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SirReadaLot.org


We Review the Best of the Latest Books

ISSN 1934-6557

July 2011, Issue #147

Charles Biederman by Susan C. Larsen and Neil Juhl Larsen (Hudson Hills Press)

Llano Estacado: An Island in the Sky edited by Stephen Bogener and William Tydeman, with an introduction Barry Lopez (Voice in the American West Series: Texas Tech University Press)

The First Great Recession of the 21st Century: Competing Explanations edited by Scar Dejuan, Eladio Febrero and Maria Cristina Marcuzzo (Edward Elgar)

The Next American Economy: Blueprint for a Real Recovery by William J. Holstein (Walker & Company)

Connecting Content and Academic Language for English Learners and Struggling Students, Grades 2-6 by Ruth Swinney and Patricia Velasco, with a foreword by Ofelia Garcia (Corwin Press)

No Holds Barred: The Complete History of Mixed Martial Arts in America, 4th edition by Clyde Gentry III (Triumph Books)

Fundamentals of Athletic Training, 3rd Edition by Lorin A. Cartwright and William A. Pitney (Human Kinetics)

The Pregnant Body Book: The Complete Illustrated Guide from Conception to Birth by DK Publishing (DK Publishing)

Exorcising Hitler: The Occupation and Denazification of Germany by Frederick Taylor (Bloomsbury Press)

Manstein: Hitler's Greatest General by Mungo Melvin (Thomas Dunne Books)

Buzz Aldrin, What Happened to You in All the Confusion?: A Novel by Johan Harstad, translated by Deborah Dawkin (Seven Stories Press)

Devil's Plaything: A Mystery for Idle Minds by Matt Richtel (Poisoned Pen Press)

Keys to the Kingdom by Bob Graham (Vanguard Press)

The Morality and Global Justice Reader edited by Michael Boylan (Westview Press)

Curbside Consultation in IBS: 49 Clinical Questions edited by Brian E. Lacy, with Series Editor Francis A. Farraye (Slack Incorporated)

Mosby's Nursing Drug Cards, 21st edition by Joseph A. Albanese and Patricia A. Nutz (Elsevier Mosby)

Spiritual Slavery: A Biography of Lee Lozowick: Volume One: Books One Three: The Years of Milk and Honey 1975-1980 by M. Young (Hohm Press)

Primary Movement in Sign Languages: A Study of Six Languages by Donna Jo Napoli, Mark Mai and Nicholas Gaw (Gallaudet University Press)

The Borders of Inequality: Where Wealth and Poverty Collide by Igo Mor, translated by Lyn Dominguez (The University of Arizona Press)

Latinos in the Midwest edited by Rubn O. Martinez (Latinos in the United States Series: Michigan State University Press)

Sugar Girls & Seamen: A Journey into the World of Dockside Prostitution in South Africa by Henry Trotter (Ohio University Press) 

Arts & Photography / History & Criticism / Biographies and Memoirs

Charles Biederman by Susan C. Larsen and Neil Juhl Larsen (Hudson Hills Press)

Charles Joseph Biederman (1906-2004) was a highly influential and iconoclastic American artist and theoretician who influenced the modernist movement both abroad and in the United States. He was particularly drawn to the relationship between nature and art, and wrote extensively on the subject. Deeply engaged in theories of art and nature and art and science, he maintained a nine-year correspondence, eventually published, with the British quantum physicist and philosopher David Bohm. Biederman, a Midwesterner by birth, held nature as the ultimate root of art, but insisted upon a wholly abstract translation of the natural into visual elements of color, plane, and form. He worked extensively in the medium of sculptural reliefs created in painted metal to execute his vision of creating pure visual forms; these reliefs became his most sought-after work. Biedermans work is represented in distinguished collections across the United States and Western Europe, including The Museum of Modern Art, New York; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; The Art Institute of Chicago; and the Tate, London; among many others.

Charles Biederman is the definitive monograph on this internationally celebrated American whose artwork and published writing influenced twentieth-century concepts of art and theory, which appealed greatly to British modernists in the postwar period as well as artists in the Netherlands and Canada. Biederman traveled widely as a young man and exhibited his early work in Chicago, New York, and Paris to wide critical acclaim. His early supporters included Albert E. Gallatin, George L.K. Morris, Pierre Matisse, James Johnson Sweeney, Alfred Barr, Katherine Kuh, and Clement Greenberg. Biederman's Paris sojourn (1937-38) introduced him to Fernand Leger, Piet Mondrian, Constantin Brancusi, and many other modern masters. However, his Paris experiences convinced him that the future development of modern art would be achieved in America. Biederman returned to the United States and settled in Chicago, where he had two solo exhibitions and attended lectures by the influential semanticist, Alfred Korzybski. In late 1938, Biederman began to create three-dimensional, highly colored reliefs. In the following years, he would employ new plastics, glass, and even fluorescent light in his reliefs.

In 1948, Biederman self-published Art as the Evolution of Visual Knowledge, which enjoyed a wide readership among artists in America, England, and Holland. The book and Biederman's abstract constructions had a well-documented impact on Victor Pasmore, Anthony Hill, Kenneth and Mary Martin, and others in the 1950s. Biederman would go on to publish fourteen volumes on art, architecture, and theory.

Biederman spent more than fifty productive years living and working in the rural Mississippi River town of Red Wing, Minnesota.

Charles Biederman, both biography and monograph, was initiated and seminal research achieved by Neil Juhl Larsen (1956-2006), a trusted friend and colleague of the artist. With Neil Larsen's untimely passing, the manuscript was written and the monograph completed by art historian Susan C. Larsen, former curator at the Whitney Museum of American Art, professor at the University of Southern California, and current consulting curator for the Clinton Hill/Allen Tran Foundation.

Deep, visually appealing, Charles Biederman is the definitive monograph on the life and art of Charles Biederman.

Arts & Photography / Outdoors & Nature / Travel

Llano Estacado: An Island in the Sky edited by Stephen Bogener and William Tydeman, with an introduction Barry Lopez (Voice in the American West Series: Texas Tech University Press)

The Llano Estacado, Coronado's legendary staked plains, comprises all or part of thirty-three counties in Texas and four in New Mexico. This enormous island of grass covers approximately 32,000 square miles of arid prairie used primarily today for ranching and farming. It lies atop the vast Ogalalla Aquifer its primary source of water and partially covers the oil-bearing Permian Basin. Its population, outside of four mid-sized cities, is sparse. Llano Estacado provides images of landscape and life on the Southern Plains, in photographs and prose, an enormous island of rippling grassland that stretches from the New Mexico borderlands down through the Texas Panhandle.
The Llano has always appealed to discerning eyes. The artists and writers gathered in Llano Estacado are hardly the first to have felt the pull of this place or the urgency to capture its essence. Yet the idiosyncrasies and ideals, the successes and failures, the strangeness and beauty and power of the land and its people beckon fresh discovery. Look at the Llano with eyes open to possibility, and readers will encounter the unexpected, a keener understanding of the ways in which landscape and life are always inescapably intertwined.
The photographs in Llano Estacado were taken by Peter Brown, Rick Dingus, Steve Fitch, Miguel Gandert, Tony Gleaton, and Andrew John Liccardo. Essays are by Rick Bass, Stephen Bogener, Stephen Graham Jones, William Kittredge, Barry Lopez, Sandra Scofield and Jessica Scofield, Annick Smith, and William Tydeman. Editors are Stephen Bogener and William Tydeman. Bogener, a former archivist at the Southwest Collection at Texas Tech University, is currently professor of history at West Texas A&M University in Canyon. Tydeman is an archivist at the Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library at Texas Tech University.

According to Barry Lopez in the introduction to Llano Estacado, the modern Llano, fashioned from the raw earth and history of the Llano's past, and shaped as much by politics and economics as by rain and wind, is the meditation point for the photographers and writers brought together in the volume. Their translations alert us to the complexity, the idiosyncrasy, the passion, the forlorn hopes, the sublimity of the place, and sound across the pages of Llano Estacado one of the clarion calls of the twenty-first century: We've reached the horizon. Where do we go from here?

A starting place might be to hold everything dear. The vanished enclaves of the Clovis hunters, whose pressure-flaked spear-points are symbolic of our long human effort. The flutter of blue and side-oats grama grass in an untended cemetery. The coyote strung up on a fence wire for his ignorance about private property. A preacher fearful his parishioners will lose the knowledge of God's munificence and grace. A woman painting in Blanco Canyon on a November afternoon, experimenting at her easel with hues of magenta and celadon, while ice crystals begin to spread through her watercolors.

In reevaluating the impact humanity has had on the Earth, we might come together as ordinary people and ask each other what matters. Some of what we love, or profess to have loved, is gone and not to be recovered. Some of the change that is upon us, according to a gathering of scientists large enough to matter, is dangerous. Before we can decide what is to be done on the Llano or anywhere else we must develop a shared vision of where we are. To do that, we must assemble relevant information about the history and biology of the place, its human architecture and the trending of its trails and roadways, the strains of its spirituality and profanity; assemble it all, guided by an image of our grandchildren stepping out tomorrow on a mythic Llano, able to believe in the possibility of rich and fully imagined lives. The time to act solely in our own interest is gone.

On the pages of Llano Estacado, devoted to the Llano Estacado and its life, human and wild, is the beginning of a reconsideration of a single place. According to Tydeman, a talented assemblage of photographers were assembled to document the Llano. They had no complex shooting scripts, no list of places and objects to be photographed. Bogener and Tydeman promoted no methodology and provided none of the supporting apparatus of social science surveys. Rather, they trusted everything would be enriched by the lessons of art. Photographers would find beauty in the everyday. Photographers loved this land, and their photographs would reveal the Llandos hidden splendor. Essays by prominent writers would provide additional demonstration of the multiple ways of seeing the Llano. They provided no elaborate set of instructions; writers could comment on the photographs, write about their experiences living in or traveling through the Llano, or tell about other facets of Llano life and culture.

The stories and photos in Llano Estacado light the way to understanding while nourishing readers imaginations. They demonstrate the beauty of everyday life and summon us to a human, literate and loving recovery of the region.

Business & Investing / Economics

The First Great Recession of the 21st Century: Competing Explanations edited by Scar Dejuan, Eladio Febrero and Maria Cristina Marcuzzo (Edward Elgar)

The recession of 2008 (the First Great Recession of the 21st century) puzzled everybody. Economists were aware of the international trade imbalances and of the speculative bubbles in the real estate and stock exchange markets. However, few of them dared think that the recession was so close and that it was going to be so deep. Its severity is only comparable with the Great Depression of 1929. The recession offers an opportunity to revise economic theories in order to identify their flaws and also to compare different economic paradigms to find the one that provides a more plausible explanation and a more credible cure.

The 2008-10 financial crisis and the global recession it created is a complex phenomenon that warrants detailed examination. The various essays in The First Great Recession of the 21st Century utilize several alternative paradigms to provide a plausible explanation and a credible cure.

Fourteen chapters by eminent scholars investigate the background of the crisis and draw lessons for economic theory and policy. They largely illustrate that the roots of the recession lie in the financial sector which, over the past few decades, has expanded considerably in terms of both size and complexity. They show that financial innovation has decoupled the real and financial sectors not always to the benefit of economic stability and argue that financial markets should be regulated more astutely in order to reinforce transparency and accountability. Edited by scar Dejun, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Spain; Eladio Febrero, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Spain; and Maria Cristina Marcuzzo, University of Rome `La Sapienza', Italy, The First Great Recession of the 21st Century concludes that economics as a science should give proper weight to financial variables and integrate them into its models.

The First Great Recession of the 21st Century is organized in three parts. Part I Economists on Trial gathers together five papers that discuss which economists are to be praised and which are to be blamed in connection with the present crisis, and to which theories Post-Keynesian or Neo-Austrian we should turn to salvage this situation.

The first contribution, by Dirk J. Bezemer, scrutinizes the work of 12 economists who predicted the crisis. In seeking for some common features the author argues that in their analysis, unlike the forecasting models used by central banks (such as Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium models) these economists share the view that financial assets are prone to bubbles and that credit feeds the stock of debt.

In the second contribution Jesus Huerta de Soto claims that the approach of the Austrian Business Cycle Theory of Ludwig von Mises and Friedrich Hayek is well equipped to explain recent events. Following the `free market' prescriptions of the Austrian School, Huerta de Soto proposes privatizing and liberalizing financial markets, whose institutions are said to be unable to rule the business cycle, and are responsible for fostering rather than preventing disturbances in the markets.

In the third contribution to The First Great Recession of the 21st Century, by Ekaterina Svetlova and Matthias Fiedler, the blame is laid on standard economic theory for failing to distinguish between uncertainty and risk, the former being identified with the latter by assigning probability values to all possible events. Despite their theoretical differences, these three authors share a belief that the economy is pervaded by insufficient knowledge, true uncertainty, uniqueness of events and exposure to surprise, and that institutions are needed to monitor market confidence and stabilize markets.

Also, Gumersindo Ruiz and Ramon Trias in the fourth contribution to this section focus on the central role of risk management, as the 'raison d'etre' of finance. Their account of the different methods of risk valuation introduced in the last quarter of the 20th century is given as a historical background to current events. In the final contribution in this section, Julio Segura asks whether the 'efficient market hypothesis' (EMH) on which modern finance relies is at the root of the financial crash of 200708. Segura's point is that modern economics has recognized that financial markets suffer from insufficient transparency and asymmetric information; that agency problems and conflicts of interests in rating agencies are a source of market failures; that financial regulation becomes flawed when economic agents are able to 'capture' the regulator.

The papers in Part II What Does History Tell Us? Of The First Great Recession of the 21st Century provide a historical background to the crisis, from the double perspective of economic history and history of economic thought. In the first contribution to the second section, Sunanda Sen compares the Great Depression of 1929 and the 1930s with the recession of 2008 from a Keynesian perspective. Sen argues that to learn the lesson that history teaches us and to avoid the policy errors of the 1930s, we must follow Keynes's guidance, which points not only to fiscal expansion but also to financial regulation and international cooperation.

In the second contribution Catherine and Adrian Winnett draw attention to the rise in the 1930s of approaches that unlike Keynes's exclusive concern with persistent unemployment equilibrium focused on cycles and dynamic disequilibrium. The lesson to be drawn from the 1930s' theories is that they are highly relevant to explain the recession of 2008, as triggered by financial problems, but reflecting weaknesses in the real side of the economy.

In the third contribution, Jack Rasmus coins the term `Epic Recession' to denote major breakdowns in the economy. Outstanding examples are the US crisis of 1907-14, the international Great Depression of the 1930s and the current worldwide recession. The speculative bubble initially crowds out productive investment and later, when it bursts, as the most indebted firms and households default, it disrupts capacity and employment.

The next chapter in this part of The First Great Recession of the 21st Century, by Edith Skriner, provides empirical support to the Austrian hypothesis that credit expansions (generally due to artificially low interest rates) cause assets bubbles and recessions. Skriner concludes that the current crisis responds to this pattern. Surprisingly enough, causality also operates the other way round, and with higher intensity. In her opinion, central banks should include stock market prices in their monetary policy rules.

Chapters in Part III Country Cases in a Global Crisis analyze the crisis from the angle of a specific country. By looking at the recession through the magnifying glass, small corners of the world come into focus as case studies.

The beginning of this section reproduces a part of the `Testimony' of Alan Greenspan before the Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission of the US Congress, on 7 April 2010. The Chairman of the Federal Reserve from 1987 till 2006 admits that low interest rates played a role in the residential investment boom and subsequent bust. He considers, however, that what matters for residential investment is the long-term mortgage rate, not the overnight interest rate fixed by the Fed. According to him, mortgage rates were abnormally low because of the saving glut occasioned by the increasing trade surplus of China, India and other developing countries. Greenspan admits, however, that international imbalances should not conceal the responsibility of financial institutions in generating and spreading risks. A more demanding capitalization of financial institutions is required.

In the second chapter of this section Davide Gualerzi looks at the US economy from a long-term perspective that focuses on the real side, and at its structural low level of effective demand. The next chapter of The First Great Recession of the 21st Century examines the impact of the crisis on small, developing economies. Ivars Brivers shows how at the turn of the century, when transition to a capitalist system was almost completed, Latvia experienced the highest rates of growth in its recorded history (around 10 per cent). However, the economic rally was more the mirage of speculative activities in the financial markets than the fruit of productive investment creating wealth and employment. The shrinking of liquidity that followed the international crisis put the entire economy on the verge of collapse.

The final chapter analyses a country, Spain, which at the time of writing (June 2010) is under the spotlight as one of the most fragile links in the eurozone. Oscar Dejuan and Eladio Febrero show that after joining the European Monetary Union, Spain enjoyed the same nominal interest rates as Germany, but since inflation was one or two points above, long-term real interest rates became almost nil. In order to keep profitability up in an epoch of minimal interest rates, banks multiplied mortgage credits and lengthened monthly installments. The result was the strongest expansion in output and employment among developed countries, but also the generation of three major disequilibria: (1) a current account deficit amounting to 10 per cent of GDP; (2) speculative bubbles in the real estate and the stock exchange; (3) an unbearable burden of debt whose deflationary effects will be felt for a long time.

The three countries under investigation have been severely hit by the crisis and in all the three cases we find a consistent pattern in which low interest rates, aggressive bank lending, inflated real estate prices set in motion a train of events that ultimately ended in high unemployment, repayment defaults and recession. The responsibility of financial institutions in generating and spreading the speculative bubble implies that a coordinated set of tighter regulations and binding capital requirements in all these countries might have prevented the disaster from occurring.

Bearing in mind the errors of the Great Depression of 1929, governments, all over the world, hurried up to grant banks all the money necessary to prevent a financial collapse; central banks lowered the official rate of interest to historical minima in order to stimulate private investment; and fiscal authorities multiplied public expenditure to match the fall in private demand. Explicitly or implicitly, most of the authors in this volume admit the necessity of these Keynesian macroeconomic policies. But what should governments do if two years after the `Great Recession' of 2008 the economy has not recovered as expected? And how can we interpret this policy failure?

Some authors in The First Great Recession of the 21st Century point to the inefficiency of expansionary monetary and fiscal policies in over-indebted economies, most of all when the state of confidence of economic agents is at rock bottom. Others warn about the long-term undesirable consequences of 'permanent' expansionary policies. If banks know they will be rescued with public money in case of a failure, they won't pay enough attention to risk. If the interest rate falls in order to encourage private investment, we may soon reproduce another artificial boom, leading to an even worse recession. For sure, if public expenditure is unable to propel the private economy in a year or so, the pile of public debt will be added to the already existing private debt, making things worse for everybody. As a matter of fact, financial markets (which are a thermometer of the general estate of confidence) continue to be `nervous'.

The First Great Recession of the 21st Century, fascinating, insightful and thought-provoking, will prove a challenging read for academics, students and researchers in the fields of economics, money, finance and banking, and the history of economics. It will also prove invaluable for economic policymakers at all levels. Great detail is given to the analysis of alternative paradigms from different theoretical perspectives, presenting a clearer understanding of what went wrong and expounding misinterpretations of current theories and practices. Readers of this insightful volume may agree or disagree with their conclusion that diversity and pluralism of approaches in economics is the recipe for making economics a better and more useful science.

Business & Investing / Popular Economics

The Next American Economy: Blueprint for a Real Recovery by William J. Holstein (Walker & Company)

As America continues to dig out of The Great Recession, the debate rages on about how to create 12 million jobs and revive the American economy. Veteran business writer William J. Holstein demonstrates why the prevailing orthodoxy of simply waiting for American economic recovery is bankrupt in The Next American Economy. He argues that the best way for the US to recover its economic footing is to do what America does best innovate and create new industries.

Contrary to the perception that the American economy has run out of inspiration and new ideas, Holstein finds the innovation and business success already being experienced in many industries across the country, from Boston to Orlando, Pittsburgh to San Diego; from technology and energy to promoting exports. In the face of economic powerhouses such as Japan and China that are pursuing conscious national strategies, Holstein presents a blueprint for Americans to find new avenues of cooperation among universities, business, and government to create the kind of sustainable growth we need.

Featuring nine case studies on how Americans are currently innovating at the grassroots level and creating world-class competitive advantage, The Next American Economy lays out how we must dramatically improve how our best ideas emerge from universities and research institutes and are developed into businesses, all while building new ecosystems to improve energy consumption, increase exports, and retrain the workforce.

It is rare to find a book about America's economic future with the right combination of reporting and analysis, historical perspective and future recommendation, emphasis on individual enterprise and awareness of public policy, and most significant of all both realistic warnings and practical optimism. It is no surprise that William J. Holstein, with his long experience in international business reporting, would pull off this combination, but it is impressive to see how well he has done it. James Fallows, national correspondent, the Atlantic

A highly compelling manifesto for the resurgence of the U.S. economy. The Next American Economy should be required reading for the Obama administration, Congress, governors and mayors, CEOs, and everyone else who cares deeply about the country's future. Jeffrey E. Garten, former undersecretary of commerce for international trade, and Juan Trippe Professor in the Practice of International Trade, Finance, and Business, Yale School of Management

William J. Holstein's extraordinary new book is just what America needs to regain its competitive edge. With brilliant examples, he shows what it takes for America to win in global markets in the twenty-first century. Bill George, professor, Harvard Business School, and former chairman and CEO of Medtronic

If wishful thinking were dollars, this book would be a gold mine. As it is, Holstein provides an optimistic but not necessarily candy-colored view of a resurgent American economy. Kirkus Reviews

The heart of The Next American Economy is nine impressively thorough case studies of clusters of successful US businesses Holstein expended a lot of shoe leather in his researches, from Massachusetts to California, and he does an excellent job of describing what he sees and letting his subjects speak for themselves. Ed Crooks, Financial Times

Compelling, replete with fresh insights into how we can create a real economic recovery, The Next American Economy is essential reading for business leaders, politicians, strategists, and anyone who cares about our future.

Education / Instruction / ESL / Reference

Connecting Content and Academic Language for English Learners and Struggling Students, Grades 2-6 by Ruth Swinney and Patricia Velasco, with a foreword by Ofelia Garcia (Corwin Press)

In the many years that I have worked in this field, I have not found another book that offers such minute and careful details focused on the development of academic language for emergent bilinguals. from the foreword by Ofelia Garcia

For English learners especially, it is critically important to integrate language development with the content that the curriculum demands. Connecting Content and Academic Language for English Learners and Struggling Students focuses on increasing teachers expertise in developing students academic language.

Award-winning principal Ruth Swinney and college professor Patricia Velasco focus on the careful planning needed to develop the academic language of all students. Swinney is a former bilingual teacher, former director of bilingual and dual language programs for a large district in NYC, former principal PS165 (Manhattan), currently a consultant; and Velasco is a former speech pathologist in Mexico City, currently Assistant Professor of Education at Queens College, City University of New York, where she coordinates the Bilingual Program.

What makes Connecting Content and Academic Language for English Learners and Struggling Students unlike any other is the detailed guidance it provides to

  • Help students advance from social to academic language.
  • Encourage verbal expression in the classroom.
  • Plan language arts, social studies, and science lessons that connect language and content.
  • Use shared reading and writing, read alouds, and conversation to teach language skills.

The first vignette in Swinney and Velasco's masterful Integrating Content and Language Goals for English Learners and Struggling Students, Grades 2-6, introduces readers to a second grader who is learning English. When the teacher asks the class what animals they want to see in the zoo, the girl uses the words she knows in English to reply: "Cats and dogs." The teacher ignores her response and moves on to other children. Swinney and Velasco point out that the teacher's dismissal of this girl's class participation misses an important point. The child herself, upon returning from the zoo, is able to correctly articulate that there were no cats and dogs. Indeed, there would have been a way for the teacher to find the girl's "cats and dogs" in initially talking about the zoo. This is what Swinney and Velasco guide teachers to do through Connecting Content and Academic Language for English Learners and Struggling Students.

Swinney and Velasco's book offers a new close-up vision of how to teach emergent bilinguals. Whereas most texts focus on macro-organizational classroom features that sometimes blur the vision, Swinney and Velasco's approach is telescopic, bringing into focus the micro-elements that teachers of emergent bilingual students must manage. The book scaffolds for teachers what they must plan and do in order to develop not only new planning and teaching strategies, but also a new close-up vision.

The academic language of emergent bilinguals, Connecting Content and Academic Language for English Learners and Struggling Students tells us, is developed through three building blocks: (a) background knowledge, (b) a curriculum of talk that includes critical thinking skills, and (c) the components of read alouds and shared reading and writing. It is these three building blocks that weave throughout the book. In the first part, they constitute the first three chapters, with each building block developed in detail. In the second part, each of the three building blocks is manifested in disciplinary and interdisciplinary learning units (language arts, social studies, science, interdisciplinary unit) enacted by teachers of different age groups and in bilingual or ESL classrooms. It is as if the telescope that Swinney and Velasco offer teachers is collapsible, not only offering a different vision, but also enabled by an instrument whose shape is consistent and whose parts neatly fit into each other. Thus, although the vision is up-close, it is also integrated, whole, and expansive.

What makes Connecting Content and Academic Language for English Learners and Struggling Students unlike any other is the careful build-up of exact strategies. The authors anchor their examples not only in real classrooms with real teachers and children, but also in authentic instructional strategies. For example, the chapters in Part II all offer a template for planning the unit, but in addition, the authors include and describe exact tools to be used. Each of the chapters in this part has a section called "Breaking the Plan into Doable Parts," and specific tools are identified and modeled for each of the components. Graphic organizers, conception definition maps, partnership strategies, semantic webbing, word walls, and photo analysis work sheets are all part of the toolboxes provided. This is especially evident in Part I of the book. In Chapter 1, specific strategies for teaching vocabulary, as well as syntax and morphology, are detailed. In Chapter 2, examples of strategies to develop listening, as well as oral abilities, are described. And Chapter 3 provides not only detailed examples of structures of balanced literacy, but even the exact words that teachers need to use before, during, and after read alouds and shared reading and writing. The result is that more than a map or guide is offered in this book. Instead, minute details that would be helpful for any teacher, but especially for those teaching children who need to develop academic language, are presented throughout the book.

The second section of the book focuses on lesson components. It shows teachers how they can use specific structures of balanced literacy read aloud, shared reading, and shared writing to develop background knowledge and to teach the language skills students need to understand the content. Swinney and Velasco provide specific units of study in language arts, social studies, and science, as well as a thematic unit. This section presents multiple strategies for teachers to structure and deepen the classroom conversations within each unit of study and templates to organize language goals. In this second section of the book, they include theory to practice connections that link theoretical elements presented in the first section of Connecting Content and Academic Language for English Learners and Struggling Students to the units of study developed in the second section.

For every sample unit, they provide planning templates to help guide teachers as they integrate content and language goals. These guides help teachers scaffold the unit, breaking down essential components to make the language and content comprehensible to ELs. Hands-on tools include graphic organizers, sample lesson plans, concept maps, semantic webbing, word walls, and worksheets everything teachers need to help emergent bilingual and struggling students master the academic language they need to excel in school. In addition the book provides a self-assessment guide for the teacher at the end of each unit.

When told not to simplify but rather to amplify a lesson for English learners, a teacher's first questions are: 'how and when?' In Swinney and Velasco's book, a Grade 26 teacher finds the answer to both questions and the tools to implement them. Congratulations! I do not know many books that can do that. Elena Dilion, Supervisor of ELL and Dual Language Programs K12 , City School District of New Rochelle, NY

The authors' practical approaches for teaching content and language simultaneously are based on research and a deep knowledge of how classrooms operate. Every teacher working with language-diverse students will find much of value here. Catherine Snow, Patricia Albjerg Graham Professor, Harvard Graduate School of Education, Cambridge

The main contribution that Connecting Content and Academic Language for English Learners and Struggling Students makes is to show teachers that they have other options rather than simplifying the material. Supremely practical, with careful and precise guidance, the book is for teachers in bilingual settings, in regular classrooms, and for ESL teachers. It can also be valuable in teacher training programs, which incorporate language objectives into all their planning.

Entertainment / Sports / Martial Arts

No Holds Barred: The Complete History of Mixed Martial Arts in America, 4th edition by Clyde Gentry III (Triumph Books)

Mixed martial arts has swept the nation and is the fastest-growing mainstream sport in the world. It has completely changed the perception of martial arts and spawned multimillion dollar clothing lines and, arguably, a lifestyle to boot. The fan base isn't composed of brutish characters; it is a diverse group of young and old, hip and successful adrenaline junkies. Fans can't seem to get enough and the sport can be readily watched on a half-dozen TV channels, on pay-per-view, and of course, live and in person.

No Holds Barred is the definitive American history of mixed martial arts (MMA), arguably the fastest-growing sport in the world. Armed with a recorder and a press pass to the Ultimate Fighting Championship, author Clyde Gentry III set out to tell the story of MMA in the late 1990s when the sport was barely treading water due to the political backlash that threatened to relegate the sport to smoky bars and venues typically reserved for tough-man competitions and low-level professional wrestling matches. Instead, MMA has become a billion-dollar business and has changed martial arts forever.

No Holds Barred takes readers from the controversial event that spawned it in 1993 to the breakout reality show The Ultimate Fighter and beyond. An unprecedented 125 interviews, along with boxes of rare documents and notes collected over 10 years, serve as the backbone for this ultimate tome. The phrase no holds barred may be a misnomer for MMA, but it aptly describes the story of how the sport evolved in America.

Gentry has spent more than 10 years in the mixed martial arts field. After publishing the first edition of No Holds Barred in 2001, he became editor in chief of Ultimate Athlete, the first feature magazine on the sport and has worked behind the scenes in fight promotion.

On January 8, 1999, Gentry remembers walking through the sparsely packed Pontchartrain Center in Louisiana for Ultimate Fighting Championship XVIII. Tito Ortiz sat on the cement between sections, gazing upon the Octagon. But no one gave him a second look. Backstage, Mark Coleman seemed ready for his fight, with a scruffy-looking Ken Shamrock, dressed in camouflage, standing by his side. And Dutchman Bas Rutten was nowhere to be found, most likely holing up in one of the back rooms, preparing himself for his UPC debut. The crowd didn't really seem to care; most were still caught up in the mystique of no rules fighting, and the flow of beer probably didn't help.

It has taken 10 years for No Holds Barred to mature as the definitive history of American mixed martial arts. When Gentry started writing it, he thought he might be chronicling the demise of a would-be sport. The media no longer cared, the cable industry wanted no part of it, and he wanted to show people this world from the inside out. Over a lengthy research period, he conducted interviews with fighters, promoters, cutmen, and everyone in between; spent hours in the library and on the Internet; and attended every MMA show he could. But the more interviews he conducted, the more questions he felt needed to be answered. As he dug deeper, it became apparent that one book would not do the sport justice, just as 30 or even 50 interviews would not. The original No Holds Barred was supposed to be the first in a series of books, so the timeline ended in 1997. Thus, many interviews didn't make it into the book because the series never happened. He interviewed Chuck Liddell in 2000; he was such a minor player at the time that he didn't use even a word from his interview. But times have changed; nearly every chapter has been not only updated but clarified with new information and new pieces of the puzzle.

Dozens of interviews with subjects old and new were conducted to ensure No Holds Barred would stand the test of time. Instead of ending in 1997, two new chapters were added to update the story, along with a few other surprises. Owners of the first edition will note the addition of chapters on the international scene. Readers won't find any bombshells about Chuck Liddell, Anderson Silva, Georges St. Pierre, or Fedor Emelianenko. Mixed martial arts has arguably become a mainstream machine, and readers can find shelves of autobiographies of top fighters, along with countless technique-centric books. This final version of No Holds Barred, while it has its share of crazy stories, is a history book, plain and simple.

The sport has reached an apex where it doesn't have that many hills left to climb. Readers can buy action figures, Octagon playsets, video games, collector's cards, paintings, and the list goes on and on. They can readily see fights on a half-dozen channels with at least one pay-per-view each month, not including the specials and feature films that showcase MMA stars. But the history contained in No Holds Barred gave life to the sport we see today and will continue to see in the future.

A fascinating story about the beginnings of something that nobody had a clue where it would go, and in less than two decades threatens to become a major international sport. Dave Meltzer, The Wrestling Observer

What every mixed martial arts fan has been waiting for Fightworld.com

No Holds Barred is the definitive American history of MMA and its rapid rise in the sports and entertainment world. This is a must-have book for every mixed martial arts fan. Anyone who reads this book will walk away with a better understanding of the relentless passion found in those involved in shaping the sport.

Health, Mind & Body / Exercise & Fitness / Education & Training / Reference

Fundamentals of Athletic Training, 3rd Edition by Lorin A. Cartwright and William A. Pitney (Human Kinetics)

The world of athletic training is ever evolving and expanding. This one-of-a-kind book is designed to introduce the world of athletic training to students getting their first exposure to the profession.

Fundamentals of Athletic Training, Third Edition, explains foundational concepts in athletic training and presents injuries and illnesses commonly encountered by certified athletic trainers. Written specifically for high school students, this text develops the knowledge and skills of students assisting athletic trainers on the field and in the training room as well as those considering future careers as sports medicine professionals.

In a full-color layout, the updated third edition presents the latest developments in athletic training with regard to treatment, care, administration, and certification. These new and updated topics are covered:

  • How to deal with more than one injury simultaneously.
  • How to work with athletes with differing cultural backgrounds.
  • Treatment and care of athletes with specific conditions or disabilities.
  • Facility design and modality safety.
  • Equipment ordering and maintenance.
  • The role of the athletic trainer in school emergencies.

Written by Lorin A. Cartwright, MS, ATC, assistant principal and athletic director at Pioneer High School in Ann Arbor and William A. Pitney, EdD, ATC, FNATA, associate professor in the department of kinesiology and physical education at Northern Illinois University, Fundamentals of Athletic Training covers all of the introductory concepts that future athletic trainers need to know. The text begins with an overview of the athletic training profession and presents human anatomy and the physiology of injury and tissue healing. A quick reference list highlights where to find related anatomical drawings. It then presents comprehensive head-to-toe coverage of common injuries and includes an explanation of each injury with appropriate treatment protocols. The text also discusses various conditions, illnesses, and communicable diseases along with information on nutrition and the effects of therapeutic, recreational, and performance-enhancing drug use. Students will learn the fundamentals of rehabilitation and injury prevention techniques through the use of taping, wrapping, and protective equipment.

The third edition includes new and updated learning features that add interest, depth, and opportunities for critical thinking. Special chapter vignettes titled "What would you do if . . .?" encourage students to consider how they might handle day-to-day challenges faced by athletic trainers. The Real World segments provide examples of experiences that athletic trainers currently working in the field encounter. Other highlighted elements offer additional information about challenging topics, suggestions for additional research and special projects, or direction for hands-on application of theories presented within the chapter.

Fundamentals of Athletic Training, 3rd edition also includes fully updated and expanded instructor materials. Online access to the instructor guide, the test package, and a new image bank provide convenient, one-source assistance for lecture and test preparation. As a bonus, instructors may request the Essentials of Interactive Functional Anatomy CD-ROM for use in their classrooms. This learning tool provides an engaging way to teach the basics of human anatomy.

Fundamentals of Athletic Training is organized so that each unit can stand alone and be comprehended without reading previous units. The book is divided into nine units:

  • Unit I gives an overview of the athletic training profession and the administrative tasks important to success in the field.
  • Unit II is a discussion of the body's anatomy and the physiology of injury and tissue healing.
  • Units III, IV, and V explain specific anatomy, injuries, and treatment for injured athletes.
  • Unit VI discusses the fundamentals of rehabilitation and returning athletes to competition, including the psychological aspects of their return.
  • Unit VII discusses how to plan and deal with emergency situations.
  • Unit VIII explains injury prevention through the use of taping, wrapping, and protective equipment.
  • Unit IX covers various conditions, illnesses, disabilities, communicable diseases, common drugs, and nutritional aspects that affect athletes.

At the end of each chapter is a wrap-up section, which includes a summary, key terms, questions for review, activities for reinforcement, and activities for going above and beyond.

In this edition, new topics include working with athletes with specific conditions or disabilities, design features of athletic training facilities, modality safety, balance activities, working with athletes of diverse cultures, and the role of the AT in school emergencies. Cartwright and Pitney have added content to the chapters on the profession and professional preparation, reconditioning, primary care, environmental situations, protective equipment, drug use, and nutrition.

Fundamentals of Athletic Training is designed for people receiving their first exposure to content found in the athletic training profession. The information presented, therefore, is fundamental. At the end of each chapter, however, Cartwright and Pitney include exercises to help students explore topics at a greater depth when necessary.

The test package contains a large question bank primarily composed of multiple-choice questions. Questions are organized by chapter and answers are provided. The instructor guide includes a lecture outline to guide the presentation of material as well as worksheets for students to complete to ensure they are engaged and self-directed in their learning. To fine-tune presentations, the image bank includes the art and photos of the text, allowing teachers to use graphics in PowerPoint presentations and help link information in their presentations to the text that the students have read.

Fundamentals of Athletic Training makes students the best student assistants possible in support of the AT program. It provides student athletic training assistants with a clear understanding of the functions, skills, and activities they might encounter while assisting certified athletic trainers. By offering a solid introduction to the profession at a level high school students can understand, this text also piques the interest of students considering their career possibilities and act as a springboard to a future in athletic training and sports medicine.

Health, Mind & Body / Womens Health / Pregnancy & Childbirth / Reference

The Pregnant Body Book: The Complete Illustrated Guide from Conception to Birth by DK Publishing (DK Publishing)

Today's moms-to-be want to know exactly what's going on inside their bodies during pregnancy they want the facts.

A reference for both medical students and prospective parents, The Pregnant Body Book offers an objective explanation of what these 9 miraculous months entail, displayed in visual detail. The book looks at the nature of human pregnancy, including how it evolved, and explores the anatomy and physiology of both the male and female reproductive systems. The mysteries of DNA and genetics are unraveled and explained in clear, illustrated detail, including patterns of inheritance of features (such as eye color) and the interplay of genes and environment. The largest section of the book examines the development of the baby in the womb and the parallel changes in the mother's body.

Written by a team of leading medical experts, the book also includes specially commissioned 3-D artwork, illustrations, scans, and photographs that show how a baby changes and grows during pregnancy, and how the female body adapts to carry it. A section on labor and birth explains these processes with step-by-step illustrations and easy-to-grasp text. A section on disorders provides straightforward illustrated information on possible problems before, during and after birth. An interactive DVD that includes the 3-D artwork, state-of-the-art illustrations, scans and photography accompanies the book.

CONCEPTION The Pregnant Body Book looks at the male and female reproductive systems in detail, describing their anatomy and how they work. It also explores human sexual attraction, and explains how and when conception and fertilization occur.

PREGNANCY The book follows the development of the child in the womb and the parallel changes in the mother's body. Structured month by month, it reveals how the baby grows and changes during the pregnancy, and how the mother adapts to nurture it. Every stage is illustrated, revealing the intricacies of how and when the baby's organs, skeleton, and senses develop. It examines the physical and hormonal changes the mother undergoes, and explains what she will experience as her pregnancy progresses.

BIRTH The processes of labor and birth are illustrated, with step-by-step images and clear explanatory text. The book looks at postnatal development, describing what happens to both mother and baby after the birth.

Contributors are medical writers; they include doctor and nutritionist Sarah Brewer, biologist Shaoni Bhattacharya, doctor and lecturer Justine Davies, doctor Sheena Meredith and doctor Penny Preston. The editorial consultant was Paul Moran, Consultant in Obstetrics and Fetal Medicine at the Royal Victoria Infirmary in Newcastle, specialist in fetal medicine, prenatal diagnosis and high-risk pregnancy care.

With its combination of images and straightforward, up-to-the-minute approach, The Pregnant Body Book is a detailed, accessible, comprehensive, and highly informative visual guide for anybody who is expecting a child or planning a family and is an invaluable resource for medical professionals. Fascinating, clear, and authoritative, it is the one-stop guide to demystifying the nine months of pregnancy and all that surrounds them.

History / Europe / Germany

Exorcising Hitler: The Occupation and Denazification of Germany by Frederick Taylor (Bloomsbury Press)

The political and cultural revolution of the 1960s, driven mostly by young people who had been barely old enough for kindergarten at the end of the war, affected West Germany more intensely than any other Western country, up to and including America. Suddenly, after twenty years of restoration and reconstruction but relatively little re-evaluation, there were ageing war criminals on trial before West German courts, there was talk of the Holocaust (largely ignored in the 1950s), there was a national debate about the country's past and where it should be heading. In effect, the debate that might have been had in the years immediately following the German defeat (which many among the occupiers and the fairly small numbers of passionate German anti-Nazis had wanted to have) finally began to take place more than twenty years later. It has continued, and continues to shape the varied, vibrant and tolerant Germany we see in the twenty-first century. from the introduction

The collapse of the Third Reich in 1945 was an event nearly unprecedented in history. Only the fall of the Roman Empire fifteen hundred years earlier compares to the destruction visited on Germany. The country's cities lay in ruins, its economic base devastated. The German people stood at the brink of starvation, millions of them still in POW camps. This was the starting point as the Allies set out to build a humane, democratic nation on the ruins of the vanquished Nazi state.

In Exorcising Hitler, master historian Frederick Taylor tells the story of Germany's Year Zero and what came next. He describes the bitter endgame of war, the Nazi resistance, the vast displacement of people in Central and Eastern Europe, and the nascent cold war struggle between Soviet and Western occupiers. The occupation was a tale of rivalries, cynical realpolitik, and blunders, but also of heroism, ingenuity, and determination not least that of the German people, who shook off the nightmare of Nazism and rebuilt their battered country.

So far as Exorcising Hitler's core subject matter is concerned, post-war and denazification history have become quite fashionable particularly since reunification opened the East German archives enabling scholars to take a more nuanced view of what was achieved in freeing Germany from the shadow of Nazism.

Writers in the former Allied countries, especially Britain and America, have also in part encouraged by a new flourishing of `occupation studies' in the wake of the Afghan and Iraq wars taken a long, hard look at what the Allied occupation of Germany actually involved. What is clear is that Germany's experience between 1944 and 1949, roughly the period of post-war denazification, was neither straightforward nor complete. The beginnings of Germany's journey back to international respectability and prosperity, and eventually even to moral wellbeing were halting and mostly no more than just that: beginnings.

Like all such human progressions, Germany's was both aided and hindered by external and chance forces. History was still working away in the background, enigmatic and almost inconceivably complex, even while victors and vanquished alike struggled to find some way of making sense of what had happened and was continuing to happen.

As Taylor describes in the epilogue to Exorcising Hitler, by the autumn of 1990, Germany was reunited under a Christian Democrat Chancellor, Helmut Kohl. After Kohl came Schroder. The wartime generation was beginning to disappear. Germany's first post-Nazi Chancellor, in the fullest sense, was and is Angela Merkel. Born in Hamburg, brought up in East Germany as the daughter of a Lutheran pastor, she is a qualified scientist, conservative and patriotic without being nationalistic. Her East German heritage is important. She was not brought up to feel any particular guilt about the German past this had been largely dealt with by forty years of the communist government's official `sin-eating' ceremonies. Neither, though she recognized the importance of Germany's role in the European Union, did Merkel have that visceral, bred-in-the-bone commitment to ever-increasing European integration that was so important to politicians brought up in the West, where the process was seen both as a defense against communism and a prophylactic against the return of Nazism.

No longer feeling compelled to write checks to every nation or individual that Germany ever wronged, a loyal European but also a loyal German, Frau Merkel is, like most Germans since 1945, also reluctant for reasons all too apparent from the terrible story of the Third Reich's defeat to go to war. The international interventions in Kosovo in 1999 and Afghanistan in 2001, in which the German Bundeswehr has taken part, have been passionately opposed, and not just on the far left.

Germany in the twenty-first century is, like everywhere else, imperfect. The absorption of the East after 1989 has, in a sense, proved no easier in the short term than dealing with the legacy of Hitler. By this time, according to Exorcising Hitler, most West Germans had accepted not just the formal externals of democracy, but had taken it to their hearts and become active democratic, often highly critical, citizens. They had not had the Westerners' forty years of deciding to accept, even love, capitalist democracy with all its faults and flaws as well as its virtues.

According to Taylor, progress has been remarkable in some areas of the former German Democratic Republic, much less so in others, but there are signs that the East, though it has undergone painful changes and still faces serious challenges, is slowly integrating.

Like the rest of the advanced world, modern Germany is concerned about being able to absorb immigrants. It worries about its identity. It struggles to deal with economic problems arising from the crisis that has hit the advanced world towards the end of the century's first decade. But Germany also observes that its citizens have not gone rushing towards extreme-right solutions during the current serious economic crisis. The far right in Germany seems to be meeting with appreciably less support than elsewhere in Europe, including in countries that were once part of the anti-Nazi coalition in the Second World War.

From unpromising beginnings in 1945, when for the most part it simply succumbed to the inevitable and obeyed, Germany's political and official class the same pillars of society who once hated the Weimar Republic and set out to destroy it along with most of the country's voters, have come to believe that democracy works. Or at least, that it is less of a bad solution than dictatorship.

Has Germany exorcised Hitler? Perhaps that is up to its people to decide. If it is any indication, Germans certainly feel inclined to continue their cleansing rituals on a regular, precautionary basis. But even if the old demon who died in 1945 has not yet disappeared completely, modern Germans seem to have banished his restless, malevolent ghost to somewhere very, very far away.

The complex, often contradictory project of ruling and defanging a defeated Germany is probed in this evocative but scattershot history. Taylor makes excellent use of original sources to convey the occupation's psychological dimensions, but struggles with historical perspective. One gets the sense that it was the war itself that reconciled exhausted and disillusioned Germans to peace, and not the occupation, which emerges as a tense interlude between trauma and reconstruction. Publishers Weekly

Frederick Taylor is one of the brightest historians writing today. His book on the Berlin Wall is truly fascinating and will never be equaled, and deserves to be ready by everyone who lived through the Cold War. No less fascinating is his new book, Exorcising Hitler, about the de-Nazification of Germany that started in 1945. Newsweek

Taylor carefully weighs the evidence on both sides, Allied and German, for a portrait of a terrible time and utterly traumatized populations. Hard-hitting yet evenhanded, Taylors work holds tremendous relevance for our time. Kirkus Reviews (starred)

Lucid and harrowing ... a nuanced yet readable account of perpetrators and victims alike. Sunday Express (UK)

 ... this is a great book. Filled with quotable quotes and memorable anecdotes, it presents a vivid portrait of life in Germany at and just after the end of the war.... popular history at its best, essential reading. New Statesman (UK)

 ... engrossing account of the occupation and denazification of Germany tries to navigate the ruins of the deadliest conflict in human history, and discover the extent to which its perpetrators became victims ... balanced and thought-provoking. Scotland on Sunday (UK)

  a smoothly written and well-researched history of this tumultuous period in the middle of the 20th-century. Recommended for all 20th-century history collections Library Journal

Mr. Taylor, a British novelist and historian of previous works of German history, has produced for the general reader one of the most useful recent works in the crowded field of postwar German studies. Pittsburgh Post Gazette

Weaving together accounts of occupiers and Germans, high and low alike, Exorcising Hitler is a tour de force of both scholarship and storytelling, the first comprehensive account of this critical episode in modern history.

History / Europe / Military / Biographies & Memoirs

Manstein: Hitler's Greatest General by Mungo Melvin (Thomas Dunne Books)

Among students of military history, the genius of Field Marshal Erich von Manstein (18871973) is respected perhaps more than that of any other World War II soldier. He displayed his strategic brilliance in such campaigns as the invasion of Poland, the Blitzkrieg of France, the sieges of Sevastopol, Leningrad, and Stalingrad, and the battles of Kharkov and Kursk.
Manstein also stands as one of the wars most enigmatic and controversial figures. To some, he was a leading proponent of the Nazi regime and a symbol of the moral corruption of the Wehrmacht. Yet he also disobeyed Hitler, who dismissed his leading Field Marshal over this incident, and has been suspected by some of conspiring against the Fhrer. Sentenced to eighteen years by a British war tribunal at Hamburg in 1949, Manstein was released in 1953 and went on to advise the West German government in founding its new army within NATO.

Author Major General Mungo Melvin is Senior Directing Staff (Army), Royal College of Defence Studies, London. He has directed the British Armys Strategic and Combat Studies Institute, managed the Higher Command and Staff Course at the Joint Services Command and Staff College, and served as Director of Operational Capability in the Ministry of Defence. In Manstein, Melvin describes Manstein's life and career, highlighting his various achievements in the Second World War and documenting his numerous attempts to influence Adolf Hitler's decision-making.

To understand Mansteins generalship, says Melvin, it is necessary to appreciate the making of the man, his personal strengths and weaknesses. Manstein's character was molded through his Prussian family tradition, class and military education. His unrivalled competence in the Second World War was based on his thorough grounding as a young officer serving in mainly staff positions on the Eastern and Western Fronts during the Great War. He then served as a company and battalion commander during the turbulent Reichswehr years.

While researching Manstein, Melvin unearthed previously unpublished material in the German military archives, which he translated from German to English. Melvin also read Manstein's memoirs in both English and German, and, working with the Manstein family, was given greater access to his personal documents than any other historian to date.

In many respects, as an aristocratic Prussian general staff officer, Manstein was bound to view the world after the First World War and the Versailles `Diktat' of 1919 in a similar way to that of a then obscure former Bavarian Army corporal, plebeian Adolf Hitler. If they both felt that Germany had been 'stabbed in the back', there could not have been a greater contrast between two individuals in upbringing and attitude. They were forced to confront and deal with each other over twenty years later. Their cooperation and conflict at the intersections of military strategy and operational art did much to determine the outcome of the Second World War, first on the Western and subsequently on the Eastern Front, for better and for worse.

If there is one dominant theme of Manstein, then it is the exploration of the complex relationship between a commander-in-chief and his head of state. Manstein's career illuminates the inevitable tensions in trying to make inadequate military means match overambitious political ends, particularly if they are fundamentally flawed and ideologically driven. In painting a portrait of Manstein, one is compelled to ask why such an eminent master of the profession of arms acted as a willing servant to Hitler for so long in the pursuit of an unjust war, in which so many heinous crimes were committed by Germany's armed forces. Manstein, however, offers no neat explanation based on modern, moralistic judgments made in hindsight. Rather, it attempts to view the Field Marshal's thinking and decisions primarily in the context of his life and times, as he served and fought, avoiding both vilification and vindication.

Manstein, after all, was a product of his age, not immune from the national politics, popular perceptions and deep-rooted German patriotism that then prevailed. Yet, as a deeply committed Christian, why did he not take an ethical stand against Hitler? His justification, reflected in his memoirs, that the accepted `rules of war' were no longer applicable on the Eastern Front offers only a partial explanation. Surely his professional ambition also played a part. The fact remains that Manstein attempted to resign on at least three occasions as a result of disagreements over Hitler's military direction of the Second World War. However he neither questioned the inhumane manner in which the German campaign in the East was being conducted nor anticipated its devastating outcome.

A searing portrait of soldierly prowess in a disastrous cause, Melvin's comprehensive, judicious account will become the standard biography of Manstein in English. Publishers Weekly

A comprehensive, vivid portrait Major General Mungo Melvin has admirably captured the long elusive Erich von Manstein in a book of particular relevance to todays readers. Rick Atkinson, Pulitzer prize-winning author of An Army at Dawn
Superb Mungo Melvin writes with penetrating analysis and fine prose about the greatest strategic brain of any side in the struggle. Andrew Roberts, author of Masters and Commanders
This crisp, compelling book, the first full-scale biography of Manstein in English grapples with the Manstein myth and gets the measure of the man. Daily Express (UK)
Melvin is well attuned to the moral compromise of the Wehrmachts senior officers and his biography is markedly nuanced. The Times (UK)
A long-overdue analysis of this German Field Marshal Few authors are as qualified to write this book as General Melvin, one of the foremost thinkers in the British Army. [A] compelling yet unflinching portrait of one of the military geniuses of the twentieth century. Military History Quarterly
More than a biography of a great commander; this is a penetrating account of a generals conflict with his political leader and the moral dilemmas involved. Soldier magazine

Manstein reveals the story of Hitler's greatest general and provides fascinating new insights into the general's battles and life. Military historian and strategist Melvin combines his research in German military archives and battlefield records with unprecedented access to family archives to get to the truth of Mansteins life and deliver Manstein, the definitive biography of the man and his career.

Literature & Fiction

Buzz Aldrin, What Happened to You in All the Confusion?: A Novel by Johan Harstad, translated by Deborah Dawkin (Seven Stories Press)

Here is a story of unconventional psychiatry, the Faroe Islands, amateur boat building, and the journey across the space that divides us from other people: a journey as remote and dangerous as the trip to the moon itself.

Buzz Aldrin, What Happened to You in All the Confusion? opens with the line: "The person you love is 72.8% water, and it hasnt rained for weeks." From there, Brage Award-winning author and playwright Johan Harstads debut previously published to great success in eleven countries and now making its first English-language appearance tells the story of Mattias, a thirty-something gardener living in Stavanger, Norway, whose idol is Buzz Aldrin, second man on the moon: the man who was willing to stand in Neil Armstrongs shadow in order to work, diligently and humbly, for the success of the Apollo 11 mission. Following a series of personal and professional disasters, Mattias finds himself lying on a rain-soaked road in the desolate, treeless Faroe Islands, population only a few thousand, a wad of bills in his pocket and no memory of how he had come to be there thats when a truck approaches him, driven by a troubled, fantastic man with an offer that will shortly change Mattiass life. And so, surrounded by a vivid and memorable cast of characters aspiring pop musicians, Caribbean-obsessed psychologists, death-haunted photographers, girls who dream of anonymous men falling in love with them on bus trips, and even Buzz Aldrin himself launches Buzz Aldrin, What Happened to You in All the Confusion?, the epic story of Mattiass pop-saturated odyssey through the world of unconventional psychiatry, souvenir sheep-making, the Cardigans, and space: the space between himself and other people, a journey maybe as remote and personally dangerous as the trip to the moon itself.

This paradoxical desire to be seen without being heralded sets Harstad's hero apart from other tormented young men of contemporary literature [an] ambitious debut. Publisher's Weekly

There's so much music, exuberance, bewilderment and sweet melancholy in Johan Harstad's Buzz Aldrin, What Happened to You in All the Confusion?. It's rock 'n' roll, then heartbreaking, then rock 'n' roll again. I devoured every line. Paolo Giordano, author of The Solitude of Prime Numbers

Like Jonathan Safran Foer, Harstad combines formal play and linguistic ferocity with a searing emotional directness. Dedi Felman, Words Without Borders
The fact is that Johan Harstad has a wholly unique voice, simultaneously both concrete and soaring to be able to write in this way, to conjure a situation and construct space and time around it with such linguistic fluency, cannot be learned. You are born with it. Harstads fellow countryman Knut Hamsun, who was able to do the same, must be rejoicing in his heaven or wherever he might be. Jakob Levinsen, Jyllands-Posten
It doesnt always have to be crime novels that come from Scandinavia. What 27 year-old Johan Harstad has written is quite plainly a work of genius. Buzz Aldrin, What Happened to You in All the Confusion? is as poetic as it is alive. Bucherwelt

Harstad . . . has established himself as one of the most important writers of his generation. His grandest contribution [is] the novel Buzz Aldrin, What Happened to You in All the Confusion? Silje Bekeng, N1BR (n+l Book Review)

This story takes readers on a journey through the desolate landscapes of the Faroe Islands and the often equally desolate psyches of its fragile characters. The novels, plays, stories, and graphic designs of Harstad have been embraced by critics and the reading public in fourteen countries. Buzz Aldrin, What Happened to You in All the Confusion? is Harstad's first book to be translated into English. His literary translator, Deborah Dawkin, deserves a lot of credit.

Mysteries & Thrillers / Mysteries / Thrillers

Devil's Plaything: A Mystery for Idle Minds by Matt Richtel (Poisoned Pen Press)

The number of people suffering acute memory loss is doubling every fifteen years.

Shipments of computer memory are doubling every two years.

Are these two statistics related?

More than you dare imagine.

Lane Idle carries a secret. But she can't remember it. She's in her 80s and suffers severe dementia. That's too bad because one of the secrets she carries around inside her head is so dangerous that, unless it's exposed, it could change the world much for the worse. Her grandson, Nat Idle, is a thirty-something investigative medical journalist, smart and witty but rough around the edges. Now he faces his toughest assignment: figuring out the secret inside his grandmother's head before a conspiracy goes deadly wrong. It leads him on a hyper-speed chase to find those who want to stop him from getting into Lane's brain, at the very time they want to tinker with the rest of our brains.

Devil's Plaything, written by Matt Richtel, Pulitzer-prize winning journalist, novelist and syndicated daily cartoonist, begins with Nat taking his grandmother on a walk in Golden Gate Park. It is pleasant enough at least until the bullets rip into the tree above where the pair walk. It seems like a random shooting. But then Nat starts looking at the clues. What follows is the most unusual buddy story a seasoned investigator and his octogenarian grandmother working against the clock to put together the pieces of a puzzle decades in the making but with the ultra-modem applications.

Nat in Devil's Plaything stumbles onto an extraordinary conspiracy and the ultimate mind game. Suddenly, in pursuit of the truth, he's running for his life through the shadows of Silicon Valley, a human lab animal caught in a deadly maze of neurotechnology and institutional paranoia. And his survival rests entirely in the hands of his eighty-five-year old grandmother, who can't remember the secret at the heart of the world-changing conspiracy.

This thriller pushes the envelope to the edge and beyond in exciting and unique ways. Talk about a buddy story: How about a seasoned investigator and his octogenarian grandmother rushing against a ticking clock? Smart, captivating, sophisticated, I can't say enough about this deftly-told story.  Steve Barry

With Devil's Plaything, Matt Richtel confirms what his first novel suggested: that he's the absolute master of crafting amazing fiction around cutting edge science. Richtel's singular gift is his ability to convey the human components of technological change. This is an utterly absorbing read gripping, exciting, touching and terrifying. David Liss

In Devil's Plaything, Matt Richtel has once again crafted a brilliant thriller that defies genre and scope, a twisted blend of Michael Crichton and Alfred Hitchcock. The science ripped from today's headlines is the backbone for a story both rich in character and riotously exciting. From page one, you'll not be able to put this book down. So get comfortable ... you'll be reading this in one sitting. James Rollins

In Richtel's deft follow-up to Hooked (2007) Numerous plot twists and cliffhangers keep the reader turning the pages in this plausible if disquieting scenario of Big Brother not only watching but also messing with minds. Publishers Weekly

Set in San Francisco, it's a fabulously swift moving thriller of the old fashioned variety. A good hearted, and endearingly fallible hero chasing after the bad guys and eventually emerging victorious. San Francisco Chronicle

Fast pacing keeps the pages turning in this entertaining thriller. Booklist

Devil's Plaything is a frighteningly realistic page turner with cross-generational appeal. The irony of the older generation unwittingly holding the key to save the younger generation is not lost on this reviewer.

Mysteries & Thrillers / Thrillers / Political

Keys to the Kingdom by Bob Graham (Vanguard Press)

Former Senator John Billington knew writing this New York Times op-ed piece might get him killed...

July 6th

The congressional inquiry into the 9/11 attacks left several secrets unanswered. The top three are Saudi Arabia's full role in the preparation for and the execution of the plot; the Kingdom's willingness and capacity to collaborate in future terrorist actions against the United States; and why this and the prior administration conducted a cover-up that thus far has frustrated finding the answers to the first two questions.

Now, there is an even more ominous unknown. Does Saudi Arabia have the bomb?... The United States should take prompt action to prevent this potential conflict from becoming a reality. from the book

In Keys to the Kingdom, shortly after this appears in print, Billingtons suspicion comes true: Senator Billington, a co-chair of the 9/11 Congressional Inquiry Commission, is murdered near his Florida home. Sensing the danger he faced before he was murdered, Billington left ex-Special Forces operative Tony Ramos detailed instructions for an investigation into Saudi complicity in the 9/11 terrorist attacks.

Despite efforts to derail their investigation, whose scope encompasses Saudi Arabia, India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan, Ramos and Laura, the senators daughter, discover that the Kingdom has recently provided bin Laden and al-Qaeda with three nuclear devices, two of which are successfully detonated by the terrorists overseas. But they were just a warm-up to the grand finale. The third device, Ramos learns, will be detonated off the California coast.

Now Ramos and a team of Special Forces, in conjunction with Laura, must uncover a shocking international conspiracy. But will Ramos and his team be able to stop al-Qaeda from unleashing nuclear disaster on American shores and beyond?

The author of Keys to the Kingdom, Senator Bob Graham, is the former two-term Governor of Florida and served eighteen years in the United States Senate. He was recently appointed by President Obama to co-chair the Bipartisan National Commission on the BP oil spill, and was also appointed by President Obama to Chair the Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission.

His novel delivers uncommon insight into the treacherous and sometimes frantic craft of intelligence gathering. It reads like a true story because Graham knows where the truth lies. Carl Hiaasen, New York Times bestselling author

Senator Bob Graham had more wisdom than I when he said that going into Iraq would take our focus off Afghanistan. Graham is able to present a narrative about the threats we face in an exciting and fast-paced novel. Read this book and you will become more expert in understanding our dangerous world. Jane Harman, Former Congresswoman and President, CEO, and Director of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars

Keys to the Kingdom ignites like a Homeland Security briefing and The Situation Room colliding head-on. Current, fast-paced, and crackles with the authenticity of someone who has obviously been in the room. Andrew Gross, #1 New York Times bestselling author
A fast-paced thriller that rings with authenticity, because its written by someone who knows how things really work at the highest levels of power. Joseph Finder, New York Times bestselling author of Buried Secrets
Keys to the Kingdom is a story penned by a man who understands well the ins-and-outs of Washington intrigue, the shifting ground, the deadly gamesmanship of Middle Eastern politics, and the mind-numbing fear of international terror in the nuclear age. Bob Graham has written a page-turner with believable characters, brimming with suspense, and steeped in wonderfully authentic and brightly-drawn locations. It is a story that constantly teeters on the edge of reality causing one to wonder: Are we reading fiction or the banner headline of tomorrows 9/11? Steve Martini, New York Times bestselling author

Bob Graham has produced a taut thriller that educates while it entertains. His novel throbs with the heart-pounding urgency of its memorable characters. Rolf Mowatt-Larssen, Former Senior CIA Operations Officer and Director of the Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence for the U.S. Department of Energy

Destined to be a titan amongst thrillers, Keys to the Kingdom is infused with inside information and insight into the world of terrorism that only Graham as former Chairman of the Senate's Select Committee on Intelligence can offer.

Philosophy / Ethics

The Morality and Global Justice Reader edited by Michael Boylan (Westview Press)

The Morality and Global Justice Reader is a volume of specially invited essays by a diverse international team of authors, addressing principles, theories, and applications of morality and justice. Top international experts in the field, writing original essays specifically for this book, address global issues from a perspective that is not confined to national boundaries.

Normative principles and theories are addressed early in the book to provide readers with essential background so that later in the book the principles and theories can be applied to current, significant, and provocative issues like poverty and global economy; religion; war; and gender, identity, and family.

The chapters in The Morality and Global Justice Reader are grouped according to an integrative design that progresses from normative principles to normative theories to normative applications. Distinguished philosopher and volume editor Michael Boylan, professor of philosophy at Marymount University in Arlington, Virginia, provides a unifying introduction to each section. A single-authored volume by Boylan, Morality and Global Justice: Justifications and Applications, is also available as a complementary or a standalone text.

According to Boylan, in The Republic, Thrasymachus offers five arguments to Socrates why justice is the rule of the strongest. In each instance Socrates offers a refutation. The fault lines on justice have been thus set for some time: the competitive virtues of over-reaching for whatever one can garner versus the cooperative virtues of sharing. The Morality and Global Justice Reader stands in a long tradition of considering questions of justice from the dual vantage points of prudential advantage and ethics.

Traditionally, this discussion is carried on within the perspective of a single society. The ancient theorists such as Plato and Aristotle, along with the seventeenth and eighteenth century contract theorists (Locke, Hobbes, Rousseau, and Hume) all took a national perspective. In contemporary times, most theorists have maintained a national perspective. However, perhaps because of better communication, global trade, and two world wars, perspectives that include the rest of the world have increasingly come to the fore. Peter Singer's shallow pond thought experiment in the 1970s initiated a wave of thinking in global terms about ethical duty and justice.

It wasn't until the Vietnam War and the American Civil Rights Movement in the late 1960s that the relevance of philosophy to actual problems in the world seemed important to the Anglo-American-Canadian-Australian tradition. Enter Singer's essay. Enter bioethics. Enter business ethics, environmental ethics, philosophical feminism. The Anglo-American-Canadian-Australian world moved. The ascendancy of global business, regional wars, and environmental disasters exacerbated everything. Philosophy split. A new wing of the discipline (the applied wing) tried to bring analytic tools to bear upon the suffering of human-kind. The results are books like this one.

The Morality and Global Justice Reader is a book of original essays by a team of international writers. There is considerable diversity in international affiliations as well as gender and philosophical perspectives. These essays are divided into three groups: those dealing with core normative principles, those dealing with normative theories, and those dealing with normative applications. In each case the emphasis is upon an international perspective. A second perspective is theoretical; it looks at nations as only conventional. If nations have no real status, then underlying oughts of morality and justice may be justified independently of one's physical presence within a state. At root, this is the view of cosmopolitanism. The origin of rights is independent of one's fortuitous existence within a particular state.

For the most part, the perspective of the essays in The Morality and Global Justice Reader is cosmopolitan, as so defined. Essays are all given lengthy editorial introductions within the context of each subsection (which make some references between essays). In addition, an abstract and list of key words provide readers with an informative entry into each reading.

This is an important book with newly written state-of-the-art papers on all aspects of global justice. It will be an invaluable resource for researchers and a good basis for undergraduate and postgraduate courses. If you really want to know where the research frontier is today you need to buy this book! Professor Sren Holm, Editor-in-Chief, Journal of Medical Ethics

The unusual breadth and richness of this collection make it a distinctive addition to the burgeoning literature on global justice. Prof. Boylans expansive interests and good taste have resulted in a volume with a surprising number of novel and interesting contributions. David Wasserman, Director of Research, Center for Ethics at Yeshiva University

Many of the most serious and urgent problems facing humanity are global, from climate change and wealth inequality to resource shortage, war, migration, and religious and racial intolerance. While ethics presumes to apply to all people, most moral theorizing to date has presupposed a national rather than a global framework. Michael Boylans reader of original essays corrects this shortcoming by focusing on ethical problems seen from a global perspective. Some essays cover foundational aspects of normative ethics but the novelty is the global perspective and the emphasis on application of theory. With helpful sectional introductions, abstracts, and keywords, the volume should become a valuable resource for teachers, students, and, especially, policymakers. Peter Simons, Trinity College Dublin 

An engaging resource, The Morality and Global Justice Reader not only offers an essential foundation of global justice and its policy implications, but also inspires readers to positive action for change. This cutting-edge volume is relevant to general readers interested in morality and global justice and their policy implications. Students should find this text engaging within the classrooms of philosophy, politics, and international relations.

Professional & Technical / Medicine / Internal Medicine / Reference

Curbside Consultation in IBS: 49 Clinical Questions edited by Brian E. Lacy, with Series Editor Francis A. Farraye (Slack Incorporated)

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common medical conditions found throughout the world. In the United States, it is estimated to affect 10% to 12% of adults. IBS symptoms are responsible for approximately 12% to 14% of all primary care office visits and are among the most common reasons for referral to a gastroenterologist. In fact, at least one-third of referrals to gastroenterologists are for the evaluation and management of IBS. Current estimates are that we spend at least $10 billion per year in the United States evaluating, diagnosing, and treating symptoms of IBS.

Curbside Consultation in IBS provides answers to the thorny questions commonly posed during a curbside consultation between colleagues. Editor Brian E. Lacy, MD, PhD, Associate Professor of Medicine, Dartmouth Medical School and Director of the GI Motility Laboratory, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, has designed this reference, which offers expert advice, preferences, and opinions on clinical questions commonly associated with IBS. The Q&A format provides quick access to current information related to IBS with the simplicity of a conversation.

Some of the questions that are answered in Curbside Consultation in IBS include:

  • How can physicians safely and effectively diagnose IBS? Are diagnostic tests required, and if so, what are they?
  • What should they tell their patients about the natural history of IBS? What other disorders are commonly found in IBS patients?
  • What dietary interventions will help their patients?
  • What is the role of probiotics for patients? Why do they work and are they all the same?
  • Are there new therapies for IBS? What about antibiotics? What is linaclotide and why might it help patients?

Numerous images, diagrams, and references are included to enhance the text and to illustrate the treatment of IBS patients. Bonus material is included on the fully searchable website for 3 months including video clips to supplement the material presented in the book.

According to Lacy, during the past several years, significant changes have occurred in the field of IBS. New information is available regarding the value of dietary interventions for IBS symptoms. The use and utility of diagnostic testing has been carefully scrutinized. Advances have been made in our understanding of the etiology and pathophysiology of IBS, and new medications have been approved to ameliorate symptoms. These dramatic changes in this active field of clinical and basic science research highlight the need for an easy-to-use book for the busy clinician. Curbside Consultation in IBS is designed to provide readers with up-to-date answers to the most commonly asked questions about the etiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of IBS.

Curbside Consultation in IBS is divided into 6 sections: the epidemiology and natural history of IBS, the diagnosis and impact of IBS, the pathophysiology of IBS, the association of IBS with other medical conditions, the treatment of IBS, and future therapies for IBS. The 49 chapters that make up this book have been written by the world's experts. Each section is designed to stand on its own, and the individual chapters in each section can be read as a group for a comprehensive review in that area. Alternatively, if pressed for time or if readers need the answer to a very specific question, each chapter can be read individually, as if they were posing a question to an expert in the field of IBS.

Optimum management of patients with IBS requires knowledge of such diverse and rapidly expanding information that busy practitioners often have trouble keeping up. This comprehensive, up-to-date book by many of the most experienced clinicians and knowledgeable researchers worldwide addresses this need. It clearly explains the epidemiology of IBS, its typical symptoms and associated disorders, accurate diagnosis, the heterogeneous pathophysiology, and effective therapies. The book is a valuable aid for generalists who care for children or adults, psychotherapists, gastroenterologists, and other specialists who help patients cope with this complex disorder. from the foreword by George F. Longstreth, MD, Head of Gastroenterology, Kaiser Permanente, Clinical Professor of Medicine, UCSD School of Medicine San Diego

Curbside Consultation in IBS serves as an up-to-date, timely reference for those who want a thorough review on this complex topic. The volume answers physicians questions and allows them to better manage their patients with IBS. It provides information basic enough for residents while also incorporating expert advice that even high-volume clinicians will appreciate. Gastroenterologists, fellows and residents in training, surgical attendings, and surgical residents will benefit from the user-friendly and casual format and the expert advice contained within.

Professional & Technical / Nursing / Pharmacology

Mosby's Nursing Drug Cards, 21st edition by Joseph A. Albanese and Patricia A. Nutz (Elsevier Mosby)

Mosby's Nursing Drug Cards is a portable drug reference for the classroom, clinicals, and the NCLEX exam.

Readers get the drug information they need in a convenient, pocket-size format with Mosby's Nursing Drug Cards, 21st edition, written by Joseph A. Albanese, BS in Pharm, MS, PhD, Professor Emeritus, College of Staten Island, City University of New York and Patricia A. Nutz, RN, MSN, Med, Professional Nurse Educator, School of Nursing, Jameson Memorial Hospital New Castle, Pennsylvania.

These easy-to-use cards feature complete pharmacologic details and nursing management priorities for over 1200 generic and 1500 brand-name drugs. All drugs have been thoroughly updated to provide the most current content for nurses and nursing students administering these drugs in clinical settings. The box includes 368 convenient 4 x 6 drug cards providing generic names, pronunciations, categories, pregnancy categories, brand names, manufacturers, dosage forms, uses, actions, pharmacokinetics, contraindications, warnings, dosages, side/adverse effects, interactions and nursing management priorities for every drug in a format that fits right in the pocket. Features include:

  • Over 1,200 generic and 1,500 brand name drugs provide one-stop access to the information most needed for clinical practice.
  • Alphabetical organization makes searching for information quick and easy.
  • Portable 4 x 6 size gives readers the most convenient and durable nursing drug cards available.
  • Consistent format features generic name, pronunciation, category, pregnancy category, brand name, manufacturer, dosage forms, use, action, pharmacokinetics, contraindications, clinical considerations, dosage, side/adverse effects, interactions, and nursing management priorities.
  • Nursing management priorities assist readers in developing effective patient care plans.
  • Tall man lettering offers an easy, visual way to differentiate between similar drug names.
  • NANDA-1-approved nursing diagnoses for all drug categories familiarize readers with the application of nursing diagnoses in pharmacology.
  • Information on drug side effects distinguishes between common and life-threatening side effects and helps readers anticipate potential reactions and their significance.
  • Drug interaction information includes subheadings for drug, food, and laboratory interactions.
  • Pronunciations for each generic drug and drug category enable readers to use and understand drug names in conversation.
  • Common conversion formulas are found on the inside lid of the box.
  • Comprehensive index with generic and trade names, drug classes, combination products, and references to website information enable readers to quickly find the information readers need.

Student Resources on Evolve give readers access to drug information anywhere they can access the Internet. The website includes over 100 archived and new drugs as well as "Fundamentals of Drug Therapy," the "Drug Quick Facts" section, the "Drug Review Guide," a "Drug Administration Guide" with photos, and "Non-herbal Nutritional Supplements."

More than 100 new drug facts in Mosby's Nursing Drug Cards, 21st edition provide the most current information on: New brand names, Recent dosage forms, Contraindications, Side effects, Actions, Drug interactions, Uses, and Nursing management priorities. Several shorter category cards condense information for easy retrieval. English/Spanish phrases facilitate better communication with Spanish-speaking patients. Dosage calculation formulas help readers administer accurate dosages. A Management of Ingested Drug Overdose section helps readers respond to overdoses quickly and confidently.

Eight new individual drug cards and three new category cards have been added that include:

  1. Antiprotozoal Drugs: antiamebics, antimalarials
  2. Antiviral Drugs: antiretrovirals, antiretroviral combinations, other antiviral drugs (non-antiretrovirals, no HIV activity)
  3. Helicobacter pylori drugs and fixed drug combinations.

Black Box Warnings on individual drugs, as well as indications of high alert drugs, are new to Mosby's Nursing Drug Cards, 21st edition. Other unique features include "Herbal Nutritional supplements" cards, a "Look-alike/Sound-alike" drug names card, the "Management of Ingested Drug Overdose" card, and a "Drug Dosage Calculations" card.

Mosby's Nursing Drug Cards provides essential drug information in a concise, portable format. Detailed and durable, they are the ideal portable study companion.

Religion & Spirituality / Biographies & Memoirs

Spiritual Slavery: A Biography of Lee Lozowick: Volume One: Books One Three: The Years of Milk and Honey 1975-1980 by M. Young (Hohm Press)

Note that Volume One of this series itself contains three books.

Spiritual Slavery: A Biography of Lee Lozowick: Volume One, the first of 7 volumes, introduces the life and work of the American spiritual teacher, Lee Lozowick (1943-2010). Acknowledged with appreciation by peers from a wide variety of religious and metaphysical traditions including Hinduism, the Bauls of Bengal, Sufism, Zen, Christianity, Tibetan Buddhism and Fourth Way he remains a figure of controversial interest based on his uncompromising views about the work of human transformation and his critical analysis of contemporary spiritual culture. In an age where the guru-devotee relationship is seen as obsolete at best, dangerous at worst, Lozowick uniquely upholds and practices the highest potential of this tradition. He demonstrates this time-honored path of devotion through obedience and surrender to his own guru, the beggar saint Yogi Ramsuratkumar (1918-2001) of Tiruvannamalai, India.

Lozowick has been no ivory-tower guru. From his earliest years he was in the trenches with his students sharing in the labors of their daily lives, orienting them toward right livelihood and conscious child-raising, immersing them in the universal teachings of the world's great religions, introducing them to his own view of reality, and mentoring their many practices, including meditation, study and self observation. Spiritual Slavery: A Biography of Lee Lozowick: Volume One, Book I begins with an extensive Prologue, setting the context of Lee Lozowick's work with a free-ranging overview of his life and teachings to date. It proceeds with an in-depth coverage of his activities from 1975 through 1980, extending into Book II. The Years of Milk and Honey highlights Lozowick's 1975 spiritual awakening and the events that followed upon that, including the incendiary impact of his first book, Spiritual Slavery, thrown into the spiritual scene in New York City in 1975. It covers the establishment of the community of Hohm, which formed around him. Readers learn of Lozowick's life-changing journey to India (1977) where he first met his master, Yogi Ramsuratkumar, and his subsequent move (1980) from the East Coast to establish a residential ashram in hills of northern Arizona. Later decades of Lozowick's life are planned for future volumes of this biography. The aim of this entire series of volumes is to represent Lozowick in the full spectrum of the guru, the teacher, the man and the Godman, known by his students, devotees and friends.

The author of Spiritual Slavery: A Biography of Lee Lozowick: Volume One is M. Young, a long-time student and devotee of Lozowick, whom she first met in 1987. She holds a Master's degree in Transpersonal Psychology and is currently the editor of a journal of spirituality and personal transformation. Her extended association with Lozowick makes her biographical treatment immediate, detailed and useful for any practitioner wishing to absorb the teachings of a master.

In November 2010, when Lozowick died, he left his devotees, lovers, and friends an immense legacy: three ashrams in Arizona, France, and India, a rich teaching spanning more than thirty-five years, over forty published books and thirty-five CDs of original music recorded by his rock & roll and blues bands.

Spiritual Slavery: A Biography of Lee Lozowick: Volume One focuses on the first five years of Lozowicks teaching, 1975-1980. Readers are introduced to Lozowick, his teaching and the evolution of his life and work, as well as his first two crucial meetings with Yogi Ramsuratkumar in early 1977 and 1979. In these books Lozowick's teachings take form and mature.

In Book One readers are ushered into the world of Lozowick, beginning with two forewords written by the biographee himself and an introduction by Traktung Yeshe Dorje. These are the embarkation points into the Prelude, which sketches Lozowick's life and teaching in an over-arching historical perspective that sets the mood and context for the biographical project as a whole, including six future volumes.

The chapters of Book One explore in depth the time period of 1975. Readers are taken into Lozowick's years as a Silva Mind Control instructor, his sadhana and subsequent awakening, the controversial and madcap first two books titled Spiritual Slavery and Beyond Release, the first public satsangs and oral teachings, and the establishment of Hohm, the community of devotees who gathered around him.

Book Two resumes the story of Lozowick in his initial cycle of growth and development after the radical awakening that catalyzed him into the role of guru. While his teaching and work with students rapidly takes shape, he explores many currents of the contemporary spiritual scene in America, including his first meeting with E.J. Gold. Lozowick soon embarks upon his first trip home to India, where he travels not as a guru but as a devotee and lover of God. There he encounters many different masters and individuals of spiritual power, but it is the enigmatic saint of Tiruvannamalai, Yogi Ramsuratkumar, who captures his attention.

The events of the 1977 India sojourn, related in depth, catalyze a further evolution of Lozowick's relationship with the Divine, as he enters into the role of Godman, which he defines as the true devotee. Coming back to America, he alters his course toward a more radical and traditional approach to sadhana and the guru/devotee relationship.

In Book Three of Volume One, Lozowick discovers himself to be in a fiery process of transformation. His work with devotees is swiftly evolving as their sadhana and community life is forged, and in this creative milieu a new sobriety and maturity informs Lozowick's teaching as it emerges in time. His deeply charged, profound perspectives and radical insights into spiritual life are expressed in his new books, In the Fire and The Cheating Buddha. In early 1979 Lozowick is drawn back to India, eager to resume the relationship with Yogi Ramsuratkumar, which he began in 1977. After his return, once again poised on the brink of a major change of circumstance, Lozowick embarks upon his own sojourn of becoming as the Godman the true devotee wrestles with the demands and vicissitudes of a human being serving as the guru function and the constant, ongoing sacrifice of the Spiritual Slave.

From the perspective of devotee, through a flow of stories and teachings, Spiritual Slavery: A Biography of Lee Lozowick: Volume One vividly portrays Lozowick, his teachings and adventures with his devotees, and invoke the atmosphere of presence that surrounded him.

Sociolinguistics / Sign Language / Reference

Primary Movement in Sign Languages: A Study of Six Languages by Donna Jo Napoli, Mark Mai and Nicholas Gaw (Gallaudet University Press)

Is it possible to identify sign languages by their prosody, that is, the rhythm and stress of their meaning, then determine if they are related to each other or other sign languages? If so, reasoned authors Donna Jo Napoli, Mark Mai, and Nicholas Gaw, perhaps they could offer such identification as a new way to typologize, or categorize sign languages by their structural features. Napoli is Professor of Linguistics, Swarthmore College; and both Mai, a student at the Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, and Gaw, a political professional in Washington, received degrees in linguistics from Swathmore. This collaboration, Primary Movement in Sign Languages, traces the process and findings from this unique investigation.

Resolving on the direction of movement as the prosodic factor to track, they begin their research by comparing five sign languages: American Sign Language (ASL), British Sign Language (BSL), Italian Sign Language (LIS), French Sign Language (LSF), and Australian Sign Language (Auslan). They soon discover that the languages in their study clustered with respect to several characteristics along genetic lines, with BSL and Auslan contrasting with LSF, LIS, and ASL. They learn that sign languages with the same geographic origin evolved differently when relocated, and they isolate differences in each individual sign language. They compare these established sign languages with the newly emerging Nicaraguan Sign Language (NSL), with the exception of ASL due to their past close contact, thereby validating their work as the first study to identify sign language relationships without depending on grammar.

The analytical methods employed in Primary Movement in Sign Languages are new to the field of linguistics. Napoli, Mai and Gaw constructed Venn diagrams showing the set relationships of movement directions of signs using the program VennMaster, which was developed for biological research to show analogous overlaps of classes of gene transcripts. Although this innovative approach to analysis gives results that are only as reliable as the data source used, it opens possibilities for further exploration with other corpora. Additionally, this approach allows readers to explore questions that otherwise would be very difficult to explore, and it uncovers unexpected patterns, leading to fairly radical possibly controversial interpretations, such as the finding that diaspora languages behave differently from origin-bound languages, and such as hypotheses about young sign languages versus mature ones.

Very little has been published in the way of cross-linguistic studies of sign language phonetics. Primary Movement in Sign Languages contributes to an area begging for more research; it asks questions that need to be asked, opening discussions in both diachronic and synchronic approaches to the linguistic typology of sign languages. The study is highly descriptive and uses tools from mathematics and statistics for analysis rather than relying solely on linguistic theory. The methodology and findings are potentially useful for scholars working on a broad range of sign languages and researchers may wish to draw on it for use from various theory stances.

Social Sciences / Politics

The Borders of Inequality: Where Wealth and Poverty Collide by Igo Mor, translated by Lyn Dominguez (The University of Arizona Press)

Recently U.S. media, policymakers, and commentators of all stripes have been preoccupied with the nation's border with Mexico. Airwaves, websites, and blogs are filled with concerns over border issues: illegal immigrants, drug wars, narcotics trafficking, and securing the border. While this is a valid conversation, it's rarely contrasted with the other U.S. border, with Canada still the longest unguarded border on Earth.
In The Borders of Inequality, originally published in Spain to much acclaim, researcher igo Mor looks at the bigger picture. With a professionally trained eye, he examines the world's top twenty most unequal borders. What he finds is that many of these border situations share similar characteristics. There is always illegal immigration from the poor country to the wealthy one. There is always trafficking in illegal substances. And the unequal neighbors usually regard each other with suspicion or even open hostility.
After surveying the top twenty, Mor explores in depth the cases of three borders: between Germany and Poland, Spain and Morocco, and the United States and Mexico. The core problem, he concludes, is not drugs or immigration or self-protection. Rather, the problem is inequality itself. Unequal borders result, he writes, from a skewed interaction among markets, people, and states. Using these findings, Mor builds a new framework for analyzing border dynamics from a quantitative view based on economic inequality. Mor, scholar and researcher who focuses on border issues, is the Executive Director of Remesas.org, a research center. The Spanish-language edition of this book, La Vida en la Frontera, was ranked sixth by the Spanish newspaper El Mundo on its list of best nonfiction books of 2007.

The Borders of Inequality illustrates how longstanding multidirectional misunderstandings can exacerbate cross-border problems and consequent public opinion. Perpetuating these misunderstandings can inflame and complicate the situation, but purposeful efforts to reduce inequality can produce promising results.

The borders that Mor analyzes in The Borders of Inequality, the most unequal borders in the world, are well provisioned with walls and barriers. They were all built to stop illegal immigration and smuggling. The most extreme expression of barriers is on the border between the United States and Mexico (17th most unequal border). They appeared in the 1970s but got a big push in the mid-1990s when President Clinton authorized operations "Gatekeeper" and "Hold the Line." First, a 14-mile barrier was built separating San Diego and Tijuana. Then more barriers sprouted along the border, covering 62 miles altogether; in some cases they were equipped with the latest technology in heat sensors and even laser beams. The barriers, however, cover only a small fraction of the 1,952-mile border between Mexico and the United States, making crossing difficult but not impossible. Illegal migrants now use places where there are no fortifications, and according to various non-governmental organizations (NGOs), this alternative has led to more casualties among those who attempt to cross over to the United States. Now they are corralled into crossing at inhospitable places, frequently in the middle of the desert, where they fall victim to thirst, heat, and disorientation. Organizations such as Arizona's Coalition de Derechos Humanos (Human Rights Coalition) estimate that a thousand Mexicans die each year trying to cross the border. Despite this statistic, more than a million undocumented Mexicans continue to arrive in the United States each year. Washington has reacted to this disaster by increasing the dose instead of changing the medicine. Opting to dam the flow completely, the order has gone out to fence in almost the entire border.

But fences don't stop immigration or drug trafficking because the problem is not the neighbors crossing the border; this is only an expression of it. Inequality is the problem: the juxtaposition of two asymmetric worlds. This problem can be resolved only by leveling the playing field and balancing these two worlds a complex solution whose alternative is a wall that doesn't fix anything but that lets the builder make something visible and permanent as a measure of his interest in the problem and a symbol of his effectiveness. Their shadow proclaims separation at every hour, warning of the danger present on the other side. From the outside, the wall is interpreted as confirmation of the treasure to be found within. Walls feed antagonism that, like the barriers, is one of the main elements of life along borders where there is significant inequality.

In the conclusion of The Borders of Inequality, Mor says that all countries that are separated by substantial inequality have a similar type of relationship with the same problems, repeated almost mechanically. There is illegal immigration from the poor country to the rich country on all of these borders. On almost all of them the poor country is a significant producer of drugs and has large networks of narcotics trafficking. The majority of these borders have territorial disputes, as their economic differences are always reflected in politics; the poorer country has a weaker government that is more susceptible to corruption and guarantees its citizens only a nominal observance of civil rights. The poor country is usually not a democracy and is often a tyranny. The NGOs always consider it more corrupt than its rich neighbor. The economic difference also has a cultural dimension. The societies that are affected ordinarily have different religions, different forms of social organization, and speak languages that are as different as their respective incomes. The unequal neighbors regard each other with suspicion and often with disdain in a difficult coexistence around reciprocal cities such as El Paso-Ciudad Jurez, cities that are repeated as regularly as migration and in which antagonism rules as a way of life underlying inequality.

Unequal borders are an anomaly, an exception that affects a handful of countries. Unequal borders come about through a perverse interaction of markets, people, and states. It is a multidirectional misunderstanding where causes and consequences are mutual and interchangeable in a process that makes the step steeper instead of leveling it. The process may have started long ago with a territorial claim, and the resulting antagonism may have been rekindled later by various migration crises. The pieces of the puzzle are not natural; they owe their existence to the actions of human beings, starting with their indifference and ending with antagonism. Without a border, there is no smuggling and no border towns to generate environmental or health problems. Without borders there are no territorial disputes. Inequality takes away respect and recognition of the other, making it difficult to agree about territory and the shared use of resources. A lack of understanding and consideration forces emigration into illegal channels and makes the economic relationship even more informal, until smuggling becomes almost the only alternative for survival. These elements develop on their own until they acquire enough autonomy to feed off each other, fatten up, and turn into monsters that build an insurmountable step between neighbors.

The step can be found in dozens of countries and borders around the world, and it represents a material risk in all of them, affecting the security and integrity of individuals and their property. But it is also a moral risk when it becomes internalized in the affected countries, because it gnaws away at the pillars that sustain coexistence and injects societies with indifference, like an anesthetic in the presence of poverty.

The step therefore is a construction, which like anything else that has been built can be destroyed or at least reduced by attacking its foundation. Unfortunately, only the symptoms receive attention. Police action can wipe out a narcotics trafficker, or stop some emigrants from crossing a border, but others will certainly appear as long as the conditions that motivate them haven't changed.

According to Mor, eliminating the border would also be unfortunate, since pretending that the other doesn't exist also denies one's own existence and is an abdication of individual rights and duties. The border is not really a line; it is an entire region on which the everyday life of thousands of people depends. But the border can also be a point of union instead of separation. All it takes is to shift interdependence to formal ground and open the avenues of communication; to create reasons for coming together, instead of drawing apart, and to spread them far and wide; to rouse the border with a new idea in order to break down antagonism. If we want to break down a power, we must fight to destroy the idea that sustains it." If we think about it, the most successful process of laminating a step, the case of Germany and Poland, began with tearing down the Berlin Wall, a symbolic destruction of their antagonism. Of course, the destruction of symbols must be accompanied by other measures, because ideas come from people and their experience and are always marked by their successes and failures. Only parallel efforts and mutual assistance in both directions can resolve it. These are the necessary elements of integration that would structure interdependence into a catalog of rights and duties.

The Borders of Inequality is a provocative, tightly reasoned, and nicely written work that has significant potential as an important work in the area of border studies. Raymond Michalowski, author of Order, Law, and Crime: An Introduction to Criminology

The Borders of Inequality is a fascinating look at the inequality of borders, providing a useful new framework for analyzing the inequalities and possible solutions.

Social Sciences / Sociology / Ethnic Studies

Latinos in the Midwest edited by Rubn O. Martinez (Latinos in the United States Series: Michigan State University Press)

Over the past twenty years, the Latino population in the Midwest has grown rapidly, in both urban and rural areas. As elsewhere in the country, shifting demographics in the region have given rise to controversy and mixed reception. Where some communities have greeted Latinos openly, others have been more guarded. Despite their increasing presence, Latinos remain the most marginalized major population group in the country. In coming years, the projected growth of this population will require greater attention from policymakers concerned with helping to incorporate them into the nations core institutions. This collection of essays examines the many ways in which an increase in the Latino population has impacted the Midwest culturally, economically, educationally, and politically. Drawing on studies, personal histories, legal rulings, and other sources, edited by Rubn O. Martinez, Director of the Julian Samora Research Institute at Michigan State University, Latinos in the Midwest takes an interdisciplinary approach to this increasingly important topic in American society and offers a glimpse into the nations demographic future. Martinez is also the Series Editor.

Latinos in the Midwest was envisioned as part of the celebration of the Julian Samora Research Institute's 20th anniversary celebration conference on Latino/as in the Midwest, which was held in November 2009. After a call for papers, a blind peer review process of the manuscripts that were submitted, and the selection of the manuscripts for the volume, some of the authors were able to attend the conference and present their papers. The volume provides an overview of Latinos in the Midwest, focusing on their demographic characteristics, political attitudes, and experiences in the region, especially in relation to dominant group institutions such as law enforcement, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, health care, and other agencies. The volume provides studies by a mix of young, midcareer, and senior scholars who recognize the demographic shifts that are under way and the importance of the dynamics that shape the lives of Latinos in the Midwest. Of importance is the mix of case studies and quantitative studies that compare Latinos in the Midwest with Latinos in other regions of the country.

The opening essay of Latinos in the Midwest, by Sandra M. Gonzales, reflects the search for identity through narrative connections between midwestern Latinos and prehistorical civilizations in present-day Mexico. In the next chapter, Rogelio Saenz provides a demographic overview of Latinos in the Midwest, concluding with the implications that the rapid growth of Latinos may have for their future.

In the next chapter of Latinos in the Midwest Arturo Vega, Ruben O. Martinez, and Tia Stevens provide results from secondary analyses of data from the Latino National Survey 2006, focusing on Latinos in the Midwest in comparison to their counterparts in other regions of the country. The findings indicate that Latinos are somewhat alienated from the American political system and point to the need for their political incorporation.

Following that, Theo J. and Linda C. Majka examine the incorporation of Latino immigrants into the local institutions of Dayton, Ohio, a midsized midwestern city that has experienced deindustrialization and demographic shifts, including massive population decline, in recent decades. The authors recommend steps that can be taken by cities to promote the incorporation of Latino immigrants, and conclude with a critical discussion of assimilation models promoted by members of the dominant group.

In the next chapter of Latinos in the Midwest, Jan L. Flora, Claudia Prado-Meza, Hannah Lewis, Cesar Montalvo, and Frank Dunn, using a community capital framework, examine the impact of the raid by the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) agency on the Swift & Pork processing plant in Marshalltown, Iowa, on December 12, 2006. A positive externality of the raid was that it engendered increased public attention on the issue of raids on Latino communities and employers of undocumented immigrants, the conditions of detention for those taken into custody, and the need to address the institutional integration of immigrants.

As is widely known, health care and health disparities are a prominent concern and a high priority among Latino communities. Lydia P. Buki, Jennifer B. Mayfield, and Flavia C. D. Andrade focus on the need for early detection of cervical and breast cancer among Latinas and provide results from a needs assessment of 120 Latinas in four small, new growth communities in central Illinois. The authors conclude with recommendations for improving regular screening among Latinas, including increased efforts to disseminate information about screening for cervical and breast cancer and the use of promotoras de salad to help close the gaps in this area of health.

In the next chapter, Michael Tapia, Donald T. Hutcherson, and Ana Campos-Holland examine race and ethnic minority status as a risk factor for arrest across geographic regions using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997. The analysis of these authors shows that race and ethnic minority status are significantly related to increased risk for arrest, and that the risk is at least two times greater for Blacks than it is for Latinos, who are more at risk for arrest than Whites. Moreover, it shows that Latinos in the Midwest are more at risk of arrest than their counterparts in the southern and western regions. Finally, native-born Latinos are more at risk than foreign-born Latinos.

The eighth chapter, by David A. Badillo, who has done substantial research on Latinos in Michigan and Illinois, provides a social historical analysis of the work of the Mexican American Legal Defense and Education Fund (MALDEF), which maintains an office in Chicago, on behalf of Latinos in the Midwest. Whether the educational needs of Latino children are being met throughout the Midwest is an important question that requires systematic research. By implication, the study raises the question of how local agencies and institutions are responding to the needs of Latino communities today, and shows that responses are not always substantive despite appearing positive.

In the next chapter, Jennifer Tello Buntin examines how Mexican transnational migration has affected public schools in Aurora, Illinois. In particular, she focuses on the transnationalizing effect the influx of Mexicanos had on the local school district as the latter sought to find ways by which to meet the educational needs of the newcomers. Tello provides an interesting perspective on how community institutions, at least those that are creative and proactive, may be reorienting themselves to demographic change. It remains to be seen how common proactive approaches are at the local level.

Maria Josefa Santos and Antonio Castro Escobar continue the focus on institutional responses to the needs of Latino communities by focusing on Latino growers in southwestern Michigan. At this point, Latino growers are on their own, struggling to learn the best practices in their industry without much support by established agencies.

The final chapter in Latinos in the Midwest is by George Vargas, who focuses on the importance of CitySpirit, Detroit's oldest outdoor Latino mural, located on a busy street corner in southwest Detroit, which is also known as Mexicantown. As Detroit experiences major economic and political problems, Mexicantown is increasingly viewed as one of the most economically vibrant areas of the city. As the peoples and the communities of the Midwest seek to reposition themselves for the future, the mural reminds everyone, Latinos and non-Latinos, of their interconnectedness and common humanity and the promise of tomorrow.

Latinos in the Midwest provides a timely and comprehensive look at the history and current status of one of the most overlooked but important Latino communities in the nation ... this book presents glimpses of the Latino future of the region. Gilberto Cardenas, Julian Samora Chair in Latino Studies, University of Notre Dame

This excellent volume addresses important issues around the social, political and economic inclusion of Latinos in the Midwest... A masterful job of using quantitative and qualitative data to demonstrate the important contributions of multiple generations of Latinos on their chosen destinations. Cornelia Butler Flora, Charles F. Curtiss Distinguished Professor of Sociology and Agriculture and Life Sciences, Iowa State University

This collection of studies and essays provides an introduction to the current status of Latinos in the Midwest across a range of life areas and contributes to our understanding of the challenges that they face where they live and work. Latinos in the Midwest breaks new ground by estimating Latino effects as risk factors for arrest in comparison to other racial and ethnic groups across geographic regions. The volume also shows steps that could be taken to improve and support their education and economic activity, especially the closing of gaps in the delivery of services. Much research remains to be done in order to shed light on specific localities and institutions, and their responses to the needs of Latinos.

Social Science / Womens Studies

Sugar Girls & Seamen: A Journey into the World of Dockside Prostitution in South Africa by Henry Trotter (Ohio University Press)

Sugar Girls & Seamen illuminates the shadowy world of dockside prostitution in South Africa, focusing on the women of Cape Town and Durban who sell their hospitality to foreign sailors.

Dockside sugar girls work at one of the busiest cultural intersections in the world. Through their continual interactions with foreign seamen, they become major traffickers in culture, ideas, languages, styles, goods, currencies, genes, and diseases. Many learn the seamens languages, develop emotional relationships with them, have their babies, and become entangled in vast webs of connection. Henry Trotter, doctoral student of African history at Yale University, argues that these South African women are the ultimate cosmopolitans, the unsung sirens of globalization.

Based on his research at the seamens nightclubs, plus countless interviews with sugar girls, sailors, club owners, cabbies, bouncers, and barmaids, Trotter provides a comprehensive account of dockside prostitution at the southern tip of Africa. Through stories, analysis, and firsthand experiences, Sugar Girls & Seamen reveals this gritty world in all its raw vitality and fragile humanity.

Cape Town was established by the Dutch East India Company as a maritime refreshment station in the 1650s, servicing ships passing between Europe and Asia in the famous spice trade. Each year, tens of thousands of sailors disembarked at Table Bay for ten days to three weeks of recreation. Though Company officials were mostly concerned with securing meat provisions for the ships, sailors were just as interested in another type of flesh.

As told in Sugar Girls & Seamen, up until the 1960s, sailors typically met local women within walking distance of the quay. But from the mid-1960s, two developments radically transformed the Cape Town dockside. First, the apartheid regime started evicting non-whites from the downtown area. Second, the shipping industry started containerizing its cargo, creating great expanses of land for stacking the container boxes usually far from the harbor and shortening the turnaround time for ships. This decreased the amount of time that docksiders enjoyed with seafaring transients. Over the last thirty years, at least two dozen seamen's clubs have illuminated Cape Town's red-light district. The Catacombs and the Navigators' Den were two of the most infamous in the old days; other clubs included the Athena, the CopaCabana, the Manila Bar, the El Greco and many more. Today there are just three nightclubs remaining in Cape Town that cater exclusively to foreign sailors in Sugar Girls & Seamen, Trotter calls them Club Naughtica, Club Shanghaied and Crimps Cove. The sole surviving nightspot for sailors in Durban is Club Riviera. These clubs are all located in the downtown area of their respective cities. They resemble other nightclubs with their dance floors, bars, karaoke lounges and pool tables, but they're peopled exclusively by local sugar girls and foreign sea dogs.

Sailors learn about these clubs through maritime rumor networks and dockside cab drivers. For returning shellbacks, the clubs represent spaces of familiarity in otherwise alien cities. Many know women from prior visits and look forward to reuniting with them. For first-time pollywogs, the clubs offer relatively safe places to party despite the prevalence of danger in the urban centers. They're places where sailors can drink alcohol, enjoy male bonding and gain access to female companionship without local interference.

About sixty women in Cape Town and eighty women in Durban handle this maritime traffic. Tens of thousands of sailors come through these ports each year, but on any given night they usually number around a hundred in each city's clubs. Since not all of them want sex for the evening, it takes only these scores of women to handle their needs.

But between these parties a complex social dance occurs. As the men seek fulfillment of recreational and companionship needs and the women pursue financial goals, they engage each other in a deeply cultural field of interaction. Indeed, prostitution between sugar girls and seamen is more than just about money and sex; it's also about culture. That is what distinguishes it from the other prostitution sectors and its what this book is about.

Trotter spent fifteen months researching Sugar Girls & Seamen, mostly hanging out for hours on end at the nightclubs interviewing docksiders and watching them in action. When he a white American male first went to the clubs, the women initially assumed he was a sailor and a potential client. Within a week at any particular club, he was able to meet most of the women as they introduced themselves and gauged their options with him. From the outset, he declared his scholarly intentions, which most found strange and amusing. Some were skeptical because they had never met an academic at the clubs. But others were keen to share their stories, believing they could give him greater insights into the business than their rivals could. They sometimes got an egotistical thrill from shocking him with their candor.

At first, Trotter says, he tried to build rapport with the women through light casual conversations. He asked non-invasive questions, allowing them to construct their identities as they wished. They usually responded with well rehearsed cover stories dubious personal narratives about their lives. During that early phase, he merely listened to get beyond the cover stories, he had to establish trust. Eventually, he leveraged the trust he had built by asking the women deep personal questions about their lives. They talked about their work, sexual histories, family arrangements, solicitation strategies, experiences of violence and more. The tone, quality and descriptive detail of these long interviews convinced him that the revelations he elicited were honest. Unlike the self-serving cover stories, these narratives were ambivalent, tinged with regret and longing. He was also able to corroborate many of these stories from other sources. Afterwards some of the women admitted that they found it therapeutic to speak so openly with someone who was not part of the prostitution racket. And some were happy that their stories would be presented to a larger audience.

He started his research in Durban, spending 30 evenings in 2006 at the city's only seafarers' club, the Riviera. In the early evenings, he chatted with sailors at the Mission to Seafarers, a church-sponsored recreation and worship centre in the harbor. There the men could talk about sex, prostitution, family, work, money and other sensitive subjects without the distraction of loud music or sugar girls. Then he followed them to the club, leaving them to their own pursuits while he talked with the women. During the day, he met with prostitutes, club staff and cab drivers, conversing with them in a mix of English and Zulu.

From December 2006 to February 2008, he spent 120 evenings at the three Cape Town dockside clubs. On each visit, he usually engaged in a long interview with a woman who wasn't busy and enjoyed numerous shorter conversations with others throughout the evening. He essentially immersed himself in the scene. Everyone knew him and understood what his game was all about. In total, he interviewed over ninety women and another fifty sailors, club owners, managers, bouncers, bartenders, waitresses and cab drivers.

Trotter says that writing this book gave him a chance to talk about people and places that are absent from the dominant national narrative. Sugar Girls & Seamen presents the lives of working-class prostitutes and foreign sailors, not exactly the protagonists of a standard South African history book. But while these groups remain marginal to the official imagination, they play primary roles in one of the country's most globalized locales. Indeed, in port cities worldwide, minority women and transient foreigners are the major characters of dockside social life. The challenge, according to Trotter, is to find ways to incorporate them into a more complex national story.

Trotter is so fascinated with the culture, that his drive to understand makes the book really readable. You are drawn into a world where the rules are important, but they are not the rules you know... a provocative read. The Citizen

This book is an eye-opener; it's an entertaining read that will have you laughing in places and gasping in others Daily Dispatch

Adamantine research and thoughtful analysis ... brilliant and detailed. Sunday Times, South Africa

The authors skills of observation, and affection for the real-life characters, results in stories that remain with you. O Magazine, South African edition

Sugar Girls & Seamen is a major contribution to our understanding of bar prostitution in harbor areas frequented by international sailors. It is the most in-depth and insightful exploration of this type of sexual commerce available a wonderfully written, groundbreaking ethnographic study. Ronald Weitzer, George Washington University

We owe Henry Trotter, an American, a great debt for this work which South Africans have shied away from. Cape Slavery Heritage

Sugar Girls & Seamen is simultaneously racy and light, critical and profound. Trotter shines a light on this shadowy world, helping readers understand the role that sex workers and sailors play in the social, economic and cultural realities of South African port cities, possibly even illuminating how their activities connect us all with each other and to the rest of the world. Quite a work for a grad student!

 

Contents this Issue:

Charles Biederman by Susan C. Larsen and Neil Juhl Larsen (Hudson Hills Press)

Llano Estacado: An Island in the Sky edited by Stephen Bogener and William Tydeman, with an introduction Barry Lopez (Voice in the American West Series: Texas Tech University Press)

The First Great Recession of the 21st Century: Competing Explanations edited by Scar Dejuan, Eladio Febrero and Maria Cristina Marcuzzo (Edward Elgar)

The Next American Economy: Blueprint for a Real Recovery by William J. Holstein (Walker & Company)

Connecting Content and Academic Language for English Learners and Struggling Students, Grades 2-6 by Ruth Swinney and Patricia Velasco, with a foreword by Ofelia Garcia (Corwin Press)

No Holds Barred: The Complete History of Mixed Martial Arts in America, 4th edition by Clyde Gentry III (Triumph Books)

Fundamentals of Athletic Training, 3rd Edition by Lorin A. Cartwright and William A. Pitney (Human Kinetics)

The Pregnant Body Book: The Complete Illustrated Guide from Conception to Birth by DK Publishing (DK Publishing)

Exorcising Hitler: The Occupation and Denazification of Germany by Frederick Taylor (Bloomsbury Press)

Manstein: Hitler's Greatest General by Mungo Melvin (Thomas Dunne Books)

Buzz Aldrin, What Happened to You in All the Confusion?: A Novel by Johan Harstad, translated by Deborah Dawkin (Seven Stories Press)

Devil's Plaything: A Mystery for Idle Minds by Matt Richtel (Poisoned Pen Press)

Keys to the Kingdom by Bob Graham (Vanguard Press)

The Morality and Global Justice Reader edited by Michael Boylan (Westview Press)

Curbside Consultation in IBS: 49 Clinical Questions edited by Brian E. Lacy, with Series Editor Francis A. Farraye (Slack Incorporated)

Mosby's Nursing Drug Cards, 21st edition by Joseph A. Albanese and Patricia A. Nutz (Elsevier Mosby)

Spiritual Slavery: A Biography of Lee Lozowick: Volume One: Books One Three: The Years of Milk and Honey 1975-1980 by M. Young (Hohm Press)

Primary Movement in Sign Languages: A Study of Six Languages by Donna Jo Napoli, Mark Mai and Nicholas Gaw (Gallaudet University Press)

The Borders of Inequality: Where Wealth and Poverty Collide by Igo Mor, translated by Lyn Dominguez (The University of Arizona Press)

Latinos in the Midwest edited by Rubn O. Martinez (Latinos in the United States Series: Michigan State University Press)

Sugar Girls & Seamen: A Journey into the World of Dockside Prostitution in South Africa by Henry Trotter (Ohio University Press)