contents this issue:
Journalism and Realism: Rendering American Life by Thomas B. Connery, with a foreword by Roy Peter Clark (Medill School of Journalism Visions of the American Press Series: Northwestern University Press)
Arts & Photography / History / England
The First Panoramas: Visions of British Imperialism by Denise Oleksijczuk (University of Minnesota Press)
The First Panoramas is a cultural history of the first three
decades of the panorama, a three-hundred-sixty-degree visual medium
patented by the artist Robert Barker in Britain in 1787. A towering
two-story architectural construction inside which spectators gazed
on a 10,000-square-foot painting, Barker’s new technology was
designed to create an impression of total verisimilitude for the
In The First Panoramas, Denise Blake Oleksijczuk demonstrates the complexity of the panoramas’ history and cultural impact, exploring specific exhibits: View of Edinburgh and the Adjacent Country from the Calton Hill (1788), View of London from the Roof of the Albion Mill (1791), View of the Grand Fleet Moored at Spithead (1793), and the two different versions of View of Constantinople (1801). In addition to the art itself, she examines the panoramas’ intriguing descriptive keys – single-sheet diagrams that directed spectators to important sites in the representation, which evolved over time to give the observer greater perceptual control over the view.
Using the surviving evidence, much of it never published before, on the early exhibitions of these massive installations, Oleksijczuk, assistant professor at the School for the Contemporary Arts at Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, reconstructs the relationships between specific paintings, their accompanying printed guides, and the collective experiences of different audiences. She argues that by transporting its spectators to increasingly distant locations, first in the city and country and then in the world beyond Britain’s borders, the panorama created a spatial and temporal disjunction between ‘here’ and ‘there’ that helped to forge new national and social identities.
The first two chapters of The First Panoramas focus on the shift in interpretive communities that was part of the panorama's move from Edinburgh to London. Chapter 2 addresses the panorama's origin in Edinburgh within a specific membership community that sponsored Barker's first painting, View of Edinburgh and the Surrounding Country from the Calton Hill. Making use of the evidence found in the reference book published to accompany the prints of this first panorama, Oleksijczuk shows that the new visual form and its subject matter promoted two different modes of experiencing the panorama, which she differentiates by using the terms the map and the tour. With respect to the space of the image, a map-like usage and description of the panorama's illusionistic space consisted of identifying sites for spectators in a sequential and systematic left-to-right movement across the image's surface. In contrast, the mode of spectatorship and description allowed the observer to tie the image to dynamic narratives of space, most importantly, a narrative about Scotland's Jacobite history that obliged the viewer's eyes to jump to and fro across the image. This type of viewing practice allowed viewers to engage with the encircling painting as a whole, rather than in separate, consecutively viewed parts.
The exhibition of the panorama within a new context – that of London – is the subject of chapter 2 of The First Panoramas. The efforts to sell the View of Edinburgh in this new metropolitan context, beginning in 1789, are examined in light of the issues that arose when the painting was exhibited to audiences with different politics and loyalties in the capital of the British nation, as opposed to those in the regional center of Edinburgh. This chapter also explores Barker's second panorama image, the View of London from the Roof of the Albion Mills, first exhibited in 1791, in relation to many of the other exhibitions taking place in the city at the same time. The View of London enacted a visual and spatial connection to another important exhibition once held at Leicester Square. First exhibited at the back of Barker's house near Leicester Square, the image located spectators for the View of London on the other side of the Thames River on the roof of the infamous industrial flour mill that remained standing after a 1791 fire only as a burned-out shell. This viewpoint, overlooking the entire city, provided a clear view of the entrance to the Leverian Museum in the foreground, a famous public cabinet of curiosities that was once housed in Leicester Square. Hence, by conveying its spectators to a viewpoint that overlooked the new location of the museum, Barker's panorama of London at once brought memories and associations of the Leverian Museum back to Leicester Square. In doing so, his painting was linked to the museum's purpose of bringing the world to the center of London.
In 1793 the specifications of the 1787 patent were finally realized in the Panorama rotunda built at Leicester Square. The new enterprise was inaugurated by a royal visit to the View of the Grand Fleet Moored at Spithead, which provides the framework for chapter 3 of The First Panoramas. Oleksijczuk examines social status and gender in relation to the imperialistic narratives set in place by the naval image, as well as the different modes of perception allowed for by the Panorama as an architectural structure that supports and disguises the materiality of the cylindrical image. This chapter focuses on an emergent movement, or spatial practice. The panorama allowed for at least two modes of perception – a classical, static, and external type of spectatorship, and a modern, mobile, and internal mode of vision, in which sight combined more fully with the corporeal. In this chapter Oleksijczuk examines a contemporary anecdote on the royal visit to the Panorama, which implies that the two modes of perception allowed for by the panorama were based on gender difference. Oleksijczuk opposes this assumption by providing evidence that what was construed as the ‘female’ mode was in fact a more physiologically accurate and scientific response to the visual form. She argues that a mode of perception associated with Queen Charlotte's response to the panorama image opened up opportunities at once for seeing against the grain (or narrative) of the image and for breaking with established notions of subjectivity.
The subtle and not so subtle interrelations between imperialistic aspects of domestic and foreign relations were an important element of the earliest panorama images, and chapter 4 analyzes the viewing positions and multiple thresholds set in place by juxtaposing two contrasting images of Constantinople in 1801. This chapter investigates issues over the shifting boundaries between Asia and Europe, the rivalry between Britain and France, and the problematic construction of a feminized ‘East’ and a masculinized ‘West.’ By pairing two contrasting views of the city, the Panorama structure enabled spectators to move back and forth between panorama vistas, which opened up new opportunities for interpreting these images.
As a conclusion to The First Panoramas, chapter 5 shows changes in notions of space and time from 1793 to 1820, represented by the keys printed to accompany panoramas of British and foreign cities and ports and notable British naval or army battles. By comparing the keys with the painted scenes that they were to accompany, Oleksijczuk analyzes how the Barkers gradually changed the keys' graphic design to convey different spatial and temporal relations in the images. This shift involved increasing the amount of detail and perspectival depth in the images of the keys, which eventually led to a new design in which two registers of framed, rectangular perspective images were juxtaposed on the page. Oleksijczuk argues that this new format encouraged spectators to look at the objects in the view rather than to focus on the materiality of the Panorama's physical structure, a change that corresponded to profound changes in notions of space and time produced by Enlightenment rationalism and by powerful transformations in Western capitalism itself.
Furthermore, specific instances of how the representation of space on the circular keys was practiced, in the sense that the keys could act as a site for the exchange of ideas, are explored with respect to circular keys that bear manuscript additions. She suggests that the lack of a coherent spatial structure of these keys enlivened the viewer's creative imagination. In contrast, by arresting the circular and more abstract mode of looking at the space of the printed image of the round keys, the rectangular keys rendered the Panorama medium invisible. Thus the latter had more power to control how space and time were conceived (and remembered) in relation to the panorama image. They projected viewers directly into the picture's illusionistic space, instead of allowing them to remain conscious of their distance from it, on the other side of the gap, within the Panorama.
During the last decade the new field of panorama studies has achieved a great deal, though many accounts of this important and elusive form of visual representation are still marked by misleading generalizations. Denise Blake Oleksijczuk’s impressive The First Panoramas carries panorama research to a new level of material and historical specificity. Clearly it is a work that will be indispensable for anyone studying this topic and readers will be rewarded by its exemplary combination of archival investigation and theoretical reflection. – Jonathan Crary, Meyer Schapiro Professor of Modern Art and Theory, Columbia University
The First Panoramas is a substantial and fascinating book that offers new ways of looking at the panoramic culture of early nineteenth century Britain. It combines a very detailed historical analysis with readings of individual panoramic works. – Lynda Nead, Birkbeck University of London
Beautifully illustrated, useful, full of specifics, The First Panoramas takes the study of panoramas to a new level with its original research.
Business & Investing / Economics / Management
Winning the War for Talent in Emerging Markets: Why Women Are the Solution by Sylvia Ann Hewlett and Ripa Rashid (Harvard Business Review Press)
The war for talent is heating up in emerging markets. Without
enough ‘brain power,’ multinationals can’t succeed in these markets.
Yet they are approaching the war in the wrong way – bringing in
expats and engaging in bidding wars for hotshot local ‘male’
According to Winning the War for Talent in Emerging Markets, the solution is hiding in plain sight: the millions of highly educated women surging into the labor markets of Brazil, Russia, India, China, and the United Arab Emirates. Increasingly, these women boast better credentials, higher ambitions, and greater loyalty than their male peers.
But there’s a catch: Attracting and retaining talented women in emerging economies requires different strategies than those used in mature markets. Complex cultural forces – family-related ‘pulls,’ such as daughterly duties to parents and in-laws, and work-related ‘pushes,’ such as extreme hours and dangerous commutes – force women to settle for dead-end jobs, switch to the public sector, or leave the workforce entirely.
In Winning the War for Talent in Emerging Markets, Sylvia Ann Hewlett and Ripa Rashid analyze these forces and present strategies for countering them, including:
Coauthor Hewlett is an economist and author of 10 high-profile books, founding president of the Center for Work-Life Policy and the chair of the Hidden Brain Drain Task Force, and coauthor Rashid is senior vice president of the Center for Work-Life Policy, with over 15 years’ experience as a management consultant in North America, Europe, Latin America and Asia.
In Winning the War for Talent in Emerging Markets, Hewlett and Rashid provide a rich, nuanced analysis of this highly qualified workforce in the developing world – and show how it can help readers win in these critical markets.
They provide a wealth of case studies demonstrating how global companies – including Bloomberg, Intel, Infosys, Lenovo, Pfizer, and Siemens – are successfully devising talent strategies that recruit, retain, and accelerate female talent.
Sylvia Ann Hewlett and Ripa Rashid have uncovered great talent hiding in plain sight. Their extensive research reveals the ambitions and challenges faced by talented women in the ERIC countries. This first-of-its-kind study makes a crystal clear case for women as the answer to the emerging markets' talent crunch and then shows what companies can do to attract and retain this highly talented pool. – Herminia Ibarra, Cora Chaired Professor of Leadership and Learning and Professor of Organizational Behavior, INSEAD
A must-read for leaders in any global company with growth aspirations in emerging markets. The authors convincingly demonstrate that addressing the talent shortage involves understanding the cultural and social nuances that shape the choices women make, and using this understanding to inform talent interventions. – Michel Landel, CEO, Sodexo
Rather than dwell on the clichés 'brutal war for talent' or 'equal opportunities for oppressed women: the authors have used a rich, data-driven approach to show how high-growth companies can tap into a rich vein of ambitious, driven, and educated women to fuel their success in emerging markets. – ‘Tiger’ Tyagarajan, COO, Genpact
International companies can get the best talent, crack developing markets, and strike a blow for equality all at the same time by hiring women who remain vastly unrealized as a talent pool. Winning the War for Talent in Emerging Markets tells you exactly how to do it. – Peter Cappelli, George W. Taylor Professor of Management at the Wharton School and Director of Wharton's Center for Human Resources
A fascinating look at the rapidly evolving role of women in the global workforce. Hewlett and Rashid have written a powerful and highly readable wake-up call on the urgency around developing, attracting, and retaining talent in emerging markets. You'll be smarter for having read this groundbreaking book. – Sallie Krawcheck, named one of Fortune's ‘Most Powerful Women’ in business for the last eight years and one of Time's ‘Global Business Influentials’
Sylvia Ann Hewlett and Ripa Rashid put their fingers on a sweet spot for global companies: leaping ahead in the world's hottest markets by using enlightened workplace policies to attract the best people – which means accelerating the development of talented women. This book is a powerful, persuasive, and practical cross-cultural tour. – Rosabeth Moss Kanter, Harvard Business School professor and author of Confidence and SuperCorp
Drawing on groundbreaking research, amplified with on-the-ground examples from diverse companies, Winning the War for Talent in Emerging Markets is required reading for all companies and leaders throughout their organizations seeking to strengthen their talent pipeline in these rich and expanding markets.
Business & Investing / Management & Leadership
Change Leader: Learning to Do What Matters Most by Michael Fullan (Jossey-Bass)
We live in a challenging, complex, interconnected and unpredictable world beset by a range of seemingly insoluble problems. But, in Change Leader, Michael Fullan – an internationally acclaimed authority on organizational change – says we have an increasing understanding of how to tackle complex change. This involves developing a new kind of leader, one who recognizes what is needed to bring about deep and lasting changes in living systems at all levels. These leaders need a deep understanding of what motivates human beings and how they tap into and influence other people's self-motivation.
In his previous bestselling books, Fullan, professor emeritus of the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education of the University of Toronto currently serving as Special Advisor in Education to Dalton McGuinty, the Premier of Ontario, examined the concepts and processes of change. In Change Leader he turns his focus to the core practices of leadership so vital for leading in today's complex world. Fullan reveals seven core practices, all of which appear simple but actually get to the essence of what differentiates a powerful leader from one who is merely competent:
Throughout Change Leader Fullan argues that powerful leaders have built bedrocks of credibility, have learned how to identify the few things that matter most, and know how to leverage their skills in ways that benefit their entire organization. He shows leaders how to avoid policies and strategies that focus on shallow and short-term goals and develop leadership skills for long-term success.
This is a terrific book – hugely engaging, grounded in evidence, easy to remember and apply, and full of practical common sense. It will have powerful resonance for all of us in leadership roles who want to become better leaders. – Steve Munby, chief executive, National College for School Leadership, England
Change Leader reflects the wisdom and insights that can only come from someone who has been deeply immersed in the change process for decades. Fullan has de-mystified organizational change and the leadership necessary to implement and sustain it. Leaders of organizations large and small should use this book to guide their day-to-day work. – Rick Dufour, educational author and consultant
Michael Fullan's deep insights about organizational change will take business leaders to new heights of motivation and performance. Within a diverse world, many of the core elements and themes in Change Leader, such as impressive empathy, political savvy, collaborate to compete, purposeful action, pressure and positive support, deliberative practice, and sustain change and improvement will serve leaders who strive to stand apart from the crowd. – Avis Glaze, president, Edu-quest International Inc.
With a wealth of illustrative examples from business, education, nonprofit, and government sectors Change Leader, written by an internationally acclaimed authority on organizational change, provides a much-needed leadership guide for today's turbulent climate.
Business & Investing / Small Business & Entrepreneurship
Entrepreneurship and the Creative Economy: Process, Practice and Policy edited by Colette Henry and Anne de Bruin (Edward Elgar)
The 'creative economy' and the broad spectrum of creative industries that it encompasses, is increasingly important in the 21st century's global economy. In challenging economic conditions, creative industries are both politically and economically appealing with governments around the world now recognizing their potential as a source of employment and entrepreneurial endeavor.
This has already been recognized in the UK, with policy-makers being urged to target investment towards the `drivers of employment in the future', ensuring that knowledge-intensive sectors such as the creative industries are given the support they need to fulfill their critical role in the recovery process. Entrepreneurship and the Creative Economy contains a range of theoretical and empirically based research contributions that collectively consider and debate the process, policy and practice of the creative economy.
Entrepreneurship and the Creative Economy was edited by Colette Henry, Norbrook Professor of Business and Enterprise, The Royal Veterinary College, University of London, UK and Anne de Bruin, Professor of Economics, School of Economics and Finance and Director, New Zealand Social Innovation and Entrepreneurship Research Centre, Massey University, New Zealand. Contributors include: E. Allen, A. de Bruin, T. Fuller, P.G. Greene, C. Henry, C. Mills, S.J. Norman, E. Noyes, S. Parise, A. Penaluna, K. Penaluna, D. Rae, S. Roodhouse, C. Taylor, B.V. Tjemkes, and L. Warren.
According to Henry and de Bruin, the term 'creative industries' first emerged in the 1990s and was originally used to describe all industries based on creativity that generated intellectual property. However, this description was quickly narrowed to include industries with a particular artistic or cultural bent. Among the many sectors that feature within the category of creative industries, arts and crafts, designer fashion, film, theatre and performing arts, advertising, publishing, broadcast media and recorded music would appear to be the most prominent. Some critics have suggested that the inclusion of software development, computer services, digital media and communications in the creative industries' definition serves to inflate the sector artificially, but others have highlighted the exclusion of particular industries such as tourism, heritage and sport.
Entrepreneurship and the Creative Economy addresses a range of pertinent issues within current creative economy debates from a process, policy and practice perspective. Henry and de Bruin include diverse yet complementary research contributions that deal with pertinent issues within this agenda, that adopt both conceptually and empirically based methodological approaches, and that employ a range of social and geographical contexts to explore the very nature of the creative economy.
Entrepreneurship and the Creative Economy adopts a logical yet strategic structure, beginning with four chapters that help lay the theoretical foundation by discussing some of the fundamental, definitional and structural issues associated with the creative industries. Some of the more practical, experiential and process-driven concepts are covered in the next two chapters. The final group of three chapters focuses on sector-specific issues of the creative economy, such as those found within the designer fashion, serious games and music industries.
In Chapter 2 Simon Roodhouse discusses the fundamental issue of defining and redefining the creative industries and their related activities. He suggests that the constantly changing boundary definitions, which have been developed for the creative sector by government and its agencies over the years, are devoid of clear rationale. Roodhouse suggests that if research in the creative industries is to be taken seriously, precision is required in the use of classicality systems.
Chapter 3 by Calvin Taylor considers the concept of creative industries, including its link to innovation, as socialized economic activities. This is discussed within the broader trend of applying social constructivist epistemological principles to accounts of organizational development and professional practice. The strengths and weaknesses of such an approach, as applied to the creative industries, are examined. The chapter also explores contemporary developments in knowledge exchange research and offers an alternative theoretical account of the role of sociality and reflexivity in the development of the creative industries.
In Chapter 4 of Entrepreneurship and the Creative Economy Andy and Kathryn Penaluna set out the case for fuller collaboration between business educators and those experienced in developing creativity and innovation. Through an extended literature review that includes current government and policy reports as well as empirical evidence from national and international networks, the authors consider the type and nature of comments that have been offered on the subject of creativity in business. Essentially, the chapter calls for the creative industries to engage further with entrepreneurship education policy and development.
Chapter 5 by Ted Fuller, Lorraine Warren and Sally Jane Norman presents a conceptual framework to capture the emergence of novelty in the creative industries, especially those operating in the so-called digital economy. Their argument is that the increasing level of innovation and creativity produces greater levels of instability in social structures. The authors contend that research designs must address multiple contexts and levels, presenting an analytical challenge to researchers. They suggest that their framework has potential to deal with this challenge. Their work broadens the notions of the 'business model' to consider value-creating systems and particular states reached by those systems in their evolution.
In Chapter 6 David Rae reflects on the experiences of creating and running the SPEED (Student Placements for Entrepreneurs in Education) Programme, which ran in 12 higher education institutions in the United Kingdom between 2006 and 2008. The program, which provided an action learning route for students to start their own businesses, supported over 700 participants. The author proposes a model of entrepreneurial action learning illustrating the connections between venture formation and `pull' learning. Recommendations for further developing the SPEED model in the post-recessionary economic era are proposed.
The focus of Chapter 7 by Brian Tjemkes is organization development in the creative business services segment of the creative industries. He conducts a longitudinal case study of the establishment of an advertising agency in the Netherlands, to develop an integrative and multilevel process model of a creative business services start-up and assist with understanding of organization development. The case he examines sheds interesting light on how organization design progresses through positive and negative adaptation cycles, toward a design that would enable it to achieve the dual objective of economic and creative performance.
In Chapter 8 of Entrepreneurship and the Creative Economy Patricia Greene focuses on a creative industries segment accelerating in importance: the serious games industry. Her chapter highlights the importance of studying emerging industries from a socio-economic platform. She explores innovation in the industry to identify three sources: educational. technological and business models. She also identifies the types of businesses participating in the industry, discusses who is in the market for serious games and comments on the growth trajectory of the industry. Additionally, the chapter has valuable practitioner relevance since it suggests practical lessons to be learned and shared with entrepreneurs who are interested in working in this area.
Chapter 9 by Colleen Mills delves into the New Zealand fashion industry to obtain insights into the start-up challenges of new designers. She employs enterprise development narratives to explore their experience of business start-up. Her chapter reveals how social capital and self-identity interact and structure the way these designers navigate the tension between creative expression and business practices that characterizes their participation in the designer fashion industry. Three orientations are distinguished and designers' orientations mapped according to how strongly their self-identity, start-up motivation and aspirations match these three defining orientations. An important finding is that those who successfully navigate the creativity-business tension access quite different social capital from those who feel constrained by this tension.
In the final chapter of Entrepreneurship and the Creative Economy Erik Noyes, Salvatore Parise and Elaine Allen are interested in the pattern of creative influences that increases the likelihood that an artist will pioneer a new market. Their longitudinal research examines the unique creative influences of all major artists in the popular music industry between 1950 and 2008 to check if certain structural positions in the complete network of influences make an artist more or less likely to be a first mover in new markets. They apply network analysis to the social structure of the popular music industry to ask the question: do artists who pioneer new markets occupy and exploit distinct structural positions in the influences network? Applying resource dependency theory, they examine each artist's structural pattern of creative influences as an idiosyncratic resource base from which to fashion industry-shaping musical innovations.
Creative industries are becoming increasingly important to the economic and social wealth of most economies. They are also inherently linked to entrepreneurship and this book provides thoughtful and comprehensive insights into the role of creative industries in contemporary economies and to the interface between creative firms and entrepreneurship. The book draws upon cutting edge research to illustrate and explain the diversity and nature of creative industries and to provide informed discussion on key topics relevant to developing theory and understanding of this vital sector. This book is a must for anyone interested in understanding and learning more about the opportunities which creative industries have created for entrepreneurship and the benefits which an entrepreneurial mind-set can offer to the creative industries. – Eleanor Shaw, University of Strathclyde, UK
The creative industries have long been a hotbed of entrepreneurial activity.… despite the fact that some countries have industrial policies to focus on creative arts, this is a little studied area of entrepreneurship. Colette Henry and Anne de Bruin offer one of the first academic books that showcases research in the creative industries. This volume presents a solid theoretical foundation and offers fascinating chapters that consider a variety of topics such as regional strategies, education, creative expression and the evolution of industry. – Candida G. Brush, Babson College, US
Entrepreneurship and the Creative Economy moves understanding of the creative economy a step forward and encourages readers to contribute to the creative industries debate. In presenting this collection, and drawing on international scholars, Henry and de Bruin enhance understanding of creative processes and practices, demonstrating their dynamic interaction and embedding the creative industries firmly in the global policy agenda. The book will play a vital part in furthering understanding of the creative industries and the role they play in economic development. Researched by leading authors in the field, it will prove invaluable for students, academics and researchers in the fields of creative entrepreneurship, creative industries and the creative economy.
Communication & Journalism
Journalism and Realism: Rendering American Life by Thomas B. Connery, with a foreword by Roy Peter Clark (Medill School of Journalism Visions of the American Press Series: Northwestern University Press)
… Professor Tom Connery does us a great favor by taking us back in time a century or so to take a look at the cultural changes that came to emphasize realism as a way of telling stories and reflecting the world. He calls this movement from the romantic and ideal to the real as a shift to ‘the paradigm of actuality.’… Journalism, as James Carey taught us, is, in the end, an expression of culture. Connery is tuned in to that tradition. "Journalism matters," writes Connery, "because in its accounts of people, places, events, and activities it carries cultural meaning, values, ideals. And in the 1800s its overriding, broad cultural message was that the actualities of life being lived were important in knowing and understanding America. Something is real after all. – Roy Peter Clark, from the foreword
Both newspaper and magazine journalism in the nineteenth century participated in the development and emergence of American Realism in the arts, which attempted to accurately portray everyday life, especially in fiction. Magazines and newspapers provided the raw material for American Realism, but were also its early and vocal advocates. This symbiotic relationship reached its peak from 1890 to 1910, when writers who might be called the first literary journalists (or, much later, ‘new journalists’) closed the circle by more fully adopting the fiction writer’s style of attempting to ‘show the reader real life,’ as their literary progeny Tom Wolfe would put it many years later.
In photographs and artists' sketches as well as news articles and features, journalists exposed the stories and conditions that became the material for American realism, and they were also its early and vocal advocates. Journalism and Realism offers an exploration both of journalists' role in the development of American realism and of literary realism's contributions to American journalism.
The author is Thomas Connery, professor of Communication and Journalism, former dean of the College of Arts & Sciences at the University of St. Thomas in St. Paul, and one of the founding editors of the scholarly journal Literary Journalism Studies.
Connery says in the preface to Journalism and Realism that he read in a news magazine an excerpt from a new book, Working in the Shadows: A Year of Doing the Jobs That (Most) Americans Won't Do, by Gabriel Thompson. Thompson, whose work has appeared in several magazines, also wrote about immigrants in There's No José Here: Following the Hidden Lives of Mexican Immigrants (2007). The writings of Thompson are examples of what Connery calls cultural reporting, or writing that documents the lives of those living among us, that provides meaning and insight, often simply by treating its subjects with respect and dignity, but also by going beneath the surface so that we can see people in their environment and hear there speak in their own voices.
Other examples of newspaper cultural reporting go well beyond these examples in getting readers inside people's lives, giving readers more than facts and straight information. In November 2008, for instance, the weekly alternative newspaper in Minneapolis, City Pages, caught Connery’s attention by pulling him into the life of a recently murdered Somali college student. By immediately setting the scene at the home of the student during Ramadan, the article allows readers to quickly get a taste of cultural and religious ritual, not as something odd but as a part of the rhythm of Muslim life.
Regardless of their form or structure, such articles and books that document life being lived are part of a type of journalism that both expresses and shapes culture and has a rich history and deep roots in the American realism tradition. These writings reach back through time to the many portrayals of the poor and marginalized, of immigrants and African Americans, of people of all types chasing the American Dream and its middle-class status while they struggle to get by and overcome stereotyping and prejudice.
After working as a journalist for several years, Connery in Journalism and Realism says that he returned to the classroom and searched for the roots of the New Journalism and identified and defined a literary journalism that thrived in the late 1800s. In his research, it became clear that journalism wasn't merely linked to realism: it was part and parcel of a realistic movement with repeated attempts to record life observed. It seemed that all forms of expression and communication – fiction, art, journalism, poetry – insisted on the primacy of observation. Occasionally in a conference paper or presentation he touched on what he suspected: that is, not only was this type of writing that some of us called literary journalism clearly in the realistic tradition, but journalism of all types and forms had not simply served as a vehicle for realism – although it did that – but by its fascination and constant, repeated attempts to feed the curious reading public with depictions, accounts, and stories about themselves and many types of Americans, this type of reporting helped mold what Century Magazine in 1897 would call the age of ‘recording realism.’
In other words, if society exists in its various forms and practices – such as music, dance, art, storytelling, poetry, filmmaking, and so forth – it also exists in its journalism, which is another of its forms and practices. Journalism matters because in its accounts of people, places, events, and activities it carries cultural meaning, values, ideals. And in the 1800s its overriding, broad cultural message was that the actualities of life being lived were important in knowing and understanding America.
Journalism and Realism fills a much-needed gap in the scholarship of American Realism. It confirms the journalism-realism relationship by exploring connections among representative writers, editors, and publications from the 1930s through the turn of the century, connecting to and building upon the research and ideas of a number of scholars.
Cooking, Food & Wine
The New Southern-Latino Table: Recipes that Bring Together the Bold and Beloved Flavors of Latin America and the American South by Sandra A. Gutierrez (The University of North Carolina Press)
Its fiesta time, y'all! At a time when Southern and Latin foods
are taking off across the country, Sandra Gutierrez offers a
cookbook full of recipes that are festive and flavorful, exotic yet
familiar, down home but refined. In this cookbook, bicultural chef
Sandra Gutierrez blends ingredients, traditions, and culinary
techniques, creatively marrying the diverse cuisines of more than
twenty Latin American countries with the food of the American South.
The New Southern-Latino Table features 150 original recipes that combine the best of both culinary cultures. Gutierrez, who has taught thousands of people how to cook, highlights the surprising affinities between the foodways of the Latin and Southern regions – including a wide variety of ethnic roots in each tradition and many shared basic ingredients – while embracing their contrasts and histories.
These lively dishes include Jalapeno Deviled Eggs, Cocktail Chiles Rellenos with Latin Pimiento Cheese, Two-Corn Summer Salad, Latin Fried Chicken with Smoky Ketchup, Macaroni con Queso, and Chile Chocolate Brownies. Along with appetizers, salads, entrees, side dishes, and desserts, Gutierrez also provides a glossary, a section on how to navigate a Latin tienda, and a guide to ingredient sources.
"I chose to build a cuisine based upon our similarities, with flavors that both southerners and Latinos can relate to, in hope of bringing people together at the table," she says.
"My biggest hope is that both Latin Americans and Southerners, upon first trying these recipes, will wonder how something so different can taste so familiar," Gutierrez says, "and that they come together around the table, realizing that we have many things in common, and start a conversation." Gutierrez, who grew up in the United States and Guatemala, says, "This book reflects both my personal journey with food and that of many other Latinos who have made their home in the South." She is a journalist, food writer, culinary instructor, and recipe developer.
The New Southern-Latino Table has unique recipes fashioned from the combination of familiar Southern cooking traditions and diverse Latin American cuisine. Sandra is a charming and instructive companion that all cooks will enjoy having in their kitchen. Chile cornbread; country fried steaks with cilantro-lime gravy; sweet potato and plantain casserole; mango, peach, and tequila cobbler just a few of the delicious dishes that I look forward to savoring! – Nathalie Dupree, author of New Southern Cooking
In this landmark cookbook, veteran journalist and beloved cooking teacher Sandra Gutierrez offers us a place at her table for an extraordinary Southern-Latino feast. Through stories, recipes, and insights on food, cultures, and ingredients, she illuminates the culinary connections and contrasts of Latin America and the southern United States. With engaging words and irresistible recipes, this book is an excellent resource for home cooks looking to make a delicious array of Latin and Southern food. – Nancie McDermott, cook and author of Southern Pies: A Gracious Plenty of Pie Recipes, From Lemon Chess to Chocolate Pecan
Sandra's beautifully written and illustrated book does a superb job of recording the evolution of the cuisines of the American South and the influence of Latin American flavors in its cuisine. Beginners and experienced cooks alike will be able to follow Sandra's recipes and appreciate her thorough information on ingredients. – Maria Baez Kijac, author of The South American Table, winner of the Gourmand World Cookbook Award Best Latino Cookbook 2003 and the Best of the Best 1996-2003
Sandra Gutierrez's The New Southern-Latino Table seamlessly melds the cuisine of her Latin-American roots with that of her adopted Carolina home, proving that the heart can have two homes and savor both with equal gusto. Brimming with Sandra's warmth, charm, and quiet authority, this beautiful book is a rare treasure. Join this glorious feast and sop up the remains of your chimichurri with a biscuit – or maybe two. – Damon Lee Fowler, author of Classical Southern Cooking and The Savannah Cookbook
Ms. Gutierrez talks early on in her engaging new book about a moment after leaving her native home and on her way into the American dance, (with a rhumba beat never leaving her hips) when 'the Latina discovered her Southern Belle within.' I experienced a cinematic click that never faded as I made my way hungrily through The New Southern-Latino Table. – Notman Van Aken, chef, author, and consultant, Key West, Florida
This is the cookbook I've been waiting for! A brilliant mixing and marrying of Latino flavors with those of the American South. There is no better person to write The New Southern-Latino Table than Sandra Gutierrez, an American of Guatemalan heritage who chose the South as her home. I've known Sandra for 15 years, and I've seen her in action – cooking, teaching, writing – always with passion, always with expertise. Is it any wonder that I can't wait to cook my way straight through this book? I haven't seen so many exciting and original recipes in ages. – Jean Anderson, author, A Love Affair with Southern Cooking, and member, The James Beard Cookbook Hall of Fame
The New Southern-Latino Table brings readers innovative, vibrant dishes that meld Latin American and Southern palates, and sparks the imaginations and the meals of home cooks, seasoned or novice, and of food lovers everywhere. Peppered with historical background and fascinating facts, this cookbook offers something for everyone. The book is chockfull of clearly written, reliable recipes, supplemented by many of the cooking tips and practical advice that have made Gutierrez's cooking classes popular for many years.
Cooking, Food & Wine
Notes from a Maine Kitchen: Seasonally Inspired Recipes by Kathy Gunst (Down East Books)
There's nothing better than settling into a nice, warm, home-cooked meal at the kitchen table. Kathy Gunst in Notes from a Maine Kitchen takes readers into her own kitchen, introducing them to the flavors of fresh, seasonal Maine ingredients prepared in simple and inspiring ways. Gunst leads readers on a month-by-month adventure through Maine's food landscape, whether it be smelt-fishing on a frozen river or mushroom foraging in an autumn forest. Packed with essays, personal anecdotes, ingredient information, helpful cooking tips, and more than seventy-five recipes, this cookbook captures Maine's culinary identity.
With essays conveying the mood of each month, Gunst in Notes from a Maine Kitchen gives readers a sense of Maine food and life. She follows each essay with a handful of recipes incorporating the seasonal ingredient or theme. For example, there are three October essays, The Mushroom Man, followed by Sautéed Matsutake ‘Pasta’ with Parmesan Cheese and Roasted Wild-Mushroom Soup, An Apple Expedition, followed by Roasted Apfelmus (Applesauce), Baked Spiced Apple-Raisin Pancakes, and Grilled Gruyere Sandwiches with Maple-Caramelized Apples, and Fall is Cider Time, followed by Apple Cider Jelly.
Gunst, a cooking and food writing teacher, is the IACP-Award nominated author of fourteen cookbooks. With two James Beard Award nominations, she is also the ‘Resident Chef for WBUR's Here & Now, heard on more than 170 public radio stations nationwide. In the introduction to Notes from a Maine Kitchen Gunst says that Maine has been her home since the early 1980s. In December of 1982, she left her job as a magazine editor in New York City, and, with John, her boyfriend and later husband, moved to an old farmhouse in a small town in southern Maine to spend a year in Maine. She would write her first cookbook and John would work as a radio reporter. She says she remembers thinking: Oh, a whole year in Maine! Like a year in Provence, or Tuscany, or Paris.
In Maine she says she can leave her house unlocked and the keys to her car on the dashboard and wake up to find her car still in the driveway. Maine is a place of extreme beauty; there are hundreds of acres of woods nearby for dog walks, mushroom hunts, and quiet hikes. The sense of serenity Gunst gets from living in Maine has not changed over the years. Neither has the strong sense that this is a place where people really care about community, about one another, and about maintaining a quality of life that is fading fast in America.
One thing that has changed in the past three decades is the food, and mostly for the better. When they first moved there, the food scene was quaint, charming, one might say ‘old-fashioned.’ They went to clambakes and lobster boils, church suppers, bean-hole bean suppers, chowder festivals, and many, many potlucks dinners. So long as you liked seafood, things were good. Virtually everything that was delicious about Maine food came from the icy-cold Atlantic.
These days Maine is a major culinary destination, and not only because of lobster. While Notes from a Maine Kitchen is not a book about restaurants or chefs, what inspired her to write the book was how the climate of the food world has changed dramatically. The local, sustainable food movement is alive and strong, making Maine a place where good local food abounds, be it wild ramps or fiddleheads, amazing cheeses, crusty breads, smoked local salmon, Maine-grown wheat and berries.
Notes from a Maine Kitchen came about when she started exploring the food world in Maine throughout the seasons, from her kitchen and garden and its surroundings. She says it has been several years of discovering great food, meeting inspiring chefs, gardeners, farmers, and people passionate about making Maine food something worth talking about.
Maine is as much an experience as it is a place. Kathy truly captures that... you'll find it hard to put this book down. Yum! – Jonathan King and Jim Stott, owners of Stonewall Kitchen
I want to cook all the beautiful recipes in this book, including the many surprising ideas I wish I'd thought of. Kathy's descriptions of Maine's seasons and foods, in her own words, "open my eyes to where I live. – Sam Hayward, Chef-Partner of Fore Street Restaurant
This book is another example of what Maine has to offer the culinary world. – Rob Evans, Chef and owner of Hugo's Restaurant
Notes from a Maine Kitchen captures the beauty and rightness that cooking and living grounded to a place brings. Whether you are in Maine, Miami, or Montana, the delicious writing and recipes will inspire. – Katherine Alford, Food Network Kitchens
From farmers' markets and sugar shacks to lobster and blueberry pie, Notes from a Maine Kitchen is one-of-a-kind cookbook capturing Maine's culinary identity.
Cooking, Food & Wine
The Whole Hog Cookbook: Chops, Loin, Shoulder, Bacon, and All That Good Stuff by Libbie Summers, with a foreword by Paula Deen & photography by Chia Chong (Rizzoli)
A true and informed love of pork has led to the compilation of
this wonderful cookbook, featuring recipes inspired by many
different cuisines around the world. I'm gonna bet you will enjoy
the West Indian Pork Roti, Cuban Pork Roast, Midnight Pork Tamales,
West African Pork Stew, Asian-inspired Pulled Pork Spring Rolls, and
Pickled Pig's Feet from the Deep South as much as I do. – Paula Deen
There’s a whole world of pork to love, as demonstrated in
The Whole Hog Cookbook devoted to every cut of the hog. Plump
sausages sputtering on the grill, thick bacon sizzling in a pan, a
juicy pork chop from the oven – pork comes in so many wondrous
forms. From grilling and frying to braising and pickling, author
Libbie Summers takes comfortable old-fashioned dishes and updates
Summers grew up on a hog farm in Missouri to become the culinary producer for Paula Deen and the senior food editor for Paula Deen Enterprises. From childhood experiences, Summers cultivated a taste for meat cooked the old-fashioned way. Now, her modern sensibilities lend new twists to beloved dishes.
In this love letter to all things pork, Summers culls together over 125 recipes (desserts too), most with a Southern accent, but many inspired by other global cuisines that are masters of pork cookery – Spanish, Latin-American, Chinese, and Italian.
How-to sections show readers how to make their own fresh sausage, tie up a crown roast, and cure bacon. Some featured recipes in The Whole Hog Cookbook include:
The Whole Hog Cookbook is divided into eight chapters, the first seven focusing on the specific sections of the hog – Loin, Shoulder, Bacon, Spare Ribs, Picnic Shoulder, Leg and Offal – and the last called Slices, which encompasses all things sweet, including blue-ribbon apple pie, made with a lard-enriched crust and bacon-studded popcorn balls! Summers, in true Southern fashion, also includes must-have side recipes for mashed potatoes, buttermilk biscuits, and dipping sauces.
I have spent many enjoyable years cooking with my friend Libbie Summers and she always gets to my funny-bone – she is just a joy in the kitchen, y'all! I am tickled pink that readers will have a chance to enjoy her recipes and meet the stylish lady who puts the fun back into cooking pig. – Paula Deen, author of Paula Deen's Southern Cooking Bible
There's definitely a special place in our hearts for Libbie Summers, our Culinary Producer extraordinaire! She's pulled out all the stops in her cookbook, and we mean no (pork) butts about it, y'all. We're not sure which we love more, her witty writing, the super helpful how-to's or the fantastic recipes you'll find inside. This book is definitely a keeper for our kitchens and we know you'll feel the same way! – Jamie and Bobby Deen, authors of The Deen Bros Get Fired Up
Libbie Summers' The Whole Hog Cookbook takes the concept of ‘high on the hog’ to a whole new level. It's framed with her incredible sense of style and grace. The result is far more than a mere collection of recipes – it's food and fashion, design and dining rolled into one seductively delicious bite. – Virginia Willis, author of Basic to Brilliant, Y'all
Libbie Summers' marvelous book is as alive as it is thorough – an homage to my favorite animal from snout to tail. Libbie's hilarious stories are paired with stunning photography and mouthwatering recipes that I just can't wait to make. It will be a lovely addition to any cook's bookshelf. – Melissa Clark, author of In the Kitchen with a Good Appetite
I know firsthand that the projects Libbie Summers puts her hands into come to fruition in phenomenal fashion. Small and large projects all get the maximum energy and talent this smart lady possesses. Her knowledge of and artistic ability with food amaze me. I guess you could say she throws herself 'whole hog' (pun intended) into whatever she does and we all benefit! – Johnnie Gabriel, author of Cooking in the South
The Whole Hog gets the royal treatment in this homage to all things pork. From chops, bacon, and tenderloin to shoulder, butt, and ham, readers of The Whole Hog Cookbook learn tips for getting the most flavor out of all the cuts. This goes way beyond barbecue, although regional recipes for some mouthwatering barbecue are included. The scrumptious photos show not just finished dishes but also pig-in-process: on the farm, smoking, butchering, and barbecuing.
Education / Early Childhood / Curriculum / Ages 3-6
The Complete Daily Curriculum for Early Childhood, Revised: Over 1200 Easy Activities to Support Multiple Intelligences and Learning Styles by Pam Schiller and Pat Phipps (Gryphon House)
This award-winning curriculum for three- to six-year-olds offers a complete plan for every learning style. Revised and updated, the new edition of The Complete Daily Curriculum for Early Childhood is full of new activities based on the latest research about how children learn. Each activity now includes a Morning Message and Home Connections, and many of the original activities have been updated to include ideas for outdoor play. The comprehensive appendix has been updated, and the patterns are now available exclusively online so teachers can easily print them onto any paper.
Authors are Pam Schiller, Ph.D., freelance early childhood author and consultant, Past-President of the Southern Early Childhood Association and Texas Association for the Education of Young Children and former Head of the Early Childhood Department at the University of Houston and Pat Phipps, Ph.D., early childhood consultant, former professor in the Graduate School of Education at George Mason University and in the College of Education at the University of Houston, former Executive Director of the California Association for the Education of Young Children (CAEYC) and past Vice President of the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC).
The Complete Daily Curriculum for Early Childhood, revised is designed to help teachers create a comprehensive curriculum tailored to the individual differences of children. It features over 1200 activities to connect learning centers and multiple intelligences. A variety of subject/curriculum areas and each of the developmental domains are addressed in each day's lessons. Organized by theme, the book includes a Learning Circle and End-of-Day Reflection, completes the day with activities for six learning centers. Each theme includes assessment tools and related children's books. The comprehensive appendix of songs, stories, games and dances, props, recipes, chants, rhymes, and arts and crafts has been updated.
Because getting children focused is so critical to learning, every Morning Circle includes a suggestion for grabbing children's attention. A Morning Message is included to add additional focus and to help address literacy skills. Initially, teachers may want to write the message prior to the children's arrival. As children become more familiar with the Morning Message activities, teachers may choose to write the message as the children observe. In this case, the message can be read one word at a time as the teacher writes it and then it can be re-read in its entirety.
Morning Circle and Morning Message are followed with suggestions for Story Time, for Music, Movement, and the Great Outdoors, and suggestions for Learning Centers. The daily lessons end with a Closing Circle, which encourages children to reflect on their activities and new learning, and a Home Connection, which offers a suggestion for extending the learning to connect with families. Home Connection activities can be posted on a white board outside the classroom, sent home on monthly calendars or in individual notes, or simply suggested to children.
Each thematic group of lessons includes suggestions for assessing children's understanding of the skills and concepts presented in those lessons by using strategies that appeal to the eight ways of demonstrating high ability levels (multiple intelligences).
Lessons in The Complete Daily Curriculum for Early Childhood are flexible. Readers can use them with scheduled units or themes or to address children's interests as they arise. Lessons can last one day, one week, or as long as the children are interested.
Some activities are repeated within different themes. Repetition is an important part of learning. It strengthens children's understanding of patterns and helps clarify information for them. Repetition of skills is critical to mastery. Some stories are retold using different formats. Children love to hear a story over and over again, and rereading familiar stories supports the way children learn. Repetition improves their vocabulary, sequencing, and memory skills.
The Appendix includes songs, fingerplays, chants and rhymes, stories, recipes, games and dances, and directions for making games. A sample letter to parents, in English and in Spanish, describing the concept of multiple intelligences and offering ways to determine their child's high ability levels is also provided.
Full of old favorites and new ideas, the activities in this classic bestseller are sure to engage all children. The lesson themes are familiar ones found in most early childhood classrooms – this means that The Complete Daily Curriculum for Early Childhood, revised will fit right in with the established curriculum.
Entertainment / Movies / Reference
1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die, 7th edition edited by Steven Jay Schneider, with a preface by Jason Solomons (Barron’s Educational Series, Inc.)
Updated to include the best films from the first decade of the twenty-first century, this brand-new edition of 1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die, compiled by Steven Jay Schneider, film critic, film historian, and author and editor of several books on films and filmmaking.
1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die surveys more than a century of movie history. Chronicling the complete history of filmmaking, this survey dates back to silent-era sensations such as D. W. Griffith's controversial The Birth of a Nation and the immortal Little Tramp movies of Charlie Chaplin, and then covers blockbusters of the past like Gone With the Wind, Doctor Zhivago, and Raiders of the Lost Ark. Also described are Hollywood's most memorable musicals, great dramas, screwball comedies, experimental ‘New Wave’ films from 1950s and '60s Europe, major films noir, classic westerns, action and adventure films, and outstanding documentaries. New films summarized in this edition include the multi-Oscar winning The King's Speech, as well as Slumdog Millionaire, The Social Network, The Hurt Locker, Avatar, and The Black Swan. Each profile lists the film's director and cast, presents a plot summary and production notes, and cites interesting, little-known facts relating to the film's cast, storyline, and production history.
Whether readers are looking for their favorite film or just trying to decide what to watch tonight, 1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die serves as the ultimate movie guide. This fully updated edition includes the most memorable movies that have ever been made, right up to the Cannes' champ Of Gods and Men, and the latest masterpiece from the Coen Brothers, True Grit. Open it to any page and readers will find each major film's vital statistics, plus a few facts that just might surprise them. These are the films nobody should miss – from 12 Angry Men to Z, from art house classics to westerns – their selection for this book based on historical, popular, and critical acclaim. This huge volume gives readers the reviews, often witty, always informative, and written by a team of internationally published critics.
1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die is a film reference book edited by Steven Jay Schneider with original essays on each film contributed by over 70 film critics.… The first edition was published in 2003; the most recent edition was published in 2011. Contributors include Adrian Martin, Jonathan Rosenbaum, Richard Pena, David Stratton, and Margaret Pomeranz. Each title is accompanied by a brief synopsis and critique, some with photographs. Presented chronologically, the 7th edition begins with Georges Méliès' A Trip to the Moon from 1902; among the 21st century films included in the book are The Hurt Locker, Avatar, Fish Tank, The King's Speech, and the Coen brothers adaptation of True Grit. – Wikipedia
… This list has been compiled with an eye to historical importance and popular acclaim, which explains the presence of such critically suspect crowd-pleasers as Saturday Night Fever, Top Gun, and E.T. Since Chantal Akerman's nearly four-hour Jeanne Dielman and the Czech psychedelic farce Sedmikrasky (Daisies) also appear, it can't, however, be accused of pandering to popular taste. Attractive design, incorporating stills from most chosen titles, makes the volume a browser's delight as well as a useful guide for casual viewers and film buffs alike. – Gordon Flagg, Booklist
The real usefulness of …
1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die, is that it provides
good ideas for DVD rentals. I have, by the way, seen 943 of the 1001
movies, and am carefully rationing the remaining titles to prolong
my life. – Roger Ebert
1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die is … a great motivating guide to cinema. After reading one of its engaging, often profound entries on a missed film, you want to run out and rent it. – Dallas Morning News
Schneider and his team … explain why each film is a must see. Schneider's choices are irrefutable. – Library Journal
A must for the bookshelf. Once readers open 1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die they will never be at a loss for a film choice again. It presents everything readers need to know about the most magnificent must-see films – not only the ones they shouldn't have missed the first time around, but also all of those classics that are worth seeing again and again. For students of cinema, discerning film buffs, DVD collectors, and readers who enjoy reminiscing over cherished screen moments, the newly updated edition of 1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die is the perfect place to start.
Health, Mind & Body / Complementary Medicine / Reference
Healing Without Medication: A Comprehensive Guide to the Complementary Techniques Anyone Can Use to Achieve Real Healing by Robert Rister (Basic Health Publications)
Every health-conscious person knows that pharmaceutical products come not only with high price tags but also with numerous potential side effects. From diarrhea and nausea to hair loss and impotence, the side effects of prescription drugs are enough to make one feel that the cure is worse than the disease. And indeed, sometimes it is. Fortunately, there is an integrative solution for every health problem. Healing Without Medication is a comprehensive guide to combining the best of science and nature to treat more than 300 health conditions.
In Part One, Robert Rister, a fourth-generation herbalist, presents the most current information on diseases and their non-pharmaceutical treatments. Health conditions are listed alphabetically, and each entry includes a description of the symptoms, information on treatment, and an explanation of the disease process. Readers will find extensive information on dosing, including the various forms in which some substances can be taken.
Part Two of Healing Without Medication is a guide to more than 150 nutritional supplements. Typical dosages, traditional uses, benefits, and promising research studies are among the topics discussed. And, if readers are among the millions who use prescription drugs, Part Three provides them with invaluable – potentially lifesaving – information about drug interactions.
Healing Without Medication makes sure readers know it is not a book about alternative medicine. There is no alternative to medicine. A physician's care is essential to survival in many medical emergencies.
The shortcoming of the modern healthcare system is that the care people need often is not the care they get. House calls by a conscientious personal physician have been replaced by mouse calls over a commercial and impersonal Internet. Insurance companies pay health-care professionals and their patients little or nothing for prevention or restoration.
Fortunately, everyone seeking healing has access to an enormous variety of safe and effective herbs, minerals, vitamins, and nutritional supplements, as well as a great range of nonmedical healing techniques. Many natural healing methods accomplish the same objectives as medication. Many doctors mistakenly believe that the reason people turn to holistic medicine is the high cost of healthcare, and the fact is, natural treatments carefully chosen to fit medical diagnoses are often less expensive than their prescription counterparts. The great value of natural methods, however, lies beyond controlling symptoms. Real healing is about more than keeping the numbers measured in laboratory tests within acceptable levels. It is about more than stopping pain. It is about more than avoiding decline and death.
Real healing restores the body's inherent powers of recuperation. It brings readers back – or brings them for the first time – to normal activities and joy of life. The tools of mainstream medicine lay the foundation for healing, but recovery, restoration, and healing are impossible without a balanced diet, exercise, and sometimes, sensible nutritional support in the forms of herbs, vitamins, minerals, and other supplements. Scientific medicine prevents disasters. But natural healing brings the body back to its original state of resilience and vitality.
Healing Without Medication describes how readers can take charge of more than 200 health conditions with aromatherapy, flower remedies, functional foods, herbs, homeopathics, minerals, vitamins, nutritional supplements, simple dietary changes, and non-medical methods of healing. Health conditions are listed from A to Z. Each entry consists of 4 parts:
At the end of each entry readers will find Concepts for Coping. This section offers additional information concerning choices and changes to lifestyle that will help readers deal with the condition easier and less expensively.
Healing Without Medication is a comprehensive guide to the complementary techniques anyone can use to achieve real healing. No matter what ails readers, they will find detailed information that they can access and make use of with ease in this practical, user-friendly guide.
History / Americas / Transportation
Amtrak: An American Story by The staff of Amtrak (National Railroad Passenger Corporation, Kalmbach Books)
Amtrak is the uniquely American public/private corporation that has been providing American rail passenger service since 1971. Amtrak is a 40-year story told by Amtrak, which is based in Washington, D.C. This book presents four decades of archival photographs highlighting the employees, trains, and technology that made it possible. Amtrak includes decade by decade chapters, an introduction for each chapter, a timeline of when events occurred, personal vignettes from employees of Amtrak, and a final chapter on a day in the life of Amtrak. Contributing editors include Peg Tyre, Editorial Director, Suzi Andiman, Matt Donnelly, Joe McHugh, Steve Ostrowski, Ann Owens, Josh Raymond, Doug Riddell, and Rob Ripberger.
Amtrak features the stories of the people who are Amtrak. Coming from every region of the country, these stories highlight the spirit of the employees that have kept Amtrak running for 40 years. Sections include:
Tom Carper, chairman of the board and former mayor of Macomb, in
the foreword asks: Is there anything so enduring and as important to
the American landscape as the train? Modern America is hardly
imaginable without it, and when the railroads claim they built
America, they're not exaggerating. Since the first stone of the
first railroad was laid in Baltimore in 1827, trains have played
every role and served every purpose in the great drama of America:
they have been actors, scenery, stage and stagehand, and, on
occasion, audience for the vast tableau of our national story. For
much of their history, the railroads ran the passenger trains – but
for the last 40 years, the passenger train has been synonymous with
The transition from the private railroads to Amtrak was a cultural milestone. At the time, it seemed like one way or another, passenger trains were on shaky ground.
Amtrak is a book about trains, but it's not simply a train book. It's a book about what Amtrak is and how it has fit itself into the American scene over the last four decades. If we say that the story of Amtrak's first four decades is preserving the passenger train, we're only telling about half of the story – because in a lot of places, Amtrak has also brought the train back to town.
Between 1974 and 2000, Amtrak carried between 18 and 22 million riders a year. Then, in 2000, ridership began to take off. It grew steadily, not rapidly in any one place, but in tremendous bursts when a new train was put on or service was improved, followed by gentle but steady growth. Ridership hit 28 million in 2008 and just topped that number in 2010. Over the last four decades, Amtrak has changed, improved, and modernized its trains to attract riders, but for all that has changed, the romance of the train, the comfort of the journey, and the scenery passing the window are still the same. Amtrak is a view of those four decades – a view of Amtrak but also a view of America and Amtrak's place in America.
According to the introduction to Amtrak by Joe McHugh, vice president of Government Affairs and Corporate Communications and member of Amtrak's Executive Committee, there is no easy way to capture everything Amtrak has meant to the institution of railroading or the transportation it has provided over the years to the millions of passengers in one volume, so they decided to let the employees, both past and present, tell the story and to create for readers a sense of the challenges and opportunities each decade provided. On Thursday, October 30, 1970, President Nixon signed into law the act creating Amtrak.
In its first year of operation, Amtrak carried 16 million passengers. In the early days, the company picked the best cars that were available and used them to start the railroad. Amtrak trains, during that period, were referred to as the ‘rainbow fleet,’ liveried in a variety of hues and colors; they were the last glimpse of the predecessor railroads. It was not uncommon to board a Santa Fe coach, sleep in a Union Pacific sleeping car, and be fed in a New York Central diner while riding over the rails of the Burlington Northern Railroad. When the gas crisis of the 1970s struck the American public hard, people turned again to trains, and it seemed for a while that the politicians who voted for the creation of Amtrak had forethought and vision. Amtrak used this time wisely and began to purchase its own equipment from the last of the great car builders, the Budd Company of Philadelphia and Pullman of Chicago. The company bought locomotives and took possession of major overhaul facilities in Delaware and Indiana. In 1977, the company took possession of what would be the jewel of its operations, the Northeast Corridor (NEC) – the race track for the plucky Metroliner Service. It was a time of rebirth and a time of gaining acceptance.
But, as told in Amtrak, by the mid-1980s, the company knew that it had to bring high-speed rail to the United States. Too many people had traveled to Europe and stepped off high-speed trains wondering why the world's greatest industrial nation didn't have these as well. In 1996, following a busy period of procurement of locomotives and cars for conventional service, Amtrak placed an order for 20 high-speed trainsets with a consortium of builders led by Bombardier and Alstom. Both the delivery of the trainsets and completion of the infrastructure work were scheduled to occur in late 1999; this would take Amtrak into the next millennium.
Despite the introduction of the Acela trains in the NEC and increasing ridership throughout the system, Amtrak would have one more trip to the abyss of financial crisis. Congress, just like 30 years before, would have to decide to save passenger rail or let it die. In 2000, 2001, and 2002, Amtrak came within weeks of insolvency. Leveraging or selling its assets simply to meet payroll, the company fell deeper and deeper into debt. Politicians came to realize that an Amtrak bankruptcy would do more than simply end service on a handful of long-distance trains, it would shut down the Northeast Corridor and virtually every other passenger operation in the United States. In its 30 years, Amtrak had become an integral and integrated part of the national transportation system.
The company's board of directors brought in David Gunn, a veteran railroader and a no-nonsense manager who stopped the financial hemorrhaging, stabilized the organization, and reset its course. At the end of 2002, Amtrak reported that for the first time, thanks in part to the Acela, it had carried more passengers between New York and Washington than all air carriers combined. In fact, after the devastation of the 9/11 attacks – and transportation providers either shut down or were reeling from the new security threat – it was the Acela Express that carried the entire U.S. Congress to New York City to view the destruction and thank the courageous men and women who rushed to the aid of the injured.
As the decade unfolded, Amtrak seemed to take on the image of a distance runner: sleek, efficient, motivated, and in it for the long haul. Ridership grew, routes were expanded, and more and more states began service or added more to what they had. Quietly, the company reduced its debt and became more prudent in its business decisions. Employees stopped asking senior managers "Will we make it through this year?" to instead asking for more tools and better ways to deliver customer service.
We need solutions that are energy-efficient and clean, and we must be able to bring them into increasingly dense urban areas – because that's where people are moving. Nothing does this as well as rail, and I am very confident that Amtrak has a future that's as rich as its history. We've been doing this for 40 years, and I hope as you leaf through these pages, you'll see the same common threads that I see in the stories of our employees and our leaders – pride in the past, competence in the present, and hope for the future. – Tom Carper, chairman of the board of Amtrak, former three terms as mayor of Macomb
Amtrak introduces readers to the rich panorama that is Amtrak. This dramatic look at the first 40 years of the company's history is taken from every angle and from many areas of its operation, presenting a vivid picture of each decade along the journey, recounting the times, technology, troubles, and triumphs.
History / Europe
Fleeing Franco: How Wales Gave Shelter to Refugee Children from the Basque Country during the Spanish Civil War by Hywel Davies (University of Wales Press)
Fleeing Franco tells the little-known story of the Basque children who sought refuge in Wales during the Spanish Civil War. Nearly four thousand children embarked from Bilbao for Southampton; from there they were dispersed to camps throughout Britain – including four in Wales. Fleeing Franco, written by Hywel Davies, deputy head teacher at Ysgol Gyfun Emlyn in Wales, is the first book to tell this story. The book features newly conducted interviews with surviving refugees and offers a new perspective on the effects of the Spanish Civil War.
The year was 1937 and the forces of General Franco were advancing on the Basque city of Bilbao. In Britain a groundswell of popular feeling forced a reluctant government to offer sanctuary to the refugees. In one of the biggest mass evacuations in modern history, 4,000 children, crammed onto a dilapidated ship, fled for their lives. Parents entrusted their offspring into the care of strangers at a time of mortal danger. A few hundred of the children found a welcome in Wales.
In Wales, in that most radical of decades, generosity towards the dispossessed greatly outweighed any meanness of spirit. With the backing of the South Wales Miners' Federation and with the overwhelming support of the wider community the children were housed, fed and nurtured. At a time when the ordinary people of Wales were themselves undergoing terrible deprivation, there was a tidal wave of giving. Under duress most of the children eventually returned to Spain but for some their exile stretched to a lifetime. There remain in Wales a handful of survivors of those events, witnesses to a depth of solidarity that could not have been bettered.
According to Natalia Benjamin, Secretary of the Basque Children of ’37 Association in the foreword, Fleeing Franco describes a remarkable chapter in British and, in particular, Welsh history. By May of 1937, the French had already accepted hundreds of Basque children. However, the British government prevaricated, being reluctant to accept refugees, claming that to do so would violate the non-intervention pact. The turning point was the destruction of Guernica on April 24th; public pressure forced the British government to change its mind. It agreed to accept children on condition that it would not be financially responsible for them.
Almost 4,000 children arrived in Southampton and were accommodated temporarily in a tented camp at North Stoneham. During the summer, these young refugees were dispersed to homes or `colonies' around Britain. About 230 children were sent to four colonies in Wales: Cambria House in Caerleon, Sketty Park in Swansea, Brechfa in Carmarthenshire and Rooftree in Old Colwyn. In Fleeing Franco, Davies gives an account of each of these, setting them in their political and social context.
Since the Basque refugees were not provided for by the British government, volunteers had to be found and monies collected to pay for their upkeep. It was a time of great hardship and deprivation, yet the immediate and spontaneous response by people in the mining valleys of Wales to the plight of the Basque children showed an extraordinary degree of human kindness. Their attitude is an example of how a nation that had so little itself gave so much, not only in monetary terms but also in emotional support. The evacuation of the Basque children to Wales united the public on behalf of a cause that seemingly transcended ideology.
Davies in Fleeing Franco takes each of the colonies in turn and tells of the individual strengths and weaknesses of each establishment. He introduces readers to the children and their stories and to their supervisors, the teachers, the cooks, the foster parents and the volunteers. Cambria House at Caerleon was a place of healing and settling under the compassionate management of Cyril Cule. As Caerleon was a success, so the colony in the remote countryside at Brechfa was a disaster and it significantly soured relationships between the refugees and public opinion. Sketty, a suburb of Swansea, identified more closely with the Basque region of Spain than even other parts of South Wales. Whereas Caerleon and Sketty were well run and successful, Old Colwyn in North Wales, also a well run and happy colony, suffered from a shortage of funding.
In recent years …. Xenophobia has reared its head and the refugee is presented as a scrounger, dishonest, illegal, a drain on the nation's resources. Fleeing Franco reminds us that in fact very few refugees conform to this negative stereotype. They are ordinary individuals to whom something extraordinary has happened and we who are more fortunate should be more sensitive to their needs. This book is an important addition to work in progress about the Basque children: the Welsh can be proud of their treatment of the young refugees and we can learn much from their humanitarian and generous response. – Natalia Benjamin, Secretary, Basque Children of '37 Association UK
… The message that comes across time and time again in Hywel Davies book, Fleeing Franco, is of the unremitting good will, the solidarity, the generosity and the sheer love (there is no other word for it) of the working class people of South Wales. Davies book is remarkable in being that rare combination of well researched and annotated study and also a series of riveting accounts of the personalities involved, the children (niňos) and their careers, their joys and their sorrows. Davies explains that despite the hostile press, there was, in South Wales, a genuine identity with the Basque people…. Fleeing Franco is an important and readable account of the humanitarianism of the South Wales people and I commend it to all readers of the BC37A:UK Newsletter. – Colin Carritt, April 30th 2011
The value of Fleeing Franco's contribution to popular understanding of the human conflict of the Spanish Civil War lies in its extensive use of eyewitness accounts by the `children', now grandparents, who lived through the experience. The story is also inspiration in the face of today’s widespread apathy and hopelessness.
Home & Garden / Animal Care & Pets / Agricultural Science / Animal Husbandry
The Original Horse Bible: The Definitive Source for All Things
Horse by Moira C. Reeve and Sharon Biggs (Bowtie Press)
The Original Horse Bible contains everything horse owners would want or need to know about horses, their care, and their activities. It contains topics such as horse keeping, horse safety, dressage, Western riding, English riding, jumping, veterinary care, and histories on the many breeds of horses. The Original Horse Bible brings together two renowned equine journalists and equestrians who consult with various experts to offer essential advice from their respective equine fields – Moira C. Reeve, former editor of Horse Illustrated magazine and a lifelong equestrienne, and award-winning writer Sharon Biggs, dressage trainer and riding instructor, formerly a Civil Service Club instructor at the Royal Mews in Buckingham Palace.
The expansive content includes an overview of the horse's evolution and development, anatomy and physiology, and behavior as well as an introduction to some 175 breeds of horses, from the Abaco Barb to the Wurtemburger, including color photographs of the breeds by expert photographer Bob Langrish. Additionally, The Original Horse Bible is overflowing with practical information on horse selection, keeping, health, training, and breeding as well as detailed insights on riding, competitions, and activities with horses.
The Original Horse Bible includes eleven sections:
Section 1: History, Physiology, and Behavior
Section 2: Breeds and Types
Section 3: Activities with Horses
Section 4: A New Horse
Section 5: Horsekeeping
Section 6: Health
Section 7: Rider Instruction
Section 8: Horse Training
Section 9: Competition
Section 10: Breeding Mares and Raising Foals
Section 11: The Senior Horse
Appendix and Resources
Finally, a book that covers, in plain English, from A-Z, all the
essential information an equestrian or budding equestrian needs. –
Jerry Mayo, Royal Canadian Mounted Police, riding instructor
The Original Horse Bible is a comprehensive and easy-to-read guide for horsepeople of all experience levels. Educational for beginners and useful reference for more experienced readers, it is a great addition to any library. I wish I'd had a copy in my Pony Club days. – Amber Heintzberger, equestrian journalist, photographer, and award-winning coauthor of Beyond the Track: Retraining the Thoroughbred from Racehorse to Riding Horse
Although they say it takes several lifetimes to learn about horses and riding, The Original Horse Bible does an admirable job of distilling the information into an easy-to-use reference. – Jennifer O. Bryant, author of the USDF Guide to Dressage and Olympic Equestrian: A Century of International Horse Sport
The Original Horse Bible takes a comprehensive approach to the world or horses. Individuals new to horses will find answers to most of their questions ... experienced people will find useful and interesting facts throughout.... The authors present more practical advice in this book than what is normally presented in many collegiate equine courses. – Brian D. Nielsen, PhD, PAS, Dpl ACAN, Professor, Equine Exercise Physiology, Michigan State University
This volume provides an amazing amount of well-organized information in one place. The Original Horse Bible is certainly destined to become a favorite resource for all equestrians, from the newest fan to the seasoned professional. – Timmie A. Pollock, PhD, sport psychologist
The Original Horse Bible is the one-stop information source on all things ‘horsey’. No other horse encyclopedia available today has the wealth of up-to-date, accurate information, useful advice, and beautiful illustrations that The Original Horse Bible delivers with such authority. The most comprehensive book on horses ever assembled, this bible for horse lovers will prove to be a reliable resource for new horse aficionados as well as for seasoned owners, riders, and breeders.
Home & Garden / Biographies & Memoirs
The Orchard: A Memoir by Theresa Weir (Grand Central Publishing)
"He's a farmer." Not that I had anything against farmers, but I couldn't see myself hanging out with one. "He won't be back."
"Wait and see," my uncle said. – from the book
The Orchard is the story of a street-smart city girl who must adapt to a new life on an apple farm after she falls in love with Adrian Curtis, the golden boy of a prominent local family whose lives and orchards seem to be cursed. Married after only three months, young Theresa finds life with Adrian on the farm far more difficult and dangerous than she expected. Rejected by her husband's family as an outsider, she slowly learns for herself about the isolated world of farming, pesticides, environmental destruction, and death, even as she falls more deeply in love with her husband, a man she at first hardly knew and the land that has been in his family for generations. She becomes a reluctant player in their attempt to keep the codling moth from destroying the orchard, but she and Adrian eventually come to know that their efforts will not only fail but will ultimately take an irreparable toll.
Weir is a USA Today bestselling author of nineteen novels that have spanned the genres of suspense, mystery, thriller, romantic suspense, and paranormal; her work has been translated into twenty languages.
Part Mary Karr, part Rachel Carson, The Orchard contains a strong environmental message about the real-life impact of pesticides and herbicides on a single family.
In an outcome that reflects the haunting realities of the landmark Silent Spring, the increasingly dangerous chemicals used on farms begin to take a toll on the land and the people who tend it. The couple's fragile love is tested as Theresa and Adrian fight to defend ground that has been in his family for generations.
Susan McBeth, Founder and Owner of Adventures By the Book, San Diego, said "With The Orchard, Theresa Weir has created for me a Harold Bloom-like `heterocosm,' a mesmerizing world which would have heretofore been otherwise inaccessible. One of my favorite reads of 2011, The Orchard is easily mistakable as a novel for its engaging, page-turning flow and its seemingly imaginative plot ... deeply affecting ..."
Weir's captivating memoir reveals dark undercurrents: environmental destruction due to wanton use of pesticides, emotional devastation due to calculated intimidation, economic degradation due to the inherent poverty of the farming life... Weir's own story is as harrowing as they come, yet filled with an uncanny self-awareness that leads, ultimately, to redemption. – Booklist
Weir ably captures the stasis of rural life and the pain of difference with acuity... Weir... discover(s) beauty amid strife... – Kirkus Reviews
[An] affecting memoir... Weir... narrates a truly disquieting tale of familial dislocation and rupture. – Publishers Weekly
A hypnotic tale of place, people, and of Midwestern family roots
that run deep, stubbornly hidden, and equally menacing –
The Orchard is sublime and enchanting, like a reflecting pool,
touch the surface and watch the ripples carry you away. – Jamie
Ford, NYT bestselling author of Hotel on the Corner of Bitter and
The Orchard is a lovely book in all the ways that really matter, one of those rare and wonderful memoirs in which people you've never met become your friends. I read it in a single sitting, lost in the story, and by the time I put it down, I was amazed by Weir's ability to evoke such genuine emotion. Read it: you'll be glad you did. – Nicholas Sparks
The Orchard is a riveting memoir, a fascinating, personal account of life and death in the American heartland. An unforgettable story of struggle, resilience, and love, it will change the way readers think about farmers and family.
Literature & Fiction / Horror
Those Across the River by Christopher Buehlman (Ace Books)
Three, four, who'sat scratchin' at my door?
Five, six, getcha while you pickin' sticks.
Seven, eight, getcha if you stay out late.
Nine, ten, I'll never get back home again .. – from the book
In Those Across the River failed academic Frank Nichols and his wife, Eudora, are haunted by memories of the Great War. Arriving in the sleepy Georgia town of Whitbrow, Frank hopes to write a history of his family's old estate – the Savoyard Plantation – and the horrors that occurred there. At first, the quaint, rural ways of their new neighbors seem to be everything they wanted.
But under the facade of summer socials and small-town charm, there is an unspoken dread that the townsfolk have lived with for generations.
A presence that demands sacrifice.
It comes from the shadowy woods across the river, where the ruins of the Savoyard Plantation still stand. Where a long-smoldering debt of blood has never been forgotten ...
Where it has been waiting for Frank Reynolds.
What a treat. Terrible and beautiful. As much F. Scott Fitzgerald as Dean Koontz. A graceful, horrific read. – Patricia Briggs, #1 New York Times bestselling author
An unsettling brew of growing menace spiked with genuine terror – do not miss this chilling debut. – F. Paul Wilson, New York Times bestselling author of Fatal Error
Lures you into a different era, seduces you with eloquent prose and sensual period details, then clamps down on your jugular with lupine ferocity. An outstanding debut. – Hank Schwaeble, Bram Stoker Award-winning author of Diabolical
Wonderfully eerie from start to finish – a novel sure to enthrall readers of all stripes. – Grant Blackwood, New York Times bestselling author
Those Across the River is a debut novel by Christopher Buehlman, winner of the 2007 Bridport Award for Poetry and the author of several plays. Garnering critical approval, this is a truly chilling tale, not for the faint hearted.
Professional & Technical / Medicine / Clinical / Internal / Hepatology / Reference
Handbook of Liver Disease: Expert Consult – Online and Print, 3rd edition edited by Lawrence S. Friedman, M.D. and Emmet B. Keeffe, MD (Elsevier Saunders)
Handbook of Liver Disease, 3rd Edition, by Drs. Lawrence S. Friedman and Emmet B. Keeffe, gives clinicians quick reference to the most recent diagnostic and treatment options for patients with liver disorders. International authorities share the latest clinical findings and procedures to help clinicians manage illnesses like hepatitis B and C and hepatocellular carcinoma, as well as apply new practices like genetic testing and noninvasive imaging techniques. Clinicians access updated information on all aspects of liver disease including new drugs, therapy trials, and post-transplant conditions with this full-color, templated edition – in print and online.
With Handbook of Liver Disease, clinicians are able to:
Editors of Handbook of Liver Disease are Lawrence S. Friedman, MD, Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Tufts University School of Medicine, Chair, Department of Medicine, Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Assistant Chief of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston and Emmet B. Keeffe, MD, MACP, Professor Emeritus, Medicine Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford. The book has 62 contributors.
According to Jules Dienstag in the foreword, since wandering in the dark prior to the 1970s with the misperception that only two types of viral hepatitis existed, we have arrived at our present day elucidation of five distinct and well-characterized types of viral hepatitis. Who in the 1970s would have imagined the impact of therapy on the natural history of chronic hepatitis B – slowing of fibrosis and even reversal of cirrhosis, rescue therapy for and prevention of hepatic decompensation, and a 30% reduction in listing for liver transplantation – in the half decade after the introduction of oral antiviral agents? Who could have predicted in the 1970s that hepatitis C was not primarily a transfusion-associated disease or that the annual incidence of acute hepatitis C would fall by almost 90% in the 1990s?
Although a vaccine remains elusive, the editors celebrate the progress that took place in as little as 23 years, from the ultimate discovery of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in 1988 to a nearly 80% cure rate with protease inhibitor-pegylated interferon-ribavirin antiviral therapy in 2011. Now that two hepatitis C protease inhibitors have been approved in the United States, attention is turning to the two dozen plus new protease inhibitors, polymerase inhibitors, NS5A inhibitors, and other agents in development and to the promise, even a first glimpse, of cures with all-oral regimens.
Perhaps the largest impact on the transformation of hepatology into an ‘activist’ specialty was liver transplantation, which began haltingly as an experimental, last-ditch measure in the 1970s to become routine in little more than a decade; improvements in outcome followed better timing and more rational organ allocation, novel immunosuppressive drugs and strategies, and refinements in surgical technique. Currently, we arc much better at navigating between levels of immunosuppression that prevent rejection but that limit predisposition to infection, and the frequency of recurrence of primary disease has been reduced in some disorders (e.g., hepatitis B) but not others (e.g., hepatitis C). Still vexing is the shortage of donor livers, barely touched by recent excursions into accepting living-donor allografts, split-liver allografts, and marginal donor livers. To address the donor shortage, we may have to rely in the future on xenotransplantation, artificial livers, and stem cells, which, today, remain a remote dream.
All of the advances in the treatment of liver disease are covered in succinct, well-documented, and clear chapters in this 3rd edition of the Handbook of Liver Disease. In addition, the current edition reflects recent advances in our understanding of the genetic bases for bilirubin conjugation and excretion disorders, familial intrahepatic cholestatic disorders, Wilson disease, hemochromatosis, alpha-1, antitrypsin deficiency, alcohol-metabolizing enzymes, responsiveness to interferon-based therapy for hepatitis C and susceptibility to ribavirin-associated hemolysis, acute fatty liver of pregnancy, and the risk of DILI. In addition, the Handbook includes detailed chapters summarizing other important liver diseases, including DILI; acute liver failure; autoimmune hepatitis, autoimmune biliary disorders, and overlap syndromes; acute and chronic alcoholic liver disease; the multi-system manifestations of end-stage liver disease; liver disorders of pregnancy; granulomatous disorders; infections of the liver besides viral hepatitis; vascular disorders affecting the liver; hepatic manifestations of systemic disease; the risk of surgery in patients with liver disease and postoperative jaundice; and disorders of the gallbladder and bile ducts. Coverage of liver disease in the early 21st century would be incomplete without a review of the protean hepatic manifestations of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency-syndrome (AIDS) (including infiltrative opportunistic infections and malignancies, viral hepatitis, fatty-liver, antiretroviral drug hepatotoxicity, and AIDS cholangiopathy), and this topic is well covered in Handbook of Liver Disease. The chapters are enhanced by instructive illustrations, useful tables, and suggested diagnostic and therapeutic algorithms. In addition, the anchoring of every topic to an understanding of pathophysiology as the foundation for diagnosis and management is one of the clear longitudinal themes threaded through all the chapters.
Friedman and Keefe in Handbook of Liver Disease say that the field of hepatology has continued to advance exponentially since publication of the first edition. We stand at the threshold of an exciting new era of therapy for chronic hepatitis C with the introduction of protease inhibitors and, in the near future, polvmerase inhibitors to our armamentarium, which promises to expand rapidly in coming years. Treatment of chronic hepatitis B has also evolved with the introduction of entecavir and tenofovir, which have proved to be more potent and less likely to result in the development of resistance than older nucleoside and nucleotide analogs.
Pharmacogenetic testing has entered mainstream practice with the introduction of IL28B genotype testing for determination of responsiveness to pegylated interferon and the study of ITPA genotypes to predict the likelihood of anemia in patients treated with ribavirin. Genetic advances promise to inform other areas of hepatology, including prediction of hepatotoxicity from drugs as well as susceptibility to many metabolic liver diseases and gallstone formation. Our understanding of the pathogenic mechanisms involved in portal hypertension and associated complications has become more sophisticated, and approaches to enhance the reversibility of liver fibrosis, even when the underlying cause cannot be eliminated, loom on the horizon. Prognostication and determination of candidacy for liver transplantation have become more refined at the same time that surgical techniques have advanced. These are exciting times to study the liver and to care for patients with acute and chronic liver diseases.
The goal of Handbook of Liver Disease remains the same as that for the first two editions – to provide a concise, accurate, up-to-date, and readily accessible reference for students of the liver and for busy practitioners. Friedman and Keef continue to use an outline format, lists, tables, and figures in color to convey information efficiently, yet without losing the depth and richness of the field. State-of-the-art summaries are presented economically but without scrimping on necessary details of the scientific underpinnings needed for optimal decision-making in practice.
This edition has a new feature in the online version, namely, board-review questions for each chapter prepared by the fellows in the Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology at Stanford University School of Medicine.
… Like a foundational lecture, the Handbook provides organizational perspective and a thoughtful overview of the field – thematically unified, scholarly, succinct, and evidence-based – an ideal starting point for the novice and the expert, for the generalist and the specialist. Some textbooks oversimplify, sacrificing accuracy and depth for easily digestible summaries. Others overwhelm readers with complexity and distracting detail. The Handbook, however, strikes an ideal balance between these extremes of depth and simplification…. – Jules I. Dienstag, MD, from the foreword
Handbook of Liver Disease guarantees quick access and easy-to-find answers for any practitioner who encounters patients with liver disease thanks to the templated format. This handbook will serve as a useful and valuable reference for busy practicing gastroenterologists and hepatologists, internists, family practitioners, other specialists, and trainees in gastroenterology and hepatology or internal medicine. The addition of review questions will be of particular use to readers preparing for the certification and recertification examinations in gastroenterology and hepatology
Professional & Technical / Medicine / Clinical / Internal / Neurology / Reference
Principles and Practice of Movement Disorders: Expert Consult, 2nd edition by Stanley Fahn, MD, Joseph Jankovic, MD and Mark Hallett, MD (Elsevier Saunders)
Principles and Practice of Movement Disorders, 2nd edition provides the complete, expert guidance clinicians need to diagnose and manage these challenging conditions. Drs. Stanley Fahn, Joseph Jankovic and Mark Hallett explore all facets of these disorders, including the latest rating scales for clinical research, neurochemistry, clinical pharmacology, genetics, clinical trials, and experimental therapeutics. This edition features many new full-color images, additional coverage of pediatric disorders, updated Parkinson information, and many other valuable updates. An accompanying Expert Consult website makes the content searchable and contains several hundred video clips that illustrate the manifestations of all the movement disorders in the book along with their differential diagnoses.
With Principles and Practice of Movement Disorders clinicians are able to:
Authors are Stanley Fahn, MD, H. Houston Merritt Professor of Neurology and Director, Center for Parkinson's Disease and Other Movement Disorders, Department of Neurology, Columbia University Medical Center, The Neurological Institute, New York; Joseph Jankovic, MD, Professor of Neurology, Distinguished Chair in Movement Disorders, Director, Parkinson's Disease Center, and Movement Disorders Clinic, Department of Neurology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston; and Mark Hallett, MD, Editor in Chief, World Neurology, World Federation of Neurology, Bethesda.
The impetus for this monograph comes directly from the success of "Movement Disorders for the Clinical Practitioner," a continuing medical education course held in Aspen, Colorado, each summer since 1990. This 2nd edition of Principles and Practice of Movement Disorders provides a comprehensive update of our current understanding of Parkinson disease and other movement disorders. The main stimulus for preparing this second edition has come from the author’s desire to highlight the rapidly expanding knowledge in the field of movement disorders with clinical, scientific, and therapeutic advances taking place at breath-taking speed. In presenting treatment options, the second edition continues to emphasize evidence based on randomized, controlled trials while also sharing the authors' personal experiences when such data are lacking. The authors believe this combination of evidence-based medicine and practical ‘know-how’ will greatly aid clinical practitioners in caring for their patients.
Principles and Practice of Movement Disorders is divided into three sections – overview, hypokinetic disorders, and hyperkinetic disorders – following the organization of the Aspen course. It is accompanied by an expanded collection of videos – videos from the Aspen course supplemented by new videos that illustrate the rich phenomenology and etiology of movement disorders and provide a visual guide to this most therapeutically oriented specialty of neurology.
Contents of Principles and Practice of Movement Disorders include:
Section I: Overview
Section II: Hypokinetic disorders
Section III: Hyperkinetic disorders
With Principles and Practice of Movement Disorders Fahn, Jankovic and Hallett provide clinicians with the information they need to diagnose and manage the full range of movement disorders. Readers will find the volume comprehensive, current, and enjoyable. This clinically-focused, practical reference volume offers complete, expert guidance for effective diagnosis of movement disorders from the three leading experts in the field.
Professional & Technical / Medicine / Clinical / Internal / Neurology
Restless Legs Syndrome by Wayne A. Hening, MD, PhD, Richard Allen, PhD, Sudhansu Chokroverty, MD, FRCP, FACP and Christopher Earley, MD, PhD (Elsevier Saunders)
Restless Legs Syndrome is clinicians’ comprehensive, clinical guide to restless legs syndrome. Recognized international leaders in the field bring clinicians their expertise in this clinically-focused, resource. Readers will be able to understand the various causes of this common movement and sleep disturbance and identify the best treatment options in each case. Restless Legs Syndrome provides comprehensive overviews of both pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic approaches, covering benefits, limitations, and side-effect profiles.
Authors are Wayne A. Hening, MD, PhD, Clinical Assistant Professor of Neurology, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, New Jersey, RLS Center, Hopkins-Bayview Medical Center, Baltimore; Richard P. Allen, PhD, Research Associate, Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Center for RLS, Baltimore; Sudhansu Chokroverty, MD, FRCP, Professor and Co-Chair, New Jersey Neuroscience Institute at JFK Medical Center, Edison, Program Director of Sleep Medicine and Clinical Neurophysiology, Professor of Neuroscience, Seton Hall University, South Orange, New Jersey; and Christopher J. Earley, MB, BCh, PhD, FRCPI, Professor of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Associate Director, Johns Hopkins Sleep Disorders Center, Co-Director, Johns Hopkins Center for RLS, Baltimore.
Sections of Restless Legs Syndrome include:
Part I. Introduction
Part II. Basic Science of Restless Legs Syndrome
Part III. Clinical Science of Restless Legs Syndrome
According to Hening in the preface, restless legs syndrome (RLS) has achieved substantial clinical recognition in the past few years. One salient indication of this recognition is the approval by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration of two medications for treatment of this condition: ropinirole and pramipexole. Both medications also have been approved in Europe, where levadopabenserazide was approved several years earlier in Germany (and later in Austria and Switzerland). This major advance for patients rests on an increasingly solid base of clinical and scientific work that has clarified the basis for RLS diagnosis, established that it is a common disorder in at least Europe and its derivative countries, explored multiple therapeutic avenues, and made major contributions to an initial understanding of the genetic and pathophysiological basis for the disorder. All of these aspects of RLS research are presented in Restless Legs Syndrome, written by many of those who have had the greatest role in making these advances.
Because RLS generally is a hidden disorder, occurring at night and at home, often in the privacy of the bedroom, it is not commonly talked about. Accordingly, no common name for RLS has come into general use. Everyone knows what a headache is, a seizure, a nightmare, even a cramp, but there has been no common term for RLS. With many different names, people have been unable to share information about RLS. Although some feel that ‘restless legs’ belittles the condition, this name has at least brought RLS to wider attention. Perhaps some day – with the continued work of the contributors to this book and other workers – we will know enough about RLS to have solved some of its mysteries, and we can give it a proper scientific name, such as ‘mesospinal dopaminergic disequilibration.’
With future revision and updates of Restless Legs Syndrome, say, in 5 years, a very different picture of RLS, in terms of detection, treatment, and pathophysiology, may emerge. The mechanism by which iron perturbs the dopaminergic/opioid systems may be more fully characterized; we may have a distinct idea of the genetic contributions of multiple genes; and a larger panel of approved medications may be available.
No matter what their specialty, if clinicians treat any patients with restless legs syndrome, the practical and groundbreaking Restless Legs Syndrome has the current, state-of-the art information they need to offer them the best care possible.
Professional & Technical / Medicine / Clinical / Internal / Radiology / Reference
Primer of Diagnostic Imaging: Expert Consult – Online and Print, 5th edition by Ralph Weissleder, MD, PhD, Jack Wittenberg, MD, Mukesh G. Harisinghani, MD and John W. Chen, MD, PhD (Elsevier Mosby)
Primer of Diagnostic Imaging, ‘the purple book,’ gives residents and fellows a comprehensive, up-to-date look at diagnostic imaging in an easy-to-read, bulleted format. Drs. Ralph Weissleder, Jack Wittenberg, Mukesh Harisinghani, and John W. Chen combine detailed illustrations and images with guidance on the latest applications of PET, CTA, and MRA into a portable resource for convenient reference. Online access makes it easier to tap into the guidance they need to survive their radiology residency. Clinicians have everything they need, whether they are in lecture or on call.
With Primer of Diagnostic Imaging, 5th edition clinicians are able to:
Authors are Ralph Weissleder, MD, PhD, Professor, Harvard Medical School, Radiologist, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston; Jack Wittenberg, MD, Professor, Harvard Medical School, Radiologist, Massachusetts General Hospital; Mukesh G. Harisinghani, MD, Associate Professor, Harvard Medical School, Associate Radiologist, Massachusetts General Hospital; and John W. Chen, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor, Harvard Medical School, Assistant Radiologist, Massachusetts General Hospital.
This fifth edition of Primer of Diagnostic Imaging functions both as a central learning system for residents and fellows, and a refresher text for faculty and practicing physicians. As in previous editions, the 5th edition serves not only as the core curriculum for a fast-evolving specialty, but also as a contemporary reference text for practitioners. Since the preparation of the last edition, the authors have incorporated further advances in MR, PET, and CT imaging. They have revised the new edition to reflect the numerous advancements. By continuing to have successful graduates evaluate the content, they ensure that the subject matter covers most information required by the American Board of Radiology examination.
The format and size of Primer of Diagnostic Imaging are specifically designed to be a handy, readily available refresher of important signs, anatomic landmarks, common radio-pathologic alterations, and practical differential diagnoses. It is not intended as a long-range substitute for the kind of sophisticated pathophysiologic, clinical information one needs to be the most effective radiologist. They prime the pump of intellectual curiosity. Their judgment is that having mastered the information in the volume, readers should certainly have enough information to intelligently and wisely discuss radiologic interpretation. However, a rich exchange with the internist, surgeon, neurologist, or obstetrician demands a mastering of much more material than readers will find in Primer of Diagnostic Imaging.
Primer of Diagnostic Imaging is recognized as THE survival guide for radiology residents. The ‘purple book’ combines detailed applications into a convenient, easy-to-read, portable resource, the perfect clinical companion and review tool. One of its unique strengths is the anatomic drawings. This fifth edition balances new information and older material required by the boards with practical clinical utility.
Professional & Technical / Nursing / Pediatric Nursing / Reference
Wong's Clinical Manual of Pediatric Nursing, 8th edition by David Wilson, MS, RNC and Marilyn J. Hockenberry, PhD, RN-CS, PNP-BC, FAAN (Elsevier Mosby)
Wong's Clinical Manual of Pediatric Nursing, 8th edition is nurses’ ‘go-to’ clinical guide for the care of children and their families, whether in the hospital, clinic, community setting, or home. It provides an all-in-one source for care plans, assessment tools, skills and procedures, patient teaching, and reference data. The volume includes assessment tools that may be used in practice, nursing care plans for specific disorders, and new information on pediatric pain assessment and management. Evidence-based guidelines are updated and also include patient teaching instructions, so readers find all information on a specific procedure in one location. Written by leading pediatric experts, David Wilson and Marilyn Hockenberry, this reference includes a companion Evolve website with nursing care plans that may be customized and printed for use with individual patients. Wilson is staff, Children’s Hospital, Saint Francis Hospital and faculty, Langston University School of Nursing, Tulsa and Hockenberry is Director of Nurse Practitioners, Texas Children’s Cancer Center, Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, and Consulting Professor, Duke School of Nursing, Durham.
Features of Wong's Clinical Manual of Pediatric Nursing, 8th edition include:
The eighth edition Wong's Clinical Manual of Pediatric Nursing, like its previous editions, serves a unique function in the study and practice of pediatric nursing. This work benefits from the addition of several contributors whose expertise in pediatric nursing is reflected in this new edition. The Manual is a practical guide for practicing nurses and students engaged in the care of children and their families – a compendious collection of clinical information, resources, and data packaged for convenient use and easy access. As an adjunct to clinical practice, Wong's Clinical Manual of Pediatric Nursing assumes the thorough preparation and basic theoretical knowledge only a textbook can provide. Although it is not designed to accompany any particular textbook, it serves as a valuable addition to Wong's Nursing Care of Infants and Children and Wong's Essentials of Pediatric Nursing.
This edition of the Manual has been extensively revised to include a unit on evidence-based practice nursing care of the pediatric patient and family. The Patient and Family Guidelines have been incorporated into this unit in an effort to streamline the book and still provide instructions for certain nursing care procedures. In an attempt to further streamline this manual the nursing care plans have been moved to the Evolve website. The existing nursing care plans have been revised and include the current North American Nursing Diagnosis Association (NANDA), Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC), and Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC) nomenclature. The care plans provided serve as a guide and must be individualized according to the patient's and family's unique needs. Users will appreciate access to the latest information on childhood immunizations; end-of-life care interventions; asthma management; central line care; arterial blood gas interpretation; management of the patient requiring mechanical ventilation; neonatal and child pain assessment and management; blood pressure guidelines based on age, height, and gender: and a resource of standard laboratory values.
Wong's Clinical Manual of Pediatric Nursing is designed to ensure that specific information can be located quickly and easily when it is needed. Color tabs printed on the cover facilitate quick access to each of the six units, which have coordinating black thumbtabs. In addition to a detailed table of contents in the front of the book, a unit outline with page references is included at the beginning of each unit. A list of related topics found elsewhere in the book is included in most units. Vital reference data appear inside the front and back covers, where they can be located at a moment's notice.
Unit 1 focuses on the assessment of the child and family. It includes history taking; assessment of present and past physical health; and a summary of developmental achievements, both general and age specific. New information to this unit includes the addition of a cultural assessment tool, a revised discussion of temperature measurement, and history taking regarding alternative therapies.
Unit 2 emphasizes health promotion in the areas of preventive care, infant and childhood nutrition, immunization, safety and injury prevention, parental guidance, and play. The material on childhood immunizations and on current car restraint guidelines is completely revised to reflect current recommendations.
A unique feature in this new edition is the development of a new chapter devoted to critical assessment and management of pain in children. Unit 3 now incorporates neonatal, child, and adolescent pain assessment and management into one section for easy ready access. Although the literature on pain assessment and management in children has grown considerably, this knowledge has not been widely applied in practice. Unit 3 has been added to address this concern by presenting detailed pain assessment and management strategies, including discussion of common pain states in children.
Unit 4 outlines basic nursing procedures adapted for the child. This section has been extensively revised and provides Evidence-Based Practice summaries on numerous nursing interventions. Unit 4 includes an extensive collection of skills and procedures including preparation for procedures, collection of specimens, administration of medicine, venous access devices, invasive and noninvasive oxygen monitoring, and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The Patient and Family education guidelines have been incorporated into the skills and procedure sections of this unit. These guidelines have been revised for use by nurses as well as families in the care of a child in the acute care or home setting. New sections have been added on end-of-life care interventions, skin and wound care, mechanical ventilation, arterial blood gas interpretation, blood product administration, and chest tube management. The latest American Heart Association recommendations for performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation on an infant or child and for caring for a choking infant or child are included.
Unit 5 has been revised to reflect current educational and clinical practice. This unit has been revised to include more online care plans that the student may access and individualize according to the patient's unique needs. The nursing diagnoses conform to the most recent nomenclature accepted by NANDA, and they are prioritized within the care plans. The nursing diagnoses include Defining Characteristics and Subjective and Objective Data, which assist the student in the validation of assumptions that lead to selected relevant nursing diagnoses. In addition, NOC and NIC nomenclature has been added to further standardize and validate nursing care. The revised nursing care plans provide students with a general guideline for critical thinking to encourage further problem solving and meet the patient's individualized care needs.
Unit 6 includes basic resource information for interpretation of laboratory data, including values in International Units.
This edition of Wong's Clinical Manual of Pediatric Nursing also includes a new section of color photos of common pediatric dermatology conditions. This feature enhances the overall quality of the Manual as a reference source for practicing clinicians and students. For practicing nurses, the book is a ready resource of material that is otherwise available only in a wide array of journal articles, texts, federal publications, professional association recommendations, and brochures. For students, it is an indispensable guide to the care of children and their families.
Wong's Clinical Manual of Pediatric Nursing is authoritative and up-to-date. Using an evidence-based practice approach, its content reflects the latest research and current clinical practice. Portable and convenient, putting key information at one’s fingertips, the volume is the nurses’ all-in-one reference for clinically relevant information. Readers can rely on this one-of-a-kind reference in the clinical setting. It makes complete, concise assessment data on general health, specific problems, nutrition, sleep, and growth and development easy to access in the clinical setting.
Religion & Spirituality / Christianity / Theology
Christian Apologetics: A Comprehensive Case for Biblical Faith by Douglas Groothuis (IVP Academic)
For millennia the Christian worldview has offered answers to our most profound and challenging questions, What gives life meaning? Is there hope?
But are those answers reliable?
In Christian Apologetics, Douglas Groothuis makes a comprehensive case for Christian theism – proceeding from a defense of objective truth to a presentation of the key arguments for God from natural theology to a case for the credibility of Jesus, the incarnation and the resurrection. Throughout, Groothuis considers alternative views and how they fare intellectually. Groothuis, professor of philosophy at Denver Seminary and teacher of philosophy at Metropolitan State College of Denver, employs a cumulative case for the Christian faith, allowing several lines of argumentation and evidence to converge.
According to Christian Apologetics, it seems many Christians deem apologetics unnecessary at best and harmful at worst. Some claim that the ways of God are incorrigibly mysterious and beyond figuring out, thus leaving no place for rational argumentation for Christian truth. But says, Groothuis, an infinitely wise God has myriad ways of getting attention and revealing his truth. But the biblical evidence indicates that arguments in favor of Christianity are one way by which God reaches those in need of God's provision. The claim that no one is argued into Christianity is simply false. Although reasoning with unbelievers can prove frustrating, this may be more the fault of poor arguments, poor presentations or poor character than of the fruitlessness of apologetics.
Biblically understood, conversion is a radical turn away from sin, selfishness and Satan, and a turn toward God and his kingdom. This incorporates the whole person, not merely the intellect. However, there is no reason to follow and obey the God of the Bible unless Christianity is true and worth obeying. Therefore, conversion is necessarily intellectual and involves cognitive assent to propositions taken to be objectively true. For this to occur, one must understand what the gospel requires of a person and on what basis it requires it. One cannot be a Christian without knowing what Christianity actually is.
According to Christian Apologetics, only if we believe in the truth of the Christian message will we be able to trust the object of that message: God as revealed in and through Jesus Christ. This component of faith is fiducia, or trust; it is closely related to belief, but involves more than bare assent. It includes entrusting oneself in an existential act to Christ and his cause. While Scripture speaks of the need to ‘believe’ in God, it also speaks of those who ‘received’ him. A person believes that certain biblical propositions are objectively true; then the person subjectively appropriates these truths as his or her own. In so doing, the person gives allegiance to the object of these truths: Christ himself.
Douglas Groothuis does Christian apologetics the way it needs to
be done, situating apologetics within a Christian worldview and
answering the troubling questions that people are actually asking –
questions to which they need answers if faith is going to be a live
option. His book draws on many years of teaching and writing about
apologetics, distilling the most effective arguments in defense of
the Christian faith. – William A. Dembski, author of The End of
Christian Apologetics is an outstanding book that I wholeheartedly endorse. It is one of the most thorough, insightful and well-written apologetics books I have read in a long time. Groothuis has the rare ability to write in a way that is understandable to the nonspecialist and yet rigorous enough to challenge the apologetic connoisseur. I wish every Christian would read this book carefully and then pass it on to a skeptic for discussion, interaction and dialogue. – Sean McDowell, author of Apologetics for a New Generation
Groothuis is a leading evangelical thinker and Christian Apologetics is a monumental result of decades of study and reflection. Breathtaking in scope, clear in style, this book is now the go-to text in the field. I know of nothing like it, and I enthusiastically recommend it to all who want to learn to give an answer for the hope that is within them. – J. P. Moreland, author of The God Question
Christian Apologetics is a full-scale defense of the Christian faith that is accessible, relevant and wise. This book not only reflects the work of a seasoned apologist; it is written with passion and conviction. I heartily recommend it! – Paul Copan, Palm Beach Atlantic University
Christian Apologetics masterfully addresses what matters most. Groothuis is skillful and systematic in making the comprehensive apologetic case for Christian theism while considering alternative views.
Social Sciences / Humanities / True Crime
Mary Turner and the Memory of Lynching by Julie Buckner Armstrong (The University of Georgia Press)
Mary Turner and the Memory of Lynching traces the reaction of activists, artists, writers, and local residents to the brutal lynching of a pregnant woman near Valdosta, Georgia. In 1918, the murder of a white farmer led to a week of mob violence that claimed the lives of at least eleven African Americans, including Hayes Turner. When his wife Mary vowed to press charges against the killers, she too fell victim to the mob.
Mary’s lynching was particularly brutal and involved the grisly death of her eight-month-old fetus. It led to both an entrenched local silence and a widespread national response in newspaper and magazine accounts, visual art, film, literature, and public memorials. Turner’s story became a centerpiece of the Anti-Lynching Crusaders campaign for the 1922 Dyer Bill, which sought to make lynching a federal crime.
Julie Buckner Armstrong in Mary Turner and the Memory of Lynching explores the complex and contradictory ways this horrific event was remembered in works such as Walter White’s report in the NAACP’s newspaper the Crisis, the “Kabnis” section of Jean Toomer’s Cane, Angelina Weld Grimké’s short story “Goldie,” and Meta Fuller’s sculpture Mary Turner: A Silent Protest against Mob Violence. Armstrong, associate professor of English at the University of South Florida St. Petersburg, is coeditor of Teaching the American Civil Rights Movement: Freedom’s Bittersweet Song and editor of The Civil Rights Reader: American Literature from Jim Crow to Reconciliation (Georgia).
Like those of Emmett Till and Leo Frank, Turner’s story continues to resonate on multiple levels. Armstrong’s work provides insight into the different roles black women played in the history of lynching: as victims, as loved ones left behind, and as those who fought back. The crime continues to defy conventional forms of representation, illustrating what can, and cannot, be said about lynching and revealing the difficulty and necessity of confronting this nation’s legacy of racial violence.
According to Armstrong in the introduction to Mary Turner and the Memory of Lynching, in May 1918 a week of mob violence following a white farmer's murder spread over two Georgia counties, Brooks and Lowndes, and claimed at least eleven African American lives. One of the victims, Mary Turner, was eight months pregnant. After learning that Turner planned to press charges against mob members for lynching her husband, Hayes, the men captured her from the Quitman home where she was hiding and took her to a bridge overlooking the Little River. There a crowd of several hundred watched the mob hang her upside down, shoot her, set her on fire, remove her fetus, and stomp the unborn child into the ground.
Surprisingly, reactions to the incident varied. The Savannah Morning News reported events matter-of-factly: "the people in their indignant mood took exception to her remarks as well as her attitude and took her to the river where she was hanged." A letter to the Augusta Chronicle cried out, "Where are the grand juries? Where are the petit juries? Where are the sheriffs? Where is our public opinion? Is it dead? . . . God in heaven have mercy upon us!" A month after the lynchings the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) sent its new assistant secretary, Walter White, to investigate. White submitted a copy of his report with a list of mob members' names to Georgia's governor, Hugh M. Dorsey. For the rest of the year, the NAACP struggled to have the men prosecuted. Dorsey did not cooperate, and attempts at federal intervention also failed. Iowa Senator William S. Kenyon showed some interest in forming an investigative subcommittee, but the case could not proceed without eyewitness cooperation. No one was willing to testify. Mob members and their supporters had cowed an already traumatized local community into a silence that would remain a palpable tension for almost ninety years.
The story might have been forgotten had Walter White not also published a version of his report in the NAACP's magazine, the Crisis, in September 1918. Before White, no one had reported publicly that Mary Turner was pregnant. His article, "The Work of a Mob," initiated the process of constructing this case as a key event in African American cultural memory. The Anti-Lynching Crusaders, an NAACP affiliate, used Turner's story as a centerpiece of their fundraising efforts to support the 1922 Dyer Bill, which tried unsuccessfully to make lynching a federal crime. During the 1920s and 1930s, the Commission on Inter-racial Cooperation (CIC) and the Communist Party USA (CPUSA) also cited Turner's story in their anti-lynching pamphlets. Artists and writers responded as well, most of them drawing upon White's Crisis account. Meta Warrick Fuller sculpted In Memory of Mary Turner: A Silent Protest against Mob Violence (1919). Angelina Weld Grimke published the short story "Goldie" (1920). Carrie Williams Clifford included a poem, "Little Mother," in her collection The Widening Light (1922). The year 1923 saw publication of two texts that remain well known today: Anne Spencer's poem "White Things" and the "Kabnis" section of Jean Toomer's modernist classic, Cane. After this early peak, Turner faded from the spotlight as other lynching stories captured national attention. Her memory never completely disappeared, however. More recently, artist Frieda High Tesfagiorgis painted Hidden Memories (1985), and writer Honoree Fanonne Jeffers published a short story, "If You Get There Before I Do" (2005), as well as a poem, "dirty south moon" (2007), all of which reference Turner. Tributes appear regularly via Web sites, Internet discussion groups, and online videos. The National Great Blacks in Wax Museum in Baltimore, Maryland, includes a striking commemoration of Hayes and Mary Turner among its many historical figures.
Turner paid with her life, but, according to Armstrong in Mary Turner and the Memory of Lynching the memory of her murder retains an uncanny defiance. Through the responses to her, Turner lives on as a narrative disruption that refuses to be contained. Her story reveals or, more appropriately, calls out patterns, shifts, and ruptures in the ways lynching gets remembered today. The ways people represent lynching depend upon when and where they live, what modes of expression are available to them at a given moment, and how they need to express themselves to accomplish particular purposes for particular audiences. Turner's story provides a focal point for looking at the ways discourse falls apart and talk breaks down or, more positively, changes direction. The problem is not just local and not just centered on Mary Turner. Many contemporary responses grapple with the most effective means of conveying such a troubling story for an audience that might not know about, care about, or remember lynching at all.
Armstrong says that how we remember and talk about lynching matters. One does not have to dig very deeply into U.S. popular culture to see that the images and rhetoric supporting racial violence continue to influence American thinking about race today. The myth of the "Burly Black Brute" still plays a major role in ideas about black male criminality. Stories about abducted and assaulted white females make immediate headlines, while stories about similarly imperiled black females rarely do until those stories are thought to be hoaxes. White people are often puzzled by the way black people respond to high-profile police brutality and other criminal justice system cases. Debates over nooses, Confederate flags, and other such icons proliferate. The memory of racial violence lies at the root of these issues and many more. For Armstrong, Mary Turner acts as a synecdoche of two opposing tensions. What happened to her represents racism at its worst. The ways that she has been remembered, conversely, represent the struggle over oppression at its best. Her story has the potential to open up new ways of talking about racial violence and reconciliation.
This book should become the most important study of a single lynching available. In compelling prose, Armstrong traces how different groups of Americans work to remember and to forget Mary Turner’s lynching and what these stories can tell us about the relationship of historical memory and racial violence in America. – Grace Elizabeth Hale, author of Making Whiteness: The Culture of Segregation in the South, 1890–1940
In her gripping account of how one lynching has moved through cultural memory, Armstrong reminds us why we must never be silent in the face of injustice. This is a groundbreaking book, one that should be read by anyone interested in the power of art and scholarship to change the way we talk about race in America. – Christopher Metress, editor of The Lynching of Emmett Till: A Documentary Narrative
Armstrong's book makes a significant and unique contribution to lynching scholarship and bridges academia and the community, by considering the efforts towards restorative justice that offer additional insight into what lynching means and has meant to the communities affected by these tragedies. Her literary and historical analyses of representations of Mary Turner offer evocative insights into how and why our understanding of an event – especially one as fraught as lynching – cannot be divorced from the social and cultural discourses that catalyzed it. – Barbara McCaskill, Associate Professor of English, University of Georgia
The ghastly murder of Mary Turner in 1918 rural Georgia, though half-forgotten, nevertheless remains an iconic image in the American experience. To this terrible tragedy Julie Buckner Armstrong brings a powerfully written, deeply researched, penetrating vision not only of the horror but of our memory of that horror. She shows that the truth of racial violence will always come to us only through journalism, literature, film, and art – memory. Though she writes about a great ugliness, Julie Buckner Armstrong brings uncommon grace and lively skill as a writer, not to mention impressive insight. I found it almost impossible to put this book down once I started. – Christopher Waldrep, author of Jury Discrimination: The Supreme Court, Public Opinion, and a Grassroots Fight for Racial Equality in Mississippi
The question that the groundbreaking Mary Turner and the Memory of Lynching answers is how one should remember lynching. As analyzed by Armstrong, Mary Turner's story provides a compass for navigating those troubled waters.
Journalism and Realism: Rendering American Life by Thomas B. Connery, with a foreword by Roy Peter Clark (Medill School of Journalism Visions of the American Press Series: Northwestern University Press)