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SirReadaLot.org


We Review the Best of the Latest Books

ISSN 1934-6557

December 2013, Issue #176

Contents this page:

Making Masterpiece: 25 Years behind the Scenes at Masterpiece Theatre and Mystery! on PBS by Rebecca Eaton (Viking)

Education 2.0: The LearningWeb Revolution and the Transformation of the School by Leonard J. Waks (Paradigm Publishers)

Eurocentrism in Translation Studies edited by Luc van Doorslaer and Peter Flynn (Benjamins Current Topics Series, Volume 54 John Benjamins Publishing Company)

Applied Sport Management Skills – 2nd Edition with Web Study Guide by Robert Lussier and David Kimball (Human Kinetics)

Idiot's Guides: Weight Training by Abby Fox (Alpha Books)

Trading Communities in the Roman World: A Micro-Economic and Institutional Perspective by Taco T. Terpstra (Columbia Studies in the Classical Tradition Series, Volume 37: Brill)

Hitler's Elite: The SS 1939-45 (General Military Series) by Chris McNab (Orbis Books)

Kumihimo Basics and Beyond: 24 Braided and Beaded Jewelry Projects on the Kumihimo Disk by Rebecca Combs (Kalmbach Books)

Realistic Model Railroad Operation, 2nd edition (Layout Design and Planning) by Tony Koester (Kalmbach Publishing Company)

Spinning and Dyeing Yarn: The Home Spinners Guide to Creating Traditional and Art Yarns by Ashley Martineau (Barron’s)

Dark City by F. Paul Wilson (Repairman Jack: The Early Years Trilogy: Tor)

The Flower Book by Catherine Law (Allison & Busby)

Culinary Linguistics: The chef's special edited by Cornelia Gerhardt, Maximiliane Frobenius and Susanne Ley, with Gunter Senft, Editor of the Series (Culture and Language Use Series, Vol. 10) John Benjamins Publishing Company)

The Light and the Dark by Mikhail Shishkin, translated from the Russian by Andrew Bromfield (Quercus)

Schubert's Dances: For Family, Friends and Posterity by Martin Chusid (Monographs in Musicology, No. 16: Pendragon Press)

The Philosophy of Arthur C. Danto edited by Randall E. Auxier and Lewis Edwin Hahn (Library of Living Philosophers, Volume XXXIII: Open Court)

Regenerative Sustainable Development of Universities and Cities: The Role of Living Laboratories edited by Ariane König (Edward Elgar)

Evidence-Based Practices for Christian Counseling and Psychotherapy edited by Everett L. Worthington Jr., Eric L. Johnson, Joshua N. Hook and Jamie D. Aten (IVP Academic)

Mindfulness for Prolonged Grief: A Guide to Healing after Loss When Depression, Anxiety, and Anger Won't Go Away by Sameet M. Kumar PhD, with a foreword by Ronald D. Siegel PsyD (New Harbinger Publications)

The Council of Light: Divine Transmissions for Manifesting the Deepest Desires of the Soul by Danielle Rama Hoffman (Bear & Company)

Solar and Space Physics: A Science for a Technological Society by Committee on a Decadal Strategy for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics), Space Studies Board, Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board and Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (The National Academies)

Moon Living Abroad in China: Including Hong Kong & Macau by Barbara Strother and Stuart Strother (Moon Living Abroad Series: Avalon Travel Publishing) 

 

Biographies & Memoirs

Making Masterpiece: 25 Years behind the Scenes at Masterpiece Theatre and Mystery! on PBS by Rebecca Eaton (Viking)

Did you stop answering the phone at 9:00 P.M. on Sunday nights to watch the original Upstairs, Downstairs? Did you gather at the water cooler – or its electronic equivalent – to discuss last night's tragic events on Downton Abbey? Did you tweet your sister with delight and amazement when Sherlock jumped off the roof, splattered himself on the sidewalk, and then showed up behind a tree at his own grave site?

In Making Masterpiece, Rebecca Eaton, the Emmy Award-winning producer of PBS’s Masterpiece Theatre and Mystery! reveals the secrets to Downton Abbey, Sherlock, and its other hit programs.
For more than twenty-five years and counting, Eaton has presided over PBS’s Masterpiece Theatre, the longest running weekly prime time drama series in American history. From the runaway hits Upstairs, Downstairs, The Buccaneers and The Forsythe Saga to the hugely popular Inspector Morse, Prime Suspect, Poirot and Downton Abbey, Masterpiece Theatre and its sibling series Mystery! have been required viewing for fans of quality drama.
When the young Vassar graduate suddenly became the producer of Masterpiece Theatre in 1985, she hadn't actually seen many of the episodes. Nor did she like mystery novels, though her new job required her to choose British detective stories for the popular offshoot Mystery! A lifelong Anglophile who'd apprenticed at the BBC World Service, she saw an opportunity for an idealistic young woman to make her mark in the newly established public television system. Twenty-eight years later, Masterpiece is one of the hottest shows on television, from the crinolines of Cranford to the cyberantics of Sherlock.

Eaton interviews many of the writers, directors, producers, and other contributors and shares personal anecdotes – including photos taken with her own camera – about her decades-spanning career. She reveals what went on behind the scenes during such triumphs as Cranford and the multiple, highly-rated programs made from Jane Austen’s novels, as well as her aggressive campaign to attract younger viewers via social media and online streaming. Along the way she shares stories about actors and other luminaries such as Maggie Smith, Benedict Cumberbatch, Gillian Anderson and Daniel Radcliffe, whose first TV role was as the title character in David Copperfield. Eaton talks about (and occasionally to) the people who have over the years made Masterpiece the beloved, iconic program it is: hosts such as Alistair Cooke, Diana Rigg, Gillian Anderson, Russell Baker, and Alan Cumming; Upstairs, Downstairs co-creators Jean Marsh and Eileen Atkins; Downton Abbey creator Julian Fellowes; and actors such as Kenneth Branagh and Elizabeth McGovern, with surprising cameos from Robert Redford, and Paul Newman.

Readers also get to know Eaton on a personal level. With a childhood steeped in theater, an affinity for nineteenth century novels and culture, and an ‘accidental apprenticeship’ with the BBC, Eaton was practically born to lead the Masterpiece and Mystery! franchises. Making Masterpiece (written with Patricia Mulcahy) marks the first time the driving force behind this enduring flagship series steps out from behind the curtain.

As Eaton, says, "Masterpiece seems to connect people across generations and up and down family trees. The show's longevity – forty-two years – has to do with the company we keep when we watch it."

As Kenneth Branagh says in his preface: "Masterpiece brings together various bodies of work to create something greater than the sum of its parts. And it presents the material with enthusiasm and passion and intelligence – and a sense of occasion. The program, the institution, and the many strands of Masterpiece punch way above their weight. I say, well done, Rebecca, and thank you very much."

Chronicling her twenty-five-year career with PBS, Eaton provides a behind-the-camera look into the creative process involved in producing Masterpiece Theatre and Mystery! .... A delightful trek into the world of TV production and a substantive treat for the truly addicted PBS fan. – Kirkus Reviews

In the world of TV drama, names and faces appear and disappear with bewildering speed; Rebecca Eaton is immortal and immutable... She has made an enormous contribution to the cultural life of America, and, more than that, she is one of the most fun people I know. – Andrew Davies, Vanity Fair

Rebecca has been the executive producer of Masterpiece for 25 of its 40 years. We Americans are fortunate to have Rebecca at the helm: someone committed to bringing great television drama to the widest possible audience, week after week. – Gillian Anderson, The 2011 Time 100

Making Masterpiece is a thoughtful and provocative memoir, candid and witty, just the thing for the myriad of fans of Masterpiece Theater and Mystery!.

Education & Reference / Educational Philosophy / Social Sciences / Popular Culture

Education 2.0: The LearningWeb Revolution and the Transformation of the School by Leonard J. Waks (Paradigm Publishers)

Thirty years of spirited school reforms have failed to improve our schools and instead have left the public school systems in disarray. Meanwhile, employment prospects for high school and college graduates are fading, and the public is losing faith in its schools. The education paradigm inherited from the Industrial Era is in crisis. In the last decade, however, the Internet and new Web 2.0 technologies have placed the entirety of human knowledge in the hands of everyone. What will our educational institutions make of this unprecedented flood of Web-based learning resources? How can schools be transformed to accommodate the new possibilities for personal and social learning?
Leonard J. Waks gathers all the pieces of the current educational puzzle together in Education 2.0. Drawing on new organizational models grounded in complexity theory, Waks maps out a new paradigm for education in the Internet age, and connects the dots in constructing detailed models for new schools – now transformed into ‘open learning centers.’ Finally, Waks details action steps readers can take to speed this transformative process along in their own locations.

Waks, Professor Emeritus of Educational Leadership and Policy Studies at Temple University, Philadelphia taught at Purdue, Stanford, and Penn State before joining the Temple faculty and is co-founder of the National Technological Literacy Conferences.

Education 2.0 offers a new vision for education in the age of global networks.

According to Waks, schooling as it has come down to us from the industrial era is now accepted as given, inevitable, and natural, but there is nothing natural about it. It is a human invention that has outlived its utility. We are educating young people to expect that school and college diplomas will lead to decent jobs – proverbial pots of gold – somewhere over the rainbow. But the pots of gold are illusory, in large measure because of Internet-related efficiencies and the reduced costs of finding contract workers, few such permanent jobs with benefits are being created today. We will have to build new models of living in today's global network society, complete with new means of earning a livelihood and new forms of learning aligned with them.

Until now the computer has been used in education, without marked success, as an add-on to improve or refine or reform the operational processes of conventional schooling: conveying curricular information and test preparation materials and facilitating assessments of school learning. Even the new social tools, the blogs, wikis, and social networks, have been retrofit – reshaped – by educators to forge a fit with the conventional processes of schooling.

This retrofitting of the new tools to the old school processes, according to Waks, in Education 2.0 it cannot work; there is a fundamental contradiction between the conven­tional aims of schooling on the one hand – conveying pre-selected material and assessing how much of it has been learned or memorized – and opening the floodgates of information and platforms for creative, collaborative work accessible through the Internet, on the other.

Waks proposes the transformation of today's factory-like hierarchical schools into complex organizations, ‘open networked learning centers’ offering a complex assemblage of programs – what he calls ‘Education 2.0.’ These organizations will continue to offer something like a high-tech version of a conventional high school education for those who desire it. But the learning centers will do much more: they will support independent learning; they will generate, or collaborate in creating, new courses and programs to meet the changing needs, interests, and passions of their students. And they will develop certificate programs organized as task training workshops and quasi-apprenticeships, placing their students in real-world situations with adult coworkers, challenges, and responsibilities. In these programs learners will steadily acquire the habits and capabilities characteristic of thriving adults in network society.

Chapter One of Education 2.0 starts with a glimpse at today's web-using teens who, like teens throughout history, exhibit high levels of intelligence and creativity combined with inexperience and naiveté. Many teens undeniably act like reckless kids, but that may be in large measure because most adults view them as kids and confine them in custodial schools that keep them from acting as adults. How can educational arrangements be transformed to liberate their youthful energies in the networked world?

To answer this question Waks offers fresh conceptions of both ‘education’ and ‘change’ in Chapter Two. If ‘education’ were confined to schooling, then educational change would be merely school change. Fundamental educational change is change in the entire institutional pattern concerned with meeting these needs; it involves a shift to a new education paradigm.

Chapter Three explicates the entrenched hierarchical paradigm or, as it is now frequently called, the factory school paradigm, and Chapters Four and Five considers the major failures of the schools – the lack of academic achievement, high drop-out rates, waste and inefficiency, lack of real world relevance, and loss of social and political legitimacy. These chapters focus on the high school, choosing this level of the system because it is arguably the most important one in providing broad general education and connecting young people to the larger society and because it is the most troubled level today.

Part II of Education 2.0 is concerned with the Internet as an educational resource. Chapter Six explains the growth of the Internet and the World Wide Web. The key point is that the complex of computing power, including both the Internet and the powerful workstation computers serving as its terminals, evolved to free end users from central control to access and manipulate knowledge and information and to collaborate in creating and exchanging and using new knowledge and information. As a result it is not possible to adapt the Internet as we know it to learning in top-down, tightly controlled environments like the factory school. Chapter Seven turns to the breakthrough development of Web 2.0 and the new web learning culture, to demonstrate how Web 2.0 contains the seeds of a revolution in learning by facilitating the creative self-expression, collaboration, and collective social action of young people freed from tight institutional control. Chapter Eight examines three elements of the Internet platform for learning – the ‘learningweb’: online knowledge, teaching, and informal learning – illuminated by informal education in new Library 2.0 and Museum 2.0 environments.

Chapter Nine then investigates current attempts to introduce the Internet into contemporary schools. These attempts fail because they run up against the barriers inherent in a hierarchical, centrally controlled organization: especially the centrally predetermined objectives and the tight micromanagement of curriculum and instruction.

Part III of Education 2.0 presents a concrete vision for educational revolution, organized around ‘complex open networked learning centers’ and Education 2.0. While hierarchical forms of organization seek radically to reduce complexity, teachers and learners are complex in ways that conduce to significant unpredicted learning. They all have distinct interests, talents, and passions that get lost in hierarchical forms of instruction. New theories of complex networked organization provide helpful ideas about how networked organizations can harness this complexity for learning instead of suppressing it for control.

Chapter Ten reviews recent visions for education that fully embrace the Internet as the source of ubiquitous ‘any time, any place, any subject matter learning’ – educational arrangements where anyone can learn anything from anyone at any time. The bare-bones visions of networked learning that the learningweb visionaries advance need to be fleshed out in ways that explain how young people will get initiated into adult society – how they will get guidance, form adult capabilities, and obtain links to adult work situations.

Chapter Eleven sets out in somewhat abstract terms the kinds of organiza­tions that can make effective use of today's information networks. Such ‘complex organizations’ give up top-down control and free individual participants to act and interact creatively but within well-understood contextual limits. They then harvest the unpredicted value they create, periodically reshaping the overall mission and structural design to remain effective in the organization's ever-changing environment. Chapter Twelve translates these general ideas about organizational complexity into a concrete vision of schools as complex open networked learning centers. Chapter Thirteen sets out the educational commonplaces of the new network paradigm and shows how the new paradigm can resolve the failures of the factory school.

Questions will certainly arise about whether the shift from hierarchical schools to networked learning is a real possibility or merely a wild fantasy. These questions are addressed in Chapter Fourteen. Serious thinkers have argued for some thirty years that fundamental educational change is impossible; the most change we can expect or hope for is a kind of ‘tinkering’ around the edges of the entrenched system. The public, they say, knows what ‘real’ schools look like and the social benefits they have conferred on advantaged groups, and it just won't accept anything else.

Having presented a framework for open networked learning centers, and shown the paradigm shift to be both desirable and possible, Chapter Fifteen lays out the concrete action steps readers, in their capacities as learners, parents, citizens, school leaders, teachers, and policy makers, can take to move the learningweb revolution forward.

Few people understand the convergence of technology change like Leonard Waks. In Education 2.0 he brings us face-to-face with the contemporary revolution in learning. Many books have described these emerging learning technologies, but few have shown how they might be part of a transformational learning ecology. Education 2.0, true to its name, places them within a comprehensive conceptual model of an entirely new learning ecology. While previous attempts at such a broad synthesis of the new educational situation have been [made], Education 2.0 is the first to succeed. Professor Waks nails it! – Curt Bonk, Indiana University
Education 2.0: The Learningweb Revolution and the Transformation of the School discusses the most significant paradigm shift in education in the contemporary era, its institutional effects, and its democratic potential. With the development of Web 2.0 technologies, Waks suggests that we have moved beyond the massification of the industrial paradigm to a new social learning model that has the potential to reawaken our public instincts for reform and radically transform our educational institutions. This is a highly recommended read. – Michael A. Peters, University of Illinois

Education 2.0, a groundbreaking book, offers a new vision for education in the age of global networks. Waks maps out an inspiring new paradigm for education in the Internet age, and connects all the dots. It is not about fixing, reforming, or improving today's schools, but at laying out a blueprint for an educational transformation – a shift to a new paradigm. Waks describes many troubling issues that will remain even when and if Education 2.0 is implemented. Nevertheless, expanding the Internet as a learning platform can open the world of learning to everyone, and that seems to be an unmitigated good.

Education & Reference / Translation Studies / English

Eurocentrism in Translation Studies edited by Luc van Doorslaer and Peter Flynn (Benjamins Current Topics Series, Volume 54 John Benjamins Publishing Company)

In the wake of post-colonial and post-modernist thinking, ‘Eurocentrism’ has been criticized in a number of academic disciplines, including Translation Studies. First published as a special issue of Translation and Interpreting Studies 6:2 (2011), Eurocentrism in Translation Studies reexamines and problematizes some of the arguments used in such criticism. It is argued in this volume that one should be wary in putting forward such arguments in order not to replace Eurocentrism by a confrontational geographical model characterized precisely by a continentalization of discourse, thereby merely reinstituting under another guise. The work also questions the relevance of continent-based theories of translation along with their underlying beliefs and convictions. But since Eurocentrism in Translation Studies prefers to keep the debate open, its concluding interview article also provides the opportunity to those criticized to respond and provide well-balanced comments on points of criticism.

The volume is edited by Luc van Doorslaer, Associate Professor of Translation and Journalism Studies and Vice-Dean for Research, the Centre for Translation Studies (CETRA), University of Leuven, Amsterdam and Research Fellow at Stellenbosch University, South Africa and Peter Flynn, Associate Professor of Translation Studies and English at the University of Leuven, Antwerp Campus and a member of the staff of CETRA, University of Leuven.

The articles collected in Eurocentrism in Translation Studies tackle various aspects of a debate on Eurocentrism in translation studies both in general and in relation to the Americas. The debate emerged during a one-day conference in Antwerp, Belgium on December 2, 2009. Flynn and van Doorslaer say that the title of the conference, "The Construction of Translation Studies through Translation: Contrasting Various `Continental' Perspectives" was perhaps more controversial than they realized at the time of its formulation. All of the contributors who submitted work were present at the conference and have further developed their arguments in relation to the theme at hand: one of the unpredictable upshots of many a conference whereby a sub-theme ends up being the center of discussion and indeed the topic of this volume. It is obvious to the editors that these contributions will in no way exhaust the debate, the hope being that other collections might follow or that others will pick up where they leave off and continue the discussion.

All of the papers presented in Eurocentrism in Translation Studies can be considered to varying degrees as discussion papers in that they examine a particular issue or concept either by presenting an overview of its use and how it is understood by scholars or by presenting data to illustrate that use or other possible uses within the field. As Edwin Gentzler's book (Translation and Identity in the Americas: New Directions in Translation Theory) triggered the debate on Eurocentrism in the Americas, his paper is first. Although the contributors use Gentzler's book as a touchstone, the papers move beyond it in tackling the work of other authors in order to present a particular stance on the topic or to highlight a given aspect of the debate.

The introduction to Eurocentrism in Translation Studies highlights and ties together some of the more salient points emerging from the various papers in relation to the central theme of the volume. Eurocentrism as it is understood in translation studies brings with it a whole set of related terms which further articulate and mobilize the term in various ways. These mindsets often build on antagonistic views of language, nation and culture, some of which are considered to be out of step with recent developments, particularly the globalization of information flows and the growth of virtual communities, for example.

In echoing the title of Mary Snell-Hornby's and Michael Cronin's work, Edwin Gentzler's contribution "Macro- and Micro-Turns in Translation Studies," examines older and more recent turns in translation studies including those in the Americas. At a macro-level Gentzler first contrasts what he terms European (even Eurdcentric) definitions of translation with those found in China, India, and the Arab world. He argues that these non-European definitions conceptualize translation in innovative ways that merit closer examination. He argues for a 'both/and' approach in putting forward more flexible conceptualizations and definitions of translation, his central thesis being that translation is more constitutive of culture in the Americas than merely a marker of more obvious cultural and linguistic differences. Gentzler also points out how these translation activities were there from the very beginning of colonization and have played a prominent role in defining America perhaps even more so than iconic foundational texts written in English.

It would seem to the editors of Eurocentrism in Translation Studies therefore that narrower formative views on translation that have had a considerable impact in the past are inherently European or perhaps even Eurocentric. This of course begs two basic questions: 1.What is European: a geographical space? an imperialistic mindset? 2. Are European views on translation necessarily narrow and nation-based? Furthermore, even if this were the case at some stage in the past, is this still the case today?

Dirk Delabastita's contribution, "Eurocentrism and the Invention of Traditions in Translation Studies," picks up the theme of Eurocentrism and examines it from another angle, breaking the concept down into a set of underlying beliefs and convictions many of which have fuelled European projects of empire. He subsequently highlights the blind spots issuing from narrow forms of Eurocentrism over the centuries: "forms of intellectual dogmatism, ethical arrogance ... a failure to take interest in cultural practices outside the Western sphere, etc." He refers then to what he terms the international turn in translation studies and the growing presence of work by non-Western scholars, all of which provides a more culturally balanced approach to the discipline. He situates Gentzler's work within this framework and regards his latest book as posing a powerful challenge to Eurocentrism.

It is obviously important to present and promote approaches to translation from all over the world and ensure that they find their way into the literature. A degree of reflexivity is required to heighten our awareness of the ideological entailments involved in how we write up and present case and countercase in delineating changes in translation studies. Such reflexivity should continue to inform our own research as well as the general debate on writing translation. Delabastita's contribution sheds light on how such awareness can be heightened.

In a related vein, Peter Flynn's article, "How Eurocentric is Europe? Examining Scholars' and Translators' Contributions to Translation Studies – An Ethnographic Perspective;' inquires into whether theories and concepts of translation debated in the literature can actually be attributed to a given geographical space, let alone a cultural or regional mindset. The article traces two trajectories of thought in translation, one academic and international, the other emerging from the discourse of lesser known literary translators in the Dutch-speaking regions of Europe. First, if the concept of Western/Eurocentric can be extended to the Americas and beyond that to other parts of the globe where English is a predominant language, can one not justifiably wonder whether the concept is at all useful, and much like equivalence, which was declared moribund and a more or less empty signifier in the literature, cannot be considered theoretically redundant?

Second, does this debate take into account the many translators who are active below the horizon of academic inquiry and theoretical speculation? All this puts into perspective one aspect of the translator's visibility (pace Venuti); which translators are being consulted on whatever theory of translation? This invisible antagonism leads us to the more visible antagonism in Michael Boyden's article.

In "Beyond Eurocentrism? The Challenge of Linguistic Justice Theory to Translation Studies;" Michael Boyden examines the meaning of Eurocentric in the United States, showing how the term became increasingly equated with dominant white Euro-Americans in contrast to minority cultures, particularly following the civil rights movement in the 1960s. He points to differences between decolonization in former countries of empire and internal colonization in North America and argues, following Koselleck, that the term Eurocentrism has been largely used in the US as an asymmetrical counterpart, in setting off past from present, there from here, one group from the other. He asks, therefore, how we should understand the politics of ‘beyond,’ i.e., moving beyond given, natural or unquestioned versions of reality toward a fairer representation of that reality. In this respect, debates conducted in other disciplines in the humanities since the civil rights movements have pushed for equal representation everywhere, including in the literary canon.

In the face of the debate on identity upon which such notions as Eurocentric and non-Eurocentric turn, Boyden calls for a revaluation of more instrumental values at stake in translation activities. Citing the example of language and translation issues in Hawaii he points to the dangers of focusing too sharply on identity to the detriment of other aspects on the translational dine, i.e., access to important sources of wellbeing in everyday life mainly negotiated through the medium of English: education, job opportunities, health care, etc. He puts forward the notion of linguistic justice as a means of maintaining a balance between important issues of identity and the more 'instrumental' yet no less important issues at stake.

Jacobus Marais's contribution, "The Representation of Agents of Translation in (South) Africa: Encountering Gentzler and Madonella;" provides readers with encounters both historical and theoretical within the domain of translation. In a way, it is a fictional representation of those encounters, but one that poses serious questions about directions of inquiry in translation studies and their relevance for emerging approaches to the discipline in South Africa and by extension other parts of the continent. The debate on the formative force of translation in creating (African) identity in a mixed English-European-African context is a central issue in this contribution. His case study on Bartolome de las Casas and La Malinche is an illustration of how certain negative images of translators and nations can be created. Texts were ideologically manipulated, largely through or as a result of (mis)translation, in order to construct antagonistic national identities within Europe which largely drew for their justification on the atrocities perpetrated by each party in other parts of the globe. In this contribution the role of translation is far less positive than in Gentzler's discussion of the fictional turn.

Luc van Doorslaer's interview article, "(More than) American Prisms on Eurocentrisms;" forms an interesting corollary to the debate in the way it engages with the theme with a view to reestablishing a continental balance, as European authors and one African author have contributed to Eurocentrism in Translation Studies. The interview article gives the floor to three translation studies scholars from the Americas and invites them to reflect on the criticisms. Sherry Simon, Judy Wakabayashi and Maria Tymoczko agreed to respond and provided incisive and well-balanced comments on the points of criticism emerging from the papers.

Eurocentrism has been a hot issue in translation studies in recent years. This book, putting together for the first time thought-provoking articles that present views from all sides, is of particular academic significance. – Chang Nam-fung, Lingnan University

This is an important and timely collected edition that brings together in a single volume various perspectives on the concept of ‘Eurocentrism’: Leading scholars from Belgium, Canada, South Africa and the USA have contributed their views on this, at times, controversial topic that is under ever closer scrutiny as Translation Studies becomes an increasingly globalized discipline. – Denise Merkle, University of Moncton

This volume is inscribed in the reconfigurations which result from critical positions on the politics of globalization in the translation context. The multiperspectival view offered by Eurocentrism in Translation Studies challenges conventional standpoints both on Europe as a geopolitical space and on the traditional terms that makeup the discipline. This stimulating piece of scholarship contributes to deconstructing Eurocentric mindsets through its nuanced arguments and exciting glimpses into translation practices that resist Western dominance. – Michaela Wolf, University of Graz

It is obvious that the diverse contributions in Eurocentrism in Translation Studies in no way exhaust the debate, the hope being that other collections may follow or that others will pick up where the contributors have left off and continue the discussion.

Entertainment / Sports / Management & Leadership

Applied Sport Management Skills – 2nd Edition with Web Study Guide by Robert Lussier and David Kimball (Human Kinetics)

Unlike most college textbooks, Applied Sport Management Skills takes a how-to approach to management, because research has shown that knowledge is more likely to be implemented when it is acquired from learning by doing rather than simply from learning by reading, listening, or thinking. Sport management and business management leaders and researchers are calling for studies that can be applied by sport managers on the job and asking for management development of skills to actually put those principles into action. To that end, the authors present a textbook that focuses on applying sport management principles and fostering practical skills.

Authors are Robert N. Lussier, PhD, professor of management at the birthplace of basketball, Springfield College in Springfield, Massachusetts, and David C. Kimball, PhD, professor of management and director of the sport management program at Elms College in Chicopee, Massachusetts.

Applied Sport Management Skills has these objectives:

  • To teach students the important principles, concepts, research, and theories of management.
  • To develop their ability to apply the management principles to sport organizations.
  • To develop their management skills in their personal and professional lives.

Applied Sport Management Skills offers some unique features:

  • Management principles: Students learn management principles and concepts used in sport organizations and read about the difficulties and challenges managers face.
  • Application of management principles: Understanding theory and concepts is essential before moving to the next level: applying the concepts. This book offers eight features to help students develop the critical thinking skills they need to apply the concepts.
  • Development of management skills: The third and highest-level objective is to develop the management skills that students can use in their personal and professional lives, as both leaders and followers. They can develop their management skills, and this book offers five features to help them do so.

A web study guide supplements Applied Sport Management Skills, including internet resources and exercises and matching activities for the Key Terms. Features in the textbook can be completed online at the web study guide and may be sent to professors if they wish. All of the Time-Outs, Review and Discussion Questions, Applying the Concepts, Self-Assessments, Sports and Social Media Exercises, Game Plan for Starting a Sport Business exercises, and Cases may be completed online. The major advantage to completing the Self-Assessments online is that the program will automatically compute and report the score for students. Additionally, the Applying the Concepts, Self-Assessments, and Key Terms are interactive exercises. Finally, the Time-Outs, Review and Discussion Questions, Sports and Social Media Exercises, Game Plan for Starting a Sport Business exercises, and Cases are PDFs that can be downloaded and filled out.

Applied Sport Management Skills has so many features that it is unlikely that all of them can be covered in the course during a semester. Instructors select the features that best meet the course objectives and the amount of time available, but students may want to cover some or all of the other features on their own or with the assistance of others outside class.

Applied Sport Management Skills is organized based on the traditional four management functions – planning, organizing, leading, and controlling – but it is well grounded in sport contexts. It also relies on the principles of the North American Society for Sport Management (NASSM). The book covers all of the topics of interest to NASSM members. The difference between learning about management and learning to be a sport manager is the acquisition of skills. Each chapter includes five features that provide students with the opportunity to apply management principles to develop sport management skills they can use in their personal and professional lives.

  • Developing Your Skills – In the chapter opener, students are given an overview of the skills they can develop through the chapter.
  • Situation-based questions – Usually related to the opening case, these questions build managerial competencies by asking what the sport manager should do in a given situation.
  • Self-Assessment exercises – Each chapter includes at least one Self-Assessment. Students complete the Self-Assessments to gain personal knowledge. Many of the assessments are tied to exercises within Applied Sport Management Skills, thus enhancing the impact of the activities.
  • Behavior models – Some of the tables and figures are behavior models that include step-by-step guidelines for handling situations. Models include how to set objectives and set priorities, how to prepare for and conduct a job interview and train employees, how to negotiate and handle a conflict, how to give motivational praise and delegate, and how to coach an employee to increase performance and to discipline when needed. Almost all of the behavior models are used in exercises to develop the skill.
  • Skill-Builder Exercises – Each chapter contains at least two exercises to develop skills that can be used in students' personal and professional sport management lives. There are three primary types of exercises: individually-focused, group-focused, and role-playing exercises.

To ensure fully integrated support for every faculty member, the following ancillaries are available to adopters of Applied Sport Management Skills, Second Edition at the website.

  • Instructor guide
  • Test package
  • Presentation package
  • Web study guide

Changes in this edition:

  • The text has been thoroughly updated. More than 80% of the references are new to this edition. The references continue to use a strong balance of sport research (NASSM's Journal of Sport Management) and business research (Academy of Management's four journals).
  • New Sports and Social Media Exercises have been added to each chapter.
  • New Game Plan for Starting a Sport Business exercises have been added to each chapter.
  • The Developing Your Skills sections have all been revised to more clearly focus on the skills that can be developed through the chapter.
  • The opening cases and end-of-chapter cases have been either updated or replaced with new cases.
  • New, current sport examples of how the principles in the text are used in the real world of sports have been added to each chapter.

Applied Sport Management Skills’ how-to approach and unmatched learning tools help students put into practice what they will be doing as sport managers – including creative problem solving; strategic planning; and developing the skills to lead, organize, and delegate. By taking principles and concepts presented in the text and applying them to professional practice, students will be able to assess how their interests and skills can contribute to the growing field of sport management.

Applied Sport Management Skills, Second Edition, has been thoroughly updated to enhance the educational experience with new student learning tools such as sport and social media exercises and game plans for starting a sport business. The improved web study guide is now better integrated with the text and allows students to use learning activities in a dynamic and interactive setting.

Adopters of Applied Sport Management Skills, First Edition and reviewers clearly agree that the book is the best on the market for developing sport management skills. Applied Sport Management Skills, Second Edition, is a comprehensive and fully updated text providing an overview of management topics with a unique focus on developing the skills necessary for managing sport organizations. The book provides a fully integrated textbook with a companion web study guide that constructively applies the principles of business management to the sport industry. Lussier and Kimball provide a meticulous and comprehensive overview of management topics with an in-depth focus on how to manage sport organizations. They provide thorough coverage of the principles of management combined with robust sport applications and exercises to develop sport management skills that students can use in their personal and professional lives.

Health & Fitness / Exercise / Weight Training

Idiot's Guides: Weight Training by Abby Fox (Alpha Books)

Embarking on a weight-training routine can feel like a home remodeling project. At first, readers are all fired up and eager to get everything started, but after a couple weeks they may find themselves anxious and annoyed with how slow the progress is coming.

Don't give up!

Idiot's Guides: Weight Training covers more than just the basics. In this book, readers learn the proper technique on how to condition every muscle in the body, when to progress to avoid plateaus, and how to design workout routines. Designed for beginner weight trainers, the guide uses color photographs to show exactly where to start and finish each exercise, along with the steps in between, so readers learns the proper form and steps needed to strengthen and train every muscle group like a professional. Covering the 100 best exercises for beginners, Weight Training shows how exercises build on preceding exercises. Each exercise covers one spread, or pair of pages, so readers can get all the information they need at a glance without having to stop the exercise and turn the page.

Author Abby Fox started her own dance company at the age of 17 while she was still in high school. After graduating, Fox decided to jump into the intense world of figure competitions. She became a certified personal trainer through the National Strength and Conditioning Association and has been teaching, motivating, and changing lives ever since. She currently runs her own fitness salon.

The next best thing to a personal trainer, Weight Training this guide gives readers clear instructions for working each of the major muscle groups. In it, readers get:

  • Expert advice on choosing a gym, stretching, and proper nutrition.
  • Conditioning exercises for the glutes, quads, hamstrings, and calves.
  • Chest and back exercises that improve stability, posture, and physique.
  • Shoulder- and arm-sculpting exercises that produce a strong upper body.
  • Core-strengthening abdominal exercises that trim, tone, and tighten.
  • Special exercises using medicine balls, kettlebells, and other trendy equipment.
  • Strategies for creating a routine to take the workout to the next level.

The first six parts in Weight Training contain exercises broken down by muscle groups: legs, chest, back, shoulders, arms, and abs. Each includes fundamental weight-training exercises for that specific group done with free weights or their own bodyweight, organized by difficulty level. The seventh part is devoted to trends, or special equipment used to perform weight-training exercises: medicine balls, balance trainers, kettlebells, and suspension bands.

After readers learn all of the weight-lifting exercises, they may wonder how they can combine them to create a routine they can follow during the week. The last part of Weight Training, includes two-, three-, and four-day routines, as well as routines for muscle gain, weight loss, and 15-minute full-body work. Each gives a sample routine they can follow, as well as information on how each routine is put together so they can adapt it to their own needs.

Each exercise is broken down with full-color photos that show readers how to do the exercise, as well as callouts that provide helpful information about their form. The exercises may also contain a warning, tip, or variation sidebar. Warning sidebars cover the common form mistakes made when doing these exercises. Tip sidebars provide a modification to the exercise to make it easier, whether it's a change to the equipment or body placement. Variation sidebars show how to make the exercise more challenging.

Weight training has never been clearer or easier to learn. The next best thing to a personal trainer, Weight Training is a comprehensive guide giving readers clear and easy-to-follow instructions for working each of their major muscle groups. Perfect for beginner weight trainers, this easy-to-use guide uses color photographs to show exactly where to start and finish each exercise, along with the steps in between, so readers learn the proper form and steps needed to strengthen and train every muscle group like a professional. With the knowledge they gain from Weight Training, they will be able to advance to any fitness challenge or regimen.

History / Ancient / Archaeology / Economics / Commerce

Trading Communities in the Roman World: A Micro-Economic and Institutional Perspective by Taco T. Terpstra (Columbia Studies in the Classical Tradition Series, Volume 37: Brill)

Ancient Roman trade was severely hampered by slow transportation and by the absence of a state that helped traders enforce their contracts. In Trading Communities in the Roman World Taco Terpstra offers a new explanation of how traders in the Roman Empire overcame these difficulties.

Previous theories have focused heavily on dependent labor, arguing that transactions overseas were conducted through slaves and freedmen. Terpstra shows that this approach is unsatisfactory. Employing economic theory, he convincingly argues on the contrary that the key to understanding long-distance trade in the Roman Empire is not patron-client or master-slave relationships, but the social bonds between ethnic groups of foreign traders living overseas and the local communities they joined. Geographical origin formed the key bond in constructing trade networks, with expulsion from such networks the ultimate sanction for traders who did not fulfill their contracts.

Terpstra specializes in Roman socio-economic history and classical archaeology. He has published articles on Roman long-distance trade and editions of Egyptian papyri, as well as articles resulting from his field work in ancient Stabiae.

Trading Communities in the Roman World is the reworked version of Terpstra’s doctoral thesis, written at Colum­bia University between 2006 and 2011. However, he says, the seed for this book was sown when he studied the Sulpicii archive during his MA in Classics at Groningen University. His mentor at Groningen, Willem Jongman, introduced him to this material. The topic for Trading Communities in the Roman World grew out of a number of practical questions Terpstra developed reading the Sulpicii documents, and out of simple curiosity: how did Roman merchants, not just the merchants in the archive but in the Roman world in general, manage to trade around the Mediterranean Basin and beyond, while information and goods traveled only slowly? Why did they use Roman law and Roman courts if there was no state mandate to that effect and the state did not enforce the courts' verdicts? He did not find satisfactory answers to those questions in the literature, so he devised them himself. Because of the scarcity of data on the Roman economy, he needed a general framework to slot the limited ancient sources into. During his doctorate he was able both to develop the theoretical framework he needed – an exercise that allowed him to engage with economic theory – and expand on the evidentiary data pool for his model.

Trading Communities in the Roman World investigates Roman trade. More specifically, it investigates the trading communities that facilitated Roman trade, taking a micro-economic and institutional approach to the subject. Abstract though this approach may seem, the problems addressed are concrete and down-to-earth. The leading question behind the work as a whole can be summed up in a single sentence: how did trade operate in the Roman Empire under conditions of imperfect government enforcement and imperfect information? In the course of Trading Communities in the Roman World Terpstra elaborates further on this question.

The Roman state commanded awe-inspiring powers of physical vio­lence and did not shy away from using them. However, unlike modem states it did not employ the powers at its disposal to enforce private contracts drawn up by ordinary individuals. The Roman legal system, in that sense, can be said to have been `imperfect'. A party to a contract confronted with a default could not call upon the help of the Roman authorities to make a contractual partner honor his obligations. Of course, he could take a defaulter to court, but even with a favorable verdict in hand the vindicated litigant was still pretty much on his own. Ordinarily, no police or military unit would have been available to back him up in putting the court's ruling into effect. This is not to say that such help will never have been granted. There will doubtless have been instances where the Roman administration – whether central or provincial – for whatever reason thought it expedient to lend some muscle to an individual litigant. But the point is that any such help would have been random and arbitrary; it could not be relied upon. Government enforcement simply did not form part of the Roman legal institution in the way it forms part of the legal institution of, for instance, the United States.

Since lightning-fast means of communication were unavailable to the Romans, information could only move as fast as sails and legs would allow. The slowness with which information traveled formed a serious constraint on overseas business, a constraint felt increasingly with growing distance. For anyone intending to enter into a transaction with someone in a far-away place it was difficult to assess risk; the data were few, and evaluating their accuracy was a slow and challenging task. How, then, was Empire-wide trade conducted if merchants could not count on third-party enforcement of their contracts, and could not easily gather information on trading conditions in overseas locales? Trading Communities in the Roman World offers a model of how such trade operated. The argument put forward is that information circulated within small but far-reaching groups defined by their members' shared geographical origin; the loss of a member's reputation or trading position within the group formed the instrument of contract enforcement.

In broad outline Trading Communities in the Roman World moves geographically outward from the imperial center, consisting of three main parts. The first looks at trade at an intra-community level in a city at the very heart of the Empire: Puteoli (Chapter 1). Within a relatively small community, information will have been readily available, although government enforcement was still lacking. Terpstra argues that in the Puteolan community, Roman law was the default mode for economic interaction and conflict resolution, a situation that was the result of a 'path-dependent' process; the rules of the Roman imperial legal system had become deeply embedded as a social convention, creating further behavior that conformed to that particular convention. The 'embeddedness' of the rules ensured that they would be followed continuously, in effect ensuring enforcement of private contracts.

The second part brings the wider world outside Italy into the discussion, focusing on long-distance inter-community trade. This second part studies how traders from the provinces managed to do business in Italian cities. Chapter 2 builds on the findings from the first chapter, analyzing how merchants from other communities managed to trade in Puteoli. It argues that exchange was conducted through local 'colonies' of immigrant merchants domiciled permanently in the city. Chapter 3 then addresses the question of how long-distance trade networks operated internally, and how behavior was regulated within them. The chapter takes Ostia as an example, considering the evidence from the so-called 'piazzale delle corporazioni'. Both chapters employ micro-economic theory as a framework, and both draw on comparisons with other historical situations. Chapter 4 then tests the model proposed for inter-community exchange in Puteoli and Ostia on the largest dataset available, that from the city of Rome.

Finally, the last part (Chapter 5) moves out from Italy, studying the mirrored situation from Chapters 2-4, namely Roman merchants doing business overseas. It takes the Roman province of Asia as a case-study, arguing that Roman traders settled there in order to facilitate exchange, just as provincial traders did in Italy. However, the chapter also investigates the most conspicuous difference between provincials coming to Italy and Romans moving to the provinces, namely the role of the Roman state. Provincials coming to live in Italian cities would not see magistrates from their native region or local government there. In the provinces, on the other hand, a Roman governor and his staff were present to administer legal affairs. The fact that Roman resident traders would encounter Rome's imperial officials in their new environment seems to have put them in a more favorable position than their provincial counterparts migrating to Italy. The chapter argues that although this difference needs to be taken into account, it is not as great as it might appear because government support in enforcement was lacking in the provinces, just as it was in Italy.

Steering away from government-controlled trade as much as possible, it is this private business Terpstra aims at in Trading Communities in the Roman World. The chronological emphasis of the narrative is on the first two centuries AD, with important excursions into the time of the Republic where this is relevant to the argument (mostly in Chapter 5 but also in Chapter 1). The effect of the passage of time is discussed, and in fact forms an essential part of the argument in Chapter 1, but what he studies is mainly how the Roman Empire functioned during a span of time that was arguably its most stable. In this period, Egypt – an important province for the imperial economy – had been added, the big conquests of Empire had decelerated markedly, and the Empire reached its maximum size. There was a more or less stable situation in the area around the Mediterranean, conducive to long-distance trade, which suits his goal of understanding how such trade operated.

A problem for the Roman historian, especially for the historian study­ing the Roman economy, is that data are often frustratingly hard to come by. Part of the solution, adopted in Trading Communities in the Roman World, is to make a number of comparisons with other historical situations. By juxtaposing the Roman situation and another, better-documented one – arguing that the two were similar in key respects – gaps can be filled in, and elements that would otherwise have remained blurry can come into sharper focus.

Comparative history is not, and has never been, much in vogue among ancient historians, although recent work by Walter Scheidel and Peter Bang deserves mention in this context. The work of these scholars may signal a new trend, although it is still too early to tell if it will usher in real change affecting the whole field. The reluctance to engage in comparative history is perhaps understandable. In likening two historical societies, one runs the risk of not doing justice to the full complexity of at least one of them, which goes against the best instincts of the historian. The very reason to turn to comparisons in the first place in that sense fur­nishes an argument against doing so. Although Terpstra acknowledges the concern, he does not think this should be an insurmountable bar­rier.

History / Europe / Military / World War II

Hitler's Elite: The SS 1939-45 (General Military Series) by Chris McNab (Orbis Books)

The SS has become the most infamous military formation in history. From its diminutive origins in the 1920s as Hitler's personal bodyguard, by the late war years it grew to a sprawling organization of hundreds of thousands of men, with a field army (the Waffen-SS-Armed-SS) numbering nearly 40 divisions and huge corporate, racial, and political power in the Allgemeine-SS (General-SS). The activities of the SS ranged from the heroic to the horrific; from fighting extraordinary defensive battles on the Eastern and Western Fronts, to running the concentration and extermination camp systems, and providing personnel for the Einsatzgruppen murder squads in Eastern Europe.
Hitler's Elite: The SS 1939-45 tells the complete story of the SS at individual, unit, and organizational levels. Author Chris McNab is an author and editor specializing in military history and military technology who has published more than 40 books.

Following an explanation of the SS' complex political and social origins, and its growth within the Nazi empire, the book goes on to look at both its war record and its wider role in Heinrich Himmler's implementation of Hitler's vision for the Third Reich. As well as providing a combat history of the Waffen-SS from 1939 to 1945, it also explores themes such as ideology, recruitment, foreign SS personnel, training, and equipment.

Famed for their fighting qualities, fanaticism and brutality, the Waffen-SS evolved from being Hitler's fiercely loyal personal bodyguard in the 1920s into an army which spearheaded the assault on the Soviet Union and staunchly defended the Reich in the final days of World War II.

From their origins and training through to their role in the bitter fighting towards the end of the war, Hitler's Elite delves into the history of the SS, the most infamous military formation in history, presenting a fully illustrated, comprehensive study of their actions as part of the Third Reich.

The complete story of the SS at individual, unit and organizational levels, Hitler's Elite provides a comprehensive study of the complex political and social origins behind the SS and tracing its growth within the Nazi empire.

A companion volume to Hitler's Armies and Hitler's Eagles, Hitler's Elite gives a detailed and highly visual insight into one of Hitler's most powerful instruments of policy. Drawing on Osprey's image archive, the book is brought to life with a range of color artwork and uniform plates, including more than 200 contemporary photographs and color artworks from Osprey's series titles.

Home & Garden / Crafts & Hobbies

Kumihimo Basics and Beyond: 24 Braided and Beaded Jewelry Projects on the Kumihimo Disk by Rebecca Combs (Kalmbach Books)

I started teaching kumihimo classes in my Tucson bead store. It took several tries before I came up with a winning class project, but my Classic Elegance necklace started a kumihimo wildfire. Kumihimo classes started selling out, and I had a steady demand to develop new, exciting kumihimo classes. – Rebecca Combs

What is kumihimo? It is an ancient Japanese form of braid-making that is gaining popularity among today's jewelry makers. Long cords and ropes are made by interlacing strands of fiber, beads, or a mix of materials that can be formed into necklaces or bracelets.

So Kumihimo is traditional Japanese braiding. The techniques go back to the time of the samurai. Rebecca Combs advises readers to look closely next time they are at a museum with a good Asian art collection at samurai armor and notice the little braids that lace the different sections together. That's kumihimo.

Kumihimo Basics and Beyond presents techniques for creating all-cord braids and beaded braids, then teaches beaders how to transform them into finished jewelry. Short demonstrations of the key techniques needed for each project are presented in easy-to-grasp portions, allowing beaders to learn and practice as they go. Combs demystifies tricky ‘kumihimo math’ by providing detailed supply lists for each project in the book; she also teaches beaders how to calculate the amount of fiber and how many beads they will need for their future kumihimo projects. Combs is the owner of Design & Adorn Beading Studio in Tucson, Arizona, and has been teaching a variety of classes in jewelry-making there.

Readers learn how to make beautiful braids for necklaces, bracelets, key chains, and more. First they work with fiber, and then learn how to incorporate their favorite beads – seed beads, fire-polished beads, and luminous borosilicate glass teardrops – to create 24 projects. All of the projects in Kumihimo Basics and Beyond can be made on this easy-to-find, inexpensive kumihimo disk.

The projects are arranged in a skills-building sequence. Everyone should tackle the first project, the Basic Braid, to learn the braiding movements that are used for all of the projects in the book. Subsequent projects add new skills, techniques, and design concepts by building on what they have learned.

Readers can create gorgeous all-cord braids and beaded braids in no time with Kumihimo Basics and Beyond.

Home & Garden / Crafts & Hobbies

Realistic Model Railroad Operation, 2nd edition (Layout Design and Planning) by Tony Koester (Kalmbach Publishing Company)

Operate your model railroad like a pro! – Tony Koester

Building a realistic layout is only half the fun of model railroading. The next step is to get trains moving and operate them just like the real thing.

Respected expert Tony Koester in Realistic Model Railroad Operation teaches modelers how real railroads operate trains and how to apply those methods to their own model railroads in this extensively updated edition. Learning about timetable-and-train-order operation, as well as how cars are switched, how yards function, and how signals work provides an added dimension of realism and fun for modelers.

Realistic Model Railroad Operation, Second Edition shows readers how to can get a basic operating session going on any size layout. They then learn details of timetable-and-train-order operation and other prototypical dispatching systems and see how to apply them to their model railroad.

In this book, readers learn about:

  • Getting a basic operating session started.
  • Running trains using a timetable and train orders.
  • Routing freight cars with car cards and waybills.
  • Centralized Traffic Control, Automatic Block Signaling, and other signal systems.
  • Yards and yard operations.
  • Track Warrant Control and other modern dispatching systems.
  • Operating terms and nomenclature.

Koester, a prolific hobby author and currently a columnist and contributing editor for Model Railroader magazine, spent a quarter century designing, building, and, with his friends, operating his HO Allegheny Midland layout. He is currently hard at work building a circa-1954 HO layout based on the Nickel Plate Road's St. Louis Division.

A decade has passed since the original edition of Realistic Model Railroad Operation appeared in print. In that interval, Koester has enhanced his understanding of the way the full-size railroads go about the business of moving cargo and passengers and found more authentic ways of replicating these functions while maintaining the desired degree of simplicity and ease of use.

 ‘Realistic operation’ implies that readers use their models in a manner that complements their innate realistic appearance. It adds value without adding cost. The movement of every train and every car in those trains has a specific purpose based on the premise that the miniature railroads can emulate the functions of their full-size prototypes.

In the space available in Realistic Model Railroad Operation, readers cannot possibly take a detailed look at the entire spectrum of railroad operations and how to model them. So what they find in the book is an overview of key aspects of realistic operation – that is, the attempt to make miniature railroads closely emulate their full-size counterparts not only in appearance but also in function, right down to the movement of every train and every car in those trains.

Chapters 2 (Quick-start guide) and 8 (Signaling) remain largely intact from the first edition while several others have been updated. But there are two important new sections: Timetable and train-order operations (Chapter 5) and creating more realistic waybills (Chapter 7).

Koester says he enjoys reading first-person accounts of someone's adventures and travels, the problems encountered along the way, and how they coped. He wants to go along for the ride, as it were. To that end, in Realistic Model Railroad Operation readers take several trips over his own HO railroad and encounter operational challenges on a first-class passenger train, a hotshot but second‑class freight train, and a bottom-of-the-pecking-order extra. Finally, they hop aboard train No. 45, the KC Local, and refer to their waybills as they switch one town on the Nickel Plate Road's Third Subdivision.

Where to draw the realism line? According to Allen McClelland's long-established Good Enough principle, modelers can draw the line on realism and modeling quality anywhere they choose, but they should draw that line evenly and consistently across everything they do – quality of modeling, adherence to era and plausibility, operations, and so on.

Koester knows how to keep model railroading fresh and exciting – through realism. In Realistic Model Railroad Operation, his tips on timetable-and-train order operation, how yards function, how cars are switched, how signals work, add a realistic and action-packed dimension to model railroad operation.

Home & Garden / Crafts & Hobbies

Spinning and Dyeing Yarn: The Home Spinners Guide to Creating Traditional and Art Yarns by Ashley Martineau (Barron’s)

Ironically, as we move toward a more technologically advanced world, the simple domestic crafts of old are making a comeback. People of all ages are discovering a deep love for weaving, knitting, crocheting and other fiber arts. Along with that has come the desire to create their own one-of-a-kind, artisan yarns.
Fiber lovers know that spinning and dying go hand in hand. Yet many books on the yarn craft cover only one topic or the other. In Spinning and Dyeing Yarn, fiber artist Ashley Martineau covers both subjects in detail with step-by-step tutorials. Four sections cover:

  • Fiber Identification and Preparation. Explains the various fiber types – from animal wools and plant fibers to silk and synthetics – how to clean and store them, and preparation techniques for spinning.
  • Dying Techniques. Richly illustrated and easy-to-follow tutorials cover dyeing techniques such as hand painting, dip dyeing, gradient dyeing, solar dyeing, and more for animal and plant fibers.
  • Spinning Techniques. Both drop spindle and wheel techniques are included, along with instructions on how to build drop spindles and a spinning wheel and setting spun yarns.
  • Going Professional. When readers are ready to share their craft, they'll find helpful advice for buying wholesale supplies, preparing for shows, and marketing and selling their work.

Readers also find in Spinning and Dyeing Yarn instructions for creating novelty yarns, spinning with fabric and feathers, advice from professional yarn designers, tips on improving work process, and more.

Martineau's illustrated, easy-to-follow tutorials cover everything readers need to know – from choosing and preparing fiber to building their own equipment to marketing their work. Readers explore texture and style through a comprehensive range of spinning techniques for drop spindles, kick wheels and spinning wheels. And they play with color through immersion dyeing, gradient dyeing, hand painting, solar dyeing. and tie dyeing.

According to Arlene Ciroula in the preface, a number of years ago, stepping into the edge of the world of handspinning, she felt as if she had stumbled across a magical, secret garden that had been hiding in plain sight. She haphazardly went about choosing her first wheel, buying books, and accumulating fiber and know-how.

Contrast that path to the one she might have taken a few hundred years ago, when learning to spin might well have been part of her routine acquisition of necessary life skills as a woman. However, while the oral tradition of passing knowledge down the generations has fallen by the wayside, one can now quickly access the necessary resources via the Internet – websites and social networking, books, videos, clubs, and classes – she went from having no information at all to being completely overwhelmed by what was available.

But where was the resource that could have simplified this learning process? Where was the helpfully gathered information that could explain the basics of building her fiber arts practice into a business, if that's what she wanted to do?

Spinning and Dyeing Yarn sets readers on the right path from the outset. If they follow the advice contained in its pages and they will be able to access the practical knowledge they need right away. With breathtaking images throughout, Spinning and Dyeing Yarn is one of the most comprehensive volumes on yarn design. Whether readers are new to the fiber arts or looking to expand their craft, this is one resource that will simplify their learning process. Fiber artist Martineau covers both spinning and dyeing with rich, illustrative detail and step-by-step tutorials to help home spinners and fiber enthusiasts of all levels explore the pleasure of dyeing, spinning, and designing unique yarns.

Simply put, this book is a must have for fiber enthusiasts of all levels.

Literature & Fiction / Crime

Dark City by F. Paul Wilson (Repairman Jack: The Early Years Trilogy: Tor)

Dark City is the second of a new prequel trilogy, Repairman Jack: The Early Years by F. Paul Wilson. Wilson is the bestselling author of the Repairman Jack novels who in 2008 won the Bram Stoker Award for Lifetime Achievement.

Dark City is the second of three new novels revealing the early years of Repairman Jack, who has for over 20 years been one of the most popular characters in contemporary dark fantasy: a self-styled ‘fix-it’ man who is no stranger to the macabre or the supernatural, hired by victimized people who have nowhere else to turn.

Blending science fiction, horror, and mystery elements, Wilson has woven a deep mythology around the beloved character in fifteen books. In May 2012, the series came to a close with Nightworld – Wilson's definitive edition of a great, long-out-of-print work. Although previously published, this new version of Nightworld garnered a spot on the New York Times bestseller list, proving fans are still hungry for more adventures.

Luckily for those longtime fans as well as any fan of great thrillers, Wilson now ventures into the earlier days of the Repairman in Dark City, the second of three prequel novels which depict the naive New Jersey refugee's metamorphosis into the urban mercenary known as Repairman Jack.

It's February 1991. Desert Storm is raging in Iraq but twenty-two-year-old Jack has more pressing matters at home. His favorite bar, The Spot is about to be sold out from under his friend Julio. Jack has been something of a tag-along to this point. But now, no longer merely reactive, Jack takes the fight to his enemies and demonstrates his innate talent for seeing biters get bit. With a body count even higher than in Cold City, Dark City hurtles Jack toward the climax of this formative New York odyssey in which all scores will be settled, all debts paid.

Repairman Jack is one of my favorite characters. I’m full of happy anticipation every time I hold a new RJ novel in my hands. – Charlaine Harris, author of the Southern Vampire mysteries

This second chronicle (after Cold City) of the formative years of Wilson's long‑running series character Repairman Jack begins with an adrenaline-pumped chase across the top of a moving subway train, and the thrills don't stop until the final page... Any reader who has followed Jack's exploits over the decades will find this book an entertaining addition to the series. – Publishers Weekly            

This second entry sets up Jack as the man he's to become – the Repairman who settles the score for the beleaguered victims of sadistic threats. It's a treat to see a little further into his psyche, and to get carried along in the days before a holy war was brewing and Jack was just fighting the bad guys to keep his corner of the world on an even keel. – RT Book Reviews, 4 ½ stars

A fast-paced, thrill fest... It's no wonder why thriller fans rave about this ordinary guy who is out to protect the citizens, with a little of the supernatural thrown in for good measure. – Suspense Magazine

Like Cold City (2012), the first volume of the Early Years trilogy of Repairman Jack novels, this follow-up is a much-needed zap of energy for a series that had grown increasingly lethargic. Set in early 1991, the book follows young Jack as he sets in motion a plan to ensure that his friend Julio doesn’t lose his bar, the Spot. Jack’s target, Neil Zalesky, a con artist, is a solid villain, although a group of Muslim terrorists also get on the wrong side of Jack and must be addressed. Fans of the Repairman Jack series will enjoy seeing their hero as a kid in his twenties, a regular guy who’s still discovering the man he’s going to become. Writing about Jack’s early years, before the character was part of the author’s labyrinthine Secret History of the World cycle of interconnected stories, seems to have freed Wilson, allowing him to tap into a more youthful spirit and style of writing. Will Wilson ever really put an end to the Repairman Jack series? Only time will tell. – David Pitt, Booklist

More of a straight crime novel than the later books of the Repairman Jack saga, Dark City is a perfect entry point for new readers and is sure to excite Wilson's legion of fans by shedding more light on the background of their favorite ‘fix-it’ man.

Literature & Fiction

The Flower Book by Catherine Law (Allison & Busby)

Set against the backdrop of World War I and amid the beautiful Cornish countryside, The Flower Book is the story of a mother and daughter, bound together by a collection of pressed flowers and the memories they hold.

1914.

To the delight of her parents, Violet Prideaux is set to marry local squire Weston Penruth. But an incident during their engagement party sees her leaving behind her friends and family and fleeing to London. Here in the big city she meets local artist Jack Fairling, falling instantly in love. But when Jack enlists, can their happiness survive the horrors of war?
1936.

When Violet’s daughter Aster reaches the age of twenty-one, she receives a letter that turns her world upside down. With the support of her childhood friend Harry Penruth and the comfort of her mother’s treasured flower book, she travels to London to discover her destiny.
And as Aster unearths the lies and secrets of her childhood, a future of love and hope may be closer than she realizes ...

As told in The Flower Book:

There was an abundance of wild flowers preserved here: round-faced daisies, cow parsley's fairy-like fronds, the innocent blue of the forget-me-not, and the yellow marigold. The pages were crinkled, stiffened and aged. Violet's legacy lay here, all of her passion and wisdom, Aster thought, passed down in silence. Sitting at the kitchen table, her head bowed into her hands, she shook with longing. ‘I really never knew you,' she whispered, her voice edged with wonder at the amount of pain she felt, `but you left me your legacy. Here in your book, the buds and blooms you collected ever since you were a little girl speak to me now.

Our very own language of flowers.'

Author Catherine Law has been a journalist for 22 years, having trained first as a secretary at the BBC and then attending the London College of Printing. She now works on a glossy interiors magazine and lives in Buckinghamshire.

Humanities / Linguistics / Popular Culture

Culinary Linguistics: The chef's special edited by Cornelia Gerhardt, Maximiliane Frobenius and Susanne Ley, with Gunter Senft, Editor of the Series (Culture and Language Use Series, Vol. 10) John Benjamins Publishing Company)

Language and food are universal to humankind. Language accomplishes more than a pure exchange of information, and food means for more than mere subsistence. Both represent crucial sites for socialization, identity construction, and the everyday fabrication and perception of the world as a meaningful, orderly place. This volume on Culinary Linguistics contains an introduction to the study of food and an extensive overview of the literature focusing on its role in interplay with language. It is the only publication approaching the field of food and food-related studies from a linguistic perspective. The research articles assembled in Culinary Linguistics encompass a number of linguistic fields, ranging from historical and ethnographic approaches to literary studies, the teaching of English as a foreign language, psycholinguistics, and the study of computer-mediated communication. The editors are Cornelia Gerhardt, Maximiliane Frobenius, and Susanne Ley, all from Saarland University, Germany.

According to Frobenius in the overview, Culinary Linguistics contains a collection of original research articles from multiple disciplines, revolving around the common theme of language and food and the manifestation of the two within their cultural framework.

The metaphor of the menu serves as the vehicle for the order of contri­butions: Culinary Linguistics starts with an introduction to the whole field of research (Antipasti), moves on to contributions in the form of original research articles (Primi Piatti and Secondi Piatti), and closes with a bibliography of language and food (Dolci). The first set of articles, Primi Piatti, is grouped together for its clear focus on language as it is used in specific genres whose main themes are food related. These encompass both spoken and written genres in both electronically mediated settings and printed or even handwritten documents. The second set, Secondi Piatti, represents research on food-related language use within specific cultural settings, where it represents a tool to shape and construct the context it is situated in. These contexts range from the perpetuation of gender roles, controlling the degree of formality in a work setting, or expressing a commercial register through the naming of businesses. Thus, the Primi Piatti contributions work from a more specifically linguistic perspective, or a micro-level analysis, compared to the Secondi Piatti studies, which take a macro-level stance in that they investigate phenomena of the cultural setting and therefore go beyond a purely linguistic analysis.

Gerhardt's introduction to Culinary Linguistics, the Antipasti, represents an extensive review of the literature revolving around food and food practices. It begins with the interdisciplinary study of food in various fields and closes in on the more focused description of language studies pertaining to food and its discourses.

Primi Piatti is headed by Diemer and Frobenius. This study of food blogs illuminates the written CMC (computer-mediated communication) genre using a hybrid approach. The qualitative analysis of addressee-directed language confirms the primarily interactive character of the genre blog. The quantitative study of the Food Blog Corpus (FBC) is the basis for a lexical and syntactic analysis, which provides information on the use and frequencies of (1) CMC related phenomena: innovative vocabulary and spelling; (2) food-related jargon: specialized vocabulary, grammatical patterns; (3) phenomena related to spoken interaction: discourse markers, hedges and address.

Chiaro. Following a brief history of this genre on British television, the study moves on to investigate two popular TV chefs and their (linguistic) presentation skills in more detail. The comparison of Nigella Lawson's and Jamie Oliver's verbal output examines features such as their choice of lexis, how they give instructions, their use of vague language and how they display emotion. The analysis of the two chefs' programs reveals that these shows' popularity is based on the entertainment value of the presenters as much as (or more than) the preparation of dishes that can be learned from them.

In the next article, Fischer demonstrates the applicability of the notion of recipient design to the text type recipe. The comparison of four cookbooks, including Julia Child's famous Mastering the Art of French Cooking, is an important contribution towards a more thorough description of strategies of reader involvement in document design. The analysis reveals the provision of background knowledge, the pointing out of various alternatives in the cooking process, and the anticipation of potentially problematic situations a cook may encounter as major strategies to instantiate and acknowledge the presence of readers.

Arendholz, Bublitz, Kirner, and Zimmermann compare two recipes of the same dish, one from Middle English, the other from a contemporary source, i.e. Jamie Oliver's website. The study points out the difficulties such a comparison entails regarding a functional analysis; the formal analysis reveals parallels in terms of, e.g. syntactic constructions and lexical codification.

The historical linguistics perspective is continued by Diemer. The contribution provides a diachronic overview of the discourse of food on the basis of various examples of recipes and more general food related texts from Old English to the late 20th century. It traces lexis, syntax and discourse features and thereby illustrates several tendencies, such as the focus on a less and less professional audience, the gradual introduction of more precise measurements and more procedural detail, and an overall reduction in lexical complexity.   

Bubel and Spitz study genre-based writing in the EFL classroom, discussing the text type recipe as a genre that can be fruitfully used in classroom settings to develop intercultural communicative competence. The analysis of the students' products proved the Ieffectiveness of the teaching approach, in that the learners' writings contained most of the key features of typical English-language recipes, and in that the series of lessons reported on had the effect of raising students' awareness of their own food cultures as well as those of the English-speaking world.

Secondi Piatti in Culinary Linguistics starts with Holmes, Marra and King with an ethnographic account of the role of food in workplace discourse. From this paper readers learn that talk about food makes a contribution similar to that of other aspects of relational workplace interaction, such as humor, small talk and narrative. These tend to occur at the boundaries of interaction, which they help construct. Talk about food generates informality, such that when it occurs as a legitimate, socially sanctioned topic for meetings, it causes interactional trouble.

Kotthoff provides a study on toasting practices in Georgia, Russia and Sweden, where the toasting tradition is central to everyday`life, and Germany and the Netherlands, where toasting plays a comparatively smaller role. Toasts are generally characterized as `doing culture'; this practice is coordinated by the tamada in the Georgian tradition, a master of ceremony, who controls the degree of formality. The study finds that foreigners to a culture tend to adapt choosing humorous toasts and/or fulfill the minimal genre standards, which is met with acceptance by the host culture. This practice indexes both affiliation and connection as well as otherness.

Fellner in the flavors of multi-ethnic North American Literatures: language, ethnicity and culinary nostalgia adopts a literary and cultural critic's perspective in analyzing the function of culinary nostalgia in narratives of dislocation. The discussion of three contemporary texts by multi-ethnic North American authors reveals that the evocation of food goes beyond acting as a language for expressing nostalgia, in that it functions to structure the narrators' ambivalent relationship to ethnicity. As transmitter of affect, it is argued, narrative descriptions of food and food preparation engage culinary citizenship.

Fuller, Briggs and Dillon-Sumner discourse about food and gender in Men's Health and Women's Health magazines, discussing the construction of hegemonic femininities and masculinities with regard to food choices as found in two magazines targeted at women and men respectively. The qualitative study shows how the notions of guilt and morality are closely linked to food consumption, and that articles and ads in those magazines employ them to create hetero-normative identities that depict women as in need of controlling their eating behavior and men as under pressure to perform.

Next Serwe, Ong and Ghesquiere explore the use of French on restaurant signs in Singapore, giving both a quantitative and qualitative account of the forms and meanings of the names in relation to their respective business. The study uncovers a correspondence between the idiomaticity/mixing of languages and the type of food served: monolingual, idiomatic French names predominantly belong to restaurants specializing in French food; multilingual, non-idiomatic names often denote cafes or bakeries selling non-French food.

Finally, Ankerstein and Pereira provide a psycholinguistic study of the taste vocabulary of English speakers. This paper challenges the assumption that words map directly onto physiological and psychological constructs, as the tasks this research is based on show that participants' knowledge of taste is far greater than their use of taste words suggests. The morphological properties of these lexemes, and their use are explored through collocation searches in the COCA (Corpus of Contemporary American English).

Culinary Linguistics closes with a comprehensive bibliography.

The research articles in Culinary Linguistics encompass a number of linguistic fields, making this volume compulsory reading for anyone interested in genres of food discourse and the linguistic connection between food and culture.

Literature & Fiction / Russian

The Light and the Dark by Mikhail Shishkin, translated from the Russian by Andrew Bromfield (Quercus)

Your warmth has become my light in the darkness

In The Light and the Dark fate sends two star-crossed lovers, Sasha and Volodenka, on two separate journeys.

Half male, half female; half exploration of the physical and the immediate, half meditation on the intangible and the infinite, The Light and the Dark is a literary feat as balanced and beautiful as it is prodigious and profound.

Two separate journeys across space and time.

Sasha finds herself as a young woman in a time not far from the present day.

Volodenka finds himself as a young soldier at the turn of the twentieth century.

Sasha is faced with life: with living and learning, growing up and growing old.

Volodenka is faced with death: with the horrors of war, and human mortality.

Sasha struggles to find meaning in life, and its day-to-day ephemerality.

Volodenka struggles to find meaning in death, and the deepest questions of existence.

Yet, despite their cosmic schism, their love letters still reach one another.

And so he becomes her outlet.
And she becomes his.
He helps her to come to terms with life.
And she helps him to come to terms with death.

Born in 1961 in Moscow, author Mikhail Shishkin is one of the most prominent names in contemporary Russian literature, and is the only author to have won all three major Russian literary prizes: the Russian Booker Prize, the National Bestseller Prize and the Bolshaya Kniga (`Big Book') prize. He divides his time between Moscow, Switzerland and Germany. The Light and the Dark is translated from the Russian by Andrew Bromfield.

Musicology / Entertainment / Arts

Schubert's Dances: For Family, Friends and Posterity by Martin Chusid (Monographs in Musicology, No. 16: Pendragon Press)

Of the several genres comprising Schubert’s prodigious compositional output, the one that has attracted the least attention from scholars has been his approximately 500 dances. Of these, more than 200 were published during his lifetime, twice as many as his songs; and they were received enthusiastically by the public. Yet, strangely enough, there has been only one slim volume devoted to the subject and it is in German, Schubert und das Tanzvergnügen (Schubert and the Enjoyment of the Dance). A translation of the opening section of that book forms the Introduction to Schubert's Dances where it is entitled ‘Dancing in Vienna in the Early 19th Century’.
Although the composer’s dances have been enjoyed in the United States and England by pianists and their pupils for generations, Schubert's Dances is the first in English about them. Furthermore, there are relatively few articles or commentaries of substance that treat them seriously. This book, by Martin Chusid, who taught full-time at the University of Southern California and then New York University, where he was Chairman of the Music Department, Associate Dean of the Graduate School of Arts and Science, and Director of the American Institute for Verdi Studies, begins with chapters on the minuets, all of which were written for members of his family, and his ecosaisses, primarily intended for his friends. Later another section is devoted to the polonaises and his other four hand dances, works that Schubert composed mainly for his only serious students, the Countesses Marie and Caroline Esterhazy. But by far the largest portion of Schubert's Dances is devoted to the quick, triple-meter compositions Schubert labeled German dances or ‘Ländler’, although his publishers most often gave them the title of Waltzes. The composer, however, used the term ‘Walzer’ just once in his lifetime; and he did so in the course of a humorous poem to rhyme with the word ‘Pfalzer’, an inhabitant of the Rhine region of Germany, at the conclusion of a dance, he in fact called a ‘Deutscher’ (German dance).
In the course of studying the dances, a number of points insufficiently, or not at all, discussed in the Schubert literature has emerged. For one thing, forty, approximately 8% of these relatively short compositions – most are only 16 or 24 measures in length – begin and end in different keys. This is an aspect of Schubert’s remarkable harmonic imagination also visible in some 75 of his well over 600 songs.
Another aspect of interest is that, despite their similarity in meter and tempo, there is a considerable difference in musical character between the dances Schubert called ‘German dances’ and those he labeled ‘Ländler’. A third noteworthy feature of the composer’s dances is the manner in which all of his later published dance sets, those which appeared from late 1825 to the end of his life in 1828, are organized tonally. They all begin and end in the same key. And, furthermore, they display close inner relationships as well. In contrast, of his earlier dance sets, those issued from 1821 to early 1825, a single group, the twelve waltzes of Op. 18 (D. 145), is rounded tonally in similar fashion.
Of the eminent composers influenced by Schubert, there are three who were particularly fascinated by his dances: Robert Schumann, Franz Liszt, and Johannes Brahms. Their frequently expressed warm admiration for the composer, and especially their deep concern for his dances, are treated in the closing section of Schubert's Dances.

Philosophy / Biographies & Memoirs / Art

The Philosophy of Arthur C. Danto edited by Randall E. Auxier and Lewis Edwin Hahn (Library of Living Philosophers, Volume XXXIII: Open Court)

The series as a whole is the greatest philosophical 'journal' that has ever been published. – Edgar Sheffield Brightman

Arthur Danto is the Johnsonian Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at Columbia University and the most influential philosopher of art in the last half century. As an art critic for The Nation for 25 years and frequent contributor to other widely read outlets such as the New York Review of Books, Danto has also become one of the most respected public intellectuals of his generation. He is the author of some two dozen important books on art, philosophy, the philosophy of art, and art criticism, along with hundreds of articles and reviews which have been the center of both controversy and discussion. His article, "The Artworld" (1964) is one of the most influential writings on art of the past hundred years.

In The Philosophy of Arthur C. Danto Danto offers his fascinating intellectual autobiography. In The Philosophy of Arthur C. Danto, a monumental volume, Danto writes detailed replies to essays by twenty-seven of the keenest critics of his thought, from the worlds of philosophy and the arts. The illustrations, in both color and black-and-white, include works by Danto himself as well as by other artists exemplifying themes from his thought including 16 pages of color art reproductions.

Editors are Randall E. Auxier, Editor of the Library of Living Philosophers, Professor of Philosophy at Southern Illinois University, Carbondale and Editor of the journal The Pluralist; and the late Lewis Edwin Hahn, who was editor of the Library of Living Philosophers from 1981 to 2001.

Professor Danto's books include Andy Warhol (2009), Red Grooms (2004), The Abuse of Beauty (2003), The Madonna of the Future (2000), After the End of Art (1997), Beyond the Brillo Box (1992), The Philosophical Disenfranchisement of Art (1986), The Transfiguration of the Commonplace (1981), What Philosophy Is (1968), and Nietzsche as Philosopher (1965).

Contents of The Philosophy of Arthur C. Danto include:

ARTHUR C. DANTO: Intellectual Autobiography

EWA D. BOGUSZ-BOLTUC: Reading Danto's Woodcuts. Danto's Reply

DAVID REED: Questions for Arthur. Danto's Reply

SEAN SCULLY: From an Artist's Point of View. Danto's Reply

THOMAS ROSE: The Artist's Philosopher and the Open Work. Danto's Reply

GERARD VILAR: On Some Dissonances in A. C. Danto's Art Criticism. Danto's Reply

GORAN HERMEREN: Art, Media, and Money. Danto's Reply

SUE SPAID: Being-Here. Danto's Reply

DAVID CARRIER: Indiscernibles and the Essence of Art. Danto's Reply

BERNHARD LYPP: The Mind and the Boxes. Danto's Reply

DENIS DUTTON: Danto, Landscape, and Art. Danto's Reply

BERTRAND ROUGE: Just Figuring. Danto's Reply

GEORGE DICKIE: Art and Ontology. Danto's Reply

DOMINIQUE CHATEAU: Arthur Danto: Philosophy on Art, Philosophy in Art. Danto's Reply

LYDIA GOEHR: The Pastness of the Work. Danto's Reply

F. R. ANKERSMIT: Danto's Philosophy of History. Danto's Reply

NOEL CARROLL: Danto, the End of Art, and the Orientational Narrative. Danto's Reply

FRED RUSH: Danto, Hegel, and the Work of Art. Danto's Reply

TIZIANA ANDINA: Taking Danto's Suggestion Seriously. Danto's Reply

DAVID DETMER: Danto on Sartre. Danto's Reply

JULIE KUHLKEN: Posthistorical Philosophy. Danto's Reply

FREDERICK ADAMS: Action: Back to Basics. Danto's Reply

SUSAN L. FEAGIN: Language and Art. Danto's Reply

YNHUI PARK: Art as a Proposition in the Kantian "Problematic Modality." Danto's Reply

JAMES R. HORNE: A Reluctant Moral Philosopher. Danto's Reply

ROBERT C. SOLOMON AND KATHLEEN M. HIGGINS: Danto: On the Use and Disadvantage of Hegel for Art. Danto's Reply

DAVID SEIPLE: The Spirit of Arthur Danto. Danto's Reply

CRISPIN SARTWELL: Danto as Writer. Danto's Reply

The Philosophy of Arthur C. Danto is volume 33 in the Library of Living Philosophers Series. The first volume appeared in 1939, the brainchild of the late Professor Paul A. Schilpp, who perceived that it would help to eliminate confusions and endless sterile disputes over interpretation if great philosophers could be confronted on a range of questions by their capable philosophical peers and asked to reply to each of them. As well as the criticisms and replies, each volume would include a photograph, a handwriting sample, an intellectual autobiography, and a complete bibliography of the great philosopher's works.

The Library of Living Philosophers has exceeded even Schilpp's expectations, enabling the outstanding philosophers of each generation to do more than clarify, by extending and elaborating their thoughts. A volume in the Library of Living Philosophers is not merely a commentary on a philosopher's work: it is a crucial part of that work.

Volumes in the Library of Living Philosophers have appeared on the following thinkers:

John Dewey (1939, 1971, 1989), George Santayana (1940, 1951), Alfred North Whitehead (1941, 1951), G.E. Moore (1942, 1971), Bertrand Russell (1944, 1971), Ernst Cassirer (1949), Albert Einstein (1949, 1970), Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (1952), Karl Jaspers (1957, 1981), C.D. Broad (1959), Rudolf Carnap (1963), Martin Buber (1967), C.I. Lewis (1968), Karl Popper (1974), Brand Blanshard (1980), Jean-Paul Sartre (1981), Gabriel Marcel (1984), W.V. Quine (1986, 1998), Georg Henrik Von Wright (1989), Charles Hartshorne (1991), A.J. Ayer (1992), Paul Ricoeur (1995), Paul Weiss (1995), Hans-Georg Gadamer (1997), Roderick M. Chisholm (1997), P.E. Strawson (1998). Donald Davidson (1999), Seyyed Hossein Nasr (2001), Marjorie Grene (2002), Jaakko Hintikka (2006), Michael Dummett (2007), Richard Rorty (2010), Arthur C. Danto (2013).

In the works are Umberto Eco, Julia Kristeva, Martha Nussbaum and Hilary Putnam.

Politics & Social Sciences / Business & Investing / Higher Education / Environment / Public Policy

Regenerative Sustainable Development of Universities and Cities: The Role of Living Laboratories edited by Ariane König (Edward Elgar)

Now that the Earth has reached the limits of its biophysical carrying capacity, humans have to change technologies, social practices and social norms relating to material production and consumption to ensure that we do not further jeopardize the functioning of the planet's life support systems. Through research, education and civic engagement, universities have a pivotal role to play in this transition. Regenerative Sustainable Development of Universities and Cities is a timely book exploring how universities are establishing living laboratories for sustainable development, and examining the communication networks and knowledge infrastructures that underpin impact both on and beyond the campus.

The expert contributors to Regenerative Sustainable Development of Universities and Cities present case studies of living laboratories being built in leading universities across four continents. Their aim is to cultivate the transition to sustainable development by actively fostering social and technological change to improve use of natural resources and reduce pollution. They are designed to link research, education and practice and to integrate knowledge across disciplines to develop more socially robust approaches to improving sustainability. The book is edited by Ariane König, Head of Sustainable Development and Senior Researcher, University of Luxembourg. Contributors include: B. Baleti, T. Becker, T. Berkhout, A. Campbell, A. Cayuela, S. Chen, M. Dalbro, J. Evans, M. Hesse, J. Holmberg, M. Holme Samsøe, Y. Hua, J.-H. Kain, A. Kildahl, H. Komatsu, A. König, N. Kurata, S. Liao, U. Lundgren, B. Meehan, E. Omrcen, T. Ozasa, M. Polk, C. Powell, J. Robinson, H. Tan, and T. Ueno.

It is increasingly clear that sustainable solutions imply linked changes in the material world and in the social world. The best technology is of limited value if people are unable or unwilling to use it. As explored more deeply in Regenerative Sustainable Development of Universities and Cities, sustainability requires reinventing every dimension of the place we live in – physical, informative, normative and institutional space. Since sustainable innovations must address these multiple dimensions in order to be viable, they are ultimately developed best in a `living laboratory' for sustainable change. For a campus setting, this means that not only research and education should emphasize sustainability topics but also daily lives in laboratories, lecture halls and dormitories should embody sustainable principles.

This `living laboratory' concept was at the heart of the International Sustainable Campus Network (ISCN) Symposium, 'Better Campus, Better City', held at the Shanghai 2010 World Expo. This meeting was the inspiration for and the beginning of the development of Regenerative Sustainable Development of Universities and Cities.

Experimentation has long been recognized as a key requirement of sustainability, and universities are playing a central role helping policymakers, researchers, businesses and communities to experiment with low carbon technologies and ways of living. These experiments increasingly take place in bounded spaces in cities or on university campuses, termed `living laboratories', which promise to generate knowledge that is applicable to real-world situations. The purpose of living laboratories is not only to allow novel things to be tried that would not be possible in conventional urban settings, but to also monitor their social and physical impacts in order to provide a robust knowledge base for learning. In addition to addressing specific local challenges, such as improving the energy efficiency of building operations or promoting less polluting transport choices, living laboratories can serve as platforms for visioning processes to define needs, what progress means and how to realize it, with the power to stimulate changes beyond their boundaries.

The objective of Regenerative Sustainable Development of Universities and Cities is to better understand how universities are establishing living laboratories for sustainable development, exploring the communication networks and knowledge infrastructures that underpin impact both on and beyond the campus. The book presents 12 chapters with case studies from universities on four continents, which are actively fostering social and technological change resulting in improved use of natural resources or reduced pollution. Regenerative Sustainable Development of Universities and Cities comprises two parts: Part I on the campus as living laboratory: engaging communities in experimentation and Part II on the challenge for universities to foster sustainable development across multiple scales. Chapters present one or several cases describing a university project that resulted in concerted action within a community to better address a particular challenge of sustainable development. Each chapter presents some facets through which the projects can usefully be conceived as living laboratories for experimentation, adaptation and social learning to address complex environmental situations. Chapter conclusions highlight what enabled or constrained a successful learning process with diverse stakeholders reaching a shared understanding of the issue as a suitable basis for concerted action. An advantage of presenting cases in a fairly free narrative form is that they can capture complex interactions between agency and changing contexts, time and event sequences, changing identity and learning. Some chapters complement their practical case description with a theoretical basis that is deemed pertinent for interpretation of the case description.

Part I of Regenerative Sustainable Development of Universities and Cities on campus as living laboratory presents seven cases of universities developing the campus as a site for social interaction and engagement resulting in knowledge production across organizational and disciplinary boundaries. In the case of The University of British Columbia (UBC) in Canada sustainability is conceived as `the emergent property of a societal conversation about the kind of world we want to live in, informed by an understanding of the ecological, social and economic consequences of our individual and collective actions' (Robinson, Berkhout, Cayuela and Campbell, Chapter 2). The UBC Sustainability Initiative aims to create institutional culture change by deeply integrating operational and academic sustainability. Apart from emphasizing that clear contractual arrangements for diverse organizational commitments are helpful, the authors also emphasize that it is helpful if individuals take autonomous decisions to engage in such projects in order to `collectively build the knowledge, legitimacy and trust that ultimately create authority for a project in its own right'.

Chapter 3 by Hua posits sustainability as largely a social challenge that requires processes to find out of the box solutions for complex problems that are not constrained like most traditional analytical approaches by commonplace assumptions about the world we live in. Cornell University focuses on supporting and meeting targets of reductions in carbon dioxide emissions in the context of political discourses on climate change and target setting. The development of a Climate Action Plan at Cornell highlights how campuses offer a great setting for composing and testing solution scenarios in a process akin to design thinking processes that take into account a range of challenges including land use, buildings, transportation and energy supply.

Chapter 4 by Tan and Chen describes the campus building energy management system that was established at Tongji University for wider use in Chinese universities. The system comprises an ICT platform for the collection and storage of monitoring data on energy and water use, and an associated governance structure. This case (as well as the case on Brown University in Chapter 10) presents a compelling example of how ICT can effectively provide virtual platforms to develop common goals and measures and coordinate resource allocation.

Omrcen, Lundgren and Dalbro in Chapter 5 make the case that implementation of an environmental management system has supported a change process including the entire University of Gothenburg in Sweden. Within such a large and diversified organization as the University of Gothenburg it has been a major challenge to get faculty, staff and students to work towards the same goal. The chapter concludes that environmental management systems can serve as a catalyst for sustainability in higher education, in particular as audits and reporting help to direct attention and resources at common issues as a basis for concerted action.

The contribution from Meehan at Australia National University in Chapter 6 posits the challenge of establishing sustainability as a corporate value in order to ensure an alignment of ideas and goals as the starting point for concerted action on reducing environmental impacts of the campus community. The chapter explores how corporate values are formed with a focus on change management for mainstreaming sustainability goals within the organization.

Challenges relating to tensions between more traditional remits of research universities and fostering sustainable development are highlighted in Chapters 7 and 8. At the University of Hong Kong (HKU) the official framing of actions for sustainable development, similar to the cases of Tongji and the US universities, is provided by the mainstream political discourse on climate change with the prime emphasis on the need to cut greenhouse gas emissions (Kildahl and Liao, Chapter 7). Other concerns visible in the densely populated territory of Hong Kong, including the need for improved water and waste management, further contribute to the scope of urgent problems that need to be addressed. For HKU and other universities vying for recognition through international rankings of excellence in research and education, questions regarding the possible trade-offs between the pursuit of excellence and a focus on sustainable development are raised. In Chapter 8 on the University of Luxembourg Ariane Kōnig also highlights organizational barriers that hinder universities to better address complex issues in research and education, in which the social and material are intertwined. The chapter describes how the parallel development of the ISCN Charter in conjunction with a local strategic action plan on sustainability was instrumental in establishing sustainable development within the organization of the University of Luxembourg. This chapter, like the previous chapter, also highlights that a physical move to a new place in new buildings, and a different social, political and economic environment, can be helpful to reframe the organizational identity and mission. In this case the University of Luxembourg is expected to engage more thoroughly with local and regional issues in an area suffering industrial decline.

Part II of Regenerative Sustainable Development of Universities and Cities presents seven cases in which universities have taken a leading role in establishing networks for joint knowledge production on complex sustainability challenges across disciplinary and organizational boundaries designed to exert influence across multiple spatial scales, including campuses, cities and regions. The focus in this part of the book shifts from the situation of social interactions for joint knowledge production on campus to the constitution of networks, the places these are embedded in and their scales of influence.

In the Mistra Urban Futures centre for sustainable urban development in Gothenburg, a fundamental requisite for sustainable development in cities is to comprehend issues such as transport, energy use and social exclusion as complex and interlinked socio-technical challenges (Polk, Kain and Holmberg, Chapter 9). First insights gained after 18 months of engagement are that for institutions and individuals to absorb new insights practical constraints and obstacles such as time priority and career considerations have to be addressed. A formal mandate for individuals to participate from within their organizations helps. More research on new approaches to assess and evaluate the influence of such projects across participating organizations is required.

Chapter 10 by Powell presents the Energy Conservation Initiative at Brown University, where the focus on reducing greenhouse gas emissions parallels top level international and national political discourse. The chapter identifies in particular two critical success factors to achieving greenhouse gas emissions targets: team building and knowledge management tools and processes that were foundational to create a participatory project design and a decision process that proved central to setting and achieving greenhouse gas emissions targets at Brown University.

Chapter 11 on the cases of Copenhagen and Zagreb by architects Baletic and Samsoe describes how a physical space can present a site for developing joint visions for transformation beyond mere changes to infrastructure. In Zagreb a large glass house for guerilla gardening activities in the community in which the campus is embedded has been chosen as a symbol for societal transformation for a sustainable future. In Copenhagen accordingly the non-hierarchical structures, bicycles, the care for design and the well-educated population are crucial for the identity of the university, but also of the city. Physical campus planning is increasingly seen as a tool for raising a city's global profile in the face of rising international competition for highly educated and trained employees, for fostering knowledge transfer from research to business sectors and for forging stronger links with international research and development.

In Japan the campus planning committee of the Architectural Institute of Japan recognizes the university as an urban developer, and the campus as a place for knowledge creation that can also serve to improve the quality of life of the community it is embedded in (Kurata, Ozasa, Ueno and Komatsu, Chapter 12). A national policy on universities makes three missions explicit: education, research, and social contribution and cooperation. The Japanese experience and in particular the two cases of Hokkaido University campus and the Kashiwa-no-ha campus area suggest that a process of joint visioning and planning of campuses in cities gives a tangible basis to start off and frame joint knowledge creation processes between universities, local governments, private business and citizens. In the case of the development of the new Kashiwa campus near Tokyo, an urban design centre was created to serve as an official yet neutral platform to stage such a process of collaborative knowledge production and implementation for sustainable futures.

In Chapter 13 Becker and Hesse take the development of a new campus in Belval Luxembourg as a case to explore how a new university campus might contribute to regional economic `knowledge-based' development, how such effects might be assessed and particularly how the new campus can be integrated in urban planning terms. From an urban planning perspective, the Luxembourg Belval project presents challenges and opportunities for urban and regional development. This applies particularly to the site, which is situated between a still operating steel plant and the urban periphery. The chapter concludes that a new focus of the university should lie on building regional networks and taking measures to ensure that people and place interrelate and that well-educated, talented students and researchers remain in the region.

The overarching aim of Regenerative Sustainable Development of Universities and Cities is to use the rich and culturally diverse compilation of cases to open up new insights on how effective change takes place within and beyond living laboratories, directing attention to what enables and constrains learning in communities of multiple and diverse stakeholders. The conclusion returns to the broader question of the role of universities in achieving social and technological change for sustainable development, drawing together insights from across the chapters to identify a key research agenda for investigating the ways in which new forms of knowledge can emerge and become legitimized, disseminated, contested or stabilized.

Regenerative Sustainable Development of Universities and Cities contributes to an increasing literature across several disciplines on social learning processes for sustainable development. Focusing on social learning processes to drive societal change for sustainable development, this fascinating book will prove an invaluable read for academics, researchers, students and policy makers in the fields of higher education, regional and urban studies, public policy and the environment, and development studies. The book provides a framework for campuses to become `living laboratories' for sustainability innovation, and offers a wealth of experience for how this can be achieved in practice.

Psychology & Counseling / Religion & Spirituality

Evidence-Based Practices for Christian Counseling and Psychotherapy edited by Everett L. Worthington Jr., Eric L. Johnson, Joshua N. Hook and Jamie D. Aten (IVP Academic)

Are Christian treatments as effective as secular treatments? What is the evidence to support its success? Over the last couple of decades, the fields of psychology, psychotherapy and counseling have grown more and more open to religious belief and religion-accommodative therapies. At the same time, Christian counselors and psychotherapists encounter pressure (for example, from insurance companies) to demonstrate that their accommodative therapies are as beneficial as secular therapies. This raises the need for evidence to support Christian practices and treatments. The essays gathered in Evidence-Based Practices for Christian Counseling and Psychotherapy explore evidence-based Christian treatments, practices, factors and principles. The authors mine the relevant research and literature to update practicing psychotherapists, clinical researchers, students, teachers and educated laypersons about the efficacy of certain Christian-accommodative therapies. Topics covered in the book include:

  • Devotional meditation.
  • Cognitive-behavior therapy.
  • Psychodynamic and process-experiential therapies.
  • Couples, marriage and family therapy.
  • Group intervention.

Evidence-Based Practices for Christian Counseling and Psychotherapy concludes with a review of the evidence for the various treatments discussed in the chapters. Combing current literature and research, the four coeditors illustrate for counselors, students and professors the breadth of solid scientific evidence, revealing the approaches that are most beneficial for Christian clients. The editors are Everett L. Worthington Jr., professor of psychology at Virginia Commonwealth University, a licensed clinical psychologist and former executive director of the Templeton Foundation's A Campaign for Forgiveness Research, and the founding editor of Marriage and Family: A Christian Journal; Eric L. Johnson, trained academic psychologist and the Lawrence and Charlotte Hoover Professor of Pastoral Care at the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville; Joshua N. Hook, assistant professor of psychology at the University of North Texas and a licensed clinical psychologist; and Jamie D. Aten, founder and co-director of the Humanitarian Disaster Institute, and the Dr. Arthur P. Rech and Mrs. Jean May Rech Associate Professor of Psychology at Wheaton College, Wheaton, Illinois.

Evidence-Based Practices for Christian Counseling and Psychotherapy is for adult learners who wish to broaden and deepen their coun­seling repertoire and skills. This is a book about practice and research for practitioners and researchers (and students) alike. Each chapter brings together the best of practice and clinical know-how with sophisticated science and research.

Evidence-Based Practices for Christian Counseling and Psychotherapy is organized into four parts. In part 1, the contributors examine evidence for general psychotherapeutic factors such as the therapeutic alliance and empathy, and whether matching client religious preferences by providing Christian-accommodated treatments will affect the outcomes of counseling. Part 2, collects chapters related to individual psychotherapy. Part 3 includes treatments aimed at helping couples and groups. This is the longest section of the book, with six chapters. Part 4, reflects on evidence-based treatments from the viewpoints of editors who have had the opportunity to consider all the chapters provided by these accomplished reviewers of research and practice.

Chapter 2: Evidence-based relationship and therapist factors in Christian counseling and psychotherapy. Scott Stegman and his colleagues highlight the empirical status of evidence-based relationship and therapist factors in Christian psychotherapies.

Chapter 3: Lay Christian counseling for general psychological problems. Christian church-based lay counseling involves religious counseling offered by paraprofessionals. Lay counselors are trained in counseling skills in the context of time-limited therapy. Siang-Yang Tan reviews research on lay Christian counseling, including clinical trials and descriptions of lay counseling approaches.

Chapter 4: Christian devotional meditation for anxiety. Fernando Garzon summarizes Christian devotional meditation, which has long been valued in the Christian church. It generally involves practices or disciplines of prayer or quiet reflection on Scripture. Garzon describes one controlled study and demonstrates how he uses devotional meditation in psychotherapy.

In chapter 5 of Evidence-Based Practices for Christian Counseling and Psychotherapy: Christian-accommodative cognitive therapy for depression, David Jennings and his colleagues review the empirical status of Christian-accommodative cognitive therapy for depression. Christian-accommodative cognitive therapy generally has retained the main features of the existing secular theory (i.e., Beck or Ellis), yet places the therapy in a Christian context. Techniques such as cognitive restructuring and guided imagery are integrated with biblical teaching and religious imagery. Several studies have found evidence that participants in Christian cognitive therapy showed more improvement in depressive symptoms than did participants in the control conditions. Researchers also found that treatment gains (e.g., maintenance of treatment effects) from Christian CT were maintained at follow-up.

Chapter 6: Christian-accommodative trauma focused cognitive-behavioral therapy for children and adolescents. Donald F. Walker and his colleagues draw on an empirically supported treatment, as well as on insights from the Christian faith, for working with children and adolescents recovering from abuse. Clinical trials are currently underway.

Chapter 7: Evidence-based principles from psychodynamic and process-experiential psychotherapies. Keith Edwards and Edward (Ward) Davis provide an overview of theory and research supporting approaches to psychotherapy that are based in psychodynamic theory and practice, particularly exploring emotion and attachment within relationships with significant adults and God. Although no Christian-accommodative RCTs exist at this point, the general approach is strongly supported by secular research. The chapter is particularly strong in practical advice regarding conducting this type of psychotherapy.

In chapter 8 of Evidence-Based Practices for Christian Counseling and Psychotherapy: Preparing couples for marriage: The SYMBIS model, Les and Leslie Parrott develop a popular approach to preparing couples for marriage. The approach can be used to treat marriages in trouble, but is more widely applied to psycho-education of couples. The Parrotts have created their approach by drawing from many evidence-based approaches. The "saving your marriage before it starts" (SYMBIS) approach has been widely disseminated and used.

Chapter 9: Christian PREP: The prevention and relationship en­hancement program. Gary Barnes and his colleagues have developed, tested and disseminated the PREP approach to marriage preparation and enrichment. Training is available for both the secular and Christian versions. Thousands of people are trained to conduct PREP throughout the world.

Chapter 10: The hope focused couples approach to counseling and enrichment. Jennifer Ripley and Vickey Maclin have conducted field trials of the hope-focused approach (HFA) to couple therapy. They team with Joshua Hook and Everett Worthington to describe the hope-focused couples approach (HFCA) to helping couples enrich their relationships. It has been used for psycho-education and has been investigated extensively in couple enrichment with both Christian and secular samples. The Christian and secular versions of the therapy were compared at Regent University by Ripley's research team.

Chapter 11 of Evidence-Based Practices for Christian Counseling and Psychotherapy: The relational conflict restoration model: Empirical evidence for pain-defense and grace-trust patterns in couple reconciliation, James Sells summarizes his approach to helping troubled couples. He draws from both emotionally focused couple therapy and contextual family therapy to create the relational conflict restoration model. This approach has been tested directly with Christians in one pilot study, but it also draws on substantial secular research with general populations and on writing by the theorists of family therapies.

Chapter12: Marital couples and forgiveness intervention. Fred DiBlasio is one of the leading researchers in forgiveness interventions with couples in counseling. This chapter outlines a brief couples counseling in­tervention for helping clients learn to forgive. DiBlasio discusses the clinical trial research supporting this approach and outlines a three-hour, step-by-step approach that has been shown to increase martial satisfaction and decrease depression among Christian and secular couples.

Chapter 13: Christian-accommodative group interventions to promote forgiveness for transgressions. Julia Kidwell and Nathaniel Wade describe Christian-accommodative group treatment for unforgiveness based on the REACH model of forgiveness: recall (R) the hurt; empathize (E) with the one who hurt you; offer the altruistic (A) gift of forgiveness; commit (C) to forgive; and hold (H) onto forgiveness. For the Christian treatment, participants were encouraged to draw on their religious beliefs and other religious sources while working toward forgiveness, as well as using prayer and Scripture to help with the forgiveness process. Studies found that participants in the Christian condition showed more improvement in forgiveness than did participants in the control condition, and equivalent improvement in forgiveness as did participants in the secular condition.

Chapter 14: Promising evidence-based treatments. The editors review the treatments discussed in Evidence-Based Practices for Christian Counseling and Psychotherapy to give readers a bird's-eye view of how much support is (or is not) available for each approach. The editors consider whether each approach has evidence supporting its theory of change. They also consider the degree of empirical support of secular versions of the treatment. Finally, they examine the degree of support for each explicitly Christian accommodation of the approach.

In Chapter 15: Conducting clinical outcome studies in Christian counseling and psychotherapy, the editors of Evidence-Based Practices for Christian Counseling and Psychotherapy review the state-of-the-science recommendations for conducting controlled clinical trials and ef­fectiveness research. This chapter is for researchers to become equipped to conduct high-quality clinical research and for students and clinicians who intend to be informed consumers of clinical research.

Chapter16: Evidence-based practice in light of the Christian tradition(s): Reflections and future directions. In this final chapter, the editors identify themes and trends from the previous chapters in light of the Christian tradition. They also address future directions that they believe warrant additional attention. They offer some clinical and training recommendations for advancing evidence-based Christian psychotherapies and provide relevant theological considerations that might guide future work in this area. Finally, the editors outline a brief research prospectus focused on advancing evidence-based practice in Christian counseling and psychotherapy.

… In this volume, top researcher-clinicians come together to provide the state of the art of evidence-based practices for Christian counseling and psychotherapy. It is both broad and deep, and represents a significant advancement in the field of Christian counseling. I highly recommend it for lay counselors, graduate students and seasoned clinicians alike. – Todd W. Hall, Biola University
I love this book for all sorts of reasons. It is edited by some of the most gifted and insightful people I know…. I also appreciate how thoroughly this book reflects wise collaboration between researchers and clinicians, and among early-, mid-, and late-career psychologists. This volume is timely and essential, reflecting both Christian wisdom and prevailing professional standards. – Mark R. McMinn, professor of psychology, George Fox University
The publication of this excellent volume marks a developmental step in the maturation of Christian engagement with and reflection on quality provision of counseling and psychotherapy services. The editors and authors represent knowledge of best practices in alleviating human distress in a number of key areas, particularly related to preventing and assisting troubled marriages, and we can hope that the movement they seek to inspire will flourish. – Stanton L. Jones, provost and professor of psychology, Wheaton College, and coauthor of Modern Psychotherapies: A Comprehensive Christian Appraisal (2nd Ed.)

Evidence-Based Practices for Christian Counseling and Psychotherapy equips readers with the tools and the critical attitude they need to evaluate these evidence-based approaches. It provides a guide for what to look for to get help, or what to recommend to a friend or loved one. It concludes with a review of the evidence for the various treatments discussed in the chapters, a guide for conducting clinical trials that is essential reading for current or aspiring researchers. Since more research is necessary, this volume provide a major contribution to a field of inquiry that, while still in its infancy, promises to have enormous implications for future work in Christian counseling and psychotherapy. Target audiences for the book are practicing psychotherapists, clinical researchers, students, teachers and educated lay people.

Psychology & Counseling / Self-Help

Mindfulness for Prolonged Grief: A Guide to Healing after Loss When Depression, Anxiety, and Anger Won't Go Away by Sameet M. Kumar PhD, with a foreword by Ronald D. Siegel PsyD (New Harbinger Publications)

While the journey through grief isn't easy, this book provides a helpful map and guide. Drawing on many years of experience working with people struggling with loss, as well as many years of mindfulness practice, Sameet Kumar will show you a path through your distress. He clearly explains the many forms grief can take and how you can develop a personal mindfulness practice to work with the challenges that arise when dealing with loss. Bit by bit, this book can help you move through your grief and, like the monks I met in Thailand, engage fully in each moment of a rich and meaningful life. – Ronald D. Siegel, PsyD, Assistant Clinical Professor of Psychology, Harvard Medical School, Author of The Mindfulness Solution: Everyday Practices for Everyday Problems, from the foreword

Prolonged or complicated grief is a serious psychological condition that can leave readers feeling dazed, stunned, or in shock for months or even years after their loss. The sorrow does not diminish with time. In fact, it may even increase. No matter how much support they receive from family and friends, they simply cannot ‘get over it.’ However, there are steps they can take to begin healing.

Mindfulness for Prolonged Grief offers real tools for overcoming the painful symptoms of prolonged grief. In the book, readers learn to relieve their pain by maintaining a healthy lifestyle, improving the quality of their sleep, and reconnecting with their life’s goals. In addition, readers discover how mindfulness exercises and guided meditations can help them process their grief, manage their intense emotions, and deal with loss without resorting to avoidant behaviors (such as addiction) as coping mechanisms.

The author is Sameet M. Kumar, PhD, a psychologist at the Memorial Healthcare System Cancer Institute in South Broward, FL, with over a decade of experience in working with end-of-life and bereavement.
In Mindfulness for Prolonged Grief, Kumar shows how, even without becoming a Buddhist monk, anyone suffering from prolonged grief can use mindfulness practices, combined with techniques from modern scientific psychology, to reengage with life. While many mindfulness practices originally came from Buddhist traditions, they've been adapted over the past couple of decades by Western psychotherapists and researchers to successfully treat a wide range of psychological difficulties. The practices work by counteracting several natural tendencies of the human brain that were well suited to survival millions of years ago on the African savanna but can make individuals quite unhappy today.

According to Kumar in the introduction, to Mindfulness for Prolonged Grief, the truth is, no matter how close one feels to another person or another being, all relationships are temporary. How can we be born with such a vulnerability? If readers look deeper, what they are all born with is the potential to love and be loved. This universal truth is at the root of vulnerability.

The seed of grief is usually love. Without love, people wouldn't suffer so much from the loss of someone they care about. When they think of grief as an extension of love, they might feel a little bit better about their suffering.

Mindfulness for Prolonged Grief teaches readers some of what is known about grief and, more importantly, what they can do about it using current knowledge about how to facilitate ways of healing. The first step in this approach is learning mindfulness meditation. The purpose of laying a foundation in regular mindfulness meditation practice is simple: mindfulness is one of the most consistent and powerful ways to deal effectively with very intense and turbulent emotions and ruminations.

The first chapter explains what we know about grief and other mood disorders that people tend to suffer from after the loss of a loved one. The rest of Mindfulness for Prolonged Grief presents instructions on mindfulness meditation, along with comprehensive guidance addressing many other areas of life that can benefit from a mindfulness-based approach. Once readers start practicing mindfulness meditation, Kumar recommends that they maintain a daily routine around their meditation practice as they continue reading the book. There are charts in Mindfulness for Prolonged Grief to help them keep track of their practice.

Sameet Kumar's Mindfulness for Prolonged Grief is a welcome and important resource for both those struggling to cope with prolonged grief themselves and for the helping professionals who are advising and supporting them. – Sharon Salzberg, author of Real Happiness and Lovingkindness
Sameet Kumar has been working for many years as a psychologist and counselor in the field of dealing with this grief. In his wonderful new book Mindfulness for Prolonged Grief, he shares many of the approaches to inner healing that he has developed in his practice. In particular, he demonstrates how the ancient Buddhist methods of mindfulness meditation can be used to cure both body and mind when the overwhelming darkness of grief, depression, and hopelessness sets in. His book is both practical and immediate in its presentation, offering medical practitioners and patients alike a clear guide to a traditional healing technology that has worked for centuries, and is perhaps even more relevant today than ever before. – Glenn Mullin, author of Living in the Face of Death and The Fourteen Dalai Lamas: A Sacred Legacy of Reincarnation

If readers are feeling stuck in the pain of grief, Mindfulness for Prolonged Grief is an ideal companion, a compassionate guide for overcoming the painful symptoms of prolonged grief. The book helps readers grow in their grief and gives them tools to help them, because times of great change hold great potential.

Religion & Spirituality / New Age

The Council of Light: Divine Transmissions for Manifesting the Deepest Desires of the Soul by Danielle Rama Hoffman (Bear & Company)

The Council of Light delivers galactic teachings and practices to raise readers’ vibrational energy and create a life of joy, abundance, and ease.

As told in The Council of Light, through her advanced spiritual work with Thoth, Danielle Rama Hoffman, ancient wisdom keeper, divine transmitter, who leads tours and hosts retreats, was introduced to the Council of Light – an intergalactic group of thousands of light beings from across the Multiverse. Their purpose is to support individuals as they shift into Unity Consciousness and return to their natural state of joy. The Council transmitted the teachings in The Council of Light for those seeking to accelerate their journey toward health, wealth, happiness, and their soul's deepest desires.
The Council's teachings reveal that by shifting their consciousness and raising their inner vibrational levels, readers can change their daily life experiences and manifest the lives they want. These direct transmissions of spiritual technology from the Council include activations for the 11 Rays of Light, guided journeys and meditations, and written, spoken, energetic, and breathwork exercises to creatively turn debt into wealth, transfigure food into light for better health and well-being, enhance readers’ abilities for interdimensional travel. The Council explains how each Ray of Light has a specific vibration and application and can assist in removing any blocks to achieving their soul's purpose. The Emerald Ray, for example, activates the signature energy of their authentic and full self, and the Venus Ray, the Ray of Opulence, supports alignment with abundance and prosperity.

The Council of Light is a brilliant gift from the universe to all those who are ready to heal their hearts, receive the blessings of love and abundance, and elevate their human experience to a divine level. I loved it and so will you. – Sonia Chioquette, author of Trust Your Vibes and the New York Times bestseller The Answer Is Simple

This book teaches us how to use the most powerful manifesting tools of our time. – Marie Manuchehri, RN, author of Intuitive Self-Healing

Danielle has done it again! The Council of Light invites us to live in the space that is our Divine Birthright, JOY. This is more than a book – it is an experience! It is one of the much-needed reads of our time to move beyond fear, shame, guilt, and blame. This book is transformative for anyone who chooses a life of happiness and abundance. – Pat Baccili, PhD, Host of The Dr. Pat Show

Extraordinary guidance is here to support us as we shift into unified consciousness. The Council of Light reminds us that raising our vibration is all we need to do to change our experience, and our reality. A wonderful and wise handbook for personal and life transformation! – Sara Wiseman, author of Writing the Divine

Danielle's capacity to transmit higher vibrational frequencies with grounded practical actions is exquisite. Access this book to receive potent activations that will help you uplevel your life! – Lisa Michaels, author of The Prosperous Priestess Handbook and president of Natural Rhythms Institute

Danielle Rama Hoffman has produced another magical read.... If you are ready for a healing, enlightening experience that will forever change the way you perceive and interrelate with life and all that you can receive, this book may well be the catalyst. – Anaiya Sophia, author of Sacred Sexual Union

With specific practical explanations, positive intent, and intense enthusiasm, Danielle offers the reader an opportunity to form a direct connection with the Council of Light. Anyone on a journey of soul self-discovery will find the information about the Rays not only important but also highly applicable in facilitating changes in one's levels of joy, abundance, grace, and ease. – Eugenia Oganova, author of Awakening the Harmony Within and Mission Alpha

The Council of Light sends humanity a powerful message that will shapeshift our reality through this beautifully written book. The inter-galactic council invites us to access our inner wisdom and natural state of joy to guide our journey into becoming the divine human beings we were always meant to be. – Linda Star Wolf, PhD, author of Shamanic Breathwork

Once in a while a book comes along that shifts, uplifts, and underscores the fact that anything is possible when you choose it. Ease and joy are not simply the result of a prosperous life – they are the path to getting there. The Council of Light's energetic tools and unique approach may change your finances and life for the better. – Rich Litvin, coauthor of The Prosperous Coach

Offering an opportunity to form a direct connection with the Council of Light, The Council of Light provides practical tools to move from a life of worry, debt, exhaustion, and isolation to one of joy, abundance, purpose, ease, and connectedness, with a team of Divine supporters to assist readers along the way.

Science & Math / Astronomy & Astrophysics

Solar and Space Physics: A Science for a Technological Society by Committee on a Decadal Strategy for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics), Space Studies Board, Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board and Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (The National Academies)

From the interior of the Sun, to the upper atmosphere and near-space environment of Earth, and outward to a region far beyond Pluto where the Sun's influence wanes, advances during the past decade in space physics and solar physics – the disciplines NASA refers to as heliophysics – have yielded spectacular insights into the phenomena that affect our home in space.
Solar and Space Physics, from the National Research Council's (NRC's) Committee for a Decadal Strategy in Solar and Space Physics, is the second NRC decadal survey in heliophysics. Building on the research accomplishments realized during the past decade, the report presents a program of basic and applied research for the period 2013-2022 that will improve scientific understanding of the mechanisms that drive the Sun's activity and the fundamental physical processes underlying near-Earth plasma dynamics, determine the physical interactions of Earth's atmospheric layers in the context of the connected Sun-Earth system, and enhance greatly the capability to provide realistic and specific forecasts of Earth's space environment that will better serve the needs of society.
Although the recommended program is directed primarily at NASA and the National Science Foundation for action, Solar and Space Physics also recommends actions by other federal agencies, especially the parts of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration charged with the day-to-day (operational) forecast of space weather.

Strategic planning activities within NASA's Science Mission Directorate (SMD) and several National Science Foundation (NSF) divisions draw heavily on reports issued by the National Research Council (NRC), particularly those from the Space Studies Board (SSB). Principal among these SSB inputs is identification of priority science and missions and facilities in the decadal science strategy surveys. The first true decadal strategy for the field of solar and space physics, The Sun to the Earth – and Beyond: A Decadal Research Strategy in Solar and Space Physics, was published in 2003. That comprehensive study reviewed relevant research and applications activities, listed the key science questions, and recommended specific spacecraft missions and ground-based facilities and programs for the period 2003-2012. Supplemented by several subsequent SSB studies, the 2003 survey report provided key guidance for the SMD's solar and space physics (called heliophysics at NASA) programs and NSF's related atmospheric and geosciences programs during the first decade of the 21st century.

The successful initiation of many of the missions and programs recommended in the preceding studies, combined with important discoveries by a variety of ground- and space-based research activities, demonstrated the need for a second decadal survey of solar and space physics. Thus, in March 2010, Edward J. Weiler, NASA's associate administrator for the SMD, requested that a new decadal strategy survey be initiated. The request was seconded by the leadership of NSF's Division of Atmospheric and Geospace Sciences. Specific tasks outlined in the request included the following:

  • An overview of the science and a broad survey of the current state of knowledge in the field, including a discussion of the relationship between space- and ground-based science research and its connection to other scientific areas.
  • Determination of the most compelling science challenges that have arisen from recent advances and accomplishments.
  • Identification – having considered scientific value, urgency, cost category and risk, and technical readiness – of the highest-priority science targets for the interval 2013-2022, recommending science objectives and measurement requirements for each target rather than specific mission or project design/ implementation concepts.
  • Development of an integrated research strategy that will present means to address these targets.

In response to this request, the NRC appointed the 19-member Committee on a Decadal Strategy for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics) and 86 additional experts organized into three discipline panels – the Panel on Atmosphere-Ionosphere-Magnetosphere Interactions, the Panel on Solar Wind-Magnetosphere Interactions, and the Panel on Solar and Heliospheric Physics – and five informal working groups. The discipline panels were charged with the task of defining the current state of research in their discipline and determining priorities for scientific investigations in those areas. One member of each panel also served on the survey committee as a designated liaison. The working groups – Theory, Modeling, and Data Exploitation; Explorers, Suborbital, and Other Platforms; Innovations: Technology, Instruments, and Data Systems; Research to Operations/ Operations to Research; and Education and Workforce were similarly charged to assess the state of the field in these cross-cutting areas and to determine areas of critical needs.

Work on the decadal survey began in August 2010 with preparations for the first meeting of the survey committee in September 2010. The survey committee met to consider the survey charge; to hear from NASA and NSF regarding their expectations for the survey, as well as from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and representatives from previous NRC decadal survey committees; and to determine the set of tasks for the discipline panels and working groups. The survey committee held a total of six meetings.

The working groups held one meeting each, with the exception of the Research to Operations/Operations to Research group, which held both a town hall meeting and a follow-up meeting. Each of the five working groups reported its progress during the survey committee meetings and by writing a white paper report to summarize its findings.

One significant difference from the 2003 decadal survey of solar and space physics was the decision to contract with the Aerospace Corporation to perform an independent cost and technical evaluation (CATE) of notional missions. This effort was made to increase the cost realism of notional missions and to facilitate cost comparisons between missions. The survey committee and panels reviewed 288 mission concept white papers, which were submitted in response to an invitation to the research community. The panels mapped concepts against their prioritization of science targets and also considered factors such as technical readiness, scientific impact on particular disciplines, and, in some cases, operational utility. Then the survey committee selected 12 concepts for further study and CATE assessment. At the end of that process, six concepts were chosen for consideration, leading to the survey committee's recommendations of priorities.

In June 2011, NASA requested a clarification of the survey's scope to explicitly consider the Solar Probe Plus (SPP) mission. Previously, NASA had instructed the committee to assume that SPP and Solar Orbiter, along with missions that were in advanced development, were part of the baseline program and should not be subject to review or prioritization. This new request specified that the SPP mission was not to be reprioritized, but that the survey committee should comment on the scientific rationale for the mission in the context of scientific developments since the publication of the 2003 decadal survey. Also, the survey committee was asked to provide appropriate programmatic or cost triggers as part of the anticipated decision rules to guide NASA in the event of major technical, cost, or programmatic changes during the development of SPP.

To address the change in the survey's scope, the NRC formed a study group specifically tasked to address these questions for the Solar Probe Plus mission. The group was chosen to minimize conflicts of interest while maintaining relevant scientific and technical expertise. The Solar Probe Plus Study Group was led by Louis J. Lanzerotti, New Jersey Institute of Technology, who served as an unpaid consultant to the survey. The remainder of the study group was made up of members of the survey committee and the discipline panels.

The three discipline panels cast their scientific prioritization in the form of discipline goals and priorities, from which they derived more detailed scientific ‘imperatives’ and, finally, implementation scenarios or reference mission concepts. The panels' various scientific inputs, assessments, and priorities for new ground- and space-based initiatives were integrated by the survey committee and an overall prioritization derived. The survey committee's prioritization of new spacecraft initiatives was heavily influenced by the CATE assessment provided by the Aerospace Corporation.

Chapter 1 of this report discusses the committee's key science goals for obtaining the necessary scientific knowledge for a society dependent on space, and it outlines the basic strategy that underpins the survey committee's recommendations for the next decade. Chapter 2 provides a retrospective view of recent notable successes in the field and exemplary achievements during the past decade and the research goals for the several sub-disciplines of solar and space physics for the next decade. Chapters 4, 5, and 6 discuss specific implementation plans for a balanced program for NSF and NASA. Finally, Chapter 7 provides the survey committee's vision for a space weather and space climate program for the nation that could provide the new, integrated capabilities needed to serve the needs of a society ever more reliant on space. Chapter 3 provides an overview of the societal relevance of the field of solar and space physics and addresses the current state of efforts to develop a capability to predict harmful space weather. The recommendations of the survey committee are presented in the Summary and in Chapter 4. These recommendations were informed in part by the detailed analyses provided by the survey's thee discipline study panels, whose work is summarized in Chapters 8, 9, and 10 of Solar and Space Physics.

Travel / Relocation

Moon Living Abroad in China: Including Hong Kong & Macau by Barbara Strother and Stuart Strother (Moon Living Abroad Series: Avalon Travel Publishing)

If readers have always dreamed of living in China and are ready to take that step, Moon Living Abroad in China delivers what they need to know about their move – in a smart and organized manner. Wife-and-husband author team Barbara and Stuart Strother have extensive experience working, traveling, and living in China. With their expertise, readers get the information they need, including essential information on setting up daily life, applying for visas, tackling finances, and looking for employment. They get practical advice on education, health care, and how to rent or buy a home that fits their needs. The book also includes color and black and white photos, illustrations, and maps to help them find their bearings.
The Strothers first visited China in 1993 and have been traveling, researching, working, and playing all over the country ever since. After moving to Shanghai with their twin toddlers in 2000, they taught at a private Chinese boarding school, an American international school, and local colleges, while also running a teacher recruitment business. Today, the Strothers split their time between China and Southern California, where Stuart teaches economics and Barbara teaches international business. Together they lead a variety of travel-study programs to China for MBA students and undergraduate business majors, introducing hundreds of students to living and working in the Chinese culture.
With Barbara and Stuart's expertise in Moon Living Abroad in China, readers have all the tools they need to get started:

  • Essential information on setting up their daily life, including visas, finances, employment, education, and health care.
  • Practical advice on how to rent or buy a home that fits their needs and budget.
  • A thorough survey of the best places to live.
  • Interviews with expats who share their personal experiences building successful lives abroad.
  • Firsthand insight into navigating the language and culture.
  • How to plan a fact-finding trip before the move.
  • Special tips for those with children or pets.

The Strothers in Moon Living Abroad in China welcome readers to the Middle Kingdom, as China calls itself. This is a land of ancient culture and modern progress, old ways and hip new styles, the proverbial yin and yang of contemporary Chinese life. This is a place where travelers will still see fields being plowed by oxen, but the farmer may be chatting on his mobile phone as he works. Executives in Armani suits dash between high-powered business meetings, yet spend their holidays with Nai Nai (Grandma) at her village home, where she keeps ducks, grows plum trees, and cooks spicy tofu in her kitchen wok over an open fire.

When the Strothers were offered the opportunity to take jobs in China, they say they had a comfortable Midwestern American lifestyle: a big house in the country where their twin two-year-olds chased their fat black cat. But when they got that call, it didn't take much convincing to decide to trade the monotony of middle management for adventure in the Middle Kingdom.

Although they had traveled in China on several occasions, they were apprehensive about their move. They didn't know what their apartment would look like, what the job would be like, if they would love living there, or if they would be tempted to beat a hasty retreat. Of all the modern conveniences they had come to rely on, how many would China be able to offer? And how would they get along without them? They didn't know if daily life in China would be as difficult to handle as they had always predicted, but they were willing to give it a try.

As they made their preparations for the big move, they say in Moon Living Abroad in China, their excitement grew. The thrill of experiencing a new culture and the opportunity to expose their boys to foreign worlds gradually overtook their fears of the unknown.

They arrived in Shanghai on the eve of the Chinese New Year, watching exploding fireworks out the window of their new (and, thankfully, modern) apartment until they all drifted off to sleep. As they settled into their new life in China, they delightedly found that more often than not, life is actually easier in China. Without the hectic American do-all-you-can-do schedule, life slows down considerably. With this slower pace, they could make frequent forays beyond their city to discover China's innumerable fascinating spots. They say they have had dusty days in Kashgar chatting with locals over juicy lamb kebabs, muggy days drifting along Hangzhou's West Lake with icy green-tea Popsicles, and wintry days in Beijing laughing over snowball fights on the Great Wall.

Granted, life in China isn't all rosy. The language poses an especially difficult hurdle, and always getting the ‘foreigner's markup’ in prices gets old quickly, as does being openly stared at and talked about. But the rewards far outweigh the hardships.

Engaging, honest, and packed with information, the Moon Living Abroad series provides well-rounded insight into the country and its culture, and then gives you the real scoop on how to make the best move. – Transitions Abroad

With insight into navigating the language and culture of China, Moon Living Abroad in China is a helpful resource for tourists, business people, adventurers, students, teachers, professionals, families, couples, and retirees looking to relocate. The book prepares readers for what's in store and paints a vivid picture of what their life in China may look like. 

 

Contents this Issue:

Making Masterpiece: 25 Years behind the Scenes at Masterpiece Theatre and Mystery! on PBS by Rebecca Eaton (Viking)

Education 2.0: The LearningWeb Revolution and the Transformation of the School by Leonard J. Waks (Paradigm Publishers)

Eurocentrism in Translation Studies edited by Luc van Doorslaer and Peter Flynn (Benjamins Current Topics Series, Volume 54 John Benjamins Publishing Company)

Applied Sport Management Skills – 2nd Edition with Web Study Guide by Robert Lussier and David Kimball (Human Kinetics)

Idiot's Guides: Weight Training by Abby Fox (Alpha Books)

Trading Communities in the Roman World: A Micro-Economic and Institutional Perspective by Taco T. Terpstra (Columbia Studies in the Classical Tradition Series, Volume 37: Brill)

Hitler's Elite: The SS 1939-45 (General Military Series) by Chris McNab (Orbis Books)

Kumihimo Basics and Beyond: 24 Braided and Beaded Jewelry Projects on the Kumihimo Disk by Rebecca Combs (Kalmbach Books)

Realistic Model Railroad Operation, 2nd edition (Layout Design and Planning) by Tony Koester (Kalmbach Publishing Company)

Spinning and Dyeing Yarn: The Home Spinners Guide to Creating Traditional and Art Yarns by Ashley Martineau (Barron’s)

Dark City by F. Paul Wilson (Repairman Jack: The Early Years Trilogy: Tor)

The Flower Book by Catherine Law (Allison & Busby)

Culinary Linguistics: The chef's special edited by Cornelia Gerhardt, Maximiliane Frobenius and Susanne Ley, with Gunter Senft, Editor of the Series (Culture and Language Use Series, Vol. 10) John Benjamins Publishing Company)

The Light and the Dark by Mikhail Shishkin, translated from the Russian by Andrew Bromfield (Quercus)

Schubert's Dances: For Family, Friends and Posterity by Martin Chusid (Monographs in Musicology, No. 16: Pendragon Press)

The Philosophy of Arthur C. Danto edited by Randall E. Auxier and Lewis Edwin Hahn (Library of Living Philosophers, Volume XXXIII: Open Court)

Regenerative Sustainable Development of Universities and Cities: The Role of Living Laboratories edited by Ariane König (Edward Elgar)

Evidence-Based Practices for Christian Counseling and Psychotherapy edited by Everett L. Worthington Jr., Eric L. Johnson, Joshua N. Hook and Jamie D. Aten (IVP Academic)

Mindfulness for Prolonged Grief: A Guide to Healing after Loss When Depression, Anxiety, and Anger Won't Go Away by Sameet M. Kumar PhD, with a foreword by Ronald D. Siegel PsyD (New Harbinger Publications)

The Council of Light: Divine Transmissions for Manifesting the Deepest Desires of the Soul by Danielle Rama Hoffman (Bear & Company)

Solar and Space Physics: A Science for a Technological Society by Committee on a Decadal Strategy for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics), Space Studies Board, Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board and Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (The National Academies)

Moon Living Abroad in China: Including Hong Kong & Macau by Barbara Strother and Stuart Strother (Moon Living Abroad Series: Avalon Travel Publishing)