We Review the Best of the Latest Books

ISSN 1934-6557

March 2011, Issue #143

The Afterlife of Raphael's Paintings by Cathleen Hoeniger (Cambridge University Press)

Collage, Colour and Texture in Painting by Mike Bernard and Robin Capon (Batsford)

Marie Curie: A Biography by Marilyn Bailey Ogilvie (Prometheus Books)

Ultimate LLC Compliance Guide: Covers All 50 States by Michael Spadaccini (Entrepreneur Press)

Scenario Planning in Organizations: How to Create, Use, and Assess Scenarios (BK Organizational Performance Series) by Thomas J. Chermack (Berrett-Koehler Publishers)

Complex Worlds: Digital Culture, Rhetoric, and Professional Communication edited by Adrienne P. Lamberti and Anne R. Richards, with Series Editor Charles H. Sides (Technical Communication Series: Baywood Publishing Company)

The Improvisational Cook by Sally Schneider (William Morrow)

The War Against Domestic Violence edited by Lee Ross (CRC Press)

The Death of Raymond Yellow Thunder and Other True Stories from the Nebraska-Pine Ridge Border Towns by Stew Magnuson, with a foreword by Pekka Hmlinen, with Series Editor John R. Wunder (Plains Histories Series: Texas Tech University Press)

Airbrushing and Finishing Scale Models by Brett Green (Modelling Masterclass Series: Osprey Publishing)

Second Manifesto for Philosophy by Alain Badiou (Polity)

Storied Communities: Narratives of Contact and Arrival in Constituting Political Community edited by Hester Lessard, Rebecca Johnson and Jeremy Webber (UBC Press)

Drugs, Society and Criminal Justice (3rd Edition) by Charles F. Levinthal (Prentice Hall)

Separate Beds: A Novel by Elizabeth Buchan (Viking)

Under Siege by Edward Marston (Captain Rawson Series: Allison & Busby)

Deep Waters: The Textual Continuum in American Indian Literature by Christopher B. Teuton (University of Nebraska Press)

Ghost Birds: Jim Tanner and the Quest for the Ivory-billed Woodpecker, 1935-1941 by Stephen Lyn Bales and Nancy Tanner (The University of Tennessee Press)

Teaching and Learning in Physical Therapy: From Classroom to Clinic by Margaret Plack and Maryanne Driscoll (Slack Incorporated)

High-Tech Tots: Childhood in a Digital World edited by Ilene R. Berson and Michael J. Berson (Research in Global Child Advocacy Series: Information Age Publishing)

Ethics for a Brave New World, Second Edition by John S. Feinberg and Paul D. Feinberg (Crossway Books)

The Canon of Scripture by F. F. Bruce (IVP Academic)

From Plato to Jesus: What Does Philosophy Have to Do with Theology? by C. Marvin Pate (Kregel)

Islam in the Modern World: Challenged by the West, Threatened by Fundamentalism, Keeping Faith with Tradition by Seyyed Hossein Nasr (HarperOne)

The Mayan Oracle: A Galactic Language of Light by Ariel Spilsbury & Michael Bryner, illustrated by Oceanna (Bear & Co.)

Reflections: My Life in the Deaf and Hearing Worlds by John B. Christiansen (Gallaudet University Press)

Questioning Gender: A Sociological Exploration by Robyn Ryle (Pine Forge Press / Sage) 

Arts & Photography / Art History

The Afterlife of Raphael's Paintings by Cathleen Hoeniger (Cambridge University Press)

Raphael is one of the rare artists who have never gone out of fashion. Acclaimed during his lifetime, he was imitated by contemporaries and served as a model for painters through the nineteenth century. Because of the artist's renown, his works have continuously been subject to care, conservation, and restoration. In The Afterlife of Raphael's Paintings, Cathleen Hoeniger, Associate Professor of Art History at Queen's University, focuses on the legacy of Raphael's art: the historical trajectory or afterlife of the paintings themselves.

What happened to his panel-paintings and frescoes in the centuries after his death in 1520? Some were lost altogether; others were severely damaged in natural disasters; and many were affected by uncontrolled climactic conditions, by travel from one place to another, and by the not always cautious and careful hands of restorers. The appreciation of Raphael was expressed and the restoration of his works debated in contemporary treatises of the day, which provide a backdrop for probing the fortune of his paintings.

As Hoeniger describes in the first chapter, by now, many of Raphael's paintings have outlived him by close to five hundred years. They have perpetuated the artist's fame by carrying in their pictorial compositions and painted brushwork the evidence of Raphael's exceptional ability. The paintings have acted as a lens through which the artist has been interpreted. It is to this afterlife of Raphael the afterlife enabled by the survival of his paintings that the title of The Afterlife of Raphael's Paintings refers.

In the decades and centuries after his death, Raphael's paintings experienced journeys: they were moved, damaged, restored, and many were displayed in different locations for new audiences. Hoenigers emphasis is on certain particularly interesting periods during those voyages. Even though Raphael's images had a lasting effect on myriad viewers, they are somewhat ephemeral creative acts. At the most reductive level, the paintings were made up of applications of organic and inorganic color mixtures to impermanent and potentially unstable foundations of wood and gesso or stone and lime plaster. In the centuries following his death, Raphael's reputation remained at a constant high and even increased in the estimation of wealthy collectors and academic writers. Yet the paintings on which so much of his fame experienced pronounced deterioration and some were lost altogether amidst the trauma of natural disasters and the events of political upheavals.

The paintings underwent different kinds of physical changes that resulted in their being considered in need of restoration. More than one example is discussed in which a painting was severely damaged in a natural disaster. A rich amount of evidence is presented in The Afterlife of Raphael's Paintings to show that several of Raphael's works suffered from serious structural problems. Most often the culprit was the environment of the building in which the painting was housed. Natural aging was also a principal factor in deterioration. Although many of Raphael's paintings deteriorated in situ, sometimes the movement of a work from its original location, and its journey over land and by sea, exacerbated the situation. Changes of an artistic nature were wrought to the surface of Raphael's paintings for a number of reasons. There are many documents in which critics lament the incompetence of restorers, who have changed the look of works by Raphael through excessive and tasteless repainting. In addition, the appearance of his works was affected by tried-and-true preservation methods. Protective varnish coatings deteriorated over time, and glue films, employed for centuries to remedy the problem of flaking paint, became greyish and caught particles of dirt on the surface of the painting. Those attentive to the paintings remarked on the discoloration caused by the aging of varnish films. Occasionally, viewers also mentioned, with dampened enthusiasm, that an image had been disfigured by the accumulation of dirt.

Because Raphael's paintings suffered from different forms of deterioration, the scope of the treatments varied widely. The history of each painting was also affected by the preservation methods of each era, and those techniques developed in remarkable ways over the course of five centuries. When the records of restoration to Raphael's paintings are surveyed, predictably one finds that many relate to the routine cleaning and revarnishing of the surface. Yet there are also accounts of structural interventions to stabilize the supports and paint layers. Among these are dramatic descriptions of the transfer of paint layers from their original wood supports to new canvas backings. With the advent of photography in the late nineteenth century, restoration campaigns began to be visually documented.

Every time a restorer was commissioned to treat a painting by Raphael, the painting was delivered in a damaged, dirty, darkened, or repainted state. Whether under the instruction of a patron or in consultation with a curatorial committee, a treatment was chosen. The circumstances affecting the decision would have included the condition of the painting, the approaches of the day, the value of the image, and how it was to be displayed. Those restorers trusted to work on paintings by Raphael understood well the theory and practice of their generation, and they either adopted current methods or reacted against them to perform improved treatments.

As a painting by Raphael passed from the hands of one restorer to the next, the journey was conditioned by the way the artist was seen by each generation in turn. It is to the intimate connection between the restoration and the reception of Raphael's art that The Afterlife of Raphael's Paintings focuses on.

In the conclusion to The Afterlife of Raphael's Paintings Hoeniger notes that every important and comprehensive study of Raphael's corpus placed most weight on Raphael's commissions from the popes and their circle in Rome and dwelt with greatest seriousness on the Vatican Palace frescoes and the Roman altarpieces. For Raphael's most famous paintings, marked changes in approach have not featured as strongly. Instead, the very traditional desire to view his works in as close as possible to their original appearance has driven their reception history. The theme of the original beauty of Raphael's art lingered and continued to dominate the viewing of Raphael, in spite of the deteriorating condition of many of the most valued paintings. The power of the written word and the nostalgia for the golden age of Italian Renaissance art served to perpetuate a timeless, quasi-divine image of Raphael and his art. The Afterlife of Raphael's Paintings considers the lasting effect of the writings of Vasari, Bellori, and many others. These highly articulate men of letters used their facility with descriptive language and their knowledge of artistic and literary precedents to illuminate Raphael's paintings. Raphael's art was interpreted for those who could view the originals in situ, and the freshness of the coloring was evoked for many absent spectators, who had to rely on printed reproductions.

Some of the case studies in The Afterlife of Raphael's Paintings also draw attention to the role played by avaricious political leaders and wealthy collectors, who negotiated at great length and paid fortunes to have paintings by Raphael brought to their own households and museums. In these changed surroundings, patrons and the intellectuals in their midst typically were anxious to have Raphael's paintings restored to their former glory. More recently, art historians of the twentieth century have continued to invest in the recreation of Raphael's pristinely beautiful and intact paintings. Scholars of Raphael have been concerned with reconstructing the original architectural and religious contexts for Raphael's paintings and with investigating the biographical details of his patrons. Such research has enabled a more vivid appreciation of the circumstances in which his paintings originally functioned.

In a manner closely parallel to the writers and scholars who for centuries have emphasized the immense importance of Raphael's originals, numerous curators and restorers of princely collections and national institutions have responded to the continuing desire for vibrant and complete works by Raphael. In exhibition spaces, such as the rooms of the Louvre Palace that were opened as the Musee Napoleon in 1803, paintings by Raphael have been carefully and consciously put on display. Very often, as in Paris during the Napoleonic period, restoration was carried out as a prerequisite for exhibition. On many occasions, as The Afterlife of Raphael's Paintings has shown, restorers were praised for the fresh appearance of a painting by Raphael and for the seamless nature of their repainting. Similarly, criticism of a restorer's work typically arose because the painting by Raphael showed signs of deterioration or because the brushwork of the restorer betrayed the damaged state of the picture. To perpetuate the treasured image of Raphael's perfection, the blemishes characteristic of any material object of great age were downplayed and even rendered invisible.

However, the material and historical reality, as The Afterlife of Raphael's Paintings shows, is startlingly different. And, for many of Raphael's works, the fabric of the painting continues to carry physical evidence of historical events and restoration treatments that happened long ago. Numerous historical and restoration events, however, failed to mark the paintings in the long run. The knowledge of important interventions, which changed, at least to a limited degree, the appearance of Raphael's paintings, has survived in the literary record rather than in the fabric of the paintings themselves.

Even though the evidence of damage and repair often remains hidden, what actually happened to the paintings is as important for an understanding of the reception of Raphael as what was written about his art. The Afterlife of Raphael's Paintings charts the journeys experienced by a large number of Raphael's paintings from the sixteenth century until the present day. This volume fills a gap in the scholarship by exploring how the reception of Raphael can be investigated through the physical history of his painted works and in doing so shows that these eventful passages are worthy of remembering.

Arts & Photography / Painting / Mixed Media

Collage, Colour and Texture in Painting by Mike Bernard and Robin Capon (Batsford)

From the time I was at art college I have always felt that, rather than aiming to make an image that was completely faithful to the original scene, sketch or inspiration, it was more important to create an interesting painting. By this, I mean that the completed picture should be exciting to look at and have an overall coherence and impact. This does not necessarily preclude it from evoking a particular sense of place, of course, but it will show this with an emphasis on personal interpretation and will have been influenced by things that have happened during the painting process. from the introduction

Ever since the pioneering collages of Picasso and Braque, mixed media works have held a respected place in fine art painting. Award-winning painter Mike Bernard, elected member of the Royal Institute of Painters in Watercolour, assisted by co-author Robin Capon, art journalist, in Collage, Colour and Texture in Painting offers artists a hands-on introduction to the boundless possibilities opened up by combining paint with abstract paper shapes, textured papers, newspaper clippings, fabrics, and other unusual materials. With step-by-step photographs of several works in the making, the volume takes readers inside the creative process, from preliminary sketches to final results, with detailed explanations of each technique. Bernard reveals the secrets of his colorful, atmospheric paintings, which are skillfully built up using collage, acrylic paint and other media. Step-by-step demonstrations of some of the key techniques, as well as location sketches, watercolor studies and striking finished paintings are analyzed in depth. He guides readers from initial inspiration to finished painting, with plenty of tips and ideas along the way. The book also includes a gallery of the authors works.

Collage, Colour and Texture in Painting contains detailed information and advice on collage techniques and creative ways of working, and demonstrates how, by starting with paper collage and then working freely with paints, inks and other materials, artists can develop exciting and original results in interpreting whatever subject matter appeals to them.

According to Bernard, one of the most difficult aspects of painting is finding the most suitable and original way of expressing oneself. Each artist has a different view of the world and this should be reflected in a style of work that is distinctive and personal.

Everyone starts by learning certain techniques and aiming to paint exactly what they see in the subject matter before them. But how do they progress further and add that spark of individuality that takes their work beyond the ordinary and makes it stand out from the crowd?

Essentially; the form and impact of the work is influenced by two factors: painting philosophy, what they regard as the important qualities to achieve in a painting, and practical issues the materials and techniques that they choose to use. But there comes a time when painters have to reappraise both philosophy and technique in order to find a painting process that allows scope for personal expression and offers a good balance of challenges and rewards. Creating ones own interpretation of the subject matter and so overcoming the belief that they must always produce a likeness of it is something that Bernard encourages throughout Collage, Colour and Texture in Painting. It is a practice that is fundamental to painting, because surely the reason for painting is to express what one thinks and feels about things.

Bernard says he has found that the solution is to set certain limits within which to work. Essentially, the limits are defined by the materials and processes that he allows himself to use and, in turn, they create challenges and encourage more intuitive, expressive paintings. Bernard likes to begin in a fairly spontaneous way, perhaps with random, abstract shapes of color and texture. This has a very liberating effect and encourages him to continue to work freely, while respecting the demands of the painting itself. And, although he will have a particular place or scene in mind, he never allows that to dominate the painting process. What he strives for and equally what he hopes will inspire and help readers in their work, is an approach that allows him to be true to himself and to paint with feeling and confidence.

Illustrated with a wide selection of Bernard's stunning work, depicting diverse subjects from vibrant urban scenes to winter landscapes, Collage, Colour and Texture in Painting is an invaluable resource for anyone wanting to experiment with collage. Packed with practical advice and step-by-step demonstrations, this book will inspire readers to take a fresh look at their own work.

Biographies & Memoirs / Scientists / Women

Marie Curie: A Biography by Marilyn Bailey Ogilvie (Prometheus Books)

When asked to name an important woman scientist, most people would only hesitate a short time before answering, Marie Curie.

Marie Curie is a short, readable biography of Curie, the winner of two Nobel Prizes, who endured many hardships in her life, some of her own making, to become the best scientist possible.

There is probably no woman scientist more famous than Marie Curie (1867-1934). She made one of the most important theoretical breakthroughs of the twentieth century when she postulated that radiation was an atomic rather than a chemical property, an important milestone in understanding the structure of matter. Not only did she coin the term radioactivity, but her painstaking research culminated in the isolation of two new elements, polonium and radium. For her achievements she won two Nobel Prizes, one in physics (in 1903) and the other in chemistry (in 1911). Curie has the distinction of being the first woman to win a Nobel Prize and the first person to win more than one.

Marie Curie looks at Curie not just as a dedicated scientist but also as a complex woman with a sometimes-tumultuous personal life. Historian of science Marilyn Bailey Ogilvie describes Curie's life and career, from her early years in Poland, where she was born Maria Sklodowska; through her marriage to and collaboration with Pierre Curie; her appointment as the first female professor at Sorbonne University after his untimely death; and the scientific work that led to her recognition by the Nobel Prize committee.

Ogilvie, retired professor of the history of science and curator of the history of science collections at the University of Oklahoma, also candidly discusses the controversy that surrounded Curie when detractors charged that her work was actually performed by her late husband. Finally, she describes Curie's work in founding the radium institutes to study radiation and in establishing mobile X-ray units during World War I. Eventually, her long exposure to radium led to her death from aplastic anemia in 1934. A year later, Albert Einstein published a tribute to her in memoriam, praising both her intuition and her tenacity under the most trying circumstances. Although the imaginative discovery of the atomic nature of radiation is perhaps her most significant contribution, without another characteristic, perseverance, she would have been unable to substantiate her hypothesis.

According to Ogilvie in the introduction to Marie Curie, when looking at the life of this remarkable scientist, it is easy to picture a stern, one-dimensional woman so totally committed to her science that she was incapable of complex emotions. A deeper examination reveals a woman whose childhood was marred by the sickness and death of a mother and sister, and a father who was also scarred by these losses. Her father struggled to support his remaining four children as a teacher under an oppressive regime in a Poland controlled by the tsar of Russia. Marie's reaction was to reject the religious beliefs of her childhood and to become involved in political movements. Since many obstacles prevented girls from attending universities in Poland, Marie joined an underground, unofficial university.

In order to earn enough money to attend a foreign university, Marie left home to become a governess. She fell in love with the son of her employers, a disaster, making Marie wary of any commitment in the future. When she finally met Pierre Curie, she was reluctant to pledge herself to another relationship. Once she decided to entrust her emotions to Pierre, her loyalty was unswerving even after his tragic, premature death.

After Pierre's death when Marie's friendship with the married physicist Paul Langevin blossomed into love, the entire country was incensed. From a grieving widow, Marie was portrayed as a scheming home wrecker. In her later life she spent much of her time working to develop a new research institution dedicated to radioactivity. After the war, although she had the time to devote to research, money and supplies were absent. In order to supply her laboratory she traveled to the United States twice and undertook a job totally antithetical to her shy public personality, ambassador for science, in a role as fund-raiser. Marie Curie was a complex person. A fine creative scientist, she was dogged by her personal demons but managed to transform them into successes.

Marie Curie is divided chronologically into three major sections: (1) early life and education in Poland and her work as a governess; (2) the major creative part of her life including her university achievements; marriage to, collaboration with, and death of Pierre; raising children, and major scientific achievements culminating in two Nobel Prizes; and (3) finally the last part of her life where she operated a radiology service during World War I, directed her own radium institute, and became an international icon, and died from exposure to the elements that she discovered.

[P]rovides a fast-paced and well-documented portrait of Marie Curie and the world surrounding her.... [T]his book creates a delicate balance between her personal and professional life. The author is careful in her conclusions from available records. This book is a wonderful addition to those narratives about an accomplished scientist. The American Biology Teacher

The book tells the story of Marie Curie's life. Her struggles against poverty and prejudice are emphasized, and throughout the book the author makes many links that may be familiar to modern teenagers. The importance of Marie Curie's pioneering work in radioactivity is described and, while the author is careful to describe and credit Pierre Curie's contributions, she explores the difficulties that Marie Curie had in gaining recognition as a scientist from the establishment....[t]he meticulous bibliographies at the end of each chapter are a model of good practice for students. School Science Review

[A] top pick for high school to college-level collections. MBR Internet Bookwatch

Marie Curie is informative, accessible, candid and concise biography. No life is lived in a vacuum, and Marie Curie's life was no exception. Ogilvie's appealing narrative brings the brilliant scientist and courageous woman to life in a story that will inspire future scientists. By understanding how this outstanding scientist operated within the context of late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century science and society, we are better able to understand both her life and her science. The book is appropriate for teens and young adults.

Business & Investing / Law / Reference

Ultimate LLC Compliance Guide: Covers All 50 States by Michael Spadaccini (Entrepreneur Press)

Ultimate LLC Compliance Guide is built on this proposition: to devote more time and energy to running the limited liability company (LLC) successfully and to avoid potential financial risk, business owners need to familiarize themselves with their state's limited liability company act and have efficient, well-organized procedures for dealing with the extensive amount of required paperwork. To accomplish this, they need to first learn about LLC formalities, internal governance, recordkeeping, and LLC mechanics.

Mindful of the complications and numerous requirements that surround LLCs, Michael Spadaccini, business consultant, former practicing attorney and the author of numerous books on business and corporate law, walks readers through the details of what they need to know about their state's LLC act as well as the procedures for dealing with the extensive rules and regulations.

Readers can turn to this guide for complete definitions and explanations of the concepts surrounding LLCs and even a breakdown of the roles and responsibilities of owners and managers. They learn critical information that allows them to spend less time researching procedures and more time running a successful business.

Ultimate LLC Compliance Guide explains how to:

  • Maintain ironclad liability protection.
  • Maintain important business records.
  • Conduct and record meetings.
  • Take LLC actions by resolutions.
  • Accept investment and issue LLC stock.
  • Avoid IRS trouble.
  • Use sample documents, checklists, resources, and forms to get a better grasp of the LLC process.

This knowledge helps readers:

  • Avoid personal liability for company actions.
  • Save money by preplanning company goals, avoiding common mistakes, and handling company maintenance in house.
  • Have a better understanding of issues when consulting with their attorney and accountant.
  • Realize that LLCs are flexible entities that can be tailor-made to fit their needs.

Ultimate LLC Compliance Guide presumes that readers already own or operate an LLC. Nevertheless, the book touches lightly on some formation issues as background and to highlight issues that arise while operating an LLC.

Limited liability companies are complicated, with numerous requirements and issues surrounding them. By breaking the issues into focused parts, Ultimate LLC Compliance Guide tries to make it as easy as possible for readers to quickly locate the information they need.

Part One, Sources of Authority, explains and defines limited liability company acts, articles of organization, and operating agreements. Devoting a chapter to each topic, this part details:

  • How state limited liability company acts provide the legal basis for forming and operating the LLC while allowing for flexibility.
  • What information the articles of organization must or may contain and why this is important to readers personally and to their LLC.
  • Why readers need to know what their operating agreement requires and how they can structure their operating agreement to suit their particular needs.

The part closes with an overview of taxation requirements and general information for all businesses.

Part Two, The Limited Liability Company Players, identifies and describes the many participants that appear in the LLC universe. By clearly defining LLC roles such as promoter, member, manager, and agent readers establish who is responsible for what in their LLC and increase their chance of success and reduce their potential personal liability.

Part Three, Handling Ownership and Ownership Units, outlines the law surrounding the issuance of ownership to founders and investors and the law surrounding transfers of ownership. Chapter 7 analyzes ways readers can use their operating agreement to control ownership in their LLC.

Part Four, LLC Formalities: Meetings, Minutes, and Resolutions of Managers and Members, focuses squarely upon legally mandated formalities such as meetings of managers and meetings of members. Spadaccini outlines, with sample documents, the process for calling, noticing, and conducting such meetings. He also addresses how to conduct LLC meetings by informal written resolution.

Part Five, LLC Lawsuits and Personal Liability Protection, sets forth a framework for maximizing their LLC's personal liability protection. Chapter 11 discusses basic information about suing and being sued as an LLC, while Chapter 12 relates real-life cases in which the owners of LLCs and corporations were judged personally liable for injuries or debts because of lapses such as poor recordkeeping, inadequate capital, absence of resolutions and stock records, and personal use of entity funds.

Throughout Ultimate LLC Compliance Guide, readers find sample documents, checklists, and forms. These items are included to help them better understand the issues discussed and to demystify the limited liability company process. The volume includes three appendices. In Appendix A readers find 13 example forms and documents to help them create the legal language necessary to set up and manage the legalities of their LLC. Appendix B is a directory to all 50 states and the District of Columbia, with the material readers need for compliance items for whatever state they are operating in. The third appendix is the glossary.

Readers can keep their LLC in complete compliance and avoid potential financial risk with Ultimate LLC Compliance Guide.

Business & Investing / Management & Leadership

Scenario Planning in Organizations: How to Create, Use, and Assess Scenarios (BK Organizational Performance Series) by Thomas J. Chermack (Berrett-Koehler Publishers)

Scenario planning helps organization leaders, executives and decision-makers envision and develop strategies for multiple possible futures instead of just one. It enables organizations to become resilient and agile, calibrating their responses and adapting quickly to new circumstances in a fast-changing environment.
Scenario Planning in Organizations is the most comprehensive treatment to date of the scenario planning process. Unlike existing books it offers a thorough discussion of the evolution and theoretical foundations of scenario planning, examining its connections to learning theory, decision-making theory, and mental model theory. Thomas J. Chermack emphasizes that scenario planning is far more than a simple set of steps to follow, as are many other practice-focused books. Chermack, Assistant Professor in Organizational Performance and Change and Director of the Scenario Planning Institute at Colorado State University, the founder and managing partner of Chermack Scenarios, addresses the subtleties and complexities of planning. And, unique among scenario planning books, he deals not just with developing different scenarios but also with applying scenarios once they have been constructed, and assessing the impact of the scenario project.
Using a case study based on a real scenario project Chermack lays out a comprehensive five phase scenario planning system project preparation, scenario exploration, scenario development, scenario implementation and project assessment. Each chapter describes specific techniques for gathering and analyzing relevant data with a particular emphasis on the use of workshops to encourage dialogue. He offers a scenario project worksheet to help readers structure and manage scenario projects as well as avoid common pitfalls, and a discussion, based in recent neurological findings, of how scenario planning helps people to overcome barriers to creative thinking.

In Scenario Planning in Organizations Chermack says that traditional approaches to business planning have had their day. Scenario planning is a revolutionary alternative to traditional strategic planning because it recognizes the unpredictable nature of the future. Early scenario planners helped organization leaders see that the future was not going to consist of historic trends, projected forward. Instead, recognizing their problematic assumptions of a stable environment, decision makers found a way to think about alternatives in scenario planning. Scenario planning makes uncertainty a part of the plan.

The most valuable advantage of creating and using scenarios is the recognition that uncertainty is a basic feature of organizational environments. By accepting the reality of uncertainty and making it a part of how planning happens decision makers can widen the scope of what is assumed to be true about what the future might hold. A primary outcome of scenario planning is to shift perceptions. Scenario planning is a tool to help decision makers re-perceive the potential future in alternative ways. Having these alternative ways of seeing helps decision makers avoid surprises and prepare for a variety of plausible futures.

The purpose of Scenario Planning in Organizations is to provide a complete approach to scenario planning that includes key pieces missing from existing literature. These missing pieces are the theoretical foundations of scenario planning, a detailed guide to using scenarios once they have been developed, and a structure for assessing the impact of scenario projects. The theoretical foundations of scenario planning are important for understanding how scenario planning works. Precisely how to use scenarios is not well covered in the literature, either. Scenario Planning in Organizations provides detailed suggestions for putting scenarios into practice and using them to support organizational change. Finally, not a single text on the topic deals with how to assess the impact of scenario projects.

Scenario Planning in Organizations features three parts: (1) Foundations of Scenario Planning, (2) Phases of the Performance-Based Scenario System, and (3) Leading Scenario Projects.

Part One is focused on the foundations of scenario planning. These chapters review scenario planning, its history, development, and influential figures. Performance-based scenario planning the contribution of this book is described and explained. Chapter 1 describes the development and evolution of scenario planning. Chapter 2 is a synthesis of the theoretical foundations of scenario planning, and is a comprehensive review of the major content disciplines that inform the practice of scenario planning. Chapter 3 situates scenario planning in the organization system, and Chapter 4 presents a case study. Part One provides a sense of the context in which scenario planning was developed as a strategic tool, as well as an understanding of the position of scenario planning inside organizations.

Part Two presents the phases of the scenario system. These are Chapters 5 through 9, covering the major phases of scenario planning: (1) project preparation, (2) scenario exploration, (3) scenario development, (4) scenario implementation, and (5) project assessment. These are the chapters that become a guide for using the scenario system. Detailed examples are provided, and the core case study that is presented in Chapter 4 is expanded further in each subsequent chapter. The examples illustrate key outcomes of each phase.

Part Three presents tips for managing and leading scenario projects. Chapter 10 describes several pitfalls in scenario planning and how they can be avoided or overcome. Chapter 11 summarizes some cutting-edge neurology research and how it relates to cognitive activity and human perceptions in the scenario process. Finally, Chapter 12 offers suggestions for getting started on readers own scenario projects.

Scenario planning may be applied to almost any context, problem, issue, or situation, and its evolving nature. Any situation in which a group of people is trying to work out how to create aligned movement toward a common goal can consider scenario planning a potentially useful tool.

Compelling and thoroughly researched, this book offers every business executive a playbook for including uncertainty in the organizational change process and driving competitive advantage. Tim Reynolds, Vice President, Talent and Organizational Effectiveness, Whirlpool Corporation

It has been forty years since we first started developing scenarios at Shell to help steer us into an unknown future. This is the fullest description I have seen of how the theory and use of scenarios have developed since. Napier Collyns, cofounder, Global Business Network

All CEOs, university presidents, leaders of national nonprofits, and politicians face the same problem: coping with uncertainty. Scenario planning addresses this central problem. One cannot attend a planning session in any large organization without the topic of scenario planning arising. Professor Chermack puts the various approaches to scenario planning in a highly readable and useful context. For those of us who have used a variant of scenario planning for many years, there is much to learn in this approach. Professor Chermack is well on his way to becoming a major resource for this important planning tool. Vance Opperman, President and CEO, Key Investment, Inc.; Audit Committee Chair, Thomson Reuters; and former President, West Publishing Company

With extensive expertise, Tom Chermack spotlights scenario planning as a fundamental tool used by organizations to achieve long-term sustainability. This book helps me guide diverse management teams through strategic decision and problem-solving processes using a collaborative and forward-thinking approach. Carla McCabe, Director of Human Resources, Technicolor

Professor Chermack has made the mysterious process of scenario planning available in a format accessible for both leaders of large corporations and small business owners. Creating a common working language about the future is essential for the long-term success of any enterprise. Tom's clear guidelines provide practical tools for organizations to create scenarios that will help them discover new ways of thinking, planning, and being. Kim Cermak, President and COO, KDC Management, LLC

This book is about action and performance. Compelling and thoroughly researched, it offers every business executive a playbook for including uncertainty in the organizational change process and driving competitive advantage. Tim Reynolds, Vice President, Talent and Organization Effectiveness, Whirlpool Corporation

Scenario Planning in Organizations is the most comprehensive guide available to the scenario planning process, offering a thorough discussion of the method's theoretical foundations and detailing a five-phase scenario planning system. It is a unique treatment providing a clear, concise guide to assessing the benefits of scenario planning in organizations. The book is for thoughtful people trying to move their organizations forward leaders, managers, decision makers, practitioners, consultants, and executives. It is also a text for university courses focused on organization and business planning.

Computers & Internet / Computer Science / Education

Complex Worlds: Digital Culture, Rhetoric, and Professional Communication edited by Adrienne P. Lamberti and Anne R. Richards, with Series Editor Charles H. Sides (Technical Communication Series: Baywood Publishing Company)

Complex Worlds edited by Adrienne P. Lamberti, Assistant Professor of English and Professional Writing Program Coordinator at the University of Northern Iowa, and Anne R. Richards, Assistant Professor of English at Kennesaw State University, is a collection of thought-provoking scholarly essays by teachers and industry practitioners in professional communication and technology-oriented fields. The collection aims to help familiarize advanced students, teachers, and researchers in professional communication, computers and writing, literacy, and sister disciplines with key issues in digital theory and practice. An emphasis on the situations of and audiences for digital communication identifies Complex Worlds as a rhetorical approach.

The collections' twelve essays constitute a diverse and thematically coherent set of inquiries. Included are explorations of topics such as cyber activism, digital dispositio, citizen and open-source journalism, broadband affordances, XML, digital resumes, avant garde performance art, best pedagogical practices, and intercultural communication between East and West, North and South. The complexity highlighted in the collection's title is brought into relief by authors who address how the digital is daily unmaking our assumptions about the boundaries between work and school, the global and the local, the private and the public.

Conceptualized, written, and edited for a wide range of readers interested in digital culture, this anthology offers a broad focus on the contexts of professional communication and its effective teaching and practice. In their appraisals of the technological issues currently transforming not just professional communication but related fields such as journalism, rhetoric, and English-language teaching, the chapters in Complex Worlds presents a methodological pluralism. Grappling with the discursive and material shifts occasioned by new technology in educational contexts and beyond, the volume studies professional communication in light of the key concepts of digital access, literacy, and advocacy. Several chapters approach the economic structures influencing access to digital technology as an a priori and intractable reality; others treat such an assumption as unnecessarily dire. All discussions, however, provide nuanced constructions of digital divergence in light of its expression in industrial and/or educational practices.

The first part of Complex Worlds, "Transforming Advocacy," examines the intersections between digital technology and agency in computer-mediated participatory cultures. Eileen E. Schell's "Cyberactivism, Viral Flash Activism, and Critical Literacy Pedagogy in the Age of The Meatrix" describes the growth of cyberactivism by means of viral Flash films. Adrienne P. Lamberti's "Retracing the Footprints from Print to Digital: An Assessment of Textual Structure" explores why the prospect of textual restructuring as brought on by digital forms has elicited such strong scholarly responses. "The Fourth Estate in an Era of Digitally Mediated Democracy," by Leonard Witt, examines the effects that epochal changes in news delivery are having on the production of credible news and the role that online citizen journalists are playing in overthrowing the traditional journalistic paradigm..

The second part of the anthology, "Shaping the Professions," examines ways in which digital technology is influencing the work lives of communication practitioners. In "Gertrude Stein in QuickTime: Documenting Performance in the Digital Age," Jason Farman chronicles the creation of an interactive CD-ROM by a New York performance troupe. John B. Killoran's "Digitizable Cultural Capital: Anticipations of Profit in the Web Market" applies Pierre Bourdieu's criticism of academic expectations regarding portfolios specifically the new genre of the digitized resume and finds that these expectations can negatively affect the prospects of students who lack the cultural capital necessary to master that genre. In "A Case Study of the Impact of Digital Documentation on Professional Change: The WPA Electronic Mailing List, Knowledge Network, and Community Outreach," Huiling Ding explores how the Writing Program Administrators' electronic mailing list assists them in articulating their work as not merely service but influential acts of professional outreach.

The third part of Complex Worlds, "Building Communities," concerns the remarkable potential of digital technology to deepen our understanding of others and to create communities that expand our 'social lives. In "A South-North Online Collaboration between Professional Writing Students in Tunisia and the United States," Faiza Derbel and Anne R. Richards recount a digitally mediated collaborative project between U.S. and Tunisian classrooms with divergent technological capabilities. In "Meeting Online Friends Offline: A Comparison of South Korean and U.S. College Students' Differences in Self-Construal and Computer-Mediated Communication Preferences," Heeman Kim and William Faux conduct a cross-cultural exploration of computer-mediated communication utilities, uncovering surprising differences and similarities between U.S. and South Korean users of new media and calling into question the lingering Western stereotype of Asians as passive communicators.

The final part of Complex Worlds, "Informing Pedagogy," offers recommendations relevant to digitally informed communication classrooms. In "Teaching Effective Technology Use in Technical and Professional Communication Programs Based in Colleges of the Humanities," Laura McGrath offers pedagogical rationales and strategies for helping students cultivate digital literacy skills, with the goal of enabling meaningful use of technology in a wide range of workplace situations. Rudy McDaniel and Sherry Steward's "Technical Communication Pedagogy and the Broadband Divide: Academic and Industrial Perspectives" explores how the increased availability of broadband Internet service presents academics working in the field of technical communication and practitioners outside of academe the opportunity to leverage the petrol of the new global economy. Aimee Kendall Roundtree's "Sizing Up Single-Sourcing: Rhetorical Interventions for XML Documentation" explains why professional communicators coding in this extensible language must not forget their lessons in rhetoric. Invoking such lessons in the workplace is crucial, Kendall Roundtree argues, if professional communicators are to create documents that truly serve their target audiences.

Complex Worlds offers readers a blend of theoretical and practical content that is sure to capture the attention of professional communicators working in both academic and professional settings. Its eleven chapters, written in clear and engaging scholarly prose, cover an impressively diverse range of subject matter, including agricultural communication, Web 2.0 journalism, Web resumes, and XML authoring for technical communicators. The contributions are remarkably well focused around the major themes addressed in the introduction, covering each of these themes in depth. Readers can expect to walk away with a deep understanding of the complexity of issues such as digital divergence and a broad grasp of various disciplinary, theoretical, and political perspectives on such issues. Amy Koerber, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Technical Communication and Rhetoric, Texas Tech University, Editor, Technical Communication Quarterly
This provocative collection asks us to complicate those machine-is-us mantras of Web 2.0 convergence (and their mirror image in essentializing assumptions about the digital divide) that so far have set the tone for thinking about new media s impact on the classroom or other communities of engaged practice. As a teacher of professional communication, I am excited by the probing questions Complex Worlds raises about digital access, technological literacy and authorship, and online activism, advocacy, and agency. I am also heartened by its many practical applications for producing and/or thinking critically about citizen journalism, online resumes, electronic mailing lists, and collaborative writing projects that can be designed to cross not just classroom but also national and socioeconomic boundaries. I look forward to incorporating this collections insights, examples, and pedagogical challenges into my classes. Ryan Jerving, Visiting Assistant Professor of English, Marquette University
Complex Worlds offers readers a strong sense of the range of issues that occupy the attention of digital technology scholars in English studies. The essays in this collection address such timely concerns as agency, governance, globalization, and cyberactivism. The breadth of the collection is considerable, and readers will be rewarded with a new, distinct perspective in each chapter. Whether interested in digital communication in the professions, distributed collaborations, classrooms, or society more broadly construed, readers will find something in this collection to stimulate their thinking. Mark Zachry, University of Washington

In an era when globalizing markets and digital technologies are transforming culture around the world, readers will find the collection both engaging and timely. Complex Worlds offers them an opportunity to build on their rhetorical awareness by expanding their understanding of the means, aims, and strategies of effective communication today and in the future. The text is especially well suited for advanced courses in professional and applied writing, contemporary rhetorics, and digital culture.

Cooking, Food & Wine

The Improvisational Cook by Sally Schneider (William Morrow)

What happens if you . . .

. . . pair prosciutto with roasted pears?
. . . shave Parmesan on French fries?
. . . add pepper to a chocolate cake?
. . . pan-fry macaroni and cheese?

In The Improvisational Cook, Sally Schneider helps home cooks declare their independence from recipes and set lists of ingredients by offering a more spontaneous way to cook. The secret lies in understanding the internal logic of a recipe and its creative possibilities. Start with an essential dish, such as Caramelized Onions following Schneider's advice, it can become a savory onion jam; a real onion dip; a quick bruschetta topping with anchovies and olives; or a rustic onion soup with dried porcini mushrooms all in just a step or two. The possibilities are endless.

The Improvisational Cook is a collection of appealing, easy recipes; each is a lesson in improvisation, generating other appealing, easy recipes, one cascading from another. Readers learn to prepare a savory lemon jam to go with lamb or veal chops, or turn it into a cake filling. They roast a whole lobster instead of a fish in a salt crust. They add minced rosemary or Earl Grey tea to butter cookie dough. They turn a brownie batter into an elegant, pepper-scented chocolate cake. Schneider gives cooks the know-how to embellish, adapt, change, alter, modify, and experiment in their cooking. Here are the tools and insights everyone needs to find his or her own voice in the kitchen from where to get inspiration, to learning what goes with what, to pantry staples that make improvising easy.

Schneider, a former chef, winner of four James Beard awards and two IACP awards for her books and magazine writing, is the author of A New Way to Cook, recently named one of the Best Food Books of the Decade by the Guardian, and founding editor of The Improvised Life, a lifestyle Web site.

Each main recipe in The Improvisational Cook is a worthy addition to a home cook's repertoire, as well as a perfect jumping-off point from which to improvise. Readers find a section called "Understanding," an analysis of the recipe's internal structure and logic that teaches exactly how it works, along with some suggested elements that readers can play with, alter, adapt, embellish, improvise. The main recipe is followed by a handful of improvisations Schneider created using the basic approach to illustrate some of the possibilities outlined in the "Understanding" section and a bit of the associative process that occurs when improvising. The recipes and improvisations are intentionally simple and made with readily available ingredients. They are meant to show that cooking and improvising are not solely the realm of driven chefs and wildly creative cooks; improvisation is a way the busy everyday cook can quickly get dinner on the table with what is on hand, and with pleasure. Readers can follow the recipes and notated improvisations as written, use them as a foundation to which they add their own flavorings and embellishments, or set out on their own to improvise whatever new idea they've spurred, and see what happens.

In addition, readers find a lot of resource material in The Improvisational Cook: an exploration of The Creative Mind-Set, a section titled Where Does Inspiration Come From? and ways of dealing with Accidents and the Unexpected: how to learn about flavor and what goes with what including A Guide to Classic Flavor Affinities: and tips on organizing the kitchen to make improvising easier with Long-Keeping Staples for Pantry, Refrigerator, and Freezer and (Almost) Essential Equipment.

A Chicago Tribune Best Cookbook

One of the Year's Top Cookbooks Good Morning America

What a triumph. One of the most gifted cooks I know thinks onto the page in a way that cossets the novice while inspiring the old hand to reach to new territory. You will build a reputation on this book and build the kind of confidence few know in the kitchen. Sally Schneider is the master of ease, imagination, and style. Lynne Rossetto Kasper, host of The Splendid Table

Schneider weans home cooks off their training wheels and provides a springboard from which they can leap out of the box, craft their own distinctive dishes, and let their new instinctive and creative juices flow. Mario Batali, legendary chef and Food Network star

As she did in A New Way to Cook, Schneider offers an original, practical and well-executed plan for improvisational cooking experimenting, cooking creatively, playing with ingredients and recipes, and relinquishing total control and allowing an idea to develop organically. She presents ingredient-inspired recipes followed by several improvisations, or variations: a simple Herb Salad morphs into Spring Salad with Pea Shoots, Tarragon, and Chives; Cilantro Salas with Fragrant Peanut or Sesame Oil; Salad of Cress, Pine Nuts, Pears, and Chives; and Doctored Mesclun Salad. The Sage-and-Garlic Popcorn precedes derivatives for Brown Butter Popcorn, Caramelized Shallot Popcorn, Rosemary Popcorn, Smoky Bacon Popcorn and White Truffle Popcorn. Each anchor recipe features an understanding section that explains key ingredients or techniques. For example, a section within the Crackling Corn Bread recipe discusses cornmeal, fats in breads, buttermilk, flavorings and the basic cornbread formula. Readers can then use the ingredients and techniques with confidence and knowledge in myriad ways. Photographs are too few and far between; more images would enhance this volume and inspire experimentation. But overall the format is a creative way to teach readers to think more like chefs. Publishers Weekly, starred review

...teaching the reader to think like a chef. O Magazine

Using The Improvisational Cook, readers learn a way of cooking that's fun, unfussy, fluid, and truly pleasurable. Everyday cooking once routine becomes a creative endeavor. With plenty of encouragement and helpful information, the book is bound to inspire readers own improvisations.

Health, Mind & Body / Psychology & Counseling / Law / Forensics & Criminal Justice

The War Against Domestic Violence edited by Lee Ross (CRC Press)

Violence, including intimate partner violence, is a leading cause of death, disability, and hospitalization in the United States and other regions worldwide. Despite growing awareness, the numbers of reported and unreported incidents continue to rise. Drawing on the contributions of criminal justice practitioners and academic theorists who bring sober insight to a highly charged issue, The War Against Domestic Violence, edited by Lee Ross, associate professor of criminal justice at the University of Central Florida, offers a comprehensive, interdisciplinary study of this phenomenon.

The War Against Domestic Violence is an edited compilation of chapters concerning various aspects of domestic violence and responses of criminal and social justice systems. Included in the volume are topics rarely found in previous texts. These chapters devote considerable attention toward the experiences and perspectives of criminal and social justice practitioners alongside researchers, child welfare workers, and other renowned scholars across disciplines.

Who is at greater risk for intimate partner homicide? What are some differences in the dynamics of domestic violence between heterosexual, homosexual, lesbian, and transgendered populations? How do rates of domestic violence compare across racial and ethnic groups? Do certain ethnic groups share similar risk factors for domestic violence? What happens to police officers who victimize and physically abuse their partner? Are public defenders complicit in female victimization? Do prosecutors sacrifice and de-prioritize victim safety in the interest of a conviction? These questions occupy many of the chapters in The War Against Domestic Violence.

In Part I, "Domestic Violence Across and Within Cultures," answers tend to emerge as readers are exposed to a variety of salient issues unique to certain racial/ethnic/cultural groups where they can draw their own conclusions. In the opening chapter, "An Overview of Intimate Partner Violence Among Latinos," Joanne Klevens suggests that intimate partner violence (IPV) and the likelihood of injury among Latinos are similar to those among others. Unlike some groups, however, much of the driving force behind IPV among Latinos is related to alcohol-drinking patterns and beliefs that approve of IPV. Strategies to correct and alleviate this problem call for culturally sensitive interventions especially those that include a Spanish language component.

In Chapter 2 readers find that the rate of domestic violence is reportedly higher within the African American community, as Tricia Bent-Goodley focuses on the dynamic interplay between victims and the criminal justice system. In "Domestic Violence in the African American Community: Moving Forward to End Abuse," Bent-Goodley asserts there is still a great deal of resistance, distrust, and fear of reaching out to police for assistance.

In Chapter 3, "Domestic Violence in Asian Cultures," Xu and Anderson report that for various reasons, domestic violence within Asian communities is underreported, which tends to blur understanding of its complexity. Concerns about close family ties and harmony within the community may discourage Asian victims from disclosing. Chapter 4 segues into Indian country as Julie C. Abril discourses about "Domestic Violence Among Native Americans," where tribal councils and restorative justice are themes reinforced throughout the chapter.

Part I concludes with a look at domestic violence across continents as Okereke, Racheotes, and Kahler offer Chapter 5, "Domestic Violence in Sub-Saharan Africa." These authors paint a colorful portrait of domestic violence as distinguished from that found in the United States. Five theoretical perspectives are used to explain domestic violence in Sub-Saharan Africa, including weak state status, patriarchy, bias-cultural, economic austerity, and a society in transition.

Part II offers a unique and rarely seen glance into the correlates, causes, and con-textual manifestations of domestic violence. Chapter 6 begins the odyssey as Winton and Rash contribute the appropriately titled "Physical Child Abuse, Neglect, and Domestic Violence: A Case Studies Approach." Here, case studies are used to portray connections between physical child abuse, child neglect, and domestic violence.

Chapter 7, "The Response of Child Welfare Agencies to Domestic Violence," authored by Shepard and Farrell, suggests that child welfare agencies do not always screen for domestic violence. The authors endorse the Greenbook Project as a model program to promote a collaborative community approach for families experiencing child maltreatment and domestic violence. Beyond issues of child abuse, neglect, and maltreatment, Chapter 8, "The Connection Between Domestic Violence and Homelessness," reminds readers of the forgotten victims too often caught up in the collateral damage of violence. Domestic violence is among the leading causes of homelessness for women. What is required, according to Charlene Baker, is the creation of a holistic approach that considers women's simultaneous experiences in order to create a response that supports women as they seek safety and economic stability. Chapter 9, co-authored by Josephine Kahler, Shirley Garick, and Godpower Okereke, is titled "The Relationship Between Substance Abuse and Domestic Violence." The literature suggests that both victims and offenders turn to commonly used substances, such as alcohol, cocaine, cannabis, and other opiates, to cope with stressful situations.

The final two chapters in Part II of The War Against Domestic Violence look at two very unique victims of domestic violence. Chapter 10, Christopher Blackwell's I contribution, is titled "Domestic Violence in Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Persons: Populations at risk." Alluding to the irony of a general lack of scholarly attention shown to domestic violence within the GLBT population, Blackwell asserts that within the general population, up to 10% of individuals identify their sexual orientation as one other than heterosexual. Rounding out this section is another taboo issue in the domestic violence theatre of operations: spouse violence among police officers. In Chapter 11, "Spouse Violence Among Police Officers: Work-Family Linkages," Leanor Boulin Johnson confronts head-on the`unpopular topic of police officers who are domestic violence offenders and female officers who for the most part are victims of domestic violence. Part III of The War Against Domestic Violence constitutes the substance of this work: examining how criminal justice systems. Chapter 12, authored by Cynthia Brown and titled "Domestic Violence Policy: Navigating a Path of Obstacles," takes readers on a historical journey to document and highlight the passage of criminal justice legislation in this area.

In Chapter 13, Robert Magill and Walter Komanski provide an overview of the civil process of obtaining a restraining order in Orange County, Florida. In "Civil Protection Orders Against Domestic Violence: The Fight Against Domestic Violence by Orange County, Florida," readers are given a front-row seat to witness petitioner and respondent concerns with restraining orders. Chapter 14, "Prosecuting Domestic Violence Cases: Issues and Concerns," also authored by Komanski and Magill, attempts to characterize the discretionary processes and the many considerations a prosecutor goes through when prosecuting cases involving domestic violence. In a truly adversarial fashion and to even matters out John Elmore, Esq., opens Chapter 15, "Defending Individuals Charged With`Domestic Violence," representing the defendant. As the title implies, Elmore provides an overview of the process in store for defense attorneys. Beyond issues of prosecution and defense, sentencing and punishing batterers a.k.a. frequent fliers takes on a whole new dimension. What does it take to rehabilitate assuming that is the goal a domestic violence offender? Chapter 16, "Court-Ordered Treatment Programs: An Evaluation of Batterers Anonymous," authored by Rebecca Bonanno, provides answers to this question. Closely related to this subject is the matter of community supervision as presented in Chapter 17, "Community Supervision of Domestic Violence Offenders: Where We Are and Where We Need to Go." Here Lynette Feder provides a historical overview of developments in this area, including the advent of specialized domestic violence courts. Research findings that contradict institutionalized beliefs are often dismissed and leave established practices in place. Chapter 18, "Restorative Approaches to Domestic Violence: The Cornerposts in Action," adds yet another dimension to issues of punishing and rehabilitating offenders. Debra Heath-Thornton examines the potential of restorative justice as a theoretical framework to reduce violence among intimates.

While a restorative justice approach has many redeeming features, few can argue against the age-old adage "an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure." Chapter 19, written by Sarah Keller and A. J. Otjen, outlines and describes a very effective, practical, and proactive approach to raise awareness of and prevent domestic violence. Their chapter, "Creating and Executing an Applied Interdisciplinary Campaign for Domestic Violence Prevention," is the final entry.

Comprehensive, The War Against Domestic Violence provides rare glimpses of topics inadequately covered in the literature, allowing readers to understand and appreciate the complexity of domestic violence while also promoting a variety of effective strategies to combat its continued rise. The multi-layered approach of the volume and the input from expert contributors of varied backgrounds will likely stimulate the interest of a growing and diverse audience. One of its major strengths lies in its ability to inform and promote a contemporary understanding of phenomena that are not only dynamic and complex, but also equally difficult to remedy. Overall, the variety in this volume helps readers appreciate the overwhelming nature of domestic violence and create strategies to combat its continued rise.

History / Americas / Native American / Social Sciences

The Death of Raymond Yellow Thunder and Other True Stories from the Nebraska-Pine Ridge Border Towns by Stew Magnuson, with a foreword by Pekka Hmlinen, with Series Editor John R. Wunder (Plains Histories Series: Texas Tech University Press)

The Death of Raymond Yellow Thunder engages a number of key themes of current scholarship racism, masculinity, construction of cross-cultural spaces, historical memory without the interference of a heavy theoretical apparatus. Refreshingly, Magnuson doesn't place anything between his words and readers. His stories lie bare and thoroughly accessible. Pekka Hmlinen, from the foreword

The long-intertwined communities of the Oglala Lakota Pine Ridge Reservation and the bordering towns in Sheridan County, Nebraska, mark their histories in sensational incidents and quiet human connections, many recorded in detail in The Death of Raymond Yellow Thunder for the first time.
After covering racial unrest in the remote northwest corner of his home state of Nebraska in 1999, journalist Stew Magnuson returned four years later to consider the border towns' peoples, their paths, and the forces that separate them. Examining Raymond Yellow Thunder's death at the hands of four white men in 1972, Magnuson looks deep into the past that gave rise to the tragedy. Situating long-ranging repercussions within 130 years of context, he also recounts the largely forgotten struggles of American Indian Movement activist Bob Yellow Bird and tells the story of Whiteclay, Nebraska, the controversial border hamlet that continues to sell millions of cans of beer per year to the dry reservation.
Within this microcosm of cultural conflict, Magnuson explores the odds against community's power to transcend misunderstanding, alcoholism, prejudice, and violence.

As Pekka Hmlinen says in the foreword to The Death of Raymond Yellow Thunder, the border towns that edge Indian reservations in places like Arizona or Nebraska are plagued by many of the same problems that haunt Tijuana or Matamoros. But while US-Mexico border towns figure prominently in popular culture, their reservation counterparts rarely enter the picture. Although quintessential American places, they are largely forgotten.

Told through layered stories that move back and forth in time and across the physical and mental borders separating Native and white communities, The Death of Raymond Yellow Thunder is not conventional academic history. It is instead about the people drunks and petty criminals, Indian militants and exasperated state officials, journalists and shopkeepers, men, women, and children who occupy these peculiar American places and whose lives and histories have become irrevocably entwined.

The cumulative effect of the numerous individual stories Magnuson tells readers is devastating: they evoke a deep sense of sadness over the destitution, exploitation, fraud, racial hatred, sheer boredom, and alcohol-fueled aggression that permeate the lives of these border peoples. The book's broken temporal composition underlines Magnuson's notion that violence in the Nebraska-Pine Ridge border towns is historically conditioned and structural: the past, and peoples' inability to let go of the past, fuels an endless cycle of violence between Indians and whites even as the social space between the two groups grows narrower. In these stories all the protagonists are multifaceted. flawed, and profoundly human; whether Indians or whites, they all struggle and repeatedly fail to come to terms with each other's presence in their lives.

The Death of Raymond Yellow Thunder spins against the way it drives. Even as the peoples of Sheridan County despise, scorn, exploit, assault, and kill one another, their lives, like objects slipping out of control, become more and more inseparable. Indians and whites coexist and, against all odds, somehow get along, sharing space they really don't want to share. This countercurrent is the source of the many unexpected stories Magnuson brings forth like that of a policeman who cares for a town drunk, an Indian, by regularly locking him up on freezing nights. A deepening interdependency marks the relations between Lakotas and white Nebraskans, and the book draws much of its dramatic thrust from the failure of so many from both sides to accept that fact.

While fixing its focus on the local, The Death of Raymond Yellow Thunder does not ignore the larger developments influencing the history of Nebraska-Pine Ridge border towns. The U.S. government's repeated attempts to dismantle Lakota culture, the shock of the Wounded Knee Massacre in 1890, the crushing poverty and hopelessness of Pine Ridge, the ascendancy of the American Indian Movement in reservations, the climactic 1973 occupation of Wounded Knee, and the post-Wounded Knee dirty war between AIM and Indian activists on the one side and the FBI and U.S. government on the other are all here. Other historians have discussed these events, but the book provides a look into the ways in which they played out at the grassroots level. Magnuson suggests a slow-burning conflict smolders: Nebraska-Pine Ridge border towns are battle zones, where the meaning of sovereignty and peoples' right to defend themselves against external exploitation remain undetermined.

A riveting and intricately textured retelling of a dreadful murder and its long history. Daniel M. Cobb, Western Historical Quarterly

In terms of artistry, The Death of Raymond Yellow Thunder is a grand sweep of history told in the best tradition of literary journalism. Border town inhabitants come to life and past and present merge seamlessly. Carol Berry, Indian Country Today
A model of how local and regional history can and should be written. W. David Baird, Journal of American History
From readers looking for an informative read that flows like a well-written novel to researchers seeking information, this text is a valuable source. Jeanette Palmer, Studies in American Indian Literature

With lots of detail, The Death of Raymond Yellow Thunder provides a rare look at the smoldering conflict between Indians and whites. Magnuson's mission is to reveal the full spectrum of human experience in the border towns' charged cross-cultural spaces, and in that he succeeds beautifully and compellingly. Although the topic is controversial and veiled by distorting layers of historical memory, Magnuson's approach is remarkably balanced. The Death of Raymond Yellow Thunder breaks new ground by bringing the story to the twenty-first century, and in doing so, it reminds readers that although it rarely makes headlines, racial violence between Indians and whites is still here.

Home & Garden / Crafts & Hobbies

Airbrushing and Finishing Scale Models by Brett Green (Modelling Masterclass Series: Osprey Publishing)

A convincing paint finish is essential for any model, be it military or civilian, aircraft, vehicles, figures or even background items such as terrain or buildings and good airbrushing and finishing techniques can be the key to creating a superior model. Over the last few years, huge strides have been made in the development of airbrushes, paints and thinners, hence the need for a new book on airbrushing and finishing scale models.

Airbrushing and Finishing Scale Models provides up-to-date practical information and illustrated techniques to take advantage of the new technologies. Brett Green, editor of HyperScale, explores the world of the airbrush and how to use it, starting with the basics of color and paint fundamentals, moving on to deal with airbrush hardware and essential supplies, and specific airbrushing techniques such as freehand and masking. Green details the prerequisites of airbrushing, including the different types of spray equipment and air sources available, offering advice on appropriate thinners, paint ratios and air pressures to ensure the most appropriate paint coverage across a range of different airbrushing applications. He then examines various airbrushing techniques across a wide range of models. Ten step-by-step, illustrated case studies ranging from heavily weathered military aircraft to pristine, high gloss motor vehicles, science fiction models, fantasy figures, groundwork and buildings complete this in-depth guide to getting the best results on models.

Airbrushing and Finishing Scale Models covers some basic theory early in the book, but the emphasis on painting techniques and plenty of step-by-step case studies. Most of the examples are aircraft models. The book covers cars, tanks, military vehicles and maritime vessels. The book also discusses related tools and supplemental techniques that are often used in tandem with the airbrush.

The book is very well written, with excellent images to illustrate the text. The publication addresses not only the basic skills and techniques that a beginner must learn but also provides a tutorial for the more advanced techniques that a more experienced modeler wishes to tackle. The book is much more than a simple how to with an airbrush and is highly recommended for modelers of all skill levels. Dick Montgomery, IPMS
... this survey is perfect for anyone working with models, and provides an in-depth guide to creating a realistic, solid paint finish for any kind of model... California Bookwatch
Thanks to the copious number of quality color images that accompany each section, those with the will should be able to follow what was done with ease. It is a book that I can highly recommend to you. Scott Van Aken, Modeling Madness

Airbrushing and Finishing Scale Models provides a detailed guide to creating a convincing paint finish for any model. It thoroughly and practically demonstrates the techniques needed to obtain a realistic finish across a broad range of models.

Humanities / Philosophy

Second Manifesto for Philosophy by Alain Badiou (Polity)

Philosophy is everywhere today. But, twenty years ago, Alain Badiou's first Manifesto for Philosophy rose up against the all-pervasive proclamation of the end of philosophy. In lieu of this problematic of the end, he put forward the watchword: one more step.

The situation has considerably changed since then. Philosophy was threatened with obliteration at the time, today it finds itself under threat for the diametrically opposed reason: it is endowed with an excessive, artificial existence. It serves as a trademark for various media pundits. It has its magazines and its gurus. It is universally called upon, by everything from banks to major state commissions, to pronounce on ethics, law and duty. In essence, philosophy has now come to stand for nothing other than its most ancient enemy: conservative ethics.

Badious Second Manifesto for Philosophy seeks to demoralize philosophy and to separate it from all those philosophies that are as servile as they are ubiquitous. Badiou, Emeritus Professor in Philosophy at the cole Normale Suprieure, demonstrates the power of certain eternal truths to illuminate action and, as such, to transport philosophy far beyond the figure of the human and its rights. There, well beyond all moralism, in the clear expanse of the idea, life becomes something radically other than survival.

As explained in the Outline to Second Manifesto for Philosophy, a Manifesto for philosophy philosophically declares the existence of philosophy at a given moment of this existence. It does so according to rules that immanently command a declaration of existence, whatever this may be. The Manifesto's declaration is divided into: Opinion, Appearance, Differentiation, Existence, Mutation, Incorporation, Subjectivation, and Ideation.

1. Opinion. The necessity to philosophically declare the existence of philosophy ensues from opinion's doubting, or even, refuting this. What relevance would such a declaration have otherwise? Accordingly, we must begin with opinion such as it governs the moment when the declaration is necessary. What are opinion's themes, what are its operations and why does it entail a negation of philosophy's existence?

2. Appearance. Since that in question is the existence of philosophy at the present moment and not its intemporal essence, the declaration must duly bear on philosophy's existence in the world, such as it is and not on its presumed transhistorical being. Existence is, however, a category of appearing in a determined world, whereas being is a category of that which constitutes any world regardless of its singularity. Concerned as it is with philosophy's existence here and now, Second Manifesto for Philosophys second heading is Appearance.

3. Differentiation. The conceptual investigation on which the Manifesto rests focuses upon that which, differentiating appearance, marks out its forms and presents within it distinct, even contradictory, objects. The logic of worlds should be thought of as the difference of differences. Hence the third heading: Differentiation.

4. Existence. The Manifesto must show the existential consistency of philosophy today and, in order to do so, philosophy's appearance needs to be identical to the force of its existence. What is it to exist? This is the fourth question, which imposes the heading:

Existence. Once we have defined the category of existence, we'll apply it to the existence of philosophy, comparing its existence in the world today to that orchestrated by the world twenty years ago.

5. Mutation. We must maintain and rationally set out that there are moments such that a fundamental change affects that which organizes the way in which intensities of existence and urgencies of action are distributed. Something literally exists that had previously not existed. The moment of the Manifesto is the moment when that by means of which philosophy is possible `something' appears in the world something which demands philosophical attention and whose appearance is of such a nature that it can be said of this `thing': it was nothing, now it is everything. This forces the fifth heading: Mutation.

6. Incorporation. We can reasonably give the name `bodies' to that which exists in a world. If the `thing' of concern to philosophy surges forth in the world, it does so in the form of a body's becoming. What the Manifesto urges its readers to do, then, is to experiment with this body's existence in such a way that they become aware of why, with this utterly new existence, it is philosophy's reaffirmed existence that is at stake.

7. Subjectivation. Incorporation cannot be reduced to the purely objective dimension of an increased existence of the new body. What is really involved is the orientation of such a body. What are we to understand by `orientation'? While its power can be displayed through a succession of tests and trials, its existence can also be limited, or even denied, it can be made merely the servile copy, or even the enemy, of a sacralized, extraworldly Body. Being a matter of how one conducts one's life with regard to whatever comes to pass, these variants of the relation between individuals and the new body are at the very core of philosophical examination. These are variants of Subjectivation.

8. Ideation. The ultimate philosophical theme is that of the Idea, individuals can picture themselves as giving impetus to the new body. This is the answer to philosophy's ultimate question: what is a life worthy of the name? The Second Manifesto for Philosophy reaffirms, under the conditions of the present, that philosophy can give an answer, or at least the form of an answer, to this question. The imperative of the world, which is the imperative of short-lived pleasures, simply sets down: 'Live only for your satisfaction, and live, therefore, without Idea.' Against this abolition of life-thought, philosophy declares that to live is to act so that there is no longer any distinction between life and Idea. This indiscernibility of life and Idea is called: Ideation.

With his characteristic taste for polemic, economy of expression and relentless cheerfulness, Badiou offers a loud counterblast against contemporary scientism and sophism. Against what he sees as the democratic materialism of the age, Badiou pits a materialist dialectic at the service of the Idea. The second manifesto is invigorating reading. Simon Critchley, New School for Social Research

Badiou's Second Manifesto for Philosophy makes a lucid and compelling demand for philosophy to return from media distraction to its genuine calling. Opposing all moralizing acquiescence in an intolerable global status quo, Badiou reminds us that philosophical thought is, in essence, a quest for universality. The thinker's task is to make sense of truths whose upsurge and impact cuts across space and time. In this sense, far from toying with relativism, the philosopher must be committed to the disciplined work of soldering together separated worlds. Peter Dews, University of Essex

The conclusion to Second Manifesto for Philosophy inspires readers: after this comes the moment to conclude: to live as an Immortal, as the Ancients sought to, is, whatever one may say, within the reach of anyone. A brave new philosophy, Badiou does it again!

Law / Politics / Social Sciences

Storied Communities: Narratives of Contact and Arrival in Constituting Political Community edited by Hester Lessard, Rebecca Johnson and Jeremy Webber (UBC Press)

Political communities are defined and often contested through stories and storytelling. Scholars have long recognized that two foundational sets of stories narratives of contact and narratives of arrival helped to define settler societies. We are only beginning to understand how ongoing issues of migration and settlement are linked to issues of indigenous-settler contact.

In Storied Communities, scholars from multiple disciplines disrupt the assumption in many works that indigenous and immigrant identities fall into two separate streams of analysis. The authors do not attempt to build a new master narrative they instead juxtapose narratives of contact and arrival as they explore key themes: the nature and hazards of telling stories in the political realm; the literary, ceremonial, and identity-forming dimensions of the narrative form; actual narratives of contact and arrival; and the institutional and theoretical implications of foundation narratives and storytelling. In the process, they deepen our understanding of the role of narrative in community and nation building.

Editors Hester Lessard and Rebecca Johnson are professors of law at the University of Victoria and Jeremy Webber holds the Canada Research Chair in Law and Society at the University of Victoria and is also a Trudeau Fellow. Contributors to Storied Communities include: Kim Anderson, Bain Attwood, Michael Asch, Brenna Bhandar, J. Edward Chamberlin, Susan Bibler Coutin, Donald Galloway, Anne Godlewska, Sneja Gunew, Johnny Mack, Audrey Macklin, Martha Nandorfy, Jacinta Ruru, Blanca Schorcht, S. Ronald Stevenson, Patricia Tuitt, and Richard Van Camp. The contributions in the volume draw on Canadian, Australian, Aotearoa/ New Zealand, and American experiences.

Communities are constituted partly through narratives about their origins. This is especially and most obviously true of national communities, which assemble stories as a means of consolidating a vision or imagined community. These narratives position people in relation to each other, communities, and the state through discourses about citizenship, sovereignty, and belonging. The overarching purpose of Storied Communities is to examine the relation between two foundational sets of narratives that continue to shape settler societies namely, narratives of contact and of arrival.

This book is the second produced under the umbrella of the Consortium on Democratic Constitutionalism (Demcon), an international and inter-disciplinary network of scholars whose work engages with fundamental questions pertaining to constitutional theory, design, and practice. The first volume, Between Consenting Peoples: Political Community and the Meaning of Consent, delves into the adequacy of consent as the foundation of political community and explores alternative ways in which consent might be conceived. This second book shifts the focus to the role of narrative, of storytelling, in the formation and shaping of political community. The editors aspiration is to inquire into the nature and texture of the narratives that have shaped, sometimes clearly and sometimes in hidden or bewildering ways, understandings of political community in settler societies. Moreover, the editors have complicated the nonindigenous by foregrounding narratives of arrival and their uneasy positioning between those of the already settled and those of the indigen. This key juxtaposition, of narratives of contact with those of arrival, casts new light on the role of stories in shaping membership, belonging, inclusion, and collective self-definition. Too often, scholars of the transnational subject (the migrant, the refugee, the guest worker) and scholars of indigenous struggles operate in separate worlds despite sharing many of the same questions about the nature of political community indeed, despite focusing on communities that are characterized by both indigenous presence and successive arrivals.

In juxtaposing these narratives, the editors do not aspire to create an overarching story to which everyone agrees. Rather, the aim is to complicate our purchase on the world by embarking on a project that entails not the erasure of histories, either indigenous or nonindigenous, but the recasting and repositioning of the stories that comprise our histories. Juxtaposition is illuminating, given that our current politics are simultaneously profoundly inter-connected and profoundly fractured.

Storied Communities is divided into seven parts. The book begins with "Narratives of Contact and Arrival in the Canadian Political Space; in which the authors introduce the book's key themes. In Chapter 2, Michael Asch retells the origin story that characterizes many popular conceptions of the foundation of the Canadian state as well as their legal analogues, the doctrines of discovery and terra nullius. This is a story of arrival namely, the arrival of Europeans in a land they considered vacant and unoccupied at law. As Asch points out, the land was not only populated with myriad indigenous political communities but densely overlaid with their stories. For Audrey Macklin, in Chapter 3, stories of arrival are similarly crucial in elucidating the nature of the Canadian political community. She focuses on the 1914 arrival of the Komagata Marts in Vancouver Harbour and on the legal proceedings this set in motion to determine whether the ship's 376 Indian passengers, who hoped to settle in Canada, were admissible or not, as it turned out. Chapter 4, by Brenna Bhandar, finishes this part of Storied Communities with a direct confrontation of the paradox underlying this literature. Bhandar agrees with the argument that modernist conceptions of sovereignty and the sovereign subject have little purchase in a contemporary politics in which power is diffuse rather than centralized and in which property, resources, and even sovereignty itself are deterritorialized. However, she questions whether post-colonial critiques of sovereignty provide the conceptual ground for building a more just post-colonial order.

Part 3, "Narratives and Narrative Form;" begins with a piece by Richard Van Camp, a storyteller and writer from the Dogrib (Tlicho) Nation whose work fuses Euro-Canadian literary conventions with the tropes and styles of indigenous oral traditions. This is followed, in Chapter 6, by a conversation between Blanca Schorcht and Van Camp in which Van Camp reflects on his craft and on the relation between the imaginary communities of his fictional work and the communities of the Northwest Territories in which he grew up. Diasporic communities are the focus of Chapter 7. In it, Sneja Gunew, brings readers attention to the way in which traditional stories in such communities can imprison and confine marginalized members such as women. Chapter 8, by J. Edward Chamberlin, concludes Part 3 with an exploration of how language and stories grounded in the local simultaneously divide and connect us. By focusing on the ceremonial dimension of storytelling and on the dimension of wonder Chamberlin argues that stories can open up common ground rather than closing people off from each other.

Parts 4 and 5 examine narratives of contact and of arrival respectively. In Chapter 9, Anne Godlewska introduces the theme of Part 4 by juxtaposing seventeenth-century Jesuit accounts of eastern North American indigenous peoples with two contemporary works of fiction, one by Thomas King and the other by Daniel David Moses. Godlewska seeks to demonstrate how indigenous people talked back in the Jesuit accounts and how that talking back has been taken up and reinvigorated in the later stories, thereby disrupting imperial authority and offering a way to envision a future. In Chapter 10, Kim Anderson explores the often toxic intertwining of sexual violence and conquest expressed in shifting images of indigenous women's bodies in popularized narratives of contact. In Chapter 11, Bain Attwood examines contact narratives in the Australian context, focusing on how settler histories shift over time and are as much about forgetting as remembering. Finally, in Chapter 12, Jacinta Ruru moves readers focus to Aotearoa/New Zealand and the stories that layer the landscape, particularly mountainous landscapes. Through her discussion of narrative constructions of one particular mountain, Tongariro, Ruru concludes that, although contemporary legal stories attempt to retell the meaning of such landscapes in terms of a partnership, as yet this retelling has not been accompanied by a shift in power or the recognition of Maori claims.

Part 5 picks up the theme of the doctrine of discovery with Chapter 13, in which Patricia Tuitt reveals how the old modes of colonial governance and assumptions about civilized and backward polities have shaped the development of the European Union. Tuitt argues that invocations of the new Europe cast the refugee in the role of the outsider who is too contaminated by antecedent (and despised) conceptions of political community to be included in the new European Union. The uneasy positioning of the migrant subject is also the focus of Chapter 14, by Susan Bibler Coutin. Drawing on a series of interviews, she examines the insider/outsider status of El Salvadorans who moved to the United States as small children and spent the bulk of their lives there. In doing so, Coutin sheds light on the complexities of conceptions of citizen, self, and state produced through emigration.

Part 6 of Storied Communities is titled "Institutional Implications: How Would We Do Things Differently If We Took Narrative Seriously?" It opens with Chapter 15 in which S. Ronald Stevenson takes up this issue in relation to Aboriginal rights. He examines the Supreme Court of Canada's Aboriginal rights jurisprudence. Although much work remains to be done, Stevenson sees the encounter with narratives playing a productive role. In Chapter 16, Johnny Mack also centers on indigenous rights but is more skeptical in his assessment of current institutional responses. Mack draws on an extended conversation with Wickaninnish, a senior member of the Nuu-chah-nulth people, to reflect upon the limited political and legal responses available to indigenous peoples with respect to the current treaty process in British Columbia. Part 6 closes with Chapter 17, by Donald Galloway, who shifts focus to the current immigration and refugee regime in Canada. Galloway parses transformations in the refugee determination process that fail to understand the distinction between the oral and the written, between stories about experiences and stories that are recitals of key events and dates, and the contradiction between the demand for such incident reports and credibility determinations that view resemblances to previous claims with suspicion.

Part 7, "Theoretical Implications: Where Do We Go from Here?" consists of an essay by Martha Nandorfy that reflects on the themes of Storied Communities and some of the key questions raised. Nandorfy contrasts indigenous and non-indigenous modes of storytelling, urging readers to resist the idea that there is a level playing field for narrative. Rather, narrative can be deployed to reinforce domination or as a counter-hegemonic, liberatory act.

Nandorfy's reflections echo Boaventura de Sousa Santos' emphasis on the importance of taking seriously, and carefully attending to, the ways of knowing of indigenous peoples and the global South, including the genres and styles through which that knowing is expressed. The alternative, the abyssal thinking of Western modernity and dominant conceptions of law, is premised on the assumption that nonindigenous Western knowledge is the only true knowledge, thereby erasing, by definition, all that exists on the other side of the line.

Delightfully original and daring ... Storied Communities presents the most original and challenging uses of narrative methodology as a tool for legal and political analysis. Constance MacIntosh, Faculty of Law, Dalhousie University

It is neither easy nor commonplace in contemporary Canada to realize a coming together of storytellers and scholars immersed in Aboriginal identities on one hand and recent immigrant identities on the other. That is what this book promises and largely delivers. Shauna Van Praagh, Faculty of Law, McGill University

By bringing to light the links between narratives of contact and narratives arrival, Storied Communities, an innovative volume, opens up new ways to imagine, sustain, and transform political communities.

Law / Social Sciences

Drugs, Society and Criminal Justice (3rd Edition) by Charles F. Levinthal (Prentice Hall)

Unique in approach, Drugs, Society and Criminal Justice (3rd Edition), by Charles F. Levinthal, Hofstra University, examines drug use, drug misuse, and drug abuse from a criminal justice perspective. Building on sociological theory, it explores the social problems associated with drug use and the theoretical reasons for drug use and abuse. Moving beyond a sociological focus, it delves into the complex relationship between drug-taking behavior and crime. Discussion-starting features spotlight prominent figures, drug trafficking realities, and life-saving information as the book explores how drug use and abuse impact the criminal justice system.

This is the only general textbook on drug use and abuse with a specific orientation toward crime and criminal justice concerns. It is an adaptation of Levinthals Drugs, Behavior, and Modern Society, 5th edition, the third edition of this successful, widely-regarded, highly readable and pedagogy-oriented textbook. It is oriented to the psychological and sociological aspects of drug-taking behavior in contemporary life.

The goal is to introduce the basic facts and major issues concerning drug-taking behavior in a straightforward, comprehensive, up-to-date, and reader-friendly manner. The only requirement is a sense of curiosity about the range of chemical substances that affect our minds and our bodies and an interest in the challenges these substances bring to the public health and public safety of our society as well as to our daily lives.

Portrait features shine the spotlight on a contemporary or historical figure who has had an impact on issues of drug abuse and the criminal justice system related to illicit drugs.

Drugs in Focus features provide historical, contemporary, and future-oriented 'side-bar' discussion-provoking topics.

New to the 3rd edition of Drugs, Society and Criminal Justice:

  • The chapter on Drugs and Crime and the chapter on Drugs and the Criminal Justice System, now shifted to earlier placements in the text (Chapters 5 and 6), thus providing a clearer focus on issues of drug taking behavior as they pertain to the criminal justice system.
  • Information about recent legislative and regulatory developments having an impact on drug-taking behavior. Examples include the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act of 2009 (giving the FDA authority to regulate the sale and manufacture of tobacco products) and Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act of 2008 (allowing reimbursements for substance abuse treatment to be on a par with the treatment of physical disorders).
  • New updated Portraits of individuals who have impacted or been impacted by drug use and abuse in America. Examples include From Oxy to Heroin: The Life and Death of Erik (Chapter 1), Ryan Haight and the Ryan Haight Act of 2008 (Chapter 2), and Dr. A. Thomas McLellan Reframing National Drug Policy (Chapter 16).
  • New Drugs . . . in Focus features, including Understanding Drug Names (Chapter 1), Measuring the Impact of Drugs on our Society (Chapter 2), and Abraham, Depression, and those little blue pills (Chapter 3).
  • New text discussion on odds ratios with regard to risk and protective factors (Chapter 4), changes in mandatory minimum sentence guidelines and implementation of the RICO statute in the prosecution of drug traffickers (Chapter 6), and the nonmedical use of stimulant medications in baseball (Chapter 12).
  • Drug Trafficking Update features with the latest information about trends in the international drug trade as they impact upon drug-taking behavior in America. Sources include the 2009 and 2010 Drug Threat Assessment Reports, published by the Drug Intelligence Center, U.S. Department of Justice.
  • Updated statistical information from the 2009 Monitoring the Future survey of drug use among secondary school and college students as well as young adults. There is also information from the 2008 Drug Abuse Warning Network survey and 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health.
  • Expanded discussion of concepts, such as odds ratios in the understanding of risk factors and protective factors for drums taking behavior (Chapter 4), sensitivity and specificity in the understanding of drug testing (Chapter 12), and criteria for evaluations of substance abuse prevention and treatment interventions (Chapter 16).
  • Inclusion of current information about Salvia divinorum abuse among high school students. According to the 2009 Monitoring the Future survey, six percent of high school seniors reported using Salvia in the past year. The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) has considered recommending that Salvia, presently a legal commodity, be classified as a Schedule I controlled substance.

As readers proceed through Drugs, Society and Criminal Justice, a central theme is apparent: The array of social problems associated with drug-taking behavior in America today extends beyond the use of illicit street drugs such as heroin, cocaine, amphetamines, hallucinogens, and marijuana (Chapters 7-10). It is important also to address the problems associated with legally available drugs such as alcohol and nicotine (Chapters 13-15), as well as a variety of depressants (Chapter 11), performance-enhancing drugs (Chapter 12), and (when used for nonmedical purposes) prescription and nonprescription (over-the-counter) drugs such as Adderall, Ritalin, Vicodin, and OxyContin (Chapters 1, 7, and 8).

Drugs, Society and Criminal Justice addresses the entire range of drugs used and abused in contemporary society. The complex relationship between drug-taking behavior and crime as well as the challenges of contending with drug-taking behavior within a system of criminal justice are covered in Chapters 5 and 6, respectively.

In the third edition, a particular emphasis has been placed on the impact that new laws and regulations have had on drug-taking behavior and drug policy in the United States. The effects have been significant for millions of Americans. As a result of the Ryan Haight Online Pharmacy Consumer Protection Act of 2008, there are strict regulations over access to prescription drugs via the Internet. It is far more difficult now to obtain prescription drugs through unregulated and unsupervised online services. As a result of the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act of 2009, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) now has regulatory authority over the manufacture and sales of tobacco products. As a result of the Parity Act of 2009, drug-abuse treatment expenses are now reimbursed on a par with the reimbursement of expenses for the treatment of physical disorders. As a result of the Fair Sentencing Act of 2010, the gap has been reduced between the federal penalties for the possession of powder cocaine and possession of crack cocaine.

I found the text to be engrossing and packed with information presented in a factual and balanced view. The author, Dr. Levinthal, has the ability to present complex material in an easy-to-read style that makes it quite digestible and understandable to the reader. Frank E. Norton, Bowie State University

Drugs, Society and Criminal Justice is the most up-to-date material of any drugs and alcohol textbook. The sixteen Portrait features, which take readers into the lives of individuals who have either influenced our current thinking about drugs and society or have been influenced by circumstances of drug use and abuse offer an engaging insight into the impact of drug-taking behavior on history and on contemporary life in America and put a human face on the discussion of drugs, society, and criminal justice. They remind readers that throughout Drugs, Society and Criminal Justice they are dealing with issues that affect real people in all walks of life, both past and present.

Literature & Fiction

Separate Beds: A Novel by Elizabeth Buchan (Viking)

The New York Times prizewinning and bestselling author Elizabeth Buchan is beloved for capturing the concerns and joys of contemporary women. In Separate Beds she tracks the ebb and flow of family, fortune and love that is familiar to so many.

Separate Beds is a story of economic breakdown and romantic recovery. Annie's life isn't perfect. But her marriage to Tom, her children, and her work give ballast to her life. With the country in the early stages of an economic crisis, Annie knows she has no right to complain. Tom and Annie's kids have grown up, the mortgage is doable, and they're about to get a gorgeous new, state-of-the-art French stove.

As words like foreclosure, cutback, and recession start making their way into the news more and more, Tom and Annie feel they can rest easy since they are both gainfully employed and have finally seen the last of their three children into adulthood.

But beneath the veneer of professional success and domestic security, their marriage is crumbling, eaten away by years of resentment and loneliness, and they've settled into simply being two strangers living under the same roof. Daughter Mia's dramatic exit from their family life has left Tom and Annie wounded and estranged from each other. In the wake of Mia's absence, Tom has moved across the hall to Mia's old bedroom.

Their isolation deepens when Tom is unceremoniously booted from the job he adores as a hard-hitting radio producer. Tom had his suspicions that something was amiss at the office, but the news catches Annie completely off guard and she's shocked Tom didn't share his concerns with her. Simultaneously with Tom losing his job, their son returns home and Tom's mother moves in with them. With no room left to sleep in separate beds, Tom and Annie have no choice but sleep together.

As their world shrinks, Tom and Annie in Separate Beds are forced closer together, and the chaos around them threatens to sweep away their bitterness and frustration, refreshing and possibly restoring the love that had been lying beneath all along. And life in close quarters will either be their undoing or will inspire them to give their marriage, and their hearts, another chance.

The prolific Buchan (Revenge of the Middle-Aged Woman) paints an achingly touching portrait of a marriage and family in crisis, hobbled by economic recession and long-buried emotions. For middle-class Londoners Annie and Tom Nicholson she's a hospital administrator, he's a BBC exec the abrupt departure of their eldest daughter, Mia ("I won't be forgiving you and Dad anytime soon," she writes), exposes more than the fissures between parents who've drifted apart. It puts unbearable strain on Mia's twin, Jake, a single parent with a foundering business, and sister Emily, a struggling writer.... Here's a textured, layered story of love that builds on trust, founders on lies, and then finally discovers something to believe in. Buchan masterfully captures the Nicholsons' personal story with her richly drawn characters and makes it reflect all of our own frazzled and salvageable lives. Publishers Weekly

Tom and Annie are an unhappy, middle-aged British couple whose emotional and physical connection has dried up due to repressed resentments and secrets, both usual and unusual. Central to the couples unhappiness is their missing daughter, Mia, whose disappearance is at first treated so mysteriously that the reader has the feeling of having started the book in the middle. As the scenes shift between past and present, the trajectory of a marriage is effectively illustrated. Several very recent novels, including Lynn Schnurbergers The Best Laid Plans (2011) and Carol Edgarians Three Stages of Amazement (2011), use the current economic collapse as a starting point for looking at modern marriage. Like chick lit and mommy lit, perhaps the trend will soon deserve its own name: recessionist lit. Marta Segal Block, Booklist

In Separate Beds, Buchan captures the frictions and joys of contemporary womanhood, tackling the complexities of home life during an economic recession with refreshing levity and frank insights. Buchan's talent for pitch-perfect rendering of the jubilation and trials that swirl through the modern family is in full display in this timely, warm, and funny novel. Her prose will resonate with readers grappling with dilemmas and transitions of their own.

Literature & Fiction / Historical

Under Siege by Edward Marston (Captain Rawson Series: Allison & Busby)

Under Siege is Captain Daniel Rawson's most dangerous adventure yet. The author of the series is Edward Marston, a full-time writer who has worked in radio, film, television and the theatre, former Chairman of the Crime Writers Association, and also author of the Railway Detective Series.

In the wake of the resounding victory at the Battle of Oudenarde, career soldier Captain Daniel Rawson must take a leading role in the Allies' new strategy to strike deeper into French Flanders and lay siege to Lille, the `pearl of fortresses'.

Daniel fights alongside the Duke of Marlborough, whose position and safety abroad are threatened by politicians in England plotting his downfall. Meanwhile, he must contend with a new rival for his beloved, the beautiful Amalia Janssen. A dangerous admirer is determined to seduce her, even if he has to have Daniel murdered before he can do so and he must rescue his comrade-in-arms, Henry Welbeck and avoid capture by ruthless French soldiers.

While the dashing Eugene, Prince of Savoy, is put in command of the siege, Daniel is sent to steal vital plans from inside Lille. Only partially successful, he has to return to the city to rescue his accomplice, the effervescent Rachel Rees.

The Duke of Marlborough, meanwhile, finds his position as captain-general threatened by political enemies back in England. He is not helped by his wife Sarah, whose forthrightness has soured her hitherto close friendship with Queen Anne.

As the weather worsens and Lille's famed defenses appear to be holding, Daniel has to fight against one of his own allies, dwindling supplies, weakening morale, French patrols and a hired assassin. He must battle bravely on or risk losing everything in Under Siege.

Abrim with heroism, tenderness, chicanery and suspense, while crisply evoking a vivid picture of the era. Kirkus Reviews

Marston is at his best writing about amiable heroes and hissable villains having some good-humoured adventures in an entertaining plot. Historical Novels Review

An enthralling and accomplished historical adventure. Good Book Guide

Once again Marston has created a credible atmosphere within an intriguing story. Sunday Telegraph

An entertaining romp

Mesmerising ... will appeal to lovers of history. Wales on Sunday

Under Siege is another delightful adventure in the Captain Rawson Series featuring great characters and historical accuracy.

Literature & Fiction / US / Native American

Deep Waters: The Textual Continuum in American Indian Literature by Christopher B. Teuton (University of Nebraska Press)

Weaving connections between indigenous modes of oral storytelling, visual depiction, and contemporary American Indian literature, Deep Waters demonstrates the continuing relationship between traditional and contemporary Native American systems of creative representation and signification. Christopher B. Teuton, associate professor of English at the University of Denver, begins with a study of Mesoamerican writings, Din sand paintings, and Haudenosaunee wampum belts. He proposes a theory of how and why indigenous oral and graphic means of recording thought are interdependent, their functions and purposes determined by social, political, and cultural contexts.

Deep Waters introduces a theory of Native American signification organized around three interrelated theoretical concepts: the oral impulse, the graphic impulse, and the critical impulse. This book demonstrates how crucial twentieth- and twenty-first-century literary texts develop a sustained and illuminating critique of the relationship between tradition and modernity through their conceptual and thematic explorations of indigenous traditions of oral and graphic forms of communication. Native American literature, according to Teuton, continues a sophisticated Indigenous critical practice that explores the roles of the individual and the community in the context of survivance, balance, harmony, and peace, among other tribally specific values. The center of Deep Waters consists of extended readings of four texts that embody this critical and cultural project in different ways. Two of the writers, N. Scott Momaday (Kiowa) and Gerald Vizenor (Anishinaabe), are well known to students of Native literature, while Ray A. Young Bear (Meskwaki) and Robert J. Conley (Cherokee) have received relatively little critical attention.

The critical vocabulary of Teutons study critiques and decenters the standard definitions of orality and literacy that provide a structuring binary common to Native American literary studies. After exposing the ideological nature of oral-literate theoretical definitions of orality and literacy, he draws on the work of Jacques Derrida to critique the way writing as recorded speech has been valued as the most technologically advanced, clearest, most efficient mode of signifying. As Derrida argues convincingly, no form of communication is inherently more clear, present, or truthful than another. The privileging of writing as recorded speech has led to the perception that context-dependent forms of signification, such as Native American oral and graphic traditions, are less culturally advanced. This privileging has contributed to the historical and political subjugation of Native communities by characterizing them as oral, nonliterate peoples. In doing so it has blinded scholars to the ways oral and graphic traditions function in inter-dependent ways in the expression of indigenous knowledge. Seen in this context it is not surprising that the writers Teuton studies view the theoretical issues surrounding orality and literacy as a central concern of their work.

As a starting point Teuton explores the ways oral and graphic forms of communication functioned relationally in three Indigenous cultures. Building on an interdisciplinary body of scholarship, he argues that Native cultures and literature share three basic commitments: (1) to develop new knowledge in relation to a dynamically changing group experience; (2) to maintain necessary knowledge for posterity and to share that knowledge; and (3) to critique both the contents of and the process leading to that knowledge. As Native signification critiques the relationship between what he calls the oral impulse and the graphic impulse, it draws on a sensibility, which he refers to as the critical impulse, which is not dependent on a particular form of expression.

Deep Waters begins with an extended discussion of the origin and significance of the three impulses. The oral and graphic build on the premise that oral discourses are living forms of cultural knowledge, kept alive in the memory of members of a group; graphic discourses record tradition for posterity, to live beyond the lives of those who record them. The oral impulse emphasizes a relational and experiential engagement with the world through sound-based forms of communication. Although oral modes of communication are not inherently more present than graphic forms, they offer the potential for a more direct social engagement, if only because a speaker and a listener must be within earshot of one another. The oral impulse is the impulse communities and individuals feel as the need to create and maintain knowledge in relatively direct response to one another and to a rapidly changing world. The graphic impulse, on the other hand, expresses a desire for the permanent recording of cultural knowledge in formats that will allow for recollection and study. In contrast to oral discourses, graphic discourses aspire to be expressed in lasting formats. Graphic discourses change in time, as do oral discourses, but they do so more slowly and in response to the oral discourses with which they engage.

Aware of both the insights and the blindness of the oral and the graphic impulses, the critical impulse is always balancing, but never creating a static balance. The critical impulse is always undercutting, always making messes, always disrupting things when they seem to be functioning well enough. But it is precisely when things seem stable, seem natural, that they must be questioned by an infusion of knowledge from discourses that will undercut smug satisfaction. The critical impulse arises out of a context of community consciousness, and it responds to the oral and graphic communicative needs of a community for survivance.

The dynamic balance between oral and graphic discourses on the textual continuum was ultimately disrupted by Euro-American colonialism and the privileging of alphabetic writing. However, oral, graphic, and critical discourses continue to be expressed in Indigenous communities, just as wampum, sand-painting, and the Aztec calendar continue to serve their communities. Because writing is unrivaled as the discursive mode with which Native Americans have faced colonialism, it is through this very medium that graphic dominance is most actively disrupted. Writing has been a tool of both colonialism and survivance. By incorporating the oral impulse within a historically graphic mode of communication, American Indian literature negotiates the tensions between the oral and the graphic, inviting readers and their communities to enliven their own critical impulses in the process.

Deep Waters demonstrates through critical readings of key contemporary narratives that Native American writers have been identifying and exploring the effects of the legacy of imbalances between the oral, graphic, and critical impulses and their effects on Native American life. Embedding images of dialogue and storytelling (both key elements of the oral impulse) in their ostensibly graphic texts, the works of the writers he discusses explore the relationships between the oral and the graphic in ways that open spaces within which the critical impulse can flourish.

Chapter 1 explains the textual continuum in depth and offer examples of how the oral and graphic impulses have functioned in Native American traditions of signification. In the remaining four chapters Teuton addresses a diverse range of canonical and less well-known Native American writers and narrative texts, analyzing their self-conscious examination of the purposes and roles of oral and graphic traditions. Chapter 2 presents a reading of the classic The Way to Rainy Mountain, N. Scott Momaday's most philosophically and structurally complex work. Teuton demonstrates how Momaday's narrator confronts the colonialism of literate-based epistemological frameworks by reclaiming his Kiowa self in an embrace of Kiowa oral traditional knowledge. Chapter 3 offers a reading of another canonical work, Gerald Vizenor's controversial trickster novel, Bearheart: The Heirship Chronicles. One of the most influential and least critically understood Native American texts, Bearheart, does not advocate the subversion of all values, but aims to invigorate the critical impulse as trickster discourse by undercutting graphically dominant value systems that evade the fluidity of oral epistemologies. Chapter 4 offers in-depth readings of Ray A. Young Bear's Black Eagle Child: The Facepaint Narratives and Remnants of the First Earth, two of the most conceptually erudite and culturally rooted narrative works of Native American literature ever published. Universally admired but virtually ignored by critics for the structural, mythical, and social complexity of his writing, Young Bear's paired prose works portray the act of writing as a form of artistic mediation, a heuristic through which his protagonist, Edgar Bearchild, works out complicated sociocultural changes in a Native community. Chapter 5 examines one of the most ambitious series of Native American novels, Robert J. Conley's Real People series. Charting Cherokee life from pre-contact times through forced removal to Indian Territory in 1839, Conley's works of popular fiction foreground the tensions between oral traditions and Cherokee writing while recreating historical narratives as a means of reclaiming tribal histories. Teuton argues that these writers and their texts are redefining the concept of literary interpretation from within social, community-based concepts.

Through their exploration of the discursive relationships between oral and graphic forms, the history of Native textual expression as well as contemporary American Indian literature have been teaching listeners and readers about the role of interpretation in American Indian experience. Interpretation, these works have been telling us, is not strictly an individualistic affair, but is also a socially located and socially constructed process on the textual continuum.

Deep Waters gives critics and other readers a chance to dive into deep waters. Through a textually grounded exploration of what Teuton calls the oral impulse, the graphic impulse, and the critical impulse, readers are shown how and why various types of contemporary Native literary production are interrelated and draw upon long-standing indigenous methods of creative representation. Teuton breaks down the disabling binary of orality and literacy, offering a cogent, historically informed theory of indigenous textuality that allows for deeper readings of Native American cultural and literary expression.

Nature / Ecology / Biographies & Memoirs / Ornithologists

Ghost Birds: Jim Tanner and the Quest for the Ivory-billed Woodpecker, 1935-1941 by Stephen Lyn Bales and Nancy Tanner (The University of Tennessee Press)

Ghost Birds by Stephen Lyn Bales brought back many wonderful memories of my husband, Jim Tanner, and the magnificent ivory-billed woodpecker. Lyn's book brought back a flood of memories of those rivers and swamps, people and places. But the entire book is an adventure. Ghost Birds details life in a bottomland swamp, Jim's notes on the ivory-billed woodpecker, and many amusing events and humorous problems. And he also relates the historical events in the world that coincided with and affected the ivory-bill studies. He does all this because Lyn is not only an excellent naturalist with the soul of a poet, but also a historian, a tireless researcher, a skillful writer, and a man who reads widely. So I am delighted with his book, Ghost Birds, which is very interesting, accurate, informative, and easy to read. Nancy Tanner, from the foreword

In 1935 naturalist James T. Tanner (1914-1991) was a twenty-one-year-old graduate student when he saw his first ivory-billed woodpecker, one of Americas rarest birds, in a remote swamp in northern Louisiana. At the time, he was part of an ambitious expedition traveling across the country to record and photograph as many avian species as possible, a trip organized by Arthur Allen, founder of the famed Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Two years later, Tanner hit the road again, this time by himself and in search of only one species the ever-elusive ivory-bill. Sponsored by Cornell and the Audubon Society, Tanners work would result in some of the most extensive field research ever conducted on the magnificent woodpecker.

Drawing on Tanners personal journals and written with the cooperation of his widow, Nancy, Ghost Birds recounts the scientists dogged quest for the ivory-bill as he chased down leads in eight southern states. With Stephen Lyn Bales, naturalist at the Ijams Nature Center in Knoxville as their guide, readers experience the same awe and excitement that Tanner felt when he returned to the Louisiana wetland he had visited earlier and was able to observe and document several of the ghost birds including a nestling that he handled, banded, and photographed at close range. Investigating the ivory-bill was particularly urgent because it was a fast-vanishing species, the victim of indiscriminant specimen hunting and widespread logging that was destroying its habitat. As sightings became rarer and rarer in the decades following Tanners remarkable research, the bird was feared to have become extinct. Since 2005, reports of sightings in Arkansas and Florida made headlines and have given new hope to ornithologists and bird lovers, although extensive subsequent investigations have yet to produce definitive confirmation.

In the fall of 2005, over one of their lunches, Nancy Tanner was voicing her concern that her husbands legacy, his fieldwork, his long hours researching the ivory-billed woodpecker might not be remembered as it should be; and although his 1942 book about the species is still in print, still considered the bible on the subject, still often quoted, she worried that his hard work of more than seventy years ago might somehow be forgotten.

"Oh," Bales quotes himself as saying. "Someone needs to write a book about Jim." And almost as soon as he said the words, he knew the obvious truth. "And that someone should be me!"

Historically, despite their reclusiveness and the remote, swampy environs they call home, the ivory-billed woodpecker has always drawn attention to itself. In 1731 the English naturalist Mark Catesby provided the world with the first published description, giving the bird the cumbersome name 'Largest White-Bill Wood-Pecker,' adding that the bill was "white as ivory." But soon after the Civil War, their inaccessible recesses in the vanquished South began to fait to opportunistic lumbermen, who did indeed venture farther; and as their old-tree habitat disappeared, so did the ivory-bill. Tanner writes, "By 1885 the birds had disappeared from North Carolina and northern South Carolina and from all the region west of the Mississippi Delta excepting the very southeastern part of Texas. By 1900 they were gone from almost all of Alabama and Mississippi." Tanner believed that by 1915 they only remained hidden in the largest of swamps. And by then a new descriptor began to appear. In Birds of America, first published in 1917, T. Gilbert Pearson writes that the ivory-bill is a bird of astonishing strength and vigor, nearly extinct. And, indeed, none were seen for years until Arthur Allen, the founder of the Cornell Lab of Ornithology, rediscovered the species, perhaps the last nesting pair in Florida in 1924, but a local collector soon brought them down.

By the 1930s most believed the species was lost. One prominent ornithologist wrote, in effect, that enough is enough: they are gone, and it's time to accept the fact.

This is where Ghost Birds begins, where Bales enter the fray. And his guide? None other than James T. Tanner himself, through the four-hundred-plus-page travel journal he left behind. All Bales had to do was climb into the seat beside him. At first, they shared the journey with Cornell's Arthur Allen and Peter Paul Kellogg; and then for the last three years, it was Jim and he alone in a 1931 Model A Ford. As a silent stowaway, Bales let the adventurous, dedicated bird chasers lead the way, day by day, swamp by swamp, muddy mile after muddy mile, on the hunt of a lifetime, a search for the historic ivory-bills: the ones first photographed, first recorded, first caught on motion-picture film, first banded, first studied by trained ornithologists, and for most of us, the only ones we have ever known, the Cornell ivory-bills of the 1930s the ghost birds.

Everyone who is interested in the ivory-billed woodpecker will want to read Ghost Birds from scientists who wish to examine the data from all the places Tanner explored to the average person who just wants to read a compelling story. Tim Gallagher, author of The Grail Bird: The Rediscovery of the Ivory-billed Woodpecker

In fascinating detail, Ghost Birds fully captures Tanners determined spirit as he tracked down what was then, as now, one of ornithologys true Holy Grails.

Professional & Technical / Allied Health / Physical Therapy

Teaching and Learning in Physical Therapy: From Classroom to Clinic by Margaret Plack and Maryanne Driscoll (Slack Incorporated) the authors model and practice the lessons taught throughout this book and are to be commended for their effort. Evidence-based teaching and learning is powerful and can significantly contribute to the future of health professions education and practice. As health professions' standards have evolved with expectations of using evidence in their practice, so too should the same standards apply to teaching and learning in higher education and practice. This book will help health professionals change old paradigms in teaching and learning by applying and integrating the concepts presented by the authors using simple and elegant approaches. Jody S. Gandy, PT, DPT, PhD, Director, Academic/ Clinical Education Affairs

Teaching and learning are skills, and like other physical therapy skills, they must be learned and perfected. Teaching and Learning in Physical Therapy offers a systematic approach to designing, implementing, and evaluating effective teaching-learning experiences.

The volume is grounded in current literature and has a theoretical basis in reflective practice, active learning strategies, and brain compatible instruction. Also included are practical strategies that allow students, educators, and clinicians, working with both students and patients, to enhance their critical thinking and clinical decision-making processes in a variety of settings and situations.

Features of Teaching and Learning in Physical Therapy include:

  • A user-friendly approach integrating theory and practical application throughout.
  • References at the end of each chapter.
  • Classroom and clinical vignettes to reinforce concepts.
  • Integrative problem-solving activities and reflective questions.
  • Ancillary instructors material for faculty members.

Each chapter begins with Objectives that delineate what learners will be prepared to do after completing the chapter and concludes with a Summary of the major concepts presented. Stop and Reflect sections allow them to actively engage with the content as they process the information and move through the chapters. Critical Thinking Clinical Scenarios provide multiple opportunities for learners to apply and adapt key concepts to real world situations. Finally, concepts are reinforced through frequent Key Points to Remember sections.

Teaching and Learning in Physical Therapy is divided into three sections: (1) Who Are We as Learners and Teachers? (2) Designing, Implementing, and Assessing Effective Instruction; and (3) From Classroom to Clinic and Beyond. In Section 1, Plack and Driscoll explore who teachers are as individuals, how that impacts the teaching-learning experience, and what that means for educators. They describe strategies to help learners explore their own assumptions, to self-assess, and to become good critical thinkers essential to effective instruction.

Chapter 1, "Filters: Individual Factors That Influence Us as Teachers and Learners" begins by exploring different characteristics of learners and teachers. Plack and Driscoll use the terms personal filters or lenses to describe some of the factors that may impact how readers teach and how learners learn. They explore factors that influence their perceptions of any teaching-learning situation, including culture, gender, past experiences, generational differences, level of expertise, and current social roles (i.e., family, work, community).

Chapter 2, "Reflection and Action Learning: Keys en Self Awareness, Problem Solving, and Continuous Improvement in Practice," introduces reflection as a means of understanding themselves and the assumptions they hold. Plack and Driscoll explore the reflective process, why it is important, and how to facilitate it. This chapter highlights how readers can use the reflective process to better understand their learners and themselves.

Chapter 3, "The Brain: How Current Concepts in Brain Function May Inform Teaching and Learning," begins to examine what is known about brain function and learning. The goal of this chapter is to pique readers interest in the potential applications of brain research to teaching and learning in the classroom and the clinic.

Section II examines the design, implementation, and assessment of effective instruction. Chapter 4, "Systematic Effective Instruction: Keys to Designing Effective Presentations," presents a comprehensive, systematic approach to instruction that includes assessing the needs of learners, gaining their attention, and effectively presenting content to achieve the established objectives.

Chapter 5, "Design Considerations: Adapting Instruction for Varied Audiences and Formats," builds on the principles presented in the previous chapter. The goal of this chapter is to help readers adapt a presentation for different formats and different audiences. They also problem solve challenging issues.

Chapter 6, "Strategies for Teaching and Learning Movement," transitions from to designing environments and conditions that encourage motor learning through active engagement and practice. Here, they focus on teaching movement, a topic integral to physical therapy patient care. Various forms of feedback are introduced and linked to effective learning.

Section III of Teaching and Learning in Physical Therapy moves from the classroom to the clinic and beyond. Plack and Driscoll focus on how learning takes place in the clinical setting and how technology can be used to enhance learning for students, clinicians, and patients and clients. Chapter 7, Communities of Practice: Learning and Professional Identity Development in the Clinical Setting," explores the concepts of apprenticeship learning and learning within a community of practice. Through quotes, students and clinical instructors provide their perspectives on how they developed their own professional identity.

Chapter 8, "The Learning Triad: Strategies for Optimizing Supports and Minimizing Barriers to Facilitate Learning in the Clinical Setting," presents the concept of a learning triad, which includes the learner, the instructor, and the clinical community.

Chapter 9, "Patient Education: Facilitating Behavior Change," examines the complexities of patient education. They explore the many factors to be considered in designing effective learning experiences for patients.

Teaching and Learning in Physical Therapy concludes with Chapter 10, "Harnessing Technology: Tools to Enhance Learning in the Clinic and the Classroom." In this chapter, many of the concepts presented in earlier chapters are reinforced as they are applied to the design, development, implementation, and assessment of e-Learning products.

The ability to make complex concepts more easily understood and readily applicable is an art unto itself; Plank and Driscoll know how to use this art. Teaching and Learning in Physical Therapy is an excellent resource for the health professional that models evidence-based principles by being grounded in strong theoretical and evidence-based approaches to teaching and adult learning within the context of health care. This book offers a systematic approach to designing, implementing, and evaluating effective teaching-learning experiences. It offers practical strategies that can be adapted to a variety of teaching and learning situations. The volume is designed for those looking to enhance their skills both as educators and as learners in physical therapy. The concepts discussed are relevant for all health care providers, although given practitioners experiences in physical therapy, the examples and activities relate specifically in physical therapy practice.

Professional & Technical / Social Sciences / Engineering / Education

High-Tech Tots: Childhood in a Digital World edited by Ilene R. Berson and Michael J. Berson (Research in Global Child Advocacy Series: Information Age Publishing)

Young children are coming of age surrounded by information and communication technology (ICT). ICT is a prominent force in their lives, and working with ICT can stimulate students intellectually, incite their creativity, and challenge them to apply developmentally appropriate inquiry approaches that enhance their learning experiences. Digital technologies also allow children to expand their physical space and access many online social environments that transcend time and space. However, any focus on the efficiency and effectiveness of technology applications in the early childhood years cannot overlook the potential consequences of technological development on children with regard to their social functioning, interpersonal interactions, and global understanding. In addition to evaluating technology as a tool of instruction, we must focus on educational implications and ethical issues associated with their use.

High-Tech Tots, edited by Ilene R. Berson and Michael J. Berson, both at the University of South Florida, examines theoretical assumptions as well as the application of innovative strategies that optimize the interface between young children and ICT from a global perspective. Despite divergent perspectives, the chapter authors share a commitment to explore the immersion of ICT into the lives of young children and consider the educational value of these tools as well as the developmental appropriateness of technological affordances.

High-Tech Tots is the fifth in the Research in Global Child Advocacy Series, sponsored by the Research in Global Child Advocacy SIG of the American Educational Research Association. In the book there are three primary areas of emphasis: (a) ICT as a teaching and learning tool across cultures and countries to promote the social and cognitive development of young children; (b) research on developmentally appropriate education on cybersafety and cybercitizenship; and (c) studies on the influence of digital technologies on young children, including exposure to inappropriate content and participation in online social networks. High-Tech Tots offers readers a glimpse into the experience of children and the expertise of researchers and professionals who work toward crafting a framework for action that reflects intercultural and cross-national initiatives. Given the role that electronic media plays in the lives of children as both an educational and entertainment tool, understanding the physical and social contexts, as well as the developmental issues, is critical to programs aiming to optimize the full potential of digital tools that support and enhance the experiences of young children.

Several chapter authors consider how to appropriately use technology to build on children's creativity and develop independent learning skills. ICT offers new forms of social interaction and participation that mobilize children's imagination and potential for growth and learning. They extend the opportunity for children to go beyond the role of consumers of technology resources, and provide the tools to allow them to foster social interaction, pursue inquiry and problem solving skills, and engage young children as creators of new technology-infused applications and products. In an increasingly interconnected world, children are exposed to diverse people and cultures at an early age. Young children need new skills and perspectives to constructively participate in these global settings. Early childhood teachers have a wonderful opportunity to prepare a new generation of children for democratic participation in civic processes that take place online.

Other authors discuss young children's cognitive and emotional abilities to participate in immersive worlds and explore the influence of virtual experiences on children's learning and development. ICT can provide opportunities for children to play with friends, imagine and create. It provides new ways of engaging children; new shared resources for representing things differently. There are a growing number of virtual worlds that are geared toward young children. These sites tend to integrate immersive worlds with games and social networking elements. Some sites are specifically designed to provide young learners with experiences that scaffold skills needed for community building and civic engagement. Learning becomes situated within the social processes that take place in virtual worlds. Engagement in these types of learning experiences highlights the advantages of technology to join together communities of learners in exploring new pathways of exploring concepts and expressing ideas.

Several cyber-safety initiatives are described in High-Tech Tots that have evolved to develop relevant and meaningful prevention strategies that connect with the experiences of young children online. Just as children are taught to be good citizens of their communities, these resources incorporate instructional strategics to teach young children to be responsible citizens of cyberspace. Electronic media has become a prevalent tool for integrating key ideas associated with cybersafety into the school curriculum and fostering responsible citizenship on the Internet.

In an increasingly interactive and participatory educational environment, ICT enables young children to more actively engage in interpreting, personalizing, reshaping, and creating learning experiences. ICT expands the capacity of children to learn through play-based experiences and investigations. In order to optimize the potential of digital technologies teachers need to explore how to situate these tools into the classroom for learning to take place within a constructivist framework that embraces children's creativity, exploration, and connectivity with others in digitally-mediated contexts. This situated form of learning necessitates a focus in the classroom on digital literacy to hone the skill sets young children need to become active producers and participants in diverse digitally-enhanced environments.

ICT enhances and extends the future possibilities of learning across the curriculum, and the purposeful use of ICT can help unlock children's imaginations and develop their creativity. In order to use ICT effectively practitioners need to ensure that it is applied in dynamic and stimulating ways.

High-Tech Tots thoroughly examines the interface between young children and information and communication technology (OCT) from a global perspective. The volume can help ensure that children experience quality, technologically creative environments so that they can thrive and become successful and competent thinkers and global collaborators in the twenty-first century.

Religion & Spirituality / Christianity

Ethics for a Brave New World, Second Edition by John S. Feinberg and Paul D. Feinberg (Crossway Books)

Aldous Huxleys 1932 book Brave New World foresees a world in which technological advances have obliterated morality and freedom. John Feinberg and Paul Feinberg in the first edition of Ethics for a Brave New World noted how Huxley landed frighteningly close to the truth. Their book responded to ethical crises such as abortion, euthanasia, capital punishment, and genetic engineering by looking to Scripture for principles to guide readers through the moral quagmires of our time. John S. Feinberg is chair of the department of biblical and systematic theology and professor of biblical and systematic theology at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, and Paul D. Feinberg, now deceased, was professor of biblical and systematic theology at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School.

Updated and expanded, this second edition of Ethics for a Brave New World maintains the rigorous scholarship and biblical faithfulness of the first edition. While many of the topics covered in the book remain the same, John Feinberg has revised each chapter to keep it current with contemporary trends and to respond to the most recent scholarship. There is a new chapter on stem cell research and greatly expanded material on issues such as homosexuality and genetic engineering.

According to the Feinbergs, though Scripture never addresses directly many of the topics covered in Ethics for a Brave New World, it sets forth enough principles about life and death, human sexuality and a citizen's relation to government that it is possible to evaluate contemporary practices in light of biblical teaching. Moreover, it is not only possible to address these matters biblically it is mandatory to do so. In our pluralistic societies, Christians can no longer assume that others, their children included, will be exposed to and adopt Judeo-Christian morals or will know how to apply them to concrete situations. Hence, Christians must speak to these topics lest they find out too late, as in the case of abortion, that a morality foreign to Scripture has not only won the day but has even been enacted as the law of the land.

According to Ethics for a Brave New World, the first edition came out of frustrated attempts to find textbooks from an evangelical Christian perspective that cover more than one or two of the topics handled in the book. Convinced of the need, deeply disturbed by the moral drift of the nation, and convinced as well that this information needed exposure in the local church, they decided to write this book. The Feinbergs say that as they began to work on Ethics for a Brave New World, they quickly realized that it was impossible to cover everything; any of the chapters could easily be expanded into a separate book, therefore they decided to try to cover the topics as they relate to individuals facing ethical decisions. Even the chapter on the Christian and the secular state attempts to focus on the Christian's obligations to the state, not the state's handling of its citizens. Though it would be instructive to reflect on ethical conduct for larger groups (for example, one's community or nation), they simply could not get into matters of public policy. Such issues as whether the state should mandate and/or fund sterilizing the mentally retarded or should regulate (and how it should regulate) allocation of funds as well as procedures for genetic engineering really take the discussion into issues of social and political philosophy and go beyond the focus of the book.

The writing of the chapters in Ethics for a Brave New World was divided between John and Paul. John wrote the chapters on decision making, euthanasia, capital punishment, birth control, genetic engineering, divorce and remarriage, and the Christian and the secular state. Paul wrote the chapters on abortion, sexual morality, homosexuality, and war, with John editing all of these and composing some of the first abortion chapter. Each of them read and commented on the chapters written by the other.

This 2nd edition of Ethics for a Brave New World by John Feinberg and Paul Feinberg is a welcome updating and expansion of a text I have long considered essential for anyone wishing to engage the moral collapse of contemporary culture with biblically grounded truth. The Feinbergs provide a timely and effective resource for dealing with the most crucial issues of our day, and they do it in ways as appealing and as they are compelling. Daniel R. Heimbach, Professor of Christian Ethics, Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary; author, Truth, Sex, and Morality

Since the first edition, changes in the world have only made this books title more apt. Again and again, science fiction has become science fact; and with masterful theological discernment, John Feinberg helps us to make sense of what is happening. He does a tremendous service by gathering and interpreting an ocean of literature on key issues of our day. Readers will come away informed about the issues, conversant with the multi-faceted debates that swirl around these vital challenges, and equipped and inspired to engage them in a way that glorifies God. John Kilner, Forman Chair of Christian Ethics and Theology, Trinity International University

Here is an important resource that will be a valuable guide for students and those seeking answers to ethical dilemmas. Now dramatically updated and expanded, this second edition of Ethics for a Brave New World analyzes the current literature while maintaining the relevance, rigorous scholarship, and biblical faithfulness of the first edition.

Religion & Spirituality / Christianity / History / Theology

The Canon of Scripture by F. F. Bruce (IVP Academic)

How did the books of the Bible come to be recognized as Holy Scripture?

Who decided what shape the canon should take?

What criteria influenced these decisions?

First published in 1988, The Canon of Scripture was the winner of two 1990 Christianity Today awards: Readers' Choice (1st place; theology & doctrine) and Critics' Choice (1st place; theology & doctrine). It is also 1989 ECPA Gold Medallion Award winner.

After nearly nineteen centuries the canon of Scripture still remains an issue of debate. Protestants, Catholics and the Orthodox all have slightly differing collections of documents in their Bibles. Martin Luther, one of the early leaders of the Reformation, questioned the inclusion of the book of James in the canon. And many Christians today, while confessing the authority of all of Scripture, tend to rely on only a few books and particular themes while ignoring the rest.

Scholars have raised many other questions as well. Research into second-century Gnostic texts have led some to argue that politics played a significant role in the formation of the Christian canon. Assessing the influence of ancient communities and a variety of disputes on the final shaping of the canon call for ongoing study.

In The Canon of Scripture, F. F. Bruce, (1910-1990), Rylands Professor of Biblical Criticism and Exegesis at the University of Manchester in England, brings the wisdom of a lifetime of reflection and biblical interpretation to bear in answering the questions and clearing away the confusion surrounding the Christian canon of Scripture. Adept in both Old and New Testament studies, he brings a rare comprehensive perspective to his task.

Contents of The Canon of Scripture include thorough reexamination of the historical evidence for acceptance of the canon; focus on the central issues of criteria of canonicity, the idea of a canon within a canon, and canonical criticism, and the most recent discoveries and literature pertaining to the canon. Chapter include:

Part One: Introduction

  1. Holy Scripture

Part Two: Old Testament

  1. The Law and the Prophets
  2. The Greek Old Testament
  3. The Old Testament Becomes a New Book
  4. The Christian Canon of the Old Testament: In the East
  5. The Christian Canon of the Old Testament: In the Latin West
  6. Before and After the Reformation

Part Three: New Testament

  1. Writings of the New Era
  2. Marcion
  3. Valentinus and His School
  4. The Catholic Response
  5. The Muratorian Fragment
  6. Irenaeus, Hippolytus, Novatian
  7. Tertullian, Cyprian and Others
  8. The Alexandrian Fathers
  9. Eusebius of Caesarea
  10. Athanasius and After
  11. The West in the Fourth Century to Jerome
  12. Augustine to the End of the Middle Ages
  13. The New Testament Canon in the Age of Printing

Part Four: Conclusion

  1. Criteria of Canonicity
  2. A Canon Within the Canon?
  3. Canon, Criticism and Interpretation

The volume also contains a list of abbreviations, two appendices The "Secret" Gospel of Mark and Primary Sense and Plenary Sense and an index and bibliography.

Comprehensive and yet still readable, The Canon of Scripture is a significant historical study. Though some issues have shifted since the original publication of The Canon of Scripture, it still remains a significant landmark and touchstone for further studies.

Religion & Spirituality / Christianity / Theology / Philosophy

From Plato to Jesus: What Does Philosophy Have to Do with Theology? by C. Marvin Pate (Kregel)

Do theology and philosophy mix?

Author C. Marvin Pate believes that Christians should use philosophy, as well as other academic disciplines, to articulate their theology.

As told in From Plato to Jesus, from Plato to Aristotle to Heidegger, philosophy has often played a key role in the development of the formulations of Christian theology, this despite the protests of those purists who claim to the contrary that Christian dogma is exclusively divine revelation unimpeded by mortal reason. In fact, however, human contribution to various creedal formulations of the church throughout the centuries is unmistakable. Christians should be engaged in and articulating their theology with the help of politics, sociology, history and, yes, philosophy. The message of the incarnation is that God entered into real time and space for the purpose of revealing Himself to humanity in terms that it could understand. According to Pate, professor of biblical studies at Ouachita Baptist University, Arkadelphia, Arkansas, this is a necessity if the gospel is to be contextualized for each new generation.

From Plato to Jesus explores the philosophical currents that have and are shaping systematic theology. Pate challenges the notion that philosophy should not influence theological understandings. Showing that history reflects an imbalance between the one (universals) and the many (particulars), he argues that in the incarnation of Jesus Christ, the one (Jesus' deity) and the many (Jesus' humanity) are properly balanced, forming the appropriate basis of all Christian theology thereafter.

Exploring the philosophical currents that have and are shaping systematic theology, From Plato to Jesus, with many charts, can serve as a supplemental or primary textbook for a systematic or historical theology class. For ease of use, the book is arranged by the standard theological categories and is divided into two parts:

Part 1:  From Socrates to Sartre: The History of Philosophy and Christian Theology

Part 2:  The Incarnation and the One and the Many: The Intersection of Philosophy and Christian Doctrine

In an even-handed, winsome manner, Marvin Pate has made accessible to the lay reader key philosophical and theological themes. An excellent overview on the relationship of philosophy and theology! Paul Copan, Professor and Pledger Family Chair of Philosophy and Ethics, Palm Beach Atlantic University

In this fascinating volume, Marvin Pate asserts that the well-known philosophical conundrum of reconciling the one and the many finds its ultimate expression in the incarnation of Jesus Christ, while being reflected further in other major Christian doctrines. Along the way, From Plato to Jesus serves as an enjoyable, well-written overview of key issues in the history of philosophy that can assist Christian students in assimilating the relationship between philosophy and theology. Gary R. Habermas, Distinguished Professor and Chair of Philosophy and Theology, Liberty University

Readers discover philosophy's impact on Christianity in this new theology textbook. Pate challenges the notion that philosophy should not influence theological understandings. From Plato to Jesus makes a good supplemental or primary textbook for a systematic or historical theology class.

Religion & Spirituality / Islam

Islam in the Modern World: Challenged by the West, Threatened by Fundamentalism, Keeping Faith with Tradition by Seyyed Hossein Nasr (HarperOne)

The worlds fastest growing religion is also the most misunderstood in the West. Extensive media coverage of a proposed Qur'an burning and protests against a New York City Islamic Center would lead many to believe that Islam's biggest conflict is with the Western World. Not so, says Seyyed Hossein Nasr, professor of Islamic studies at George Washington University and one of the United States' foremost Islamic scholars.

In Islam in the Modern World, Nasr shows readers how Islam struggles with forces both outside and within its ranks. The misunderstandings and friction between Islamic civilization and the modern West continue, but even within Islam, Iran's clerics are split, militant fundamentalists clash with students from Islamic universities, and moderate Muslim-Americans think nothing like Wahhabis from Saudi Arabia. Islam seems to be at war with itself. Extremist factions whose angry rhetoric currently shapes Americans fears and prejudices have attempted to co-opt the Islamic faith.

As a result of the appearance of many contemporary interpretations of Islam, the task of understanding this religion as it has been lived and viewed traditionally over the centuries becomes ever more difficult for those genuinely interested in the subject. Who speaks for traditional Islam the Islam lived for centuries by theologians and jurists, by philosophers and scientists, by artists and poets, by Sufis and simple people of faith throughout the Islamic world during the fourteen centuries of Islamic history the Islam that is in fact still followed by the vast majority of Muslims from the Atlantic to the Pacific?

It is as a response to the pressing need to expound the teachings of traditional Islam that Islam in the Modern World has been written. Nasr takes that faith back, describing and defending traditional Islam against all critics. Islam in the Modern World deals with the hot-button issues of concern to the West:

  • Holy wars
  • Women's roles in Islam
  • The rise of fundamentalism
  • The future of Shiism in Iran

Nasr also explores lesser-known controversies within Islam, such as the challenge of modern science to religious belief, controversial art and architecture in Islamic cities, the role of the madrassas in education, and urban conditions and challenges in the Islamic world. He concentrates upon the contrast between traditional Islam and its revivalist and fundamentalist manifestations and dealing with issues of particular significance to the Islamic world and to the Western understanding of Islam, beginning with a study of the nature of traditional Islam itself in the Prologue.

The first section of Islam in the Modern World turns to some of the basic facets of the Islamic tradition that are being widely discussed and debated today, beginning with an overall study of Islam in the present-day Islamic world and then turning to the meaning of jihad, a term that has now become almost a household word in the West, but is still widely misunderstood and often maliciously misinterpreted. A study is then made of work ethics as described in traditional Islamic sources and found within Islamic society itself. In the next chapter, attention turns to the critical question of the relationship between the male and the female in both its internal and external (social) aspects. Without simply surrendering to current fads, yet accepting the challenges posed for Islam concerning the role and position of women, Nasr provides knowledge of the metaphysical and psychological foundations in Islam of the male-female relationship, upon the basis of which all the Islamic social aspects of the relationship must ultimately be founded.

In the last chapter of the first section, Shi`ism is discussed as it developed in Safavid Persia as the state religion, thereby making available the in-depth theological and historical background necessary for an understanding of the role of Shi'ism in present-day Iran, and indeed in the whole of the Middle East, and the current relationship between Shi'ism and Sunnism.

The second section of Islam in the Modern World delves into the subject of Islamic spirituality, its relation to spirituality considered on a global scale, the various domains related to Islamic spirituality, the challenges it faces today, and its prospects in the future. The section concludes with a chapter on an issue that is central to the struggle between various forces within the Islamic world, namely, the understanding of the notion of development in the context in which this term is used commonly today, mostly in relation to economic growth and social change considered in their quantitative and not qualitative aspects; this concept is then evaluated in light of Islamic values and norms.

The third and longest section of Islam in the Modern World is devoted to the study of the tensions between traditional Islam and modernism in various specific intellectual and cultural contexts. Here the foremost topic is education, which is such a central issue in almost every Islamic country. Then philosophy is treated, the study and teaching of which are closely related to education, on the one hand, and to the whole intellectual tension between tradition, modernism, and fundamentalism on the other. This is followed by a discussion of the important subject of the similarities and contrasts between Islamic and modern science. Finally, Nasr turns to art, architecture, and city planning, which again have become major arenas of contention within the Islamic world, arousing much passion and debate and also having a great impact upon the religious and cultural life of the whole community.

The first two appendices of Islam in the Modern World include an account of the syllabus of traditional Islamic madrassahs (meaning Islamic schools offering courses on levels corresponding to secondary and college education and including all kinds of subjects, not only religious ones in the narrow sense) as well as a survey of the state of philosophy in the Islamic world today. Appendices III and IV not only seek to bring out the value of the works of exceptional academic and non-academic scholars for the understanding of traditional Islam, but also to demonstrate that traditional Islam, in contrast to modernism and fundamentalism, bases its judgment of Western scholarship on truth and not merely on geography. These sections hope to make clear what Western scholarship on Islam can do and to a large extent has already done toward bringing about a better understanding when it is based upon authentic knowledge, sympathy, and love, without having to compromise either the rigor of scholarship or the demands of the truth.

Although the future, according to the Islamic perspective, belongs to God, there is today so much interest in the future of the Islamic world and in making projections from present-day trends, that it seemed necessary to give some attention to this burning issue. The final chapter therefore seeks to deal with present religious and intellectual tendencies in the Islamic world and how these trends are likely to develop in the near future.

An impressive elaboration and defense of `traditional' Islam by one of the best-informed, articulate Muslims of our time.... Nasr's work is highly recommended. Choice

Nasr's writing is lucid and conciliatory in spirit. Journal of the American Academy of Religion

As a deeply believing Muslim as well as a scholar, Nasr imparts a tremendous sense of the Muslim's responsibility and worldview, organically linked to Islam's origins as a religion of divine revelation... a well-considered academic study of the modern challenges to traditional Islam. Kirkus

Islam in the Modern World offers an inside look at this increasingly factious religion with increasing global relevance. A steady guide, it is the definitive resource for anyone wanting a clear-eyed view of the world's fastest growing religion. It takes a step toward bringing about better understanding in the West of the views of traditional Islam and also make the teachings of the Islamic tradition more easily accessible to those Muslims whose upbringing and training make this type of exposition more comprehensible to them than truths expressed in older traditional Islamic sources.

Religion & Spirituality / New Age

The Mayan Oracle: A Galactic Language of Light by Ariel Spilsbury & Michael Bryner, illustrated by Oceanna (Bear & Co.)

The Mayan Oracle is a hands-on tool to harness the potential for spiritual growth surrounding the end of the Mayan calendar in 2012. The boxed kit contains 44 full-color divination cards and a 320-page book with 56 illustrations. The book explains the Mayan divinatory meaning of each cards symbol and their associated colors, herbs, ritual movements.

According to Ariel Spilsbury, spiritual counselor and planetary midwife, as the Mayan calendar comes to a close, we are entering into a time of opportunity for spiritual growth and higher planetary consciousness. The ancient Maya embedded within their archetypal symbols instructions for harnessing the energies activated during this transformational period. Forming a language of light that represents a bridge between physical and spiritual realities, these ancient symbols catalyze growth, change, and awareness.
Conceived in a prophetic dream by Michael Bryner (1950-1998), holistic therapist and spiritual counselor and teacher, The Mayan Oracle is composed of 44 cards 20 Mayan star-glyphs, 13 numbers, and 11 lenses of the mystery along with an in-depth guidebook. Providing divinatory spreads, poetic meditations, and exercises for insight and intuition, the guide explains each symbols Mayan usage, divinatory meaning, and the attributes, elements, and items associated with them from colors and herbs to ritual movements. Designed to stimulate the intuition, this oracle offers a way to interact with the Mayan archetypes in order to elevate consciousness to a higher dimension and transform old ways of seeing, doing, and being.

The Mayan Oracle amplifies intuition, tunes the mind, and harmonizes the human heart. Truly a new instrument for the ageless questing soul! Don G. Campbell, author of The Roar of Silence
The tool touches the cellular body with a galactic harmonic language of light, enabling a deep remembrance that we are, in truth, unconditional love. Rowena Pattee Kryder, author of The Gaia Matrix Oracle
The Mayan understanding of the subtleties of time was greater than our own. The Mayan Oracles approach to tapping in to the synchronistic power within the symbols is fascinating and commendable. Terence McKenna, author of Food of the Gods

The Mayan Oracle is a storehouse of cosmic knowledge; a guide to help humanity fulfill the Mayan prophecy, which calls us to return to living in harmony with nature and awaken to our deepest human potential. Beyond being a profound tool for divination, this oracle set offers direct, personal insight into the living, archetypal forces of cosmic order as mapped by the sacred Mayan mathematics. Anyone willing to receive the illumination offered in the revelatory set of codes offered through The Mayan Oracle will come to treasure this living portal as an ally on the path of cosmic evolution! Eden Sky, author of The 13-Moon Natural Time Calendar

The Mayan Oracle helps readers open the creative and intuitive mind and inspires them toward spiritual growth.

Social Sciences / Biographies & Memoirs

Reflections: My Life in the Deaf and Hearing Worlds by John B. Christiansen (Gallaudet University Press)

Hard of hearing since early childhood, John Christiansen, Professor Emeritus of Sociology at Gallaudet University, spent the first 30 years of his life trying to fit in to a hearing world that did little to accommodate his communication needs. Although he excelled in academics, Christiansen found social situations stressful, until he obtained a position as a professor of sociology at Gallaudet University. There he learned sign language and joined a new community. Reflections grew out of his personal experiences inhabiting these two worlds.

As a sociologist, Christiansen says he could identify the toll that trying to communicate with hearing people took on his psyche. He saw that people with hearing loss frequently blame themselves for social awkwardness and gaffs, even though the responsibility for clear communication should be shared. Still, after living in the hearing world for most of his life, he opted to undergo a cochlear implantation to try to improve interaction with his hearing friends, wife, and children. As he puts it, he was not a superstar, but after ten years, he says he feels positive enough about his experience to endorse it.

Christiansen relates his personal experiences as an academic sociologist and as a lifelong hard of hearing and deaf person in Reflections. He had experiences with a relatively mild to moderate, high-frequency hearing loss, experiences with more severe hearing loss, and experiences with profound deafness. Over the years, he has used no hearing aids, one hearing aid, two hearing aids, and a cochlear implant. Because of the nature of cochlear implant surgery and because of a progressive hearing loss in his non-implanted ear, he is a deaf person when not using the implant. When he is using the device, he is a hard of hearing person. His experiences growing up as a deaf person, a hard of hearing person, and a person with a cochlear implant are discussed in the first two chapters of Reflections. Most of the implant material is in the second chapter.

At Gallaudet, Christiansen participated in several search committees, the most recent of which was the search for the ninth president of the university in 2006. This was a traumatic time for the university; in fact, Gallaudet experienced the second major protest in less than twenty years over the selection of a new president. In some respects, the protest of 2006 was more emotional, and certainly more divisive on campus, than the Deaf President Now (DPN) revolution in 1988. His reflections on the 2006 protest are discussed in the third chapter. This chapter focuses primarily on one event rather than on a series of personal experiences that occurred over an extended period of time.

Reflections stands as a remarkable account of one persons navigation through the intricacies of two different and occasionally opposing worlds. Christiansens description of adjusting to his cochlear implant brings fresh reality to the implant process. Deaf and hard of hearing people will certainly find Reflections interesting. In addition, friends, family members, and acquaintances of those who have some degree of hearing loss might develop a greater appreciation of the problems and issues that deaf and hard of hearing people grapple with on a daily basis by reading this affecting memoir.

Social Science / Death & Dying / Aging

Never Say Die: The Myth and Marketing of the New Old Age by Susan Jacoby (Pantheon Books)
Susan Jacoby, an unsparing chronicler of unreason in American culture, now offers an impassioned, tough-minded critique of the myth that a radically new old age unmarred by physical or mental deterioration, financial problems, or intimate loneliness awaits the huge baby boom generation. Combining historical, social, and economic analysis with personal experiences of love and loss, Jacoby turns a caustic eye not only on the modern fiction that old age can be defied but also on the sentimental image of a past in which Americans supposedly revered their elders.
Never Say Die unmasks the fallacies promoted by twenty-first-century hucksters of longevity including health gurus claiming that boomers can stay forever young if they only live right, self-promoting biomedical businessmen predicting that ninety may soon become the new fifty and that a cure for the disease of aging is just around the corner, and wishful thinkers asserting that older means wiser.
Jacoby, history writer, offers powerful evidence that America has always been a youth culture and that the plight of the neglected old dates from the early years of the republic. Today, as the oldest boomers turn sixty-five, it is imperative for them to distinguish between marketing hype and realistic hope about what lies ahead for the more than 70 million Americans who will be beyond the traditional retirement age by 2030. This wide-ranging reappraisal examines the explosion of Alzheimers cases, the uncertain economic future of aging boomers, the predicament of women who make up an overwhelming majority of the oldest and poorest old, and the illusion that we can control the way we age and die.
Jacoby in Never Say Die raises the fundamental question of whether living longer is a good thing unless it means living better. Her book speaks to Americans, whatever their age, who draw courage and hope from facing reality instead of embracing that oldest of delusions, the fountain of youth.

There is a considerable amount of truth in the assertion that many old people today if they are in sound financial shape, if they are in reasonably good health, and if they possess functioning brains can explore an array of possibilities that did not exist even a generation ago. If is the most important word in the preceding sentence. The idea that we can control the future by aggressively focusing on and taking care of ourselves is an article of faith for baby boomers. Yet in many instances, successful aging or the outward appearance of successful aging means only that a person has managed to put on a happy face for the rest of the world; present an image of vigor and physical well-being even when bones are aching; smile even though a heart may be breaking with loss; do everything possible to conceal memory lapses; demonstrate a consistent willingness to try anything new; and scoff (with just the right, light touch of humor) at those misguided contemporaries who refuse to live in the present.
Heres what one cannot do and be considered a person who is aging successfully: complain about health problems to anyone younger; weep openly for a friend or lover who has been dead more than a month or two; admit to depression or loneliness; express nostalgia for the past (either personal or historical); or voice any fear of future dependency whether because of poor physical health, poor finances, or the worst scourge of advanced old age, Alzheimers disease. American society also looks with suspicion on old people who demand to be left alone to deal with aging in their own way: one must look neither too needy for companionship nor too content with solitude to be considered a role model for healthy aging rather than a discontented geezer or crone. Successful aging awards are conferred only on those who have managed (often as much by biological good luck as effort) to avoid, or convince others that they have avoided, the arduous uphill fight that eventually consumes all who live too long to retain control over either the mundane or the important decisions of everyday life. Its great to be old as long as one does not manifest too many of the typical problems of advanced age. The reality evaded by propagandists for the new old age is that we all are capable of aging successfully until we arent.
According to Jacoby in Never Say Die, the capacity to negotiate between the past and the present, not transcendence of the emotions and desires that have made us who we are, is the proper definition of aging with dignity. 

As she attends to the genuine battles of growing old, Jacoby is both moving and informative about Alzheimer's costs to the psyche and the purse of sufferer and caretaker, and eye-opening as she reframes impoverished old women as a women's issue. She raises timely and uncomfortable questions about old age poverty, the likelihood of dementia, end-of-life care, living wills, and assisted suicide. Publishers Weekly

Jacoby explores social, cultural, economic, and political changes in the concept of old age, from passage of the Social Security Act to extended life expectancy and retirement, from the activism of the Gray Panthers to the ravages of Alzheimers. Drawing on research, personal experience, and anecdotes, she offers an important reality check for Americans enamored of the images of healthy, active seniors featured in advertisements. Vanessa Bush, Booklist, starred review

In Never Say Die, Susan Jacoby confronts the unhappiest of truths: many of us will live too long both for our own good and for the good of others. This is the darkness that looms over us at the intersection of medical ethics, social justice, economics, and our midnight fears. Never Say Die is a beautifully written, clear-eyed, and deeply compassionate book. Sam Harris, author of The Moral Landscape and The End of Faith
Warning: This book is heretical. Susan Jacoby, one of our most perceptive public intellectuals, examines the current myth that it is possible to transcend the vicissitudes of old age by living right. In this fascinating look at the new old age, she shows that it is pretty much like the old one marked by declining health, loss of independence, and often dementia. It is no service to older Americans to demand that they conform, or pretend to conform, to current notions of a serene, wisdom-packed, if passionless, old age. We need to deal with it as it is, not as we would like it to be. Marcia Angell, M.D., Senior Lecturer in Social Medicine, Harvard Medical School
Susan Jacoby, a sworn enemy of irrationality of every form, has some shockingly bad news: We will all die, and most of us will get old first not 'older' but actually old. In this beautifully crafted book, she punctures the promises that aging will eventually be 'cured' either by a wonder drug or though positive thinking. The good news is that if we wake up from our delusions we may be better able to grow old with dignity. Barbara Ehrenreich, author of Nickel and Dimed: On (Not) Getting by in America
For those of us who are old, Susan Jacoby's candor about old age is bracing; for those not yet old, Never Say Die should provide an unsentimental education for the years to come. Philip Roth
Providing a compelling, convincing account of current reality, Jacoby simultaneously demolishes the overly optimistic scenarios of the baby boomer generation A cogently argued and well-written corrective to the fantasy of beating old age. Kirkus
[Jacoby] is courageously rightone can hope that her impassioned, closely argued tract gains a serious hearing among her fellow boomers. Columbia Journalism Review

Never Say Die provides support for all who draw their strength and courage from reality, however daunting that reality may be, rather than from platitudes about defying old age.

Social Sciences / Gender Studies

Questioning Gender: A Sociological Exploration by Robyn Ryle (Pine Forge Press / Sage)

Questioning Gender is a one-of-a-kind text designed to launch readers into a thoughtful encounter with gender issues. Rather than providing definitive answers about gender, the book, written by Robyn Ryle, associate professor of Sociology at Hanover College in Hanover, Indiana, exposes readers to new material that leads them to question their assumptions. Ryle uses both historical and cross-cultural approaches as well as a focus on intersectionality and transgender issues to help students understand the socially-constructed nature of gender. Debunking ideas of what is normal and abnormal, this book explores the core theories and topics, including the gender of sexuality, the gender of friendship and dating, the gender of media and popular culture, and the gender of politics and power.

Features of Questioning Gender include:

  • Interdisciplinary perspectives from psychology, feminism, and queer theory give readers a balanced view of the sociology of gender.
  • Coverage of gender as a system of inequality demonstrates the real impact of gender beliefs on the lives of women and men around the world.
  • Case studies in each topical chapter illustrate key concepts of the book, while Cultural Artifact boxes demonstrate how beliefs about gender have changed over time and how they vary across the world.
  • Student learning aids include exercises and suggested readings at the end of each chapter and a glossary at the back of the book.
  • A comprehensive online ancillary package includes a password-protected Instructor Teaching Site and an open-access Student Study Site.

Questioning Gender is a book based on the premise that a good conversation about gender helps readers to connect all the complicated scholarship that has been conducted on gender to a thorough investigation of the role of gender in readers own lives, and for that reason readers find this book packed with questions. Each chapter title is a question, and there are question boxes inserted in each chapter, questions at the end of the cultural artifacts that help them think about the prevalence of gender in our everyday lives, and big questions at the end of each chapter to help readers make connections. For a wide range of topics related to gender, including socialization, sexuality, friendship and dating, bodies. marriage and families, work, media, and politics, Ryle uses a historical and cross-cultural perspective to question the things we might think we know about gender.

Questioning Gender unpacks many of the truths we take for granted about our social lives related to gender making basic concepts like sex, marriage, love, and friendship into moving targets with many potential meanings depending on who readers are and when and where they happened to be born. Ryle places the experiences of people who are usually at the margin of gender conversations (gays, lesbians, bisexuals, transgendered, women and men of color, women and men of the global South, and poor and working class women and men) at the center of the conversation because their experiences throw open the door on a whole new set of questions that need to be asked about gender.

There are several unique approaches in Questioning Gender that set it apart from other gender textbooks. First, the book takes a global approach. Examining gender in a global context also helps to demonstrate the social construction of gender and the persistence of gender inequality around the world. The book also uses an intersectional approach. Since women of color first brought attention to the ways in which gender intersects with race and ethnicity, those who study gender have become increasingly concerned with how to discuss gender while grounding it firmly within the complex web of identities such as race, class, sexuality, disability, religious background, and so on. Gender does not exist in a vacuum, and an intersectional approach helps to demonstrate that there is no normal experience of what it means to be gendered. Questioning Gender is also unique in incorporating the perspective of gays, lesbians, bisexuals, and transgender and queer theory throughout the textbook. Queer theory questions all categories of difference, and the experiences and perspectives of transgender individuals provide a vantage point for students to see beyond our dimorphic gender constructions. Questioning Gender also assumes that questions related to gender must be answered through a consideration of all people, and therefore includes the growing scholarship on the study of men and masculinity. All of these unique approaches to gender in the text help to create a textbook that resists the tendency to normalize certain understandings of gender while marginalizing others.

The final distinctive approach in Questioning Gender is the integration of theoretical perspectives throughout the text. In this book, theory is covered in early chapters but is also discussed throughout the book as each theory applies to different topics. This use of theory throughout the text is highlighted for students and instructors through "Theory Alerts." This approach reminds students of the importance of theory to our understanding of gender, and it models for them how different theories might be applied to different topics related to gender.

Questioning Gender is organized into three parts:

Part I: What Are the Important Questions to Ask About Gender?

The first three chapters set up the basic foundations for an exploration of gender. They introduce the main goals in learning about gender, the basic theories that help to understand gender, and the ways in which those theories will be used throughout the text. Chapter 1 introduces and defines basic concepts in the exploration of gender and discusses why the study of gender is a worthwhile pursuit. Chapter 2 explores the feminist background of many gender theories and outlines sociological theories of gender. Chapter 3 explores gender theories from disciplines outside of sociology, including psychology, anthropology, queer theory, development theory, and ecofeminist theories of gender.

Part II: How Are Our Lives Filled With Gender?

This section of Questioning Gender focuses on everyday aspects of gender using a more interactional, micro level approach to issues. Chapter 4 explores questions related to socialization and theories that explain how we learn to be gendered. The gender of sexuality is explored in Chapter 5, looking at the complicated ways in which sexuality and gender intersect. Chapter 6 explores the gender of friendship in dating, including the different ways in which attraction works on a global scale and how the gender of friendship has changed over time. Chapter 7 looks at the gender of bodies, including issues of body image and health.

Part III: How Is Gender an Important Part of the Way Our Society Works?

This portion of Questioning Gender moves toward a focus on how gender permeates various institutions in society. Chapter 8 examines the important intersections between gender, marriage, and families, taking a historical look at how marriage as an institution has changed over time and how this has affected ideas about gender. Chapter 9 looks at how the institution of the workplace has gendered implications, including a consideration of sex segregation and the gender wage gap. The unique intersections between gender and the media as an institution are examined in Chapter 10. Finally, Chapter 11 explores gender in the realm of states and governments through a consideration of the politics of gender.

Questioning Gender, a unique and provocative book with vivid case studies, resists the tendency to normalize certain understandings of gender while marginalizing others. Readers will finish the book with more questions about gender than they started with at the beginning. The primary course this text is aimed at is sociology of gender. It is ideal for upper-class undergraduate students, though it is cast at a level that would make it accessible to lower-class undergraduates as well. The text is firmly grounded within a sociological approach to gender, with a focus on sociological theories related to gender and research within social science disciplines, also addressing theories from outside of sociology, such as feminist theories and queer theory. Because of this interdisciplinary approach, Questioning Gender is also appropriate for introductory courses in women's studies and gender studies.


Contents this Issue:

The Afterlife of Raphael's Paintings by Cathleen Hoeniger (Cambridge University Press)

Collage, Colour and Texture in Painting by Mike Bernard and Robin Capon (Batsford)

Marie Curie: A Biography by Marilyn Bailey Ogilvie (Prometheus Books)

Ultimate LLC Compliance Guide: Covers All 50 States by Michael Spadaccini (Entrepreneur Press)

Scenario Planning in Organizations: How to Create, Use, and Assess Scenarios (BK Organizational Performance Series) by Thomas J. Chermack (Berrett-Koehler Publishers)

Complex Worlds: Digital Culture, Rhetoric, and Professional Communication edited by Adrienne P. Lamberti and Anne R. Richards, with Series Editor Charles H. Sides (Technical Communication Series: Baywood Publishing Company)

The Improvisational Cook by Sally Schneider (William Morrow)

The War Against Domestic Violence edited by Lee Ross (CRC Press)

The Death of Raymond Yellow Thunder and Other True Stories from the Nebraska-Pine Ridge Border Towns by Stew Magnuson, with a foreword by Pekka Hmlinen, with Series Editor John R. Wunder (Plains Histories Series: Texas Tech University Press)

Airbrushing and Finishing Scale Models by Brett Green (Modelling Masterclass Series: Osprey Publishing)

Second Manifesto for Philosophy by Alain Badiou (Polity)

Storied Communities: Narratives of Contact and Arrival in Constituting Political Community edited by Hester Lessard, Rebecca Johnson and Jeremy Webber (UBC Press)

Drugs, Society and Criminal Justice (3rd Edition) by Charles F. Levinthal (Prentice Hall)

Separate Beds: A Novel by Elizabeth Buchan (Viking)

Under Siege by Edward Marston (Captain Rawson Series: Allison & Busby)

Deep Waters: The Textual Continuum in American Indian Literature by Christopher B. Teuton (University of Nebraska Press)

Ghost Birds: Jim Tanner and the Quest for the Ivory-billed Woodpecker, 1935-1941 by Stephen Lyn Bales and Nancy Tanner (The University of Tennessee Press)

Teaching and Learning in Physical Therapy: From Classroom to Clinic by Margaret Plack and Maryanne Driscoll (Slack Incorporated)

High-Tech Tots: Childhood in a Digital World edited by Ilene R. Berson and Michael J. Berson (Research in Global Child Advocacy Series: Information Age Publishing)

Ethics for a Brave New World, Second Edition by John S. Feinberg and Paul D. Feinberg (Crossway Books)

The Canon of Scripture by F. F. Bruce (IVP Academic)

From Plato to Jesus: What Does Philosophy Have to Do with Theology? by C. Marvin Pate (Kregel)

Islam in the Modern World: Challenged by the West, Threatened by Fundamentalism, Keeping Faith with Tradition by Seyyed Hossein Nasr (HarperOne)

The Mayan Oracle: A Galactic Language of Light by Ariel Spilsbury & Michael Bryner, illustrated by Oceanna (Bear & Co.)

Reflections: My Life in the Deaf and Hearing Worlds by John B. Christiansen (Gallaudet University Press)

Questioning Gender: A Sociological Exploration by Robyn Ryle (Pine Forge Press / Sage)