Contents this page:
Plains Indian Art: The Pioneering Work of John C. Ewers edited by Jane Ewers Robinson, with an introduction by Evan M. Maurer (Charles M. Russell Center Series on Art and Photography of the American West, Volume 8: University of Oklahoma Press)
Institutes of Divine Jurisprudence, with Selections from Foundations of the Law of Nature and Nations (Natural Law Paper) by Christian Thomasius, edited, translated, and with an introduction by Thomas Ahnert, with general editor Knud Haakonssen (Natural Law and Enlightenment Classics Series: Liberty Fund, Inc.)
Arts & Photography /Business & Investing
The Profitable Artist: A Handbook for All Artists in the Performing, Literary, and Visual Arts by Artspire (Allworth Press)
While all art is unique, the challenges
artists face are shared regardless of background, experience, and
artistic medium. With decades of experience training and helping
artists, the expert staff of the New York Foundation for the Arts
(NYFA) have compiled a ‘best practices’ approach to planning and
organizing an art career. In
The Profitable Artist, NYFA has identified common problems,
examined specialized areas of business, finance, marketing, and law,
and distilled these topics in such a way that readers can digest
them and apply them to their own experience and practice.
Included are interviews, anecdotes, and in-depth case studies. The skills and guidelines in The Profitable Artist will also translate to teaching and mentoring opportunities that artists may encounter as their career progresses.
The authorship is shared by Artspire.org, an online community that supports the needs of artists and arts enthusiasts, a program of the New York Foundation for the Arts, which has been providing essential services to artists in all disciplines since 1971, which brings an authority and legitimacy unmatched by any single author.
The purpose of The Profitable Artist is to demystify the business of being an artist and to provide a structured framework of information that will help readers move toward profitability, stability, and/or sustainability. It boils down to having an awareness – and working knowledge – of practical business information in five main topic areas: strategic planning, financial management, legal rights and obligations, marketing, and fundraising. These are learnable skills, quite different from the innate and inimitable talent that they possess as an artist.
The Profitable Artist aims to bridge the gap between what artists know now – their fundamental skill-set – and the day-to-day practicalities of running a business in the arts. To help eliminate that gap and get the most out of the book, the authors have created the "Artist's Road Map." NYFA recognizes that it is impossible to create a ‘one size fits all’ document that will take readers through every step of their career. With the Artist's Road Map they give readers a series of targeted questions that, if answered thoroughly and realistically, will put them in a position to achieve their professional goals as an artist.
The Artist's Road Map tracks the five broad topic areas of strategic planning, financial management, legal rights and obligations, marketing, and fundraising. Each of these sections is in turn broken down into a series of specific questions. By probing each of these topics and exploring their relationship to their art, readers will understand what they need to know to make informed decisions on the direction of their careers and the viability of a particular project or strategy. The Artist's Road Map is intended both to be a standalone document and a companion to The Profitable Artist. Where a question is addressed by a section of the book, the authors provide a reference to the relevant chapter or section.
Many books that deal with professional development for artists focus on a single discipline or even a single medium. The Profitable Artist focuses instead on all artists and art forms because the authors believe that artists share more similarities than differences when it comes to their professional development needs. While the authors cannot possibly cover all of the major topic areas in a few chapters, they can help artists become more aware of the environment in which their business operates. The book covers the basics and gives direction in exploring individual topics in greater depth.
The Profitable Artist is an invaluable resource and guide for any artist who seeks information on the business aspects of becoming a success. – Charles C. Bergman, Chairman & CEO, The Pollock-Krasner Foundation
If your dreams are as big as your talent, The Profitable Artist is the how-to book of entrepreneurial thinking and practical advice that will help get your work seen, heard, or read! – Barbaralee Diamonstein-Spielvogel, author of The Landmarks of New York; Vice-Chair, New York State Council on the Arts
Finally, a comprehensive resource that guides artists to crucial information that supports their entrepreneurial spirit. – Dr. David Schroeder, Director of Jazz Studies, NYU Steinhardt
The Profitable Artist is an essential how-to guide – this guide appeals to all artists in all disciplines of the literary, media, performing, and visual arts, from recent art school graduates to established artists undertaking new arts businesses to artists seeking more from their careers at any stage of their career.
Arts & Photography / History & Criticism
Plains Indian Art: The Pioneering Work of John C. Ewers edited by Jane Ewers Robinson, with an introduction by Evan M. Maurer (Charles M. Russell Center Series on Art and Photography of the American West, Volume 8: University of Oklahoma Press)
For almost three-quarters of a century, the study of Plains Indian art has been shaped by the expertise, wisdom, leadership of John Canfield Ewers (1909–97). Based on years of field research with Native Americans, careful scholarship, and exhaustive firsthand studies of museum collections around the world, Ewers’s publications have long been required reading for anyone interested in the cultures of the Plains peoples, especially their visual art traditions. Plains Indian Art presents studies first published in American Indian Art Magazine and other periodicals between 1968 and 1992. Tracing the history of the pictorial art of Plains peoples from images on rock surfaces to the walls of modern museums, the essays reflect the principal interests of this pioneering scholar of ethnohistory, who was himself a talented artist: the depiction of tribal life and ritual, individual war honors, and aspects of sacred power basic to traditional Plains cultures.
Plains Indian Art is Volume 8 in the Charles M. Russell Center series on Art and Photography of the American West. Ewers served as Director of what is now the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History and was Ethnologist Emeritus with the Smithsonian. Jane Ewers Robinson, John C. Ewers's daughter who brought the volume to completion, is retired as a program analyst for the U.S. Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement.
The essays in Plains Indian Art trace the history of the pictorial art of Plains peoples from images on rock surfaces to the walls of modern museums, and offer insight into the graphic records of the Plains Indians. They also showcase this pioneering ethnohistorian's visual acuity, which stemmed in part from his own talent and training as an artist, and reflect his principal interests: the depiction of tribal life and ritual, individual war honors, and aspects of sacred power basic to the traditional lives of Plains peoples. Subjects include images and cults devoted to the weasel, the bear, the antelope, Spanish cattle, and other powerful natural entities, as well as such spiritual beings as the water monster.
Chapters are devoted to particular tribal arts – Blackfeet picture writing and Assiniboin antelope-horn headdresses, for example – as well as the work of particular artists, such as the effigy pipes made by a Sioux master carver whose identity is still unknown. A lifelong personal friend of many Plains Indians, Ewers was an early proponent of the importance of recognizing individual Native American artists rather than simply looking at all tribal art as generic cultural products. Ewers also traces interactions between Plains Indian artists and Euro-American artists and anthropologists, from the great Mandan chief Four Bears, who befriended the visiting artists George Catlin and Karl Bodmer in the early 1830s, to Ewers's own relationships with Blackfoot artists Victor Pepion and Calvin Boy.
Ewers's long career linked him to most of the anthropologists who began the study of American Indian cultures in the nineteenth century. Available for the first time in book form, the influential cultural and historical studies collected in Plains Indian Art – together with all 140 illustrations that Ewers selected for them, including many in full color – remain vital to our understanding of the Native peoples of the Great Plains.
During the half-century between the appearance of his two landmark volumes, Ewers published a host of articles on more specific aspects of Indian society – blending studies of art, history, and culture, exploring visual forms and their cultural significance. Scattered among numerous journals and edited volumes, many of these essays have become well-thumbed classics, while others have been difficult to locate and are less well known. In the last years of his life, Ewers began drawing together in book form selections from these previously published articles. The first volume in that effort, Plains Indian History and Culture: Essays on Continuity and Change (1997), was an assemblage of articles focused on Indian history, several of which drew upon art as a primary source of information. This volume, Plains Indian Art, presents articles that he chose as being particularly illustrative of the Plains art traditions that fascinated him throughout his lengthy career.
While the range of materials presented in Plains Indian Art is broad, certain themes emerge. Ewers's early interest in graphic art and his later studies of sculptural forms suffuse the volume. Within these broad media, he was especially drawn to representational forms, exploring their linkage to cultural concepts, whether about weasels or white men. Another interest evident throughout the collected articles is his attention to individuals, both artists and collectors, who had a role in shaping our knowledge of Plains Indian art. A third theme that emerges in his writing is his concern to bring it up to date, following historical antecedents into the present, acknowledging the connections between Plains Indian art of the past and the present.
Plains Indian Art is the vividly and lavishly illustrated collection of Ewers’s writings, the renowned ethnohistorian's seminal essays.
Business & Investing / Computers & Internet / Web Marketing
The Social Wave: Why Your Business is Wiping Out with Social Media and How to Fix It by Starr Hall (Entrepreneur Press)
It wasn't more than a decade ago when businesses large and small were investing hundreds, even thousands, of dollars in advertising and paying people a lot of money to write powerful marketing copy for their campaigns. Now businesses are starting to invest not only their money but their time in a new form of marketing ... social media. However, most businesses have no idea what they are doing with this new form of marketing, let alone how to make this marketing vehicle work in growing their brand exposure and ultimately drive sales. The Social Wave aims to solve these problems and guide readers – business owners, marketing directors, brand managers, entrepreneurs – in how to utilize quick, easy strategies about online marketing and social media, and how to avoid what just doesn't work.
Presenting a dynamic look beyond status updates, daily tweets, and weekly posts, social media strategist Starr Hall, international publicist and marketing expert, helps readers to break out of their social media comfort zone.
The Social Wave includes:
Hall’s first book, Get Connected: The Social Networking Toolkit for Business, was created to highlight the basics of social networking and online marketing, along with a few get-started strategies to get readers better results right away. In The Social Wave, Hall shares her journey, mistakes, suggestions, hair-pulling-out social interactions, successes, and challenges. She shares stories from studies, surveys, and a few friends that have been successful online with their efforts. She advises readers to consider all approaches, suggestions, and resources to help them grow their business and take it to a higher level.
More than five years ago, Hall says she started to notice a shift in the communications industry when dealing with the media as they were moving to less phone pick-up and more email answering. As she began to move her own communications online, she noticed conversations forming and, more importantly, how easy it was to contact decision makers, and movers and shakers – and get almost instant media coverage for clients and herself. This online world was moving at a speedboat pace. She dug into it and learned all she could and continued to become a part of the conversations more and more every single day.
As she began to move online and get more involved, she met thousands of important people in a matter of months. She noticed very quickly that a lot of people within her center of influence were not embracing this new movement. In fact, they were ignoring it, some even running from it. She could not understand why businesses and entrepreneurs were not embracing this change (or what some people are referring to as a shift), because their consumers sure weren’t.
Businesses are now trying to buy a boat, jump in it, and steer it in a thousand different directions with no chart, no compass, no real destination, and more importantly no basic understanding about how this online social ocean even works. Some businesses are throwing thousands, even millions, of dollars at social media and online marketing. When doing this, there is one key point that is missed: money alone cannot buy a space in this place online. A transparent voice, however, can start a movement and become viral, which in turn can build some pretty amazing relationships with a focused market. Hiring people, agencies, or younger-generation family members to be the voice for a brand because they happen to understand the technology in itself is not necessarily a problem. However, when readers have no idea what their voice is online and they are not using it to engage with people, or just talking to be present on a social site, then they are completely missing the point.
In the book Halls digs into readers’ branding and image because these are key foundation items a majority of businesses seem to be missing completely. These areas need to be looked at in depth before readers even consider boosting their social media and online marketing efforts. And lastly, readers need to decide who in the heck is going to manage their marketing actions and journey online, as well as what they are budgeting to make this ongoing. Halls sets her goal in The Social Wave to teach readers a minimum of five new things that they have not yet tried to expand the growth, exposure, and revenue of the business.
If you want to learn active, proper social media strategies without the noise, this is the book that filters the best ways to successful metrics. Period. – Charlie Walk, former president of Sony/Epic
Starr Hall provides the key insights for understanding the relevance and necessity of this new dynamic of basic existence – social media; like a handbook for the caveman to understand the power of fire. – Wes Stevens, CEO of VOX Inc., a lifestyle and social media agency and production company
The Social Wave is brilliant and insightful and gave me even more information on how to connect with the masses. Quite honestly, I love it! – Jill Zarin, The Real Housewives of New York, Entrepreneur, Philanthropist
Coached by Starr, readers of The Social Wave learn how to stay on top of the rising swell and ride today’s social media wave.
Business & Investing / Economics
Money in a Free Society: Keynes, Friedman, and the New Crisis in Capitalism by Tim Congdon (Encounter Books)
In the 15 years to mid-2007 the world economy
enjoyed unparalleled stability (the so-called ‘Great Moderation’),
with steady growth and low inflation. But the period since mid-2007
(‘the Great Recession’) has seen the worst macroeconomic turmoil
since the 1930s. A dramatic plunge in trade, output and employment
in late 2008 and 2009 has been followed by an unconvincing recovery.
How is the lurch from stability to instability to be explained? What
are the intellectual origins of the policy mistakes that led to the
Great Recession? What theories motivated policies in the US and
other leading nations? Which ideas about economic policy have proved
right? And which have been wrong?
Money in a Free Society contains 18 essays on these questions from Tim Congdon, an influential economic adviser to the Thatcher government in the UK and one of the world’s leading monetary commentators. Congdon argues that academic economists and policy-makers have betrayed the intellectual legacy of both Maynard Keynes and Milton Friedman.
These two great economists believed – if in somewhat different ways – in the need for steady growth in the quantity of money. But Keynes has been misunderstood as advocating big rises in public spending and large budget deficits as the only way to defeat recession. That has led under President Obama to an unsustainable explosion in American public debt.
Meanwhile the Fed has allowed extreme volatility in the rate of money growth since 2006, forgetting Milton Friedman's central message that the quantity of money should grow at roughly the same rate year after year. In Money in a Free Society Congdon calls for a return to stable money, and a better understanding of both Keynes and Friedman.
Congdon is an economist and businessman, who has for over 30 years been a strong advocate of sound money and free markets. He is often regarded as the UK's leading ‘monetarist’ economist. He was a member of the UK's Treasury Panel of Independent Forecasters (the so-called ‘wise men’) between 1992 and 1997, which advised the Chancellor of the Exchequer in a successful period for British economic policy.
Tim Congdon offers a comprehensive and refreshing monetary analysis of the recent economic shocks. He rejects the notion that the global financial crisis of 2008–10 undermines the legitimacy of the capitalist economic system. Congdon analyzes the shortcomings of old Keynesian and neo-Keynesian thought in defining the crisis. Borrowing from Milton Friedman, he instead emphasizes the role of banks in producing a contraction of money and credit. He criticizes the economics profession for failing to understand these relationships, and attacks policy-makers for magnifying the crisis by imposing higher capital ratios on the banks at a time when credit was already declining. There have been many books published about the recent financial crisis, but Congdon's is the one that clearly defines the role of monetary policy and bank regulation as driving forces in the Great Recession of 2008-10. – David Hale, Chicago-based economist
Prof. Tim Congdon, one of the world's most eminent monetarists, employs his multiple talents and experience – as a first-rate scholar, market economist, and financial journalist – to unravel the mysteries of modern money and banking systems. His most careful attention to the arguments proffered in the great canonical works and debates of the past is unmatched. This, coupled with his mastery of the tricky intricacies of modern money, will ensure that readers of Money in a Free Society are richly rewarded. Among other things, they will learn that Nobelist Paul Krugman and the chairman of the Federal Reserve, Ben S. Bernanke, have a tenuous grasp on both economic theory and reality, rendering their analyses of the current crisis wrong and/or irrelevant. – Steve H. Hanke, Professor of Applied Economics, The Johns Hopkins University
The provocative essays in Money in a Free Society give readers a lot to think about.
Children’s / Holidays & Celebrations / Christmas
Follow the Star: A Christmas Pop-Up Journey by Andy Mansfield (Chronicle Children’s Books)
Young readers open Follow the Star and celebrate the meaning of Christmas.
The beautiful diorama-style format invites readers to follow the star that shines every year during this special season, all over the world, in our homes and hearts.
Lyrical words describe how the Star of Bethlehem lit the sky over the first Christmas, and how it shines still today: as families gather, as gifts are given, as we celebrate our love for one another, and as we wish for peace and joy for the world.
The book consists of six mostly white, cut-out pop-up pages, starkly elegant. Follow the Star will make a fine economical gift for the children on one’s Christmas list.
Cooking, Food & Wine
Magical Meals Made Easy by Stephanie Ashcraft, Donna Kelly and Toni Patrick (Gibbs Smith)
Whether readers are new to cooking or they've been slaving in the kitchen for years, Magical Meals Made Easy provides them with 400 foolproof recipes for successfully putting dinner on the table. These recipes by three experienced cookbook authors are easy to prepare with simple, step-by-step instructions and basic ingredients found at the local supermarket.
With these ‘magical ingredients’ in one’s kitchen, readers can whip up favorites like pizza, lasagna, chili, casseroles, pasta, meat loaf, stew, and salad. They can delight their family with classics like Broccoli Beef Stir-Fry, Classic Tuna Noodle Casserole, Chicken Parmesan, Beef Pot Pie, or Maryland Crab Cakes. Or, they can try something new such as Weeknight Bistro Chicken, Greek Chicken Pasta, Fall Cranberry Wrap, and Sesame Hot Dogs.
How about Grilled Potatoes, Mushrooms, and Onion; Squash Cornbread Casserole; World's Best Baked Beans; or Classic Green Bean Bake? If readers are looking for breakfast or brunch ideas, they can try Blueberry Monkey Bread, Cheesy Egg and Sausage Casserole, or Ham and Asparagus Rolls. And they can impress family and friends with Sweet Potato Pie, Chocolate Oatmeal Bars, Caramel Biscuit Bites, and Tomato Soup Cake, to name a few.
Keeping these four common ingredients – canned soup, macaroni and cheese, refrigerated biscuits, and frozen meatballs – in the pantry, fridge, or freezer arms readers to prepare a slew of dishes (101 each to be exact!) such as soups, salads, casseroles, stews, burgers, chilies, pastas, breads, pies, cookies, and cakes. When choosing a meal, readers select one of these four key ingredients, then see what other ingredients they have on hand (or what they are in the mood for). Then they can flip through the pages of Magical Meals Made Easy to find the perfect recipe. Or they can go to the mini table of contents at the beginning of each chapter, where they will find a listing of recipes by category.
Any brand will work in these recipes, whether top name, off-brand, or generic. The book encourages readers to vary some of the recipes. They can each for classic mac-and-cheese with elbow pasta, or change it up with shells, spirals, or even whole wheat pasta. Many soups can be used interchangeably, particularly cream of mushroom, cream of celery, cream of broccoli, and cream of chicken. Meatballs come in a variety of flavors. Original (sometimes called home style), Italian, Swedish, and cheese are the most common ones. Readers can try them all and pick their favorite. When it comes to biscuits, the authors suggest selecting a package that's closest in size to the one called for in the ingredient list. Should they need regular biscuits and only have the extra-large ones, they can cut them in half or in quarters.
Designed to please the whole family, these recipes are the answer to "What's for dinner?" When time is of the essence, but a home-cooked meal is desired, Magical Meals Made Easy comes to the rescue. It's a must for the home cook library.
Cooking, Food & Wine / History
Lost Restaurants of New Orleans by Peggy Laborde and Tom Fitzmorris (Pelican Publishing)
FFrom Café de Réfugiés, the city's first eatery that later became Antoine's, to Toney's Spaghetti House and Houlihan's, Lost Restaurants of New Orleans/a> recalls restaurants from New Orleans' past. Period photographs provide a glimpse into the history of New Orleans' famous and culturally diverse culinary scene. Recipes offer readers a chance to try the dishes once served.
From bistros, cafes, and casual diners to hotel restaurants, this pictorial collection celebrates some of the most memorable former eateries in New Orleans. Authors Peggy Scott Laborde and Tom Fitzmorris provide a historical overview of each place and reminisce about what made it special, while describing a number of the dishes once served. Lost Restaurants of New Orleans recalls the vast pancake menu and kitschy cowboy décor from Buck Forty-Nine Pancake and Steak House, the trout LaFreniere made by La Louisiane's Diamond Jim Moran, the Caribbean Room's romantic ambience and signature dessert – the mile-high ice cream pie – and the flaming cocktails and shrimp on skewers from Bali Ha'i at the Beach, along with portraits of many more establishments. By including such recipes as Lakeview Seafood's Oyster Boat, T. Pittari's Crab Bisque, and Bistro Steak Room's Eggs Bitoun throughout Lost Restaurants of New Orleans, Laborde and Fitzmorris invite readers to sample the menu items. In addition to anecdotes from the authors, such notable New Orleanians as the Batt brothers and JoAnn Clevenger, the owner of Upperline Restaurant, share their personal experiences. Period photographs provide a glimpse into the city's rich culinary past.
Award-winning Laborde is the producer and host of Steppin' Out, which airs on WYES-TV in New Orleans and Fitzmorris is a food writer and the radio host of the Food Show, a Certified Culinary Professional from the International Association of Culinary Professionals.
From the roast beef poor boys at Acy's Pool Hall, to enchiladas with fresh ranchero sauce at Castillo's, and pancakes of many varieties at Bucky Forty-Nine, Lost Restaurants of New Orleans takes a bite out of New Orleans' legendary dining scene. Laborde and Fitzmorris reminisce about some of the best former eateries from around the city. Food critic Fitzmorris rates each restaurant on a five-star scale.
This pictorial treasure trove of information offers the history behind Gluck's, the French Quarter restaurant where Tennessee Williams worked as a waiter; and Kolb's, one of the only restaurants specializing in German cuisine.
Such recipes as Shrimp Toast from Dragon's Garden, Stuffed Macaroni from Toney's Pizza & Spaghetti House, Maylie's Turtle Soup, and Christian's Oyster Roland fill the pages of Lost Restaurants of New Orleans. Recollections from well known locals and photographs allow readers to visualize New Orleans' famous and old-time culinary scene.
Full of period photographs and more than forty recipes, this treasure celebrates the New Orleans culinary scene at its best.
Entertainment / Music / History & Criticism / Biographies & Indexes
The Thematic Catalogue of Troubadour and Trouvère Melodies by Donna Mayer-Martin, with Dorothy Keyser (Thematic Catalogues Series, No. 18: Pendragon Press)
The Thematic Catalogue of Troubadour and Trouvère Melodies is the product of inventories of all manuscripts containing music of the troubadours and trouvères. Melodic incipits of extant melodies are presented in intervallic order, and each incipit is provided with cross-references to appearances of the same or related melodies found in other manuscript sources. Specific references to appropriate philological handbooks also are listed with each melody. The indices include cross-reference tables for the melodies with text handbooks, including those by Pillet-Carstens, Raynaud-Spanke, and Linker. A second series of indices presents the order of appearance of melodies within the individual manuscripts. Introductory materials provide descriptions of each of the manuscripts, or chansonniers, its contents, and its relationships to the other collections. An in-depth bibliography related to the study of the chansonniers concludes the introductory materials.
When musicologist Donna Mayer-Martin of Southern Methodist University died in 2009, she left unfinished what was to be her master work: The Thematic Catalogue of Troubadour and Trouvère Melodies. This was created to fill a longstanding lacuna in troubadour/trouvere research: a catalogue whose emphasis was on the melodies, rather than the texts. The songs catalogued are those that survive with melodies. Each entry includes a musical incipit, and the catalogue itself is sorted on the intervals of the melodies.
Mayer-Martin was involved in the study of medieval song throughout her professional career, serving as music editor for Medieval Germany; An Encyclopedia. She transcribed almost 4500 melodic occurrences, and matched each with the corresponding information in the text catalogues, identifying composers, manuscript concordances, and other relationships between manuscripts to create the catalogue entries. Dorothy Keyser joined the project in 1992, as a Ph.D. student in musicology at the University of North Texas. Keyser created the incipits in Finale, and did most of the input. She sorted the melodies on their incipits by inputting the melodies as a series of intervals expressed in semitones. And she completed the catalogue after Mayer-Martin’s death.
The troubadours began in the Languedoc, in Southern France. They wrote their poetry in Provencal, the longue d'oc. They flourished from the middle of the twelfth century to the time of the Albigensian Crusade (1209-1229), which targeted nobles of the Languedoc who had ties to the Cathar heresy. The troubadours, whose Provencal poetry and ‘courtly love’ philosophy were associated with the Cathars, were also targeted. Many of them emigrated, finding homes in England, Germany and Portugal, among others.
The trouveres, who wrote in Old French, appeared somewhat later than the troubadours. Their geographical area was Northern France. The early trouveres, like the troubadours, were associated with the nobility, but later trouveres included a significant number of bourgeois who organized into guilds or puys.
The poetic traditions of the courtly lyric cannot be traced any further back than William of Aquitaine, but it is generally supposed to be the inheritor of an existing oral tradition, influenced in form and content by the Crusaders' contact with Arabic poetry and music. The origin of the music is even more enigmatic. There are two repertoires that are posited as precursors for the music of secular monophony: plainsong, and the chanson de geste, a secular tradition of epic poetry sung, at least partially, in performance. Since oral traditions leave no trace, they can seem less important. No musical remnants of the chansons de geste, the other contemporary tradition, have survived. Research suggests that they were performed to reciting formulae, similar in function to the Psalm Tones.
The workshops where the manuscripts of the troubadours and trouveres were created were not monastic scriptoria, but rather secular ateliers. Both William IX of Aquitaine and Chretien de Troyes were long dead by the time the manuscripts were produced; a gap of 150 to 200 years separates the early poet-composers from the written record of their songs.
Through the intervening years, the poems and music were preserved in a robust oral tradition. While oral traditions can be powerful engines of preservation, they are vulnerable to individual memories and tastes. The material most likely to survive comprises beginnings (text and musical incipits), endings (cadences, rhymes), general content, and poetic structure. These characteristics of oral transmission can often be observed in comparing variants of troubadour and trouvere songs, both texts and music.
In the troubadour repertoire, of some 36 surviving chansonniers (‘songbooks’) only four include melodies. About 2600 lyrics have survived, but only 318 melodies. For the trouveres, about 2200 lyrics have survived in about 24 manuscripts, with 4128 extant melodic instances.
The Thematic Catalogue of Troubadour and Trouvère Melodies facilitates research in two ways:
The troubadour and trouvere repertoires are separated in order to prevent confusion of sigla. Each section contains four types of indices: an alphabetic index of composers and their melodies, an alphabetic index of melodies by title, an index of contents of each manuscript in manuscript order with folio numbers, and indices cross-referencing M-M numbers with the numbers given in the text catalogues. Catalogue entries can therefore be accessed in five ways:
1) by the intervals of the melody.
2) by composer.
3) by title.
4) by manuscript position.
5) by cross-referencing the numbers given by the authors of the text catalogues.
The Thematic Catalogue of Troubadour and Trouvère Melodies is an invaluable resource for scholars and performers working with the medieval monophonic lyric and related polyphonic repertoires such as the ars antiqua motet.
Health, Mind & Body / Exercise & Fitness
Fitness Education for Children, 2nd Edition: A Team Approach by Stephen J. Virgilio (Human Kinetics)
IIn the latest edition of his book Fitness Education for Children/a>, Stephen Virgilio, professor of physical education at Adelphi University in Garden City, New York and former elementary physical education teacher, emphasizes the importance of collaboration to combat obesity and promote active lifestyles. Virgilio shows readers how to combine the efforts of physical educators, administrators, classroom teachers, school volunteers, parents, school lunch personnel, health service professionals, and others in the community.
Virgilio provides suggestions and information on incorporating the team approach to help schools meet wellness policy objectives. He spells out a school wellness approach with the physical educator as physical activity director and guides readers in integrating school fitness breaks and activities in the classroom curriculum. In this 2nd edition, he also
Fitness Education for Children, 2nd edition also includes updated Activitygram/ Fitnessgram procedures and a discussion of SMART goals. Readers will find a new section on teaching children with autism spectrum disorder and the current USDA’s MyPlate. They will also receive the most recent physical activity guidelines for children from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and help in developing programs that support those guidelines. And they will find updated references throughout the book as well as new websites for further information.
Written for veteran and new physical educators as well as students preparing to enter the profession, the text covers the gamut of issues that educators need to know to provide effective fitness education. Those issues include the principles of fitness, teaching children with disabilities, planning lessons, teaching fitness concepts, collaborating with other teachers, and getting parents and the community involved. Readers also receive updated developmental exercises and active games and activities, and they learn how to hold exciting school-wide events. Fitness Education for Children also offers strategies for cross-curricular activities and classroom collaborations as well as suggestions for using technology to enhance their communication with students and parents.
Fitness Education for Children offers a blueprint for battling obesity in school-aged children by promoting healthy lifestyles. This book helps readers understand the educational philosophy, instructional strategies, assessments, and pedagogical models that will transform their curriculum.
Health, Mind & Body / Self-Help / Happiness
Living in Gratitude: A Journey That Will Change Your Life by Angeles Arrien, with a foreword by Marianne Williamson (Sounds True)
Gratitude awakens another way of being in the world, one that nurtures the heart and helps to create a life of meaning and purpose. The old barriers no longer confine us and the old fears no longer constrict or claim us. Gratitude opens us to freedom, a sense of generosity, and connection to the wider world./p>
With Living in Gratitude, Angeles Arrien, teacher, author, and cultural anthropologist, invites readers to cultivate the power of deep appreciation so that it becomes the foundation for daily living. Integrating the latest findings from social science with stories, prayers, teachings, and practices from cultures and traditions spanning the globe, she presents a 12-month plan for mastering the art of giving thanks every day. With a chapter devoted to each month, readers steep themselves in ‘the mother of all virtues,’ exploring:
Living in Gratitude is designed to carry readers through a full calendar year, month by month. It approaches the topic of gratitude from a cross-cultural perspective, offering varied tools, maps, and practices based on perennial wisdoms that human beings have explored for centuries.
There are many ways to use Living in Gratitude– as an individual working alone, with a partner, or in a group. Because the wisdoms are timeless, one can begin this book at any time, or wait until the beginning of the year. Regardless of when the material is approached, it is intention and commitment that will move each individual forward on his or her journey toward a grateful life.
Having written about and practiced gratitude for over a decade, I felt there was nothing else to say about the topic. Then I read Living in Gratitude. Angeles takes the practice of thankfulness to a whole new level. Month by month, she guides us with questions and reflections to use gratefulness to grow spiritually in work, finances, health, and relationships. I give thanks to her and to this book. – M. J. Ryan, author of Attitudes of Gratitude and A Grateful Heart
Rarely has the art of gratitude been presented in so rich and evocative a manner. Brimming with story, spirit, science, culture, and prayer, Angeles Arrien brings her luminous wisdom to create a masterpiece of soulful living. – Jean Houston, PhD, author of A Mythic Life
In our busy lives, we all long for more deep breaths and loving connection. The beautiful gift of this wise book is that it shows us how to do this. It leads us by the hand and heart, month by month, to greater mercy, joy, well-being, and happiness. What a blessed way to live. – Jack Kornfield, author of A Path with Heart
Are you exhausted? Disheartened? Worried? Please do yourself a favor and read this book. Please allow this heart food to feed you at the deepest levels of your being. This is more than a book – it is a manual for living a life that you love and that matters, a life of savoring and serving, a life of inter-communion and grace. Please, let yourself be fed. – Jennifer Louden, author of The Woman's Comfort Book and The Life Organizer
The daily practice of gratitude will enhance the quality of every aspect of your life, including better health, more fulfilling relationships, and greater financial abundance. This book is the best manual I have ever come across to show you how. I highly recommend it! – Jack Canfield, coauthor of the Chicken Soup for the Soul series and The Success Principles
Angeles Arrien is one of the most gifted and generous teachers of our time. She brings forward the perennial wisdom of traditional cultures and gives it accessible, pragmatic application that is essential to the health of our contemporary society. Angeles Arrien is a rare and true wise elder. She embodies what she teaches. – Frank Ostaseski, founder and director of the Metta Institute
In Living in Gratitude, Angeles Arrien once again gives us a treasury of wisdom and practical tools. Written with her trademark flair and love, this is a transformative book of month-by-month reflections and practices that effectively shows us how to integrate the healing power of gratitude into every day of our lives. – Riane Eisler, author of The Chalice and the Blade, Sacred Pleasure, and The Real Wealth of Nations
Living in Gratitude is a gift, both a vessel of perennial wisdom from many sources and a vehicle for grace. Angeles Arrien returns gratitude to its essential role for growth of the individual soul, but also to its rightful place as a practice for sustaining the ongoing creation of the world. – Michael Meade, author of Fate and Destiny and The World Behind the World
Living in Gratitude is a dependable resource guide and touchstone to gratitude – available to readers at any time, no matter what may be happening in their lives at the present moment. By creating the opportunity for repeated and sustained gratitude practice, it helps readers establish a solid foundation as they shift and begin to embody the true essence of gratitude.
History / Military / U.S.
Always Faithful: US Marines in World War II Combat – The 100 Best Photos by Eric Hammel, designed by Tom Heffron (General Military Series: Osprey Publishing)
AA picture is worth a thousand words. In his
latest book, Marine Corps historian and author of over 40 books,
Eric Hammel, has assembled one hundred combat photos from the
Pacific Theater of Operations of the Second World War. Together
these tell the story of the Marines’ costly victory over the
Over the years, historians, novelists, film makers and artists, have attempted to capture what it was like to fight in the Pacific. In Always Faithful, readers take in the combat slowly, as it unfolds. Arranged by theme – from dramatic images of beach assaults to heartbreaking photographs of the injured and killed-in-action – Always Faithful depicts the essence of the War in the Pacific. Hammel has selected each image, shown with only the barest of explanation: a short caption to describe the time and place. But even with so few words, each photograph is a complete message in itself, a picture of humanity revealing what it means to be always faithful.
During the first twenty-three months of the Pacific War, the United States Marine Corps devoted few resources to documenting the emerging war on film. Few photographers were deployed to the Pacific, and they were neither trained nor often called upon to act as combat photographers. They were mostly former civilian news photographers assigned to create ‘feel good’ publicity for the Marine Corps' recruiting efforts at home. They were tamped down, also, by national civilian leaders who feared that too much graphic truth from the front might further demoralize an American public already reeling from the horrors of Pearl Harbor, Wake, and the Philippines. The concept of ‘combat photographer’ – the worldview, the name, and the training to go with it – did not really emerge in the field until November and December 1943, at Bougainville, Cape Gloucester, and Tarawa. The new concept coincided with the moment during which national civilian leaders themselves first realized that the rising tempo of the war, as it moved from defense to unremitting offense, would lead to dramatic increases in casualties for which the American people had not been adequately prepared. In late 1943, on viewing the first batch of brutally graphic battlefield photos brought to him fresh from the Tarawa battlefield, President Franklin Roosevelt decided that a nation so consumed by global war required a stiff dose of the truth. As told in Always Faithful, the first of these graphic battlefield photos appeared three weeks after they were taken, in the December 13, 1943, issue of Life Magazine.
The photographic record that started so slowly and unevenly at Guadalcanal and on through the central Solomons perked up in November 1943, at both Bougainville and Tarawa, as more and better-organized photographers with a better idea about what to photograph moved into battle with Marine combat units. Thus the photographic record at this juncture became much larger and visibly mounted in intensity as Marines attacked time and again across the wide Pacific. The photos were of better quality – more immediate, more sympathetic – toward the combat Marines who had to assault the beaches, brave the fire, endure the bombardments, take the hills, comb the valleys and forests, and reduce all manner of Japanese defensive schemes.
The photos became more knowing and more insightful as the photographers increasingly shared the day-to-day, moment-by-moment, life-and-death struggles their combatant comrades had been thrown into. Indeed, as the photographers put more battle experience under their own belts, they became more hard-bitten – more fatalistic and less cautious, yet more willing to come to grips with the many faces of war that expressed themselves everywhere they pointed their camera lenses, as other young men fought and died on the shared battlefield.
Over time, the photographers and the photographic record they created became surpassingly faithful to the Marines who took the risks to win the battles. And now, as that generation slips away, the photos alone remain faithful as an immutable historical record of that time and for all time.
A number of the photographs in Always Faithful are considered iconic by several generations of U.S. Marines. These icons could not be left out of this collection simply because they might be too familiar. They are the touchstones that make these selections from among many thousands of combat photos all the more telling because they provide a benchmark and touch a level of awareness Heffron says his own selections must match or exceed.
Eric Hammel is one of our most interesting and dedicated military
writers. – Tom Ricks, author of The Making of the Corps
Hammel's magnificent compilation is a ‘best of breed’ that captures – like no other work – the sweat, grime, misery and terror that was combat in the Pacific. This is an effort that underscores Hammel's position as one of the subject's leading historians. Simply put, Always Faithful is the must-have pictorial of Marine Corps operations in the Pacific. – LtCol. Jay A. Stout, USMC (Ret), Author of The Men who Killed the Luftwaffe
While some readers may already be familiar with many of the photos collected here by Eric Hammel, all will find his selection and arrangement uniquely encapsulates the fighting in the Pacific. In Always Faithful, there are solitary moments where a Marine faces an unseen enemy and moments where brothers-in-arms stand shoulder to shoulder. It is instants like these that remind me of what it means to be a Marine. – Col. William J. Davis, USMC (Ret), Executive Director of the MacArthur Memorial, Norfolk, Virginia
An inspirational and graphical account of Marines doing what they have always done when the Nation calls. Hammel’s selection of images peeks into the individual’s gut-level experience of combat in the Pacific through the eyes of those who ‘closed with the enemy’, from the assault on the beach through the ebb and flow of the fighting to eventual victory. A must for any military historian’s reference library. – R.J. Sullivan, LtCol, U. S. Marine Corps (Ret)
Military writer Eric Hammel has used his broad research background to capture the essential essence of the Marine Corps Pacific War experience during World War II. The focus on the individual Marines pictured makes as strong an impact as any narrative would. This visual legacy is preserved and presented in a memorable manner and style. Semper Fi! – Charles D. Melson, Chief Historian, U.S. Marine Corps History Division, author of Marine Recon, Vietnam Marines, and U.S. Marine Rifleman in Vietnam
A powerful and evocative visual portrayal of Marines in close
combat during the climactic battles of World War II. The images and
illustrations are emotional, soul searing reminders of the human
cost of the Pacific Campaign. For anyone looking for a visceral
understanding of battle, this book is not to be missed. – John R.
Bruning author of The Devil's Sandbox, Bomb's Away, The Battle of
the Bulge, Jungle Ace, Ship Strike Pacific, and Crimson Sky
Eric Hammel has captured the true character of war in the Pacific, a fight to the finish, with no holds barred. The images in Always Faithful are far from the glorified portrayals of home front propaganda. They portray the gutsiness of combat – the filth, the stress, the pain of a lost comrade – in such a way as to be indelibly etched in the viewer's mind. Hammel’s selection of photos is spot on… I highly recommend Always Faithful. – Colonel Dick Camp USMC (Ret), Vice President of Museum Operations, Marine Corps Heritage Foundation
Every now and then, through the application of bravery, knowledge of war, or just plain luck, Marine combat photographers captured moments that, for their insight into human nature alone, can be confidently referred to as ‘art.’ Always Faithful a study of art painted on a canvas of willful suffering. The photos in this volume speak their truths all by themselves.
Entertainment / Theater / Writing
Walking on Fire: The Shaping Force of Emotion in Writing Drama by Jim Linnell (Southern Illinois University Press)
DDoesn't drama by its nature create a core experience, an emotional fire in the characters and the audience? Is this fire a matter of luck or talent, more accident than skill? Is this something the writer actually avoids, for whatever reason, instead of pursuing? Does the writer seek it but not understand how it works? Can this difficulty be described and presented in a way that will help the writer to sustain the work? Most important, how are writing – the drama – and the writer at once propelled and shaped by the force of emotion?
Walking on Fire/a> examines dramatic texts through the lens of human behavior to identify the joining of event and emotion in a narrative, defined as emotional form by Jim Linnell, professor of theatre at the University of New Mexico and the founding artistic director of Words Afire Festival.
Building on philosophy, psychology, and critical theory in ways useful to both scholars and practitioners, Linnell unfolds the concept of emotional form as the key to understanding the central shaping force of drama. He highlights the Dionysian force of human emotion in the writer as the genesis for creative work and articulates its power to determine narrative outcomes and audience reaction.
Walking on Fire contains writing exercises to open up
playwrights to the emotional realities and challenges of their work.
Each chapter offers case studies of traditional and nonlinear plays
in the known canon that allow readers to evaluate the construction
of these works and the authors’ practices and intentions through an
examination of the emotional form embedded in the central
characters’ language, thoughts, and behaviors. The plays discussed
include Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s House, William Shakespeare’s Hamlet,
Athol Fugard’s “Master Harold”… and the boys, Donald Margulies’s The
Loman Family Picnic, Harold Pinter’s The Birthday Party, and Tony
Kushner’s Angels in America.
According to Linnell, this is not a how-to book that applies some jujitsu to the writing task that is supposed to fix technical problems. Walking on Fire is a book about one way to think about, and enter into, the central shaping force of drama: the emotions that fuel the writer's initial interest in the subject, the effort to bring the audience into an awareness of this fuel and how it shapes the narrative arc. Technique alone won't bring the writer any closer to creating powerful work.
Exploring the process of emotional form draws on a cross-section of theory about drama and fiction, together with the understandings of behavior gained from psychoanalytic practice and theory. This book proposes that emotion is the organizing force of plot, not a by-product. The writer in the act of writing relies upon experience of the world, of self-knowledge applied to an understanding of character, feeling, language, action, and, crucially, an imagined world. These tumble together into a writer's working practice of dramatic structure. The focus on emotional form as framing dramatic structure blends literary and psychoanalytic perspectives.
According to Linnell in Walking on Fire, every play is the result of the workings of deep structure, a hidden hand that supports and drives the visible activity of language, character, and action. This deep structure is within the writer, the play, and the audience. Emotional form forges a connection between these structures. The writer voices the desires that break through the veneer of appearances and falsehood when convention, culture, and self-preservation can no longer contain them. This is the work of the writer in touch with the vital energy of emotional form.
This is a deeply important book for playwrights grappling with craft, dramaturges hoping to unlock the secrets of dramatic structure, and audience members emotionally engaged in the experience of live performance. – Susan Zeder, head of playwriting and directing, University of Texas at Austin
In this bold new way of looking at dramatic structure, Linnell establishes the central role of emotional experience in the conception, execution, and reception of plays.
Walking on Fire opens up new conversations about content and emotion for writers and offers exciting answers to the questions of why we make drama and why we connect to it. Linnell’s user-friendly theory and passionate approach create a framework for understanding the links between the writer’s work in creating the text, the text itself, and the audience’s engagement.
History / World / Art History / Biographies & Memoirs
Renaissance People: Lives that Shaped the Modern Age by Robert C. Davis and Beth Lindsmith (Getty Publications)
TThe Renaissance burst forth in all its glory around 1500 and spread throughout Europe. This period of great creativity and productivity in the arts and sciences is illuminated in Renaissance People/a> through the lives of more than ninety of its illustrious intellectuals, artists, literary figures, scientists, and rulers.
Each section in Renaissance People marks a chronological stage in Europe’s rebirth, tying the period’s intellectual currents to its political and social concerns and setting the context for the individual biographies.
The initial stirrings of the European Renaissance began in northern Italy around 1400 with the rediscovery of classical antiquity and a new interest in man's place in the natural world. As the Renaissance spread across Europe over the next two hundred years, those who embraced its broadly humanist values made of it what they wanted, or what they could. For in truth, the Renaissance was a state of mind, and the range with which people experienced this seminal age was remarkably vast.
Renaissance People illuminates the Renaissance experience through portraits of the lives and work of ninety-four people who represent a spectrum of Renaissance culture. There are, of course, the illustrious artists, intellectuals, and rulers, such as Lorenzo and Catherine de' Medici, Leonardo daVinci, Charles V. Luther, Columbus, Montaigne, Copernicus, and St. Teresa of Avila. Alongside these major figures are a host of lesser-known but equally colorful characters: Antonio Rinaldeschi, ‘gambler and blasphemer’; Louise Labe, ‘the jousting poetess’; Dick Tarlton, ‘the queen's comedian’; Veronica Franco, ‘courtesan and wordsmith’; and Catena, ‘rustler, robber, and bandit chief’.
Through these brief biographies, overarching movements and patterns of the Renaissance emerge: the rediscovery of classical art and literature, the questioning of old traditions through new ideas, the growth of nations, and the emergence of modernity. These compelling narratives also remind readers that history is not abstract and impersonal, but is constituted of – and indeed shaped by – the lives of countless individual men and women.
Authors are Robert C. Davis, professor of Italian Renaissance and Early Modem Mediterranean history at Ohio State University and Beth Lindsmith, teacher in the Department of English at Ohio State University and freelance journalist.
Renaissance People is a fascinating and abundantly illustrated book illuminating the Renaissance experience through concise, engaging, and informative portraits of people representing the full spectrum of Renaissance culture.
Home & Garden / Crafts & Hobbies
Jewelry for the New Romantic: Unexpected Techniques with Crystals and Beading Wire by Nealay Patel (Kalmbach Books)
AAuthor Nealay Patel’s distinct sense of style and color appeals to crystal lovers looking for inspiration and new design ideas. In Jewelry for the New Romantic/a> readers learn to use weaving, wire-working, and other creative techniques, like stitching with crystals and beading wire, to create ten truly unique jewelry sets. Inspired by Edwardian style, author Nealay Patel offers a collection of gorgeous, contemporary jewelry pieces showcasing bare beading wire and the subtle shimmer of crystals. Not quite stitching, not quite stringing, these jewelry-making techniques are easy enough for beginners, but result in pieces that are incredibly sophisticated. Delicate designs offer a stylish way to glam up a casual ensemble or complement a special occasion outfit.
Beading wire is easy to find and use with little investment; it is also very forgiving and can be reshaped as many times as necessary. Step-by-step instructions and thorough, easy-to-follow photos and illustrations are included for each piece. Other chapters cover specific techniques such as crimping, creating a simple loop, working with thread, and opening and closing jump rings. These projects present a modern, Victorian-style look with a new twist.
Inside Jewelry for the New Romantic readers will find:
One of the features of beading wire is how flexible and versatile it is to use. The designs use beading wire as a substitute for metal wire, which unlike beading wire is not very forgiving. Metal wire can kink, break, wear out, tarnish, or scratch with improper handling of the pliers. After readers learn the basic techniques, they will find that beading wire is durable and easy to use. Because it is easy to work with, these patterns are fun to make. Readers will find helpful information about materials and techniques, or they can find their needle and thread, flip to their favorite project, and start stitching.
Aside from the practicality of using beading wire as the central element of the each design, the artistic direction of the collection came from Patel’s take on Edwardian jewelry design. Edwardian jewelry has a very airy and lacy look, and he uses beading wire as inspiration to incorporate that aspect into each design.
Readers of Jewelry for the New Romantic will enjoy reading and using the patterns to re-create the designs. Each design features new and innovative techniques that are fun and easy to learn, and the designs are also colorful and effortless to wear for any occasion.
Home & Garden / Interior Design
Passion for Primitives: Folk Decor for Interior Design by Franklin Schmidt and Esther Schmidt (Schiffer Publishing, Ltd.)
TToday's home design says that less is more. Furniture with clean lines and made of natural materials fills furniture markets. We're simplifying our lives and homes. Now, whether a house is antique-based, contemporary in design, or an eclectic mix, primitives have become an even more compelling form for a greater mix of people.
According to Franklin and Esther Schmidt, a photography, styling, and writing team who have photographed and written about hundreds of private and museum houses, primitive, rustic, one-of-a-kind furnishings are wildly popular with a wide range of homeowners and professional decorators. Passion for Primitives, with more than 200 photographs, depicts the unpretentious honesty of pieces that come from the imaginations and hearts of the untrained artisans who created them. These furnishings, accent pieces, rustic architectural and structural elements, and displays of country collectibles and folk art are iconic Americana. This book unveils a legacy that is not only intrinsic to our historic design tradition, but is newly flourishing throughout the country. Passion for Primitives is a photographic tour of private homes throughout the U.S., ranging from country simple to modern.
In Passion for Primitives, readers will see how primitives equate with simple elegance. They will discover why, always popular with country decorators, primitives are now being incorporated into an even larger arena in the design spectrum. The main focus of the book is to help readers understand and utilize primitives within all aspects of design and decor.
Even among design and antique experts, there is some confusion and misunderstanding about primitive pieces. Many are drawn to the look but are unsure exactly how it could fit into their decor and home style. Passion for Primitives shows and tells the hows and whys of understanding, appreciating, and utilizing primitive furniture.
Passion for Primitives is not a textbook, nor is it encyclopedic and meant to cover every detail of primitive furniture and home design. The emphasis is to show by example. Photography driven, the text and photo captions support the images. Although the book is more ‘how to’ than ‘history,’ the Schmidts include some background text, placing primitives within American design traditions.
In creating this book, they asked homeowners, collectors, and antiques dealers throughout the U.S. how they would define a primitive. Most described them as ‘handmade;’ others said that a primitive piece is about a ‘feeling’ – and they feel they just know it by looking at it. One avid collector and expert on the topic simply said ‘primitives are me.’ They then asked how they would define primitive as opposed to country, and the best they heard was that primitive pieces are, indeed, country pieces, but country pieces could also be manufactured, whereas primitives are one-of-a-kind and handmade.
That is exactly what the Schmidts found themselves searching for in taking, editing, and including the pictures for the book – those pieces that are one-of-a-kind, handmade, and speak of a rural heritage. With lush and stunning photographs, Passion for Primitives is also a guide to designing with primitives that gives readers an invaluable tool for understanding the range of possibilities in decorating – an ideal book for decorators, designers, architects, and homeowners.
Literature & Fiction / Jewish
Mitzvah Man by John J. Clayton (Modern Jewish Literature and Culture Series: Texas Tech University Press)
MMourning the death of his wife after a senseless and tragic accident, Boston businessman Adam Friedman finds solace through living the mitzvoth – instructions for goodness, justice, and compassion. In a frenzy of good deeds, he saves lives and helps the needy. Even his adolescent daughter, whose grief is as intense as his own, begins to wonder if there isn’t more than a shared joke to the superhero T-shirt she has designed for him. When a thwarted crime and a supplicant’s good fortune propel Friedman into the headlines, followers gather unbidden on his doorstep. Voices, dreams, and auras visit him. Miracles occur among family, friends, and strangers alike. But while some hail the Mitzvah Man/a> as a modern-day prophet, others brand him a madman in danger of losing custody of his only child.
Award-winning author John J. Clayton has taught modern literature and fiction writing at the University of Massachusetts since 1969. His collection Radiance won the Ohio State University Award in Short Fiction and was a finalist for the National Jewish Book Award.
Pow! ... Zowee! ... Whoosh! Mitzvah Man is the new-look superhero for the modern age, where a damaged man without super strength can still perform righteous deeds and change the world. Novelist John Clayton knows that the biblical prophets didn’t want the job, and the same is true of our heroes – whether they are super or merely ordinary. With great imagination and lyrical it, Mitzvah Man will restore your faith in the miracle of simple goodness, and remind us all that the impulse to rescue can both save a life and transcend the agony of loss – even without having to leap tall buildings in a single bound. – Thane Rosenbaum, author of The Golems of Gotham and Second Hand Smoke
Mitzvah Man may be touched with divine fire, crazed with grief or just plain nuts. He may or may not have prophetic and healing powers. But he certainly has human talents for kind acts and philosophical speculations; he is a likeable and believable hero. His adventures rising in intensity, keep us wondering what will befall him next, and what he’ll do about it. – Edith Pearlman, author of Binocular Vision
John J. Clayton is back and more luminous than ever, deeper, too and funnier. Clayton's people are as real as my friends and family, and give me as much to worry about and even love. Reader take heart! Your cries have been heard! Mitzvah Man is here! – Bill Roorbach, author of The Smallest Color
Is he crazy? Is he holy? Through his experiences of love and loss, beauty and pain, language and custom, Friedman in Mitzvah Man reveals the unexpected ways in which God may inhabit us all.
Literature & Fiction / Short Stories
Before the End, After the Beginning: Stories by Dagoberto Gilb (Grove Press)
Before the End, After the Beginning is a collection of ten raw, honest and personal stories from acclaimed storyteller Dagoberto Gilb. The pieces come in the wake of a stroke Gilb suffered at his home in Austin in 2009, and a majority of the stories were written over many months of recovery.
Gilb is described by Annie Proulx as ‘an important voice in American fiction.’ With five previous books, Gibb is the recipient of a Guggenheim Fellowship, and has been a finalist for both the PEN/Faulkner and National Book Critics Circle Award. Short stories are the perfect medium for Gilb, an accomplished storyteller whose debut collection, The Magic of Blood, won the PEN/Hemingway Award for fiction in 1994. Confronting issues of masculinity, sexuality, and mortality, Gilb has recovered and produced what may be his most extraordinary achievement to date.
The stories in Before the End, After the Beginning take readers through the American Southwest, from Los Angeles and Albuquerque to El Paso and Austin. Gilb covers territory touched on in some of his earlier work – a mother and son's relationship in Southern California in the story "Uncle Rock," and a character looking to shed his mixed-up past in "The Last Time I Saw Junior" – while confronting issues of mortality and limitation brought up by his own illness. The collection's most personal story, "please thank you," focuses on a man who has been hospitalized with a stroke, and paints in detail the protagonist's relationship with his children and the nurses who care for him, while the final story, "Hacia Teotitlan," looks at a man, now old, returning to Mexico and considering his life and imminent death.
These stories have appeared previously in such publications as The New Yorker and Harper's Magazine.
Dagoberto Gilb's mission in
Before the End, After the Beginning is not to dazzle and amaze,
but to implode myths and misconceptions, to expose us to forgotten
and subterranean characters in constant transition and exile;
characters inured to injury and pain, heartbreak and woe – yet who
never jettison hope for a better life, nor a future uncertain, yet
still very much possible. These Chicano dreamers are lovelorn and
love-tossed, broken-yet-healing, but most of all, on the road to
recovery from an America that shuts its eyes and ears at their very
existence. Gilb shows us that every man, woman and child is a
citizen of hope, succors the birthright of love and freedom in their
hearts, and sin fronteras, can, and will, emerge victorious. Make no
mistake about it, by the end of
Before the End, After the Beginning, you will be dazzled. And
amazed. – ZZ Packer
Of their surfaces, these are quirky, confronting, intense, often darkly funny stories – worth it for that alone. But from underneath, Gilb unearths a sense of profound human longing and a dream of harmony which (the stories make perfectly clear) could be reached no other way. – Richard Ford
Demonstrates that the author has more power than ever in addressing the conditions and contradictions of being split across cultures, and reminds us that every American, native or immigrant, is the product of a society that must learn to share or risk losing its founding graces. – Publishers Weekly
The latest collection from the master storyteller ... There is so much substance to Gilb's tales ... The terrible things that befall a man are not always his fault, Gilb seems to say with these stories, but neither, alas, are the blessings: the children who play at your feet, that girl who accepts your kiss, and that land you return to before you die. – Texas Observer
Like [Raymond] Carver, Gilb focuses his stories on working-class men who are slowly awakening to their ineptitude at relationships, who have a hard time shaking off old addictions, and who can’t quite move their careers out of neutral. What distinguishes Gilb is his deft handling of race: The heroes in these ten sharp stories are mostly Mexican-American men who weather plenty of prejudice.... Gilb gets excellent mileage from simple elements. Though the men in these stories have common concerns, each feels distinct and alive. – Kirkus Reviews
[Gilb] is in fine form . . . He's simply telling good stories: of men who are both Mexican and American, who are cultured and uncouth, who look at wealth from the outside and, occasionally, from within. A student may make something of himself; a poor young father might fall through the cracks; an older man might discover something new. They are formed outside themselves, but they are not finished yet. – Los Angeles Times
Before the End, After the Beginning is a powerful and triumphant book that tackles common themes of existence and identity and describes the American experience in a raw, authentic vernacular unique to Gilb. The collection proves that, despite what he has gone through, Gilb has lost none of his immense gifts. Indeed, this may be his most extraordinary achievement to date.
Philosophy / History / Law
Institutes of Divine Jurisprudence, with Selections from Foundations of the Law of Nature and Nations (Natural Law Paper) by Christian Thomasius, edited, translated, and with an introduction by Thomas Ahnert, with general editor Knud Haakonssen (Natural Law and Enlightenment Classics Series: Liberty Fund, Inc.)
CChristian Thomasius’s natural jurisprudence is essential to understanding the origins of the Enlightenment in Germany, where his importance was comparable to that of John Locke’s in England. First published in 1688, Thomasius’s Institutionum jurisprudentiae divinae (Institutes of Divine Jurisprudence) attempted to draw a clear distinction between natural and revealed law and to emphasize that human reason was able to know the precepts of natural law without the aid of Scripture. Thomasius also argued that his orthodox Lutheran opponents had failed to understand this distinction and thereby had confused reason and Scripture.
In addition to the Institutes of Divine Jurisprudence, Institutes of Divine Jurisprudence contains significant selections from his Fundamenta juris naturae et gentium (Foundations of the Law of Nature and Nations), published in 1705. In Foundations Thomasius significantly revised the theory he had put forward in the Institutes, and much of the Foundations therefore is a paragraph-by-paragraph commentary on his earlier ideas. These works are a companion to Thomasius’s Essays on Church, State, and Politics, and together they provide the first-ever English presentation of this preeminent German thinker.
Christian Thomasius (1655-1728) was a German philosopher and legal theorist. He was a cofounder of the University of Halle, where he was also a professor. Editor and translator Thomas Ahnert is a Senior Lecturer in History at the University of Edinburgh. General editor Knud Haakonssen is Professor of Intellectual History at the University of Sussex, England.
The importance of Thomasius's natural jurisprudence in the history of natural law and the Enlightenment cannot be overstated. Indeed, many of the central questions of that age; such as the limits of human reason and the proper distinction between natural knowledge and revelation, are reflected in his arguments of natural jurisprudence.
Thomasius first published the Institutes in Leipzig in 1688 as a textbook to accompany his lecture course on natural law. The Institutes was intended as a vindication of the main principles of Pufendorf's natural jurisprudence against critics such as Valentin Alberti. Yet Thomasius's work was more than a repetition of Pufendorf's ideas.
Thomasius's natural jurisprudence in the Institutes was thus largely, if not completely, Pufendorfian. Yet natural law formed only one-half of the ‘divine jurisprudence’ referred to in the full title of his work. The other half was divine positive law, and one of Thomasius's main concerns in the Institutes was to clarify the relationship between natural and positive divine law. Valentin Alberti argued that the main example of divine positive law, the Decalogue, was a republication of the laws of nature, which had been erased or at least obscured by the effects of original sin. Thomasius's view in the Institutes was that divine positive law was not needed to reconstruct and understand the main principles of natural law. It was, however, important for other reasons, in particular because it provided guidance on certain temporal matters on which natural law was silent.
The most significant temporal matter, judging by the space devoted to it in the Institutes, was marriage. Thomasius had examined the relevance of natural law for marriage in his disputation De crimine bigamiae of 1685, where he had concluded that the prohibition of bigamy had to be based on divine positive law because natural law did not offer any clear arguments against it. In the Institutes Thomasius discussed at length the laws banning the different forms of polygamy and limiting marriages between relatives. Thomasius's conclusion there, too, is that these restrictions rest on divine positive law, not natural law, which is insufficient to explain them. To the extent that divine positive laws are directed toward the affairs of temporal society, they stand in no need of interpretation by theologians. Jurists are capable of understanding and applying them, like the precepts of natural law or human positive law, and in so doing do not need to seek the advice of theologians. This right of jurists to interpret Scripture on matters relevant to temporal law was part of Thomasius's argument against clerical authority more generally, which he continued and expanded in the following years, especially after he moved to the territories of the Elector of Brandenburg and began to teach at the University of Halle. There Thomasius also began to rethink his natural jurisprudence, a process that led to his second main work on natural law, the Foundations of the Law of Nature and Nations, published in 1705.
The Liberty Fund edition of Institutes of Divine Jurisprudence makes Thomasius's main writings on natural law available for the first time in English. Translator and editor Ahnert provides readers with a comprehensive introduction to Thomasius's role in the intellectual history of the early Enlightenment. Footnotes give helpful explanations of linguistic, textual, philosophical, and historical references.
Philosophy / Religion & Spirituality
How to Prove There Is a God: Mortimer J. Adler's Writings and Thoughts About God by Mortimer Adler and Ken Dzugan (Open Court)
How to Prove There Is a God,, distinguished
philosopher and best-selling author Dr. Mortimer Adler sets out the
powerful philosophical argument for the existence of God.
How to Prove There Is a God/a> contains articles from different stages of Adler’s philosophical career, showing him defending his position against critics and struggling to improve it by correcting his earlier errors. The earliest of these pieces was written in 1943 and the latest in 1981. Nearly all the chapters of this book have never appeared in book form before, have been hard to find, and some have not previously been printed anywhere.
Mortimer J. Adler (1902-2001) was the author of over 60 books, one of them entitled How to Think about God, and the editor of hundreds of books. He also founded the Institute for Philosophical Research, launched the Paidea movement for educational reform, and revolutionized the Encyclopedia Britannica. Ken Dzugan is a senior fellow and the archivist at the Center for the Study of the Great Ideas.
Although always a thinker in the Catholic Thomist tradition, Adler only became a Catholic shortly before his death and for most of his life described himself as a pagan. One of the great tasks of Adler's illustrious life was his search for a watertight proof of the existence of God. Adler believed that his search had been successful. In the writings and interviews assembled in How to Prove There Is a God, Adler gives readers his approach to the question of God's existence.
How to Prove There Is a God includes a transcript of one of Adler's appearances on William Buckley's Firing Line TV show, Adler's revealing interview with Edward Wakin, the exchange of views on natural theology between Adler and Owen Gingerich, and John Cramer's eloquent argument that the trend of modern cosmology supports Adler's position. A final section of the book looks back to the 1940s for Adler's early struggles with the philosophical question of God's existence.
How to Prove There Is a God is vintage Mortimer Adler. A job beautifully done. – Jacques Barzun, author of From Dawn to Decadence (2000) and Simple and Direct (1985)
Mortimer Adler's argument for the existence of God was a powerful reminder that the Aristotelian-Thomistic tradition was far from exhausted – now we can be grateful that Adler's work is receiving the serious attention it deserves. – Deal W. Hudson, author of Onward Christian Soldiers: The Growing Political Power of Catholics and Evangelicals in the United States (2008)
Why is there something rather than nothing? This collection of essays, interviews, criticisms, and reflections gives us a Mortimer Adler as public learner, trying to find the right question to ask about the existence of God, wrestling with it over decades, addressing the arguments of great theologians, philosophers, and scientists, refining his own answer to the question, and responding to his critics – all with the clarity of thought and simplicity of expression that characterize his writing for the general public. – Chris Nelson, President, St. John's College Annapolis
Professional & Technical / Medicine / Clinical / Internal / Orthopedics / Knee Surgery / Sports Medicine / Reference
Insall & Scott Surgery of the Knee: Expert Consult – Online and Print with DVD, 5th edition edited by W. Norman Scott MD, FACS (Elsevier Churchill Livingstone)
RRenowned knee surgeon and orthopaedic sports medicine authority Dr. W. Norman Scott leads an internationally diverse team of accomplished specialists – many new to this edition – who provide dependable guidance and share innovative approaches to reconstructive surgical techniques and complications management.
Online and in print, Insall & Scott Surgery of the Knee is clinicians’ complete, multimedia guide to the most effective approaches for diagnosis and management of the full range of knee disorders affecting patients of all ages. From anatomical and biomechanical foundations, to revision total knee replacement, this authoritative reference provides up-to-date and complete guidance on cutting-edge surgical procedures, the largest collection of knee videos in one knee textbook. Expanded coverage and rigorous updates – including 40 chapters – keep clinicians current with the latest advances in cartilage repair and regeneration, allograft and autografts, computer robotics in total knee arthroplasty, and other timely topics. This edition is the first book ever endorsed by The Knee Society.
The volume is edited by W. Norman Scott, MD, and 11 section editors who are experts in their fields. Scott is Clinical Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Associate Orthopaedic Attending, Lenox Hill Hospital, and Founding Director, Insall Scott Kelly Institute for Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, New York.
With Insall & Scott Surgery of the Knee, 5th edition, clinicians are able to:
Since the fourth edition of Insall & Scott Surgery of the Knee, the field of knee surgery has continued to explode with the introduction of new concepts, surgical techniques, and technologies. The fifth edition once again brings readers an updated and comprehensive reference source with an accompaniment of video and e-information for the entire scope of knee surgery. Significant updates have occurred in all areas including basic science, anatomy, surgical techniques, and prosthetic design. The fifth edition now includes 14 book sections and 153 chapters, multiple videos, quarterly updates, and a prosthesis glossary.
According to Arlen D. Hanssen, MD, President of the Knee Society, the combination of newly described anatomical features and updates about aberrations of the knee, genetic treatment approaches, new imaging techniques, knee kinematics, articular cartilage physiology, pathophysiology of crystalline disorders, psoriatic and rheumatoid arthritis, osteonecrosis, as well as posttraumatic and osteoarthritis comprise just a short list of the new information provided. Considerable new information has also been added regarding the diagnosis and treatment of tumors, pediatric disorders, and trauma-related entities about the knee. The description, examination, imaging, and treatment options of articular cartilage disorders, ligamentous pathologies, and osseous deformities are encyclopedic and clearly represent multiple expert perspectives and philosophies. Realignment osteometry is covered in separate chapters for treatment associated with ligamentous reconstruction and for arthritic conditions.
Likewise, the chapters related to entities treated by arthroplasty are extremely thorough. Excellent new additions include considerations for the ‘stented’ patient, current recommendations for venous thrombosis prophylaxis, and treatment of complications such as postoperative bleeding. The chapter describing new multimodal preoperative pain management strategies should be read by anyone performing knee arthroplasty. The descriptions of computer navigated surgery and robotics are current yet pragmatic. Expert advice is provided for essentially every complication or untoward outcome in primary and revision surgery by description of the etiology, diagnosis, investigations required, and treatment options available.
The fifth edition of Insall & Scott Surgery of the Knee contains one textbook, a complete e-version, an e-glossary of knee implants, and a video section that is the most comprehensive sports and adult reconstruction video section in any knee textbook. The book has 14 sections, two more than the previous edition, and 153 chapters written by almost 200 world-wide contributors. The fifth edition will be enhanced by quarterly updates in a video journal format and updates to the glossary of knee replacement designs, past and present, as presented by all the manufacturers who chose to participate.
In Section 1, Basic Science of Anatomy, Anatomic Aberrations, and Clinical Examination are updated and now include a more detailed video on the examination of the knee. Section 2, Imaging, has been rewritten by an orthopedic radiologist, Dan Walz, and presents the most current diagnostic criteria for knee imaging. Similarly, the Biomechanics section also has a new leader in Rick Komistek, who has assembled a stellar group of contributors.
The Sports Medicine section, almost a third of Insall & Scott Surgery of the Knee, is spearheaded by David Diduch. From articular cartilage biology and biomechanics, extensor mechanism issues, meniscal repair, resection, or replacement, isolated or combined cruciate and collateral ligament treatments, the information in the fifth edition is truly state of the art.
Section 7, developed by Andy Franks, pertains to the current concepts regarding the diagnosis of knee arthritis, both inflammatory and noninflammatory. Sections 8 and 9 include updates on synovium, hemophilia, HIV, and plastic surgery as it relates to wound healing and skin coverage options about the knee. In Section 10, George Haidukewych organizes fractures about the knee and periprosthetic fractures, probably one of the major causes for TKR revision today. In Section 11, Min Kocher presents today's state of the art treatment of pediatric knee disorders.
Section 12, Joint Replacement and Its Alternatives, includes another new feature, the International and National Roundtables Discussions. This approach allows readers to comprehend the international differences and similarities in understanding worldwide controversial areas. Gil Scuderi organized these discussions and the forty other chapters encompassing the totality of the treatment of the arthritic knee. Similar to the other sections, the surgical video techniques enhance the learning experience.
Section 13 of Insall & Scott Surgery of the Knee includes the extremely controversial orthopedic medical issues such as DVT prophylaxes management and comprehensive pain management protocols associated with knee surgery. In Section 14, Mary O'Connor and her contributors present the latest evidence on treating tumors about the knee. The mega prosthesis chapter, of course, is often apropos to the nontumor arthritic or revision TKR and is necessary reading for the TKR revision surgeon. A new feature on the e-version, the glossary of implants, is presented in the spirit of helping the practicing physician determine the implant that he or she is evaluating, whether in a primary or revision setting.
It is not really possible to describe how comprehensive this textbook has become. In addition to the excellent coverage of all topics related to knee surgery, it is important that the editors of a textbook also provide the information in an organized and visually appealing manner. The fifth edition is extremely user-friendly and the liberal use of exceptional photographs, drawings, tables, and treatment algorithms categorizes this editorial effort as a first class textbook. Despite all of these attributes, a standard textbook in the current era has little chance of succeeding without a number of other nonstandard characteristics. The fifth edition of Insall & Scott Surgery of the Knee, both as a standard print and e-textbook, has adroitly met these needs. The accompaniment of high quality videos for many of the surgical techniques will be very popular and highly used by many readers. The use of international roundtable symposiums with multiple international experts on a variety of topics is very clever as a part of a traditional textbook and should also be well received. Finally, the organization and inclusions of the recognized global differences and perspectives provide the proper balance of information required for reader demand and desire everywhere.
Religion & Spirituality / Christianity
Rubble Nation: Haiti's Pain, Haiti's Promise by Chris Herlinger, with photographs by Paul Jeffrey (Seabury Books)
AAlmost fourteen months to the day after Haiti suffered a 7.0-magnitude earthquake on January 12, 2010, that left as many as 230,000 people dead, Japan experienced the largest earthquake in its recorded history and one of the most powerful in the last century – an 8.9-magnitude event that may have killed some 23,000 people, roughly a tenth of the number who perished in Haiti.
There were, of course, horrible particularities about the 2011 Japan disaster – a resulting tsunami and the meltdown of several nuclear reactors – that had no parallel in Haiti and may yet have profound consequences for Japan and the world. Still, the events in Haiti and Japan invite comparison, prompting an obvious question: why did a stronger earthquake cause far less damage in Japan than a weaker earthquake in Haiti? The answer is rooted in the vulnerability of Haiti: its poverty, weak government, dependence on outside assistance – all linked to its decades-long dominance and defilement by outside powers./p>
Rubble Nation tells the story of post-quake Haiti through interviews with Haitian citizens and aid managers. Each interview adds a layer in understanding the suffering of the people and of the heroic efforts to ameliorate that suffering. The narrative is set in the context of the country’s history and the Haitian government’s effort to repair and rebuild their nation.
Authors Chris Herlinger and Paul Jeffrey traveled to Haiti soon after the January 2010 earthquake and began to record the words and images of the survivors and the devastation that surrounded them. Herlinger, writer with Church World Service and freelance journalist, and Jeffrey, United Methodist missionary and photojournalist, bring readers inside a complicated and fragile world of pain and promise that cannot be captured in media sound-bites. Paul Jeffrey’s photographs capture images not only of individuals struggling to survive, but also of the innate dignity and generosity that arises in the midst of the struggle.
Rubble Nation includes a discussion guide and an interview with Herlinger and Jeffrey.
Rabbi Brent Spodek, then the rabbi-in-residence at American Jewish World Service, a New York-based humanitarian organization, reflected on the Haitian experience for an agency magazine just prior to the first anniversary of the Haiti quake. He argued that the severity of what happened in Haiti was not because "the earth shook so hard, but because the human structures built on it were so flimsy." While it is human nature to ask the question why "God caused the earth to shudder," Spodek argued an ultimately more productive question to ask, is "what we were doing on January 11 – and the days, months and years before that – when Haiti was already the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere?"
The earthquake that ravaged Haiti didn't just open up the ground, though it did that; it also exposed the fault lines of a long-damaged society, a society that in many ways was a ‘Rubble Nation’ long before the earthquake. Haiti is, as Dominican-American writer Junot Diaz has called it, "the third world's third world. Haiti is by nearly every metric one of the poorest nations on the planet – a mind-blowing 80 percent of the population live in poverty, and 54 percent live in what is called ‘abject poverty.’
It is as if history seemingly began with the shaking on the afternoon of January 12, 2010 – the legacy of slavery, several U.S. military occupations, ruinous agricultural and economic policies, and outside support for corrupt governments and repression against popular movements hardly mattered. While the well-meaning, well-intended, and certainly well-funded rush to assist Haiti was understandable and admirable, too little time was spent in recognizing why the Haitian state was weak, why the unresolved issues raised by the brutal rule of the Duvaliers and the subsequent administrations of Jean-Bertrand Aristide still mattered. They mattered because the terrible weight of history pressed down with particular vengeance on Haiti. That was, and remains, Haiti's pain.
And yet, as told in Rubble Nation, Haiti's strength – its promise – was always, and remains, its people. It became standard after the quake to talk about the resilience and strength of Haiti's populace, so much so that it bordered on cliché to keep reiterating the point. Yet the bravery, courage, endurance and fortitude, of Haitians saved lives, kept the country going through the difficult months of 2010 and 2011, and will continue to do so well into the future.
The Haitian people are asking not for charity; but for justice.
This is the real Haiti with beautiful photos and descriptions of what life is like on the ground twenty months after the earthquake and with trenchant comments about what the world should have done and now needs to do to make it possible for Haitians to rebuild their own country. – Ruth W. Messinger, President, American Jewish World Service, New York
This book has emerged from careful, on-the-spot, compassionate journalism. To read it and to ponder its moving photographs is to become more humble and hopeful in one's image of Haitians, our Caribbean neighbors. Christians around the world should be grateful for the existence of such competent, theologically astute journalists as Herlinger and Jeffrey. – Donald W. Shriver Jr., President Emeritus, Union Theological Seminary, New York
Chris Herlinger, in this deeply perceptive and provocative book, skillfully conveys a different story about the beleaguered people of Haiti not as victims but as resilient survivors who have retained an inner sense of hope and dignity. The photographs by Paul Jeffrey capture the resolve of the Haitians and their inner beauty and spirit even as they are confronting the volatile hardships of survival. Herlinger and Jeffrey, as a collaborative team, invite the reader into a deeper empathetic embrace of these beautiful people. – William S. Craddock Jr., Managing Director, CREDO Institute, Inc., Memphis, Tennessee
In Rubble Nation two journalists who work for faith-based humanitarian agencies explore what our responsibilities to Haiti are, in the hope that someday, in the global imagination, Haiti's potential and promise will be heralded more than Haiti's penury and pain. It is an incisive work of reporting and photojournalism offering an intimate encounter with an unfolding crisis.
Religion & Spirituality / Christianity
What the Bible Really Tells Us: The Essential Guide to Biblical
Literacy by T. J. Wray (Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group)
The Bible is one of a few works that is best read with an introduction or guide at hand. The Bible is the foundational text for Jews and Christians, but most people, having little knowledge of what it actually says, feel less than uncomfortable navigating its pages. What the Bible Really Tells Us solves this problem, providing an easy-to-follow guide to the Good Book and the ways in which it can enrich one’s life.
TThe collection of texts we now call the Bible was written over the course of many centuries, by different authors, in different languages, and under differing social and political circumstances. Understanding the times and places from whence these texts came is key to understanding what they mean. Opening with a 60-Second Super-Easy Bible Quiz to test readers’ knowledge, Author T.J. Wray then provides essential background information to arm readers with tools necessary to read and interpret passages on their own.
Wray, associate professor of religious studies at Salve Regina University, in What the Bible Really Tells Us devotes a couple of introductory chapters to the biblical world and the tools and methods scholars use in their exegetical work. But her intention is to get people reading the Bible, not to offer an academic, verse-by-verse commentary, so subsequent chapters explore what the Bible says about such issues as wealth, heaven, hell, sex, and the environment, dispelling many commonly held assumptions and pointing out where disagreements in interpretation lie along the way.
What the Bible Really Tells Us provides the general public and
undergraduates in Bible and Religion courses everywhere with a
step-by-step, introductory level text in the Hebrew Bible and the
New Testament that is perfect for the present crop of readers. Her
wry sense of humor and years of teaching expertise come through and
the book also untangles some of the most vexing problems of
theology, ethics, and society in an easily readable style. A great
addition to a personal or institutional library! – Richard Freund,
director, Maurice Greenberg Center for Judaic Studies, University of
T. J. Wray has done it again! With a remarkable blend of biblical knowledge, human insight, and literary skill, she has hit a '10' on the scale in interpreting the Bible for people who have great interest yet relatively little knowledge. How can anyone forget what the Bible has to say about our future, money, sex, the world in which we live, what is fair, and our relationship with God? Perhaps no one but What the Bible Really Tells Us comes to remind us about realities that we dare not forget. – Raymond F. Collins, visiting scholar, Brown University
Honed from years of excellent teaching, T.J. Wray's clarifying guide to biblical literacy is both witty and profound. Now, her readers get the benefit of her compelling classroom instruction and will love her as much as those students do! – Robin M. Jensen, Luce Chancellor’s Professor of the History of Christian Art and Worship, Vanderbilt University
T.J. Wray's What the Bible Really Tells Us is a fascinating, trip through all the basics of Biblical scholarship. Wray writes in an engaging accessible style that is perfect for the average reader who knows something about the Bible but little about the mysteries of what Bible scholars have uncovered in their work over the past two centuries. Wray makes the critical, academic, study of the Scriptures an enlightening but always enjoyable journey. She pulls the readers in from the first chapter and never lets them go with practical stories and examples but plenty of solid content. This book is perfect for the average reader as well as ideal for basic courses in the Bible at the college level. – James A. Tabor, chair, Department of Religious Studies, University of North Carolina, Charlotte; author of The Jesus Dynasty
Thorough, yet accessible, Wray’s book is an engaging example of the kind of guide one needs when reading the Bible. What the Bible Really Tells Us is indispensable for individuals and groups interested in gaining a fuller understanding of the Bible and the timeless lessons it imparts. Wray succeeds in sharing the wisdom of the Bible by making it interesting and fun.
Religion & Spirituality / Comparative Theology / Christianity / Hinduism
Baby Krishna, Infant Christ: A Comparative Theology of Salvation by Kristin Johnston Largen (Orbis Books)
WWhat might be learned about who Jesus is and how he saves, not only by examining theologically the stories about his infancy and youth – both canonical and noncanonical – but also and particularly through an explicit comparison with ‘baby Krishna’? Baby Krishna, Infant Christ/a> generates some new insights about the God who is revealed in Jesus Christ, ‘fleshes out’ the picture of Jesus' life and ministry in new ways, and then explores some positive ramifications of these new insights as to how Christians understand Jesus as savior.
This work of comparative theology, Baby Krishna, Infant Christ, brings into conversation the stories of the infancy and youth of Jesus with that of Krishna in the Hindu tradition. The early chapters tell the stories, first of Krishna and then of Jesus, and then describe the role each plays as savior for the faithful of that tradition. Baby Krishna, Infant Christ explores the playfulness of the young Krishna and compares Krishna’s early years with those of Jesus as described in such noncanonical writings as the Infancy Gospel of Thomas. Through this comparison Kristin Johnston Largen demonstrates the unique role of Jesus’ nature as both human and divine has in our Christian understanding of salvation.
The author, Largen, is associate professor of systematic theology at the Lutheran-Theological Seminary in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. An ordained Lutheran pastor, she is currently the editor of Dialog, a Lutheran journal of theology, and the author of What Christians Can Learn from Buddhism: Rethinking Salvation.
The first short chapter of Baby Krishna, Infant Christ introduces and explains Largen’s methodology, in particular, what she means by ‘comparative theology’ and what that task entails. She explains why and how this exercise of comparing Jesus and Krishna contributes positively to the formation of Christian theological doctrines, and why it is both acceptable and even helpful for lay Christians to engage in this type of interreligious dialogue. She explains how Christian readers will come to understand Jesus in a new way, and learn new things about what it means ‘to call Jesus savior.’
This chapter is followed by Part 1, which consists of two chapters devoted to an exploration of Krishna as an infant and youth. Chapter 2 introduces Krishna, setting him in the larger context of the Hindu faith and then elaborating on several key stories that take place during his infancy and youth that have been heavily accentuated in the Hindu tradition and are formative for understanding who Krishna is and how he saves. Chapter 3 explains the theological significance of these stories, emphasizing what they say about Krishna's relationship with his devotees, and how these stories exemplify the soteriological dimension of Krishna's identity. In this chapter Largen examines how these stories contribute to an understanding of Krishna as savior, and how they exemplify his saving work in the world.
Part 2 parallels Part 1 in structure, with the focus being on the infant/youth Jesus rather than Krishna. the first chapter in Part 2 (chapter 4), does two things. First, it analyzes the birth narratives found in Matthew and Luke and discuss the brief story of the boy Jesus in the temple. Second, it recounts some of the stories of Jesus as a young child that are found only in the noncanonical literature (the texts that were not included in the Bible Christians know today). Largen suggests some theological rationale as to why certain stories of Jesus were rejected by the tradition, and what the decisions about which stories to include/not include reveal about the church's nascent Christology – that is, its understanding of Jesus. Following up on that analysis, chapter 5 examines the significance of these stories (and their absence) for understanding Jesus' role as savior; what they might have meant then, and what they might mean for Christians today.
Baby Krishna, Infant Christ concludes with a final section, Part 3, which looks beyond infancy to adulthood for both Krishna and Jesus, examining how the picture of both figures as babies/young children relates to their adult character, using certain paradigmatic stories of Jesus and Krishna as adults. Largen looks particularly at the stories of Jesus' life and ministry and his crucifixion and resurrection in the Gospel of Luke, and Krishna's role in the Mahabharata, particularly the Bhagavad-Gita, linking the theological ramifications of those narratives with what has already been seen in the previous stories.
Finally, chapter 7, the concluding chapter of Baby Krishna, Infant Christ, brings together all the threads that have been discussed thus far, examining what has been learned through the comparison and how that information sheds new light on a Christian understanding of who Jesus is and how he saves.
Comparisons of Christ and Krishna are common, but Kristin Johnston Largen offers a fresh perspective by exploring with great care how both were imagined in childhood. This in turn fosters further reflection on the adult Jesus and Krishna . . . and promises fresh insight into the very meaning of incarnation. Innovative and thorough . . . a welcome addition to the field of Christian comparative theology. – Francis X. Clooney, SJ, Harvard University
Baby Krishna, Infant Christ is a splendid specimen of `thinking
interreligiously, outside the theological box.'... Doing Christian
theology will never be the same after this book. In a quiet way it
shows how provincial our traditional Christology has been. May this
book, beautifully and lucidly written, find its way into the hands
of all theology students and
people concerned with interreligious dialogue. – Peter C. Phan, Georgetown University
In this fascinating study Kristin Johnston Largen is clear about the distinction between how Christians understand Jesus and how Hindus understand Krishna. At the same time, she uses this comparison of stories about their birth and childhood to enrich our understanding of the gospel and of Christian theology … sometimes in surprising ways. In particular, it opens a wider range of possibilities for thinking about what the incarnation of God's Son in the birth and childhood of Jesus means for how we understand the depth of God's participation in our human reality in and through Jesus Christ. Largen draws the reader into an adventure of discovery opened by comparative theology. – Duane A. Priebe, Theological Seminary
Baby Krishna, Infant Christ is stimulating, readable and engaging.
Science / Biographies & Memoirs
Drive and Curiosity: What Fuels the Passion for Science by István Hargittai, foreword by Carl Djerassi, preface by Sir Harold ‘Harry’ Kroto, and introduction by Robert F. Curl (Prometheus Books)
OOn April 8, 1982, alone in a laboratory, chemist Dan Shechtman looked through an electron microscope and saw an impossible pattern. He had discovered quasicrystals. But his groundbreaking findings were rejected, even mocked, by the scientific establishment for years.
On October 5, 2011, hechtman received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
What compelled Shechtman to stand by his research? What drove the men and women behind the most paradigm-shifting findings of the 20th century?
What motivates those few scientists who rise above their peers to achieve breakthrough discoveries?
In Drive and Curiosity Istvan Hargittai – a highly respected physical chemist himself – examines the careers of fifteen eminent scientists who achieved some of the most notable discoveries of the twentieth century. Hargittai, PhD, DSc, research professor at the Budapest University of Technology and Economics, member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and the Academia Europaea (London), and foreign member of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, who was personally acquainted with all but two of the scientists whose work he discusses, provides a unique perspective on the history of twentieth-century science based on these engaging personality profiles. They include:
In each case, Hargittai has uncovered a single personality characteristic, motivational factor, or circumstance that, in addition to their extraordinary drive and curiosity, led these scientists to make outstanding contributions. For example, Gertrude B. Elion, who discovered drugs that have saved millions of lives, was motivated to find new medications after the deaths of her grandfather and her fiancé; F. Sherwood Rowland, who stumbled upon the environmental harm caused by chlorofluorocarbons, eventually felt the moral imperative to become an environmental activist; and Rosalyn Yalow, the codiscoverer of the radioimmunoassay, always felt she had to prove herself in the face of prejudice against her as a woman.
Is there a recipe for research successes reaching the highest pinnacles? What are the common characteristics of discoveries that profoundly alter the world we live in? Drive and Curiosity presents fifteen case studies that explore these questions in a manner both inviting and at once accessible to readers having all different backgrounds. – Richard N. Zare, Stanford University; Wolf Prize laureate; King Faisal International Prize laureate
Scientific discoveries that change the existing paradigm of their fields are few and far between. By examining the individuals and circumstances at the center of fifteen such breakthroughs, Istvan Hargittai has revealed in an elegant and personalized way the differing motivations and compulsions that drove the discoveries. His study reveals how curiosity, passion, persistence, resiliency, competitiveness, and the pride of accomplishment undoubtedly contributed to these monumental discoveries. Throughout each, the underlying driving force is what Horace Judson once referred to as 'the rage to know' and the 'acute discomfort of unknowing.' So long as science remains a difficult, exciting, and beautiful pursuit, confronting the limits of what is knowable will flourish. – Paul Berg, Nobel laureate, Stanford University
What a variety of ways people have found to be creative! Hargittai's most readable account of some of our scientific heroes and heroines focuses on their motivations, what drove them. Sorry, no secret to success, no philosopher's stone – just some smart, hardworking people trying to do their darndest to understand the world. I find this very encouraging. – Roald Hoffmann, Nobel laureate, chemist, writer
I read this fascinating book in an evening, intrigued by the varied backgrounds and motivations of the fifteen scientists portrayed. 'Drive,' yes, but for what? Sometimes for fame, but as often, it seems, to do good work, to merit the name, 'scientist.' – Richard L. Garwin, IBM fellow emeritus; recipient of the National Medal of Science
Perhaps nothing honors the spirit of the human race more than scientific discovery. Unlike other cultural achievements, science is universal; it is the result of the highest imagination and the deepest thinking. Hargittai's book tells the fascinating details of the work of fifteen leading modern scientists who have changed the world. The book is, incidentally, an ideal gift to adolescents who show an interest in science. – Peter Lax, professor emeritus of mathematics, Courant Institute, New York University; recipient of the National Medal of Science and the Abel Prize
Istvan Hargittai has done it again. His analyses of Nobel-class scientists provide a unique perspective on the sources of creativity in science. – Eugene Garfield, chairman emeritus, ThomsonReuters Scientific (formerly ISI); editor emeritus, The Scientist
Fascinating revelations make Drive and Curiosity a compelling page-turner and a must-read for everyone who wants to know what traits and circumstances contribute to a person's becoming the scientist who makes the big breakthrough.
Social Sciences / Ethnic Studies / African-American Studies
News for All the People: The Epic Story of Race and the American Media by Juan Gonzalez and Joseph Torres (Verso Books)
News for All the People is a sweeping account of the class and racial conflicts in American news media, from the first colonial newspaper to the internet age. It chronicles key government decisions that created our nation’s system of news, major political battles over the role of the press, and the rise of media conglomerates and epoch-defining technologies.
Based on years of archival research and up-to-the-minute
reporting by veteran journalists and media reform advocates Juan
Gonzalez and Joseph Torres,
News for All the People reveals how racial segregation in the
media distorted the news and unearths numerous examples of how
publishers and broadcasters actually fomented racial violence
through their coverage. And it illuminates how Black, Latino, Asian,
and Native American journalists fought to create a vibrant yet
little-known alternative and democratic press and then, beginning in
the 1970s, forced open the doors of the major media companies.
The writing is replete with portraits of individual journalists and media executives, both famous and obscure, the heroes and the villains. It weaves back and forth between the corporate battles and government policies that built our segregated media system – as when Commerce Secretary Herbert Hoover gave a radio license to a notorious KKK organization in the nation’s capital – and those who rebelled against that system, such as Pittsburgh Courier publisher Robert L. Vann, who led a national campaign to get the black-face comedy Amos ’n’ Andy off the air.
Authors are Juan Gonzalez, winner of the George Polk Award for investigative reporting, former president of the National Association of Hispanic Journalists, co-host of the nationally syndicated TV and radio show Democracy Now and columnist for the New York Daily News; and Joseph Torres, formerly a reporter at the Staten Island Advance, now the government relations director for Free Press, the national media reform organization.
As told in News for All the People, the alternative press was launched in the early nineteenth century by white editors and writers from marginalized political groups and nascent urban workers' organizations to champion dissident views. That press has been locked for more than two centuries in a war of words with the commercial media over the content and character of the nation's news. Unfortunately, the dissident press has long suffered from the same racial blind spot as the commercial press. Radical and labor editors have often excluded people of color from their newsrooms and ignored important stories in minority communities.
Racial exclusion gave rise to a separate, segregated wing of America's opposition press, more commonly referred to today as the ‘minority’ or ‘ethnic’ media. The editors and journalists of this ‘other’ press were often ignored, disdained or persecuted; many of their newspapers and broadcasts were never archived for posterity in public and university libraries, and most have since been relegated to the footnotes of official journalism histories. Yet they waged heroic battles with their papers and over the airwaves to tell a different story – to assure fair and accurate news accounts of their communities; and they often proved to be more consistent defenders of press freedom and democratic values than the commonly celebrated titans of American journalism such as Greeley, Hearst, and Pulitzer.
News for All the People unearths the saga of this ‘other’ American journalism, collecting in one place and preserving for future generations some of the achievements of those editors and journalists of color who repeatedly challenged the worst racial aspects of our national narrative. "We wish to plead our own cause," John Russwurm and Samuel Cornish proclaimed in 1827 in their inaugural issue of NewYork's Freedom's Journal, the first black-owned newspaper in America. "Too long have others spoken for us."
Chapters 4 to 8 chronicle the rise of that minority press. Though the first Spanish-language newspaper in the United States, El Misisipi, was founded in New Orleans in 1808, a true press by journalists of color did not emerge in the country until the 1820s, when Rev. Felix Varela founded El Habanero in 1824 in Philadelphia, Russwurm and Cornish launched Freedom's Journal, and Elias Boudinot initiated the Cherokee Phoenix in 1828 in New Echota, Georgia. By 1854, the Golden Hills News became the first of dozens of Chinese-language newspapers that would be published in the United States during the nineteenth century.
Except for Russwurm, Frederick Douglass, Martin Delany, Ida B. Wells and a handful of others, the pioneering figures of the non-white press have been largely forgotten.
Gonzales and Torres in News for All the People also recount the riveting personal stories of those nearly forgotten pioneer journalists who broke the color barrier in the commercial news media. Chapters 9 to 16 of News for All the People chart how the rise of giant newspaper chains, the newswire services, and the radio and television networks sharply reduced opportunities for people of color to exercise real freedom of the press. By the end of the nineteenth century, our country was a growing world power with a new overseas empire. Rapid and reliable communications between parts of that empire became not simply an economic necessity but a requirement of imperial military strategy. Nonetheless, the first decades of the twentieth century witnessed more involvement by blacks and Hispanics in radio than is generally acknowledged. Scores of African-Americans were active in the amateur radio movement after World War I, and the Commerce Department issued the first commercial radio license to a Hispanic in 1922 – more than twenty years earlier than commonly believed. But once the federal government moved to regulate access to the airwaves with the creation of the Federal Radio Commission in 1927, people of color were completely shut out of ownership in the growing industry; even their presence on the air was sharply reduced.
The massive entrance of blacks and Latinos into the military during World War II prompted some improvement in media portrayals of non-whites, as the government, responding to widespread social unrest and race riots during the war, pressured radio owners to provide more diversity in news and entertainment programming. It would take a new wave of urban riots twenty years later, and a pivotal battle in the federal courts to integrate Mississippi television, before the nation finally took significant steps toward the racial integration of our media system. In 1968, the US Commission on Civil Disorders strongly criticized the role played by the media in covering minority communities. Thus began what Gonzalez and Torres call the new democratic revolution in the American press.
All popular movements, however, provoke organized resistance from defenders of the status quo. By the 1980s and early 1990s, conservative politicians had begun rolling back several federal regulations aimed at assuring racial integration and diversity of ownership in newspapers and broadcasting. At the same time, the cable industry, which had initially ushered in a new era of diverse ownership and programming, became dominated by a few giant companies.
Some believe that the emergence of the Internet in the final decades of the twentieth century has offered hope for a return to a decentralized system of news dissemination. But cyberspace, as Gonzalez and Torres show in the final chapter, has quickly evinced the same kind of unequal racial divide in ownership and content that has marked the rest of our media system.
News for All the People is truly a masterpiece; I could not put it down. After years of research, Juan Gonzalez and Joseph Torres have produced a book that will be nothing short of mandatory reading for all who care about the media or democracy. It will change how you think about media and American history. – Robert W. McChesney, coauthor of The Death and Life of American Journalism
Juan Gonzalez and Joseph Torres have rendered a splendid public service with this highly readable and engrossing story of how the press sees – and doesn't see – who we are as a people. Race and ethnicity, power and privilege, the visible and the invisible are at the core of our democratic crisis today, and it's hard to imagine a better way to face the challenge than to be armed with the story this book tells so well. – Bill Moyers, Public Affairs Television
A `first-of-its-kind' rendering of the causes, contexts, and consequences of the American media system across the fault line of race. Haunting and prophetic, this is a must-read for all the people. – Malkia Amala Cyril, executive director of the Center for Media Justice
With clarity, exquisite detail and strong scholarship, the authors show us how the neglect of the mainstream press over the years still haunts the nations identity about who is an American. – Arlene Notoro Morgan, associate dean of the Columbia Graduate School of Journalism, coeditor of The Authentic Voice: Best Reporting on Race and Ethnicity
The historic inability of marginalized communities to control their own images has been devastating. News for All the People illustrates that this lack of control hasn't been by accident. It's a part of a greater story of media control and ownership that traces back to the creation of the United States. An essential read. – James Rucker, Founder of ColorOfChange.org
News for All the People is a landmark narrative history of American media that puts race at the center of the story. Based on years of original archival research and up-to-the-minute reporting and written by two veteran journalists and leading advocates for a more inclusive and democratic media system, the book should become the standard history of American media.
Social Sciences / History / Jewish / Biographies & Memoirs
The Life and Thought of Louis Lowy: Social Work Through the Holocaust by Lorrie Greenhouse Gardella, with a foreword by Joachim Wieler (Syracuse University Press)
LLouis Lowy (1920-1991), an international social
worker and gerontologist, rarely spoke publicly about the Holocaust.
During the last months of his life, however, he recorded an oral
narrative that explores his activities during the Holocaust as the
formative experiences of his career.
Whether caring for youth in concentration camps, leading an escape from a death march, or forming the self-government of a Jewish displaced persons center, Lowy was guided by principles that would later inform his professional identity as a social worker, including the values of human worth and self-determination, the interdependence of generations, and the need for social participation and lifelong learning.br /> Drawing on Lowy's oral narrative and accounts from three other Holocaust survivors who witnessed his work in the Terezin ghetto and the Deggendorf Displaced Persons Center, Lorrie Greenhouse Gardella in The Life and Thought of Louis Lowy offers a portrait of Lowy's personal and professional legacy. In chronicling his life, Gardella, professor of social work and associate dean of the School of Graduate and Professional Studies at Saint Joseph College, West Hartford, Connecticut, also uncovers a larger story about Jewish history and the meaning of the Holocaust in the development of the social work profession.
[This] highly readable and well-researched historical gem should be required reading in all schools of social work. It captures the lived experience of social work philosophy through the life and work of Holocaust survivor and social work educator Louis Lowy. – Dorothy Van Soest, University of Washington
Dr. Louis Lowy has had a very important influence on those of us who work in the field of aging. This book of his life provides a rich account of how surrogate institutions were created under severe adversity. It also puts events into historical context before, during, and after the Holocaust. – Roberta R. Greene, editor of Human Behavior Theory and Social Work Practice
A gripping and inspirational account of the remarkable life of Louis Lowy – social worker, educator, writer, community organizer, indigenous leader, and social statesman. – Lee Staples, Boston University
Professor Lorrie Greenhouse Gardella is a gifted writer. The Life and Thought of Louis Lowy: Social Work Through the Holocaust, she presents the life and ideas of Professor Lowy in rich detail and textures. – Alex Gitterman, University of Connecticut
This rich and highly readable account of Lowy’s life in The Life and Thought of Louis Lowy is an inspiration.
Social Sciences / Sociology
An Introduction to the Sociology of Work and Occupations, 2nd edition by Rudi Volti (Sage Publications)
An Introduction to the Sociology of Work and Occupations,, 2nd edition connects work and occupations to the key subjects of sociological inquiry: social and technological change, race, ethnicity, gender, social class, education, social networks, and modes of organization. In 15 chapters, Rudi Volti, Emeritus Professor Sociology at Pitzer College, currently serving as book review editor for Transfers: The Journal of Interdisciplinary Mobility Studies, succinctly but comprehensively covers the changes in the world of work, encompassing everything from gathering and hunting to working in today's Information Age. In this new and updated edition, globalization and technology are each given their own chapter and discussed in depth.
New features of this edition include an increase in historical coverage with heavy emphasis on current trends; incorporation of new figures, tables, and statistical data; separation and expansion of chapters on globalization and technology to provide further detail on two of the most important forces shaping work and occupations today; and expansion of coverage of unionization, worker satisfaction and dissatisfaction, and the ongoing significance of race, ethnicity, and gender as it relates to work to keep students informed of the most current topics and trends./p>
Chapter 1 demonstrates An Introduction to the Sociology of Work and Occupations's commitment to a long-term historical perspective by beginning with a description of the oldest and longest lasting mode of work: gathering and hunting. Agricultural and craft work reflected the technologies available at the time.
Chapter 2 continues the historical narrative through a discussion of the organization of work in times past, when ascribed statuses were the primary means of allocating jobs and occupations. Chapter 3 resumes the discussion of technological, economic, and social change through an account of the Industrial Revolution and its many consequences for workers and the kind of work they did.
In Chapter 4 in An Introduction to the Sociology of Work and Occupations, we look into ‘modern’ forms of organization through a consideration of that often berated mode of organization, bureaucracy. The chapter also introduces a theme that will be revisited in several later chapters: how the structuring of work organizations affects individual workers through the allocation of skills, responsibilities, and authority. The concluding sections of this chapter note how changes in the economy have created jobs and entire occupations that mesh poorly with bureaucracy and necessitate alternative modes of organization.
Chapter 5 discusses one of the major forces shaping work today: technological change. The chapter includes an analysis of how technological advances have affected overall levels of employment and, in so doing, attempts to provide a more nuanced account of the relationship between technological change and unemployment.
Chapter 6 notes some of the benefits of globalization but also tries to make it clear that these benefits are not evenly shared. The chapter concludes by noting how demographic trends in the world's rich nations will change some of the terms of the immigration debate in the years to come.
With Chapter 7, the focus shifts from the large-scale forces that are affecting work and occupations and takes up an issue that may be of more immediate concern for many readers of this book: getting a job. This chapter describes how individuals find out about available jobs and the processes through which they are screened and hired by employers. Although individual characteristics have a sizable influence on the ability to land a job, the last section of this chapter emphasizes the importance of social networks in hiring processes as they affect both prospective employees and employers.
Organizations and workplaces can be seen as miniature societies imbued with their own values, norms, routines, and other cultural elements. Chapter 8 of An Introduction to the Sociology of Work and Occupations examines workplace cultures and how individuals assimilate them. The final segment describes how different agencies of workplace socialization shape workers' perceptions of their occupational careers.
Chapter 9 takes up a topic that has been of longstanding interest to sociologists: the professions. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the efforts of women and minorities to enter the established professions and the obstacles they have encountered along the way.
One of the perceived characteristics of professional occupations is that their practitioners are usually well paid. Chapter 10 takes up the general topic of remuneration by describing and analyzing the distribution of wages, salaries, and benefits. This chapter segment examines the extent of unionization today, followed by a discussion of why union membership has declined in recent years. The final segment looks into occupational prestige and explores why some occupations are held in higher regard than others.
The opportunity to earn a wage or salary is a prime motivation to be employed, but it is not the only one. Chapter 11 of An Introduction to the Sociology of Work and Occupations looks into the nonmonetary aspects of work. This chapter, for the most part, stresses positive aspects of work, beginning with the psychological benefits of being employed. This is followed by an analysis of what employment and unemployment statistics reveal and what they obscure. The next part of the chapter provides some data on the extent of labor force participation by different categories of workers, especially in regard to groupings of age and gender. The chapter concludes with a presentation of some other nonmonetary rewards of work, such as workplace friendships and the intrinsic satisfactions that work may bring.
Chapter 12 continues the discussion of life on the job but this time with an emphasis on some unfortunate aspects of working life, beginning with workplace deaths and injuries. The next segment describes some potentially difficult conditions of employment, notably temporary work. The chapter presents workers' responses to on-the-job alienation and some efforts by management to reduce it.
Chapter 13 examines inequalities in the working world that are associated with race, ethnicity, and gender. The chapter reviews some current legal remedies for discrimination, as well as some that have been proposed but not enacted.
Chapter 14 notes some of the ways that the demands of a working life, including the time spent commuting to and from a job, have tended to crowd out other activities. It describes and analyzes several studies of time spent at work, assesses their validity, and delineates which categories of workers are most likely to put in the longest hours. It also takes note of some of the efforts of public and private agencies to provide child care but points out how the United States lags behind many other countries in the provision of this essential service.
Chapter 15 of An Introduction to the Sociology of Work and Occupations represents an effort to tie all the preceding chapters together by reviewing the forces that have shaped work and occupations in the past and are likely to do so in the future.
The final segment looks into the near future through a brief examination of the job market in the immediate years to come. The chapter concludes with a listing of the occupations that are expected to add the greatest number of jobs in the next few years and what this list tells us about the workforce of the future.
As a further stimulus to reflection on some of the key issues raised in An Introduction to the Sociology of Work and Occupations, each chapter ends with several questions for discussion. These questions do not have a ‘right’ answer, but the material presented in that chapter may allow responses to them to be better grounded in factual information and theoretical sophistication.
The discussion of jobs, human capital, and credentials is practical and engaging! – Deborah Barnes-Drummond
The book's strengths are the depth of historical analysis punctuated by statistics and relevant references, its nice, easy-to-read flow, and its subtle sense of humor. Volti's book covers all the important aspects of work. – Elena Gabor
I really appreciate the fact that Volti's text is well-written and very accessible to undergraduate students. – Judi Kessler
An Introduction to the Sociology of Work and Occupations, 2nd edition introduces student to a highly relevant analysis of society today. It is particularly valuable for upper-level undergraduate courses such as Sociology of Work and related courses in departments of Sociology, Organizational Behavior, Economics, Human Resource Management, and Organizational Studies.
Plains Indian Art: The Pioneering Work of John C. Ewers edited by Jane Ewers Robinson, with an introduction by Evan M. Maurer (Charles M. Russell Center Series on Art and Photography of the American West, Volume 8: University of Oklahoma Press)
Institutes of Divine Jurisprudence, with Selections from Foundations of the Law of Nature and Nations (Natural Law Paper) by Christian Thomasius, edited, translated, and with an introduction by Thomas Ahnert, with general editor Knud Haakonssen (Natural Law and Enlightenment Classics Series: Liberty Fund, Inc.)