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SirReadaLot.org


We Review the Best of the Latest Books

ISSN 1934-6557

September 2010, Issue #137

Choreographing From Within: Developing the Habit of Inquiry as an Artist by Diana F. Green (Human Kinetics)

The Fearless Heart: The Practice of Living with Courage and Compassion (audiobook, unabridged, 5 audio CDs, running time: 5 hours) by Pema Chodron (Shambhala Audio)

Building and Running a Successful Research Business: A Guide for the Independent Information Professional, Second Edition by Mary Ellen Bates (CyberAge Books, Information Today)

Signed, Abiah Rose by Diane Browning (Tricycle Press)

Cheese: Exploring Taste and Tradition by Patricia Michelson (Gibbs Smith)

How Learning Works: Seven Research-Based Principles for Smart Teaching by Susan A. Ambrose, Michael W. Bridges, Michele DiPietro, and Marsha C. Lovett, with a foreword by Richard E. Mayer (The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series: Jossey-Bass)

Because We Can Change the World: A Practical Guide to Building Cooperative, Inclusive Classroom Communities, 2nd edition by Mara Sapon-Shevin (Corwin Press)

The Year of the Blackhawks: Celebrating Chicago's 2009-10 Stanley Cup Championship Season by Andrew Podnieks (Fenn Publishing Company Ltd.)

The Citizen Machine: Governing by Television in 1950s America by Anna McCarthy (The New Press)

The Flirting Bible: Your Ultimate Photo Guide to Reading Body Language, Getting Noticed, and Meeting More People Than You Ever Thought Possible by Fran Greene (Fair Winds Press)

Lost Technologies of Ancient Egypt: Advanced Engineering in the Temples of the Pharaohs by Christopher Dunn (Bear & Co.)

The Unspoken Alliance: Israel's Secret Relationship with Apartheid South Africa by Sasha Polakow-Suransky (Pantheon)

Jeans of the Old West: A History by Michael Allen Harris (Schiffer Publishing Ltd.)

Building Structures for Your Garden Railway (Garden Railways Books) by Jack Verducci (Kalmbach Books)

The Criminal Justice Student Writer's Manual, 5th Edition by William A. Johnson, Jr., Richard P. Rettig, Gregory M. Scott, and Stephen M. Garrison (Pearson Prentice Hall)

Anthropology of an American Girl: A Novel by Hilary Thayer Hamann (Spiegel & Grau)

Phillis Wheatley and the Romantics by John C. Shields (The University of Tennessee Press)

Thomas Bradwardine, Insolubilia edition, translation and introduction by Stephen Read, series editor Philip W. Rosemann (Dallas Medieval Texts and Translations Series, 10: Peeters)

Action and Agency in Dialogue: Passion, Incarnation and Ventriloquism by Franois Cooren, with a foreword by and Bruno Latour (Dialogue Studies Series, Volume 6: John Benjamins Publishing Co.)

Celibacy in the Ancient World: Its Ideal and Practice in Pre-Hellenistic Israel, Mesopotami, and Greece by Dale Launderville (A Michael Glazier Book, Liturgical Press)

The Outsider Interviews: A New Generation Speaks Out on Christianity, with DVD by Jim Henderson, Todd Hunter, and Craig Spinks, with a foreword by David Kinnaman (Baker Books)

Beside the Golden Door: U.S. Immigration Reform in a New Era of Globalization by Pia M. Orrenius and Madeline Zavodny (The AEI Press)


Arts & Photography / Performing Arts / Dance

Choreographing From Within: Developing the Habit of Inquiry as an Artist by Diana F. Green (Human Kinetics)

One school of thought regarding choreography says to teach only the rules of fundamental design and form and have students create from formulas. Another school of thought eschews the fundamentals and focuses on creativity.

Author Diana Green espouses both theories and blends them in Choreographing From Within. Green is in her third career as the arts in education program manager for the Alabama State Council on the Arts in Montgomery. She founded the first P-12 certification program in dance in the state of Alabama, and taught at a pre-professional ballet school and youth company in Silver Spring, Maryland. Moving from private studio to higher education, Green designed and directed the dance program at Huntingdon College in Montgomery, Alabama. Green has choreographed eight full-length ballets and numerous concert works in varied styles.

Her approach to integrating the art and craft of choreography grounds students in the fundamentals and takes the fear out of creativity. Green uses an inquiry-based approach to engage students, placing them at the center of the learning. Rather than present a cookbook approach with recipes to follow, Green offers an understanding of the medium, provides examples, and allows students to learn, explore, and create based on their own unique styles.

Choreographing From Within helps students

  • Learn to create movement that originates from a specific intent.
  • Understand the elements of choreography.
  • Synthesize those elements through a series of exercises in which they are given explicit instruction.
  • Break formulaic boundaries as they create their own dances.

The text contains assignments that reinforce the concepts the students learn in each chapter. Each choreographic concept is explored through warm-up exercises, moves on to improvisations, and then focuses on students discovery through reflective questioning, discussions, and short movement studies. The text provides tools for students and their instructors to evaluate and document their progress through class critiques, journal writing, rubrics, digital portfolios, and critical thinking essays. Students can retest their discoveries by completing exercises that focus on breaking the rules they learned.

Part I focuses on the process of choreography and how to be intentionally creative. Part II introduces students to the elements of movement, helping them to analyze the separate elements before they learn to synthesize them in part III, where music is added. Students also learn how to apply transitions in their work, use formulas to manipulate movement, and explore with props and various numbers of dancers. Finally, in part IV, students begin planning finished pieces of choreography using methods of refining and forming.

Choreographing From Withins great photos illustrate the concepts covered in the book.

The book blends the fundamentals of design and creativity, offering a thorough understanding of choreography. It puts students in the drivers seat and provides numerous pathways and tools for them to develop their abilities to the fullest.

Audio / Religion & Spirituality / Buddhism

The Fearless Heart: The Practice of Living with Courage and Compassion (audiobook, unabridged, 5 audio CDs, running time: 5 hours) by Pema Chodron (Shambhala Audio)

Fear and guilt are two of the greatest challenges on the spiritual path but there is a way to transform these painful feelings into courageous self-acceptance.

The Fearless Heart is a 5-hour audio program taped at a retreat. In this program, Pema Chodron presents the five aphorisms for developing fearlessness that were given to Machig Lapdronma, one of Tibetan Buddhism's greatest female teachers. Chodron comments on these aphorisms, holds question-and-answer sessions, and leads guided meditations to help listeners:

  • Overcome shame and guilt.
  • Remain courageous in the face of pain.
  • Transform our relationships with difficult people.
  • Increase feelings of generosity and compassion.

The five methods for cultivating fearlessness, also referred as aphorisms, are:

  1. Reveal your hidden faults.
  2. Approach what you find repulsive.
  3. Help those you think you cannot help.
  4. Let go of what you're attached to.
  5. Go to the places that scare you.

The Fearless Heart also includes a card with the five aphorisms.

Chodron is an American Buddhist nun in the lineage of Chgyam Trungpa. She is resident teacher at Gampo Abbey in Nova Scotia, the first Tibetan monastery in North America established for Westerners. She is also the author of many books and audiobooks, including the best-selling When Things Fall Apart and Don't Bite the Hook.

In this excellent production, taped during a retreat, Pema Chodon instructs listeners on five methods for cultivating fearlessness: reveal your hidden faults, approach what you find repulsive, help those you think you cannot help, let go of what you're attached to, and go to the places that scare you. Chodron, a Buddhist nun, has a remarkable knack for making spiritual practices simultaneously insightful and funny. Though her performance is live (complete with guided meditations and questions and answers), her explanations are astonishingly clear, direct, and provocative; indeed, their unguarded, unrehearsed quality makes them more attractive. With her trademark humor and compassion, Chodron offers listeners insights on how to cultivate fearlessness in the face of discomfort and a willingness to open to what she calls the raw energy of all life's experience. J.C.G., AudioFile

Chodron preserves and extends the work of Machig Lapdronma with The Fearless Heart. At the same time she makes these teachings available to Westerners.

Business & Investing / Entrepreneurship / Job Hunting & Careers

Building and Running a Successful Research Business: A Guide for the Independent Information Professional, Second Edition by Mary Ellen Bates (CyberAge Books, Information Today)

Whether beginning a start-up or wanting to refresh your knowledge and expand, it's extremely fortunate that Mary Ellen has given us this second edition as a guide. Prospective and current information entrepreneurs will want to read the book a first time and then go back to it again and again to double check your ideas and experiences against the wisdom that Mary Ellen's insight and recommendations provide. Building and Running a Successful Research Business should be a required text for everyone in the business or thinking about it. Amelia Kassel, MarketingBase, from the foreword

Building and Running a Successful Research Business, 2nd edition, seeks to guide the independent information professional, sometimes referred to as an information broker, in launching, managing, and building a research business.

Author Mary Ellen Bates is the owner of Bates Information Services, Inc., now near its third decade of operation, which helps her clients make better strategic decisions, providing business research and analysis to business professionals and info pros.

Building and Running a Successful Research Business is organized into four sections, Getting Started, Running the Business, Marketing, and Researching, Bates walks readers through every step of the process, covering everything from "Is this right for you?" to closing the sale, managing clients, promoting the business on the web, and tapping into powerful information sources beyond the web. The second edition features a wealth of new material, including new chapters on how to position the business, marketing via social media, creating an effective web presence, strategic planning for your next five years, and writing a marketing plan that works. Bates reveals the tips, tricks, and techniques for setting up, running, and growing an information business.

The first edition of Building and Running a Successful Research Business was published in 2003. Since then, a staggering explosion of content, sources, and tools have become available on the internet, and the development and growth of Web 2.0 blogging, wilds, RSS feeds, and podcasts are a sign of the times. In 2009, many more information professionals individually or as part of their professional and trade associations turned to social networking and the likes of Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, and others to collaborate, communicate, conduct research, or market themselves as name brands, a result of the growth and development of social media. Web 3.0 and the implementation of semantic web applications are on the horizon.

Apart from the massive growth of the internet, other major changes facing society and individuals emerged. The U.S. and the world experienced the worst recession since the Great Depression during economic downturns such as the one that began in December 2007 more people consider starting businesses than during average times and more settled economic periods. Information professionals in particular are often well-positioned to succeed because employers continue to require the skills that their former employees possess. As such, some info businesses get their start by negotiating contracts with a previous employer, and colleagues and contacts from past environments become excellent referral sources.

Whereas some of the earlier information business pioneers primarily started out by conducting online research, those in today's world are all over the map with web and content management skills; publishing, writing, and internet development expertise; or knowledge of marketing and market research. Furthermore, and significantly, today's independent research professionals focus on value-added services. Essentially, independent information professionals (IIPs) provide a specialty or expertise and save their clients time, while incorporating analysis over and beyond performing online, telephone, or primary research. Organized, synthesized, and analytical deliverables are required by clients and expected of IIPs today.

When she first considered writing a second edition of Building and Running a Successful Research Business, Bates says she was daunted by the amount of work involved. So much has changed that she wasn't sure she could even use the same format for a second edition. She wound up rewriting about half of Section One: Getting Started (including a new chapter on You.com), about a third of Section Two: Running the Business, much of Section Three: Marketing, and a fair bit of Section Four: Researching. This edition also has three more chapters and about 20 percent more content.

Bates says as she watches the economy go through its inevitable growth and contraction cycles, she is reminded that running her own business actually gives her more job stability than if she were working for someone else. If she loses a client, she sees a temporary drop in revenue, but that was only one client among many. She always has other sources of income, so the loss of any one client is never devastating.

The first section of Building and Running a Successful Research Business introduces readers to what is involved in info-entrepreneurship what kinds of work they can do, what kinds of clients they can market to, and what kinds of resources they will need. Bates talks about how to plan the business launch, how readers can mentally prepare themselves for their new life as a business owner, what they need to set up an office, and how to make time for life outside of work.

Section Two, Running the Business, gets into the nitty-gritty of being a business owner. Readers learn about writing proposals and presenting project estimates, about finding the money to start the business and keep it going, about running a business ethically, managing (and firing!) clients, and about functioning as their own private brain trust to provide themselves with a strategic vision. Readers will also learn how to establish rates and fees that will sustain the business, send the right message to their clients (that they're an expert and worth their fee), and enable them to pay themselves the salary they want. Bates also covers the topic of subcontracting taking advantage of the web of relationships independent info pros build among themselves to ensure that they can all provide high-quality research services to their clients.

Readers may read the first section of Building and Running a Successful Research Business just once, but when they are planning and starting their business, they will be consulting Section Three, Marketing, for as long as they are in operation. Marketing is a constant in most businesses, and independent info pros are no exception. This section tells readers about establishing their business image, about low-cost and low-effort marketing efforts that they can start now and sustain over the years, and about high-impact marketing techniques that will get clients to pay attention to what they offer them.

Section Four of Building and Running a Successful Research Business, Researching, comes after the discussions about running and marketing the business for a reason. What many new independent info pros forget is that research skills alone won't bring in the clients and revenue. They must first think through the practicalities of how they will actually make money at it. The section on researching covers the client information needs assessment, known in librarian circles as the reference interview. It also includes a template for developing a mental road map for research and discusses which information resources are best for different types of research. Then readers get an overview of the various kinds of research that independent info pros provide: research on the web and the fee-based online services, telephone research and in-depth interviewing, public records research using government agencies and courthouses, and other types of services independent info pros can offer. Bates also describe tools and techniques for highlighting the value of the information they provide to clients, presenting the research results in ways that clients will find most useful, and becoming a strategic member of their client's team.

Offers a detailed blueprint for establishing your own information research business ... packed with practical tips and helpful suggestions gleaned from years of hard-earned experience. Chris Sherman, Executive Editor, SearchEngineLand.com, and author, The Invisible Web

Information entrepreneurs have waited years for this book. It offers the guidance, wisdom, and voice of experience that the new business owner needs to succeed, along with the solutions and alternatives the established information professional can put to immediate use. Cynthia L. Shamel, President, 2002-2003, Association of Independent Information Professionals

Whether youre already running an information business or just starting out, this book is an invaluable resource. Mary Ellen Bates has done it again! Marydee Ojala, Editor, ONLINE Magazine

Building and Running a Successful Research Business is the handbook every aspiring independent information professional needs in order to launch, manage, and build a research business. Independent information professionals researchers, librarians, students of library and information science, and anyone considering starting or investing in an independent research business will find the reference volume helpful.

Building and Running a Successful Research Business shows readers what they need to know, gives them the tools to help they succeed, and teaches them where to go to fill in the gaps in their knowledge. Bates lays the foundation needed to build and grow a business by putting into words her vast business experience, incorporating both the new and the traditional.

Childrens / Fiction / Art & Music / Ages 4-8, Grades 1-4

Signed, Abiah Rose by Diane Browning (Tricycle Press)

In Signed, Abiah Rose, Abiah Rose has always wanted to paint pictures. Living on a farm near the Genesee River, she and her three siblings do their chores and develop their talents. While Eliah whittles, Jerusha plays pianoforte, and Katherine stitches quilts, Abiah Rose makes pictures.
Best not, Abiah Rose, everyone says. Serious painting is not girls work. Best not show your paintings. Best not sign them either. So Abiah doesnt show her paintings, or sign them either. But still she continues to paint and to make her mark on each of her paintings: a small, hidden rose.

Author/illustrator Diane Browning majored in illustration at Art Center College of Design in Pasadena and studied with acclaimed childrens book author-illustrator Uri Schulevitz. She was inspired to write Abiah Roses story after watching the PBS documentary Anonymous Was a Woman by Mirra Bank. Signed, Abiah Rose is her first book. A story of feminine strength and perseverance, the book honors the struggles of anonymous women artists. The story shows subtly how womens opportunities were limited.

I love this little book, which manages in a few well-chosen scenes and wonderful art to tell the imagined story of one of the many women artists almost all anonymous who painted in the early years of the American townships. It is a story of talent, perseverance, and challenge. Jane Yolen, award-winning author of Owl Moon, My Uncle Emily, and three hundred other books for children
I loved this book! The words and the old-fashioned art are equally charming and acquaint us with a little-known aspect of Americana. I say, Hurray for Abiah Rose! Eve Bunting, award-winning author of more than one hundred books for children
Lyrically and authentically written and illustrated by Diane Browning, this book has influenced me to stand taller as a woman artist. Read this book it will give you the courage to claim your space in the world. Bravo! April Halprin Wayland, award-winning author of New Year at the Pier
As a girl who had to write, I was drawn to this story of a girl who had to paint. Her story charmed me, and I believe it will charm you, too. Karen Cushman, Newberry Medal-winning author of The Midwifes Apprentice
Diane Browning perfectly captures the voice, colors, and quiet passion of a nineteenth-century girl who is born reaching for a paintbrush instead of a rattle. A rose by any other name is Abiah! Alexis ONeill, author of The Recess Queen and Loud Emily

An inspiring and moving story, Signed, Abiah Rose shows readers the everyday struggles of nineteenth century women artists whose only encouragement was their own inborn drive to create. The first-person narrative uses homespun language to describe Abiah Rose's inspirations and environment. The book faithfully depicts 19th-century artifacts and architecture.

Cooking, Food & Wine

Cheese: Exploring Taste and Tradition by Patricia Michelson (Gibbs Smith)

Keen's Farmhouse Cheddar. Wincant on Somerset. The Keen family has farmed at Moorhayes, which is both arable and dairy, since 1899. The rather majestic 16th-century gabled farmhouse sits proudly on a hill overlooking the farmland, which in this part of Somerset is low-lying and prone to wet. The unpasteurized cow's milk cheese is made by hand using a traditional rennet, and what differentiates this Cheddar from, say, Montgomery's is its texture. Keen's has a heavier texture, with a spicy, deep, almost tingling sensation on the tongue, a nutty, fruity tang, and a rich, vigorous finish. The method of heating and pressing also differs from that of Jamie Montgomery's, but I think that in this little pocket of Somerset the terroir shows the way. I like Keen's Cheddar for its weighty chewiness, and the fact that it is a great cooking cheese. from the book

Readers take a trip across the world in Cheese. From the British Isles and across Europe, to North America and south to Australia and New Zealand, this book takes readers on a journey to find, understand, and taste great cheese. This guide for artisan cheeses includes not only a directory for buying cheese, but a thorough discussion of the cheeses themselves and an introduction to those who make them.

Author Patricia Michelson is founder of the London-based epicurean store and cafe La Fromagerie, voted best Specialist Food Shop 2005 by Observer Food Monthly magazine. Among her many supporters are Gordon Ramsay, Jamie Oliver, and Nigel Slater. In Cheese Michelson gives her expert guidance as the book details how to source, store, taste, and serve a fascinating collection of cheeses.

Readers learn how pure and natural elements such as clean water and naturally fed cattle produce delicious cheeses with varying personalities and nuances. They see how the seasons can influence the taste of a cheese, like how a cheese made with springtime milk may be laced with fresh grassy flavors, while in late autumn, dry grass gives a sweeter taste to the milk. Readers delve into the links between cheese and other foods, understanding matches that offer a unique culinary treat. They see the richness of each cheese while sampling numerous pairings. The nearly 100 recipes in Cheese cover everything from how to make and flavor cheeses, dips and soups, light bites, main meals, tarts, salads, and sides, and delicious desserts. Original photography showcases artisan cheese makers at work as well as the landscapes and animals that influence the flavor of a cheese.

Patricia Michaelson is the high priestess of cheese and she has produced not merely the definitive volume on the subject, but a veritable bible. Nigella Lawson

Cheese is the essential guide to knowing and using fine cheese. Readers follow as Michelson journeys from farm to store to offer invaluable advice. Her love for the subject and the gorgeous photos throughout make this book irresistible.

Education / Higher / Teaching / Health, Mind & Body / Psychology & Counseling

How Learning Works: Seven Research-Based Principles for Smart Teaching by Susan A. Ambrose, Michael W. Bridges, Michele DiPietro, and Marsha C. Lovett, with a foreword by Richard E. Mayer (The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series: Jossey-Bass)

As you read about each of the seven basic learning principles in this book, you will find advice that is grounded in learning theory, based on research evidence, relevant to college teaching, and easy to understand. The authors have extensive knowledge and experience in applying the science of learning to college teaching, and they graciously share it with you in this organized and readable book. From the Foreword by Richard E. Mayer, professor of psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara; coauthor, e-Learning and the Science of Instruction; and author, Multimedia Learning

Any conversation about effective teaching must begin with a consideration of how students learn. However, instructors may find a gap between resources that focus on the technical research on learning and those that provide practical classroom strategies. How Learning Works provides the bridge for such a gap.

In How Learning Works, the authors introduce seven general principles of learning, distilled from the research literature as well as from twenty-seven years of experience working one-on-one with college faculty. They have drawn on research from a breadth of perspectives cognitive, developmental, and social psychology; educational research; anthropology; demographics; and organizational behavior to identify a set of key principles underlying learning from how effective organization enhances retrieval and use of information to what impacts motivation. These principles provide instructors with an understanding of student learning that can help them see why certain teaching approaches are or are not supporting student learning, generate or refine teaching approaches and strategies that more effectively foster student learning in specific contexts, and transfer and apply these principles to new courses.

Authors are Susan A. Ambrose, associate provost for education, director of the Eberly Center for Teaching Excellence, and teaching professor in the Department of History at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; Michael W. Bridges, director of faculty development at UPMC St. Margaret Hospital in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania;

Michele DiPietro, associate director for graduate programs at the Eberly Center and instructor in the Department of Statistics at Carnegie Mellon; Marsha C. Lovett, associate director for faculty development at the Eberly Center and associate teaching professor in the Department of Psychology at Carnegie Mellon; and Marie K. Norman, teaching consultant and research associate at the Eberly Center and adjunct professor of anthropology at Carnegie Mellon.

How Learning Works is the latest advancement in the continuing task of applying the science of learning to education particularly, college teaching. The book is organized around seven learning principles each a gem that is based on research evidence from the science of learning and the science of instruction. The principles concern the role of the student's prior knowledge, motivation, and developmental level, as well as opportunities for the student to practice, receive feedback, and learn to become a self-directed learner. Each chapter focuses on one of the principles, such as "Students' prior knowledge can help or hinder learning." Each chapter begins with a concrete scenario in college teaching that exemplifies the principle being highlighted in the chapter, provides a clear statement and rationale for the principle, summarizes the underlying research and its implications, and offers specific advice on how to apply the principle.

How Learning Works is based on the idea that you wish to consider taking an evidence-based approach to college teaching that is, teachers wish to inform their instructional decisions with research evidence and research-based theory. As readers read about each of the seven basic learning principles in this book, they will find advice that is grounded in learning theory, based on research evidence, relevant to college teaching, and easy to understand. The authors have extensive knowledge and experience in applying the science of learning to college teaching, and they graciously share it with you in this organized and readable book.

The book grew out of over twenty-nine years of experience consulting with faculty colleagues about teaching and learning. In these consultations, we encountered a number of recurring problems that spanned disciplines, course types, and student skill levels. Many of these problems raised fundamental questions about student learning. For example: Why can't students apply what they have learned? Why do they cling so tightly to misconceptions? Why are they not more engaged by material I find so 'interesting? Why do they claim to know so much more than they actually know? Why do they continue to employ the same ineffective study strategies?

The authors say that as they worked with faculty to explore the sources of these problems, they turned to the research on learning, and from this research we distilled seven principles, each of which crystallizes a key aspect of student learning. These principles have become the foundation for their work. In their experience, these principles provide instructors with an understanding of student learning that can help them (a) see why certain teaching approaches are or are not supporting students' learning, (b) generate or refine teaching approaches and strategies that more effectively foster student learning in specific contexts, and (c) transfer and apply these principles to new courses.

In How Learning Works, they offer these principles of learning, along with a discussion of the research that supports them, their implications for teaching, and a set of instructional strategies targeting each principle.

Any set of learning principles is predicated on a definition of learning. In this book, we define learning as a process that leads to change, which occurs as a result of experience and increases the potential for improved performance and future learning. There are three critical components to this definition:

  1. Learning is a process, not a product.
  2. Learning involves change in knowledge, beliefs, behaviors, or attitudes.
  3. Learning is not something done to students, but rather something students themselves do.

The seven principles of learning come from a perspective that is developmental and holistic. They begin with the recognition that (a) learning is a developmental process that intersects with other developmental processes in a student's life, and (b) students enter our classrooms not only with skills, knowledge, and abilities, but also with social and emotional experiences that influence what they value, how they perceive themselves and others, and how they will engage in the learning process. Consistent with this holistic perspective, readers should understand that, although we address each principle individually to highlight particular issues pertaining to student learning, they are all at work in real learning situations and are functionally inseparable.

The principles in the order in which they are discussed in How Learning Works:.

1.      Students' prior knowledge can help or hinder learning. If students' prior knowledge is robust and accurate and activated at the appropriate time, it provides a strong foundation for building new knowledge. However, when knowledge is inert, insufficient for the task, activated inappropriately, or inaccurate, it can interfere with or impede new learning.

2.      How students organize knowledge influences how they learn and apply what they know.

3.      Students' motivation determines, directs, and sustains what they do to learn. When students find positive value in a learning goal or activity, expect to successfully achieve a desired learning outcome, and perceive support from their environment, they are likely to be strongly motivated to learn.

4.      To develop mastery, students must acquire component skills, practice integrating them, and know when to apply what they have learned. Students must develop not only the component skills and knowledge necessary to perform complex tasks, they must also practice combining and integrating them to develop greater fluency and automaticity.

5.      Goal-directed practice coupled with targeted feedback enhances the quality of students' learning.

6.      Students' current level of development interacts with the social, emotional, and intellectual climate of the course to impact learning. Many studies have shown that the climate we create has implications for our students. A negative climate may impede learning and performance, but a positive climate can energize students' learning.

7.      To become self directed learners, students must learn to monitor and adjust their approaches to learning. Learners may engage in a variety of metacognitive processes to monitor and control their learning assessing the task at hand, evaluating their own strengths and weaknesses, planning their approach, applying and monitoring various strategies, and reflecting on the degree to which their current approach is working.

Each chapter in How Learning Works begins with stories that represent teaching situations that we hope will strike readers as familiar. Although the instructors described in these stories are fictional, the scenarios are authentic, representing composites of real problems they authors have encountered over many years of consulting with faculty. They analyze these stories to identify the core problems or issues involved and use them to introduce the learning principle relevant to those problems. Then they discuss the principle in relation to the research that underlies it. Finally, they provide a set of strategies to help instructors design instruction with that principle in mind.

How Learning Works is the perfect title for this excellent book. Drawing upon new research in psychology, education, and cognitive science, the authors have demystified a complex topic into clear explanations of seven powerful learning principles. Full of great ideas and practical suggestions, all based on solid research evidence, this book is essential reading for instructors at all levels who wish to improve their students' learning. Barbara Gross Davis, assistant vice chancellor for educational development, University of California, Berkeley, and author, Tools for Teaching

This book is a must-read for every instructor, new or experienced. Although I have been teaching for almost thirty years, as I read this book I found myself resonating with many of its ideas, and I discovered new ways of thinking about teaching. Eugenia T. Paulus, professor of chemistry, North Hennepin Community College, and 2008 U.S. Community Colleges Professor of the Year from The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching and the Council for Advancement and Support of Education

Thank you Carnegie Mellon for making accessible what has previously been inaccessible to those of us who are not learning scientists. Your focus on the essence of learning combined with concrete examples of the daily challenges of teaching and clear tactical strategies for faculty to consider is a welcome work. I will recommend this book to all my colleagues. Catherine M. Casserly, senior partner, The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching

For anyone who wants to improve his or her students' learning, it is crucial to understand how that learning works and how to best foster it. This vital resource is grounded in learning theory and based on research evidence, while being easy to understand and apply to college teaching.

The authors are experts in helping college teachers understand how research in the science of learning can improve their teaching. If readers are interested in what research in the science of learning and instruction has to say to college teachers, then How Learning Works is they book for them. The strength of this book is that it combines research evidence and practical advice to produce an evidence-based approach to improving college teaching. If you are interested in what the science of learning has to contribute to your college teaching, then this book is for you. This book is intended for anyone interested in understanding more about how students learn and in applying that information to improve instruction. This includes, but is not limited to, faculty members, graduate students, faculty developers, instructional designers, and librarians. It also includes K-12 educators. In addition, the principles outlined here are valuable for instructors at all experience levels.

Education / Primary / Teaching / K-9

Because We Can Change the World: A Practical Guide to Building Cooperative, Inclusive Classroom Communities, 2nd edition by Mara Sapon-Shevin (Corwin Press)

The increasing heterogeneity of classrooms through the movement to fully include students with disabilities and other efforts to desegregate classrooms previously divided by race, gender, or ethnicity makes the need for classroom communities even more salient. If we are to have classrooms that not only include students who are diverse in many ways but also make them welcome, appreciated, and valued members of the classroom environment, we will have to set community building as a high priority.

This new edition of a highly acclaimed book, Because We Can Change the World, blends vision statements, stories, and strategies to guide teachers in creating diverse, inclusive classrooms where all children can experience success. Mara Sapon-Shevin, Professor of Inclusive Education in the Teaching and Leadership Department of the School of Education at Syracuse University, provides a unique vision of elementary classrooms that allow all children to experience academic success. Because We Can Change the World, 2nd edition blends theory into practice in a way that helps teachers to think more clearly about their practice and to modify their practice in accord with their best thinking. This edition:

  • Calls on all educators to create diverse, inclusive classrooms and promote social justice.
  • Discusses the barriers to creating cooperative classrooms and how they can be overcome.
  • Suggests activities, songs, and children's literature that promote acceptance and understanding.
  • Includes new "Reframing Our Work" sections with reflective questions that help readers examine their own beliefs and teaching practices.

According to the preface, the response to the first edition of Because We Can Change the World was overwhelmingly positive. Teachers, administrators, and other school personnel appreciated the combination of research and specific activities. Readers recognized Sapon-Shevins goal of combining a strong foundational basis to school change with specific suggestions about "what to do now!"

Because We Can Change the World explores the many facets of community building and social change, and it provides practical strategies and ideas for creating and maintaining classrooms that support and nurture diversity and help students learn to act powerfully. The activities described can be implemented in a wide variety of classrooms with a minimum of materials or preparation. These are not quick-fix ideas; the activities presented are entry points into a deeper exploration of the components of classroom community; and they encourage teachers to build, modify, and expand based on their classrooms and experiences.

Because We Can Change the World is designed to be applicable to teachers who work with students from preschool through middle school; the ideas and activities are not limited to general-education or special-education classrooms but encourage cross-pollination and the development of inclusive, heterogeneous classrooms. It focuses on all kinds of diversity: racial, ethnic, family, ability/disability, gender, and class; and, it combines principles expressed without jargon and guidelines with direct classroom applications. The book begins with an elaboration of a courage, inclusion, value, integrity, cooperation, and safety (CIVICS) curriculum for schools, which is seen as a set of organizing values for creating caring, inclusive classrooms.

Subsequent chapters deal with various aspects of building community: Schools as Communities (Chapter 2), Sharing Ourselves with Others (Chapter 3), Knowing Others Well (Chapter 4), Places Where We All Belong (Chapter 5), Setting Goals and Giving and Getting Support (Chapter 6), Working Together to Learn (Chapter 7), and Speaking Truth and Acting Powerfully (Chapter 8).

Each chapter begins with stories examples of classrooms or situations in which a particular aspect of community is present or absent. Following these examples, a brief vision statement is presented. What would it look like to have a classroom in which cooperation and connection are encouraged, for example? This vision goes beyond the stories that begin the chapter and includes illustrations concerning pedagogy, curriculum, and social relationships.

The vision statement is followed by an analysis of the challenges of impediments to this vision, including a brief exploration of situations, beliefs, myths, and practices, which have interfered with full implementation. For example, how have our experiences around competition and the ways in which classrooms are often structured kept us from seeing cooperation as a viable option or implementing cooperative structures?

New to this edition of Because We Can Change the World is a section titled Reframing Our Work, in Chapters 2 through 8, which provides an opportunity for readers to reflect on and analyze their experiences relative to each topic and how their classroom and schools measure up a way of asking, "How are we doing in this area?" This section can be used as a discussion guide to encourage reflective practice and can serve as a needs assessment, pointing the way toward next steps and goal setting.

The major section of each chapter consists of suggestions and examples for classroom practice related to the vision statement. Included in each chapter are specific community-building strategies or activities, cooperative games that support the concepts, songs related to the theme, children's literature titles that explore the area with suggestions for using such books, and ways of linking this vision to the ongoing curriculum in the class.

Because We Can Change the World has been very instrumental in my work with inclusive schools. The examples, activities, songs, and games are inspired, unique, and effective. I have personally seen classroom cultures completely transformed as a result of using the techniques in this book. If you dont already use this book to promote community, collaboration, and inclusion in your school, do it immediately so students can learn that inclusion is more than a place or a policy it is a commitment to acceptance, an honoring of difference, and, as Sapon-Shevin so eloquently reminds us, a belief that we just might change the world. Paula Kluth, Educational Consultant
Because We Can Change the World is a powerful antidote to the bullying, intolerance, and exclusion that are all too commonplace in our schools. Through helpful insights, practical strategies, and, most of all, a powerful vision grounded in social justice, this book gives teachers and others who care about our schools the inspiration and hope they need to carry on. Sonia Nieto, Professor Emerita of Language, Literacy, and Culture, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

For teachers committed to making schools that work for all students, this book is a guide for facilitating that transformative process. Not just practical, but a real treat. Kiernan Rok, Inclusion Teacher

With updated resources and a stronger emphasis on differentiated instruction, Because We Can Change the World gives teachers the vision, courage, and strategies to make the world a better place, starting with their own classrooms. The combination of principles of community building coupled with descriptions of specific activities to implement in the classroom gives teachers immediate access to new ways of thinking and behaving in their classrooms.

Entertainment / Sports

The Year of the Blackhawks: Celebrating Chicago's 2009-10 Stanley Cup Championship Season by Andrew Podnieks (Fenn Publishing Company Ltd.)

The Chicago Blackhawks are the 2010 Stanley Cup Champions! For the first time since 1961, they have won Lord Stanley's Cup, defeating the Philadelphia Flyers in a thrilling six-game Final and ending the longest Cup drought 49 years in the process.

Led by captain and Conn Smythe Trophy-winner Jonathan Thews, the Hawks saw incredible performances by each player and at key times throughout their post-season run overtime hero Patrick Kane; big winger Dustin Byfuglien; Marian Hossa, playing in his third consecutive Final, each for a different team; goalie Antti Niemi; and, of course, coach Joel Quenneville.

The Year of the Blackhawks celebrates this great victory with in-depth coverage of Chicago's playoff games, a recap of the regular season, team history, detailed player biographies, and all the individual and team stats a fan could want. Authored by veteran hockey historian Andrew Podnieks, this officially-licensed publication of the NHL allows hockey fans of all ages to get a behind-the-scenes look at the Blackhawks' championship team. Featuring an in-depth analysis of the 2010 Stanley Cup Playoffs and color photographs on virtually every page, The Year of the Blackhawks includes an up-close-and-personal look at the Chicago Blackhawks championship year.

Beginning with a history of the team and a look at the Blackhawks early days, the book is more than just a post season celebratory publication. It includes details of the Blackhawks previous Playoffs appearances, award winners, inducted Hall of Famers, retired numbers, individual trophy winners and highlights the team's draft selections. It recaps the 2009-2010 regular season and provides detailed biographies of each player, as well as each post-season match-up and the road to the team's championship win. The game action is vividly displayed through a collection of over 200 color photographs.

Told through stunning photos and the best hockey writing available, The Year of the Blackhawks delights fans as they enjoy reliving the season that brought the Stanley Cup home. The book is the only official NHL Stanley Cup Championship book and this year's must have collectible for all fans of the game.

Entertainment / Television / History / Public Policy

The Citizen Machine: Governing by Television in 1950s America by Anna McCarthy (The New Press)

At a time when TV broadcasting is in a state of crisis, and when a new political movement for media reform has ascended the political stage, The Citizen Machine is an original history of the ideas and assumptions that have shaped not only television, but our understanding of American citizenship itself.

The Citizen Machine is the untold political history of televisions formative era. Media historian Anna McCarthy, associate professor in the department of Cinema Studies at New York University, goes behind the scenes of early television programming, revealing that long before the age of PBS, leaders from business, philanthropy, and social reform movements as well as public intellectuals were all obsessively concerned with TVs potential to mold the right kind of citizen.

Early TV was not just I love Lucy and The Milton Berle Show. The untold story of civic television at the dawn of the Cold War and the civil rights era often reads like a comedy of errors, but it is also a deadly serious tale of how powerful people used TV programming as a way of imagining American citizenship, and of the ways that their experiments with the new medium continue to influence political culture today. In the early 1950s, a broad range of powerful individuals and groups from prominent public intellectuals to massive corporations such as DuPont glimpsed an unparalleled potential to influence the American masses. Forged in the shadow of the early Cold War amid the stirrings of the early civil rights movement the idea of television as a form of unofficial government inspired corporate executives, foundation officers, and other influential leaders to imagine TV sponsorship as a powerful new form of influence on American democracy.

In this political history of television's formative years, McCarthy brings back into view an entire era of civic-minded programming that reveals new ideas of American citizenship taking shape, ideas which remain very much with us today.

An original and bold assessment of television in the postwar years... a terrific contribution to all people trying to make sense of our current media and political situation. Robert W. McChesney, co-author of The Death and Life of American Journalism

Thanks to her imaginative efforts, McCarthy ensures that we will never again be able to watch public-service programs on TV without considering their underlying agendas. Ellen Schrecker, author of Many Are the Crimes and editor of Cold War Triumphalism

The Citizen Machine is a cool, lucid, and detailed account of Cold War TV at its quasi-official best, attempting to elevate public discourse while blanketing mass anxiety. J. Doberman, author of The Dream Life: Movies, Media, and the Mythology of the Sixties

A fascinating account of elite efforts to govern through television by cultivating Cold War Citizenship. McCarthy's compelling book effectively interrogates the way corporate-sponsored TV specials sought simultaneously to promote an idealized conception of Cold War America, and to present the corporations themselves as benevolent facilitators of civic engagement. Mary L. Dudziak, author of Cold War Civil Rights: Race and the Image of American Democracy

At a time when TV broadcasting is in a state of crisis, and when a new political movement for media reform has ascended the political stage, here is thought-provoking history of the ideas and assumptions that have shaped not only television but our understanding of American citizenship itself. Fascinating and revealing, based on years of path-breaking archival work, The Citizen Machine poses entirely new questions about the political significance of television.

Health, Mind & Body / Relationships

The Flirting Bible: Your Ultimate Photo Guide to Reading Body Language, Getting Noticed, and Meeting More People Than You Ever Thought Possible by Fran Greene (Fair Winds Press)

  • Want to make an unforgettable first impression?
  • Or learn how to speak in a way that makes you stand out in a crowd?
  • Or find out what signs a love interest might give if they're attracted to you?

Readers learn all of these flirting secrets and more with The Flirting Bible, the photo-packed guide to using and reading body language and other social cues to find adventure, friendship, fun, and romance. Nationally renowned relationship expert Fran Greene, former Director of Flirting at Match.com, walks readers through her thirteen tried-and-trusted techniques for becoming the most confident and attractive person in the room.

Greene currently runs a private practice working with singles who want to maximize their social life and couples who want to improve their relationships.

Readers learn how to:

  • Make the perfect amount of eye contact to establish trust and intimacy.
  • Use the flirtatious handshake to make a memorable first impression.
  • Listen in a way that makes them a people magnet.
  • Get conversations started and get noticed by using the props of flirting.

To inspire readers, Greene tells her story in The Flirting Bible:

Whether alone or with friends, I flirted no matter where I went: dining out, attending a concert, waiting in line, getting gas, talking to the letter carrier, even sitting in class location never mattered. I was always on the flirt. To me, flirting made every situation more enjoyable and fun, made me feel good and others feel great, and increased the chances of my dream coming true.

Like anyone, I felt the occasional frustration or discouragement looking for love. But I never gave up (though I did let go of the myth that love just happens). I knew that anything important in life takes work. I must admit, I was envious of those who said that love just found them lucky them! But I persevered. One day, after a lengthy meeting, I went to lunch with a group of colleagues. There were eight of us, seven women and one man. Jim worked at a sister office so I had met him for the first time earlier that day. He was nice and good-looking, so I decided to sit next to him at lunch to try out some of the flirting moves I had picked up and perfected from my flirting fieldwork. I was complimentary, funny, leaned in when he talked, smiled, maintained warm eye contact, listened attentively, and showed interest. Over lunch, we had a great time getting to know each other, but we left it at that. Fast forward three months. Jim came to our office for another meeting. After it ended, I offered him a ride to the airport. He said yes but on the condition that I went to dinner with him beforehand. I agreed (of course!). As we left for the restaurant, we passed the office of a woman who knew I was not married. She jokingly yelled out, "Fran, is that your new husband?" Jim put his arm on my shoulder and replied, "I should be so lucky!" His words made me smile from ear to ear, and I quickly whispered back, "No, I should be so lucky." Three years later, we were married.

My story is not unique. During the past twenty years, I have taught how-to-flirt workshops to thousands of single, divorced, and widowed men and women and have watched many of them find love. It is truly an amazing thing. This book has grown out of their personal struggles with how and where to meet new people, as well as their successes.

The Flirting Bible shows readers how to master the art of flirting and reading body language. This step-by-step guide enables readers to find love and excitement because they can ready, willing, and able to flirt.

If only I'd had this book back when I was single! I would have saved myself a lot of heartache. Even now, as a married woman, I couldn't put this book down. Fran Greene approaches her topic with warmth, humor, and sincerity. Best of all, she reveals flirting for what it really is: a way to boost your own self-confidence by making others feel good a surefire path to fun and romance. Cynthia W. Gentry, author of What Men Really Want in Bed and What Women Really Want in Bed

The Flirting Bible is packed with photos. The book helps readers say good-bye to intimidation and hello to the mate of their dreams with the secret weapon to becoming a fabulous flirt.

History / Ancient / Religion & Spirituality / New Age / Mysticism

Lost Technologies of Ancient Egypt: Advanced Engineering in the Temples of the Pharaohs by Christopher Dunn (Bear & Co.)

From the pyramids in the north to the temples in the south, ancient artisans left their marks all over Egypt, unique marks that reveal craftsmanship we would be hard pressed to duplicate today. Drawing together the results of more than 30 years of research and nine field study journeys to Egypt, Christopher Dunn in Lost Technologies of Ancient Egypt presents a stone-by-stone analysis of key Egyptian monuments, including the statue of Ramses II at Luxor and the fallen crowns that lay at its feet. His modern-day engineering expertise provides a unique view into the sophisticated technology used to create these famous monuments in prehistoric times.
Using modern digital photography, computer-aided design software, and metrology instruments, Dunn exposes the extreme precision of these monuments and the type of advanced manufacturing expertise necessary to produce them. His computer analysis of the statues of Ramses II reveals that the left and right sides of the faces are precise mirror images of each other, and his examination of the mysterious underground tunnels of the Serapeum illuminates the finest examples of precision engineering on the planet. Providing never-before-seen evidence in the form of more than 280 photographs, Dunns research in Lost Technologies of Ancient Egypt shows that while absent from the archaeological record, highly refined tools, techniques, and even mega-machines must have been used in ancient Egypt.

Dunn is a manufacturing engineer with 50 years of experience. He has worked primarily in aerospace with an emphasis on precision and laser application. He has published a dozen articles on his theories about ancient technology and is the author of The Giza Power Plant.

I never cease to be astonished by Christopher Dunn's knowledge of ancient Egyptian technology. I believe he knows more of it than any man alive. Colin Wilson, author of Atlantis and The Kingdom of the Neanderthals
This is an extremely important and original book. Christopher Dunn indisputably demonstrates that the ancient Egyptians were much more technologically advanced than the vast majority of modern Egyptologists, archaeologists, and historians ever dared imagine. Robert M. Schoch, Ph.D., author of Voyages of the Pyramid Builders and Pyramid Quest
Christopher Dunn is an expert in his field. He knows a great deal about stone-cutting tools and has spent many years studying the ancient Egyptian monuments, sculptures, and artifacts. His findings are revolutionary. His word carries weight. If he is right, our perception of who the ancient Egyptians were may completely change. Read this book! Robert Bauval, author of The Orion Mystery, Message of the Sphinx and The Egypt Code
Admirers of Egyptian art and architecture are most fortunate that Christopher Dunn directs his experienced engineers eye toward the Egyptians ancient stonework. By noticing the most minute details he reveals sophisticated craftsmanship and immense significance for all areas of Egyptology. Mathematicians will appreciate the amazing three-dimensional geometry made manifest in very hard stone. Dunn points the way for geometers to uncover sharper, more accurate analyses of the proportions of Egyptian design. This book is an important contribution to scientific scholarship by showing how archaeology can firmly rest on a measurable foundation. Michael S. Schneider, author of A Beginners Guide to Constructing the Universe
In this book, Christopher Dunn has brought to the field of Egyptology a new approach, which has been needed for decades. His ability as an engineer and master craftsman has given him the insight to discover ancient technologies and techniques that have been missed by traditional Egyptologists. This book is a paradigm change for the way of thinking about our ancient history and ancestors. I highly recommend this beautiful illustrated book to both academic and alternative researchers and for anyone interested in new ways of thinking about our ancient past. John DeSalvo, Ph.D., author of The Lost Art of Enochian Magic and director of the Great Pyramid of Giza Research Association

Lost Technologies of Ancient Egypt is a unique study of the engineering and tools used to create Egyptian monuments performed by an experienced manufacturing engineer. The never-before-seen, detailed photos provide credence to this stone-by-stone analysis.
History / World / Middle East / South Africa

The Unspoken Alliance: Israel's Secret Relationship with Apartheid South Africa by Sasha Polakow-Suransky (Pantheon)

The Unspoken Alliance is an account of how Israels booming arms industry and apartheid South Africas international isolation led to a secretive military partnership between two seemingly unlikely allies. Based on extensive archival research and exclusive interviews with former generals and high-level government officials in both countries, the book tells a troubling story of Cold War paranoia, moral compromises, and Israels estrangement from the left.
According to The Unspoken Alliance, prior to the Six-Day War, Israel was a darling of the international left: socialist idealists like David Ben-Gurion and Golda Meir vocally opposed apartheid and built alliances with black leaders in newly independent African nations. South Africa, for its part, was controlled by a regime of Afrikaner nationalists who had enthusiastically supported Hitler during World War II.
But after Israels occupation of Palestinian territories in 1967, the country found itself estranged from former allies and threatened anew by old enemies. As both states became international pariahs, their covert military relationship blossomed: they exchanged billions of dollars worth of extremely sensitive material, including nuclear technology, boosting Israels sagging economy and strengthening the beleaguered apartheid regime.
By the time the right-wing Likud Party came to power in 1977, Israel had all but abandoned the moralism of its founders in favor of close and lucrative ties with South Africa. For nearly twenty years, Israel denied these ties, claiming that it opposed apartheid on moral and religious grounds even as it secretly supplied the arsenal of a white supremacist government.
Author Sasha Polakow-Suransky, senior editor at Foreign Affairs, reveals the previously classified details of countless arms deals conducted behind the backs of Israels own diplomatic corps and in violation of a United Nations arms embargo. Polakow-Suransky identifies two wars as decisive turning points in Israeli-South African relations. The 1967 Six-Day War and Israel's occupation of Palestinian territories alienated former friends and won it new enemies; and the 1973 Yom Kippur War left the economy in shambles, and created a powerful incentive for Israel to export arms to and cultivate its relations with the South African government. Polakow-Suransky concludes The Unspoken Alliance with an epilogue in which he writes that, as evinced by its policies towards Palestinians, Israel risks remaking itself in the image of the old apartheid state.

Hugely impressive . . . [Polakow-Suransky] probes in groundbreaking detail the illicit relationship Israel maintained with South Africa. Dan Ephron, Newsweek
The best-documented, most thorough, and most credible account ever offered of the secret marriage between the apartheid state and Israel . . . Polakow-Suransky is no knee-jerk critic of Israel, and he tells his story more in sorrow than in anger . . . [an] important new book. Glenn Frankel, Foreign Policy
A meticulously researched book that reads like a spy thriller . . . Polakow- Suransky spent seven years on his project, conducting interviews with key players from Israel and South Africa, mining South Africas apartheid-era archive and resurrecting documents and articles that the Israeli Foreign Ministry would prefer remained forgotten. Rich with intrigue and shocking details but written without a trace of stridency, The Unspoken Alliance is the most authoritative account to date of Israels scandalous dealings with the apartheid regime of South Africa. Max Blumenthal, The Nation
Sasha Polakow-Suransky does an impressive job uncovering untold elements about the level and details of the South African and Israeli relationship . . . We should read this book, if only to see yet another example of the interconnectedness of our geopolitical affairs. CSIS.org (Center for Strategic and International Studies)
 In this path-breaking book, Sasha Polakow-Suransky traces the evolution of the alliance between Israel with apartheid South Africa from its murky beginning to its inglorious end following the transition to majority rule. The book is based on the most meticulous archival research supplemented by remarkably revealing interviews with decision-makers in several countries. It is a wise, elegantly written, and strikingly fair-minded book which deserves the widest possible readership. Avi Shlaim, Professor of International Relations, Oxford University and author of The Iron Wall: Israel and the Arab World

The Unspoken Alliance is interesting, unique and telling. Its lesson is very clear: Doing the right thing may also be the best political option. It also tells us that sometimes we need others to save us from ourselves. Yossi Beilin, former Israeli Minister of Justice and Director General of the Foreign Ministry
This is a major, long overdue study of the rise and demise of one of the most intriguing alliances of our time, Israels hidden partnership with white South Africa. Dr. Polakow-Suransky has written a masterfully researched history that reads like a thriller unraveling the secrets of an alliance between two embattled societies under siege. Weaved into the authors fascinating narrative lies the disturbing debate about the degree of moral end political congruence that might have existed between the two allies, Israels political and defense establishment on the one hand and the Afrikaner master race on the other. Shlomo Ben-Ami, Foreign Minister of Israel, 2000-2001
An intensely observed, eye-opening book. Kirkus

The Unspoken Alliance is a smart and readable, provocative and disturbing account of the clandestine alliance between Israel and South Africa. It is essential reading for anyone interested in Israels history and its future.

Home & Garden / Antiques & Collectibles / Textiles & Costumes

Jeans of the Old West: A History by Michael Allen Harris (Schiffer Publishing Ltd.)

Jeans of the Old West offers an extensive look at the whole era of Old West denim, including Levi Strauss and lesser known manufacturers. Over 300 color photos and illustrations chronicle never-before-seen examples, patent drawings, and the histories of the manufacturers. Author Michael Harris, denim archeologist, seeks out examples of vintage jeans wherever he can find them.

Gathered from collections around the world, here are pictures of antique Miners denim worn in the frontier communities of Nevada and California, including Levi denim that is over 120 years old. Over a dozen other brands that used this strong, durable fabric and helped make blue jeans what they are today include Greenebaum Brothers, Neustadter Brothers, S.R. Krouse, A.B. Elfelt & Co., Hevnemann & Co., Harman Adams, Steinhart & Co., Toklas, Brown, & Co., Yung Chow, and others. To avoid patent infringements, these little-known brands designed jeans that found a way around the rivet patent of Levi Strauss. Many of these innovative blue jeans designs have been lost in the dust of history and were inaccessible to the public until now.

As he was researching Jeans of the Old West, Harris says he came to recognize that the story of the invention and subsequent refinement of denim work pants is part of a larger narrative. While he includes many photographs and much technical information of interest to the collector, he describes how these artifacts fit into a larger story about the people and events that played a role in their creation.

It is surprisingly difficult to obtain accurate information about old jeans, considering that they were first manufactured commercially in a major American city only about 150 years ago. However, these pants were made in San Francisco, a city that was ravaged by fire several times since 1850. In addition, early jeans were created and produced in what was still the frontier of North America, far from the manufacturing centers on the East Coast. Therefore the quest for information involves time spent searching for clues. In the absence of written documentation, much of the information about old jeans comes from the jeans themselves from specimens that have survived. Harris apologizes for the tattered condition of many of the pieces of old jeans used as examples in the illustrations for Jeans of the Old West. Considering the limited production runs for some of these jeans, and the difficult conditions under which they were used, the fact that any examples remain is a testament to the quality of their design and construction.

The photos and information in Jeans of the Old West are evidence that many of the styling features incorporated into modern designer jeans originated in the workshops of nineteenth-century craftsmen seeking ways to make improved work pants. Viewed as cultural artifacts, old jeans can tell us much about the way people lived and worked in the boomtowns of the Old West. What may not be so obvious is that these pants represent the birth of an industry; at least two modern-day clothing manufacturers started out making work clothes in San Francisco during the 1870s.

Jeans of the Old West offers an extensive look at the era of Old West denim, a romanticized period in American history. This invaluable information will appeal to fashion historians and collectors alike.

Home & Garden / Crafts & Hobbies

Building Structures for Your Garden Railway (Garden Railways Books) by Jack Verducci (Kalmbach Books)

Creating an attractive, realistic-looking garden railway involves more than modeling the trains and tracks themselves. Creating structures that work in an outdoors setting is also fundamental. Selecting and building structures that are appropriate to the theme of the railroad is the key to placing the garden layout in a specific region and era.

Structures for garden railways are just like structures for other model railroads except they must survive outdoor elements.

Building Structures for Your Garden Railway is the first comprehensive guide to creating structures that work in an outdoor setting. This book covers researching, planning and drawing, selecting tools and materials, and construction. It covers everything from bases to roofs including walls, windows, doors, lighting, and painting. Noted expert Jack Verducci gives how-to help and seasoned advice about building structures that will stand up to the elements.

Verducci has built nearly 75 garden railroads in many areas of the country. He has earned the NMRA's title of Master Model Railroader based on his garden-railroad accomplishments. He is a regular contributor to Garden Railways magazine. His Garden Railway Design & Construction column has appeared regularly in the magazine since December 1996.

"Part of the fun," Verducci says, "is building each structure to represent the era and region you wish to model, and also building it as quickly or as carefully as you choose."

In Building Structures for Your Garden Railway Verducci shows readers how to:

  • Choose appropriate structures for their railway.
  • Change the appearance of commercial kits.
  • Plan and scratch-build simple and complex buildings.
  • Work with various materials including wood, plastic, and resin.
  • Select the proper adhesives and paints to withstand the elements.
  • Construct roads and structure bases.
  • Add lighting effects to structures and scenes.
  • Realistically arrange buildings to form towns.

The material in this book, for the most part, is geared toward beginners, but Verducci also includes some advanced modeling techniques.

Using the instruction in Building Structures for Your Garden Railway readers will be well on their way to creating the detailed garden railway theyve imagined. The book will encourage them to consider many ways to accomplish their overall goals. It will help them realize they can do anything they set their minds to accomplish and have fun doing it.

Law / Reference / Criminology / Writing

The Criminal Justice Student Writer's Manual, 5th Edition by William A. Johnson, Jr., Richard P. Rettig, Gregory M. Scott, and Stephen M. Garrison (Pearson Prentice Hall)

The Criminal Justice Student Writer's Manual, Fifth Edition is designed to help students learn how to research and write in criminal justice and improve their writing skills. The five authors, all of whom are faculty at the University of Central Oklahoma except Richard Retting who is at Easter Oregon University, take a comprehensive approach. The book discusses the writing process, the mechanics of writing, the importance of research and how to cite sources. Now expanded to six parts, this edition includes a new chapter on writing probation and parole reports. Combining both guidelines and samples, it prepares students to write a variety of criminal justice papers, from condensed presentations to complex reports. This edition includes a new writing assignment and covers record keeping, violation reports and pre-sentence investigation reports.

Chapter of The Criminal Justice Student Writer's Manual, 5th edition, include:

  1. A Handbook of Style for Criminal Justice
  2. Paper Formats and Citations
  3. How to Conduct Research in Criminal Justice
  4. Brief and Applied Writing Assignments in Criminal Justice
  5. Report Writing in Criminal Justice
  6. Case Studies and Policy Analysis

This fifth edition has been fully updated to include:

  • A new section on paragraph development Chapter 1.
  • Updated information on the American Sociological Associations Style Guide Chapter 4.
  • Updated information on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association Chapter 5.
  • Expanded section on avoiding plagiarism Chapter 6.
  • Expanded section on Criminal Justice information on the World Wide Web Chapter 7. 

The organization of this book is excellent. It is well written and free of superfluous material.The practical aspects are what make it an essential reference for my undergraduate and graduate criminal justice students.I would recommend it for use in police academies and police management in-service training. Mark McCoy, University of Central Oklahoma

The writing activities included in the book guide the students through the various forms of writing that are expected in the university critiques of articles, book reviews, formal position papers, etc. while they provide opportunities and incentives for students to get out and meet with professionals in the field. It creates the perfect environment for ... students to enhance and fine-tune their writing skills as they learn more about their future careers. Janet Hageman, San Jose State University

The Criminal Justice Student Writer's Manual offers an applied focus that emphasizes the importance of clear and accurate report writing for police officers, probation officers and parole officers. Students or professionals needing a resource on writing reaction papers, article critiques, police reports, agency case studies, and policy analysis papers will find The Criminal Justice Student Writer's Manual useful. The new chapter Writing Probation and Parole Reports makes this book unique.

Literature & Fiction

Anthropology of an American Girl: A Novel by Hilary Thayer Hamann (Spiegel & Grau)

Self-published in 2003 and sold out of its 5,000 hardcover print run, Hilary Thayer Hamanns debut novel, Anthropology of an American Girl, touched a nerve among readers, who identified with the sexual and intellectual awakening of its heroine, a young woman on the brink of adulthood. A moving depiction of the transformative power of first love, Hamanns first novel follows Eveline Auerbach from her high school years in East Hampton, New York, in the 1970s through her early adulthood in the moneyed, high-pressured Manhattan of the 1980s. 

Centering on Evies fragile relationship with her family and her thwarted love affair with Harrison Rourke, a professional boxer, the novel is both a love story and an exploration of the difficulty of finding ones place in the world. As Evie surrenders to the dazzling emotional highs of love and the crippling loneliness of heartbreak, she strives to reconcile her identity with the constraints that all relationships whether those familial or romantic, uplifting to the spirit or quietly detrimental inherently place on us. Though she stumbles and strains against social conventions, Evie remains a strong yet sensitive observer of the world around her, often finding beauty and meaning in unexpected places. 
Anthropology of an American Girl, which has been compared to Catcher in the Rye and Jane Eyre, has been significantly edited and reworked for this republication. Hamann, co-director of Films on the Haywall, a classic film series in Bridgehampton, New York, as assistant to the founder and artistic director of the National Dance Institute, produced We Real Cool, a short film based on the Gwendolyn Brooks poem, directed by Academy Award-winning director Emile Ardolino.

Eveline Auerbach, the heroine of Anthropology of an American Girl, observes at one point that pain becomes its own story. That may be the best way to begin talking about Hilary Thayer Hamann's arresting and provocative coming-of-age novel, set against the twilight years of Eveline's adolescence and the dawn of the 1980s. Hamann's 600-page epic the wistful and unsteady course of a girl experiencing the often brutal paradox of being a woman. Anthropology of an American Girl is an accomplished and absorbing work of fiction, resonant and romantic in the grandest sense, that will remind you what a great American novel really is. Anne Bartholomew, Amazon.com, book of the month

If publishers could figure out a way to turn crack into a book, it'd read a lot like this. Originally a self-published cult hit in 2003 (since reedited), Hamann's debut traces the sensual, passionate, and lonely interior of a young woman artist growing up in windswept East Hampton at the end of the 1970s. Eveline bent on self-destruction but capable of deep passion, stifled by circumstance but constantly blossoming is a marvelously complex and tragic figure of disconnection, startlingly real and exposed at all times. Publishers Weekly, starred review

Closely observed, Holden Caulfield-ish story of teendom in Manhattan and its purlieus in the age of Me The details are exactly right Intelligent and without a false note a memorable work. Kirkus Reviews, starred review

Moving beyond the high school years and less compressed and stylized than The Catcher in the Rye, a version of this novel was self-published in 2003 and found a huge audience, and with good reason. Reworked since then, it is more than a semiautobiographical coming-of-age story. Hamann has a hugely engaging voice and one that is rich with social and psychological insights into Reagan-era America as she creates a young, artistic woman with dreams who is buffeted about by reality. Chicago Tribune
As vast and ambitious as the country itself A very respectable and serious descendant of the work of D.H. Lawrence Hamann has put together a carefully devised, coherent world, filled with opinions that need to be spoken and heard. Washington Post
Showcases all of the nuance and character insight of the masters. But it also has a thrilling contemporary edge that seems to just about perfectly capture the ethos, angst and danger of a time close to our own Its easy to get hooked by one of the most engaging, evolving voices in contemporary fiction Hamann so fully imbues her characters with recognizable humanity that they stand up and demand to be heard.  Chicago Sun Times
Sparkling. Well-crafted and beautifully written. Very Short List
The novels every twist and turn brings a relatable and rawly emotional tale. Elle
Where to start with this magnificent book? With the dazzling quality of Hilary Thayer Hamann's prose? With the themes of love and loss, trust and betrayal, innocence and maturity? With the tremendous satisfaction one feels at the end? There are so many ways to praise Anthropology of an American Girl, an exceedingly intense and passionate book; it's a romance in the grand sense, a rich, affecting experience. Shelf Awareness
Henry James meets the 21st century. Library Journal
A cinematic and emotionally ripe debut novel... in gorgeous language and with brilliant observation. Ms. Magazine

Newly edited and revised since its original publication, Anthropology of an American Girl is an extraordinary piece of writing, original in its vision and thrilling in its execution.

Literature & Fiction / History & Criticism / World Literature / African American

Phillis Wheatley and the Romantics by John C. Shields (The University of Tennessee Press)

Phillis Wheatley (1753-1784?) was the first African American to publish a book. Born in Gambia in 1753, she came to America aboard a slave ship, the Phillis. From an early age, Wheatley exhibited a profound gift for verse, publishing her first poem in 1767 her tribute to a famed pastor "On the Death of the Rev. Mr. George Whitefield" followed in 1770, catapulting her into the international spotlight, and publication of her 1773 Poems on Various Subjects Religious and Moral in London made her a literary phenomenon.

Despite the attention she received at the time, history has not been kind to Wheatley. Her work has long been neglected or denigrated by literary critics and historians. The author of this volume, John C. Shields, has struggled to change this perception, and Wheatley has begun to take her place among the elite of American writers.

In Phillis Wheatley and the Romantics, Shields, Distinguished Professor of English and director of the Center for Classicism in American Culture at Illinois State University, contends that Wheatley was not only a brilliant writer but one whose work made a significant impression on renowned Europeans of the Romantic age, such as Samuel Taylor Coleridge, who borrowed liberally from her works, particularly in his famous distinction between fancy and imagination. Shields, editor of The Collected Works of Phillis Wheatley, shows how certain Wheatley texts, particularly her "Long Poem; consisting of "On Recollection; "Thoughts on the Works of Providence; and "On Imagination;" helped shape the face of Romanticism in the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.

Chapters of Phillis Wheatley and the Romantics include:

  1. Before Wheatley: The Imagination from Plato to Bruno
  2. Before Wheatley: The Imagination from Bruno to William Billings
  3. Wheatley's "Long Poem" and Subsequent Considerations
  4. After Wheatley: In England, France, and Germany, Excluding Kant
  5. Kant and Wheatley
  6. Wheatley and Coleridge

Concluding Remarks: Is Wheatley the Progenetrix of Romanticism?

Phillis Wheatley and the Romantics extends the argument of Wheatley's Poetics of Liberation: Backgrounds and Contexts, which holds that Wheatley is a largely misunderstood yet brilliant author. The objective of this and the earlier text is to ascertain the value of Wheatley's works, along with their multi-layered meanings. Surprisingly, a productive and provocative result of acknowledging the value of Wheatley's texts leads readers to learn that, at least during the later years of the eighteenth and the early years of the nineteenth centuries, her poems prove to have been more appealing to many intellectuals in Great Britain and the Continent than they were to Early Americans.

Phillis Wheatley and the Romantics traces a heretofore unrecognized impact that certain of Wheatley's texts, exercised in the shaping of what we have come to call the several romanticisms. Shields demonstrates how remarkably certain of Wheatley's poems participate in what others, from Walter Jackson Bate and Francis Gallaway to Meyer Abrams and Peter Otto, have claimed the various romanticisms to have been.

Beyond the connections to Coleridge and others is the simple global direction. Rather than the timeworn notion that, before Edgar Allan Poe, ideas crossed the Atlantic exclusively from Europe to the colonies, Shields says now we must open our minds to the unmistakable reality that the principles of Wheatley's imagination poetics sailed from the New World to the Old, reversing the conventional wisdom that finds this transatlantic phenomenon to have been virtually impossible.

Particularly during the era of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, a woman was considered to be "an object rather than a creator of art." At that time, it was thought by the patriarchy, of course that it was patently ridiculous for a woman "to insert herself actively into the realm of history by means of work or engagement in political struggle". Even so, Phillis Wheatley, having searched for and found her own agency as a poet, empowered herself by going so far as attempting to create herself an independent professional, with publication of her 1773 Poems. At the same time, Wheatley did in fact insert herself as a political figure in the American quest for freedom for everyone, regardless of race.

According to Phillis Wheatley and the Romantics, Wheatley's texts were in fairly broad circulation. Other male authors who exposed themselves to her texts include Voltaire, Blumenbach, Wordsworth, and Gregoire, all of whom were probably joined by Kant, Stewart, and possibly Schleiermacher and Schelling. Shields acknowledges that members of the patriarchy did in fact pay attention to texts by Wheatley, many of whom actually extolled the value of her texts, perhaps as evidence against targeting Africans for enslavement. Such a staunch racist as Thomas Jefferson, for example, found himself forced to deal with her texts, if only to denigrate them and then to deny their authenticity.

In Shields treatment of Wheatley and Coleridge, he remarks on their mutual preoccupations with the abolishment of slavery, a concern that each develops in close conjunction with their theoretics of imagination.

William Harmon and Hugh Holman claim, in their most recent edition of A Handbook to Literature (the tenth), that "The term," romanticism, "is used in many senses, a recent favorite being that which sees in the romantic mood a psychological desire to escape from unpleasant realities". Surely Wheatley's line describing a world "Oppress'd with woes, a painful endless train" points toward this sentiment, just as her creation of her heterocosms provides an escape. Harmon and Holman expand their explanation of the term to include the characteristics of a love of nature, individualism, an unrestrained imagination, an interest in human rights, and the application of the reflective lyric all issues Wheatley takes up. While Wheatley does not precisely subscribe to what we can think of as a totally unrestrained imagination, she certainly does endorse the power, the force, of imagination when she elevates this re-creative productive faculty to "leader of the mental train."

What the evidence ascertains is that in fact Wheatley was already expressing the central qualities of romanticism, as proposed by the authorities Shields cites throughout this monograph, long before the traditionally recognized lions of the movement.

Shields in Phillis Wheatley and the Romantics recovers the fact that this considerably sophisticated intellectual anticipated with remarkable acuity the principal tenets of what we have come to call romanticism. Her importance to the study of African American creative writings has become irrefutably established. But what about her contributions to other characteristics of culture? Her contributions to the culture of American women in general have, for example, been underappreciated. In the recent best-selling Founding Mothers: The Women Who Raised Our Nation, Cokie Roberts, in a long chapter celebrating Mercy Otis Warren, a poet, dramatist, and historian of the Revolutionary War era, interjects a page and a few lines regarding Wheatley. Here Wheatley may be viewed as through a crack in the door through which she may be glimpsed, though she is clearly not granted the status of a woman who played the role of a founding mother.

Phillis Wheatley and the Romantics merely opens the door to possibilities regarding Wheatley studies abroad; this monograph signals the need for new approaches to Early American Studies in general.

This book very conclusively debunks the over two-hundred-year-old conventional wisdom that Wheatley owes her poetic sensibilities to Alexander Pope.... It will help rejuvenate the study of Wheatley and will be an exciting contribution to scholarly discourse on Wheatley's poetry. Cedrick May, author of Evangelism and Resistance in the Black Atlantic, 1760-1835

Phillis Wheatley and the Romantics helps demolish the long-held notion that literary culture flowed in only one direction: from Europe to the Americas. Thanks to Wheatley's influence, Shields argues, the New World was influencing European literary masters far sooner than has been generally understood. Shields makes his point and then more or less beats it to death, showing his frustration with spending a career trying to elevate Wheatley and nearly failing.

Philosophy / History / Medieval

Thomas Bradwardine, Insolubilia edition, translation and introduction by Stephen Read, series editor Philip W. Rosemann (Dallas Medieval Texts and Translations Series, 10: Peeters)

Read's introduction, edition, and translation familiarize us with the roots of the medieval discussion of the insolubles in Aristotle's works, and with the more immediate context of Bradwardine's treatment, in particular his refutation of the views of contemporaries such as Walter Burley. The appendices include material that post-dates Bradwardine, yet shows clear signs of its dependence on the prince of the natural philosophers, as Ralph Strode called him half a century later. On the other hand, Professor Read's introduction brings Bradwardine's solution of the problem of insolubles into direct dialogue with modern logic, represented by the theories of figures such as Alfred Tarski, Saul Kripke, and Frederic Fitch. What is fascinating here is that the univocity of logical language, its quasi-mathematical precision, appears to render such a dialogue relatively uncomplicated. In cases where thinkers from different periods do not adopt such logical language, it is much more difficult to offer mutual translations of their systems of thought, which remain more closely tied to metaphors, literary genres, and other non-philosophical factors. Philipp W. Rosemann, from the editors foreword

The fourteenth-century thinker Thomas Bradwardine (c.1290-1349) is well known in both the history of science and the history of theology. The first of the Merton Calculators (mathematical physicists) and passionate defender of the Augustinian doctrine of salvation through grace alone, he was briefly archbishop of Canterbury before succumbing to the Black Death in 1349. This new edition of his Insolubilia, Thomas Bradwardine, Insolubilia, made from all thirteen known manuscripts, shows that he was also a logician of the first rank. The edition is accompanied by a full English translation. In the treatise, Bradwardine considers and rejects the theories of his contemporaries about the logical puzzles known as insolubles or paradoxes, and sets out his own solution at length and in detail. In a substantial introduction, Stephen Read, Professor at the University of St. Andrews, describes Bradwardine's analysis, compares it with other more recent theories, and places it in its historical context.  Thomas Bradwardine, Insolubilia is accompanied by three appendices, the first of which is an extra chapter found in two manuscripts (and partly in a third) that appears to contain further thoughts by Bradwardine himself. The second contains an extract from Ralph Strode's Insolubilia, composed in the 1360s, repeating and enlarging on Bradwardine's text; and the third consists of an anonymous text that applies Bradwardine's solution to a succession of different insolubles.

The volume is the tenth in the series Dallas Medieval Texts and Translations under the general editorship of Philipp W. Rosemann, University of Dallas. The Dallas Medieval Texts and Translations series pursues an ambitious goal: to build a library of medieval Latin texts, with English translations, from the period roughly between 500 and 1500, that represents the breadth and variety of medieval civilization. The series is open to all subjects and genres, ranging from poetry through philosophy, theology, and rhetoric to treatises on natural science. Works published in the Dallas Medieval Texts and Translations are unexcerpted and unabridged.

This tenth volume of the series, Thomas Bradwardine, Insolubilia, contains a late medieval logical text, De Insolubilibus, which dates from the 1320s. The best known example of an insoluble is the liar paradox, the statement: "I am lying." What is the truth-value of such a proposition? If it is true that I am lying, then I am lying in the very statement, "I am lying," so that I am in fact not lying. But if I am not lying in saying that I am lying, then I am speaking the truth and so I am lying. It is easy to see why the medievals termed such self-referential logical paradoxes insolubles.

As described in the Introduction to Thomas Bradwardine, Insolubilia, while at Oxford and when chancellor of St. Paul's Cathedral in London in the late 1330s and 1340s, Bradwardine composed the robust defense of the Augustinian position published in his De causa Dei (On God's Cause): salvation comes not from good acts but from the grace of God, by which alone acts can be good. In the 1340s, Nicholas Aston referred to him as doctor profundus, the term by which he was known to posterity.

Reads interest is in Bradwardine's time as a regent master in arts at Oxford in the early to mid-1320s. It was at this time that he composed his logical masterpiece, De insolubilibus, as testified by the Madrid manuscript: "Here end the Insolubles of Master Thomas Bradwardine of England, teaching master at Oxford."' Tradition associates Bradwardine with Walter Burley, as do many of the manuscripts where their works appear together. Burley was a member of Merton College, although he had been studying theology in Paris since 1310. Readers will find that Burley's views on insolubles are the main focus of attack in the early pages of Bradwardine's treatise.

The treatise, written in Latin, was edited by Marie-Louise Roure in 1970. That edition was based essentially on just one manuscript, Erfurt Octavo 76. Roure knew of three others, and says that "a second manuscript (Venice Z 301), in a difficult hand, partly illegible, has, however, allowed us to make some corrections." Roure's text, although a welcome addition to available editions of such texts at the time, has many corrupt and unreliable passages. Thomas Bradwardine, Insolubilia is based on all thirteen known manuscripts.

In addition, two manuscripts contain an extra thirteenth chapter, although whether that chapter is authentic is open to doubt. Nine of the manuscripts attribute the work explicitly to Bradwardine, and of the remaining four, three are incomplete, while the last attributes it to master Thomas of England. None attributes it to anyone else. Bradwardine's inimitable style in his famous works is also found unmistakably in the Insolubilia.

Fleming speaks of the geometrical precision of Bradwardine's presentation of his arguments. Generally, his works open with a preface stating a problem, the need to deal with it, the procedure to follow, and an announcement of the contents of the chapters. Then come a description of terminology, definitions, divisions, suppositions, and conclusions. Following what he notes was Aristotle's approach, he first rejects erroneous opinions, then sticks faithfully to his plan.

Read's presentation of Thomas Bradwardine, Insolubilia combines a historical-philological with a contemporary logical approach. The preservation of these medieval texts is the valuable accomplishment of this series; taken together, they provide a window into the medieval mind.

Reference / Words & Language / Communication Studies

Action and Agency in Dialogue: Passion, Incarnation and Ventriloquism by Franois Cooren, with a foreword by and Bruno Latour (Dialogue Studies Series, Volume 6: John Benjamins Publishing Co.)

In the end, when you begin to become more familiar with agencies instead of the dummies that are made to speak (formerly known as the human speaking subjects), a totally different speech act theory is emerging. Although Cooren's book has not developed it completely, it is certainly in the offing when, in the last chapter, he compares the agencies able to make us organize ourselves with those able to produce political will or even with those able to make us feel amorous passions. In order to move from the egocentric to the agency-centric view, you just have to replace, in the notion of speech-act, the human actor by what has made this human actor act. No doubt that if we manage not to loose the empirical techniques of inquiry, a much more realistic picture of interactions will be drawn. Cooren's book is an important step in just this direction. from the foreword by Bruno Latour

What happens when people communicate or dialogue with each other? This is the daunting question that Action and Agency in Dialogue proposes to address by starting from a controversial hypothesis: What if human interactants were not the only ones to be considered as doing things with words? That is, what if other things could also be granted the status of agents in a dialogical situation? Action and Agency in Dialogue proposes to explore this unique hypothesis by mobilizing metaphorically the notion of ventriloquism. According to this ventriloqual perspective, interactions are never purely local, but dislocal, that is, they constantly mobilize figures (collectives, principles, values, emotions, etc.) that incarnate themselves in people's discussions. The book develops the analytical, practical and ethical dimensions of such a theoretical positioning.

In Action and Agency in Dialogue, Francois Cooren, professor of communication in Montreal, wrestles with all those multiple agents to destroy, one after another, all the concepts dear to the heart of communication specialists: action, voice, agency, interaction, information and, of course, communication.

Like many specialists of communication studies, Cooren has been puzzled by the centrality given to the commonplace idea of one human speaking agent interacting in a dialog with another human speaking agent. Cooren's book pushes the puzzle further and adds to the multiplicity of speech acts the multiplicity of agencies making the human agent speak.

According to Bruno Latour in the foreword, what Cooren wishes to point out, is that the flow of agents and agencies in which we swim, float, drift or sometimes drown, is not mastered at all. What is important in order to understand Action and Agency in Dialogue, is that it is not about a flow of discourse, but a flow of characters with their own ontology and their own weight, each distributing differently the powers to speak or to silence.

In the book ventriloquism is inverted: we, the human subjects, are the dummies toward which other entities are projecting their real voices as if they were coming from us. All the studies of metaphor, of storytelling, or staging arguments are put upside down. We are spoken or silenced by others, by aliens, toward which we should direct our attention if we want to understand what make us act or speak. Cooren remains firmly committed to the stock and trade of speech act theory and conversation analysis.

In the first part of Action and Agency in Dialogue, Cooren presents a series of arguments leading to the reconceptualization of the question of action and agency. Chapter 1 shows that instead of reducing action and agency to a performance intentionally accomplished by a human being, this acceptation of the term allows us to acknowledge the many things that artifacts, predispositions, technologies, and architectural elements do in our daily life, while also taking into account the various situations where what we do escapes our control.

Chapter 2 proposes an alternative model of speech act theory and conversation in general, a model that questions the reduction of speech agency to what human interlocutors intend to do in interaction. Speech acts thus become an object of potential negotiation between interactants, which leads us to recognize that talk in interaction never is under the participants' full control.

This plurified view of the dialogic scene then brings us to Chapter 3, which introduces the ideas of passion/animation and their operationality in interaction. Using the work of ethnomethodologists and conversation analysts as an illustration, this chapter shows that traditional ways of conceiving of interaction tend to reduce this phenomenon to what people do when conversing with each other. Reversely, once we recognize that there is no action without passion/animation it becomes possible to dislocate our interactions. Furthermore, the question of who or what is acting becomes debatable, for many types of agents or figures (such as utterances, emotions, collectives, principles, or rules) can be identified as doing something in a given discussion.

Action and Agency in Dialogue then introduces the second part, which illustrates its analytical productivity. Chapter 4 introduces the phenomenon of ventriloquism. Although dialogues and interactions have traditionally been conceived as mobilizing two or more human beings, Cooren demonstrates that interactants constantly mobilize various beings by ventriloquizing them, that is, by making them say or do things. This reflection on ventriloquism then allows him to show that a certain oscillation or vacillation is always at stake in interaction and dialogue. If one way of conceiving of interaction consists of positioning the interactants as ventriloquists who make dummies say or do things, such a positioning can be deconstructed to the extent that these interactants can also be seen as animated or moved by specific agencies (principles, values, norms, etc.) that ventriloquize them.

Two forms of ventriloquism are thus identified, what Cooren calls downstream and upstream forms of ventriloquism. While the downstream form of ventriloquism corresponds with how interactants can be said to be ventriloquized through the turns of talk they produce, a phenomenon that also allows them to convey implicit messages about people's rights and obligations, the upstream form positions the interactant as incarnating or embodying something that they claim to represent, whether it is a principle, value, rule, norm or collective. These effects of authority and power show that authorizing is authoring. In other words, lending weight to one's position consists of implicitly or explicitly showing that we are not the sole authors of what is put forward, but that other things appear to support and author it too.

Chapter 5 tackles a key topic that animates, in many respects, the raison detre of Action and Agency in Dialogue, that is, the question of incarnation and its connection with the constitution of collectives. Cooren demonstrates in this final chapter that all these effects of ventriloquism and representation can also be understood as different manners by which various things incarnate or embody themselves in our discussions. Invoking a rule or positioning oneself as speaking in the name of a principle amounts to giving flesh to what could, at first sight, be considered abstract, disincarnated, intangible, or ethereal. Communication, according to a ventriloqual analysis, also becomes this dislocated locus where the immaterial and material features of our world merge with each other, what he calls im/materiality.

Having acknowledged this im/materiality, Cooren then shows how a reflection on incarnation and embodiment allows us to problematize the mode of being of collectives (groups, organizations, institutions, societies) by demonstrating their communicative constitution. While a name always points to something that supposedly preexists it, collectives' names are the very means by which the things they are supposed to point to are produced and reaffirmed. Cooren says that such a logic allows us to question some basic tenets of systems theory as well as questioning the evilness of the term reification.

Elegantly written and compellingly argued, Cooren offers up some of the most original theorizing on agency in the communication sciences that we have seen to date. Nonhuman agency does not just make a difference in this book. it is a difference that connects, communicates, and brings to life the impossible. Gail T. Fairhurst, Professor, University of Cincinnati

In his powerful book, Action and Agency in Dialogue, Francois Cooren helps to explode unexamined assumptions about our extraordinary relationships with nonhuman entities. As might be expected, the perspective of Action and Agency in Dialogue opens new ways of thinking about speech acts, social institutions and the ontology offerings. David Goldblatt, Emeritus Professor, Denison University

Cooren convincingly demonstrates in the book that any action should be considered as contributing to a configuration of activities it participates in. His goal is not to deny that speakers do things with words, but to show that many other agents are implicitly or explicitly mobilized in this type of activity. Istvan Kecskes, Professor, University at Albany, SUNY

Cooren has written a highly original book about speech-act theory in which he leads readers through a vast literature to demonstrate that when we speak many other voices are speaking as well. Action and Agency in Dialogue will be of interest to communication scholars, linguists, sociologists, conversation analysts, management and organizational scholars, as well as philosophers interested in language, action and ethics.

Religion & Spirituality / Christianity / History

Celibacy in the Ancient World: Its Ideal and Practice in Pre-Hellenistic Israel, Mesopotami, and Greece by Dale Launderville (A Michael Glazier Book, Liturgical Press)

Celibacy is a commitment to remain unmarried and to renounce sexual relations for a limited period or for a lifetime. Such a commitment places an individual outside human society in its usual form. What significance does such an individual, and such a choice, have for the human family and community as a whole?

These questions guide Dale Launderville, OSB, in Celibacy in the Ancient World, his study of celibacy in the ancient cultures of Israel, Mesopotamia, and Greece prior to Hellenism and the rise of Christianity. Launderville, professor of theology at Saint John's University School of Theology Seminary, Collegeville, Minnesota, focuses especially on literary witnesses, because those enduring texts have helped to shape modern attitudes and can help in understanding the factors that may call forth the practice of celibacy in our own time. Readers discover how celibacy fits within a context of relationships, and what kinds of relationships support a healthy and varied society, one aware of and oriented to its cosmic destiny.

Is celibacy possible? Does it play a socially constructive role for the communities in which it is practiced? These two questions guided Laudervilles investigation of the traditions of ancient Israel, Mesopotamia, and Greece in identifying those instances in which authoritatively endorsed celibacy occurred and to explain the contextual factors supporting such a way of life. Many of the texts dealing with this way of life have influenced the development of attitudes toward family life and sexual morality in the traditions of the Western world.

Lauderville contends in Celibacy in the Ancient World that the celibate way of life is compelling in the context of a particular set of nurturing relationships. These vital, nurturing relationships that endure and extend through more than one generation are familial in character. Such relationships are formed not only in a nuclear family but also in the extended family and in those communities that work to make visible the cosmic destiny of such familial relationships. Celibates wager their lives on the matrix of relationships of love that constitute a family and thereby help to fashion a cosmic scope to the potential of earthly life. The outlook, attitude, and discipline of the celibate overlaps and complements in significant ways those of the married members of a household. Thus attention to how to live as a celibate can be beneficial to both married and unmarried members of a household.

Celibacy in the Ancient World compares and contrasts the voices of the traditions the traditions of ancient Israel, Mesopotamia, and Greece on the central aspects of the discipline of celibacy. Contents include:

  1. Sexual Restraint Within the Context of a Cosmic Household.
  2. Intermarriage: A Threat to the Household as the Enduring Matrix of Personal Identity?
  3. Sex and the Holy: Erotic Synergy or Warfare?
  4. Virginity and Chastity: Feminine Ideals Integral to the Patriarchal Household.
  5. Composite Guardian Figures: Tension at the Cosmic Junctures.
  6. Celibacy as a Proleptic Death and a Quest for Transcendence.
  7. Communion with the Real: The Goal of Celibacy.

This volume provides a masterful treatment of celibacy in the ancient world. Dale Launderville discusses the topic in relationship to inner-household relationships, intermarriage, virginity and chastity, relationships with the divine, and transcending death s limitations. Skillfully utilizing vastly diverse material from ancient Israel, Mesopotamia, and Greece, he illuminates how celibacy was understood within each society while also illustrating how the parallels mutually inform our understanding of celibacy in the ancient world. John L. McLaughlin, Associate Professor of Old Testament/Hebrew Bible, Director of Advanced Degree Programs, Faculty of Theology, University of St. Michael's College, Toronto, Ontario

The sheer abundance of scholarship in this book makes it well worth reading. But Father Dale Launderville has not only gathered and digested the traditions surrounding celibacy in Greece, Mesopotamia, and ancient Israel. His insights and interpretations are compelling and often inspiring. Father Launderville writes well and helps the reader with frequent summaries and conclusions. A must-read book! Irene Nowell, OSB, author of Women in the Old Testament
This wide-ranging book situates virginity, chastity, and celibacy within the larger social structure of the patriarchal household in Mesopotamia, Israel, and Greece. Drawing out the understandings of human sexuality in these three pre-Hellenistic cultures, this probing study examines sexual outliers, such as the celibate prophet, Jeremiah. In this study, celibacy emerges as an effort to separate from customary social-sexual relations with a human partner in order to connect with the divine in a manner that would transcend death; it is, in other words, a proleptic death and a quest for transcendence. The result is an understanding and a concrete rationale for the symbolic value of celibacy in the modern world: For one committed to a celibate life such sexual discipline is a fundamental means of shaping the ascetic body into a symbol of enduring life in the cosmic community. The result of this challenging book is a rethinking of sexual outliers, based on a learned examination of the very societies of antiquity that influenced Christian traditions of celibacy. Mark S. Smith, Skirball Professor of Bible and Ancient Near Eastern Studies, New York University

Celibacy in the Ancient World is a deep, exceeding well researched and thought-provoking book. Seeing how the celibate way of life was possible in these three ancient cultures helps readers understand those human and natural factors within contemporary communities that call forth the practice of celibacy.

Religion & Spirituality / Christianity / Theology

The Outsider Interviews: A New Generation Speaks Out on Christianity, with DVD by Jim Henderson, Todd Hunter, and Craig Spinks, with a foreword by David Kinnaman (Baker Books)

Statistics tell us that Christianity has an image problem young adults are more disenchanted with the church than ever. Beyond the statistics are the stories real people with real opinions and real experiences. But what if we took the time to listen to the voices behind these statistics? What if we sat down and talked face to face with some of these people and really heard what they had to say?

These questions led Jim Henderson, CEO of Jim Henderson Presents; Todd Hunter, bishop for The Anglican Mission in the Americas and founding pastor of Holy Trinity Anglican Church in Costa Mesa, California; and Craig Spinks, owner of Quadrid Productions to host a national interview tour with young non-Christians and Christians in Kansas City, Phoenix, Denver, and Seattle. They wanted to hear why Christians get such a bad rap and what they can do to improve. The Outsider Interviews is a DVB, a book readers can watch. It features films of the interviews, humorous and moving outtakes, and engaging chapters on a broad range of relevant topics including postmodernism, the Bible, homosexuality, judgmentalism, abortion, and evangelism.

Inspired by David Kinnaman's bestselling book unChristian, The Outsider Interviews provides close encounters with what a new generation really thinks of Christianity and helps readers learn to live faithfully in a fast-changing world. At the heart of the problem, they discovered, is a Christian swagger that repels would-be Christians. They advocate the persuasive power of listening and truly liking people, choosing to use the word like rather than the over-used love.

the combined impact of the book and DVD is stunning: the authors have heard and noted important ways Christians can improve their outreach by being more like Jesus, who meets people where they are. Publishers Weekly

The Outsider Interviews is a brilliant reminder to Christians and non-Christians alike that God's love is bigger than our mistakes and that Jesus will continue to survive the embarrassing things we do in his name. Shane Claiborne, author and activist, www.TheSimpleWay.org

An honest dialogue between those who state that they belong to Jesus and those ranging from 'on the way' to 'no way.' I encourage us all to watch, read, and join the conversation. Elisa Morgan, publisher of www.FullFill.org and president emerita of MOPS International; author of She Did What She Could

If you care about the people Jesus cares about, please listen to the voices and messages within. Dan Kimball, author of They Like Jesus But Not The Church

Readers/viewers of The Outsider Interviews journey with the coauthors as they travel the country interviewing young adults, listening to their stories and probing questions about Christianity. This media kit hopes to inspire people to get involved facilitating a conversation of their own.

Social Sciences / Immigration

Beside the Golden Door: U.S. Immigration Reform in a New Era of Globalization by Pia M. Orrenius and Madeline Zavodny (The AEI Press)

I lift my lamp beside the golden door!

The last line of Emma Lazarus's famous poem invites immigrants to enter a land of economic opportunity. Many have accepted that invitation; today, foreign-born workers make up nearly 16 percent of the U.S. workforce and account for almost half of workforce growth over the last decade. Rather than capitalizing on these gains, however, recent immigration reforms have resulted in an inefficient, patchwork system that shortchanges high-skilled immigrants and poorly serves the American public.

Beside the Golden Door proposes a radical overhaul of current immigration policy designed to strengthen economic competitiveness and long-run growth. Pia M. Orrenius and Madeline Zavodny outline a plan that favors employment-based immigration over family reunification, making work-based visas the rule, not the exception. Orrenius is senior economist and research officer at the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, and Zavodny is professor of economics at Agnes Scott College.

Orrenius and Zavodny in Beside the Golden Door argue that immigration policy should favor high-skilled workers while retaining avenues for low-skilled immigration; family reunification should be limited to spouses and minor children; provisional visas should be the norm; and quotas that lead to queuing must be eliminated. A selective immigration policy focused on high-skilled, high-demand workers will allow the United States to compete in an increasingly global economy while protecting the interests of American citizens and benefiting taxpayers. Orrenius and Zavodny conclude that while not all potential immigrants who knock at the golden door should be admitted, the door should swing wide open to welcome those who desire nothing more than the opportunity to work for the American dream.

Orrenius and Zavodny address some of the toughest policy and political issues that surround immigration reform with remarkable poise and clarity. Their intelligent and thoughtful analysis shows that they are among the few analysts who have a sufficient understanding of the topic and command of the facts to make a compelling case for their recommendations. Moreover, they are unburdened by the ideological straight-jackets that weaken far too many policy prescriptions. Their passion for making immigration policy do much more to support economic growth and competitiveness comes out loud and clear. Demetrios G. Papademetriou, president, Migration Policy Institute

Cutting through the usual hyperbole that surrounds the immigration debate, Orrenius and Zavodny have produced a lucid and an insightful discussion of U.S. policy options that should be required reading for anyone interested in how the nation could design more effective mechanisms to manage our borders. Gordon H. Hanson, director, Center on Pacific Economies, and professor of economics, University of California-San Diego

What if, instead of `What's politically possible?' policymakers asked, `What's best for the country?' They rarely do, on immigration or any other issue. But if they did, Pia M. Orrenius and Madeline Zavodny's thoughtful and thought-provoking immigration reform proposal would be a good place to start. The authors' case that U.S. immigration policy should serve U.S. economic interests, and that market mechanisms, not politics as usual, are the best means to determine those interests is hard to argue with. A smart, timely book that should be the food for much discussion on Capitol Hill. Tamar Jacoby, president, ImmigrationWorks USA

Beside the Golden Door is timely and thought provoking. Well-reasoned and logical, it makes the case that U.S. immigration policy should support economic growth. 

 

 

Contents this Issue:

Choreographing From Within: Developing the Habit of Inquiry as an Artist by Diana F. Green (Human Kinetics)

The Fearless Heart: The Practice of Living with Courage and Compassion (audiobook, unabridged, 5 audio CDs, running time: 5 hours) by Pema Chodron (Shambhala Audio)

Building and Running a Successful Research Business: A Guide for the Independent Information Professional, Second Edition by Mary Ellen Bates (CyberAge Books, Information Today)

Signed, Abiah Rose by Diane Browning (Tricycle Press)

Cheese: Exploring Taste and Tradition by Patricia Michelson (Gibbs Smith)

How Learning Works: Seven Research-Based Principles for Smart Teaching by Susan A. Ambrose, Michael W. Bridges, Michele DiPietro, and Marsha C. Lovett, with a foreword by Richard E. Mayer (The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series: Jossey-Bass)

Because We Can Change the World: A Practical Guide to Building Cooperative, Inclusive Classroom Communities, 2nd edition by Mara Sapon-Shevin (Corwin Press)

The Year of the Blackhawks: Celebrating Chicago's 2009-10 Stanley Cup Championship Season by Andrew Podnieks (Fenn Publishing Company Ltd.)

The Citizen Machine: Governing by Television in 1950s America by Anna McCarthy (The New Press)

The Flirting Bible: Your Ultimate Photo Guide to Reading Body Language, Getting Noticed, and Meeting More People Than You Ever Thought Possible by Fran Greene (Fair Winds Press)

Lost Technologies of Ancient Egypt: Advanced Engineering in the Temples of the Pharaohs by Christopher Dunn (Bear & Co.)

The Unspoken Alliance: Israel's Secret Relationship with Apartheid South Africa by Sasha Polakow-Suransky (Pantheon)

Jeans of the Old West: A History by Michael Allen Harris (Schiffer Publishing Ltd.)

Building Structures for Your Garden Railway (Garden Railways Books) by Jack Verducci (Kalmbach Books)

The Criminal Justice Student Writer's Manual, 5th Edition by William A. Johnson, Jr., Richard P. Rettig, Gregory M. Scott, and Stephen M. Garrison (Pearson Prentice Hall)

Anthropology of an American Girl: A Novel by Hilary Thayer Hamann (Spiegel & Grau)

Phillis Wheatley and the Romantics by John C. Shields (The University of Tennessee Press)

Thomas Bradwardine, Insolubilia edition, translation and introduction by Stephen Read, series editor Philip W. Rosemann (Dallas Medieval Texts and Translations Series, 10: Peeters)

Action and Agency in Dialogue: Passion, Incarnation and Ventriloquism by Franois Cooren, with a foreword by and Bruno Latour (Dialogue Studies Series, Volume 6: John Benjamins Publishing Co.)

Celibacy in the Ancient World: Its Ideal and Practice in Pre-Hellenistic Israel, Mesopotami, and Greece by Dale Launderville (A Michael Glazier Book, Liturgical Press)

The Outsider Interviews: A New Generation Speaks Out on Christianity, with DVD by Jim Henderson, Todd Hunter, and Craig Spinks, with a foreword by David Kinnaman (Baker Books)

Beside the Golden Door: U.S. Immigration Reform in a New Era of Globalization by Pia M. Orrenius and Madeline Zavodny (The AEI Press)