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SirReadaLot.org


We Review the Best of the Latest Books

ISSN 1934-6557

August 2012, Issue #160

Contents this issue:

Winning the Story Wars: Why Those Who Tell (and Live) the Best Stories Will Rule the Future by Jonah Sachs (Harvard Business Review Press)

Teach Yourself Investing in 24 Easy Lessons, 2nd edition by Ken Little (Alpha Books)

Spy the Lie: Former CIA Officers Teach You How to Detect Deception by Philip Houston, Michael Floyd, Susan Carnicero and Don Tennant (St. Martin’s Press)

Games, Learning, and Society: Learning and Meaning in the Digital Age edited by Constance Steinkuehler, Kurt Squire Ph.D. and Sasha Barab Ph.D., with series editor John Seely Brown (Learning in Doing: Social, Cognitive and Computational Perspectives Series: Cambridge University Press)

Comparative Criminal Justice Systems: A Topical Approach (6th Edition) by Philip L. Reichel (Pearson Education, Inc.)

Thinking Evolutionarily: Evolution Education Across the Life Sciences: Summary of a Convocation by Planning Committee on Thinking Evolutionarily: Making Biology Education Make Sense, Board on Life Sciences, Division on Life Sciences and National Research Council, with Steve Olson, Rapporteur & Jay B. Labov, Editor (The National Academies Press)

Mr. Rockefeller's Roads: The Untold Story of Acadia's Carriage Roads, 2nd edition by Ann Rockefeller Roberts (Down East Books)

Buying America from the Indians: Johnson v. McIntosh and the History of Native Land Rights by Blake A. Watson (University of Oklahoma Press)

Marilyn in Fashion: The Enduring Influence of Marilyn Monroe by Christopher Nickens and George Zeno (Running Press)

Treat Your Poker Like a Business: How to Turn a Hobby into an Empire by Dusty Schmidt, with Scott Brown (Cardoza Publishing)

The Adventure of French Philosophy by Alain Badiou and edited and translated, with an introduction by Bruno Bosteels (Verso Books)

Burrows: A Red River Mystery by Reavis Z. Wortham (Red River Mysteries: Poisoned Pen Press)

Modern Warfare: Armed Groups, Private Militaries, Humanitarian Organizations, and the Law edited by Benjamin Perrin (UBC Press)

Little America: The War within the War for Afghanistan by Rajiv Chandrasekaran (Knopf)

United by Design: Homes of Cape Cod, Martha's Vineyard, and Nantucket by Loryn Wilson Schiffer (Schiffer Publishing, Ltd.)

Atlas of Clinical Gross Anatomy: With STUDENT CONSULT Online Access, 2nd edition by Kenneth P. Moses MD, Pedro B. Nava PhD, John C. Banks PhD and Darrell K. Petersen MBA (Elsevier Saunders)

Obesity: Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, and Prevention, Second Edition edited by Debasis Bagchi and Harry G. Preuss (CRC Press)

Robbins Basic Pathology: with STUDENT CONSULT Online Access, 9th edition by Vinay Kumar MBBS MD FRCPath, Abul K. Abbas MBBS and Jon Aster MD (Elsevier Saunders)

Medicine: A Competency-Based Companion: With STUDENT CONSULT Online Access, 1st edition by Jessica Israel MD and Allan R Tunkel MD PhD MACP, with series editor Barry D. Mann (Competency-Based Companion Series: Elsevier Saunders)

USMLE Images for the Boards: A Comprehensive Image-Based Review, 1st edition by Amber S. Tully MD and James S. Studdiford MD FACP (Elsevier Saunders)

Natural Orifice Translumenal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES): Textbook and Video Atlas edited by Anthony N. Kalloo MD, Jacques Marescaux MD (Hon) FRCS FACS (Hon) JSES and Ricardo Zorron MD PhD (Wiley-Blackwell)

Love Your Enemies: Jesus' Love Command in the Synoptic Gospels and the Early Christian Paraenesis by John Piper (Crossway)

Onesimus Our Brother: Reading Religion, Race, and Slavery in Philemon edited by Matthew V. Johnson, James A. Noel and Demetrius K. Williams (Paul in Critical Contexts Series: Fortress Press)

Ordinary Lives and Grand Schemes: An Anthropology of Everyday Religion edited by Samuli Schielke and Liza Debevec (EASA Series, Volume 18: Berghahn Books)

Some of My Best Friends Are Black: The Strange Story of Integration in America by Tanner Colby (Viking)

Love and Justice as Competences: Three Essays on the Sociology of Action by Luc Boltanski, translated by Catherine Porter (Polity)  

Business & Investing / Marketing

Winning the Story Wars: Why Those Who Tell (and Live) the Best Stories Will Rule the Future by Jonah Sachs (Harvard Business Review Press)

Trying to get a message heard? Build an iconic brand?
Welcome to the battlefield.

The story wars are all around us. They are the struggle to be heard in a world of media noise and clamor. Today, most brand messages and mass appeals for causes are drowned out before they even reach us. But a few consistently break through the din, using the only tool that has ever moved minds and changed behavior – great stories.
With insights from mythology, advertising history, evolutionary biology, and psychology, viral storyteller and advertising expert Jonah Sachs in Winning the Story Wars takes readers into a fascinating world of seemingly insurmountable challenges and enormous opportunity. Readers discover how:

  • Social media tools are driving a return to the oral tradition, in which stories that matter rise above the fray.
  • Marketers have become today’s mythmakers, providing society with explanation, meaning, and ritual.
  • Memorable stories based on timeless themes build legions of eager evangelists.
  • Marketers and audiences can work together to create deeper meaning and stronger partnerships in building a better world.
  • Brands like Old Spice, The Story of Stuff, Nike, the Tea Party, and Occupy Wall Street created and sustained massive viral buzz.

Winning the Story Wars is a call to arms for business communicators to cast aside broken traditions and join a revolution to build the iconic brands of the future. It puts marketers in the role of heroes with a chance to transform not just their craft but the enterprises they represent.

Sachs, cofounder and CEO of Free Range Studios, in Winning the Story Wars offers readers the formulas and patterns he has discovered to craft a story strategy for future breakthroughs. But formulas are helpful only when they stimulate rather than stifle creativity and instinct.

Part 1,"The Broken World of Storytelling," confronts the legacy of the broadcast era, which defined the media marketplace for over a century and stunted the storytelling landscape. Chapter 1 explores today's media landscape in which that broadcast era is giving way to something fundamentally new and yet surprisingly ancient in its character. Chapter 2 is a look at the common, unquestioned language of marketing that sabotages the stories we try to tell. The path forward, according to Sachs, begins by recognizing what holds us back. Chapter 3 looks at a global society in need of new myths and a tradition of marketers filling that need as today's modern mythmakers. Chapter 4 shows how that role has been abused, uncovering the carefully crafted roots of the inadequacy approach that plays on fear, greed, and vanity to move minds and messages. This approach, once heralded by psychologists and political leaders as the most effective way to ensure a peaceful world, has led to a global society in the throes of ecological, economic, and even spiritual crisis. The old stories aren't working for marketers or for society.

Part 2, "Shaping the Future," lays out a path to solutions. This path will not lead to creating superficial story facades to slap onto the next marketing campaign. It goes deeper than that, demanding that readers question their core brand strategies and even the operations of their enterprises. With a well-designed story strategy in hand, they can then deploy timeless storytelling techniques to grab and hold audience attention and loyalty.

The solution explored in the book is a simple formula that anyone can use to craft a story strategy for a company or cause. It's derived from the wisdom storytellers have employed since the beginning of time but now appears long forgotten. For those who seek to rediscover it, this wisdom has been preserved in the ‘three commandments’ laid out in 1895 by marketing's first great storyteller, John Powers: Tell the Truth, Be Interesting, and Live the Truth. Updated for our era, these commandments can guide readers to tell stories that get noticed, create emotional affinity, and maintain credibility in a short-attention-span, meaning-starved, highly transparent world.

Chapters 5 and 6 of Winning the Story Wars look at the common structure of successful myths as a first step to building a coherent story strategy. Myths have always told key truths in a particular language. They point to core values, create a clear moral of the story, generate a compelling pantheon of characters, and call on audiences to act in pursuit of their own highest potential. Chapter 7 dives into the workings of the human brain to craft a model of storytelling that grabs attention and holds it in a world of rapidly diminishing attention spans. Finally, chapter 8 explores the perils and opportunities of telling great stories. Iconic stories create iconic expectations and, in our new era of profound transparency, brands must actually live out the stories they tell and apply the moral of their story not just to their audiences, but to themselves. The pressure to live up to their story can also be seen as a transformational, positive force. It casts readers, the marketer, in the role of innovation agent within their organization – the stories their brand tells can be a powerful force in leading their company to more responsible real-world behavior. It's a virtuous cycle that marketers can drive, shap­ing better companies and a better world.

Sachs is full of ideas and strategies to help readers give their brands the rare, compelling story that will raise their message above the melee of advertising noise… the ideas are powerful and solid, and will make inspiring reading for marketing professionals looking to set their stories apart. – Publishers Weekly
Jonah Sachs knows stories. He’s responsible for some of the most popular and respected viral messages of all time: The Story of Stuff, The Meatrix, Grocery Store Wars, and others. This book is a storytelling call to arms, an appeal to tell the stories that matter. So read Winning the Story Wars – and join the fray. – Dan Heath, coauthor, Switch and Made to Stick
History is written by the winners. And as Jonah Sachs makes abundantly clear, it is now being written by the marketers, the new mythmakers of our time. Whatever your product or your cause, if you want it to succeed, read this wise and enlightening book. – Nick Coe, CEO, Bath & Body Works; former President, Land’s End
Winning the Story Wars will convince you that storytelling is the most powerful way to move people to action. And it will teach you to use that power to orient our world to a more positive future. If you’re ready to be a great storyteller, read this book. – Kumi Naidoo, Executive Director, Greenpeace International
Great leaders transform the world through stories that inspire hope, stability, trust, compassion, and authenticity. This important and thought-provoking book shows that leadership in marketing will require the living and telling of such stories as well. – Deepak Chopra, founder, The Chopra Foundation
We know about who we are both individually and as a society through stories. In this brilliant book, Jonah Sachs tells us how we lost our storytelling capacity and how we must regain it, constructing our own myths and living the truth of the stories we tell. – Bill Bradley, former US Senator; Managing Director, Allen & Company
In the current maelstrom of media babble and corporate deceit, Jonah Sachs makes sense where none appears to exist. Winning the Story Wars explains why we respond to lies – whether in political or product ads, campaigns or speeches – and how truth ultimately trumps all. This remarkable book delivers on that rare promise of changing how you see the world. – Paul Hawken, author, The Ecology of Commerce and Blessed Unrest

Marketing as a way to build the heroes of the future – who would have thought it? The world is badly in need of heroes and if marketing can make a positive contribution, we’re all for it. Winning the Story Wars offers insight and understanding, as well as tools to guide readers, help them push past obstacles, and take courage as they set out on their own hero's journey to be heard.

Business & Investing / Personal Finance

Teach Yourself Investing in 24 Easy Lessons, 2nd edition by Ken Little (Alpha Books)

The stock market can seem complex and confusing, but it needn't be. Armed with the smart strategies in the completely revised and updated Teach Yourself Investing in 24 Easy Lessons, second edition, readers can be prepared to take on the stock market and achieve their personal investment goals. The practical advice in this step-by-step guide helps them reap the rewards of sound investing – one lesson at a time.

Author Ken Little is the author of 12 books on investing and personal finance and is the stock investing writer for About.com. According to Little, smart investing couldn't be easier – in Teach Yourself Investing in 24 Easy Lessons readers:

  • Get to know the basic tools of investing and how they work.
  • Learn to identify and use key investment numbers.
  • Review their full-service, discount, or online broker options.
  • Research and choose stocks to buy.
  • Understand how to use bonds in their portfolio.
  • Educate themselves to make wise mutual fund choices.
  • Review the pros and cons of exchange-traded funds.
  • Fine-tune their investment strategies.
  • Learn to allocate their assets.

The good news is that today's markets and products will accommodate just about any investment style – from passive investors who want as much of their strategy as possible on automatic pilot, to active investors who pore over all the news and research they can, enjoying a hands-on approach. Teach Yourself Investing in 24 Easy Lessons is addressed to everyone. Little says it is important for passive investors to understand what is happening even if they have turned most – or all – of their investments over to a mutual fund manager. The more active investors will appreciate the nuts-and-bolts approach that gives them foundational information and encourages continued study and research.

There are 24 lessons in this book, divided into five parts. It begins with the basics, including investing terminology and instruments, and builds on this foundation. Every lesson adds to the previous ones, either introducing new concepts or expanding on previously covered topics. Each lesson is designed to be a self-contained unit and at the end of each lesson there is a short exercise that asks readers to reflect on what they have just read.

Teach Yourself Investing in 24 Easy Lessons is organized as follows:

Part I, Getting Started, lays the groundwork for their investing program. Sometimes the first step is the most difficult, and this part focuses on the basics, covering some basic investment terms and instruments.

Part II, Digging Deeper into the Art of Investing, gives readers an overview of the math and the research they will need. Key numbers are explained to help readers begin analyzing investments. Research and news reports keep them on top of important investing facts and trends. Finally, the chapter goes over the different types of brokers and look at their strengths and weaknesses.

Part III, The Major Investment Vehicles, focuses on the four major investment vehicles available to most investors. It looks at the large variety of stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and exchange-traded funds. When readers finish this part, they will have a firm grasp of the basic varieties and features of these investment instruments.

Part IV, Decision Time: Making Choices, looks at investment strategies, risk tolerance, and rewards in the context of building a personal investment program. How to pick a stock, bond, mutual fund, or exchange-traded fund is part of a system that includes investment objectives and tolerance to risk.

Part V, Working Toward Your Goals, covers the important process of asset allocation along with a detailed look at two different models of investing: conservative/low cost and active. Retirement planning is examined in detail. In addition, the lessons in Teach Yourself Investing in 24 Easy Lessons are sprinkled with tips, warnings, and additional information in the form of short sidebars.

Giving beginning investors a solid foundation, Teach Yourself Investing in 24 Easy Lessons contains the strategies readers need to make successful investments. The book also serves as a springboard to other study and research for those wanting a more detailed look at some of the concepts.

Business & Investing / Human Resources / Self-Help

Spy the Lie: Former CIA Officers Teach You How to Detect Deception by Philip Houston, Michael Floyd, Susan Carnicero and Don Tennant (St. Martin’s Press)

Imagine how different life would be if one could tell whether someone was lying or telling the truth. Be it hiring a new employee, investing in a financial interest, speaking with a child about drugs, confronting a significant other about suspected infidelity, or even dating someone new, having the ability to unmask a lie can have far-reaching and even life-altering consequences.

As former CIA officers, Philip Houston, Michael Floyd, and Susan Carnicero are among the world’s best at recognizing deceptive behavior. Spy the Lie chronicles the story of how they used a methodology Houston developed to detect deception in the counterterrorism and criminal investigation realms, and shows how these techniques can be applied in daily life. Through anecdotes from their intelligence careers, the authors teach readers how to recognize deceptive behaviors, both verbal and nonverbal, that we all tend to display when we respond to questions untruthfully. For the first time, they share with the general public their methodology and their secrets to the art of asking questions that elicit the truth.

Houston, Floyd, Carnicero and Tennant are partners in QVerity, a provider of behavioral analysis and screening services for private- and public-sector clients worldwide.

Houston is a twenty-five-year veteran of the Central Intelligence Agency and a recipient of the Career Intelligence Medal. Floyd for more than thirty-five years served in both the CIA and the National Security Agency, and founded Advanced Polygraph Services. Carnicero is a former security officer with the CIA. Tennant is a former National Security Agency analyst and business/technology journalist.

This book is both entertaining and highly informative – and it’s the real deal. It gives readers genuine practical tools and tactics to use in all walks of life. I highly recommend it. – David J. Lieberman, Ph.D., New York Times bestselling author of Never Be Lied to Again

For many years, Phil and his team have employed their skills to vet terrorist sources, catch spies, and protect the nation’s secrets. With this book, they have done something perhaps even more remarkable: Equip anyone to reliably detect deception. Consciously or not, we all judge others’ sincerity and truthfulness to protect ourselves. Most of us do it badly. This book will teach you to do it well. – Robert Grenier, chairman of ERG Partners, former director of the CIA Counter-Terrorism Center

In this entertaining, instructive, and fascinating book, Phil, Michael, and Susan lay out an easy-to-follow process for detecting deception, with real-life stories that are the stuff of spy novels. I have used their model for years with phenomenal results. – Marisa R. Randazzo, Ph.D., managing partner at SIGMA Threat Management Associates, former chief research psychologist, U.S. Secret Service

A terrific resource for anyone who would love to be able to tell when someone is lying. Having undergone their training, I’ve applied their methodology in some critical situations, and I’ve been blown away by its effectiveness. Spy the Lie is a captivating read with practical takeaway you’ll use every day. – John Miller, senior correspondent at CBS News, former associate deputy director of National Intelligence, and former assistant director for public affairs at the FBI

When my detectives on the LAPD’s Counterterrorism Bureau and Robbery-Homicide Division took the course, we had veteran investigators tell us, ‘No one should ever be promoted to the rank of detective without taking this course,’ and ‘I now want to go back and re-interview every suspect I ever questioned.’ What this team has developed is truly unique, and anyone can learn to use it. – Bill Bratton, chairman of Kroll Associates, former LAPD chief, former NYPD and Boston Police Department police commissioner

Fascinating, Spy the Lie is a game-changer. Readers may never read another book that has a more dramatic impact on their career, relationships, or future. Written in an engaging and easy-to-follow style, Spy the Lie will put tools in readers’ hands, and prove to be an essential, go-to resource in both their professional and personal lives.

Computers & Internet / Education / Communication / Game Studies

Games, Learning, and Society: Learning and Meaning in the Digital Age edited by Constance Steinkuehler, Kurt Squire Ph.D. and Sasha Barab Ph.D., with series editor John Seely Brown (Learning in Doing: Social, Cognitive and Computational Perspectives Series: Cambridge University Press)

Games, Learning, and Society is the first reader on videogames and learning of its kind. Covering major topics in the field – game design, game culture, and games as 21st century pedagogy – it demonstrates the depth and breadth of scholarship on games and learning to date. The chapters represent some of the most influential thinkers, designers, and writers in the emerging field of games and learning – including James Paul Gee, Soren Johnson, Eric Klopfer, Colleen Macklin, Thomas Malaby, Bonnie Nardi, and David Sirlin. Together, their work functions both as an introduction to the field of games and learning and as a powerful argument for the use of games in formal and informal learning environments in a digital age.

Editors are Constance Steinkuehler, Assistant Professor of Educational Communications and Technology at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, currently serving as a Senior Policy Analyst at the Office of Science and Technology Policy in the Executive Office of the President; Kurt Squire, Associate Professor of Educational Communications and Technology at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, Director of the Educational Research Integration Area at the Morgridge Institute for Research; and Sasha Barab, Professor in the Teachers College at Arizona State University, Pinnacle West Presidential Chair, Founding Senior Scientist and Scholar of the Learning Sciences Institute.

According to James Paul Gee in the foreword to Games, Learning, and Society, people of all ages spend massive amounts of time watching television. We could change the world if we could get people to devote many of those hours to important causes. And, indeed, more and more people today are turning off the television and using digital media to produce and not just consume, to participate and not just spectate, and to innovate and not just replicate.

Games are not like books, movies, or television. Books, movies, and television are all about their content. In these media, content is king. Games have content, but they are not about their content. They are about doing, making decisions, solving problems, and interacting. Content is there in a game to facilitate and serve acting, deciding, problem solving, and interaction. In good games, content (including story or plot) needs to be a loyal vassal to game mechanics, that is, all that players must do and decide in order to succeed.

People certainly can learn things from books, movies, and television. But learning is, for nearly all good games, a core game mechanic. Gamers do not just do things and make decisions. They must learn things and even master them. If they don't, they don't leave the first level of a game. Games constantly assess players. Every action is a test with feedback, and the boss at the end of a level is a ‘final exam’ for that level. Games have found that both learning and constant assessments of that learning are a ‘turn-on’ for people. And players pay lots of money for this turn-on. Textbook makers can only marvel in envy.

Good games work because they know that learning is a deep drive for humans, a drive that school has managed to kill for many. Games are sim­ply spaces of learning and problem solving with a ‘win’ condition (beating each level and the game as a whole). But to sell, they have to organize learning in engaging and highly motivating ways. They have to tap into the innate drive for learning and mastery that is inside all human beings.

Games make it feel like the player has been turned loose in a rich environment. But the game mentors, guides, and teaches the player all the time. Games do this by designing experiences in the game world in such a way that they shape players' goals, decisions, and actions while still leaving players a good deal of freedom and responsibility for their own decisions and actions. It is a sort of magic: design as mentor and teacher.

Games often build into their designs lots of language, exposition, and explanation, so that players can learn some explicit articulated knowledge from game play itself. But very often games rely on interest-driven, fan-based communities associated with the game to accomplish this goal. In these communities, gamers reflect on, critique, and analyze the game, game play, and different strategies. They even use software tools to redesign (‘mod’) aspects of the game or to design devices (such as damage meters) that can be used in the game by other players, tools that often require a deep understanding of the statistical model underlying a game.

According to Gee in Games, Learning, and Society, games engage in constant assessment. In school, assessments are about ‘knowledge,’ about what facts and information and formulas one can articulate or write down. In games, assessment is about knowledge in that sense as well. But they also assess three others things: (1) problem solving, (2) the quality of one's choices and decisions across time in terms of their short-and long-term consequences, and (3) preparation for future learning, that is, how well the player is prepared to go to the next harder level, not just what the player has mastered in the level. Games do not want gamers to pass tests if they can't pass the next one and win in the end.

All in all, good games are a model of twenty-first-century learning. The same principles that games use to ‘hook’ gamers can be used to ‘hook’ learners on anything worthwhile, including school ‘content’ such as science, civics, and math (which, then, must be seen as things to do and not just facts to repeat).

Many have hoped that the cognitive surplus drawn away from televi­sion to more interactive and social media will lead to transformation in the real world. It may then seem surprising that gamers use a lot of that cognitive surplus to engage in theory crafting, modding, and designing for games and other virtual environments. They study the underling statistical models in games; they use scientific thinking, and even carry out experiments, to argue about the complex interaction of variables in games; they study the economics of massive multiplayer games so that they can manipulate it; they use digital 3D tools to design all sorts of different things for games (e.g., the Sims and Spore) – such as houses, environments, creatures, clothes, cities – and virtual worlds such as Second Life.

Some worry that all this intellectual effort and all these skills will not ‘transfer’ to the real world. But the reality is that games – which today, for the most part, involve real people collaborating and working and playing socially with each other – are the real world. The models gamers build and the designs they make influence others across the world and sometimes lead to new businesses selling virtual or real goods. The evidence that the cognitive surplus devoted to games transfers to other aspects of the real world is the large number of game players, modders, and designers who have moved on to other technical, artistic, and entrepreneurial enterprises. Games are, without doubt, a great source of a secondary, value-added, enhanced cognitive surplus that spills out into many aspects of the world.

However, the real contribution games studies – when they involve papers such as the ones in Games, Learning, and Society – has to make is to show us that we swim in a new sea of possibilities. We can learn from games and gaming not just new ways to build better games but also ways to build better learning, assessment, production, participation, design, and creativity for all people, old and young, in a fast-changing, high-risk, global world. Levi-Strauss once said that people in oral cultures used myths to show that objects in nature were ‘good to think with’ and not just to eat or use. This discovery was one of the origins of science and theory building. Games are good to think with as well and not just to play. They, too, can be the origins of new ways with learning and knowledge.

The games and learning field has been in desperate need of this well-curated reader. This interdisciplinary collection ranges across theory, design, research, and practice, showcasing the most exemplary work in the field. It should be required reading for any scholar, student, educator, or designer seeking a smart reference and overview of the state of the art in mobilizing games in the service of learning. – Mimi Ito, Research Director of the Digital Media and Learning Hub, University of California Humanities Research Institute

The chapters in Games, Learning, and Society are written by some of the most influential thinkers, designers, and writers in the field, functioning both as an excellent introduction to the field and proof that videogames are an important medium for shaping how people – young and old alike – think and learn in the digital age.

Criminology

Comparative Criminal Justice Systems: A Topical Approach (6th Edition) by Philip L. Reichel (Pearson Education, Inc.)

Designed to explain the complexities of justice systems around the world, Comparative Criminal Justice Systems, 6th edition, helps students recognize the growing importance of an international perspective. Written by Philip Reichel, tenured full professor in the Department of Criminal Justice at the University of Northern Colorado, it organizes key concepts in a sequence that many students will find familiar, progressing from issues of law to the agencies of police, courts, and corrections. It contains coverage of more than 30 countries, offering insights into everything from Islamic legal tradition to recent criminal justice reforms in Japan. This edition’s improvements include new coverage of the Eastern Asia legal tradition (e.g., China and Japan).

Much has changed in the area of comparative criminal justice since this book’s first edition. Those 20 years have seen increased attention to such transnational crimes as terrorism, human trafficking, and maritime piracy, and to the important international crime of genocide. Law enforcement agencies cooperate cross-nationally to prevent, investigate, and combat those crimes, and supranational organizations such as the United Nations, Interpol, and Europol serve as conduits allowing global sharing of information.

Concurrent with the increased interest of practitioners has been the attention paid to comparative criminal justice by scholars and researchers. Possibly the clearest acknowledgment that comparative justice is an accepted sub-discipline arrives when policy makers, politicians, and practitioners recognize and announce that one's own country can learn from the experiences of other countries. Several of the criminal justice practices reviewed in Comparative Criminal Justice Systems are among those highlighted in the Justice Policy Institute's publication.

Current students of criminology and criminal justice have a much better understanding of comparative and international issues than have students of earlier generations. That knowledge is useful when those students become practitioners and increasingly must interact with justice system agents in other countries. In addition, the increased knowledge of different ways that justice is conceived and achieved gives practitioners and policymakers’ ideas for improving their own system.

Comparative Criminal Justice Systems is organized in 10 chapters that reflect the material and order of presentation typically found in introductory books on the American system of criminal justice. That is, arrangement proceeds from concern with criminal law through examination of police, courts, and corrections. A benefit of using the same countries for each chapter would be a sense of consistency and depth in the text. However, not every country offers the same level of contrast in all aspects of its criminal justice system. If the same countries are used to contrast the trial procedure, their similarity makes us less aware of the variation occurring in that process when other countries are considered.

The organization used in Comparative Criminal Justice Systems follows the belief that comparison relies on categorization. That is, to best understand and explain similarities and differences among things, one must start by categorizing them. Chapter 1 provides the rationale for studying other systems of justice and sets down the specific approach used in this text. Chapter 2 explains and distinguishes comparative criminology and comparative criminal justice and then shows crime as a world problem by reviewing types of transnational crime. In doing so, it sets the stage for consideration of the different ways justice systems are organized in attempts to respond to the crime problem. Chapter 3 presents traditional material on American criminal law so the reader has a familiar and common base to use in the following chapters and concludes with a review of how the war on terrorism affects both substantive and procedural law. Chapter 4 presents four contemporary legal traditions and outlines the basic features of each. Chapter 5 continues material in Chapters 3 and 4 by looking at substantive and procedural criminal law in each of the four legal traditions.

The next four chapters cover the topics of policing (Chapter 6), the judiciary (Chapter 7), corrections (Chapter 8), and juvenile justice (Chapter 9). Countries representing Africa, Asia, Europe, Middle East, North America, Latin America, and Oceania are included in the coverage. Some make frequent appearances (e.g., Australia, China, France, Mexico, Saudi Arabia); others are less recurrent (e.g., Canada, Denmark, New Zealand). The text concludes with a concentrated look at the criminal justice system of Japan. This country was chosen for special consideration because it has a history of borrowing from other countries (a point encouraged by comparative studies) and has what many consider to be a very effective criminal justice system. Also, ending the text with an in-depth look at a particular country provides an opportunity to tie together some of the topics and items presented in earlier chapters.

This edition of Comparative Criminal Justice Systems has a new slimmer design that reduces length without the loss of content. Actually, coverage has been enhanced for some topics. There are also several new pedagogical features in this edition and ones popular from earlier editions are continued. Among the new features are an increased use of photographs and graphics to add a visual learning experience and to provide greater readability. Another change is more descriptive than substantive as reference is made at each chapter's start to ‘countries in focus’.

Subsequent editions of criminal justice textbooks are often necessary to update statistics, changes in law, modifications in procedures, and to include, increase, or decrease information about particular topics. All those reasons are relevant to the sixth edition of Comparative Criminal Justice Systems. Actually, a revision to a book that covers justice systems around the world is especially necessary because of the changes constantly occurring on one continent or another. There have actually been quite significant changes on the world scene since the fifth edition. Important new laws and legislation are having significant impact on the administration of justice in several countries and appropriate sections of the chapters have been modified in this edition to account for those changes.

An Instructor's Manual and Test Bank and Power Point slides are available for download with this text. There is also an online Criminal Justice Community site for instructors to connect with other educators, to exchange ideas and advice on courses, content, and criminal justice technology products.

Comparative Criminal Justice Systems is different from other comparative criminal justice books that present detailed information on only a few specific countries – it contains less detail on the criminal justice system of particular countries, but it provides greater appreciation and understanding of the diversity in legal systems around the world.

Unlike most competitive books, Comparative Criminal Justice Systems makes the comparative approach far more understandable and accessible. This book is a positive contribution toward the advancement of this important field of study. The text encourages continuation of the interest in the international perspective and provides a knowledge base about justice in countries around the world. Students gain an understanding of the many ways policing, adjudication, and corrections systems can be organized and operated.

Education / Politics / Life Sciences / Public Policy

Thinking Evolutionarily: Evolution Education Across the Life Sciences: Summary of a Convocation by Planning Committee on Thinking Evolutionarily: Making Biology Education Make Sense, Board on Life Sciences, Division on Life Sciences and National Research Council, with Steve Olson, Rapporteur & Jay B. Labov, Editor (The National Academies Press)

Evolution is the central unifying theme of biology. Yet today, more than a century and a half after Charles Darwin proposed the idea of evolution through natural selection, the topic is often relegated to a handful of chapters in textbooks and a few class sessions in introductory biology courses, if covered at all. In recent years, a movement has been gaining momentum that is aimed at radically changing this situation.
On October 25-26, 2011, the Board on Life Sciences of the National Research Council and the National Academy of Sciences held a national convocation in Washington, DC, to explore the many issues associated with teaching evolution across the curriculum. Thinking Evolutionarily summarizes the goals, presentations, and discussions of the convocation. The goals were to articulate issues, showcase resources that are currently available or under development, and begin to develop a strategic plan for engaging all of the sectors represented at the convocation in future work to make evolution a central focus of all courses in the life sciences, and especially introductory biology courses at the college and high school levels.
Thinking Evolutionarily covers the broader issues associated with learning about the nature, processes, and limits of science, since understanding evolutionary science requires a more general appreciation of how science works.

The Planning Committee on Thinking Evolutionarily: Making Biology Education Make Sense included:

  • Cynthia M. Beall (Chair), Department of Anthropology, Case Western Reserve University
  • Paul Beardsley, Department of Biological Sciences, California Polytechnic University, Pomona
  • Ida Chow, Society for Developmental Biology
  • James P. Collins, School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University
  • Irene Eckstrand, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes of Health
  • Kristin Jenkins, Education and Outreach, National Evolutionary Synthesis Center
  • Nancy A. Moran, Department of Biology, Yale University
  • Gordon E. Uno, Department of Botany and Microbiology, Oklahoma University
  • Jay B. Labov, Senior Advisor for Education and Communication and Study Director
  • Cynthia A. Wei, Christine Mirzayan Policy Fellow, National Academy of Sciences
  • Orin E. Luke, Senior Program Assistant

Thinking Evolutionarily provides a narrative, rather than a chronological overview of the presentations and rich discussions that occurred during the convocation. It is organized around the major themes that recurred throughout the event, including the structure and content of curricula, the processes of teaching and learning about evolution, the tensions that can arise in the classroom, and the target audiences for evolution education.

Susan Kassouf, a program officer at the Johnson Endeavor Foundation, spoke in the opening session about some of the larger issues addressed during the convocation.

"Getting one's head, heart, and soul around the scientific theory of evolution and its implications is daunting," said Kassouf. "While our awe and wonder about the world may deepen in light of evolutionary theory – indeed, evolution does seem miraculous – our minds may also boggle and buckle when coming to terms with a certain fundamental randomness and unpredictability, a lack of a grand design, a perception that the theory portends a loss of meaning and purpose in our lives. For all of these reasons and others, we applaud your efforts to make the scientific theory of evolution an integral part of young people's introduction to biology and help them become comfortable with this fundamental, perhaps unsettling, idea."

In his opening presentation, Gordon Uno, David Ross Boyd Professor at the University of Oklahoma, as well as a member of a group under the National Evolutionary Synthesis Center (NESCent) that first conceived of this convocation and a special consultant to the convocation's organizing committee, laid out many of the central issues addressed at the event. This presentation provides the structure of Thinking Evolutionarily.

Teaching evolution across the curriculum makes sense both biologically and pedagogically. Chapter 2 describes some of the many curricular and instructional changes needed to teach evolution across the curriculum. Many major science education reform movements have observed that students learn better when information is organized around major unifying concepts such as evolution. In biology, no concept is more unifying than evolution.

For the biology course he teaches, Uno's reminder is: "Evolution – say it every day." It is a challenge to incorporate something about evolution in every class taught in every course. As described in Chapter 3 of Thinking Evolutionarily, education researchers still have much to learn about how students learn evolution and about the effects of an evolutionary understanding on other aspects of biology education.

Many questions surround instruction and the development of supporting curricular materials for evolution education. Are there ways to teach all students critical concepts in evolutionary science such as artificial and natural selection, emerging diseases, developmental biology, key transitions in the history of life, biodiversity, or evolutionary medicine? Who should develop the materials needed to teach these concepts, and how can biologists be convinced to contribute to their development? How can people be made aware of these materials and be convinced to use them? And how can the effects of materials and instructional approaches be measured? All of these questions are potential subjects of research.

Teaching evolution across the curriculum also can thwart the constant assault on the teaching of evolution (Chapter 4). "I'm from Oklahoma. We are the buckle on the Bible belt, and I deal with a lot of students on a regular basis in my introductory courses who show resistance to teaching and accepting evolution." In high schools in Oklahoma and throughout the nation, students are often absent on the days when evolution is taught, Uno stated. Even in colleges, when evolution is listed on the schedule, students miss those days. "If you teach evolution every single day, then there is no avoiding evolution," said Uno.

Uno encouraged the convocation participants to think outside the box about target populations, which is the subject of Chapter 5. High school students and teachers are major audiences of course. But can ways be found to reach farmers, parents, and politicians? Farmers understand selection, because they understand the evolution of pesticide resistance as well as how much their crops and livestock can be changed over time through selective breeding. "Is there a way that we can reach that population by customizing our information or our message?" asked Uno. Parents could be receptive to a message about emergent diseases. Other important audiences include faculty and students at two-year colleges, textbook authors and publishers, and media people. "We need to think about customizing our message and our strategies for individuals at these different kinds of institutions." To reach a broad spectrum of audiences, both top-down and bottom-up public relations campaigns will be needed.

Chapter 6 describes the progress that has been made to date in implementing the idea and the resources available to make continued progress. The working group did not set out to produce a curriculum per se. Rather, it focused on compiling and developing materials for instructors at the high school and undergraduate levels. It also examined how to get instructors to contribute and use evolutionary examples in their teaching and how to get people to think evolutionarily.

Finally, Uno described some of the steps needed to make accelerated progress in teaching evolution across the curriculum, which is the subject of the final chapter (Chapter 7) in Thinking Evolutionarily. Many of these steps involve more than curricula and teaching materials; they depend on the attitudes of and relationships among scientists, teachers, students, and the public. A public relations campaign is essential, he said. When students and parents say, "Teach the controversy," "Give equal time to creationism," or "Evolution is not based on sound science," instructors of biology need ready counterstatements. Uno suggested that a power­ful statement for the general public is, "That's just another example of evolution in action."

History / Outdoors & Nature / Landscape Architecture

Mr. Rockefeller's Roads: The Untold Story of Acadia's Carriage Roads, 2nd edition by Ann Rockefeller Roberts (Down East Books)

WWhen visitors enter Acadia, whether they are being driven in a carriage or driving a carriage, or walking on the roads or riding on a horse or hiking on the mountain trails, they are receiving the benefits and the blessings of the elements and all that is surrounding them. All of it is inviting them to become conscious, to become aware through their senses of the wind on their face and skin, stirring their hair; of the scent of the pine pitch on a hot day; of the heat of the sun itself; of the ocean waves singing to the shore its rhythmic song day and night; of the bird songs trilling in the forest, the fluttering of their wings. To become aware of the massive cliffs and boulders, their crevices and folds telling the ancient story of Acadia, of the many colored stones on the shore, the rich sea life in every tidal pool. All of it is inviting them to remember, to know again what the child inside has always known and so be reconnected and restored. – John D. Rockefeller, Jr., from the book

Curving gracefully across the island's dramatic landscape, Acadia's carriage roads form a network of trails unequaled in the National Park System./p>

The beautiful carriage roads of Mount Desert Island, Maine, and Acadia National Park fit so perfectly into the land it seems as though they have always been there. Actually, they are the result of decades of painstaking effort. Although philanthropist John D. Rockefeller, Jr. planned them, the roads were built by Mount Desert Islanders over a 27-year period. Constructed of native materials and landscaped for a natural effect, the carriage roads are not accessible by car, so they remain a boon to walkers, horseback riders, bicyclists, and cross-country skiers.

Mr. Rockefeller's Roads provides a piece of the history of Acadia National Park, documenting the involvement of many people, including John D. Rockefeller, Jr. in the creation of its well renowned carriage roads. This network of trails used by hikers, equestrians, bicyclists, and cross-country skiers, were carefully engineered to include spectacular views, and are unique to this beautiful national park.

This second edition of Mr. Rockefeller's Roads includes an interview with David Rockefeller, son of John D. Rockefeller, Jr., a detailed history of the roads' restoration following decades of neglect, and an exploration of the history of the roads since the publication of the first edition in 1990. Additional archival photographs and new color photographs of the roads are also included.

In this fascinating history, Ann Roberts, the granddaughter of John D. Rockefeller, Jr., and daughter of Nelson A. Rockefeller, recounts the story of the carriage roads and of a man ahead of his time. Photography is by Mary Louise Pierson, photographer and painter, longtime trustee of the Vermont Studio Center and granddaughter of Nelson Rockefeller.

The original story, as told in the first edition of Mr. Rockefeller's Roads, is still intact – the story of how Acadia National Park was created, including how the carriage roads came to be, along with all the original archival and color photographs from that first edition.

Further, Mr. Rockefeller's Roads is an updated and upgraded new edition, including new photographs by Roberts’ daughter Mary Louise Pierson and an entirely new chapter. The new chapter tells the story of what happened from 1987 until 2006; how the park and the carriage roads were restored after a long period of neglect and decline during the 25 years after John D. Rockefeller Jr. died in 1960. This chapter was written by Ed Winterberg in collaboration with Superintendent Jack Hauptman.

By the time JR died in 1960, most of the leaders and visionaries of the 1920s through the 1940s – when the carriage roads were being built – were gone. Among those visionaries were people such as Charles Eliot, his son Charles Jr., and George Dorr, all of whom preceded JR.

The first Friends organization, which had been founded to gather public support and financial contributions from the summer community, had few members left. Those who remained had virtually withdrawn from active participation, leaving JR to continue funding the maintenance of the carriage roads until his death. After he was gone there was no one left to put up the funds to maintain the more than fifty miles of park roads. There was no one to continue oversight of the roads; no successor who shared his vision.

He was soon joined by David Rockefeller and Rick Bourke. David, JDR Jr.'s youngest son, is an accomplished carriage driver himself. From this core group more support came in, including U.S. Senators George Mitchell and Olympia Snowe and members of the ANP Washington offices, including Director Mott. At the same time, Friends of Acadia was just forming itself and eventually became the nonprofit corporation around which community support could gather.

Thus was born the story of how their vision inspired a new understanding and appreciation of a substantial gift from the past that had lost meaning and relevance in the passing of the generations. It's the story of how their leadership brought about a movement that convinced all concerned, both public and private sector individuals, to restore all the carriage roads, to support the creation of a new not-for-profit to raise funds to supplement the reduced government budgets as well as an endowment fund for future support, and to inspire private summer and winter communities to rally together in support of the park once again.

Mr. Rockefeller's Roads is also the story of how the carriage roads of Acadia came into prominence once again, to be understood and have even greater relevance in the present – perhaps as much or even more – than when they were first built. It is also a story of how a great dream, one that seemed lost, went down before it could be regained once again.

Ed Winterburg and Jack Hauptman's vision led the way. The story of how this dream was recovered is theirs to tell and what they accomplished is the reason Acadia has stepped fully into its place again as the most unique park on the eastern seaboard of our country.

Mr. Rockefeller's Roads provides an important piece of the history of Acadia National Park, documenting the involvement of many people, including John D. Rockefeller, Jr. in the creation of its well renowned carriage roads.

History / U.S. / Law

Buying America from the Indians: Johnson v. McIntosh and the History of Native Land Rights by Blake A. Watson (University of Oklahoma Press)

BBuying America from the Indians is the backstory on the court decision that defined and limited American Indian property rights.

According to Blake A. Watson, formerly attorney with the U.S. Department of Justice, now Professor of Law at the University of Dayton in Buying America from the Indians, the U.S. Supreme Court ruling in Johnson v. McIntosh established the basic principles that govern American Indian property rights to this day. In the case, more than one Anglo-American purchaser claimed title to the same land in what is now southern Illinois. The Piankeshaw Indians had deeded the land twice, once to speculators in 1775, and again, thirty years later, to the United States by treaty. The Court decided in favor of William McIntosh, who had bought the land from the U.S. government. Writing for the majority, Chief Justice John Marshall declared that the ‘discovery’ of America had given ‘exclusive title to those who made it’ – namely, the European colonizers. The Piankeshaws did not own what they thought was their land. Indeed, no Indian tribe did.

Johnson v. McIntosh and its impact offers a comprehensive historical and legal overview of Native land rights since the European discovery of the New World. Watson in Buying America from the Indians sets the case in rich historical context. After tracing Anglo-American views of Native land rights to their European roots, Watson explains how speculative ventures in Native lands affected not only Indian peoples themselves but the causes and outcomes of the French and Indian War, the American Revolution, and ratification of the Articles of Confederation. He then focuses on the transactions at issue between the Illinois and Piankeshaw Indians, who sold their homelands, and the future shareholders of the United Illinois and Wabash Land Companies.

The final chapters highlight the historical legacy of Johnson v. McIntosh on federal policy with regard to Indian lands. Taught to first-year law students as the root of title for real property in the United States, the case has also been condemned by the United Nations and others as a Eurocentric justification for the subjugation of the Indians. Watson argues that the United States should formally repudiate the discovery doctrine set forth in Johnson v. McIntosh.

Watson says he first conceived the idea of writing about Johnson v. McIntosh when he was an attorney with the United States Department of Justice in the 1990s and was involved in adversarial disputes concerning Indian property rights. He began his research after becoming a law professor in 1992. Since that time a considerable number of articles have been published regarding Johnson and its impact on indigenous land rights. He describes this body of scholarship in chapter 18 of Buying America from the Indians.

This book endeavors to complement Lindsay G. Robertson's scholarship in Conquest by Law: How the Discovery of America Dispossessed Indigenous Peoples of Their Lands and other prior accounts of Johnson v. McIntosh by providing additional historical context. Consequently, the book examines the divergent views of Native land rights; the geopolitical dispute between the French, British, Indians, and the colonies over the future of the Ohio Valley; the existence and impact of other pre-Revolutionary speculative ventures; the rivalry between Virginia and Pennsylvania over western lands; the role of the Illinois Wabash speculators in the ratification of the Articles of Confederation; the cession of Virginia's charter claims in the Ohio Valley; and the federal government's evolving policy regarding Indian lands. In addition, Buying America from the Indians emphasizes that the Illinois Wabash speculation was not only a purchase but also a sale. The role played by the Illinois and Piankeshaw tribes has heretofore not been adequately addressed. Why did the tribes agree to sell their homelands? How did the sales affect relationships with neighboring tribes? What did the tribal chiefs say about the sales during their visit in 1793 to Philadelphia? And finally, what became of the Illinois and Piankeshaw Indians?

The two concluding chapters examine the impact of Johnson v. McIntosh on Native land rights and the future of the doctrine of discovery. The Johnson decision figured prominently in the debate over the 1830 Indian Removal Act, which led to the tragic relocation of the southeastern tribes. The case is also connected to basic principles of federal Indian law, such as the doctrines of diminished tribal sovereignty, federal trust authority, and ‘plenary’ power over Indian affairs. The Supreme Court in 1955 relied on Johnson to hold that Indian title is ‘not a property right’ and may be terminated ‘without any legally enforceable obligation to compensate the Indians.’

Johnson v. McIntosh has also influenced indigenous land rights in Australia, New Zealand, and Canada. In recent years, however, the discovery doctrine has been viewed as an unfortunate relic of the age of European colonization. On September 13, 2007, the United Nations approved the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, which affirms indigenous peoples' rights to land. Although the declaration is not legally binding, it represents a movement away from Johnson, and a movement toward a re-conceptualization of indigenous rights.

Understanding the roots of the Illinois Wabash purchase facilitates a critical assessment of the Johnson discovery rule and its impact on federal Indian law and Native land rights.

The thorough backstory and analysis in Buying America from the Indians deepens readers’ understanding of one of the most important cases in both federal Indian law and in American property law.

Home & Garden / Fashion

Marilyn in Fashion: The Enduring Influence of Marilyn Monroe by Christopher Nickens and George Zeno (Running Press)

FFifty years after her death, Marilyn remains an incandescent movie star, legendary sex symbol, and a woman whose private life fascinates the public – but the story never before showcased is Marilyn Monroe’s enduring impact on fashion.

From the pink satin “Diamonds Are a Girl’s Best Friend” gown, to the pleated white dress from The Seven Year Itch to the revealing nude sheath worn to sing “Happy Birthday” to John F. Kennedy, Marilyn created endless unforgettable looks. /p>

Marilyn in Fashion traces the evolution of her style, from wholesome sweetness early in her career, to sex kitten looks in the ‘50s, to elegant sophistication in the last years of her life. The text presents the designers of her ensembles together with behind-the-scenes stories revealing how the star often worked closely with designers to create looks befitting the Marilyn Monroe image. Illustrated with hundreds of rare and never-before-published photos, Marilyn in Fashion fabulously traces the style evolution of the ultimate Hollywood icon.

Christopher Nickens has been writing about Hollywood luminaries for over twenty-five years and George Zeno, a former fashion illustrator for 7th avenue design houses, is owner of arguably the largest privately owned collection on Marilyn Monroe in the world.

Marilyn in Fashion details the designers of Marilyn's ensembles, where she wore them, and their influence on fashion in the decades that followed. Divided into two main sections, "Part One: The Designers" looks at the men and women – such as Oleg Cassini, Dorothy Jeakins, Norman Norell, Emilio Pucci, and many more – who created her ensembles and explains their impact on fashion trends. "Part Two: A Fashionable Miscellany" explores everything from Marilyn's hats and outerwear to makeup and hairstyles. Marilyn in Fashion also brings to light her eye for spotting up-and-coming designers and her ability to create standout looks during an era of repressed sexuality.

Marilyn’s iconic status as a film star overshadows her other major influence – on fashion and designers. From her uplifted white dress in The Seven Year Itch to her more casual sweaters and Capri pants, this sumptuous book is yet another excuse to gaze at Marilyn and the designers created for her by Hollywood’s top fashion brains, captured by her favourite photographers. – Daily Mail (UK)
Showing how the star got to the top by dressing to thrill, it shines a new light on the shrewd intelligence working behind that pretty face. – Total Film (UK)

With hundreds of rare and never-before published photos and insights from designers, co-stars, and Marilyn herself, Marilyn in Fashion arrives just in time to commemorate the 50th Anniversary of her death on August 2, 2012 and offers a behind-the-scenes glimpse at one of most legendary women of the twentieth century.

Home & Garden / Games & Hobbies

Treat Your Poker Like a Business: How to Turn a Hobby into an Empire by Dusty Schmidt, with Scott Brown (Cardoza Publishing)

BBecome a winner now by getting rid of bad habits! – advice from the book

Treat Your Poker Like a Business/a> is a specialized book for poker players who want to monetize their leisure or pro career into a dependable source of income, online poker legend Dusty “Leatherass” Schmidt teaches players how to manage their bankroll, rationalize variance, play more tables, move up in stakes, avoid tilt, create new sources of revenue, and most importantly, become more profitable. The strategy section contains some of the most important tips in print, focusing on the situations that come around every few minutes rather than how to play specific hands. This underground seller has already been translated into eight languages.

Schmidt’s resume is legendary: Nearly 10 million hands, 12,000 hours of playing poker, mind-blowing win rates, $4 million won in cash games, and the world’s highest win rate in both $5/$10 NL and $10/$20 NL two years running.

The information in the business chapters is uncool according to Schmidt; it is totally without tips on aggressive play, how to put the opponent on tilt, or how to make great calls on big pots. Readers won't find a single bit of trash talk or chest beating. Instead, these chapters are tied together by a simple theme: Everyone is here to make money. This is a business. In the simplest terms possible, Treat Your Poker Like a Business tells readers how to play better poker and turn their improvement into money in their pocket.

Some view business concepts as being peripheral to long-term poker success. Schmidt says that running poker like a business and playing successful poker go hand in hand, yet most people play poker much better than they run a business. They have ability, but no clear way to monetize it.

Schmidt says he is a huge believer in poker training websites. There is no doubt they have revolutionized the game. Treat Your Poker Like a Business simply picks up where those sites end. They've made their members' poker games better, but they haven't taught them how to make money. Most people are unaware of how they can take that second leap into monetizing their newfound abilities. But to realize all of poker's possibilities, they must learn to control margins, inventory and expansion. Their eye has to be on profitability, not Internet credibility – just like a CEO.

Dusty Schmidt is an online poker pro with a seven-figure income and a reputation for mental gymnastics. He went from amateur to Top 10 in a very short time, and the money went from a hundred grand a year to a million. – Sports Illustrated

No ESPN. Just a lot of poker – more than 9 million hands in six years. Maybe more than any person has ever played. That repetition and a solid business strategy to reduce risk and recognize `edge' has made him one of the most profitable players in the game's history. – Fairways and Greens

Treat Your Poker Like a Business contains some of the most important poker lessons and winning advice in print. It looks at poker in a way that no other has done before, filling the knowledge gap in the poker world.

Humanities / Philosophy

The Adventure of French Philosophy by Alain Badiou and edited and translated, with an introduction by Bruno Bosteels (Verso Books)

TThe philosopher aspired to become a writer-combatant, an artist of the subject, a lover of invention, a philosophical militant – these are the names for the desire that runs through this period: the desire that philosophy should act in its own name. – Alain Badiou

First there were the Ancient Greeks, then the German idealists, and now, a third national cabal fends for equivalence: the French philosophical moment between the 1940s and the 90s. Across Sartre, Bachelard, Merleau-Ponty, Levi-Strauss, Althusser, Foucault, Derrida, Lacan, and Deleuze, a rich and varied sphere of philosophy arose in France paralleled only in the highest of historical summits.

The Adventure of French Philosophy presents over forty years of French philosophy through the eyes of its greatest living exponent, Alain Badiou. Badiou teaches philosophy at the École normale supérieure and the Collège international de philosophie in Paris. In addition to several novels, plays and political essays, he has published a number of major philosophical works, including Theory of the Subject, Being and Event, Manifesto for Philosophy, and Gilles Deleuze. His recent books include The Meaning of Sarkozy, Ethics, Metapolitics, Polemics, The Communist Hypothesis, Five Lessons on Wagner, and Wittgenstein's Anti-Philosophy.

Badiou explores the exceptionally rich and varied world of French philosophy in a number of groundbreaking essays, published in The Adventure of French Philosophy.

Included are the often-quoted review of Louis Althusser’s canonical works For Marx and Reading Capital and the scathing critique of ‘potato fascism’ in Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari’s A Thousand Plateaus. There are also talks on Michel Foucault and Jean-Luc Nancy, and reviews of the work of Jean-François Lyotard and Barbara Cassin, notable points of interest on an expansive tour of modern French thought.

Badiou stands at the bookend of the French philosophical tradition, and in The Adventure of French Philosophy reflects on the ‘French moment’ in contemporary thought with a series of essays and reviews published for the first time in English in a revised translation. Badiou asks, "What took place in France, in philosophy, between 1940 and the end of the twentieth century? Where does this moment come from, what were its antecedents, what was its birth?" Reaching into its background, projects, and accomplishments, Badiou moves to understand the particular character specific to this time.

Guided by a small set of fundamental questions concerning the nature of being, the event, the subject, and truth, Badiou pushes to an extreme the polemical force of his thinking. Against the formless continuum of life, he posits the need for radical discontinuity; against the false modesty of finitude, he pleads for the mathematical infinity of everyday situations; against the various returns to Kant, he argues for the persistence of the Hegelian dialectic; and against the lure of ultra-leftism, his texts from the 1970s vindicate the role of Maoism as a driving force behind the communist Idea.

It is through these reflections that Badiou ends up continuing the very tradition of his contemplation.

A figure like Plato or Hegel walks here among us! – Slovoj Žižek
One of the most important philosophers writing today. – Joan Copjec
An heir to Jean-Paul Sartre and Louis Althusser. – New Statesman

This new volume is a rich trove, an expansive tour of over forty years of modern French thought from the acclaimed philosopher. The Adventure of French Philosophy is essential reading for anyone interested in the `French moment' in contemporary thought.

Literature & Fiction / Mysteries & Thrillers

Burrows: A Red River Mystery by Reavis Z. Wortham (Red River Mysteries: Poisoned Pen Press)
In Burrows, , Lyndon B. Johnson is President, Beatlemania is in overdrive and gasoline costs 30 cents a gallon when Ned Parker retires as constable in Center Springs, Texas.

Constable Ned Parker's plan to live the quiet life of a cotton farmer is cut short when Center Springs, Texas, becomes the latest stop for a murderer who has already hit Nebraska, Kansas, and Oklahoma on his deadly spree.p>

A phone call leads Ned to a dead man hooked to fishing lines in the Red River and the discovery rips him out of retirement to help his nephew, the newly elected constable Cody Parker. Together they work to head off a multi-state killing spree that sets northeast Texas on fire.
As the weeks pass, Ned's grandchildren, ten-year-old Top and his tomboy cousin Pepper, struggle with personal issues resulting from their traumatic experiences at the Rock Hole only months before. They now find themselves in the middle of a nightmare for which no one can prepare.
Cody and Deputy John Washington, the law south of the tracks, follow a lead from their small community to the long abandoned Cotton Exchange warehouse in Chisum. Stunned, they find the Exchange packed full of the town's cast off garbage and riddled with booby-trapped passageways and dark burrows. Was this lair built out of desperation or designed to torture and kill anyone trying to capture the elusive killer?

Despite Ned's warnings, Cody enters the building and finds himself relying on his recent military experiences to save both himself and Big John. Unfortunately, the trail doesn't end there and the killing spree continues until the river exacts its own justice.

Award-winning writer and author of Burrows, Reavis Z. Wortham, as a boy hunted and fished the river bottoms near Chicota, Texas, the inspiration for Center Springs. He is a retired educator, humor editor and frequent contributor for Texas Fish and Game Magazine.

A ripping good tale. – Jan Reid, author of Comanche Sundown

An excellent read with tension-filled action scenes. – Mysteries Etc.

Wortham's outstanding sequel to The Rock Hole (2011)... combines the gonzo sensibility of Joe R. Lansdale and the elegiac mood of To Kill a Mockingbird to strike just the right balance between childhood innocence and adult horror. – starred review, Publishers Weekly
With atmosphere so thick you can breathe it, and characters so real you can touch them, Reavis Z. Wortham's Burrows is a book worth putting all others aside to read. Clear a space on your bookshelves, folks, because the real deal has arrived. – John Gilstrap, author of Threat Warning and Damage Control

In Burrows, Wortham juxtaposes gruesome crimes with a bucolic sixties landscape, and it's a surprisingly intense combination.
Military / Law / International

Modern Warfare: Armed Groups, Private Militaries, Humanitarian Organizations, and the Law edited by Benjamin Perrin (UBC Press)

The face of modern warfare is changing as more and more humanitarian organizations, private military companies, and non-state armed groups enter complex security environments such as Iraq, Afghanistan, and Haiti. Although this shift has been overshadowed by legal issues connected to the War on Terror and intervention in countries such as Rwanda and Darfur, it has caused some to question the relevance of existing international humanitarian law. Modern Warfare explores the law's failure – and potential – to ensure compliance in the context of a changing military landscape; by doing so, it opens a path to preventing further unnecessary suffering and violence.

The book is edited by Benjamin Perrin, assistant professor at the University of British Columbia, Faculty of Law.

Modern Warfare is the culmination of "The Edges of Conflict" project, which began in 2007 as a joint initiative between the University of British Columbia's Liu Institute for Global Issues and the Canadian Red Cross to engage in the debate regarding the changing nature of armed conflict and to improve respect for the rule of law in complex security environments. The specific goals of the endeavor were threefold:

  • To examine and debate contemporary challenges of armed conflict.
  • To develop new conceptual approaches, policy recommendations, and areas for further research to address the challenge to international humanitarian law posed by the changing nature of armed conflict.
  • To raise awareness of contemporary conflict issues, build Canadian capacity, and ensure policy coherence by engaging a wide range of Canadian and international actors.

The project began in January 2008 with a consultation in the form of a ‘fast-talk’ with several leading experts in order to narrow and identify areas for research. As a result of this consultation, five research papers were commissioned and published on the project website in March 2008. From these initial papers, the path for future research became clear, with two main thematic areas emerging.

The first is the complex interaction in conflict and post-conflict settings between non-state actors (including humanitarian organizations, private military and security companies, and non-state armed groups) and state armed forces. The interplay between these diverse actors has given rise to concepts such as ‘humanitarian space’ and counterinsurgency doctrine in order to manage the tensions between them. The coexistence of these actors in modern armed conflict thus became a central focus of the project from the very beginning. The second area of interest arising from the ‘fast-talk process’ focused on violence that does not fall within the definition of an armed conflict but is detrimental and threatening to civilian populations, such as low-level insurgencies and endemic urban violence.

These two thematic areas are of particular relevance to Canadians due to the overseas missions of the Canadian Forces in areas such as Afghanistan and Haiti, as well as the plethora of humanitarian organizations that are based in Canada and that operate in conflict and post-conflict environments around the world.

Following the initial phase of research; the project advisory group decided to host an international conference in Vancouver, British Columbia, in 2009. Experts from Canada and around the world came to share their current research in the priority areas that were identified through the fast-talk process and commissioned research papers. The conference included a specialized panel on Afghanistan as a case study of a complex security and humanitarian environment. Thematic panels then discussed each topic in greater detail, identified gaps and challenges in the implementation and enforcement of applicable legal regimes, and made further recommendations to address the most immediate challenges. These panels included: the rise of non-state armed groups, shrinking humanitarian space, the expansion of private military and security companies, and the advent of endemic urban violence. A conference report summarized the proceedings and was widely distributed in print and on the project website.

Following the Vancouver conference, participants from diverse backgrounds along with other international experts were invited to submit pa­pers for Modern Warfare as a lasting scholarly contribution to international humanitarian law, policy, and practice. A series of policy papers were also prepared and were presented in April 2010 in Ottawa to the community of humanitarian policy advisors in government and academia as well as practitioners.

Modern Warfare, an edited volume, engages experts from around the world in exploring and debating a series of specific challenges to the ongoing relevance and validity of international humanitarian law (IHL). Given that both the issues and proposed solutions reach across disciplines, these experts represent a diverse group, including legal scholars and other academics, humanitarian policy advisors, and representatives of private military organizations and internationally respected research and policy institutions. Such an approach is critical to bridge the gap between theory and practice across complex and interrelated issues such as the four principal challenges addressed in the volume. Each of the four major sections of Modern Warfare begins with a longer chapter to provide context for the topic being addressed. The subsequent chapters delve further into specific subtopics and case studies, in order to advance the particular theme more fully than individual chapters would do in isolation.

The potential – and limitations – of IHL to play a constructive role in addressing the needs of those affected by armed conflict and widespread violence is a common theme that runs throughout Modern Warfare. This balanced approach is neither naive (believing that more or better laws hold all the answers) nor cynical (believing the law to be wholly irrelevant). By adopting a wider lens than the simple consideration of settled standards of humanitarian law, the contributors consider first principles, related bodies of law, and humanitarian policy as well as the social science evidence on the prevention and mitigation of violence and conflict in order to tackle the various challenges raised in these pages. This common project harks back to the original inspiration of Henry Dunant and the powerful idea that unnecessary suffering can be mitigated through the enterprise and dedication of thoughtful, concerned citizens. It is thus a modest tribute to his inspiring vision, over 150 years later.

Non-state actors – be they rebels, `terrorists,' humanitarian organizations, or private security companies – are a firmly entrenched feature of modern armed conflicts. This impressive collection of thoughtful essays by experts from law, policy, and practice provides much needed analysis of all aspects of the complex problems that such groups raise. It is both timely and scholarly. Highly recommended. – Robert Cryer Professor of International and Criminal Law, University of Birmingham

This is a thoughtful and important work by an impressive group of contributors. It explores the most significant issues in international humanitarian law and post-conflict security today, including reciprocity, asymmetry, the crowded humanitarian space, and the role of non-state actors and private military companies. – Darryl Robinson Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, Queen's University

An insightful and vital contribution to advance civilian protection in times of war. – Louise Arbour, President and CEO, International Crisis Group

Readers will find Modern Warfare to be a thoughtful and timely critique of the current state of international humanitarian law and practice.

Political Science / History / Middle East / Public Policy

Little America: The War within the War for Afghanistan by Rajiv Chandrasekaran (Knopf)

From the award-winning author of Imperial Life in the Emerald City, Little America is a account of America's troubled war in Afghanistan.

When President Barack Obama ordered the surge of troops and aid to Afghanistan, Washington Post senior correspondent and associate editor Rajiv Chandrasekaran followed. He found the effort sabotaged not only by Afghan and Pakistani malfeasance but by infighting and incompetence within the American government: a war cabinet arrested by vicious bickering among top national security aides; diplomats and aid workers who failed to deliver on their grand promises; generals who dispatched troops to the wrong places; and headstrong military leaders who sought a far more expansive campaign than the White House wanted. Through their bungling and quarreling, they wound up squandering the first year of the surge.

Chandrasekaran explains how the United States has never understood Afghanistan – and prob­ably never will.

During the Cold War, American engineers undertook a massive development project across southern Afghanistan in an attempt to woo the country from Soviet influence. They built dams and irrigation canals, and they established a comfortable residential community known as Little America, with a Western-style school, a coed community pool, and a plush clubhouse – all of which embodied American and Afghan hopes for a bright future and a close relationship. But in the late 1970s – after growing Afghan resistance and a Communist coup – the Americans abandoned the region to warlords and poppy farmers.

In one revelatory scene after another, Chandrasekaran in Little America follows American efforts to reclaim the very same territory from the Taliban. Along the way, readers meet an Army general whose experience as the top military officer in charge of Iraq's Green Zone couldn't prepare him for the bureaucratic knots of Afghanistan, a Marine commander whose desire to charge into remote hamlets conflicted with civilian priorities, and a war-seasoned diplomat frustrated in his push for a scaled-down but long-term American commitment. Their struggles show how Obama's hope of a good war, and the Pentagon's desire for a resounding victory, shriveled on the arid plains of southern Afghanistan.

Searing . . . Solid and timely reporting, crackling prose, and more than a little controversy will make this one of the summer’s hot reads. – starred review, Publishers Weekly

Riveting, intimate, meticulously reported, and hugely revealing, Little America is an unprecedented examination of a failing war – and an eye-opening look at the complex relationship between America and Afghanistan.

Professional & Technical / Architecture / Home & Garden / Design

United by Design: Homes of Cape Cod, Martha's Vineyard, and Nantucket by Loryn Wilson Schiffer (Schiffer Publishing, Ltd.)

.... As soon as we could afford it, my wife and I bought a ‘leftover’ piece of land on the Vineyard and built our own version of a vernacular and Victorian inspired cottage – our getaway (and extra income generator) from busy architectural careers in New Haven. When we were ready to have design responsibility of our own, the Cape and Islands were in our blood and it was a natural place for us to settle. We joined a newly established firm, now Polhemus Savery DaSilva Architects Builders, and moved to the Cape. I had come full circle. Our office is right down the street from the Chatham Depot. – John R. DaSilva, AIA, from the foreword

On Cape Cod, Martha's Vineyard, and Nantucket, the sea is never far away and its influence is never minimal. The sea and its rhythms, interconnected with those of the sun and the wind, are the uniting factors for all the physical and social characteristics that make up these legendary places.

Readers of United by Design discover a diverse selection of beautiful Cape Cod, Martha’s Vineyard, and Nantucket homes from a dozen of the top architects practicing in this region. Breathtaking landscapes and water views abound throughout the area, providing a powerful backdrop for the homes that are situated there. Written by Loryn Wilson Schiffer, an architecture and interior design enthusiast, United by Design features more than 40 projects ranging from traditional shingle style to very modern designs, and from modest cottages to grandiose estates. Readers explore them inside and out, and learn about the architects, designers, builders, and other masterminds behind their creation.

According to architect John R. DaSilva, AIA, in the foreword, generations of creative people have been drawn to and influenced by the region. DaSilva says that social and geographic characteristics are reflected in the architecture. Nantucket architecture is probably the least diverse, historically because of economic cycles, but today by design, as all-encompassing historic review legislation has strict control over form, proportion, style, and detail of anything built there. Martha's Vineyard has large concentrations from a variety of architectural eras: classical (in Edgartown and Vineyard haven); Victorian (largely in Oak Bluffs); and contemporary (in the woods and on the hill-tops of Chilmark and Aquinnah). Cape Cod is the only portion of the region to contribute a more-or-less original building type to the national scene – the ‘Cape Cod Cottage’ (or just the ‘Cape’). These small, low slung houses, designed to sit in protected areas and let the ocean storms roll over them, were spare and utilitarian – loved more by contemporary ‘wash-a-shores’ (as migrants without ancestral roots in the region are dubbed) seeking a representation of ‘the simple life’ and developers seeking an efficient way to build with charm, than by their early users who transformed or replaced them as soon as they could afford it. These casual one-and-one-half story cottages are found everywhere in the region, in contrast to the formal and stately two story federal style sea-captains' houses prevalent in Brewster, the exuberant Victorians in Oak Bluffs, the grand classical and Shingle Style mansions in Osterville and Hyannis Port, or the crisp modernism in the wooded hills and on the sandy dunes of the Outer Cape. Development patterns, too, vary from town to town: from near urban density in Provincetown and Nantucket Town; to classic New England village atmospheres in Sandwich, Falmouth and Vineyard Haven; to the early planned-communities at the Methodist Campgrounds of Oak Bluffs, Yarmouth and Craigville; to the working-families' vacation strip of Route 28 in Yarmouth; to the suburban-anywhere shopping center district of Route 132 in Hyannis; to the ‘New Urbanism’ of Mashpee Commons.

DaSilva says that it is no surprise that, given the variety in the region, there is variety in the work depicted in United by Design, yet it all has a strong relationship to the special qualities of the region. Vernacular forms and materials, like gabled roofs and weathered wood shingles, are found on most of the homes. The Shingle Style, the late 19th century invention that combined American Colonial and European Queen Ann forms into dynamic assemblages unified by continuous shingled membranes, is very influential in the region and with all of the architects in this book. Even the modernist projects use forms, details, and materials that look good after standing up to assault from the sun, weather; and sea (as opposed to the delicate white planar walls and roofs of International Style modernism). The homes included in United by Design reflect the region both stylistically and socio-economically. They range from modest additions on vernacular houses, both Greek and Gothic Revival, to new homes based on subtle vernacular and historical reinterpretation, to sprawling mansions commanding large sections of waterfront, to hip contemporary inventions infused with deconstructivist angst.

According to Schiffer in the introduction, United by Design signifies architecture that is linked by dynamic, high-quality, and simply great design. Numerous architects who have designed homes in Cape Cod, Martha's Vineyard, and/or Nantucket, were juried. Twelve were chosen to be a part of this volume.

Showcasing more than 40 homes, inside and out, United by Design captures a range of styles, genres, sizes, and tastes. The homes include an ultra contemporary waterfront home with round walls throughout; a traditional and sprawling Shingle Style home with gambrel roofs and a widow's walk; a center hall classic design with antique heart pine floors; a renovation that makes the most of smaller spaces while preserving the feel of the original home; a beautiful stone barn; an innovative tree house; a quaint campground cottage; and more.

As readers visit these homes, situated on prime properties with gorgeous landscapes and breathtaking views, they learn how they came to be and who made it possible. Biographies on all of the architects are supplied and, where available, credits are given to the contractors and builders, interior, kitchen and bath designers, and landscape designers. Models, drawings, floor plans, site plans, and square footage are also provided for reference.

United by Design is a quintessential coffee table book that makes a perfect gift for home design and Cape region enthusiasts. It offers readers a chance to take a step further and tap into the masterminds behind the creations. They can see the stylistic preferences unique to each architect and firm, including drawings, models, and floor plans, and be inspired to create their own dream home.

Professional & Technical / Medicine / Clinical / Internal / Anatomy

Atlas of Clinical Gross Anatomy: With STUDENT CONSULT Online Access, 2nd edition by Kenneth P. Moses MD, Pedro B. Nava PhD, John C. Banks PhD and Darrell K. Petersen MBA (Elsevier Saunders)

Atlas of Clinical Gross Anatomy, 2nd edition uses over 500 dissection photos and illustrations to guide students through the key structures they need for their gross anatomy course. This medical textbook helps students master essential surface, gross, and radiologic anatomy concepts through high-quality photos, digital enhancements, and concise text introductions throughout.

With Atlas of Clinical Gross Anatomy students are able to:

  • Get an understanding of surface, gross, and radiologic anatomy.
  • Learn as intuitively as possible with large, full-page photos.
  • Distinguish highlighted structures from the background in each dissection with the aid of digitally color-enhanced images.
  • See structures the way they present in the anatomy lab with specially commissioned dissections, done using freshly dissected cadavers prepared using low-alcohol fixative.
  • Bridge the gap between gross anatomy and clinical practice with clinical correlations throughout.
  • Master anatomy with one text covering everything they need to know, from surface to radiologic anatomy.
  • Review key structures quickly thanks to detailed dissection headings and unique icon navigation.
  • Access the full text and self assessment questions online.

Authors of Atlas of Clinical Gross Anatomy are: Kenneth Prakash Moses, MD, Fellow of the Royal Society of Medicine, Emergency Room Physician, Bear Valley Community Hospital, Big Bear Lake, California; John C. Banks, Jr., PhD, Associate Professor of Anatomy, Department of Pathology and Human Anatomy, Loma Linda University School of Medicine; Pedro B. Nava, PhD, Professor of Anatomy and Vice-Chair, Department of Pathology and Human Anatomy, Loma Linda University School of Medicine; and Darrell K. Petersen, MBA, Instructor, Director of Anatomical Services, Biomedical Photographer, Department of Pathology and Human Anatomy, Loma Linda University School of Medicine.

Contents of Atlas of Clinical Gross Anatomy include:

  1. Introduction to Anatomy

SECTION 1 HEAD AND NECK

  1. Introduction to the Head and Neck
  2. Skull
  3. Scalp and Face
  4. Parotid, Temporal, and Pterygopalatine Region
  5. Orbit
  6. Ear
  7. Nasal Region
  8. Oral Region
  9. Pharynx and Larynx
  10. Submandibular Region
  11. Anterior Triangle of the Neck
  12. Posterior Triangle of the Neck and Deep Neck

SECTION 2 UPPER LIMB

  1. Introduction to the Upper Limb
  2. Breast and Pectoral Region
  3. Axilla and Brachial Plexus
  4. Scapular Region
  5. Shoulder Complex
  6. Arm
  7. Cubital Fossa and Elbow Joint
  8. Anterior Forearm
  9. Posterior Forearm
  10. Wrist and Hand Joints
  11. Hand Muscles

SECTION 3 TRUNK

  1. Introduction to the Trunk
  2. Vertebral Column
  3. Suboccipital Region
  4. Back Muscles
  5. Chest Wall and Mediastinum
  6. Heart
  7. Lungs
  8. Anterolateral Abdominal Wall and Groin
  9. Gastrointestinal Tract
  10. Abdominal Organs
  11. Diaphragm and Posterior Abdominal Wall
  12. Pelvic Girdle
  13. Pelvic Viscera
  14. Perineum

SECTION 4 LOWER LIMB

  1. Introduction to the Lower Limb
  2. Anteromedial Thigh
  3. Hip Joint
  4. Gluteal Region and Posterior Thigh
  5. Knee Joint and Popliteal Fossa
  6. Anterolateral Leg
  7. Posterior Leg
  8. Ankle and Foot Joints
  9. Foot

The authors report that as they completed the manuscript for the first edition of Atlas of Clinical Gross Anatomy, they were pleased with the features of this atlas. The atlas was awarded the R. R. Hawkins Award from the Professional and Scholarly Division of the Association of American Publishers and the Richard Asher Prize from the Royal Society of Medicine and the Society of Authors. However they received several ideas and changes that would greatly improve the usefulness of the atlas in the classroom as well as in the lab, and they have accomplished several notable changes to produce this second edition of Atlas of Clinical Gross Anatomy.

The most significant change in the second edition comes in the form of 20 new dissections. They completely reworked the chapters on the heart (Chapter 30) and the lungs (Chapter 31). Additionally, the chapter on the vertebral column (Chapter 26) received three new dissections featuring ligaments of the vertebral column and the costovertebral joints. The remaining new dissections were also within Section 3, with Chapter 33 now including a key dissection of the arteries of the celiac trunk and Chapter 34, the classic presentation of the branches of the abdominal aorta. Chapters 36 to 38 on the pelvic girdle and viscera and the perineum were enriched with dissections of the iliac vessels, the female recto-uterine pouch, and the male perineal neurovascular structures.

A second significant change in Atlas of Clinical Gross Anatomy, 2nd edition is in the titling and labeling of all the dissection images. First, each page of topography and dissection received a more accurate title within the color bar at the top of each page, giving readers a quicker and clearer orientation of the image. The descriptive legend below each photograph was revisited for greater clarity. Key structures of each image were bolded for emphasis. The bolding of key structures helps to illustrate the main components of each dissection. The authors also made a few title changes in the Head and Neck section, which are now more accurate and all-inclusive.

Finally, another change worth mentioning is the reorganized sequence of Chapters 32 to 35, placing these chapters in a more logical progression. In this new edition, they begin with the anterolateral abdominal wall (Chapter 32) and proceed through the abdominal organs (Chapters 33 and 34), ending in Chapter 35 with the posterior abdominal wall.

...Provides a clear three-dimensional understanding of anatomical structures by creating a unique photographic image collection of human gross anatomy... an outstanding exemplar of its genre, innovative and compelling in terms of production and a masterpiece of utility for students and professionals alike. – Association of American Publishers (AAP)

The text covers everything from surface to radiologic anatomy and is ideal for shortened anatomy courses. With Atlas of Clinical Gross Anatomy students get a clear understanding of the human body through surface, gross and radiologic anatomy all in one place. The changes improve the quality of this second edition, and the book will be useful in the study of human anatomy. The well-executed, full-page dissection photos provide practically effortless comprehension. The book is ideal for use before, during, and after lab work, in preparation for examinations, and later on as a primer for clinical work.

Professional & Technical / Medicine / Clinical / Internal / Nutrition / Epidemiology / Reference

Obesity: Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, and Prevention, Second Edition edited by Debasis Bagchi and Harry G. Preuss (CRC Press)

The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared obesity a global epidemic. Its prevalence has more than doubled since 1980, causing a myriad of health problems for children and adults. Obesity: Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, and Prevention, Second Edition explores the molecular mechanisms and pathophysiology leading to obesity and metabolic disorders. It examines the safety of obesity drugs and drug development strategies as well as the role of physical activity, nutrition, and nutraceutical supplements in obesity treatment and prevention.

Editors are Debasis Bagchi, professor in the Department of Pharmacological and Pharmaceutical Sciences at the University of Houston, College of Pharmacy in Texas and the Director of Innovation & Clinical Affairs at Iovate Health Sciences Research Inc., in Oakville, Canada and Harry G. Preuss, tenured professor at Georgetown University in four departments – biochemistry, physiology, medicine, and pathology. With contributions from a cadre of internationally known experts, Obesity covers a spectrum of essential topics related to this widespread phenomenon, including:

  • The relationship between obesity and type 2 diabetes.
  • The addiction mechanism related to refined foods as a significant factor in obesity.
  • The correlation between obesity and environmental estrogens, endocrine. disruption, cigarette smoking, and inflammatory response.
  • The role of drug and chemical toxicities and genomic imprinting disorders in obesity.
  • The safety and regulation of prescription and over-the-counter weight loss drugs.
  • Various diets, the glycemic index, and the role of exercise in treating or preventing obesity.
  • The controversy over effective vs. banned weight loss supplements.
  • Childhood obesity and its prevention.
  • Bariatric surgery for weight management and reversal of metabolic disorders

According to Obesity, not only has the spread of obesity been declared a worldwide epidemic, but a new term, globesity, has been coined to describe the recent upsurge of overweight and obesity throughout the world's population. How severe is the problem? According to WHO, sixty-five percent of the world's population live in countries where overweight and obesity kills more people than underweight. Furthermore, nearly 43 million children under the age of five were overweight in 2010.

This unfortunate outcome has generated an unlimited array of weight loss strategies. Products and programs that induce rapid weight loss and disturb metabolic homeostasis dominate the focus of marketers and consumers alike; however, rapid weight loss is potentially unhealthy and frequently induces undesirable rebound weight gain consequences. In addition, many anti-obesity pharmaceuticals are accompanied by adverse reactions, making the cure worse than the disorder itself; thus, it is important to develop a strategic therapeutic intervention using safe, novel, and natural supplements supported by credible research. Obesity, intended for practicing medical professionals, clinical nutritionists, dieticians, and researchers, addresses many issues relevant to obesity: the molecular mechanism and pathophysiology leading to obesity and metabolic disorders, the safety of obesity drugs, drug development strategies, the influences of physical activity and nutrition, and the benefits of research-supported nutraceutical supplements.

The 63 chapters in Obesity have been written by experts in their respective fields and have been divided into 8 parts. Part I provides a general introduction. Chapter 1, written by a world-renowned nutritionist and a health professional, Drs. Giovanna Turconi and Hellas Cena, provides an overview on the epidemiology of obesity. Chapter 2 explains the relationship between obesity and type 2 diabetes. Part II deals with the pathophysiology of obesity. Chapter 3 by Professor Karl-Heinz Wagner and Helmut Brath demonstrates the global view on noncommunicable diseases and where we all are going. This part demonstrates the evidence for refined food addiction; correlates obesity with environmental estrogens and endocrine disruption, cigarette smoking, and inflammatory responses; and elaborates the roles of neurotransmitters, neurobiology, leptin, ghrelin (the hunger hormone), DNA methylation, and sleep. Part III correlates obesity with diverse degenerative diseases, including metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, and diverse inflammatory responses such as wound healing and angiogenesis. Professor George Corcoran, immediate past president of the Society of Toxicology, discusses the role of drug and chemical toxicities in overweight and obesity in Chapter 18. Finally, Professor Merlin Butler emphasizes the genomic imprinting disorders in obesity in Chapter 19.

Part IV of Obesity starts with Dr. Olivier Boss et al.'s chapter covering new concepts in obesity drug development. This is followed by Dr. Susan Schwartz and Dr. David Savastano's chapter on the history and regulation of prescription and over-the-counter weight loss drugs. The world-renowned Pennington Biomedical Research Center scientists Dr. Alok Gupta and Dr. Frank Greenway discuss the safety of obesity drugs in Part V. This part is further expanded to discuss the historical perspective of obesity drugs, efficacy of current obesity drugs, and future directions. Part VI consists of 33 chapters on natural, nutritional, and physical approaches of weight management. The roles of exercise and physical activity in weight management and weight loss, the usefulness of pedometers, the nutritional and dietary approaches for weight control, gender effects of adiposity, and anti-aging effects of caloric restrictions are demonstrated by experts in the field. This part also covers carbohydrate blocks; vegetarian, plant-based, and Atkins diets; the concept of the glycemic index; as well as the roles of chromium (III), (–)-hydroxycitric acid, bitter orange (Citrus aurantium and p-synephrine), conjugated linoleic acid, curcumin, tea, chitosan, Caralluma fimbriata, glucomannan, medium chain triglycerides, marine lipids, calcium and dairy products, the banned weight loss ingredient ephedra, Coleus forskohlii extract, and Lagerstroemia speciosa (coroslic acid) in weight management. There are also two additional chapters, including a review on weight loss and a chapter providing the reflections of a practicing dietician regarding weight loss supplements. Part VII deals with child obesity – a most challenging issue in the new millennium. Five chapters highlight the intricate aspects of this problem and possible strategies for prevention. Part VIII discusses bariatric surgery and how this may help in weight management and in reversing metabolic disorders.

... Obesity takes a broader perspective. We are treated to short reviews of neurobiology, leptin, and ghrelin as well as chapters on environmental estrogens as endocrine disrupters, smoking and inflammation, and other oxidative stressors that may be contributing to the obesity epidemic. Regarding therapies, this book has solid chapters on diet and exercise ... on specific ‘neutraceuticals’ – foods with purported therapeutic benefits ... the authors offer thoughts, theories, and treatments that are ‘outside the box,’ and they do so majestically. – Margo A. Denke, MD, University of Texas, writing in The New England Journal of Medicine, December 13, 2007 (of the First Edition)
... this book is not a casual read. It is an in-depth treatise on the epidemiology, pathophysiology, prevention, and treatment of a modern-day epidemic, obesity. It begins with a detailed review of the prevalence and health burden of obesity worldwide and how the current situation has developed over the past 4 decades. ... deals with the pathophysiology of obesity ... natural, nutritional, and physical approaches to weight management. There is very little, if anything, about the many approaches to weight loss that is not addressed.... This book covers all aspects of obesity.... the editors maintained an evidence-based approach whenever possible and have maintained an open mind and an impartiality toward controversial issues. They discuss the recent development of drugs ... and the role of vegetarianism, tea, and other natural health products ... This is a textbook and reference, and it serves that purpose exceptionally well. Graduate students in the field of obesity should read it or at least use it as a reference.... this book will point them in the right direction and give them an overview about what they need to learn; a lot of that learning can come directly from this book. Practitioners specializing in obesity management and lifestyle issues should have it as a reference, as should obesity researchers. – Marshall Godwin, MD, MSc, CCFP, writing in JAMA, 2008;299(17):2092-2093 (of the First Edition)

Obesity is an ideal reference point both for researchers looking for new avenues of inquiry and practicing medical professionals, clinical nutritionists, and dietitians seeking guidance for their patients.

Professional & Technical / Medicine / Clinical / Internal / Pathology

Robbins Basic Pathology: with STUDENT CONSULT Online Access, 9th edition by Vinay Kumar MBBS MD FRCPath, Abul K. Abbas MBBS and Jon Aster MD (Elsevier Saunders)

Robbins Basic Pathology delivers the pathology knowledge students need. This medical textbook's author team helps students efficiently master the core concepts they need to know for their courses and USMLE exams.

With Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th edition students are able to:

  • Get an understanding of all essential pathology concepts with expert guidance from an all-star editorial team.
  • Grasp the connections between basic science and clinical medicine with clinicopathologic correlations throughout.
  • Access information anywhere – from the coffee shop to the classroom – with full-text online access.
  • Take their learning farther with targeted therapy boxes, clinical cases, virtual microscope slides, and self-assessment questions online.
  • Learn core concepts quickly with a highly templated design that highlights pathogenesis and morphology.

Changes include:

  • New interior design with a more modern look.
  • Artwork revised and updated for a more modern look and more three-dimensional feel.
  • Targeted Therapy boxes included in the online text provide clinical information on appropriate therapy related to the disease under discussion.
  • All photomicrographs and gross photos reviewed and improved to ensure excellent quality.

Authors include: Vinay Kumar, MBBS, MD, FRCPath, Donald N. Pritzker Professor Chair, Department of Pathology, Biologic Sciences Division and Pritzker School of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago; Abul K. Abbas, MBBS, Distinguished Professor and Chair, Department of Pathology, University of California San Francisco; and Jon C. Aster, MD, PhD, Professor of Pathology, Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston.

Contents of Robbins Basic Pathology include:

  1. Cell Injury, Cell Death, and Adaptations
  2. Inflammation and Repair
  3. Hemodynamic Disorders, Thromboembolism, and Shock – Richard N. Mitchell
  4. Diseases of the Immune System
  5. Neoplasia
  6. Genetic and Pediatric Diseases – Anirban Maitra
  7. Environmental and Nutritional Diseases
  8. General Pathology of Infectious Diseases – Alexander J. McAdam, Arlene H. Sharpe
  9. Blood Vessels – Richard N. Mitchell
  10. Heart – Richard N. Mitchell
  11. Hematopoietic and Lymphoid Systems
  12. Lung – Aliya Noor Husain
  13. Kidney and Its Collecting System – Charles E. Alpers, Agnes B. Fogo
  14. Oral Cavity and Gastrointestinal Tract – Jerrold R. Turner, Mark W. Lingen
  15. Liver, Gallbladder, and Biliary Tract – Neil D. Theise
  16. Pancreas – Anirban Maitra
  17. Male Genital System and Lower Urinary Tract – Jonathan Epstein
  18. Female Genital System and Breast – Husain A. Sattar
  19. Endocrine System – Anirban Maitra
  20. Bones, Joints, and Soft Tissue Tumors – Andrew E. Rosenberg
  21. Peripheral Nerves and Muscles – Peter Pytel
  22. Central Nervous System – Matthew P. Frosch
  23. Skin – Alexander J.F. Lazar, Wei-Lien Wang

This is an exciting time for students of medicine because the fundamental mechanisms of disease are being unveiled at a breathtaking pace. Pathology is central to understanding the molecular basis of disease, and the text captures the essence of this new knowledge in the ninth edition of Robbins Basic Pathology. The authors believe that pathology forms the scientific foundation of medicine, and advances in the basic sciences ultimately help students understand diseases in the individual patient. Thus, while many of the new discoveries in genomics and personalized medicine are covered in the initial chapters on general pathology, the book includes the impact of scientific advances on diseases of organ systems described throughout. To emphasize the importance of disease mechanisms in the practice of medicine, the text highlights sections dealing with pathogenesis. In recent years an understanding of the molecular basis of disease has led to the development of ‘targeted therapies.’ These are highlighted in the form of "Targeted Therapy" boxes in the online edition of Robbins Basic Pathology. Although many of the ‘breakthroughs’ in the laboratory have not yet reached the bedside, the authors have included them in measured ‘doses’ so that students can begin to experience the excitement that is ahead in their careers.

Realizing that modem medical students feel inundated in trying to synthesize the essentials with the ‘state of the art,’ the authors continue the use of Summary boxes designed to provide students with key ‘take home’ messages. These have been retained at the risk of adding a few additional pages to the book since students have uniformly told them that they find them useful.

Many new pieces of four-color art – schematics, flow charts, and diagrammatic representations of disease – have been added to facilitate the understanding of difficult concepts such as the control of the cell cycle, functions of cancer genes, interactions of HIV with its receptors, and the biochemical basis of apoptotic cell death. More illustrations have been added, bringing the total to more than 1,000. Formatting and color palettes of the tables have been changed for greater clarity.

Despite the extensive changes and revisions to Robbins Basic Pathology the goals remain essentially unaltered. Although we have entered the genomic era, the time-honored tools of gross and microscopic analysis remain useful and morphologic changes are highlighted for ready reference. The strong emphasis on clinicopathologic correlations is maintained, and wherever understood, the impact of molecular pathology on the practice of medicine is emphasized.

The book maximises on presentation by using clear headings and sub headings, good quality colour plates, diagrams and tables. In common with many other Elsevier books, it's attractively presented. The authors are keen for the reader to learn about the advances in the field and have included details of these breakthroughs. The pathology textbook I bought as a student was just under half the price of this one and was left mostly on the shelf being largely unreadable with monochrome only illustrations and no extra features. That makes this book good value for money I would say! – Dr. Sager, Univadis, December 2008, Review from the 8th Edition

A trusted title in the world of pathology, Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th edition offers easy-to-access information that is concise and accurate. Targeted therapy boxes in the online edition provide examples of ‘bench-to-bedside’ medicine. The clarity of writing and proper use of language continue to enhance comprehension and facilitate the learning process.

Professional & Technical / Medicine / Clinical / Internal / Reference

Medicine: A Competency-Based Companion: With STUDENT CONSULT Online Access, 1st edition by Jessica Israel MD and Allan R Tunkel MD PhD MACP, with series editor Barry D. Mann (Competency-Based Companion Series: Elsevier Saunders)

What constitutes an effective clinician?

Medicine, a handy, pocket-sized medical reference book hones in on the must-know differential diagnoses of the common medical presentations and guides students through the most up-to-date and effective approaches to treatment. A portable, pocket-sized format places high-yield core information essential to internal medicine rotations right in their lab coats.

With Medicine students are able to:

  • Assess their progress with activities to promote retention and application of knowledge, including online access to their own competency-based portfolio tools and competency-specific learning modules (Vertical Reads).
  • Master ACGME Core Competencies to integrate evidence-based medicine, continual self-assessment, and cognizance of interpersonal skills into their daily routine.
  • Understand and assimilate critical concepts more easily with "Speaking Intelligently" and "Clinical Thinking" features in clinical chapters to help them see the ‘big picture.’
  • Access the most common and must-know internal medicine signs/symptoms and disorders, conveniently organized by presentation.
  • Grasp and retain vital information more easily thanks to "Teaching Visuals" – an interactive teaching device designed to reinforce visual concepts.
  • Perform an in-depth review of internal medicine topics with "Clinical Entities" that are referenced to Andreoli and Carpenter's Cecil Essentials of Medicine, 8th edition.
  • Access the full contents online where they will find the complete text and illustrations, "Integration Links" to bonus content in other Student Consult titles, an interactive community center with a wealth of additional resources, self-assessment competency log, vertical reads.

Authors of Medicine are Jessica L. Israel MD, Chief, Division of Geriatrics and Palliative Medicine, Medical Director, Inpatient Hospice Unit, Monmouth Medical Center, Long Branch, New Jersey, Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia and Allan R. Tunkel MD, PhD, MACP, Chair, Department of Internal Medicine, Monmouth Medical Center, Long Branch, New Jersey, Professor of Medicine, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia. Series Editor is Barry D. Mann MD, Chief Academic Officer, Main Line Health System, Wynnewood, Pennsylvania.

Medical schools recognize the importance of defining the qualities, knowledge, and skills their graduates must achieve by graduation. Educators realize that to become effective clinicians, students must achieve a variety of competencies; all the organizations that regulate medical education have adopted competency language. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) has articulated six general competencies that residency programs must teach and assess, and many medical schools have been influenced by this framework. These competencies are:

  1. Patient Care.
  2. Medical Knowledge.
  3. Practice-Based Learning and Improvement.
  4. Interpersonal and Communication Skills.
  5. Professionalism.
  6. Systems-Based Practice.

There is a problem, though. Over the years, medical education has proved most successful in teaching knowledge and technical skills and less successful in teaching and assessing competencies, such as skills in medical interviewing, behavioral change counseling, advanced communication (such as giving bad news), and clinical reasoning. Medical curricula often put too little emphasis on practice-based learning and improvement and on systems-based practice. Critical aspects of professionalism, such as maintaining altruism, integrity, and respect for patients, may be undermined by the ‘hidden curriculum’ imparted by negative role models and the lack of adequate mentorship. The stresses of ward routines and sick and dying patients challenge values and emotions. Often there is little time or no appropriate venue for fruitful reflection and discussion. Because students use themselves as an instrument of diagnosis and therapy, they must know how their own attitudes, values, and biases may influence their clinical decisions. Students must have balance and equanimity in their life so that they can be emotionally available and truly present for their patients. To do all this, they must develop into reflective practitioners, always assessing their actions and thoughts in the light of the ideals of care they want to achieve. If they are to become physicians who can cure disease while healing illness, they must pay attention to multiple dimensions of learning.

The editors and authors of Medicine have done us all a great service in directing us to think about clinical problem solving in the context of the six competencies, which are necessary to provide the best patient care. When students care for patients, they work to take an excellent history that helps them understand the factors in the patient's personal history and social context that have contributed to the illness; they perform a skillful physical examination; they create a robust differential diagnosis and work it through in their mind with the help of appropriate testing; they communicate with the patient and family members; they talk with consultants; they work within a multidisciplinary team to ensure coordination and continuity of care; they treat their patient with compassion and respect; they think about their decisions and make mid-course corrections; and they advocate for their patient with insurance companies and others involved in care.

Medicine is the fourth in a series (that also includes Surgery, Obstetrics and Gynecology, and Pediatrics) that attempts to provide medical students with the clinical framework to understand and utilize the competencies as they encounter patients during the junior clerkships.

The Medicine Clerkship is somewhat unique in the breadth and depth of information that students must master. Although the acquisition of medical knowledge and the approach to differential diagnosis has been considered the mainstay of learning on the clerkship for decades, a competency-based approach has the benefit of better preparing students for a lifetime of medical practice. Medicine begins with a few chapters that introduce the student to the competencies and provides some tips for success on the clerkship; these are followed by 58 chapters in 11 sections in which the competency-based approach to adult patients is oriented around clinical presentation of specific laboratory abnormalities. The section on practice-based learning helps students understand the value of acquisition of skills and knowledge based on the best evidence. The ‘vertical read’ format of these sections on interpersonal and communication skills, professionalism, and systems-based practice will assist students in mastering these concepts across a wide range of clinical diagnoses.

In this gem of a book, the authors guide you in thinking in multiple dimensions of learning that are available in caring for every one of your patients. If you can learn to think in this multidimensional way, and intentionally work on enhancing multiple competencies, you will grow as an individual and as a professional. You will become an effective clinician who will be an asset to your patients and a credit to our profession. – Dennis H. Novack MD, Professor of Medicine. Associate Dean of Medical Education, Drexel University College of Medicine

Medicine: A Competency-Based Companion, written by experts in their fields, is a useful and practical compendium in educating and training students during the Junior Medicine Clerkship. Complete, yet concise, it provides the core information students need to think like experienced clinicians during their medical rotation, equipping them to excel.

Professional & Technical / Medicine / Clinical / Internal / Review

USMLE Images for the Boards: A Comprehensive Image-Based Review, 1st edition by Amber S. Tully MD and James S. Studdiford MD FACP (Elsevier Saunders)

Students can stay on top of USMLE steps 1,2,3 preparation with USMLE Images for the Boards, the first comprehensive image-based review aid available. This high-yield medical textbook, intended to be used by students preparing for each USMLE examination and primary care board examinations, students identify and interpret the images they are likely to see on the exam.

With USMLE Images for the Boards students are able to:

  • Optimize their visual diagnostic skills with the only review tool that focuses on image interpretation in a standardized-testing environment and provides evidence-based data governing the selection of imaging modalities for a particular disease.
  • Prepare for all steps of the USMLE with 300 full-color medical images, including: EKGs, plain film/CT/MRI radiology, pathology slides, gross tissue specimens, and images depicting commonly tested diseases encountered within the fields of ophthalmology, urology, internal medicine, OB/GYN, pediatrics, orthopedics, and ENT.
  • Retain all the necessary information and evaluate their understanding thanks to an easy-to-follow format and challenging board-style review questions with high-yield explanations.

Authors are: Amber S. Tully, MD, Associate Staff, Department of Family Medicine, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland and James S. Studdiford, MD, FACP, Associate Professor, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia.

USMLE Images for the Boards is organized into three main sections: (1) board images, featuring 60 topics and 116 images; (2) cardiology, including 20 cases with images; and (3) radiology, with 43 topics and 173 images.

A large emphasis in medical education is placed on making examinations more like real patient encounters. The majority of board examinations are compiled of traditional multiple choice questions, but more images are being used in questions to better simulate authentic clinical presentations. In teaching and preparing medical students and residents for board examinations, the authors have repeatedly heard complaints about limited exposure to clinical, radiographic, and electrocardiographic images. There is a paucity of board review materials that highlight images likely to be seen in increasing quantity on board examinations. The authors’ goal for USMLE Images for the Boards is to solve that problem.

The material from USMLE Images for the Boards has been drawn from medical images, radiographic findings, and electrocardiograms compiled at Thomas Jefferson University. According to the authors, a wide group of cardiologists, radiologists, and primary care physicians have helped in collecting the images, creating challenging board-style review questions and including high-yield explanations of each disease entity outlined. Each case presented in the book is a ‘classic’ finding likely to be seen on board examinations.

Students are prepared for their boards with USMLE Images for the Boards (the ‘boards’ book), a solid study tool, a clinically relevant review guide of images.

Professional & Technical / Medicine / Clinical / Surgery / Gastroenterology

Natural Orifice Translumenal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES): Textbook and Video Atlas edited by Anthony N. Kalloo MD, Jacques Marescaux MD (Hon) FRCS FACS (Hon) JSES and Ricardo Zorron MD PhD (Wiley-Blackwell)

Are you interested in using NOTES to treat your patients?

Do you need a multimedia tool to guide you through all aspects of clinical management?

Just as laparoscopic surgery revolutionized surgical practice in the 1980s and 90s, offering genuine competition to traditional open surgery, Natural Orifice Translumenal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES) presents a genuinely different alternative for surgeons and patients alike as we move forward in the 21st century.

Natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) has the potential to change the practice of surgery as we know it. Proponents say advantages over laparoscopic surgery include lower anesthesia requirements, faster recovery and shorter hospital stays, avoidance of transabdominal wound infections, less immunosuppression, better postoperative pulmonary and diaphragmatic function, and the potential for ‘scarless’ abdominal surgery. In this text/video set, the leading world expert in NOTES shares his experience. Three sections cover fundamentals, current clinical applications and techniques, and future perspectives.

Natural Orifice Translumenal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES) is edited by Anthony N. Kalloo, MD, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore; Jacques Marescaux, MD, (Hon) FRCS, FACS, (Hon) JSES, University Hospital of Strasbourg, IRCAD (Research Institute against Digestive Cancer), Strasbourg; and Ricardo Zorron, MD, PhD, Klinikum Bremerhaven Reinkenheide, Bremerhaven.

Highlights include:

  • Full coverage of the fundamentals of NOTES, its current clinical applications and techniques, and future perspectives.
  • Over 50 outstanding videos illustrating NOTES being performed by the experts.
  • Full-color throughout and superbly illustrated with over 250 figures.
  • Edited by global leaders and pioneers in the field, who have recruited a world-class contributor team..

Contents of Natural Orifice Translumenal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES) include:

Section 1 Development of the NOTES Concept

  1. History of NOTES – Xavier Dray & Anthony N. Kalloo
  2. Endoscopic Platforms for NOTES – Pankaj J. Pasricha & Homero Rivas
  3. Physiology of NOTES – Juliane Bingener & Angela M. Johnson
  4. Infection Control in NOTES – Peter N. Nau & Jeffrey W. Hazey
  5. NOTES Access Techniques – Eduardo A. Bonin & Christopher J. Gostout
  6. NOTES Closure Techniques – Erwin Rieder & Lee L. Swanstrom
  7. Mini-laparoscopy in the Endoscopy Unit – Arthur Hoffman & Ralf Kiesslich
  8. Single-port Surgery – Ricardo Zorron, Katherine Gash, & Anthony R. Dixon
  9. Computer-assisted NOTES: From Augmented Reality to Automation – Luc Soler, Stephane Nicolau, Michel de Mathelin, & Jacques Marescaux

Section 2 Current Clinical Applications and Techniques

  1. NOTES for Peritoneal Exploration – Seigo Kitano & Kazuhiro Yasuda
  2. NOTES Cholecystectomy – Bernard Dallemagne & Jacques Marescaux
  3. NOTES Appendectomy – Jorn Bernhardt, Holger Steffen, Sylke Schneider-Koriath, & Kaja Ludwig
  4. NOTES Applications in Colorectal Surgery – Joel Leroy, Michele Diana, James Wall & Jacques Marescaux
  5. NOTES Applied for Rectal Surgery – Patricia Sylla
  6. Bariatric NOTES Procedures – Michel Vix, Michele Diana, James Wall, & Jacques Marescaux
  7. Urologic Applications of NOTES – Candace F. Granberg, Mitchell R. Humphreys, & Matthew T. Gettman
  8. Gynecologic Applications of NOTES – Antoine Watrelot, Geraldine Chauvin, & Arnaud Wattiez
  9. NOTES Thyroidectomy – Tahar Benhidjeb & Michael Stark

Section 3 Perspectives on NOTES

  1. POEM and Emerging NOTES Applications – Haruhiro Inoue & Ricardo Zorron
  2. NOTES Applications in Veterinary Medicine – Lynetta J. Freeman & Karine Rader
  3. NOTES and Pregnancy: Where We Are and Where We Could Go – Nicolas Bourdel & Janyne Althaus
  4. Thoracic Cavity Application of NOTES – Alex Escalona, Brian G. Turner, & Denise W. Gee
  5. Designing the NOTES Procedure Room – Mouen A. Khashab & Anthony N. Kalloo
  6. Evolution and Future Developments of Instrument Technology for NOTES – D. Nageshwar Reddy, G. V. Rao, & Magnus J. Mansard
  7. Training the Gastroenterologist for NOTES – Nitin Kumar & Christopher C. Thompson
  8. Training the Surgeon for NOTES – Silvana Perretta, Bernard Dallemagne, & Jacques Marescaux
  9. Simulator-based Training of NOTES Procedures – Kai Matthes, Ganesh Sankaranarayanan, Woojin Ahn, & Suvranu De
  10. NOTES: Possibilities for the Future – Alexander Aurora & Jeffrey L. Ponsky

The use of natural body orifices as the primary portal of entry for peritoneal or thoracic interventions challenges conventional surgical and endoscopic principles. NOTES is the evolutionary merger of endoscopy and surgery, using their basic principles while challenging the dogma of both fields. NOTES evolved because of the quest to seek less invasive surgical interventions and has the added benefit of improved cosmesis. Both of these benefits will be attractive to patients much like laparoscopic surgery was at its beginning.

NOTES has already impacted our current endoscopic and surgical practices. Procedures such as per-oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM), submucosal endoscopy and single port laparoscopy arose because of NOTES and are addressed in detail in the book. Improved instrumentation, robotization of flexible instruments and new endoscopic platforms are some of the downstream benefits of NOTES research, are also all delineated in Natural Orifice Translumenal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES).

Since the first human application in 2004, there has been tremendous progress in the understanding of the physiologic mechanisms created by NOTES. As a result of the work of many of the contributors and others, there now is a large body of information that is the basis for this textbook. Furthermore, there is an ever-growing arena of clinical applications extending beyond digestive diseases.

Natural Orifice Translumenal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES) is intended to be an in-depth resource of information on NOTES. The early chapters focus on basic principles and techniques such as access and closure techniques as well as infection control issues. Later chapters review current clinical applications such as appendectomy and cholecystectomy. The final chapters are dedicated to more up-and-coming and perhaps controversial topics such as veterinarian medicine and spinal interventions. The later chapters lay a foundation and stimulate further research into these burgeoning areas. The video library significantly enhance the knowledge base of this book by augmenting the detailed written descriptions of the various procedures.

As well as being a valuable text for gastroenterologists, GI surgeons and general surgeons, Natural Orifice Translumenal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES): Textbook and Video-Atlas will also appeal to urologists, urologic surgeons, gynecologists, gynecologic surgeons, thoracic and ENT surgeons. Readers will be both excited and inspired by the videos. Combining high-level text with a superb companion website, the book provides surgeons with a hands-on, in-depth and practical multimedia tool on this exciting breakthrough, to consult either on the ward or in surgery.

Religion & Spirituality / Christianity / History

Love Your Enemies: Jesus' Love Command in the Synoptic Gospels and the Early Christian Paraenesis by John Piper (Crossway)

“Love Your Enemies…”

Giving attention to various critical theories, John Piper in Love Your Enemies presents evidence that the early church earnestly advocated for non-retaliatory love, extending it to those who practiced evil in the world. Such love was key to the church’s own ethical tradition or paraenesis.

Piper, Chancellor of Bethlehem College and Seminary and pastor for preaching and vision at Bethlehem Baptist Church in Minneapolis, illuminates the Synoptics and passages in Romans, as well as 1 Thessalonians and 1 Peter, with non-canonical evidence, investigating the theological significance of Jesus’s love command.

Originally published as #38 in the Society for New Testament Studies Monograph Series, Love Your Enemies is Piper’s doctoral dissertation from the University of Munich. It is a serious work of Christian scholarship by a long-time respected author and pastor. This repackaged edition features a new, extensive introduction and will be of interest to scholars, students, and lay people who have training in New Testament studies.

`Love your enemies!' is one of the few sayings of Jesus, the authenticity of which is not seriously questioned by anyone. Nor is it disputed that this command is crucial in understanding what the earthly Jesus wanted to accomplish. It is further evident in the paraenetic portions of the New Testament epistles that commands are found which, while not rendering Jesus' command of enemy love word for word, nevertheless aim in the same direction and at times echo the phraseology of Jesus. In view of these facts it is surprising that no monograph exists which treats in a thorough way the history of this command in the various levels of the New Testament tradition. Therefore, as the title indicates, Love Your Enemies aims to analyze the history of the tradition of Jesus' command of enemy love and to interpret the way it was understood in the various stages of early Christian tradition within the New Testament.

The focus of Love Your Enemies is narrow in two ways: the love command which is the object of Piper’s attention is specifically Jesus' love command and further it is Jesus' command of enemy love. This narrowing of focus onto a particular command of Jesus is necessitated by the history-of-traditions viewpoint which has governed the work from the beginning.

The title of Love Your Enemies anticipates in part the results of the investigation, namely, that the tradition of Jesus' command of enemy love may be traced not only in the `gospel tradition' which in the New Testament formed the core of the synoptic gospels, but also in the `paraenetic tradition' which left its deposit in the paraenetic portions of the New Testament epistles. That Jesus' love command was transmitted along lines which led to the synoptic gospels is not disputed. That it was taken up into the paraenetic tradition is disputed. Therefore, the first task is to isolate the elements of the paraenetic tradition which possibly represent the reception and application of Jesus' command of enemy love (Chapter 1). Whether or not these elements of the paraenetic tradition do in fact rest on Jesus' command is the question Piper answers in Chapter 2. The approach in that chapter is to pursue a history of religious investigation of the teaching on enemy love in the environment of the early church which may have influenced the formation of the New Testament paraenesis. This investigation culminates with the interrelated attempts to determine on the one hand the genuineness and scope of Jesus' command of enemy love and on the other hand its relation to the corresponding elements in the New Testament paraenesis.

The remaining three chapters in Love Your Enemies form a triad in which Piper interprets the function of Jesus' command of enemy love first in his own earthly ministry (Chapter 3), then in the New Testament paraenesis (Chapter 4) and finally in the gospel tradition and synoptic redaction (Chapter 5). The concern in these three chapters is to go beyond merely formal and purely historical observations to the fundamental intention of Jesus and of those in the New Testament who used his command of enemy love. The questions which govern his investigation at each stage of the tradition are, therefore, very basic: Wherein consists obedience to this love command? and, How shall this obedience be realized?

This is a book for those who are professional scholars and for those who are not.... It will have to be on scholarly shelves, and it ought to be on the preacher's shelves as well, and most frequently off them too. – David Catch Pole, The Churchman

A rewarding book, not only for its wholesome critical orientation with regard to the unity and authenticity of the New Testament's witness to Jesus, but especially in its satisfying portrayal of the inner dynamics of Jesus's radical message. – R. T. France, The Evangelical Quarterly

Although its general subject matter has been the object of countless studies, Love Your Enemies does not merely retrace the steps of its worthy predecessors, but add its own fresh contribution to the understanding of Jesus' command of enemy love.

Religion & Spirituality / Christianity / History

Onesimus Our Brother: Reading Religion, Race, and Slavery in Philemon edited by Matthew V. Johnson, James A. Noel and Demetrius K. Williams (Paul in Critical Contexts Series: Fortress Press)

Philemon is the shortest letter in the Pauline collection, yet – because it has to do with a slave separated from his master – it has played an inordinate role in the toxic brew of slavery and racism in the United States. In Onesimus Our Brother, leading African American biblical scholars tease out the often unconscious assumptions about religion, race, and culture that permeate contemporary interpretation of the New Testament and of Paul in particular. The editors argue that Philemon is as important a letter from an African American perspective as Romans or Galatians have proven to be in Eurocentric interpretation. The essays gathered in Onesimus Our Brother trouble scholarly waters, interacting with the legacies of Hegel, Freud, Habermas, Ricoeur, and James C. Scott, as well as the historical experience of African American communities.

Editors are Matthew V. Johnson, Senior Pastor of the Good Shepherd Baptist Church in Atlanta; James A. Noel, H. Eugene Farlough California Professor of African American Christianity at San Francisco Theological Seminary and convener and founder of the Graduate Theological Union's Black Church/Africana Studies Certificate Program; and Demetrius K. Williams, who teaches in the Theology Department at Marquette University. Contributors include the editors and Mitzi J. Smith, Margaret B. Wilkerson, James W. Perkinson, and Allen Dwight Callahan.

“The gospel is not concerned with trivia": so a revered interpreter from an earlier generation explained (or explained away) the apparent lack of interest in early Christianity in the fate of the slave Onesimus. The editors and contributors to Onesimus Our Brother insist that the experience of enslaved persons, whether in ancient Rome or U.S. history, and the perspectives of the latter's descendants are anything but trivial.

The title of this volume, Onesimus Our Brother, marks a shift in interpretive perspective. In the long history of interpretation of Paul's letter ‘to Philemon’ (so named, despite the fact that Archippus and Apphia are also addressed, not to mention the house-church of which they all are a part), either Paul (in most cases) or Philemon has taken center stage. Rarely, if at all, has the other central figure, regarding whom and about whom the letter was written – Onesimus stepped out of the background. He has been mentioned, discussed, referenced; subtly present, but voiceless, powerless, hidden in the shadows and without agency. And why should it be otherwise? After all, Onesimus was only a slave, was he not? Slaves have no power, no agency. According to Orlando Patterson, slaves are socially dead or they experience ‘social death;’ and the socially dead are not given voice. So Onesimus has remained silent in Paul's letter to Philemon, though eerily present. Even while present, slaves should not speak in elite company: Paul and Philemon are speaking, so Onesimus must remain silent.

Whether we describe it as elite, conventional, traditional, or normative, biblical criticism in the West has assured and sustained Onesimus's silence and enslavement. How and why has it done this, even after slavery has ended? Should not Onesimus, too, have been set free, emancipated? But if Onesimus is freed, given voice and agency, what will happen to the interpretive system that has kept him in thralldom? Why is Onesimus's freedom of agency and voice such a threat?

Philemon has suffered the fate of marginalization for a number of reasons, one of which is that it seems to contain little theological content and deals solely with the allegedly mundane matter of recommending Philemon to accept his slave's return without inflicting harm upon him. The other, more obvious reason for this letter's marginalization is that it raises the thorny and embarrassing issue of the compromises and complicity that Roman Catholic and Protestant churches have had with various historical forms of ‘unfreedom’ that fall under the category of ‘slavery.’ Needless to say, Philemon interpretation in the United States could not help being affected by the problem of race that stemmed from slavery. The interpretations generated within this political economy were affected in no small degree by the ‘whiteness’ (a social-political and epistemological category) of those doing the interpretation. So too, African American interpreters have also had a jaundiced view of Philemon because they have read it through the lens of prior ‘white’ misreading. This secondhand reading foreclosed an alternate reading wherein Paul could be seen as negotiating Onesimus's humanity within the Christian church's precarious presence in the Roman Empire.

The contributors to Onesimus Our Brother feel a new interpretation and reading of Philemon is justified and, indeed, long overdue. They are interested in hearing from Onesimus and reading from his marginalized position and find that the newer reading perspectives give him voice and agency.

In chapter 1, Demetrius K. Williams, in exploring the interpretation history of Philemon, shows that it is much more convoluted than expected. He approaches the interpretation history through an ideological optic, noting that each segment of history engaged in a particular ‘reading’ is suitable for its particular historical-contextual-political moment. These ‘readings’ thus betray the socio-political commitments and sociocultural moorings of the readers. So Williams also carries out his own reading, which is situated in the presumed perspective of Onesimus, an enslaved and marginalized slave, and opts for a liberative reading of Philemon. In chapter 2, Mitzi Smith deals with the specificity of slavery in the New Testament period so as to do justice to the similarities and differences between this form of unfreedom in antiquity and racial slavery as experienced by African Americans at the beginning of modernity. In chapter 3, James A. Noel argues that Nat Turner's career represents the historical analogue to the psychoanalytic phenomenon that Sigmund Freud identified, in Civilization and Its Discontents, as the ‘return of the repressed.’ In the case of Nat Turner, however, we have the return of the oppressed. Hence, this chapter's title invokes the relationship, between social oppression and psychological repression. Noel focuses on Nat Turner's career in order to interpret Paul's letter to Philemon in light of the discourse of ‘repression’ and ‘recognition.’

In chapter 4 of Onesimus Our Brother, Matthew V. Johnson argues that the body speaks through the symptomatology of hysteria, the causality of which he traces to the contradiction between Paul's pleading for a quality of relationship between Onesimus and Philemon that must presuppose the former's freedom in order to be realized. Johnson shows further that Paul's pleading betrays a deeper goal of the Christian faith – the liberation of the oppressed and their inclusion in the Beloved Community – that operates as the eschatological point of finality in Pauline thought.

In chapter 5, Margaret Wilkerson argues that "we do not have to exercise a great deal of imagination to situate ourselves inside Onesimus's head upon his return." While this statement is probably true for African American audiences and other oppressed audiences, it is not likely to apply to a white audience, for whom the question what Onesimus thought or felt simply will never occur. The main protagonists who exercise agency, and with whom white readers are therefore more likely to identify, are Paul and Philemon. Wilkerson also asks whether Paul expected Philemon to effectively make the past disappear by saying to Onesimus, "I'm sorry I enslaved you." This is another way of raising the question Johnson raises about Onesimus's voice: if he cannot articulate the anger and pain he endured in the past, this means he is being silenced in the present. Wilkerson pursues this line of questioning to probe the hard issue of what is required for real racial reconciliation to take place in America. She also examines the letter to Philemon through the lens of gender.

In chapter 6 of Onesimus Our Brother, James W. Perkinson shows that what is at stake in Philemon is the question of ‘the Bible slave’ – referring not to the gospel embraced by those who were enslaved, but to the enslavement embraced by those who interpreted the text and were chained up inside an exegesis, or more accurately, inside the Bible as a text of mastery. Enslaved blacks took their bodies (that is, their social-historical and spiritual experience) ‘in hand’ to judge the text. Masters took the text in hand to warp what their own bodies ‘said’ in living out desire toward their slaves. Important for Perkinson is the memoir of Charles Colcock Jones, a Presbyterian plantation minister who preached to the slaves from the text of Philemon. When they heard his message, they walked out. When Jones's congregation walked out on his Philemon sermon, they walked straight into the text of rebellion. By physically exiting Jones's homily, the slaves reentered their own blackness, becoming subliminally, for the white missionary and his master friends, anomalous and dangerous. They also thereby exited the gendered text of domesticity. Jones's slave community alone offers the true emblem of freedom. White mastery over the black body was anchored ultimately in the mastery of Scripture over white identity.

In chapter 7, Allen D. Callahan addresses the overall contemporary African American assessment of Paul's literary legacy as essentially an anti-emancipatory biblical witness. He argues that this skewed view of the apostle was mediated through antebellum proslavery advocates. The proslavery use of Paul, and especially Paul's letter to Philemon, which established the ‘Pauline Mandate’ (to return runaway slaves), presented Paul as at best an ‘ambivalent’ witness and source of freedom. However, when the African American religious tradition is mined, one discovers that there is a rich and revered tradition that offers an alternative view. To be sure, in order to enlist Paul for the cause of freedom, the tradition had to read Paul against the grain of his canonical correspondence and also include his career as portrayed in the Acts of the Apostles.

Onesimus Our Brother revisits Paul's most disturbing letter in the light of slavery and race, troubling scholarly waters. These significant and notable essays interrogate the often unconscious assumptions of contemporary biblical scholarship even as they bring fresh insights into the context of Paul's shortest letter.

Religion & Spirituality / Social Sciences / Anthropology

Ordinary Lives and Grand Schemes: An Anthropology of Everyday Religion edited by Samuli Schielke and Liza Debevec (EASA Series, Volume 18: Berghahn Books)

The everyday practice of religion is complex in its nature, ambivalent, and at times contradictory. The task of an anthropology of religious practice is therefore to see how people navigate and make sense of that complexity, and what the significance of religious beliefs and practices in a given setting can be. Rather than putting everyday practice and normative doctrine on different analytical planes, the authors in Ordinary Lives and Grand Schemes argue that the articulation of religious doctrine is also an everyday practice and must be understood as such.

Editors of the volume are Samuli Schielke, research fellow at the Zentrum Moderner Orient in Berlin and Liza Debevec, research fellow at the Scientific Research Centre of the Slovene Academy of Sciences and Arts.

According to Schielke and Debevec in the introduction to Ordinary Lives and Grand Schemes, a key issue for the anthropological study of religion – especially of large world religions with long-lasting textual and institutional traditions – has been how to account for the complex duality of religion as an everyday practice and a normative doctrine. The problem is well known. On the one hand, we have the problem of providing justifications and explanations – how to maintain the coherence of a religious worldview. On the other, if we look at the way people live their lives, how they come to terms with fear and ambivalence, the problem is how to navigate the course of life, and coherence and order are less of an issue.

There is quite some debate about whether and under what conditions `religion' is a sustainable anthropological category. And while the specific concern is with traditions and practices which are generally recognized as religious in some way, many of the themes of Ordinary Lives and Grand Schemes might be transferred to political ideologies, human rights discourse, and other powerful ways of making sense of the world. The issue has to do with accounting for a feature that appears to be characteristic of many of the most powerful religious traditions and practices around the world: they have a strongly normative character, offering compelling ways to act, to live, to be and to perceive the world – and yet how people actually live religious lives appears to be a very different business.

Numerous solutions have been suggested to deal with this difference, some of them blunt, others subtle. It has become clear that there is little use in distinguishing between religion proper and religion popular, be it in terms of institutions vs. laymen or in terms of doctrine vs. enactment. If there is such thing as religion proper, it involves all these.

And yet the hierarchy of a primary and secondary field of religion lives on. Schielke and Debevec say they decided to organize a panel on the subject at the EASA biannual conference in 2008 to pursue the question about what exactly it is that makes popular religion popular. The more they pursued the question during the panel, however, the clearer it became that they had to rethink the problematic altogether. Ordinary Lives and Grand Schemes presents the outcome of that rethinking, suggesting that the persistence of the notion of the popular in spite of its well-known shortcomings points out a gap in the anthropological approaches to religion, a gap that is located exactly in that moment where daily practice and grand schemes come together. And they often come together in contradiction as people navigate a complex and inconsistent course of life partly by evoking a higher moral, metaphysical and spiritual order.

Building on ethnographic studies from various locations and from different religious traditions around the world, Schielke and Debevec argue for a view that takes this everyday practice of religion as the starting point, looking at actual lived experiences and their existential significance for the people involved. Grand schemes constitute one part of this experience – in fact a highly important one, and their significance lies precisely in their grandness, in their being posited above and outside the struggles and manifold paths of daily life. Doing so, they can be evoked, they can offer guidance, and they can be employed in the use of power. But all of this is only possible through the actual little practices of evoking authority, searching guidance, exercising power – practices that are always also informed by the lifeworld they are embedded in, `the knowledge whereby one lives a life'. Herein lies the often amazing power of persuasion that religious traditions can have. And herein lies also the plural, complex and essentially unsystematic nature of religion as lived practice.

With Ordinary Lives and Grand Schemes, they do not claim to offer anything even distantly ap­proaching a general vision of religion and everyday experience. But they do suggest that the elusive nature of religion as part of a complex ordinary life can be better understood through the notion of the everyday and through an existential, phenomenological perspective that grants primacy to the complexity and openness of practices and experiences. Schielke and Debevec focus specifically on situations which are characterized by ambiguity, uncertainty, anxiety, creative play and contestation whereby people are engaged in living a life partly (but seldom if ever exclusively) by evoking, claiming or submitting to a sense of higher power. Such situations are not exceptional – they are, in fact, the essential way in which religion is lived as part of human lives in our time.

The contributions of Ordinary Lives and Grand Schemes develop a perspective on religion that focuses on everyday practice. Such everyday practice is complex in its nature, ambivalent, and at times contradictory. It is embedded in traditions, relations of power and social dynamics, but it is not determined by them.

The individual chapters of Ordinary Lives and Grand Schemes develop the different aspects of the general argument on the basis of detailed ethnographic fieldwork in different locations around the world. Christian and Muslim religious practice feature most prominently, a pragmatic choice based primarily on their view that to include different aspects of the general problematic was more important than including as many religious traditions as possible.

The first two chapters by Knut Graw and Liza Debevec develop the core argument of the volume about the need to look at everyday uses and their existential significance. Graw suggests that we can look at divination in Senegal and Gambia as an `intentional space' in which people are able to articulate their anxieties, concerns and plans for future. From this perspective, the most important question regarding divination is how people use it to make sense of their often confusing and troubled experiences and expectations.

The two chapters by Alison Marshall and Giovanna Bacchiddu take up the issue of community-making through everyday sociality. Marshall examines the `doing' of religion in relation to community-making in a situation where various religious and political discourses came together in the life of a Chinese migrant community in Manitoba, showing how the ambiguity of complex relationships and identities was essential for the Chinese migrants' social and family lives. Bacchiddu highlights the way a unique version of religiosity indirectly pervades social interactions and regularly builds and regenerates the community on the Island of Apiao in southern Chile.

The two chapters that follow, by Severine Rey and Evgenia Mesaritou, turn the focus to the issue of acting under conditions of hierarchy, author­ity and power. Rey interrogates the apparition of three saints in Lesvos, Greece from a gender perspective. She shows how the theological notion of `popular piety' was used by the Greek Orthodox Church in a tactical and ambiguous way that allowed it to claim its competence towards laywomen who initiated the apparition. Mesaritou illustrates the role of the spatial context at a pilgrimage site in Italy where the organizers and visitors have quite diverging visions of the proper meaning of the place.

The last two empirical chapters in Ordinary Lives and Grand Schemes, by Jennifer Peterson and Samuli Schielke, take up the issue of complexity that appears as the essential condition of everyday uses. Peterson explores a trend of grassroots Egyptian dance music inspired by Muslim saints-day festivals. She explores the ways that the producers and fans of this dance trend navigate notions of both street-smart coolness and spiritual virtue, seeking to strike a balance between the piously moral and the jadedly tough. Schielke explores the intertwinement of capitalist consumption and religious revival in Egypt after the downfall of Arab socialism, showing how economic and religious promises come closely together as a source of both hope and anxiety in people's lives.

The topic of everyday religion is becoming an increasingly attractive in the social sciences of religion, as an alternative to more orthodox and canonical accounts of religious phenomena... This volume sets out to debate the concept of everyday religion in a very explicit and straightforward manner... The final result is a convincing volume with diverse and challenging case studies that open different paths for the discussion of the main theme. – Ruy Blanes, Institute of Social Sciences at the University of Lisbon

This volume is very well put-together. The editors have done a good job to rein in the various authors to a single collective argument… It's an important volume on an important issue. – Jon Mitchell, University of Sussex

Ordinary Lives and Grand Schemes brings together broad-ranging ideas, explaining the duality of religion as an everyday practice and a normative doctrine – the struggle to maintain coherence of a religious worldview and yet live in the contradictory nature of religion as lived on a day to day basis. The book helps to fill the gap in anthropological approaches at that point where daily practice and grand schemes come together.

Social Sciences / History / Civil Rights

Some of My Best Friends Are Black: The Strange Story of Integration in America by Tanner Colby (Viking)

Almost fifty years after Martin Luther King, Jr.’s "I Have a Dream" speech, equality is the law of the land, but actual integration is still hard to find. Mammoth battles over forced busing, unfair housing practices, and affirmative action have hardly helped. The bleak fact is that black people and white people in the United States don’t spend much time together – at work, school, church, or anywhere. Tanner Colby, himself a child of a white-flight Southern suburb, sets out to discover why.

Some of My Best Friends Are Black chronicles America’s troubling relationship with race through four interrelated stories. Writing with a reporter’s nose and a stylist’s flair, Colby, author of Belushi: A Biography and the New York Times and Los Angeles Times bestseller The Chris Farley Show: A Biography in Three Acts, uncovers the deep emotional fault lines set trembling by race and takes an unflinching look at an America still struggling to reach the mountaintop.

Colby says he woke up one day and realized that he didn't know any black people – his friends, former classmates, coworkers, acquain­tances, just about everyone he knew and interacted with was white. And this lopsided state of affairs was hardly unique. Pressing friends and coworkers about their own lives, he found the same thing to be true again and again: even with a black president in the White House, and true integration has made few inroads into many Americans' lives.

Curious, Colby set out to learn exactly why this was. What he found was the strange story of race in post-civil rights America, a world in which segregation never really died but was simply transformed. Some of My Best Friends Are Black follows four stories that show how the strict legal barriers of Jim Crow came to be replaced by social mores and economic policies that endeav­ored to maintain a separate and unequal status quo: keeping the races apart, fueling suspicion between them, and enhancing the wealth and status of those who continue to profit from a divided America.

Starting with the clash over school busing at his own white-flight high school in the suburbs of Birmingham, Alabama, Colby then went on to Kansas City, Missouri, where the segregated city planning of a wealthy real estate mogul gave birth to a century of racist federal housing policy. He followed that with a look into the troubled history of affirmative action in New York's advertising industry, in which he was once employed. From there, he traveled all the way down to the swamps of southern Louisiana, where Jim Crow split the Catholic Church in two – giving rise to ‘the most segregated hour in America’ – and where one small town decided that the only way to heal itself was to put its divided churches back together again.

Though it tackles the larger political and economic issues of race, Some of My Best Friends Are Black is also a history of the human heart and mind. It weaves together the personal, intimate stories of everyday people, black and white, showing how far we have come in our journey to leave mistrust and anger behind – and how far all of us have left to go.

In Some of My Best Friends Are Black, Colby admits that he was going into this project with complete ignorance, but he was determined to get answers. The result is a deep and thorough historical study bolstered by interviews and anecdotes from everyday people.

Who would expect a coauthor of two Saturday Night Live alumni biographies (The Chris Farley Show; Belushi) to pen a thoughtful, judicious, yet provocative social history of American race relations? Evenhanded, felicitously written, and animated by numerous interviews, Colby's book is a pleasure... – Library Journal 
With depressing persuasiveness, the author argues that we haven't achieved racial integration, because, well, we don't really want to.... the author's personal voice is compelling and his thesis is most disturbing. Recommended reading for anyone who still thinks we live in a post-racial America. – Kirkus

Colby, emerging from the ‘comedians who died young’ pigeonhole that he had made for himself ... finds a new way into a national discussion, which is so cluttered at this point that it can be difficult to find the floor. His refreshing angle is based in aw-shucks honesty and an earnest humor... –The Daily Beast
Kansas City residents who are proud of their metropolis might wish Tanner Colby had never written Some of My Best Friends Are Black, despite the book's superb qualities. – The Kansas City Star

I've often thought that the issue of race has been more than adequately dealt with by America's people of color and that it was finally white people's turn to engage with the uncomfortable subject if we were to move forward together as a nation. In Some of My Best Friends Are Black, Tanner Colby bravely and ably accepts the challenge. This book taught me unexpected and valuable lessons about my country, my people, and myself. What can a white guy named Tanner teach a black guy named Baratunde about race in America? Turns out the answer is 'plenty.' – Baratunde Thurston, author of How to Be Black
In weaving together the personal narratives (including his own) of "the Children of White Flight" and "the Children of the Dream" Tanner Colby has crafted a powerful piece of social commentary and contemporary history. Hugely readable, quirky, and incredibly smart, Some of My Best Friends Are Black presents four unforgettable smaller stories to tell the big story of race in today's America. – Tim Naftali, author of George H.W. Bush and director emeritus of the Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museum

Written with a boundless curiosity and a biting sense of humor, Some of My Best Friends Are Black offers one white man's unflinching, exploration of Jim Crow's legacy and what it will take to see that legacy undone. Incisive, candid and thoughtful, Colby's reporting makes Some of My Best Friends Are Black an absolute must-read as we head deeper into a politically and racially charged election year.

Social Sciences / Sociology

Love and Justice as Competences: Three Essays on the Sociology of Action by Luc Boltanski, translated by Catherine Porter (Polity)

People care a great deal about justice. They protest and engage in confrontations with others when their sense of justice is affronted or disturbed. When they do this, they don’t generally act in a strategic or calculating way but use arguments that claim a general validity. Disputes are commonly regulated by these ‘regimes of justice’ implicit in everyday social life. But justice is not the only regime that governs action. There are some actions that are selfless and gratuitous, and that belong to what might be called a regime of ‘peace’ or ‘love’. In the course of their everyday lives, people constantly move back and forth between these two regimes, that of justice and that of love. And everyone also has the capacity for violence, which arises when the regulation of action within either of these regimes breaks down. 

In Love and Justice as Competences, Luc Boltanski, Professor of Sociology at the École des hautes études en sciences sociales, Paris, lays out this framework for analyzing the action of individuals as they pursue their day-to-day lives. The framework outlined in this book is the basis for the path-breaking work that Boltanski has developed over the last twenty years – work that has examined the moral foundations of society in and through the forms of everyday conflict.

The three essays on love and justice brought together in Love and Justice as Competences present the main lines of research that Boltanski has been pursuing. Part III, `Public Denunciation', appeared initially in a different form in Pierre Bourdieu's journal Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales. Part II, `Agape: An Introduction to the States of Peace', was written in 1989. In the text that appears as Part I, `What People Can Do', Boltanski links `Public Denunciation' and `Agape' by retracing the path he followed and also by suggesting some possible extensions. Chapters 5 and 6 focus on his earlier work Les Economies de la grandeur, whose principal elements had to be summarized in order to ensure the coherence of the texts gathered in Love and Justice as Competences. This is partly because themes that appear in an intuitive form in `Public Denunciation' were clarified and further developed in Economies, and partly because `Agape', as it attempts to shed light on behaviors that stem not from justice but from love, relies to some extent on the model of competence in justice that was the focus of Economies.

When an injustice is committed, most of us simmer in anger and indignation and feel compelled to denounce the perpetrators. Yet, despite its widespread character, the actual social and emotional experience of injustice has hardly been studied. This book is the first major sociological study of denunciation, that most ordinary act present in personal and public life. Boltanski is the leading sociologist of his generation, and this book's virtuosity shows why. – Eva Illouz, Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Highly original and important, for anyone who wants to understand what a critical sociology might mean today, Love and Justice as Competences is an essential text. 

 

Contents this Issue:

Winning the Story Wars: Why Those Who Tell (and Live) the Best Stories Will Rule the Future by Jonah Sachs (Harvard Business Review Press)

Teach Yourself Investing in 24 Easy Lessons, 2nd edition by Ken Little (Alpha Books)

Spy the Lie: Former CIA Officers Teach You How to Detect Deception by Philip Houston, Michael Floyd, Susan Carnicero and Don Tennant (St. Martin’s Press)

Games, Learning, and Society: Learning and Meaning in the Digital Age edited by Constance Steinkuehler, Kurt Squire Ph.D. and Sasha Barab Ph.D., with series editor John Seely Brown (Learning in Doing: Social, Cognitive and Computational Perspectives Series: Cambridge University Press)

Comparative Criminal Justice Systems: A Topical Approach (6th Edition) by Philip L. Reichel (Pearson Education, Inc.)

Thinking Evolutionarily: Evolution Education Across the Life Sciences: Summary of a Convocation by Planning Committee on Thinking Evolutionarily: Making Biology Education Make Sense, Board on Life Sciences, Division on Life Sciences and National Research Council, with Steve Olson, Rapporteur & Jay B. Labov, Editor (The National Academies Press)

Mr. Rockefeller's Roads: The Untold Story of Acadia's Carriage Roads, 2nd edition by Ann Rockefeller Roberts (Down East Books)

Buying America from the Indians: Johnson v. McIntosh and the History of Native Land Rights by Blake A. Watson (University of Oklahoma Press)

Marilyn in Fashion: The Enduring Influence of Marilyn Monroe by Christopher Nickens and George Zeno (Running Press)

Treat Your Poker Like a Business: How to Turn a Hobby into an Empire by Dusty Schmidt, with Scott Brown (Cardoza Publishing)

The Adventure of French Philosophy by Alain Badiou and edited and translated, with an introduction by Bruno Bosteels (Verso Books)

Burrows: A Red River Mystery by Reavis Z. Wortham (Red River Mysteries: Poisoned Pen Press)

Modern Warfare: Armed Groups, Private Militaries, Humanitarian Organizations, and the Law edited by Benjamin Perrin (UBC Press)

Little America: The War within the War for Afghanistan by Rajiv Chandrasekaran (Knopf)

United by Design: Homes of Cape Cod, Martha's Vineyard, and Nantucket by Loryn Wilson Schiffer (Schiffer Publishing, Ltd.)

Atlas of Clinical Gross Anatomy: With STUDENT CONSULT Online Access, 2nd edition by Kenneth P. Moses MD, Pedro B. Nava PhD, John C. Banks PhD and Darrell K. Petersen MBA (Elsevier Saunders)

Obesity: Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, and Prevention, Second Edition edited by Debasis Bagchi and Harry G. Preuss (CRC Press)

Robbins Basic Pathology: with STUDENT CONSULT Online Access, 9th edition by Vinay Kumar MBBS MD FRCPath, Abul K. Abbas MBBS and Jon Aster MD (Elsevier Saunders)

Medicine: A Competency-Based Companion: With STUDENT CONSULT Online Access, 1st edition by Jessica Israel MD and Allan R Tunkel MD PhD MACP, with series editor Barry D. Mann (Competency-Based Companion Series: Elsevier Saunders)

USMLE Images for the Boards: A Comprehensive Image-Based Review, 1st edition by Amber S. Tully MD and James S. Studdiford MD FACP (Elsevier Saunders)

Natural Orifice Translumenal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES): Textbook and Video Atlas edited by Anthony N. Kalloo MD, Jacques Marescaux MD (Hon) FRCS FACS (Hon) JSES and Ricardo Zorron MD PhD (Wiley-Blackwell)

Love Your Enemies: Jesus' Love Command in the Synoptic Gospels and the Early Christian Paraenesis by John Piper (Crossway)

Onesimus Our Brother: Reading Religion, Race, and Slavery in Philemon edited by Matthew V. Johnson, James A. Noel and Demetrius K. Williams (Paul in Critical Contexts Series: Fortress Press)

Ordinary Lives and Grand Schemes: An Anthropology of Everyday Religion edited by Samuli Schielke and Liza Debevec (EASA Series, Volume 18: Berghahn Books)

Some of My Best Friends Are Black: The Strange Story of Integration in America by Tanner Colby (Viking)

Love and Justice as Competences: Three Essays on the Sociology of Action by Luc Boltanski, translated by Catherine Porter (Polity)