disciplines are brought to bear on each other; the result is a splendid contribution to Christian thought. Only a theologian of Haight's immense learning and spiritual depth could produce such a work. – Peter C. Phan, Georgetown University
Haight once more brings a sharp-edged theological intellect and spiritual depth to his rendering of the ‘faith in action’ that gives rise to all theology. This work will challenge theologians, engage spiritual seekers, and introduce students to the riches of a critical and rigorous theology that celebrates union with Christ and the transforming power of the Spirit in church and society. – Lisa Sowle Cahill, Monan Professor of Theology, Boston College
A companion to Christian Spirituality for Seekers, Spirituality Seeking Theology shows how spirituality, the cultivation of a relationship with the transcendent, by its very nature leads practitioners to open-ended questions of theology. It does not offer formal theological answers to the questions raised by Christian spirituality, but it demonstrates how Christian spirituality is a question to itself, a question that reaches out toward the discipline of theology.
Social Sciences / Criminology
Crime Control in America: What Works? (3rd Edition) by John L. Worrall, with a foreword by Todd R. Clear (Pearson Prentice Hall)
The purpose of this book is to identify what works and what does not work to control crime in the United States. This is a difficult task – Herculean, as one reviewer of the first edition put it – but still a necessary one.… The first reason I decided to write this book was therefore to reach a wider audience, especially people with little background in the area, while keeping the content to a reasonable length.
… This book will make it abundantly clear that a great deal is done in the United States in response to crime, much of which has yet to be researched or laid out in the pages of a textbook – until now. I believe that the field needs a more comprehensive look at crime control in America, which was my second reason for writing this book. I'm sure you will agree, after having read the book, that the range of alternatives for dealing with crime is quite extensive.
… To be sure, even the driest of introductory textbooks cannot be totally objective. Every book reflects a perspective; this one reflects mine. But whether you agree or disagree with my perspective, you will come to realize that it is not a predictable one. I lean in no particular ideological direction, I am not registered with any specific political party, and I have no specific agenda to further by writing this book. – from the preface
Crime Control in America: What Works?, 3rd edition, provides in-depth coverage of policing, prosecution and courts, and legislative methods of crime control. It moves beyond the justice system and examines the effectiveness of crime control at the individual, family, school, and community levels. Finally, it covers environmental criminology and explanations of large-scale crime trends, particularly the reductions witnessed during the 1990s.
Unlike others on the market, this book also examines crime control that is informal in nature, one that does not rely on involvement by the criminal justice system or other forms of government intervention. Worrall presents a comprehensive view of crime control in America while maintaining a neutral ideological stance. Unlike most of the competition, this straightforward, student-friendly text does not presuppose any knowledge of the criminal justice system. Crime Control in America is geared specifically toward undergraduate students of any major, including community college students. The book covers more methods of crime control than any of its competitors, and all the most controversial and current approaches are discussed in depth. John L Worrall is Professor of Criminology Program Head at the University of Texas at Dallas and editor of the journal Police Quarterly.
There is no easy way to organize the study of crime control in the United States. Worrall parts with past approaches and present crime control from its point of origination. That is, most of the chapters in this book discuss crime control in terms of who does it and/or where it comes from. But he also follows something of a linear progression by beginning with police and then moving on to prosecution, courts, sentencing, and corrections before getting into less traditional topics.
Importantly, much is done to control crime that is informal in nature, which does not rely on involvement by the criminal justice system or other forms of government intervention. For example, when a person purchases a firearm to protect himself or herself, that person is engaging in informal crime control. Likewise, a person who installs a home security system is engaging in informal crime control. Approaches such as these have been largely overlooked in previous books on crime control, so a significant effort has been made to include them in the book. Indeed, three chapters discuss the effectiveness (and ineffectiveness) of what Worrall calls "approaches beyond the criminal justice system."
One of Worrall’s motivations for writing Crime Control in America was to include topics and approaches that he says he always seems to come up in his classes but have rarely been included in the text he assigns for the course. Yet another impetus for this project was a desire to educate readers about many of the lesser-known and under-explored methods of crime control in America. When he shares these with his students, many of whom are outgoing seniors who have already received the bulk of their criminal justice education, they often express surprise, if not total shock.
Some of the relatively unique content consists of sections or chapters on residency requirements for cops, college degrees for cops, police-corrections partnerships, multijurisdictional drug task forces, Compstat, citizen patrol, citizen police academies, no-drop prosecution policies, federal-state law enforcement partnerships, community prosecution, deferred sentencing and prosecution, fines, fees, forfeiture, sentence enhancements, chemical castration of sex offenders, civil commitment, anti-gang injunctions, job training, shaming, problem-solving courts, self-protective behaviors, and several others.
As Chapter 1 discusses at length, it is nearly impossible to claim that a particular form of crime control is effective or ineffective. Additional research, new analytic techniques, and the like can cast doubt on what has been considered gospel truth. Yet the book includes "Does It Work?" sections in all but the first and last chapters. These sections attempt to summarize the state of the literature as it currently stands.
Several changes have been made to the third edition of Crime Control in America. Aside from updating the book with the latest research, the following key changes have been made:
Crime Control in America is divided into five sections. The first section lays a foundation for assessing the evidence. Chapter 1 discusses what is meant by crime, crime control, and effectiveness. It also discusses many of the issues associated with research in the social sciences. For example, Chapter 1 points out how difficult experimental research is in the field, and it highlights the tentative nature of scientific knowledge. Chapter 2 continues in this vein by introducing various crime control perspectives that readers should be familiar with. Chapter 2 also presents the goals of crime control, including deterrence, retribution, incapacitation, and rehabilitation – each of which informs, to varying degrees, the approaches discussed throughout the book.
The second section consists of the law enforcement approach to the crime problem. Because most research on the law enforcement approach has been concerned with police, three chapters are devoted to the effectiveness of police approaches. Chapter 3 discusses traditional policing (e.g., hiring more cops), then Chapters 4 and 5 discuss more imaginative approaches, including directed patrol and community policing. Chapter 6 discusses the effectiveness of prosecutorial approaches to the crime problem. This is another unique feature of Crime Control in America; it does not appear that anyone has attempted to publish a summary of prosecutorial approaches to the crime problem with attention to their effectiveness.
Section Three consists of courts, corrections, and legislative approaches to the crime problem. Chapter 7 discusses crime control through legislation, including legislative bans, gun control, sex offender laws, and laws aimed at control of white-collar crime and terrorism. Chapter 8 covers crime control in the courts and beyond. It looks at the effectiveness of approaches ranging from pretrial incapacitation, diversion, shaming to restorative justice, anti-gang injunctions, and problem-solving courts.
Chapter 9 focuses on sentencing policy, including the effectiveness of fines, forfeiture, civil commitment, mandatory sentencing, sentence enhancements, capital punishment, castration, and several other sentencing strategies. Chapter 10 focuses on probation, parole, and intermediate sanctions. Examples of the latter include intensive supervision probation, home confinement, electronic monitoring, boot camps, shock probation, halfway houses, and day reporting centers. Finally, Chapter 11 examines the effectiveness of rehabilitation, treatment, and job training.
Section Four moves the focus away from the criminal justice system to approaches taken by individuals, families, schools, and communities. Chapter 12 begins with individual-level crime control, including buying a gun to protect oneself, risk avoidance, and risk management behaviors. It then discusses the effectiveness of household and family-based crime control. Chapter 13 covers both community and school-based crime control. Examples of the former include financial assistance to communities, resident mobilization programs, and youth mentoring. School-based approaches include targeting the school environment, such as through efforts to build administrative capacity, and interventions aimed at students, such as Drug Abuse Resistance Education, Gang Resistance Education, and behavior modification. Continuing with the focus on crime control beyond the criminal justice system, Chapter 14 looks at efforts to reduce criminal opportunities through environmental manipulation, covering efforts to discourage crime by altering the physical appearance of places.
Section Five consists of a single chapter, one that summarizes previous chapters and then presents and critically reflects on several explanations that have been offered for the crime decline that took place throughout the 1990s. Explanations are organized into liberal, conservative, and miscellaneous categories. The message that this section presents is that there were (and continue to be) many different forces at work that help to explain national trends in crime.
Instructor supplements include MyTest and TestBank in which every question is linked to the text's learning objective, page number, and level of difficulty. This allows for quick reference in the text and an easy way to check the difficulty level and variety of questions. PowerPoint presentations offer clear, straightforward outlines and notes to use for class lectures or study materials. Photos, illustrations, charts, and tables from the book are included in the presentations when applicable. Other supplements include the Instructor's Manual with Test Bank and a Test Item File for ingestion into an LMS, including Blackboard and WebCT. Crime Control in America is also available in multiple eBook formats including Adobe Reader and CourseSmart.
This text is thorough and exacting in its coverage, and it is a reliable review of the evidence. It is profound in its organizational and presentation logic. It is that best of things in a book: authoritative. – Todd Clear, John Jay College of Criminal Justice
This straightforward text introduces readers to the many methods of crime control with a fair and balanced approach. Crime Control in America is current, examining emerging areas in the field. It provides comprehensive coverage with unique content, exposing students to a wide range of methods of crime control in America. The extensive look at the effectiveness of crime control approaches reviews the research concerning crime control effectiveness and presents a thorough analysis of what works/doesn't work to control crime. Finally, the strong pedagogical features give students the tools to master key concepts faster and more effectively, while providing support for instructors.
Social Sciences / Criminology / History / Germany
Crime and Criminal Justice in Modern Germany edited by Richard F. Wetzell (Studies in German History Series: Berghahn Books)
The history of criminal justice in modern Germany has become a vibrant field of research, as demonstrated in Crime and Criminal Justice in Modern Germany. Following an introductory survey, the twelve chapters examine major topics in the history of crime and criminal justice from Imperial Germany, through the Weimar and Nazi eras, to the early postwar years, including case studies of criminal trials, the development of juvenile justice, and the efforts to reform the penal code, criminal procedure, and the prison system. Crime and Criminal Justice in Modern Germany also reveals that the history of criminal justice has much to contribute to other areas of historical inquiry: it explores the changing relationship of criminal justice to psychiatry and social welfare, analyzes representations of crime and criminal justice in the media and literature, and use the lens of criminal justice to illuminate German social history, gender history, and the history of sexuality.
Editor Richard F. Wetzell is a Research Fellow and Editor at the German Historical Institute in Washington, D.C. He was a Postdoctoral Fellow at Harvard University and has taught at the University of Maryland, Georgetown University, and the Catholic University of America.
According to Wetzel in the introduction to Crime and Criminal Justice in Modern Germany, historians of nineteenth- and twentieth-century Germany have been relative latecomers to the history of crime and criminal justice. In the field of German history, the significance of this subject was first recognized by historians of the early modern era, who developed a rich literature on this topic. Historical research on crime and criminal justice in nineteenth- and twentieth-century Germany, by contrast, has only begun to flourish in the last ten years.
There is a notable asymmetry between the early modern and modern German historiographies of crime and criminal justice. Whereas most early modern studies have focused on the criminals themselves, their socioeconomic situations, and the meanings of crime in a particular urban or rural milieu, late modern studies have tended to focus on penal institutions and the discourses of prison reformers, criminal law reformers, criminologists, and psychiatrists. To some extent, this difference in approaches reflects the effect that the ‘scientization of the social’ began to have on criminal justice in the last third of the nineteenth century. Compared with what we know about the early modern era, our knowledge of the history of crime and criminal justice in the various German states in the first two-thirds of the nineteenth century is very limited. Although we are beginning to learn more about the important transformations of criminal justice that took place in this period, most late modern research on crime and criminal justice picks up after the German unification of 1871, a fact that is reflected in this collection.
The history of criminal justice in modern Germany has become a vibrant field of historical research. The chapters in Crime and Criminal Justice in Modern Germany not only lay the groundwork for writing a history of crime and criminal justice from the Kaiserreich to the early postwar period, but demonstrate that research in criminal justice history can make important contributions to other areas of historical inquiry. Thus the conclusion that Imperial Germany's criminal justice system came much closer to the liberal ideal of the rule of law than historians have long assumed sheds new light on longstanding debates about the Kaiserreich's political culture. Criminal justice forms an essential element of political rule. Yet penal codes, institutions, and practices also represent great forces of inertia that tend to survive political regime changes with only minor modifications. This paradoxical combination of political relevance and inertia makes criminal justice an excellent lens for examining the complex mixture of continuity and change across different political regimes. The study of criminal justice and penal reform under different political regimes demonstrates that it can be difficult to distinguish a legal system's ‘progressive’ or ‘liberal’ features from its supposedly ‘repressive’ ones. Many features of criminal justice, and indeed of the modern state, are politically ambivalent, harboring both emancipatory and repressive potentials, whose activation depends on the political circumstances.
As several chapters in Crime and Criminal Justice in Modern Germany show, the history of modern criminal justice is inextricably interwoven with the history of psychiatry, in particular with the ambition of psychiatrists to provide medical remedies for social problems. Private and public welfare agencies, too, sought to harness scientific expertise to find better solutions to social problems. Since penal reformers integrated welfare services into the work of the courts as well as the spectrum of penal sanctions, criminal justice became so closely intertwined with welfare that it seems fair to say that the history of the modern welfare state cannot be written without studying the history of criminal justice. Yet the ‘scientization of the social’ must not be understood as a one-way street of science penetrating criminal justice. The history of modern penal reform is not one of criminal jurists simply ceding authority to medical doctors, for instance, but one of disciplinary boundary disputes. Most of the time, jurists kept the upper hand as they learned to integrate scientific, especially medical, knowledge into penal reform proposals, legislation, judicial practice, and the administration of punishment. Although over the first half of the twentieth century medical doctors and welfare workers came to play a larger role in criminal justice than ever before, criminal jurists were remarkably successful in assimilating new types of knowledge in order to buttress their dominant position in the criminal justice system.
Criminal trials reflect the society in which they take place and therefore provide an important source for the social and cultural history of their times. Several chapters in Crime and Criminal Justice in Modern Germany demonstrate how the study of criminal trials illuminates the social and cultural history of the Weimar Republic, for instance. Others show that the history of criminal justice can profitably be combined with media history and the history of literature because the representations of crime and criminal justice in the press, literature, and other media provide a rich topic of research that sheds new light not only on criminal justice but on social and cultural history more generally.
Overall the volume effectively moves beyond offering a one-dimensional legal history of modern Germany. Rather, the essays treat the history of crime, criminal law, and criminal justice as offering the means to reflect on broader social, cultural, and political issues facing Germany in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. – Greg Eghigian, Penn State University
These essays make significant contributions. Thoroughly researched in primary sources, for the most part archival, they are also based on close familiarity with the most recent writings by other scholars. Together, the essays should interest a wide range of scholars whose concerns encompass modern Germany, criminal justice, or both. – Andrew Lees, Rutgers University
Gathering more than a dozen of the leading mid-career historians of crime and criminal justice in Germany from the United States, Canada, Germany, and Britain, this collection of essays represents a stunningly important contribution to one of the most vibrant fields in German history today... Deeply scholarly, sweepingly encompassing recent and older secondary work, but firmly grounded in empirical research, the essays in this volume represent an indispensable introduction to the field for scholars and students new to it, while at the same time stimulating the interpretive focus of scholars already working in the field. – Kenneth Ledford, Case Western Reserve University
This volume makes the results of the recent boom in research accessible to a general audience. Thoroughly researched, Crime and Criminal Justice in Modern Germany is an indispensable introduction to the field. Readers learn from Wetzell and his contributors that much remains to be done, not only in fleshing out the history of criminal justice in modern Germany but in unlocking the power of criminal trials as historical sources. The records of vast numbers of criminal trials remain unexplored, ready to teach researchers not only about courtroom practices and legal culture but about a great variety of historical topics ranging from the history of sexuality to economic history.
Social Sciences / History / US / Mafia / True Crime
The Mob and the City: The Hidden History of How the Mafia Captured New York by C. Alexander Hortis, with a foreword by James B. Jacobs (Prometheus Books)
The Mob and the City is the first full-length book devoted to uncovering the hidden history of how the Mafia came to dominate organized crime in New York City during the 1930s through 1950s. Based on exhaustive research of archives and files obtained through the Freedom of Information Act, author and attorney C. Alexander Hortis draws on the deepest collection of primary sources, many newly discovered, of any history of the modern mob. Hortis, JD, is an attorney specializing in commercial litigation and constitutional law.
According to James B. Jacobs, Warren E. Burger Professor of Law New York University School of Law, in the foreword, The Mob and the City is an important contribution to New York City history and, given New York's importance, to the urban history of the United States.
Much has been written about the Mafia and about New York City's Mafia families. However, Hortis shows that much of what has been written is wrong. Perhaps the greatest contribution of this tome is its debunking of many Mafia myths, for example, that Mafia members did not deal in drugs and did not inform on one another. He begins by showing that the evolution of the Mafia in New York is a story of ethnic succession. The Italians did not invent organized crime, but they brought it to a new level. Italian immigration followed both Jewish and Irish immigration, and Italians followed both of those groups into rackets like drugs, gambling, and labor racketeering. But the Italian mobsters were not nearly as monolithic and ethnocentric as other writers have assumed. Their intra- and inter-group relations were complex and important. Their ability to forge coalitions and overcome factionalism was necessary for their remarkable successes.
Hortis in The Mob and the City looks at Mafia members' social lives, particularly their participation in New York's nightlife at the most famous nightclubs like the Copacabana (owned by Frank Costello), where they rubbed shoulders with famous sports figures, entertainers, businessmen, and politicians. People went to the Copa to meet and be seen with the Mafia bosses; this shows how Mafia members were regarded by and integrated with the city's elite. Also new are Hortis's accounts of Mafia members' ownership of gay bars and clubs and the participation of some mobsters in the gay scene.
The Mafia carried on the role of its Jewish and Irish predecessors, connecting the underworld (especially the world of vice) with the upperworld (business and labor). Hortis documents and explains how Italian-American organized crime members infiltrated or strong-armed their way into many New York City union locals. They used labor power to attract employer bribes or to extort employer payoffs. They then leveraged their union power to create and police employer cartels. And they took business interests in many companies that participated in the racketeer-ridden industries. The history of New York City's economy, especially in construction, seaborne and airborne cargo, and wholesale food markets is thoroughly permeated by the influence of the Mafia.
Jacobs in the foreword to The Mob and the City also notes that Hortis provides some tantalizing clues as to the influence of the Mafia in politics. There is no question about the fact that the Mafia was highly integrated into Tammany Hall. Mob bosses contributed money and other forms of support to their favored politicians. In return, they obtained a good deal of immunity from interference with their illegal activities. Even after the demise of Tammany, mob bosses continued to be power brokers who exercised influence over politicians and political events. Much of their power stemmed from their positions in the unions.
The beginning of the Mafia's decline can be traced back to the early 1970s. After the 1972 death of FBI director J. Edgar Hoover, the FBI reinvented itself changing from an internal security (anti-subversives, anti-Communist) agency to a modern-day law enforcement agency. By the late 1970s and early 1980s, the FBI had settled on control of organized crime as a target worthy of the attention of the nation's most important and competent law enforcement agency. Since then, federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies have decimated the Mafia's ranks. Yet remnants of the Mafia continue to exist and continue to engage in many of the rackets that Hortis documents in The Mob and the City.
In his rich, well-researched
first book, Hortis details the rise of the Mafia while debunking
numerous myths.... If there’s a better book on the early history of
Cosa Nostra in America, I haven’t seen it. – Jerry Capeci, Gang
Land News, coauthor of Mob Boss
An exhaustively researched, yet highly readable history of exactly how the Italian Mafia became the dominant organized crime group in New York City for most of the twentieth century. Using newly uncovered documents and primary sources, Hortis cuts through many of the myths that surround the Mafia and offers new angles and insight on a subject that continues to fascinate researchers and readers. The Mob and the City is an exciting addition to the Mafia true-crime canon. – Scott M. Deitche, author of The Silent Don: The Criminal Underworld of Santo Trafficante Jr.
Hortis demolishes what we thought we knew about the Mob ... and builds a new history upon a solid foundation of exclusive documentary evidence and superb insight.... Essential reading for all who seek to truly understand the phenomenon of organized crime in America’s most populous city. – Thomas Hunt, editor of Informer: The History of American Crime and Law Enforcement
An outstanding work of scholarship that highlights misinformation and myth attached to the history of the Mafia in New York. – Dr. Howard Abadinsky, professor of criminal justice, St. John’s University, author of Organized Crime
Much has been made of the Cosa Nostra being a national crime organization. And while that was certainly true, New York was always its headquarters – the only city with more than one resident family (there are five) and, because of that, the birthplace of the Commission. The Mob and the City provides both an overview and an analysis of how that came to be, and it offers an interesting alternative to mob boss Joe Bonanno’s generally accepted version of Cosa Nostra's origins. Lucid and thoughtful, it is well worth reading. – Ronald Goldstock, commissioner of the Waterfront Commission of New York Harbor and former director of the New York State Organized Crime Task Force
Informative, authoritative, eye-opening, drawing on an unprecedented array of primary sources, The Mob and the City is the most thorough and authentic history of the Mafia's rise to power in the early-to-mid twentieth century. Hortis’ revisionist history of the so-called Castellammarese War is one of the most impressive achievements of this meticulous primary-source-based history. After reading the book, even life-long mob aficionados will have a new perspective on organized crime.
Principles and Practice of Pediatric Sleep Medicine: Expert Consult – Online and Print, 2nd edition by Stephen H. Sheldon DO FAAP, Meir H. Kryger MD, Richard Ferber MD and David Gozal MD (Elsevier Saunders)