SirReadaLot.org

SirReadaLot.org


We Review the Best of the Latest Books

ISSN 1934-6557

November 2013, Issue #175

Contents this page

Photographing Families: Use Natural Light, Flash, Posing and More to Create Professional Images by Tammy Warnock and Lou Jacobs Jr. (Amherst Media, Inc.)

Jim Henson: The Biography (unabridged audio, 17 CDs, 21 ½ hours) by Brian Jay Jones, audio read by Kirby Heyborne (Random House Audio)

Jim Henson: The Biography by Brian Jay Jones (Ballantine Books)

Longing and Belonging: The Complete John O'Donohue Audio Collection, audio program, 29 CDs, running time: 33 hours, 20 minutes by John O'Donohue (Sounds True)

The Adventure of the Priory School adapted by Vincent Goodwin, illustrated by Ben Dunn (The Graphic Novel Adventures of Sherlock Holmes Series: Graphic Planet: Magic Wagon)

The Adventure of the Red Circle adapted by Vincent Goodwin, illustrated by Ben Dunn (The Graphic Novel Adventures of Sherlock Holmes Series: Graphic Planet: Magic Wagon)

I'm in the Principal's Seat, Now What?: The Story of a Turnaround Principal by Allan R. Bonilla (Corwin)

Academic Advising Approaches: Strategies That Teach Students to Make the Most of College edited by Jayne K. Drake, Peggy Jordan, and Marsha A. Miller (The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series: Jossey-Bass)

Delta Fragments: The Recollections of a Sharecropper's Son by John O. Hodges (The University of Tennessee Press)

Chronicling the West for Harper's: Coast to Coast with Frenzeny & Tavernier in 1873-1874 by Claudine Chalmers, with general editor B. Byron Price (The Charles M. Russell Series on Art and Photography of the American West: Oklahoma University Press)

Wellington's Guns: The Untold Story of Wellington and his Artillery in the Peninsula and at Waterloo by Nick Lipscombe (Osprey Publishing)

When the Iron Lady Ruled Britain, reissued edition by Robert Chesshyre (Alma Books)

Isabel's Skin by Peter Benson (Alma Books)

The Phantom of the Ego: Modernism and the Mimetic Unconscious by Nidesh Lawtoo (Studies in Violence, Mimesis, & Culture Series: Michigan State University Press)

Profit Without Honor: White Collar Crime and the Looting of America, 6th Edition by Stephen Rosoff, Henry Pontell and Robert Tillman (Pearson Prentice Hall)

Margaret Thatcher on Leadership: Lessons for American Conservatives Today by Nile Gardiner and Stephen Thompson (Regnery Publishing, Inc.)

Enforcing Order: An Ethnography of Urban Policing by Didier Fassin (Polity)

Perioperative Transesophageal Echocardiography: A Companion to Kaplan's Cardiac Anesthesia – Expert Consult – Online and Print edited by David L. Reich MD and Gregory Fischer MD (Elsevier Saunders)

Surgical Anatomy and Techniques to the Spine – Expert Consult – Online and Print, 2nd edition edited by Daniel H. Kim MD FACS, with associate editors Alexander R. Vaccaro MD PhD FACS, Curtis A. Dickman MD and Dosang Cho MD PhD (Elsevier Saunders)

Surgical Techniques of the Shoulder, Elbow, and Knee in Sports Medicine – Expert Consult – Online and Print, 2nd edition edited by Brian J. Cole MD MBA and Jon K. Sekiya MD (plus associate editors: see below) (Elsevier Saunders)

Core Procedures in Plastic Surgery – Expert Consult – Online and Print edited by Peter C. Neligan MB FRCS(I) FRCSC FACS and Donald W Buck II MD (Elsevier Saunders)

Atlas of Trauma/Emergency Surgical Techniques: A Volume in the Surgical Techniques Atlas Series – Expert Consult – Online and Print edited by William Cioffi MD FACS and Juan A. Asensio MD FACS FCCM FRCS and others, with series editors Courtney M. Townsend, Jr., MD and B. Mark Evers, MD (Surgical Techniques Atlas Series: Elsevier Saunders)

The Disenfranchised: Stories of Life and Grief When an Ex-Spouse Dies edited by Peggy Sapphire, with commentary by Shirley Scott, with series editor Darcy L. Harris (Death, Value and Meaning Series: Baywood Publishing Company, Inc.)

Laughology: Improve Your Life with the Science of Laughter by Stephanie Davies (Crown House Publishing Limited)

What's So Blessed about Being Poor?: Seeking the Gospel in the Slums of Kenya by Susan L. Slavin and Coralis Salvador (Orbis Books)

Anatomy of the New Testament, 7th edition by Robert A. Spivey, D. Moody Smith and C. Clifton Black (Fortress Press)

Police and Profiling in the United States: Applying Theory to Criminal Investigations by Lauren M. Barrow and Ron A. Rufo (CRC Press) 

Arts & Photography

Photographing Families: Use Natural Light, Flash, Posing and More to Create Professional Images by Tammy Warnock and Lou Jacobs Jr. (Amherst Media, Inc.)

Family photographers must face all of the typical challenges that the average portrait photographer faces, but as the subject numbers increase, so do the number of issues the photographer must confront in order to produce a pleasing, saleable image. The methods used to produce 60 high-end images of actual family groups are shared in this book. Photographing Families addresses the entire range of obstacles portrait photographers must overcome. The volume includes what went in to the conceptualization process; the posing and grouping strategies; and how photographers can establish rapport with their subjects, especially with babies, children, and disinterested teens. Also featured are tips on modifying and manipulating studio and natural light, how to use physical elements as posing aids, and what tools are needed for off-site work. With lighting diagrams and alternate images, each section in Photographing Families illuminates the many aspects of family portrait photography, inspiring photographers to create quality, heirloom-worthy images.

Authors are Tammy Warnock, a portrait photographer working from her studio, True Blue Photography and Lou Jacobs Jr., a professional photographer and a regular contributor to Rangefinder magazine.

Photographing Families shows readers how to:

  • Design maternity, newborn, child, and family portraits.
  • Find great natural light wherever they are shooting.
  • Shoot in the studio, at family homes, or outdoors.
  • Pose individual and group portraits.
  • Coordinate the background and clothing for polished results.

Working with natural light eliminates the intimidation and strict posing of traditional portraiture, letting children and families be themselves in front of the camera. The results are more authentic, marketable images that capture their clients' personalities and relationships. Warnock and Jacobs shows readers how to finesse every aspect of the shoot – from background selection and lighting, to posing and expression.

If you only buy one book this year, make sure it's Photographing Families. Those lucky enough to learn from Tammy Warnock will see their photographic abilities improve immeasurably. – Marcia Gold, Owner MANGOphoto Post Processing

An extremely useful tool for lighting and posing. I absolutely recommend this book for all skill levels. – Jillian Johnson, Pure Photography (Riverside, CA)

Tammy has earned profound respect in our industry by creating radiant portraiture – and here she shows how you can, too. – Jeff Caplan, founder of the Digital Wedding Forum

In Photographing Families readers learn to capture the beauty of natural light and design portraits that families will love. This comprehensive and illuminating volume teaches photographers simple approaches for producing client-pleasing family portraits in any location and with the use of minimal equipment.

Audio / Biographies & Memoirs

Jim Henson: The Biography (unabridged audio, 17 CDs, 21 ½ hours) by Brian Jay Jones, audio read by Kirby Heyborne (Random House Audio)

Jim Henson: The Biography by Brian Jay Jones (Ballantine Books)

For the first time ever – a comprehensive biography of one of the twentieth century’s most innovative creative artists: the incomparable Jim Henson.
Henson was a gentle dreamer whose genial bearded visage was recognized around the world, but most people got to know him only through the iconic characters born of his fertile imagination: Kermit the Frog, Bert and Ernie, Miss Piggy, Big Bird. The Muppets made Henson a household name, but they were just part of his remarkable story.
Jim Henson – written with the cooperation of the Henson family – covers the full arc of Henson’s all-too-brief life: from his childhood in Leland, Mississippi, through the years of burgeoning fame in America, to the decade of international celebrity that preceded his untimely death at age fifty-three. Drawing on hundreds of hours of new interviews with Henson's family, friends, and closest collaborators, as well as unprecedented access to private family and company archives, Brian Jay Jones explores the creation of the Muppets, Henson’s contributions to Sesame Street and Saturday Night Live, and his nearly ten-year campaign to bring The Muppet Show to television.

Award-winning biographer Jones spent nearly two decades as a public policy analyst and speechwriter, before turning to biography full-time in 2007.

Jones provides the imaginative context for Henson’s non-Muppet projects, including the richly imagined worlds of The Dark Crystal and Labyrinth – as well as fascinating misfires like Henson’s dream of opening an inflatable psychedelic nightclub.
An uncommonly intimate portrait, Jim Henson captures all the facets of this American original: the master craftsman who revolutionized the presentation of puppets on television, the savvy businessman whose deal-making prowess won him a reputation as ‘the new Walt Disney,’ and the creative team leader whose collaborative ethos earned him the undying loyalty of everyone who worked for him. There is also insight into Henson’s intensely private personal life: his Christian Science upbringing, his love of fast cars and expensive art, and his weakness for women. Though an optimist by nature, Henson was haunted by the notion that he would not have time to do all the things he wanted to do in life – a fear that his heartbreaking final hours would prove all too well founded.

A heartwarming, endearing, and joyful study ... [Jones] gives us a real Jim Henson, not a saint to be sure, but a man who devoted his creative genius to making the world a better place.... In many places it seems that Henson is doing the talking right off the pages. This book is fast-paced like his life, zany like his characters, full of fun and laughter.... It is all here in this sweeping portrait that is a mix of humor, mirth and poignancy. – Washington Independent Review of Books
Sure to be savored for its exhaustive look at the late Muppet-master. – Variety
Jim Henson vibrantly delves into the magnificent man and his Muppet methods. It’s an absolute must read! – Neil Patrick Harris
It’s still a shock 23 years later: the irrepressible creator of the Muppets dead at 53. No one embraced life and creativity with more optimism and enthusiasm than Jim Henson. The first to write a complete biography of Henson, Jones spoke at length with people close to Henson personally and professionally, and his lucid style, wide-angle perspective, and deep immersion in Henson’s exuberantly innovative approach to puppets, television, and film make for a thoroughly compelling read.… With verve and insight, Jones illuminates the full scope of Henson’s genius, phenomenal productivity, complex private life, zeal to do good, and astronomical influence. – Donna Seaman, Booklist, starred review

An extraordinary biography providing an up-close look at the life of a legend, Jim Henson gives the full measure to a man whose joyful genius transcended age, language, geography, and culture – and continues to beguile audiences worldwide.

Audio / Religion & Spirituality / Philosophy / Celtic / Psychology & Counseling / Self-help

Longing and Belonging: The Complete John O'Donohue Audio Collection, audio program, 29 CDs, running time: 33 hours, 20 minutes by John O'Donohue (Sounds True)

John O'Donohue was a one-of-a-kind force of nature: a genius with words, a brilliant thinker, and a professional excavator of the soul. In the course of his life, this Irish poet and teacher touched the hearts of millions with his unique blend of philosophy, instruction, and spiritual insight. For over a decade, Sounds True worked with O’Donohue, and Longing and Belonging presents the full collection of his recordings for both long-time listeners and those discovering his legacy for the first time.

John O'Donohue (1956-2008) was an Irish poet and Catholic scholar who lived much of his life in Conamara, County Clare, Ireland. He received his PhD in philosophical theology from the University of Tübingen, and through his bestselling books and recordings, introduced the living essence of Celtic wisdom to millions.

In Longing and Belonging following in the oral tradition so beloved of the Celts, O’Donohue shares his intuitive approach to spirituality in programs such as Anam Ćara, which explores Ireland's divine heritage; Beauty: The Invisible Embrace, which helps listeners illuminate the beauty they long for; and A Celtic Pilgrimage, a tour through the sacred landscape he called home. It is an odyssey into the common yearning for the magnificence of nature, for compassion, serenity, and hope, and for the ‘soul friends’ who walk with them along the way.

“John always said that the great miracle of life was not the turning of water into wine nor the parting of the Red Sea, but the fact that there was something rather than nothing,” says David Whyte in his introduction.

On 29 CDs, running time 33 hours and 20 minutes, the collection in Longing and Belonging includes:

  • To Bless the Space between Us – Blessings of comfort and illumination for the thresholds we all must cross in life.
  • Beauty: The Invisible Embrace – Spiritual lessons behind our soul-level hunger for what is beautiful.
  • Eternal Echoes – Reflections on our yearning to belong and the possibilities for self-discovery, friendship, and creativity.
  • The Inner Landscape – A Celtic exploration of paradox as a means to find light in the darkest valleys of our inner terrain.
  • The Divine Imagination – A pathway to experiencing divinity as a lyrical and tender force present in all things.
  • The Invisible World – An odyssey of Celtic prayers, blessings, and teachings that honor the sacred unknown.
  • Anam Ćara – Deep insights into the heart of Ireland's spiritual wisdom and practice.

With commemorating, full-length introductions by close friends Dr. Clarissa Pinkola Estés and David Whyte, as well as a special blessing card, Longing and Belonging celebrates the numerous gifts O'Donohue shared with so many in his lifetime.

Children’s Books / Graphic Novels / Mystery / Grades 3-8

The Adventure of the Priory School adapted by Vincent Goodwin, illustrated by Ben Dunn (The Graphic Novel Adventures of Sherlock Holmes Series: Graphic Planet: Magic Wagon)

The Adventure of the Red Circle adapted by Vincent Goodwin, illustrated by Ben Dunn (The Graphic Novel Adventures of Sherlock Holmes Series: Graphic Planet: Magic Wagon)

Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's most famous character is now in graphic novel adaptations. Young readers join Sherlock Holmes and his partner Dr. John Watson as they uncover clues unseen by police inspectors and solve unsolvable cases.

In The Adventure of the Priory School the Duke of Holdernesse's only son has disappeared from his preparatory school. The principal asks Holmes and Watson to investigate. Readers follow Holmes as he finds the boy and uncovers a deep family secret along the way.

In The Adventure of the Red Circle Innkeeper Mrs. Warren is suspicious of her new guest. He never leaves the room and hasn't been seen in days. She asks Holmes and Watson to investigate the strange man. What Holmes uncovers is much more interesting than a reserved guest. Readers follow along as Holmes uncovers a mystery and murder in one investigation.

Both The Adventure of the Priory School and The Adventure of the Red Circle are volumes in the series: The Graphic Novel Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, an action-packed, thrilling series featuring world-class illustrations to grab young readers' attention. The books feature age-appropriate art, reinforced library binding, a how-to-draw page, a glossary, further reading, plus information about the author and also information about the adapters.

Other titles in the series include:

  • The Adventure of the Cardboard Box
  • The Adventure of the Dying Detective
  • The Adventure of the Second Stain
  • The Adventure of the Six Napoleons

With Holmes on the case, readers can be sure adventure will follow in The Graphic Novel Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. These graphic novels are a big hit with SirReadaLot’s nephews.

Education / Management & Leadership / Biographies & Memoirs

I'm in the Principal's Seat, Now What?: The Story of a Turnaround Principal by Allan R. Bonilla (Corwin)

An exemplary school is one in which everyone is successful. Teachers are highly effective, motivated, and happy; students are meeting with success, whatever their levels; support staff members are appreciated and contributing; and of course community involvement is evident.

From a turnaround principal who has been there, I'm in the Principal's Seat, Now What? outlines clear strategies to create a positive, collaborative, and all-inclusive school environment.

Teaching both English and Spanish at the middle and high school levels led this educator, Dr. Allan R. Bonilla, to a role as a counselor, and then to an assistant principal position in a half dozen middle schools. He was appointed principal of one of the largest and most troubled middle schools in the fourth largest school district in the nation. Bonilla was indeed a ‘turnaround principal’ and was recognized for his school’s accomplishments by being selected Principal of the Year out of a field of over 300 K-12 principals. Upon retiring from the Miami-Dade School System, Allan became a mentor to principals in the district and also a trainer with the Southern Regional Education Board. He has worked with some 50 educators in assisting them to work through difficult situations. He is also a faculty member of the National Principals Leadership Institute in NYC.

Bonilla shares experiences from his forty-year career in education to guide and encourage current and aspiring principals. Featuring tools such as checklists and prompts for reflection, I'm in the Principal's Seat, Now What? offers true-life stories, examples, and interviews with award-winning turnaround principals. Bonilla shifts attention from tasks that seem important to strategies that produce measurable results by focusing on topics such as

  • Delegating and collaborating.
  • Meeting the needs of students at risk.
  • Improving attendance and student achievement.
  • Being a true visible leader.
  • Incorporating successful business practices.
  • Celebrating success.
  • Adopting a coaching mindset.

During the 14 years Bonilla served as principal of the largest urban middle school in the nation’s fourth largest school district, he and the faculty were able to transform a failing and unwanted school into one that was sought after, even by those from outside their attendance zone. The needs of at-risk students were met through a program that reduced the drop-out rate to a point at which it was recognized in a national Harvard University study. The daily attendance rate went from thirty-eighth to first in a district with fifty middle schools. Student achievement on standardized testing increased to the level of A as rated by the Florida Department of Education. Gifted student enrollment increased sufficiently to provide for a complete Gifted team at each grade level as well as a Gifted class for English language learners.

The contents of I'm in the Principal's Seat, Now What? assists school leaders in reaching success through the building of a positive school culture. Collaboration and team building and relationships form the foundation for what brings about student achievement and teacher effectiveness. Bonilla says he realizes more and more that today's school leaders are being distracted from what is truly important in creating a great school. In I'm in the Principal's Seat, Now What? he talks about what matters most: being a visible leader, delegating to promote collaboration, celebrating the successes of all, involving parents in a meaningful way, creating a positive culture, and incorporating a coaching style.

The strategies presented are relevant for new principals and assistant principals, but they are equally relevant for high schools, middle schools, and elementary schools, and for traditional as well as charter schools. I'm in the Principal's Seat, Now What? is based on evidential experience and supported by material from the world of business. Successful business practices can and should be emulated by school leaders.

Each chapter focuses on a significant strategy: the power of visibility, delegating the smart way, success through collaboration, and more. Not only are actual examples and stories embedded within each chapter, but ‘hands-on’ activities are provided at the conclusion of each chapter. Such things as a visibility checklist and a delegation chart and study questions offer useful follow-up.

This book is sure to be a must-have for every beginning and experienced principal. With Allan's experience as a successful principal in a struggling school, combined with his knowledge of leadership coaching, readers will gain inspiration and solid strategies to be equally successful. – Karla Reiss, Education Consultant, Certified Professional Coach, President, The Change Place, LLC, Boulder

As a veteran of twenty-one years in the principalship, I recommend this work to new and even seasoned principals who wish to continue to grow professionally. This is a thought-provoking work – one from which we can all learn. – David G. Daniels, High School Principal, Susquehanna Valley Senior High School, Conklin, NY

I'm in the Principal's Seat, Now What? is a structured recipe for what matters most in school turnaround. The significant strategies are a visual road map for leading change and providing a quality education and high achievement for all students. – Suzanne Link Gimenez, Retired School Turnaround Principal, Devonshire Elementary, Charlotte-Mecklenburg School System, Charlotte, NC

I'm in the Principal's Seat, Now What? is a practical yet powerful book that provides valuable insight into time-tested principles needed to turnaround any institution of learning. This back-to-basics book is designed to help school leaders create a culture of academic excellence. – Eric Acosta, EdS, Principal, Miami-Dade County Public Schools, Hialeah

In his book I'm in the Principal's Seat, Now What?, Dr. Allan Bonilla has done a masterful job of depicting responsibilities and duties that a school principal faces on a daily basis in the performance of his or her duties. I consider this book a must-read for every aspiring school principal who wishes to gain an insight into the role that he or she will play as a school principal. – Dr. Ada B. Hernandez, Retired Principal, Miami Dade County Public Schools System, Interns' Supervisor for Florida International University, Miami

As a professor in the graduate school of education, I find that these strategies would be an excellent addition to teacher education courses, school operations, and management. – Dr. Steven Roth, Professor Keiser University Ft. Lauderdale

Dr. Bonilla's book is a true and refreshing account and how-to guide. His extensive experience and knowledge result in a powerful combination that guarantees achievement and educational excellence. – Martha Montiel, Administrative Director, Education Transformation Office (ETO) at the Miami-Dade County Public Schools, Miami

The how-to guide, coupled with practical experience, adds authority to the author's voice. With essential questions at the end of the chapters, this work will provide a thoughtful and compelling read for new and veteran administrators alike. – Rick Yee, Principal, McAuliffe School, Saratoga

I am taken by Allan's approach to learning and leadership. He recognizes that culture matters – a lot – and he offers specific strategies to help everyone in a school learn and grow. – Thomas R. Hoerr, Author and Columnist, Head of the New City School, St. Louis

I'm in the Principal's Seat, Now What? presents tried and true strategies every principal can implement to create an exemplary school, which should be the goal of all principals. Although it is a ‘how-to’ volume for new principals and assistant principals, it can be read and discussed by veteran principals, district educators, administrative teams, school board members, and college students studying educational leadership and administration.

Education / College & University / Counseling / Reference

Academic Advising Approaches: Strategies That Teach Students to Make the Most of College edited by Jayne K. Drake, Peggy Jordan, and Marsha A. Miller (The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series: Jossey-Bass)

Strong academic advising has been found to be a key contributor to student persistence, and many are expected to play an advising role, including academic, career, and faculty advisors; counselors; tutors; and student affairs staff. Yet there is little training on how to do so. Various advising strategies exist, each of which has its own proponents.
To serve increasingly complex higher education institutions around the world and their diverse student cohorts, academic advisors must understand multiple advising approaches and adroitly adapt them to their own student populations. Academic Advising Approaches outlines a variety of proven advising practices and strategies that help students master the necessary skills to achieve their academic and career goals. This book embeds theoretical bases within practical explanations and examples advisors can use in answering fundamental questions such as:

  • What will make me a more effective advisor?
  • What can I do to enhance student success?
  • What conversations do I need to initiate with my colleagues to improve my unit, campus, and profession?

The editors are Jayne K. Drake, Temple University, past President of NACADA (National Academic Advising Association); Peggy Jordan, Oklahoma City Community College, past Chair of NACADA's Publications Advisory Board and Two-Year Colleges Commission; and Marsha A. Miller, NACADA's Assistant Director for Resources and Services.

Linking theory with practice, Academic Advising Approaches provides an accessible reference useful to those who serve in an advising role. Based upon accepted theories within the social sciences and humanities, the approaches covered include those incorporating developmental, learning-centered, appreciative, proactive, strengths-based, Socratic, and hermeneutic advising as well as those featuring advising as teaching, motivational interviewing, self-authorship, and advising as coaching. All advocate relationship-building as a means to encourage students to take charge of their own academic, personal, and professional progress.
This book serves as the practice-based companion to Academic Advising: A Comprehensive Handbook, also from NACADA. Whereas the handbook addresses the concepts advisors and advising administrators need to know in order to build a success advising program, Academic Advising Approaches explains the delivery strategies successful advisors can use to help students make the most of their college experience.

The publication of this book signals a significant step forward in the evolution of academic advising as a profession. Its purpose is to expand the knowledge base of advising and link theory with practice. It provides a deep look at the scholarship that underpins advising and offers practical applications for advising contact with students. It highlights the various interdisciplinary connections between advising and other disciplines, especially the social sciences, education, and the humanities. It also challenges professional and faculty advisors, counselors, personal tutors, and advising administrators around the world to become thought leaders and scholar-practitioners – those who study the knowledge base, engage in research, explore the viability and applicability of various theories to student interactions, and assess the practical applications to their own advising practice. Academic advisors need to develop a body of theory from which to educate future advisors. Good practice is grounded in knowledge, research, and assessment.

To serve increasingly complex and diverse institutions of higher education around the world and their burgeoning diverse student populations, academic advising professionals need to understand that one unified theory of academic advising is neither possible nor necessary. They must be able to recognize various advising approaches and adapt them to their own student populations with the expectation of enhancing student satisfaction with their academic experiences and helping students articulate and achieve their academic goals and career aspirations.

The contributors to Academic Advising Approaches provide theoretical background and practical developmental approaches to advising around the understanding that students are learners who establish a partnership of responsibility with their advisors and who ultimately take charge of their own academic, personal, and professional progress. Building relationships and encouraging this holistic development of all students are key elements in all the described approaches.

Today's practitioner knows that developmental and prescriptive advising approaches should not be seen as separate and mutually exclusive. In fact, prescriptive advising serves as the sturdy platform from which developmental advising approaches take wing. The need for information and advice often draws students into advising offices. The informational necessities of prescriptive advising create the opportunity for advisors to engage students in knowledge building and active learning – the developmental and relational components of advising. While no one will argue that a prescriptive model should be employed in isolation or adopted as the sole approach to student advising and learning, it is, nevertheless, an important and necessary element in the teaching and student-centered learning process that defines academic advising. Therefore, it warrants attention, research, and assessment.

The chapters in Academic Advising Approaches are arranged into four parts: the foundations and history of developmental advising, advising as filtered through the prism of social science disciplines, theories from other disciplines that inform advising practice, and possible futures for the profession of advising. Whether this book is read from cover to cover or the chapters read selectively, the chapters stand on their own as important guides that influence advising practice and student success.

The chapters in part one look at the foundations of academic advising that owe their beginnings to a developmental view of students as individual learners with their own academic, career, and personal goals. Chapter 1 invites advisors to think critically and intentionally about their professional responsibilities by becoming familiar with the scholarly research in the field, advising approaches, and strategies, and then applying those tools to enhance student success and retention. Chapter 2 views academic advising from the versatile perspective of teaching and learning and in the context of the student as learner and advisor as teacher. The advising-as-teaching model rests on the important connections advisors forge with students. Chapter 3 shifts from the advisor as teacher to the student as learner and explores the principles and strategies that promote learning and underpin learning-centered advising. It lays out the teacher's dozen – research-based, practical strategies for teaching and learning – with the caveat that advisors are not just teaching skills or values; they are teaching students. Chapter 4 carefully traces the history and principles of developmental advising.

The chapters in part two offer perspectives on advising from the time-honored and time-tested approaches derived from the social sciences. Chapter 5 defines and discusses the person-centered or motivational-interviewing approach that encourages positive behavior change. This approach when placed in the context of academic advising situates the advisor as the key facilitator in encouraging such change. Chapter 6 on appreciative advising, like the other chapters in this section, discusses the importance of intentional and collaborative relationships that rely on a positive, trusting advisor-student rapport. Appreciative advising is built on the practice of asking open-ended questions designed to help students think critically about their own strengths and then constructing a pathway to help their goals become a reality. Chapter 7 on strengths-based advising focuses on the talents all students bring to the academy and how advisors might use these talents to challenge and motivate students to be successful. From its deeply social science-based roots, this approach offers strong evidence of effectiveness with a wide variety of students. Chapter 8 on self-authorship theory stresses the development of students' complex decision-making skills and their capacity to balance personal beliefs and values with critical evaluation of information. Rooted in constructivist-developmental theories in cognitive psychology, self-authorship theory encourages students to learn how to learn and to develop higher order thinking skills. Chapter 9 discusses proactive (formerly intrusive) advising as purposeful outreach to students before they find themselves in academic difficulty. Using the best of both prescriptive and developmental advising approaches, proactive advising has the goal of helping students engage the institutional services and programs designed to improve their academic skills and lead to increased academic motivation and persistence. Chapter 10 on advising as coaching draws connections between leadership/personal life coaching and developmental advising approaches. It provides practical coaching approaches to academic advising and outlines how to implement them to strengthen advisor-student relationships and enhance student-learning outcomes.

Part three of Academic Advising Approaches provides a new lens, new ways of seeing, by applying theories from other disciplines not typically applied to advising – constructivism and systems theory, Socratic dialogue, and hermeneutics. Chapter 11 argues that constructivism, which defines learning as an active process of constructing knowledge rather a passive process of simply receiving it, serves as a broad foundation for nearly all advising approaches. Through the use of system theory, the chapter also offers a visual mind map of the four basic elements that underpin any advising interaction – the student, advisor, institution, and external influences. Chapter 12 delves into an exploration of the Socratic method as it applies to academic advising and the cultivation of students' critical-thinking skills. The goal of this approach is to produce a self-aware, educated citizenry who can make informed decisions, engage in self-reflection, and consider different viewpoints. Chapter 13 looks at academic advising through the perspective of hermeneutics or the art of interpretation as grounded in the humanities through the work of Martin Heidegger and Hans-Georg Gadamer. It begins by outlining and conceptualizing the process of ‘understanding’ and ends by offering hands-on suggestions for applying a hermeneutics approach to advising practice.

In part four, Envisioning the Future of Academic Advising, chapter 14 does not presume to predict the future of academic advising, but it does describe a possible future and posits a number of ideas and goals to consider. It is a world in which advising is "the most important academic resource in higher education if only the advising community will embrace the ideas and goals set forth here and effectively articulate them to the wider academic world."

Students frequently ask academic advisors to help them problem solve and make decisions. To best assist them, advisors consider various approaches, often wondering which will yield the best outcomes for a specific situation or individual advisee.

To illustrate how particular advising approaches work in practice, most chapters incorporate one or both of the scenarios provided below. Each scenario features typical issues students bring to advisors. While the scenarios are the same throughout Academic Advising Approaches, the practical strategies used to address them vary with each advising approach and thus lead to different student-learning opportunities.

In Voices From the Field articles, practicing advisors share their experiences, including successes and challenges, with the approach discussed in the accompanying chapter.

As higher education increasingly focuses on student success, the impact exerted by academic advising on graduation is increasingly recognized and valued. This text firmly places academic advising in the teaching and learning paradigm as it features theoretical approaches and strategies for use as academic advising gains an integral role on campus. – Charlie Nutt, Executive Director, NACADA: The Global Community for Academic Advising

Good advising is a critical part of all students' college experiences. Specific suggestions make this book a wonderfully valuable addition to the advising literature and should appeal to advisors as well as advisees and their families. – Richard J. Light, Carl H. Pforzheimer Professor of Teaching and Learning, Harvard University

Finally a single resource incorporates a wide range of theoretical and practical perspectives to undergird and inspire targeted approaches by academic advisors. The ideas and practical applications should be incorporated into academic advisors' contacts with students and in the syllabus of every advisor training program. – Virginia N. Gordon, Associate Professor Emeritus, The Ohio State University

Academic Advising Approaches provides an accessible reference useful to all who serve in an advising role. The contributors provide theoretical background and practical developmental approaches to advising around the understanding that students are learners who establish a partnership of responsibility with their advisors and who ultimately take charge of their own academic, personal, and professional progress. The authors and editors challenge readers to use the theories, approaches, and strategies to influence advising practice and help students better meet their academic goals and career aspirations. The range of approaches presented is wide.

History / African-American / Ethnic Studies / Biographies & Memoirs

Delta Fragments: The Recollections of a Sharecropper's Son by John O. Hodges (The University of Tennessee Press)

The son of black sharecroppers, John Oliver Hodges, retired associate professor of religious studies at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville where he was chair of African and African American Studies, attended segregated schools in Greenwood, Mississippi, in the 1950s and ’60s, worked in plantation cotton fields, and eventually left the region to earn multiple degrees and become a tenured university professor. Poignant and thought provoking, Delta Fragments is Hodges’s autobiographical journey back to the land of his birth. Brimming with memories of family life, childhood friendships, the quest for knowledge, and the often brutal injustices of the Jim Crow South, it also offers a meditation on the present state of race relations in America.
Hodges has structured Delta Fragments as a series of brief but revealing vignettes grouped into two main sections. In part 1, “Learning,” he introduces readers to the town of Greenwood and to his parents, sister, and myriad aunts, uncles, cousins, teachers, and schoolmates. He tells stories of growing up on a plantation, dancing in smoky juke joints, playing sandlot football and baseball, journeying to the West Coast as a nineteen-year-old to meet the biological father he never knew while growing up, and leaving family and friends to attend Morehouse College in Atlanta. In part 2, “Reflecting,” he connects his firsthand experience with broader themes: the civil rights movement, Delta blues, black folkways, gambling in Mississippi, the vital role of religion in the African American community, and the perplexing problems of poverty, crime, and an under-funded educational system that still challenge black and white citizens of the Delta.
Whether recalling the assassination of Medgar Evers (whom he knew personally), the dynamism of an African American church service, or the joys of reconnecting with old friends at a biennial class reunion, Hodges writes with a rare combination of humor, compassion, and – when describing the injustices that were all too frequently inflicted on him and his contemporaries – righteous anger. But his ultimate goal, he contends, is not to close doors but to open them: to inspire dialogue, to start a conversation, “to be provocative without being insistent or definitive.”

Hodges says that over the twenty or so years that he has been at work on this project, he has seen it take several shifts and turns in focus and emphasis until it has evolved into what it is today. Originally, it was meant to be a book of essays on the religion and culture of the Yazoo-Mississippi Delta. Delta Fragments would help correct certain misconceptions of the Delta and of his ‘people’ that were presented in other works on this region. Furthermore, he wanted it to be of interest to both general readers and to students and teachers of southern or African American studies. With his initial plan in mind, he made numerous trips to the Delta to conduct interviews and search through a maze of newspapers and church and court records.

Yet, Hodges was amazed to notice how often the research pointed him back to various experiences that formed his personal history growing up in Greenwood, Mississippi. It was fully his intention to approach research in this area as any scholar would. He even refused the offer to live with relatives while conducting the various interviews he needed or thought he needed for Delta Fragments. It soon became abundantly clear, however, that while he had gone on to get a PhD at a major research university, what he needed was not so much objectivity as a willingness to explore and understand the relationship between John Oliver, the boy growing up in Greenwood, and Dr. Hodges, the college professor who had returned to examine the past. At every turn, he kept noticing that the distance he tried to create between his subjects and himself was artificial. After all, these were people who knew him before he could talk or walk. They knew his parents and grandparents, uncles and aunts. They were his friends, relatives, former schoolmates, and playmates, who would, whenever he tried to play professor, gently nudge him back to reality by reminding him of a repressed personal embarrassment with some statement like, "Man, you know, we were some crazy cats back then."

What Hodges has done in Delta Fragments is to use stories or episodes from his own life to illustrate aspects of culture in the area known as the Yazoo-Mississippi Delta. Though the work would now be more autobiographical than he had planned, he still didn't want to give up on his original idea for a book that would be informative, interesting, and useful in the academic community. That is, he needed to find a way of writing about his own personal history and that of the entire Delta community as well.

Hodges explains the purpose, approach, and methodology he uses in Delta Fragments. He refers to these vignettes or stories as ‘fragments’ for several reasons. First, while he has attempted to be as sincere and truthful as possible, he realizes that he is presenting only one side of issues that are complex and multifarious. The stories are meant, therefore, to create some dialogue, the kind he often had with his students as they attempted to discuss the knotty matters of race in this country and the sort of dialogue he wishes he could have had with whites during the days of his youth. It is his belief and hope that southerners, black and white, are now willing to undertake such a dialogue, which would have been impossible a generation or so ago.

They are also fragments because he really doesn't know the complete story, even that of his own personal history. But most African Americans find it es­pecially difficult to trace their roots back over several centuries. In most cases blacks themselves did not keep records, except, perhaps, in family Bibles. So much has come down by word of mouth, through oral tradition, through stories.

In his investigations, Hodges has uncovered a great deal – that is, bits of information here and there – which, while revealing much about his past, also at times seem to cloud it in greater mystery. Now that he had come of age, would the folks (not many were still alive) finally reveal those secrets to him? After so many years, many of the events were still too painful or too embarrassing to recall. It was much easier for them to discuss matters involving someone else than to recall strictly personal incidents. These, then, are also the stories of an entire community's pains, sufferings, and joys. It is, of course, not surprising that other individuals, depending on their own relationship to the subject figures, would give quite different accounts of the same situations. Taken as a whole, then, these fragments are his best effort to lay bare the soul and emotions of a community coming to self-understanding, even as he takes that journey along with them.

These fragments are intended for several audiences. He says he has long wanted to assemble a series of stories or episodes that would give a sense of the difficult but rich and fulfilling lives that blacks of his generation experienced in the Delta. They witnessed the slow metamorphosis of the Old South into the New South. Those who worked on plantations saw tractors replace mules and mechanical cotton pickers replace human hands. They remember Emmett Till and the fear that gripped the black community as their parents feared that they, too, might challenge the taboo of touching a white woman. They were involved in voter-registration efforts to win back the franchise and saw Medgar Evers and many others lose their lives in the struggle. The long hot summers of 1963 and 1964 were played out on the Delta landscape with personages as varied as Bob Moses, Dick Gregory, and Police Chief Curtis Lary. Since other public buildings were off-limits to them, their churches became not only houses of prayer but also schoolhouses, wedding chapels, banquet halls, and mass-meeting venues for their civil rights movement.

But it was not all about struggle – not at all. There were dances to the sounds of B. B. King, Fats Domino, and Bobby Blue Bland. They enjoyed their fish sandwiches in the Buckeye on Saturday nights as they shot craps and played cards and got home just in time to catch a couple hours of sleep before going to Sunday service at Good Hope Missionary Baptist or Turner's Chapel AME Church. They did their courting on Saturdays at the Walthall and Dixie theaters and at church on Sunday, where we hoped to meet a God-fearing mate, or, later in the afternoon, at the baseball game between Race Track and Pink Service Station, where any man strong enough to make a crop might be suitable. These are the stories, then, that he presents to help those of his generation and their children and grandchildren recall moments of struggle, sadness, and joy that will give them a sense of pride in their ability to endure.

Hodges in Delta Fragments says he wants these reflections to be of value to students and scholars of the South and of African American history and culture. He believes that his experiences embrace a number of issues of concern to the academic community, and he has used several of these stories in his own classes in African American religion and American studies to illustrate particular points.

It is that mysterious place, the Mississippi Delta, where our lives are forever intertwined in all we encountered and all the people we called Cuz. John Hodges has captured the strength of a people and the resilience of a race as he graciously winds us down dirt roads and city streets, among kin and strangers. Delta Fragments was to me an invitation to come home and I feel it will be likewise for you. – Clifton L. Taulbert, author of Once Upon a Time When We Were Colored and Eight Habits of the Heart

Poignant and thought provoking, Delta Fragments offers an insightful meditation on the present state of race relations in America. The story has a rare combination of humor, compassion, and righteous anger, fulfilling Hodges wish to be provocative without being insistent or definitive, opening the door for further discussion.

History / Arts & Photography / History & Criticism

Chronicling the West for Harper's: Coast to Coast with Frenzeny & Tavernier in 1873-1874 by Claudine Chalmers, with general editor B. Byron Price (The Charles M. Russell Series on Art and Photography of the American West: Oklahoma University Press)

The opening of the West after the Civil War drew a flood of Americans and immigrants to the frontier. Among the liveliest records of the westering of the 1870s is the series of prints collected for the first time in this book. Chronicling the West for Harper's showcases 100 illustrations made for the weekly magazine by French artists Paul Frenzeny and Jules Tavernier on a cross-country assignment in 1873 and 1874. The pair – ‘Frenzeny & Tavernier,’ as they signed their work – documented the newly accessible territories, their diverse inhabitants, and the changing frontier.
The author is historian Claudine Chalmers; Chronicling the West for Harper's focuses on the life and work of Frenzeny and Tavernier, who were accomplished and adventurous enough to succeed as ‘special artists,’ the label Harper’s Weekly gave the illustrators it sent into the field. The job required imagination, courage, and adaptability, not to mention expert draftsmanship. Frenzeny, a skilled artist who accepted his adopted country’s many cultures, was also a superb horseman. Tavernier had been trained to work fast in a variety of media. Both men had the advantage of viewing America with fresh eyes.
They began their artistic record in the East with An Emigrant Boarding-House in New York. Their journey ended in San Francisco, where they sketched the city’s bustling Chinatown and pastoral Marin County suburbs. Along with each illustration, the artists sent Harper’s a description; those captions are reproduced in Chronicling the West for Harper's.
Frenzeny and Tavernier documented the frontier as it evolved. They depicted the hazards of travel and settlement, from fires to destitution, and presented disconcerting subject matter – such as the Sioux Sun Dance – in relentless detail. Their skill has made some of their drawings, among them The Strike in the Coal Mine, classics of American culture. With pencil and woodblock, Chalmers shows, these intrepid Frenchmen shaped public perceptions of the West for decades to come.

According to the introduction to Chronicling the West for Harper's, these war pictures and the subsequent sketches each of the two Frenchmen produced for Harper's Weekly were not lost on the Harper brothers, who always had an eye for quality and craftsmanship. Frenzeny revealed himself to be an outstanding special artist when he documented – with remarkable empathy, observation, and skill – the life of the American coal miner in a series of nine drawings published in Harper's Weekly between June 1873 and May 31, 1873. Tavernier burst onto the New York art scene with imaginative, boldly composed views of various subjects – including The Christmas Dream (1871), Washington Market (1872), and Death on the Rail (1873) – that betrayed his flair for the dramatic.

What a combination these two must have seemed to the newsmen! The Harpers surely saw in them two multicultural artists and war reporters from affluent backgrounds yet with great empathy for humbler folks. Frenzeny was a man with a clever pencil who excelled at contrasts, details, and expressions; a man with a particular eye for the workingman, whether street sweeper or mailman, peddler or coal miner; a man who also delighted in the humorous side of life and showed great versatility in his choice of topics; a worldly man who spoke several languages, exhibited interest and tolerance for the nation's multitude of cultures and religions, and showed great ability to formulate informative texts describing the subject of his drawings. He was, as well, a veteran of several campaigns in Italy, Algeria, and Mexico, and a superb rider said to know a horse in all its moods: in other words, the epitome of the special correspondent.

The Harpers probably saw in twenty-nine-year-old Jules Tavernier, fresh from the Paris art world, a painter of great talent and promise. A Frenchman with a Gallic accent and attitude and a taste for the dramatic, Tavernier had been trained to work fast, with great knowledge of composition and use of light in a variety of media. Above all, he was an emerging new artist, soon to be published in the prestigious Picturesque America volume. He was the talented, ebullient product of the Parisian salons with unbridled imagination and a flare for the dramatic; he must have seemed the epitome of the inspired artist.

The Harper brothers hired the pair of young artists for a coast-to-coast sketching tour that would take the better part of a year and lead them to the greatest adventure of their lives. Although the two friends left New York in July 1873, the Harpers did not announce their sketching tour until the November 8, 1873, issue of the Weekly: "Our artists, Messrs. Frenzeny & Tavernier, will tell the story of an extensive tour, commencing at New York and intended to include the most interesting and picturesque regions of the Western and Southwestern portions of this country. These gentlemen will not restrict themselves to the ordinary routes of travel. They will make long excursions on horseback into regions where railroads have not yet penetrated, where even the hardy squatter, the pioneer of civilization, has not yet erected his rude log-cabin; and the pictorial record of their journeyings will be a most valuable and entertaining series of sketches."

By the time this appeared, the special artists had already crossed the Mississippi, spent four months exploring the frontier, and reached Denver. By then, too, Harper's had received a sufficient number of sketches to feel confident about this grand western odyssey to announce it publicly and to simultaneously publish the artists' first frontier pictorials. The unexcelled scope, variety, and appeal of their one-hundred-drawing saga was about to earn them a lasting place among popular magazine illustrators of the nineteenth century and to turn their signatures into a household name tied to the most celebrated, influential, and widely circulated newspaper in the nation.

All this is chronicled, with their illustrations, in Chronicling the West for Harper's.

History / Military / Europe

Wellington's Guns: The Untold Story of Wellington and his Artillery in the Peninsula and at Waterloo by Nick Lipscombe (Osprey Publishing)

The history books have forgotten the artillery of Wellington's army during the Napoleonic Wars, but in Wellington's Guns Nick Lipscombe offers a study of the gunners through first-hand accounts, bringing their heroic actions to life.
Wellington was, without doubt, a brilliant field commander, but his leadership style was abrupt and occasionally uncompromising, especially to his artillery. He trained his infantry generals as divisional commanders but not army commanders; for his cavalry commanders he had little time, often pouring scorn on their inability to control their units and formation in battle; but it was his artillery commanders that he kept at arm's length in particular, suspicious of their different chain of higher command and of their selection through ability, rather than privilege. In consequence, Wellington's relationship with his gunners was dutiful at best, and occasionally failed completely.

Frequently frustrated by his lack of control and influence over the artillery off the battlefield, Wellington would occasionally over-exert his authority on it, personally deploying the guns sometimes against the advice of his experts. Wellington's personal distrust culminated in a letter to The Master General of the Ordnance in December 1815 in which he commented, “to tell you the truth, I was not very pleased with the Artillery in the battle of Waterloo”. This resulted in the mistaken belief that the gunners performed badly at this crucial battle, supposedly abandoning their guns and fleeing the field, in direct contrast to French eyewitness accounts.
Wellington's Guns is the long overdue story of this often stormy relationship, the frustrations, challenges, the characters, and the achievements of the main protagonists as well as a detailed account of the British artillery of this period. Even with the valiant contribution of some 12,000 gunner officers, NCOs and rank and file, five battery honor titles, and numerous primary accounts, this is a story which has never been told. This despite the fact that the artillery itself was revolutionized during the course of the Napoleonic Wars from developing the vital 'danger-close' missions in the woods of Hougomont, Belgium to the mountain gun attacks during the Pyrenean campaign of the Peninsular War and creeping barrages and Congreve rockets in all theatres, with the ultimate result that the artillery itself became a crucial component of any future and indeed modern army.

Lipscombe was commissioned into the Royal Artillery in 1980. During his 30 years in the British Army he has seen considerable operational service with the British and American armies, as well as with NATO and the UN. He was awarded the US Bronze Star in 2006.

Wellington's Guns exposes, for the first time, the often stormy relationship between Wellington and his artillery, how the reluctance to modernize the British artillery corps threatened to derail the British push for victory and how Wellington's views on the command and appointment structure within the artillery opened up damaging rifts between him and his men. At a time when artillery was undergoing revolutionary changes – from the use of mountain guns during the Pyrenees campaign in the Peninsula, the innovative execution of `danger-close' missions to clear the woods of Hougomont at Waterloo, to the introduction of creeping barrages and Congreve's rockets – Wellington seemed to remain distrustful of a force that played a significant role in shaping tactics and changing the course of the war.

Using extensive research and first-hand accounts, Colonel Lipscombe in Wellington's Guns reveals that despite Wellington's brilliance as a field commander, his abrupt and uncompromising leadership style, particularly towards his artillery commanders, shaped the Napoleonic Wars, and how despite this, the ever-evolving technology and tactics ensured that the extensive use of artillery became one of the hallmarks of a modern army.

Wellington started military life as an infantryman so perhaps it is no surprise that histories and historians have concentrated on his use of this aspect of the triad at the expense of the others. There is no doubt that the British infantryman was formidable; however, myopic adoption of this theme does the Duke of Wellington a huge injustice. He too was a great general. He would not have been so had he not understood his fighting components and employed them decisively on the fields of battle. He did not merely accept his army as a fighting instrument, but gauged its strengths and limitations and devised his tactics accordingly. One way or another, he overcame the paucity of his cavalry and guns and his frustrations with different chains of command and made what he had work as a team to win. Details of that synergy have been largely ignored in the histories of the Peninsula (not the case for Waterloo) and that is why a book on Wellington and his Gunners and Guns is long overdue.

A very timely landmark book in a much neglected field. This is a scholarly and meticulous examination of one of the great puzzles of military history. Why did one of Britain's greatest commanders think so little of his gunners? Nick Lipscombe presents us with a fascinating analysis of Wellington's treatment of men who deserved better. – Peter Snow, journalist, broadcaster and author of To War with Wellington
Though ever present and ever more efficient, the artillery that supported the British armies that fought in the Peninsula and at Waterloo has not figured strongly in this historiography. In this splendid work Nick Lipscombe remedies this want and in the process provides us with much fresh information on the internal workings of the British military machine. – Professor Charles J. Esdaile, University of Liverpool
A remarkable and masterly account of Wellington’s gunners that is unlikely to be surpassed. – Ian Fletcher, author of The Peninsular War – Wellington’s Battlefields Revisited

Wellington's Guns is a noteworthy study of the gunners of the Napoleonic Wars; through first-hand accounts, it brings long overdue life and color to their actions.

History / Politics & Social Sciences

When the Iron Lady Ruled Britain, reissued edition by Robert Chesshyre (Alma Books)

Returning to Britain in the mid-1980s after spending several years in the U.S. as the Observer's Washington correspondent, Robert Chesshyre found a country shockingly altered by the rule of ‘The Iron Lady,’ then at the height of her popularity. Disturbed by the Britain he now found himself in, he set out to travel the length and breadth of the UK to report on the state of the nation and the lives of ordinary people.

The parallels between Britain's predicament in the 1980s and in 2012 have never been so stark, and When the Iron Lady Ruled Britain casts a critical eye on the developments of the 1980s that were to shape ‘Broken Britain’ 25 years later: the ever-expanding gap between rich and poor, the boom and deregulation of the markets, the explosion of inner-city crime, and the gulf between north and south.

Originally published in the UK as The Return of a Native Reporter to widespread critical acclaim in 1987, this new edition of When the Iron Lady Ruled Britain includes a piece describing a revisit to the former Easington Colliery in 2010 and an extensive new foreword by Chesshyre, writer and journalist for the Observer and Telegraph magazine among others. In its scope, its relevance, and its insight, it is a profound and shocking reminder that "what we sowed then, we reap now."

Twenty-five years ago Chesshyre returned from a four-year posting as chief US correspondent of the Observer. In 1987 Margaret Thatcher was in her pomp, about to win a third term of office. Chesshyre wanted to explore again his own country, so he took notebook and pen and set out to report what he found. He says he traveled widely – from Aberdeen and the already fading oil boom, via the dying, post miners' strike, Durham coalfields, the northwest and a failing new town, sink estates, a successful comprehensive, the homes of affluent immigrants, the bolt holes of victims of race hate, the factory floor, the boardroom and the booming City wine bars immediately after the `Big Bang'.

Chesshyre says he journeyed with an open mind. He was not bent on `Thatcher-bashing', but he soon encountered aspects of British life that alarmed him (and alarm him yet more now). Already the poor were being blamed – as in early Victorian days – for their plight; to be poor was to have `failed'; those who could were being encouraged to shift for themselves in vital areas of public life like education; the NHS, buckling under the strain of an ageing population and vastly more expensive treatments and medicines, was becoming the political minefield it is today; the old industrial areas were bleak and declining – the national crisis was that the people were fast dividing into `them' and `us' camps, a vast gulf opening between comfortable and very uncomfortable Britain. The comfortable were taking it for granted that homeless people settled down for the night in the doorways of West End theatres, while, riots apart, uncomfortable Britain was normally safely out of sight and mind.

Chesshyre says in When the Iron Lady Ruled Britain that it was the Iron Lady's Britain to which he came home. To speak ill of her was to commit (in many eyes) treachery, certainly lack of enthusiasm ran the risk of being condemned as unpatriotic. This book was attacked in a Sunday Times editorial (alongside work by Ian McEwan and Hanif Kureishi) as being `smugly negative'. They all stood accused of gathering at `favourite watering holes, where (even in such supposedly hard times) the Montrachet flows freely'. If only. Their sin was to doubt. `Rejoice, rejoice,' Thatcher had exhorted the nation as the Argentineans were defeated. The mood persisted: Britain was, so Thatcher's supporters proclaimed, on its way again. Those who were less than enthusiastic about their leader and who failed to rejoice were deeply unfashionable and – if they knew what was good for them, implied the Sunday Times – would do well to keep their thoughts to themselves.

Whatever one's views, it was impossible not to recognize that Thatcher was a phenomenal force blowing through British (and world) politics: through the sale of the more desirable council homes she put capital into the hands of a new class of person; she curbed (emasculated might be a better word) the unions; she wrapped the union flag tightly about these islands. But the way she did things was not always pretty, and even her devoted supporters had to acknowledge that she was deeply divisive. The current silly `Marmite' test – one either loves it or hates it – has nothing on the `Thatcher' test. Indifference was not an option. Chesshyre says he knows people to this day who will not have a word said against her: to them she remains untouchable, on a pedestal with Winston Churchill. Others continue to blame her and her legacy for the ills of economic failure and social division that afflict them now.

Chesshyre says he has changed nothing in When the Iron Lady Ruled Britain except the title, for what strikes him returning to his own return twenty-five years on is how far Britain has remained unaltered. Add a few noughts for inflation, and 1987 is still with us. The difficulties that beset us now, beset us then. Even the statistics are eerily similar – three million out of work then, nearly three million out of work now.

She vowed to go `on and on and on', and in 1987 it was easy to believe that she might. One myth, perpetuated by the film, is that Mrs. Thatcher's origins were ever so 'umble; if not born in a cardboard box, she nonetheless had had to climb a very greasy pole. The Iron Lady shows her serving behind the counter of her father's grocer's shop in Grantham. When Thatcher became Tory leader, he interviewed her prudently low-profile sister, Muriel, an Essex farmer's wife who pooh-poohed this image. Her disadvantages were exaggerated (as were John Major's some years later) for political ends. She was from many rungs further up the social ladder than her hated predecessor, Edward Heath. She certainly didn't fool the people Chesshyre met on his journey around Britain, who saw her – with her son Mark at Harrow and a hereditary title for her husband – most certainly as `one of them' rather than as `one of us'.

Shortly there will be the Thatcher State Funeral and a flood tide of reassessments. When the Iron Lady Ruled Britain, however, is not a reassessment: it is contemporary reporting of what it was actually like to live and work in many areas of British life when Mrs. T. ruled the roost.

Deeply shocking ... every Cabinet Minister should be forced to read this book. Superb. – Hanif Kureishi, Times Literary Supplement

Brilliant, bleak. – Andrew Marr

Magnificent work. – The Washington Post

Pulls no punches – William Boyd

In this meticulously researched book Chesshyre covers all the relevant issues ... life in the US has sharpened his pen and he doesn't waste time pretending that beneath the squalor and inefficiency things here are really hunky-dory ... I urge you to read this book. It's annoying, but I suspect it was meant to be. – Beryl Bainbridge, Observer

Mrs Thatcher's astonishing claim that there is ‘no such thing as society’ is what divides her from Chesshyre and the older, more thoughtful, British tradition from which he springs. Chesshyre adopted the tried and true method of donning the trench coat, taking notebook and pencil, and trudging off to do some legwork. His findings would sober the keenest enthusiast for the ‘enterprise culture’. – Christopher Hitchens, Newsday

Chesshyre has done a valuable thing, and that it's also an immensely painful thing is a mark of its value ... many of us have felt that bit of shame and dismay: here is something like the total picture ... This is an uncomfortable book that should be read even by those of us who suppose we are uncomfortable enough, thank you. – Edward Blishen, TES

Robert Chesshyre's brave book makes a convincing case that the British are the victims of deep-seated and corrosive delusions. This fine reporter con­sciously emulates earlier and superb social portraits of 20th century Britain ... J.B. Priestley's English Journey and George Orwell's Road to Wigan Pier. Mrs Thatcher is condemned as a "moral failure ... her brittle antagonistic personality ... alienated so many she should have been winning to her cause that her legacy threatened to be a harshly divided society". – New York Times

A difficult and important book. Let us suggest that readers contrast it with another publication reviewed in this issue: Margaret Thatcher on Leadership: Lessons for American Conservatives Today by Nile Gardiner and Stephen Thompson (Regnery Publishing, Inc.)

Literature & Fiction / Mystery / Gothic

Isabel's Skin by Peter Benson (Alma Books)

Haunting, tantalizing, Isabel's Skin by award-winning author Peter Benson takes mystery lovers on a peculiar tour through Edwardian England. It is a slick gothic tale in the English tradition, a murder mystery, a reflection on the works of the masters of the French Enlightenment, and a work of atmosphere, unease, and suspense.

Benson's first novel, The Levels, won the Guardian Fiction Prize. This was followed by A Lesser Dependency, winner of the Encore award and The Other Occupant, which was awarded the Somerset Maugham Award. He has also published short stories, screenplays, and poetry, some adapted for TV, radio and many translated into other languages.

In Isabel's Skin David Morris, a staid bachelor, lives the quiet life of a book-valuer for a London auction house, traveling every day by omnibus to his office in the Strand. When he is asked to make a trip to rural Somerset, the sense of trepidation he feels as he heads into the country is confirmed the moment he reaches his destination, the dark and impoverished village of Ashbrittle. As if confirming his anxiety, before Morris arrives at the Somerset estate, he is abandoned by his cab driver and warned by the locals about the Lord.

Morris is quickly pulled into the nightmarish world of Ashbrittle and discovers that there is something unsettlingly strange about the rural town and the people who live there.

Assigned to catalog the book collection of the recently deceased Lord Buff-Orpington, he grows increasingly uneasy and his feelings turn to dread when he meets the enigmatic and sinister Professor Richard Hunt and catches a glimpse of a screaming woman he keeps prisoner in his house.

A spine-tingler complete with macabre twist and dastardly villain, but one shot through with musings on the beauty of our bucolic vistas. – Independent

One of the most distinctive voices in modern British fiction. – Evening Standard

A sharp stylist. – Sunday Telegraph

This novel from an award-winning novelist is a classic Gothic tale with a dark, diabolical secret. More than this, it is a work of atmosphere which creates a world of inhuman anxiety and suspense. With startling twists, Isabel's Skin is perfect for mystery enthusiasts and fans of The Woman in Black.

Philosophy / Psychology & Counseling / Literary Criticism

The Phantom of the Ego: Modernism and the Mimetic Unconscious by Nidesh Lawtoo (Studies in Violence, Mimesis, & Culture Series: Michigan State University Press)

The greatest part of our being is unknown to us.... We have a phantom of the ‘ego’ in our heads, which determines us many times over. – Friedrich Nietzsche, Nachlass

A phantom is haunting the modern world – the phantom of the ego. This ghostly presence is not confined to the darkness of the night; nor is it simply the product of the oneiric imagination of the sleeping subject, something that can be willed away, at daybreak, when the light of reason returns. Rather, the modern ego seems to be tracked, haunted, and perhaps even possessed by such a phantom, during its waking daily life. This, at least, is what Friedrich Nietzsche claimed. What does it mean to have a phantom in place of the ego? Does it mean that the ego copies, shadow-like, another ego from without? Or, alternatively, that an external ego has mysteriously penetrated one's head and taken control of it from within? What is sure is that, for Nietzsche, this ‘phantom’ should not be dismissed as a rare psychic illusion, but is symptomatic of a quite common mimetic confusion.

Mimesis not as straightforward imitation, but rather mimesis as a disconcerting form of unconscious communication that troubles the boundaries of individuation: this is, in a nutshell, the problem Nidesh Lawtoo struggles with in The Phantom of the Ego. Lawtoo is Visiting Scholar at The Humanities Center, Johns Hopkins University, and the editor of Conrad's Heart of Darkness and Contemporary Thought.

Elusive, masked, always on the move, mimesis is a dramatic, phantasmal concept that changes form at will, slipping into a variety of related conceptual characters and personae. From hypnosis to identification, sympathy to trance, hysterical pathologies to fascist ideologies, ‘primitive’ magical actions to a variety of ‘modern’ bodily reactions, contagious affective realities to mass-mediatized virtual hyper-realities, mimesis participates in most of the battles that are constitutive of the crisis of modernity. The Phantom of the Ego does not propose a return to the old conception of ‘mimetic realism’ but rather opens up a new interdisciplinary investigation of a fragmented, slippery, and polymorphous phenomenon that haunts ‘the mind of modernism’ as a whole.

Nietzsche's warning that a phantom is taking possession of the modern ego is not an isolated, original cry from the last decades of the nineteenth century directed towards centuries yet to come. A mimetic undercurrent in literary and philosophical modernism, which runs from Nietzsche to Joseph Conrad, from D. H. Lawrence to Georges Bataille, via a panoply of fin de siecle theories in the human sciences – including crowd psychology, religious anthropology, psychoanalysis, and different schools of dynamic psychology – sense the same phantom coming and warn modernity against the psychic, ethical, and political dangers of appearing to be oneself, while being someone other.

The Nietzschean concept of ‘pathos of distance’ provides The Phantom of the Ego with a moving frame to investigate the fundamental double-bind that mimetic affects have the power to generate in modernist literary and philosophical authors. This double bind stems from the fact that Nietzsche's concept, like the god Janus, is at least double-faced. On one side, it marks a critical, philosophical distance from forms of mimetic behavior Nietzsche – as well as other modernists after him – frequently denounces in modern subjects. His targets are often subjects he derogatively calls ‘the many’ or, more often, ‘the herd’: gregarious, unoriginal people who, in his view, are not in conscious possession of their egos and are, thus, easy prey to different forms of psychic dispossession.

Chapter 1 of The Phantom of the Ego offers an alternative genealogy of Nietzsche's thought that roots the modernist ego back in the immanence of the mimetic unconscious. Lawtoo argues that the German philosopher's most discussed concepts (from the Dionysian to slavery, from mastery to the will to power) emerge out of Nietzsche's affective implication in different forms of mimetic sickness he denounces in others (from hysteria to compassion, mimicry to hypnosis).

Chapter 2 considers how Conrad extends this Nietzschean critique of the pathological effects of the mimetic unconscious towards the field of post-colonial studies, stretching – through the mediation of Francis Ford Coppo­la's Apocalypse Now – into the present. Late nineteenth-century disciplinary discourses as diverse as crowd psychology, hypnotic theory, and evolutionary anthropology tend to project mimetic, irrational affects onto subordinate ‘others,’ such as children, women, and racial others. For Conrad, the horror of modernity must be reconsidered in the light of what Lawtoo calls ‘the horror of mimesis.’

Chapter 3 shows that Nietzsche and Conrad are not alone among modernists to advocate the centrality of the mimetic unconscious. Chapter 4 pursues this interdisciplinary investigation of the phantom of the ego by showing how Georges Bataille, one of the most celebrated precursors of the postmodern death of a linguistic subject (the subject of the signifier), is above all a modernist thinker who offers readers an account of the birth of an affective subject (the subject of mimesis).

As The Phantom of the Ego draws to an end, readers progressively realize that at the origins of the ego there is no secret essence that is already interior to oneself, but a mimetic communication with an other who is neither fully interior nor exterior insofar as this unconscious communication transgresses the boundaries of individuation.

In the end, the Nietzschean account of the mimetic unconscious turns out to be more untimely than previously realized. It anticipates, by more than a century, cutting-edge insights into the dynamic of mimetic reflexes, affective communication, and the ongoing malleability of the human brain. For modernists of Nietzschean inspiration, in fact, as for contemporary developments in mimetic theory and the empirical sciences, the ego is a more malleable material than previously realized and continues to be formed, informed, and deformed by different types of personal, social, and political impressions. These impressions require close diagnostic operations because, for better or worse, they give form to an ego that is not one, but is animated by someone else. This phantom easily takes possession of the modern ego because it is through a phantom that the ego is born. Articulating the theoretical implications of this mimetic realization is what The Phantom of the Ego does.

In this extraordinary book, Nidesh Lawtoo uncovers – or rather channels – a mimetic, pre-Freudian unconscious that traverses the modernist subject and some of its founding texts. A hermeneutic feat as well as an impeccable work of scholarship, The Phantom of the Ego completely changes the way we look at modernism and ‘ourselves.’ – Mikkel Borch-Jacobsen, Professor of Comparative Literature at the University of Washington and author of Making Minds and Madness

This brilliant and learned book presents a striking new explanation for bad ideological mystifications, as well as for good community solidarity: Nidesh Lawtoo argues that each of us is possessed by a ‘phantom of the ego.’ Powerful and original readings of work by Nietzsche, Conrad, Lawrence, and Bataille, along with a host of nineteenth- and early twentieth-century theorists of crowd psychology, hypnotism, contagion, and the like, are used to develop this subtle concept of intersubjectivity. Plato's theory of mimetic pathos stands at the historical origin of Lawtoo's formulations. Rene Girard's concept of mimetic desire is the modern matrix by way of which the four main authors are reread. – J. Hillis Miller, Distinguished Research Professor Emeritus, University of California at Irvine

Nidesh Lawtoo delivers a brilliant, solid, and lucid essay on the contradictions and aporias of the mimetic impulse. The work primes a wide-ranging critique of modernity and its still-fighting shadows, overhauling our Platonic home base with the shrewd alliance of Nietzsche and Lacoue-Labarthe. – Avital Ronell, University Professor of the Humanities, New York University, Jacques Derrida Professor of Media and Philosophy, European Graduate School, and author of Loser Sons: Politics and Authority

The Phantom of the Ego ends with a coda that articulates the continuities and discontinuities between Rene Girard's mimetic theory and modernist mimetic theory. What emerges from this study is that in the modernist period the problematic of mimesis can no longer be restricted to the problematic of mimetic desire (and the rivalrous-violent triangles it entails) but must be supplemented by a more generalized investigation of the impersonal workings of what Lawtoo calls mimetic pathos (and the pathologies it entails). This coda draws the conclusion of this theoretical realization. It also fleshes out some new lines of inquiry concerning the life-enhancing side of mimesis, the experience of community, and an ethics of mimesis that is aware that the other is both external and internal to the ego. These lines of inquiry have their origins in modernism, but they stretch in order to affect our own hyper-mimetic, postmodern times. As such, they call for further explorations by mimetic theorists yet to come.

Politics & Social Sciences / Criminology / True Crime

Profit Without Honor: White Collar Crime and the Looting of America, 6th Edition by Stephen Rosoff, Henry Pontell and Robert Tillman (Pearson Prentice Hall)

 This sixth edition of Profit Without Honor once again seeks to elucidate a very broad subject that only seems to get broader: white-collar crime. Yet, as Americans demonize the Crips and the Bloods, recoil at al-Qaeda, and still obsess over O. J. Simpson, white-collar crime remains the ‘other’ crime problem. The reason for this relative indifference is that the true costs of upper-world misconduct are largely unrecognized. Compared to murderers, terrorists, and urban gangsters, white-collar criminals do not seem to scare the public very much. Even the economic expense – by far the most identifiable cost – is typically underestimated by the average citizen. Annual losses from white-collar crime are probably 50 times as great as the losses from ordinary property crime. For example, the price of bailing out a single corrupt savings and loan institution surpassed the total losses of all the bank robberies in American history. The bill for government bailout of the financial services industry, which choked on its own greed, has or soon will exceed a trillion dollars.

Profit Without Honor exposes the battle between personal gain and individual integrity and provides a comprehensive overview of white-collar crime in American society. Presenting a picture of all types of white-collar crime, the book covers high-profile cases, the latest trends in criminal activity with a thorough discussion of the victims and consequences of these criminal behaviors. This sixth edition addresses the recurrent financial meltdowns in recent years and the role of fraud and corporate crime in these crises. Utilizing both academic and popular sources, Profit Without Honor challenges readers to grasp the importance and long-term effects of white-collar crime in America.

Authors are Stephen M. Rosoff, former professor of criminology at the University of Houston-Clear Lake; Henry N. Pontell, professor of criminology, law and society in the School of Social Ecology at the University of California, Irvine; and Robert H. Tillman, professor of sociology at St. John's University in New York City.

Changes to this sixth edition of Profit Without Honor include:

  • New introductory case study.
  • Updates to older cases throughout the book.
  • New insider trading case studies and cases in computer crime.
  • New cases and updates regarding the 2008 financial crisis.
  • New cases in medical fraud, including a discussion of counterfeit products with a focus on fake medicines.
  • A review of the growing problem of the illegal disposal of electronic waste.
  • A case study of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010 and its criminological implications.
  • An expanded discussion on the connection between growing inequality and white-collar crime.
  • A discussion of the concept of ‘organizational culture’ and its importance as a cause of white-collar crime.
  • A consideration of changing attitudes toward white-collar crime, as exemplified in the Occupy Wall Street movement.

In the short time that has passed since the fifth edition of Profit Without Honor was published, there have been dramatic new developments in the study of white-collar crime. One would surely expect that; for the battle between profit and honor is as old as human commerce. In 2008, the U.S. economy imploded, throwing the nation into the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression. As the country picks up the pieces and rebuilds its shattered economic infrastructure, politicians, economists, and ordinary citizens point fingers of blame in every direction. But there is at least one thing almost everyone, regardless of class or ideology, can agree on. Whatever market forces or ‘natural’ economic cycles pushed the U.S. economy to the edge of the abyss, it was a lethal concoction of greed, corruption, and criminality that provided the coup de grace, the final push over the precipice.

It would be simplistic to attribute the entire collapse to white-collar crime. World events and perhaps uncontrollable economic forces played a role, as did an epidemic of stunning, albeit not necessarily criminal, corporate, and political recklessness and incompetence. But it would be even more simplistic to deny that white-collar crimes of unprecedented magnitude have taken place. These crimes are examined and described in this edition of Profit Without Honor.

One of the most conspicuous was New York investment guru Bernard Madoff, who orchestrated the most costly Ponzi scam in history that flushed away a reported $65 billion from investors – many of them charitable foundations. The Madoff case highlights the shortcomings in financial regulation and oversight that allowed the much larger economic crisis to occur. The events that took Madoff from being a finance superstar to a prisoner in a federal penitentiary where he will almost certainly spend the rest of his life are analyzed in this edition of Profit Without Honor.

Computer crime has continued to emerge as the nation's fastest growing category of crime. This edition continues to highlight the explosion of Internet frauds. Of particular focus are the ‘pump and dump’ swindles that infest the Internet; the nefarious spammers, who flood e-mail boxes with crooked schemes; so-called ‘phishing’ scams that help cyber-criminals steal identities; new developments in online international espionage, especially those involving China; activities of those involved in ‘hactivisim’ where the motives for hacking are political, resulting in a form of electronic protest; and those seemingly ubiquitous Nigerian ‘4-1-9’ con games that bait seductive electronic traps for the unwary.

Wal-Mart, the world's largest company, remains the symbol of corporate irresponsibility. Allegations of everything from monopolistic practices, to environmental contamination, to violations of labor laws through the exploitation of its own workers and the promotion of slave labor overseas, to illegal union busting, to its callous utilization of ‘dead peasant insurance,’ have been leveled against the retailing behemoth. Religious affinity scams also have exploded, costing devout victims hundreds of millions of dollars. Likewise, a shocking new study has revealed a prevalence of embezzlement within the American Roman Catholic Church that is scarcely believable. New and horrifying cases of worker safety violations have been uncovered. Political corruption at all levels of government persists. And even public school education, a social institution never before linked to white-collar crime, has generated stunning and widespread cheating scandals on the parts of teachers and administrators willing to resort to fraud in order to raise state-mandated test scores.

This edition of Profit Without Honor applies particular scrutiny to outrageous and sometimes repulsive abuses of power by the government in the post-9/11 era. Illegal domestic surveillance and the torture of foreign nationals are detailed and exposed as crimes hiding behind a smokescreen of national security. All of these issues, along with newer cases of many other predatory offenses and rapacious scams, are examined in this updated edition.

White-collar crimes do not leave a chalk outline on the sidewalk or blood spatter on the wall, so the American public, in its understandable preoccupation with street crime, often has overlooked the violent aspects of elite deviance. White-Collar criminals cause more pain and death than all ‘common criminals’ combined.

The physical harm wrought by some forms of white-collar crime can be slow and cumulative – like the mythic ‘death of a thousand cuts.’ In other words, the human suffering caused by corporate cupidity frequently can take years to materialize, in contrast to the graphic suddenness which usually characterizes street violence. Consequently, it is easy for people to misperceive the extent of the injuries caused. As Profit Without Honor delineates, environmental crime, hazardous workplaces, medical malfeasance, and unsafe products are lethal manifestations of what Ralph Nader calls ‘postponed violence.’

As for social costs, they are the most insidious and difficult to measure. A case could be made easily that every category of white-collar crime depicted in Profit Without Honor manifests a delete­rious effect on some social institution and thereby inflicts damage on society as a whole. To cite just two examples: The insider trading scandals detailed in Chapter 6 and the corporate crimes highlighted in Chapter 7 have eroded public faith in the American economy; likewise the crimes by the government described in Chapter 9 and the political corruption related in Chapter 10 have devalued the democratic process.

It should also be noted that much of the existing white-collar crime literature focuses on offenders – those who commit these crimes, their motives and methods. This is certainly an illuminating perspective, but not the only perspective. Profit Without Honor seeks to shed light on the victims of white-collar crime as well. Victimology is a critical element because it helps give the problem the personal relevance it has sometimes lacked. The more predatory white-collar crime is perceived to be, the less likely it will continue to be dismissed as a mere appendix to the crime problem.

A lesson of Profit Without Honor is that white-collar crime spares no one. Everybody reading this sentence has been somebody's victim. Profit Without Honor is well-written, witty, and authoritative. It paints a vivid picture of all types of white-color crime.

Politics & Social Sciences / Government / Political Science

Margaret Thatcher on Leadership: Lessons for American Conservatives Today by Nile Gardiner and Stephen Thompson (Regnery Publishing, Inc.)

The government is bloated and ineffective, the welfare state is all-consuming, and an anti-capitalist culture is reinforced by powerful public-sector unions. No, this is not a description of modern-day America, it is actually a description of Great Britain in 1979 when Margaret Thatcher became Prime Minister. In their new book, Margaret Thatcher on Leadership, authors Nile Gardiner and Stephen Thompson apply Thatcher's leadership lessons to modem day conservatives and show how these lessons are critical in restoring the nation that America was under Ronald Reagan.

In Margaret Thatcher on Leadership Gardiner and Thompson outline the tactics Thatcher used in Great Britain – the principles conservatives can use today in America – to rescue her own country from decline. Gardiner, who worked with Thatcher, is the Director of the Margaret Thatcher Center for Freedom at The Heritage Foundation, was formerly Foreign Policy Researcher for former Prime Minister Lady Margaret Thatcher. Thompson has worked in politics in both America and Great Britain. Together they draw from her speeches and writings, as well as personal interactions, to examine how Thatcher saved Great Britain from economic decline, low morale, and weak foreign policy.

Margaret Thatcher on Leadership teaches conservatives that:

  • National decline isn't inevitable and only happens when people lose sight of conservative principles.
  • Government isn't about enriching everyone or lifting them up in life. It's about establishing the rule of law and equality of opportunity.
  • People have a greater stake in capitalism and private property than they do in the Welfare State.
  • It is important to stand up to the enemies of freedom and not compromise with them. Confrontation backed by conviction is always better than compromise and failure.
  • Why a free America is a moral America, and a force for good in the world. For Thatcher, freedom builds higher moral character, and a free America is a beacon of hope for the world.

Gardiner and Thatcher demonstrate that it is possible for conservatives to lead America back to being a great nation, but, to do that, they need a little help and advice from the Iron Lady. With Ronald Reagan and Pope John Paul II, she helped topple the Soviet empire. She stood for principle when other conservative politicians stood for surrender. She restored British sovereignty over the Falklands after they were invaded. And she took a British economy on the brink of collapse and launched an economic revival.

Could America use a leader like her today? Yes we could.

Based on the authors' unique vantage point, Margaret Thatcher on Leadership provides a fascinating account of how this outstanding prime minister demon­strated that conservative ideas work. The book, which describes how she and Ronald Reagan worked together to change the course of history; offers a valuable example for future leaders of both Britain and the United States. – Hon. Edwin Meese III, former attorney general of the United States

Do not despair. There is no irreversible `tipping point' into American decline, not even Obama's presidency. Margaret Thatcher on Leadership distills the critical lessons from Lady Thatcher's inspiring political accomplishments and applies them persuasively to America today. – Hon. John R. Bolton, former US permanent representative to the United Nations

Margaret Thatcher loved America and always kept our best interests in mind. That's why the lessons of her strong, decisive leadership are so critical in restoring conservative government here after an era of hyper-liberalism. – Fred Barnes, executive editor, Weekly Standard

Margaret Thatcher on Leadership is a powerful and timely book calling on Amer­ican conservatives to defend the cause of freedom. The Iron Lady’s example is an inspiration to us all, on both sides of the Atlantic, as the West faces mounting challenges at home and abroad. – Rt. Hon. Liam Fox, MP, former defence secretary of the United Kingdom

This inspirational guide combines stories from Thatcher’s life with principles and strategies conservatives can apply to their challenges today. In Margaret Thatcher on Leadership Gardiner and Thompson outline the lessons conservatives can learn from Thatcher on articulating conservative principles to a broader audience, cutting through bureaucratic messes to achieve goals, and standing up to aggressive regimes. Compare to another book reviewed in this issue: When the Iron Lady Ruled Britain, reissued edition by Robert Chesshyre (Alma Books).

Politics & Social Sciences / Sociology

Enforcing Order: An Ethnography of Urban Policing by Didier Fassin (Polity)

Most incidents of urban unrest in recent decades – including the riots in France, Britain and other Western countries – have followed lethal interactions between the youth and the police. Usually these take place in disadvantaged neighborhoods composed of working-class families of immigrant origin or belonging to ethnic minorities. These tragic events have received a great deal of media coverage, but we know very little about the everyday activities of urban policing that lie behind them.

Over the course of 15 months, at the time of the 2005 riots, Didier Fassin carried out an ethnographic study in one of the largest precincts in the Paris region, sharing the life of a police station and cruising with the patrols, in particular the dreaded anti-crime squads. Far from the imaginary worlds created by television series and action movies, Fassin in Enforcing Order uncovers the ordinary aspects of law enforcement, characterized by inactivity and boredom, by eventless days and nights where minor infractions give rise to spectacular displays of force and where officers express doubts about the significance and value of their own jobs. Describing the invisible manifestations of violence and unrecognized forms of discrimination against minority youngsters, undocumented immigrants and Roma people, he analyses the conditions that make them possible and tolerable, including entrenched policies of segregation and stigmatization, economic marginalization and racial discrimination. Fassin is James D. Wolfensohn Professor at the Institute for advanced Study, Princeton.

According to the preface to Enforcing Order, from Watts in Los Angeles in 1965 to Tottenham and London in 2011, almost all major urban disturbances during the past half-century resulted from a violent interaction between law enforcement officers and inhabitants of disadvantaged neighborhoods, usually leading to the death of youth belonging to a racial or ethnic minority group. Although broader structural issues, such as segregation, poverty, high unemployment, experience of discrimination and injustice were involved, the immediate cause was nearly always related to abuses by the police. Each of these episodes of civil disorder was abundantly discussed in the public sphere, by journalists, politicians, sociologists, and many others. Official commissions were appointed to investigate the circumstances of the triggering incident, inscribe them in their wider social context and propose policy recommendations. Scientific programs were developed to deepen the understanding of the relationship of the police with their public. The riots were political events in the fullest sense of the word, that is, they created a temporal rupture delimiting a before and an after in the social consciousness. These episodes remain political events from which no lessons were drawn. Not only do we know little about the disturbances themselves but we do not seem to have much more understanding of what goes on between these episodes. And yet, it is generally assumed that the comprehension of the everyday practice of law enforcement in these neighborhoods is key to the analysis of the dramatic outbursts of violence that unexpectedly and occasionally flare, leaving most commentators stunned by their intensity. The present ethnography of urban policing in Enforcing Order is an attempt to fill this cognitive gap. Conducted in the banlieues of Paris, it started, indeed, a little before the 2005 riots, prompted by the electrocution of two adolescents attempting to escape an anticrime squad in Clichy­sous-Bois, and ended just before the 2007 rebellion of Villiers-le-Bel, succeeding the death of two youths whose motorcycle was hit by the car from a similar special unit. What happened in between these events, and more generally what happens when no youth is killed, no car burnt, no building destroyed, no store looted – is the subject of Enforcing Order.

So, ethnography it is. For most people, the term evokes far-away societies and probably traditional cultures. Ethnography is about entering and communicating the experience of men and women in a given context: their way of apprehending the world, of considering their place in society and their relations with others, of justifying their beliefs and actions. It is an attempt to go through the looking glass, so to speak, and explore another universe, often initially foreign but progressively becoming more familiar.

On the one hand, it corresponds to immersion within a social group allowing long-term observation of their activity. On the other hand, it implies an account of what one has seen, heard and understood: it is in this instance a description of law enforcement as much as an interpretation of its signification. This ethnography of urban policing can be viewed as a tentative application of the art of storytelling to the monotony of routine.

Contrary to the image of relentless action generally associated with police work – including among officers themselves, boredom is what dominates most of their roaming around their precinct. It is all the more so since in France, as in many other countries, there has been a constant decline in crime, especially in its more serious and spectacular expressions, such as homicides or burglaries, the increase observed for certain offenses corresponding mostly to misdemeanors, including cell-phone thefts, or to incivilities recently introduced in the law, such as loitering in the lobby of an apartment building. Any description of police work should therefore start with the depiction of the long eventless days or nights spent driving through the city and its housing projects, expecting calls that rarely come and often prove to be hoaxes or errors, the sole encounters being with youth of ethnic minorities hanging around in public spaces, immigrants returning home from work or Roma heading toward their camp, whom they indiscriminately submit to frequently aggressive and humiliating stops and searches, in the hope of finding a small ball of hashish, identifying an illegal alien, discovering evidence of an improbable larceny – or simply as a way to kill time. In these mundane conditions, minor facts, such as the noise pollution caused by a motorcycle or the physical altercation between two adolescents, often become major events, generating a flurry of excitement in the crews and inducing disproportionate and inappropriate interventions, which prompt indignation among the local population and sometimes lead to sudden disturbances.

Fassin in Enforcing Order says that when juxtaposed with what is known of other countries, this preliminary sketch of urban policing in the French outer cities may seem relatively banal to readers – and in many respects, it is. Studies conducted in North America and Western Europe during the past half-century have established the discrepancies between the imagined and actual contents of law enforcement, the targeting of certain groups bordering on racial harassment, and the exacerbated tensions with the inhabitants of disadvantaged neighborhoods.

Significantly, in 2011, debates and lawsuits took place about racial profiling in the practice of stop and frisk simultaneously in Paris and in New York City. In the developments presented in Enforcing Order, Fassin believes that his discussion of discrimination and violence, and of social scientists' frequent reservations in dealing with these questions, permits posing them in terms which have a broader pertinence, to go beyond discrimination as racism and violence as brutality; that his study of the moral economy of policing and the practical arrangements of officers with ethics is of general bearing, since agents always have to try to explain their acts, especially when these differ from what their deontology implies; and that his proposition to interpret police work in relation to the historical situation and its political implications is crucial for the understanding of what law enforcement is like in whatever context.

It is the paradox of all fieldworks: the singular reveals the general; the ethnography becomes anthropology. It is by entering the details of a specific social world in a particular moment that one can access processes and logics that have a wider meaning. The problem is not to know whether the police act identically everywhere, within a national territory or across borders, but whether the type of relation they have with a certain public, the way in which political incentives influence their practice, the effects of various systems of evaluation and sanctioning on their conducts, or the justification they provide for their deviant behaviors are generalizable. If, as he argues, they are – with certain methodological precautions, of course – then some lessons need to be drawn from his investigation in the banlieues of Paris.

The most comprehensive lesson to be drawn from Enforcing Order goes as follows. The contemporary world is increasingly unequal, both when one compares countries among themselves and when one considers categories within each country. International disparities tend to stimulate migratory flows toward richer nations, whatever the risk incurred, while social disparities tend to marginalize those who belong to racially and ethnically stigmatized groups: both dynamics converge, sometimes over two generations, with the tragic disillusionment of immigrant parents who have sacrificed everything for their children, who they realize are now increasing the ranks of the stigmatized urban poor. As inequalities deepen, the political response has been the deployment of what is often described as a punitive state essentially dedicated to the disadvantaged segregated areas, even when they do not have higher crime rates, and the ethnic and racial minority groups, who comprise the impoverished working class: law enforcement has become tougher and more people are arrested for minor misdemeanors; legislation has been revised to impose heavier sentencing, constraining the magistrates to more severity and resulting in mass incarceration. It would probably be too simplistically functionalist to assert that repression exerted on the most vulnerable segments of society merely serves to elude the question of the growing inequalities: instead of speaking of social justice, one would talk about social order. Thus, governments are ready to pay a huge price for these symbolic returns, delegating to the police more than the legitimate monopoly of violence held by the state, as is well known: the power to exert power in unlawful ways, to deploy illegal practices they would never consider deploying in other contexts, to carry out actions that the most elementary morality would make it inconceivable to conduct against other territories and populations – that is, the power to make the exception the rule.

Why, then, is it so crucial to have ethnographies of urban policing? The answer to this question certainly becomes clearer now. It is not simply that ethnography provides a sort of immersion in the world of law enforcement, allowing readers to understand what happens when the police are in the field. It is perhaps more importantly that it produces a vision of a world that has been made either invisible or opaque to most of us. This is what Fassin says he realized through the numerous reactions he received from readers – whether journalists specialized in urban and social issues, who told him they had just become conscious of a reality of which they were unaware due to their usual reliance on official sources, or youth of the projects, who confided to him how much Enforcing Order meant to them for the credibility it gave to their version of facts, which neither the media nor the magistrates ever believed.

Powerful, distressing and thought-provoking. The book is based on 15 months of fieldwork, an undertaking unprecedented in France and one that, as the difficulties of access Fassin encountered suggest, will not be conducted again for some time. – Times Higher Education
Fassin has written a brilliant example of public anthropology. This ethnography of the anti-crime squads of the French police powerfully captures the institutionalization of racism and violence against poor youth and immigrants. His book must reach the widest possible audience because these paramilitaries operating out of sight of the general public with the complicity of politicians, career bureaucrats and the courts must be dismantled. – Philippe Bourgois, University of Pennsylvania

This vivid description of the daily routines of police squads operating in under-privileged Parisian suburbs reinstates ethnography as a powerful tool for revealing how social exclusion works. By bringing to life, from the point of view of its officers, how the police consolidates social hierarchies, Fassin reminds us eloquently that the behavior of its police forces is the best index of the state of a democracy. – Philippe Descola, Collège de France
A fascinating read – a brilliant, deep plunge into the lives, routines, racial tensions, sometimes violence, and intricate moral reasoning of the police officers in an anti-crime brigade in the French banlieues during a heated time of rioting in Paris. It blends a subtle analysis of the moral economy of the police with rigorous ethnographic detail and a genuine honesty or transparency on Didier Fassin’s part. It is a very important contribution to our understanding of police practices in this new age of security. – Bernard Harcourt, University of Chicago

Richly documented and compellingly told, Enforcing Order is a unique account of contemporary urban policing showing that, instead of enforcing the law, the police are engaged in the task of enforcing an unequal social order in the name of public security.

Professional & Technical / Medicine / Clinical / Internal / Anesthesiology

Perioperative Transesophageal Echocardiography: A Companion to Kaplan's Cardiac Anesthesia – Expert Consult – Online and Print edited by David L. Reich MD and Gregory Fischer MD (Elsevier Saunders)

From basic concepts to state-of-the-art techniques, Perioperative Transesophageal Echocardiography: A Companion to Kaplan's Cardiac Anesthesia helps clinicians master everything they need to know to effectively diagnose and monitor their cardiothoracic surgery patients.

With Perioperative Transesophageal Echocardiography clinicians are able to:

  • Recognize the Transesophageal Echocardiography (TEE) images clinicians see in practice by comparing them to abundant 2D and 3D images, as well as an extensive online library of moving (cine) images.
  • Learn from acknowledged leaders in the field of cardiac anesthesiology – David L. Reich and Gregory W. Fischer.
  • See how to address specific clinical situations with detailed case studies and discussions of challenging issues.
  • Access the complete contents and videos online at Expert Consult.

Reich, MD is Horace W. Goldsmith Professor and Chair of Anesthesiology, and Fischer, MD, is Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Cardiothoracic Surgery, Director of Adult Cardiothoracic Anesthesia, Department of Anesthesiology, both of Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York. The book has 56 contributors.

According to Reich and Fischer in Perioperative Transesophageal Echocardiography, over the past three decades, perioperative echocardiography has become an indispensable tool in the perioperative care of the cardiac surgical patient. Beyond the published evidence and professional practice parameters, the utility of perioperative echocardiography is perhaps best demonstrated by the insistence of surgeons that complex surgery be performed with the assistance of qualified echocardiographers. Consequently, the subspecialty of cardiac anesthesia has embraced perioperative echocardiography as one of the cornerstones of modern-day practice, and the cardiac anesthesiologist has assumed a unique position within the specialty of anesthesiology. Anesthesiologist-guided assessment of perioperative anatomy and physiology not only leads to optimal anesthetic and surgical management but also has fully integrated the cardiac anesthesiologist as a member of the surgical team.

Despite its importance, perioperative echocardiography is only a portion of the skill set and science of cardiac anesthesia. Although perioperative echocardiography enhances perioperative care, it must be considered in the context of a thorough understanding of patient history, as well as the goals and objectives of the planned surgical procedure. Perioperative Transesophageal Echocardiography provides echocardiographic insight as a component of a holistic approach to the cardiac surgical patient. Hence, several chapters reflect the expertise of cardiologists and cardiac surgeons.

Perioperative Transesophageal Echocardiography is divided into four major sections:

1.      Basic principles and normal cardiac anatomy and physiology.

2.      Understanding how echocardiography demonstrates cardiovascu­lar pathology.

3.      Maintaining quality of perioperative echocardiography.

4.      Oversight and administration.

Perioperative Transesophageal Echocardiography provides insight into newer modalities of echocardiography, such as three-dimensional TEE, speckle tracking, and flow visualization. Additionally, the editors have included non-clinical chapters, such as "Equipment, Infection Control, and Safety" and "Regulatory, Legal, and Liability Issues Pertaining to Transesophageal Ecocardiography," as complementary elements to the classic chapters.

Chapters of Perioperative Transesophageal Echocardiography and their authors include:

Section I Principles and the Normal Heart

  1. Getting Started with Echocardiography: The Twenty Standard Views – SANSAN S. LO, JEREMY S. POPPERS, TERESA A. MULAIKAL, DAVID J. WEST, MICHELLE M. LIAO, JACK S. SHANEWISE
  2. Principles and Physics: Principles of Ultrasound – RONALD A. KAHN, IVAN S. SALGO
  3. Principles and Physics: Principles of Doppler Ultrasound – RONALD A. KAHN, IVAN S. SALGO
  4. Principles and Physics: Equations to Remember (the Bernoulli Equation, Velocity-Time Integrals, and the Continuity Equation) – RONALD A. KAHN, IVAN S. SALGO
  5. Principles and Physics: Transducer Characteristics – IVAN S. SALGO, RONALD A. KAHN
  6. Principles and Physics: Imaging Artifacts and Pitfalls – IVAN S. SALGO, RONALD A. KAHN
  7. Normal Anatomy and Flow During the Complete Examination: Components of the Complete Examination – JEREMY S. POPPERS, SANSAN S. LO, DAVID J. WEST, TERESA A. MULAIKAL, MICHELLE M. LIAO, JACK S. SHANEWISE
  8. Normal Anatomy and Flow During the Complete Examination: Epiaortic Imaging – RAFAEL HONIKMAN, AMANDA J. RHEE
  9. Normal Anatomy and Flow During the Complete Examination: Three-Dimensional Views: Replicating the Surgeon's View – GREGORY W. FISCHER
  10. Normal Anatomy and Flow During the Complete Examination: Extracardiac Anatomy – BARRY J. SEGAL
  11. Quantitative and Semiquantitative Echocardiography: Dimensions and Flows – MANISH BANSAL, JAGAT NARULA, PARTHO P. SENGUPTA
  12. Quantitative and Semiquantitative Echocardiography: Ventricular and Valvular Physiology – RENATA G. FERREIRA, MARY W. BRANDON, STEPHEN A. ESPER, MADHAV SWAMI NATHAN

Section II Understanding How Transesophageal Echocardiography Demonstrates Cardiovascular Pathology

  1. Myocardial Ischemia and Aortic Atherosclerosis – ANTOINE G. ROCHON, PIERRE COUTURE, ALAIN DESCHAMPS, ANDRE Y. DENAULT
  2. Aortic Valve Anatomy and Embryology – JONATHAN K. FROGEL, WILLIAM J. VERNICK, JACOB T. GUTSCHE, JOSEPH S. SAVINO
  3. Mitral Valvular Disease – GREGORY W. FISCHER, PAULA TRIGO
  4. Tricuspid Valvular Disease – JOANNA CHIKWE
  5. Pulmonic Valvular Disease – SHUBHIKA SRIVASTAVA, PUN EET BHATLA
  6. Cardiomyopathies – KENT H. REHFELDT, WILLIAM J. MAUERMANN, GREGORY A. NUTTALL, WILLIAM C. OLIVER, JR.
  7. Aneurysms and Dissections – JOHN G. AUGOUSTIDES, ALBERT T. CHEUNG
  8. Endocarditis – MARTIN E. GOLDMAN
  9. Imaging of Cardiac Tumors and Solid and Gaseous Materials – PATRICIA M. APPLEGATE, RICHARD L. APPLEGATE II
  10. Intracardiac Devices, Catheters, and Cannulas – MARC E. STONE, CESAR RODRIGUEZ-DIAZ
  11. Echocardiographic Evaluation of Pericardial Disease – JOHN C. KLICK, JAFER ALI, EDWIN G. AVERY IV
  12. Adult Congenital Heart Disease – DOMINIQUE A. BETTEX, MARCO BOSSHART, MATTHIAS GREUTMANN
  13. Pulmonary Hypertension – TIMOTHY MAUS, DALIA A. BANKS
  14. Recent Advances – MANISH BANSAL, PARTHO P. SENGUPTA

Section III Maintaining Quality of Perioperative Echocardiography

  1. Indications for Transesophageal Echocardiography – DANIEL M. THYS, DIANA ANCA, SANFORD M. LITTWIN
  2. Complications of Transesophageal Echocardiography – SANDEEP KRISHNAN, JENNIE Y. NGAI, MARC KANCHUGER
  3. Equipment, Infection Control, and Safety – ROBERT WILLIAMS

SECTION IV OVERSIGHT AND ADMINISTRATION

  1. Training and Certification for Transesophageal Echocardiography – W. BRIT SMITH, GREGORY M. JANELLE
  2. Medical Insurance Claims, Compliance, and Reimbursement for Anesthesiology –DAVID L. REICH, MARIA GALATI
  3. Regulatory, Legal, and Liability Issues Pertaining to Transesophageal Echocardiography – JAMES E. SZALADOS

Comprehensive coverage and unsurpassed visual guidance make this companion to Kaplan's Cardiac Anesthesia a must for anesthesiologists, surgeons, and nurse anesthetists who need to be proficient in anesthesia care. Although multiple authors have contributed to Perioperative Transesophageal Echocardiography, Reich and Fischer create consistency in the content and the editorial voice. Although many fine textbooks exist pertaining to perioperative echocardiography, the current one continues in the tradition of these texts, while providing unique insight into newer modalities of echocardiography.

Professional & Technical / Medicine / Clinical / Internal / Neurosurgery / Reference

Surgical Anatomy and Techniques to the Spine – Expert Consult – Online and Print, 2nd edition edited by Daniel H. Kim MD FACS, with associate editors Alexander R. Vaccaro MD PhD FACS, Curtis A. Dickman MD and Dosang Cho MD PhD (Elsevier Saunders)

Featuring an expanded focus on in-demand endoscopic and minimally invasive spine procedures, Surgical Anatomy and Techniques to the Spine, 2nd Edition pairs new anatomic photographs and radiographic images with expertly rendered color illustrations and step-by-step descriptions to help clinicians perform the latest and most effective spine surgery techniques.

With Surgical Anatomy and Techniques to the Spine clinicians are able to:

  • Proceed with confidence due to an atlas-style format featuring concise, step-by-step descriptions of the anatomy and procedures along with clinical hints and pearls, tables, and management algorithms providing swift answers.
  • Sharpen their surgical acumen with a deeper understanding of the anatomy of the surgical target and related anatomy through comprehensive information on cervical, cervical/thoracic, thoracic/lumbar, lumbar spine, lumbar/pelvis, and other surgical locations.
  • Understand the spine from all angles with multiple-viewpoint, full-color photographs, and illustrations.
  • Master surgical anatomy of the spine and the latest minimally invasive techniques. Sweeping revisions and updates provide new and expanded coverage of spine surgery procedures and topics such as surgical management in gunshot wound to the spine, vertebroplasty, and kyphoplasty.
  • Visualize every step of each procedure thanks to new anatomic photographs and radiographic images, with expertly rendered illustrations.
  • Access the entire text and illustrations online, fully searchable, at Expert Consult.

The editor of Surgical Anatomy and Techniques to the Spine is Daniel H. Kim, MD, Director, Reconstructive Spinal and Peripheral Nerve Surgery, Mischer Neuroscience Institute, Professor, Vivian L. Smith Department of Neurosurgery, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston. Associate editors are Dosang Cho, MD, PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Neurosurgery, Ewha Womens University Medical Center Seoul, Korea; Curtis A. Dickman, MD, Director, Spinal Research, Associate Chief, Spine Section, Division of Neurological Surgery, Barrow Neurological Institute, Phoenix, Clinical Assistant Professor, Division of Neurosurgery, University of Arizona College of Medicine Tucson; Ilsup Kim, MD, Assistant Professor, Department of Neurosurgery, St. Vincent's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Suwon, Korea; Sangkook Lee, MD, Clinical Professor, Department of Neurosurgery, Guri Hospital, Hanyang University Medical Center, Guri, Gyeonggi-do, Korea; and Alexander R. Vaccaro, MD, PhD, Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University, The Rothman Institute, Philadelphia. The book has 145 contributors.

According to Max C. Lee in the preface to Surgical Anatomy and Techniques to the Spine, the fundamentals of spine surgery revolve around a thorough understanding of anatomy and surgical technique. With new instrumentation and minimally invasive techniques, spinal surgery has become complex in the twenty-first century. In addition to instrumentation, minimally invasive spinal techniques are becoming common. With smaller and smaller incisions, spine surgeons find themselves working with a smaller aperture and, subsequently, a limited view. Without exposure of the adjacent anatomic structures, these techniques can create a challenge. This instrumentation and these techniques are being used for an increasing patient base. Spinal instrumentation is used not only for trauma and degenerative disease, but also with new techniques, increasingly in cases of tumor and infection.

In light of the myriad advancements, the topic of occipital cervical fusion is addressed in Surgical Anatomy and Techniques to the Spine, including cervical plating techniques along with atlantoaxial fixation devices. In addition, a review of fusions of the cervicothoracic and thoracolumbar regions is provided, as these transition zones have led to a new level of complexity, and longer fusion constructs have led to sacroiliac fixation.

Whether confronted with new instrumentation or minimally invasive techniques, the spine surgeon has to rely on the fundamentals of anatomy and technique. Thus, these essential items are reviewed to provide spine surgeons with an armamentarium to approach increasingly complex issues facing medicine today.

The chapters of Surgical Anatomy and Techniques to the Spine and their authors – including 22 new chapters – include:

SECTION A Craniovertebral Junction and Upper Cervical Spine

  1. Surgical Anatomy and Biomechanics of the Craniovertebral Junction – DZUNG DINH, TODD MCCALL, TOBIAS A. MATTEL, SADASHIV KARANTH, AND WILLIAM LEE
  2. Transoral Approach to the Craniocervical Junction and Upper Cervical Spine – MATTHEW M. KIMBALL, KYLE M. FARGEN, ALBERT L. RHOTON JR, AND DANIEL J. HOH
  3. Transmaxillary and Transmandibular Approaches to the Clivus and Upper Cervical Spine – COLIN C. BUCHANAN AND ISAAC YANG
  4. High Cervical Retropharyngeal Approach to the Craniocervical Junction – SUNGSAM JUNG
  5. Approaches to the Craniocervical Junction: Posterior and Lateral Approaches – KYLE M. FARGEN, MATTHEW M. KIMBALL, ALBERT L. RHOTON JR, AND DANIEL J. HOH
  6. Posterior and Far-Lateral Approaches to the Craniovertebral Junction: Lateral TranscondylarApproach – ANUBHAV G. AMIN, SHAAN M. RAZA, AND MICHAEL LIM
  7. Endoscopic Approaches to the Craniovertebral Junction – PETER SYRE AND JOHN Y.K. LEE
  8. Surgical Approaches to Craniovertebral Junction Congenital Malformations, Chiari Malformations, and Cranial Settling (Invagination) – AKASH J. PATEL, STEVEN W. HWANG, AND ANDREW JEA
  9. Surgical Approaches to the Craniovertebral Junction in Rheumatoid Arthritis – DANIEL AGHION AND ADETOKUNBO OYELESE
  10. Craniovertebral Junction Instabilities and Surgical Fixation Techniques – FAHEEM SANDHU
  11. Odontoid Fractures and Screw Fixation – MARCUS D. MAZUR AND MEIC H. SCHMIDT
  12. C1-C2 Trauma Injuries and Stabilization Techniques – M. YASHAR S. KALANI, IMAN FEIZ-ERFAN, AND CURTIS A. DICKMAN

SECTION B Mid and Lower Cervical Spine

  1. Surgical Anatomy and Biomechanics in the Mid and Lower Cervical Spine – TIEN V. LE AND JUAN S. URIBE
  2. Anterior Cervical Diskectomy and Fusion – JAY RHEE AND JEAN-MARC VOYADZIS
  3. Endoscopic Anterior Cervical Foraminotomy (Jho Procedure) – HAE-DONG JHO, DIANA H. JHO, AND DAVID H. JHO
  4. Anterior and Posterior Endoscopic Approaches to the Cervical Spine – JUN HO LEE
  5. Cervical Corpectomy, Fusion, and Vertebral Restoration Techniques – OMAR CHOUDHRI AND STEPHEN I. RYU
  6. Anterior Cervical Instrumentation Techniques – BASHEER A. SHAKIR, M. NEIL WOODALL, AND HAROON F. CHOUDHRI
  7. Cervical Disk Arthroplasty Techniques – DO HEUM YOON AND SEONG YI
  8. Cervical Microforaminotomy and Decompressive Laminectomy – JARED D. AMENT, HEUM DAI KWON, AND KEE D. KIM
  9. Cervical Laminoplasty – NEIL BADLANI AND HOWARD AN
  10. Posterior Cervical Stabilization Techniques: Cervical Pedicle Screw Fixation, Lateral Mass Screw Fixation, and Wiring – DO HEUM YOON, YOON HA, AND JAE KEUN OH
  11. Facet Dislocation Injuries and Surgical Management – PATRICK A. SUGRUE AND ARUNA GANJU
  12. Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament – WILSON Z. RAY, FARROKH R. FARROKHI, AND ANDREW DAILEY

SECTION C Cervicothoracic Junction and Thoracic Spine

  1. Surgical Anatomy and Biomechanics in the Cervicothoracic Junction and Thoracic Spine – SAMUEL K. CHO
  2. Anterior Approaches to the Cervicothoracic Junction – ILSUP KIM AND DANIEL H. KIM
  3. Posterolateral Approaches to the Cervicothoracic Junction: Transpedicular, Costotransversectomy, Lateral Extracavitary, and Parascapular Extrapleural Approaches – DONATO PACIONE, TAYLOR WILSON, NOEL PERIN, AND ANTHONY FREMPONG-BOADU
  4. Anterolateral Transthoracic Approaches to the Thoracic Spine – JAYME R. HIRATZKA AND DARREL S. BRODKE
  5. Anterior and Posterior Cervicothoracic Junction Stabilization Techniques – NOOJAN KAZEMI AND TRENT L. TREDWAY
  6. Thoracic Microdiskectomy: Lateral and Posterolateral Approaches – HANI R. MALONE AND ALFRED T. OGDEN
  7. Thoracoscopic and Posterior Endoscopic Approaches to the Thoracic Spine – ILSUP KIM AND DANIEL H. KIM
  8. Surgical Decompression and Stabilization Techniques in Thoracic Trauma – KHOI D. THAN, MONIQUE J. BOOMSAAD, JUAN M. VALDIVIA-VALDIVIA, AND PAUL PARK
  9. Surgical Approaches to Thoracic Primary and Secondary Tumors – DANIEL S. IKEDA, AHMED MOHYELDIN, EDWIN RAMOS, AND EHUD MENDEL

SECTION D Thoracolumbar and Lumbar Spines

  1. Surgical Anatomy and Posterior Approach to the Thoracic and Thoracolumbar Spine – JAI-JOON SHIM AND DANIEL H. KIM
  2. Thoracoabdominal Approach to the Thoracolumbar Junction – JAI-JOON SHIM AND DANIEL H. KIM
  3. Surgical Stabilization Techniques for Thoracolumbar Fractures – NADER S. DAHDALEH, STEPHANUS VIUOEN, ANDREW J. GROSSBACH, AND PATRICK W. HITCHON
  4. Anterior Retroperitoneal Approach to the Lumbar Spine – REX A.W. MARCO
  5. Posterior and Posterolateral Approaches to the Lumbar Spine – BRIAN KWON
  6. Surgical Approaches to Lumbar Fractures – TIFFANY GRACE PERRY, JENNIFER ORNING, AND SIVAKUMAR JAIKUMAR
  7. Surgical Decompression and Stabilization for Lumbar Lesions: Osteomyelitis and Tumors – JARED FRIDLEY, JAI-JOON SHIM, AND IBRAHIM OMEIS
  8. Lumbar Microdiskectomy: Midline Open and Far-Lateral Techniques – FRANK ATTENELLO AND PATRICK HSIEH
  9. Percutaneous and Endoscopic Diskectomy – GUN CHOI, SANG-HO LEE, AND ABHISHEK KASHYAP
  10. Surgical Anatomy and Operative Techniques of Lumbar Stenosis – PETER LEE, ALBERT P. WONG, AND ARUNA GANJU
  11. Transpedicular Screw Fixation: Open and Percutaneous Techniques – IAIN H. KALFAS AND TODD B. FRANCIS
  12. Posterior and Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion – ILSUP KIM AND DANIEL H. KIM
  13. Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion – MICHAEL Y. WANG, KEVIN S. CAHILL, AND CARL LAURYSSEN
  14. Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion, – PATRICK A. SUGRUE AND JOHN C. LIU
  15. Spondylolisthesis Reduction – MARK S. ESKANDER AND JAMES D. KANG
  16. Lumbar Facet Screw Fixation Techniques – JOHN S. CLAPP, JOSHUA P. HERZOG, AND THOMAS D. CHA

SECTION E Lumbar Sacral Pelvic Junction

  1. Surgical Anatomy, Approaches, and Biomechanics in the Lumbosacral Pelvic Junction – JONATHAN N. SELLIN
  2. Surgical Management of Sacral Fractures – USMAN ZAHIR AND STEVEN C. LUDWIG
  3. Axial Lumbar Interbody Fusion – MATT LAFLEUR AND VIKAS PATEL
  4. Sacral Screw Fixation and Plating Techniques – MUNISH GUPTA AND NICHOLAS PIRNIA
  5. Iliac Fixation – IOANNIS AVRAMIS AND MUNISH GUPTA
  6. Surgical Resection of Sacral Tumors/Sacrectomy and Lumbopelvic Reconstruction – ILSUP KIM AND DANIEL H. KIM

SECTION F Spinal Deformity

  1. Surgical Approaches to Cervical Kyphosis and Deformity – RAHUL BASHO, BECK DEAL MCALLISTER, BRANDON-J. REBHOLZ, AND JEFFREY WANG
  2. Surgical Management of Scheuermann Kyphosis – ROBERT A. MORGAN AND KIRKHAM B. WOOD
  3. Surgical Approach to Posttraumatic Thoracic Kyphosis – HENRY AHN
  4. Anterior Release and Fusion Techniques for Scoliosis – STEVEN W. HWANG, AKASH PATEL, AND ANDREW JEA
  5. Anterior and Posterior Treatment for Thoracolumbar and Lumbar Scoliosis – SACHIN GUPTA AND MUNISH GUPTA
  6. Surgical Treatment of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Lenke Curve Types 1 Through 6 – LAWRENCE G. LENKE AND MICHAEL P. KELLY
  7. Surgical Treatment of Flat Back Deformity – RONALD LEHMAN
  8. Surgical Management of Degenerative Lumbar Scoliosis – REX A.W. MARCO AND ROBERT J. WOODRUFF

SECTION G Spinal Tumors and Vascular Lesions

  1. Primary Malignant and Benign Tumors of the Spine – RIPUL R. PANCHAL, ERIC O. KLINEBERG, AND KEE D. KIM
  2. Secondary Metastatic Tumors of the Spine – RIPUL R. PANCHAL AND KEE D. KIM
  3. Surgical Technique for Resection of Intradural Tumors – RIPUL R. PANCHAL, EDWARD E. KERR, AND KEE D. KIM
  4. Vascular Lesions of the Spinal Cord – NIKOLAY L. MARTIROSYAN, SERGEY NECKRYSH, FADY T. CHARBEL, NICHOLAS THEODORE, AND G. MICHAEL LEMOLE JR

SECTION H Inflammatory Disease

  1. Ankylosing Spondylitis: Posterior Approaches (Osteotomy) to the Cervical and Lumbar Spine in the Management of a Fixed Sagittal Plane Deformity – ALAN HILIBRAND, MAURICE GOINS, AND CHRISTOPHER KEPLER

SECTION I Spinal Infection

  1. Bacterial, Fungal, and Tuberculosis Diskitis and Osteomyelitis of the Cervical, Thoracic, and Lumbar Spine – MICHAEL J. VIVES AND AMIT SOOD

SECTION J Miscellaneous

  1. Surgical Management of Gunshot Wounds to the Spine – GABRIEL TENDER
  2. Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty – SOO YOUNG PARK AND YONG-CHUL KIM
  3. Bone Graft Harvesting Techniques – JEFFREY S. HENN AND CURTIS A. DICKMAN
  4. Dural Tears – VIKAS PATEL, SARAH E. HENRY, ELIZABETH S. ROBINSON, AND MICHAEL FINN

A multidisciplinary approach makes this medical reference book relevant and informative to all surgeons regardless of their specialty or level of surgical experience with the spine.

Surgical Anatomy and Techniques to the Spine, 2nd edition, provides trusted, up-to-date guidance with clear, concise, step-by-step instructions, and an international array of experts. New photographs and images and expertly rendered illustrations provide more depth than ever before. Revisions and updates provide new and expanded coverage of spine surgery procedures.

Professional & Technical / Medicine / Clinical / Internal / Orthopaedics / Sports Medicine / Surgery / Reference

Surgical Techniques of the Shoulder, Elbow, and Knee in Sports Medicine – Expert Consult – Online and Print, 2nd edition edited by Brian J. Cole MD MBA and Jon K. Sekiya MD (plus associate editors: see below) (Elsevier Saunders)

Surgical Techniques of the Shoulder, Elbow, and Knee in Sports Medicine, 2nd edition, presents clinicians with a step-by-step approach for performing both open and arthroscopic surgeries for sports-related injuries. This medical reference book offers the expert guidance needed on everything from patient positioning and the latest orthopaedic surgery techniques, through pearls and pitfalls and post-operative care.

With Surgical Techniques of the Shoulder, Elbow, and Knee in Sports Medicine clinicians are able to:

  • Ensure optimal outcomes from each shoulder, elbow and knee procedure with this orthopaedic surgery text's consistent, step-by-step approach, coupled with numerous tips, pearls, pitfalls, and images gleaned from surgeons specializing in sports injuries.
  • Apply the latest open and arthroscopic techniques, including arthroscopic rotator cuff repair and hamstring and allograft ACL reconstruction.
  • Broaden their knowledge base with contributions from rising international orthopaedic and sports medicine authorities, who offer a global perspective on today's most common techniques including rotator cuff procedures, shoulder and knee instability, and athletic throwing arm issues.
  • Interpret state-of-the-art diagnostic studies with help from a brand-new chapter on sports medicine imaging for each treated joint.
  • See how key techniques are performed with an expanded online surgical video collection covering Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair: Double Row Techniques; Arthroscopic Repair of Multidirectional Instability of the Shoulder; Ulnar Collateral Ligament Repair and Reconstruction: DANE Technique; Double Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction; and Management of Proximal Tibiofibular Instability.
  • Access the full text and expanded surgical video collection online at Expert Consult.

Editors of Surgical Techniques of the Shoulder, Elbow, and Knee in Sports Medicine are Brian J. Cole, MD, MBA, Professor, Department of Orthopaedics Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Section Head, Cartilage Restoration Center Rush, University Medical Center, Chicago and Jon K. Sekiya, MD, Larry S. Matthews Collegiate Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery, Associate Professor, MedSport-University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Associate Editors are Geoffrey S. Van Thiel, MD, MBA, Clinical Instructor, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Rockford Orthopedic Associates, Rockford, Illinois; Jack G. Skendzel, MD, Sports Medicine Fellow, The Steadman Philippon Research Institute, Vail, Colorado. The book has 182 contributors, an international group of experts.

Chapters of Surgical Techniques of the Shoulder, Elbow, and Knee in Sports Medicine and their authors are:

PART 1 THE SHOULDER

General Principles

  1. Patient Positioning, Portal Placement, Normal Arthroscopic Anatomy, and Diagnostic Arthoroscopy – Peter N. Chalmers and Seth L. Sherman
  2. Rehabilitation of the Athlete's Shoulder – W. Ben Kibler, Aaron Sciascia, John McMullen, and Tim Uhl
  3. Knot-Tying and Suture-Passing Techniques – Adam M. Smith, Scott J. Deering, and Mary Lloyd Ireland

Surgical Techniques for Shoulder Instability

  1. Suture Anchor Fixation for Anterior Shoulder Instability – Jay B. Cook and Craig R. Bottom
  2. Arthroscopic Instability Repair with Knotless Suture Anchors – Laith Al-Shihabi, Geoffrey S. Van Thiel, and Brian J. Cole
  3. Arthroscopic Rotator Interval Capsule Closure – Rachel M. Frank and Matthew T. Provencher
  4. Management of the Throwing Shoulder – John M. Tokish and Jay B. Cook
  5. Arthroscopic Management of Rare Intra-articular Lesions of the Shoulder – Felix H. Savoie III, Michael O'Brien, and Wendell Heard
  6. Arthroscopic Repair of Posterior Shoulder Instability – Steven B. Cohen, Sam G. Tejwani, and James P. Bradley
  7. Arthroscopic Repair of Multidirectional Instability of the Shoulder – Matthew Craig and Jon K. Sekiya
  8. Arthroscopic Treatment of the Disabled Throwing Shoulder – Matthew T. Boes, James A. Thiel, and Craig D. Morgan
  9. Open Repair of Anterior Shoulder Instability – Michael J. Pagnani
  10. Open Repair of Posterior Shoulder Instability – Patrick M. Birmingham and Mark K. Bowen
  11. Open Repair of Multidirectional Instability– Pradeep Kodali and Gordon Nuber
  12. Treatment of Combined Bone Defects of Humeral Head and Glenoid: Arthroscopic and Open Techniques – Jack G. Skendzel and Jon K. Sekiya
  13. Treatment of Recurrent Anterior Inferior Instability Associated with Glenoid Bone Loss: Distal Tibial Allograft Reconstruction – Robert Waltz, Lance LeClere, and Matthew T. Provencher
  14. Arthroscopic Remplissage for Management of Engaging and Deep Hill-Sachs Lesions – Kieran O'Shea and Pascal Boileau
  15. Coracoid Transfer: The Modified Latarjet Procedure for the Treatment of Recurrent Anterior Inferior Glenohumeral Instability in Patients with Bone Deficiency – Patrick J. Denard and Stephen S. Burkhart
  16. Arthroscopic Latarjet Procedure – Laurent Lafosse, Dipit Sahu, and Wade Andrews

Surgical Techniques of the Rotator Cuff

  1. Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair: Single-Row Technique – L. Pearce McCarty III
  2. Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair: Double-Row Techniques – Andrew Riff, Adam B. Yanke, Geoffrey S. Van Thiel, and Brian J. Cole
  3. Arthroscopic Subscapularis Repair – Lucas R. Wymore, Anthony A. Romeo, and R. Alexander Creighton
  4. Mini-Open Rotator Cuff Repair – Gregory P. Nicholson and James Hammond
  5. Open Rotator Cuff Repair – John W Sperling
  6. Tendon Transfers for Rotator Cuff Insufficiency – Jay Boughanem, Tyler Fox, and Laurence D. Higgins

Other Techniques of the Shoulder

  1. Arthroscopic Repair of Superior Labral Anterior-Posterior Lesions by the Single-Anchor Double-Suture Technique – Joseph P. Burns, Max Tyorkin, and Stephen J. Snyder
  2. Arthroscopic and Open Decompression of the Suprascapular Nerve – Umasuthan Srikumaran, Lewis L. Shi, Jeffrey D. Tompson, Laurence D. Higgins, and Jon J.P. Warner
  3. Arthroscopic Subacromial Decompression and Distal Clavicle Excision – Eric J. Strauss and Michael G. Hannon
  4. Arthroscopic Management of Glenohumeral Arthritis – Rachel M. Frank, Geoffrey S. Van Thiel, and Nikhil N. Verma
  5. Arthroscopic Capsular Release for the Treatment of Stiff Shoulder Pathology – Gregory P. Nicholson
  6. Arthroscopic and Open Management of Scapulothoracic Disorders – Kevin M. Doulens and John E. Kuhn
  7. Scapulothoracic Fusion – James Hammond, Geoffrey S. Van Thiel, Nathan Mall, and Anthony A. Romeo
  8. Biceps Tenodesis: Arthroscopic and Open Techniques – Shane Hanzlik and Michael J. Salata
  9. Anatomic Acromioclavicular Joint Reconstruction – Knut Beitzel, Simone Cerciello, and Augustus D. Mazzocca
  10. Management of Pectoralis Major Muscle Injuries – Robert M. Coale and Jon K. Sekiya
  11. Nonarthroplasty Options for Glenohumeral Arthritis and Chondrolysis – Rachel M. Frank, Lucas S. McDonald, and Matthew T. Provencher
  12. Biologics in Rotator Cuff Repair – Salina Chaudhury and Scott A. Rodeo
  13. Tendon Augmentation Devices in Rotator Cuff Repair – Stephen J. Snyder and Joseph P. Burns

PART 2 THE ELBOW

General Principles

  1. Patient Positioning and Portal Placement – Frederick M. Azar and Richard Rainey

Arthroscopic Procedures

  1. Arthroscopic and Open Management of Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Elbow –Nicholas D. Lagulli, Larry D. Field, and Felix H. Savoie III
  2. Arthroscopy for the Thrower's Elbow – Michael J. O'Brien and Felix H. Savoie III
  3. Arthroscopic Management of Elbow Stiffness – Debdut Biswas, Robert W Wysocki, and Mark S. Cohen
  4. Elbow Synovitis, Loose Bodies, and Posteromedial Impingement – Jamie L. Lynch, Matthew A. Kippe, and Kyle Anderson
  5. Arthroscopic Management of the Arthritic Elbow – Julie E. Adams, Justin P. Strickland, and Scott P. Steinmann
  6. Arthroscopic Treatment of Lateral Epicondylitis – Christian Lattermann, Anthony A. Romeo, Brian J. Cole, and D. Jeff Covell
  7. Ulnar Collateral Ligament Repair and Reconstruction
    • Ulnar Collateral Ligament Repair – Champ L. Baker Jr and Champ L. Baker III
    • Docking Technique – Christopher C. Dodson, Joshua S. Dines, and David W. Altchek
    • Modified Jobe Technique – Andrew J. Blackman and Matthew V. Smith
    • DANE Technique – Joshua S. Dines and Neal S. ElAttrache
  8. Surgical Treatment of Posterolateral Instability of the Elbow – Emilie Cheung, Eric Rightmire, and Marc R. Safran
  9. Open Elbow Contracture Release – David Ring and Diego Fernandez
  10. Open Treatment of Lateral and Medial Epicondylitis – Michael W Kessler and Neal C. Chen
  11. Distal Biceps Repair – Peter N. Chalmers, Geoffrey S. Van Thiel, John J. Fernandez, and Nikhil N. Verma

PART 3 THE KNEE

General Principles

  1. Patient Positioning, Portal Placement, and Normal Arthroscopic Anatomy – Robin V. West and Keerat Singh

Surgical Techniques of the Meniscus

  1. Arthroscopic Meniscectomy – David C. Flanigan and Christopher C. Kaeding
  2. Arthroscopic Meniscus Repair: Inside-Out Technique – Jeffrey M. Tuman and Mark D. Miller
  3. Arthroscopic Meniscus Repair: Outside-in Technique – Marc Korn, Asheesh Bedi, and Answorth A. Allen
  4. Arthroscopic Meniscus Repair: All-Inside Technique – Marc S. Haro, Jeffrey M. Tuman, and David Diduch
  5. Allograft Meniscus Transplantation: Bridge-in-Slot Technique – Andreas A. Gomoll, Jack Farr II, and Brian J. Cole
  6. Allograft Meniscus Transplantation: Dovetail Technique – Thomas R. Carter
  7. Arthroscopic Meniscus Transplantation: Bone Plug – Alex Dukas, Michael Pensak, Zachary Stender, and Thomas DeBerardino
  8. Meniscus Substitution: The European Perspective on Scaffolds, Allografts, and Prosthetic Implants – Peter C.M. Verdonk, Aad A.M. Dhollander, Thomas Tampere, and Rene Verdonk
  9. Meniscus Regeneration with Biologic or Synthetic – William G. Rodkey
  10. Combined Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction and Meniscal Allograft Transplantation – M. Mustafa Gomberawalla and Jon K. Sekiya
  11. Combined Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction and High Tibial Osteotomy – Davide Edoardo Bonasia and Annunziato Amendola
  12. Osteochondral Allografting in the Knee – Andreas H. Gomoll, Richard Kang, and Brian J. Cole

Surgical Techniques of the Articular Cartilage

  1. Microfracture Technique in the Knee – Kai Mithoefer
  2. Primary Repair of Osteochondritis Dissecans in the Knee – Jonathan M. Frank, Geoffrey S. Van Thiel, L. Pearce McCarty III, and Brian J. Cole
  3. Osteonecrosis of the Knee – Michael B. Boyd, Simon Gortz, and William D. Bugbee
  4. Osteochondral Autograft for Cartilage Lesions of the Knee – Kenneth G. Swan Jr, R. David Rabalais, and Eric McCarty
  5. Complex Problems in Knee Articular Cartilage – Rachel M. Frank, Jaskarndip Chahal, Geoffrey S. Van Thiel, and Brian J. Cole
  6. Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation in the Knee – Scott D. Gillogly and Andrew Gelven
  7. High Tibial Osteotomy – Mark McConkey, Sami Abdulmassih, and Annunziato Amendola
  8. Distal Femoral Osteotomy – Sarni Abdulmassih, Mark McConkey, and Annunziato Amendola

Surgical Techniques of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament

  1. Patellar Tendon Autograft for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction – Aman Dhawan and Charles A. Bush-Joseph
  2. Allografts for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction – Michael Walsh and Asheesh Bedi
  3. Hamstring Tendon Autograft for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction –Keith Lawhorn and Stephen M. Howell
  4. Central Quadriceps Free Tendon Harvest for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction – John P. Fulkerson
  5. Revision Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction – Geoffrey S. Van Thiel, Brian Forsythe, Adam B. Yanke, and Bernard R. Bach Jr
  6. Anatomic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Concept: Single- and Double-Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction – Paulo H. Araujo, Kellie K. Middleton, Gof Tantisricharoenkun, and Freddie H. Fu
  7. Double-Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction – Patrick A. Smith
  8. All-Inside Anterior Cruciate Ligament GraftLink Technique: Second-Generation, No-Incision Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction – James H. Lubowitz, Christopher S. Ahmad, and Kyle Anderson

Surgical Techniques of the Posterior Cruciate Ligament and Posterolateral Corner

  1. Transtibial Tunnel Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction – Gregory C. Fanelli
  2. Arthroscopic Double-Bundle Tibial Inlay Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction – Alexander E. Weber and Jon K. Sekiya
  3. Posterior Cruciate Ligament Tibial Inlay – Anjan P. Kaushik and Mark D. Miller
  4. Arthroscopic Posterior Cruciate Ligament Inlay – Fabrizio Margheritini and Pier Paolo Mariani
  5. Posterolateral Corner Reconstruction – Bryan A. Warme and Warren R. Kadrmas

Other Surgical Techniques of the Knee

  1. Medial Collateral Ligament and Posteromedial Corner Repair and Reconstruction – John E. McDonald and Robert F. LaPrade
  2. Multiligament Knee Reconstruction: The Pittsburgh Approach – Karl F. Bowman Jr, Rodrigo Salim, and Christopher D. Harner
  3. Arthroscopic Lateral Retinacular Release and Lateral Retinacular Lengthening – Jack Farr II, Christian Lattermann, and D. Jeff Covell
  4. Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction and Repair for Patellar Instability – Emmanuel N. Menga and Andrew J. Cosgarea
  5. Sulcus Deepening Trochleoplasty – Paulo R.E Saggin, Paolo Ferrua, and David Dejour
  6. Management of Arthrofibrosis of the Knee – K. Donald Shelbourne and Heather Freeman
  7. Distal Realignment for Patellofemoral Disease – Jack Farr II, Christian Lattermann, and D. Jeff Covell
  8. Management of Proximal Tibiofibular Instability – Nate Kopydlowski and Jon K. Sekiya

This is an exceptional book with a wonderful, well thought out approach to how readers can efficiently prepare themselves for the most common procedures in orthopedic sports medicine. – Doody Enterprises, Review of the Previous Edition

Each chapter is crafted with a brief introduction, a thumbnail of only the most relevant preoperative and postoperative considerations, a thorough and visually supported step-by-step explicit description of the procedure, and a table with the most up-to-date results related to that specific procedure.

According to Cole and Sekiya, it is nearly impossible to cover every joint in a single-volume textbook. While the term ‘sports medicine’ has broad-reaching connotations, the vast majority of the conditions faced by the orthopedic surgeon who practices sports medicine and arthroscopy involve the shoulder, elbow, and knee. Thus, Surgical Techniques of the Shoulder, Elbow, and Knee in Sports Medicine intentionally limits the number of joints to those most com­monly seen and treated, but covers them comprehensively.

Part 1, "The Shoulder," covers the general technical aspects of shoulder arthroscopy, including patient positioning, portal placement, rehabilitation of the shoulder, and specific steps required to pass sutures and tie knots. Because so many different techniques are performed to address the same pathology, Cole and Sekiya include 16 chapters describing surgical techniques for shoulder instability, including arthroscopic and open management of bone lesions of the glenoid and humeral head. Similarly, the management of rotator cuff pathology is addressed by no less than six chapters, including single-row, double-row, and mini-open techniques, and the role of tendon transfers. Finally, this section is complemented by chapters that address the treatment of the most common entities, including SLAP tears and instability, scapulo­thoracic disorders, and glenohumeral arthritis. Part 1 is a stand-alone compendium of the treatment of virtually every clinical problem seen by the shoulder surgeon.

Part 2, "The Elbow," is also comprehensive in that it includes the requisite steps required to perform elbow arthroscopy, such as patient positioning, portal placement, and a review of normal arthroscopic anatomy. In addition to providing chapters on the most common conditions that are treated arthroscopically (e.g., osteochondritis dissecans, stiffness, synovitis, impingement, arthritis, and lateral epicondylitis), this part also contains an entire section on the most important open elbow procedures.

Part 3, "The Knee," is another virtual compendium that includes the complete management of any knee-related pathology. For example, management of meniscus-related issues has led to the development of multiple techniques to excise, repair, and replace the meniscal-deficient knee. Twelve chapters review all these techniques. Articular cartilage, the subject of stand-alone textbooks, is covered with the management of virtually every problem that involves cartilage short of arthroplasty. Eight chapters address cartilage repair procedures in addition to realignment osteotomy. The section on the management of the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments includes single- and double-bundle as well as inlay techniques written by the surgeons who have popularized these procedures. Finally, management of the multi-ligament-injured knee, arthrofibrosis, and patellofemoral joint completes the text.

An international group of contributors equips clinicians with a worldwide perspective on the most recent orthopaedic advances, making Surgical Techniques of the Shoulder, Elbow, and Knee in Sports Medicine the go-to digest of today's common procedures.

The book is thorough and up-to-date with surgical principles and techniques. This edition is bigger and better, with more chapters and newer, updated information, leaving readers needing very little help from other resources. The content is provided by authors who have largely developed and popularized the procedures discussed. This textbook maximizes its value by being thorough in the breadth of open and arthroscopic procedures covered, yet remaining concise in specific content. Authors have uniformly adhered to a template that optimizes an efficient learning experience that is visually consistent, simple, and descriptive. Readers will appreciate the highly edited and consistent style that completely eliminates the noise of unnecessary information.

Professional & Technical / Medicine / Clinical / Internal / Plastic Surgery / Reference

Core Procedures in Plastic Surgery – Expert Consult – Online and Print edited by Peter C. Neligan MB FRCS(I) FRCSC FACS and Donald W Buck II MD (Elsevier Saunders)

Core Procedures in Plastic Surgery, edited by Drs. Peter C. Neligan and Donald W. Buck, II, is a medical reference book designed to help clinicians master the 20 most in-demand operative techniques from Plastic Surgery, 3rd Edition – the definitive 6-volume masterwork in plastic and reconstructive surgery. Quick-access bulleted procedures, photos, and online videos provide the high-yield, visual guidance they need to perform these procedures confidently and achieve optimal outcomes.

With Core Procedures in Plastic Surgery clinicians are able to:

  • Master 20 essential plastic surgery procedures including open and closed rhinoplasty, abdominal wall reconstruction, expander/implant reconstruction of the breast (including latissimus dorsi technique), local flaps for facial coverage (including cheek and lip reconstruction), cleft lip and cleft palate repair, and flexor tendon reconstructions.
  • Depend on the preeminent authority that has made Dr. Neligan's Plastic Surgery, 3rd Edition the most trusted reference in plastic surgery.
  • Review techniques easily thanks to a highly templated, bulleted format.
  • See what to look for and how to proceed with full-color photos throughout.
  • Access the complete content and procedural videos online at Expert Consult.

Neligan, MB, FRCS(I), FRCSC, FAGS, is Professor of Surgery, Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle and Buck II, MD, is Assistant Professor of Surgery, Division of Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis. The volume has 81 contributors.

The chapters of Core Procedures in Plastic Surgery include:

  1. Blepharoplasty
  2. Facelift
  3. Rhinoplasty
  4. Otoplasty
  5. Abdominoplasty
  6. Facial injuries
  7. Local flaps for facial coverage
  8. Cleft lip repair
  9. Cleft palate
  10. Lower extremity reconstruction
  11. Chest reconstruction
  12. Back reconstruction
  13. Abdominal wall reconstruction
  14. Breast augmentation
  15. Mastopexy
  16. Reduction mammaplasty
  17. Implant based breast reconstruction
  18. Autologous breast reconstruction using abdominal flaps
  19. Essential anatomy of the upper extremity
  20. Examination of the upper extremity
  21. Flexor tendon injury and reconstruction
  22. Nerve transfers
  23. Tendon transfers in the upper extremity
  24. Extensor tendon injuries

According to Neligan and Buck in the preface to Core Procedures in Plastic Surgery, Plastic Surgery 3rd Edition, published earlier this year, is an encyclopedia of Plastic Surgery in 6 volumes, containing detailed descriptions of both the common and the uncommon conditions in the specialty, as well as technical chapters on anatomy, operative technique etc. To help clinicians, Neligan and Buck put together this book, condensed from the 6 volume textbook. They chose the table of contents based on feedback from focus groups containing residents and attendings – individuals wanted a quick reference resource for some of the most common things they see in day-to-day practice; they did not want a lot of words, but they did want a lot of pictures and videos.

Core Procedures in Plastic Surgery compiles the 24 top procedures in both aesthetic and reconstructive plastic surgery. Reference is made to the chapters from which the content is extracted. There is generous use of illustrations, schematic diagrams, photographs, as well as videos extracted from the main text, and a short annotated bibliography at the end of each chapter. In addition, Core Procedures in Plastic Surgery is littered with bulleted pearls of wisdom highlighting key concepts of anatomy, technique, complications and outcomes, and pre- and post-operative considerations. An icon appears beside the text or illustration to indicate video content.

Core Procedures in Plastic Surgery is a one-of-a-kind medical reference book providing quick access and highly visual guidance. It is intuitive and user friendly with a condensed format that makes for quick review in the OR or Clinic. The result is a must-have for every plastic surgeon's library.

Professional & Technical / Medicine / Clinical / Internal / Surgery / Emergency / Reference

Atlas of Trauma/Emergency Surgical Techniques: A Volume in the Surgical Techniques Atlas Series – Expert Consult – Online and Print edited by William Cioffi MD FACS and Juan A. Asensio MD FACS FCCM FRCS and others, with series editors Courtney M. Townsend, Jr., MD and B. Mark Evers, MD (Surgical Techniques Atlas Series: Elsevier Saunders)

Atlas of Trauma/Emergency Surgical Techniques, a title in the Surgical Techniques Atlas Series, presents state-of-the-art updates on the full range of trauma and emergency surgical techniques performed today. Drs. Cioffi and Asensio, along with numerous other internationally recognized general surgeons, offer readers step-by-step advice along with full-color illustrations and photographs to help them expand their repertoire and hone their clinical skills.

With Atlas of Trauma/Emergency Surgical Techniques clinicians are able to:

  • Review normal anatomy and visualize the step-by-step progression of each emergency surgery procedure thanks to more than 330 detailed anatomic line drawings and clinical photographs.
  • Avoid complications with pearls and pitfalls from the authors for every surgical technique.
  • Master the key variations and nuances for a full range of emergency techniques with highly formatted approach provides step-by-step instructions and bulleted ‘how-to’ guidance for each procedure.
  • Access the entire text online at Expert Consult.

Editors include: William G. Cioffi, MD, FACS, Professor and Chairman, Department of Surgery, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Surgeon-in-Chief, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence; Juan A. Asensio, MD, FACS, FCCM, FRCS (England), Professor of Surgery, Vice-Chairman, Department of Surgery, New York Medical College, Chief, Division of Trauma Surgery and Acute Care Surgery, Director, Joel A. Halpern Trauma Center, Director, International Medicine Institute, Co-Director, Research Institute, Westchester Medical Center University Hospital, Valhalla, New York; Charles A. Adams, Jr., MD, FAGS, FCCM, Associate Professor of Surgery, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Chief, Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence; Walter L. Biffl, MD, Associate Director of Surgery, Assistant Director of Patient Safety and Quality, Denver Health Medical Center, Professor of Surgery, University of Colorado-Denver; Michael D. Connolly, MD, Assistant Professor of Surgery, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence; Gregory J. Jurkovich, MD, Director of Surgery, Denver Health Medical Center, Bruce M. Rockwell Distinguished Professor and Vice-Chairman, Department of Surgery, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver; L.D. Britt, MD, MPH, DSc (Hon) FAGS, FCCM, FRCSEng (Hon), FRCSEd (Hon), FWACS, (Hon), FRCSI (Hon), FCS(SA) (Hon), Brickhouse Professor and Chairman, Department of Surgery, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk. The book has 35 contributors.

New procedures are developed and old ones are replaced as technologic and pharmacologic advances occur. The topics presented in Atlas of Trauma/Emergency Surgical Techniques are contem­poraneous surgical procedures with step-by-step illustrations, along with the preoperative and postoperative considerations as well as pearls and pitfalls taken from the personal experience and surgical practice of the authors who have been validated in their surgical practices. According to series editors Courtney M. Townsend, Jr. and B. Mark Evers in the foreword, operative surgery remains a manual art in which the knowledge, judgment, and technical skill of the surgeon come together for the benefit of patients. A technically perfect operation is the key to this success. Speed in operation comes from having a plan and devoting sufficient time to completion of each step, in order, one at a time. The surgeon must be dedicated to spending the time to do it right the first time; if not, there will never be enough time to do it right at any other time.

Chapters of Atlas of Trauma/Emergency Surgical Techniques and their authors include:

  1. INTRACRANIAL PRESSURE MONITORING AND VENTRICULOSTOMY – Michael D. Connolly, Charles A. Adams, Jr., and William G. Cioffi

Section I     Neck

  1. NECK EXPLORATION – Walter L. Biffl
  2. SURGICAL AIRWAYS: TRACHEOSTOMY AND CRICOTHYROIDOTOMY – Gregory J. Jurkovich and Darwin Noel Ang

Section II Chest

  1. RESUSCITATIVE THORACOTOMY, ANTEROLATERAL AND POSTEROLATERAL THORACOTOMY, AND THORACOTOMY DECORTICATION AND PLEURODESIS – Juan A. Asensio, Federico N. Mazzini, Alejandro J. Perez-Alonso, Patrizio Petrone, Jose Ceballos, Tamer Karsidag, Takashi Fujita, Pablo Menendez Sanchez, Juan Manuel Sanchez Gonzalez, Juan Manuel Verde, Hassan Adnan Bukhari, Gerd Daniel Pust, Ruben Gonzalo Gonzalez, Eva Iglesias Porto, Mamoun A.Y. Nabri, A. Alejandro Gigena, Luis Manuel Garcia-Nunez, Anthony J. Policastro, and Corrado P. Marini
  2. ANTERIOR APPROACH FOR STABILIZATION OF FRACTURES OF THE LOWER THORACIC AND UPPER LUMBAR SPINNE (T11-L2) – Grant E. O'Keefe and Gregory J. Jurkovich
  3. CARDIAC INJURIES – Juan A. Asensio, Federico N. Mazzini, Alejandro J. Perez-Alonso, Patrizio Petrone, Jose Ceballos, Tamer Karsidag, Takashi Fujita, Pablo Menendez Sanchez, Juan Manuel Sanchez Gonzalez, Juan Manuel Verde, Hassan Adnan Bukhari, Gerd Daniel Pust, Ruben Gonzalo Gonzalez, Eva Iglesias Porto, Mamoun A.Y. Nabri, A. Alejandro Gigena, Luis Manuel Garcia-Nunez, Anthony J. Policastro, and Corrado P. Marini
  4. THORACIC VASCULAR EXPOSURE AND RECONSTRUCTION – Ernest E. Moore
  5. TRACHEAL INJURY AND REPAIR – Sarah D. Majercik, Thomas Ng, Charles A. Adams, Jr., and William G. Cioffi
  6. PULMONARY INJURIES – Juan A. Asensio, Federico N. Mazzini, Alejandro J. Perez-Alonso, Patrizio Petrone, Jose Ceballos, Tamer Karsidag, Takashi Fujita, Pablo Menendez Sanchez, Juan Manuel Sanchez Gonzalez, Juan Manuel Verde, Hassan Adnan Bukhari, Gerd Daniel Pust, Ruben Gonzalo Gonzalez, Eva Iglesias Porto, Mamoun A.Y. Nabri, A. Alejandro Gigena, Luis Manuel Garcia-Nunez, Anthony J. Policastro, and Corrado P Marini
  7. SUBXIPHOID PERICARDIAL WINDOW – Juan A. Asensio, Federico N. Mazzini, Alejandro J. Perez-Alonso, Patrizio Petrone, Jose Ceballos, Tamer Karsidag, Takashi Fujita, Pablo Menendez Sanchez, Juan Manuel Sanchez Gonzalez, Juan Manuel Verde, Hassan Adnan Bukhari, Gerd Daniel Pust, Ruben Gonzalo Gonzalez, Eva Iglesias Porto, Mamoun A.Y. Nabri, A. Alejandro Gigena, Luis Manuel Garcia-Nunez, Anthony J. Policastro, and Corrado P. Marini
  8. SURGICAL AND OPERATIVE MANAGEMENT OF ESOPHAGEAL INJURIES – Daithi S. Heffernan, Charles A. Adams, Jr., and William G. Cioffi

Section III Abdomen

  1. ABDOMINAL CLOSURE TECHNIQUES – Clay Cothren Burlew and Walter L. Biffl
  2. DUODENAL INJURY REPAIRS – Zara Cooper and Gregory J. Jurkovich
  3. LIVER INJURIES: REPAIR TECHNIQUES – L.D. Britt and David P. Blake
  4. SPLENECTOMY AND SPLENORRHAPHY – Walter L. Biffl
  5. PANCREATIC INJURY: REPAIR AND RESECTION TECHNIQUES – Heather L. Evans and Gregory J. Jurkovich
  6. CHOLECYSTECTOMY AND COMMON BILE DUCT EXPLORATION – L.D. Britt and David P. Blake
  7. KIDNEY TRAUMA (PARENCHYMAL AND VASCULAR INJURIES): REPAIR AND NEPHRECTOMY – Fernando J. Kim, Wilson R. Molina, Jr., and Walter L. Biffl
  8. BLADDER AND URETERAL REPAIR – Fernando J. Kim, Wilson R. Molina, Jr., and Walter L. Biffl
  9. GASTRODUODENAL OPERATIONS FOR UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL BLEEDING AND PERFORATION – L.D. Britt and David P. Blake
  10. INCARCERATED HERNIA REPAIR – POSTERIOR PREPERITONEAL APPROACH – David P Blake and L.D. Britt
  11. RECTAL TRAUMA – Matthew S. Kozloff, Charles A. Adams, Jr., and William G. Cioffi

Section IV Abdominal Vascular

  1. ABDOMINAL VASCULAR INJURIES – Juan A. Asensio, Federico N. Mazzini, Alejandro J. Perez-Alonso, Patrizio Petrone, Jose Ceballos, Tamer Karsidag, Takashi Fujita, Pablo Menendez Sanchez, Juan Manuel Sanchez Gonzalez, Juan Manuel Verde, Hassan Adnan Bukhari, Gerd Daniel Pust, Ruben Gonzalo Gonzalez, Eva Iglesias Porto, Mamoun A.Y. Nabri, A. Alejandro Gigena, Luis Manuel Garcia-Nunez, Anthony J. Policastro, and Corrado P. Marini
  2. ACUTE MESENTERIC ISCHEMIA  – Charles A. Adams, Jr. and William G. Cioffi

Section V Extremities and Pelvis

  1. VASCULAR INJURIES OF THE UPPER AND LOWER EXTREMITIES – Juan A. Asensio, Federico N. Mazzini, Alejandro J. Perez-Alonso, Patrizio Petrone, Jose Ceballos, Tamer Karsidag, Takashi Fujita, Pablo Menendez Sanchez, Juan Manuel Sanchez Gonzalez, Juan Manuel Verde, Hassan Adnan Bukhari, Gerd Daniel Pust, Ruben Gonzalo Gonzalez, Eva Iglesias Porto, Mamoun A.Y. Nabri, A. Alejandro Gigena, Luis Manuel Garcia-Nunez, Anthony J. Policastro, and Corrado P. Marini
  2. UPPER AND LOWER EXTREMITY FASCIOTOMY – Michael J. Mosier and Gregory J. Jurkovich
  3. UPPER AND LOWER EXTREMITY AMPUTATION – Jeffry L. Kashuk, Kagan Ozer, Meryl Singer Livermore, and Walter L. Biffl

Section VI Bedside Procedures

  1. BEDSIDE PLACEMENT OF INFERIOR VENA CAVA FILTER – David P. Blake and L.D. Britt
  2. GASTROSTOMY AND JEJUNOSTOMY – PERCUTANEOUS APPROACH – David P. Blake and L.D. Britt

Atlas of Trauma/Emergency Surgical Techniques presents state-of-the-art updates on the full range of trauma and emergency surgical techniques performed today. Clinicians can easily review normal anatomy and visualize the steps of each emergency surgery procedure using the detailed line drawings and clinical photographs. The book is appropriate for practicing surgeons, surgical residents, and medical students for their review and preparation for surgical procedures.

Psychology & Counseling / Death & Grief / Self-Help

The Disenfranchised: Stories of Life and Grief When an Ex-Spouse Dies edited by Peggy Sapphire, with commentary by Shirley Scott, with series editor Darcy L. Harris (Death, Value and Meaning Series: Baywood Publishing Company, Inc.)

… one reader wrote, It gave my grief a name. The fact that someone addressed these types of losses eased the isolation and the stigma.

The Disenfranchised does that in a very powerful and personal way. The narratives and poetry reaffirm the many types of relationships that exist after a death, and myriad ways that ex-spouses mourn the demise of an erstwhile and failed partner. This alone is validating, reminding surviving ex-spouses that others have experienced this grief as well.

These stories offer more, though, than simple validation. They offer tools, strategies to cope with the loss. In doing so, they offer even another gift: hope. These stories reaffirm not only the complexity of human relationships but also the resiliency of the human spirit to surmount even the most complex and difficult losses. – Kenneth J. Doka, PhD, Professor of Gerontology, College of New Rochelle, NY, Senior Consultant, Hospice Foundation of America, from the introduction

The Disenfranchised offers an unprecedented anthology of first-person life histories by ex-spouses whose grief has endured as disenfranchised: socially unacknowledged, untold, and unrecognized. Each story of disenfranchised grief is fiercely honest and courageously made public. This anthology has no parallels in current texts, academic literature or mainstream publications. Contributors present personal histories, revealing that the dimensions of disenfranchised grief are as individual as the writers who have endured this neglected aspect of grief and bereavement. In many narratives, the healing power of their creative processes through art and poetry is further revealed.

The Disenfranchised is compiled and edited by Peggy Sapphire, an educator/counselor in New York State public schools and a former adjunct instructor. Over the span of five years, through phone conversations and written communications, Sapphire established trusting relationships with the contributors, who, though choosing to submit their work, often struggled with reluctance, even dread, at revisiting previously private events in their lives and finally committing their stories to paper, and ultimately to publication. Each narrative is accompanied by a clinical commentary, written by Shirley Scott, Certified Thanatologist, which provides readers, whether academic, practitioner, student, or lay, with reflections on the issues and patterns of disenfranchised grief, as reflected by each narrative. Included in each commentary are bibliographic references for further and advanced study.

The contributors to The Disenfranchised represent an extraordinary range of professional achievements and academic credentials – well-published writers, poets, working artists, educators, academics, mental health practitioners, and health professionals.

Many contributors have written of their dread as they sat to write their stories. Yet the invitation to write their stories was compelling. Some spoke of failed past attempts to commit their stories to paper, and all expressed their sense of long-awaited resolution when their stories were finally written. Silence, until now, has been accomplice to their disenfranchisement.

The writers in The Disenfranchised were largely left to their own devices as they sought solace or needed compassion as they stood apart – the ‘ex.’ A few tell of compassionate friends and family, and in one case, an exquisitely sensitive clergyman. But for most, no such condolence was forthcoming.

The Disenfranchised eases the isolation and the stigma of these losses in a powerful and personal way. The narratives and poetry reaffirm the many types of relationships that exist after a death, and myriad ways that ex-spouses mourn the demise of an erstwhile and failed partner. This alone is validating – reminding surviving ex-spouses that others have experienced this grief as well.

As Sapphire explains, these stories offer more than simple validation. They offer tools, strategies to cope with the loss. In doing so, they offer even another gift: hope. These stories reaffirm not only the complexity of human relationships but also the resiliency of the human spirit to surmount even the most complex and difficult losses.

It’s been worth the wait for such a comprehensive anthology of the bereavement stories of ex-spouses. Some relationships were happy, some less so. The relationships ranged from decades to just a few years, and we can learn much from the honesty of the experiences each writer shares with us. An excellent resource for both professionals and lay readers. – Rose Cooper, BTheol, MHSc, Grief Support Services, Melbourne, Australia
A unique resource, Peggy Sapphire's book fleshes out a variety of situations leading to and emanating from an ex-spouse's death. Combined with Shirley Scott's perceptive commentaries, this provides the reader with the proverbial ‘best of both worlds’ – richly detailed personal narratives and professional analysis to identify critical dynamics, anchor them within the thanatology literature, and present treatment implications. A groundbreaking treatment of one of the most common disenfranchised losses, this compelling book also educates about critical issues pertaining to all types of loss. This is an excellent asset for mourners confronted with the death of an ex-spouse, those who seek to assist them, and thanatologists in general. I highly recommend it. – Therese A. Rando, PhD, BCETS, BCBT, Clinical Director, The Institute for the Study and Treatment of Loss, Warwick, RI, Author, Coping With the Sudden Death of Your Loved One: Self-Help for Traumatic Bereavement

The publication of The Disenfranchised finally brings the long-overdue affirma­tion, laced with hope, that these beautifully written personal histories and the powerful poems within many of the narratives will reach other disenfranchised ex-spouses in our midst, their families and friends and all who know and have known grief, disenfranchised and otherwise. The narratives provide an essential context within which poetry can express long-withheld distillations of memory, feelings and countless moments which often defy prose.

Psychology & Counseling / Self-Help

Laughology: Improve Your Life with the Science of Laughter by Stephanie Davies (Crown House Publishing Limited)

At the height of laughter, the universe is flung into a kaleidoscope of new possibilities. – Jean Houston

This is a practical guide to using laughter and humor as a thinking skill to enable readers to communicate more effectively. Laughology explains simple techniques that can improve readers’ ability to gain a more positive perspective in difficult situations and increase their happiness through adopting the techniques from the Laughology model.

Topics include:

  • What is laughter?
  • What is humor?
  • The psychological connection.
  • What makes people laugh.
  • How to find one’s humor trigger.
  • The inner child, the natural comedian.
  • Appropriate humor and laughter.
  • The SMILE strategy.
  • How to find and sustain one’s giggle.

Stephanie Davies is recognized as one of the UK's leading voices in the psychology of laughter and humor. She has over ten years' experience in developing interventions that have been applied in a wide variety of settings dealing with complex public and mental health issues and building teams in high profile organizations.

Davies says that since starting a career in the laughter business in 2001, she has been developing ways to help others use laughter and humor as a personal development tool – She calls this technique Laughology. It has been built on her understanding of humor and laughter as a comedian and also from a psychology point of view.

Laughology has been delivered successfully in small and large organizations to encourage thinking skills, positive engagement, organizational development and great leadership, as well as to enhance health and well-being in many different settings – from schools and hospitals to some of the top blue-chip companies in the world.

It is an ancient truism that `laughter is the best medicine' and for eons humans have enjoyed a good giggle. Although we are all born with the capacity to process humorous circumstances, it is also a skill that can be improved and honed. We develop and evolve this ability throughout our lives – influenced by family, peers and experience – learning when and how to use it.

Laughology shows readers how we process information from the outside world and then respond and react to these circumstances internally. It uses a flexible cognitive approach that is easy to learn, sustainable and adaptable to many situations. Davies explains how humor and laughter affect us on a behavioral and biological level. Humor and laughter are often sadly neglected in people's lives. If something happens that makes us laugh we enjoy it but, as a rule, few of us are proactive when it comes to finding ways to introduce more laughter and humor into our lives.

Laughology is much more than just showing readers ways to be happier. It provides them with a means to use humor and laughter to enhance thinking skills on every level for positive well-being, resilience and communication. Laughology offers strategies for feeling better and enhancing living based on what humans do naturally as a coping mechanism. The model uses humor and laughter to encourage perspective in order to gain control over emotions so we can move forward effectively, with better results and greater happiness.

Laughology is a tool to help readers improve their lives, so this book has been written as a practical guide with exercises throughout. The concepts and exercises presented in the book are particularly for those who want an alternative attitude and way of thinking for improving life and work. The benefits of using humor as a system for processing information are shown in a practical and descriptive way. Davies urges readers to complete the exercises in each chapter – this will help them use the Laughology model, personalize the experience and think realistically about how they can apply Laughology in their lives. Along the way there are case studies. Readers learn how real people have used Laughology, what worked for them and how they can benefit. Each chapter also includes a summary of the key learning points.

Laughology is a practical guide to using laughter and humor to feel better and enable people to communicate more effectively. This book explains simple techniques that will improve their ability to gain a more positive perspective in difficult situations and to increase happiness.

As a neurobiologist I am very aware of the effects of emotional states on the brain, but Stephanie expands and develops on this in a beautifully constructed piece of work that is understandable to anyone. … As Stephanie so brilliantly points out in Laughology, actually that reframing can as easily be done with a smile or a laugh as with any over-earnest or deep exploration of areas that you would rather leave alone. Laugh and the world laughs with you. Maybe, though there is so much political correctness out there now it's sometimes hard to know when you can laugh. But you can certainly adopt Stephanie's approach – laugh and your internal world may learn to laugh with you. That sounds like a good result. – Andrew Curran, practicing pediatric neurologist and neurobiologist, author of The Little Book of Big Stuff about the Brain and Get off the Sofa

You'd have to be agelastic, or even misogelastic, to keep a straight face through this playful and practical guide. – Dr. Jon Sutton, chartered psychologist and managing editor of The Psychologist

Laughology is a wonderful idea and gives people the tools to live life to the full by linking humour, emotion, psychology and health. – Professor Richard Wiseman, University of Hertfordshire, author of 59 Seconds

Well written and funny ... Stephanie Davies has created a toolkit for helping us positively reframe our daily lives and for putting laughter at the heart of who we are. – Dr. David Perrin, Centre for Work Related Studies, University of Chester

Davis in Laughology has taken one of the simplest and most generic of human emotional expressions – the laugh – and, with insight and intelligence, dug deep beneath its public face to find explanations in surprising places. This practical guide gives readers the tools to develop the skills.

Religion & Spirituality / Missions

What's So Blessed about Being Poor?: Seeking the Gospel in the Slums of Kenya by Susan L. Slavin and Coralis Salvador (Orbis Books)

In one sense we are always traveling, and traveling as if we do not know where we are going. In another sense we have already arrived. We cannot arrive at the perfect possession of God in this life, and that is why we are traveling in the darkness. But we already possess God by grace, and therefore in that sense we have arrived and are dwelling in the light. But, oh! How far have I to go to find you in whom I have already arrived? – from the book

What's So Blessed about Being Poor? is an inspiring exploration of how happiness and holiness can exist in the midst of poverty and illness.
Two lay women who have chosen to live among the poor in East Africa, one a Maryknoll lay missioner, and the other, a New York attorney who left her law practice to become a lay missioner – tell their stories of working in the slums of Kenya – which is also the story of the spirituality that sustains them.

Susan Slavin says she first met Coralis Salvador when she was volunteering as a lawyer working in a justice and peace program in Kenya. Slavin was intrigued by the well-known phrase ‘Blessed are the poor.’ After approaching this seeming paradox through unrewarding library research, she decided that she would join Salvador in her ministry to AIDS orphans to try to understand how the poor can be blessed. What's So Blessed about Being Poor? tells of their experiences as they worked together with the poor, primarily AIDS orphans, in the slums of Kenya.

According to the introduction, in Kibera, a slum in Nairobi, thousands of people of all shapes and sizes were living in unfathomable conditions, stripped of human dignity and living life on the margins – an impossible situation for Westerners to comprehend. Children called out "mzungu" (foreigner or white person) and "How are you?" in an attempt to beg.

After Slavin’s first contact with Coralis in 2006, she wanted to understand how someone could be both very poor and yet blessed. When she returned to Kenya in March of 2010, she interviewed AIDS orphans, young adults, and teens, those who were currently enrolled in the program and those who had completed it. She talked to social workers, nurses, community workers, and missioners. She challenged and prodded and was very much an ‘in your face Westerner’ (and a New York litigator).

What's So Blessed about Being Poor? is the story of what she learned. It is a story of hope, faith, spirit, dignity, and determination. It is the story of the search for an answer to the question of what Jesus means in the beatitude in Luke's gospel, ‘blessed are the poor’ (Luke 6:20). Slavin slowly found her answer within the context of the ten-year history of the AIDS Orphans' Project in Mombasa.

Whether Muslim or Christian, incredibly, the orphans said that God was there for them, "every day, because we breathe, we walk, we see the day ... then we are OK." The young adults told me that being "poor but hardworking" or "poor but determined" or "poor but truthful" were their blessings. The social workers, health-care workers, and others whose mission is to minister to the poor articulated other blessings such as being "poor with spirit" or "poor with dignity." However, they also said that the blessings were not a free pass to sit passively with one's hand stretched out for help. The blessing was not for those who made poverty their job. But what is the blessing?

There is no more challenging or better place to explore the possible answer than Kenya, a developing country that has a relatively low incidence of AIDS compared to other countries on the African continent, although HIV/AIDS is always most prevalent among the poor. It is estimated that between 25 and 30 percent of the inhabitants of slums like Kibera and those in Mombasa are HIV positive, and an astonishing two-thirds of the children under the age of eighteen are HIV positive. Many of Kibera's approximately one million residents are unemployed. Those who manage to find work generally earn less than one dollar per day selling fruits and vegetables or working as unskilled laborers. Although Kibera accounts for less than 1 percent of Nairobi's total area, it holds more than one-quarter of its population. At present the greatest challenge to the people infected by AIDS is not a lack of effective drugs but a lack of food. Shockingly, quite a few AIDS victims die from starvation rather than illness. The Kenyan government does not officially recognize Kibera or other such slums, and they do not exist on any official maps. Because the inhabitants receive no services, such as water, electricity, sewage, schools, or medical facilities, structural injustices and institutional sin abound.

Slavin in What's So Blessed about Being Poor? says that she had worked with the Justice and Peace group within the Office of Human Rights in 2006, traveling with a very experienced field worker to villages along the Mombasa coast. The goal of the program was to inform the people of their human rights regarding AIDS, rape, and many other issues, as well as to implore them to get tested for AIDS. Surely Nairobi's Justice and Peace activities would be more advanced than those in Mombasa, but she quickly learned not to jump to conclusions.

Human rights abuses are rampant in Kibera. In addition to the sickness, diseases, and all of the injustices associated with wretched poverty, the post-election violence of the Kenyan national election in 2007/2008 witnessed competing tribes looting, burning, raping, and murdering their African brothers and sisters. Within this seeming negation of humanity, the social workers actually have to pay people to get them to come to meetings to learn about their rights according to the new constitution voted into effect in 2010, shortly after she arrived. Having to pay people to gain information that will benefit them sounds outlandish, but it was the only way to (hopefully) lift them out of illiteracy and degradation.

Incredibly hot, uncomfortable, and frightened, Slavin immediately questioned whether she was cut out for all this acculturation. She started thinking about her very comfortable life as a New York attorney and her own evolving spirituality. Intellectually she knew that a missioner signs up for living in a mystery and is required to give up certainty and control.

She also knew that she was undergoing a conversion of sorts. She was leaving her position of privilege and moving toward the margins of society. And through it all, her motivations were driven by seeking an answer to the question of Where is God in the middle of all this and what's so damn blessed about being poor?

While all the reading she had done taught her little, Coralis and her orphans provided Slavin with an answer. Coralis Salvador, a lay missionary, left her comfortable California home and family to dance in closer union with her love, her Lord, and her God. She had been called to the vocation of missioner, to become an agent of change, and to take on a deeper interior life so that she would be able to pass the fruits of her contemplation on to others. She exposed and articulated her beliefs and demonstrated her humanity and developing faith, with all its permutations and dents. Coralis was surely not alone.

The story of Coralis and of other missioners and Justice and Peace workers throughout the world speaks of an extreme and profound paradox. They have come to know people who live in wretched inhumanity and who suffer greatly and yet who have a sense of joy and hope at the center of their being. As Slavin tells the story of Coralis and her missionary work with AIDS orphans, she is also telling the story of many others. It is the story also of those who mentored her: healthcare workers, social workers, guardians, volunteers, and other missioners – Christians and Muslims alike.

Coralis's story tells about her work and the pain, the joy, the sorrow, and the dehumanization of the poor in Kenya. Her story also demonstrates with clarity her own spirituality, her way of being in the world with God. Slavin entered into her story as a cynic, ready to challenge not only her beliefs, but also those of the orphans and healthcare and social workers as well as her fellow missionary. What's So Blessed about Being Poor? is their story, but along the way it led her to a spirituality she was not even aware ex­isted. And it became her story as she decided to join Coralis in her work and began a program of formation with the Franciscan Mission Service to become a lay missionary in Africa.

I'm exceedingly grateful for this beautiful, moving and challenging new book that helps to reveal how the poor evangelize us.... By sharing stories that are by turn shattering, inspiring, heartwarming, provocative, and sometimes unbelievable, the two authors gently invite us into a world that few people know. But Jesus knew this world, the world of the poor, and he meant what he said when he called them ‘blessed.’ – James Martin, SJ, author, This Our Exile: A Spiritual Journey with the Refugees of East Africa

Are those who live in dire poverty really blessed, as the Gospel beatitude proclaims? In this heartfelt account two missionary women tell their story of love, friendship, and community among the poor of Kenya [revealing] the beauty of God in the poorest of Africa. This book is a model of what Christian love looks like in action. – Ilia Delio, OSF, author, The Emergent Christ

A salutary, if terribly disturbing read for First World people of faith. – Joseph Nangle, author, Engaged Spirituality

Religion & Spirituality / Theology

Anatomy of the New Testament, 7th edition by Robert A. Spivey, D. Moody Smith and C. Clifton Black (Fortress Press)

A broadly adopted textbook, Anatomy of the New Testament weds literary and historical approaches to focus on the New Testament's structure and meaning.

This seventh edition has been revised throughout to take account of current trends in scholarship and to discuss important interpretative issues, such as the Gospel of Thomas. Each chapter includes two new features:

  • Have You Learned It? offering questions for analysis and synthesis.
  • What Do They Mean? presenting definitions of key terms to enhance student comprehension and critical thinking.

Authors are Robert A. Spivey, professor emeritus of religion at Florida State University; D. Moody Smith, George Washington Ivey Professor Emeritus of New Testament at Duke Divinity School; and C. Clifton Black, Otto A. Piper Professor of Biblical Theology at Princeton Theological Seminary.

Anatomy of the New Testament, 7th edition is augmented by numerous sidebars to stimulate discussion of matters ‘Behind,’ ‘Within,’ and ‘Beyond the New Testament.’

Other new features and updates include:

  • A more readable two-column format.
  • Newly designed and updated maps.
  • One-hundred new images and illustrations in black and white and in color.
  • New charts and diagrams that facilitate deeper learning.
  • Thoroughly updated bibliographies.

With over 120 combined years in the classroom, the authors have prepared teacher-friendly ancillaries that include PowerPoint chapter outlines, sample syllabi outlining several approaches to the text, and a chapter by chapter test bank.

The first edition of Anatomy of the New Testament was published in 1969. Forty-four years later its authors are both amazed and gratified that the book has served as a useful introduction to the New Testament for so many generations of students and their teachers. In its original conception, the book was designed as an introduction to the study of the New Testament, rather than of New Testament criticism, an important distinction. During the book's ensuing years of revision, the authors have tried to keep it free from domination by any single method of study but, instead, to reflect chang­ing currents in New Testament interpretation. Like its predecessors, this seventh edition remains concentrated on the documents of the New Testament itself.

The authors believe that the effort to understand the New Testament writings on their own terms is rewarding. Therefore, they continue in Anatomy of the New Testament, 7th edition to affirm the necessity of viewing and seeking to understand those writings as products of an ancient religious community and its leaders. At the same time, they do not assume that the meaning of the New Testament is a repository of ancient lore or artifacts to be ‘mined out,’ centuries later, by historical criticism or newer methods of interpretation. At its best, biblical interpretation is a dialogue or conversation with texts: in this case, texts that are products of an unusual set of events and religious beliefs and claims. The methods and techniques of what has become known as biblical criticism are servants rather than masters in this task.

A twenty-first-century reading of the New Testament is, nevertheless, deeply affected by the historical-critical emphasis on the importance of hearing the ancient voices in and behind the text, and by modern efforts to do justice to the distinctive theological ideas and ethical interests of the earliest Christians. If readers are engaged by some of those ideas and interests, it should not be surprising. An important characteristic of the New Testament is that it takes such ideas and interests to be universally intelligible, whether or not they are accepted, and a major aspect of the purpose is to serve this intended intelligibility. In this edition, as in its predecessors, the authors do not presuppose of its readers a commitment to Christian faith; they invite all readers of the book, whatever their points of view, to adopt a sympathetic yet critical understanding of these ancient writings, which are foundational for Christianity.

Anatomy of the New Testament intentionally emphasizes the content and interpretation of the New Testament on the assumption that readers naturally want to know what the New Testament is about, and to understand the beliefs and purposes that informed the writing of the individual books. To help readers achieve a more than superficial or secondhand understanding, they have dealt extensively with representative New Testament texts. From the beginning this characteristic feature has been maintained, and enhanced in the present edition. Working outward from these texts, they display and illumine the character and movement of the different writings. The result is certainly no comprehensive or uniform coverage of the New Testament, but rather a series of ‘dissections’ or ‘biopsies’ designed to uncover the structure and meaning of the New Testament books, and of the collection as a whole – thus the title, Anatomy of the New Testament: A Guide to Its Structure and Meaning. At those many points where an interpretive consensus does not exist, they acknowledge alternative readings and state the reasons for their own conclusions as clearly as possible. In every case they seek, not to stultify, but to encourage students' independent efforts in their own understanding and interpretation.

The organization of Anatomy of the New Testament is simple and reflects the shape of the New Testament canon, the church's liturgical usage, and the history of early Christianity. Thus, after an introductory chapter that sets the historical stage, the book falls into two major parts, "The Gospels and Jesus" and "The Apostles and the Early Church." The focus of the entire New Testament message is on Jesus and what God did through him. The perspective throughout is that of the early church or churches, and of Christians who believed in him. The Gospels are products of the early church and reflect its faith and practice over a period of just over a half-century (roughly, A.D. 30 to 100). The development of the church or churches can be studied by analyzing the Gospels. The other New Testament writings, while they speak more or less directly of the activities of Christians in the churches, nevertheless have to do with the gospel about Jesus Christ. Some (such as the genuine Pauline letters) are earlier than the Gospels; a few (like 2 Peter) are almost certainly later. In studying the Gospels, they authors are asking what was said to the early church through their presentations of Jesus. In studying the other writings, they are asking what is said about the gospel of Jesus through their reflection and discussion of many matters and issues pertaining to the early church.

With each revision, including this edition, Anatomy of the New Testament's authors have gone over the text minutely and made innumerable additions, deletions, and alterations with a view to improving the book, keeping it current, and making it more accessible to students.

I have had various editions of Anatomy of the New Testament at my elbow since 1972. For me, the balance, logic and teaching skills of D. Moody Smith and Robert A. Spivey, along with the physical beauty of the book, made it the best available introduction for more than 40 years. This Seventh Edition is superb. The addition to the team of C. Clifton Black, one of our most imaginative contemporary interpreters, has led three distinguished authors to write a brand new, and even more beautiful book. It will continue to hold its place at my elbow. – Francis J. Moloney, Australian Catholic University
Engagingly written, impressively comprehensive, and user-friendly throughout, this newest edition of Anatomy of the New Testament is better than ever! In addition to being first-rate New Testament scholars, its distinguished authors both believe and demonstrate that these ancient writings are still worth pondering and caring about. – Victor Paul Furnish, Southern Methodist University
Anatomy of the New Testament by Robert Spivey and D. Moody Smith, now joined by C. Clifton Black, has been a ‘classic’ in the field. The latest update continues the high standards of the volume, presenting an informed and sensitive critical introduction to the New Testament in a clear and accessible fashion, particularly suited for students coming to the text for the first time. Carefully chosen illustrations, thoughtful summaries, and well-designed questions for review make this a very useful teaching tool. – Harold Attridge, Yale University

Anatomy of the New Testament is systematic, critical, and reliable in its scope and content. Previous editions have been used and found useful, not only by Christians of differ­ent church and theological commitments, but also by teachers and students who stand outside the Christian community. Across four decades, the singular focus on the documents of the New Testament itself has met the needs of readers, and it will continue to do so with this updated 7th edition, which should prove only more accessible and more useful. Not all of the changes made to the book are obvious, but they contribute to the high level of acceptability that the book enjoys among students who use it and to readers’ understanding of the New Testament texts.

Social Sciences / Criminology / Law / Criminal Law

Police and Profiling in the United States: Applying Theory to Criminal Investigations by Lauren M. Barrow and Ron A. Rufo (CRC Press)

The unknown suspect … "Male, former employee of Consolidated Edison, injured on the job and rendered chronically ill, paranoid, middle-aged, neat and meticulous persona, foreign background, some formal education, unmarried, living alone or with female `mother-like' relative." – Brussel (1968), as quoted in the book

Traditionally, criminal profiling texts have focused exclusively on the technicalities of conducting an investigation, but recent developments in criminal justice have encouraged greater consideration of the related fields of psychiatry, forensics, and sociology. Highlighting the current paradigm shift in criminology towards a cross-disciplinary understanding of behavior, Police and Profiling in the United States provides investigators with the insight necessary to view events, data, and evidence in the context of contemporary theory.

The authors are Lauren M. Barrow, Ph.D., assistant professor of criminal justice at Chestnut Hill College and Ron Rufo, Ph.D., adjunct professor at Kaplan University, teacher at the City Colleges of Chicago, and a Chicago police officer for the past 18 years.

Topics include:

  • Classical and determinist views on criminal behavior and social theories on crime.
  • Inductive and deductive logic and the dangers of fallacies in logical reasoning.
  • Childhood deviant behaviors and research on the historical search for an explanation of criminal behavior.
  • Developing typologies based on different criminal characteristics.
  • Sexually based offenses, serial and rage killings, and hero complex killers.
  • The critical role of crime scenes in investigations and the Locard exchange principle.
  • The value of geographic profiling in solving crimes and modern approaches such as COMPSTAT.
  • Balancing the role of victims in crime solving with concern for their well-being.

Police and Profiling in the United States concludes with profiles of 13 of the most notorious serial killers.

According to the introduction, the field of criminology emerged in the late 1700s and early 1800s with the writings of Cesare Beccaria and other Enlightenment Age philosophers, but the historical timeline of criminal profiling is less clear. Early criminologists theorized that criminal psychology could be identified by physical characteristics, and early practitioners made the connection between crime scenes and offender personality and psychological makeup. Throughout the history of profiling, criminologists, psychiatrists, detectives, investigative consultants, scholars, and researchers have all contributed to today's profiling techniques. Since Police and Profiling in the United States is intended to serve as a tool for law enforcement rather than a reference manual, the authors of the book chose to use the New York mad bomber (mid-1950s) case as the starting point for modern criminal profiling.

For decades, law enforcement has tried to get inside the mind of a criminal in order to determine not only what makes a criminal commit a crime, but also to identify unknown offenders once an act has already occurred. This process has been variably referred to as offender profiling, criminal profiling, forensic profiling, criminal personality profiling, etc., but each term generally refers to "a behavioral and investigative tool intended to help investigators accurately predict and profile the characteristics of unknown criminal subjects or offenders". Specifically, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) defines criminal profiling (CP) as "a process used to analyze a specific crime, or series of crimes, and to develop a behavioral composite of an unknown offender".

The FBI recommends using the following elements to develop a profile:

  • Input
  • Model
  • Assessment
  • Investigation

Police and Profiling in the United States presents these elements in terms of how they relate to and are useful in achieving the ultimate goal of apprehension. Part of that process includes identifying the characteristics specific to the individual offenders, such as telltale signs, signals, indications, or high-priority threats that determine the outcome of an offender's behavior. And, in fact, can an outcome even be predicted?

Investigators rarely have the opportunity to ask offenders before the act what they were thinking when the criminal act occurred or what crime they think they will commit next – and why they select one particular victim over another. Instead, investigators have to contend with an infinite number of variables, and even then, it could be just a lucky guess that determines a criminal's behavior. Criminal profiling includes poring over crime scene photographs and videos, autopsy reports and photos, lab reports, and the investigation synopsis and media reports before an investigator even attempts to use logic, common sense, a hunch, or an estimated guess as to what the criminal will do next. The process can take many days or weeks to complete.

Written in a practical and approachable manner, Police and Profiling in the United States enables investigators to combine theory, instinct, and hunches with contemporary technology to construct a solid criminal profile. In essence, it empowers investigators to trust their ‘gut feelings’ by providing them with the theoretical knowledge and empirical evidence necessary to merge practical experience with statistically sound practices developing in the field. The profiles are amazing.

Contents this Issue:

Photographing Families: Use Natural Light, Flash, Posing and More to Create Professional Images by Tammy Warnock and Lou Jacobs Jr. (Amherst Media, Inc.)

Jim Henson: The Biography (unabridged audio, 17 CDs, 21 ½ hours) by Brian Jay Jones, audio read by Kirby Heyborne (Random House Audio)

Jim Henson: The Biography by Brian Jay Jones (Ballantine Books)

Longing and Belonging: The Complete John O'Donohue Audio Collection, audio program, 29 CDs, running time: 33 hours, 20 minutes by John O'Donohue (Sounds True)

The Adventure of the Priory School adapted by Vincent Goodwin, illustrated by Ben Dunn (The Graphic Novel Adventures of Sherlock Holmes Series: Graphic Planet: Magic Wagon)

The Adventure of the Red Circle adapted by Vincent Goodwin, illustrated by Ben Dunn (The Graphic Novel Adventures of Sherlock Holmes Series: Graphic Planet: Magic Wagon)

I'm in the Principal's Seat, Now What?: The Story of a Turnaround Principal by Allan R. Bonilla (Corwin)

Academic Advising Approaches: Strategies That Teach Students to Make the Most of College edited by Jayne K. Drake, Peggy Jordan, and Marsha A. Miller (The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series: Jossey-Bass)

Delta Fragments: The Recollections of a Sharecropper's Son by John O. Hodges (The University of Tennessee Press)

Chronicling the West for Harper's: Coast to Coast with Frenzeny & Tavernier in 1873-1874 by Claudine Chalmers, with general editor B. Byron Price (The Charles M. Russell Series on Art and Photography of the American West: Oklahoma University Press)

Wellington's Guns: The Untold Story of Wellington and his Artillery in the Peninsula and at Waterloo by Nick Lipscombe (Osprey Publishing)

When the Iron Lady Ruled Britain, reissued edition by Robert Chesshyre (Alma Books)

Isabel's Skin by Peter Benson (Alma Books)

The Phantom of the Ego: Modernism and the Mimetic Unconscious by Nidesh Lawtoo (Studies in Violence, Mimesis, & Culture Series: Michigan State University Press)

Profit Without Honor: White Collar Crime and the Looting of America, 6th Edition by Stephen Rosoff, Henry Pontell and Robert Tillman (Pearson Prentice Hall)

Margaret Thatcher on Leadership: Lessons for American Conservatives Today by Nile Gardiner and Stephen Thompson (Regnery Publishing, Inc.)

Enforcing Order: An Ethnography of Urban Policing by Didier Fassin (Polity)

Perioperative Transesophageal Echocardiography: A Companion to Kaplan's Cardiac Anesthesia – Expert Consult – Online and Print edited by David L. Reich MD and Gregory Fischer MD (Elsevier Saunders)

Surgical Anatomy and Techniques to the Spine – Expert Consult – Online and Print, 2nd edition edited by Daniel H. Kim MD FACS, with associate editors Alexander R. Vaccaro MD PhD FACS, Curtis A. Dickman MD and Dosang Cho MD PhD (Elsevier Saunders)

Surgical Techniques of the Shoulder, Elbow, and Knee in Sports Medicine – Expert Consult – Online and Print, 2nd edition edited by Brian J. Cole MD MBA and Jon K. Sekiya MD (plus associate editors: see below) (Elsevier Saunders)

Core Procedures in Plastic Surgery – Expert Consult – Online and Print edited by Peter C. Neligan MB FRCS(I) FRCSC FACS and Donald W Buck II MD (Elsevier Saunders)

Atlas of Trauma/Emergency Surgical Techniques: A Volume in the Surgical Techniques Atlas Series – Expert Consult – Online and Print edited by William Cioffi MD FACS and Juan A. Asensio MD FACS FCCM FRCS and others, with series editors Courtney M. Townsend, Jr., MD and B. Mark Evers, MD (Surgical Techniques Atlas Series: Elsevier Saunders)

The Disenfranchised: Stories of Life and Grief When an Ex-Spouse Dies edited by Peggy Sapphire, with commentary by Shirley Scott, with series editor Darcy L. Harris (Death, Value and Meaning Series: Baywood Publishing Company, Inc.)

Laughology: Improve Your Life with the Science of Laughter by Stephanie Davies (Crown House Publishing Limited)

What's So Blessed about Being Poor?: Seeking the Gospel in the Slums of Kenya by Susan L. Slavin and Coralis Salvador (Orbis Books)

Anatomy of the New Testament, 7th edition by Robert A. Spivey, D. Moody Smith and C. Clifton Black (Fortress Press)

Police and Profiling in the United States: Applying Theory to Criminal Investigations by Lauren M. Barrow and Ron A. Rufo (CRC Press)