Women and Men in Communal Prayer: Halakhic Perspectives by Rabbi Professor Daniel Sperber, Rabbi Mendel Shapiro, Professor Eliav Shochetman, and Rabbi Dr. Shlomo Riskin, with an introduction by Dr. Tamar Ross, edited by Chaim Trachtman, MD (KTAV Publishing House)
South America On a Shoestring (11th Anniversary Edition) by Sandra Bao, Aimee Dowl, Beth Kohn, Carolyn Mccarthy, Anja Mutic, Mike Power, Kevin Raub, Regis St. Louis, Andy Symington, & Lucas Vidgen (Lonely Planet)
Arts & Photography / Computers & Internet
The Beginner's Guide to Underwater Digital Photography by Larry Gates (Beginners Guide to Series: Amherst Media, Inc.)
Simplifying the seemingly difficult and expensive art of underwater photography, The Beginner's Guide to Underwater Digital Photography outlines the four elements of success: focus, exposure, composition, and subject. Beginning with an overview of necessary diving skills, this survey reviews these four categories in detail, depicting how to obtain superior results even without the latest and greatest equipment. Maintenance and first-aid tactics are presented as well, reducing the chance of disappointing malfunctions during a dive.
Author Larry Gates covers the importance of developing a photography plan beforehand both for the safety of the divers and the protection of the underwater environment. Concluding with post-shoot techniques for choosing the best frames, cropping photos for printing, and the top methods of presentation, The Beginner's Guide to Underwater Digital Photography demonstrates how underwater images can be used to share the world of diving while promoting important conservation efforts.
Gates, underwater photography instructor, a former safety and support diver for Paramount Studios now provides technical assistance on dives for Vogue magazine. Gates honed his skills as an underwater photographer in the reservoirs of South Dakota, the Hawaiian Islands, the Cayman Islands, Cozumel, the Turks, Caicos Islands, the Bahamas, and the Florida Keys. In 1994, he became credentialed as an educator of under-water photography and have been teaching underwater photography in Key Largo ever since.
The goal of The Beginner's Guide to Underwater Digital Photography is to simplify a seemingly complex, complicated, technical, and reputedly difficult topic: underwater photography. Writing for the regular guy photographer, Gates shows readers how to make the smart technical and creative decisions that lead to great images and to get great results without breaking the bank. The book includes:
According to Gates, underwater photography is simpler than one might guess. In fact, by the time readers have finished reading this book they should be able look at a photograph and determine how it was taken. If they can sort that out, they will likely be able to take the same type of picture.
The Beginner's Guide to Underwater Digital Photography is an accessible investigation showing readers how to master the technical and creative skills they need to create amazing underwater images. Simplifying the seemingly complex task of underwater photography, Gates makes it easy to get started quickly and improve ones results on every dive. No matter how great a photographer they are, readers can still improve, and this book shows them how and in a pretty painless way.
Arts & Photography / History / Americas
Looking Astern: An Artist's View of Maine's Historic Working Waterfronts by Loretta Krupinski (Down East Books)
Maine built more ships, by total tonnage, than any other state on the East Coast, and by 1855, a third of the vessels produced in the United States were built in Maine. Down-easters from midcoast Maine carried miners to the California gold fields, ice to India, and wheat to Europe. from the introduction
Nationally recognized maritime artist Loretta Krupinski's meticulously rendered oil paintings show details of Maine's waterfront towns in their heyday, when fishing, quarrying, and the cargo trade were the backbone of the coastal economy. Historic photographs and text about how Maine people made their living 70 to 150 years ago round out Looking Astern.
Krupinski uses historical photographs as her inspiration to portray a past way of life from Matinicus Island to Rockland to Boothbay to Bath. Each image is accompanied by text revealing Maine's maritime history. Krupinski researches and executes her canvases on nautical subjects; the book contains 40 of her paintings.
Krupinski started as an illustrator and author of over 25 children's books, and later she authored "A Maine Artist's Garden Journal." She is the six-time award-winner at the International Marine Artists Exhibition and a Fellow and Board member of the American Society of Marine Artists. Some of her national exhibits have included the Frye Art Museum in Seattle, Mariner's Museum in Norfolk, and the Maine Maritime Museum in Bath.
As told to set the stage in Looking Astern, geography is destiny, and this seems especially true of midcoast Maine, stretching from Bath to Belfast and the islands, bounded to the northwest by the 150-mile-long Kennebec River and to the east by the 350-mile-long Penobscot River. In between are the St. George, Medomak, Damariscotta, and Sheepscot rivers, as well as myriad peninsulas, creating many sheltered harbors for settlement and industry. Four hundred years ago, European explorers found a coastline generously endowed with granite and a vein of limestone found nowhere else in the state. On the shores, and inland, trees provided lumber to build houses and ships.
The waters themselves were thick with fish, from small sardines to 200-pound codfish. The rock, the timber, and the fish, combined with the sweat on the brow and the frozen fingers of working watermen, made many Maine fortunes. Even the frigid Maine winters were bountiful in their own way, producing the frozen gold of ice.
The first settlement in Maine that was not a fishing outpost was Popham Colony, founded by English settlers in 1607 at the mouth of the Kennebec just below Phippsburg. During a brutal winter of skirmishes with the Native Americans and struggles with the cold and food shortages, half the settlers returned to England. The rest sailed back the following fall on the 30-ton pinnace Virginia of Sagadahoc, the first ship built by the English in the New World, and recounted their ordeals so vividly that no one ventured to those shores again until the Pilgrims, in the 1620s.
The first permanent settlement, a 210-acre island five miles from Boothbay called Damariscove, sustained a year-round industry fishing for and drying cod. In 1622, when the Pilgrims were facing starvation during their second winter, they sent to Damariscove for help. They then began traveling there regularly, eventually establishing a fur-trading route up the Kennebec and earning cash to repay their creditors in London.
The Pemaquid Colony, at the end of the Bristol peninsula, was founded in 1610 as a cod-fishing center and quickly became an important trade center. Four forts were built there over the decades, and a fifth structure, a replica of Fort William Henry, stands there today. The earliest fortifications were demolished during the French and Indian Wars. English settlers along the Maine coast suffered greatly during that eighty-five-year conflict. By 1691 all the English settlements had been depopulated, except for York, Wells, Kittery, and Appledore Island, at the extreme southern end of the Maine coast.
British forces captured Quebec in 1759 and brought an end to the hostilities. The last Indian raid in the midcoast area occurred in Friendship in 1758. Britain's victory over the French and their Indian allies brought them land and important fishing rights in the Gulf of Maine and Canadian Maritimes, stimulating a resurgence of fishing and coastal trade in the region.
Thomaston was established as a trading post in 1630. Nearly a hundred years later, the old trading post was remodeled into a stockaded fort, protected by two blockhouses and patrolled by large Newfoundland dogs brought by Irish and Scottish emigrants from Canada. By 1762, 174 permanent settlers lived on the St. George River between Thomaston and Port Clyde. Around 1840, two of the seven recorded millionaires in the United States were shipbuilder/ owners from Thomaston.
Bath, originally part of the failed colony of Georgetown, was incorporated as a city in 1847 and by the mid-1850s had become the nation's fifth-largest seaport. More than the French and Indian War and the War of 1812 that preceded it, the Civil War had an impact on maritime Maine. Of the two hundred merchantmen captured by Southern raiders, nearly a third had been built in Maine. Fishing fleets stayed ashore, and commerce between the North and the South came to a halt.
Other New England states had boats and fisheries, but they didn't have limestone or granite, or the new confidence and shipbuilding skills vouchsafed to the people of Maine. Of the ninety clipper ships that were launched in Maine, ten were built in Rockland. Of the fifty-eight five-masted schooners built in New England, forty-five were built by five shipbuilders in Waldoboro, Camden, and Bath.
Looking Astern opens a window onto Maine's legacy left by the fisherman and shipbuilders that put the Pine Tree State on the map as one of the preeminent shipbuilding states in America. Krupinskis beautifully rendered paintings show fascinating details of Maine's waterfront towns in the decades when fishing and quarrying and shipbuilding were the backbone of the coastal economy.
Arts & Photography / Regional / Womens Studies
Art of West Texas Women: A Celebration by Kippra D. Hopper & Laurie J. Churchill, with introduction by Pamela Brink (Texas Tech University Press)
For all of these artists, rediscovering and celebrating the ordinary is a part of their creative mission. They have chosen to pursue their art in relative solitude, far away from big-city life and glamorous art marketplaces. Their independent ways seem to engender distinctive works rooted in memory, appreciation of what's been discarded, a deep affection for other living things, and abiding confidence in their own ways of seeing. Through their many and varied talents, they insist that who they are and where they live offer important understanding for the rest of the world. Pamela Brink, from the introduction
Art of West Texas Women features 20 living artists from the
Panhandle to the Big Bend. Representing at once a diversity of
style, medium, and scale and an intersection of inspiration and
response, the book celebrates twenty women artists living and
working in an expansive, rugged landscape the vast western half of
Texas, far from the dynamics of urban art communities and large
Art of West Texas Women, the first survey of practicing women artists in this region, features 150 lavish color images of the artists and their works. Not a comprehensive catalog, which would be impossible considering the breadth of activity in a huge region,
authors of the volume are Kippra D. Hopper, Hutcheson Professor of Journalism at Texas Tech University; Laurie Churchill, former professor of literature and women's studies program coordinator, currently director of assessment in the College of Education at New Mexico State University; and Pamela Brink, owner of Associated Authors & Editors, Inc. and associate fellow of the Center for Great Plains Studies. Featured artists include Future Akins, Lahib Jaddo, Deborah Milosevich, Doris Alexander, Anna Jaquez, Maria Almeida Natividad, Toni Arnett, Dale Jenssen, Collie Ryan, Linda Cullum, Patricia Kisor, Mary Solomon, Tina Fuentes, Abby Levine, Sara Waters, Robin Dru Germany, Tracy Lynch, Amy Winton, Marilyn Grisham, and Pat Maines.
Following in the tradition of Georgia O'Keeffe, herself an early interpreter of the West Texas Plains, Art of West Texas Women celebrates women visual artists and is a sampler of creative expression. Representing several of each artist's one-of-a-kind art works, the book also offers glimpses into the artists' lives and inspirations. The women featured in the volume say that this land of wind and sky has liberated them and engendered a sense of expressive freedom and artistic strength. The painters, photographers, installation artists, sculptors, fiber artists, and printmakers are as distinctive and independent as the solitary place that nurtures them. But they also share common threads: all of these artists came of age during the feminist movement of the 1970s and find the expansiveness and relative isolation of their landscapes an elemental influence.
Business & Investing / Management & Leadership
The India Way: How India's Top Business Leaders Are Revolutionizing Management by Peter Cappelli, Harbir Singh, Jitendra Singh, and Michael Useem (Harvard Business Press)
Over the last two decades, many of India's leading companies have been achieving double-digit growth even in the midst of a global recession. Understanding what is driving the Indian business juggernaut is an imperative no manager in any part of the world can afford to ignore.
A distinct model of management is developing in India and, so far, it has been remarkably successful. India's top companies are growing at staggering rates and doing so with an innovative and vibrant set of management practices especially in strategy, leadership, governance, talent and organizational culture. Not bound to Western thinking or practice, Indian leaders are creating a new model for leading and running companies. Written by the Wharton India Team (talent guru Peter Cappelli, strategy gurus Harbir Singh and Jitendra Singh and leadership guru Michael Useem) and based on decades of experience consulting and teaching in India along with over 100 interviews of the heads of India's largest companies, The India Way closely examines what Indian managers do differently and how their management innovations work, which of these innovations could be transferable to the Western context and ultimately how this new management model could one day modify or even supplant the old.
The insights offered by this diverse group of Indian business leaders Cappelli, Sing, Singh & Useem is the spine of this book and the foundation for their fleshing out of The India Way. They have added their own voices, their own interpretation of what they collectively said and implied. The four of them, all colleagues at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, have long studied US companies and managers, authoring a range of articles and books on American business and its leaders. But two of them also grew up and studied in India; a third spent the better part of two childhood years there; and all of them have frequently traveled to India for teaching, research, consulting, board meetings, and family visits. With this dual heritage, they have drawn on their joint experience to examine what is unique about Indian business leadership and to understand what can be usefully learned by Western managers and executives.
As directors of three Wharton research centers the Mack Center for Technological Innovation, the Center for Human Resources, and the Center for Leadership and Change Management they have also drawn upon diverse information networks and funding sources in preparing this account. In collaboration with the National Human Resource Development Network, India's premier human resource organization, they gained ready access to the highest circles of Indian business. And as faculty members, they have extensive contacts with the companies and executives that are at the heart of the India Way. In building their portrait, they have also drawn on a host of academic and industry studies of Indian business leadership. Their project was facilitated by India's longstanding democratic and Anglo traditions that make the experience of Indian business leaders exceptionally accessible and applicable to Western management.
The principles in The India Way are not so unique to the Indian context that they could work only there. Simply put, if Indian business leaders can build their distinctive methods so rapidly, over just the past two decades, and if they can learn to manage diversity so effectively in one of the world's most complexly diverse societies, other business leaders in other countries can surely do so as well. The book begins with the nation's decision in the early 1990s to liberalize the economy and dismantle the license raj, a foundation for so much that has emerged. They then turn to the principles by which Indian business executives manage their people, lead their firms, define their culture, create their value propositions, and draw upon their governing boards.
Whether it is a good moment to invest in the subcontinent, they say they leave to those more versed in the ways (and caprices) of financial markets. What they do believe wholeheartedly is that the time is both ripe and right to better understand what is driving the Indian economic powerhouse: that blending of practices they call the India Way.
The India Way gives us a new group of role models: business leaders who see their purpose not just as making money but as shaping a national renaissance. Informative and inspiring, it gives a glimpse of what business everywhere can and must become. Tim Collins, author of Good to Great and How the Mighty Fall
Just as The Toyota Way influenced management practice all over the world, The India Way shows that there is much to be emulated by those who aspire to global leadership in the twenty-first century. Marilyn Carlson Nelson, Chairman, Carlson
The India Way fills a much-needed gap by showing what managers around the world can learn from innovative management practices emerging in India. Accessible, highly relevant, and engaging, it is a must-read. N. R. Narayana Murthy, Chairman of the Board and Chief Mentor, Infosys Technologies
For those looking for insight into some of the remarkable entrepreneurs who have changed India and our perceptions of it, The India Way is well worth reading. Charles Chip Kaye, Co-President, Warburg Pincus
Indian companies once adapted the best management practices and principles from around the world, but now they are creating unique business successes of their own, guided by the rich entrepreneurial traditions and cultural values of India. In this well-researched book, four distinguished authors from the Wharton School share the most innovative management practices from India's top companies and how these practices might be adapted in the West. Mukesh D. Ambani, Chairman and Managing Director, Reliance Industries Ltd.
India's entrepreneurs and business leaders have created unique business models and practices that have been largely overlooked. This book is inspiring, interesting and cogent. Vindi Banga, President, Foods, Home & Personal Care, Unilever plc
Eye-opening and timely, The India Way will challenge and inspire managers, especially those in developed and developing countries who seek new ways of competing in a changing world.
Childrens Books / Ages 9-12 / Animals
Pierre the Penguin: A True Story by Jean Marzollo, with illustrations by Laura Regan (Sleeping Bear Press)
What's black and white and warm all over? Young readers find out in Pierre the Penguin, a true story.
Pierre, an African penguin living at San Franciscos California Academy of Sciences (which has an aquarium, planetarium and natural history museum all under one roof), begins to lose his feathers. The lack of waterproof feathers causes Pierre to lose warmth, making him afraid to swim in the zoo pool. The zoo staff at the Academy tries heat lamps and medication to help him feel more comfortable. Unfortunately, heaters and medications fail to correct the situation. And the other penguins start to shy away, giving Pierre the cold shoulder.
But one rainy day, inspiration strikes a biologist named Pam Senior Aquatic Biologist Pam Schaller. While walking her dog in the rain, Schaller notes that her pet wears a raincoat. Could a raincoat, or wet suit, help Pierre?
A tiny neoprene wet suit is designed especially for Pierre.
In this delightful book, children of all ages learn how creativity saves the penguin. Told in rhyme by noted I SPY author Jean Marzollo, who has written more than 100 childrens books, and paired with gorgeous paintings from noted wildlife artist, Laura Regan, Pierre the Penguin is a true story of veterinary ingenuity brought to life. This heart-warming story charms the scientist and animal-lover in everyone and is a great springboard for a variety of science lessons.
Cooking, Food & Wine
New Orleans Kitchens: Recipes from the Big Easys Best Restaurants by Stacey Meyer and Troy Gilbert, with a foreword by Emeril Lagasse (Gibbs Smith)
I invite you to take a stroll through the city with me her tastes, her visions, her music, her inspirations and aspirations, by exploring the pages of New Orleans Kitchens. Emeril Lagasse
New Orleans with its sultry, romantic atmosphere and constant influx of different cultures is known as the most unique city in America. The local cuisine is both distinctive and influential, and the city's rich history shines through its art.
The allure of New Orleans is more relevant today than ever before, and with so many different cultures converging in one spot, it is no wonder that the ever-evolving food is as exciting as it is delectable, and the contemporary art is so extraordinary.
New Orleans' distinctive cuisine derives from a world of influences French, Spanish, Italian, African, Native American, Cajun, and a hint of Cuban but its local ingredients produce an easily recognizable Louisiana flavor.
Chefs featured in New Orleans Kitchens include Adolfo Garcia from RioMar and La Boca, Bob Iacaovone from Cuvee, Brian Landry from Galatoire's Restaurant, Carmello Truillo from La Divina, Chuck Subra from La Cote Brasserie, Corbin Evans from Savvy Gourmet, Donald Link from Herbsaint and Cochon, Emanuelle Loubier from Dante's Kitchen, Greg Picolo from The Bistro at The Maison de Ville, and Jack Leonardi from Jacque-Imo's.
A showcase of the Big Easy's matchless art and cuisine, New Orleans Kitchens includes specialty recipes such as po'boys, etouffee, gumbo, jambalaya, and oysters on the half shell, as well as art from the most prominent local galleries and museums.
Stacey Meyer, a native of New Orleans, comes from a
French-Italian family that loves to cook, entertain and talk about
food. After attending The Culinary Institute of America, Stacey
spent six years working in restaurants honing her cooking skills.
She then decided to move in a different direction and began a job
with The Food Network as a buyer. Meyer then decided to go back to
New Orleans, and currently works with Emeril Lagasse, developing and
testing recipes for his shows on The Food Network.
Also a native of New Orleans, Troy Gilbert is a freelance journalist and fiction writer. His work has been published in many national and regional publications and ranges from investigative journalism to restaurant reviews. He was also one of only two individuals who chose to ride out Hurricane Katrina and blog about the ensuing chaos on a personal level, and was heavily referenced by the Main Stream Media. Today, Gilbert continues to write articles on the city's recovery and is actively finishing up his novel on Hurricane Katrina from his FEMA trailer outside of his home in the heavily damaged, although recovering, neighborhood of Lakeview.
New Orleans Kitchens, with its delectable recipes and art, radiates New Orleans.
Entertainment / Humor / Biographies & Memoirs
The Misadventures of Marvin by Marvin Druger (Syracuse University Press)
In his fifty-five years of teaching biology and fifty-two years of marriage to Pat, a retired administrator for the Syracuse University writing program, Marvin Druger, professor emeritus of biology and science education, has shaped his experiences with his boundless energy, quick wit, and tireless sense of adventure. Druger reflects on his many 'misadventures' in The Misadventures of Marvin. He shares classroom anecdotes of his efforts to make science fun and part of his students' everyday lives. Druger offers insights on nurturing a successful marriage, on the value of childhood friendships, and on the perils and unexpected rewards of aging.
Druger is retired after forty-seven years at Syracuse University. He served as president of the National Science Teachers Association (NSTA) and of the Association for Science Teacher Education (ASTE), and twice served as president for the Society for College Science Teachers (SCST). He is the recipient of the Robert Carleton Award from NSTA and the Honorary Emeritus Member Award from ASTE. He is the author of Strange Creatures and Other Poems, a book of poetry for children of all ages.
Laugh out loud funny! George Kilpatrick, host and executive producer, New Inspiration for the Nation radio program
Marvin Druger's new book is a zany, comical journey into the life of one of Syracuse University's most beloved professors. Marvin's joyous perspective on life and his cherished wife, Pat, will rivet readers to their seats. Get ready for Marvin Druger at his best: QUIRKY, WITTY AND INSIGHTFUL. Lou Sorendo, associate editor, Oswego County Business Magazine
A witty reminiscence from an unforgettable professor who made biology exciting and fun for 40,000 undergraduates over the years a delightful read! Nancy Canlor, Chancellor and President of Syracuse University
The Misadventures of Marvin, both hilarious and heartfelt, is a unique depiction of life's trials and bounties, one that will resonate with and inspire many readers.
Health, Mind & Body / Beauty & Fashion
How to Never Look Fat Again: Over 1,000 Ways to Dress Thinner Without Dieting! by Charla Krupp (Springboard Press)
Raise your hand if you think you look fat. You're not alone. Almost every woman I know thinks she does even those who exercise every day, eat nothing but salads and salmon, and wear a size six or less! from the book
How to Never Look Fat Again is a style-guide from bestseller
author Charla Krupp on how to look 10 pounds lighter, 10 years
younger and 10 times sexier every day, all year in summer, winter,
at the gym, even in a swimsuit. Krupp, former beauty director at
Glamour and senior editor at InStyle, now contributing editor to
People: Style Watch, has appeared on more than thirty national TV
shows including The Oprah Winfrey Show, The View, Tyra, CBS Early
Show, Entertainment Tonight, and Access Hollywood.
Krupp says readers will never get dressed the same way again once they discover:
With How to Never Look Fat Again readers learn how to look fit not fat, regardless of their figure flaws. They find the latest information from more than thirty big-name experts shoe designers, bra specialists, eyewear pros, beauty gurus, brow masters, dermatologists, fitness experts, nutri-shrinks, shapewear pros, plastic surgeons, etc. all offering insights about how not to look fat, dress fat, or feel fat.
In How Not to Look Old, Krupp aided readers in their quest to fend off the ravages of age. In this second outing, she puts her style and beauty savvy gleaned from her work at Glamour, InStyle, More, and People: Style Watch to work helping women discover and celebrate their slimmer side. Those who know the basics of dressing thin (avoid horizontal stripes; Spanx do wonders for bulgy bits; etc.) and are ready for advanced techniques will be thrilled with this book. And novices who think any derriere looks good in any jean should study up: the woman knows her stuff, as evidenced by loads of revelatory before-and-after photos, plus clever tips and useful lists (e.g., the winter-themed Swap-outs chart recommends sleek leather gloves vs. bulky woolly ones). How to Never Look Fat Again is organized by issue, such as big bust, muffin top + back fat, and Buddha belly. While some of the topics may seem wacky at first (Are your brows making you look fat? and Hiding fat with your bag), a careful read will reveal that Krupp's advice delivered in just the right knowledgeable-yet-commiserating tone makes excellent sense. When it comes to clothes and the female figure, the author understands how proportion, balance, and color make the difference between lumpy and lovely, frumpy and fabulous. Publishers Weekly
Addictive. That's the best word for this beauty/fashion guide... Her focus isn't on sex appeal. It's about giving women specific, usually inexpensive tips. USA Today
Frank advice on the little details. Wall Street Journal
Welcome to the ultimate master class on hiding the fat: How to Never Look Fat Again.
If readers have ever put on a piece of clothing and asked, "Does this make me look fat?", and who hasnt, finally, here is the book that will answer the question.
Health, Mind & Body / Psychology & Counseling / Gender Studies
The Genesis of Desire by Jean-Michel Oughourlian, translated from the French by Eugene Webb (Studies in Violence, Mimesis, and Culture Series: Michigan State University Press)
We seem to be abandoning the codes that told previous generations who they should love. But now that many of us are free to choose whoever we want, nothing is less certain. The proliferation of divorces and separations reveal a dynamic we would rather not see: others sometimes reject us as passionately as we are attracted to them.
The throes of rivalry are at the heart of our attraction to one
another this is the central thesis of Jean-Michel Oughourlians
The Genesis of Desire, where the war of the sexes is finally
given a scientific explanation. The discovery of mirror neurons
corroborates his ideas, clarifying the phenomena of empathy and the
mechanisms of violent reciprocity.
How can a couple be saved when they have declared war on one another? By helping them realize that desire originates not in the self but in the other. There are strategies that can help, which Oughourlian has prescribed successfully to his patients.
Oughourlian, professor of clinical psychopathology at the University of Paris, says in the introduction to The Genesis of Desire he has been practicing as a psychiatrist for forty years. There can be no doubt, he says, that psychopharmacology has made extraordinary progress during these last forty years, revolutionizing our view of mental illnesses and especially our ways of handling them and our ideas about their prognoses. During his years of clinical practice, however, something became obvious to him: in addition to the patients who came to him seeking help for an illness that could be clearly categorized and treated with an appropriately specific therapeutic technique, an increasing number came for some problem that was poisoning their lives but which definitely did not derive from a mental illness.
Oughourlian soon realized that these problems were not simply located within the patient but were situated between the patient and some other: father, mother, brother, sister, partner, boss, employee, associate, and so on. The problems that were the most common and the most toxic for physical and psychic health were those afflicting couples, and he found himself at a loss as to how to resolve them. Many find themselves victims of a paradox: that the very desire that originally drew them to each other has mysteriously transformed into a force that separates them as violently as it once united them.
Consequently, he has devoted his theoretical and clinical research for the last twenty years to the effort of analyzing these phenomena. Drawing on the intuitions of thinkers, philosophers, and psychologists, and applying the already developed theory of mimetic desire along with the new, remarkable discovery of mirror neurons, Oughourlian has tried to understand what it is that both unites and separates couples. He has discovered that it is the working of one and the same mimetic mechanism that creates first love and then hatred, that draws couples together and then drives them apart a mechanism of which they are the playthings. The Genesis of Desire shows that there are strategies for escaping the power of this mechanism, strategies that can be effective but that require the partners or at least one of them to become aware of the mimetic mechanism that manipulates them, and to be willing to make the effort, and sometimes even the sacrifices, needed for avoiding its harmful effects.
Oughourlian embraced the theory of mimetic desire as set forth by Ren Girard in his Deceit, Desire, and the Novel, that every desire we have is copied from that of another person. He subsequently joined forces with Girard and Guy Lefort in developing its application to psychology and psychiatry. Since then, he has continued his efforts to work out a method of therapy that takes into account the fundamental otherness of desire, and he now presents the results in The Genesis of Desire.
Oughourlian says his clinical practice as a psychiatrist has enabled him to assess the great therapeutic value of the mimetic theory. Every day he finds himself amazed by its power to elucidate complex situations that might at first seem simply irrational. The true nature of desire, its mimetic character, along with our denial of that truth, leads us ceaselessly to copy within ourselves the desires of everyone we encounter, subjecting ourselves to their influence, and by that very act of imitation, making them into rivals and indeed obstacles to the fulfillment of what we think are our own desires. The endless antagonism growing out of our claim to the supposed originality and spontaneity of our desires, and therefore to our personal autonomy, nurses continually our feelings of rivalry and our will to dominate and coerce.
The other essential truth about desire is therefore that rivalry is always connected with it: because one desires the same thing as the other and denies his claim to be the origin of that desire, one makes him a rival, and as this rivalry takes shape, one is led to desire all the more what he desires and to try to take it away from him. In this manner desire and conflict escalate.
When the rivalry increases to the point that the subject is no longer interested in anything but the rivalry itself, we find ourselves in the domain of psychopathology. Unable to take possession of the very being of the person he imitates, the subject, in a sort of vengeful transference, launches into an attack on his person or on some object that stands for him. The illness, therefore, is not situated either in the subject or in his rival but rather in the relation that binds them together.
Our failure to understand our mimetic condemns us to remain perpetually bound to the same destructive models and gradually to become strangers to ourselves and to those we love. Instead of allowing the underlying, ever changing otherness that inevitably constitutes us to flow freely, we remain fixated on the same impossible models and do not allow ourselves to be carried along further toward others on whom we might be able to model ourselves benignly.
The purpose of mimetic psychotherapy, according to The Genesis of Desire, is to release people who are bound up in those types of endless rivalry, to gradually unmask and unravel their illusory attachments and make them free to choose other models. Once our tendency to imitate is recognized as such and accepted, it can itself liberate us and protect us instead of enslaving us.
The recent discovery of mirror neurons, to which he devote one entire chapter, provides decisive confirmation of this hypothesis about human nature and opens significant possibilities for research into the way this universal mimesis functions at the level of the nervous system. Mirror neurons are triggered automatically in our brains not only when we carry out any action ourselves, but also whenever we witness another performing some action or showing an intention to do so. It appears that we are constantly in mimetic interaction with one another from the very moment of birth. Thus we can see empathy grounded in scientific fact. The emotions and judgments that accompany the firing of these neurons correspond to the instant reverberation of mirror neurons in the limbic system and the cortex. This seems to indicate that it is not our ideas and feelings that determine our behavior, but rather one and the same mimetic mechanism that determines all three.
All human thoughts and feelings, in their innumerable diversity, would thus seem to be colorations of this mechanism that characterizes the field of human being in its entirety. This does not detract in any way from their richness, their complexity, their sparkling flux; the principle that governs them is one, but the multiplicity of their forms remains unlimited. Universal mimesis, in the same manner as the principle of universal gravitation, can explain innumerable different phenomena. Combining attraction and repulsion, it pulls people together while also keeping them separate. It is the principle that both individualizes us and universalizes us, just as it also binds us and at the same time gives us liberty. Mimesis, therefore, is a profoundly ambiguous force. The otherness and the mobility of our desire, with its continually mirroring transformations, are in reality the guarantee of our endless capacity to learn and become ourselves; they are the source of our possibility of transcending a predetermined nature that would enclose us in a fixed and final selfhood.
To clarify further the notion of mimetic desire, Oughourlian in The Genesis of Desire offers a reading of the Book of Genesis, which shows more clearly than any other story that it is within the heart of our relationships, in the act of exchange and by the dynamism of mimetic desire, that a human being is born into psychological life and becomes aware of himself or herself. If we are to recover our first innocence, those initial sparks of love, we will have to undo the illusions that desire is so quick to give birth to: the illusions of our autonomy and of our radical difference from others, with all the other false differences that this idea brings along with it.
Finally, Oughourlian presents a study of the psychology and psychopathology of rivalry and of couples that a mimetic perspective enables us to approach in a manner that is original and especially practical and effective. He suggests some strategies for helping a couple to escape a spiral of rivalry in which they may find themselves being swept along. To allow love to unfold, a couple has to learn to defuse the rivalry that threatens their relationship in every moment. And the sort of day-to-day asceticism this must involve requires a clear understanding of the mimetic mechanisms that are always working to undermine love and pervert it.
Finally, the war between the sexes is explained. The Genesis of Desire, alternating between case studies and more theoretical statements, convincingly defends the possibility that breakups need not be permanent. The book, translated by Eugene Webb, is part of the series: Studies in Violence, Mimesis, and Culture.
History / America / Native Americans / Social Sciences / Anthropology
People of the Lakes: Stories of Our Van Tat Gwich'in Elders/Googwandak Nakhwach'njo Van Tat Gwich'in by Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation and Shirleen Smith (The University of Alberta Press)
In the ten years I have had the honor of serving my people as the chief, I have also had the great fortune to be counseled and guided by these amazing Elders, some of whom are no longer with us today except in spirit. They told incredible stories of strength of body, mind, and spirit; stories of triumph and heartbreaking loss; stories of love and laughter all with the ease and grace of true storytellers. They weren't bragging, which is bad form; they were passing along information in the way it has always been passed on by Gwich'in. The incredible hardships and toughness of the people was simply a backdrop to the lessons or information they were sharing. It still overwhelms me to think of how tough these Elders I see today must have been in their prime. Their instincts for survival are still honed and sharp, but now it is the survival of our culture and history that must be carried on by future generations. Our Elders saw what needed to be done, spoke about it, and then did it. They had our oral history put into writing so that it could be passed to future generations, so we will never forget who we are and where we came from.
This single piece of work will not ensure our cultural survival, but it is our Elders' contribution toward that survival. We must all do our part to honour this gift from them. To honour our Elders, we have to try. Joseph Linklater, Chief, Vuntut Gwitchin
Among the Van Tat Gwichin, the living history of the community is still passed on from Elders to the youth. People of the Lakes consists of oral accounts recorded by the Elders from the northern Yukon over the past half-century, and represents more than 150 years of their history translated from Gwichin. Yet this book is more than a gathering of history it is a tribute to this community and its rich heritage. Collaborator and author Shirleen Smith, independent anthropologist with a doctorate in anthropology from the University of Alberta, provides context for the stories, whether they are focused on an individual or international politics. The Van Tat Gwichin provided the guidance and translation for People of the Lakes, and Gwichin Elders shared their knowledge and were the impetus.
Following the goals of the oral history project determined by the Old Crow community and its research needs, all the interviews were indexed, translated into English, and transcribed by Van Tat Gwich'in translators Mary Jane Moses, Brenda Kay, and Florence Netro under the direction of Jane Montgomery, a Van Tat Gwich'in language expert trained in the modern Gwich'in orthography. Translators verified the various dialects and usages of the language with living elders. Over 400 taped interviews were translated. Following translation and transcription, the interviews were grouped by generation and then by theme or topic.
Each step in the process of translation, transcription, excerpting, and grouping transcripts by generation and theme is an editorial reworking of the voice of the original speaker and a step away from the original context of the interview. However, the speakers' distinct identities still emerge in reading the excerpted transcripts. Rendering their words as appreciable as possible was their approach to respecting the original intent of the speakers: that their words be understood and go forth into the future for the generations to come.
Structurally, at its heart, People of the Lakes is about the history and culture of Van Tat Gwich'in in their own words. There is also significant use of non-Gwich'in sources, which often served to introduce or contextualize the Van Tat Gwich'in texts. The objective was to introduce the Van Tat Gwich'in and their oral history in context so the oral history was as accessible as possible. The non-Gwich'in references and brief introductions to the Van Tat Gwich'in passages endeavor to supply context, fill in gaps, and provide sufficient stitching to draw together the patchwork of interviews.
Much is lost in putting oral history on paper: the nuances of meaning, physical expression, gesture, speech, the interaction between speaker and audience, and the cultural knowledge shared by the community. Likewise for Van Tat Gwich'in oral history, the written version of the elders' words pales in comparison with hearing them speak, especially on the land where they and their stories are truly at home. However, the elders fear what will be lost if their words are not put into print. They are aware that the unbroken chain of transmission from generation to generation from far, far back in their history is more fragile now than it has ever been. So, imperfect though the medium of writing may be for adequately expressing all there is in oral history, the mandate from the elders was to try. People of the Lakes is the result.
This tape we're talking into, hopefully some day the young people will listen to it and they may look after the land better. John Joe Kyikavichik, 1980, VG2000-8-26:048
Right now what I talk about, a lot of older men told me stories. That's how I know the stories. So now I'm an Elder, all this comes back to me; that's what I talk to you about. If you don't do this, how are the stories going to be passed on? No way. Right now down there, our children, even when they're a bit older, they won't talk about this stuff. They don't know about it. They never see the elders. How are they going to know? You're really doing a good job [the Oral History Project]. Right now, what you're doing, it's for our children's future. Alfred Charlie, Crow Mountain, July 29, 2000, VG2000-4-8:315-326, Gwich'in
The Van Tat Gwichin Oral History Collection is a treasure. The stories it contains are from four or more generations of Van Tat Gwichin who were born in the century from the 1880s to the 1980s. The fascinating histories they relate are from their own experiences or those of their elders and span the 19th and 20th centuries. The stories they describe as long-ago stories take the history back centuries and even millennia. Shirleen Smith, from the Introduction
Here we have an easily readable oral history. Anthropologists, folklorists, ethnohistorians, political scientists, economists, members of First Nations, and readers interested in Canadas northernmost regions will find in People of the Lakes much to fascinate them.
History / Military / Aviation
Lockheed Blackbird: Beyond the Secret Missions, revised edition by Paul F. Crickmore (General Aviation Series: Osprey Publishing)
Having come to know Paul Crickmore over 20 years ago while flying out of our detachment at RAF Mildenhall in the early 1980s, I can attest that his thorough knowledge and exhaustive research about the SR-71 are matched only by his intense enthusiasm for the airplane, 'The Program', and its history. In addition to incredibly detailed accounts of specific 'Blackbird' missions, beginning before the days of the Vietnam War, throughout that conflict, and well into the Cold War, Paul expertly conveys the 'heart' of 'The Program' to the reader. He does that by giving one the sense of being there when the engines are cranked, the canopies are closed encapsulating the crewmembers, and as the aircraft leaps off the runway to reach for the fringes of the atmosphere ...
I thought I had read just about everything written about this phenomenal machine, and have even written a bit about it myself. But I can say with complete confidence that this work introduced me to 'pieces' of its history that I had never seen before, including accounts of interviews with the Soviet MiG-25 and MiG-31 pilots who had flown attempted intercepts against us over the Barents Sea, the Baltic Sea, and east of Vladivostok ... Frank Stampf, from the foreword
Paul F. Crickmore's first book about the Lockheed SR-71 was
published in 1986. At that time, the Cold War was at its height and
the SR-71 was an integral element in securing vitally need
intelligence from all parts of the globe, enabling the United States
to gauge the strength and intentions of its enemies and formulate
its foreign policy. The highly sensitive nature of its missions
could not be compromised and it was not until the end of the Cold
War that the operational exploits of this incredible aeronautical
masterpiece could be openly written about, and in 1993, the highly
successful Lockheed SR-71: The Secret Missions Exposed was
Ten years later, a vast number of official documents previously categorized as Top Secret have been declassified. Using these and dozens of key military contacts, Lockheed Blackbird tells the story of just how the SR-71 was able to harness its awesome performance capabilities to secure intelligence demanded by Washington. Key world events are examined, along with the intelligence requirements that they generated and how all the planning elements came together and individual SR-71 missions were executed to fill the gap between what was known and what needed.
The revised edition of Lockheed Blackbird, endorsed by Lockheed-Martin, creators of the Blackbird, features newly declassified top secret material and revised text to bring this definitive history of the Blackbird up-to-date. The extended color section includes color photographs of the Blackbird; these and other illustrations include technical drawings, photographs of the crew and images and photos of the planes in action.
Of all the marvels of technology we have seen through the past century or more, only one has so completely intertwined the inspiration of the 'machine' with the hearts and souls of the men and women who designed, built, supported, and flew it: the SR-71 'Blackbird' the Habu. Operating in heavy secrecy during its initial operational deployments to Okinawa during the early to mid-1960s, the Okinawans caught only a few brief glimpses of the 'Blackbird's' long, sleek forebody as it taxied out of its guarded hanger and roared off the runway to disappear rapidly into the skies over the South China Sea. As the airplane returned hours later, touching down gracefully in its characteristic nose-high attitude, the combination of its slender black fuselage and the wide, flatly-curved chines of its nose undoubtedly gave it the look of the hooded, poisonous viper indigenous to the island, called 'Habu' by the locals. And so the unofficial name was born. Habu came to refer not only to the airplane itself, but to those few crewmembers fortunate enough to have flown it operationally during its more than a quarter-century of service. It was only after a year of intensive training, then deployment overseas and finally their first operational mission, that a new 'Blackbird' crew could wear the coveted Habu shoulder patch on their flight suits.
It is a safe bet to say that few, if any, of those aviators who were privileged to become 'Habus' had any idea initially of how deeply the experience and all it entailed would imbed itself in their lives. From the beginning, the challenges, mysteries, and frustrations of going through the SR-71 training program as a 'new guy' brought not only appreciation of the airplane's incredible capabilities, but a sense of humility in one's own ability to absorb it all. When, where, or with whom a Habu crewmember flew the mission is irrelevant. The bonding among Habus and their commitment to the integrity and honor of The Program is the same.
Like so many other fascinating systems, there was more than met the eye to what made the SR-71 so successful over more than 25 years in service. More went on behind the scenes than was visible to an outside observer. Crewmembers got much of the glory, but it took hard work, dedication and sacrifice on the part of so many others to get the 'crew dogs' off the ground in this magnificent machine; the absolute brilliance of 'Kelly' Johnson and his hand-picked crew of engineers who designed it; the maintenance troops and civilian contractors who maintained it and kept it safe; the planners who translated complex, detailed intelligence requirements into a flyable operational language so that the aircrews could execute the mission; the KC-135Q tanker crews who gave the Habu its 'legs'; and in an even less visible sense, the air traffic controllers on the ground who most often never even got to see the airplane, but from their darkened radar operations centers guided them and kept other aircraft away from their flight paths.
Paul Crickmore is the undisputed authority on the Blackbird and its operations ... [Lockheed Blackbird includes] fascinating revelations ... Beyond the Secret Missions is the most detailed book ever written on this aeronautical masterpiece and as such is highly recommended for all interested in aviation and the Cold War. Malcolm English, Air International
Balanced and comprehensive ... Crickmore's book is more than a story of an aircraft; it captures the spirit of the time, with accounts from the CIA and the USAF it must be the ultimate book on a breathtaking aircraft. Wingspan International
The detail within these covers is breathtaking FlyPast
The highly classified black nature of the programme and its associated clandestine military reconnaissance operations . . . is vividly brought to life by mixing information gleaned from recently declassified documentation with dramatic pilot accounts of CIA and USAF missions that frequently goaded air defence reactions from target countries. Not only does the reader get a real feel for the danger of these flights in military terms, but cockpit portrayals of the many frightening technical malfunctions that seemed to occur at the most inopportune moments bring about a narrative that is often more akin to an action thriller . . . It would be surprising if it didn't become established as a major reference on this most superlative of aircraft. Aviation News
One of the definitive volumes on the subject ... a must-have for any true Blackbird enthusiast. Habu.org
This fully revised and up-to-date groundbreaking book is the most detailed ever written on the subject and is required reading not just for those interested in aviation, but all scholars of the Vietnam and Cold War. Lockheed Blackbird is a permanent tribute to those involved in this military aviation project.
History / Military / Iraq War
They Fought for Each Other: The Triumph and Tragedy of the Hardest Hit Unit in Iraq by Kelly Kennedy (St. Martins Press)
They Fought for Each Other is the remarkable story of the courageous military unit that changed Adhamiya, Iraq, from a Sunni stronghold, teeming with foreign insurgents, to a secure neighborhood. Before the army battalion did its job, the streets were littered with mutilated corpses; afterward, the storefronts were open and the populace safe.
Army Times writer Kelly Kennedy chronicles the fifteen-month tour of duty of an army battalion that lost 31 soldiers in Iraq. During that time, Charlie Company 1-26, a group of 138 men, were besieged and under constant fire.
Based on Blood Brothers, the Michael Kelly Award-nominated series that ran in Army Times, They Fought for Each Other is the remarkable story of a courageous military unit that sacrificed their lives to change Adhamiya, Iraq
In 2007, journalist Kennedy an Army veteran of tours during Desert Storm and in Mogadishu, Somalia embedded with Charlie Company 1-26 for Army Times. What started out as a story about medics turned into one of the most harrowing and painful experiences Kennedy could have experienced. The 1-26 confronted one of the worst neighborhoods in Baghdad and over time lost more men than any single battalion had since the days of the Vietnam War.
Kennedy's report from the battlefield is chilling. One of her first experiences with 1-26 occurred when a Bradley vehicle in which she was supposed to be riding ran over a deeply buried IED blowing the vehicle to bits and killing all inside. She had to report this tragedy knowing full well she could have been one of the victims. Kennedy soon discovered the ravages of war would only get worse for this battalion. A first sergeant committed suicide. A 19-year-old threw himself on a grenade in order to save other members of the company. Another sergeant, whose hands were actually on fire, continued to fire his weapon in battle to protect his friends as they jumped into the flames
coming from a burning Humvee. Perhaps what stuck even more with Kennedy than the daily ritual of death and fear was the day the platoon she was with mutinied. Their reasoning for not going back out on patrol was that they were at the breaking point and feared that if they returned to the streets on patrol they would snap and kill everyone in their path innocent and guilty alike. Yet despite being the unit that was the hardest hit in Iraq, despite being the unit with the single most casualties of any one platoon since Vietnam, these young men found a way to bond through practical jokes and singing and laughter whenever they could in order to deal with it all. They would go out on patrol, even on their days off, so someone else wouldn't have to.
When Kennedy was asked what her inspiration was for They Fought for Each Other she replied simply, "Being with them on their worst day." Her experiences with 1-26 remain with her today. "Emotionally, this is the hardest thing I've ever done. Every time I interviewed one of the guys, they'd say, 'Wow, I haven't talked about this to anybody.' And then they'd tell me every detail down to what the bodies looked like. I cried all the way through it, not only because I was reliving my own experiences, but because I had to get to know as many men who had died, and it was like watching them die all over again. My best moment came when Charlie Company's first sergeant read through the rough draft and said he thought the book would help his men deal with their pain by letting them relive the experience as a whole."
Journalist and former soldier Kennedy makes a solid contribution to a growing body of frontline reportage from Iraq in this account based on her series of articles in Army Times. Urban combat, counterinsurgency, and civic action combined in a toxic brew that made mental health injuries more prevalent than physical ones. But to endure the fears, nightmares and grief, men had to look out for each other. That mutual caring brought Charlie Company through. It gives Kennedy her title, informs her work, and above all reaffirms the scars war leaves on those who fight. Publishers Weekly
This better-than-most Iraq story deals with a company of the 26th Infantry Regiment that in the 2007 surge suffered heavier casualties than did any other such unit. About all that kept the men sane and fighting was a rare degree of unit cohesion, which we see through the eyes of a number of key people, well-characterized by embedded Army Times reporter Kennedy, who despite her service ties paints the Iraq War warts and all. An honorable addition to Iraq War literature. Roland Green, Booklist
No book takes you deeper inside the sacrifice made by the American soldier in Iraq. Sean Naylor, New York Times bestselling author of Not a Good Day to Die
A superior, blow-by-blow account of a courageous and embattled infantry company. Small-unit heroics in Iraq engrossing, despite eschewing the traditional optimistic outcome. Kirkus Reviews
If you think you understand the human costs of war, you don't, and that's why books like this are so important: as a reminder, a report, an admonition, an illumination, but above all, as a wrenching, moving story. Ben Greenman, author, and editor at The New Yorker
They Fought for Each Other is a timeless and amazing story of men at war and a heartbreaking account of American sacrifice in Iraq. The book radiates the stress of the war in Iraq and the great compassion and brotherhood and sisterhood of our men and women in combat.
History / True Crime
The Devil's Rooming House: The True Story of America's Deadliest Female Serial Killer by M. William Phelps (The Lyons Press)
A silent, simmering killer terrorized New England in 1911. As a record-setting heat wave took the lives of more than 2,000 people, this silent killer began her own murderous spree. That year a reporter for the Hartford Courant noticed a sharp rise in the number of obituaries for residents of a rooming house in Windsor, Connecticut, and began to suspect the reason: Amy Archer-Gilligan, who had opened the Archer Home for Elderly People and Chronic Invalids four years earlier. Bible-thumping Sister Amy would be accused of murdering both of her husbands and up to sixty-six of her patients with cocktails of lemonade and arsenic. Her story shocked turn-of-the-century America and provided the inspiration for Broadway sensation and classic film Arsenic and Old Lace.
With The Devil's Rooming House acclaimed crime writer M. William Phelps, whom Radio America called the nations leading authority on the mind of the female murderer, has written the first book about the life, times, and murders of America's most prolific female serial killer. He recounts how a pioneering, pious caretaker and entrepreneur of the nursing hone industry became an American original in the realm of evil the first Black Widow and Angel of Death. With first-hand accounts from Amys inmates, trial transcripts, and the discoveries of the investigative journalists who covered the case, Phelps puts readers face-to-face with the matron of what the media billed a Murder Factory.
Phelps is one of Americas finest true crime writers. Vincent Bugliosi, author of Helter Skelter and Reclaiming History
The Devil's Rooming House was certainly a revelation. I had no idea that there was such a gruesome backstory to one of my favorite films, Arsenic and Old Lace, and after reading this exhaustively researched book, I can now say I know every lurid detail. I think readers will be surprised to find that another WOMAN has joined the infamous ranks of serial killers and that if the heat doesnt get you, the poison will. Paula Uruburu, author of American Eve: Evelyn Nesbit, Stanford White, The Birth of the It Girl, and The Crime of the Century
This harrowing account of how one seemingly dedicated and devoted caretaker of the old and infirm can emerge from her cocoon of Christian piety and prove to be an obscene force of destruction is written with the usual clarity and style of renowned crime writer, M. William Phelps. The Devil's Rooming House not only depicts the shocking persona of the serial killer, Amy Archer, but also tenderly gives voice to her heroic, doomed victims. Mary-Ann Tirone Smith, author of Girls of Tender Age: A Memoir
The Devil's Rooming House is the gripping tale of a legendary, century-old murder spree. Here is a chilling story of greed and murder even more shocking than its fictional counterpart. In telling this tale, Phelps also paints a vivid portrait of early twentieth-century New England.
History / World / Jewish / Middle East / Israel
Future Tense: Jews, Judaism, and Israel in the Twenty-first Century by Jonathan Sacks (Schocken)
One of the most admired religious thinkers of our time issues a
call for world Jewry to reject the self-fulfilling image of a people
alone in the world, surrounded by enemies and to reclaim Judaisms
original sense of purpose: as a partner with God and with those of
other faiths in the never-ending struggle for freedom and social
justice for all.
We are in danger, says Rabbi Jonathan Sacks in Future Tense, of forgetting what Judaisms place is within the global project of humankind. During the last two thousand years, Jews have lived through persecutions that would have spelled the end of most nations, but they did not see anti-Semitism written into the fabric of the universe. They knew they existed for a purpose, not for themselves alone. Sacks, Chief Rabbi of the United Hebrew Congregations of Great Britain and the Commonwealth since 1991, award-winning author, and Life Peer in the House of Lords, believes that the Jewish people have lost their way, that they need to recommit themselves to the task of creating a just world in which the divine presence can dwell among us.
Without compromising Jewish faith, Rabbi Sacks declares in Future Tense, Jews must stand alongside their friends Christian, Muslim, Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, and secular humanist in defense of freedom against the enemies of freedom, in affirmation of life against those who desecrate life. And they should do this not to win friends or the admiration of others but because it is what a people of God is supposed to do.
As told in the book, sixty years after its birth, the state of Israel is deeply isolated; it faces missiles from Hezbollah in the north and Hamas in the south, two terrorist groups pledged to Israels destruction. Israel has become the focus of a new anti-Semitism.
There is the eclipse of religious Zionism in Israel and modern
orthodoxy in the Diaspora, the two forms of Judaism that believed it
was possible to maintain the classic terms of Jewish life in the
modern world. Jews are either engaging with the world and losing
their Jewish identity or preserving their identity at the cost of
disengaging from the world. There are continuing divisions within
the Jewish world, to the point that it is difficult to speak of Jews
as one people with a shared fate and a collective identity.
Future Tense is about these issues, but it is also an attempt to get beneath them. For there is something fundamental and unresolved about the place of Jews, Judaism and Israel in the world. An image of a people alone in the world, surrounded by enemies, bereft of friends, has dominated Jewish consciousness since the Holocaust. That is both understandable and dangerous. It leads to bad decisions and it risks becoming a self-fulfilling prophecy.
Jews need to recover faith not simple faith, not nave optimism, but faith that they are not alone in the world. Never before in four thousand years of history have Jews enjoyed, simultaneously, independence and sovereignty in Israel, and freedom and equality in the Diaspora. The very existence of Israel is as near to a miracle. At the same time Jewish life in the Diaspora is flourishing, culturally, educationally, even spiritually, in ways that would have been unimaginable a century ago. These are not the worst of times, nor the best of times, but the most challenging of times. Jews today are in a position they have rarely if ever been in before in four thousand years of history. They face the world, in Israel and the Diaspora, on equal terms or, at least, on Jewish terms.
Sacks in Future Tense says that Jews are in danger of forgetting who they are and why, why there is such a thing as the Jewish people, and what its place is within the global project of humankind. Jews lived through catastrophes that would have spelled the end of most nations. They wrote elegies; they mourned; they prayed. They did not see anti-Semitism written into the fabric of the universe.
Jews, whether in Israel or elsewhere, need to recover a sense of purpose. What Sacks senses missing is the larger picture, the historical perspective, the connection of the dots into a portrait that would show Jews the who and what and why of the Jewish situation against the broad backdrop of the human and historical landscape. The book is designed to help fill in that picture.
British chief rabbi Lord Sacks (Will We Have Jewish Grandchildren?) laments what he sees as a virulent new strain of anti-Semitism plaguing Western Europe as well as serious divisions within the Jewish world that make it difficult to speak of Jews as one people with a shared fate and a collective identity. To combat anti-Semitism, Sacks encourages Jews to work closely with people of other faiths and to recognize that not only Jews face prejudice and hate. He urges his fellow Jews to be both particularist and universalist, to hold fast to their Jewish identity while passionately embracing the modern world and becoming a source of inspiration to others. Sacks believes that criticism of Israel is legitimate but denial of its right to exist is not; he supports a two-state solution to the Israel-Palestine conflict, but explains how the Palestinians have thwarted every Israeli move to establish peace. Sacks is preaching to an audience of already committed yet worldly Jews who nevertheless may feel inspired by a leader who shares their views. Publishers Weekly
Rabbi Sacks is one of the most engaged and engaging thinkers and
commentators of our time . . . His writings are always
thought-provoking and often profound . . . This latest volume is no
exception. It is not a book that answers every question that is
poses. But it asks all the right questions and answers many of them.
The Times (London)
Rabbi Sacks argues for a Judaism that engages with the world, that emphasizes the radical Jewish belief in human freedom. Its sorely needed. The Guardian
I have rarely met anyone who combines spirituality, intelligence, wisdom; and compassion in quite the way Rabbi Sacks does. Professor Akbar Ahmed, Ibn Khaldun Chair of Islamic Studies, American University
In Future Tense, Sacks calls for world Jewry to reject the self-fulfilling image of a people alone in the world, surrounded by enemies and to reclaim Judaism's original sense of purpose: as a partner with God and with those of other faiths in the never-ending struggle for freedom and social justice for all. Sackss powerful message of tikkun olam using Judaism as a blueprint for repairing an imperfect world will resonate with people of all faiths.
History / World / Transportation
Titanic Scandal: The Trial of the Mount Temple by Senan Molony (Amberley)
From the day she sank in April 1912 to the present, one of the enduring mysteries of the Titanic disaster was the single-funneled, four-masted 'mystery ship', sighted as the White Star liner, outward bound on her maiden voyage, began to slip beneath the calm waters of the iceberg-strewn North Atlantic.
The Leyland liner SS Californian has been blamed, but was she the real mystery ship the one that ignored the distress rockets sent up by Titanic's officers? The ship that was so close that she could have saved the lives of almost all on board the doomed Titanic? Was there another ship in the vicinity?
As told in Titanic Scandal, there were many ships close by that night, including ones not fitted with radio, but the most likely candidate, using the circumstantial evidence available at the time, is Canadian Pacific's SS Mount Temple. Journalist Senan Molony, Titanic enthusiast and author of many books and articles on Titanic, gives readers the evidence for and against Mount Temple, including cryptic clues given by passengers on that fateful voyage as well as the evidence that many of her officers left the ship at her first port of call after the sinking.
Some of the facts:
Seen and pursued by launched lifeboats, showing just how close salvation had been, the mystery ship had disappeared by daybreak her presence having slowed the filling of boats in the first place.
Why did the other ship leave, despite a storm of unavailing distress rockets she could not have failed to see? Why did she ignore wireless appeals and frantic Morse lamp signaling at close quarters? What, ultimately, was her identity?
The surpassing scandal is the plain truth that the British Board of Trade was told in 1912 of serious allegations against the Canadian Pacific liner Mount Temple and her Captain, James Moore, who failed to take any steps at all.
Titanic Scandal uncovers those allegations, the identity of claimants, and the reasons why they must be taken seriously.
Home & Garden / Crafts & Hobbies
The Model Railroader's Guide to Steel Mills by Bernard Kempinski (Kalmbach Books)
This new book suggests readers add a realistic steel mill to their model railroad layout.
Think of a steel mill and one pictures smoke, sparks, molten metal, and grimy men working in cavernous, mysterious complexes laced with a bewildering array of pipes, wires, and rail lines radiating in every direction. Railroads transport trainloads of raw materials in and finished product out as well as providing itfra-plant movement of intermediary products during nearly every manufacturing step.
The Model Railroader's Guide to Steel Mills makes modeling this archetypical American industry possible for the average modeler. Author Bernard Kempinski explains the industrial process and the massive complex built around steel production. Kempinski, an active model railroader, has written more than 40 magazine articles on model railroading. A former U.S. Army captain, Bernard works as a defense analyst in Washington, D.C.
According to Kempinski, a highly detailed and complex industry that features operations with specialized railcars is hard to beat on a model railroad. Kempinski takes readers on a detailed history of steelmaking, explaining the industrial process, and the massive complex built around steel production. Filled with historic photos of railroad-served steel mills, it explores advances in both industries and the impact each had on the other. Readers can build a layout that focuses just on the mill, or they can include a steel mill as a peripheral industry and model some of the traffic that brings in raw materials, hauls out finished product, and provides intra-plant movement. The Model Railroader's Guide to Steel Mills includes information on:
The second half of The Model Railroader's Guide to Steel Mills offers planning ideas, tips, and techniques for designing and building a rail-served integrated steel mill on a layout. There is enough railroad activity in a steel mill that a satisfying layout can be built just focusing on the mill, and Kempinski has included some plans with that approach. Kempinski shows model railroaders how to create a realistic mill area and set up its rail operations through chapters on ore processing, steel mill railroads and railcars, track planning, and modeling tips. Track plans with steel mills are included.
The Model Railroader's Guide to Steel Mills provides a concise and clear picture of the steel industry. Readers will better understand how to create a realistic mill area and set up its rail operations.
Home & Garden / Home Design / Remodeling / Reference
Green $ense for the Home: Rating the Real Payoff from 50 Green Home Projects by Eric Corey Freed and Kevin Datum (The Taunton Press)
With all this talk about being green what is the real deal on going green at home? When does a green home project make financial sense? When is it more of a hassle than a help? The authors of Green $ense for the Home provide the answers to these questions relating to the cost and relative value of environmentally friendly home improvements. Eric Corey Freed and Kevin Daum are experts, respectively, in green building and in financing custom homes. Freed is principal of organicARCHITECT with 15 years of experience in green building. An expert on financing custom homes, Daum was named the #1 custom home resource guide by the Wall Street Journal.
Green $ense for the Home provides in-depth analysis of 50 green home projects from two experts with quite different perspectives. Freed is the ultimate environment do-gooder for his always do the green thing approach to home design. Freed shows why a project is good for the home and the environment as well as explaining how to accomplish the project and what resources to use for getting it done right. On the other side, Daum represents the reality of practicality and affordability. He lets readers know how much a project will cost or save in dollars and cents, and also assesses practical pitfalls for each job. Daum is a green supporter but he provides perspective about what is affordable and desirable in the housing market.
Both Freed and Daum walk readers through the green home projects and break them down according to the impact they may have on the environment, as well as the impact they may have on readers wallets. They evaluate a variety of projects, including insulating pipes, weatherizing doors and windows, composting and recycling trash, installing a solar hot water heater, installing green countertops, upgrading appliances, building with reclaimed materials, and installing a green roof.
Divided into 3 sections based on the amount of time each project will likely take, there are jobs readers can (1) tackle today like installing occupancy sensors or planting native species and skipping the sprinklers, or (2) conquer tomorrow such as installing micro-hydropower and harvesting their own rainwater. Or if they are deciding to (3) build new construct with recycled drywall or install radiant heat. At the start of each project readers will find Green Specs, a ratings sidebar that uses handy reference icons to clue readers in to crucial information about what to expect from each project.
Eric Corey Freed and Kevin Daum have struck just the right balance between environmental and financial considerations, telling both sides of the story for 50 different home projects. This book of practical solutions will help a great many homeowners green their homes without busting their budget. Glenn Croston, author of 75 Green Businesses, Founder of Starting Up Green, www.StartingUpGreen.com.
Green $ense for the Home gives readers the real deal on going green at home what's worth paying for and what's not, where to find all the rebates and credits, and what kind of savings they will see. This unique, information-packed perspective on going green is a reference that green-leaning homeowners simply cannot do without.
Home & Garden / Interior Design
Books Do Furnish a Room by Leslie Geddes-Brown (Merrell)
Books do furnish a room but not always very well. Books Do Furnish a Room, with images from stylish houses, taken by world-famous photographers, intends to show how it can be done.
Books afford not only endless pleasure and knowledge, but also, when skillfully deployed around the home, opportunities to create a multitude of decorative impressions, whether classically formal, strikingly colorful or apparently artless. In this illustrated guide, self-confessed bibliophile Leslie Geddes-Brown, former Deputy Editor of World of Interiors and Country Life magazines and a leading writer on interior design, offers inspirational yet practical ideas about how to make the most of books in every room and forgotten nook of the house.
In her introduction to Books Do Furnish a Room, Geddes-Brown emphasizes books' versatility and lasting power, and subsequent chapters explore all the key aspects of storing and displaying them. 'Living with Books' shows how they can enhance the atmosphere of a home, making it a welcoming and memorable place. Working with Books' considers different ways of arranging essential reference books, from the library that is a paragon of order to the seemingly chaotic piles of books an author might need constantly at her elbow or stacked about the floor. 'Designing for Books' explores stylish storage and lighting solutions, and provides tips on combining books with other objects to create effects that lift an interior out of the ordinary. Finally, 'Making the Most of Books' suggests ingenious ways in which to exploit to the full their enduringly irresistible appeal.
Private libraries are emphatically not public libraries. That is, they do not need the Dewey system. Since the only people who are going to use these libraries are readers, their family and friends, the classification can be as eccentric as they wish, as long as they understand it all books with red covers together, for example, or anything to do with horses, whether racing or Stubbs paintings. If the system works well enough, that's all that's needed.
Geddes-Brown in Books Do Furnish a Room advises readers to resign themselves, however: whatever system they adopt, it will not be perfect, and they might as well accustom themselves to endless searches for that elusive book that has a dark-green cover which turns out to be scarlet.
For a library to work well, attention to detail is necessary. The way to make the best of any space is to ensure that the shelves are the right height for the books that they have, and that at least 2 inches are allowed above each book. Good lighting is essential, so that titles are visible at all times. There should be handy shelves or tables near by where they can pile or read the books they remove.
Of course, not everyone is a serious reader or researcher, and not everyone actually wants a library. Volumes in decorative bookcases antique, designer-led or home-made can be spread about the house in small batches. Every spare bedroom needs a small rack of books at the least, and most of us need space for recipe books in the kitchen. Indeed, splitting up books by subject and keeping them where they will be most needed is one of the simplest forms of classification. So, short stories in the spare room; miscellanies to be dipped into in the bathroom; recipe books in the kitchen; and coffeetable books, obviously, consigned to the coffee table or to a special table in the living-room. Readers might add books with fine bindings to a format dining-room, and a pile of dog-eared paperbacks to their own bedroom. Atlases and maps go in the hall, if there is space for them, and gardening books on shelves near the back door and its Wellington boots.
In schemes where the books are truly there only as furniture, the spines can be chosen for their decorative hue though, obviously, gilt-and-feather bindings tend to the fusty and formal, white rows of dictionaries and encyclopedias are solemnly virtuous. Any old rubbish can be disguised with a plain paper cover, or there's fun to be had with decorative handmade jackets marbled papers or wallpaper, say, or even covers made from exotic newspapers, such as Chinese or Russian ones. If the books are valueless, conservation issues don't apply.
If, however, each book is worth a tidy sum readers would be surprised at the value of even twenty-year-old first editions then store them tidily on shelves, neither crammed in nor so loosely that they're keeling over. Keep an eye out for bookworms (silverfish rather than studious children), which eat paper and glue, and try to keep humidity both low and constant.
The value of a book tends to increase with lack of handling, pristine being best, and dog-eared and crumbling, unsurprisingly, being worst. Ideally, recipe books should not get too bespattered with tomato ketchup; garden guides should be left indoors, and first editions by the likes of J.K. Bowling should, unfortunately, not be read their covers should remain intact.
So, while many authors treat books with disdain (and disapprove of books furnishing a room), the jumble of volumes by a writer's desk, the way books are used to prop up uneven desk legs or signal dangerous holes in a carpet, are far better than treating them with a conservator's cotton gloves.
Lavishly illustrated throughout with photographs featuring homes from around the world, Books Do Furnish a Room is an engaging guide to inspire bibliophiles to get the best from their beloved books and turn any room into a magical place.
Home & Garden / Memoirs
Paradise under Glass: An Amateur Creates a Conservatory Garden by Ruth Kassinger (William Morrow)
Gradually, it occurred to me that adding a conservatory onto our house was just what I needed. Warm and humid, beautiful, ever-green, peaceful, and still, a conservatory would be the perfect antidote to the losses and changes of middle age. It would be my personal tropical paradise where nothing unexpected lurked in the landscape. from the book
Like many baby boomers in middle age, Ruth Kassinger was at an emotional crossroads. Confronted with the death of a beloved sister, her children's departure for college, and her own recent battle with breast cancer, she was searching for a way forward. One cold, gray evening, flooded with thoughts of change and loss, she wandered into the U.S. Botanic Garden's conservatory and a dream was born. Dazzled by the vast and dense tangle of greenery, she began a quest to create a verdant sanctuary of her own at her home in suburban Washington, D.C.
Yet all she knew of indoor gardening was a lone houseplant at the top of her basement stairs. Notoriously neglectful and downright disgusted by backyard worms and insects, Kassinger, author of a number of award-winning science and history books for young adults, never had any interest in gardening. So no one was more surprised than she when she found herself gripped with the desire not only to take care of plants, but to create a flourishing, fully-stocked jungle oasis.
Paradise under Glass chronicles her journey from brown thumb to green. Kassinger's journey to create her own tropical refuge is also a narrative tour of the glasshouses of the past, including Renaissance orangeries, the whimsical follies of Georgian England, the legendary Crystal Palace, and secluded Victorian ferneries. She studies myriad conservatories and plans her own, a project that takes her across the country. Along the way she meets commercial growers with acres under glass in Florida, a clivia hybridizer whose Delaware home is filled with thousands of specimens, a beneficial bug grower in California, entrepreneurs in Ohio who have a veritable Noah's Ark of rare tropicals, and many others who share their enthusiasms and knowledge.
She takes readers step-by-step from the construction of her conservatory through her efforts to identify the easiest to grow, most beautiful houseplants. She combats pests, raises Monarch butterflies, and harvests kumquats and coffee beans. Her Garden of Eden is complete with a pint-sized pool and a living wall she invents. Throughout, she shares the knowledge and insights that creating and sustaining her garden has bestowed, lessons of loss and letting go, nurturing and rebirth, challenge and change, love and serenity.
The book vividly chronicles her initiation into the world of indoor gardening as well as the fascinating and unlikely histories of greenhouses and the flamboyant gardens they have housed, from 15th-century windowless arancieras built to winter orange trees to the Industrial Age, glass-and-iron 18-acre Crystal Palace. The characters Kassinger encounters, literarily and in the flesh, are as quirky as their plants. Kassinger's lush writing and exotic stories will delight the armchair gardener and historian. Publishers Weekly
Her lively, detailed descriptions allow readers effortlessly to feel as though they are witnessing eureka moments in the development of winter gardens and tagging along with historic plant adventurers.... Readers easily transition back to the present, vicariously visiting Kassinger's local garden center and getting a ringside seat as she chats with contemporary heavyweights. Informative and extremely entertaining, Kassinger's indoor, garden memoir seems a surefire antidote for a midlife crisis or the winter blues. Highly recommended. Library Journal, starred review
The author colorfully describes her new herbaceous friends and writes about family and mortality with a colloquial zest. Kirkus Reviews
Seamlessly blending her extensive research on the history of conservatories and plant exploration with her own personal anecdotes of raising everything from butterflies to Boston ferns, Kassinger's personal odyssey into the crystalline world of gardening under glass offers an uplifting and instructional message. Booklist
Here is a witty and absorbing memoir of one woman's unlikely desire to build, stock, and tend a private Eden in her suburban backyard. Her engrossing journey is interwoven with the illuminating history of conservatories and the plants and people that thrive in them. Paradise under Glass is sure to appeal to indoor and outdoor gardeners, armchair horticulturalists, home improvement enthusiasts, baby boomers/empty nesters, and lovers of narrative nonfiction.
Literature & Fiction / Classics
The Broadview Anthology of Literature of the Revolutionary Period: 1770-1832 edited by D.L. Macdonald and Anne McWhir (Broadview Anthology of English Literature Series: Broadview Press)
Since the (comparatively recent) foundation of English as an academic discipline, syllabi and anthologies for the period including the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries have been dominated by four white, male, English poets William Wordsworth, Coleridge, P.B. Shelley, and Keats with two others, Blake and Byron, occupying slightly less secure positions. The main advantage of such an approach is obvious: extensive coverage of six of the greatest poets who ever lived. The main disadvantage is equally obvious: a narrowness that not only neglects many other fine writers but also flattens the study of the six great ones by depriving them of their context. from the book
The selections from 132 authors in The Broadview Anthology of Literature of the Revolutionary Period represent gender, social class, and racial and national origin as inclusively as possible, providing both greater context for canonical works and a sense of the era's richness and diversity. Poetry, non-fiction prose, philosophy, educational writing, and prose fiction are included. Geographically, America, Canada, Australia, India, and Africa are represented along with Britain, emphasizing Romantic literature as a world literature. Biographical headnotes, explanatory foot-notes, and an extensive bibliography clarify and illuminate the texts for readers.
The Broadview Anthology of Literature of the Revolutionary Period was edited by D.L. Macdonald (1955-2010), deceased Professor of English at the University of Calgary and Anne McWhir, Professor of English at the University of Calgary and the editor of the Broadview Edition of Mary Shelley's The Last Man.
According to the editors in the foreword, the recent trend in anthology-making has been towards a broadening of the canon that is, of the texts available to choose from for teaching and studying. What the writers of the period had in common was unprecedented and still unparalleled historical change. The Seven Years' War (1756-63) and Britain's acquisition of a global empire, the American and French Revolutions, the Agricultural and Industrial Revolutions, the movements for the emancipation of women and slaves, the drop in infant mortality, the rise of a new family structure based on what Lawrence Stone has called affectionate individualism, and the advent of nearly universal literacy profoundly affected every writer and everyone else. The insistence of working people on acquiring a political voice, numerous reactionary responses to revolutionary ideas and institutions following the defeat of Napoleon, and the debate leading up to the passage of the First Reform Act all contributed to a period of economic, political, and ideological turmoil.
Some welcomed these changes; some resisted them; some, like Burke and Wordsworth, did a bit of both. Macdonald and McWhir decide in The Broadview Anthology of Literature of the Revolutionary Period to refer to the period as the Age of Revolution. Their choice of texts is therefore somewhat more political than in most of the other available anthologies. Like all other anthologists, they have included all the works that everyone always teaches; beyond that, they hope that they have enabled teachers and students to make their own syllabic choices.
They include the complete text of William Wordsworth's Two-Part Prelude of 1798-99; but they refer students and teachers to one of the texts of The Prelude (1805 and 1850) for the later versions of the poem. In general, notes and other apparatus have been kept to a minimum to make room for texts. Readers will find that their biographical headnotes and annotations are almost exclusively factual. They leave the task of interpretation to teachers and students.
Their inclusive editorial practice in some ways reclaims a broad canon that might have been more familiar to writers of the Revolutionary Period than the clearly focused canon represented by such scholars as Perkins. There is little sense here that writers of the current period agreed with one another or with modern editors about who the best writers were. Recognizing the vagaries of literary reputation, they represent the period as broadly as possible and let readers decide for themselves.
In addition to the philosophical and rhapsodic lyric poetry of the period, however, they include much narrative poetry, some explicitly political poetry, didactic poetry, and poetry aimed at laboring-class readers, women, potential advocates, and activists. They also include a wide variety of genres apart from poetry, since this was also an age of polemical prose, of journalism, of criticism, and of prose fiction. Complete novels are usually beyond the scope of an anthology; but The Broadview Anthology of Literature of the Revolutionary Period includes selections by Austen (never a Romantic writer), Burney, Peacock, Scott, Mary Shelley, Lewis, Radcliffe, Maria Edgeworth, Godwin, Hays, and many others. The canon of non-fictional prose is represented by political, educational, literary, and philosophical writings by some of the writers already mentioned and by such others as Burke, Cobbett, Coleridge, De Quincey, Hazltt, Charles Lamb, Paine, and Wollstonecraft.
This is a massive, impressive collection that both challenges and guides us to see the literature of the period in its most vital, revolutionary context. By featuring and appropriately balancing the canonical and the obscure and much in between, this anthology reminds us that it is the diversity of the writers of the age that, more than anything else, stirs and astounds us. G. Kim Blank, University of Victoria
This anthology provides an exciting, innovative, global approach to the study of what has been called the `Romantic' period. Poetry, prose, and criticism by canonical writers are presented along with texts by labouring-class women, journalists, slaves, and political thinkers from Britain, America, Canada, Africa, India, and Australia. Focusing on revolution and politics, editors D.L. Macdonald and Anne McWhir provide teachers and students with rich, historicized, and intertextual contexts with which to study familiar and lesser-known authors. Intelligently conceived, containing a diverse range of works and a useful bibliography, The Broadview Anthology of Literature of the Revolutionary Period is a welcome addition to this often contested and fascinating field. Eleanor Ty, Wilfrid Laurier University
In The Broadview Anthology of Literature of the Revolutionary Period, the editors help readers rediscover what their predecessors valued and then forgot. Here is what a contemporary reader might have read, even if a writer chose to revise later. The Broadview Anthology of Literature of the Revolutionary Period invites readers to explore the Revolutionary Period from the perspective of their post-colonial, global world, in which revolutionary thinking is still very much alive. It also invites them to experience the literature of this period within its own historical contexts. As they note, Macdonald and McWhirs principle of broad inclusion may not lead to choices that satisfy everyone, but there should be enough to introduce students to this period in much of its richness and diversity.
Literature & Fiction / History & Criticism / World Literature / European
Narrating from the Archive: Novels, Records, and Bureaucrats in the Modern Age by Marco Codebo (Fairleigh Dickinson University Press)
Archival novels have been written in two distinct paradigms legitimation and challenge. While in the former paradigm the archive guarantees the novel's verisimilitude, in the latter the archive is questioned as a hierarchized and politically biased system for establishing truth. Narrating from the Archive describes the historical development of the archival novel, a fictional genre in which the narrative stores records, bureaucratic writing informs language, and the archive frames the readers' apprehension of the text. In this book, Alessandro Manzoni's I promessi sposi, Honor-6 de Balzac's Ursule Mirouet and Le Colonel Chabert, are examples of novels written within the paradigm of legitimation; while Gustave Flaubert's Bouvard et Pecuchet permits the transition between the two paradigms, George Perec's La vie mode d'emploi and Don DeLillo's Libra represent cases of archival fiction written within the paradigm of challenge.
Narrating from the Archive, written by Marco Codebo, Assistant Professor of French and Italian at Long Island University in Brookville, aims to prove that novelistic writing's goal is the creation of permanent records of ordinary human beings' life and that tools forged in archives for storing and arranging information have been instrumental to the fulfillment of this objective. The archival novel is the genre that turns the novel's archival, subterranean component into the key feature of its own novelistic world; what is hidden in traditional novels instead emerges in the open in archival fiction. As they are published throughout modernity, in different linguistic traditions and distinct cultural contexts, archival novels prove that a link between the archive and novels does exist and plays a key role in determining the epistemic goal and means of novelistic discourse: telling the truth about empirical individuals by observing and recording their lived experiences. Reaching this conclusion achieves the greatest significance in our time when the digital database has replaced the archive as the chief tool for managing stored information. In this context, the novel's epistemic and technological reliance on cognitive instruments forged during the paper age, such as the record and the bureaucratic archive, appear with utmost clarity.
Codebo analyzes the mediating strategies, aimed at building narrative structures and achieving cognitive goals, novelists implemented whenever they applied the archive's epistemology to the production of fictional works. Because these strategies functioned within distinct cultural environments to use a kind of shorthand, early eighteenth-century England, realism, and postmodernism his investigation does not progress linearly from Defoe to DeLillo. Rather, as it moves through specific historical contexts, it is interrupted by necessary discontinuities. Within this interpretive framework, the six texts Codebo discusses in depth illustrate two aspects of the archival novel: (1) its generic dimension, or the way its textual features and its links to other (non)literary genres frame the reader's approach to the text, and (2) its affiliation with history, i.e., the specific encounters between its generic properties and the historical situations within which they operate.
All six novels Codebo discusses in Narrating from the Archive embody significant features of the archival novel while tying the tradition to some of its neighbor genres. These texts epitomize the hybridity inscribed in the very term archival novel, in the fact that by simply naming the genre we invoke the miscegenation of two distinct and cooperating discourses. In chapter 1 of Narrating from the Archive, he begins to analyze this hybrid by discussing the development of the archival novel in eighteenth-century England. In chapter 2, Codebo examines the two paradigms of archival fiction, legitimation and challenge. In chapter 3, he looks at historical writing, records, and fiction in Alessandro Manzoni's I promessi sposi (1840) and Storia delta colonna infame; in this chapter, he also takes on an issue of relevance to the entire book, the relation between archival and historical novels. Chapter 4 deals with the archival components of Honore de Balzac's La Comedic humaine (1842-47) and explores the interaction between the archival novel, the law, and the identification of citizens in nineteenth-century nation states. Chapter 5 takes on Gustave Flaubert's criticism of nineteenth-century knowledge in Bouvard et Pecuchet (1881), along with the relation between the archival novel, the encyclopedia, and literary realism. Chapter 6 examines Georges Perec's approach to the archive as a game, along with the relations between archives, libraries, and memory in La Vie mode d'emploi (1978). Chapter 7 analyzes Don DeLillo's Libra (1988) as a discussion of the archive's senescence in a context defined by the achievements of post-Newtonian science and the inception of the digital database.
Literature & Fiction / World Literature / Entertainers / Biographies & Memoirs
Lonelyhearts: The Screwball World of Nathanael West and Eileen McKenney by Marion Meade (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt)
From the acclaimed author Marion Meade comes a dual biography of Nathanael West, author of The Day of the Locust, and his wife Eileen McKenney, the inspiration for My Sister Eileen set against the world of New York writers and Hollywood screenwriters in the 1930s. Lonelyhearts, a biography of two literary lights who met in 1939, married six months later, and died in a car crash the following year. Accomplished biographer Meade gives readers a look at their lives, their passions, their friends, and the paths that brought writer and muse together.
West novelist, screenwriter, playwright, devoted outdoorsman was one of the most gifted and original writers of his generation, a comic artist whose insight into the brutalities of modern life proved prophetic. He is famous for two masterpieces, Miss Lonelyhearts (1933) and The Day of the Locust (1939). Seventy years later, The Day of the Locust remains the most penetrating novel ever written about Hollywood.
McKenney accidental muse, literary heroine was the inspiration for her sister Ruth's humorous stories, My Sister Eileen, which led to stage, film, and television adaptations, including Leonard Bernstein's 1953 musical Wonderful Town.
As Meade writes in Lonelyhearts, in the 1930s West did not achieve the acclaim he would have so richly enjoyed. West was a high school dropout, a candy maker, a hotel manager, and ultimately a misunderstood novelist, who set his stories in such diverse places as a horse's bowels and the Hollywood dream dump. In their day, it was West's wife who was the more famous. McKenney's big-city adventures filled countless young single women with longing for the bright lights of New York. The beautiful McKenney moved from Cleveland into a damp and dirty basement apartment in Greenwich Village with her sister Ruth, an aspiring writer. She was a smart and witty femme fatale who became a cultural icon.
Tragically, McKenney and West died together in an auto accident on December 22, 1940, near El Centro, California. Four days later, My Sister Eileen opened on Broadway and went on to become one of the most successful plays in history. Lonelyhearts restores these star-crossed lovers to their rightful places in the literary tapestry of 1930s New York City.
Lonelyhearts is a snapshot of their brief, bright-burning lives during the freewheeling Jazz Age and the Great Depression, with a supporting cast that includes such literary lights as F. Scott Fitzgerald, Dorothy Parker, Katharine White, S. J. Perelman, and Bennett Cerf, and many of the theatrical and movie stars of their era.
From its involving first scene, set in a Depression-era Manhattan hotel lobby Edward Hopper could have painted, to its denouement at a bleak intersection in the middle of the Southern California lettuce fields, Lonelyhearts lays bare the dark side of America's bicoastal 1930s glitterati. Marion Meade has taken the contrasting stories of the outsider novelist Nathanael West and his wife, the all-American girl Eileen McKenney, and twisted them into a spiraling narrative that makes compulsive reading. Amanda Vaill, author of Everybody Was So Young: Gerald and Sara Murphy: A Lost Generation Love Story
The brief lives of Nathanael West and Eileen McKenney make a great story, and Marion Meade tells it with flair, erudition, and consummate wit. A literary page-turner, Lonelyhearts brings a fresh view to bookish New York and philistine Hollywood in the years leading up to the Second World War. Meade's exhaustive research yields some surprising new material. But her great triumph is to plumb the mind of one of America's strangest and most original authors. Diane Jacobs, author of Christmas in July: The Life and Art of Preston Sturges
An ingenious dual biography of a classic American author and an unlikely literary muse . . . Funny, informed, [and] daringly constructed. Kirkus Reviews (starred review)
Meade (Dorothy Parker: What Fresh Hell Is This?) has skillfully
concocted a snappy dual biography of this odd couple. He was a
promiscuous New Yorker whose sexual orientation could not
unreasonably be questioned in light of his fiction. Eileen was an
uptight Midwesterner whose probable rape as a youngster left her
sexually unresponsive. Thrown into this mix is Ruth McKenney,
Eileen's ugly duckling sister, who turned herself into a favorite
among New Yorker sophisticates. This is a well-packed re-creation of
the lives of star-crossed lovers through an era that would come to
be defined in part by Nathanael West but only well after his death.
Meade, an adept biographer and group portraitist (Bobbed Hair and Bathtub Gin, 2004), tells the trenchant and secret-laden life stories of West (born Nathan Weinstein in New York) and Ohioan McKenney in a ravishingly atmospheric yet propulsive narrative. The first to fully chronicle and entwine these careening lives, Meade forges an engrossing, madcap, and tragic American story of ambition, reinvention, and risk. Donna Seaman, Booklist (starred review)
Though many critical studies of his work have been published since his death, Lonelyhearts is the only biography of West in decades and the first to explore his and Eileen's lives together. This long-overdue book deftly weaves their stories and delivers a fuller understanding of West and his boundless talent. Meade restores the pair to their rightful places in the rich cultural tapestry of 1930s America.
Mysteries & Thrillers / Historical
Eight for Eternity: A John the Lord Chamberlain Mystery by Mary Reed and Eric Mayer (John the Lord Chamberlain Mysteries Series: Poisoned Pen Press)
The husband and wife team of Mary Reed and Eric Mayer began writing together in 1992. After publishing several short stories in anthologies and in Ellery Queen Mystery Magazine, their first full length novel appeared in 1999. Eight for Eternity is the eighth in the John the Lord Chamberlain Mysteries series.
In January 532 in Eight for Eternity, as in real life, mobs ruled Constantinople, capital of the Roman Empire. Against a murderous backdrop lit by raging fires, John, trusted Chamberlain to Emperor Justinian, must find those seeking to use the Nika Riots, which nearly destroyed Constantinople in A.D. 532, to dethrone the emperor. But are the ringleaders still in the city or even alive?
Porphyrius, the most famous charioteer of his time, may know more than he tells about the mysterious disappearance of two men under imperial guard. In Constantinople the masses riot in the streets hoping to depose the emperor. Sent by Emperor Justinian to investigate, John soon finds the young mens bodies in the chilly waters of a cistern. Who murdered the two men?
What roles are a pair of brothers with a distant claim on the throne playing? Does a headstrong young girl hold the key to the mystery? With the fate of the empire at stake, will General Belisarius and his armed troops side with the rioters or remain loyal to Justinian?
To some the riots portend the end of the empire, to others the end of the world itself. John must untangle a web of intrigue in a city where death holds court at every corner before the escalating violence in the streets removes all hope of finding those he seeks.
Who is inciting the rioters? Is it one of the nephews (who would like to be emperor himself), or revered charioteer Porphyrius, or Johns good friend Haik?
Subtle, well-drawn characters, from the ascetic John to the capricious and enigmatic Justinian; deft descriptive detail revealing life in the late Roman Empire; and sharp dialogue make this another winner in this outstanding historical series. Publishers Weekly (starred review)
Reed and Mayer bring the time of the Nika Riots in Constantinople to vivid life in this eighth installment in their series, capturing the burning city, the mob mentality, the panic in the castle as the rioters come ever closer, and the effort to convince Justinian to use whatever methods are necessary to keep his throne. A must for followers of the series. Sue O'Brien, Booklist
Sharp detail and dialogue bring the time of Constantinople 532 A.D. vividly to life in Eight for Eternity, a Publishers Weekly starred historical mystery.
Mysteries & Thrillers / Thrillers
Fortuna: A Novel by Michael R. Stevens (Oceanview Publishing)
A high-tech thriller, Fortuna introduces Jason Lind, a brilliant but bored Stanford computer science major. Jason is about to learn that online games are anything but fun and games.
Longing for escape from his mundane existence, Jason signs up to play Fortuna, an online role-playing game set in Renaissance Florence. From the first, fateful mouse click, Jason tumbles into the vibrant, lush, anonymous world of Fortuna. Swept up in this complex, addictive game of fame, fortune, and power, Jason transitions from casual gamer to compulsive player.
Soon tangled up in a steamy virtual love triangle in Fortuna, Jason becomes obsessed with breaking Fortuna's code of anonymity. When a sizable debt incurred in the game spills over into reality, Jason is forced to leverage the legacy of his father, a high-tech legend killed in a car accident years before, to pay off the debt.
What started as a great escape may only leave Jason trapped, as the game that transported Jason deep into the past exposes a shocking, present-day reality. In the world of Fortuna, it's not how you play the game; it's whether you survive.
Author Michael R. Stevens is a contributing editor for several high-profile Web sites in the technology arena. Fortuna is his first novel.
Wild and addicting! I couldn't tear my eyes from Michael Stevens's masterpiece, a blend of high-tech computer games, gangsters, and medieval Florence that rivals a Steve Berry thriller for chill-inducing fun. Shane Gericke, national best-selling author of Cut to the Bone
Written by an obvious computer pro, Fortuna plunges Jason, a Stanford IT grad student, into a lush, virtual, Renaissance Florentine world. At first an escape from the boredom of his RL (real life), he soon learns it's not just a game. Highly imaginative, this is one for anyone who loves intelligent, high-tech thrillers! Deborah Shlian, award-winning novelist
Welcome to the game. Is it a game? Or is it RL (real life)? Is there a clear distinction, or does one bleed into the other? Jason Lind must call on all of his incredible intellectual gifts to determine which intrigues and threats are 'in game` and which are RL. His life depends on it. Fortuna is a breakneck thriller unlike any you've ever read. D.P. Lyle, Edgar Award nominee and Macavity Award-winning author of Stress Fracture
An innovative, high-tech thriller, Fortuna is a pulse-racing read about what happens when virtual reality collides with reality. The book plays on the prevalent fear in our high-tech world that we are each just one click away from screwing everything up.
Outdoors & Nature / Birdwatching / Science / Ornithology / Reference
American Museum of Natural History Birds of North America by DK Publishing and edited by Francois Vuilleumier (DK Publishing)
From the Pribil of Islands off the coast of Alaska to the Brooklyn Bridge in New York City, bird watching is the fastest growing outdoor activity in the United States. Based on a recent survey by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, over 51 million Americans have reported that they watch birds. Given the wide variety of endemic and migratory birds that pass across the United States each year and the recent excitement over the Ivory Billed Woodpecker, these statistics are not surprising.
From the rapid and erratic flight pattern of the Curve-billed Thrasher to the chicken-like strutting of the Ovenbird, the noisy takeoff of the Gray Partridge to the exotic coloring of the Bohemian Waxwing, Birds of North America is a comprehensive source for facts and details of the nearly seven hundred species of birds that inhabit this vast region.
Produced in association with the American Museum of Natural History one of the world's leading authorities on ornithology Birds of North America was written by a team of more than twenty birders and ornithologists, each an expert on certain species or family groups headed by acclaimed ornithologist Francois Vuilleumier, who served as the Chairman of the Department of Ornithology of the American Museum of Natural History in New York before becoming Curator Emeritus and whose lifelong study of birds makes him a uniquely qualified Editor-in-Chief.
These experts have assembled a wealth of information on over 650 North American species, each illustrated on one full page with photography and supporting visuals that show:
Information is included throughout the guide on behavior, nesting, and habitat, topics often omitted from or difficult to find in many field guides.
Birds of North America covers just under 900 North American bird species. The species are organized into three sections: the first profiles common North American species, with each given full-page treatment; the second covers rarer birds in quarter-page entries; the third section consists of a list of rare visitors.
The main section of the book features the 654 most commonly seen bird species in the North American region. The species are organized conventionally by order, family, and genus. This means that related birds appear together, preceded by a group introduction. The book follows the most up-to-date avian classification system, based on the latest scientific research. The bird classification used is based largely on the work of AMNH ornithologists who are reconstructing the avian tree of life.
[A] massive, authoritative reference book that belongs in every birder's library. BookPage
Breathtaking in its scope and ambition, Birds of North America is an unsurpassed illustrated reference on the birds of the United States and Canada, in a format unparalleled by any other North American bird guide. With an easy-to-use layout, Birds of North America is the most current and authoritative guide to birds for enthusiasts of all ages and levels. Each entry is clear and detailed, following the same easy-to-access structure. A definitive guide, the volume uses close-up photography to bring every North American bird species vividly to life. Bird profiles are detailed yet accessible and include a wealth of information on social behavior, nesting habits, and flight patterns. This encyclopedia will inspire and inform every bird enthusiast to pick up binoculars.
Politics / Globalization / Social Science
Unsettled Legitimacy: Political Community, Power and Authority in a Global Era edited by Steven Bernstein & William D. Coleman (Globalization + Autonomy Series: UBC Press)
Globalization has challenged relationships of rule in local, regional, national, and international settings. This unsettling of legitimacy raises questions. Under what conditions do individuals and communities accept globalized decision making as legitimate? And what political practices do individuals and collectivities under globalization use to exercise autonomy?
To answer these questions, the contributors to Unsettled Legitimacy explore the disruptions and reconfigurations of political authority that accompany globalization. Arguing that we live in an era when political legitimacy at multiple scales of authority is under strain, the book shows that globalization has also created demands for regulation, security, and the protection of rights and expressions of individual and collective autonomy within and across multiple political and geographic spaces.
Instead of offering simplistic arguments for or against global governance, enhanced democracy, or economic integration, the contributors provide a sophisticated examination of the complexities of legitimacy and autonomy in a globalizing world. Contributors include Ian Cooper, Harvey A. Feit, Tara C. Goetze, Heike Harting, Rhoda E. Howard-Hassmann, Michael Keating, John Mcgarry, Margaret Moore, Peter Nyers, Sylvia Ostry. Leslie A. Pal, Nisha Shah, Jackie Smith, Julie Sunday, Melissa S. Williams.
Editors are Steven Bernstein, Associate Professor of Political Science and Associate Director of the Centre for International Studies, University of Toronto and William D. Coleman, Professor and Center for International Governance Innovation Chair in Globalization and Public Policy at the Balsillie School of International Affairs, Waterloo.
Unsettled Legitimacy advances understanding of the relationship between globalization and autonomy by examining it through the lens of legitimacy. Its premise is that contemporary globalization has unsettled the often taken-for-granted acceptance of relationships of rule between governing authorities and individuals and communities, whether in local, national, regional, international, or global settings. This unsettling of legitimacy, by which editors Bernstein and Coleman mean the justifications and acceptance of that relationship of authority, raises questions and challenges assumptions about the relationship between political authority, power, and political community around the world. Their focus is on the practices through which individuals and communities have attempted to develop, reconfigure, or recapture shared rule under conditions of globalization and on what might make such rule acceptable and justified. Democratic theory and variations of democratic practices are but two possible sources of legitimate authority. Exploring the unsettling of legitimacy also opens up space for an interrogation of the discursive practices that have legitimated (or delegitimated) reconfigurations of authority, sometimes producing morally suspect, unequal, oppressive, or, in the extreme, violent orders. It likewise allows for forward-looking analyses of the orders that nascent discourses of globalization may legitimate.
The individual chapters in Unsettled Legitimacy collectively analyze the forces of globalization that have disrupted or led to reconfigurations of political authority, and they warn of the dangers of moving in a direction that is increasingly taken in the contemporary world: legitimacy for a permanent state of exceptionalism that justifies a suspension of rights in the name of security. Simultaneously, the chapters' authors demonstrate the possibilities and constraints of preferred responses to the challenge. Although no single label can adequately encapsulate the full range of the responses in Unsettled Legitimacy, a discernable set of findings emerges that might best be described as a global form of liberal internationalism, with apologies for the term's irony in a global age. Although this overall response offers no radical critique of globalization, it is morally uncompromising. Some might even call it conservative.
Three broad findings emerge that are captured by the descriptor global liberal internationalism. First, the assertion of state authority remains necessary for individual and collective autonomy, though with an important caveat. Namely, in light of struggles for the renegotiation of sovereignty, Bernstein and Coleman warn against new configurations of authority that threaten, even more than traditional configurations of state sovereignty now under strain, to undermine both individual and collective autonomy. Second, the growth of an autonomous, yet often disenfranchised and frustrated, global civil society will constitute a danger for new configurations and sites of political authority if it continues to lack adequate opportunities for efficacious political action. These opportunities depend in large part on the willingness of interstate institutions, global public authorities, and global sites of private authority to engage in political discussions of key issues. Third, there is a need to take far more seriously twentieth-century liberal values, especially human rights and citizenship and expansive (rather than solely property rights-based) notions of rule of law, democracy, and other expressions of empowerment and self-rule. Globalization has not diminished the need to protect these values in domestic constitutions and the particular historical circumstances of insecurity that mark the early twenty-first century have only increased this need. Nevertheless, globalization's consequent disruption and reimagining of political community unsettles legitimacy, thereby increasingly necessitating the entrenchment of these values in interstate, transnational, or global institutions.
If state sovereignty is understood as the exclusive jurisdiction over territorial spaces, these findings do not endorse it as the sole appropriate form of political authority. Other sites of authority are emerging, as a companion volume, Global Ordering: Institutions and Autonomy in a Changing World, in this series suggests. States are increasingly called on to share their monopoly, in theory or in practice, on the protection or legitimate expression of autonomy. To the degree that states fail in an era of globalization to satisfy new legitimacy demands, re-negotiations of political authority are necessary. The contributors, nonetheless, see value in renegotiating new forms of sovereignty that involve the state and the continued importance of the state and interstate cooperation to achieve public goods.
These themes are explored from multiple disciplinary, normative, and geographical vantage points. Underlying them all is the question of legitimacy as it bears on the relationship between autonomy and political authority. Two core questions are addressed in this regard. First, under globalization, how or why do individuals and communities accept commands directed at them, or that affect them, as legitimate? Second, from the vantage point of autonomy, how do individuals and communities retain or gain influence and control over local and non-local decisions that affect them? By extension, Bernstein and Coleman are interested in how such expressions of autonomy permit individuals and collectivities to shape globalization itself. Underlying these questions is the quest to understand how globalization disrupts the ways autonomy is maintained or promoted in relation to political order.
Unsettled Legitimacy is a ground-breaking work exploring how the unsettling of legitimacy has affected the relationships between authority, power, and political community in local, regional, national, and global settings. Since live in an era when political legitimacy at multiple scales of authority is under strain, and globalization creates demands for regulation, security, and protection of rights and expressions of individual and collective autonomy within and across multiple political and geographical spaces, the balance struck in Unsettled Legitimacy is, arguably, both appropriate and reasonable.
Religion & Spirituality / Judaism
Women and Men in Communal Prayer: Halakhic Perspectives by Rabbi Professor Daniel Sperber, Rabbi Mendel Shapiro, Professor Eliav Shochetman, and Rabbi Dr. Shlomo Riskin, with an introduction by Dr. Tamar Ross, edited by Chaim Trachtman, MD (KTAV Publishing House)
Communal prayer has always been a central component in Jewish life. Traditional orthodox services are structured around spatial and functional separation of men and women. In Women and Men in Communal Prayer, Rabbi Daniel Sperber presents a halakhic justification for expanding the role of women in communal prayer services. Building on work by Rabbi Mendel Shapiro (included in the volume) in which the legal sources are examined and interpreted to permit women to lead parts of the service and participate in Torah reading, Rabbi Sperber highlights the pivotal importance of kevod ha-beriat (human dignity) in encouraging fuller participation of women in communal prayer. Because of the relevance and timeliness of the topic, two articles that express opposition to Rabbi Sperbers position are included, one by Rabbi Shlomo Riskin and one by Professor Eliav Shochetman.
As told in the Editors Preface, the original intent in publishing Women and Men in Communal Prayer was to bring Sperber's book outlining his justification for partnership minyanim based on the Rabbinic concept of human dignity to an American audience. People have used a number of names to describe these minyanim including partnership, halakhic egalitarian, and progressive halakhic. However, differences in nomenclature should not obscure the magnitude of the proposed change in synagogue practice or the value of Sperber's contribution to the halakhic discourse on the topic. The book was first published in 2008 and then translated into English by Rabbi Jonathan Chipman. The version presented in this volume has been modified from the original Hebrew text. Because of the wealth of material that Sperber has compiled on this topic, a great deal of interesting and informative content had been relegated to the footnotes in the Hebrew version. Much of this material has been moved into the body of the text to improve its accessibility and make a greater impact on its reading audience.
The Jewish Orthodox Feminist Alliance (JOFA) decided that the value of the new translation could be enhanced by expanding the scope of the book to include other key supporting documents as well as the views of other Modem Orthodox scholars who disagree with Sperber. This broader goal is well articulated in the introduction written by Tamar Ross, in which she situates the halakhic discussion about partnership minyanim in the context of feminist legal thought. To this end, we have incorporated an article published by Rabbi Mendel Shapiro that originally appeared in the Edah Journal, which provided the practical impetus for the introduction of partnership minyanim around the world and represents a landmark paper in Modem Orthodoxy. Its value is reinforced by republishing it alongside Sperber's book, which differs in its approach, despite arriving at a similar conclusion about the permissibility of partnership minyanim.
Let those who believe that the question of whether or not women
may chant and be called up to the Torah in public is both narrow and
obscure, and has long been settled by Jewish law read this
eye-opening book by thoughtful contemporary Orthodox scholars and
rabbis. They will soon discover that the question is not at all
narrow and far from settled. In fact, it serves as key to
discovering how Jewish law and changing social and cultural norms
interact in important ways, while it shows us that examining womens
relationship to the Torah scroll opens the door to a wealth of ideas
about their role in todays Jewish life and the changing nature of
congregational prayer. Samuel C. Heilman, Distinguished Professor of
Sociology, Harold Proshansky Chair in Jewish Studies, Queens
College, City University of New York
The proper role of women in the synagogue is an issue that Modern Orthodoxy has been struggling with for over forty years. While everyone agrees that halakhah has to guide all changes in synagogue practice, womens changing self-perception and religious sentiment must be central to any discussion of synagogue life.... In this provocative book, Rabbi Prof. Daniel Sperber, using his characteristic erudition, makes the case that in the 21st century it is time for women to be given their halakhic right and be permitted to read from the Torah. Together with the responses of Rabbi Shlomo Riskin and Prof. Eliav Shochetman, this book is Torah study on the highest level.... Marc B. Shapiro, Weinberg Chair in Judaic Studies, University of Scranton
With his learning, his courage, his total grounding in the sea and language of halakhah, Rabbi Daniel Sperber connects the enterprise of partnership minyanim almost seamlessly to the tradition. Sperber presumes womens intelligence, their faithfulness, their spiritual longing. In doing so, he honors the struggle of Orthodox women as one that enhances community a machloket le shem shamayim. But theres more here. From the extraordinary and elegant opening by Tamar Ross, to the creative foundation document by Mendel Shapiro founding father and ideologue of the partnership minyanim, to the cogent and thoughtful dissenting views of Rabbis Shochetman and Riskin, every word in this treasured volume has value and meaning. Would that all halakhic and communal issues that arise in our time be engaged in so profound an analysis and so civil a discourse! Blu Greenberg, author and founding president of JOFA, New York, NY
This book bravely lays out the issues involved in the debate over women's participation in the Torah service. My mother, who studied Parshat Ha-Shavuah weekly for most of her life, never saw the inside of a Sefer Torah until she was 93 years old and given an aliyah at a minyan in which women participated in the Torah service. Her face shone. My heart broke that it had taken so long. Deborah E. Lipstadt, Dorot Professor of Modem Jewish and Holocaust Studies, Emory University, Atlanta
Prayer is a conversation between the human being and God. Today, so many women yearn to actively participate in public tefillah. Rabbi Professor Daniel Sperber, a talmid hakham and scholar par excellence, has written a brilliant analysis of the rights of women to read from the Torah in communal prayer. Included in this volume is the original essay by Rabbi Mendel Shapiro laying the groundwork for women reading from the Torah in communal prayer service, together with the incisive responses of Professor Eliav Shochetman and Rabbi Dr. Shlomo Riskin. These writings give the reader a comprehensive picture of the halakhic, conceptual and philosophical issues involved. What stands out most is that this topic, which could potentially create acerbic discourse, is analyzed by each of the writers with deep respect for one another and unlimited ahavat Yisrael. Rabbi Avraham Weiss, Founder and President of Yeshivat Chovevei Torah Rabbinical School, and author of Women at Prayer: A Halakhic Analysis of Women's Prayer Groups
Women and Men in Communal Prayer represents an example of a vibrant dialogue between leading scholars on a current issue and highlights the dynamic nature of the halakhic process. This expanded volume, a comprehensive review of the literature relevant to the practice of one key element of partnership minyanim, is an honest and timely assessment of the topic and will promote further dialogue on this important innovation within the larger Orthodox community. The book will be of interest to all those people men and women, sons and daughters who search for continued growth within the dynamic Orthodox tradition.
Religion & Spirituality / Occult
Real Zombies, the Living Dead, and Creatures of the Apocalypse by Brad Steiger (Visible Ink Press)
Zombie movies have lost their edge. Some plague natural or manufactured in a laboratory kills a good share of the population, who then somehow become animated and reel around craving human blood. In contrast, true zombie traditions are vast and multicultural, and they have been almost completely overlooked by the popular media.
Real Zombies, the Living Dead, and Creatures of the Apocalypse featuring 30 stories of real-life zombie encounters and bloodcurdling zombies throughout history, draws upon traditions found throughout the world to dispel common depictions of zombies as lurching, flesh-eating automatons made popular by countless movies and books.
Paranormal researcher extraordinaire and award-winning author of hundreds of books on the mysterious and unknown, Brad Steiger provides a chronicle of zombie history, plus first person zombie encounters. It includes:
Along with the stories, zombie-related facts are explored, including spells and hexes; ceremonies and initiations; ghouls, golems and wendigos; sacred zombie and voodoo-related sites; zombies and monsters of the Bible; and zombie traditions in China, Japan, the Pacific, India, Persia, and Native America.
The stories in Real Zombies, the Living Dead, and Creatures of the Apocalypse are fascinating and chilling, bloodcurdling even. This comprehensive and unsettling study is an antidote to Hollywood films with their lurching, reanimated dead.
Religion & Spirituality / Science & Religion
God's Brain by Lionel Tiger and Michael McGuire (Prometheus Books)
The authors of God's Brain pick God's brain, discussing the latest research on religion's neurological effects and its origins within the brain.
Religion is a ritual, a soothing source of comfort, and, according to some, a crutch. Yet we cannot dismiss the staggering, galvanizing force that it plays in everyday lives and around the world. All great faiths contain supernatural elements and we are all aware of the fateful stories that have been extolled for centuries: the Hebrew god dictating his laws to Moses, the celestial appearance of Allah to Muhammad, and the stories of Jesus' teachings and miracles. These external, cosmic forces illuminate humankind and promise eternal reward for earth-bound excellence. Yet, behind the eyes of these prophets and their believers is something internal that long predates the Bible and the Qur'an.
In God's Brain two distinguished authors radically alter the fractious debate on the existence of God and the nature of religion. Taking a perspective rooted in evolutionary biology with a focus on brain science, renowned anthropologist Lionel Tiger and pioneering neuroscientist Michael McGuire a primary discoverer of serotonin's crucial role in brain chemistry elucidate the perennial questions about religion: What is its purpose? How did it arise? What is its source? Why does every known culture have some form of it?
Their answer is deceptively simple, yet at the same time highly complex: The brain creates religion and its varied concepts of God, and then in turn feeds on its creation to satisfy innate neurological and associated social needs. Brain science reveals that humans and other primates alike are afflicted by unavoidable sources of stress that the authors describe as brainpain. To cope with this affliction people seek to brainsoothe. Humans use religion and its social structures to induce brainsoothing as a relief for innate anxiety.
Authors Tiger, Charles Darwin Professor of Anthropology at Rutgers University and McGuire, former professor of psychiatry and biobehavioral sciences at the University of California at Los Angeles, president of the Biomedical Research Foundation, and director of the Bradshaw Foundation and the Gruter Institute of Law and Behavior, combine zoom-lens vignettes of religious practices with discussions of the latest research on religion's neurological effects on the brain. Among other topics, they consider religion's role in providing positive socialization; its seeming obsession with regulating sex, creating an afterlife, how religion's rules of behavior influence the law; the common biological scaffolding between nonhuman primates and humans and how this affects religion; a detailed look at brain chemistry and how it changes as a result of stress; and evidence that the palliative effects of religion on brain chemistry is not matched by nonreligious remedies. Finally, God's Brain concludes with a checklist offering readers a means to compute their own brainsoothe score.
Recent, often bitter, debates have lacked a scientific take on religion that is not at the same time trying to destroy it. This lively, creative account helps fill that gap. It may even help you with your own trials of faith. Melvin Konner, author of The Tangled Wing: Biological Constraints on the Human Spirit
With economy, evidence and no little wit and elegance, Lionel Tiger and Michael McGuire look for the answer to religion's ubiquity and persistence in the only place possible: the human brain. To say more would be to give away their answer, and that would spoil a great read and a serious and informative argument. This is easily the best book on the nature of religion to appear for a long time. Robin Fox, University Professor of Social Theory, Rutgers University
Tiger and McGuire have concocted an amazing and insightful look based on sound science into how the human brain 'seeks' religion. The book beautifully describes how belief, ritual, and socialization within a closed group work together to help humans survive the stresses of everyday life. R. Curtis Ellison, MD, professor of Medicine & Public Health, Boston University School of Medicine
If God's Brain sounds whimsically paradoxical, it is only because the authors believe that most people of faith have been looking for God in all the wrong places. The authors suggest that religious believers should look inward, rather than outward, to find God. The book is a well-written, easy to read, unique perspective on religion. Yes, God has a brain. The book will captivate all but the piously religious faint-of-heart. Jay R. Feierman, Editor, The Biology of Religious Behavior: The Evolutionary Origins of Faith and Religion.
Concise and lively, God's Brain offers a unique take on religion. With wit and grace, Tiger and McGuire provide an accessible unveiling of the relationship between our divine passions and our neurological heritage, adding key insights into the complexities of our brains and the role of religion, perhaps the brains most remarkable creation.
Cities, Change, and Conflict: A Political Economy of Urban Life, 4th Edition by Nancy Kleniewski and Alexander R. Thomas (Wadsworth Cengage Learning)
Cities, Change, and Conflict discusses the importance of cities for the economic, cultural, and political life of modern societies. The authors use the political economy perspective to introduce students to the basic concepts and research in urban sociology, while also acknowledging the contributions of the human ecology perspective.
Authors are Nancy Kleniewski, president of the State University of New York College (SUNY) at Oneonta and Alex Thomas, Associate Professor at SUNY Oneonta.
I Thinking about Cities
II The Changing City: Historical and Comparative Perspectives
III Change and Conflict: Urban Social Groups
IV Change and Conflict: Urban Social Institutions
Cities, Change, and Conflict is a textbook that reflects the newest research in the discipline. It is written by two scholars who bring their own unique perspectives that reflect when and how they encountered the now-dominant paradigm in urban sociology.
With its global approach, the text covers cities throughout the world. This Fourth Edition now includes new material on the history of such regions as sub-Saharan Africa, southeast Asia, India, and Mexico with the focus then moving to specific cities in those regions, such as Nairobi, Shanghai, Mumbai, and Mexico City. Readers will also find material on over urbanization and some historic cities in those regions, such as Cuzco, Sao Paolo, and Rio de Janeiro. In addition to a thorough updating of statistics and references, the most significant changes in the fourth edition of Cities, Change, and Conflict are:
In Cities, Change, and Conflict we have a comprehensive, urban sociology text that helps readers understand the past, present and future of cities around the globe. Through the use of case studies, the presentation remains accessible and down-to-earth, engaging readers in the material. Kleniewski and Thomas share a passion for the feel of cities and it is this enthusiasm that their book conveys to students.
South America On a Shoestring (11th Anniversary Edition) by Sandra Bao, Aimee Dowl, Beth Kohn, Carolyn Mccarthy, Anja Mutic, Mike Power, Kevin Raub, Regis St. Louis, Andy Symington, & Lucas Vidgen (Lonely Planet)
For 30 years, Lonely Planet has been the backpackers' bible for
Lonely Planet guides are written by experts who get to the heart of every destination they visit. This fully updated edition of South America is packed with accurate, practical and honest advice, designed to give readers the information they need to make the most of their trip.
South America says readers haven't really traveled until they take on South America. Thirteen countries strong, the continent is home to astounding natural and cultural wonders, including the snowcapped peaks of the Andes, thousands of kilometers of magnificent white-sand beaches, captivating colonial towns and indigenous villages, and the Amazon rainforest home to more plant and animal species than anywhere else on earth.
The guide includes South America's Highlights, Top Itineraries, Costs & Money, History & Culture, the individual countries, Transportation, Language, and Green Index.
South America features detailed itineraries to help readers decide where to begin, and over 200 maps, more than any other South America guidebook. Eleven countries are covered including Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, The Guianas, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela
The challenge is deciding where to begin. A selection of Lonely Planet authors, staff and travelers share their most memorable South America experiences in the Highlights section:
Best for curious and independent-minded travelers. Wall Street Journal
Lonely Planet sees their job as inspiring and enabling travelers to connect with the world for their own benefit and for the benefit of the world at large. They offer travelers the world's richest travel advice, informed by the collective wisdom of over 350 Lonely Planet authors living in 37 countries and fluent in 70 languages. They are relentless in finding the special, the unique and the different for travelers wherever they are. They offer the trusted filter for those who are curious, open minded and independent. They challenge their growing community of travelers; leading debate and discussion about travel and the world. They believe that travel leads to a deeper cultural understanding and compassion and therefore a better world.
Whether readers are trekking the Andes, gliding through the Amazon or joining a wild festival, this unbeatable 11th edition of South America is their key to adventure.
Women and Men in Communal Prayer: Halakhic Perspectives by Rabbi Professor Daniel Sperber, Rabbi Mendel Shapiro, Professor Eliav Shochetman, and Rabbi Dr. Shlomo Riskin, with an introduction by Dr. Tamar Ross, edited by Chaim Trachtman, MD (KTAV Publishing House)
South America On a Shoestring (11th Anniversary Edition) by Sandra Bao, Aimee Dowl, Beth Kohn, Carolyn Mccarthy, Anja Mutic, Mike Power, Kevin Raub, Regis St. Louis, Andy Symington, & Lucas Vidgen (Lonely Planet)