Contents this Issue:
Fabric-by-Fabric One-Yard Wonders: 101 Sewing Projects Using Cottons, Knits, Voiles, Corduroy, Fleece, Flannel, Home Dec, Oilcloth, Wool, and Beyond by Rebecca Yaker and Patricia Hoskins (Storey Publishing)
Audio / Health, Fitness & Dieting / Psychology & Counseling / Self-Help
Mindfulness for Beginners: Reclaiming the Present Moment – and Your Life by Jon Kabat-Zinn (Sounds True)
Anything and everything can become our teacher of the moment, reminding us of the possibility of being fully present: the gentle caress of air on our skin, the play of light, the look on someone's face, a passing contraction in the body, a fleeting thought in the mind. Anything. Everything. If it is met in awareness. – Jon Kabat-Zinn
Featured in Bill Moyer's PBS Special Healing and the Mind, Jon Kabat-Zinn is executive director of the Center for Mindfulness in Medicine, Health Care and Society at the University of Massachusetts Medical Center. He is the founder and former director of the UMMC Stress Reduction Clinic and an associate professor of medicine in the division of preventive and behavioral medicine. Using mindfulness meditation, Kabat-Zinn helps people reduce stress and deal with chronic pain, and a variety of illnesses, particularly breast cancer.
With Mindfulness for Beginners, the teacher, scientist, and clinician who first demonstrated the benefits of mindfulness within mainstream Western medicine offers a book that readers can use in three ways: as a collection of reflections and practices to be opened and explored at random; as an illuminating and engaging start-to-finish read; or as an unfolding ‘lesson-a-day’ primer on mindfulness practice.
Readers may long for wholeness, suggests Kabat-Zinn, but the truth is that it is already here and already theirs. The practice of mindfulness holds the possibility of not just a fleeting sense of contentment, but a true embracing of a deeper unity that envelops and permeates one’s life. With Mindfulness for Beginners readers are invited to learn how to transform their relationship to the way they think, feel, love, work, and play – and thereby awaken to and embody more completely who they really are.
Beginning and long-time meditators alike discover in Mindfulness for Beginners a distillation of the key attitudes and essential practices that Kabat-Zinn has found most useful with his students, including:
Mindfulness for Beginners includes a complete CD with five guided mindfulness meditations by Kabat-Zinn, selected from the audio program that inspired the book.
The prescription for living a more mindful life seems simple enough: return the awareness again and again to whatever is going on. But many readers have tried it; they know this is where all the questions and challenges really begin. The book provides answers, insights, and instruction to help readers make that shift, moment by moment, into a more reliable, and loving connection with themselves and the world.
Audio / Teens / Science Fiction & Fantasy
Dearly, Departed by Lia Habel, read by Kim Mai Guest and Various [Audio CD, Unabridged, 13 CDs, running time 16 ½ hours] (Random House Audio)
Love can never die.
LLove conquers all, so they say. But can Cupid’s arrow pierce the hearts of the living and the dead – or rather, the undead? Can a proper young Victorian lady find true love in the arms of a dashing zombie?
In Dearly, Departed the year is 2195. The place is New Victoria – a high-tech nation modeled on the manners, mores, and fashions of an antique era. A teenager in high society, Nora Dearly is far more interested in military history and her country’s political unrest than in tea parties and debutante balls. But after her parents die, Nora is left at the mercy of her domineering aunt, a social-climbing spendthrift who has squandered the family fortune and now plans to marry her niece off for money. For Nora, no fate could be more horrible – until she’s nearly kidnapped by an army of walking corpses.
But fate is just getting started with Nora. Catapulted from her world of drawing-room civility, she is suddenly gunning down ravenous zombies alongside mysterious black-clad commandos and confronting ‘The Laz,’ a fatal virus that raises the dead – and hell along with them. Hardly ideal circumstances. Then Nora meets Bram Griswold, a young soldier who is brave, handsome, noble . . . and dead. But as is the case with the rest of his special undead unit, luck and modern science have enabled Bram to hold on to his mind, his manners, and his body parts. And when his bond of trust with Nora turns to tenderness, there’s no turning back. Eventually, they know, the disease will win, separating the star-crossed lovers forever. But until then, beating or not, their hearts will have what they desire.
The author, Lia Habel, is in her twenties and lives in western New York State. She is fascinated by zombie movies and Victoriana, interests that eventually led her to write Dearly, Departed. When she first got an agent, she was literally opening envelopes for a living. By the time the auction for Dearly, Departed was held, she was considering food stamps. Now that she has a book contract, she is busy working on the follow-up to Dearly, Departed entitled Dearly, Beloved.
The audio is read by a cast of Kim Mai Guest, Mike Chamberlain, Mark Bramhall, Justine Eyre and Robertson Dean.
In Dearly, Departed, romance meets walking-dead thriller, spawning a madly imaginative novel of adventure, suspense, and macabre comedy that redefines the concept of undying love.
Biographies & Memoirs / True Accounts / True Crime
LBJ: The Mastermind of the JFK Assassination by Phillip F Nelson (Skyhorse Publishing)
II remember reading the Life magazine
articles on the weekend of JFK's assassination, about Lyndon
Johnson's connections with Bobby Baker, and the latter's extensive
involvement with a number of shady characters. And I began wondering
about just who this guy was. The more I read, the more I came to
distrust this fellow who liked to portray himself as a glad-handing,
back-slapping, ‘regular guy.’ And I came to find out he was anything
but those caricatures. His amoral character traits had been formed
when he was a child, leading him to develop criminal associations
throughout his career, which continued growing until finally
culminating in several murders of people who got in his way, the
last of whom was John F. Kennedy.
As a result of the failure of the ‘Fourth Estate’ to perform their constitutional function, Lyndon Johnson is now ranked generally #9-12 in the pantheon of ‘greatest presidents’ by academics and historians. There are a number of contemporary books by his biographers and ‘historians’ (a misnomer, as it applies to those who have consciously avoided the truth about Johnson) who laud him for his efforts in the area of Civil Rights, while ignoring the facts about his true persona and motivations as revealed in my book. – from the book/p>
Years of theorizing and speculation have produced various accounts of who was really responsible for President John F. Kennedy's brutal murder on November 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas. Philip K. Nelson provides strong evidence that shows that Kennedy's successor, Lyndon B. Johnson, played an active role in plotting the young president's death and the takeover of the White House. Nelson, who has worked in the property-casualty insurance industry and as an independent business owner, retired at the age of fifty-eight and began his extensive research into the unsolved murder of our thirty-fifth president.
LBJ aims to expose Vice President Johnson's active role in the assassination of President Kennedy and how he began planning his takeover of the U.S. presidency even before being named the vice presidential nominee in 1960. According to Nelson, Johnson suffered severe bouts of manic depression and bipolar disorder, which were never treated until after he left the White House. He successfully hid this disorder from the public as he bartered, stole, and finessed his way through the corridors of power on Capitol Hill – though it is now known that some of his aides knew of his mental illness but felt helpless to take any action which would inevitably cause him to take retribution against them.
LBJ starts by looking back into Johnson's past, from the time he
was a boy in Texas. It then follows the development of his character
traits throughout his school days, through college and as a young
congressional apprentice in Washington.
The essential themes of LBJ include:
According to Nelson in LBJ, there are many loose strings which connect all of this together and reveal the existence of a widely based conspiracy, with connections to the Mafia, the military and CIA networks. Nelson, after years of researching Johnson and the JFK assassination, concludes that the reason Johnson undermined Kennedy's domestic and foreign policy initiatives was for the purpose of cunningly saving them for his own legacy. His involvement with JFK's assassination is drawn with both text and photographic evidence showing Johnson's knowledge of when and where the assassination would take place.
. . . a well written book, easy to read, and exhaustive in its
summations of the scores of other writers on this profoundly
disturbing time in history. I strongly recommend this book. – Noel
Twyman, author of Bloody Treason
I am very impressed with this fine book…. Mr. Nelson is to be commended on some fine writing, research, and arguments…. Buy this asap! – Vince Palamara, author of Survivor's Guilt: The Secret Service and the Failure to Protect the President
A masterpiece . . . beautifully written. – Jim Fetzer, "The Real Deal"
LBJ, a page turner, expertly weaving evidence and narrative. Nelson's meticulous research has led him to uncover secrets from one of the greatest unsolved mysteries in our country's history.
Children’s / Ages 4 and up / History / Biographies
Freedom Song: The Story of Henry "Box" Brown by Sally M. Walker, illustrated by Sean Qualls (Harper)
Samuel ships boxes to freedom-land, Henry thought. Why couldn’t he ship me too? – from the book
AAs told and illustrated in Freedom Song/a>, throughout his life, Henry “Box” Brown was fortified by music, family, and a dream of freedom. When he seemed to lose everything, he forged these elements into the song that sustained him through the careful planning and execution of his perilous journey to the North.
Honoring Henry’s determination and courage, Sibert Medal-winning author Sally M. Walker weaves a lyrical, moving story of the human spirit. And in nuanced illustrations, Sean Qualls, an award-winning illustrator, captures the moments of strength, despair, and gratitude that highlight the remarkable story of a young boy and then man determined to be free.
When the master sold both his wife and his children away, he built a box and got his friend to ship him in it to Pennsylvania.
Author Walker’s many award-winning books bring history and science alive for young readers. Her books include the Robert F. Sibert Medal winner Secrets of a Civil War Submarine: Solving the Mysteries of the H. L. Hunley and the Revolutionary War story The 18 Penny Goose.
Henry’s ingenious escape from slavery is celebrated for its daring and originality in Freedom Song.
Cooking, Food & Wine
Your Time to Bake: A Novice's Guide to the World of Cakes, Cookies, Pies, and More by Robert L. Blakeslee (SquareOne Publishers)
BBest-selling author and talented cook Robert Blakeslee has done it again. In the award-winning Your Time to Cook, Blakeslee crafted a true first cookbook that teaches kitchen basics and cooking fundamentals. Now, with Your Time to Bake/a>, he takes the same comprehensive approach to turn non-bakers into successful creators of cakes, cookies, pies, and other delectable baked goods. Blakeslee, formerly a college professor at the International Fine Arts College in Miami, is an internationally published award-winning graphic designer, art director, and creative director.
Your Time to Bake begins with information on baking essentials ingredients, equipment, and common baking techniques and terms. An array of easy-to-prepare recipes follows, including an assortment of cookies, brownies, pies and tarts, cheesecakes, muffins, quick breads, and puff pastry creations, as well as frostings, fillings, and toppings.
Over 1,500 full-color photos and illustrations help make the step-by-step instructions clear – whether they are showing readers how to separate an egg, test a cake for doneness, or add a top crust to a pie. Rounding out the book is a chapter devoted entirely to decorating baked goods. It presents simple instructions for putting the frosting on the cake – as well as beautiful borders, and edible fondant flowers.
As essential for new cooks as a good knife. . . Dishes are detailed with the care of a doting mother, instructing with clear text and more than 1,000 step-by-step photos while avoiding condescension. . . .This volume should sustain newlyweds and other cooking partners well past their first year together. – Publishers Weekly
With its comprehensive, reader-friendly, highly visual approach, Your Time to Bake turns even the most inexperienced bakers into successful creators of all sorts of taste-tempting baked goods. It offers the perfect blend of instruction, advice, and humor to make the art of baking both easy and enjoyable.
Health, Fitness & Dieting / Relationships
Always Hit on the Wingman: ... and 9 Other Secret Rules for Getting the Love Life You Want by Glamour's dating columnist ‘Jake’ (Hyperion)
FFor years I was your basic dating nightmare. And then, under the influence of one magical woman my readers came to know as Orange Blossoms, I changed. Now I’m here to blow the lid off what you think you know about the way guys think. Because here’s the big secret I learned from being slayed by Blossoms: Women already have what it takes to get what they want from men; they just need to know how to use that power.
Want a boyfriend? A better boyfriend? A ring? It’s all yours for the asking. – “Jake”/p>
What are men really thinking?
How can readers get the love life they want and deserve?
As the longest-running dating-advice columnist in America, Glamour magazine's ‘Jake’ has been dispensing wisdom since 1956. From Don Draper to the sexual revolution, from the age of bell-bottoms to the era of leggings, from When Harry Met Sally to Carrie's pursuit of Mr. Big, Jake has been there to shed a guy's-eye view on it all.
And just who is Jake? He's an anonymous, single, male writer determined to teach women what they need to know – and too often don't understand – about men. Always Hit on the Wingman has a foreword by Glamour’s Editor in Chief Cindi Leive. The various Jakes distill their collective wisdom into ten rules to help readers get the love life they deserve.
In Always Hit on the Wingman), Jake renders his wisdom into 10 laws to help women get in touch with their innate ability to seduce men not only sexually, but emotionally and intellectually – whether that's until the end of the weekend or till-death-do-you-part.
Readers learn they’ve got to:
Peppered with timeless advice from Jakes of decades gone by, Always Hit on the Wingman is like a pep-talk from that best-guy-friend every woman wishes she had, as he tells her that the best asset she has to work with is not a push-up bra or a pair of stiletto heels, but herself.
Charming, smart, completely honest, and just in time for Valentine's Day, Always Hit on the Wingman will revolutionize women's love and sex lives by helping them realize that they hold the key to their own happiness.
History / Americas / Civil War / Protestantism
Diverging Loyalties: Baptists in Middle Georgia during the Civil War by Bruce T. Gourley (Mercer University Press)
BBaptists in the South, rapidly rising to challenge Methodists numerically, helped align Southern religion with the South's black slave culture. The birth of the Southern Baptist Convention in 1845, formed in order to preserve God's will for the African race, signaled the inevitability of war.
As told in Diverging Loyalties, Middle Georgia remained outside the front lines of the war, the region's relative intactness allowing for the continuation of church life during the war years. While many white Baptists marched off to war – whether to fight or to serve as chaplains or army missionaries – others stayed behind and voiced their thoughts from pulpits, in associational meetings, and in the pages of newspapers and journals.
While historians have often portrayed white southern Baptists, with few exceptions, as firmly supportive of the Confederacy, the experience of Middle Georgia Baptists is much more dynamic. According to author Bruce T. Gourley, far from being monolithic, Baptists at the local church and associational level responded in a myriad of ways to the Confederacy. Patterns emerged and evolved as the war progressed, while differences between Southern and Primitive Baptists stood out.
Gourley is the Executive Director of the Baptist History & Heritage Society, the editor of the Baptist Studies Bulletin, and online editor of Baptists Today news journal.
According to Diverging Loyalties, on a personal level, white Baptists' views of slavery and the Confederacy proved to be varied, numerous, nuanced and dynamic – to such an extent that individuals were unable to construct a consistent narrative as the war progressed.
For their part, black Baptists struggled to shape their own destinies within a white man's world, strivings that grew more intense as the war progressed and freedom seemed within reach. The end of the war signaled new realities for both white and black Baptists of the South. For whites, old loyalties had been rearranged and the immediate future was bleak. At the same time, black Baptists emerged empowered as never before and set forth on the path of self-determination.
Diverging Loyalties examines the diversity that characterized the voices of Baptists and Baptist communities in Middle Georgia as pertaining to the Civil War era. Chapter 1 examines the theological tensions brought about by the Civil War. In the second half of war, disagreements over and refinement of the concept of Providence and its relation to human will increasingly occupied Baptists as the outcome of the war grew more doubtful.
Chapter 2 examines the wartime transformation of a central tenet of historical Baptist faith, the separation of church and state. Sabbath issues proved especially difficult as Baptists displayed a lack of consistency concerning the issue of church-state separation.
Elaborating upon the theme of army missions, chapter 3 analyzes the changing narrative of missions as the war progressed. For Baptists in Middle Georgia, the defeats at Gettysburg and Vicksburg in summer 1863 lent greater urgency to spiritual conversion among soldiers; yet Northern victory in 1865 brought army missions to an abrupt end, leaving the mission-minded scrambling to find new venues to direct their mission efforts.
Chapter 4 of Diverging Loyalties examines the lives of Civil War soldiers who departed local churches and the Baptists' Mercer University to fight for the Confederacy. In the end, Baptist soldiers in the field often stood outwardly apart from their faith family, their public identify that of warrior rather than denominational devotee. Trajectories of personal spirituality proved difficult to ascertain, and congregations displayed little inclination to formally celebrate the return of soldier-sons following Southern defeat.
Focusing again on the home-front, chapter 5 addresses patterns of race and gender. Defending slavery as righteous in an effort to frame the morality of war, white Baptists joined other white Southerners in embracing the Myth of Ham narrative. While the narrative of women reflected a significant degree of uniformity among congregations, the story of African-American members in the months following Southern defeat traversed divergent paths.
The final chapter of Diverging Loyalties addresses the overencompassing subject of nationalism at the local church level. Patterns among Middle Georgia Baptists revealed internal fault lines, as local congregations responded to the war and the Confederacy in one of three identifiable ways: nationalistic expressions, spiritual concerns, or silence. Within these variances, subpatterns are examined, including correlations with associational affiliation, the impact of the Christian Index, and the number of congregational deaths.
Conventional wisdom maintains that white Baptists in the Deep South strongly supported the Confederate cause. Bruce Gourley's nuanced examination of Middle Georgia instead maintains that class and local concerns consistently produced a spectrum of responses, from fervent loyalty to apathy. His conclusions will force a reassessment of the relationship between church and the Confederate state. Grounded in a close study of local and regional records, this is revisionist history of the best kind. – Kenneth W. Noe, Draughon Professor of Southern History, Auburn University
Bruce Gourley's analysis of Baptists in middle Georgia during the Civil War is a masterful balancing act. He places his historiographical interpretation in the context of virtually every other important interpreter, while ‘on the ground’ he pays close attention to real Baptist voices in real Baptist church records. His ability to listen to the contemporary debate over the role of religion in the Civil War, while telling the stories of actual Baptists in Georgia who lived through it, will stimulate useful conversations among scholars and Civil War buffs alike. – Andrew Manis, Associate Professor of History at Macon State College and author of Southern Civil Religions in Conflict: Civil Rights and the Culture Wars
This provocative and comprehensive study not only offers much needed documentation of Baptist responses to slavery and the Civil War but also offers a case study in wider cultural and religious dynamics in one segment of the Confederacy. A well written, well documented and insightful analysis of an important epoch. – Bill Leonard, James and Marilyn Dunn Professor of Church History and Baptist Studies, Wake Forest University
The story of religion and the American Civil War as told in Diverging Loyalties is both beguilingly simple and surprisingly complex. The well-documented volume is a welcomed addition, guaranteed to stimulate further discussion.
History / Americas / Social History / Biographies & Memoirs
Fug You: An Informal History of the Peace Eye Bookstore, the Fuck You Press, the Fugs, and Counterculture in the Lower East Side by Ed Sanders (Da Capo Press)
Fug You is Ed Sanders' unapologetic account of eight key years of ‘total assault on the culture,’ to quote his novelist friend William S. Burroughs.
Fug You/a> traces the flowering years of New York's downtown bohemia in the sixties, starting with the marketing problems presented by publishing Fuck You / A Magazine of the Arts, as it faced the aboveground's scrutiny, and leading to Sanders' arrest after a raid on his Peace Eye Bookstore, when the arresting officer demanded to look for evidence of Akhenaten's “Hymn to the Sun Disk" on the author's privates. The memoir also traces the career of the Fugs – formed in 1964 by Sanders and his neighbor, the legendary Tuli Kupferberg (called ‘the world's oldest living hippie’ by Allen Ginsberg) – as Sanders strives to find a home for this famous postmodern, innovative anarcho-folk-rock band in the world of record labels.
The 1960s was a decade on the cusp of revolution; drugs, protests for peace, and sexual experimentation clashed with the established order. Conspiracy theories multiplied and paranoia intensified as the government tapped phones and made arrests. Martin Luther King marched from Selma to Montgomery, the United States became tangled in Vietnam, and race riots broke out all over the country. In the middle of this upheaval was Sanders, a small-town college kid from Blue Springs, Missouri who hitchhiked to the rent-controlled Lower East Side – and would grow to become a countercultural icon.
In Fug You, Sanders recalls his experiences at the epicenter of the cultural revolution during the `60s. As the establishment waged war on the arts scene, Sanders published Fuck You/A Magazine of the Arts, which he gave out mostly for free. Printed from ‘a secret location on the Lower East Side’ on a mimeograph Sanders balanced on the lid of his bathtub, Fuck You offered an uncensored forum for countless artists including Allan Ginsberg, Frank O'Hara, Andy Warhol, and William S. Burroughs. While he and his friends formed their own theories about the JFK assassination, participated in political demonstrations, and helped people dodge the draft, Sanders also tried to launch an underground film career – an ambition that ended when the police brought him up on obscenity charges and confiscated all the film they could find, including some amateur porn, footage from Martin Luther King's March on Washington, and a film called Amphetamine Head – A Study of Power in America.
From dedicating himself to the movement to legalize marijuana and operating the Peace Eye Bookstore, to staging an exorcism of the Pentagon with Allan Ginsberg, Norman Mailer, and 200,000 others, to founding The Fugs, Sanders embodied the determination and ardor of his generation. So Fug You is a ‘coming-of-age’ drama of epic proportions, tracing the voyage of a man through the wild electromagnetic forests of the 1960s as he holds together a longtime marriage with his college sweetheart while savoring an era of experimental art, music, sexual rebellion, and demand for genuine change in America.
[A] vivid memoir of the decade… Today’s Occupy Wall Street movement can take, if not a lesson, at least inspiration (and perhaps solace) from Sanders’ triumphs and travails. – Village Voice
[Sanders] engagingly depicts how the culture of New York City in the 1960s shifted from the beats to the hippies. – Publishers Weekly
Sanders tells the story in a series of vignettes that are sometimes funny, occasionally frightening, and typically littered with the names of The Famous and The Dead… In the end this is a work that recalls with vivid and loving detail the haphazard glory of those wild, wild bygone times. – PopMatters.com
Sanders ties all of his earliest threads – up to 1970 – together in the most engagingly idiosyncratic memoir of the year… Indeed, now that his friend and mentor Allen Ginsberg is dead, Ed Sanders is the strongest living link between the Beat Generation, the hippies and all other underground currents that have trickled along the countercultural pipeline since then. – Hartford Advocate
This brilliant memoir not only chronicles the band’s early days, but paints an outrageous, inspiring picture of life among the artistic outlaws of New York’s Lower East side in the ‘60’s. – High Times
Sanders… brings us back to those idealistic days. – New York Post
In short, impressionistic chapters, Sanders details his adventures, as well as his encounters with seemingly everyone who was anyone in the Beat and hippie scenes… Sanders provides a fly-on-the-wall view of many facets of a turbulent decade. – Baltimore Sun
In addition to Sanders’ enlightening, personal take on New York in the ’60s, the pages of Fug You are lined with wonderful gems from the poet’s personal archive. Between the covers the reader will discover doodles by the likes of Burroughs and Sanders himself, rare Fugs concert photos and flyers, many drawings of cannabis leaves, intimate shots of Allen Ginsberg and other demented, wonderful esoterica. – Metro Focus
As much a portrait of a man as it is of a turbulent decade, Fug You is a testament to a time when the only certain thing was change. Full of encounters with a veritable who's who of downtown New York and the counterculture beyond it (Lenny Bruce, Jimi Hendrix, Frank Zappa, Andy Warhol, Pete Seeger, Ken Kesey, Charles Olson, George Plimpton, Abbie Hoffman, and the Grateful Dead, just to name a few), Fug You is an illustrated history of social change in the '60s, as told by the man at the center of it all.
History / Australia & Oceania / Military / World War I
Armageddon: Two Men on an Anzac Trail by Paul Daley and Michael Bowers (Miegunyah Series: The Miegunyah Press / Melbourne University Publishing Limited)
PPerhaps the saddest tale within these pages unfolds at the Erez crossing where a young Palestinian woman carrying a carpet seeks entry into Gaza. The story reduced me to tears; it is little wonder both were haunted by dreams about her during their journey.
Daley and Bowers' intentions in this book are revealed with subtle poignancy; while walking the battlefield at Beersheba they discover some human bones. Without fuss and with barely a mention of how they felt, they quietly buried the remains. It mattered not which side the fallen had defended. This wasn't a romantic gesture. It was Daley and Bowers doing what they'd set out to do from the beginning: offer respect. – Bryan awe, from the foreword
Almost a century after the Australian Light Horse cavalry and infantry fought a series of epic and bloody battles against the Turkish Army across the deserts of the Middle East, the steps of the men and boys who fought there are retraced in this extraordinary book. From the enemy trenches where they charged the Turks on horseback, to the narrow mountain passes – where, exhausted, they slept in their saddles in retreat – Armageddon journeys to the hostile and lonely places where soldiers lost and buried their mates. Through battlefields still littered with shrapnel, bullet casings, and even the odd human bone, this part travelogue and part history reflects upon the collision of the turbulent Middle Eastern politics with the past.
Paul Daley is an author, columnist, and multiple-award-winning journalist and Michael Bowers is a freelance photographer, a regular commentator on ABC radio, and the host of ABC TV’s "Talking Pictures" on Insiders.
In the prologue of Armageddon, Daley concludes by saying that he and Bowers are, in essence, `two blokes looking back at a battlefield'. He adds that the book is `an impressionistic travelogue in words and pictures'. Armageddon is far more nuanced than Daley cares to admit. For all the `two blokes on the road' yarns and the exploits along the way, the wry and funny stories do not camouflage the principal reasons the pair undertook their fascinating journey. They are on a mission to place these stories securely in the Australian consciousness, lest they be consigned to historical oblivion.
By juxtaposing contemporary photos with those taken by the soldiers, and with thoughtful curation of their letters home, Daley and Bowers transport readers to places and events that are now almost forgotten. This is perhaps best encapsulated in the story of the lead up to and execution of the 4th Light Horse's famous charge at Beersheba; it is a narrative of heroic proportions. Bowers' photo-montage of the charge over the three-part panorama of the Beersheba battlefield, combined with the soldiers' letters and Daley's insightful descriptions of the historical background music are profound reminders of the extraordinary courage those young Australians were expected to conjure up. If the beach at Gallipoli deserves a special place in memory, so too do the men who, late in the afternoon on 31 October 1917, rode blindly into the sun across 6 kilometers of unforgiving landscape towards an enemy they couldn't see.
While Armageddon does draw on established history, and perhaps even sheds new light on some events – as well as dispelling the odd myth – it is foremost a story that stems from the shoe leather they invested in traipsing around to find the places in Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon where the light horsemen fought and died. They draw on the letters, diaries and photographs of some Australian troops that were given to them by descendants. They also draw on some archival documents and photographs. But wherever possible, they portray the modern places where this history unfolded.
It is, in a sense, an impressionistic travelogue, in words and pictures, that attempts to bring together the past and the present. Today there are borders that didn't exist back then. New geopolitical problems and potent new hatreds have converged with the old, so much so that it is impossible to be optimistic about the prospect of resolution. Indiscriminate and violent extremism prospers among the militants, while disproportionate retaliation and oppression remains the hallmark of the Israelis.
Daley and Bowers’ journey begins and ends in Australia, where they must confront some uncomfortable truths about the conduct of some Australian light horsemen. Along the way, they visit the places where those men did great and courageous things, and they also find the rubble of places where they behaved as cowardly murderers.
And so they take readers to the shrapnel-strewn battlefields and trenches of Beersheba, where the bones of the Turkish dead lie close to the surface. They take readers to the place in Jordan where the Australians set up camp with the Turks for a night to fend off marauding Arabs. They take readers to a dingy building in the middle of a rubbish tip in northern Israel where the Australian horsemen fought a bitter hand-to-hand battle against hundreds of drunken Germans. And they take readers to the rubble of a small Arab village near Tel Aviv where the Australians participated in a premeditated massacre of Palestinian natives.
They stand in the places where the Australians fought, and they read diary entries and letters describing the deaths of their mates. They ruminate on how it might have felt to have seen so much while so young, and what it would have done to the rest of one's life.
While it is not a military history, the book delivers in words and photos an accessible narrative that illuminates the much-neglected bitter conflict of the Middle East campaigns. Illustrated with archival and contemporary photographs, their story is part travelogue, part reportage and part history. Evocative, sometimes funny, sad and disturbing, Armageddon is two men on a fading Anzac trail.
Home & Garden / Crafts & Hobbies
Sweet Shawlettes: 25 Irresistible Patterns for Knitting Cowls, Capelets, and More by Jean Moss (The Taunton Press)
KKnits have never been more important in the world of fashion. Beautifully crafted, sophisticated pieces expressing the wearer's personality represent the contemporary face of handknits. I hope this book will inspire you to knit my sweet shawlettes, either to flaunt flamboyantly or gift generously to friends and family. – Jean Moss
Shawlettes are incredibly popular fashion accessories, worn on the shoulders and meant for showing off. Jean Moss, world renowned knitwear designer, shows readers how to knit these fun little frocks in her new book Sweet hawlettes. Sweet Shawlettes is a collection of new and unique designs fit for new as well as experienced knitters.
Drawing inspiration from various time periods, Moss updates the shawl, making it a go-to piece in the modern woman's wardrobe. Jean was inspired to create small luxury pieces that knitters can work up in that fabulously expensive bit of yarn they'd been saving or with the leftover bits of scrap they couldn't bear to part with. Moss, writer, gardener, and musician known worldwide for her distinctive couture knits, and teaches widely in Europe and North America.
From little more than a necklace to more substantial capelets, cowls, and collars, they are not only stylish but these budget friendly pieces are perfect portable projects. Grouping the patterns by style, Moss offers a collection of 25 knitting patterns. The designs are arranged into 4 chapters, each reflecting a different mood including Country, where the shawlettes look to nature for inspiration and use a combination of intarsia, lace, cables and appliqué. Couture is pure style with bold block color, shadow-knit stripes, and vivid entrelac. Folk explores the nuts and bolts of the knitting tradition with Fair Isle, cables, lace, plaid, and patchwork. Vintage is an ode to fabulous fashion through the ages – from Elizabethan neck ruffs and Wuthering Heights shawls to the extravagant glitz and glamour of the 1950's screen goddesses.
Also included are useful illustrations, charts, schematics, and an appendix with instructions for special stitches. Each project can be easily re-imagined in a variety of ways and the patterns in Sweet Shawlettes are sure to capture any knitters' whimsy.
The yarns Moss has chosen for this book reflect the unique nature of each design – some shawlettes work best with natural fibers, others with luxurious blends, and still others can take pretty much any yarn readers care to cast on. She has tried to use yarns easily available through local yarn shops and online, but to make substitutions easy, she has included a fiber list and a Standard Yarn Weight System.
Shawlettes also provide the opportunity to get creative with buttons, buckles, beads, and closures. Moss likes to recycle costume jewelry and yard sale treasures – a shawlette featuring buttons from grandmother's favorite jacket or an heirloom brooch is meaningful beyond just the stitchwork. Of course there are gorgeous new fasteners to be had.
There's something for everyone in Sweet Shawlettes, a book of little luxuries. These designs provide the ultimate opportunity to explore shape, stitch, color, and texture, without the commitment that many larger pieces demand, and knitters of all skill levels will find inspiration from the dazzling patterns and variations.
Home & Garden / Crafts & Hobbies
Fabric-by-Fabric One-Yard Wonders: 101 Sewing Projects Using Cottons, Knits, Voiles, Corduroy, Fleece, Flannel, Home Dec, Oilcloth, Wool, and Beyond by Rebecca Yaker and Patricia Hoskins (Storey Publishing)
TThe best-selling authors of Fabric-by-Fabric One-Yard Wonders/a> are back with an all-new collection of 101 sewing projects that each require just one yard of fabric. From home dec to knits, wool to flannels, corduroy to cottons, these patterns show how to make the most of each fabric’s unique characteristics.
As with the original One-Yard Wonders, the contributors to this volume include popular sewing bloggers and designers from all over North America. Authors are Rebecca Yaker, who has her own design business, creating one-of-a-kind baby bedding and apparel in her Minneapolis design studio and Trish Hoskins, who is the co-founder of Crafty Planet, a retail fabric and needlework store and craft workshop in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
From cozy flannels to water-resistant oilcloths to the sheerest summer voiles, contemporary print designers offer a wide variety of fabrics to explore. Waterproof coated cottons are perfect for a gym bag, wool makes a warm cap for the outdoor enthusiast, knit jersey whips up into a ruffle scarf or sassy dress, corduroy makes a sturdy farmers’ market tote, and lightweight cotton voile is perfect for a little girl’s smocked sundress.
Fabric-by-Fabric One-Yard Wonders offers affordable and easy projects for both the occasional and the dedicated sewing hobbyist. Responding to the increasingly diverse range of fabric weights and types now available, the book is organized by fabric type. Each on-trend design requires just one yard of fabric. Every project is shown in a full-color photograph, accompanied by detailed step-by-step instructions, illustrations, and a complete cutting layout. Full-size pattern pieces are included in a secure envelope inside the book.
Contents of Fabric-by-Fabric One-Yard Wonders include:
Fabric-by-Fabric One-Yard Wonders is a blockbuster collection of projects, sure to be embraced by the ever-growing number of fans of one-yard sewing. The perfect blend of fabric and function is evident throughout this wide-ranging collection. With 101 exciting new sewing projects, the inspired and detailed instructions in this book help readers discover how to make the most of each fabric's unique characteristics.
Humanities / Philosophy / Arts / Entertainment / Music
Blues – Philosophy for Everyone: Thinking Deep About Feeling Low edited by Jesse R. Steinberg and Abrol Fairweather, with series editor Fritz Allhoff and a foreword by Bruce Iglauer (Wiley-Blackwell)
The blues takes the breath away. The blues is reparative and transformative, anguished and cathartic, life-affirming, empowering. The blues is a way of feeling life, the world, and oneself. The blues is a cultural phenomenon, cultural expression, a legacy, eternal, wonderful magic. The blues is so many things to so many people, it stands to reason that the blues and philosophy are close kin./p>
From B.B. King to Billie Holiday, Blues music has a nearly universal appeal in its reflection of the trials and tribulations of everyday life. Its ability to powerfully touch on a range of social and emotional issues is philosophically inspiring, and in Blues – Philosophy for Everyone, a diverse range of thinkers and musicians offer essays that make connections between the human condition and the Blues.
This latest – and perhaps most soul-satisfying – addition to the popular Philosophy for Everyone series is edited by Jesse R. Steinberg and Abrol Fairweather, with a foreword by Bruce Iglauer. It provides reflections, ruminations, and dissections of the blues as both a form of music and as a force for good. Steinberg is assistant professor of philosophy and the director of the Environmental Studies Program at the University of Pittsburgh at Bradford, and Abrol Fairweather is instructor at San Francisco State University and the University of San Francisco. Series editor Fritz Allhoff is associate professor in the philosophy department at Western Michigan University, as well as senior research fellow at the Australian National University's Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics.
The pitch-bending and finger-picking of Sam Lightnin' Hopkins, Bessie Smith, Ma Rainey, Mississippi John Hurt, Son House, Howlin' Wolf, B.B. King, John Lee Hooker, Albert King, Muddy Waters, Little Walter, Buddy Guy, Junior Wells and Robert Johnson transformed music and culture forever. They inspired fans and luminary rock musicians like Eric Clapton, Jimmie Page and Keith Richards. They provided the most powerful voices that we have that evoke the common experiences of oppression, emotional trauma, loss, adversity, tragedy, and the disappointments of living.
The blues represents the shared subtext of an afflicted people. The songs are the expressions of the common tribulations of the human condition.
Readers open the pages of Blues – Philosophy for Everyone and explore:
Blues – Philosophy for Everyone also covers:
The blues redefined genius and pushed the boundaries of what impact music could have on a people. Blues – Philosophy for Everyone delves into the genre, examines every aspect, and thinks deep about feeling low.
Blues – Philosophy for Everyone provides illuminating essays from this philosophy of the blues. It brings together intriguing insights into the connection between the blues and philosophy that will appeal to music lovers and philosophers alike.
Literature & Fiction / British / Literary Criticism
Dickens, His Parables, and His Reader by Linda M. Lewis (University of Missouri Press)
Charles Dickens once commented that in each of his Christmas stories there is “an express text preached on . . . always taken from the lips of Christ.” This preaching, Linda M. Lewis, Professor of English at Bethany College in Lindsborg, Kansas, contends, does not end with his Christmas stories but extends throughout the body of his work. In Dickens, His Parables, and His Reader, Lewis examines parable and allegory in nine of Dickens’s novels as an entry into understanding the complexities of the relationship between Dickens and his readers.
Through the combination of rhetorical analysis of religious allegory and cohesive study of various New Testament parables upon which Dickens based the themes of his novels, Lewis in Dickens, His Parables, and His Reader provides new interpretations of the allegory in his novels while illuminating Dickens’s religious beliefs. Specifically, she alleges that Dickens saw himself as valued friend and moral teacher to lead his ‘dear reader’ to religious truth.
Dickens’s personal gospel was that behavior is far more important than strict allegiance to any set of beliefs, and it was upon this foundation that readers see allegory activated in Dickens’s characters. Oliver Twist and The Old Curiosity Shop exemplify the Victorian ‘cult of childhood’ and blend two allegorical texts: Jesus’ Good Samaritan parable and John Bunyan’s The Pilgrim’s Progress. In Dombey and Son, Dickens chooses Jesus’ parable of the Wise and Foolish Builders. In the autobiographical David Copperfield, Dickens engages readers through an Old Testament myth and a New Testament parable: the expulsion from Eden and the Prodigal Son, respectively.
Led by his belief in and desire to preach his social gospel and broad church Christianity, Dickens had no hesitation in manipulating biblical stories and sermons to suit his purposes. Bleak House is Dickens’s apocalyptic parable about the Day of Judgment, while Little Dorrit echoes the line “Forgive us our debts as we forgive our debtors” from the Lord’s Prayer, illustrating through his characters that through grace only can all debt be erased. The allegory of the martyred savior is considered in Hard Times and A Tale of Two Cities. Dickens’s final completed novel, Our Mutual Friend, blends the Parable of the Good and Faithful Servant with several versions of the Heir Claimant parable.
While some recent scholarship debunks the sincerity of Dickens’s religious belief, Lewis in Dickens, His Parables, and His Reader clearly demonstrates that Dickens’s novels challenge readers to investigate and develop an understanding of New Testament doctrine. Dickens saw his relationship with readers as a crucial part of his storytelling, and through his use and manipulation of allegory and parables, he hoped to influence the faith and morality of those readers.
Literature & Fiction / Historical
Camp Nine: A Novel by Vivienne Schiffer (The University of Arkansas Press)
On February 19, 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, authorizing the military to ban anyone from certain areas of the country, with primary focus on the West Coast. Eventually the order was used to relocate 120,000 people of Japanese descent to internment camps such as the Rohwer Relocation Center in remote Desha County, Arkansas.
This time of fear and prejudice (the U.S. government formally apologized for the relocations in 1982) and the Arkansas Delta are the setting for Camp Nine. The novel's narrator, Chess Morton, lives in tiny Rook, Arkansas. Her days are quiet and secluded until the appearance of a relocation center built for what was in effect the imprisonment of thousands of Japanese Americans.
In Camp Nine Chess's life becomes intertwined with those of two young internees and an American soldier mysteriously connected to her mother's past. As Chess watches the struggles and triumphs of these strangers and sees her mother seek justice for these people who came briefly and involuntarily to call the Arkansas Delta their home, she discovers surprising and disturbing truths about her family's painful past.
Vivienne Schiffer, a first time novelist, is a lawyer and also a screenwriter. She says that Rook and the camp are very much like the Rohwer of her childhood; however, there are no parallels between the characters and real people.
[F]inely wrought debut novel...Schiffer immerses readers in the
thick bayou air and community tensions. – Publishers Weekly
A compelling, vivid account of a shameful episode that should not be forgotten. – Booklist starred review
Camp Nine beautifully captures a sense of time and place that
resonates with authenticity. It shows an intimate familiarity with
the internment camp at Rohwer – how the camp came to be situated in
such a remote part of Arkansas, life within the camp, and the
feelings of the Japanese Americans held captive there, as well as
what life was like in the 1940s for the locals outside. It is a
perspective that has never been presented. I love this book and
recommend it as a must-read. – Delphine Hirasuna, author of The Art
of Gaman: Arts and Crafts from the Japanese American Internment
Camps, 1942 - 1946
Through the prisms of place, family, race, class, power, and privilege, Vivienne Schiffer skillfully constructs a necessarily complicated portrait of the era into a meaningful mosaic and satisfying story. – Grif Stockley, author of Ruled by Race: Black/White Relations in Arkansas from Slavery to the Present (University of Arkansas Press)
Camp Nine is a compelling first effort, filling in a missing human piece of the historical record. Schiffer is a writer to watch.
Literature & Fiction / Historical
The Crown: A Novel by Nancy Bilyeau (Touchstone)
In this historical thriller, debut novelist Nancy Bilyeau, writer and magazine editor, brings to life the horrors and heroics of the English Reformation through the eyes of Joanna Stafford, a young nun who must risk everything to protect her family and her faith. The Crown intertwines history and legend as Joanna becomes an unlikely political pawn who must find an ill-omened relic.
The year is 1537. . .
Joanna, a Dominican novice, learns that her favorite cousin, Lady Margaret Bulmer, has been condemned by Henry VIII to be burned at the stake. Defying the sacred rule of enclosure, Joanna leaves the priory to stand at her cousin’s side. Arrested for interfering with the king’s justice, she, along with her father, is sent to the Tower of London.
The ruthless Stephen Gardiner, Bishop of Winchester, takes terrifying steps to force Joanna to agree to spy for him: to save her father’s life she must find an ancient relic – a crown so powerful, it may hold the ability to end the Reformation. Accompanied by two monks, Joanna returns home to Dartford Priory and searches in secret for this long-lost piece of history worn by the Saxon King Athelstan in 937 during the historic battle that first united Britain.
But Dartford Priory has become a dangerous place, and when more than one dead body is uncovered, Joanna departs with a sensitive young monk, Brother Edmund, to search elsewhere for the legendary crown. From royal castles with tapestry-filled rooms to Stonehenge to Malmesbury Abbey, the final resting place of King Athelstan, Joanna and Brother Edmund must hurry to find the crown if they want to keep Joanna’s father alive. At Malmesbury, secrets of the crown are revealed that bring to light the fates of the Black Prince, Richard the Lionhearted, and Katherine of Aragon’s first husband, Arthur.
In The Crown, with Cromwell’s troops threatening to shutter her priory, Joanna must now decide who she can trust with the secret of the crown.
Bilyeau deftly weaves extensive historical detail throughout, but the real draw of this suspenseful novel is its juicy blend of lust, murder, conspiracy, and betrayal. – O, The Oprah Magazine
Captivating thriller… – All You magazine
Strong character development, realistic historical detail, and an atmosphere of pervasive tension coupled to a fast-paced plot make it compulsively readable. – Booklist
This fast-paced debut delivers Tudor intrigue and mystical thrills in one satisfying package – and leaves room for a sequel. – Kirkus Reviews
...will appeal to fans of Dan Brown and Philippa Gregory. –
Nancy Bilyeau’s polished, inventive debut has all the ingredients of the best historical fiction: a broad cast of characters, well-imagined settings, and vivid story-telling.... In Joanna Stafford, Bilyeau has given us a memorable character who is prepared to risk her life to save what she most values, while Stafford’s desperate search for a lost religious relic will satisfy even the most ardent mystery fans. – Deborah Harkness, author of A Discovery of Witches
The Crown by Nancy Bilyeau is an amazing first novel, filled with excitement, intrigue, espionage, and set against the background of one of the bloodiest periods of British history; the schism between Church and State. It's an action-packed tale of one nun's dangerous quest to discover the secrets of an ancient relic that dates back to the time of Christ. – Katherine Neville, author of The Eight
The events of the period come to life in Nancy Bilyeau's dazzling and heart-wrenching novel. The Crown is evocative, provocative, and full of intriguing characters – a gorgeously written novel that has mystery and history, pathos and depth. This is a stunning debut about a woman whose spirit shines through and deeply moves the reader. – M.J. Rose, author of The Reincarnationist
The Crown is a captivating, fast-paced thriller. This provocative story melds heart-stopping suspense with historical detail and brings to life the poignant dramas of women and men at a fascinating and critical moment in England’s past.
Literature & Fiction / Literary
The Book of Emotions by João Almino, translated from the Portuguese by Elizabeth Jackson (Brazilian Literature Series: Dalkey Archive Press)
In The Book of Emotions, in a future Brazil, a blind photographer considers his old photographs and, deprived of his sight, reconstructs his experiences.
Isolating these moments in his memory and attempting to analyze them much like a lens, he envisions “a haiku stripped of rhetoric that captures only what is in front of the camera.” Yet, deprived of his sight, the photographer now must reconstruct his experiences as a series of affective snapshots, a diary of his emotions as they were frozen on this or that day. The result, then, is not the description of a remembered image, but of the emotional memory the image evokes.
João Almino in The Book of Emotions gives readers a trenchant portrait of an artist trying to close the gap between objective vision and sentimental memory, leaﬁng through a catalog of his accomplishments and failures in a violent, artificial, universal city, and trying to reassemble the puzzle that was his life.
Almino, the acclaimed author of The Five Seasons of Love, has
taught at Berkeley, Stanford, the Autonomous National University of
Mexico, and the University of Brasília.
Translator Elizabeth Jackson, Visiting Assistant Professor of Portuguese at Wesleyan University, is the translator of Almino’s novel The Five Seasons of Love, as well as co-translator of Patricia Galvao’s 1933 novel Industrial Park.
Literature & Fiction / Women’s
The Lost Saints of Tennessee: A Novel by Amy Franklin-Willis (Atlantic Monthly Press)
Driven by the soulful voices of forty-two-year-old Ezekiel Cooper
and his mother, Lillian,
The Lost Saints of Tennessee journeys from the 1940s to 1980s as
it follows Zeke’s evolution from anointed son, to honorable sibling,
to unhinged middle-aged man.
After Zeke loses his twin brother in a mysterious drowning and his wife to divorce, only ghosts remain in his hometown of Clayton. Zeke makes the decision to leave town in a final attempt to escape his pain, throwing his two treasured possessions – a copy of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and his dead brother’s ancient dog – into his truck, and heads east. He leaves behind two young daughters and his estranged mother, who reveals her own conflicting view of the Cooper family story in a vulnerable but spirited voice stricken by guilt over old sins and clinging to the hope that her family isn’t beyond repair.
When Zeke finds refuge with cousins in Virginia horse country, divine acts in the form of severe weather, illness, and a new romance collide, leading Zeke to a crossroads where he must decide the fate of his family.
In The Lost Saints of Tennessee Amy Franklin-Willis, who received an Emerging Writer Grant in 2007 to complete this book, draws on the stories her father shared of his life growing up in the small town of Pocahontas, Tennessee, to write what Pat Conroy calls "a riveting, hardscrabble book on the rough, hardscrabble south, which has rarely been written about with such grace and compassion."
Poignant . . . Franklin-Willis plumbs the depths of family
dynamics, compassionately depicting her characters as they struggle
with situations over which they have no control. – Library Journal
Franklin-Willis's well-rendered debut charms. – Publishers Weekly
The Lost Saints of Tennessee is a joy – a wonderful, heartbreaking, and ultimately uplifting story about the unbreakable bonds of brotherhood and the human will to survive. I was deeply moved by it and equally impressed. – Elizabeth George
Franklin-Willis has grace on the page. – Dorothy Allison
Amy Franklin-Willis’s characters speak with graceful authenticity. The Lost Saints of Tennessee moves from sadness to understanding, through a landscape full of small mysteries and large truths. Franklin-Willis proves herself a writer of promise and talent. – Mark Childress
Franklin-Willis has endless compassion for her working-class southern characters. . . . [An] uplifting story of one man’s attempt to make a better life for himself and his family. – Booklist
I was in love with The Lost Saints of Tennessee all the way through. Every page. It was the most satisfying book I’ve read in a long time. – Catherine Ryan Hyde
In her splendid debut novel, The Lost Saints of Tennessee, Amy Franklin-Willis delivers a tender, lyrical tale about one broken man’s search for forgiveness, healing, and the real meaning of family. Her words ring true on every page and compel us to follow in step as Ezekiel Cooper journeys from the life he has known to the one he so desperately craves. – Susan Gregg Gilmore
Amy Franklin-Willis has given us a first novel full of great love, pathos, and change. A rich and compelling tale of a large family and the complexities of the human spirit, you will not want to put The Lost Saints of Tennessee down. It is a completely satisfying read. – Jeanne Ray
In The Lost Saints of Tennessee, Franklin-Willis mines the fault lines in one Southern working-class family with enormous heart and agility. Written with abundant charm, warmth, and authority, this is the story of a unique brotherhood and a moving consideration of the ways grief can first devastate and then restore.
Political & Social Science / Crime & Criminals / Criminology
Ethics, Crime, and Criminal Justice, 2nd Edition by Christopher R. Williams and Bruce A. Arrigo (Pearson Education)
Ethics, Crime, and Criminal Justice introduces students to the foundations of the study of ethics and morality; examines prominent moral and ethical themes, conflicts, and struggles in criminology and criminal justice; and explores the conceptual and practical value of key ethical concepts, principles, and arguments. The volume was written by Christopher R. Williams, Professor and Chair of the Department of Criminal Justice Studies at Bradley University and Bruce A. Arrigo, Professor of Criminology, Law, and Society in the Department of Criminal Justice and Criminology at the University of North Carolina-Charlotte, holding additional faculty appointments in the Psychology Department, the Public Policy Program and in the Department of Public Health Sciences.
This 2nd edition of Ethics, Crime, and Criminal Justice is extensively updated and revised for greater clarity, cohesiveness, and accessibility. An all-new chapter demonstrates practical application of normative frameworks to ethical dilemmas, and another largely new chapter introduces game theory, evolutionary psychology, and related concepts.
On its most basic level, Ethics, Crime, and Criminal Justice was written as an introduction to the subject and scope of ethics, particularly as its many problems and diverse perspectives intersect with those ongoing controversies found in the everyday world of crime, law, and justice. Ethics involves the study of many different themes and issues, including concepts such as good, right, duty, obligation, virtue, freedom, rationality, and choice, as well as the ways in which each of these notions informs the dilemmas we face, the choices we make, and the actions we undertake. The themes that ethics explores underlie many circumstances individuals routinely confront as individuals, groups, organizations, communities, and cultures. The immediate aim of ethics is simply to encourage critical reflection on these concepts and concerns, recognizing their significance to and contemplating their value for people in various social contexts. Ultimately, if this aim is realized, ethics enables all citizens to adopt more informed beliefs, to make better decisions, to undertake healthier actions, to be better people and, consequently, to live more rewarding and fulfilling lives.
Ethics, Crime, and Criminal Justice explores a range of value-based concepts and perspectives designed to familiarize students with their importance both within the complex world of crime and justice and outside of it. As Chapter 1 suggests, the fundamental purpose of morality (in thought and action) is to facilitate living a good life in a just society.
The organization of Ethics, Crime, and Criminal Justice differs appreciably from those other texts found in the market today. For example, rather than focusing primarily on ethical issues in criminal justice, readers are introduced to a number of concepts that function as critical thinking ‘tools.’ These tools enable students and professionals to recognize and assess a host of moral and ethical concerns that arise within the study and practice of crime, law, and justice. Rather than reviewing the facts and figures pertaining to criminal punishment, for example, the problems of human freedom, choice-making, and determinism are examined in Chapter 3. This commentary leads to a more fully informed discussion and treatment of the moral context in which criminal punishment takes place. Moreover, rather than showcasing the topic of racism in policing or in court processing, thinking and reasoning skills are featured in Chapter 11. This includes practical advice for the criminal justice professional on how to avoid labels, categories, and stereotypes, as well as other fundamental problems that occur when constructing arguments or taking positions that can lead to misguided perspectives, biased decision-making, and questionable actions.
Not surprisingly, then, the guiding organizational premise for Ethics, Crime, and Criminal Justice is the emphasis it places on unpacking the assorted philosophical ideas that inform various crime and justice controversies. ‘Ethics,’ as it is presented throughout this volume, is not intended to tell us what to do when faced with a conflict between, for example, loyalty toward a fellow police or correctional officer and honesty in one's work setting. Instead, the purpose of ethics is to explore more generally the relevance of duties, obligations, and principles; to encourage sound reflection on those particular explorations; and, ideally, to be better equipped to resolve any (criminal justice) situation in which conflict might arise.
To effectively identify, assess, and reach conclusions on issues of moral significance (e.g., how to balance loyalty and honestly), one must first have an adequate appreciation for the conceptual grounding that represents ethical thought. To accomplish this, Ethics, Crime, and Criminal Justice draws attention to those relevant and prominent ethical theories, principles, and perspectives that have emerged throughout the history of Western civilization. In doing so, it exposes students and practitioners to the foundational thought necessary for any critical reflection about ethical choice-making and moral behavior in criminal justice settings as well as any other sphere of personal or professional life.
The organizing themes outlined above give rise to a basic approach, several key features, and a number of unique pedagogical aids that separate Ethics, Crime, and Criminal Justice from existing texts of its kind. Nearly all ethics texts in the criminal justice discipline present generous amounts of information on issues that are properly ethical or moral in nature (e.g., police corruption, prosecutorial misconduct, juvenile delinquency); however, few texts present these issues in a way that meaningfully links them to the broader study of ethics and morality.
There are several key (and unique) features to Ethics, Crime, and Criminal Justice. The most noteworthy of these include the following:
The second edition of Ethics, Crime, and Criminal Justice features numerous updates, revisions, and additions designed to more firmly ground and better illustrate the relationship between morality and crime, law, and justice. In several places, deeply theoretical discussions contained within the first edition have been moderated, and cumbersome terminology restricted to create a free-flowing and more widely accessible text. In addition to substantially reshaping discussions in numerous places throughout the second edition for purposes of clarity and cohesiveness, we have supplemented the text with updated studies, fresh case studies and examples, and new boxed inserts. Highlights of the second edition include:
no-knock warrants, statutory rape, consent to murder and cannibalism, the ‘Tavern Rape’ and acts of omission, violence and the media, sodomy laws, the cases of Susan Smith and Andrea Yates, lie detection, child abuse, violence and video games, substance abuse treatment, honor killings, blood feuds, the role of science in ethics, incest, the relativity of prostitution laws, John Rawls' theory of justice, criminal informants, the ‘Heinz Dilemma’, Robert Anthony Williams and the ‘Christian Burial Speech’, The ‘Trolley Problem’, ethics, crime, and the Internet.
Ethics, Crime, and Criminal Justice consists of twelve substantive chapters organized into three primary parts or sections. In each of the three sections, a fundamental domain of inquiry within ethics is explored, and in each chapter a substantive issue within that domain is reviewed.
Part I of the text is entitled "An Invitation to Ethics?' It contains two chapters. The commentary introduces students to the field of ethics by emphasizing its value, subject, and scope, particularly in light of criminal justice concerns. Chapter 1 explains the role and importance of morality and the value of ethical inquiry, both within and outside of the criminal justice context. In Chapter 2, a more thorough introduction to the field of ethics is provided. Focusing on the importance of choice-making, readers are encouraged to reflect upon their responsibility for making ethically responsible decisions. Given that Parts II and III of this volume explore these domains in significantly more depth, this latter segment of the chapter helps situate and organize the balance of the text.
Part II of Ethics, Crime, and Criminal Justice is entitled "Metaethics and Moral Psychology." Several crucial concerns of metaethics and moral psychology are examined, with specific attention directed toward their relevance for criminal justice. In some respects, concerns of freedom, relativity, and self-interest can be thought of as potential obstacles or, at least, challenges to moral decision-making and behavior. They are given particular focus in Chapters 3, 4, and 5. Chapters 6 and 7 build upon questions raised in Chapter 5, transitioning into a consideration of the moral psychological concerns of moral motivation ("Why be moral?") and moral development.
Part III is entitled "Normative Ethics: Theory and Application." This section investigates the normative domain of ethical decision-making. These frameworks consist of consequentialism, deontology, and virtue-based ethics. Part III of Ethics, Crime, and Criminal Justice dedicates a full chapter to each of these perspectives. The objective over the course of these three chapters is to explore the merits of weighing consequences, duties, and character when faced with moral issues and ethical dilemmas. Chapter 8 examines the importance of considering the effects – the likely benefits and costs – of decisions and actions. Chapter 9 explores those perspectives that place less emphasis on the consequences of our actions and, instead, focuses on whether our actions themselves conform to relevant duties, principles, and obligations. Chapter 10 addresses the importance of developing good moral character and a healthy sense of integrity.
Each of these three general frameworks (consequentialism, deontology, and virtue ethics) has many variations. Several of these variations are discussed in the respective chapters throughout Part III. However, what is perhaps most important is the degree to which the theoretical frameworks offered by normative ethics represent useful templates for critical reflection and decision-making on matters of morality. To this extent, the chapters that comprise Part III offer students and professionals a number of essential ‘tools’ to interpret their everyday experiences and to direct their work-related practices in ways that are consistent with ethically sensible decision-making and conduct.
The final two chapters of Ethics, Crime, and Criminal Justice serve as ‘guides’ to thinking about and applying ethics and for living a virtuous life. Chapter 11 showcases a range of fundamental ideas about reasoning, thinking, and judgment that foster careful reflection on moral beliefs and values. Not necessarily intended to be ‘taught,’ this guide exposes readers to a number of sensible, though informative, points and directives about how to engage in sound reasoning and critical thinking. To this extent, then, Chapter 11 provides direction not only in how to pursue and maintain thought, choice, and conduct that are ethical, but also outlines a workable series of strategies for how to live virtuously and bring about justice in one's own life, those of others, and in society. Chapter 12, new to this edition, is designed to encourage practical application of the ethical ideas outlined in Chapters 8, 9, and 10. It provides a basic framework for moral decision-making and addresses the ways in which theories of normative ethics can be used within that basic framework. The chapter concludes by posing a number of scenarios and dilemmas with which to ‘practice’ the application of ethical frameworks to ‘real life’ issues.
Ethics, Crime, and Criminal Justice offers a provocative yet accessible overview of the subject and scope of ethics, with specific attention to its relevance and value in the context of crime, law, and justice. Ethics, Crime, and Criminal Justice not only introduces students to the field of ethics, but also demonstrates how this field can inform our understanding of moral issues in criminal justice, thereby aiding practitioners in reasoning through situational dilemmas that require thoughtful reflection and reasoned decisions. This comprehensive text meaningfully examines ethical theories and their application to current issues, controversies, and professional scenarios in law, crime, and justice in an accessible, stimulating, and practical way. This volume's content helps students, practitioners, and other readers achieve the essential objectives of ethical reflection, decision-making, and conduct.
Politics & Political Science / Government / Constitutional Law
The Founding Fathers Guide to the Constitution by Brion T. McClanahan (Regnery History)
Some say the Constitution cannot be understood at all. In December 2010, liberal columnist Ezra Klein said, "The issue of the Constitution is that the text is confusing because it was written more than 100 years ago, and what people believe it says differs from person to person and differs depending on what they want to get done." Just three months earlier, historian and author Ron Chernow suggested that because the founding generation never agreed on anything, a ‘founding interpretation’ of the Constitution is impossible. But neither of these critiques is right...
In The Founding Fathers Guide to the Constitution, Brion T. McClanahan offers a layman's guide to the Constitution as explained and intended by the Founders who wrote it and debated its passage. McClanahan, author of The Politically Incorrect Guide to the Founding Fathers, finds the answers by going directly to the source – to the Founding Fathers themselves, who debated all the relevant issues in their state constitutional conventions.
By using famous and little-known writings and speeches from the Founders themselves, The Founding Fathers Guide to the Constitution reveals the Founding Fathers' answers to many of the biggest constitutional questions today – not rely on the interpretations of judges, lawyers, and politicians.
In the book readers discover:
McClanahan goes through the Constitution step by step, starting with the preamble and continuing through the legislative, executive, and judiciary branches as well as the Bill of Rights, and subsequent amendments. McClanahan also examines some of today's prominent constitutional issues, such as Obamacare and the Defense of Marriage Act, and explains how the Founding Fathers would have reacted to them.
For generations, left-wing judges, professors, and lawyers have told us that we can never know what the Constitution was supposed to mean, so judges are free to do what they want. Yet, in The Founding Fathers Guide to the Constitution, Brion McClanahan gives us a clear, clause-by-clause explanation of the original understanding of the Constitution. Constitutional government is possible, if only officials would be true to their oaths. – Kevin R. C. Gutzman, J.D., Ph.D., author of The Politically Incorrect Guide™ to the Constitution
The Constitution for the United States, like all human creations, has been changed by the inescapable ravages of time.… Dr. McClanahan, with insight, painstaking effort, and that rare thing, plain common sense, has presented here as good a picture as we will get of what the Constitution really meant to those who wrote and ratified it. This book is not only a notable feat of historianship, but also an important exercise of citizenship that will enlighten those who yearn for truth. – Clyde N. Wilson, Emeritus Distinguished Professor of History, University of South Carolina
Professor McClanahan provides us with an invaluable window into the intent of all the Framers. This book can best be described as intellectual hard medicine. The readers’ minds will be purged of all the nonsense they have been taught about the Constitution so they can see the document as intended by the founding generation that produced it. – Dr. Marshall DeRosa, Professor of Political Science, Florida Atlantic University
Brion McClanahan’s The Founding Fathers Guide to the Constitution takes the guesswork out of what the Founders intended. It’s all here, in their own words, which any layman can understand – and just as important, use as the standard to assess the wayward judges, congressmen, and executives of our federal government. – Thomas E. Woods, Jr., author of The Politically Incorrect Guide to American History and Rollback: Repealing Big Government Before the Coming Fiscal Collapse
Fascinating and timely, The Founding Fathers Guide to the Constitution is the layman’s guide to America’s most important – and often willfully misunderstood – historical document.
Political & Social History / Politics
The Obama Hate Machine: The Lies, Distortions, and Personal Attacks on the President – and Who Is Behind Them by Bill Press (Thomas Dunne Books)
In Toxic Talk, Bill Press exposed the ways in which the extreme
right-wing media has done an end run around the American voting
populace by exerting a disproportionate control over open political
The Obama Hate Machine, Press, syndicated columnist for Tribune
Media Services and host of the nationally syndicated radio program
The Bill Press Show, returns to show how the Right has taken
rhetoric to slanderous new levels in attacking the nation’s
But presidents have always been attacked like this, right? Wrong. As Press shows, while presidents and presidential candidates routinely have been subject to personal attacks, the outright disdain Obama’s extremist opponents have for the facts has inspired an insidious brand of character assassination unique in contemporary politics.
The extent to which these unfounded assertions have taken hold in the American mindset shows just how ruthless, destructive, and all-powerful the right-wing machine – hijacked by extremists in the media and fueled by corporate coffers – has become. Press in The Obama Hate Machine reveals how corporate interests such as the infamous Koch Brothers continue to steer political coverage away from fact-based dialogue into the realm of hysteria.
No one has inspired such venom as our nation's current president, who has been targeted by Republicans for a uniquely insidious brand of character assassination, and it has worked. Republicans took 36 seats in the house, giving them control after the midterm elections. Press not only blames the Republicans, he also thinks the media is responsible for Obama's approval rating decline. Press says that the media rarely checked their facts before running outright lies about the President.
Press in The Obama Hate Machine also observes this phenomenon is not limited to the airwaves and provides an ‘I Hate Obama Book Club’ list, calling out the scores of anti-Obama tomes – and even some from the Left – that have helped drag politics even deeper into the mud.
In a poisoned political climate, negative personal attacks on President Obama must have no place in our public discourse. In an age when sound bites too often dominate the news, Bill Press digs deeper: busting the myths, standing up for the truth and the American people. – House Democratic Leader Nancy Pelosi
In his characteristic on-the-mark arguments sure to appeal to anyone on the Left or in the Center, Press in The Obama Hate Machine shows how the peculiar nature of Obama-hating subverts issue-driven debate and threatens not only the outcome of the 2012 election but the future of the American democratic system.
Politics & Social Science / Theory
Global Governance, Global Government: Institutional Visions for an Evolving World System edited by Luis Cabrera (SUNY Press)
Recent years have seen a remarkable resurgence in rigorous thought on global government by leading thinkers in international relations, economics, and political theory. Not since the immediate post-World War II period have so many scholars given serious attention to possibilities for global integration. Global Governance, Global Government brings together some of these scholars into a conversation about their often provocative global institutional visions. The chapters explore whether a world state should be viewed as inevitable, ways in which global moral and political communities might be sustained, and reasons to reject world government in favor of improvements to governance in the United Nations and other institutions.
According to Luis Cabrera, Senior Lecturer in Political Theory at the University of Birmingham in the United Kingdom, not since the world state ‘heyday’ of 1944-1950 have so many prominent thinkers been exploring possibilities for global political integration. In the aftermath of the horrors visited upon Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan, it was the fear of global nuclear annihilation that spurred a remarkable range of scholars and public intellectuals, political figures and activists to press for the near-term creation of a global Leviathan. In recent years, leading researchers in international relations, economics, and political theory have offered rigorous, detailed treatments of whether trends in global economic integration could lead to some form of world government, or whether more comprehensive global political institutions should be created as a means of providing security against nuclear weapons or solving other, genuinely global problems. Numerous other recent commentators, while rejecting full global government, have proposed dramatic reforms in global governance, including the creation of a world parliament. Global Governance, Global Government is part of an ongoing effort to bring together some of the leading current thinkers on global government and global governance and put them in conversation.
A global government is understood as a cohesive institutional system of fully global scope that exercises, at minimum, formal supremacy in decision making over states or other political subunits on a significant range of legislative and juridical activities. How extensive the range of activities must be for an entity to be considered a world government, whether it must also exercise a full monopoly on the exercise of the legitimate means of collective violence, and how closely it must resemble the state in its governing organs or institutions, remain open to discussion, as the chapters in Global Governance, Global Government show. The World Trade Organization is often cited as a paradigm supranational institution – and one of near global scope, with more than 150 member states and growing – since its dispute resolution bodies are empowered to impose punitive tariffs on member states found out of compliance with trade rules. Some institutions of the European Union, in particular the European Court of Justice, also would be clearly at the supranational end of an ‘intergovernmental-to-supranational’ continuum, as would the institutions of the European human rights regime examined in Global Governance, Global Government by Jamie Mayerfeld.
The global parliamentary institutions envisioned in many proposals for cosmopolitan democracy would fall toward the middle of the continuum. Most advocates of promoting more democratic global governance, including Richard Falk and Christine Keating in this volume, reject the advocacy of comprehensive global government. Institutions that have much weaker compliance powers in relation to their state members, for example the UN General Assembly, would be placed near the intergovernmental end of the continuum. Some such institutions play a significant role in these chapters. Overall the emphasis in Global Governance, Global Government is at the supranational end of governance, on institutional visions for formalizing or routinizing the production of significant social goods in the global system. Thus, the accounts in this volume are animated by the many of the same questions that drove authors in the world state heyday after World War II:
In the introductory chapter, Cabrera provides background for understanding the recent resurgence in world state thought with a brief examination of the post-World War II heyday. He then reviews some of the major recent contributions on both global government and forms of enhanced global governance, while working to situate each chapter in Global Governance, Global Government within current key debates on global governance and global government.
In the United States, though a Truman administration plan to place nuclear weapons under international control ultimately failed, as explored in some detail by Campbell Craig, the broader social movement for world government remained vigorous.
Three main currents can be identified in the literature. One views political integration as the highly likely or even inevitable outcome of current empirical and ideational trends. A second, related strain sees the world state as desirable, or possibly likely to emerge, amid the continuing threat of nuclear war. The third category includes normative arguments for ‘institutional cosmopolitanism,’ or full global integration to secure core economic or participatory political rights, as well as the more limited institutional arguments proposing changes to address specific global problems.
A notable contribution has been that of economist Dani Rodrik, whose work on the processes and pitfalls of global economic integration has been influential in a broad range of disciplines. Asking, "How far will economic integration go?" Rodrik has answered very far indeed. In his chapter in Global Governance, Global Government, he identifies an emerging international ‘trilemma’ whose nodes effectively are economic integration between states, domestic control of policy by the state, and democratic political participation. Rodrik predicts that democratic politics will win out, meaning that there will be movement toward some smaller role for the nation-state within a fully global political federalism.
Others have given greater emphasis to noneconomic variables. Alexander Wendt, whose social constructivist approach to international relations theory has challenged a generation of IR scholars to consider whether anarchy really is ‘what states make of it’, recently has extended aspects of his method to encompass an analysis of global integration. Emphasizing both ideational and security factors, Wendt asserts in his chapter in Global Governance, Global Government that a world state should be seen as not only likely but inevitable. He argues that the global system is progressing through discrete evolutionary stages, on the way to an endpoint in which there will emerge a full world state with a monopoly on the legitimate use of violence.
Some others have argued, echoing Bertrand Russell and others in the heyday period, that a world state or its functional equivalent already is emerging, or could emerge, under United States hegemony. Amitai Etzioni, for example, has argued that the U.S.-led ‘war on terror’ beginning in 2001 can be viewed as effectively a global police force, and an arm of an emerging global government founded, as nation-states were in the past, from overarching concerns with security. Michael Mandelbaum argues that the United States has taken on global roles commensurate with those of a domestic government, including physical security, contract enforcement, assured access to global natural resources, and even some global employment security through its citizens' vigorous consumerism. Diverging from Etzioni, Mandelbaum rejects any claim that the United States is or could be leading the global system directly into some world government built on the model of the nation-state, though he does suggest that some looser structure of international authority, resembling the current European Union, could emerge in the long term.
In Global Governance, Global Government, Etzioni explores how some robust, genuinely global forms of political community might be generated and sustained. Declining to follow previous world government scholars down the path of Esperanto, or a presumption that any one language will dominate, Etzioni makes the novel claim that English already is emerging as the global second language, and that it should be sufficient to sustain forms of global communication and community.
Similarly, philosopher and theologian David Ray Griffin analyzes in his chapter, the possibilities for identifying a genuinely global ethic – not simply one imposed from above in some Western-dominated structure – capable of creating or binding political community within a democratic world state. Griffin argues that a common core morality is identifiable in major religious and moral traditions, and that a minimal theism could indeed serve as the foundation for a global bill of rights to guide fully global political participation and government.
In his chapter in Global Governance, Global Government, Craig offers lessons for the present nuclear weapons context from the early U.S. attempts to cede control of nuclear weapons to an international body. Going perhaps one step beyond Etzioni and Mandelbaum, he concludes that it may be necessary for the United States to exert global leadership in actually imposing peace and security arrangements on both the smaller and larger nuclear powers, in the interest of averting a globally devastating nuclear war.
In Global Governance, Global Government, Richard Falk reflects on his extraordinary five decades' worth of work exploring questions of world order, and his longstanding resistance to a world state solution. Until democracy is far more widespread at all levels of the global system, and global security has been more broadly achieved through nonviolent means, Falk argues, any advocacy of world state creation is likely to be mere advocacy of global dystopia.
In this volume, Michael Goodhart argues that it is self-defeating for cosmopolitan democrats to argue that global democracy is the appropriate means for reasserting democratic control but then to reject strong compliance powers – those characteristically associated with a global government – for a global parliament. Goodhart argues that the appropriate way to conceive of democracy above the state is in terms of ‘democracy as human rights’, where democracy is viewed as a political commitment to securing the fundamental rights of all persons. Such an approach does not require centralized global governance, he argues, but would recommend the promotion of democratic accountability within existing global governance institutions, as well as the creation of some stronger mechanisms to ensure human rights compliance.
Barbara Buckinx also takes cosmopolitan democracy to task in her chapter in Global Governance, Global Government, as well as offering some reasons for caution about world state advocacy. In fact, the adoption of any institutional ideal, including the world parliament and related transformations proposed by cosmopolitan democrats, should be greeted skeptically. More justifiable, she asserts, is a cautious, incremental approach to reform and the reduction of domination in the global system.
Christine Keating offers a corrective that is potentially significant for forms of democratic rule from the most local to the global. In developing an alternate institutional vision of mobility within democratic rule, Keating takes some lessons from women's struggles for fair recognition under the law in India. She cites some ways in which the availability of multiple legal codes, or allowing mobility between juridical structures, has helped to expand women's options there. Brooke Ackerly similarly takes up discrete global governance reforms in her chapter, but with an emphasis on the means of ensuring that vital issues concerning women and gender analysis more generally are raised in the context of institutional accountability. The solution she offers is greater inclusiveness of global governance groups working specifically on behalf of women within the United Nations and associated agencies, and within the increasingly important trans-state networks of state political and juridical actors.
In Global Governance, Global Government, Jamie Mayerfeld considers ways in which supra-state institutions can contribute to the protection of individual rights. Mayerfeld details ways in which compliance can be strengthened through mechanisms of oversight and constraint. With emphasis on the development and operation of the European human rights regime, he argues that suprastate rights bodies, far from damaging democratic practice or in some sense eroding sovereignty, can significantly strengthen democracy and respect for individual liberty within states.
What seems clear is that global political integration has again moved beyond being a ‘dream’ and resumed its place as the subject matter of serious investigations by scholars from a range of disciplines and orientations. Further, as the often provocative contributions to Global Governance, Global Government help to demonstrate, even those normatively focused authors who reject the advocacy of comprehensive global government in favor of more limited institutional visions increasingly are obliged to explain why. The book will be of interest to students of international relations, political theory, international economics, security, and gender studies.
Religion & Spirituality / Christianity / Biblical Studies / History / Reference
The Historical Reliability of John's Gospel: Issues & Commentary by Craig Blomberg (IVP Academic)
In the past hundred years discussions of John have taken turns that could not have been anticipated a century ago, especially due to the discoveries just after the Second World War of the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Nag Hammadi library. We have made enormous advances in the understanding of first-century Mediterranean historiography and in the development of criteria for assessing the authenticity or historicity of the material concerning Jesus depicted in ancient sources both inside and outside the Christian canon of Scripture. But the spectrum of scholarly views today remains remarkably similar to what it was at the beginning of the twentieth century.
Throughout much of the twentieth century the Fourth Gospel took a back seat to the Synoptics when it came to historical reliability. Consequently, the contemporary quest of the historical Jesus discounted or excluded evidence from the Fourth Gospel. The question of the historical reliability of John's Gospel is well overdue for a thorough reinvestigation and reassessment.
In The Historical Reliability of John's Gospel, Craig L. Blomberg, Distinguished Professor of New Testament at Denver Seminary, sheds new light on persistent questions. He presents his conclusions largely in commentary form, following the principal scenes of the Gospel. His introduction frames the pathway into the discussion, taking up critical issues such as
In his commentary examining the text of the Fourth Gospel, Blomberg asks two essential questions. First, using the recently nuanced criteria of authenticity, "What positive evidence do we have that the actions or words of the characters in John's narratives are indeed historical?" Second, "Is there anything in the text ... that is implausible within the historical context to which it is attributed, particularly if we assume the general historical trustworthiness of the Synoptics?"
This is a book with extraordinary strengths. In form it harks
back to the approach of Sanday in 1872: Blomberg not only tackles
many topical questions but works through the Gospel itself, chapter
by chapter, asking pertinent historical questions. The
evenhandedness of the evaluation, the eminent good sense of so many
of the judgments and the clarity of the exposition (not to mention
the excellent bibliography) conspire to make this an outstandingly
useful book. – D. A. Carson, research professor of New Testament,
Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, Illinois
There has been no full-length defense of the historicity of John's Gospel for some years. Blomberg fills that void, taking us through the text and interacting intelligently with more skeptical scholars. I warmly welcome his sane contribution to the discussion and hope it will be given the attention it deserves by scholars and students alike. – David Wenham, lecturer in New Testament, Wycliffe Hall, Oxford, England
Not since John A. T. Robinson's work has there been such a 'tour de force' argument about this Gospel and its origins and historical substance. Highly recommended. – Ben Witherington III, professor of New Testament, Asbury Theological Seminary
The Historical Reliability of John's Gospel accomplishes exactly what is needed at this juncture in Johannine scholarship: a decisive vindication of the integrity of John's Gospel in matters of history. – Andreas Köstenberger, assistant professor of New Testament, Southeastern Baptist Seminary
A challenge to those who in the past have too easily dismissed the historical significance of John's Gospel and an encouragement to those who have felt that this dismissal has been arbitrary and premature. This is a prodigious piece of work and one for which a new generation of readers will be profoundly grateful. – Colin Kruse, lecturer in New Testament, Bible College of Victoria, Australia
Blomberg in The Historical Reliability of John's Gospel offers a thorough reinvestigation and reassessment of John’s Gospel as well as a full-length commentary singularly focused on its historicity. This foundational study is a seminal work for the present day – one that affirms the historical reliability of John's Gospel with intelligence and sure-footed care.
Religion & Spirituality / Christianity / Biographies & Memoirs
Encounters with Jesus: The Man in His Place and Time by Ariana Destro and Mauro Pesce (Fortress Press)
What was there in Jesus person, behavior, and words that prompted not only much enthusiasm but also much hostility? This portrait of the man Jesus of Nazareth by two pioneers of the anthropological study of early Christianity answers this vital question. In Encounters with Jesus Adriana Destro, Professor of Cultural Anthropology and Mauro Pesce, Professor of History, both at the University of Bologna, bring the fruit of years of scholarship to bear on a radical figure in Roman Galilee and on his encounters with others and the movement those encounters inspired. They give close attention to the everyday realities that shaped those encounters: the facts of travel, common meals, domestic space, and the interactions of bodies.
Encounters with Jesus takes its position within the principal currents of research that have renewed scholarly work on Jesus and on the origins of Christianity in recent decades. According to Destro and Pesce, what is needed is a reflection that employs ever more appropriate tools of analysis and methodologies in order to give him a place in the sphere of today's intellectual debate. This can help establish a contact between his story and our own culture, which is still being shaped by Christianity.
The clearest impression that readers of the Gospel of Mark receive – an impression that the other Gospels do not negate – is that at one particular moment in his life, in the fullness of his adult existence, Jesus made a radical choice and that he staked his whole existence on this fundamental choice, right to the end of his life. One other fact is essential, however. He pursued his objective in just one way: by going to meet the people to whom he belonged, the Judean people, and taking his place among them.
At the center of Encounters with Jesus, therefore, is the fact that Jesus addressed real persons with his words and his actions. He had taken on the task of solidarity with ordinary people in order to help them, to heal them, and to give them a concrete hope. Every day, he encountered crucial existential situations: domestic life, the narrow and absolute horizon constituted by family interests, the sickness of the poor, the insolent arrogance of the rich, the invasive power of the Romans. And it was the concreteness of these situations that he constantly addressed, making use of his own word and the power of his own body. His lifestyle is marked by two basic needs: the overturning of the coercive conditions that afflicted the existence of the people, and the expectation – in a ‘tomorrow’ that was imminent – of a radical rebirth determined by God's dominion over the world.
By penetrating into the depths of Jesus' lifestyle and habitual actions, readers can discern the secret of his person. Jesus knew how to safeguard his own freedom of action and his complete independence. And because of this independence, which often took the form of a search for solitude, it is possible to reconstruct his life only in part.
The novelty in Encounters with Jesus consists in the identification of an even more solid and certain foundation, what Destro and Pesce call the ‘practice of life’ or the ‘lifestyle’ of Jesus, that which shaped and determined his way of living. They were guided by an anthropological intention in their investigations into the texts of earliest Christianity. They wanted to find out how his concrete actions produced new realities and turned things upside down in the lives of those who encountered him. They wanted to identify the precise social environments in which his words, which were born in the interior of his existence, circulated, thanks to direct contacts.
He entered people's houses and taught within domestic reality. This provoked conflicts, for example, between the two sisters Martha and Mary. When he tells them that only one thing is necessary for a woman – listening to the message – he is not formulating an abstract principle. A different way of evaluating individual behavior has made its way into the working relationships of a domestic unit.
Did this project affect only a few persons or only the people of Israel, or did Jesus envisage a social transformation embracing the whole of humanity? Did he call into question the cultural and religious basis of the Judaic society of his time, or did he appeal to this basis against those who did not respect it? Accordingly, Destro and Pesce have sought to discern how Jesus met people, how he was physically involved in the crowds that came together and thronged around him, what the forms of association were that he preferred or with which he came into conflict. They have not resisted the temptation of shedding some light on his interior life, his emotions and feelings, a difficult, but not impossible task. Ultimately, they found themselves facing an astonishing figure and a lifestyle that is personal, radical, and alternative.
In the task of reconstructing the historical figure of Jesus, the Gospels of Mark, Luke, and Matthew and the Gospel of John are indispensable. But the so-called Jewish-Christian Gospels are also important: the Gospels of the Nazarenes, of the Hebrews, and of the Ebionites. The Gospel of Thomas, which is certainly extremely ancient in its first redaction, offers significant help, although its contents primarily concern the words of Jesus, which are not the principal object of Encounters with Jesus. Destro and Pesce draw on the seven authentic letters of Paul, especially on 1 Corinthians, Galatians, and 1 Thessalonians. Useful information and a stimulus to further analysis are offered by the Letter of James and the Didache, which transmit a sizable repertoire of words of Jesus and, in the case of the Didache, indications about the form of the Lord's Prayer, about the Eucharist, and about the eschatological expectations that were linked to Jesus. A work from the close of the first century, the Ascension of Isaiah, is important because it helps them understand the eschatological scenarios and the experiences of contact with the supernatural that were widespread among the first disciples. The Acts of the Apostles provides essential information about the refraction of Jesus' action by the various currents of followers who came into existence after his death.
Anthropology endeavors to uncover the strategies and the elements of challenge that characterize the world of human relationships. In this way, anthropology gives a voice, and a visibility to elements and situations that allow the reconstruction of an entire human and social order. They have chosen a methodology that interweaves different models and structures of anthropological analysis, looking at the places and the dislocation of persons, the domestic units, the phenomena of associations, and the distribution of the primary means of sustenance (from food to housing). They are interested above all in spatial and temporal dimensions (where and when Jesus worked); in his personal relationships, circumstances, and contacts (how he related within and outside kinship groups and how he dealt with the transactions of giving and receiving on which these groups were based); in his private and public roles and gestures (how he used his body, the itinerant life, the periods of isolation); and in his interior states (how he expressed his feelings).
The data that emerge from the earliest Christian sources are numerous, and their convergence allows them to reconstruct a sufficiently convincing image of the historical figure of Jesus. Although it often remains hypothetical, it possesses a significant degree of reliability. The primary need that moves them is the conviction that is possible even today to appeal to Jesus as an indispensable basis of our culture and our morality.
In Encounters with Jesus, Destro and Pesce maintain that Jesus practiced his traditional religion and was not the founder of a religious system different from that in which he was born. His lifestyle and his message, the movement that he created during his existence, were not a religion (a concept absent from the Judaism of his time). Rather, he invited people to change their behavior in order to bring about a profound renewal within the Judaic world in which he lived.
The figure of Jesus became detached totally from Judaic culture only at a time when the great majority of his followers were non-Judean. People lost sight of his human dimension when they began to regard him primarily as a divine being. His figure was transformed at that time from the authentic believer that he was into the figure of an innovator and reformer who was critical of his own culture. In this way, people began to lose their appreciation of his fidelity to God and of his expectation that God would intervene. It is from this time on that a wedge was inserted between the historical Jesus and the Jesus of the later churches.
Recent scholarship has provided numerous works that have opened up the discussion of the historical Jesus in fresh ways. In this exciting new work on Jesus, Destro and Pesce collaborate to investigate Jesus in terms of `lifestyle' or 'existential praxis' – that is, by examining Jesus' habitual actions that reveal the depths of his personality and intentions. They do this by looking at the concrete realities of Jesus' relationships – not only to other people, but to the land as well. They explore his commensality, his emotions, and his body in ways that bring new focus to old questions. Every reader will be rewarded by engaging the work of these two veteran interpreters. – K. C. Hanson, coauthor of Palestine in the Time of Jesus, 2nd ed.
Encounters with Jesus provides readers a compelling encounter with a bold, countercultural life. The result is a refreshing new look at the man who proved so significant – and so controversial – in Western culture.
Science & Mathematics / Earth Science / Environmental Studies / Law
Intellectual Property and Climate Change: Inventing Clean Technologies by Matthew Rimmer (Intellectual Property and the Environment Series: Edward Elgar)
Intellectual property has an ambivalent relationship with environmental protection and sustainable development. Yet patent law has an important role to play, both in encouraging research and development into clean technologies, and facilitating the transfer and diffusion of such technologies.
In the wake of the international summits in Copenhagen and Cancun, there is an urgent need to consider the role of intellectual property law in encouraging research, development, and diffusion of clean technologies to mitigate and adapt to the effects of climate change. Intellectual Property and Climate Change charts the patent landscapes and legal conflicts emerging in a range of fields of innovation – including renewable forms of energy, such as solar power, wind power, and geothermal energy; as well as biofuels, green chemistry, green vehicles, energy efficiency, and smart grids.
As well as reviewing key international treaties, Intellectual Property and Climate Change provides a detailed analysis of current trends in patent policy and administration in key nation states, and offers recommendations for law reform. It considers such options as technology transfer, compulsory licensing, public sector licensing, and patent pools; and analyses the development of Climate Innovation Centres, the Eco-Patent Commons, and environmental prizes, such as the L-Prize, the H-Prize, and the X-Prizes.
The book is part of the Intellectual Property and the Environment Series. This series, comprising both individual monographs and collaborative works, explores the interconnections and intersections between intellectual property, environmental law and climate change. Series and volume editor, Matthew Rimmer, an Australian Research Council Future Fellow, is associate professor, associate director of Research at the ANU College of Law, and associate director of the Australian Centre for Intellectual Property in Agriculture (ACIPA).
Intellectual Property and Climate Change charts the contemporary conflicts over intellectual property and clean technologies. This text is multi-layered, encompassing battles over international law; the policies and practices of national jurisdictions; and local instances of innovation and best practice. This approach is necessitated by the nature of the debate over intellectual property and climate change, which covers everything from Olympian discussions on treaty text to the gritty details of individual patent applications. This study has a particular focus upon United States patent law, policy, and practice with respect to clean technologies. It considers the various responses of key institutions, including the Obama administration; the United States Congress; the United States courts, particularly the Supreme Court of the United States, and the influential United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit; and the United States Patent and Trademark Office. It also considers the role of public and private research institutions, exemplified by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, and General Electric Inc. This research draws comparisons with other key developed nations, including members of the European Union; Australia; Canada; Japan; and the Republic of Korea. The book also pays a fair amount of attention to members of the BASIC group – Brazil, India, China, and South Africa. There is also a discussion of the situation of members of the G-77, least developed countries, and small island states.
Intellectual Property and Climate Change is part of a wider effort to develop a comprehensive discipline of climate law and policy. It seeks to extend the reach of climate law to include intellectual property law. It also tries to `green' intellectual property law – making it much more alert to and aware of cross-over issues pertaining to environmental law and climate law. The volume offers a critique and an extension of the theory of 'cultural environmentalism'. It also builds upon scholarship looking at the intersection between intellectual property law and environmental law. It considers the significant literature on technology transfer and sustainable development. This book maintains that intellectual property should not be ignored or neglected, marginalized or discounted in multilateral debates over climate change. It is essential that any future international agreement on climate change includes a comprehensive set of measures to address intellectual property and clean technologies.
The first part of Intellectual Property and Climate Change considers the international framework in respect of intellectual property and climate change. Chapter 1 considers the series of discussions on intellectual property and climate change in the context of international environmental law. Chapter 2 considers the relevance of the settings of the TRIPS Agreement 1994 to the debate over intellectual property and climate change. Chapter 3 considers the role of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in the debate over intellectual property and clean technologies. While there has been a discussion about access to knowledge and access to essential medicines, there needs to be further debate about intellectual property, development, and energy poverty.
The second part of Intellectual Property and Climate Change aims to provide a detailed account of patent law, policy and practice in relation to clean technologies. It considers the relevance of patent law to research, development, and commercialization of clean technologies. The research comparatively examines intellectual property jurisprudence in relation to clean technologies in the United States, the European Union, and Australia.
Chapter 4 focuses upon the institutional practices of key patent offices. It considers whether the fast-tracking mechanisms have been effective in encouraging research and development in respect of clean technologies. It also explores the development of green databases, and the creation of new classifications for clean technologies. Looking at a variety of jurisdictions, this chapter charts patent landscapes of key sectors – such as solar power, wind power, water power, geothermal energy, water filtration, energy efficiency inventions, green transportation, alternative fuels, and smart grids. The chapter examines whether there is scope for further reforms to patent administration, in order to improve the quality and quantity of patent applications relating to clean technologies.
Chapter 5 observes that, with great public and private investment into clean technologies, companies are increasingly involved in litigation over clean technologies. There have been patent battles over hybrid cars, solar photo-voltaic technologies; wind turbines; hydro and marine power; light emitting diodes technology; energy efficiency devices; and smart grids.
Chapter 6 considers the conflicted attitudes of the United States Government to patent law and compulsory licensing. It considers the bilateral collaboration and cooperation between the United States and China on matters of mutual concern, such as the United States-China Clean Energy Research Center. It also looks at proposals for research and development on clean technologies with India, and Australia.
The third part of Intellectual Property and Climate Change explores alternative forms of incentives for research, development and deployment – such as environmental prizes, open innovation, patent pools, and global environmental funds.
Chapter 7 considers public sector licensing – a measure discussed to overcome barriers to technology transfer during the Copenhagen negotiations. The chapter examines the use of the Bayh-Dole Act 1980 (US) as a mechanism to encourage the transfer of technology from universities and public sector research institutions to the private sector. It also considers the conflict over the ownership of public sector inventions, addressing the question of whether the duty to research involves a duty to invent. Finally, the chapter evaluates the model of Climate Innovation Centres, promoted by the United Kingdom Carbon Trust and India and adopted as a compromise option as part of the minimalist Copenhagen Accord 2009 and the Cancun Agreements 2010.
Chapter 8 explores experimentation with alternative models of research and development – such as patent pools, the `Eco-Patent Commons', and open innovation. This chapter examines and evaluates the adaptation of the Creative Commons licensing model to the field of scientific research in respect of clean technologies. The final section of the chapter examines the adoption of open source strategies to address climate change and global warming.
Drawing upon the theoretical work of Joseph Stiglitz, Chapter 9 considers alternative models of innovation. It explores the use of environmental prizes to stimulate research and development in respect of renewable energy and climate change adaptation and mitigation. The chapter considers the application of philanthropic prizes to promote activism on environmental and climate issues. Chapter 9 also surveys a range of commercial prizes designed to stimulate innovation in clean technologies.
An historically grounded study on a cutting-edge topic, Intellectual Property and Climate Change has it all. Not only is it well-written, concise, and hugely informative, it is also a timely intervention addressing truly global challenges. Quite simply, a must-read. – Eva Hemmungs Wirtén, Uppsala University, Sweden
Rimmer provides a much needed, well written, authoritative book on the intellectual property aspects of climate change, natural disasters, clean vehicles, and renewable energy. The book is essential reading for those wishing to better understand the complex patent issues involved with transitioning away from our current fossil-dominated economy to a more environmentally sustainable and equitable energy future. – Benjamin K. Sovacool, National University of Singapore
This detailed, multilayered volume is essential reading. Intellectual Property and Climate Change will have particular appeal to policymakers, given its focus upon recent legislative developments and reform proposals, as well as legal practitioners by developing a better understanding of recent legal, scientific, and business developments, and how they affect their practice. Innovators, scientists and researchers will also benefit from reading this book.
Social Sciences / Philosophy
Philosophy of Social Science, 4th edition by Alexander Rosenberg (Westview Press)
Philosophy is unavoidable for social scientists because the choices they make in answering questions in their disciplines force them to take sides on philosophical matters. Conversely, the social and behavior sciences must inform philosophers’ understanding of human action, norms, and social institutions.
Philosophy of Social Science, 4th edition, written by Alexander Rosenberg, R. Taylor Cole Professor of Philosophy at Duke University, provides an accessible introduction to the philosophical foundations of the human sciences, including economics, anthropology, sociology, political science, psychology, history, and the disciplines emerging at the intersections of these subjects with biology.
The fourth edition of Philosophy of Social Science retains an illuminating interpretation of the enduring relations between the social sciences and philosophy, and it has been revised and reorganized to better fit courses. This edition also includes three new chapters on philosophical anthropology, functionalism as a research program, and theories of cultural evolution, as well as enhanced discussions of the role of norms and speech acts in social construction in interpretive social science and a chapter on continental philosophers of social science.
According to Rosenberg, changes in the social sciences since the 1980s when the first edition was written, have brought along with them not so much changes in the philosophical questions they raise, but a new vocabulary with which to express the persistent philosophical questions that face the social scientist. This 4th edition reflects the new vocabulary of the human sciences, while continuing the previous editions' insistence that the problems social science faces are old wine in new bottles, but just as intellectually intoxicating as ever.
Readers of previous editions will find much new material on the role of models and equilibrium explanations in economics; new discussions of how speech acts create norms and thus construct social practices and institutions; treatment of the work of Foucault, Bourdieu, and Habermas as continuing a tradition that began with Hegel; the problem of spontaneous order in the creation of institutions; and the relationships of Rawls's moral theory to social research and Sen's capacity theory to the broad problem of how facts and values intersect.
As in previous editions, Rosenberg begins with an explanation of why philosophy is relevant to the human sciences, and then he explores the problems raised by alternative explanatory strategies of the human sciences. The thinking of many figures is sketched in Philosophy of Social Science, where it confronts fundamental problems of method and theory raised by the philosophy of science. The major departure from previous editions of this work is to be found in its organization. Having conceded priority to its role as a textbook, Rosenberg has reorganized this edition into fifteen chapters whose titles make clear exactly how they relate to the agenda of problems treated in a one-semester academic course.
Philosophy is a difficult subject to define, which makes it difficult to show social scientists why they should care about it – the philosophy of social science in particular. Chapter 1 provides a definition of philosophy that makes the subject inescapable for the social scientist. It shows that, whether as an economist or an anthropologist, one has to take sides on philosophical questions. At a minimum, social scientists need to recognize this fact about themselves. It is even better if the choices made are based on evidence and argument.
Philosophy deals with two sets of questions: first, questions that the sciences – physical, biological, social, behavioral – cannot answer now and perhaps may never be able to answer; second, questions about why the natural and social sciences cannot answer the first set of questions.
There is a powerful argument for this definition of philosophy in terms of its historical relationship with science. But each of these separated disciplines has left philosophy with a set of distinctive problems, issues the discipline cannot resolve, but must leave either permanently or at least temporarily for philosophy to deal with: Mathematics leaves philosophy questions like, What is a number? Physics leaves to philosophy questions like, What is time? There are other questions science appears to be unable to address – the fundamental questions of value, good and bad, rights and duties, justice and injustice – that ethics and political philosophy address. Questions about what ought to be the case, what we should do, and what is right and wrong, just and unjust are called normative. By contrast, questions in science are presumably descriptive or, as is sometimes said, positive, not normative. Many of the normative questions have close cousins in the social and behavioral sciences. Thus, psychology will interest itself in why individuals hold some actions to be right and others wrong; anthropology will consider the sources of differences among cultures about what is good and bad; political science may study the consequences of various policies established in the name of justice; economics will consider how to maximize welfare, subject to the normative assumption that welfare is what we ought to maximize. But the sciences – social or natural – do not challenge or defend the normative views we may hold.
In addition to normative questions that the sciences cannot answer, there are questions about the claims of each of the sciences to provide knowledge, or about the limits of scientific knowledge, that the sciences themselves cannot address. These are among the distinctive questions of the philosophy of science, including questions about what counts as knowledge, explanation, evidence, or understanding. The philosophy of science is that subdiscipline of philosophy devoted to addressing these questions. Being clear about a discipline's philosophy is essential because at the research frontiers of the disciplines, it is the philosophy of science that guides inquiry.
As Chapter 2 of Philosophy of Social Science argues, the unavoidability and importance of philosophical questions are even more significant for the social scientist than for the natural scientist. Chapter 2 outlines the alternative choices, bets, and wagers about the best way to proceed that face the social scientist. Whether these gambles really pay off will not be known during the lifetimes of the social scientists who bet their careers on them. Yet the choices must be justified by a theory, either one that argues for the appropriateness of the methods of natural science to the question the social scientist addresses, or one that explains why these methods are not appropriate and supplies an alternative. Such theories are our only reasonable basis for choosing methods of inquiry in the social sciences.
The traditional questions of the philosophy of social science reflect the importance of the choice among these philosophical theories. Philosophy of Social Science examines almost all of those questions at length. By contrast with this approach to social science, which very self-consciously takes its inspiration from the natural sciences, there are disciplines that make the meaning and intelligibility of human affairs central to their explanations. These social scientists (and the philosophers who embrace their aims and methods as the right way to proceed) contrast their commitment to understanding with demands for prediction. They are indifferent or hostile to the notion that their disciplines should provide predictive knowledge about individuals or groups. Chapters 7 and 8 look at this approach.
Chapters 8 through 10 turn to questions about whether the primary explanatory factors in social science should be large groups of people such as social classes or communities and their properties – or whether explanations must begin with the choices of individual, often ‘rational’ human agents, as contemporary economists and some political scientists argue. The differences between the various social sciences, especially economics and sociology, on this point are so abstract and general that they have long concerned philosophers.
Problems of functionalism, holism, and individualism are exacerbated by the ever-increasing influence of biological science, and especially Darwin's theory of natural selection, on all the social and behavioral sciences. This is the subject of Chapters 11 and 12, which report on several lively debates at the intersection of biology and the social sciences and their philosophies.
Chapters 13 and 14 turn to the relation between the social sciences and moral philosophy. It examines whether we can expect the social sciences themselves to answer questions about what is right or fair or just or good. We must also examine the question of whether there are morally imposed limits to legitimate inquiry in the social sciences.
Finally, Chapter 15 in Philosophy of Social Science shows why the immediate choices that social scientists make in conducting their inquiry commit them to taking sides on the most profound and perennial questions of philosophy. If this is right, then no social scientist can afford to ignore the philosophy of social science or any other compartment of philosophy.
Once again, Alexander Rosenberg has set the bar for books on the philosophy of social science. An outstanding introduction, even for those who are already in the discipline. – James Bohman, Saint Louis University
This was already a very useful book for teaching philosophy of social science. It covers many important topics in an engaging way. This edition is even better, with interesting new material and a reorganization with pedagogy in mind. It will make for a great course in philosophy of social science. – Harold Kincaid, University of Cape Town
Ever since the first edition of Alexander Rosenberg’s Philosophy of Social Science appeared in 1988, it has been indispensable for anyone teaching the subject at all levels from absolute beginners on. Each new edition has been still more indispensable as a teaching aid, but also as a source of new ideas and insights about changes in the philosophy of science and in the social sciences themselves. This new edition preserves the freshness and liveliness of the first edition, and has added new depths of reflectiveness and a wider range of reference without any loss of the sprightliness and lucidity that readers have treasured for twenty-four years. It is a very considerable achievement. – Alan Ryan, Princeton University
This 4th edition of the popular Philosophy of Social Science has been thoroughly revised and reorganized. As before, it is a tightly argued yet accessible introduction. Veteran readers will find the prose generally clearer, since the writing of each edition reflects less and less patience with longer and longer sentences.
Social Sciences / Psychology & Counseling
Dark Traces of the Past: Psychoanalysis and Historical Thinking edited by Jürgen Straub and Jörn Rüsen (Making Sense of History Series: Berghahn Books)
The relationship between historical studies and psychoanalysis remains an open debate that is full of tension, in both a positive and negative sense. In particular the following question has not been answered satisfactorily: what distinguishes a psychoanalytical-oriented study of historical realities from a historical psychoanalysis? Skepticism and fear of collaboration dominate on both sides.
Initiating a productive dialogue between historical studies and psychoanalysis seems to be plagued by ignorance, and at times, a sense of helplessness. Interdisciplinary collaborations are rare. Empirical research, formulation of theory, and the development of methods are essentially carried out within the conventional disciplinary boundaries. Dark Traces of the Past undertakes to overcome these limitations by combining psychoanalytical and historical perspectives, by exploring the underlying ‘unconscious’ dimensions and by informing academic and nonacademic forms of historical memory. It puts special emphasis on transgenerational forms of remembrance, on the notion of trauma as a key concept in this field, and on case studies that point the way to further research.
Editors are Jurgen Straub, Professor at the Ruhr University Bochum, Faculty of Social Science, Chair for Social Theory and Social Psychology, formerly Professor of Intercultural Communication at the Chemnitz University of Technology, research director and member of the management committee at the Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities Essen and Jorn Rusen, Professor emeritus of General History and Historical Culture at the University of Witten/Herdecke (Germany) and Senior Fellow of the Institute for Advanced Study in the Humanities at Essen.
Contents of Dark Traces of the Past include:
Part I. The Construction of Memory and Historical Consciousness
Part II. Shoah: The Chain of Generations
Part III. Case Studies in Psychoanalysis and Literary Critics
Critical judgments have not remained unchallenged within historical studies; however, most of the representatives of the field are still in agreement with these negative assessments. Recent efforts have been aimed at developing a foundation for a psychoanalysis-based branch of historical studies that is both practical and theoretical in its application and backed by empirical evidence. These attempts have not been successful in modifying these assessments, which reinforces the demand for a closer collaboration between history and psychoanalysis.
This is especially true regarding theoretical considerations and empirical studies in the field of Holocaust research. Studies made of the conditions, praxis, and transgenerational effects of the Nazi extermination of European Jews raise additional questions alongside the numerous psychological ones. Psychoanalytical theory would then appear to be of indispensable benefit to the investigators of these questions. This is equally true for other aspects of this period and its legacy. Several of the treatises collected in Dark Traces of the Past not only refer to relevant empirical research but are based on such investigations or reflect the results thereof. This is not the only subject through which the proponents of historical psychoanalytical theory have attempted to prove its worth during the last two and a half decades; in the meantime it has undergone further theoretical and practical refinements that set it apart as a unique discipline. Almost all of the contributions in Dark Traces of the Past expertly demonstrate this trend, but due to the limitations of space they consider only selected aspects of the constantly branching areas of psychoanalytical theory.
The essays collected in Dark Traces of the Past demonstrate in different ways that whoever perceives the dangers and difficulties still does not have to see sufficient reasons therein to disconnect from psychoanalysis as completely as has been the case to date. Almost all of the criticisms given can be dealt with. The potentials of psychoanalysis in the field of historical research appear to be in the most rudimentary stages of utility, and indeed, these potentials have not even been sufficiently defined. Wehler's assessment can be considered out of date, as in the meantime various developments and trends in psychoanalytical research have emerged, apparently indicating the advisability of a redefinition of the relationship between history and psychoanalysis. The contributions to Dark Traces of the Past substantiate this, though they do not aspire to cover the whole spectrum of historical psychoanalysis.
Straub and Rusen designate some of the questions and research perspectives that are relevant to historical studies, and for which psychoanalysis is of importance. Without claiming to be complete, the following possibilities can be distinguished with the intention to systematize how psychoanalysis and historical studies could perhaps begin a dialogue and actually establish a functioning research collaboration.
Psychoanalysis elucidates the causative motives of historical agents.
Along with those individuals ‘making’ history, psychoanalysis is also interested in those who experienced history as suffering that determined (nolens volens) their own thought, emotion, desire, and action, at least as an experiential background.
History is of interest to the psychoanalyst not only as a psychically meaningful phenomenon, but also as a specific method (imaginative, cognitive, or linguistic) of constructing and representing reality.
It is not intrinsically human to represent historical realities, to attempt to understand oneself and others in the light of historical experiences, and to thereby gain an orientation for ones own thoughts and actions. Nevertheless, especially in our modern Western culture, it is an empirical fact that decisively influences the actual self-image and worldview of at least the majority of people.
When we consider historical-narrative competence as the ability to construct and represent reality in a specific manner, it is self-evident that we are not only speaking about an ability belonging to the everyday, common world that is acquired by the members of various cultures and that they rely upon in order to orient themselves in their everyday lives. We are ultimately discussing the very ability utilized by historians making ‘history’ out of events understood as the construction of meaning or as a representation of temporal processes.
Besides analyzing and uncovering situations, psychoanalysis could also be implemented in the professional work of historians as a reflexive method to control subconscious forces.
Finally, an oft-mentioned observation remains to be made that history and psychoanalysis both operate as ‘thought of the times.’ Even if this thinking is quite different in the details of many aspects, there are obvious common characteristics suggesting a dialogue about pertinent basic theoretical terms.
Contrary to the functions ordinarily focused upon, Dark Traces of the Past opens a considerably expanded scope of functions for psychoanalytically oriented historical studies, designating potentials of psychoanalysis that historical research and historiography will not be able to ignore at length without disadvantage.
Fabric-by-Fabric One-Yard Wonders: 101 Sewing Projects Using Cottons, Knits, Voiles, Corduroy, Fleece, Flannel, Home Dec, Oilcloth, Wool, and Beyond by Rebecca Yaker and Patricia Hoskins (Storey Publishing)