contents this page
Feigin and Cherry's Textbook of Pediatric Infectious Diseases: Expert Consult – Online and Print, 7th edition, 2-Volume Set by James Cherry MD MSc, Gail J. Harrison MD, Sheldon L. Kaplan MD and William J. Steinbach MD and Peter J. Hotez MD, PhD (Elsevier Saunders)
Arts & Photography / Americas / Geography / Urban Planning
Creative Margins: Cultural Production in Canadian Suburbs by Alison L. Bain (University of Toronto Press)
Suburbs can be incubators of creativity: innovative and complex, but all too often underappreciated. In Creative Margins, Alison L. Bain documents the unique role of Canadian artists and cultural workers in suburban place-formation and dismantles mischaracterizations of suburbs as cultural wastelands. Bain is an associate professor in the Department of Geography at York University.
Creative Margins interweaves stories of the challenges and opportunities presented by the creation of culture in suburbs, focusing on Etobicoke and Mississauga outside Toronto, and Surrey and North Vancouver outside Vancouver. The book investigates whether the creative process unfolds differently for suburban and urban cultural workers, as well as how this process is affected by the presence or absence of cultural infrastructure and planning initiatives.
Scholarly research and census data show that Canadian suburbs outnumber and outweigh cities – suburbs are experiencing a population boom. A similar trend has been underway for decades in the United States and Australia, and the population is said to be decentralizing faster than at any other time in human history. In Canada, over half a century of intensive suburban expansion has dramatically changed the dynamics of cities and the peri-metropolitan areas that surround them.
Canadian suburbs are not monolithic, fixed categories of urban space; they are neither unified nor uniform. Like their urban counterparts, suburbs are heterogeneous, complex, contradictory, and multi-authored places worthy of continued reconceptualization.
One way to rethink suburbia is to develop an analytical framework that does not favor the experiences of certain kinds of cities or parts of cities over others. In Creative Margins, Bain advocates for an approach to studying suburbs that does not see the diffused urbanity of the exurban fringe as less culturally advanced or dynamic than the central city. A significant body of Australian scholarship on the cultural complexity of suburbia reveals the irrelevancy of historically constructed binaries between cities and suburbs, and essentialist imaginaries of suburbs and suburban residents. Inspired by this research, particularly empirical studies that focus on arts and culture and creative industries in Australian suburbs, Creative Margins extends the conversation about the suburbs as complex, creative, and innovative places to Canada.
Creative Margins uses locality-based ethnographic analysis of the everyday practice of cultural production in Canadian suburbs to challenge an ordering of urban space that produces the suburban as ‘sub-creative,’ and a denigrated spatial ‘Other’. Its intention is to reveal suburban cultural complexity, creativity, and innovation in places that have been too readily marginalized, dismissed, and characterized as featureless, homogeneous cultural wastelands. This book offers a portrait of suburban creativity that reveals the practical, hidden, temporary, and spontaneous dimensions of the everyday working lives of cultural workers in suburbia. Fundamentally, this book is about the unique and constitutive role of Canadian cultural workers in suburban place-formation; it is about the suburbs as places in a continual process of becoming.
In the chapters in Creative Margins, a story unfolds about the relationship of culture and cultural workers to suburban places in Canada. To set the stage, chapter 2 provides an overview of relevant suburban studies literature and introduces the four main case study locations upon which this book is based. This second chapter documents how the classic Anglo-American scholarly accounts of the history of North American suburban development neglect to adequately consider culture as a transformational force. Before delving into the details of the four case studies, chapter 3 makes a Trans-Canada pit stop on the intellectual journey between Toronto and Vancouver in the Calgary outer suburb of Arbour Lake. Discussion of the suburban artistic interventions of a local art collective, along with reflections on the metaphors of exploration and frontier, are used to consider why artists are more widely represented as urban pioneers than suburban pioneers.
At the heart of Creative Margins is a straightforward set of questions about the advantages and disadvantages of creating art in a suburban location. Chapter 4 reflects on the relationship between cultural workers, the suburbs, and the middle class. The main drawbacks to professional suburban cultural production are identified as the lack of cultural infrastructure, and the resulting isolation and stigma. These findings inform the next two chapters. Chapter 5 critically analyses how cultural infrastructure is addressed in cultural plans and reveals repeated veneration of the cultural-district model of central cities in suburban cultural economic strategies. In advocating for a policy that moves beyond flagship suburban cultural boosterism, chapter 6 considers the value of investment in smaller-scale, multi-purpose, informal community service hubs and the flexible social networks that connect and animate them. Particular attention is directed to the role of cultural workers as suburban place-makers. Chapter 7 demonstrates how the place-making skills of suburban cultural workers are enhanced by computer-facilitated communication networks. Suburban cultural workers rely upon networks of association to extend their connections of creative labor beyond the immediate boundaries of the suburb. The suburban place-making exercise to which cultural workers are such valuable direct and indirect contributors remains an ongoing collective social project. Suburban places, like their creators, are in a constant state of becoming.
Creative Margins is a valuable contribution to the fields of urban planning, urban development, culture planning, culture policy, creative urban development, and the like. Its focus on creativity in the suburbs is innovative, and its documentation and findings equally so. They have the potential to inspire a new strand of research in suburban development and cultural planning in comparative perspective. – Anne Lorentzen, Department of Development and Planning, Aalborg University
The field of creative cities research sorely needs more books like Creative Margins that focus on real people and real experiences in different times and places. Building on a fantastic research project – careful interviews with diverse creative practitioners that resulted in strong, engaging narratives and case studies – it is lively, textured, rich, and refreshingly different from the orthodoxy in the field. Alison L. Bain, a well-established figure in the area, has once again anticipated, rather than followed, trends in urban cultural scholarship. – Chris Gibson, Australian Centre for Cultural Environmental Research, University of Wollongong
Bain shows how suburban culture can enhance a city-region’s vitality and sustainability. Creative Margins debunks the myth of culture as a solely urban phenomenon and demonstrates the social and economic merits of investing in suburban art and culture.
Arts & Photography / Crafts & Hobbies
Photographing the Child: Natural Light Portrait Techniques for Beautiful, Profitable Portraits by Jennifer George (Amherst Media)
Today's parents see outstanding children's photography every day in magazines, on-line, and on television, so they have high expectations. Photographers who can deliver images that stand out dominate their markets and create lifelong clients. Jennifer George has done just that – and in Photographing the Child, she shows readers how to do it, too. George is an award-winning photographer whose work has appeared in a variety of magazines, including American Photo, Forbes, Professional Photographer, Ranch & Coast, Rangefinder, and Shutterbug.
In Photographing the Child, readers walk along with George, learning techniques to better their photography and their ability to capture those images their subjects will cherish. Beginning with how to handle children as subjects, it discusses such topics as interacting with children, how to avoid tantrums, letting personality dictate the photo session, and how to capture expressions that parents want. It then explores what good light is, how to find it, how to use it, and how to pose a child in it, as well as exposure, posing, and design fundamentals. Each subject is covered from beginner to advanced level, so parents and professionals alike will find helpful information.
Photographing the Child shows readers:
George says she has designed Photographing the Child to help the layman, entry-level professional, and even seasoned pro create beautiful, high-quality images of kids, from tots to teens. She shows readers how to determine what type of images the client is after, and she provides tips for creating a session experience that allows kids to relax, have fun, and be themselves in front of the camera. She also provides lots of technical information to help readers capture the best-quality images possible.
Ten professional photographers’ very useful tips and views are part of the book as well as the many sidebars and tips of pitfalls to avoid. George includes invaluable online resources for your reference. – George Erdosh, sanfranciscobookreview.com
Her gift of imagery will take your breath away! Jennifer is one of the most creative photographers. – Julia Hope, Qualified Master Photographer with the MPA, the British Institute of Professional Photographers
Jennifer's work exemplifies the artists' heart in her photography. – Judy Host, M.Photog., Cr.Photog.
I have learned so much from Jennifer, and my business would not be where it is today without her. – Kim Treffinger, Portrait Photographer/Owner Treffinger Studio
Filled with useful tips, techniques, and information for both the hobbyist and the professional photographer, Photographing the Child is an invaluable resource for developing the craft of child photography. From traditional portraits to lifestyle ones, the book covers the necessary knowledge for capture stunning images of children.
Readers learn to deliver images that set them apart from their competition and create lifelong clients. No matter the experience level, readers will find strategies that will help make photographing children a little bit easier and increase their odds of success. And they get some great ideas for capitalizing on the lifestyle photography movement – so they can take their ‘studio’ on the road and capture kids in their element.
Audio / Politics & Social Sciences / Middle East
My Promised Land: The Triumph and Tragedy of Israel, unabridged audio, 17 CDs, running time, 21 hours by Ari Shavit, read by Paul Boehmer (Random House Audio)
My Promised Land: The Triumph and Tragedy of Israel, hardcover by Ari Shavit (Spiegel and Grau)
Named one of the Best Books of the Year by The New York Times Book Review and The Economist • Winner of the Natan Book Award • New York Times bestseller
Facing unprecedented internal and external pressures, Israel today is at a moment of existential crisis. Ari Shavit in My Promised Land draws on interviews, historical documents, private diaries, and letters, as well as his own family’s story, illuminating the pivotal moments of the Zionist century to tell a story that is larger than the sum of its parts: both personal and national, both deeply human and of profound historical dimension. Shavit is a leading Israeli journalist, a columnist for Haaretz, and a commentator on Israeli public television. The narrator of the 17 CD unabridged audio version, Paul Boehmer, appeared in the acclaimed Broadway production of An Ideal Husband and on television in Frasier, Judging Amy, Guiding Light and All My Children.
My Promised Land readers meet Shavit’s great-grandfather, a
British Zionist who in 1897 visited the Holy Land on a Thomas Cook
tour and understood that it was the way of the future for his
people; the idealist young farmer who bought land from his Arab
neighbor in the 1920s to grow the Jaffa oranges that would create
Palestine’s booming economy; the visionary youth group leader who,
in the 1940s, transformed Masada from the neglected ruins of an
extremist sect into a powerful symbol for Zionism; the Palestinian
who as a young man in 1948 was driven with his family from his home
during the expulsion from Lydda; the immigrant orphans of Europe’s
Holocaust, who took on menial work and focused on raising their
children to become the leaders of the new state; the pragmatic
engineer who was instrumental in developing Israel’s nuclear program
in the 1960s, in the only interview he ever gave; the zealous
religious Zionists who started the settler movement in the 1970s;
the dot-com entrepreneurs and young men and women behind Tel-Aviv’s
booming club scene; and today’s architects of Israel’s foreign
policy with Iran, whose nuclear threat looms ominously over the tiny
As it examines the complexities and contradictions of the Israeli condition, My Promised Land asks difficult but important questions: Why did Israel come to be? How did it come to be? Can Israel survive? Culminating with an analysis of the issues and threats that Israel is currently facing, My Promised Land uses the defining events of the past to shed new light on the present.
My Promised Land is an Israeli book like no other. Not since Amos Elon’s The Israelis, Amos Oz’s In the Land of Israel, and Thomas Friedman’s From Beirut to Jerusalem has there been such a powerful and comprehensive book written about the Jewish State and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Ari Shavit is one of Israel’s leading columnists and writers, and the story he tells describes with great empathy the Palestinian tragedy and the century-long struggle between Jews and Arabs over the Holy Land. While Shavit is being brutally honest regarding the Zionist enterprise, he is also insightful, sensitive, and attentive to the dramatic life-stories of his fascinating heroes and heroines. The result is a unique nonfiction book that has the qualities of fine literature. It brings to life epic history without being a conventional history book. It deepens contemporary political understanding without being a one-sided political polemic. It is painful and provocative, yet colorful, emotional, life-loving, and inspiring. My Promised Land is the ultimate personal odyssey of a humanist exploring the startling biography of his tormented homeland, which is at the very center of global interest. – Ehud Barak, former Prime Minister and Defense Minister of Israel
[A] must-read book ... [My
Promised Land] is a real contribution to changing the
conversation about Israel and building a healthier relationship with
it. Before their next 90-minute phone call, both Barack and Bibi
should read it. – Thomas L. Friedman, The New York Times
Israel is not a proposition, it is a country. Its facticity is one of the great accomplishments of the Jews’ history.... It is one of the achievements of Ari Shavit’s important and powerful book to recover [that] feeling. – Leon Wieseltier, The New York Times Book Review
Shavit is a columnist for the center-left Israeli daily Haaretz. Unlike some on the Israeli Left, he isn’t an anti-Zionist provocateur. Rather, he is a fervently patriotic Israeli with an abiding love for his nation’s history and the best of its traditions and institutions. So his honest and sometimes brutally frank portrait of his homeland’s past and its present dilemma is especially poignant. Shavit’s narrative is strongest when he utilizes the stories of individual Israelis to paint a rich tableau based on personal experiences. What emerges isn’t necessarily optimistic. He regards the current peace process as a dead end, since no Palestinian leader or government can guarantee an agreement that offers the necessary security for Israel. Yet his own military experience on the West Bank has convinced him that control over Palestinians is poisonous and cannot be sustained. Finally, he makes clear that Iran truly is an existential threat that must, somehow, be neutralized. This is a masterful portrait of contemporary Israel. – Jay Freeman, Booklist
One of the most nuanced and challenging books written on Israel
in years ... [The] book’s real power: On an issue so prone to
polemic, Mr. Shavit offers candor. – The Wall Street Journal
Shavit is a master storyteller.... Shavit’s retelling of history jars us out of our familiar retrospections, reminds us (and we do need reminders) that there are historical reasons why Israel is a country on the edge.... [My Promised Land is] required reading for both the left and the right. – The Jewish Week
With deeply engaging personal narratives and morally nuanced portraits, Ari Shavit takes us way beneath the headlines to the very heart of Israel’s dilemmas in his brilliant new work. His expertise as a reporter comes through in the interviews, while his lyricism brings the writing – and the people – to life. Shavit also challenges Israelis and Diaspora Jewry to be bold in imagining the next chapter for Israel, a challenge that will no doubt be informed by this important book. – Rick Jacobs, president, Union for Reform Judaism
This is the epic history that Israel deserves – beautifully written, dramatically rendered, full of moral complexity. Ari Shavit has made a storied career of explaining Israel to Israelis; now he shares his mind-blowing, trustworthy insights with the rest of us. It is the best book on the subject to arrive in many years. – Franklin Foer, editor, The New Republic
A beautiful, mesmerizing, morally serious, and vexing book. I’ve been waiting most of my adult life for an Israeli to plumb the deepest mysteries of his country’s existence and share his discoveries, and Ari Shavit does so brilliantly, writing simultaneously like a poet and a prophet. My Promised Land is a remarkable achievement. – Jeffrey Goldberg, national correspondent, The Atlantic
Ari Shavit’s My Promised Land is without question one of the most important books about Israel and Zionism that I have ever read. Both movingly inspiring and at times heartbreakingly painful, My Promised Land tells the story of the Jewish state as it has never been told before, capturing both the triumph and the torment of Israel’s experience and soul. This is the book that has the capacity to reinvent and reshape the long-overdue conversation about how Israel’s complex past ought to shape its still-uncertain future. – Daniel Gordis, author of Saving Israel and Koret Distinguished Fellow at Shalem College, Jerusalem
My Promised Land, it has been growing more difficult to sense the character of Israel through all the caricatures. This book is vital reading for Americans who care about the future, not only of the United States but of the world. – Jon Meacham, author of Thomas Jefferson: The Art of Power
Ari Shavit’s My Promised Land takes readers on a moving and, in many ways, heartrending ride on the emotional roller coaster that is an essential element of Israel’s very existence. Shavit, a true Israeli patriot, poignantly describes his cherished homeland while courageously baring his own certainties and doubts about the Zionist enterprise and drawing us into the intimate relationship Israelis have with their nation, with one another, and with the Jewish people. With all of the challenges Israel faces from within and without, Israelis like Ari Shavit want to see Israel continue to succeed and flourish. This book gives all of us reason to want to be a part of that success. – Abraham Foxman, national director, Anti-Defamation League
My Promised Land is an authoritative and deeply personal narrative history of the State of Israel, by one of the most influential journalists writing about the Middle East today. Not since Thomas L. Friedman’s groundbreaking From Beirut to Jerusalem has a book captured the essence and the beating heart of the Middle East as keenly and dynamically as this one. The book uses the defining events of the past to shed new light on the present. The result is a landmark portrait of a small, vibrant country living on the edge, whose identity and presence play a crucial role in today's global political landscape.
Business & Economics / Management & Leadership
Boards That Lead: When to Take Charge, When to Partner, and When to Stay Out of the Way by Ram Charan, Dennis Carey and Michael Useem (Harvard Business Review Press)
Change is coming. Leadership at the top is being redefined as
boards take a more active role in decisions that once belonged
solely to the CEO. But for all the advantages of increased board
engagement, it can create debilitating questions of authority and
dangerous meddling in day-to-day operations. Directors need a new
road map – for when to lead, when to partner, and when to stay out
of the way.
Boardroom veterans Ram Charan, Dennis Carey, and Michael Useem in Boards That Lead advocate this new governance model – a sharp departure from what has been demanded by governance activists, raters, and regulators – and reveal the emerging practices that are defining shared leadership of directors and executives. Based on personal interviews and the authors’ broad and deep experience working with executives and directors from dozens of the world’s largest firms, including Apple, Boeing, Ford, Infosys, and Lenovo, Boards That Lead tells the inside story behind the successes and pitfalls of this new leadership model and explains how to:
With a total of eighteen checklists that will transform board directors from monitors to leaders, Charan, Carey, and Useem in Boards That Lead provide a guide for businesspeople everywhere – whether they occupy the boardroom or the C-suite.
Charan is a business adviser who has worked with executives and directors of many companies, has served on the Harvard Business School faculty, teaches in Wharton Executive Education, and serves on the board of Hindalco (India); Carey is Vice Chairman of Korn/Ferry International; and Useem is a professor of management and the director of the Center for Leadership and Change Management at the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School.
The summarised action points at the end of each chapter allows
busy readers to takeaway key thoughts to chew on at their own time
of reflection. – Business Leadership Management (BLM), The
Boards That Lead provides the essential road map for corporate leadership. With gripping accounts and compelling illustrations, Charan, Carey, and Useem show how directors can lead in strategic partnership with company executives. This is a game changer, required reading for all who seek to bring out the best in their boards. – Alan Mulally, CEO and President, Ford Motor Company
This book shows how, through leading, partnering, and delegating, boards are now starting to shape the architecture of the company in unprecedented ways. This book is rich with stories – there is nothing like learning from three world-leading practitioners on advancing board capabilities to get the company to raise its game. – Fred Hassan, Managing Director (Healthcare), Warburg Pincus; Chairman and director, Bausch + Lomb; former Chairman and CEO, Schering-Plough; former lead director, Avon Products; director, Time Warner
Boards That Lead offers an illuminating road map for how a board of directors can effectively engage and motivate its corporate management team to successfully navigate even the most complex of situations. This book should be on the ‘must-read’ list of every corporate board member and senior executive. – Roger W. Ferguson, Jr., President and CEO, TIAA-CREF
This research, complete with compelling anecdotes and practical information, brilliantly explores how creative, flexible, and innovative processes provide the foundation for long-term, sustainable partnerships between the board and the companies they serve. This work captures the true innovation intended to guide the leadership mandate for any board. – Ivan G. Seidenberg, former Chairman and CEO, Verizon Communications; former Chairman, Business Roundtable
Boards That Lead is chock full of real-world examples that directors can use to improve their leadership and decision making – an impressive one-stop shop outlining board member roles, responsibilities, and actions, including the boundaries that boards and companies often fail to recognize. The checklists for putting this advice into action are comprehensive and practical – the best I have seen. – Maggie Wilderotter, Chairman and CEO, Frontier Communications; director, Procter & Gamble and Xerox Corporation
Boards That Lead is a smart and practical guide to the new leadership model from three business leaders for business people everywhere.
Business & Economics / Management & Leadership / Healthcare
Understanding Healthcare Economics: Managing Your Career in an Evolving Healthcare System by Jeanne Wendel PHD, William O'Donohue PHD and Teresa D. Serratt PHD RN (Productivity Press/CRC Press)
Understanding Healthcare Economics identifies the
pressures for change and examines six emerging strategies that
can help boost efficiencies in the healthcare system. It addresses
the macro-economic problems, such as the impact of changing
demographics, as well as the micro-economic problems, such as
lifestyle choices on healthcare costs.
Demystifying the terminology, facts, and types of changes that are currently underway, Understanding Healthcare Economics provides you with the understanding of healthcare economics you will need to identify viable strategies for adapting to the changes on the horizon. – Mary A. Paterson, Ordinary Professor and Director, Assessment and Evaluation, School of Nursing, The Catholic University of America
Healthcare economics is a topic of increasing importance due to
the substantial changes that are expected to radically alter the way
Americans obtain and finance healthcare.
Understanding Healthcare Economics: Managing
Your Career in an Evolving Healthcare System provides an
evidence-based framework to help practitioners comprehend the
changes already underway in our nation’s healthcare system. It
presents important economic facts and explains the economic concepts
needed to understand the implications of these facts. It also
summarizes the results of recent empirical studies on access, cost,
and quality problems in today’s healthcare system. Authors are
Jeanne Wendell, economics professor at the University of Nevada,
Reno; William T. O’Donohue licensed clinical psychologist in Nevada
and full professor of clinical psychology at the University of
Nevada; and Teresa Serratt, assistant professor at the Orvis School
of Nursing at the University of Nevada, Reno.
Explaining what the term healthcare crisis means, Understanding Healthcare Economics evaluates key reforms designed to ameliorate the crisis. It examines emerging trends in the healthcare delivery system to provide an understanding of the implications of recently implemented policy solutions. It also illustrates how public- and private-sector initiatives are working to reduce cost increases by fundamentally altering the systems for delivery of care through managed care organizations, accountable care organizations, and patient-centered medical homes.
According to Patterson in the foreword, it is the rare provider, facing a patient in need, who has not at times been so frustrated by the system that he or she wanted to do something to change it or just do something else. The question is what should be done? How can providers be effective agents for change? What change should they be looking for? Although Understanding Healthcare Economics does not provide the final answers for any of these questions, it gives committed readers deeper insights into the economics of the system and the factors that need to be understood before the system can be improved.
The first section of the book presents economic evidence to support a more nuanced understanding of the three components of the system: access, cost and quality. Most architects of health system change suggest that it can improve two, but not all three of these components with any given policy. Understanding Healthcare Economics provides a basic introduction to all three components and some insights into the nature of the trade-offs between them. It also provides insights into why trade-offs are an essential part of any discussion about the healthcare system. This is critical knowledge for providers seeking to influence health system change.
Important options for changing the system are presented in Part II of Understanding Healthcare Economics as the authors review some major solution sets including adjusting incentives, managing care, promoting health, and using information more efficiently and effectively. The evidence for implementing these strategic solutions as well as some of the concerns inherent in implementing them is presented. Familiarity with these discussions provides not only an insight into the strategy under discussion, but also insight into the questions that need to be asked about any proposed solution. Since there are no magic bullets out there, the conclusions presented at the end of the section are worth discussion and study. The authors suggest, for example, that if the drive for increased consumer choice and participation in the system has its intended result, there is cause for concern about what will become of those who lack fundamental skills in health literacy. The basic economic models and analytic approaches provided in this text help frame the questions most clearly so that evidence can be considered and some answers can be found.
Practicing healthcare professionals are facing and will continue to face unprecedented change – in payment systems, patient and provider roles, the role of information technology in healthcare, and healthcare resource constraints. These changes stem from the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), private-sector initiatives in the United States, private-sector initiatives in other countries (that are spurring the growth of ‘medical tourism’), and changes in both information technology and healthcare technology. Understanding the pressures driving this change, and the economic analysis of the changes that are currently underway, can help readers navigate the turbulent waters that lie ahead.
Health economics provides an evidence-based framework for organizing and understanding information about the changing healthcare landscape. Media coverage of health policy typically reports isolated pieces of evidence; Understanding Healthcare Economics helps readers fit those pieces into a more coherent whole. It also helps them assess the strength of the evidence that underlies each component of the puzzle. As readers explore the economics conceptual framework and evidence presented in this book, they will probably encounter new and surprising information about the forces that are shaping the health policy debates and the healthcare industry. These ideas can help readers organize – and focus – their thinking. The economists' models and empirical evidence will equip them to think about evidence-based health policy in the same way they think about evidence-based practice in healthcare. At the end of the day it is up to providers to understand the information Understanding Healthcare Economics presents and use it wisely.
History / Americas / Anthropology / Archaeology / Ethnohistory
The Mixtecs of Oaxaca: Ancient Times to the Present by Ronald Spores and Andrew K. Balkansky (The Civilization of the American Indian Series: University of Oklahoma Press)
The Mixtec peoples were among the major original developers of Mesoamerican civilization. Centuries before the Spanish Conquest, they formed literate urban states and maintained a uniquely innovative technology and a flourishing economy. Today, thousands of Mixtecs still live in Oaxaca, in present-day southern Mexico, and thousands more have migrated to locations throughout Mexico, the United States, and Canada.
In The Mixtecs of Oaxaca, Ronald Spores and Andrew K. Balkansky – both preeminent scholars of Mixtec civilization – synthesize a wealth of archaeological, historical, and ethnographic data to trace the emergence and evolution of Mixtec civilization from the time of earliest human occupation to the present. Spores is Professor Emeritus of Anthropology at Vanderbilt University and Balkansky is Professor of Anthropology at Southern Illinois University, Carbondale.
The Mixtec region has been the focus of much recent archaeological and ethnohistorical activity. In The Mixtecs of Oaxaca, Spores and Balkansky incorporate the latest available research to show that the Mixtecs, along with their neighbors the Valley and Sierra Zapotec, constitute one of the world’s most impressive civilizations, antecedent to – and equivalent to – those of the better-known Maya and Aztec. Employing what they refer to as a ‘convergent methodology,’ the authors combine techniques and results of archaeology, ethnohistory, linguistics, biological anthropology, ethnology, and participant observation to offer new insights on the Mixtecs’ multiple transformations over three millennia.
The Mixtecs of Oaxaca conveys the essence of what is known of the Mixteca and its people (Nudzahui, or currently, Nusabi or Nusauvi) from the time of its earliest human occupants until the present moment, but it is by no means all that is known. The Mixtecs and their neighbors, the Valley Zapotecs, together constitute one of the ‘nuclear areas’ for the growth of primary civilizations in antiquity. Before now, however, it has been hard to relate the Mixtecs – and their numerous linguistic variants – to the broader comparative schemes of world civilizations. The Mixtec have unusual traits, and the region has been underserved in terms of sustained anthropological inquiry. Yet the Mixteca's oldest cities were contemporary with Monte Alban I, and its native writing system among the most celebrated in all of Mexico. Much has changed, too, in the past fifty years, including a revolution in archaeological knowledge of the Mixteca, as well as intensive and ongoing work with documentary materials and ethnographic activity that makes it possible to generate a book covering the full scope and character of the Mixteca and its peoples.
The Mixtecs of Oaxaca focuses on key turning points in the development of Mixtec civilization and on those questions that animate Spores and Balkansky’s ongoing research. They apply a convergent methodology; whereby they employ archaeological, biological, linguistic, ethnohistoric, and ethnographic data in order to form a more complete picture of Mixtec culture over three millennia. Their bias is toward archaeology and ethnohistory, their own specializations. They say they find, however, that their specializations would be inadequate were they to ignore the vital knowledge derived from the other subfields of anthropology.
The concern in The Mixtecs of Oaxaca is with tracing the emergence and evolution of Mixtec culture from the origins of the earliest settled farming communities, around 1500 B.C.E., through to the rise of the towns and cities that made up the Mixtec state, with its distinctive social system, technology, religion, writing, and great art and architecture, and then following the remnants of this still-living culture and the Mixtec people as they spread far and wide through Mexico and the rest of North America. They are concerned with three thousand years of adaptation by the Mixtec people, first to the Mixteca, then to the contiguous regions and cultures of Oaxaca, Puebla, and Guerrero, then to greater Mexico, and eventually to the far-flung lands and peoples of the United States and Canada. How did prototypical Mixtec culture emerge from the preexisting congeries of egalitarian farming communities scattered about the three zones of the Mixteca – the Alta, Baja, and Costa of western Oaxaca, southern Puebla, and easternmost Guerrero? How did the pre-Hispanic Mixtecs adapt to the transformations of the Spanish Conquest and three centuries of Colonial control? What accounts for the persistent features of Mixtec culture, and how have many thousands of Mixtec migrants adapted to the world beyond the Mixteca? They consider the origin of the Mixtec kingdom, variously called yuhuitayu, senorios, or cacicazgos, and of the Mixtec themselves through pre-Hispanic, Colonial, and modern times.
In order to achieve their objectives, Spores and Balkansky in The Mixtecs of Oaxaca go back into remote antiquity before bringing the archaeological record forward and making contact with the very different source material of written history. The point of convergence is the Mesoamerican Postclassic period, roughly the last six hundred years before Spanish contact that saw the greatest florescence of Mixtec culture, and where events and personalities recorded in codices remain the stuff of legend and history. In many ways, however, the great expansion of the Mixtec is an ongoing process, as the residents of the many migrant communities scattered across North America can attest.
Drawing on spectacular archaeological finds and ethnohistorical advances, this book uses a fascinating multidisciplinary approach to examine a key region within Mesoamerica. It is sure to become a new classic on the Mixtecs, providing rich updates on pre-Columbian, and colonial, and modern-day cultural evolution and persistence. – Stephanie Wood, author of Transcending Conquest: Nahua Views of Spanish Colonial Mexico
In this ambitious book, Spores and Balkansky examine the Mixtec region of Oaxaca, Mexico, across hundreds of years. Blending new data with a synthesis of previous works on this famous Mesoamerican culture area, The Mixtecs of Oaxaca condenses more than forty years of Spores's indefatigable, interdisciplinary research with Balkansky’s and other scholars’ findings. The authors seek to join studies of the ancient past with the lived present, concluding that Mixtec culture, despite centuries of transformation, continues to survive in the heartland of Oaxaca. – Kevin Terraciano, coeditor of Mesoamerican Voices and President of the American Society of Ethnohistory
The Mixtecs of Oaxaca, a comprehensive survey, is a compilation of existing research providing abundant new insights on the Mixtecs’ transformations over the millennia and a stepping-stone for future generations of students who will continue their research.
History / Americas / Biographies & Memoirs
End of Days: The Assassination of John F. Kennedy by James L. Swanson (William Morrow)
In End of Days, James L. Swanson, the New York Times bestselling author of Manhunt: The 12-Day Chase for Lincoln's Killer, brings to life the details of the JFK assassination – from the Kennedys' arrival in Texas through the shooting in Dealey Plaza and the shocking aftermath that continues to reverberate in the national consciousness fifty years later.
The assassination of John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963 is, of course, the subject of enduring debate, speculation, and numerous conspiracy theories, but Swanson's account follows the event hour-by-hour, from the moment Lee Harvey Oswald conceived of the crime three days before its execution, to his own murder two days later at a Dallas Police precinct at the hands of Jack Ruby, a two-bit nightclub owner.
Swanson, an Edgar Award-winning author, a recipient of a Historic Deerfield Fellowship in Early American History, serves on the advisory council of the Ford's Theatre Society and has held a number of government and think-tank posts in Washington, D.C., including at the United States Department of Justice.
In End of Days, he reveals Oswald's bizarre history of violence and follows John and Jacqueline Kennedy's wildly successful swing through Texas and their fateful Dallas motorcade ride. Swanson takes readers to the sixth-floor Texas Book Depository window to look through Oswald's rifle sights. He also recreates the last hours of the doomed assassin and the days of national mourning for the president that followed, culminating in a funeral that united the country in a tearful farewell to the fallen commander in chief.
A master of the form, James Swanson has brought his formidable storytelling skills to bear on another tragic turning point in American history. His treatment of Dallas 1963 is grand narrative at its finest. – Jon Meacham, Pulitzer Prize-winning author of American Lion: Andrew Jackson in the White House and Thomas Jefferson: The Art of Power
As he did in his bestselling Manhunt: The 12-Day Chase for
Lincoln’s Killer, Swanson combines stellar research with a brisk,
transporting narrative. – Washingtonian Magazine
End of Days is a fresh, modern contribution to the literature about one of the most heartbreaking crimes in history. – Washington Post
End of Days reads like a thriller while providing meticulous detail – the true-crime counterpart to Don DeLillo’s masterful, speculative novelization, Libra. – Omnivoracious
Absorbing and fast-paced. – Associated Press
Skillful... Authoritative... Swanson’s narrative gifts inject fresh suspense into the story of JFK’s slaying. – National Review
With a gift for storytelling, an ability to juxtapose events in the lives of killer and victim and an eye for the revelatory detail, Swanson offers a gripping account... the energy and devotion he brings to this endeavor rekindles the emotions of a half-century ago... – Richmond Times-Dispatch
A crisp, readable recital of the events surrounding the run-up to Nov. 22 and the aftermath. – Dallas Morning News
Swanson makes history read like a crime thriller, vividly re-creating the details surrounding the shooting through the perspectives of the killer, the victim, and those closest to them. – Parade Magazine
Based on extensive research, illustrated with photographs, Swanson in End of Days distills Kennedy's assassination into a pulse-pounding thriller that may become the definitive popular account of this historic crime for years to come.
History / Americas / Documents
The Constitution: The Story of the Creation and Adaptation of the Most Important Document in the History of the United States of America by Gerry Souter and Janet Souter (Thunder Bay Press)
It is the supreme law of the United States of America. It cannot be changed. It can only be amended, thus altering its effect and allowing for the growth and evolution of the nation and its people. Its writers composed the first constitution of its kind, and created a constitution so compelling and concise that they have influenced later writers of other national constitutions. The words contained within guide American law and political culture.
The signed document of the Constitution bound the people of thirteen disparate colonies in a grand democratic experiment. And that was just the beginning. As the fledgling nation shaped its identity and advanced its position on the world stage, demands were made of this four-page document that could never have been envisaged by its eighteenth-century authors. The Constitution examines the Constitution's origins and development through argument and compromise, and provides an in-depth look at the process of introducing new amendments – all of which have enabled it to remain relevant and authoritative in the modern age.
The Constitution, a beautifully illustrated book with eight removable facsimile documents, explains how the U.S. Constitution forged a nation and withstood the challenges it has faced through generations of interpretation. The luxurious padded cover reminds readers that extra care has been taken to produce this exceptional work of literary art.
The removable facsimile documents include:
Authors Gerry and Janet Souter are graduates of the Chicago Art Institute and the University of Chicago, and specialize in American history; they have written fifty-one books. According to the Souters in The Constitution, the United States Constitution is America's instruction book. A faded, barely legible set of parchment pages, the original signed document was handwritten in iron gall ink with a feathered quill pen. Cast in eighteenth-century language and preserved in archival security, it is now available for public view. The Constitution's present-day fragile appearance, however, masks the muscle and power of its carefully chosen words; forged at a time when life, death, and government rested in the ruling doctrine of divine right of kings.
Released from these frail pages, these revolutionary words have thundered through America's halls of justice and within its legislative bodies with a seemingly unstoppable, corporeal authority. Historians might agree that the U.S. Constitution has been responsible for creating the most successful democratic republic ever envisioned. American citizens have lived by its commandments, stretched its implications, ignored its wisdom, tested its premises, assaulted its foundation, and interpreted the intentions of its framers to fit the changing decades of social, moral, and economic existence. Each new generation discovers the immutable strength and latent challenges behind those opening words, "We, the people..."
The Constitution begins the story when memories of treason's noose were still fresh and the country was young and still encumbered with Old World customs. The act of separation produced a government of and for the people to achieve and preserve new freedoms. Even as the struggle to secure those freshly claimed liberties raged across fields and towns, the Continental Congress was, quite literally, kept on the move in order to stay ahead of the British Army while working to hammer out a government for its new citizens. This assumed, of course, that they were going to win. Ratified in 1781, before the deciding battle at Yorktown and the shaky birth as a new nation, the Articles of Confederation that emerged from this effort demonstrated the national spirit.
After six years of trial and error, of experimenting and often painful discovery, the independent states of America decided to work toward the stability of a strong central government. The founders spent the summer of 1787 creating a new constitution, a ‘revised edition’ of the original, not as an ivory-tower theory but in spare prose demanding ratification by all thirteen of the United States. In the coming years, as the population expanded and then exploded across the continent, each generation tested this bold experiment in statehood in ways perhaps never envisioned by its framers. The demands of politics, commerce, industry, society, and geography have challenged the translations of this eighteenth-century wisdom enacted through two hundred years of revisions: articles, sections, acts, bills, and amendments.
The Souters in The Constitution look at many of those demands over the decades of change from colonial times to the twenty-first century and see, through a series of eleven thematic chapters, how challenges were met by a variety of generations. The aim is to understand that what's required of today's world can resonate with similar needs made apparent and solutions put forth in response a hundred years ago.
Only twenty-seven changes have been admitted to the original document from roughly two thousand proposed amendments to the Constitution since its creation. Readers see how the mechanics of change, insightfully built into the Constitution, have been employed as they have experienced collisions of events and philosophies over the decades and centuries. The speed of communication, revelations in the spheres of social and physical science, and people’s participation in a growing global community have demanded answers to never-imagined questions. Volumes have been written examining the tangle of constitutional interpretation to address these various and evolving challenges. What is the future of the founding principles and rules of law? The authors argue that an examination of its past clearly suggests how today's Constitution maintains considerable influence and legitimacy with which to inform generations to come.
Fascinating, beautifully illustrated, The Constitution is a terrific compilation and resource about the most important document in the history of the United States of America, perfect for scholars, historians, and any home library.
History / China / Military
China's Wars: Rousing the Dragon 1894-1949 by Philip Jowett (General Military Series: Osprey Publishing)
By the end of the first decade of the 21st
century, China had become one of the great powers of the modern
world. Economically, politically, and militarily, its power and
international reach is only exceeded by the United States, the
world's one remaining superpower. China’s military spending, though
dwarfed by the United States, is over $100 billion a year and it is
busy developing an aircraft carrier, a stealth fighter jet, and
missiles that can shoot down satellites – all in an effort to
project its power on a global scale.
This is all a far cry from its position at the end of the 19th century, when it was a ramshackle and isolated medieval empire upon whom the European colonial powers could impose their wishes at will. The period from the First Sino-Japanese War of 1894-95 through to the Communist victory in the Chinese Civil War ending in 1949 was one of near-constant conflict that saw China emerge as a fledgling new world power. Militarily at least, this is the defining period in Chinese history.
This is the period that saw the breakdown of the traditional imperial system of control, under threat from a series of rebellions throughout the 19th century, and the rise of the warlords and civil war in 1911. Despite the establishment of the Republic of China in 1912, the country was still driven by internal strife as different factions sought to control the fledgling state, while much of the power in the land was exercised by regional warlords in a constant state of conflict with one another. The 1920s saw the rise of two opposing revolutionary movements, the Kuomintang, led first by Sun Yat-Sen and later Chiang Kai-Shek, and the Chinese Communist Party, one of whose early leaders was Mao Tse-Tung. The Kuomintang managed to gain control of the majority of China by the late 1920s, and started a long running conflict with the Communists at the same time. The late 1920s also saw the first significant Japanese intervention in China, and in 1931 the Japanese took control of the whole of Manchuria. By 1937 this had escalated into out and out conflict with the Chinese, a conflict which would last till the Japanese defeat in World War II in 1945. Even then China had to struggle through four years of painful civil war before the Chinese Communist Party finally established control in 1949.
In China's Wars Philip Jowett traces the complicated military history of China during these pivotal years, describing in detail the conflicts that forge the modern superpower that is China today. Jowett was born in Leeds in 1961, and has been interested in military history for as long as he can remember.
Previously unpublished photographs, contemporary pictures and specially-commissioned maps illustrate these tumultuous events and the men who fought them, events that would end with the eventual triumph of the Communist Party and the rise of modern China.
In China's Wars Jowett traces China's colorful and dramatic route from medieval kingdom to modern global power.
Packed with rare, unseen photographs, China's Wars reveals how the Communist Party was eventually able to establish control over the nation, bringing 60 years of stability and phenomenal growth to China, once again establishing it as a global power.
History / Educational Theory / Religion & Spirituality
Urban Catholic Education: The Best of Times, the Worst of Times edited by Thomas C. Hunt, David J. O'Brien and Timothy Walch (Peter Lang Publishing)
Urban Catholic Education: The Best of Times, the Worst of Times
is a sequel to a 2010 work with the similar title,
Urban Catholic Education: Tales of Twelve American Cities. Together,
these two works explore the historical contours of the Catholic
parochial school movement in America’s divergent urban centers from
colonial times to the present. The first volume covers the years of
growth and expansion up to 1970 and the second volume continues the
story and discusses the years of decline and retrenchment over the
past forty years.
In this second volume, ten scholars – many affiliated with Catholic schools and universities – address the recent history of parish schools in as many cities across the country. Not only do the essays address common themes, they also articulate the elements that make Catholic education distinctive in each city. The book is intended for Catholic educators and scholars who work in and for a national Catholic educational establishment; that establishment includes 238 colleges and universities and several thousand Catholic high schools among other institutions.
Editors are Thomas C. Hunt, a member of the faculty of the University of Dayton and a former editor of Catholic Education: A Journal of Inquiry and Practice; David J. O’Brien, Professor of History and Catholic Studies Emeritus, College of the Holy Cross, and University Professor at Large, University of Dayton; and Timothy Walch, the author of Parish School: American Catholic Education from Colonial Times to the Present.
It was clear to the editors of this new volume, Urban Catholic Education: The Best of Times, the Worst of Times, that the previous work, Urban Catholic Education: A Tale of Twelve American Cities, was only the half of the story. The authors had taken the topic from a struggle to survive to the exceptional achievement of educating more than 10 percent of all the children enrolled in all schools in this country. It was not too much to say that the first volume documented the most remarkable socio-educational movement in American history. What remained, however, was to tell the more difficult, complex story of the decline of urban Catholic education from its zenith of educating more than five million students in more than thirteen thousand schools to the struggle to maintain classroom instruction for less than two million students in fewer than five thousand schools. It has been a startling and rapid decline over the past five decades.
The salient question faced the editors of Urban Catholic Education was this: If these schools have been so effective, why are they being closed? The challenge of answering that question was compounded by the fact that few historians had ever attempted to answer it. The source material was available, but largely unused. The editors, therefore, recruited a coterie of experienced Catholic educators who were willing to take on the challenge of that question and show how the answers played out in their respective archdioceses.
As was the case with the first volume, Urban Catholic Education traces its origins to the excellent study published by the Thomas B. Fordham Institute in 2008 titled Who Will Save America's Urban Catholic Schools? That study revealed that 1,300 Catholic schools, most of which were located in cities, had closed since 1990, with the result that an estimated 300,000 students had to go elsewhere to school. The report further stated that Catholic school closings in the last two decades had "likely cost tax-payers more than $20 billion to accommodate the additional students that district and charter schools have absorbed."
As was the case with the first volume, the contributors to Urban Catholic Education were asked to consider the following points regarding the development of Catholic schools in their individual cities. First was the matter of the ethnic, demographic, and socio-economic mix in these communities and what impact these trends had on both urban and school development. Second was the interest and continuing commitment of Catholic leaders – prelates, pastors, parents, and women religious – in maintaining parish schools in inner cities. Third were the attitudes for and against Catholic schools on the part of non-Catholics in these emerging communities. Fourth was the size and subsequent movement of Catholic communities from urban neighborhoods to suburban subdivisions. Finally, each author was asked to consider how these four factors contributed to the distinctive educational experiences for Catholics in their respective communities.
The twelve cities in the first volume were selected for several reasons. First, they were chosen for their importance as centers of Catholic educational development. Second, the editors wanted to show the diversity of Catholic educational experiences in these varied cities and regions. Third, the editors say they planned a book that presented the story of the history of Catholic schools in different geographical regions of the country from the large archdioceses of the East Coast, to the burgeoning archdioceses of the industrial heartland, to the archdioceses on our southern and western borderlands. They revisit ten of these communities in Urban Catholic Education.
Those who have read the first volume will note the absence of two important archdioceses – New York and Detroit. The editors made copious efforts to enlist appropriate scholars to take on these archdioceses but were unsuccessful in these efforts. They believe that the broad story – as told through the ten archdioceses represented in Urban Catholic Education – reflects the salient issues that would have been articulated in chapters on Catholic education in New York and Detroit.
According to Hunt, O’Brien and Walch, although the evolution of Catholic education in each of these ten cities was unique, a careful reading of these chapters reveals common threads that are woven throughout the history of Catholic education not only in these ten cities but also in other cities across the nation. Even in the face of adversity in these ten urban Catholic communities, the editors say they see a determination to keep these schools going. The sheer will to survive is the first thread and it has led to a variety of imaginative initiatives – vouchers, tithing, fundraising, corporate collaboration – that have generated the resources necessary to keep the doors open.
Second is immigration. Until Vatican II, the children in the classrooms of parochial schools were of European heritage – Irish, German, Polish, and Italian among others. But as generations passed and these immigrant families evolved into prosperous Americans, they moved from urban neighborhoods to suburban subdivisions but did not build new parish schools. The children who repopulated those urban Catholic classrooms after Vatican II were often of African and Hispanic heritage.
The third thread is the variety of responses to the parish school movement. Parochial education, like politics, is local, and the experience over the past five decades in Boston was very different from that experience in New Orleans and San Antonio. To be sure, race was at the center of the parochial education movement in all three communities, but the story played out quite differently in each city. The same can be said of other aspects of parish schooling in other communities.
A fourth thread is adaptability. These chapters show a measure of resiliency in the face of crisis. The tenacity of parish school parents, pastors, and prelates has led to an acceptance that their schools had to adapt to the realities of urban life. These schools offered a refuge for children from ambitious families of color even if these families struggled to find the resources to pay their tuition bills. The imaginative ways and means of financing these schools is a symbol of their adaptability to the economic realities of private education.
The fifth thread is community. Without doubt, the foundation of any successful parish school is the bond between people who live together on the streets near the schools that they cherish. Those urban Catholic schools that survive and thrive in the various neighborhoods of Philadelphia, Chicago, and Los Angeles are the result of the hard work of parents and pastors who have been tireless in making these schools into centers of activity and assistance for all. In the words of author Peter McCloskey, 'the street stops here' when it comes to parochial education. Indeed, these schools are the fulfillment of the dreams and achievements of local Catholic communities and that thread is a bright one.
A final thread is identity. For families that have little, it is a proud moment to see their sons and daughters in their uniforms as they prepare for school. It is a mark of achievement, of hope, and of expectation. And positive results are expected and fulfilled. Indeed, it is hard to underestimate the value of a Catholic school education for children of color as they prepare for college and career. The identity of today's urban Catholic school has less to do with denominational doctrine and more to do with moral values, self-discipline, and academic achievement.
In Urban Catholic Education, these threads – survival, immigration, variety, adaptability, community, and identity – interweave to tell the story of a social institution in ten cities that ingeniously responded to almost constant change in American society without abandoning two basic goals – the preservation of the religious faith of Catholic children and the preparation of these children for productive roles in American society.
Urban Catholic Education is an engaging and encouraging text. It challenges some current assumptions about Catholic education by telling the real stories of inner city schools and placing them in their historical and contemporary context. These are stories of new vitality, determination, tenacity, and innovation. In some cases, the stories are of schools redefined, yet still and always focused on the essentials of extending the faith in the next generation and preparing young people for productive lives. – Karen Ristau, past president, National Catholic Educational Association
With a keen eye for detail and a spot-on analysis of the many
challenges facing Catholic schools today, this volume deftly
chronicles recent trends in major U.S. cities concerning enrollment,
financing, governance, and the broad political and ecclesial
developments currently shaping the American educational landscape.
The authors and editors are honest and unsparing; hence, this is not
always a happy book but it is a helpful one. Educational leaders,
parents, policy makers, and all those concerned for the future of
Catholic schooling would benefit from entering into the ebb and flow
of the stories of faith found in these cities. – Rev. Ronald J.
Nuzzi, Senior Director, The Mary Ann Remick Leadership Program,
Alliance for Catholic Education, The University of Notre Dame
A tour de force, Urban Catholic Education chronicles the story of the Catholic schools in the urban areas of ten archdioceses since 1960. Distinguished historians of Catholic education, professors and other Catholic educators document the similar challenges that Catholic schools in different parts of the country have encountered during the past half century of school closings and enrollment decline. The book is a must-read for bishops, superintendents and all interested in supporting Catholic schools, and a valuable addition to any library. – John J. Convey, St. Elizabeth Ann Seton Professor of Education, The Catholic University of America
Urban Catholic Education is a valuable touchstone for Catholic educators and scholars who work in and for a national Catholic educational establishment. It is the dramatic story of a social institution that is worth telling and a story that Catholic parents should not overlook in the day-to-day effort to support Catholic education.
History / Europe
A Civil War: A History of the Italian Resistance by Claudio Pavone, translated from the Italian by Peter Levy, edited and with an introduction by Stanislao Pugliese (Verso)
The past is never dead. It's not even past. – William Faulkner, Requiem for a Nun, 1950
Hailed as a masterwork upon its publication in Italy, A Civil War has until now been unavailable in English. As Italian politics continue to vacillate wildly and the Eurozone threatens collapse, this account of a nation-defining movement and its legacy remains as timely as ever.
Sixty years after partisan forces united to free Italy of its Fascist government, the Italian Resistance stands as the founding myth of contemporary Italian politics. Yet, the exact details and significance of the Resistance, like those of many symbolic historical events, remain in contention: Politicians vying for control of the present seek to alter the way in which Italians remember their past. Pavone's A Civil War aims both to set the historical record straight and investigate the way in which contemporary politics warps historical memory.
A Civil War is a history of the wartime Italian Resistance,
recounted by a historian who took part in the struggle
against Mussolini’s Fascist Republic. Since its publication in
Italy, Claudio Pavone’s masterwork has become indispensable to
anyone seeking to understand this period and its continuing
importance for the nation’s identity. Pavone was born in Rome in
1920 and took an active part in the Resistance movement. A renowned
historian, he has worked for many years in the National Archives and
is Professor of History and Queensboro Unico Distinguished Professor
of Italian and Italian American Studies at Hofstra University.
Pavone in A Civil War casts a sober eye on his protagonists’ ethical and ideological motivations. He uncovers a multilayered conflict, in which class antagonisms, patriotism and political ideals all played a part. A clear understanding of this complexity allows him to explain many details of the post-war transition, as well as the legacy of the Resistance for modern Italy. In addition to being a monumental work of scholarship, A Civil War is a folk history, capturing events, personalities and attitudes that were on the verge of slipping out of recollection to the detriment of Italy’s understanding of itself and its past.
Pavone eschews entrenched, politicized narratives of the Italian Resistance by viewing the Resistance as not one but three processes: a patriotic war, a civil war and a class war. Such an approach grasps all the nuances of the Resistance, rather than forcing an event of great complexity into a neat schema.
Nearly seventy years after the end of the Second World War, the armed Resistance against fascism – in both its Italian and German variants – is still the caesura of contemporary Italian politics, society and culture. Historically, psychologically, and culturally, it functions much like the Dreyfus Affair in France or the Civil War in the United States. As in France, the Italian Resistance evolved its own necessary mythology, thereby generating a counter-narrative of rightist revisionism. But from its earliest days, the Resistance, its participants and its chroniclers were aware of the sometimes morally ambiguous nature of the movement.
On its initial publication in 1991 by the Italian publishing house of Bollati Boringhieri in Turin, Claudio Pavone's Una guerra civile was generally acknowledged to be the most important work of history in a generation. With 800 pages of text and notes, this was a monumental work of scholarship, maturing after decades of labor in the relevant archives. Two decades later, it can be seen to have altered the terms of debate on the armed Resistance; a paradigm-shifter in Italian historiography.
In his depiction of the vast social dimension of the Resistance and his sensitive exploration of the moral and ethical problems associated with armed resistance, Pavone has written a work that is often described as a masterpiece of the historian's craft. It demonstrates the evolving and sophisticated nature of Italian historical writing – a reality often not recognized outside Italy. A Civil War is not just a standard but a central point of reference in the rapidly growing body of scholarship on history and memory, so that the continued absence of an English-language edition posed a serious obstacle to a fuller understanding of these issues, making one of the finest examples of contemporary Italian historical scholarship inaccessible to Anglophone readers.
While A Civil War is universally recognized as the most important work of history and historiography in a generation, it can also be seen as the intellectual and historiographical response to Renzo De Felice's monumental eight-volume biography of Benito Mussolini. Pavone has crafted a more subtle and substantive interpretation of the armed Resistance against Fascism and the Nazi occupation of Italy. Mediating between the hagiography of the left and the dismissive revisionism of the right, he has forged a new reading of the most important event in modern Italian history.
The most beautiful book written to date on the Italian
Resistance. – L’Unità
There have not been many books on history and politics in the past few years that have sparked such a vast and heated debate as the one arising with the publication of A Civil War. – Norberto Bobbio, author of The Future of Democracy
Pavone’s study of the struggle between the Resistance and the Fascist Republican regime, A Civil War, has provided the broad interpretive framework for much recent scholarship. – American Historical Review
The most important essay on the Resistance. – La Stampa
An essential book on the struggles of the Resistance. – Corriere della Sera
An essential book – the best book on the Resistance to date – one that revitalizes the way we look at this phenomenon, engaging dispassionately with its defining controversial aspects: the civil war, violence, ideology and the relationship between the Resistance and the Allies. – Alberto De Bernardi, La Repubblica
Passionate and fascinating, well documented in the slightest detail, radical in its themes and solutions. And it is also, in some regards, definitive, the final end of an ideal historiographical tradition begun with Battaglia in his Storia della Resistenza Italiana in 1964. – Marco Revelli, L'Indice
A Civil War is the definitive account of the Italian resistance, available in English for the first time. Pavone's focus on the ethics of violent resistance make A Civil War a vital case study for anyone interested in the revolutionary politics of critical thinkers like Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri.
History / Modern / Americas / Europe
Hot Dogs and Cocktails: When FDR Met King George VI at Hyde Park on Hudson by Peter Conradi (Alma Books)
From the coauthor of The King's Speech, Hot Dogs and Cocktails is the story behind the historic meeting between FDR and King George VI on the eve of World War II, a meeting that is now the subject of a major Hollywood movie, Hyde Park on Hudson.
Between June 9th and 12th 1939, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth were the guests of Franklin Delano Roosevelt at his country estate in Hyde Park, New York, during what was the first ever visit by a reigning British monarch to the United States. Coming at a time when Britain desperately needed U.S. help in the conflict that now seemed inevitable, the meeting was front page news on both sides of the Atlantic. Hot Dogs and Cocktails recreates the backdrop to the royal visit, analyzing the political background and the media's reaction, and tells the back stories both of the King and of Roosevelt, whose colorful personal life became entwined with the visit. Author Peter Conradi is an author and a journalist who works for the Sunday Times. The book includes sixteen pages of plates.
The alliance between nations was largely developed through the meetings between President Franklin D. Roosevelt and King George VI, the historical context and relevance of which is thoroughly explored in Hot Dogs and Cocktails. Far from being a mere footnote in history, this meeting was imbued with deep political significance, coming at a time when Europe was poised to enter war.
In Hot Dogs and Cocktails Conradi – who has already introduced readers to the gentle, shy figure of George VI in his number-one bestseller The King’s Speech – recreates the rich tapestry that provides the backdrop to the royals’ visit to America, analyzing the political background and the media’s reaction, and delving into the complex personality of Roosevelt and his relationships with the most influential women in his life
The royal visit – which culminated in the picnic the President hosted for his guests in the grounds of his home – saw the King of England sipping cocktails and sampling that most ‘democratic’ of foods, the humble hot dog, to the fascination of American newspapers: "King tries hot dog and asks for more," proclaimed The New York Times excitedly the next day.
Winston Churchill's speech in March 1946 in Fulton, Missouri, is largely remembered for his coining of the term ‘Iron Curtain’ to describe the fault line that was beginning to emerge in Europe between the capitalist West and communist East, a divide that was to shape the history of the Continent – and of the world – during the second half of the twentieth century. The speech also contained another phrase that was to have an enduring resonance: Churchill called for a "special relationship between the British Commonwealth and Empire and the United States", which should "work together at the common task as friends and partners".
At the time Churchill spoke, such a relationship already existed. Indeed, it had been displayed to dramatic effect by the US forces that had just stood alongside their British and Commonwealth counterparts on the battlefields of Europe and beyond – as they had done during the First World War. Historians may differ on the moment when the relationship began, but an important stage in its development was undoubtedly represented by a series of meetings between King George VI and Franklin D. Roosevelt at Washington and at the President's family seat at Hyde Park in New York State in June 1939, which form the subject of Hot Dogs and Cocktails.
The film Hyde Park on Hudson, starring Bill Murray as FDR, has at its heart a picnic that Roosevelt, accompanied by his long-suffering wife, Eleanor, and his domineering mother, Sara, held for the King and Queen Elizabeth at Hyde Park during the visit. The events of that summer day are little remembered today, but at the time the picnic – and the bizarre question that loomed over it: would or would not the King eat a hot dog? – made headlines on both sides of the Atlantic. Yet the goings-on at Hyde Park were but a small part of a three-week tour of North America that took the royal couple across Canada and back, as well as to New York and Washington.
This was arguably the most important tour in British royal history. For the people of Canada, it was the first time a reigning monarch – their monarch – had visited their country. The visit's importance to Britain's ties with America was even greater. It is difficult now, looking back on the close links that have grown up between London and Washington over the past decades, to remember the degree of mutual distrust that still existed between the two countries during the 1930s. The personal relationship between King and President that began at Hyde Park played an important role in turning this distrust into enduring friendship.
In Hot Dogs and Cocktails, Conradi tells the story of the tour, describing the royal couple's progress across North America and the tumultuous and enthusiastic welcome they received at every point, and setting it in the context of Britain's relations with the United States and with Canada. He also describes the main characters: the King and Queen and the Roosevelts, of course, but also the principal women in the President's life: Margaret ‘Daisy’ Suckley, Marguerite ‘Missy’ LeHand and Lucy Mercer.
The bulk of the narrative has come from the many detailed contemporary newspaper reports of the journey. Also invaluable were two ‘instant’ books: Voyage of State by G. Gordon Young, a correspondent for the Reuters news agency who covered the tour, and North America Sees Our King and Queen by Keith V. Gordon. The diaries of William Lyon Mackenzie King, who accompanied the royal couple, provided an insider's view of the visit, including near verbatim accounts of some of his conversations with the King, while Eleanor Roosevelt's many writings, together with books by her sons, James and Elliott, gave a wonderful insight into goings-on within the White House that would be unimaginable today.
Hot Dogs and Cocktails marvelously captures the political significance of the time for both Britain and the U.S., the personal stories of both the King and the President and the media's wild reaction to the event. Perfect for both history buffs and fans of The King’s Speech, the vivid details and political exploration in Hot Dogs and Cocktails provide a fresh perspective on a historical event that will gratify readers. The result is a lively and riveting account of a defining moment in recent world history.
Politics & Social Sciences / History / Human Geography / Education & Reference
Regionalism, 4 volume set edited by Philippe De Lombaerde and Fredrik Söderbaum (SAGE Library of International Relations: Sage Publications Ltd.)
Regionalism is a four-volume set designed to capture and organize 60 years of research and policy discourse on regional integration and regionalism. Since the mid-1980s there has been an explosion of various forms of regionalist projects on a global scale. The widening and deepening of the European Union (EU) is the most pervasive example, but regionalism is also made visible through the revitalization or expansion of many other regional projects around the world. Regionalism is founded on the notion that an intellectual history of regionalism needs to acknowledge but also transcend the many divisions and disciplines in the field. This four-volume set, with its 59 articles, captures and organizes more than 60 years of academic research on regional integration and regionalism. The general ambition is to contribute to the consolidation of a deeply fragmented field of study, still in search of its own intellectual history.
The volumes in Regionalism are structured chronologically, reflecting the evolution of the subject:
The SAGE Library of International Relations Series brings together the most influential and field-defining articles, both classical and contemporary, in a number of key areas of research and inquiry in international relations. Each multivolume set represents a collection of the essential published works collated from the foremost publications in the field by an editor or editorial team of renowned international stature. They also include a full introduction, presenting a rationale for the selection and mapping out the discipline's past, present and likely future.
The editors of Regionalism are Philippe De Lombaerde, Associate Director at the UNU Institute on Comparative Regional Integration Studies (UNU-CRIS) in Bruges, Visiting Lecturer at the University of Maastricht, formerly Associate Professor of International Economics at the Universidad Nacional de Colombia in Bogota; and Fredrik Söderbaum, Associate Professor at the School of Global Studies at the University of Gothenburg and Associate Senior Research Fellow at the UNU Institute on Comparative Regional Integration Studies (UNU-CRIS) in Bruges.
Chapters in the four volumes in Regionalism and their authors include:
Volume I: Classical Regional Integration (1945-1970)
1. A Working Peace System – David Mitrany
2. Universal Capitalism or Regional Planning? – Karl Polanyi
3. The Economics of Customs Unions – Jacob Viner
4. The Integration of Current Transactions – Jan Tinbergen
5. Introduction to Political Community and the North Atlantic Area: International Organization in the Light of Historical Experience – Karl Wolfgang Deutsch, Sidney A. Burrell and Robert A. Kann
6. The Middle East as a Subordinate International System – Leonard Binder
7. The Latin American Common Market and the Multilateral Payments System – Economic Commission for Latin America
8. International Integration: The European and the Universal Process – Ernst B. Haas
9. Towards a Theory of Economic Integration – Bela Balassa
10. A Theory of Optimum Currency Areas – Robert A. Mundell
11. A New Look at Customs Union Theory – Charles A. Cooper and Benton F. Massell
12. Obstinate or Obsolete? The Fate of the Nation-State and the Case of Western Europe – Stanley Hoffmann
13. International Capitalism and "Supra-Nationality" – Ernest Mandel
14. Comparative Regional Integration: Concept and Measurement – Joseph S. Nye
15. Three Neo-Functional Hypotheses about International Integration – Philippe C. Schmitter
16. International Regions: A Comparative Approach to Five Subordinate Systems – Louis J. Canton and Steven L. Spiegel
Volume II: Revisions of Classical Regional Integration (1970-1990)
17. The Study of Regional Integration: Reflections on the Joy and Anguish of Pretheorizing – Ernst B. Haas
18. Comparing Common Markets: A Revised Neo-Functionalist Model – Joseph S. Nye
19. Of Blind Men, Elephants and International Integration – Donald J. Puchala
20. The United Nations and Regionalism – Ernst B. Haas
21. Integration by Whom, for Whom, against Whom? On the Relationship between Neo-Classical Integration Theory; Processes of Integration, and Social Structure – Helge Hveem
22. Canada's Future in a World of Trade Blocs: A Proposal – Ronald J. Wonnacott
23. Turbulent Fields and the Theory of Regional Integration – Ernst B. Haas
24. Worldwide versus Regional Integration: Is There an Optimum Size of the Integrated Area? – Richard N. Cooper
25. Underdevelopment, Dependence, and Integration: The Politics of Regionalism in the Third World – W. Andrew Axline
26. Regional Conflict Formations: An Intractable Problem of International Relations – Raimo Vayrynen
27. The Joint-Decision Trap: Lessons from German Federalism and European Integration – Fritz W. Scharpf
Volume III: The New Regionalism (1990-2000)
28. Regions as Social Constructs: The Gap between Theory and Practice – Alexander B. Murphy
29. Regionalism versus Multilateralism: Analytical Notes – Paul Krugman
30. Neo-Mercantilism: The Pursuit of Regionness – Bjorn Hettne
31. Preferences and Power in the European Community: A Liberal Intergovernmentalist Approach – Andrew Moravcsik
32. Europe before the Court: A Political Theory of Legal Integration – Anne-Marie Burley and Walter Mattli
33. The Study of the European Community: The Challenge to Comparative Politics – Simon Hix
34. A Region-Building Approach to Northern Europe – Iver B. Neumann
35. US Trade Policy: The Infatuation with FTAs – Jagdish Bhagwati
36. Mapping the European Condition: The Theory of Integration and the Integration of Theory – Ben Rosamond
37. Democracy, Economic Reform and Regional Cooperation – Etel Solingen
38. Regionalism in Comparative Perspective – Peter J. Katzenstein
39. European Integration from the 1980s: State-Centric v. Multi-level Governance – Gary Marks, Liesbet Hooghe and Kermit Blank
40. European Integration and Supranational Governance – Alec Stone Sweet and Wayne Sandholtz
41. The Causes of Regionalism – Richard E. Baldwin
42. Imagined (Security) Communities: Cognitive Regions in International Relations – Emanuel Adler
43. Armed Conflict and Regional Conflict Complexes, 1989–97 – Peter Wallensteen and Margareta Sollenberg
44. The Proliferation of Preferential Trading Arrangements – Edward D. Mansfield
45. Global and Regional Public Goods: A Prognosis for Collective Action – Todd Sandler
46. Revisiting a Paradigm – Daniel C. Bach
Volume IV: Comparative Regionalism (2000-2010)
47. Explaining Regional Integration Outcomes – Walter Mattli
48. Theorising the Rise of Regionness – Bjorn Hettne and Fredrik Soderbaum
49. Europe as a Social Process and Discourse: Considerations of Place, Boundaries and Identity – Anssi Paasi
50. With a Little Help from My Friends? Regional Organizations and the Consolidation of Democracy – Jon C. Pevehouse
51. The World Order Approach – Andrew Gamble and Anthony Payne
52. The Weave-World: The Regional Interweaving of Economies, Ideas and Identities – Morten Boas, Marianne H. Marchand and Timothy M. Shaw
53. How Ideas Spread: Whose Norms Matter? Norm Localization and Institutional Change in Asian Regionalism – Amitav Acharya
54. Beyond the `New' Regionalism – Bjorn Hettne
55. Interregionalism as a Multifaceted Phenomenon: In Search of a Typology – Heiner Heinggi
56. Sequencing Regional Trade Integration and Cooperation Agreements – Antoni Estevadeordal and Kati Suominen
57. The Problem of Comparison in Comparative Regionalism – Philippe De Lombaerde, Fredrik Soderbaum, Luk Van Langenhove and Francis Baert
58. The Small N Methodological Challenges of Analyzing Regional Integration – Gaspare M. Genna and Philippe De Lombaerde
59. Across the EU Studies – New Regionalism Frontier: Invitation to a Dialogue – Alex Warleigh-Lack and Ben Rosamond
According to Regionalism, while there is a strong tendency in both policy and academia to acknowledge the importance of regions and regionalism, the approach of different academic specializations varies considerably, and regionalism means different things to different people in different contexts. In principle, such diversity could be productive and could indicate increasing maturity of the field of study. Even if we may speak of an emerging academic community of regionalism, the prevailing fragmentation is a sign of weakness more than strength. The problem is a general lack of dialogue among academic disciplines, regional specializations (e.g. European integration, Latin American, Asian, and African regionalism), as well as theoretical traditions and approaches (e.g. rationalism, institutionalism, constructivism, critical and postmodern approaches). There is also thematic fragmentation in the sense that various forms of regionalism, such as economic, security, and environmental regionalism, are only rarely related to one another. These divisions undermine further generation of cumulative knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological developments. Indeed, the divisions and lack of dialogue lead to unproductive contestations, among both academics and policymakers, about the meaning of regionalism, its causes and effects, how it should be studied, what to compare and how, and not least, what are the costs and benefits of regionalism and regional integration.
Regionalism provides a multi-disciplinary community of regionalism scholars with a collection of key original texts that have contributed to shaping the thinking about regional integration, regionalism and regionalization. The set of books allows an interaction across different discourses, theoretical standpoints and disciplines, which is quite rare in the current debate. Even if there has been a proliferation of very useful handbooks and theoretical works in recent decades, many of such works are rather selective and tend to favor particular theoretical perspectives, time periods, discourses or themes, thereby reinforcing the existing divisions in the field. It is the editors’ conviction that the future development of the study of regionalism is contingent on a better understanding of the intellectual roots of the field and that academics should increasingly engage with other texts and researchers across existing boundaries and discourses. In this selection the editors have opted for radically crossing disciplinary borders within the social sciences, especially those between economics and political science.
While preparing Regionalism the editors say they approached a large number of experts with questionnaires, and it was very evident that, with a few exceptions, there is no consensus at all which articles to include in a collection such as this. The selected 59 key texts are organized chronologically, showing historical dynamisms, the various lines of influence, cross-fertilization and descendence. And although the texts were organized in four volumes, corresponding to labeled time periods, they stress the long term development of the field. The editors cross the borders of the various social science disciplines, especially the one between the political and economic sciences, and include theoretically mainstream as well as heterodox or alternative approaches. They have built a globally relevant collection of texts, thereby balancing European and non-European texts, basically selecting the literature on its conceptually, theoretically and/or methodologically innovative character.
This entire series – The SAGE Library of International Relations – is a `gold standard' for university libraries throughout the world with an interest in international relations.
With a strong global focus on the field, Regionalism, a major work, will be of great value to the international academic community, collating and presenting seminal articles written by scholars from around the globe. The list of articles in Regionalism does not represent the ultimate and shared intellectual history of the field, but the articles included in the unique, four-volume set represent one way to read the intellectual history of regionalism, spanning more than 60 years and the various social science disciplines. Therefore, this collection will help to serve the purpose of consolidating the field of regionalism studies.
Professional & Technical / Medicine / Clinical / Internal / Oncology / Radiology / Surgery / Reference
Clinical Interventional Oncology: Expert Consult – Online and Print, 1st edition by Stephen T Kee MD, Ravi Murthy MD FACP and David C Madoff MD (Elsevier Saunders)
Loosely structured around the concept of a ‘tumor board,’ Clinical Interventional Oncology delivers a comprehensive arsenal of information on the techniques and treatment protocols surrounding chemoembolizations, tumor ablations, minimally invasive tumor biopsies, and other interventional oncologic procedures. Designed for all members of the cancer care team, it provides the ‘how to’ guidance they need on the clinical, evidence-based application of each interventional procedure. The focus is on treatment, technique and evidence-based analysis.
With Clinical Interventional Oncology clinicians are able to:
Authors/editors are Stephen T. Kee, MD, Professor of Radiology, Chief, Interventional Radiology, UCLA Health Sciences, Los Angeles; Ravi Murthy, MD, FACP, Professor of Radiology, Interventional Radiology Section, Division of Diagnostic Imaging, University of Texas, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston; and David C. Madoff, MD, Professor of Radiology, Chief, Division of Interventional Radiology, New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York. The book has 64 contributors.
This first edition of Clinical Interventional Oncology is intended to educate practicing Interventionists on the state of the profession, while disseminating the specialty's artistry to referring Oncologists and primary care physicians. Interventional oncologic practices are used less commonly due to poor understanding of techniques, even by members of the discipline. Embolic and ablative therapies have historically been considered palliative therapies that are only sought out after all traditional methods have failed. As a result, practitioners frequently receive patients for treatments that could clearly have been better served, and potentially cured, had they come to the clinician’s attention earlier in the course of their disease. The fault for this lies with the practitioners. They need to do a better and more comprehensive job of informing the medical profession, and even the public, of where they currently stand with interventional cancer therapies, and where they are exploring new horizons.
Clinical Interventional Oncology endeavors to address methods for treating most of the major cancers seen by Interventional Oncologists. Their approach is intended to give readers an understanding of what major therapeutic options are currently available; to teach how interventional techniques are being applied and how they work; and to prompt which patients may benefit from an Interventional Oncologist.
The practice of Radiology and Interventional Radiology, in particular, has evolved considerably over the last 20 years. It is now a routine part of most Interventional Oncologist's practices to establish out-patient clinics where the physician may evaluate patients and their imaging to determine if they could be appropriate candidates for alternative therapies. Once these treatments have been applied, it is common to follow patients in a longitudinal fashion, usually working in concert with a more traditional oncologist. Most, if not all, of these therapies are applied while patients continue their traditional course of oncologic regimen. Patients will have follow-up imaging coordinated in such a way that the full value of treatment can be evaluated.
The practice of Interventional Oncology continues to evolve rapidly. There are a number of advanced treatment regimens that have been studied in extensive double-blind trials and have demonstrated their worth. Many are currently in ongoing trials and it has become almost common for novel cancer treatment studies to include interventional techniques in their options.
Chapters in Clinical Interventional Oncology and their authors include:
The Role of Interventional Oncology in Modern Cancer Care – LIZBETH KENNY & ANDREAS ADAM
Philosophy of Locoregional Therapies – MAURIE MARKMAN
PART 1 Principles of Locoregional Therapy – BRADLEY B. PUA
PART 2 Gastrointestinal Oncology – DAVID C. MADOFF & RAVI MURTHY
PART 3 Genitourinary and Gynecologic Oncology – DANIEL J. A. MARGOLIS
PART 4 Head and Neck Oncology – WHITNEY POPE
PART 5 Thoracic Oncology – STEPHEN T. KEE
PART 6 Musculoskeletal Oncology – ALDA L. TAM
Practicing physicians may not always know where to turn for a reference because this area of medicine is undergoing changes much more rapidly than most. With Clinical Interventional Oncology, they are able to adhere to best practices and achieve best outcomes for their patients. From leading experts, this first edition is a groundbreaking resource, which should be at the top of physicians' reading lists. The content is both comprehensive and practical so readers can quickly learn what to do and when, while having access to the most authoritative analysis of pertinent data. Clinicians are able to quickly find the information they need with the easy-to-reference format organized by organ system. Scenarios provide vivid clarity through full-color design and an abundance of high-quality images.
Professional & Technical / Medicine / Clinical / Internal / Pediatrics
Feigin and Cherry's Textbook of Pediatric Infectious Diseases: Expert Consult – Online and Print, 7th edition, 2-Volume Set by James Cherry MD MSc, Gail J. Harrison MD, Sheldon L. Kaplan MD and William J. Steinbach MD and Peter J. Hotez MD, PhD (Elsevier Saunders)
With the advent of more aggressive infectious and resistant strains as well as emerging and re-emerging diseases, treatment of pediatric infections remains a rapidly evolving area that requires constant vigilance. Feigin and Cherry's Textbook of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, 7th edition, helps clinicians put the latest knowledge to work for their young patients with coverage of everything from epidemiology, public health, and preventive medicine through clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment. Ideal for all physicians, whether in an office or hospital setting, the book equips clinicians with answers to their challenging clinical infectious disease questions.
With Feigin and Cherry's Textbook of Pediatric Infectious Diseases clinicians are able to:
Editors are James D. Cherry, MD, MSc, Distinguished Professor of Pediatrics, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Attending Physician, Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Mattel Children's Hospital UCLA, Los Angeles; Gail J: Harrison, MD, Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Section of Infectious Diseases, Baylor College of Medicine, Attending Physician, Infectious Diseases Service, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston; Sheldon L. Kaplan, MD, Professor and Vice-Chairman for Clinical Affairs, Head, Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Chief, Infectious Disease Service, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston; William J. Steinbach, MD, Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Department of Pediatrics, Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Attending Physician, Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina; and Peter J. Hotez, MD, PhD, Dean, National School of Tropical Medicine, Professor, Pediatrics and Molecular & Virology and Microbiology, Head, Section of Pediatric Tropical Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, Endowed Chair of Tropical Pediatrics, Director, Sabin Vaccine Institute & Texas Children's Hospital Center for Vaccine Development, President, Sabin Vaccine Institute, Houston. To provide a text as comprehensive and authoritative as possible, the editors have enlisted contributions from a large number of individuals; the book has 304 contributors.
According to the editors in the preface to Feigin and Cherry's Textbook of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, despite the advances in the 20th century, infectious diseases in the developed world remain the leading cause of morbidity in infants and children in the 21st century. Children continue to experience three to nine respiratory infections and one to three gastrointestinal illnesses annually, requiring visits to physicians that outnumber the visits made for the purpose of well-child care. Infectious diseases are also the most common cause of school absenteeism. In more recent years, the emergence of resistance to multiple antibiotics by a large number of bacterial microorganisms (e.g., community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) has contributed to the morbidity and mortality related to infectious diseases processes, as have new infectious agents (e.g., swine influenza virus, SARS coronavirus) and changes in the clinical manifestations and severity of established infectious agents (e.g., enterovirus 71, swine influenza). The developing world is confronted with the same present-day problems seen in the developed world (antimicrobial resistance and new infectious agents), and these challenges are compounded by malnutrition and lack of adequate public health services and antimicrobial agents.
The first edition of Feigin and Cherry's Textbook of Pediatric Infectious Diseases was written because Drs. Feigin and Cherry and many of their colleagues were concerned that no single reference text existed that comprehensively covered infectious diseases in children and adolescents. With each subsequent edition, including this one, the goal has been to provide comprehensive coverage of all subjects pertinent to the study of infectious diseases in children. Any attempt to summarize the present understanding of infectious diseases for serious students of the subject is a formidable task. In many areas, new information continues to accrue so rapidly that material becomes dated before it can appear in a text of this magnitude. Nevertheless, in this seventh edition of Feigin and Cherry's Textbook of Pediatric Infectious Diseases the editors and their author colleagues have endeavored to provide the most comprehensive and up-to-date discussion of pediatric infectious diseases ever compiled. This new edition is available online as well as in print. Online access includes not only fully searchable text, photos, illustrations, and tables, but also references linked to PubMed.
Once again, infectious diseases are discussed according to the organ systems that may be affected, as well as individually by microorganisms. In all sections in which diseases related to specific agents are discussed, emphasis is placed, to the greatest extent possible, on the specificity of clinical manifestations that may be related to the organism causing the disease. Detailed information regarding the best means to establish a diagnosis and explicit recommendations for therapy is provided. Because history is an important teacher, the editors retain relevant historical details in this seventh edition.
Throughout the 32 years and seven-edition history of the Feigin and Cherry's Textbook of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, a number of classic chapters exist (e.g., measles, rubella, enteroviruses, and mycoplasma infections). The data in these chapters are unavailable in any other single source publication.
The entire text of this seventh edition has been revised extensively. The sixth edition contained almost 4000 pages, which is close to the maximum that can be included in a two-volume book. Therefore, with this seventh edition, the editors faced a major dilemma: specifically, how to include new important material that had become available since the sixth edition but not to substantially increase the size of the book. They approached this dilemma in two ways. One problem in previous editions was redundancy, which they addressed by reducing the number of chapters from 266 to 253. This reduction has been accomplished by combining information in some previous separate chapters into more concise single presentations. The second way to reduce pages in the printed version of this textbook was to print only new references. The electronic version, though, contains all references.
This seventh edition of Feigin and Cherry's Textbook of Pediatric Infectious Diseases continues the format that was initiated in the fourth edition in that infections with specific micro-organisms have been organized to provide appropriate emphasis on the common features that may relate specific microorganisms to one another. Thus, all gram-positive coccal organisms are presented sequentially and are followed by gram-negative cocci, gram-positive bacilli, enterobacteria, gram-negative coccobacilli, Treponemataceae, anaerobic bacteria, and so forth. In addition, special sections of the text have been devoted to discussions of each of the following: molecular determinants of microbial pathogenesis; immunologic and phagocytic responses to infection; metabolic response of the host to infections; interaction of infection and nutrition; pathogenesis and treatment of fever; the human microbiome; epidemiology and biostatistics of infectious diseases; infections of the compromised host; Kawasaki disease; chronic fatigue syndrome; international travel issues for children; infectious disease problems of international adoptees and refugees; nosocomial infections; prevention and control of infections in hospitalized children; pharmacology and pharmacokinetics of antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, and antiparasitic agents; immuno-modulating agents; active and passive immunizing agents; public health considerations; infections in day care environments; and use of the bacteriology, mycology, parasitology, virology, and serology laboratories. The section on infections in the compromised host, which includes 16 chapters, has again been expanded. This expansion has been necessitated by the large number of children, particularly post-transplantation recipients, who now serve as the source of many infectious disease problems and constitute a large part of the consulting practice of many pediatric infectious disease physicians.
The editors also retain a section on bioterrorism, which is necessitated by the current state of world affairs. The section on immuno-modulating agents and their potential use in the treatment of infectious diseases has been expanded because information on this subject has become more extensive since the publication of the last edition. Human and animal bites are now combined in one chapter, and a chapter on probiotics has been added.
Chapters of Feigin and Cherry's Textbook of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, seventh edition and their authors include:
PART 1 HOST-PARASITE RELATIONSHIPS AND THE PATHOGENESIS OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES
PART II INFECTION OF SPECIFIC ORGAN SYSTEMS
SECTION I UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS
SECTION II LOWER RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS
SECTION III INFECTIONS OF THE HEART
SECTION IV CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM INFECTIONS
SECTION V GENITOURINARY TRACT INFECTIONS
SECTION VI GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT INFECTIONS
SECTION VII LIVER DISEASES
SECTION VIII OTHER INTRA-ABDOMINAL INFECTIONS
SECTION IX MUSCULOSKELETAL INFECTIONS
SECTION X SKIN INFECTIONS
· 60A BACTERIAL SKIN INFECTIONS – Mary Anne Jackson
· 60B VIRAL AND FUNGAL SKIN INFECTIONS – Meena R. Julapalli and Moise L. Levy
SECTION XI OCULAR INFECTIOUS DISEASES
SECTION XII SYSTEMIC INFECTIOUS DISEASES
SECTION XIII INFECTIONS OF THE FETUS AND NEWBORN
SECTION XIV INFECTIONS OF THE COMPROMISED HOST
SECTION XV UNCLASSIFIED INFECTIOUS DISEASES
PART IIII INFECTIONS WITH SPECIFIC MICROORGANISMS
SECTION XVI BACTERIAL INFECTIONS
SUBSECTION 1 GRAM-POSITIVE COCCI
SUBSECTION 2 GRAM NEGATIVE COCCI
SUBSECTION 3 GRAM-POSITIVE BACILLI
SUBSECTION 4 GRAM-NEGATIVE BACILLI
SUBSECTION 5 GRAM-NEGATIVE COCCOBACILLI
SUBSECTION 6 TREPONEMATACEAE
· 140A LYME DISEASE – Sunil K. Sood and Peter J. Krause
· 140B RELAPSING FEVER – Peter J. Krause
SUBSECTION 7 ANAEROBIC BACTERIA
SECTION XVII VIRAL INFECTIONS
DNA VIRUSES – SUBSECTION 1 PARVOVIRIDAE
DNA VIRUSES – SUBSECTION 2 POLYOMAVIRIDAE
DNA VIRUSES – SUBSECTION 3 ADENOVIRIDAE
DNA VIRUSES – SUBSECTION 4 HEPATOVIRIDAE
DNA VIRUSES – SUBSECTION 5 HERPESVIRIDAE
DNA VIRUSES – SUBSECTION 6 PO VIRIDAE
RNA VIRUSES – SUBSECTION 1 PICORNAVIRIDAE
RNA VIRUSES – SUBSECTION 2 CALICIVIRIDAE
RNA VIRUSES – SUBSECTION 3 REOVIRIDAE
RNA VIRUSES – SUBSECTION 4 TOGAVIRIDAE
· 174A EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS – Theodore F. Tsai and Gail J. Harrison
· 174B WESTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS – Theodore F. Tsai and Gail J. Harrison
· 174C VENEZUELAN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS – Theodore F. Tsai and Gail J. Harrison
· 174D CHIKUNGUNYA – Scott B. Halstead
· 174E ROSS RIVER VIRUS ARTHRITIS – John G. Aaskov
· 174F OTHER ALPHAVIRAL INFECTIONS – Theodore F. Tsai
SUBSECTION 5 FLAVIVIRIDAE
· 175A ST. LOUIS ENCEPHALITIS – Kimberly C. Martin • Jose R. Romero • Theodore F. Tsai
· 175B WEST NILE VIRUS – Jose R. Romero
· 175C YELLOW FEVER – Duane J. Gubler and Gail J. Harrison
· 175D DENGUE, DENGUE HEMORRHAGIC FEVER, AND SEVERE DENGUE – Scott B. Halstead
· 175E JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS – Theodore F. Tsai
· 175F MURRAY VALLEY ENCEPHALITIS – John G. Aaskov
· 175G TICK-BORNE ENCEPHALITIS – Andrea Duppenthaler • Christoph Aebi • Theodore F. Tsai
· 175H OTHER FLAVIVIRAL INFECTIONS – Theodore F. Tsai
SUBSECTION 6 ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE
SUBSECTION 7 PARAMYXOVIRIDAE
SUBSECTION 8 RHABDOVIRIDAE
SUBSECTION 9 ARENAVIRIDAE AND FILOVIRIDAE
SUBSECTION 10 CORONAVIRIDAE AND TOROVIRIDAE
SUBSECTION 11 BUNYAVIRIDAE
· 190A RIFT VALLEY FEVER – C.J. Peters and Gail J. Harrison
· 190B CRIMEAN-CONGO HEMORRHAGIC FEVER – Robert B. Tesh and Gail J. Harrison
· 190C PHLEBOTOMUS FEVER (SANDFLY FEVER) – Robert B. Tesh and Gail J. Harrison
· 190D OROPOUCHE FEVER – Francisco P. Pinheiro • Amelia P. A. Travassos da Rosa • Pedro Fernando da C. Vasconcelos
· 190E TOSCANA VIRUS – Remi N. Charrel • Xavier de Lamballerie • Laurence Bichaud
SUBSECTION 12 RETROVIRIDAE
· 191A ONCOVIRUSES (HUMAN T-CELL LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUSES) AND LENTIVIRUSES (HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS TYPE 2) – Michael A. Tolle and Susan L. Gillespie
· 191B HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS AND ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME – Filiz O. Seeborg • Mary E. Paul • William T. Shearer
SUBSECTION 13 PRION-RELATED DISEASES
SECTION XVIII CHLAMYDIA
SECTION XIX RICKETTSIAL DISEASES
SECTION XX MYCOPLASMA
SECTION XXI FUNGAL DISEASES
SECTION XXII PARASITIC DISEASES
SUBSECTION 1 PROTOZOA
SUBSECTION 2 NEMATODES
SUBSECTION 3 CESTODES
SUBSECTION 4 TREMATODES
SUBSECTION 5 ARTHROPODS
SECTION XXIII GLOBAL HEALTH
PART IV THERAPEUTICS
PART V PREVENTION OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES
SECTION XXIV OTHER PREVENTIVE CONSIDERATIONS
PART VI APPROACH TO THE LABORATORY DIAGNOSIS OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES
This is the textbook to which all who desire a comprehensive exposition of pediatric infectious disease will turn. – JAMA, review of the previous edition.
The editors and publishers should be commended the first for being able to collect the data, the latter for the high technical quality of production. Contains an expert-consult searchable on-line. Highly recommended not only to specialists in infectious diseases and departments of pediatrics but to all pediatricians. – Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews, December 2009
With unmatched coverage, Feigin and Cherry's Textbook of Pediatric Infectious Diseases helps clinicians put the very latest knowledge to work, from epidemiology, public health, and preventive medicine through clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment. Recommended for all physicians, whether in an office or hospital setting, the volume equips clinicians with trusted answers to the most challenging clinical infectious disease questions.
Professional & Technical / Medicine / Clinical / Internal / Sleep
Atlas of Clinical Sleep Medicine: Expert Consult – Online and Print, 2nd edition by Meir H. Kryger MD, Alon Y. Avidan MD, MPH, Richard B. Berry MD (Elsevier Saunders)
With visual guidance from world-renowned sleep expert Dr. Meir H. Kryger, clinicians can accurately diagnose and treat adult and pediatric sleep disorders. Atlas of Clinical Sleep Medicine is an easy-to-read, illustrated atlas that details the physiologic, clinical, morphologic, and investigational aspects of the full range of sleep disorders encountered in everyday practice – it helps clinicians interpret the visual manifestations of patients' sleep disorders.
With Atlas of Clinical Sleep Medicine clinicians are able to:
Authors/editors are Meir H. Kryger, MD, Professor of Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut; Alan Y. Avidan, MD, MPH, Professor of Neurology, Director, UCLA Sleep Disorders Center, Director, UCLA Neurology Clinic, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, University of California, Los Angeles; and Richard B. Berry, MD, Professor of Medicine, Medical Director, UF Health Sleep Center, University of Florida, Gainesville. The book has 71 contributors.
According to the editors, this second edition of the Atlas of Clinical Sleep Medicine updates the original Atlas in terms of advances in the field of sleep medicine yet maintains the synthesis of a broad knowledge base and a visual representation of that knowledge.
Since the first edition, several important advances have occurred in sleep medicine. In terms of standardization of sleep medicine procedures, new scoring rules for polysomnography were developed, and the process of updating the diagnostic system has begun and is virtually complete. The goal of the original scoring system, developed in 1960 by Rechtschaffen and Kales, was to standardize the scoring of sleep stages. As sleep research gave birth to sleep medicine, it became important to standardize the scoring not only of normal sleep, but also of abnormal events in sleep. The revised manual developed by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine has achieved that goal, and Atlas of Clinical Sleep Medicine contains highlights of that revised manual. Another important methodologic change is the increased use of home sleep testing for obstructive sleep apnea. This initiative arose from the realization that many, but certainly not all, patients with obstructive sleep apnea can be evaluated in a home setting without the need for a more expensive and intrusive sleep laboratory study. The role of home testing is an evolving methodology in the field and is discussed in the text.
More important, the knowledge base of sleep medicine has continued to evolve. This second edition of Atlas of Clinical Sleep Medicine pays special attention to the two areas that have seen significant strides. The first is pediatric sleep medicine, particularly the field of sleep breathing disorders. For many years pediatric sleep medicine was focused on the parasomnias, but virtually all sleep disorders are present in pediatric populations. Sleep disorders in children have different presentations, different risk factors, and different morbidities. As children go through critical periods in their development, the presence of a disorder that compromises cognitive function can have irreversible consequences. Clearly the need to recognize, diagnose, and treat pediatric sleep disorders is a high priority in sleep medicine.
The other big advance has occurred in the understanding of circadian physiology and the disorders of circadian desynchrony. This increase has resulted in a better understanding of the pathophysiology of medical conditions such as obesity and disorders such as shift-work disorder as well as the effective use of light and chronobiotic medications in the treatment of circadian disorders.
Since late 2007, the sleep medicine boards have been administered by the American Board of Medical Specialties. Pediatricians, ENTs, internists, neurologists, cardiologists, and family doctors have taken and succeeded at the new boards. Home sleep testing has taken the sleep world by storm. There is an updated manual for the scoring of sleep and an updated classification of sleep disorders. Emerging treatments for virtually every sleep disorder are becoming available. New sophisticated tools not only for diagnosis and monitoring, but also for evaluation of treatment adherence and efficacy, are being introduced at an impressive rate. Our understanding of the relationship of genetics, sleep, metabolic diseases and the circadian system has exploded.
Chapters of Atlas of Clinical Sleep Medicine and their authors include:
Sleep Mechanisms – Patrick M. Fuller, Phyllis C. Zee, and Orfeu M. Buxton
Localization and Neurochemistry of Sleep-Wake Physiology and Pathophysiology – Pierre-Herve Luppi and Patrice Fort
Circadian Rhythms Regulation – Kathryn J. Reid, Phyllis C. Zee, and Orfeu M. Buxton
Physiologic Regulation in Sleep – Pier Luigi Parmeggiani, Ronny P. Bartsch, and Plamen Ch. Ivanov
Cytokines, Host Defense, and Sleep – James M. Clinton, Christopher J. Davis, and James M. Krueger
Control of Breathing – Danny J. Eckert, Dominic Roca, Susie Yim Yeh, and Atul Malhotra
Central and Autonomic Regulation in Cardiovascular Physiology – Richard L. Verrier and Ronald M. Harper
Interactive Regulation of Sleep and Feeding – Eva Szentirmai and Levente Kapbs
Endocrine Physiology – Rachel Leproult and Eve Van Cauter
Sleep in Animals and the Phylogeny of Sleep – Jerome Siegel
Normal Sleep in Humans – Mon Y. Avidan
Circadian Rhythm Disorders – Kathryn J. Reid and Phyllis C. Zee
Circadian Desynchrony and Health – Keith C. Summa and Fred W. Turek
Central Nervous System Hypersomnias – Chad Ruoff and Emmanuel Mignot
Movement Disorders in Sleep – Richard P. Allen, Rachel E. Salas, and Charlene Gamaldo
Sleep and Epilepsy – Marco Zucconi and Michelangelo Maestri
Sleep in Other Neurologic Disorders – Alon Y. Avidan and Raman Malhotra
Examination of the Patient with Suspected Sleep Apnea – Meir H. Kryger
Sleep Apnea in the Adolescent and Adult – Don Hayes Jr, Mark Splaingard, and Meir H. Kryger
Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Children – Stephen H. Sheldon
Respiratory Diseases and the Overlap Syndromes – Christine Won and Meir H. Kryger
Cardiovascular Diseases – Shahrokh Javaheri
Cerebrovascular Disease and Sleep – Lauren Tobias and H. Klar Yaggi
Thyroid Disease – Meir H. Kryger
Diseases of the Pituitary Gland – Meir H. Kryger
Gastrointestinal Disorders – William C. Orr
Diabetes Mellitus – Charles F.P. George and Alon Y. Avidan
Sleep Disorders in Chronic Kidney Disease – Muna Canales and Richard B. Berry
The Menstrual Cycle – Kathryn A. Lee
Pregnancy and Postpartum – Kin M. Yuen
Midlife Transition and Menopause – Kathryn A. Lee
Chronic Fatigue and Fibromyalgia Syndromes – Carol A. Landis
Atlas of Clinical Sleep Medicine will amplify and enrich clinicians’ knowledge about sleep. As with the first edition, this second edition intrigues clinicians, trainees, and scientists with a visually appealing sleep education resource; it presents knowledge about sleep and uses words, images, and video to enhance the presentation and teaching of sleep medicine. In addition, this second edition of the highly illustrated atlas helps clinicians keep abreast of all the changes in sleep medicine and their important implications for patient care. With its easy-to-read format, the book makes it quick to find diagnostic and treatment information.
Religion & Spirituality / Theology / Philosophy
Levinas and Theology by Nigel Zimmermann (Philosophy and Theology Series: Bloomsbury T&T Clark)
The thought of Emmanuel Levinas is of increasing importance for those working in the diverse fields of phenomenology and continental philosophy, French studies, Jewish studies, ethics, politics and religious studies. In Levinas and Theology, Nigel Zimmermann gives proper attention to the 'incarnate' aspect of the ‘other’ in Levinas’ work, providing a theological reading that explores the basic strands of Levinas’ thinking regarding the concrete nature of human living. Human communities, in which politics inevitably plays a crucial role, may learn much from the theological shape of Levinas’ philosophy. In all his writings, Levinas cannot be understood apart from his roles as a Talmudic commentator and as a radical thinker who suffered personally under the shadow of the Holocaust.
Zimmermann lectures in theology at the University of Notre Dame, Australia.
In the Philosophy and Theology Series, various philosophers are introduced to theologians. Levinas and Theology is more than an introduction, but it cannot be said to form a comprehensive review. Only key ideas are highlighted, but they have nonetheless been thought through with sensitivity to Levinas' thought. According to Zimmermann, Levinas does not offer the kind of systematic writing that lends itself to unambiguous clarity and order; he issues an appeal to his readers on philosophical grounds. His is the conspicuously French approach that undertakes a provocation in the mind of readers. Zimmermann seeks to explain the nature of this provocation as it pertains to the theological task, and no doubt there will be theologians who take offence, or deem Levinas an unwelcome dialogue partner. This raises the question of the nature and mission of theology, and such a point of conjecture is an argument worth having. This conjures the nature of a partnership that might be thrilling, challenging, colorful and robust.
For the theologian, there are perplexing challenges in the work of Levinas, and there are also fruitful opportunities. Specifically, Levinas and Theology defends the fruitfulness of theologians taking from Levinas the provocative turn towards alterity within the context of inter-subjectivity. The turn towards alterity is, as Levinas insists, an ethical moment. Otherness is not laid bare, but is a dynamic experience of difference in human affairs. It has a universal significance and theology is not to be quietly excused from such a discovery. As Zimmermann argues, such a turn challenges theology to regain the en-wondered sense of ethical import in the face of the other, and to `sober up' in the bright sunlight of truth. In this sense, it is a very public social fruit that is cultivated.
Theologians are, therefore, challenged to consider carefully their vocation. The self-identification of the God of the Hebrew Scriptures in the person of Christ ought to provoke in the theologian cautious self-inspection. In the New Testament, examples of God's glory (the Transfiguration, the miracles, the Resurrection) contrast with Christ's passion and crucifixion, and the tragic humanity of a narrative that includes loss, heartbreak, death and loneliness. The cross of Golgotha must have its place in the terrain of Christian theology, or else it cannot be a Christian theology at all. This is a conviction the Reformers perceived correctly; that a theologia crucis does not destroy the divine claims of Christ, but reveals his divinity in a significant way. In the New Testament, the divine claim of Christ is continually linked to the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.
Zimmermann recognizes that to link these claims to the Levinasian purchase upon alterity in the face of the other person is to embark upon a certain risk. It risks both the integrity of Christian theology and the nuance of Levinas' work. Having recognized the risk, Zimmermann maintains that the integrity of theology is only strengthened and fortified by a hospitable encounter with Levinas, and that the philosopher can be read carefully and rigorously, and often critically. It falls outside its remit for this book to attempt a full and probing account of Levinas' entire corpus, or its place in the history of philosophy. Other thinkers are progressing in these important tasks already. Rather, Levinas and Theology thinks through Levinas from a theological perspective, and gives an account of how theologians have already handled his challenging thought. Given the target audience of an English-speaking readership, attention has been granted to Levinas commentators who are English-language writers or translated into English, and therefore widely available.
The work of Emmanuel Levinas is a gift for theology. It provokes theological practitioners to reflect carefully upon the ethical nature of their work, and the demand made in the face of the other person. Yet such a statement cannot be made without qualification, for the gift of Levinas is not one of easy self-assurance, but its very disturbance. Levinas and Theology argues that the encounter of theology with Levinas provokes theology towards self-inspection and philosophical renewal. It informs the theologian with rich discoveries of a phenomenology of inter-subjectivity, without falling into a simplistic negation of the objective content of Revelation.
Chapter 6 returns to the question of `God' and to the context of the Holocaust. This is significant, for we live in a secular age and in a time of new holocausts. Waves of horror ripple through peoples of the world no less than in the past, and we remain as bereft as ever as to how permanent change might be enacted. And the Holocaust of World War II continues to permeate history as a particularly large-scale `hatred of the other man', of an anti-Semitism that was bureaucratic and efficient, and which continues to raise questions about Europe and its identity. That Levinas, having witnessed the Holocaust and lost intimate companions to it, might turn to the category of ‘God' in his philosophy ought to be a striking aspect of his corpus. And he achieves something further because in the rising, once more, of ‘God', Levinas establishes a philosophical language that opens the way for theological language to enter calmly and soberly. This is not the conflation of Levinas ‘God' with the God of the Old or the New Testaments in an intellectual sleight of hand, but of the development of a language that recognizes a simple truth in the complexities of human experience. It looks soberly at the inter-subjective moment, and recognizes that God and God-talk is not made inappropriate by evil in the world. Moreover, human suffering does not require the quiet exit of God from the human stage, as if misery and pain held such totalizing power. Rather, Levinas shows that the significance of the biblical vision of God and the discovery of theological language to explain even the idea of infinity renders theology a crucial part in an account of human existence.
Nigel Zimmermann's Levinas and Theology is a book that everyone in the field of Levinas studies, and beyond, must read. Not only does it cover the fundamentals of this great thinker but also, and more pointedly, it points us to what the author calls ‘the disturbance of theology’ and even ‘the return of God.’ This is a book that informs, questions, and provokes. – Kevin Hart, University of Virginia
The work of Emmanuel Levinas has proved to be a strong challenge to Christian theological thinking. How should theology deal with the unsettling claim of God’s total otherness? How might Levinas' reflections on ethics and religious transcendence help to shape a Christian theology of responsible subjectivity? Zimmermann’s book invites readers to engage critically and self-critically with Levinas’ thinking and offers them reliable and inspiring guidance during this journey. – Werner G. Jeanrond, University of Oxford
As made clear in Levinas and Theology, the theologian finds encouragement in the rigors of Levinas' thought. In Levinas, theologians discern an attentiveness to the other person that is manifest in a language that privileges categories they ought to be familiar with: God, infinity and glory. In Levinas, one comes across an approach to incarnation that is both highly fruitful and, admittedly, problematic. Despite various convergences in Levinas, the struggle that one enacts in reading him – across all the genres in which he wrote – is fruitful fundamentally because it returns the enquiring mind to three crucial aspects of the task of the theologian: the radical vocation engendered in divine election, the unremitting relationship between sacred Scripture and the practice of justice in the world, and a renewed perception that theology is an ethical task performed within the fullness of communion with others.
Feigin and Cherry's Textbook of Pediatric Infectious Diseases: Expert Consult – Online and Print, 7th edition, 2-Volume Set by James Cherry MD MSc, Gail J. Harrison MD, Sheldon L. Kaplan MD and William J. Steinbach MD and Peter J. Hotez MD, PhD (Elsevier Saunders)