Contents this Issue:
American Turnaround: Reinventing AT&T and GM and
the Way We Do Business in the USA by Edward Whitacre, with Leslie
Cauley, unabridged audio, 9 CDs, approximately 10.5 hours (Hachette
American Turnaround: Reinventing AT&T and GM and the Way We Do Business in the USA by Edward Whitacre, with Leslie Cauley (Business Plus Hardcover)
An Aristocracy of Color: Race and Reconstruction in California and the West, 1850-1890 by D. Michael Bottoms, with series editor Quintard Taylor (Race and Culture in the American West Series, Volume 5: University of Oklahoma Press)
Arts & Photography / Photography / Instruction
Lighting for Product Photography: The Digital Photographer's Step-by-Step Guide to Sculpting with Light by Allison Earnest (Amherst Media, Inc.)
From magazine ads to web applications, Lighting for Product Photography details the ever-expanding area of product photography and discusses the unique skills required to be successful. Beginning with the basics for creating professional-looking shots, the qualities of light and the rendering of color and texture are covered while the tools to be used for controlling those qualities is explained through a step-by-step lighting setup. The latter half of Lighting for Product Photography compiles images created on actual assignments, depicting a variety of products photographed in a range of settings. Each image is accompanied by a discussion of the client’s intent and the realization of those objectives. Offering procedural images, diagrams, and set-up shots to illustrate the addition and modification of light sources, problems can be identified and corrected on-set.
Author Allison Earnest in Lighting for Product Photography walks readers through the process of photographing products for commercial applications, demonstrating how to light even the trickiest of shapes and surfaces for accurate, appealing images. Step-by-step images and ample setup shots show how theory translates into practice, making it easy to master each technique. Earnest is a professional photographer who has worked for Boeing International, NASA, the United States Army, and Phillip Morris.
In Lighting for Product Photography readers learn how to:
Outfit the studio with the necessary gear for product photography.
Control the quality, color, and intensity of the light.
Set the main light, fill light, background light, and accent lights.
Determine the best angle for each light.
Use a light tent effectively.
Light the subject based on its surface qualities.
Create separation between the subject and the background.
Enhance the texture of engraving, embossing, and their surface finishes.
Light subjects on a white or black background.
Design effective images of transparent or reflective products.
Simulate the look of sunlight in the studio.
Light multiple products and props in one scene.
Lighting for Product Photography makes it easy to master the lighting skills needed to design more effective images of any product. This instructive handbook is an invaluable tool for amateur and professional photographers alike.
Audio / Business & Investing / Management & Leadership /
Biographies & Memoirs
American Turnaround: Reinventing AT&T and GM and the Way We Do Business in the USA by Edward Whitacre, with Leslie Cauley, unabridged audio, 9 CDs, approximately 10.5 hours (Hachette Audio)
American Turnaround: Reinventing AT&T and GM and the Way We Do Business in the USA by Edward Whitacre, with Leslie Cauley (Business Plus Hardcover)
Ed Whitacre is credited with taking over the corporate reins at General Motors (GM) when the automotive manufacturer was on the brink of bankruptcy during 2009 and turned the company around in magnificent fashion. In American Turnaround, a business memoir, the native Texan explores his unique management style, business acumen and patriotism.
Whitacre is that rare CEO who has run not one but two of America's greatest corporations. And with both, he had extraordinary success. First he built AT&T into the telecommunications power that it is today, and then, in 2009, he was called out of retirement by President Barack Obama to help turn around the sinking fortunes of General Motors.
A down-to-earth, no-nonsense, six-foot-four Texas native with a distinctive twang in his voice, the easygoing Whitacre believes in a straightforward let's roll up our sleeves and get to work management approach. But Whitacre is that rare CEO with both charisma and management instincts. And when he got to Detroit, he started to whittle down the corporate bureaucracy right away – and got GM back on track.
As he describes in American Turnaround, he wants employees to be fully engaged in their work but also held accountable. That direct manner ran headfirst into GM's matrix management style, which Whitacre tirelessly worked to overturn – he viewed this change in approach as absolutely crucial to GM's long-term growth. Whitacre also believes that to get people fired up and truly involved in what they're doing, you've got to get to know them face-to-face. This guiding principle goes to the heart of his unique, and sometimes controversial, management style.
Whitacre has never been one to talk much about his success in the corporate world ... until now. In American Turnaround, he is candid about the key managerial shake-ups at GM during his tenure, the high-stakes discussions surrounding GM's historic IPO, and more. He also delves into his years at AT&T – including his ‘get-big’ corporate strategy – and along the way, he reveals an astonishing story about Steve Jobs and how AT&T landed the iPhone. Using plain language and plenty of straight talk, Whitacre in American Turnaround discusses all the key events and people who have shaped and influenced his remarkable career and life.
The book was written with Leslie Cauley, a business journalist for more than twenty years, a former staff writer and editor for the Wall Street Journal in New York, and also a former staff writer for USA Today. The audio version, which is approximately 10 ½ hours, is read by the author.
Audio / Politics & Social Science / History / Modern
The Future: Six Drivers of Global Change by Al Gore (unabridged, 15 CDs, 19 hours) (Random House Audio)
The Future: Six Drivers of Global Change by Al Gore (Random House Hardcover)
From the former vice president and #1 New York Times bestselling author comes An Inconvenient Truth for everything – a clear-eyed assessment of six critical drivers of global change in the decades to come.
According to The Future, ours is a time of revolutionary change that has no precedent in history. With the same passion he brought to the challenge of climate change, and with his decades of experience on the front lines of global policy, Al Gore surveys our planet’s beclouded horizon and offers a sober, learned, and ultimately hopeful forecast in the visionary tradition of Alvin Toffler’s Future Shock and John Naisbitt’s Megatrends.
Gore is co-founder and chairman of Generation Investment Management, a senior partner at Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, and a member of Apple Inc.’s board of directors. Gore spends the majority of his time as chairman of The Climate Reality Project, a nonprofit devoted to solving the climate crisis. He is a co-recipient of the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize. He reads the audio version of the book, which has 15 CDs.
According to Gore in The Future, there is a clear consensus that the future now emerging will be extremely different from anything we have ever known in the past. It is a difference not of degree but of kind. There is no prior period of change that resembles what humanity is about to experience. We have gone through revolutionary periods of change before, but none as powerful or as pregnant with the fraternal twins – peril and opportunity – as the ones that are beginning to unfold. Nor have we ever experienced so many revolutionary changes unfolding simultaneously and converging with one another.
The Future is not a book primarily about the climate crisis, though the climate crisis is one of the six emergent changes that are reshaping our world, and its interaction with the other five drivers of change has revealed new ways to understand it. Nor is it primarily about the degradation of democracy in the United States and the dysfunctionality of governance in the world community – though Gore says he continues to believe that these leadership crises must be resolved in order for humankind to reclaim control of our destiny. Indeed all six of these emergent revolutionary changes are threatening to overtake us at a moment in history when there is a dangerous vacuum of global leadership.
In The Future, Gore identifies the emerging forces that are reshaping the world:
Ever-increasing economic globalization has led to the emergence of what he labels ‘Earth Inc.’ – an integrated holistic entity with a new and different relationship to capital, labor, consumer markets, and national governments than in the past.
The worldwide digital communications, Internet, and computer revolutions have led to the emergence of ‘the Global Mind,’ which links the thoughts and feelings of billions of people and connects intelligent machines, robots, ubiquitous sensors, and databases.
The balance of global political, economic, and military power is shifting more profoundly than at any time in the last five hundred years – from a U.S.-centered system to one with multiple emerging centers of power, from nation-states to private actors, and from political systems to markets.
A deeply flawed economic compass is leading to unsustainable growth in consumption, pollution flows, and depletion of the planet’s strategic resources of topsoil, freshwater, and living species.
Genomic, biotechnology, neuroscience, and life sciences revolutions are radically transforming the fields of medicine, agriculture, and molecular science – and are putting control of evolution in human hands.
There has been a radical disruption of the relationship between human beings and the earth’s ecosystems, along with the beginning of a revolutionary transformation of energy systems, agriculture, transportation, and construction worldwide.
The Future outlines the emergence of a radically new relationship between the aggregate power of human civilization and the Earth’s ecological systems, including especially the most vulnerable – the atmosphere and climate balance upon which the continued flourishing of humankind depends – the beginning of a massive global transformation of energy, industrial, agricultural, and construction technologies in order to reestablish a healthy and balanced relationship between human civilization and the future.
The Future is data-driven and is based on deep research and reporting – not speculation, alarmism, naïve optimism, or blue-sky conjecture. It represents the culmination of a multiyear effort to investigate, decipher, and present the best available evidence and what the world’s leading experts tell us about the future we are now in the process of creating.
This is a great book. From political policy and economics to science and the most thorny ethical issues, Al Gore has stated the human condition and the issues we face forthrightly, fearlessly, and in easily understood language – and has said what must be done. I asked myself halfway through who else could have written a book of this magnitude. The only answer I could imagine was Jefferson. – E. O. Wilson, Harvard University, two-time winner of the Pulitzer Prize
I'm a pro-growth supply-side economist, so my admiration for Al Gore may seem like an oxymoron. It's not. This book is amazingly rich in wisdom, practicality, and insight. Al Gore has a portfolio that warrants credibility and is an accomplished polymath who transcends ideology while turning our attention to big issues, big ideas, and big solutions. The Future frames the discussion whether you're conservative, agnostic, or liberal. It's a fascinating deep read. – Arthur B. Laffer, Ph.D.
Whether he's discussing cyberspace, the environment, science, or the economy, Al Gore presents in this book, with impressive breadth and well-researched depth, the challenges we have to meet to ensure that they become opportunities rather than threats. If you are concerned about the massive changes the world is just heading into, then you should read this book. If you aren't, then you must read it! – Tim Berners-Lee
From his earliest days in public life, Gore has been warning people of the promise and peril of emergent truths – no matter how ‘inconvenient’ they may seem to be. As absorbing as it is visionary, The Future is a map of the world to come, from a man who has looked ahead before and been proven all too right.
Audio / Religion & Spirituality
Deepening the Dimension of Stillness: A Retreat on the Essence of Who You Are (6 CDs, running time 5 hours, 50 minutes) by Eckhart Tolle (Sounds True)
Where do great ideas come from? What is the source of true happiness and fulfillment? Where can we find peace? In a word: stillness. With two bestselling works now considered spiritual classics, Eckhart Tolle has helped millions worldwide break free from identification with thoughts and enter into the freedom and joy of what he calls stillness, our essential nature.
Deepening the Dimension of Stillness invites listeners to take the next step from occasional glimpses of spiritual awakening that many people experience into a new, empowered, and lasting way of being in the world. Listeners join Tolle, world-renowned spiritual teacher and bestselling author, for a 6-hour transformational retreat dedicated to fulfilling what he considers their ultimate purpose in life. Listeners explore:
Form identity and essence identity – How to appreciate the continuous unfolding of life through direct realization of our oneness with its timeless source.
Becoming a ‘hybrid human’ – How to transcend the mind-made sense of self and the suffering it creates and imbue all of our actions and interactions with the deeper truth of who we really are.
Simple yet direct practices – Tolle's signature portals for maintaining presence amidst life's challenges.
A complete guided meditation into the depths of the moment.
Highlights of Deepening the Dimension of Stillness include:
A complete guided meditation into the depths of the moment.
Defusing the energy of viewpoints and opinions.
Egoic consciousness and space consciousness.
Becoming comfortable with alert stillness.
When whatever readers do becomes beautiful.
Experiencing without naming.
How to share stillness with others.
Sense perception as the first level of the present moment.
The one that underlies the many.
Getting past absolute seriousness.
The spiritual practice of relinquishing judgments.
Opening to a life without problems.
Becoming aware of the perceiver of life.
How to overcome the mind's attempts to obstruct presence.
Demonstrating teachings in daily life.
Paradoxically, explains Tolle, as listeners grow comfortable living in spacious awareness, the so-called problems and insecurities of life give way to spontaneous joy, authentic freedom, and creative intelligence.
Deepening the Dimension of Stillness contains Tolle's profound insights and helpful pointers for realizing one’s essential nature, his teachings for transcending ego consciousness and living as an expression of pure awareness.
Children’s Books / Social Situations / Animals
Flora and the Flamingo by Molly Idle (Chronicle Books LLC)
Friendship is a beautiful dance.
Without a word passing between them, a child and a flamingo in Flora and the Flamingo explore the trials and joys of friendship through an elaborate synchronized dance.
In this innovative wordless book, a tentative partnership blooms into an unlikely friendship between a girl named Flora and a graceful flamingo. With a twist, a turn, and even a flop, these unlikely friends side-step a misunderstanding and ultimately learn at last how to dance together in perfect harmony.
Interactive flaps reveal additional steps in the wordless pas de deux between Flora and her new feathered friend in Flora and the Flamingo.
Author/artist Molly Idle began her career as an artist working for DreamWorks Feature Animation, contributing to movies including The Prince of Egypt and El Dorado. From there she leapt into the world of children's books.
A perfect amalgamation of wordless storytelling… as emotional as it is visual. – Elizabeth Bird, A Fuse #8 Production, a School Library Journal Blog
The seamless grace of the flamingo's dance contrasts humorously with Flora's faltering steps, but by the end of the story, they swoop, plunge and soar together like old ballet partners. – Kirkus Reviews
Seamless and dynamic visual storytelling – Publishers Weekly, Starred Review
Idle in Flora and the Flamingo has created a story full of humor and heart, with emotions that leap off the page, and memorable characters who are worthy of countless standing ovations. This stunning performance (and splashy finale!) will have readers clapping for more.
Health & Fitness / Recovery
Inside Rehab: The Surprising Truth about Addiction Treatment – and How to Get Help That Works by Anne M. Fletcher (Viking)
What happens inside drug and alcohol rehabilitation centers and how rehab works are a mystery to those outside the industry – and sometimes even to those inside it.
Rehab is constantly covered in the media, as celebrities battle their drug and alcohol issues in the spotlight and reality TV puts recovery in prime time. Addiction is no longer only a personal struggle – it’s a pop culture phenomenon.
Anne M. Fletcher in Inside Rehab sets out to give readers the first thoughtful, sensitive, and bracingly honest insider's view of the drug and alcohol rehab industry in America. To write the book, Fletcher, a trusted New York Times bestselling health and medical writer, visited 15 addiction treatment centers – from outpatient programs for the indigent to famous celebrity rehabs; from the sites of renowned Twelve-Step centers to several unconventional programs – to find out what really happens. What she reveals ranges from inspirational to irresponsible, and, in some cases, potentially dangerous.
Fletcher in Inside Rehab gets the inside story by turning to real people who ‘have been there,’ interviewing more than 100 individuals, including a mix of rehab staffers and administrators as well as leading academics, whose stories illustrate serious issues facing people in rehab and endemic in the rehab industry today. She exposes twelve supposed facts for the falsehoods they are, including “rehab is necessary for most people to recover from addictions;” “highly trained professionals provide most of the treatment in addiction programs;” and “drugs should not be used to treat a drug addict.” Fletcher’s most important finding is the alarming discrepancy between the treatments being employed at many rehab centers and the treatments recommended by leading experts and supported by scientific research. Fletcher sheds light on the science-based practices that should form the basis of treatment, spotlights programs and professionals using those practices, and provides a guide to different types of treatment and ways to recover. Drawing on her extensive research, Fletcher offers much-needed advice for people seeking quality care for themselves or a loved one.
Through the stories, descriptions of Fletcher's rehab visits, and in-depth research, Inside Rehab provides readers with practical solutions and thoughtful guidance about how to find quality care when it's needed.
Fletcher presents what works, why, where to find it, and how much it costs. It’s startling, difficult, and important information for those traveling toward recovery, and anyone who wants to help. – Publishers Weekly, starred review
Too often there is a disconnect between what people with addiction need and what they get when it comes to treatment. Fletcher’s Inside Rehab offers a compelling review of the many issues that are associated with this chasm. Like her stunning Sober for Good, Inside Rehab is a transformational read that distinguishes myth from reality in the murky and uncertain world of addiction treatment. Despite its revelations about the failings of addiction treatment, Inside Rehab offers important hope to those seeking help because it arms them with the critical information they need to evaluate and choose treatment options. Addiction treatment will be better for Fletcher’s efforts. Make no mistake about it, this isn’t just a useful guide to addiction treatment, Inside Rehab is landmark: it is a brave, bold and paradigm-shifting contribution to the literature. Inside Rehab is a must read for anyone with a stake in addiction treatment. Bravo! – Howard J. Shaffer, Ph.D., Director, Division on Addiction, The Cambridge Health Alliance (A Harvard Medical School Teaching Affiliate); Associate Professor, Harvard Medical School
This is an extraordinary book. I know of nothing like it. Objective, informative and in extraordinary detail, this book tells the truth about how addiction treatment measures up to modern science and medicine and how you can find a quality addiction treatment program. What would addiction treatment look like if it delivered the best proven treatment that we have to offer? This book gives us the answers and tells us how find these programs. – David C. Lewis, MD, Founder, Brown University Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies
An extensive, critical overview of modern treatment methods for substance abuse. A valuable guide for individuals seeking help and for their families, as well as for policymakers. – Kirkus
The stigma, desperation, and fear that accompany addiction are so often exacerbated by our ignorance of where to turn for help, what to expect, and what to ask. No longer. This long overdue resource informs and empowers suffering individuals and families to know what effective treatment should look like, to ask the right questions, and ultimately, to obtain the quality care they deserve. – John F. Kelly, Ph.D. President, American Psychological Association’s Society of Addiction Psychology; Associate Professor in Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School; Director, Addiction Recovery Management Service, Massachusetts General Hospital
Inside Rehab is a valuable road map for navigating the multiple pathways and programs dealing with the problem of substance abuse. – Booklist, starred review
With an introduction written by Dr. A. Thomas McLellan, CEO and cofounder of the Treatment Research Institute in Philadelphia and former deputy director of the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy, Inside Rehab is essential reading, offering a wealth of accurate information and wise guidance. It provides an eye-opening tour of the addiction treatment industry, exploring the gap between what should happen and what does by a connected writer and researcher who has earned the respect of experts throughout the fields she’s taken on. It is the first book to give readers a thoughtful, sensitive, and bracingly honest insider’s view of the drug and alcohol rehab industry in America.
History / Americas / Native American
The Ohlone Way: Indian Life in the San Francisco-Monterey Bay Area by Malcolm Margolin, illustrated by Michael Harney (Heyday Books)
Two hundred years ago, herds of elk and antelope dotted the hills of the San Francisco-Monterey Bay area. Grizzly bears lumbered down to the creeks to fish for silver salmon and steelhead trout. From vast marshlands geese, ducks, and other birds rose in thick clouds ‘with a sound like that of a hurricane.’ This land of ‘inexpressible fertility,’ as one early explorer described it, supported one of the densest Indian populations in all of North America.
One of the most ground-breaking and highly-acclaimed titles that Heyday has published, The Ohlone Way describes the culture of the Indian people who inhabited Bay Area prior to the arrival of Europeans. Recently included in the San Francisco Chronicle's ‘Top 100 Western Non-Fiction’ list, The Ohlone Way has been described by critic Pat Holt as a ‘mini-classic.’ The author, Malcolm Margolin, is executive director of Heyday, an independent nonprofit publisher and unique cultural institution, which he founded in 1974.
According to The Ohlone Way, before the coming of the Spaniards, Central California had the densest Indian population anywhere north of Mexico. Over 10,000 people lived in the coastal area between Point Sur and the San Francisco Bay. These people belonged to about forty different groups, each with its own territory and its own chief. Among them they spoke eight to twelve different languages that were closely related but still so distinct that oftentimes people living twenty miles apart could hardly understand each other. The average size of a group (or tribelet) was only about 250 people.
That so many independent groups of people speaking so many different languages could be packed into such a relatively small area boggled the European mind. The Spanish sometimes referred to them as Costenos – people of the coast. The Indians of the Monterey and San Francisco Bay areas became amalgamated into a single large tribe called by the ungainly name Costanoan. But the name was never adopted by the Indians themselves, each of whom had a name for his or her own group. Their descendants generally prefer to be called Ohlones, even though Ohlone is a word of disputed origin: it may have been the name of a prominent village along the San Mateo coast, or perhaps it was a Miwok word meaning ‘western people.’ In any case, Ohlone has a pleasing sound to the descendants of the Bay Area Indians, and that is the name used throughout The Ohlone Way.
But like Costanoan, Ohlone is still a fabrication. One small Bay Area tribelet would have been loosely affiliated with its neighbors by bonds of trade and marriage, but there was never anything approaching a larger tribal organization, or even an Ohlone confederation. The people between Point Sur and the San Francisco Bay spoke languages that had a common root, and their customs appear broadly similar. But in their own minds they were not a nation, not even a ‘culture.’ They were only forty or so independent tribelets, each with its own territory and its own ways of doing things, each working through its own destiny.
Margolin in the introduction says he began working on The Ohlone Way to answer a rather basic question: what was life like in the Bay Area before the coming of the Europeans? A mere 200 years ago an Indian people lived on the very land now occupied by modern-day San Francisco, Oakland, Berkeley, Palo Alto, San Jose, Santa Cruz, and Monterey – a people who with terrible rapidity have almost completely dropped out of the modern consciousness. Who were these people? What did they look like, how did they act, and what did they think about?
The early Spanish explorers and missionaries were passionate keepers of diaries and journals, as well as prolific writers of letters and official reports. The two Anza expeditions in the mid 1770s, for example, produced no fewer than twelve separate diaries between them. Father Junipero Serra's letters fill four thick volumes.
In addition to the Spanish writings, there are several travelogues written by early ship captains, traders, and adventurers. Many of the ship captains, like the Frenchman Jean F. G. de la Perouse or the Englishman Frederick William Beechey, were well-read, thoughtful, and observant men. Finally, we have the research of archaeologists who have probed Ohlone village sites, and the reports of anthropologists who at the turn of this century were still able to interview aged descendants of the various Ohlone tribelets.
No one source of information gives a complete picture. But if we put them together they do provide many different views, like windows into an otherwise hidden past.
There are areas of Ohlone life into which there are no windows whatever. Where vital information is lacking, both the writer and the artist of The Ohlone Way have turned elsewhere – to the Yokuts, the Miwoks, the Salinans, and other neighboring peoples – and we have made guesses based on what is known of their lives. Because of the element of speculation, this book is not so much about what Ohlone life was like, but rather about what Ohlone life may have been like.
Before the coming of the Europeans, for hundreds – perhaps thousands – of years, the Ohlones rose before dawn, stood in front of their tule houses, and facing the east shouted words of greeting and encouragement to the rising sun. The men were either naked or dressed in short capes of woven rabbit skin. Their noses and ears were pierced. The women, their faces tattooed, wore skirts made of tule reeds and deer skin. On especially cold mornings the men daubed themselves with mud to keep warm. They shouted and talked to the sun because they believed that the sun was listening to them, that it would heed their advice and their pleas. They shouted to the sun because, as one missionary later put it, they felt that the sun had ‘a nature very much like their own.’
A beautiful book, written and illustrated with a genuine sympathy... A serious and compelling re-creation. – The Pacific Sun
Remarkable insight in to the lives of the Ohlone Indians. – San Francisco Chronicle
Margolin conveys the texture of daily life, birth, marriage, death, war, the arts, and rituals, and he also discusses the brief history of the Ohlones under the Spanish, Mexican, and American regimes... Margolin does not give way to romanticism or political harangues, and the illustrations have a gritty quality that is preferable to the dreamy, pretty pictures that too often accompany texts like this. – Choice
One of three books that brought me the most joy over the past year. – Alice Walker
[Margolin] has written thoroughly and sensitively of the Pre-Mission Indians in a North American land of plenty. Excellent, well-written. – American Anthropologist
Clearly and accessibly written, uniquely alive and at the same time informed, The Ohlone Way is a well-loved classic vividly recreating the lost world of the Indian people who lived here such a short time ago.
History / Europe / Wales
A History of Wales 1485-1660 by Hugh Thomas, with general editor A.H. Dodd (Welsh History Text Books Series, Volume 1) University of Wales Press)
The events of 1485-1660 were decisive in the development of modern Wales and, in the first of the Welsh History Text Books series, Hugh Thomas offers an informative discussion of this significant period. From the crowning of Henry Tudor as King of England in 1485 to the profoundly transformed religious, cultural, and economic conditions at the end of the years under survey, Wales and Welsh society would stride forward in a committed partnership within a greater Britain.
A History of Wales 1485-1660 is the first in a series of three on the history of modern Wales, designed for the use of sixth-form pupils and students at Colleges of Education.
Author Thomas was a principal lecturer at Barry College of Education until his retirement in 1980.
The years covered by A History of Wales 1485-1660 saw the final stage in the political absorption of Wales by its more powerful neighbor. This, with all that it entailed, found acceptance among the leaders of the Welsh people, many of whom exploited the situation thus created for their own ends. Out of it all there emerged a new Wales different from the old whose future was bound indissolubly to that of England. Much of what was new in the Wales that emerged was not initiated during these years and that many of the changes that attended this emergence were the logical outcome of past events. For years before 1485 large tracts of Wales had been controlled by Englishmen, and Welshmen had in increasing numbers been anxious to acquire the rights and privileges enjoyed by their English neighbors.
This is not to deny the significance of the events which followed 1485. The means by which the inevitable was accomplished laid their own stamp upon the outcome, and modern Wales is the product almost as much of the way in which union was achieved as of union itself. Here again one must be careful, because political union was not the implementation of a grand design so much as a rationalization of a series of experiments whose objective had been the better governance of Wales.
Union has cast its shadow over the period – if only because it was the springboard for so much else that took place. More immediately relevant to the majority of the Welsh people of the time according to A History of Wales 1485-1660 were the changes which accompanied it. There were, for instance, the religious changes which led to the refashioning of the Church in Wales and exerted so profound an influence upon almost every form of activity. There was the transformation which occurred in the structure of Welsh society and the acceleration which took place in its economic growth. During these years many families built upon the foundations laid by earlier generations and established themselves in the front rank of Welsh society; others laid the foundations from which succeeding generations were to dominate the Welsh social scene. The rise of these county dynasties is in itself a fascinating story and gains added interest from the light which it throws upon that complex of changes which constitutes this period of transition.
Horizons widened and opportunities multiplied. Individual Welshmen found it possible to fulfill themselves in a host of ways which had hitherto been closed to them. In the professions, in trade, even in maritime and overseas activities men bearing Welsh names were prominent. They ruled dioceses, taught at the universities, sat on the bench or pleaded at the bar, made fortunes in the world of business, entered the inner circle of royal favor, represented English as well as Welsh boroughs at Westminster and seized every available opportunity to advance themselves and their families among their neighbors nearer home.
According to A History of Wales 1485-1660, this was bought at a price. The advancement of the minority, and the means by which this was achieved, produced a gulf in Welsh society which inevitably widened with the passage of the years. Between the few who had and the many who had not, sympathy and understanding declined as the gulf became wider, and it was this which lay at the root of much of the troubles in the Welsh countryside during the nineteenth century. This was no sudden, swiftly accomplished change; it was certainly not complete by the end of the period. But in their anxiety to win parity with their English counterparts many Welshmen of birth and intelligence turned their backs on things Welsh and abrogated their responsibilities as the natural leaders of Welsh cultural life. In their concern to make the most of their opportunities at home they sacrificed their heritage on the altar of progress and prosperity. Inevitably Welsh literary standards declined, the language degenerated, and religious experience waned. Revival and regeneration, when they came, owed little to them, and made deeper still the chasm that yawned between them. Ironically, their increasing involvement in English affairs eventually combined with the accident of birth and the coincidence of marriage to transfer much of their hard-won gains into the hands of the English families which they had courted so assiduously.
Profoundly important as are the events which separated the victory at Bosworth from the restoration of Charles II in the history of England; their impact upon the history of Wales is deeper and more revolutionary. In 1485 the Welsh people responded to one of their own in his bid for the crown of England, by 1660 individual Welshmen had tasted the fruits of that victory, Welsh society had been transformed, and Wales had been committed to partnership within a greater Britain.
The strength of this volume lies in its perceptive and lucid study of the administrative, social, economic and cultural scene ... providing a sound exposition of the objectives, obligations and conditions of life of the various classes in the social hierarchy. – Welsh History Review
A History of Wales 1485-1660 is a landmark work of Welsh history providing a scholarly and balanced view of a significant period.
History / Middle East / Politics & Social Sciences / Government / International
The Invention of the Land of Israel: From Holy Land to Homeland by Shlomo Sand and Geremy Forman (Verso)
What is a homeland and when does it become a national territory? Why have so many people been willing to die for such places throughout the twentieth century? What is the essence of the Promised Land? Following the acclaimed and controversial The Invention of the Jewish People, Shlomo Sand & his cowriter Geremy Forman in The Invention of the Land of Israel examine the mysterious sacred land that has become the site of the longest-running national struggle of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Sand currently teaches contemporary history at the University of Tel Aviv and Forman teaches in the Department for Land of Israel Studies at the University of Haifa.
The Invention of the Land of Israel deconstructs the age-old legends surrounding the Holy Land 'historical right’ and tracks the creation of the modern concept of the ‘Land of Israel’ by nineteenth-century Evangelical Protestants and Jewish Zionists.
In the 2009s acclaimed and iconoclastic The Invention of the Jewish People, which spent nineteen weeks on the Israeli bestseller list and won the coveted Aujourd'hui Award in France, Sand exploded the myth of the Jewish diaspora as a people with a single, unique ancestry, chipped away at the notion of a ‘chosen people,’ and provided an intellectual foundation for a new vision for Israel's future. In this pioneering follow-up, Sand and Forman take aim at the Zionist idea of ‘historical right’ to the Holy Land, tracing the ways in which this concept was developed in nationalist narratives to assert moral legitimacy for the appropriation of territory in the Holy Land.
This idea buttressed the Jewish colonization of Palestine and the birth of Israel, at the expense of the thousands of inhabitants who were forced out of their homes, and continues to justify the Israeli government's destruction of Palestinian homes to make way for illegal settlements in Palestinian territory. As the prospects for peace between Israel and Palestine continue to dwindle, they argue that holding to this notion is self-destructive and threatens the very existence of the Jewish state.
Sand and Forman conclude their examination of the construction of memory and history in Israel by addressing the Nakba through the history of the village of al-Sheikh Muwannis. They contrast how the past of the Arab village – now the site where Sand’s university is located – has been concealed in the construction of the Jewish, Zionist, or Israeli past.
Having faced death threats, scholarly attacks and ostracism, Sand with The Invention of the Land of Israel sheds light on his motivations. He discusses his experiences as a young soldier taking part in the Six-Day War in 1967, and reveals the secret he kept for over 40 years – witnessing the torture and murder of an old Palestinian man in Jericho, without attempting to prevent it.
A thought provoking, readable and important work. – Publisher's Weekly
This groundbreaking new work from a highly controversial author undoes the myth of the Jewish people’s historical right to the ‘Land of Israel’.
History / Military / World War II
Sicily 1943: The debut of Allied joint operations by Steven J. Zaloga, illustrated by Howard Gerrard (Campaign Series: Osprey Publishing)
Operation Husky, the Anglo-American amphibious landings on Sicily in July 1943 were the proving ground for all subsequent Allied amphibious operations including Salerno, Anzio, and D-Day in Normandy. Husky's strategic objective was to knock Italy out of the war, a mission that ultimately proved successful. But Husky also demonstrated the growing ability of Britain and the United States to conduct extremely complex combined-arms attacks involving not only amphibious landings, but also airborne assaults. It was in many ways the precursor of all modern joint operations through the recent wars in Iraq and Afghanistan as two different armies and navies with their own methods of command and control adjusted their practices to conduct a harmonious operation. Their cooperative efforts stood in stark contrast to the increasingly dysfunctional German-Italian alliance which finally broke down on Sicily.
Sicily 1943 elucidates these operations. The author, Steven J. Zaloga, has worked as an analyst in the aerospace industry for over two decades, covering missile systems and the international arms trade, and has served with the Institute for Defense Analyses, a federal think tank. The artist, Howard Gerrard, who has worked for numerous publishers, has won both the Society of British Aerospace Companies Award and the Wilkinson Sword Trophy. The book belongs to the Campaign Series with series editor, Marcus Cowper, which provides accounts of history’s greatest conflicts, detailing the command strategies, tactics and battle experiences of the opposing forces throughout the crucial stages of each campaign.
According to Sicily 1943, not only did the Sicily operation represent a watershed in tactical development of combined arms tactics, it was also an important test for future Allied joint operations. Senior British commanders left the North African theater with a jaundiced and dismissive view of the combat capabilities of the inexperienced US Army after the debacle at Kasserine Pass in Tunisia in February 1943. Sicily was a demonstration that the US Army had rapidly learned its lessons and was now capable of fighting as a co-equal of the British Army.
The Sicily campaign contained a measure of high drama as Patton took the reins of the Seventh US Army and bent the rules of the theater commander in a bold race to take Palermo on the northern Sicilian coast. Patton was determined to prove the ability of the US Army after Kasserine in the hands of a skilled tactical commander. When stiff German resistance halted Montgomery's main assault to Messina through the mountains, Patton was posed to be the first to reach the key Sicilian port and end the campaign.
The Sicily campaign contains a fair amount of controversy and includes the disastrous problems with early airborne assaults and the Allied failure to seal the straits of Messina, allowing the Germans to withdraw many of their best forces.
Sicily 1943 tells the dramatic story using numerous illustrations, many of them in full color, as well as maps and photographs.
Law / Business & Finance
Successes and Failures of Whistleblower Laws by Robert G. Vaughn (Edward Elgar Publishing Limited)
Drawing on literature from several disciplines, Successes and Failures of Whistleblower Laws examines the history of whistleblower laws throughout the world and provides an analytical structure for the most common debates about the nature of such laws and their potential successes and failures.
Robert G. Vaughn explores the relationship between the actions of whistleblowers and the character of laws protecting them, as well as their administration and enforcement. The book considers the role of civil society groups in the successes of whistleblower laws and how current controversies reflect issues attached to these laws over half a century.
Contents of Successes and Failures of Whistleblower Laws include:
1. Successes and Failures 2. Question Authority 3. Nonviolence and Civil Disobedience 4. Whistleblower Stories and Emerging Narratives 5. Watergate and Whistleblower Protection 6. The Civil Service Reform Act and Whistleblower Protection
7. Retrospective and Forecast 8. Incentives 9. Private-sector Laws 10. Institutional Failure 11. Interpretation 12. National Security 13. Global Whistleblower Laws
14. Civil Society 15. Perspectives 16. Old Issues – New Controversies
Vaughn, Professor of Law and A. Allen King Scholar, American University, Washington College of Law, in the preface says that Successes and Failures of Whistleblower Laws became more personal than he anticipated. The events that he experienced and observed represent profound changes in the perceptions of, and protections for, those individuals we now call whistleblowers. In turn, he shows how those changes increasingly influence law and policy.
The magnitude of early successes regarding whistleblower laws encouraged him to define setbacks, rejections, and reconsiderations of these laws as failures. Likewise, the dramatic events surrounding the first whistle-blower laws, particularly the whistleblower provision of the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978, obscured the weaknesses or failures in those laws. More than 40 years after his introduction to whistleblowing and whistleblower laws, this book enabled Vaughn to see more clearly the path of his involvement and the arc of those laws.
In designing Successes and Failures of Whistleblower Laws, Vaughn used a temporal description of whistleblower laws over nearly half a century as one of its organizing themes. That design rested on his belief that history informs both past and current events. This theme also required him to consider his personal history. The book brings together the history of these events and laws with his own. Readers will recognize that this weaving of the two offers perspective and context that gives significance to events and to the laws generated by them. Bias is the companion of experience and expertise. This bias arises not from intent or manipulation, but from familiarity. Just as general and personal histories are bound with one another, experience and bias walk together. Successes and Failures of Whistleblower Laws enabled Vaughn better to recognize these ties, a recognition that comes in part from careful analysis.
In 1970, as a 26-year-old attorney, he says he began to work with a law film that Ralph Nader established in Washington, DC. With him were 13 others, most of them, like him, recent graduates of law school. The group was funded by the money that Nader received from General Motors to settle his suit for its surveillance of him following the publication of his book. That surveillance by General Motors led to hearings before the Senate Commerce Committee and established Nader as a national figure. Vaughn remembers a `brown bag' lunch in their offices at which Nader read excerpts from the reports filed by the private detectives hired to follow him. Subsequently, the attempts of governments and corporations to harass and undermine whistleblowers and citizen activists in ways similar to Nader's treatment resonated for him. Unwanted surveillance followed disclosures by many whistleblowers.
John Nestor, an outspoken physician at the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), had criticized the FDA leadership for pressuring reviewers to approve new drugs despite inadequate testing or the serious risks from them. The FDA ordered his transfer to a position where he would no longer review new drug applications. Vaughn represented him in a grievance proceeding, the only avenue available to challenge his transfer. His experiences confirmed a suspicion that such proceedings were unlikely to succeed. John Nestor assumed that he had little chance of winning but believed that he had to show the management of the agency, as well as other reviewers of new drug applications, that he was willing to fight. In his enthusiasm and inexperience Vaughn says he was more optimistic: he also thought that the grievance process would bring to the surface information about how the transfer decision was made. Nestor was right and Vaughn was wrong. After President Carter's election, his transition team for the FDA discovered that the agency had withheld at the time of the hearing many of the documents and memoranda for which requests had been made.
Nestor became one of the best-known FDA whistleblowers of the time. He testified before Congress regarding reorganization of the FDA and provided insights to Congress and to the public about the influence of the pharmaceutical industry at the agency. Nestor's experience highlighted the need for independent external review of informal personnel actions used to retaliate against whistleblowers and influenced the proposed legislation that Vaughn later advocated.
Vaughn says that Successes and Failures of Whistleblower Laws reminds him how much of his academic life has involved attention to whistleblowing. This book weaves together experiences that he had often perceived only as episodes in the passing years. Working on this book, he says, confirmed for him how whistleblowing was tied to ethics as well as law, how it reflected communities of persons as well as individuals, and how whistleblower laws are more than a subset of employment law.
A new roadmap for understanding the diverse perspectives and disparate bodies of law involved in any legal regime aimed at encouraging people in organisations to speak up about wrongdoing, making it possible for them to do so, and supporting and protecting them when they do. More than just a rich and readable history of whistleblowing laws, in the USA and around the world. Steeped in Robert Vaughn's personal experience as a lawyer and researcher over a 40 year period, this book stands to help solve some of the greatest conundrums in this vital area of legal regulation – one of the most complex in modern society, but one of the most crucial to integrity, accountability and organisational justice in all institutions. Compulsory reading for all policymakers, regulators, corporate leaders, researchers and activists engaged in improvement and implementation of public interest whistleblowing laws. – A.J. Brown, Griffith University and Transparency International Australia
Unlike other books on whistleblowing that simply describe and analyze whistleblowing laws, Robert Vaughn’s new book provides an in-depth and unique historical account of the roots of the whistleblowing movement in such disparate events as the Mai Lai massacre, the civil rights movement, and the experiments of Stanley Milgrim. As important, he then uses that history to illuminate the competing perspectives and pressures that influenced the passage and interpretation of modern whistleblower laws. Vaughn provides a first-rate account of the varied and complex reasons for the successes and failures of these laws during the last forty years. – Richard Moberly, University of Nebraska College of Law
The stories of whistleblowers instruct readers in courage, in perseverance, in ethics and morality, and in sacrifice for others. Successes and Failures of Whistleblower Laws contains perspectives from which successes and failures can be evaluated. This enlightening book will appeal to policy makers, scholars, whistleblower advocacy and other civil society groups, as well as anyone with a general interest in the subject.
Literature & Fiction
The Avalon Ladies Scrapbooking Society: A Novel by Darien Gee (Ballantine Books)
Whether it's a comforting hug from a close friend or a handmade gift, the best things in life are free. Last year, Darien Gee captured the essence of this well-known phrase by warming the hearts and satisfying the literary appetites with Friendship Bread, an enthralling story of family, friendship and home-cooked dishes. Now, this Hawaiian writer returns with The Avalon Ladies Scrapbooking Society to celebrate family, friendship and, this time, a favorite international pastime – scrapbooking.
With more than four million self-proclaimed scrapbooking women in the United States alone, this hobby is undoubtedly taking the craft industry by storm. Scrapbooking groups give crafters the ability to come together, share ideas, and experience the deep bonds of friendship. And that's exactly what the lovably persistent Bettie Shelton, founder of the Avalon Scrapbooking Society, hopes to achieve in her small town of Avalon, Illinois.
….Welcome to Avalon, Illinois, Pop. 4,243.
At Madeline’s Tea Salon, the cozy hub of the Avalon community, local residents scrapbook their memories and make new ones. But across town, other Avalonians are struggling to free themselves of the past: Isabel Kidd is fixing up her ramshackle house while sorting through the complications of her late husband’s affair. Ava Catalina is mourning the love of her life and helping her young son grow up without his father. Local plumber Yvonne Tate is smart, beautiful, and new to Avalon, but finds that despite a decade of living life on her own terms, the past has a way of catching up – no matter where she goes. And Frances Latham, mother to a boisterous brood of boys, eagerly anticipates the arrival of a little girl from China – unprepared for the emotional roller coaster of foreign adoption.
Enter Bettie Shelton, the irascible founder of the Avalon Ladies Scrapbooking Society. Under Bettie’s guidance, even the most reluctant of Avalon’s residents come to terms with their past and make bold decisions about their future. But when the group receives unexpected news about their steadfast leader, they must pull together to create something truly memorable in The Avalon Ladies Scrapbooking Society.
There are many threads to this story (including a female plumber with a secret past), but, like a good scrapbooker, Gee puts them all together beautifully. Bettie is the glue that holds the residents of Avalon together – whether they like it or not – and as she seems to unravel, the town comes together. This funny, moving book is the follow-up to Friendship Bread (2011), although The Avalon Ladies Scrapbooking Society can stand on its own. A welcome addition to any women’s-fiction collection and a good choice for fans of Debbie Macomber’s knitting series. – Booklist
In this exceptionally well-written novel you’ll find heartwarming inspiration, humor, wisdom and endless charm… This is one of those books you’ll want to tell your friends about so you can talk about the antics and struggles that will stay in your heart long after the final page is turned. Gee is an author to keep a close eye on. – RT Book Reviews
Truly charming! You’ll want to read and then immediately share with your best friends (and then start a scrapbooking society of your own!). Darien Gee writes about friendship and family with depth, grace and heart. – Sarah Jio, New York Times bestselling author of Blackberry Winter and The Violets of March
Darien Gee pieces together lives and scraps with the skill and heart of a true storyteller. The ladies of Avalon will have you calling your sisters and girlfriends to share old memories and make new ones. I loved it! – Lisa Wingate, bestselling author of Dandelion Summer and Blue Moon Bay
In a gathering of women there will always be compelling stories. Throw in a love of craft and these stories take on a whole new dynamic. There are shared secrets, support, encouragement, and love as the Avalon Ladies come to terms with the past and boldly step forward into the future. – #1 New York Times bestselling author Debbie Macomber
In this dramatic and engaging novel, by turns humorous, wise, and deeply moving, five unlikely women are brought together by a local scrapbooking society and the beguiling eccentric who runs it. Perfect for fans of Debbie Macomber, Kristin Hannah, Beth Hoffman, and Kate Jacobs, The Avalon Ladies Scrapbooking Society follows this group of women who form deep friendships through their love of scrapbooking – as memories are preserved, dreams are shared, and surprising truths are revealed. Charming and utterly unforgettable, the novel reminds readers what matters most in life.
Literature & Fiction / Mystery
Brooklyn Bones: An Erica Donato Mystery by Triss Stein (Poisoned Pen Press)
In Brooklyn Bones, a crime of the past comes too close to home when Erica Donato’s teen-age daughter Chris finds a skeleton behind a wall in their crumbling Park Slope home. Erica – young widow, over-age history Ph.D. candidate, mother of a teen, product of blue-collar Brooklyn – is drawn into the mystery when she learns this was an unknown teen-age girl, hidden there within living memory. She and her daughter are both touched and disturbed by the mysterious tragedy in their own home.
Chris’s dangerous curiosity and Erica’s work at a local history museum lead her right back to her neighborhood in its edgy, pre-gentrification days, the period when the age of Aquarius was turning dark. A cranky retired reporter shares old files with her. The charming widow of a slumlord has some surprises for her. The crazy old lady who hangs around her street keeps trying to tell her something. And there are people, including some she is close to, who know the whole story and will stop at nothing to make sure it stays buried forever.
Author Triss Stein is a small-town girl who has spent most of her adult life living and working in New York City. This gives her the useful double vision of a stranger and a resident for writing mysteries about her ever-fascinating adopted home. Brooklyn Bones is the first in a new series about everyday Brooklyn life, Brooklyn history and Brooklyn crime.
Brooklyn girls are nothing if not tough – and you'll find plenty of them in Brooklyn Bones. As full of local color as a bagel with a schmear, Triss Stein's novel finds a young widow and her teenage daughter digging up the past after a house renovation uncovers skeletal remains. As much fun as a day at Brighton Beach and as many twists and turns as a high-speed chase on the BQE. – Rosemary Harris, Anthony finalist and author of Pushing Up Daisies and Dead Head
An engaging mystery with a spirited heroine. Erica Donato is a welcome addition to the amateur sleuth club. – Laura Joh Rowland, author of the Sano Ichiro Mysteries and The Secret Adventures of Charlotte Bronk
An intrepid heroine with excellent research skills and a mother's sense of justice sets out to find the killer of a young girl, and encounters quirky characters, romance, and danger along the way. Brooklyn Bones is a delicious, classic mystery that reads like East Coast Sue Grafton. Curl up with it and enjoy. – Michele Martinez, author of the Melanie Vargas Mysteries
The manager of the recent Sisters in Crime research study on mystery readers unveils a welcome new mystery series with Brooklyn Bones. With the Brooklyn setting and characters spot-on, this one is a lot of fun.
Literature & Fiction / Sibling Relationships
My Brother's Book by Maurice Sendak (Michael di Capua Books, HarperCollins Publishers)
Fiftyg years after Where the Wild Things Are was published comes the last book Maurice Sendak (1928-2012) completed before his death in May 2012, My Brother's Book. With influences from Shakespeare and William Blake, Sendak pays homage to his late brother, Jack, whom he credited for his passion for writing and drawing. Pairing Sendak's poignant poetry with his exquisite and dramatic artwork, My Brother's Book redefines what mature readers expect from Maurice Sendak while continuing the lasting legacy he created over his long, illustrious career.
Sendak's tribute to his brother in My Brother's Book is an expression of both grief and love and will resonate with his lifelong fans who may have read his children's books and will be ecstatic to discover something for them now. Pulitzer Prize-winning literary critic and Shakespearean scholar Stephen Greenblatt contributes a moving introduction.
In addition to Where the Wild Things Are, Maurice Sendak's books include Kenny's Window, Very Far Away, The Sign on Rosie's Door, Nutshell Library (consisting of Chicken Soup with Rice, Alligators All Around, One Was Johnny, and Pierre), Higglety Pigglety Pop! or There Must Be More to Life, In the Night Kitchen, Outside Over There, We Are All in the Dumps with Jack and Guy, and Bumble-Ardy.
Sendak received the 1964 Caldecott Medal for Where the Wild Things Are; the 1970 Hans Christian Andersen Award for Illustration; the 1983 Laura Ingalls Wilder Award, given by the American Library Association in recognition of his entire body of work; and a 1996 National Medal of Arts in recognition of his contribution to the arts in America. In 2003, he received the first Astrid Lindgren Memorial Award, an international prize for children's literature established by the Swedish government.
Stephen Greenblatt says in the foreword that in Maurice Sendak's visionary worlds – widely recognized as among the greatest imaginative creations of our age – love often takes the form of menace, and safe havens are reached, if they are reached at all, only after terrifying adventures. Throughout his career and most intensely in My Brother's Book, in his final expression of longing to be reunited with his dead brother, Jack, Sendak seems to have taken upon himself the challenge articulated by one of Shakespeare's characters: "a wild dedication of yourselves / To unpathed waters, undreamed shores.”
This is Maurice Sendak's last completed book. It's the kind of fairy tale a grieving child tells, a lament, a consolation, and a farewell. It's Maurice's elegy for his brother, Jack, for his partner of fifty years, Eugene Glynn, and for himself, for the world of astonishing beauty he created in his books. In these pages, Maurice seems to have gathered up that world, all of it, every corner, in a gorgeous, mad, heart-stopping condensation of every theme, every rhythm, every poetic and visual trope associated with the name Sendak, and then released it. Before our eyes, he makes his world dissolve into mist.
Resigned and impassioned, in love and desolate, wise and terribly young, My Brother's Book is Maurice's gut geschrei and grown-up goodbye. We'll miss him forever. – Tony Kushner
Politics & Social Sciences / History / Race Relations / African-American Studies
An Aristocracy of Color: Race and Reconstruction in California and the West, 1850-1890 by D. Michael Bottoms, with series editor Quintard Taylor (Race and Culture in the American West Series, Volume 5: University of Oklahoma Press)
In the South after the Civil War, the reassertion of white supremacy tended to pit white against black. In the West, by contrast, a radically different drama emerged, particularly in multiracial, multiethnic California.
After supporting the Union in the Civil War, white Californians confronted a crisis when asked to ratify the proposed Reconstruction amendments to the U.S. Constitution. Designed to protect the rights of newly freed slaves in the South, its provisions threatened to topple the fragile multiracial hierarchy Anglo-Americans had carefully constructed in California. That hierarchy subsumed African American, Chinese, Mexican, Hawaiian, and Native Californians within a society firmly controlled by Anglo-Americans. Federal solutions to the black-white racial conflict in the South triggered decades of social tumult in California as racial and ethnic groups vied for new political privileges.
As historian D. Michael Bottoms shows in An Aristocracy of Color, many white Californians saw in Reconstruction legislation a threat to the fragile racial hierarchy they had imposed on the state’s legal system during the 1850s. But nonwhite Californians – blacks and Chinese in particular – recognized an unprecedented opportunity to reshape the state’s race relations.
Bottoms, currently visiting Assistant Professor of History at Whitman College, begins by analyzing white Californians’ mid-century efforts to prohibit nonwhite testimony against whites in court. Challenges to these laws by blacks and Chinese during Reconstruction followed a trajectory that would be repeated in later contests. Each minority challenged the others for higher status in court, at the polls, in education, and elsewhere, employing stereotypes and ideas of racial difference popular among whites to argue for its own rightful place in ‘civilized’ society. Whites contributed to the melee by occasionally yielding to blacks in order to keep the Chinese and California Indians at a disadvantage.
These dynamics reverberated in other state legal systems throughout the West in the mid- to late 1800s and nationwide in the twentieth century. As An Aristocracy of Color reveals, Reconstruction outside of the South briefly promised an opportunity for broader equality but in the end strengthened and preserved the racial hierarchy that favored whites.
According to Bottoms in the introduction, the racial dimension of the western Reconstruction experience relies on a large body of scholarship exploring the history of race relations in nineteenth-century California. These various histories have been mined mostly by social historians whose work has carefully detailed the daily struggles of California's racial minorities in an atmosphere of fierce white supremacy. While the vast majority of these works have emphasized relations between a single minority and the white majority, their depth and breadth offer the potential for exploring new directions in the history of California race relations. Taken together, these works provide a solid foundation from which to study the interactions between nonwhite minorities beyond their association with whites. Taking Michael Omi and Howard Winant's description of race as a socially constructed identity as a given, An Aristocracy of Color uses the competition between nonwhite minorities for position within California's developing hierarchy to explore the ways in which racial categories were constructed among nonwhites.
Chapter 1 of An Aristocracy of Color describes the earliest iterations of that machinery in the 1850s by analyzing white Californians' initial efforts to create a binary racial regime and minority groups' resistance against that effort. The discussion centers on an examination of laws prohibiting non-white testimony in court cases involving whites. In the 1860s, debates over these laws in the context of the Civil War and Reconstruction began the long process of redefining racial relationships in California.
The second chapter examines white Californians' growing alarm over the implications, national and local, of Reconstruction. In the state elections of 1867, white voters repudiated Reconstruction by handing control over the state government to Democrats who promised to block its effects. Once in office, they moved to blunt Reconstruction's reach by rejecting both the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution. The debates over these amendments exposed the ways in which black citizenship limited white legislators' attempts to defend white privilege.
Chapter 3 details black and Chinese Californians' use of the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to try to force open their state's segregated public schools. In 1872, black Californians brought a test case before the California Supreme Court that ended up establishing the ‘separate but equal’ principle in California twenty-two years before Plessy v. Ferguson. Chinese Californians followed suit with a test case of their own in 1885 that secured public funding for the education of Chinese children, but that ultimately failed to desegregate California's public schools.
Chapters 4 and 5 turn to the civil rights activities of Chinese immigrants. Chapter 4 recounts the transformation in racial thinking that led to the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 through a detailed examination of controversies surrounding the spread of Chinese laundries into white middle-class neighborhoods in San Francisco. Chapter 5 describes the widespread disappointment among white Californians over the perceived failure of the Chinese Exclusion Act to rid their state of Chinese immigrants. Frustrated by this apparent failure, mobs of white Californians drove Chinese laborers and their families from dozens of towns in 1885 and 1886. The Chinese fought back in the courts, again invoking federal legislation directly related to Reconstruction. The ultimate failure of Chinese litigation in this case revealed the limits of Reconstruction in the American West and marked the establishment of a new pattern of racial interaction that would guide white Californians' response to successive waves of immigration from Asia in the ensuing decades.
To do this, An Aristocracy of Color traces the formation of racial ideas through the law, and as such is deeply informed by the work of scholars in the fields of critical legal studies and its corollary, critical race theory. In doing so, this book supports the position of critical legal theorists who argue for a more dynamic vision of the role played by law in American life. Here, the law is more than a ratification of already developed social ideas and practices. The racial legal structure that grew up around struggles over Reconstruction in California was both an expression of widely held racial ideas and a shaper of those ideas in its own right. As laws governing racial inclusion and exclusion operated in California, they defined relationships that, over the closing decades of the nineteenth century, achieved normative status. In the process, these legally defined relationships spawned new racial ideas of their own that strengthened and extended California's racial project. By detailing the legal restrictions, obstacles, and opportunities experienced by ordinary Californians, this social history of law grounds abstract racial ideology in concrete daily existence.
In case after case, the political and legislative process served as the primary mechanism through which white Californians sought to coax order out of their state's racial chaos. And it was through their control and manipulation of the political system that white Californians achieved the most concrete and lasting expression of the racial ideas they developed amid California's racial diversity.
Relying heavily on court testimony, judicial decisions, and legislative debates transcribed in newspapers, pamphlets, ephemera, and personal letters, Bottoms in An Aristocracy of Color brings to life the monumental battle to reshape California race relations in the last half of the 19th century.
Professional & Technical / Medicine / Clinical / Anesthesiology
Pharmacology and Physiology for Anesthesia: Foundations and Clinical Application: Expert Consult – Online and Print, 1st edition edited by Hugh C. Hemmings, Jr. & Talmage D. Egan (Elsevier Saunders)
Clinicians are better able to understand the complexities of pharmacology and physiology relevant to their practice with this medical reference book, Pharmacology and Physiology for Anesthesia. The volume provides the clinical insights they need to effectively administer anesthesia, ensuring patient safety and the most optimal outcomes.
With Pharmacology and Physiology for Anesthesia clinicians are able to:
Access comprehensive, continually updated research on the physiology of organ systems and clinical topics in the pharmacology of anesthetic drugs.
Reference the information they need through user-friendly tables, figures, and algorithms, all presented in full color.
Understand the molecular mechanism of drug actions and identify key drug interactions that may complicate anesthesia with dedicated sections on these key areas.
Find new information on genomics, proteomics, adverse drug reactions, sleep, consciousness and cognition, and mechanisms of ischemia.
Search the text and download images online.
Clinicians can build a thorough knowledge of pharmacology and physiology focused on clinical practice.
Pharmacology and Physiology for Anesthesia has 66 contributors. The editors are Hugh C. Hemmings, Jr., MD, PhD, FRCA, Distinguished Research Professor of Anesthesiology and Vice Chair of Research, Professor of Pharmacology, Weill Cornell Medical College, Attending Anesthesiologist, New York-Presbyterian Hospital, Adjunct Professor, The Rockefeller University New York and Talmage D. Egan, MD, Professor of Anesthesiology, Adjunct Professor of Pharmaceutics, Adjunct Professor of Bioengineering, Attending Anesthesiologist, Vice Chair for Research, K.C. Wong Presidential Endowed Chair, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City.
According to Hemmings and Egan, the successful practice of the art of anesthesia, critical care, and pain medicine demands a sound understanding of core scientific concepts founded in physiology and pharmacology. The importance of physiology and pharmacology to anesthesiology is recognized in postgraduate anesthesia training programs and certification examinations worldwide because a thorough understanding of these disciplines is essential for graduation, certification, and successful clinical practice. Although this scientific foundation is available from a number of sources, the necessary level of detail is often insufficient in introductory texts and perhaps too esoteric in specialized monographs targeted to academics. Pharmacology and Physiology for Anesthesia bridge the gap between introductory texts and comprehensive reference books by providing a detailed overview of these fundamental subject areas for anesthesiologists, intensivists, and pain practitioners, both in training and in practice.
Focusing on physiology, pharmacology, and molecular-cellular biology, the text's approach is integrated and systems oriented, avoiding the artificial boundaries between the basic and clinical sciences. Pharmacology and Physiology for Anesthesia is divided into five sections: Basic Principles of Pharmacology; Nervous System; Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Systems; Gastrointestinal and Endocrine Systems; and Fluid, Electrolyte, and Hematologic Homeostasis.
Recognizing that no single author possesses the necessary breadth and depth of understanding in all the core subject areas, each chapter is authored by an expert representing many of the finest institutions of North America, the United Kingdom, Europe, and Asia. This allows an international presentation of current anesthesia science presented by recognized experts at the cutting edge of anesthesia research and education.
A number of features significantly enhance the use of Pharmacology and Physiology for Anesthesia as a tool for learning, teaching, and review. These include access to the online text via the Expert Consult platform, including a complete, downloadable image bank. Recognizing that graphics are often the most expressive and effective way of conveying concepts, full-color illustrations facilitate use of the book as a learning aid and make it enjoyable to read.
Each chapter stresses the scientific principles necessary for the understanding and management of various situations encountered in anesthesia practice. Detailed explanations of clinical techniques are avoided because this information is available in many comprehensive and subspecialty clinical anesthesia texts and handbooks. This book is not intended to provide a detailed review of specialized research areas for the scientist. Rather, the fundamental information necessary to understand essential concepts and principles is stressed, and basic science concepts are related to relevant clinical anesthesia applications. Chapters are self-contained with minimal repetition and include a short list of key points for review and key references to stimulate further exploration of interesting topics.
The chapters of Pharmacology and Physiology for Anesthesia and their authors include:
Section I BASIC PRINCIPLES OF PHARMACOLOGY
Mechanisms of Drug Action Prevention – Alex Proekt and Hugh C. Hemmings, Jr.
Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic Principles for Intravenous Anesthetics – Shinju Obara and Talmage D. Egan
Pharmacokinetics of Inhaled Anesthetics – Andrew E. Hudson and Hugh C. Hemmings, Jr.
Drug Metabolism and Pharmacogenetics – Tjorvi E. Perry and Charles D. Collard
Pharmacodynamic Drug Interactions – Timothy G. Short and Jacqueline A. Hannam
Adverse Drug Reactions – Abhinav Kant and Philip M. Hopkins
Section II NERVOUS SYSTEM
Central Nervous System Physiology: Neurophysiology – Aeyal Raz and Misha Perouansky
Central Nervous System Physiology: Cerebrovascular – Brian P. Lemkuil, John C. Drummond, and Piyush M. Patel
Intravenous Anesthetics – Paul Garcia, Matthew Keith Whalin, and Peter S. Sebel
Pharmacology of Inhaled Anesthetics – Andrew E. Hudson, Karl F. Herold, and Hugh C. Hemmings, Jr.
Drugs for Neuropsychiatric Disorders – Kane O. Pryor and Kingsley P. Storer
Autonomic Nervous System Physiology – Joel O. Johnson
Autonomic Nervous System Pharmacology – Thomas J. Ebert
Nociceptive Physiology – Einar Ottestad and Martin S. Angst
Opioid Agonists and Antagonists – Takahiro Ogura and Talmage D. Egan
Non-Opioid Analgesics – Shane Brogan, Srinand Mandyam, and Daniel A. Drennan
Local Anesthetics – Suzuko Suzuki, Andreas Kokofer, and Peter Gerner
Neuromuscular Physiology and Pharmacology – Edward A. Bittner and J.A. Jeevendra Martyn
Neuromuscular Blockers and Reversal Drugs – Cynthia A. Lien and Matthias Eikermann
Section III CARDIOVASCULAR AND PULMONARY SYSTEMS
Cardiovascular Physiology: Cellular and Molecular Regulation – Paul M. Heerdt and George J. Crystal
Cardiovascular Physiology: Integrative Function – George J. Crystal and Paul M. Heerdt
Vasopressors and Inotropes – Josh Zimmerman and Michael Cahalan
Antihypertensive Drugs and Vasodilators – John W. Sear
Antiarrhythmic Drugs – Geoffrey W. Abbott and Roberto Levi
Pulmonary Physiology – Andrew B. Lumb and Deborah Horner
Pulmonary Pharmacology – Charles W. Emala, Sr.
Section IV GASTROINTESTINAL AND ENDOCRINE SYSTEMS
Liver and Gastrointestinal Physiology – Randolph H. Steadman, Michelle Braunfeld, and Hahnnah Park
Nutritional and Metabolic Therapy – Robert G. Martindale, T. Miko Enomoto, and Mary McCarthy
Pharmacology of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting – Rachel Whelan and Christian C. Apfel
Endocrine Physiology – Julie L. Huffmyer and Edward C. Nemergut
Endocrine Pharmacology – Mark T. Keegan
Section V FLUID, ELECTROLYTE, AND HEMATOLOGIC HOMEOSTASIS
Renal Physiology – Joseph Meltzer
Intravascular Volume Replacement Therapy – Christer Svensen and Peter Rodhe
Electrolytes and Diuretics – Christer Svensen
Blood and Coagulation – Jerrold H. Levy, Roman M. Sniecinski, and Linda J. Demma
Transfusion and Coagulation Therapy – Kenichi Tanaka
Anticoagulant and Antiplatelet Therapy – David Royston
Pharmacology and Physiology for Anesthesia, copiously illustrated, is a definitive source for in-depth coverage of the core basic and clinical sciences in a single text. The book bridges the gap between introductory texts and comprehensive reference books by providing a detailed overview of the fundamental subject areas of physiology and pharmacology for anesthesiologists, intensivists, and pain practitioners, both in training and in practice. With its lavish, full-color illustrations, the volume quickly and easily helps clinicians solidify their understanding of core anesthesia topics and improve the safety and effectiveness of the care they render to their patients.
Professional & Technical / Medicine / Internal / Clinical / Radiology / Cardiology
Problem Solving in Cardiovascular Imaging: Expert Consult – Online and Print, 1st edition edited by Suhny Abbara and Sanjeeva P. Kalva (Problem Solving in Radiology Series: Elsevier Saunders)
Clinicians optimize diagnostic accuracy with Problem Solving in Cardiovascular Imaging, a title in the popular Problem Solving in Radiology series. Editors Suhny Abbara and Sanjeeva Kalva use a problem-based approach to help them make optimal use of the latest cardiovascular imaging techniques and achieve confident diagnoses.
With Cardiovascular Imaging clinicians are able to:
Make the most effective use of today's imaging techniques, including PET and SPECT.
Perform effective interventions using the newest grafts, stents, and coils.
See conditions as they appear in practice with more than 2,350 images detailing anatomy, normal anatomic variants, and pathology.
Make optimal clinical choices and avoid complications with expert protocols and tricks of the trade.
Avoid common problems that can lead to an incorrect diagnosis. Tables and boxes with tips, pitfalls, and other teaching points show clinicians what to look for, while problem-solving advice helps them make sound clinical decisions.
Find the information they need thanks to a well-organized, user-friendly format with consistent headings, detailed illustrations, and at-a-glance tables.
Access the entire text and illustrations online.
Cardiovascular Imaging has 81 contributors. The editors are Suhny Abbara, MD, FSCCT, Associate Professor of Radiology, Harvard Medical School, Director, Cardiac Imaging Fellowship, Department of Radiology, Director of Education, Cardiac MR/PET/CT Program, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston and Sanjeeva P Kalva, MD, FSIR, Associate Division Head, Vascular Imaging and Intervention, Director, Center for Image-Guided Cancer Therapy, Massachusetts General Hospital, Assistant Professor of Radiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston.
According to Abbara and Kalva, early in the twentieth century, physicians recognized the power of noninvasive imaging to guide diagnosis and patient management in cardiovascular disease. By the 1980s both echocardiography and rest and stress nuclear perfusion imaging had become part of routine patient assessment, which focused primarily on the assessment of left ventricle function and perfusion. At the time, however, assessment of coronary artery disease was limited to invasive coronary angiography, and structural imaging of the myocardium was not yet possible; thus imaging remained a small and easily overlooked field within cardiovascular medicine. We have come a long way since as we have seen a revolution in cardiovascular imaging driven by the introduction and development of cardiac computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Abbara and Kalva say they have called upon a cadre of more than 90 expert contributors to systematically review the many new developments and present them in a didactically meaningful way. Cardiovascular Imaging systematically reviews the technical nuances and acquisition methods of the various imaging modalities at our disposal, including multidetector computerized tomography, MRI, radio-nuclide imaging, ultrasound and echocardiography, and catheter angiography. This is followed by a review and illustration of the respective appearance of cardiac and vascular anatomy within each of the imaging modalities and a critical review of when to use which test. After this general discussion, this book is organized by disease entities that affect the cardiovascular system. Each disease entity or spectrum of entities is reviewed in-depth, with a special emphasis on the role of imaging, problem solving, and the multimodality imaging appearance of the diseases and their differential diagnostic entities.
The chapters in Cardiovascular Imaging and their authors are:
SECTION I Imaging Technique
Echocardiography – Niamh M. Kilcullen and Michael H. Picard
Coronary Angiography: Technique – Brian G. Hynes and Ik-Kyung Jang
Cardiac Gated Computed Tomography – William Guy Weigold
Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Techniques and Protocols – Francois-Pierre Mongeon, Otdvio Rizzi Coelho-Filho, and Raymond Y. Kwong
Radionuclide Imaging (Cardiac) – Sharmila Dorbala and Angela S. Kohl
Vascular Ultrasound – Tharakeswara K. Bathala
Computed Tomography Angiography (Vascular) – Avinash Kambadahone
Magnetic Resonance Angiography: Technique – Constantine A. Raptis, Kathryn J. Fowler, and Vamsi R. Narra
Catheter Angiography (Vascular) – Sandeep S. Hedgire and Sanjeeva P. Kalva
When to Choose What Test (Cardiac) – Venkatesh L. Murthy and Ron Blankstein
SECTION II Anatomy
Cardiovascular Anatomy and Pathology on Radiography – Stephen W. Miller and James Kin Ho Woo
Cardiac Anatomy on Computed Tomography – Victoria L. Mango and Jill E. Jacobs
Cardiac Anatomy on Magnetic Resonance Imaging – Jonathan D. Dodd and Ronan Kileen
Cardiac Anatomy on Coronary Angiography – Joo Heung Yoon, Brian G. Hynes, and Ik-Kyung Jang
Vascular Anatomy and Variants – Avinash Kambadakone
Comparative Anatomy – Carlos Andres Rojas and Suhny Abbara
SECTION III Devices
Cardiac Valves – Vikram Venkatesh and Suhny Abbara
Cardiac Devices – John P. Lichtenberger III, Gladwin Hui, Brett W Carter, Carlos Jamis-Dow, and Suhny Abbara
Vascular Devices – Anil Kumar Pillai, Alexander Oscar Quiroz Casian, and Sanjeeva P. Kalva
SECTION IV Special Situations
Imaging for Congenital Cardiovascular Disease – Kristopher W. Cummings, Ferenc Czeyda-Pommersheim, and Sanjeev Bhalla
Role of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Cardiomyopthies – Stephan Danik and Jeremy Ruskin
Atherosclerosis: Role of Calcium Scoring – Sion K. Roy and Matthew J. Budoff
Cardiac Computed Tomography for the Evaluation of Acute Coronary Syndrome in the Emergency Department – Felix M. Gonzalez, Sampson K. Kyere, and Charles S. White
Imaging the Postoperative Thoracic Aorta – Santiago Martinez-Jimenez and Laura E. Heyneman
Inflammatory and Infectious Vascular Disorders – Thorsten A. Bley and Christopher J. Francois
Current Role of Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Suspected Myocarditis – Emmanuelle Vermes and Matthias G. Friedrich
Radiation Issues – Jörg Hausleiter
SECTION V Disease Entities by Anatomic Region
Myocardial Ischemic Disease: Magnetic Resonance Imaging – John D. Grizzard, Christoph J. Jensen, and Raymond J. Kim
Myocardial Ischemic Disease: Nuclear – Sharmila Dorbala and Angela S. Koh
Myocardial Ischemic Disease: Computed Tomography – John W. Nance Jr. and U. Joseph Schoepf
Myocardial Nonischemic Cardiomyopathies – Travis S. Henry and Kristopher W. Cummings
Cardiac Masses – John P. Lichtenberger III, Brett W Carter, and Suhny Abbara
Pericardial Disease – Nikhil Goyal, Carlos Andres Rojas, and Suhny Abbara
Valves: Echocardiography – Niamh M. Kilcullen and Michael H. Picard
Valves: Magnetic Resonance Imaging – Christopher M. Walker and Gautham P. Reddy
Valves: Computed Tomography – Daniel W. Entrikin
Coronary Arteries: Anomalies, Normal Variants, Aneurysms, and Fistulas – Ronan Kileen and Jonathan D. Dodd
Coronary Arteries: Coronary Atherosclerotic Disease – Stephan Achenbach
Coronary Artery Bypass Grafts – Dharshan Raj Vummudi and Smita Patel
Pulmonary Veins, Atria, and Atrial Appendage – Prabhakar Rajiah and Milind Y. Desai
Septal Defects and Other Cardiovascular Shunts – Carlos Andres Rojas
Pulmonary Arteries – Brett W. Carter and Gerald E Abbott
Carotid and Vertebral Arteries – Jason M. Johnson, Anna Meader, David T. Hunt, and Javier M. Romero
Thoracic Aorta and Its Branches – Jonathan H. Chung, Martin L. Gunn, Sanjeeva P. Kalva, and Suhny Abbara
Bronchial Arteries – Khashayar Farsad, Mathew P. Cherian, and Sanjeeva P. Kalva
Abdominal Aorta and Branches – Khashayar Farsad
Upper Extremity Arteries – Sanjeeva P. Kalva, Sandeep Hedgire, and Arthur C. Waltman
Lower Extremity Arteries – Meghna Chadha, Chaitanya Ahuja, and Sanjeeva P. Kalva
Deep Venous Thrombosis – Sanjeeva P. Kalva
Venous Insufficiency – Chieh-Min Fan
Vascular Anomalies – Philip R. John
Drs. Abbara and Kalva, two well-recognized experts in the field, have brought together a wide range of authors who are leaders in their respective fields.… Published within the well-known Problem Solving series, this book provides a compendium that also offers complimentary online access to regularly updated web content, which will ensure that readers can keep track of ongoing breakthroughs in this exciting field.
Cardiovascular Imaging is an excellent guide and source for residents, fellows, and practitioners in both cardiology and radiology and for those who want to refresh their knowledge in the multi-modality field of cardiovascular imaging. – Udo Hoffmann, MD, MPH, Associate Professor of Radiology, Harvard Medical School, Division Head, Cardiac Imaging, Department of Radiology, Director, Cardiac MR/PET/CT Program, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston.
Clinicians will find Cardiovascular Imaging informative, enjoyable, and helpful, whether they are radiologists, cardiologists, nuclear medicine specialists, residents, fellows, medical students, or technologists. Cardiovascular Imaging will prove useful in the day-to-day care of patients with cardiovascular disease, serve as a stimulus for future research in basic and clinical science, and provide a utilitarian reference source for all health care professionals, trainees, scientists, and biomedical researchers active in the field of cardiovascular medicine in the twenty-first century. The effort and expertise brought together in the volume will also help advance the field.
Professional & Technical / Medicine / Internal / Clinical / Surgery / Dermatology
Body Contouring and Liposuction: Expert Consult – Online and Print, 1st edition edited by J. Peter Rubin, Mark L. Jewell, Dirk F. Richter and Carlos O. Uebel (Elsevier Saunders)
Body contouring and liposuction is a challenging and constantly evolving field at the intersection of surgical skill, artistry, and new technology. Through this impactful practice, clinicians reshape the bodies and the lives of their patients.
Clinicians are able to master the full spectrum of ‘body sculpting’ procedures with Body Contouring and Liposuction edited by J. Peter Rubin, Mark L Jewell, Dirk Richter, and Carlos O. Uebel. From fat grafts and liposuction through total body lift following massive weight loss surgery, full-color photos and procedural videos show how to proceed, step by step, and achieve gratifying results.
With Body Contouring and Liposuction clinicians can
Exceed their patients' expectations thanks to expert, multimedia guidance from many of today's most accomplished experts in aesthetic plastic surgery.
Know what to look for and how to proceed through videos and full-color illustrations demonstrating brachioplasty, breast reshaping after massive weight loss, thigh and buttock contouring, combining abdominoplasty and mastopexy, and other in-demand procedures.
Find the answers they need through a user-friendly organization.
Access the complete contents online, as well as videos and downloadable illustrations.
Body Contouring and Liposuction has 107 contributors. The editors are: J. Peter Rubin, MD, FACS, UPMC, Endowed Professor of Plastic Surgery, Chair, Department of Plastic Surgery, Director, Life After Weight Loss Body Contouring Program, University of Pittsburgh; Mark L. Jewell, MD, Assistant Clinical Professor of Plastic Surgery, Oregon Health Science University, Portland, Jewell Plastic Surgery Center, Eugene; Dirk F. Richter, MD, PhD, Associate Professor, University of Bonn, Chief, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Director of the Dreifaltigkeits Krankenhaus, Wesseling, Germany; and Carlos O. Uebel, MD, PhD, Associate Professor, Division of Plastic Surgery, PUCRS University, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
The chapters of Body Contouring and Liposuction and their authors include:
Part 1 Patient evaluation and safety
Patient safety in body contouring – V. Leroy Young, Angela S. Landfair
Part 2 Upper extremity contouring
Liposuction of the upper extremities – Cemal Senyuva, Huseyin Guner
Brachioplasty with bicipital groove scar – Susan E. Downey
Brachioplasty – the double ellipse technique – Al S. Aly, Peter Lin
Brachioplasty with liposuction resection – Dennis J. Hurwitz
Limited scar brachioplasty – Lawrence S. Reed
Part 3 Breast reshaping
Fat grafting to the breast – Kamran Khoobehi
Ultrasound-assisted breast reduction – Alberto di Giuseppe
Combined abdominal contouring and mastopexy – Carlos O. Uebel
Breast reshaping using autologous tissues after massive weight loss – Moustapha Hamdi, Serhan Tuncer
Combined abdominoplasty and breast enlargement by autologous tissue transfer or transabdominal implant placement – Reena A. Bhatt, Erik Hoy, Richard Zienowicz
Mammaplasty with L-shaped scar – Antonio R. Bozola
Breast reshaping after massive weight loss, autologous tissue techniques – J. Peter Rubin, Dennis J. Hurwitz
Breast reshaping after massive weight loss, implant based – Dennis C. Hammond, Shannon D. Armstrong, Michael Loffredo
Part 4 Upper trunk contouring
Liposuction of upper back/bra rolls – Sebastiao Nelson Edy Guerra, Renato Nelson de Moura Guerra, Ismael Santiago Vasquez, Rodrigo Nelson de Moura Guerra, Antonio Luiz Rocha Gesualdi Fernandes Neto
Transverse upper body lift – Joseph P. Hunstad, Christopher D. Knolls
Upper body lift with lateral excision – Dirk F. Richter, Alexander Stoff
Part 5 Abdominal contouring procedures
Aesthetic classification of the abdomen – Alan Matarasso
Anatomy of the abdominal wall and aesthetic classification – Fabio X. Nahas, Lydia M. Ferreira
Lipomyosculpture – Ewaldo Bolivar Souza Pinto Sr., Pablo Silva Frizzera Delboni, Matheus Monseff Vieira Borela
Classic abdominoplasty with adhesion tension sutures – Ricardo Baroudi
Lipoabdominoplasty with previous flap resection – Arnaldo L. Mina
Reverse abdominoplasty – Mauro F. Deos, Eduardo I. Gus, Ricardo A. Arnt
Endoscopic plication techniques for the treatment of abdominal contour – Ana Z.D. Badin, Lea M. Moraes
High lateral tension abdominoplasty – Steven Teitelbaum
Fleur-de-lis abdominoplasty including mons contouring – Joseph P. Hunstad, Bill G. Kortesis, Christopher D. Knolls
Panniculectomy in patients with super obesity – Dirk F. Richter, Hermann Lampe, Marianne Wolters
A. Lipoabdominoplasty – Osvaldo R. Saldanha, Luis Humberto Uribe Morelli, Sergio Fernando Dantas de Azevedo, Osvaldo R. Saldanha Filho, Cristianna Bonetto Saldanha
B. Lipoabdominoplasty in combined body contouring procedures – Renato Saltz, Angela S. Landfair
Umbilicoplasty – Juarez Avelar
Combining abdominal contouring with hernia repair – Oscar Ramirez
Liposuction of the abdomen and trunk – Luiz Haroldo Pereira, Aris Sterodimas
Belt lipectomy/circumferential abdominoplasty – Al S. Aly, Garrett Wirth, Donald Mowlds, Thomas Scholz
Progressive tension sutures in abdominoplasty – Todd Pollock, Harlan Pollock
Part 6 Thigh, buttock and lower extremity contouring
Transverse medial thigh lift – Pierre Nicolau
Vertical medial thigh lift with liposuction – Joseph F. Capella, Scott Woehrle
Short vertical scar medial thigh lift – James D. Frame
Autologous gluteal augmentation with mid-pedicle superior pole perforator flaps – Cassio Eduardo Raposo-Amaral
Liposuction and circumferential lower truncal dermatolipectomy – Dirk F. Richter, Alexander Stoff
Gluteal contouring and rejuvenation – Robert F. Centeno, Ronald P. Bossert
A. Buttock implants: gluteal implant augmentation – Jose Abel de la Pena Salcedo, Jose Fernando Lopez-Salguero, Miguel A. Soto-Miranda
B. Intramuscular buttocks implants: the "XYZ" method – Raul Gonzalez
C. Buttock implants: gluteal implants – Jose H. Aboudib, Fernando G. Serra
Buttock contouring with liposuction and fat injection – Constantino G. Mendieta
Liposuction of the lower extremities and leg reshaping with fat – Catherine Bergeret-Galley
Calf and thigh implants – Luis Montellano
Part 7 Liposuction and fat grafting
Liposuction – history and principles – Peter B Fodor
Tumescent local anesthesia for liposuction – Gerhard Sattler
Treatment of liposuction complications – Kim Youn Hwan, Cha Sang Myun, Hwang Weon Jung
Fat grafting in body contouring surgery – Sydney R. Coleman, Jordan Jacobs
Minimal scar breast augmentation using autologous fat grafting – Kotaro Yoshimura, Noriyuki Aoi, Hitomi Eto, Kentaro Doi, Harunosuke Kato
Principles of new invasive modalities – Barry E. Dibernardo, Jason N. Pozner
Ultrasonic liposuction – Onelio Garcia Jr.
Part 8 Body contouring with HIFU or injectables
High intensity focused ultrasound and non-invasive body contouring – Mark L. Jewell, James L. Jewell
Mesotherapy for body contouring and cellulite – Neil S. Sadick, Marion Shapiro
Part 9 Special considerations for the massive weight loss patient
Describing the deformities – Berish Strauch, Charles K. Herman
Psychological and nutritional evaluation – Madelyn H. Fernstrom, Jeffrey L. Sebastian, Angela S. Landfair
Staging and combining procedures – J. Peter Rubin, Jennifer Capla
Body Contouring and Liposuction provides a comprehensive, up-to-date reference for the full spectrum of principles and techniques in body contouring and liposuction, as taught by the masters in the field. The high quality of Body Contouring and Liposuction is a result of the time and effort they have spent distilling their techniques into clear and well written monographs. The resulting compilation covers all aspects of the specialty and puts into perspective applied anatomy, physiology, patient selection, safety, technical aspects, problem-solving, and management of complications.
Professional & Technical / Medicine / Internal / Clinical / Surgery / Orthopaedics
Surgery of the Hip: Expert Consult – Online and Print, 1st edition edited by Daniel J. Berry and Jay R. Lieberman (Elsevier Saunders)
Hip surgery is one of the best examples of the explosion of knowledge and technology that has occurred in the past 30 years. However, the progress has not been linear. Some missteps and backward steps have been taken, but the field has reached a certain level of maturity.
Surgery of the Hip is the clinicians’ comprehensive reference for hip surgery, offering coverage of state-of-the-art procedures for both adults and children. Modeled after Insall & Scott Surgery of the Knee, it presents detailed guidance on the latest approaches and techniques, so clinicians can offer their patients – both young and old – the best possible outcomes.
With Surgery of the Hip clinicians are able to:
Master the latest methods such as the use of fixation devices for proximal femoral fractures, hip preservation surgery, and problems with metal on metal-bearing implants.
Make optimal use of the latest imaging techniques, surgical procedures, equipment, and implants available.
Navigate their toughest clinical challenges with vital information on total hip arthroplasty, pediatric hip surgery, trauma, and hip tumor surgery.
Browse and search the complete contents online, view videos of select procedures, and download the images.
Surgery of the Hip has 197 contributors and 917 illustrations. The editors are Daniel J. Berry, MD, L.Z. Gund Professor and Chairman of the Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota and Jay R. Lieberman, MD, Director, New England Musculoskeletal Institute, Professor and Chairman, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington.
Surgery of the Hip covers in 12 parts and 107 chapters the entire realm of hip surgery from cradle to grave and from laboratory bench to operating room. The editors, Drs. Berry and Lieberman, have assembled a cadre of experts that reads like a Who's Who in the world of hip surgery. Arthroplasty, the ‘queen’ of all hip operative procedures, is given extraordinary coverage, and readers will find in the volume answers to any questions that may be posed about routine or unique special primary procedures, as well as complications of arthroplasty and revision surgery. The hip surgeon today must have reasonable knowledge of biomechanics and biomaterials; both are covered in the first part of the book. The increasingly popular area of nonarthroplasty, so-called conservative hip preservation surgery, is given ample attention. Sections on anatomy, operative approaches, and perioperative management include the classic information along with the latest topics related to surgical approaches, anesthesia, and pain management. Sections on traumatic, pediatric, and tumorous disorders are also included.
Surgery of the Hip is divided into six sections and provides clinicians with a comprehensive review of all aspects of the hip. The basic science section of the book explains how our enhanced understanding of tribology, the body's response to wear debris, and advances in material science have had a major impact on hip surgery. According to Berry and Lieberman in Surgery of the Hip, although anatomy clearly has not changed, our development of new operative approaches has continued to evolve and has caught the attention of the public over the past 10 years. Perioperative management has undergone a true revolution, and many hip procedures today can be done with decreased discomfort for patients and with less morbidity and recovery time. Advanced imaging techniques have transformed our ability to make accurate diagnoses and facilitated our execution of surgical procedures. Pediatric hip surgery has benefited from long-term follow-up of well-known procedures and the implementation of new interventions. Hip surgery for trauma has seen an evolution in the use of fixation devices for proximal femoral fractures and the development of advanced fixation techniques in both the acetabulum and the pelvis. Oncologic surgery around the hip continues to consist of some of the most challenging procedures in orthopedic surgery and has benefited from advances with respect to imaging and new surgical techniques. Hip preservation surgery has exploded as a discipline unto itself. Improved understanding of femoral acetabular impingement and the successful adoption of hip arthroscopy have revolutionized care of the nonarthroplasty patient. Hip arthroplasty has attained a high level of success with respect to longevity and durability and has benefited from continued advances in surgical technique, materials, and perioperative management. Revision total hip arthroplasty has become far more reliable over the past two decades, and our ability to solve difficult bone loss problems has clearly advanced. Finally, our proficiency in preventing and successfully managing complications related to hip surgery continues to improve.
However, in the midst of all these advances, hip surgeons have experienced the disconcerting realization that in an era in which patients want them to implement new technology, not everything new may benefit patients. The problems with metal-on-metal bearings and increased complication rates associated with some minimally invasive operative approaches are cautionary tales.
Chapters of Surgery of the Hip and their authors include:
SECTION I BASIC SCIENCE – Section Editor: Philip C Noble
BIOMECHANICS OF THE NATURAL HIP JOINT – Drew N. Stal, Stephen Ferguson, Stephen J. Incavo, and Philip C. Noble
BIOMECHANICS OF THE ARTIFICIAL HIP JOINT – Georg N. Duda, Christian Konig, Georg Bergmann, Stephan Tohtz, Carsten Parka, and Markus O.W. Heller
TRIBOLOGY OF THE ARTIFICIAL HIP JOINT – Markus A. Wimmer and Michel P. Laurent
MATERIALS IN HIP SURGERY: POLYMETHYLMETHACRYLATE – Thierry Scheerlinck
MATERIALS IN HIP SURGERY: ULTRA-HIGH-MOLECULAR-WEIGHT POLYETHYLENE – Stephen Li
MATERIALS IN HIP SURGERY: METALS FOR CEMENTED AND UNCEMENTED IMPLANTS – Warren O. Haggard, Joel D. Bumgardner, and Phillip J. Andersen
MATERIALS IN HIP SURGERY: MECHANICAL PROPERTIES THAT INFLUENCE DESIGN AND PERFORMANCE OF CERAMIC HIP BEARINGS – Ian C. Clarke, Giuseppe Pezzotti, and Nobuhiko Sugano
MATERIALS IN HIP SURGERY: METALS AS A BEARING MATERIAL – Sophie Williams and John Fisher
MATERIALS IN HIP SURGERY: POROUS METALS FOR IMPLANT FIXATION – Robert M. Pilliar
MATERIALS IN HIP SURGERY: BIOACTIVE COATINGS FOR IMPLANT FIXATION – Dale R. Sumner and Amarjit S. Virdi
BIOLOGICAL RESPONSES TO PARTICLE DEBRIS – Stuart Goodman and Ting Ma
BIOLOGICAL RESPONSES TO METAL DEBRIS AND METAL IONS – Patricia A. Campbell and Karren Takamura
BONE GRAFTS IN HIP SURGERY – Paul Tee Hui Lee, Sandor Gyomorey, Oleg A. Safir, David J. Backstein, and Allan E. Gross
SECTION II ANATOMY AND OPERATIVE APPROACHES – Section Editor: R. Michael Meneghini
NORMAL HIP EMBRYOLOGY AND DEVELOPMENT – Elizabeth Weber and Andrew W. Ritting
ANATOMY OF THE HIP – Raymond H. Kim and Douglas A. Dennis
EXPOSURES OF THE ACETABULUM – S. Andrew Sams
DIRECT ANTERIOR PRIMARY TOTAL HIP ARTHROPLASTY – Wadih Y. Matar and William J. Hozack
ANTEROLATERAL APPROACH FOR PRIMARY TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT – Michael E. Berend
POSTERIOR APPROACHES TO THE HIP – Bryan P. Springer
TROCHANTERIC OSTEOTOMY – Brian J. McGrory
EXTENSILE APPROACHES FOR REVISION TOTAL HIP ARTHROPLASTY – R. Stephen J. Burnett
MINIMALLY INVASIVE HIP ARTHROPLASTY – R. Michael Meneghini and Mark W. Pagnano
SECTION III PERIOPERATIVE MANAGEMENT IN HIP SURGERY – Section Editor: Tad M. Mabry
BLOOD MANAGEMENT – E. Michael Keating and Trevor R. Pickering
ANESTHESIA FOR HIP SURGERY: OPTIONS AND RISKS – Carlos B. Mantilla
MORTALITY AFTER TOTAL HIP ARTHROPLASTY – Wadih Y. Matar, Armin Aalami Harandi, and Javad Parvizi
PERIOPERATIVE MEDICAL MANAGEMENT OF HIP SURGERY PATIENTS – A. Scott Keller and Deanne T. Kashiwagi
PERIOPERATIVE PAIN MANAGEMENT – Teresa T. Horlocker and Sandra L. Kupp
PREVENTION OF VENOUS THROMBOEMBOLISM IN SURGERY OF THE HIP – Clifford W. Colwell, Jr.
REHABILITATION AFTER HIP SURGERY – Robert E. Mayle, Jr. and James I. Huddleston III
SECTION IV HIP EVALUATION, DIAGNOSIS, AND PATHOLOGY – Section Editor: John Clohisy
HISTORY AND PHYSICAL EXAMINATION OF THE HIP – Hal David Martin
IMAGING OF THE HIP – Kawan S. Rakhra and Adnan M. Sheikh
OSTEOARTHRITIS – Ira Zaltz and Brian Larkin
FEMOROACETABULAR IMPINGEMENT – Ernest L. Sink
DYSPLASIA IN THE SKELETALLY MATURE PATIENT – Perry L. Schoenecker
OSTEONECROSIS AND BONE MARROW EDEMA SYNDROME – David R. Marker, Thorsten M. Seyler, Michael A. Mont, and Edward F McCarthy
SYNOVIAL DISEASES OF THE HIP – John Clohisy
ACETABULAR RIM DAMAGE – Paul E. Beaule and Michael Leunig
HIP JOINT INFECTION – James Keeney
SOFT TISSUE PATHOLOGY: BURSAL, TENDON, AND MUSCLE DISEASES – Heidi Prather, Devyani Hunt and Adam Zierenberg
SECTION V PEDIATRIC HIP DISORDERS – Section Editor: Michael B. Millis
HIP DYSPLASIA IN THE CHILD AND ADOLESCENT – Darin Davidson and Young-Jo Kim
LEGG-CALVÉ-PERTHES DISEASE – Harry Kim
SLIPPED CAPITAL FEMORAL EPIPHYSIS – Daniel J. Sucato
INFLAMMATORY ARTHRITIS IN THE CHILD AND ADOLESCENT – Anthony A. Stans and Thomas G. Mason
SECTION VI TRAUMATIC DISORDERS OF THE HIP – Section Editor: George Haidukewych
FEMORAL NECK FRACTURE – Thuan V. Ly and Marc F Swiontkowski
INTERTROCHANTERIC FRACTURES – Andrew H. Schmidt and Richard F. Kyle
SUBTROCHANTERIC FRACTURES – George Haidukewych
ACETABULAR FRACTURE – Brett Bolhofner
HIP DISLOCATION AND FEMORAL HEAD FRACTURES – Kenneth J. Koval and Philip J. Kregor
SECTION VII TUMORS OF THE HIP – Section Editor: Peter S. Rose
EVALUATION OF BONE LESIONS AROUND THE HIP – Eric A. Silverstein
BENIGN BONE TUMORS – Bruno Fuchs and Peter S. Rose
PRIMARY MALIGNANT BONE TUMORS – Peter S. Rose
METASTATIC DISEASE AROUND THE HIP – Joseph H. Schwab and Francis J. Hornicek
SECTION VIII NONARTHROPLASTY TREATMENT OF HIP PATHOLOGY – Section Editor: Robert T. Trousdale
HIP ARTHROSCOPY FOR NONSTRUCTURAL HIP PROBLEMS – J.W. Thomas Byrd
HIP ARTHROSCOPY FOR STRUCTURAL HIP PROBLEMS – Marc Philippon, Bruno G. Schroder e Souza, and Karen K. Briggs
OPEN SURGICAL DEBRIDEMENT FOR FEMOROACETABULAR IMPINGEMENT – Rafael J. Sierra and Robert T. Trousdale
PELVIC OSTEOTOMIES FOR HIP DYSPLASIA – Robert T. Trousdale
FEMORAL OSTEOTOMY – Miguel E. Cabanela
FEMORAL HEAD SPARING PROCEDURES FOR OSTEONECROSIS OF THE HIP – Michael A. Mont, Michael G. Zywiel and Edward H. Becker
ARTHRODESIS AND RESECTION ARTHROPLASTY OF THE HIP – Michael J. Taunton and Robert T. Trousdale
SECTION IX PRIMARY HIP ARTHROPLASTY – Section Editor: Steven J. MacDonald
LONG-TERM RESULTS OF TOTAL HIP ARTHROPLASTY – William N. Capello and James A. D'Antonio
RATING SYSTEMS AND OUTCOMES OF TOTAL HIP ARTHROPLASTY – Conor J. Hurson and Michael J. Dunbar
PREOPERATIVE PLANNING AND TEMPLATING FOR PRIMARY HIP ARTHROPLASTY – Tad M. Mabry
RESURFACING HIP ARTHROPLASTY: EVOLUTION, DESIGN, INDICATIONS, AND RESULTS – Michael L. Caravelli and Thomas Parker Vail
RESURFACING HIP ARTHROPLASTY: TECHNIQUES – Thomas P. Schmalzried
CEMENTED ACETABULAR COMPONENTS – Fares S. Haddad and Adam M.M. Cohen
UNCEMENTED ACETABULAR COMPONENTS – Neil P. Sheth and Craig J. Della Valle
CEMENTED FEMORAL COMPONENTS – Andrew Timperley, Jonathan R. Howell, Matthew L.W. Hubble, Graham A. Gie, and Sarah L. Whitehouse
UNCEMENTED EXTENSIVELY POROUS-COATED FEMORAL COMPONENTS – C Anderson Engh, Jr., Christi J. Sychterz Terefenko, and Charles A. Engh, Sr.
UNCEMENTED TAPERED FEMORAL COMPONENTS – Kristoff Corten and Robert B. Bourne
UNCEMENTED SHORT METAPHYSEAL FEMORAL COMPONENTS – S. David Stulberg and Ronak M. Patel
HIGHLY CROSS-LINKED POLYETHYLENE BEARINGS – J. Benjamin Jackson III, John L. Masonis, and Thomas Fehring
METAL-ON-METAL BEARINGS – Philip A. O'Connor, Brent A. Lanting, and Steven J. MacDonald
CERAMIC-ON-CERAMIC BEARINGS – Aaron Carter and Peter F. Sharkey
COMPUTER NAVIGATION IN HIP ARTHROPLASTY AND HIP RESURFACING – Rupesh Tarwala and Lawrence D. Dorr
SECTION X PRIMARY TOTAL HIP ARTHROPLASTY IN SPECIFIC CONDITIONS – Section Editor: Vincent Pellegrini, Jr.
HIP DYSPLASIA – Ryan Cordry and Richard Santore
PREVIOUS ACETABULAR FRACTURE – Michael D. Ries
PREVIOUS PROXIMAL FEMORAL FRACTURE AND PROXIMAL FEMORAL DEFORMITY – John F. Tilzey and Richard Iono
METABOLIC BONE DISEASE – Steven J. Fitzgerald and David G. Lewallen
OSTEONECROSIS OF THE HIP – Kevin L. Garvin
THE NEUROMUSCULAR HIP – Mathias P.G. Bostrom and Michael B. Cross
PREVIOUS HIP ARTHRODESIS – Mark J. Spangehl
PROTRUSIO ACETABULI – Douglas E. Padgett
SICKLE CELL DISEASE – Megan A. Swanson and Michael H. Huo
HIGH BODY MASS INDEX – C. Lowry Barnes
SECTION XI REVISION TOTAL HIP ARTHROPLASTY – Section Editor: Bassam A. Masri
EVALUATION OF THE FAILED TOTAL HIP ARTHROPLASTY – Randy Rizek, Rajiv Gandhi, Khalid Syed, and Nizar Mahomed
PREOPERATIVE PLANNING AND TEMPLATING FOR REVISION HIP ARTHROPLASTY – Jay Patel and Kevin Bozic
IMPLANT REMOVAL IN REVISION HIP ARTHROPLASTY – Daniel H. Williams, Donald S. Garbuz, Clive P Duncan, and Bassam A. Masri
OSTEOLYSIS AROUND WELL-FIXED HIP REPLACEMENT PARTS – James I. Huddleston III and William J. Maloney
ACETABULAR RECONSTRUCTION: CLASSIFICATION OF BONE DEFECTS AND TREATMENT OPTIONS – Geoffrey Wright and Wayne G. Paprosky
ACETABULAR REVISION: UNCEMENTED HEMISPHERICAL COMPONENTS – Adolph V. Lombardi, Jr. and Joseph J. Kavolus
ACETABULAR REVISION: IMPACTION BONE GRAFTING – Matthew J. Wilson and Jonathan R. Nowell
ACETABULAR REVISION: RINGS, CAGES, AND CUSTOM IMPLANTS – Derek R. Johnson, Douglas A. Dennis, and Raymond H. Kim
FEMORAL REVISION: CLASSIFICATION OF BONE DEFECTS AND TREATMENT OPTIONS – Michael Tanzer and Dylan Tanzer
CEMENTED FEMORAL REVISION IN TOTAL HIP ARTHROPLASTY: A VIEW IN THE 21ST CENTURY – Bryan Nestor
FEMORAL REVISION: IMPACTION BONE GRAFTING – Graham A. Gie
FEMORAL REVISION: UNCEMENTED EXTENSIVELY POROUS-COATED IMPLANTS – Bryan P. Springer and William L. Griffin
FEMORAL REVISION: UNCEMENTED IMPLANTS WITH BIOACTIVE COATINGS – Jean-Pierre Vidalain
FEMORAL REVISION: UNCEMENTED TAPERED FLUTED MODULAR IMPLANTS – Christopher R. Gooding, Clive P. Duncan, Bassam A. Masri, and Donald S. Garbuz
FEMORAL REVISION: ALLOGRAFT PROSTHETIC COMPOSITES AND PROXIMAL FEMORAL REPLACEMENT – Paul Tee Hui Lee, Oleg A. Safir, Catherine F. Kellett, David J. Backstein, and Allan E. Gross
SECTION XII COMPLICATIONS OF HIP ARTHROPLASTY – Section Editor: Craig J. Della Valle
INFECTION – Hany Bedair and Craig J. Della Valle
HIP INSTABILITY – Michael J. Morris, John J. Callaghan, and Keith R. Berend
PERIPROSTHETIC FRACTURE: PREVENTION/DIAGNOSIS/ TREATMENT – Christopher R. Gooding, Donald S. Garbuz, Bassam A. Masri, and Clive P Duncan
ABDUCTOR MUSCLE AND GREATER TROCHANTERIC COMPLICATIONS – James I. Huddleston III, Jeffrey A. Geller, Dennis W Burke, and Henrik Malchau
LEG LENGTH INEQUALITY: PREVENTION/ TREATMENT – Saurabh Khakharia and William A. Jiranek
NEUROVASCULAR INJURIES – Gregg R. Klein, Scott M. Sporer, and Andrew M. Michael
WOUND COMPLICATIONS – Yeukkei Cheung, Derek F. Amanatullah, and Paul E. Di Cesare
HETEROTOPIC OSSIFICATION – Oliver O. Tannous and Vincent Pellegrini, Jr.
Given its content and its visually appealing format, Surgery of the Hip is destined to become a classic in the over-crowded field of hip surgery textbooks. Those interested in the hip will be enriched by reading it and will gain a greater appreciation of many of the evolving topics. The editors and their authors should be congratulated for their efforts on behalf of so many of us. – Miguel E. Cabanela, MD Emeritus Professor, Department of Orthopedic Surgery Mayo Clinic, Past President Hip Society President International Hip Society
The clinician’s definitive reference, Surgery of the Hip is a superb compilation of established practices and the latest advances in the field of hip surgery. This text will be of value to established practitioners who continually to seek the latest information related to hip surgery from experts in the field. Surgery of the Hip will also benefit those in training who require comprehensive exposure to hip surgery or just knowledge related to a specific area of this subspecialty of orthopedic surgery.
Professional & Technical / Veterinary Medicine / Pets & Animal Care
Shelter Medicine for Veterinarians and Staff, 2nd edition edited by Lila Miller and Stephen Zawistowski (Wiley-Blackwell)
Shelter Medicine for Veterinarians and Staff, Second Edition is the premier reference on shelter medicine. Divided into sections on management, species-specific animal husbandry, infectious disease, animal cruelty, shelter programs, behavior, and spay/neuter, the new edition has been reformatted in a more user-friendly design with briefer chapters and information cross-referenced between chapters. Maintaining a herd health approach, new and expanded chapters address issues of husbandry, infectious disease management, behavior forensics, population management, forensic toxicology, animal cruelty and hoarding, enrichment in shelters, spay/neuter, and shelter design.
This updated edition delivers a vast array of knowledge necessary to provide appropriate and humane care for shelter animals. Editors are Lila Miller, BS, DVM, Vice President of Veterinary Outreach and Veterinary Advisor of the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals in New York, adjunct assistant professor at the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine and Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine and Stephen Zawistowski, PhD, CAAB, Science Advisor for The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals in New York, adjunct professor at the University of Illinois, College of Veterinary Medicine, and adjunct faculty member in the Anthrozoology Graduate Program at Canisius College. The book has 51 contributors.
Features of the 2nd edition of Shelter Medicine for Veterinarians and Staff include:
Expanded husbandry coverage to include cats in depth and small mammals.
New treatment and control guidelines for infectious diseases.
Full color, user-friendly design with information cross-referenced between chapters.
Updated and expanded coverage of animal cruelty, including new laws, animal hoarding, forensics, and toxicology.
New information on shelter design, sanitation, and spay/neuter techniques and programs.
Miller and Zawistowski say that within a year after the first edition of Shelter Medicine for Veterinarians and Staff was published in 2004, it was clear from favorable peer reviews and the demand from shelters and veterinarians that a second edition was needed. There were also important developments in the field of shelter medicine, including the publication of the textbook Infectious Disease Management in Animal Shelters by Miller and Hurley in 2009 and the release of the ASV's Veterinary Medical Care Guidelines for Spay-Neuter Programs and Guidelines for Standards of Care in Animal Shelters. The two documents are referenced throughout the textbook. Of particular note for animal sheltering is that the ASV guidelines are based upon the Five Freedoms that were developed for the welfare of farm animals in the United Kingdom in 1965. These guidelines have the potential to improve the welfare and quality of care for shelter animals by being based on the needs of all animals. Other key developments in shelter medicine are the growth of the ASV and increased interest in shelter medicine at veterinary colleges and in other countries.
According to Miller and Zawistowski, the challenge of the second edition of Shelter Medicine for Veterinarians and Staff was to try to sort through, organize, and present sensibly the enormous amount of information pertaining to this rapidly developing field. The first edition was relatively easy; it was a new field with just a few people working on a handful of topics, and the editors say they could cover much of it. The first edition had 30 chapters with 37 authors; this second edition has 42 chapters and 51 authors. Content was determined through consultation with shelter medicine experts both in the field and academia and via surveillance of the ASV sheltervet listserve.
One major change in the second edition is the expansion of information from one to several chapters. Dog and cat husbandry are now covered in several separate chapters instead of combined in one. Likewise, spay/neuter and animal behavior information that was relegated to one or two chapters is now covered in multiple chapters. To make space for new topics and more information on existing topics, the chapters on nutrition and vaccination were eliminated and that information incorporated in the individual species chapters.
SECTION 1: MANAGEMENT TOPICS
The first six chapters in the first section of Shelter Medicine for Veterinarians and Staff could be described as covering management topics. Chapter 1 on the history of animal sheltering returns with updates, a discussion of recent developments, and new information, including microchipping and software management programs. Chapter 2 on statistics is a new chapter that reflects current trends in modern animal sheltering that value data collection and its impact on program design and measurement of progress in saving animal lives. With an emphasis on providing for animal welfare in all aspects of animal sheltering, Chapter 3 on shelter design provides new concepts about housing animals that stresses allowing them to express their normal behaviors. It also offers ‘cutting-edge’ design ideas that are practical and inviting for staff, animals, and the public, as well as environmentally friendly and sustainable. Chapter 4 on sanitation provides an overview of procedures, protocols, and principles, with guidelines, specific information, and references to some of the newer disinfectant products on the market. Chapters 5 and 6 on administrative and legal issues, respectively, contain updated information about topics that might be viewed as ancillary to shelter medicine but are key to the successful operation of a shelter.
SECTION 2: ANIMAL HUSBANDRY
The second section of Shelter Medicine for Veterinarians and Staff is devoted to species-specific animal husbandry. It begins with two additions to this edition, Chapters 7 and 8 on quality of life and population management. These two topics are intertwined. Quality of life is a complex subject that is difficult to define, particularly for populations of animals, but must be addressed if appropriate and humane animal care is to be provided. But a good quality of life for shelter animals is difficult, if not impossible, to provide and sustain if attention is not paid to actively managing the population and remaining within the shelter's capacity to provide that care. Chapters 9 on canines, 12 on reptiles, 13 on avians, 14 on wildlife, and 15 on equines return with new and updated basic husbandry guidelines, welfare, and medical information. Chapter 11 on small mammals now includes information on rabbits and ferrets. Feline welfare has not received the same attention as canine welfare until recently. An attempt has been made to remedy this by providing extensive coverage of feline care in Chapter 10.
SECTION 3: INFECTIOUS DISEASE
The information about disease management has been expanded to six chapters from four. Chapter 16 begins with a brief, general overview of disease management. Chapter 17 is a new chapter on epidemiology that explores disease as it occurs in populations of animals rather than individuals, looking at ways to understand and thus help prevent its spread. Similar to the previous edition, Chapter 18 provides an overview of the most common diseases found in shelters, while Chapter 19 reviews and updates the most appropriate disease-testing protocols. Chapter 20 on treatment is a new chapter that describes how treatment options differ from those in private practice and what criteria should be used to guide appropriate treatment and care decisions in shelters. Chapter 21, another new chapter, focuses on management of disease outbreaks, a challenge that almost every shelter must face at some point no matter how well designed the facility or disease management program may be.
SECTION 4: ANIMAL CRUELTY
Chapter 22 opens the fourth section of Shelter Medicine for Veterinarians and Staff by providing an overview of animal cruelty laws that not only affect animals and shelters but veterinarians as well. Chapters 23 and 24 delve into veterinary forensics by providing basic guidelines for examining the living and deceased animal cruelty victim, respectively. Successful prosecution of animal cruelty cases requires scrupulous attention to collecting, preserving, and documenting evidence and testifying; readers are encouraged to use the information in these chapters as a springboard for obtaining more advanced training in veterinary forensics and handling animal cruelty cases. Chapter 25, a new chapter on forensic toxicology, provides guidelines and expanded information for handling suspected cases of poisoning, which unfortunately happens all too frequently. Rather than have animal hoarding treated as a subset of another chapter on animal cruelty, Chapter 26 is devoted entirely to this phenomenon that was formerly called animal collecting. Information is provided regarding research and current theories about this behavior as well as specific guidelines for shelters and staff faced with managing these tragic situations. Chapter 27 on animal fighting is updated with additional information about this form of animal cruelty. Chapter 28 rounds out the animal cruelty section by providing information about equine cruelty. Horses occupy a unique niche in the United States by often being classified as both companion animals and livestock, and some of the care and legal concerns regarding horses are different from what is encountered in cruelty to small companion animals. This chapter helps provide the information necessary to prosecute equine cruelty whether it is neglect or active cruelty, and offers basic guidelines for refeeding starved horses.
SECTION 5: SHELTER PROGRAMS
The fifth section of Shelter Medicine for Veterinarians and Staff contains four chapters that deal with special programs. Chapter 29 on emergency care helps shelters define emergencies, create a basic emergency care kit, and develop guidelines for providing appropriate care when emergencies occur. Regardless of a shelter's mission and resources, the question of euthanasia will eventually arise. Chapter 30 provides technical information and guidelines for the humane euthanasia of the various species of animals most commonly encountered in shelters. Chapter 31 provides an extensive discussion of foster care programs that more and more shelters are discovering are lifesaving adjuncts for their organizations and communities. These programs place adoptable and non-adoptable animals who are at risk for euthanasia due to mild infectious disease or other treatable conditions into less-stressful home environments where recovery is more likely to occur with individualized care and comfort being provided. The last chapter in this section deals with disaster management. Chapter 32 is an extensive source of information that also provides links to resources that shelters will need in order to understand and handle their roles in disaster and emergency relief efforts.
SECTION 6: BEHAVIOR
The progress that has been made regarding behavior issues for shelters is reflected in the four chapters that comprise Section 6 of Shelter Medicine for Veterinarians and Staff. Extensive research into animal cognition, behavior, and welfare offers fresh insights and raises the importance of providing for the behavioral health of shelter animals. Chapter 33 provides an overview of adoption programs and current behavioral evaluations. Chapter 34 is a new chapter devoted to the importance of providing enrichment to sheltered animals to enhance their physical, behavioral, and psychological well-being. The chapter provides many examples of ways to enhance the animal's environment and experiences and discusses the importance of positive social engagements with both conspecifics and humans for normal behavioral health. Chapter 35 introduces the relatively new field of behavior forensics, which evaluates the behavior of dogs who are presented to shelters as a result of legal cases, are victims of cruelty, or are considered to be dangerous. It discusses the components of a behavior evaluation and explains how to use them to make recommendations regarding the disposition of these animals. Chapter 36 provides an update on the use of drugs to manage behavior problems and facilitate rehabilitation.
SECTION 7: SPAY/NEUTER
Section 7 may surprise some readers because two of the six chapters provide a fairly in-depth treatment of spay/neuter and anesthesia procedures. Spay/neuter is an integral part of a comprehensive shelter and community approach to reducing animal shelter intake. Chapter 37 looks at a variety of traditional and nontraditional spay/neuter programs and provides information and examples that can help shelters and communities decide which approach will be most effective for them in reducing the number of unwanted animals being born and relinquished to shelters. The impetus for the development of pediatric neutering techniques and high-volume, high-quality spay/neuter programs originated with shelters, and many of the protocols and standards of care reside within the animal sheltering community. Because some of these procedures have not penetrated into the mainstream of veterinary medicine, some practitioners believe the procedures are unproven, unsafe, unnecessary, and thus unacceptable. Inclusion of specific anesthetic and surgical guidelines, protocols, and procedures as can be found in Chapter 38 on anesthesia, Chapter 39 on surgical techniques, and Chapter 40 on pediatric neutering not only provide information to shelter veterinarians and staff but also help lay the foundation for their full acceptance by all veterinarians as standard operating procedures. These chapters are not designed to substitute for professional instruction in surgery and anesthesia or for the use of textbooks devoted entirely to these subjects.
Chapter 41 provides the results of new studies as it tackles the management of stray and community cats, a topic that remains as controversial now as it was when it was presented in the first shelter medicine textbook. Chapter 42 ends the section on a high note by providing information about the research on nonsurgical sterilants. The continued development of alternatives to surgical sterilization of dogs and cats has the potential to revolutionize veterinary medicine as well as the animal sheltering world.
The editors of this book have done a commendable job in providing a comprehensive and informative text that has something for all who work in shelter medicine. While much of the text is directed at veterinarians, other shelter staff members can use this text as a good reference to help improve conditions at their shelter. – The Vin Store
My primary interest in this book was the section on animal cruelty and its links to interpersonal violence, and I was most impressed. Chapters about animal abuse, the links, medical evaluation and documentation of animal abuse, veterinary forensics, equine abuse and animal fighting are extremely informative and truly ground breaking. – The Latham Letter
It would be nearly impossible to provide in-depth coverage of all the topics pertinent to shelter medicine in one volume. However, veterinarians, veterinary technicians and shelter professionals will find in Shelter Medicine for Veterinarians and Staff the go-to resource on the unique aspects of shelter medicine. This second edition introduces newcomers to the field to the vast array of knowledge necessary to provide appropriate and humane care for shelter animals, provides new research and updates the information provided in the first edition. It will be particularly helpful for veterinarians and staff who are directly involved in the management of sanitation and disease and the investigation of animal fighting.
Religion & Spirituality / Christianity / Humanities
Reading Between the Lines: A Christian Guide to Literature by Gene Edward Veith, Jr. (Crossway)
Literary expert Gene Edward Veith, Jr. in Reading Between the Lines helps book lovers better understand what they read as he explains how each major literary genre communicates. Showing how comedy, tragedy, realism, and fantasy can portray the Christian worldview, Veith delves into related topics such as the value of fairy tales, the tragic and the comic sense of life, the contrast between the classical and the Hebraic traditions, and the role of postmodernity (a subject of vital importance to Christians). Introducing readers to writers past and present, Veith helps Christians influence culture from an educated perspective and get more out of their reading. Veith is provost and professor of literature at Patrick Henry College and the director of the Cranach Institute at Concordia Theological Seminary.
The book is written to help people be better readers. The title, Reading Between the Lines, perhaps suggests a note of suspicion, that readers need to scrutinize everything they read for sinister hidden meanings. Veith’s purpose is to promote critical reading, the habit of reading with discernment and an awareness of larger contexts and deeper implications. He attacks books that he considers morally, theologically, or aesthetically bad. But he comes, he says, to praise books, not to bury them. The capacity to read is a precious gift of God, and Reading Between the Lines is designed to encourage people to use this gift to its fullest.
Nor does reading between the lines imply an over-emphasis upon mere interpretation of literature. Although Veith shows readers how to read closely and understand what they read, he resists treating a poem or a novel like a puzzle that has to be figured out. Once the meaning is deciphered, under this view, one can put aside the book, perhaps wondering why its author did not just come out and tell them the idea in the first place. He contends that the imaginative activity that takes place as the eyes scan the page provides both the pleasure and the intellectual value of reading. Interpretation is important, but appreciation and enjoyment must come first.
Reading between the lines is a figure of speech. Attending to the empty spaces between the lines of print refers to what is left unsaid, to the values and assumptions that are an important dimension of what people read. Readers might also think of lines of demarcation, or even of battle lines. Reading Between the Lines takes readers between the lines of Christian and non-Christian literature, fantasy and realism, comedy and tragedy. Its method is to draw lines – distinguishing between words and images, the Greek and the Hebraic, the Modern and the Postmodern – and to show how Christianity intersects with them all.
According to Veith, the habit of reading is absolutely critical today, particularly for Christians. As television turns society into an increasingly image-dominated culture, Christians must continue to be people of the Word. When people read, they cultivate a sustained attention span, an active imagination, a capacity for logical analysis and critical thinking, and a rich inner life. Each of these qualities, which have proven themselves essential to a free people, is under assault in our TV-dominated culture. Christians, to maintain their Word-centered perspective in an image-driven world, must become readers.
This is often difficult. We live in a society which sponsors both a mass culture that minimizes reading and an elite intellectual culture which is highly literate but hostile to Christianity. Reading Between the Lines is designed to help Christians recover the art of reading and to help them navigate their way through both the classics and the bestseller lists.
To their loss, many contemporary Christians are unaware of Christian writers – both those from past generations and those writing today. This book introduces readers to these authors who can offer hours and years of pleasure and enrichment.
Although the subject of Reading Between the Lines is literature, a host of other subjects are also addressed. Discussions of style and literary history lead to the abortion controversy. Discussions of comedy and tragedy lead into the theology of Heaven and Hell. Discussions of fairy tales lead to child psychology. Reading can break readers out of the tunnel vision of a narrow specialty and lead them into many intriguing and important avenues of thought, a process Reading Between the Lines models as well as explains.
Several kinds of readers should find something of value in this book. Those with little background in literature, including students of various levels, will learn about the techniques of literature and how to read with greater understanding and appreciation. Those with more experience in reading may find other topics of interest: the contrast between the classical and the Hebraic traditions; the tragic sense of life as opposed to the comic sense of life; his analysis of the role of existentialism and fascism – in Modernist and Postmodernist culture. Veith also addresses those who wish to take their place in the Christian literary tradition as poets or novelists. His approach is that of a literary historian, eclectic critic, and voracious reader for whom Christianity and literature have proven mutually illuminating.
The first chapter of Reading Between the Lines explores why reading has always been so important to Christianity. Words and images promote two totally different mind-sets. The second chapter describes the good and the bad pleasures that reading can promote. It discusses such topics as the different kinds of ‘bad language’ and the need to cultivate the art of criticism and to acquire a taste for excellence.
The next section contains chapters on each of the major genres of literature: nonfiction, fiction, and poetry. Each chapter explains the inner workings of the form and focuses on Christian writers who excel in each genre.
The next section examines the diverse modes of literary expression: tragedy, comedy, realism, and fantasy. Whether a work of literature makes the reader cry or laugh, whether it imitates the world or creates a new one – each mode of literature can open the mind and the imagination in significant ways.
The next section surveys literary history. Chapters on Medieval and Reformation literature, Enlightenment and Romantic literature, and Modern and Postmodern literature show how and why literature has changed, and how Christian writers have managed to be relevant in every age.
The last chapter of Reading Between the Lines explores the relationship between authors, publishers, and readers. It examines the workings of the literary establishment and the Christian alternatives. It shows how Christian readers, by patronizing worthy writers, can have a major impact on the literary marketplace and thus on the culture as a whole.
Reading Between the Lines is thoroughly enjoyable and thoroughly literate – a magnificent blending of history, literature, and theology that will be welcomed by professionals and laity alike. – Wayne Martindale, Professor of English, Wheaton College; author, Beyond the Shadowlands: C. S. Lewis on Heaven and Hell
What a superb resource this is! It resonates with profound perceptions of how good literature works to enrich and illuminate us. Dr. Veith proves himself once again to be a knowledgeable guide through the landscape of the written word. – Luci Shaw, author, God in the Dark and Polishing the Petoskey Stone
Veith has written on important topics with his usual clarity, good sense, organizing ability, and comprehensiveness. The scope of this project is impressive. – Leland Ryken, author, The ESV and the English Bible Legacy
Veith makes it clear that the joys of reading can be deep joys of the type which can enliven our souls. This book should raise significantly the cultural level of evangelicalism. – Edward E. Ericson, Jr., professor emeritus of English, Calvin College
Here is a guidebook for those who want to cultivate literary taste – knowing how to recognize and benefit from books that are spiritually and aesthetically good. Through Reading Between the Lines readers can discover the poetry of George Herbert or the children's stories of Walter Wangerin, or gain insight into Scripture by noticing its parallelism or nonvisual imagery, or simply turn off the TV one night to settle down with a good book.
Religion & Spirituality / Christianity / Reference
Commentary on John: Volume 1 by Cyril of Alexandria, edited by Joel C. Elowsky, translated David R. Maxwell (Ancient Christian Texts: IVP Academic)
Cyril of Alexandria (ca. 378-444), one of the most brilliant representatives of the Alexandrian theological tradition, is best known for championing the term theotokos (mother of God) in opposition to Nestorius of Constantinople. Cyril's great Commentary on John (now available as Volume 1 and Volume 2, offered in the Ancient Christian Text series in two volumes), predates the Nestorian controversy, however, and focuses its theological fire power against Arianism. The commentary, which is addressed to catechists, displays Cyril's breathtaking mastery of the full content of the Bible and his painstaking attention to detail as he seeks to offer practical teaching on the cosmic story of God's salvation.
David Maxwell with Commentary on John: Volume 1 and Volume 2 provides readers with the first complete English translation of the text since the nineteenth century. The volumes rest on Pusey's critical edition of the Greek text and put on display Cyril's theological interpretation of Scripture and his appeal to the patristic tradition that preceded him.
Ancient Christian Texts extends the ecumenical project begun with the Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture, promoting a vital link of communication between today's varied Christian traditions and their common ancient ancestors in the faith. On this shared ground, readers gather to listen to the pastoral and theological insights of the church's leading theologians during its earliest centuries. Ancient Christian Texts is a series of new translations, most of which are presented in English for the first time. The series provides contemporary readers with the resources they need to study for themselves the key writings of the early church. The texts represented in the series are full-length commentaries or sermon series based on biblical books or extended scriptural passages.
Series editors are Gerald L. Bray, director of research for The Latimer Trust, based in London, and a research professor at Samford University, teaching in the Beeson Divinity School in Birmingham, Alabama, a priest of the Church of England and Thomas C. Oden, formerly Henry Anson Buttz Professor of Theology at The Theological School of Drew University in Madison, New Jersey, now director of the Center for Early African Christianity at Eastern University in St. Davids, Pennsylvania.
Rev. Maxwell is associate professor of systematic theology at Concordia Seminary in St. Louis; Missouri. The editor is the Rev. Joel C. Elowsky, associate professor of theology at Concordia University, Wisconsin.
Cyril of Alexandria's Commentary on John is a resource for understanding how Cyril read the Bible. Modern studies of Cyril often pass over this aspect of his thought because he is primarily known for his Christology. The Commentary on John: Volume 1 and Volume 2, however, provide a window to his thought processes as he grapples with the Scriptures on any number of issues. This commentary, perhaps more than any of Cyril's other exegetical works, puts on full display the chief feature of Cyril's brilliance: a breathtaking mastery of the contents of the Bible.
Cyril wrote the Commentary on John sometime fairly early in his episcopacy, before the outbreak of the Nestorian controversy. There is no mention in the commentary of Nestorius or of the particular slogans of the Nestorian controversy, such as theotokos. Though Cyril does occasionally attack Antiochene Christology in general, the position he opposes is not unique to Nestorius. When Cyril does name an opponent, he names Eunomius, not Nestorius. For these reasons, we can establish a terminus ante quem for the commentary of 428, the year when the Nestorian controversy broke out.
The scholarly consensus, on this basis, dates the composition of the Commentary on John somewhere between 425 and 428.
Little attention has been paid to the question of the intended readers of Cyril's Commentary on John. Cyril himself says that he is engaging in ‘doctrinal explanation’, and he clearly employs the Gospel of John to refute the arguments of the Arians, Jews and pagans. Cyril does not expect, however, that his opponents will read his commentary. Instead, his goal is to equip his readers to respond to the arguments of the opponents.
The main opposing argument is the Arian contention that the Son is not fully God. The Arians claim that the Son is like the Father but not of the same substance as the
Father. Eunomius, who is the only opponent whom Cyril mentions by name in the commentary, takes that position one step further and claims that the Son is completely unlike the Father. In response to this view, Cyril tirelessly shows readers from every conceivable angle how to prove that the Son is, in fact, God by nature.
Likewise, Cyril's polemics against the Jews are directed primarily against their refusal to believe that Jesus is God by nature. In fact, Cyril often elides the Arian and the Jewish views of Christ, represented by the Pharisees in John's Gospel, suggesting that they amount to the same thing. This does not mean, however, that the Jews in Cyril's commentary are merely idealized constructs for the sake of argument. There was a real Jewish community in Alexandria with which Cyril often found himself in conflict. Cyril's incessant repetition of the charge that the Jews are unlearned and senseless is one of the most troubling features of the commentary. It seems to stem from Cyril's conviction that the Old Testament witness to the divinity of Christ is so clear that anyone who does not recognize it must be guilty of stupidity or malice.
Cyril does not spend nearly as much time in the Commentary on John (Volume 1 and Volume 2) opposing the pagans as he does opposing the Arians and the Jews. However, the one pagan error that he consistently feels the need to correct is the idea that human life, including that of Jesus, is controlled by fate. When John states that Jesus' ‘hour had not yet come’, Cyril worries that readers might infer that Jesus' death on the cross was decreed by fate, so Cyril takes pains to refute that interpretation. He also wants to make sure that his readers do not imagine that fate renders good works meaningless for humans in general. In opposition to such a view, he stresses human free will.
But who, exactly, needs to be able to negotiate the complexities of all these arguments? There is a good deal of evidence in the commentary that Cyril assumes that his readers are charged with teaching the faith, especially to catechumens. Sometimes Cyril rebuts the arguments of his opponents directly, arguments which he considers to arise from the opponents' evil will or madness. At other times, however, Cyril addresses questions that come from those who have a ‘devotion to learning,’ questions which are prompted by difficulties in the text of John itself. In those cases, Cyril anticipates that the questions will be posed by the catechumens and that his readers must be able to answer those questions. For example, when Cyril discusses the statement that Jesus' ‘hour had not yet come,’ his particular concern is that ‘some of those being initiated into the mysteries’ might erroneously suppose that Jesus is under the control of fate. Cyril's rebuttal of this view, then, is addressed not to the pagans or to the catechumens but to those charged with teaching the catechumens.
Cyril in Commentary on John: Volume 1 and Volume 2 also draws lessons about pedagogy from the text of John, often portraying Jesus as a master catechist. For instance, Cyril presents Jesus' interaction with Nicodemus and the woman at the well as models for how to teach the faith to catechumens. The main pedagogical principles that Cyril wants to impress on his readers are that teachers in the church should be tireless in their attention to detail as well as their efforts in teaching and that they should start at a level appropriate to their students and gradually lead them to the full truth.
One may infer from these concerns that Cyril wishes to raise the level of catechesis in Alexandria. Indeed, in a few places, Cyril makes explicit reference to a lax state of catechesis in his day. He complains that catechumens are being baptized before they understand that Jesus is actually God and that catechumens are too quickly being ordained into the priesthood. Cyril does not say how widespread these deficiencies are, but his constant attention to issues of pedagogy suggests that he envisions his readers to be engaged in the task of catechesis and that his goal in the commentary is to help them accomplish that task more effectively. To that end, he teaches readers how to respond to the (in his view dishonest) arguments of the Arians, Jews and pagans, as well as how to respond to honest questions posed by devoted students eager to learn the truth.
Cyril divides the Commentary on John (Volume 1 and Volume 2) into twelve books, and the books are further divided into chapters. At the beginning of each book, Cyril provides a list of chapters for that particular book, identified by headings that describe the doctrinal content of each chapter. Modern readers may be tempted to interpret these lists as a table of contents, as if Cyril were trying to superimpose some kind of doctrinal outline on the text of John's Gospel. It would be closer to the mark, however, to understand them as an index of topics.
The announcement of InterVarsity's series Ancient Christian Texts, to complement the highly successful Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture, is good news, in the richest sense of that term. The burst of renewed interest in the way the fathers of the church read, preached and prayed the Scriptures is a blessing for the church and for scholars. The projected volumes of Ancient Christian Texts represent an excellent selection of patristic exegetical works, some of which will be available for the first time in English. This undertaking will be a great service to all who love the Bible. – Joseph T. Lienhard, S.J., Professor of Theology; Fordham University
Cyril of Alexandria's Commentary on John (Volume 1 and Volume 2) is an indispensable resource for today’s readers for understanding Cyril’s approach to Scripture. Preachers, pastors, students and teachers of Scripture will be refreshed and enriched by the ancient wisdom of the church and by the chief feature of Cyril's brilliance: a breathtaking mastery of the contents of the Bible.
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