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SirReadaLot.org


We Review the Best of the Latest Books

ISSN 1934-6557

April 2009, Issue #120

Pierre Bonnard: The Late Still Lifes and Interiors edited by Dita Amory, with contributions from Rika Burnham, Jack Flam, Remi Labrusse, Jacqueline Munck, Nicole R. Myers, and Allison Stielau (The Metropolitan Museum or Art & Yale University Press)

Above All: Mount Whitney and California's Highest Peaks by Steve Roper, with foreword by Ken Brower, with photography by David Stark Wilson (HeyDay Books, in collaboration with the Yosemite Association)

Cast Out: Vagrancy and Homelessness in Global and Historical Perspective edited by A. L. Beier & Paul Ocobock (Ohio RIS Global Series: Ohio University Press)

Renewal Coaching: Sustainable Change for Individuals and Organizations by Douglas B. Reeves & Elle Allison (Jossey-Bass)

The Trainer's Balanced Scorecard: A Complete Resource for Linking Learning to Organizational Strategy by Ajay M. Pangarkar & Teresa Kirkwood, with a foreword by David Norton (Pfeiffer)

Presidential Power on Trial: From Watergate to All the President’s Men (Library Binding) by William Noble (Famous Court Cases That Became Movies Series: Enslow Publishers, Inc.)

Alligator Bayou by Donna Jo Napoli (Wendy Lamb Books)

Statistical Techniques for Network Security: Modern Statistically-Based Intrusion Detection and Protection by Yun Wang (Premier Reference Source Series: Information Science Reference)

Entertaining in the Raw by Matthew Kenney, with photography by Miha Matei (Gibbs Smith, Publisher)

Land of the Lost Souls: My Life on the Streets by Cadillac Man (Bloomsbury USA)

Music in America 1860-1918: Essays, Reviews, and Remarks on Critical Issues by Bill F. Faucett, series editor Michael J. Budds (Monographs & Bibliographies in American Music Series, Number 19: Pendragon Press)

The Road Goes on Forever and the Music Never Ends by Robert Earl Keen (Brad & Michele Moore Roots Music Series: University of Texas Press)

Citi Field: The Mets' New World-Class Ballpark: A Ballpark Pop-up Book by David Hawcock (Universe Publishing)

Scared to Death: From BSE to Global Warming Why Scares Are Costing Us the Earth by Christopher Booker & Richard North (Continuum)

Helping: How to Offer, Give, and Receive Help by Edgar H. Schein (Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc.)

Getting Naked Again: Dating, Romance, Sex, and Love When You've Been Divorced, Widowed, Dumped, or Distracted by Judith Sills (Springboard Press)

The Saints: The Rhodesian Light Infantry by Alexandre Binda, compiled and edited by Chris Cocks (30˚ South Publishers)

Jihadists and Weapons of Mass Destruction: A Growing Threat edited by Gary Ackerman & Jeremy Tamsett (CRC Press)

The Brother Gardeners: Botany, Empire and the Birth of an Obsession by Andrea Wulf (Knopf)

Art Quilts at Play: Ignite Your Inner Artist – Experiment with Surface Design Techniques by Jane Dávila & Elin Waterston (C&T Publishing)

Crochet Workshop: The Complete Course for the Beginner to Intermediate Crocheter (Spiral-bound) by Emma Seddon & Sharon Brant (Trafalgar Square Books)

Sleepwalking in Daylight by Elizabeth Flock (Mira Books)

Representation and Resistance: South Asian and African Women's Texts at Home and in the Diaspora by Jaspal Kaur Singh (Michigan State University Press)

Mind That Abides: Panpsychism in the New Millennium edited by David Skrbina, with general editor Maxim I. Stamenov (Advances in Consciousness Research Series: John Benjamins Publishing Company)

Democracy's Debt: The Historical Tensions between Political and Economic Liberty by M. Lane Bruner (Humanity Books)

Underground: My Life with SDS and the Weathermen by Mark Rudd (William Morrow)

The Erosion of Inerrancy in Evangelicalism: Responding to New Challenges to Biblical Authority by G. K. Beale (Crossway Books)

Faith and Culture: The Construction of a Christian Identity in Interaction with the Other World Religions in Education by Jan Van Wiele (Annua Nuntia Lovaniensia Series, LIV: Peeters)

The Hindus: An Alternative History by Wendy Doniger (The Penguin Press)

A Sea without Fish: Life in the Ordovician Sea of the Cincinnati Region by David L. Meyer, Richard Arnold Davis, with a chapter by Steven M. Holland (Life of the Past Series: Indiana University Press)

A Pint of Plain: Tradition, Change, and the Fate of the Irish Pub by Bill Barich (Walker and Company)

Botswana: The Insider's Guide by Ian Michler (Insider’s Guide Series: Struik)

Spain, 6th Edition by Damien Simonis, Susan Forsyth, Anthony Ham, Des Hannigan, John Noble, Josephine Quintero, & Miles Roddis (Country Guide Series: Lonely Planet)


Arts & Photography

Pierre Bonnard: The Late Still Lifes and Interiors edited by Dita Amory, with contributions from Rika Burnham, Jack Flam, Remi Labrusse, Jacqueline Munck, Nicole R. Myers, and Allison Stielau (The Metropolitan Museum or Art & Yale University Press)

The vibrant late paintings of Pierre Bonnard (1867-1947) are considered by many among his finest achievements. Editor Dita Amory, Associate Curator, Robert Lehman Collection, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, brings to light in Pierre Bonnard 75 paintings, drawings, and watercolors, some rarely seen treasures from private collections, all created between 1923 and 1947.

Working in his villa in the south of France, Bonnard suffused his late canvases with radiant Mediterranean light and dazzling color. Although his subjects were close at hand – usually everyday domestic scenes – Bonnard rarely painted from life. Instead, he made pencil sketches in diaries and relied on these, along with his memory, as he executed the works in his studio. These interiors thus often conflate details from the artist’s daily life, such as the dining room table being set for breakfast, or a jug of flowers perched on the mantelpiece, with fleeting, mysterious evocations of his past. The spectral figures who appear at the margins of the canvases, overshadowed by brilliantly colored baskets of fruit or other props, create an atmosphere of profound ambiguity and puzzling abstraction: the mundane rendered in a wholly new pictorial language.

Pierre Bonnard, which accompanies the first exhibition to focus on the interior and related still-life imagery from the last decades of Bonnard's long career, presents these paintings, drawings, and works on paper, many of them rarely seen in public and, in some cases, little known. Although Bonnard's legacy may be removed from the succession of trends that are today considered the foundation of modernism, his contribution to French art in the early decades of the twentieth century is far more profound than history has generally acknowledged.

Pierre Bonnard follows the artist's trajectory in the last decades of his life, spent at a small house in the Mediterranean village of Le Gannet, now a sprawling suburb of Cannes. Many of the complex interiors and related still lifes that anchor this exhibition were painted in its modest upstairs studio. Bonnard took the rooms surrounding him and their contents as his subjects. And yet his late paintings, far from simple interiors imparting some prosaic narrative, are often disquieting in their use of color as a metaphor for a spectrum of sensations. Taken together, these paintings reaf­firm the artist's constant search for compelling imagery and his deep engagement with the mysteries of optical phenomena. … – Thomas P. Campbell, Director, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, from the foreword

These paintings, drawings, and watercolors in Pierre Bonnard, made in his later life, are central to the ongoing reappraisal of Bonnard as a leading figure of French modernism. In their insightful essays and catalogue entries the authors bring fresh critical perspectives to the ongoing reappraisal of Bonnard's reputation and to his place within the narrative of twentieth-century art.

Art & Photography / Travel

Above All: Mount Whitney and California's Highest Peaks by Steve Roper, with foreword by Ken Brower, with photography by David Stark Wilson (HeyDay Books, in collaboration with the Yosemite Association)

We mountaineers, who lust after the highest peaks in a state, or a nation, or a continent, can hardly explain such endeavors. – Steve Roper, from the Introduction

California's ‘fourteeners’ – mountains that rise over fourteen thousand feet – are some of the most arresting sights in a state known for dramatic topography. Photographs and stories of California’s majestic fourteeners, including Mount Whitney, Mount Shasta, Mount Williamson, and the loftiest peaks of the High Sierra California’s Fourteeners have long teased the imaginations and challenged the fortitude of mountaineers.

Photographer David Stark Wilson, who often climbed with his friend and fellow photographer the late Galen Rowell, captures the treacherous beauty of these peaks in Above All. Wilson’s photographs evoke a range of emotion – from excitement and allure to a quieter sense of peace, respect, and awe. Steve Roper, a well-known climber and historian, provides accompanying text. Together Wilson and Roper in Above All weave a tapestry of windswept splendor through historical data, personal anecdote, climbing mythology, and natural history of California’s highest peaks. Their narrative is accompanied by accounts of historic first ascents, tragic accidents, glorious discoveries, and legendary figures from John Muir to Norman Clyde.

The admiration Roper and Wilson carry for these grand mountains, and for those who have attempted to climb them, shines through in Above All. Having spent many a night camped near their summits, waiting for the light that would best convey their magnificence, Wilson’s photographs are breathtaking. No better pair could be found to do justice to California’s Fourteeners: between them, they have well over eighty years of climbing experience.

Ken Brower in the foreword to Above All says that the 14,000-footers of the Far West collect history, as power spots should – the deeds of John Muir, Clarence King, Francois Matthes, Ansel Adams, Norman Clyde. The big peaks are lodestones for legend and for family and personal lore. For the two authors of the book, as for Brower, the 14,000-footers were formative. At night, for all three of them, Brower says these peaks took their big, jagged, inky bites out of a firmament of stars that were five times brighter and a thousand times more numerous than those they knew at home. By day, the reduced atmospheric pressure of those high slopes and summits gave them headaches and nosebleeds. Then, after three or four days of acclimatization, they would wake one morning to that peculiar afflatus that comes at high altitude, that sensation of indomitability, the peaks having browned them up, muscled their legs, and visibly thickened and reddened their blood. The Sierra Nevada turned both of Above All's authors into climbers. The mountains shaped Wilson's vocation, architecture, for in his designs he is always trying to incorporate natural forms, and they shaped his avocation, photography, in that when his subjects are not actual mountains, they are manmade structures that echo mountainous shapes, and the Sierra turned Roper into our foremost historian of the climbing history of the range.

Business & Investing / Economics / Labor & Industrial Relations / Sociology / World History

Cast Out: Vagrancy and Homelessness in Global and Historical Perspective edited by A. L. Beier & Paul Ocobock (Ohio RIS Global Series: Ohio University Press)

The connections among vagabondage and human labor, mobility, status, and behavior have placed vagrancy at the crossroads of a multitude of political, social, and economic processes. Vagrancy and homelessness have been used to examine a vast array of phenomena, from the migration of labor to social and governmental responses to poverty through charity, welfare, and prosecution. Cast Out is the first book to consider the shared global heritage of vagrancy laws, homelessness, and the historical processes they accompanied.
Cast Out attempts to bridge some of the divides that have discouraged a world history of vagrancy and homelessness. This ambitious collection spans eight centuries, five continents, and several academic disciplines. The essays include discussions of the lives of the underclass, strategies for surviving and escaping poverty, the criminalization of poverty by the state, the rise of welfare and development programs, the relationship between imperial powers and colonized peoples, and the struggle to achieve independence after colonial rule. By juxtaposing these histories, the authors, A. L. Beier, professor of history and department chair at Illinois State University and
Paul Ocobock, currently finishing his dissertation in the History Department at Princeton University, explore vagrancy as a common response to poverty, labor dislocation, and changing social norms, as well as how this strategy changed over time and adapted to regional peculiarities.

According to Ocobock in the introduction to Cast Out, vagrants, vagabonds, tramps, beggars, bums, mendicants, idlers, indigents, itinerants, the underclass, and the homeless – all these names and legal categories seek to describe poor, unemployed, and highly mobile people – people who form the focal point of this collection of essays. Vagrancy laws are unique; while most crimes are defined by actions, vagrancy laws make no specific action or inaction illegal. Rather the laws are based on personal condition, state of being, and social and economic status. Individuals merely need to exhibit the characteristics or stereotypes of vagrants for authorities to make an arrest. Thus, vagrancy can mean and be many different things to many people, and therein lies its legal importance as a broad, overarching mechanism to control and punish a selective group of people.

Yet what are these qualities that arouse the suspicion of police and transform people into vagrants? Through history, those so labeled and arrested for vagrancy have often been poor, young, able-bodied, unemployed, rootless, and homeless. Yet it has been the seeming vol­untary unemployment and mobility of people for which vagrancy laws have been designed. In general, the primary aim of vagrancy laws has been to establish control over idle individuals who could labor but choose not to and rootless, roofless persons seemingly unfettered by traditional domestic life and free to travel outside the surveillance of the state. Over time, particularly in the twentieth century, vagrancy became a catchall category favored for a ‘procedural laxity’ that allowed the state to convict a ‘motley assortment of human troubles’ and circumvent ‘the rigidity imposed by real or imagined defects in criminal law and procedure.’ As the geography and heterogeneity of punishable social ills increased, more and more fell under the classification of vagrancy.

As a result, explaining what vagrancy means, who vagrants are, and why they attract the ire of the state, is fraught with difficulty. As Cast Out attests, vagrants can be peasant farmers, lit­erate ex-soldiers, famine victims, former slaves, beggars, political agitators, newsboys, migrant laborers, street people, squatters, and in some cases, those the state and the upper classes feared had breached social norms. Yet, the complicated nature of vagrancy and its connec­tions to human labor, mobility, behavior, and status have made it a useful historical tool to scholars. Since the 1960s, when the first historical work was conducted on vagrancy, the topic has remained divided by region and time period. Most histories of vagrancy have focused on European and American experiences from the medieval period to the twentieth century; after all vagrancy is a European invention. Even recent scholarship on vagrancy in Latin America, Africa, and the Middle East has focused on periods in which European notions of poverty and vagrancy law have been adopted through the imposition or influence of European law. In many ways, this collection of essays cannot escape the European experience. However, over half the chapters focus on regions outside Europe, and in each instance the authors seek to explore the ways in which va­grancy diverged from its European counterpart once introduced to the wider world. Furthermore, the collection attempts to bridge some of the geographic, temporal, and disciplinary divides that have discour­aged a global history of vagrancy and homelessness. The purpose of juxtaposing these works is not to expose a uniformity of vagrancy's form and function among nations and across centuries, but rather to explore the development of vagrancy (or lack thereof) as a common response to managing poverty, labor, and social norms, and how this strategy changed over time and adapted to regional peculiarities.

The contributions in Cast Out delve deeply into the struggle of societies to understand and alleviate chronic poverty, whether through private charity, criminalization, institutionalization, or compulsory labor. Some chapters illustrate the power of vagrancy laws as coercive engines in punishment and exploitation; others highlight the utter failure of vagrancy policies at the hands of human agency, state incapacity, and persistent personal charity. Several of the chapters envision vagrancy as a lifestyle, by choice and circumstance, in which people define themselves by both opposing and appropriat­ing cultural norms.

In 2005 33,227 people were arrested for vagrancy in the United States, representing only 0.2 percent of the over 14 million arrests made that year. This figure underscores that while vagrancy laws, and even the term vagrant, have lost currency in the later decades of the twentieth century, the destitute continue to live on the street and scratch an ex­istence out of charity and petty crime. Fear of the disorderly and criminal potential of the homeless persists, too, as does the effort by governments the world over to arrest, discipline, institutionalize, reeducate, or reform their most marginalized citizens. According to Ocobock, as long as there is, in some, a desperate need to escape poverty and willingness to wander, and, in others, a desire for safety and orderliness, there will be vagrancy laws and vagrants to prosecute.

Contents of Cast Out together with authors include:

  1. ‘A New Serfdom’: Labor Laws, Vagrancy Statutes, and Labor Discipline in England, 1350-1800 – A. L. Beier
  2. The Neglected Soldier as Vagrant, Revenger, Tyrant Slayer in Early Modern England – Linda Woodbridge
  3. ‘Takin' It to the Streets’: Henry Mayhew and the Language of the Underclass in Mid-Nineteenth-Century London – A. L. Beier
  4. Vagrant India: Famine, Poverty, and Welfare under Colonial Rule – David Arnold
  5. Vagrancy in Mauritius and the Nineteenth-Century Colonial Plantation World – Richard B. Allen
  6. Doing Favors for Street People: Official Responses to Beggars and Vagrants in Nineteenth-Century Rio de Janeiro – Thomas H. Holloway
  7. Vagabondage and Siberia: Disciplinary Modernism in Tsarist Russia – Andrew A. Gentes)
  8. ‘Tramps in the Making’: The Troubling Itinerary of America's New Peddlers – Vincent DiGirolamo
  9. Between Romance and Degradation: Navigating the Meanings of Vagrancy in North America, 1870-1940 – Frank Tobias Higbie
  10. The ‘Travelling Native’: Vagrancy and Colonial Control in British East Africa – Andrew Burton & Paul Ocobock
  11. Thought Reform: The Chinese Communists and the Reeducation of Beijing's Beggars, Vagrants, and Petty Thieves – Aminda M. Smith
  12. Imposing Vagrancy Legislation in Contemporary Papua New Guinea – Robert Gordon)
  13. Subversive Accommodations: Doing Homeless in Tokyo's Ueno Park – Abby Margolis

This impressive collection of essays on vagrancy, homelessness, and poverty has truly global historical dimensions. It covers seven centuries and five continents, has a superb introductory overview, and is comparative social history at its best. It deserves to have a wide readership. – Robert Tignor, author of Worlds Together, Worlds Apart: A History of the Modern World from the Mongol Empire to the Present

Part of a growing literature on world history, Cast Out offers fresh perspectives and new research in fields that have yet to fully investigate vagrancy and homelessness. The collection of essays in Cast Out, by leading scholars in the field, represent the best that scholarship has to offer on these subjects. This book is for policy makers, as well as for courses on poverty, homelessness, and world history.

Business & Investing / Human Resources & Personnel Management

Renewal Coaching: Sustainable Change for Individuals and Organizations by Douglas B. Reeves & Elle Allison (Jossey-Bass)

It is a well-accepted fact that failure to engage in sustainable change can be deadly for both individuals and organizations. But why then is change so hard? The enormous wealth of change literature currently available is largely focused on satisfaction, efficiency, and effectiveness. While these are worthy goals, they remain insufficient. In order to help individuals, teams, and complex organizations create and sustain change something different is needed.

Renewal Coaching offers a research-based, sustainable approach to individual and organizational improvement that involves a disciplined and collaborative sequence of information, experimentation, feedback, and support. Renewal Coaching provides a series of personal assessments to guide individuals and teams through the seven stages of renewal. Each assessment includes both survey and narrative responses, and readers can use the journal pages in the text or convenient on-line formats to respond. The Renewal Coaching framework consists of these seven elements: Recognition – Finding patterns of toxicity and renewal; Reality – Confronting change killers in work and life; Reciprocity – Coaching in harmony; Resilience – Coaching through pain; Relationship – Nurturing the personal elements of coaching; Resonance – Coaching with emotional intelligence; Renewal – Creating energy, meaning, and freedom to sustain the Journey. Tools, activities and exercises show readers how to apply concepts to help clients change.
The book was written by leadership expert Douglas B. Reeves, author of more than twenty books and fifty articles on leadership and organizational effectiveness and

Consultant Elle Allison, founder of Wisdom Out, an organization that shares the strategies used by wise people, couples, and organizations to face whatever challenges come their way.

Renewal Coaching is a clear, provocative, and exceptionally useful book. The clarity and conviction that's only gained from years of experience shines through the authors' skillful writing. Their philosophy, concepts, and practices are extremely relevant for leaders in today's chaotic world. – Margaret J. Wheatley, author of Leadership and the New Science

Renewal Coaching is a must-read for anyone working with organizational change and renewal through coaching – from school principals to corporate leaders, from staff developers to individuals. Reeves and Allison provide a clear, coherent, well written, and imminently useful set of ideas and activities that can be applied immediately. – Kent Peterson, author of Shaping School Culture: The Heart of Leadership and The Leadership Paradox: Balancing Logic and Artistry in Schools

In Renewal Coaching, Reeves and Allison provide a fresh, practical approach to leadership success – based fundamentally on purpose. Their framework for success transcends the usual emphasis on profit and personal satisfaction. It looks to idealism as the well of energy – and therefore, of sustained success and renewal in both personal and professional life. Exceedingly well-written, and with clear, compelling details and exercises, the authors show us how coaches and clients can indeed 'change the world' one simple, practical interaction at a time. – Mike Schmoker, best selling author

The process of Renewal Coaching is a 21st century, cutting edge approach to an essential leadership concept. By promoting commitment to the world beyond an individual, the job, or the organization, Renewal Coaching provides a wide range of tools and techniques that will inevitably improve performance, boost results, and significantly enhance relationships. This is a must-read for all leaders. – Gene Klann, portfolio manager, Individual Leadership Development

If readers are already coaches or leaders who use a coaching perspective, then the framework in Renewal Coaching will help them sustain the impact of their efforts. If they are members of organizations enduring ‘initiative fatigue,’ this framework will help focus their energy. And if they have initiated change efforts, but have not been able to continue them over the long term, this framework will help them gain the insight, endurance, and moral purpose to continue the individual journey.

Business & Investing / Organizational Behavior / Human Resources & Personnel Management

The Trainer's Balanced Scorecard: A Complete Resource for Linking Learning to Organizational Strategy by Ajay M. Pangarkar & Teresa Kirkwood, with a foreword by David Norton (Pfeiffer)

There is a great need for all learning professionals to be able to show the impact that training has on an organization. We are proud to say that The Trainer's Balanced Scorecard is the first book to tackle this need. We have tried to address management expectations for employee performance and ways for learning professionals to know more about business issues in order to help those employees be accountable for results and be able to contribute to an organization's strategic plans. – Pangarkar and Kirkwood

The balanced scorecard (BSC) is increasingly the strategic business tool of choice for many organizations. One of the four components of the BSC, learning and growth, is largely misunderstood, underutilized, and ineffectively applied. The BSC framework provides an opportunity for management and workplace learning and performance professionals to communicate through a common language, establish realistic and measurable targets, and align and support the rest of the organization in a strategic way. The Trainer's Balanced Scorecard provides proven guidance and customizable tools to measure the role of learning and performance, link it to organizational objectives, and communicate to management results in a common language. The balanced scorecard far exceeds typical measurements, evaluations, and ROI methods. This method offers guidelines and tools that show trainers how to measure key value indicators, link the scorecard to overall organizational strategy, and effectively communicate learning results to management.

The book is written by Ajay M. Pangarkar and Teresa Kirkwood, two leading experts in the field, and endorsed by David Norton, founder of the Balanced Scorecard. Pangarkar is learning strategist, speaker and president of CentralKnowledge, a strategic learning solutions company focused on the business and strategy side of workplace learning and performance improvement through conventional and e-learning. Kirkwood is a learning strategist, speaker, and vice president of CentralKnowledge.

The Trainer's Balanced Scorecard offers a guide for effectively measuring the things that really matter, to be more strategically aligned with organizational objectives, and shows how to appropriately convey learning results to management in a common language. The book includes a collection of ready-to-use or customizable tools, forms, worksheets, templates, sample scorecards, training exercises, assessments, and job aids, available to download from the accompanying website. The book is filled with real-world illustrative case studies on how many organizations (Arcelor Mittal Dofasco, Infosys, TD Bank, BCE, United Way, Canadian Physiotherapy Assoc., and The Society of Management Accountants of Canada) integrated learning strategy into their corporate balanced scorecard.

This resource is organized into two major sections:

Section 1 guides readers through the whys and whats of building a trainer's BSC and addresses strategy mapping, developing key partnerships, defining financial and non-financial perfor­mance measures, communicating learning results, and developing cascading scorecards. It also features real-world case studies of how several companies integrated learning strate­gies into their corporate balanced scorecards.

Section 2 is more practical and provides readers with the hows – the actual design and development of the Learning and Growth balanced scorecard. This section features dozens of customizable tools: forms, worksheets, templates, sample scorecards, training exercises, assessments, and reviews.

Training leaders, instructional system designers, curriculum developers, e-learning programmers, trainers, technical writers – anyone involved in knowledge/skill/attitude transfer that needs strategic thinking, connecting it with training, and applying through strategic business partnering – will benefit from The Trainer's Balanced Scorecard. – Wes Parker, national curriculum manager, Verizon Wireless

Learning without strategy is a missed opportunity. This book will help you design, align and apply the type of training that transforms people and organizations. – Tim Sosbe, editor, Training Industry Quarterly

When a learning organization links itself to their organizational Balanced Scorecard, they will not only ensure they add value to the business but be able to demonstrate it. This book will show you how to do just that. – Toni Hodges DeTuncq, author of Linking Learning and Performance

The Trainer's Balanced Scorecard, a comprehensive guide with a collection of powerful tools, answers the critical need for workplace learning professionals and consultants to become more strategically oriented and to be able to connect their leaning and performance ini­tiatives to organizational goals. The book helps readers communicate learning results to decision-makers and senior man­agement; earn a seat at the ‘management table’; connect learning strategies to organizational objectives; move past trying to calculate the monetary return of your learning initiatives; start strategically aligning learning with real issues; create proactive partnerships both internally and externally; possibly make your training department more profitable; transform T&D from a cost center to a strategic resource center; reporting results to executive management to demonstrate the worth of employee development; become accountable for T&D rather than being reactive and waiting for the results to occur; and link learning and performance to the balanced scorecard.

Anyone who is involved with workplace learning should read The Trainer's Balanced Scorecard – internal learning professionals respon­sible for managing learning and employee development – chief learning officers and directors for learning and training – learning and performance consultants. Others who could benefit from the book include senior managers, specifically those responsible for strategic planning, change management staff, human resource professionals, and all lower-level managers within these organizations.Children’s / Film / Reference / Ages 12 and up

Presidential Power on Trial: From Watergate to All the President’s Men (Library Binding) by William Noble (Famous Court Cases That Became Movies Series: Enslow Publishers, Inc.)

Presidential Power on Trial tells the story of a ‘third-rate burglary’, which leads to the downfall of a president.

Great for readers in grades 6 and up (ages 12 and up), this book follows one of the most important cases in American history – Watergate. The Watergate burglary, in which men linked to the White House broke into the headquarters of the Democratic Party, led to the downfall of President Richard Nixon. In Presidential Power on Trial, author William Noble tells the story, explaining the complex political and legal points, and contrasts real events with All the President's Men, the popular movie made about the break-in and investigation.

In 1971, seven men broke in to the office of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate Hotel in Washington, D.C. Though President Nixon said his administration was not involved, two reporters from the Washington Post uncovered a trail of illegal campaign activities that led to the White House and ultimately resulted in Nixon's resignation. Noble describes the crime, the court cases, and the award-winning movie made about them.

Noble is the author or co-author of more than twenty books on subjects as diverse as censorship, personal privacy, and stepfamily relationships. He received his law degree from the University of Pennsylvania and his undergraduate degree from Lehigh University.

The great strength of the book is its succinct and compelling narrative of how the Watergate case unfolded. – Eric Paul Roorda, Professor of History and Political Science, Bellarmine University

The fascinating and dramatic Presidential Power on Trial is part of the series Famous Court Cases that Became Movies. Other titles in the series include Evolution on Trial and The Right to Counsel.

Children’s / Historical Fiction

Alligator Bayou by Donna Jo Napoli (Wendy Lamb Books)

Alligator Bayou is a book I never expected to write, and now I find that I want children to read it more than I’ve ever wanted them to read any of my books. – the author

Critically acclaimed author Donna Jo Napoli explores the emotional and hard-hitting issue of racism in the turn-of-the-century South by focusing on the lesser-known but important story involving Italian immigrants during that time period in Alligator Bayou.

It is 1899.
Calogero’s uncles, and cousins are six Sicilian men living in the small town of Tallulah, Louisiana. They work hard, growing vegetables and selling them at their stand and in their grocery store.
To 14-year-old Calogero, newly arrived from Sicily, Tallulah is a lush world full of contradictions, hidden rules, and tension between the Negro and white communities. Some people welcome the Sicilians. Most do not.

The flat, swampy bayou of Louisiana is a big adjustment from the beautiful hilly shores of Sicily. But there are bigger differences that make it hard for Calo to adapt to his new life. No one seems to know how to ‘categorize’ Calo's family in the segregated South, leaving them stuck between the white and Negro communities. Calogero’s family is caught in the middle. While the whites see Sicilians as ‘lesser’ human beings, Calo and his family cannot befriend Negroes, since being associated with Negroes places them in danger.

Calo struggles to understand, rationalize, and deal with these prejudices, contradictions, and hidden rules. He is grateful to be in America, for the opportunity to make something of himself. There are advantages to living in the bayou – the midnight gator hunts that both excite and scare Calo; Patricia, a sharp-witted, sweet-natured Negro girl who's always curious and eager to learn about him. But with excitement comes danger, and every day invisible lines are unknowingly crossed, drawing Calo and his family closer to a terrifying and violent confrontation.

Napoli, linguistics professor at Swarthmore College, rips the lid off a hushed part of history. With vivid imagery, spare language, and extensive research, he captures the raw emotion and palpable, atmospheric sense of place and time, unveiling to readers the harsh truth behind the Sicilian immigrant experience and lynching in America. "We need to use the knowledge of our story to face our future with dignity and humanity," says Napoli. Alligator Bayou will grab readers and awaken them to a part of history that has been ignored for too long.

Computers & Internet / Networking / Information Systems / Reference

Statistical Techniques for Network Security: Modern Statistically-Based Intrusion Detection and Protection by Yun Wang (Premier Reference Source Series: Information Science Reference)

This book provides a guide for applying modern statistical tech­niques for intrusion detection and prevention. – Yun Wang, Yale University

Intrusion detection and protection is a key component in the framework of the computer and network security area. Although various classification algorithms and approaches have been developed and proposed over the last decade, the statistically-based method remains the most common approach to anomaly intrusion detection. Statistical Techniques for Network Security bridges between applied statistical modeling techniques and network security to provide statistical modeling and simulating approaches to address the needs for intrusion detection and protection.
Author Yun Wang, a senior biostatistician and information specialist at the Center for Outcomes Research and Evaluation, Yale University and Yale-New Haven Health System, has done research developing large complex information systems and applying statistical modeling techniques for information analyses, information security, and patient private protection.

Statistical Techniques for Network Security covers IT security/ethics; multimedia technology; high performance computing; software/systems design. Specific topics include:

  • Data mining and modeling.
  • Data reduction techniques for network traffic.
  • Data reliability, validity, and quality.
  • Decision analysis in network security.
  • Measure user behavior.
  • Models network data for association and prediction.
  • Network data characteristics.
  • Network traffic and data.
  • Statistical opportunity in network security.
  • Statistical software for analyzing network data.
  • Supervised learning techniques for network traffic classification.
  • Unsupervised learning techniques for network traffic classification.

Statistical Techniques for Network Security describes modern statistical techniques for intrusion detection and prevention from an applied perspective. The use of statistical techniques in network security has attracted a lot of attention by researchers and professionals from the information system, computer science, and statistics fields over the last three decades. The idea behind intrusion detection and prevention is simple: use legitimate user behavior patterns to identify anomalous user behavior patterns. Unfortunately, intrusion detection and prevention are difficult tasks to implement, and each has its own set of unique challenges. This discipline is still in de­velopment and there are many complicated topics that future research still needs to address.

Since the topics coved in this book are interdisciplinary (network security, risk management, and statistics), how to present materials from these different fields effectively and efficiently has proven to be a great challenge. As a result, this book attempts to focus on the application perspective with minimal statistical theoretical statements. Each section generally begins with a limited number of necessary statistical concepts that are related to the topic being presented, and is then followed by examples to help readers better understand specific topics. References are provided at the end of each chapter to help readers gain a more detailed and topic-specific understanding of the materials. There are over 80 examples in this book, nearly all of which are accompanied by corresponding programming codes. These examples can benefit readers by motivating and enhancing the understanding of the discussed concepts and topics.

Statistical Techniques for Network Security contains 12 chapters and appendices. The chapters are divided into three sec­tions: Foundations (Chapter I through Chapter IV), Data Mining and Modeling (Chapter V through Chapter VIII), and Classifications, Profiles, and Making Better Decisions (Chapter IX through Chapter XII). Topics are introduced hierarchically. Chapter I starts with an introduction to the history of network security in intrusion detection and prevention, is fol­lowed by an overview of the statistical approaches in practice, and ends with discussions of fundamental statistical roles and challenges in the network security field. Chapter II provides a quick review of statistical analytic packages, mainly focusing on SAS, Stata, and R, but also discussing S-Plus, WinBugs, and MATLAB. Essential features and attributes of each of these software applications are reviewed and discussed with examples. Chapter III cov­ers network traffic and data (both system-specific data and user-specific data). This chapter also introduces some popular and publicly available datasets: (1) the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Intrusion Detection Evaluation Offline Data developed by the Lincoln Laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), (2) the Third International Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining Tools Competition's (KDD-Cup) 1999 data that was created based on the MIT-DARPA data, (3) the spam-email data created by Mark Hopkins, Erik Reeber, George Forman, and Jaap Suermondt at the Hewlett-Packard Labs, (4) the web visit sequence data donated by Jack S. Breese, David Heckerman, and Carl M. Kadie at Microsoft Research, and (5) the masquerading user data created by Matt Schonlau from RAND. All of these datasets were available to be downloaded off the web for free during the time Statistical Techniques for Network Security was written. The programming codes used to process these datasets are also included (except for the masquerading user data).

Despite the fact that the MIT-DARPA data has contributed tremendously to research progress in the field of intrusion detection during the past decade, it has been criticized and considered by many researchers. More specifically, critiques focus on the data being outdated and unable to accommodate the latest trend in attacks. However, this data is still the largest publicly available data for researchers today, and is still the most widely used public benchmark for testing intrusion detection systems. One of the important values of this data is to be a proxy for developing, testing and evaluating detecting algorithms, rather than to be a solid data source for a real time system. If a detection and prevention system has a high performance based on the MIT DARPA data, this system is more likely to have a good performance in real time data, which is why the MIT-DARPA data was chosen, used and adapted within many examples in Statistical Techniques for Network Security.

Chapter IV examines the characteristics of network traffic and data. Limited and es­sential concepts, including variables, distributions and data types, are reviewed to provide readers with a statistical background. Chapter V reviews the methods for exploring network data. It covers both descriptive and visualizing analyses, which aim to detect data structures and data attributes. Approaches for normalized, centralized and standardized data are also provided in this chapter. Chapter VI covers the topic of data reduction. Factor analysis and statistical sampling approaches are introduced for eliminating unnecessary and redundant variables and reduc­ing the size of network traffic data.

Chapters VII and VIII cover the topics of modeling network traffic for association and prediction and measuring and profiling user behavior. Chapter VII introduces various approaches to modeling for association and prediction, including bivariate analysis, linear regression, and the time-to-event modeling, which is important when tracking site or system behavior patterns change over time. Chapter VII also examines several approaches for select­ing robust predictors, such as bootstrapping simulation and stepwise procedures. Chapter VIII reviews the characteristics and attributes of user behavior patterns and presents score modeling approaches to measure user and system behavior. Chapter VIII also introduces the methods for profiling user behavior, including use of the item response modeling and hierarchical generalized linear modeling techniques for the network security area.

According to Wang in Statistical Techniques for Network Security, classification is the key task in network security. Profiling user or system behavior is only meaningful when a robust classifier exists. Chapter IX examines both parametric – and nonparametric-based classification techniques, including logistic, Poisson, probit regressions, linear discriminant analysis, k-nearest neighbor, Naive Bayesian approach, regression trees, and support vector machines. Chapter X discusses unsupervised learning techniques for network traffic clas­sification. Topics cover probability models, measure of similarity, and multidimensional analyses.

Finally, Chapters XI and XII provide discussions on decision analysis and evaluation of classification results. Statistical simulation techniques, along with the interval estimates, are introduced to address uncertainty in network security at the beginning of Chapter XI. Statistical control charts and ranking methods are discussed to support the ability to make better network security-related decisions. Chapter XII covers various methods and techniques used to assess the reliability, validity and quality in network traffic data, as well as the procedures used for evaluate the goodness of classification and model performance. Covered topics include sensitivity, specificity, receiver operating characteristic curve, misclassification, goodness-of-fit, predictive ability, and residual analysis.

Statistical Techniques for Network Security provides a guide for applying modern statistical techniques for intru­sion detection and prevention, and serves as a reference for individuals interested in the use of statistical techniques for network security. Covering network traffic data, anomaly intrusion detection, and prediction events in depth, this authoritative source collects must-read research for network administrators, information and network security professionals, statistics and computer science learners, and researchers in related fields. Statistical Techniques for Network Security is for all academic and research libraries.

Cooking, Food & Wine / Health, Mind & Body

Entertaining in the Raw by Matthew Kenney, with photography by Miha Matei (Gibbs Smith, Publisher)

Studies by the American Medical Association show that people on a plant-based diet may be able to prevent cancer. They are also less likely to develop heart disease, obesity, and diabetes.

Whether it is an extravagant wedding dinner on an exotic beach or dinner for two by candlelight, the impact and pleasures of raw food are, by and large, incomparable to other challengers. Whether it is sweet, like Creamy Mango Pudding with Cardamom Kulfi and Crispy Lime Macaroon, or something more savory, like Golden and Green Cannelonni with Sun Dried Tomato Marinara, Pistachio Pesto, Green Zebra Tomatoes and Black Truffle ‘Ricotta,’…whether it is something simple, like Orange-Pineapple Flan and Lime Syrup, or something more complex, like Vegetables and Grape Leaf Dolmas with Sumac Flatbread, and Cool Mint, Tahini, and Aleppo Pepper Sauces, Entertaining in the Raw offers recipes to delight the palate and entertain the senses.
 As a raw food chef, Matthew Kenney strives to harmoniously integrate cuisine, health, and environmental concerns into his projects. His culinary style has a wide range of ethnic overtones, influenced by years of travel and research, as well as a strong interest in contemporary art and literature. That style is reflected in the many recipes found in Entertaining in the Raw. The recipes span many ethnicities, including Asian, Latin, French, and Indian, and include everything from appetizers and tapas to main dishes, breads, sauces, and decadent desserts.

Kenney's focus is on fresh fruits and vegetables, organic, and buying food locally in season. He believes eating raw food leads to greater health and fosters creativity in the kitchen. Raw food made right enhances the flavors and pleasures of eating, whether alone or with a large gathering of friends. After several professional setbacks which included the collapse of his restaurant group, Kenney accompanied a friend to a ‘raw vegan’ restaurant. Though hesitant at first, Kenney not only found his meal enjoyable, but was struck by the mental and physical clarity he found upon dining. Bursting with renewed energy, Kenney learned all he could about raw cuisine and organic ingredients, and opened Pure Food and Wine in 2004.

Kenney came to the realization that his mission as a chef was to introduce more people to the benefits of an organic lifestyle. This switch to ‘innovate organic cuisine,’ a gourmet style of cooking developed by Kenney which embraces raw, vegan and vegetarian techniques and influences, not only reflected itself in his culinary interests, but altered his way of living. With this new knowledge, he co-authored Raw Food, Real World, a recipe and lifestyle book that has quickly become one of the leading references in the raw food movement.

Kenney takes the raw food lifestyle to new heights in Entertaining in the Raw. He combines his love of art and philosophy in food to bring readers recipes for outstanding raw food dishes that will titillate their taste buds.

Current Events / Poverty / Biographies & Memoirs

Land of the Lost Souls: My Life on the Streets by Cadillac Man (Bloomsbury USA)

I ain’t no scholar.

I ain’t no bum.

I have never been good in grammar, so there will be misspellings and perhaps some passages that make no sense to you.

But hey, I’m a street person, not a Rhodes Scholar. You’ll just have to bear with me. You may laugh. You may even say this guy is nuts. And in a way you’re right. You have to be crazy to live out here, but craziness is a way of arrival, which I’ll explain to you later.

These are my people, my friends, my enemies. I have changed their names for some are still alive somewhere. I hope not to embarrass or shame.

This is my story, their story, all of which is true. – from the book

How does a hard-working, gainfully employed, happy husband and father end up on the streets when it seems like everything is going his way? Just ask Cadillac Man, who went from flush to bust and has been living on the streets for the past sixteen years. Land of the Lost Souls is Cadillac Man's journey from upstanding, tax-paying citizen to living off the grid in the grit, broken glass, and hardship of the streets.

For the past sixteen years, Cadillac Man has lived on the streets of four of New York’s five boroughs. Over those years, he has recorded the facts of his daily life, writing hundreds of thousands of words in a series of spiral-bound notebooks. Land of the Lost Souls distills those journals into a memoir of homeless life. Cadillac Man narrates his descent into homelessness, the struggles and unexpected freedoms of his life, and the story of his love affair with a young runaway, whom he eventually (and tragically) reunites with her family.

Cadillac Man (a street name earned after a run-in with a Cadillac) was born and grew up in the Hell's Kitchen area of Manhattan. He had several brothers and sisters, a mom, but no dad to speak of. Neighborhood guys were his father, and they taught him how to squeeze money out of the streets in a pinch. He went to the army, learned some discipline, and when he got out he got a job working in a meat market and as a volunteer policeman. He was married a couple of times and had a kid with his second wife. But soon he quit the meat market for a better job working at the Pepsi distribution warehouse in Queens. Each time he came up for review, his superiors registered how impressed they were with his work and eventually he was promoted to warehouse manager. Life was good. He had a good job at a big-name company with real responsibility and power, and he could easily provide for his family. He was proud.

But sometimes, with the right circumstances working against you and the proper amount of desperation, you screw up big time. Cadillac Man's story isn't that different from a lot of people. He didn't feel like he was living on the margins before he ended up on the streets. But the floor can fall out from under you when you least expect it, and that's what happened to Cadillac Man.

Land of the Lost Souls is culled from the journals he has kept these past sixteen years (some of which have been excerpted in Esquire magazine). In these austere times, when people are anxious about how they're going to pay their bills in an economy in free fall, or they're worried about just keeping the job they have, Cadillac Man's story is a cautionary – yet ultimately hopeful – one.

Land of the Lost Souls reveals New York’s homeless denizens: Irish, the ex-cabbie who gives him his first home on the street; the enormous Chocolate Milk and his cohort of indomi­table South Bronx hookers; Old Crow, whose near-death colors Cadillac Man's first homeless Christmas; Bones, the former cop who leads an unlikely chase through the city's shelters; and most of all Penny, the young runaway he falls for. The United States has seven hundred thousand homeless people; ultimately, Cadillac's story is their story.

Cadillac man exposes the hidden world of the homeless in this riveting collection of stories from his sixteen years on the streets of New York City...A surprising find, Cadillac lets readers in on a rarely seen community, revealing the compassionate hearts that beat even in the most despairing circumstances. – Publishers Weekly (starred review)

A vivid portrait of the life of a street person. – Booklist

Land of the Lost Souls is a moving and unforgettable memoir of homeless life in New York. In a gritty, poignant, and funny voice, Cadillac Man brings to life the people who populate his world, and it is a heartbreaking, at times laugh-out-loud funny, yet brutally frank account of life on the streets.

Entertainment / Music / Social Sciences

Music in America 1860-1918: Essays, Reviews, and Remarks on Critical Issues by Bill F. Faucett, series editor Michael J. Budds (Monographs & Bibliographies in American Music Series, Number 19: Pendragon Press)

During the years between the onset of the Civil War and the armistice of World War I, music in American life flourished as never before. Some American musicians of the era remained mindful of their European counterparts while others concentrated just as enthusiastically on expanding local traditions.

Music in America 1860-1918 elucidates their many achievements as well as their influences on later developments. The lively music business, initially led by a network of regional publishers, coalesced into a centralized commercial giant and made New York City's Tin Pan Alley legendary. The wind band movement took hold in towns and cities to become a staple of public entertainment and public education. Now-venerated institutions and ensembles were founded and cultivated. The quest for a distinctively national concert music attracted many champions. A golden age of music criticism transpired thanks to the propagation of newspapers and journals. The emergence of ragtime and jazz in the African-American community and new trends in social dancing transformed the landscape of entertainment music. New technologies revolutionized the dissemination and preservation of performances of all kinds.

For Music in America 1860-1918 Bill F. Faucett selected a cogent sampling of the published commentary of participants and observers responding to such developments.

The historian's toolbox is loaded with useful implements. There are various strategies for cre­ating a historical narrative, an assortment of lenses and prisms through which the past may be understood, a host of filters to sift and organize details for justifiable interpretation. And yet, according to G. M. Young, author of the magisterial study of Victorian England Portrait of an Age (1936), the "real, central theme of History is not what happened, but what people felt about it when it was happening." In Music in America 1860-1918, an anthology of writings by partici­pants and observers addressing issues related to music in the United States between 1860 and 1918, Faucett might well be regarded as a disciple of the eminent British historian. Young's emphasis on identifying the concerns and responses of contemporaries is precisely the spirit guiding the even-handed efforts of Faucett, who has likewise moved beyond the once-automatic biases of his discipline.

According to general editor Michael J. Budds in the preface to Music in America 1860-1918, Faucett's focus – the musical life between two traumatizing wars – is a worthy one. By 1860 practices transplanted by European colonists had taken root across the spectrum of American culture – whether it be the concert music of the elite and the aspiring middle class or the enter­tainment music of both urban and rural citizens. By that time, traditions identified as distinctively American in origin or flavor – ones typically percolating up from the least presti­gious sectors of society – were already well seasoned. The fruits of the Industrial Revolution, cheap paper, mass production of instruments, and preservation and dissemi­nation of performances via sound recording and radio – transformed musical life in all spheres. Between the onset of the Civil War and the armistice of World War I the United States experi­enced watershed developments in music-making and music sociology that consolidated its past, gave expression to currents and crosscurrents of the time, and provided the foundation for the near future when American musicians, American musical institutions, and American music business would exert great influence beyond national borders.

Faucett in the preface says that because Music in America 1860-1918 is a ‘reader,’ he has made every effort to modernize the passages to make them easier for contemporary readers to consume. The writing and editorial practices of the era represented in the book are wildly inconsistent – grammar, spelling, capitalization, and punctuation were more often a product of the background of the respective writers and editors than of attention to contemporary scholarly and journalistic convention.

Like all examples of fine music scholarship, Music in America 1860-1918 will encourage and entice its reader to seek out the music addressed or described in its pages and to hear and consider that music from a better-informed perspective. This will be the case no matter the level of familiarity or knowl­edge of that individual. The merely curious, the intrepid student, and the specialist will all be nourished with tasty food for thought. The cogent ideas, the passionate arguments, and even the writing style of our ancestors may surprise some or may exact revelations in others, but the overview provided by these readings may alter the perceptions of many. This is Dr. Faucett's achievement! – Michael J. Budds in the foreword

Music in America 1860-1918 is a thoughtful anthology offering readers a fresh opportunity to reconsider a formative era in American music history. By pulling together this sampling of significant commentary and criticism, Faucett has made a contribution to a greater understanding of the American musical past. No other comparable collection concerning this subject exists. The selections are clear and to the point. While modernizing the language, he has also succeeded in retaining the character and spirit of the excerpts and makes them accessible to today’s readers.

Entertainment / Music

The Road Goes on Forever and the Music Never Ends by Robert Earl Keen (Brad & Michele Moore Roots Music Series: University of Texas Press)

I never imagined having a songbook; however, when someone suggested I do one, I thought, ‘why not?’ The first book was easy because I simply took all the songs I had written up to that point and, with the help of my wife, Kathleen, added some nifty photos and presto.

This book was more challenging. I have boxes of songs. I wanted to include songs that I know people like, but I have personal favorites that don't always crossover. They have to be good songs. How do you decide that? The incomparable Dave Hickey says a good song is "one that tastes good in your mouth when you sing it and feels good under your boot when you tap it out."

Stop the search. Look no further. I think these meet the criteria. – Keen, from the book

Rolling Stone hails singer/songwriter Robert Earl Keen as "a writer with a novelist's eye for character and narrative detail comparable to forerunners like John Prine, Guy Clark, and Kris Kristofferson." In The Road Goes on Forever and the Music Never Ends, the master storyteller gives readers glimpses into his own story through songs, personal memorabilia, and photographs that span his career from his student days at Texas A&M to a recent concert at Austin's legendary Stubb's Bar-B-Que.

The Road Goes on Forever and the Music Never Ends contains the lyrics for twenty-four of Keen's favorite songs, accompanied by one-liners that offer tantalizing hints at the motivations behind the songs ("Corpus Christi Bay" – "True? Yes, unfortunately.") Accompanying the lyrics is a wealth of material from Keen's personal archive – newspaper clippings, concert posters, and programs; journal entries and letters that show him in the process of everything from self-improvement ("Do something really nice for my sister") to raising money to record an album; and photos by and of family, friends, and fans.

Also packaged in the book is a CD with printable sheet music for all twenty-four songs, which come from Keen's critically acclaimed albums: Walking Distance, Gringo Honeymoon, What I Really Mean, A Bigger Piece of Sky, Farm Fresh Onions, Gravitational Forces, and Picnic.

Keen is one of Texas's iconic singer/songwriters with sixteen albums spanning the years 1984 to 2008. A dynamic live performer who averages 125-140 days on the road every year, he sells out shows from Maine to Mexico and from Washington, D.C., to Seattle. He has performed on Austin City Limits and Late Night with Conan O'Brien multiple times. His songs have been recorded by the Dixie Chicks, Nanci Griffith, Lyle Lovett, Kelly Willis, George Strait, Gillian Welch, and Johnny Cash and the Highwaymen.

A cross between a songbook and a coffee-table book – a personal, beautifully designed songbook, scrapbook, and photo album – The Road Goes on Forever and the Music Never Ends is the essential book for everyone who loves the music of Keen.

Entertainment / Sports

Citi Field: The Mets' New World-Class Ballpark: A Ballpark Pop-up Book by David Hawcock (Universe Publishing)
Citi Field allows readers to take a three-dimensional tour of the new Citi Field to become the new home of the New York Mets. The book was designed by David Hawcock, a skilled paper engineer devoted to the design and production of original pop-up art and three-dimensional paper-engineered concepts. At the center of the oversized book, a large popup model of the new stadium rises from the pages.

Readers celebrate the history as they anticipate the promise of a new season in a new ballpark. With access to Major League Baseball’s archives and building plans for both the original and the New York Mets new stadium, Citi Field, Citi Field is a treasure for fans of the Mets, baseball, and architecture alike.

Shea Stadium opened on April 17th, 1964, in Flushing Meadows, Queens, as the home of the New York Mets and the NFL’s New York Jets. On November 13th, 2006, Citigroup and the New York Mets announced a partnership that includes the naming rights for Citi Field, which will open in 2009, replacing Shea Stadium as the home of the Mets.

Clad in brick, limestone, and granite, Citi Field will seat 45,000 fans (about 12,000 fewer than Shea). According to Citi Field, the seats, all of which will be painted dark green, will offer, on average, two inches wider and there will be 1 to 7 inches more legroom between rows. The concourses will be easier to navigate, as they will be, on average, 43 feet in width compared to an average of 21 feet at Shea. The concourses will also be open to the field, allowing fans needing a bite to eat or a restroom break to miss little, if any of the action on the diamond. Citi Field will also provide four restaurants with a combined seating total of 3,134, compared to two restaurants totaling 528 seats at Shea Stadium. And although Shea Stadium was originally built to house both the Mets and the New York Jets, the architects of Citi Field designed it specifically for baseball, which will allow for superior sightlines throughout.

According to Citi Field, current Mets owner Fred Wilpon, a Brooklyn native, cares about the history of baseball in New York, and he wants Citi Field to reflect this history. In a tribute to Ebbets Field, the home of the Brooklyn Dodgers before they moved to Los Angeles following the 1957 season, the exterior facade will resemble that of the Dodgers' former ballpark. In addition, the Mets will honor the legendary Dodger Jackie Robinson – the first African American player on a Major League team in the modern era – by naming a rotunda inside Citi Field after him, with his inspirational words lining the walls. Other elements, such as light towers, the scoreboard structure, and a roof canopy will recall historic ballparks as well.

With a fun design and plenty of photos to relive the Mets’ history, fans will be delighted with Citi Field. This special book goes beyond what we usually call a ‘coffee-table book’, the popup model centerpiece making it a gift that may become the prized piece in fans’ collections of baseball memorabilia. The large print also makes it an easy read.

Health, Mind & Body / Politics / Epidemiology

Scared to Death: From BSE to Global Warming Why Scares Are Costing Us the Earth by Christopher Booker & Richard North (Continuum)

In the night, imagining some fear, how easy is a bush supposed a bear. – A Midsummer Night's Dream, Act V, Scene 1

In the past twenty years, Western society in general and Britain in particular has been in the grip of a remarkable and dangerous psychological phenomenon. Again and again since the 1980s we have seen the rise of some great fear, centered on a mysterious new threat to human health and wellbeing. As a result, we are told, large numbers of people will suffer or die.

Scared to Death tells the story of each of the major scares of the past two decades, showing how they have followed a remarkably consistent pattern. From salmonella in eggs to BSE, from the Millennium Bug to bird flu, from DDT to passive smoking, from asbestos to global warming, ‘scares’ have become one of the most conspicuous and damaging features of our modern world. The book analyses the role played in each case by scientists who have misread or manipulated the evidence; by the media and lobbyists who promote the scare without regard to the facts; and by the politicians and officials who come up with a disproportionate response, leaving us to pay the price.

Scared to Death was written by Christopher Booker, one of the founders and first editor of Private Eye and a columnist in the Sunday Telegraph; and Richard North, a political analyst and former consultant on public health and food safety.

When Booker and North examine the pattern behind these scares they find elements which each has in common:

  • The source of the supposed danger is something universal, to which almost anyone might be exposed, such as eggs or beef, asbestos or climate change.
  • The nature of the danger it poses is novel, a threat that has never appeared in this form before.
  • While the scientific basis for the scare seems plausible, the threat also contains a powerful element of uncertainty. It is in some way ill-defined, maximizing the opportunity for alarmist speculation as to the damage it might cause.
  • Society's response to the threat is disproportionate. This more than anything defines a true ‘scare’; that, even where the threat is not wholly imaginary, the response to it is eventually seen as out of proportion to its reality.

In the unfolding of any scare, we then see two competing forces at work. On one hand, there are the ‘pushers’: those whose interest is to promote the scare and to talk it up, such as scientists for whom it provides the promise of winning public attention or further funding. On the other there are the ‘blockers’: those whose interest is to downplay it, such as an industry it threatens to damage, or a government under pressure to be seen to be taking action.

In each of the scares Booker and North examine in Scared to Death, they show how these two groups line up in opposition to each other. What decides whether or not a scare is going to take off is whether pressure from the ‘pushers’ can override resistance from the ‘blockers’.

Two professions that play a particularly crucial part in the unleashing of a scare are the politicians and the media. Politicians can be either blockers or pushers. Initially, as in the case of BSE in Britain, it may be in the interest of a government to downplay or deny a threat. But it may just as well serve a politician's interest to go along with a scare, posing as a champion of the public interest. Certainly the most dangerous moment in any scare comes when the pushers carry the day and the politicians and their offi­cials unleash their regulatory response, since it is then that the real damage is caused.

According to Scared to Death the media also include both pushers and blockers. On one hand, there are few things most newspaper or television editors relish more than the chance to take part in a full-blown scare drama, devoting acres of newsprint and hours of airtime to the possibility that some sinister threat, which could cause huge numbers of people to die, is on the way. In this their closest col­laborators are those scientists for whom the lure of publicity or the need to justify funding have come to overrule their scientific objectivity.

On the other hand, there has invariably been a minority of scientists and commentators, better informed or just more natu­rally skeptical, who are anxious to point out that those pushing the scare are misreading or distorting the evidence. They try to point out that the whole thing has been exaggerated beyond any relation to the facts.

It is the scaremongers who gen­erally win the day. There is little the skeptics can do to counter the scare until the hysteria has run its course. And usually, when the evidence emerges to show that this hysteria had been baseless, it attracts very much less notice than the scare itself had done when it was raging at its height.

The story told in Scared to Death divides into two parts. Part One, centered chiefly on events in Britain in the 1980s and 1990s, is devoted to food scares, such as those over ‘salmonella in eggs’, and BSE.

Part Two describes the more conspicuous of these other, more general scares, the economic and social costs of which have been far greater than those resulting from the food scares. Some of the most damaging have originated in the US, culminating in what threatens to become the most destructive scare of them all: the fear of ‘global warming’.

The last food scare described in Part One is that which exploded in Belgium in 1999 over the discovery of `deadly dioxins' in poultry. Here Booker and North report for the first time the inside story behind a bizarre outbreak of mass-hysteria, which inflicted a cost of more than a billion pounds on the Belgian economy, brought down the Belgian government and revolutionized Eur­opean Union food law.

In the longer second part of Scared to Death they widen out the picture, to look at some of the more prominent and damaging scares of recent years. This begins with a prologue giving a brief account of an example everyone can recall: the amazingly costly panic, which broke out in the late 1990s, over the ‘Millennium Bug’.

Part Two contains four case histories, beginning with a chapter on the first of the truly modern scares, centered on the pesticide DDT. The belief that this was not only harmful to wildlife but also caused cancer in human beings was a misconception which, rather than saving life, may have ended up costing the lives of millions. The next chapter reconstructs a hysteria that spread to Britain from America in the late 1980s and early 1990s, centered on the belief that large numbers of children were being subjected to ritual or ‘satanic’ sexual abuse. Then comes a chapter looking at how the British government became carried away in the 1990s by the idea that speeding motorists were the main cause of road accidents and that, by concentrating all its efforts on enforcing speed limits, the accident rate would be cut. Based on faulty analysis and distorted statistics, the evidence suggests that this shift of policy ended up costing more lives than it saved.

Booker and North in Scared to Death then return to the more familiar pattern, with four chapters analyzing some of the most influential scares of all, each of which has had a profound and continuing effect on our modern world. The first, originating in a series of flawed scientific studies in the US, was that which resulted in the banning of various uses of lead, first in petrol, then in electronic and electrical equipment. The cost of these bans was to run into hundreds of billions of pounds. A second chapter analyses the manipulation of science that lay behind the campaign to outlaw ‘environmental tobacco smoke’ or ‘passive smoking’. A third describes the astronomically expensive confusion that arose over the dangers of different forms of asbestos. This was a scare that again originated in flawed science, in both America and Europe. But it was then actively promoted by various interests – such as compensation lawyers and the asbestos removal industry – which stood to profit from perpetuating the confusion, again at immense cost to the general public.

Next is a lengthy analysis of what threatens to become the greatest and most costly scare of them all, the worldwide political response to the fear of global warming. Unlike most of the examples in Scared to Death, this one is still in full swing; so pervasive that the authors expect reader to respond with hostility to the idea that it should be described as a ‘scare’ at all.

Booker and North include one more chapter on an episode that was not a scare, but for this reason it has shed its own light on the ‘scare phenomenon’ – the story of the damage done to the health of many thousands of people by organophosphorus chemicals, or ‘OPs’. Unlike the other examples in Scared to Death, this was a public health disaster, which was never properly brought to light because of the effort was made by politicians and officials to cover it up. They prevented it from becoming a ‘scare’ because it resulted from a catastrophic failure in the government's own system for protecting the public from the dangers of toxic chemicals.

Scared to Death concludes with an epilogue reflecting some of the wider lessons which can be drawn from the part played by the scare phenomenon in our modern world. The basic psychology behind the scare dynamic, they argue, is nothing new. In history similar waves of irrationality have frequently swept through societies in the past, from millennial fears of some fast-approaching apocalypse to the terror inspired by a particular social group, such as the great ‘witch craze’ which held western Europe in its grip through much of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Viewed in retrospect, few aspects of the behavior of our ancestors arouse more puzzlement than their readiness to fall for such overwrought visions of threat and disaster. How could people in past ages have been so credulous? Yet it is a remarkable fact, as Scared to Death shows, that no period in history has been more easily prey to such imaginary ‘scares’ than our own.

What does it tell us about the state of mind of our modern society that it should so continually fall victim to these bouts of collective hysteria? Is there any way we can learn to protect ourselves from the horrifying damage they bring in their wake? Certainly a precondition must be that we should learn to recognize the scare phenomenon for what it is: a form of human irrationality with the same recogniz­able pattern.

A very newsworthy subject, with Booker and North providing some much-needed common sense commentary. – Publishing News

Scared to Death is a masterful and salutary account of the most costly misjudgements of the last 25 years. Written with painful clarity, here is an important study of the process by which sloppy science becomes a difficult to shift orthodoxy. – The Spectator

Mr Booker and Dr North identify a dynamic through which a marginal public concern mushrooms into a full-blown scare – from salmonella and mad cow disease to DDT and asbestos, and focus on what may be the greatest, most costly scare of all: Global warming. – Washington Times

'There is so much to commend this book. Not only is it packed with solidly researched evidence, it's also a gripping narrative read. There are few books on current affairs that really qualify as page-turners, but this is most definitely one of them ... It ought to be required reading for every adult in the country. – London Book Review

Scared to Death reads like a page turner. The authors, while sounding somewhat sensationalist, base their findings on their critique of research. And they should know: they were directly involved in some of these events, even at the center of some of these crises. Booker reported on all the scares and North was a former food safety consultant and research director in the European Parliament. They elucidate the costs of fear. We must learn to recognize the pattern and realize that the scare dynamic obeys identifiable rules; it is itself susceptible to scientific study. Scared to Death suggests the foundations for that study.

Health, Mind & Body / Psychology & Counseling / Business & Investing

Helping: How to Offer, Give, and Receive Help by Edgar H. Schein (Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc.)

How is it possible that the person jumping in to save the drowning man ends up getting sued for dislocating the man's shoulder in the rescue attempt? Why do so many consulting reports to management end up in the circular file? Why do doctors complain about patients not taking the pills that have been prescribed?

Everyone has offered someone help at some point in their lives – a client, a coworker, a colleague, a friend. But for all good intentions, many offers of help prove to be woefully inef­fective or are even rejected outright. Distinguished MIT professor and organizational con­sultant Edgar H. Schein argues it's because helpers don't understand the subtle psychological and social dynamics of helping relationships. In Helping, Schein offers specific techniques and examples that help readers determine what type of help to offer and how best to offer it. Schein analyzes the social and psychological dynamics common to all types of helping relationships, explains why help is often not helpful, and shows what any would-be helpers must do to ensure that their assistance is both welcomed and genuinely useful.

The moment of asking for and offering help is a del­icate and complex one, fraught with inequities and ambiguities. Schein in Helping helps readers navigate that moment so they avoid potential pitfalls, mitigate power imbal­ances, and establish a solid foundation of trust. He identifies three roles helpers can play, explaining which one is nearly always the best starting point if we are to provide truly effective help. So that readers can determine exactly what kind of help is needed, he describes an inquiry process that puts the helper and the recipient on an equal footing. These dynam­ics not only apply to all kinds of one-on-one helping in personal and professional relationships, teaching, social work, and medicine but also can be applied to teamwork and to organizational leadership.

Using examples from many types of relationships – doctors and patients, consultants and clients, hus­bands and wives – Schein in Helping offers a concise analysis of what it takes to establish successful, mutually satisfying helping relationships.

What distinguishes the helping situation is that we are con­sciously trying to help someone else to accomplish something. The helping relationship is one in which we invest time, emo­tions, ideas, and things; hence we expect a return, if only a thank you. When it works well, we both gain status. But alas, often it does not go well and we run the risk of losing status – not helping when help was needed, trying to help when help was not needed or wanted, giving the wrong kind of help, or not sustaining help when it is needed over a period of time.

In Helping Schein analyzes the dynamics of helping relationships, explain the importance of trust in helping relationships, illus­trate what any would-be helper must do to ensure that help is actually provided, and what any recipient of help must do to facilitate the process. He says he has come to believe that the social and psychological dynamics of helping are the same whether we are talking about giving directions or coaching an organizational cli­ent or taking care of a sick spouse. It is through seeing the similarities in these many different kinds of situations that we can begin to build a more general theory of helping.

Schein says he has written Helping more in the style of an essay than an academic study. His training at Harvard's Department of Social Relations exposed him to a great deal of sociology and anthropology, and he has always felt that these two disciplines were underutilized in our social and psychological analyses of social phenomena.

Schein’s basic argument, that social life is partly economics and partly theater, rests on a long tradition of scholarship and philosophy. There are few cultural universals, but anthro­pologists agree that all societies are stratified and that all social behavior is reciprocal. His observations and assertions about the helping process are his own, but are built on those two sociological and anthropological premises. They are intended to enrich our understanding by taking a somewhat different view of social interaction and the role that helping plays in our daily life.

In chapter 1 of Helping Schein reviews the many forms of helping to illus­trate how broad and deep the concept is. Chapter 2 shows how the language and imagery of economics and theater help us to understand some of the fundamentals of all human relationships. In chapter 3 these concepts are applied to the helping relationship and the argument is put forth that all such rela­tionships are initially unbalanced and ambiguous. Chapter 4 describes three different kinds of helping roles and argues that helping relationships should always start with process con­sultation. How to begin the helping relationship with humble inquiry is the focus of chapter 5 and detailed examples are pro­vided in chapter 6. In chapters 7 and 8 Schein shows how this model of helping actually illuminates some of the essential aspects of teamwork, leadership, and organizational change manage­ment. Chapter 9 wraps up with some principles and tips for would-be helpers.

An uncommonly wise book about a topic achingly overlooked and so indispensable for how we live our lives, professional or personal. I cannot imagine any leader, teacher, con­sultant, therapist, anybody who wouldn't benefit from reading this masterpiece. – Warren Bennis, Distinguished Professor of Business Administration. University of Southern California, and coauthor of Judgment and Transparency

At once conceptually rigorous and eminently practical, Schein has given us a new clas­sic – a highly readable, indispensable work that is bound to be read and reread, each time offering the reader new and profound insights into one of life's most important forms of social interaction. – Marc Gerstein, PhD, President, Organization Design Forum, and author of Flirting with Disaster: Why Accidents Are Rarely Accidental

This little book is a treasure; I will not be able to offer help again without thinking about and using these simple but powerful tools of communication. Ed Schein's personal sto­ries are heartfelt and ones to which we can all relate; his tips for giving and receiving truly desirable and effective help are clear gems of wisdom. – Tapia Zouikin, former Chair and CEO, Batterymarch Financial

Helping is seminal, definitive, breakthrough, illuminating. In this short but profound book, Schein examines the social dynamics that are at play in helping relationships in order to better understand why offers of help are sometimes refused or resented, and how to make help more helpful. Schein says we have a long way to go. With his broad background in social psychology and organizational learning and his lifetime of experience in management, he is just the guy to start bringing it together.

Health, Mind & Body / Relationships

Getting Naked Again: Dating, Romance, Sex, and Love When You've Been Divorced, Widowed, Dumped, or Distracted by Judith Sills (Springboard Press)

You are divorced, you're widowed, or maybe you've just been busy with other things.

Lately though you might be ready to meet another romantic partner.

Be prepared: This is not your daughter's dating guide.

In Getting Naked Again, clinical psychologist and New York Times bestselling author Judith Sills leads readers through each stage of the process, offering advice and sharing stories about women who have experienced relationship loss and are successfully pursuing new romance.
With chapter titles like "Reentry; or, Would I Sleep with Eisenhower?" and "Sexual Mentors, Palate Cleansers, and Other Transitional Relationships," Sills, a relationship expert on the Today show, reminds readers that they can experience this new phase with confidence, good humor, and, yes, hope. While Sills addresses the ugly truths that older women have to work harder than men to find eligible partners, she argues that courtship, companionship and sex are all available, especially if women remain open to a wide variety of partners who are not necessarily prospects for love.

Sills in Getting Naked Again discusses how to extend one’s social network, present an appealing social resume, and do the picking without appearing to be in desperate pursuit – all of which will help lead readers back to love. As Sills says, readers should keep this Golden Rule in mind: "Getting naked again is not, nor should it be, your full-time activity. It's icing, high heels, and gravy. It's functional (a man to call you when dancing is on the agenda); it's flattering (a man who will tell you, when you need to hear it, that you look amazing); it's supportive (a man who cares what the biopsy says); it is potentially sexually satisfying…."

I can't imagine that anyone who reads this book will get stuck at home eating potato chips instead of getting out there and finding a soul mate. I love the honesty and compassion that Sills offers on every page. Finally, a smart dating manual for adults! – Pepper Schwartz, author of Prime: Adventures and Advice on Sex, Love, and the Sensual Years

Known for her psychologically perceptive relationship books, Sills (Excess Baggage) turns her attention to dating for women of a certain age, particularly those recently out of long marriages. …Sills's clinical psychology background comes to the fore when she dissects the scenario of a suddenly single woman who has been used to socializing with a group of couples but now may be perceived as a threat by other women, or an opportunity by the men, suggesting behavioral strategies for keeping boundaries clear. Sills also addresses transitional relationships, the heartbreak of rejection or of premature attachment to a new partner and includes welcome male perspectives. – Publishers Weekly, starred review

Frank, funny and unusually savvy, Getting Naked Again offers sophisticated advice – including smart sexual strategies, predictable new relationship patterns, financial maneuvering, interpersonal finesse and insightful stories – to help readers regain the clarity, courage, and sexual style to get naked again.

History / Africa / Military

The Saints: The Rhodesian Light Infantry by Alexandre Binda, compiled and edited by Chris Cocks (30˚ South Publishers)

There is no record in recent history of a country so small defying such adversity with means so meagre. From the beginning of hostilities to the end, the panache and fighting spirit of the Rhodesians was epitomized by the officers and men of the RLI who fought throughout with courage, fortitude and reckless disregard for their own welfare ... May God bless the men who served with this excellent regiment that filled Rhodesians with pride, and keep safe those who died in the defence of our country. – Ian Douglas Smith

Very little about the Rhodesian Light Infantry (RLI) had been published; it was often underrated, but arguably one of the most effective counter-insurgency units of all time. This was the unit that brought the 'Fireforce' concept to the world’s attention – the devastatingly ruthless airborne envelopment and annihilation of a guerrilla enemy.

Dubbed ‘The Killing Machine’ by Charles D. Melson, chief historian of the US Marine Corps, the RLI was a veritable ‘foreign legion’ with over 20 diverse nationalities serving in her ranks.

The Saints is a glossy, pictorial-format book with hundreds of color photos, maps, rolls, honors and awards. It is not intended as a definitive history, but, with more of a classic ‘scrapbook’ feel, the presentation attempts to capture the essence of this fine unit – what it was like to be a troopie, one of the ‘ouens’. Authors Alexandre Binda and Chris Cocks accessed a host of unique, previously unpublished photos and illustrative material and many former RLI members embraced the project, contributing photos, memorabilia and anecdotes. Binda joined the Rhodesian Army in 1965 and served for 15 years with a four-year tour of duty with the Selous Scouts. Cocks is a partner in the South African publishing house, 30° South Publishers. Ian Smith pens his tribute in the front and the foreword is by the last CO, Lieutenant-Colonel Charlie Aust.

According to The Saints, in its short 19-year history, from 1961 to 1980, the Rhodesian Light Infantry was to carve for itself an enduring legacy as counter-insurgency fighters par excellence. Made up of over 20 different nationalities, the RLI was a true ‘foreign legion’. Having defined the Fireforce concept in collaboration with the Rhodesian Air Force and the Selous Scouts, the RLI was to develop and refine this technique with ruthless and devastating effect against the overwhelming communist tide of Robert Mugabe's ZANLA and Joshua Nkomo's ZIPRA guerrillas. The RLI fought the bitter Zimbabwean ‘bush war’ for 15 years, against the overwhelming tide of communist-trained guerrillas.

Overstretched and undermanned, troops were at times parachuted into two or three contacts a day – the highest number of descents by one para being a staggering 73 operational jumps – most under 500 feet. Kill rates don't win wars, but it is estimated that the RLI accounted for between 12,000 and 15,000 enemy guerrillas, with the loss of 85 men killed in action and 50 men who died on operations. RLI soldiers were recipients of four Silver Crosses and 42 Bronze Crosses of Rhodesia.

The Saints tells a story about the Rhodesian Light Infantry and the young soldiers who fought bravely and fiercely in a remote African war 30 years ago, and in the process became legends that will never disappear from the annals and tongues of military historians as long as man exists. – Dr. Keith A. Nelson, Former US Special Forces, Former Rhodesian Light Infantry

The Saints is a tremendous contribution to the history of this conflict, filling a gap in the record of the Bush War. The history of the 1st Battalion, RLI is one of courage, adaptability and combat effectiveness throughout the conflict…. One of the greatest strengths of The Saints is the use of personal narratives of members of the 1st Battalion, RLI that make up the book. Supported by descriptions of the development of the unit, the narrative of the soldiers themselves tells the story of the unit, its training and combat operations. These give the text a gritty feeling of the troop's eye view of the RLI's history. Rather than sounding like an analytical history of the battalion, the real, on the ground history of the unit in the counterinsurgency war comes though. … By telling the story of the 1st Battalion using the troop's own words, The Saints has a personal and realistic texture. Accompanied by a fantastic array of personal contemporary photographs, most never before published, this book becomes a vivid testament to the fitting pride and outstanding valor of this fighting unit. – Special Warfare Magazine

The Saints, a large coffee-table volume, contains a plethora of never-before-published photographs. This commemorative volume captures the essence and heart-felt nostalgia of this close-knit group, and the personal narratives testify to the pride of the unit.

History / Military / Weapons & Warfare

Jihadists and Weapons of Mass Destruction: A Growing Threat edited by Gary Ackerman & Jeremy Tamsett (CRC Press)

Jihadists and Weapons of Mass Destruction explores the nexus formed when malevolent actors access malignant means. Written for professionals and policymakers working at the forefront of counterterrorism efforts, this work covers weapons of mass destruction (WMD) as jihadist terrorists have used them historically and are likely to use to use them in the future. Providing insight on one of the foremost security issues of the 21st century, this seminal resource:

  • Documents current trends in the ideology, strategy, and tactics of jihadists as these relate to WMD.
  • Includes a section devoted to jihadist involvement with chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear weapons.
  • Explores the role of intelligence, law enforcement, and policymakers in anticipating, deterring, and mitigating WMD attacks.
  • Provides an overview of nonproliferation policies designed to keep WMD out of the hands of jihadists.
  • Conducts a groundbreaking quantitative empirical analysis of jihadist behavior.
  • Elicits leading experts' estimates of the future WMD threat from jihadists.

In Jihadists and Weapons of Mass Destruction, leading international experts differentiate between peaceful Muslims and jihadists, exploring how jihadists translate their extreme and violent ideology into strategy. They also focus on WMD target selection and the spread of WMD knowledge in jihadist communities. The editors are Gary Ackerman and Jeremy Tamset – Ackerman is Research Director of the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START), a Department of Homeland Security national Center of Excellence based at the University of Maryland and Tamsett is a consultant for Henley-Putnam University and an analyst at the Center for Terrorism and Intelligence Studies (CETIS).

It is the nature, and indeed one of the strengths, of any edited volume that a diversity of approaches and opinions is presented. At the same time, one of the objectives of Jihadists and Weapons of Mass Destruction is to ensure that the topic is examined as thoroughly as possible and in greater depth than has previously been the case. In structuring the book, editors Ackerman and Tamsett attempt to strike a balance between encouraging multiple perspectives and breadths of interpretation, while at the same time creating a cogent text with minimal redundancies.

Section I of Jihadists and Weapons of Mass Destruction examines the jihadists themselves and their orientation toward WMD. It is focused primarily on the motivational element, but also includes references to generic jihadist capabilities. Jeffrey M. Bale begins the section by discussing how jihadist ideology translates into strategy in the context of the archetypical transnational jihadist organization – al-Qa'ida – and how ideological and strategic exigencies relate specifically to the employment of WMD. Bale's chapter is followed by Mark Dechesne's psychologically inspired approach to understanding the jihadist relationship to weapons selection and WMD, built around a model of the jihadist ‘lifespace.’ Moving from a focus on the broader jihadist worldview, James Forest and Sammy Salama investigate how this might translate into the use of WMD at the tactical level, with a particular focus on jihadist target selection were they to employ WMD. Sammy Salama and Edith Bursac round out the first section with the chapter on the methods by which WMD knowledge is dissemi­nated by jihadists using the World Wide Web and the extent to which this might augment jihadist capabilities to successfully deploy WMD.

Section II of Jihadists and Weapons of Mass Destruction takes a closer look at the weapons themselves. Since the availability and the degree of difficulty involved in acquiring and using each of the four CBRN weapon types differ in several important respects, a separate chapter is devoted to each type of WMD. Each chapter follows a similar structure, beginning with a brief introduction to the weapon type and how it causes harm and then tracing the obstacles jihadists would face in obtaining or using the weapon. This is followed by a description of previous jihadist activities involving the type of weapon under consideration, accompanied by an analysis of the progress jihadists have made toward employing the weapon on the scale of a WMD attack. Markus Binder and Michael Moodie explore the jihadist use of chemical weapons, including the looming threat of toxic industrial chemicals. This is followed by Cheryl Loeb's survey of jihadist involvement with biological and toxin weapons. Charles P. Blair provides a detailed description of the potential for jihadists to detonate a nuclear explosive in a fission or fusion reaction. Charles D. Ferguson discusses the prospect of massive disruption brought about by jihadists dispersing radiological materials.

Having painted a detailed picture of the threat of jihadists using WMD, the discus­sion in Section III turns to various aspects of countering or defending against the threat. Randall S. Murch and Jeremy Tamsett explore the role of intelligence and law enforce­ment in anticipating and interdicting WMD terrorist attacks by jihadists, while Brad Roberts discusses the complexities surrounding attempts to deter jihadists from going down the WMD path. An important element in the prevention of WMD terrorism is denying would-be perpetrators access to the requisite raw materials with which WMD

are constructed; thereupon, Brian Finlay and Jeremy Tamsett provide an overview of nonproliferation policies as well as an analysis of the efficacy of so-called ‘supply-side’ efforts to limit the availability of WMD materials to jihadists. When the layers of prevention and protection fail, consequence mitigation comes to the fore and Patrick S. Roberts describes the strategic aspects of robust responses to WMD attacks.

Section IV of Jihadists and Weapons of Mass Destruction is forward looking in that it considers the extent to which we can anticipate future developments concerning jihadists and WMD. Victor H. Asal and R. Karl Rethemeyer conduct a groundbreaking quantitative empirical analysis of histori­cal jihadist behavior in an attempt to identify a set of characteristics of jihadist groups that might serve as future indicators of an intent and capability to use, or at least pursue, CBRN weapons. This is followed by Gary Ackerman's chapter, in which he discusses the difficulties of anticipating behavioral trends and conducts a forecasting exercise to examine the future likelihood of jihadists using WMD over an extended time period.

The conclusion provides a summary of Jihadists and Weapons of Mass Destruction's major findings and recommenda­tions and attempts to develop a response to the framing questions posed in this introduction.

From a larger historical perspective, the nexus between jihadists and WMD portends a more menacing nexus – that occurring where small groups of violent dissent­ers from the status quo, driven by solipsistic and uncompromising ideologies, become capable of repeatedly unleashing the most devastating weapons known to humanity and are, thus, able to present themselves as credible rivals to the state's current monopoly on military power.

Jihadists and Weapons of Mass Destruction explores the nexus between jihadists and WMD and is exceptionally authoritative and comprehensive, thus increasing understanding of the nature of this nexus. Devoid of sensationalism, this multidimensional evaluation adds a heightened level of sophistication to our understanding of the prospects for and nature of jihadist WMD terrorism. The volume will become a guidepost to future research on the topic. Topics identified as needing further research by the editors include looking at how the morphology of global jihad might evolve in the future from the current al-Qa'ida plus dispersed cells structure, more detailed analysis of the problem from a formal complex systems perspective, viewing jihadist WMD activity as a form of swarm intelligence, assessing the efficacy of ideological de-legitimization strategies for WMD, and exploring detailed policy options for dealing with advances in technology.

Home & Garden / Botany / History / Europe

The Brother Gardeners: Botany, Empire and the Birth of an Obsession by Andrea Wulf (Knopf)

The Brother Gardeners is the story of a small group of eighteenth-century naturalists who made Britain a nation of gardeners and the epicenter of horticultural and botanical expertise. From the exotic blooms in Botany Bay to the royal gardens at Kew, from the streets of London to the vistas of the Appalachian Mountains, it is the story of a garden revolution that began in America.
In 1733, the American farmer John Bartram dispatched two boxes of plants and seeds from the American colonies, addressed to the London cloth merchant Peter Collinson. Most of these plants had never before been grown in British soil, but in time the magnificent and colorful American trees, evergreens, and shrubs would transform the English landscape and garden forever. During the next forty years, Collinson and a handful of botany enthusiasts cultivated hundreds of American species. The Brother Gardeners, written by writer, journalist and television personality Andrea Wulf, follows the lives of six of these men whose shared passion for plants gave rise to the English love affair with gardens. In addition to Collinson and Bartram, who forged an extraordinary friendship, there are Philip Miller, author of the best-selling Gardeners Dictionary; the Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus, whose standardized nomenclature helped bring botany to the middle classes; and Joseph Banks and Daniel Solander, who explored the strange flora of Brazil, Tahiti, New Zealand, and Australia on the greatest voyage of discovery of their time, aboard Captain Cook’s Endeavour.

The Brother Gardeners is a delightful book. It brings the story of 18th-century gardening to life in a remarkably vivid way, and sheds new light on the personality clashes and prejudices which lay at the root of the Georgians' passion for plants. – Adrian Tinniswood
A wondrous telling of the history of the very English love affair with gardens and growing things... I have learned so much from this book. – Jon Snow
Andrea Wulf captures the spirit of the tenacious men who made Britain the epicentre of horticultural knowledge and expertise in the 18th century. A totally engrossing read. – Rosie Atkins, Curator, Chelsea Physic Garden
Immaculately written and researched, this book brings to life the dramas and dangers of eighteenth-century plant collecting. You will never look at the plants in your garden in quite the same way when you know what these intrepid men went through to find them. – Catherine Horwood

Enthralling ... Gripping ... Brilliantly readable… Andrea Wulf has written a wonderful book, using a clutch of fascinating men to remind us the British Empire was once as much about white pine and Camellia japonica as it was about guns and steel. – The Mail on Sunday

The Brother Gardeners is an excellent, hugely enter­taining and instructive tale, and Wulf tells it well. – The Guardian

This absorbing and delightful book about eighteenth-century botanists stands out among histories of plant hunting ... It is about friendships, frustrations and rows, as well as about new species. – The Sunday Telegraph

As Wulf triumphantly shows, plants and gardens reveal a wider view of the forces that shape society…. Rarely has the story of English plants been told with such vigor, and such fun. – The Times Literary Supplement

Compelling, well-edited and cleverly structured ... a valuable addition to the existing small library of paeans to the art and architecture of the landscape garden. – The Literary Review

The Brother Gardeners paints a vivid portrait of the development of gardening in Great Britain – a delightful and beautifully told narrative history and a fascinating story.

Home & Garden / Crafts & Hobbies

Art Quilts at Play: Ignite Your Inner Artist – Experiment with Surface Design Techniques by Jane Dávila & Elin Waterston (C&T Publishing)

Art Quilts at Play was developed for artists of all levels who want to try new things, experiments with art materials and artistic styles, and expand their visual repertoire. It includes twenty-two new ways to play with design techniques and materials, plus ideas for collaborating with other artists. Jane Davila and Elin Waterston, both artists, designed the volume to:

  • Expand readers’ artistic horizons and learn new ways to play with surface design techniques and materials.
  • Explore different techniques and creative design effects.
  • Stretch themselves artistically by connecting with other artists through online groups, art trades, and challenges.
  • Use photo galleries of work created by other artists to get inspired.

The first section of Art Quilts at Play focuses on fabric design and creation and special effects for fiber and mixed media art. The second section suggests ways to connect with other artists – whether in cyberspace or real space. It also provides collaborative project ideas. Both sections encourage artists to have fun. Contents include:

Section 1 Materials at Play – Surface Design

  1. Fabric Creation.... Mixing Color, Fabric Dyeing, Simple Screen Printing, Nature Printing, Found Object Printing, Stamp Making, Fabric Painting with Water-Based Resists, Bleach Discharging, Images on Fabric
  2. Special Effects… Paintstiks, Fabric Inks, Water-Soluble Pastels, Painted Fusible Web, Gel Medium, Expandable Paint Medium, Shrink Film, Metallic Foil and Leafing, Pearl Ex Powders, Art Glitter, Angelina Heat-Bondable Fiber
  3. Student Gallery. . .

Section 2 Artists at Play – Exploring Creativity

  1. Challenges... Subject Challenges, Word Challenges, Process Challenges
  2. Collaborative Projects... Fabric Art Journals, Surprise Package, Exquisite Corpse, Mixed Media Art
  3. Art to Trade... Artist Trading Cards, Fiber Art Postcards, Small Art Swaps
  4. Connections... Online Groups and the Internet, Small In-Person Groups, Critique Groups
  5. Collaborating Artists Gallery

Davila and Waterston say they called the book Art Quilts at Play first to play with, explore, and experiment with surface design methods, techniques, art materials and products; and second, to get involved with groups and collaborate. They have included galleries with examples of products from both areas of play – art made by students from their surface design classes and art from colleagues who they invited to collaborate with them on various projects.

Art Quilts at Play includes instructions for a variety of surface design techniques and special effects, suggestions rather than rules and they present some ways to use some materials and techniques. Davila and Waterston encourage readers to try all the techniques and materials presented in Art Quilts at Play. Some will appeal, some won't, because nobody likes everything, and not every technique is appropriate for every project.

They encourage readers to partici­pate in collaborative art projects – whether it's an Artist Trading Card swap, a more complex project, or something they develop and host themselves. Any participation in projects with other artists can inspire, challenge and help readers find their place in the art world. They encourage readers to keep pushing themselves to learn.

Art Quilts at Play is an exciting, fun volume for artists, giving them permission to play, to experiment, to push through creative blocks by moving beyond their usual methods, and not worrying about the outcome while learning new things.

Home & Garden / Crafts & Hobbies

Crochet Workshop: The Complete Course for the Beginner to Intermediate Crocheter (Spiral-bound) by Emma Seddon & Sharon Brant (Trafalgar Square Books)

Although crochet has often been regarded as a pastime fit only for grannies, a batch of new young designers have succeeded in making it ‘cool,’ with beautiful designs in stunning yarns. Crochet lends itself particularly well to accessories and homeware, making great bags, wonderful throws, and funky pillows. It can also be used for fantastic garments, but, as a fabric, it drapes slightly less well than knitting, so it is important to understand the potential as well as the minor limitations of crochet.

Presented as a series of technique-based classes, Crochet Workshop offers lessons demonstrated with full-color, step-by-step photography. The result of years of dialogue between the Rowan company's workshop demonstrators and the customers they teach, the six workshops presented in Crochet Workshop allow crocheters to learn new techniques, refresh techniques learned previously, and update their skills. Each workshop includes appropriate projects, proceeding from crochet basics to lessons on joining new yarn, choosing edging patterns, shaping crochet, making crochet lace, using color techniques, and crocheting garments. The final workshop branches out into other forms of crochet such as jewelry making and felted projects.

According to authors Emma Seddon, an experienced crochet workshop organizer and demonstrator and Sharon Brant, retail manager for the Rowan company and the Rowan workshop program, learning to crochet, like learning to knit, is easiest when taught one to one – Rowan has run workshop groups for both knitters and crocheters for many years. Crochet Workshop is intended as a comprehensive backup, offering all the skills and techniques to take readers up to intermediate level. At this level they will be able to read a pattern, work different stitches, shape their crochet, and stitch the pieces together.

Readers will find, as with any new skill, it takes time to become confident. It is important to take it step by step to develop an even, relaxed style. This will allow readers to produce regular stitches that are neither too loose nor too tight to work in and out of with ease. Soon, they will be able to make simple and attractive small projects, and each success will lead them to try something a little more adventurous next time.

Although Crochet Workshop is divided into six workshops, readers will find that they can ‘pick and mix’ according to their needs.

  • Workshop One gets started on the basic – and most commonly used – crochet stitches, and by the end of this section readers should be able to work a piece of plain crochet in half a dozen stitches. The little coaster project is a good test of basic skills.
  • Workshop Two introduces crocheters to the idea of adding color to straight pieces of crochet, so they can add stripes of color, or join in new yarns. It shows them how to join pieces of crochet together and also how to edge both crochet and other fabrics with simple decorative edgings. A simple stripy scarf and a patched pillow cover offer the chance to practice skills.
  • Workshop Three gets readers going on shaping crochet, so they can make simple triangles. It also shows them how to work round and round and how to work different stitches and colors in the round – so that they can make pieced throws, afghans, in different colors and yarns.
  • Workshop Four teaches readers a range of different crochet stitch types: simple textured stitches, fancy decorative stitches, and lacy ones. It also takes their color skills on to another level so they can work fancy jacquard patterns, where different colors are used in one row.
  • Workshop Five introduces readers to garment making, first with a simple, quick-to-make baby jacket and dress, and then to an adult cardigan. This section also explains garment ‘fit’ – how to make sure a crocheted sweater fits just right.
  • Workshop Six takes readers into associated areas of crochet including stitch embellishment, using beads, and felting the crochet.

Crochet Workshop offers everything readers need to know to master crochet; the lessons are impressively demonstrated with full-color step-by-step photography. The six workshops presented allow crocheters to learn new techniques, refresh techniques learned previously, and update their skills.

Literature & Fiction

Sleepwalking in Daylight by Elizabeth Flock (Mira Books)
Elizabeth Flock, a former journalist who reported for Time and People magazines and worked as an on-air correspondent for CBS has become a full-time writer. The New York Times bestselling author’s novels have been hailed as "haunting" (Booklist) and "tremendously touching" (Kirkus Reviews) and her Me & Emma became a Book Sense Notable Title and Highlight Pick of the Year. In Sleepwalking in Daylight she has written a heartfelt mother and daughter story.

Once defined by her career and independence, stay-at-home mom Samantha Friedman finds that her days have been reduced to errands, car pools and suburban gossip. What was an easy decision for Sam years ago has become a nagging awareness that this life was her choice. Now she deals with a husband who shows up for dinner but is too preoccupied for conversation, and a daughter swathed in black clothing and Goth makeup who won't talk at all.

In Sleepwalking in Daylight, believing she's an adopted mistake, seventeen-year-old Cammy has fallen into sex and drugs and pours herself into a journal filled with poetry and pain. On parallel paths, mother and daughter indulge in desperate, furtive escapism – for Sam, a heady affair with her supposed soul mate, fueled by clandestine coffee dates and the desire to feel something; for Cammy, a secretive search for her birth mother punctuated by pills, pot and the need to feel absolutely nothing.

Have you ever opened your eyes and realized that you've been sleepwalking through your life? If so, this is the novel for you. Sleepwalking in Daylight is heartfelt and poignant, unique and memorable. Elizabeth Flock's characters feel real. Her dialogue is first-rate. The story is rich and resonates long after the last page has been turned. This novel isn't about the perfection of life, but rather how life's imperfections make it all the more precious. – John Shors, bestselling author of Beneath a Marble Sky

Bestseller Flock's downer latest takes a glimpse inside a dysfunctional and affluent Chicago family. Samantha Friedman is an unhappy stay-at-home mother of three and wife to her distant and despondent husband, Bob.… Flock's plot is heavy on the sorrow, though there's a requisitely redemptive ending to lighten the familiar and melancholy arc. – Publishers Weekly

Elizabeth Flock offers us a haunting look at the challenges and responsibilities of raising a small family in suburban America. This is a cautionary tale about the perils of narcissism and living in denial. Once you pick it up, you can't not read it to the very last page. Sleepwalking in Daylight will be remembered for a very long dime. – New York Times bestselling author Dorothea Benton Frank

With Sleepwalking in Daylight, Flock perceptively reveals the inner workings of a modern marriage and the complicated mother-daughter relationship with unflinching honesty, delivering a powerful and provocative story.

Literature & Fiction / Social Sciences / Women’s Studies

Representation and Resistance: South Asian and African Women's Texts at Home and in the Diaspora by Jaspal Kaur Singh (Michigan State University Press)

Representation and Resistance compares colonial and national construc­tions of gender identity in Western-educated African and South Asian women's texts. The book focuses on the work of women writers resisting gender identity constructions at various points in history. Author Jaspal Singh examines both colonial and national gender identity constructions in female-authored texts at ‘home’ and the continued deployment of and resistance to gender identity impositions in various spaces. Revealing the contributions of diasporic women writers within postcolonial literature and analysis, Singh, associate professor in the English Department at Northern Michigan University, contextualizes their work within social, political, and cultural conditions. Advocating the empowerment of Indian and African women writers as important players in the emerging field of postcolonial studies, she argues for the importance of inclusion of texts from women of different classes, religions and castes, both in the developed and the underdeveloped world. Singh's analysis makes reference to texts by Indian and African women in India, the West, and in other Third World spaces with large Indian communities, namely Africa and Burma.

Singh in Representation and Resistance argues that while some writers conceptualize women's equality in terms of educational and professional opportunity, sexual liberation and individualism, others recognize the limitations of a paradigm of liberation that focuses only on individual freedom. Cer­tain diasporic artists and writers assert that transformation of gender identity construction occurs, but only in transnational cultural spaces of the first world – spaces which have emerged in an era of rampant globalization and market liberalism.

Contents include:

  1. Postcolonial Women Writers and Their Cultural Productions
  2. Dominant Epistemologies and Alternative Readings: Gender and Globalization
  3. The Indian Diasopra and Cultural Alienation in Bharati Mukherjee's Texts
  4. Postcoloniality and Indian Female Sexuality in Aparna Sen's Film Parama
  5. Educational Debates and the Postcolonial Female Imagination in Mariama Ba's So Long a Letter
  6. The Diasporic Search for Cultural Belonging in Myriam Warner-Vieyra's Juletane
  7. Maddening Inscriptions and Contradictory Subjectivities in Tsitsi Dangarembga's Nervous Conditions
  8. Globalism and Transnationalism: Cultural Politics in the Texts of Mira Nair, Gurinder Chadha, Agnes Sam, and Farida Karodia
  9. Queering Diaspora in Shani Mootoo's Cereus Blooms at Night, Nisha Ganatra's Chutney Popcorn, and Deepa Mehta's Fire
  10. Transnationalism and the Politics of Representation in the Texts of Meena Alexander, Gurinder Chadha, Zainab All, and Samina Ali

Conclusion: The Politics of Location and Postcolonial/ Transnational Feminist Critical Practices

In Representation and Resistance Singh says she has been seeking all her life, and her search has led her to many parts of the world. Navigating various cosmologies, ideologies, and econo­mies, first in Burma, then in India, Iraq, and now in the United States, she is mindful of words, meanings, and truths. What she learned most from the search is that due to the many cultural influences and border crossings, and the various ideological underpin­nings that she was exposed to in her childhood, she doesn't know which answers are right. Or are there things that fall into categories of neither right nor wrong but something else? Representation and Resistance is the culmination of her inquires and sensibilities, where she tries to uncover similar pitfalls of language and consciousness in postcolonial writers so that all, readers and writers, critics and students, know that there are other realities and truths, as well as other universalisms, that are equally valid.

Representation and Resistance, then, examines how certain postcolonial female Indian and African voices are fragmented and conflicted, formed as they are by oppositional discourses of modernity and tradition, East and West, local and global, and how their representational subjects, too, show their ambiguous and conflicted stances in relation to modernity and tradition. According to Singh, the collection of mad female voices reveals the ambi­guities embedded in their psyches, and more importantly perhaps, their treacherous co-optation by vested interests of globalization and other elite institutions in order to further dangerous strategies. The continued use of the idioms of modernism by many postcolonial female writers and art­ists writing resistance to gender identity constructions is troubling and dangerous in the present global climate. Some of the representational mad subjects of these female-authored texts, who continue to speak in the language of modernity and globalization, when co-opted, contribute to the continued violence against and brutalization of many men and women in the Global South.

Some of the women writers whose work Singh discusses in Representation and Resistance are particularly aware of the oppressive ideals of womanhood imposed on them during nationalism. They ques­tion the idealization of woman as Earth Mother/Motherland or as the pure and self-sacrificing wife. They condemn practices such as arranged marriage, female circumcision, and polygamy. Some of the writers try to associate the notions of patriarchal oppression with cultural colonization and neocolonialism. For many writers, however, raising consciousness becomes complicated with national identities; do they speak and risk be­ing accused of being ‘native informant,’ or do they not speak and risk being accused of being ignorant and oppressed ‘native’ women? There are many postcolonial women writers who want to bring about change within the hegemonic structures in a selective way. These writers envision a cultural script and an alternate space, where ‘compet­ing universalism’ and the ‘ecology of plurality’ exist. Singh discusses various forms of madness, cultural and social, where female identity is seen as deviant due to its conflicted nature, defined and constructed as it is in terms of an Other in the postcolonial and transnational spaces. Postcolonial female writers highlight ‘nervous’ female characters, who find themselves the victims of cultural and economic colonization in a globalized world.

Ultimately, Singh shows that while some writers conceptualize women's equality in terms of educational and professional opportunity, sexual liberation, and individualism, others, although also limited by their own class ideology, realize that the paradigm of liberation that focuses only on individual freedom without looking at the larger socioeconomic and political conditions in a postcolonial and global world is rather limiting. Representation and Resistance addresses how many women writers reinscribe themselves to disrupt the dominant narratives through painful and maddening inscrip­tions, and the narrative space that opens up for reinscription can be incredibly empowering for some; the nervous and alienated subject learns to negotiate its subjecthood and identity within the many shifting positions, such as race, class, gender, and caste, and learns to reconcile the many subjectivities within a given hegemony for collective social change. These madwomen either learn to collapse discursive boundaries and binaries in attempts to create equal alternative spaces (which, even if possible, are in the long run in danger of being co-opted by the dominant power structures and institutions), or negotiate within given hegemonies for empowering subjecthood devoid of modernist agendas.

To read postcolonial women's texts, then, we have to keep in mind why they write about oppressive cultural practices and for which audience. The politics of location of these artists and writers have to be taken into consideration when conducting a post-colonial, multicultural and transnational feminist critical reading.

These writers and artists hope to undermine and subvert dominant and oppressive national and indeed, global, cultural scripts. However, not many women writers are successful in subverting myths and recasting female subjectivity; they participate in naming structures of op­pression in manners that appear Orientalist, or they inadvertently betray their internalization of dominant mythologies through implicit reinforce­ment of the binaries, categories, and logic of the West. These writers then inadvertently or strategically carry on imperialism's mission by becoming agents of globalization. This last accusation becomes particularly relevant when the ideas of gender oppression disseminated by these postcolonial women writers are co-opted by structures of globalization in the capitalist world economy.

Therefore, when postcolonial women writers participate in domi­nant representations of their culture, they must offer a possible revision of cultural texts; the answer does not lie simply in dismantling oppres­sive structures (assuming that such a thing is possible) or relocating to the ‘liberating’ West. Fortunately, rewriting and renaming does occur. They do not provide an enforced resolution but instead show an alternate vision within interstitial spaces of all ideological constructs where identities can be refashioned.

This empowering space is found within patriarchal and capitalist ideological spaces, as there is no ‘elsewhere’ that is not tainted by domi­nant power structures; the authors do not suggest dismantling existing social structures or displacement to another space; instead, they look for a liminal or ‘Third Space’ (Bhabha) for rearticulation and refashioning for empowerment, even if the choices are limited at first. These female writers dramatize inequalities so that women readers can share in their views and help raise consciousness and work toward institutional changes.

Although other comparative studies of postcolonial women writers exist, this is one of the few texts to date, if not the only one, that focuses solely on African and Asian women writers and filmmakers at home and in the diaspora....the book will act as a critical resource in this field as well as a point of departure for more studies in the area. – Jessie Sagawa, PhD, Facilitator, English Language Programme, University of New Brunswick

Even though cultural identities are seemingly unalterable or bound within culturally constituted categories, there is hope for national or diasporic groups in reconstructing identity along lines of political and social choices. However, in the long run, free from the constraints of the nation-state, this postnation­al political order is an exciting space, as it portends cultural freedom and sustainable justice. Hopefully, in the new millennium, we are headed into some form of cultural freedom leading into sustainable justice for all women – within nation-states and within translocal diasporic spaces. It can be maddening to accomplish this task, but it may be only in maddening or contradictory spaces that re-articulation and re-vision of a changing consciousness seeking empowerment can take place.

Representation and Resistance generates greater understanding of the contributions of Indian and African women writers and empowers diasporic women writers of all classes as important players in the emerging field of postcolonial studies.

Philosophy / Metaphysics / Consciousness & Thought

Mind That Abides: Panpsychism in the New Millennium edited by David Skrbina, with general editor Maxim I. Stamenov (Advances in Consciousness Research Series: John Benjamins Publishing Company)

Mind that abides nowhere must come forth. – Diamond Sutra

Panpsychism is the view that all things, living and nonliving, possess some mind-like quality. It stands in sharp contrast to the traditional notion of mind as the property of humans and, perhaps, a few select ‘higher animals’. Surprisingly, panpsychism has a long and noble history in both Western and Eastern thought. Overlooked by analytical, materialist philosophy for most of the 20th century, panpsychism is now experiencing a renaissance of sorts in several areas of inquiry. A number of recent books – including the editor of this volume, David Skrbina's Panpsychism in the West and Strawson et al's Consciousness and its Place in Nature – have established panpsychism as respectable and viable. Mind That Abides builds on these works. It takes panpsychism to be a plausible theory of mind and then moves forward to work out the philosophical, psychological and ethical implications.

According to editor Skrbina, Professor of Philosophy, University of Michigan at Dearborn, in Mind That Abides we are tempted to say that mind ‘resides in the brain,’ but when we ask how and why it resides there, and when we look for specific processes or structures that might give rise to specific mental qualities, we are at a loss. We think it resides in the ‘higher animals,’ but we are less certain here than with ourselves. We have convinced ourselves that it is absent in the lesser forms of life, and in the nonliving, but cannot know this for certain, and we are unable to explain when, and why, it allegedly drops from existence. To judge from the failures of philosophy of mind and cognitive science of the past years to locate the `seat of consciousness' or the correlates of mind, one could almost be excused for believing that mind abides nowhere.

If we allow the possibility that this may be a panpsychic cosmos in which we dwell, a variety of new approaches to age-old questions of mind and consciousness open up to us. If mind is universal, it clearly must have general qualities or characteristics that are extrapolations from those with which we are intimately familiar. More precisely, our experience of mind must be a refined or specialized instance of some univer­sal phenomena. Hence we may do well to deemphasize the quest for the specifically human embodiment of mind, and look instead to more fundamental features of exis­tence.

According to Skrbina in the overview to Mind That Abides, most philosophers of mind today have migrated to monistic worldviews. Con­sequently, both ‘mind’ and ‘body’ are nothing more than different manifestations or modifications of the same unitary substance. Hence the relation between mind and brain (or body, or matter) must be one of fundamentally like entities. This minimizes problems of causality, but it also entails that the one reality must, in some essential way, be either mind-like itself, or must possess an innate power to produce mind. The former is explicit panpsychism. Mind could be a fundamental attribute of reality, along the lines of mass, charge, spin, and quanta. Or perhaps the one monistic reality is at once physical and mental – a kind of radical identity theory. But even in the latter case, it is hard to see how a single underlying reality could have such power without exhibiting some mental qualities in its own right; this would yield a kind of implicit or ‘proto’ panpsychism. But anti-panpsychist monists have an alternative – they can claim that mind ‘emerges’ from an utterly non-mental substrate. Putting it simply: At some point in the past there was no mind, and today there is, therefore mind must have emerged from no-mind. This is the standard view. It is widely held, but rarely defended. And for good reason – it is deeply problematic.

For many philosophers, both past and present, both East and West, panpsychism stands as the more viable option. But this is not enough. Panpsychism simply claims that the components of the world have some inherent experiential or mind-like qualities. This is a long way from an understanding of the human mind, let alone mind as a universal property. Hence the central aim of Mind That Abides: to move ahead on the subject of panpsychism, to take it seriously, and to try to flesh out more complete theories of mind.

According to Skrbina, the advent of this renaissance and re-emergence of panpsychism as a serious field of study calls for a broad-based approach. The contributors to Mind That Abides cut across a wide range of disciplines, and address the topic from a diversity of backgrounds. Panpsychism has vast implications for many areas of thought, and thus it is precisely such a diversity of ideas that we need at this moment.

Following a historical overview of panpsychism, Part One examines ana­lytical and scientific approaches to the topic. It begins with Strawson's soon-to-be clas­sic, ‘Realistic monism,’ a piece reprinted from the Journal of Consciousness Studies. This is followed by an excerpt on his ‘sesmet’ theory of subjective experience. After Strawson we have a number of new arguments and analyses of panpsychism – from quantum theory, neurobiology, analytical philosophy, and quasi-idealism.

Part Two incorporates four essays that specifically focus on the process philo­sophical approach. Whitehead, Russell, Hartshorne, and Griffin, among other process thinkers, have been the dominant carriers of the panpsychist tradition in the past century, and this line of thinking is as lively and productive as ever.

Part Three encompasses a range of more purely metaphysical approaches to panpsychism. It covers phenomenological concepts, eco-philosophy, Eastern philos­ophy, and classical dual-aspect theories.

Skrbina in Mind That Abides asks, if it is true, as Aristotle said, that metaphysics is first philosophy, and if mind is a central fact of human existence, then we have perhaps no more urgent task in philosophy than a careful investigation of the metaphysics of mind. And yet, even after 2,500 years of effort, the mind is dimly understood. The dominant materialist view has made a mess of the situation. It is committed to the paradoxical situation that ‘the mental is physical’ while at the same time holding that ‘the physical’ is non-mental. Under such conditions the mind can only be accounted for by some near-miraculous process of emergence – of mind arising from that which has no mind whatsoever.

Skrbina considers the monist/dualist contrast. With respect to the ontology of mind, we find that dualism casts a long shadow on us all; its influence is more pervasive than most would suspect. Going back to Plato (in the West) and to Sarnkhya Hinduism (circa 1000 BCE) in the East, dualism is, in one sense, an intuitively obvious view. A living person appears, superficially, to be physically unchanged by the immediate passage into death. But there is one noticeable difference, of course: the breath is gone. With breath goes the power of self-movement. The body remains but the spirit, the psyche, the mind has vanished. Since we cannot see it, one easily concludes that it exists on another plane, a different sphere of reality – evidently, the psychic sphere. This event, this mysterious migration of the psyche, is unique in our experience, and thus we are drawn to conclude that there exists a second world or realm, distinct from the ordinary physical one. Were we to have repeated, firsthand knowledge of other, different such happenings we might deduce a three-part (or more) cosmos; but we do not – hence dualism.

According to Mind That Abides, this folk notion of dualism has at least three important consequences. First, if mind (soul) is separable from matter, then matter itself has no mind and no soul; it is intrinsically inert and lifeless. Prior to dualism, material things were widely regarded as living and animate. Once we entered the dualist (theological, rationalist) period, spirit was vanquished from matter; it became lifeless, a merely mechanical substrate of the world. Dualism was thus the first step on the road to modern ‘mechanistic’ materialism.

Second, in separating mind from matter, dualism implicitly created a value hier­archy: soul has value; matter, intrinsically, has none. Material reality is just so much stuff, available for our use and consumption, serving the greater mission of humanity. We give value to matter by making things of it; prior to this, it has only potential.

Finally, the fact that the human mind is unique among the creatures of the Earth (obviously true) combined with the (arguable) notion that we are more intelligent, quickly evolved into the idea that we are ‘superior.’ Hence the Grand Creator must have held us in some special regard. Humanity is thus seen as ontologically distinct, or at least so different in degree that we constitute a difference in kind.

Dualism has worked its way into Christianity and other religious worldviews, into Cartesian philosophy, and into common sense. Philosophically, this has become manifest in the notion of human exceptionalism: the idea that our ‘enmindedness’ is a rare, possibly unique event in the cosmos. Only into the 20th century has the power of dualism abated, and its influence on philosophy of mind gradually and progressively weakened. But the ideas of human exceptionalism and non-experiential matter remain strong.

With the fading of dualism, monism has come to be the favored view – as it was at the very beginning of philosophy. Not only does it avoid the interaction problems of dualism, but it is more aesthetically and (some would say) intuitively satisfying. But lest we forget: it was the dualism that banished mind from all natural objects. In finally surrendering dualism, we ought at least to reconsider its historical counterpart: reanimated nature.

Ideally, we would like to do justice to the strong intuitions about dualism without being committed to anachronistic or theological notions. We would also like to embrace ontological monism and yet account for the mind in a fully naturalistic way. And Skrbina believes there is a way via some panpsychist concep­tion of mind.

Mind That Abides says that what we should be seeking is a naturalistic, panpsychic, monistic account of the mind that accepts the evident reality of the physical world, as well as the evident reality of our own mental life. In Skrbina’s view, this is best accomplished through a dual-aspect form of monism. This monism is furthermore indicative of a holistic and interconnected cosmos. He argues for a strong form of holism in which every object stands in perma­nent but variable relation to every other object. Furthermore, objects don't merely stand in relation; they are relations – relations between their internal parts (which are themselves bundles of relations), and relations with all that exists.

If all particles in a person’s body exist, at a quantum level, everywhere in the universe, then so does he. He is quantum-level-entangled with everything that is. The fullest, most complete description of a person – his body, and his mind – must include, literally, the state of the universe. And on the dual-aspect hylonoism thesis, in conjunction with his physical state there exists a correspondingly complex mental state. Thus, his mind is now a function of not just the brain, body, or environment, but literally the entire universe. Putting things poetically we might say: the world is my body, and the world is my mind. In a strange way, each of us is a world-soul. Such a view makes both scientific and metaphysical sense, in a naturalistic and monistic cosmos.

Skrbina in Mind That Abides suggests a hyper-externalism – a kind of universal extensionist theory of mind. He cites the obvious fact that the human organism has no special ontological standing with respect to this extended physical/mental nature. Every material object is in continuous contact with every other – via exchange of photons, gravitons, and other fundamental forces. Regarding the fact of universal interaction, distance does not matter. Distance only weakens the intensity of interaction; it does not eliminate it.

Additionally, each thing itself is likewise extended throughout all of space. The quanta, the ultimates of physical existence, are universally extended, and thus is every object or system composed of them. Each is connected to, and interpenetrates, the other.

This sort of universal interconnectedness is Skrbina’s reading of panrelationalism. Things stand in relation, and things are relations. The bimodal nature of relations thus has two dimensions. Externally, the state of each thing is a function of the state of all things. Every change in the universe affects every object, though the vast majority of such changes are incredibly subtle and functionally im­measurable. Internally, as a bundle of relations (and relations of relations), each thing exhibits a lesser or greater degree of physical complexity and hierarchical structure.

Externally, we all are on equal footing. Each thing stands in relation to all, in an essentially democratic manner. In this sense a kind of cosmic egalitarianism reigns. We all stand in relation to the whole, but, importantly, none shares the same perspective – the same collectivity of relations – with any other. We each have a different outlook on the universe and thus embody a unique set of external relations. So each is alike in possessing relations to all, but each is unique in its particular collection of relations.

Internally, each thing is utterly unique. No two objects embody the same parts, nor the same set of relations to their parts. And given the hierarchy of parts-within-parts, each embodies a different degree of hierarchical complexity. Some are richly complex, with sensitive and highly dynamic subsystems; others are simpler and more rigid. The former embody a relatively deep set of internal relations; the latter, a relatively shallow one.

Furthermore, relations are inherently dynamic. There is no such thing as a static relation between things. All relations involve dynamic exchange of energy, and each relationship involves continuous change in the participants. In this sense panrelation­alism is a form of process philosophy; time and change are central features of the ontology of the world.

Skrbina in Mind That Abides finally asks, what about the panrelational mind? The central point is this: all collec­tions are objects, and all objects possess their own individual mind. Depending on the degree of coherence of the object, such mind may be intense and focused, or it may be faint, or it may be utterly imperceptible – but it cannot fail to exist. Even as we are surrounded by and embedded in objects of varying degrees of intensity, so are we surrounded by and embedded in varying degrees of mind.

Since the interconnected nature of things exists both internally and externally, there must be counterparts in the realm of mind. We can say, then, that all mind has both breadth and depth. Breadth of mind is determined by its external relations, which, for every object, extend throughout the universe. So in a sense the breadth of each mind is the same – each mind is as wide as the cosmos itself. But depth of mind is a function of the internal complexity of relations, and this varies dramatically between objects. It varies with mass, of course, but also with hierarchical structure, complexity, and dynamism.

The central fact, however, is that both the breadth and depth of mind are entirely dependent upon the collectivity of relations. And each relation – whether internal or external – is a mind-involving phenomenon, even as it is also a physical phenomenon. Each is an experiential relation: the subject of a given experience. Relations constitute mind, by contributing a share of experientiality.

Things are the universe. And if things are the universe – the universe of relations – then so is mind. Our mind, and the mind of all things, is as deep and wide as the cos­mos itself. And yet we can only fathom the luminous upper layers. The inner depth of things varies tremendously, but mind exists for all, even the simplest and least complex.

Regardless of complexity, all mind possesses an uppermost layer. We call this ‘consciousness,’ but something analogous exists for all things. Consciousness is the shimmering surface of the sea upon which the sunlight falls – and it falls on all things, no matter their depth. This surface is what we see when we contemplate our own minds. Yet beneath the scintillating waves lies a mind as boundless as the universe itself. No wonder, then, that we have grasped so little of its nature.

Highly readable for philosophy, we could have had no better collection of contributors than those in this volume; the collection of ideas and theories in Mind That Abides may launch panpsychism into the third millennium with vigor and promise, as befitting such a venerable con­ception of mind. With 17 contributors from a variety of fields, this book promises to mark a wholesale change in our philosophical outlook. The book moves forward the subject of panpsychism, takes it seriously and tries to flesh out theories of the mind. Such a step, by experts from various fields, is unprecedented, and it is long overdue.

Political Science / Business & Investing / Economics

Democracy's Debt: The Historical Tensions between Political and Economic Liberty by M. Lane Bruner (Humanity Books)

It is an undeniable fact that economic circumstances can directly impact political affairs, that wealth is easily translated into political influence, and that political movements and constitutional arrangements can directly influence economic environments. There is no consensus, however, on how to best manage the tensions between the production and maintenance of wealth and the just and responsible exercise of political power.

In an analysis of these historic tensions, M. Lane Bruner surveys the history of argumentation related to wealth and statecraft, and, more importantly, the actual economic and political practices in republican politics of the past to compare arguments to policies. The overriding goal of Democracy's Debt is to analyze which forms of governance have provided the most useful guides for the reform of contemporary institutions in charge of global governance.

Bruner, associate professor of critical political communication and graduate director in the Department of Communication at Georgia State University, begins Democracy's Debt by discussing the interrelationships among forces of the state, the market, and argumentation, and then summarizes the historical triumph of economic liberty over political liberty. Next he provides a brief history of the idea of free trade and associated economic arguments from ancient Greece to the eighteenth century. Subsequent chapters focus on the Italian Renaissance republics as the first historical example of the problematic relationship between republicanism and economic practice; on the tensions between economics and politics as reflected in England's financial revolution in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries; on the American revolution and the economic struggles surrounding the development of the US Constitution; on the rise of economic globalization and attempts to create a global constitution for international finance; and, finally, on the dominant rhetorical strategies in the current globalization debate and the future trajectory of global constitutionalism.

To explore these historical and contemporary relationships and transformations, his arguments are arranged as follows. In chapter 1 of Democracy's Debt, Bruner briefly discusses the role that the state and nationalism will continue to play in global affairs, then enumerates a number of reasons why people should care about the relationship between economic and political liberty. He turns to interrelationships among the forces of the state (the power of the sword), the forces of the market (the power of the purse), and the forces of argumentation (the power of the word), and, after introducing the tangled historical relationship between polit­ical and economic liberalism, concludes with a review of the historical ‘triumph’ of economic liberty over political liberty and the long-term costs of that ‘triumph.’

Chapter 2 provides a brief history of the idea of free trade and associated economic arguments from ancient Greece to the eighteenth century, paying particular attention to the persistent relationships among economic and political theory and practice. This historical review reveals how the modern development of free trade theory coincided in large part with the development of political philosophies denying the divine right of kings, and how faith in the relationship between self-interest and balanced constitutions grew dra­matically with the globalization of capital as it emerged from western Europe.

Next, chapter 3 focuses on the history of other important economic ideas beyond free trade, including tensions between self‑interest and virtue, as well as the relationship between more general notions of ‘interest’ and ‘balance’ in government. Using the city-state republics of the Italian Renaissance to exemplify these principles, par­ticularly through an examination of the debates between humanists and Scholastics and the rise of Medici banking power, and its influ­ence on forms of government in various city-states, Democracy's Debt reviews its first historical example of the problematic relationship between republi­canism and economic practice.

Chapter 4 focuses on the relationship between economic and political theory and practice in England/Great Britain in the seven­teenth and eighteenth centuries. Focusing specifically on what historians and economists refer to as England's ‘financial revolution’ (a revolution that was the product of two earlier political revolutions and that led to the estab­lishment of Great Britain as a world colonial power), the chapter provides a second historical example of the relationship between economic policies and transformations in republican forms of gov­ernment through an analysis of the arguments of Tories, Old Whigs, and Modern Whigs.

Chapter 5 of Democracy's Debt turns to the revolutionary era in what would become the United States of America. Bruner reviews how Britain's colonial trade policies and conflicts between debtors and creditors within the various American states impacted the development of the US Constitution, and how attitudes toward the proper balance between economic and political liberty developed over the course of early US history. The emer­gence of the Federalist and Republican parties is discussed, with a spe­cial emphasis on the conflict over Alexander Hamilton's economic proposals as the first secretary of the treasury.

Chapter 6 begins with an introduction to the development of the economic IGOs designed to manage global economic affairs after World War II. After tracing the arguments of the defenders of neolib­eral economic globalization and their critics, the chapter turns to a detailed examination of the arguments surrounding the battle to create a ‘global constitution’ for international finance (the Multilateral Agreement on Investment), and the arguments surrounding a later attempt on the part of global civil society to ‘democratize’ the IGOs through transparency initiatives. The chapter concludes by discussing how the events of September 11, 2001, impacted these battles between the defenders of economic and political liberty.

Chapter 7, the final chapter, begins with a variety of arguments about what constitutes effective republican constitutions, and the political and economic arrangements they entail, in light of the numerous and complicated interrelationships between economic and political liberty. The chapter reviews additional crucial issues that must be effectively dealt with when discussing global constitutionalism (e.g., the nature of political representation in transnational institutions, contem­porary transformations in state sovereignty and the potential role of the state under the conditions of economic and cultural globalization, the role of debt in the international political economy, the relationship between corporate globalization and terrorism, the relationship between corporations and civil society in the globalization process, and the opportunities and risks of harmonizing global trade and finance rules and/or labor and environmental policies). Then Bruner reviews influential accounts of global constitutionalism and their weaknesses and concludes with a discussion of ideational, institutional, and constitutional ways of addressing those weaknesses, and a review of policy recommendations for transforming the IGOs in the areas of global governance structures, public participation policies, and international financial diplomacy.

In sum, therefore, Democracy's Debt constitutes an attempt to deal with what is perhaps the most pressing issue of our generation: how the process of economic and political globalization should best be managed, and how can we best create a sound economy in the world while also protecting the rights and freedoms of global citizens. What is, according to the lessons to be learned from history, the proper relationship between economic and political liberty, and how can we best approach the construction of global government?

Democracy's Debt provides and in-depth historical analysis of the tension between political and economic liberty and does so compellingly. Bruner’s presentation of how we can create a sound global economy while protect rights and freedoms is illuminating.

Politics / Radicalism / History / Americas / Biographies & Memoirs

Underground: My Life with SDS and the Weathermen by Mark Rudd (William Morrow)

In Underground, the leader of the student uprising of 1968 and founding member of the notorious Weather Underground tells his story.

When Mark Rudd joined the Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) at Columbia University in 1966, the organization was defined by its commitment to education and base-building, using methods like dorm-storming, canvassing, and teach-ins. Rudd's participation as chairman of the Columbia chapter culminated in a transformative 1968 visit to Cuba. Inspired by Che Guevara's revolution, Rudd led hundreds of students in the legendary 1968 Columbia strike occupying five buildings at Columbia University, a dramatic act of protest against the university's support for the Vietnam War and its institutional racism. After a violent police bust, the Columbia occupation turned into a student strike that closed down the entire campus, turning Rudd into a national symbol of student revolt. This strike caught the attention of other campuses, who started their own protests under the Che-inspired slogan, "One, two, many Columbias!"

Rudd, now a teacher in New Mexico, and his friends sought to end war, racism, and injustice – by any means necessary, even violence. After a tragic turn that led to the death of three people who were killed when the bombs they were making in a Greenwich Village town house exploded, they transformed themselves into the Weather Underground Organization. This faction of SDS took control of the student organization and helped organize the notorious Days of Rage in Chicago in 1969. By the end of 1970, after a string of nonlethal bombings by the organization, Rudd, now one of the FBI's Most Wanted, went into hiding for more than seven years before turning himself in to great media fanfare.

In Underground, Rudd speaks out about this tumultuous period, the role he played in its crucial events, and its aftermath, revealing the drama and tension, as well as the naïveté of young activists, fighting in the name of peace and social justice, who believed that their actions mattered. "I've spoken and answered questions at scores of colleges, high schools, community centers, and theaters about why my friends and I opted for violent revolution, and how I've changed my thinking and how I haven't, and most of all, about the parallels between then and now," Rudd writes. Rudd says he has kept quiet about his role as an icon of the 1960s, but the present opposition to the Iraq War and new period of anti-war activism has inspired him to speak to this new generation.

If you thought the right wing was in a lather over Bill Ayres, wait until its talking heads get hold of this unapologetic book, which deserves to be read and discussed. – Kirkus Reviews

For the first time, the leader of the Columbia University student uprising of 1968 and former fugitive member of the Weather Underground tells his story in Underground. A gripping narrative, this compelling and engrossing story sheds new light on a controversial time, which still haunts the nation.

Religion & Spirituality / Christianity

The Erosion of Inerrancy in Evangelicalism: Responding to New Challenges to Biblical Authority by G. K. Beale (Crossway Books)

Due to recent popular challenges to evangelical doctrine, biblical inerrancy is a topic receiving an increasing amount of attention among theologians and other scholars.

The Erosion of Inerrancy in Evangelicalism examines recent postmodern efforts to redefine the traditional evangelical view of scriptural authority and counters with logic that supports inerrancy. G. K. Beale, professor of New Testament and Kenneth T. Wessner chair of biblical studies at Wheaton Graduate School, focuses the writings of one leading postmodernist, Peter Enns, whose writings challenge biblical authority. Beale presents his own set of challenges to the postmodern suppositions of Enns and others. Asking how the Bible can be historically inaccurate while still serving as the authoritative word on morality and salvation, Beale concludes that it cannot.

According to Beale in The Erosion of Inerrancy in Evangelicalism, in 1949, the Evangelical Theological Society (ETS) was founded, and its doctrinal basis was formulated in the following way: "The Bible alone, and the Bible in its entirety, is the Word of God written and is therefore inerrant in the autographs." In 1978 there was a broad consensus among American evangelical scholars about the inerrancy of Scripture. This consensus was formulated in the Chicago Statement on Biblical Inerrancy, which most saw as a good elaboration of the one sentence ETS inerrancy statement.

Part of Article XVIII of the Chicago Statement:

WE DENY the legitimacy of any treatment of the text . . . that leads to ... rejecting its claims to authorship.

Yet a variety of evangelical scholars do not believe that a biblical book's claim of authorship necessarily represents the true past historical reality.

What has happened in the last thirty years to cause such a desire to revise what had been considered the standard North American evan­gelical statement on Scripture? Beale says that at least two things have contributed significantly to this reassessment. First, the onset of postmodernism in evangelicalism has caused less confidence in the propositional claims of the Bible, since such claims have to be understood only by fallible human interpreters. This influence has also resulted in an attempt to downplay the propositional nature of Scripture itself and to overemphasize the relational aspect of biblical revelation, i.e., Scripture is not some dry set of impersonal propositions but a living communication from God himself, whom we meet in Scripture.

According to The Erosion of Inerrancy in Evangelicalism, the second factor leading to reassessment of the traditional evangeli­cal view of the Bible's inspiration is that over the last twenty-five years there has been an increasing number of conservative students graduating with doctorates in biblical studies and theology from non-evangelical institutions. Some of these graduates have assimilated to one degree or another non-evangelical perspectives, especially with regard to higher critical views of the authorship, dating, and historical claims of the Bible, which have contributed to their discomfort with the traditional evangelical perspective of the Bible. On the other hand, these same scholars, while significantly qualifying their former view of inerrancy, have not left their basic position about the truth of the gospel and the Bible's basic authority. Thus, they continue to want to consider themselves ‘evangelical’ but at the same time reformers of an antiquated evangelicalism, represented, for example, by the Chicago Statement on Inerrancy.

Beale in The Erosion of Inerrancy in Evangelicalism focuses on a specific debate that bears upon the broad issue of biblical authority that has arisen recently in evangelicalism. This is a debate that he has had with another biblical scholar, who has posed some new challenges to the standard evangelical view of biblical inerrancy – Peter Enns published several articles and a book titled Inspiration and Incarnation. One of the main points of the first article was that Paul was referring to a Jewish myth, which he believed to be historical reality, and that he was inspired as a biblical writer in doing so. The conclusion is that God can use myth in this way to reveal his theological truth through his inspired apostles. The second article was about how the New Testament writers in­terpreted the Old Testament. One of the main conclusions was to contend that New Testament writers interpreted the Old Testament in a manner different from the original meaning of the texts they were interpreting because they were influenced to use the non-contextual interpretative method of the Jewish culture around them.

Beale responded and Ennis counter-responded. It is these exchanges that form a significant part of The Erosion of Inerrancy in Evangelicalism, setting forth the debates as somewhat typical of the kind of debates that are emerging in the beginning of this century within the so-called evangelical scholarly community. This book is a snapshot of the types of dialogue being conducted within what has usually been considered the most conservative sectors of Christian­ity. For example, when Enns published his book, he was in his twelfth year of teaching at Westminster Theological Seminary in Philadelphia, long considered to be a bastion of evangelical orthodoxy.

Since Enns has said that he wants to influence a more popular Christian audience by the ideas of his book, Beale also has written this book to help interested laypeople, students, and pastors understand his arguments and what he believes are the fallacies inherent in them. And he has in mind, secondarily, a scholarly audience, whom he hopes also will benefit from the discussion.

After laying out his dialogue with Enns in chapters 1 to 4 of The Erosion of Inerrancy in Evangelicalism, Beale discusses in the remaining chapters (1) the problem of the traditional understanding of the authorship of Old Testament books, especially that of Isaiah; (2) whether the Old Testament's concept of the cosmos is irreconcilable with a modern scientific view; (3) the problem of the nature of the Christian's certainty and confidence in the authority of the Bible and in the task of interpretation itself; (4) the Chicago Statement of Inerrancy which represent generally his understanding of what should be considered the evangelical view of the authority of Scripture; and (5) quotations from Karl Barth on the limited nature of the authority of the Bible. The quotations from Barth are included since his perspec­tive on the authority of Scripture is appealed to by some evangelicals as a good model.

Confidence in the authority and inerrancy of Scripture is ebbing today, even in evangelicalism. Postmodernism and certain hermeneutical presuppositions threaten to undermine the foundations of evangelicalism. Greg Beale's sturdy, convincing, and courageous defense of the accuracy and inerrancy of Scripture bolsters our assurance that God's Word is true. Praise God for this scholarly and spirited defense of the truth of Scripture. – Thomas R. Schreiner, James Buchanan, Professor of New Testament Interpretation, Southern Baptist Theological Seminary

At last, a leading biblical scholar has produced a full-blown defense of biblical inerrancy in a user-friendly style. This is just what is needed in the current debate, and Beale has provided it magnificently. – Gerald Bray, Research Professor, Beeson Divinity School

The nature of Scripture has been an ongoing issue of controversy in evangelicalism for decades, yet today the orthodox position of inerrancy is under severe attack as in no other period – and the attack is coming from evangelicals themselves. Beale has done a great service in attempting to bring us back to the right way of thinking about the Scriptures. They are indeed fully inerrant and fully authoritative. This book is a must-read for our generation. – John D. Currid, Carl McMurray Professor of Old Testament, Reformed Theological Seminary

As evangelical scholarship has come of age and evangelical scholars confidently take their place in the mainstream academy, a danger lurks that we might lose any sense of what makes us evangelical scholars. This book sounds a much-needed warning against abandoning our evangelical moorings. Beale provides a penetrating critique of Peter Enns's challenge to evangelical notions of inerrancy, leaning on reputable Old Testament and ancient Near Eastern scholarship in doing so. He also presents invalu­able original analyses to bolster his case in areas of his specialties – early Judaism, hermeneutics, and the Old Testament in the New. I highly rec­ommend this book. – David M. Howard Jr., Professor of Old Testament, Bethel Seminary

Beale in The Erosion of Inerrancy in Evangelicalism vigorously and even-handedly examines the writings of Enns and convincingly makes his arguments to refute the claims. His work will aid those who support biblical inerrancy in defending their position against postmodern attacks.

Religion & Spirituality / Christianity / Religious Studies

Faith and Culture: The Construction of a Christian Identity in Interaction with the Other World Religions in Education by Jan Van Wiele (Annua Nuntia Lovaniensia Series, LIV: Peeters)

No one would seriously doubt that religion classes constitute one of the most important forums for religious communication in our time. In order to practice religious education in an appropriate manner, it is crucial that teachers and students have high-quality materials at their disposal. Time and again, there arises a demand for a correct and balanced representation and treatment of non-Christian religions and cultures, especially Islam. In practice, this can give rise to two extremes. In the one case, pages from older textbooks whose value has long since been proven are transferred almost verbatim without anyone asking whether what was said at that time can still be literally translated to the contemporary social and religious constellation. At the other extreme, one anxiously rejects any remnants of the approach taken by older textbooks, in an attempt to make religion more attractive to today's youth, without asking whether the traditional choice of materials and its organization might still have something to contribute to today's teachers and students. Although Faith and Culture is not a tract but a synthesis of historical, theological, anthropological articles, it aims to clarify the topic and approach.

Author Jan Van Wiele argues for a new kind of textbook analysis in the fields of theology and pedagogy. Faith and Culture is not a historical, theological, anthropological or religious tract. The intention of the book is to incite interested readers to reflect on a number of problems and issues that arise when studying the portrayal of non-Christian religions and cultures in Christian religious education. The questions reflect the primary topics being con­sidered. What sort of textbook analysis is currently needed in religious education? What is a prejudice and how complex is it to unravel and clear up a prejudice? What theological paradigm would be most appro­priate as a background for dealing with non-Christian religions? How can this model be operationalized in concrete research criteria? In this context, what place can be allocated to comparative religious studies? What would be the best methodological starting points? What was the dominant theology of religions in Catholic education in Belgium and the U.S. between 1870 up to Vatican II?

All these reflections have been published as articles in theological and pedagogical journals and the chapters presented in this book are backed up, in whole or in part, by these articles. Such a concept of a book has the drawback of a certain overlapping which cannot be entirely eliminated. What the book does is to limit the problem as much as possible by referring to places in other chapters whenever an analogous problematic arises.

Not only will religion teachers and their educa­tors benefit from the information presented in Faith and Culture, allowing them to gain critical insight into textbook analysis and possibly to perform it themselves, but also ordinary missiologists should derive some benefit from it, given that they are concerned ‘by nature’ with all manner of phenomena related to the issue of relations between Chris­tendom and non-Christian religions and cultures.

Religion & Spirituality / Hinduism / History

The Hindus: An Alternative History by Wendy Doniger (The Penguin Press)

A narrative account of history and myth that offers a new way of understanding one of the world’s oldest major religions, The Hindus elucidates the relationship between recorded history and imaginary worlds.
Hinduism, one of the world's oldest major religions, is as complex and idiosyncratic as its estimated 890 million practitioners. Its history does not lend itself easily to a strictly chronological account: many of its central texts cannot be reliably dated even within a century; its central tenets – karma, dharma, to name just two – arise at particular moments in Indian history and differ in each era, between genders, and caste to caste; and what is shared among Hindus is overwhelmingly outnumbered by the things that are unique to one group or another. Yet the greatness of Hinduism – its vitality, its earthiness, its vividness – lies precisely in many of those idiosyncratic qualities that continue to inspire debate today.

Relying on her own insightful translations of Sanskrit texts, Wendy Doniger delves into the cracks between great dynasties, reinterpreting the traditional history as it was filtered long ago by Rajas and Brahmins. Doniger, one of the world's foremost scholars of Hinduism in the world, currently the Mircea Eliade Distinguished Service Professor of the History of Religions at the University of Chicago, presents the vast spectrum of the religion's history and people as never before in The Hindus. She reveals how Sanskrit and vernacular sources debate tensions surrounding religion, violence, and tolerance; and how animals are the key to important shifts in attitudes toward different social classes.
The Hindus brings a multiplicity of actors and stories to the stage to show how brilliant and creative thinkers – many of them far removed from Brahmin authors of Sanskrit texts – have kept Hinduism alive in ways that other scholars have not fully explored. In this account, debates about Hindu traditions become platforms from which to consider the ironies, and overlooked epiphanies, of history.

The Hindus weaves a narrative based on everyday lives, illuminating the development of Hinduism from the perspective of those who were thought to have little or no influence, namely women and the lower castes. Doniger reveals that Sanskrit texts are, in fact, rich in knowledge of and compassion toward these groups. The Hindus highlights a narrative that includes alternative people and is alternative both to the histo­ries presented in most surveys in English and to the history promulgated by some contemporary Hindus on the political right in India. Doniger balances her own perspective with what has come before. She presents a seamless history of moments that forged bridges between high and low society, written and oral tradition, and the concrete and spiritual worlds.

This is history as great entertainment! Unlike the usual, and accounts of dynasties, Wendy Doniger's double vision of Hinduism is about women, merchants, lower castes, animals, spirits and, of course, Dead Male Brahmins. This lively, earthy account explains why ancient India is the world's richest storytelling culture. – Gurcharan Das, author of India Unbound

Wendy Doniger's enthralling and encyclopedic book reveals her vision of a Hindu culture that is plural, varied, generous, and inclusive. Hinduism, in her view, is an intricate weave of the diverse localities and communities of Indian culture. This is a rich text that will encourage dialogue and conversation amongst a wide range of scholars. – Homi K. Bhabha, Anne F. Rothenberg Professor of the Humanities, Harvard University

With her vast erudition, insight and graceful writing laced with gentle wit, there is no one better than Wendy Doniger to convey the richness, depth and diversity of Hindu texts and traditions to international audiences. The Hindus is destined to become a classic that will be discussed and debated for many years to come. – Sudhir Kakar, author of Indian Identity

From one of the world’s foremost scholars on Hinduism comes a vivid and authoritative reinterpretation of its history. With her inimitable insight and expertise, Doniger in The Hindus illuminates, without reversing or misrepresenting the historical hierarchies, those moments within the tradition that resist forces that would standardize or establish a canon. With remarkable clarity and eloquence, this engrossing and illuminating account of history and myth offers a new way of understanding one of the world's most tolerant and vibrant religions.

Science / Biology / Paleontology / Geology

A Sea without Fish: Life in the Ordovician Sea of the Cincinnati Region by David L. Meyer, Richard Arnold Davis, with a chapter by Steven M. Holland (Life of the Past Series: Indiana University Press)

The region around Cincinnati, Ohio, is widely known for the abundant and beautiful fossils found in limestones and shales that were deposited as sediments on the sea floor during the Ordovician Period, about 450 million years ago – some 250 million years before the dinosaurs lived. In Ordovician time, the shallow sea that covered much of what is now the North American continent teemed with marine life. The Cincinnati area has yielded some of the world's most abundant and best-preserved fossils of invertebrate animals such as trilobites, bryozoans, brachiopods, molluscs, echinoderms, and graptolites. So famous are the Ordovician fossils and rocks of the Cincinnati region that geologists use the term ‘Cincinnatian’ for strata of the same age all over North America.

A Sea without Fish synthesizes more than 150 years of research on this fossil treasure-trove, describing and illustrating the fossils, the life habits of the animals represented, their communities, and living relatives, as well as the nature of the rock strata in which they are found and the environmental conditions of the ancient sea. The book also traces the long history of scientific study in this ‘field laboratory’ that spawned generations of paleontologists and geologists who were inspired by the Cincinnatian fossils. It was written by David L. Meyer, Professor of Geology at the University of Cincinnati; and Richard Arnold Davis, Professor of Biology and Geology at the College of Mount St. Joseph in Cincinnati; with a chapter by Steven M. Holland, Professor of Geology at the University of Georgia, Athens.

Two principal goals motivated Meyer and Davis to write A Sea without Fish. First, knowledge of the Earth's ancient history from geology provides a powerful lesson about the ever-changing nature of the planet, and the ancient history of one's home region can be particularly meaningful. The present nature of the landscape in the Cincinnati region (southwestern Ohio, northern Kentucky, and south-eastern Indiana) is the product of its most recent geologic history, the Pleisto­cene Ice Age, when continental ice sheets repeatedly forced their way as far south as the Ohio River. As recently as 20,000 years ago, much of southwestern Ohio was covered with an ice sheet much as Greenland is today. As the glaciers receded, melt waters carved the present valleys and left a mantle of debris that determined the topography, drainage, soils, and vegetation of the region.

As impressive as the Ice Age history of the region is as evidence of geo­logic and climatic change, the story that can be told from the ancient bed-rock underlying the Pleistocene cover extends the record of global change into deep time. The bedrock exposed at the surface across southwestern Ohio, northern Kentucky, and southeastern Indiana is the record of the Ordovician sea of some 450,000,000 years ago, one of the most extensive marine flooding intervals of the North American continent during Earth history. In stark contrast to the barren ice sheet of the Pleistocene, the Cin­cinnati seascape of the Ordovician was water from horizon to horizon – not a deep ocean blue, but perhaps shades of aquamarine like the waters over the present-day shallow Great Bahama Bank. No landmasses broke the horizon, and no birds crossed the skies. All the action was beneath the sea surface, where life thrived in abundance. This profusion of life left a fossil record in the rocks that formed from the bottom sediments of the Cincinnatian sea that is among the world's richest treasure troves of the past.

Because the Cincinnati region has been a focus for geological research by so many scientists over so many years, there exists today a vast amount of information about the fossils and rocks of the region. This information is scattered in many sources, including the latest issues of some of the world's leading international geological journals, Internet websites, and numerous types of publications, some widely available, some obscure. Much of the early work describing new species of Cincinnati fossils dates to the second half of the nineteenth century, and is found in periodicals no longer published, such as the Cincinnati Quarterly Journal of Science, The Paleontologist, and the Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History. No single library houses all of the geological information published about the Cincinnati region. Moreover, most studies deal with only a small fraction of the total fossil rich­ness of the region, and, most importantly, there has never been a synthesis of the vast range of fossil diversity and its geological context. In A Sea without Fish Meyer and Davis present a synthesis that reconstructs the life of the Ordovician sea in order to show not only what organisms inhabited this sea but also how they lived and interacted with each other to constitute the variety of ecosys­tems of the Ordovician sea in the Cincinnati region. They present sufficient background information on each fossil group and the geological context for readers unfamiliar with fossils and geology. They explain what kind of animal each fossil represents and how it lived and interacted with other organisms, thereby defining the role of each group of animals in its ancient ecosystem.

The authors provide a comprehensive view of the grand panorama of Ordovician paleontol­ogy in the Cincinnati region. This volume belongs in the libraries of those interested in the Ordovician Period, the geology and paleontology of the Cincinnati area, and the history of science. – David J. Bottjer, Earth and Biological Sciences, University of Southern California

A Sea without Fish is a lavishly illustrated introduction to a marvelous underwater realm preserved in the 450-million-year-old fossils of the Cincinnatian. Because the Cincinnati region was one of the earliest centers of interest in fossils, the book goes into some depth exploring the early history of the study of rocks and fossils. This exceptional volume reveals not only what we know, but how we know it. Meyer and Davis’ approach explaining the background information on fossil groups and describing how the animal lived and interacted with other organisms, thereby defining the role of each group of animals in its ancient ecosystem, will benefit readers with a background in geol­ogy as well as those seeking an introduction to the fossils and rocks of the Cincinnati region. Not a textbook of geology or paleontology, the book is intended for ama­teur scientists as well as trained students and researchers.

Sociology / Culture / History / Ireland / Cooking, Food & Wine / Beverages

A Pint of Plain: Tradition, Change, and the Fate of the Irish Pub by Bill Barich (Walker and Company)

Bill Barich is a longtime New Yorker contributor whose recent road blog for the New York Times, ‘Driving Through a Political Season’ reported the election from the vantage point of everyday Americans.

In A Pint of Plain he seeks something completely different: the authentic Irish pub. Since his search takes place in Ireland, it shouldn't be a daunting task. However, as Barich discovered, traditional Irish pub culture as we imagine it is seriously endangered. Blending history and reportage, Barich offers a homage to the traditional Irish pub, and to the central piece of Irish culture disappearing along with it.

After meeting an Irishwoman in London and moving to Dublin, Barich – a ‘blow-in,’ or stranger, in Irish parlance – found himself looking for a traditional Irish pub to be his local. There are nearly twelve thousand pubs in Ireland, so he appeared to have plenty of choices. He wanted a pub like the one in John Ford’s classic movie, The Quiet Man, offering talk and drink with no distractions, but such pubs are now scarce as publicans. They increasingly rely on flat-screen televisions, rock music, even Texas Hold ’Em to attract a dwindling clientele. For Barich, this signaled that something deeper was at play – an erosion of the essence of Ireland, perhaps without the Irish even being aware.

A Pint of Plain is Barich’s portrait of an Ireland vanishing before our eyes. Drawing on the wit and wisdom of Flann O’Brien (the title comes from one of his poems), James Joyce, Brendan Behan, and J. M. Synge, Barich explores how Irish culture has become a commodity for exports for such firms as the Irish Pub Company (IPC), which has built some five hundred ‘authentic’ Irish pubs in forty-five countries, where ‘authenticity is in the eye of the beholder.’ The tale of Arthur Guinness and the famous brewery he founded in the mid-eighteenth century reveals the astonishing fact that more stout is sold in Nigeria than in Ireland itself. While 85 percent of the Irish still stop by a pub at least once a month, strict drunk-driving laws have helped to kill business in rural areas. Even traditional Irish music, whose rich roots ‘connect the past to the present and close a circle,’ is much less prominent in pub life. Ironically, while Irish pubs in the countryside are closing at the alarming rate of one per day, plastic IPC-type pubs are being born in foreign countries at the exact same rate.

Shhhhhh.... Don't tell, but this is really a book about globalization, not about ‘yer only man’ (i.e., the well-pulled pint of porter)...Most browsers will pick this up because they want to read about Irish pubs, but they will get much, much more than they expected. An excellent, however sneaky, addition to the literature of globalization. – Booklist

The author wins us over with his delicious sense of humor, stylish storytelling and abundant affection for Ireland and its people. A refreshing draught for Irish aficionados. – Kirkus Reviews

Long ago, I figured out that I would simply read whatever Bill Barich writes. Here, with a sweet eye for detail and in a tone of genial longing, Barich's miscellany of the Irish grogosphere voices a reluctant farewell to the old Ireland, as the new Ireland hastily enters the great global mall culture beyond the seas. – Richard Ford

Bill Barich gets to the heart of the Irish pub, but he also gets to the soul of contemporary Ireland. At times it's through the glass darkly – as well it should be – and this book is never without wit or style or charm. Barich has got to be one of the most writerly pub-goers around. – Colum McCann

The witty, deeply observant A Pint of Plain is a great read for anyone who values Irish culture, or any culture for that matter, as well as those who enjoy a pint of plain. Barich's quest for the authentic Irish pub is a heartfelt narrative full of funny anecdotes, captivating characters, and fascinating facts covering everything from the history of Guinness to Irish mythology. From the famed watering holes of Dublin to tiny village pubs, Barich introduces a colorful array of characters, and, ever pursuing craic, the ineffable Irish word for a good time, engages in an unvarnished yet affectionate discussion about what it means to be Irish today.

Travel / Africa / Guidebooks

Botswana: The Insider's Guide by Ian Michler (Insider’s Guide Series: Struik)

Botswana boasts some of southern Africa’s most glorious and unspoiled safari destinations, with a staggering array of wildlife and pristine habitats. Most spectacular of the country's natural treasures is the Okavango Delta, home to unsurpassed animal and bird life, which travelers can discover on foot, in a 4x4 vehicle or on a leisurely mokoro trip. But wildlife is not all Botswana has to offer.

Botswana, part of the Insider's Guide Series, takes readers on a journey through a country that has one of the most vibrant economies in the region and is home to a thriving arts and cultural scene. It also gives them insights into the life and people, and practical details on the best overland trips they can take. Author Ian Michler, a stockbroker by profession, has been working as a freelance guide and photographer in Africa for 13 years, specializing in travel and wildlife photographs.

Botswana is an all-in-one guide. Readers find out about:

  • The best overland trips.
  • The spectacular variety of plants and animals.
  • The history of Botswana and its people.
  • The best guides in the country.
  • Where to stay – whether roughing it or on luxury safari.
  • The top arts, crafts, music and festivals.

According to Botswana, in the 1970s, Botswana was ranked as one of the world's poorest countries with a GDP per capita below US$200 and no economy to speak of, other than a fledgling beef industry that survived only because of European subsidies. Educational facil­ities were minimal. No urban settle­ments were large enough or even remotely sufficiently developed to warrant city status.

But over the last two decades the economy has achieved the world's highest average annual growth rate and today the GDP per capita is in excess of US$9,000, while the national coffers hold over US$6 billion in foreign reserves. With a total population of just over 1.5 million people, Botswana has primary-school enrollment approaching 350,000 pupils, and secondary school over 150,000. Botswana has its own university with various satellite campuses around the country teaching over 15,000 students. There are now in excess of 6,500 kilometers of paved road, and the capital Gaborone is a thriving metropolitan area and the continent's fastest-growing city. And Botswana has become a respected and stable member of various multi-lateral organizations, both local and international.

The changes are not just luck. The historical settlement of Botswana occurred largely because of people flee­ing conflicts elsewhere, and so, generally speaking, the populace is a peace-loving one with no history of civil war or other serious internal conflict. Unlike much of Africa, Botswana was never fully colonized and so avoided a divisive struggle for independence. They are a relatively homogeneous nation, as almost 60 percent of the people belong to one of the Tswana groups and nearly all speak Setswana, the national language. As a result there is a patriotic unity, with the vast majority viewing themselves as Botswanan citizens, before considering the ethnic group to which they belong.

Above all says Michler in Botswana, Botswana has been blessed with great leaders. While the discovery of diamonds shortly after independence was undoubtedly the major catalyst for the growth, prosperity has been brought about because of the wise manner in which the mining revenues have been handled. Following a proud tradition of strong lead­ership established in prior periods by customary chiefs, the more recent political leaders have for the most part shunned the inflammatory and flamboyant style seen in so many other newly-declared states. But the picture is not all rosy, as with the successes have come new challenges. Although the diamond-based economic boom has had far-reaching benefits, the general economy cannot thrive if it remains dependent on this single commodity alone. Africa is lit­tered with single-product economies gone bust. To avoid this, secondary and tertiary economic activities need to be promoted, and, because the local economy is com­paratively small, these should ideally be export based.

Although some still don't believe it, according to Botswana the country's major asset is its almost unparalleled wildlife resources and the selection of near pristine environ­ments it contains. The tourism industry, based mainly on eco-tourism, is currently providing a substantial boost to the northern regions of the country in partic­ular. While the diamond and other mineral reserves are in decline, sustainable eco-tourism could exist in perpetuity. The challenge is to ensure the long-term protection of Botswana's natural resources by promot­ing sustainable policies.

Fans of the bestselling The No. 1 Ladies Detective Agency series will be delighted to visit Gaborone, the home of its protagonist, Precious Ramotse. Botswana is readers’ all-in-one guide to this incredible country. This invaluable book combines the best overland trips, the spectacular variety of plants and animals, the best guides in the country; where to stay, and the top arts, crafts, music and festivals to look for.

Travel / Europe / Guidebooks

Spain, 6th Edition by Damien Simonis, Susan Forsyth, Anthony Ham, Des Hannigan, John Noble, Josephine Quintero, & Miles Roddis (Country Guide Series: Lonely Planet)

 Lonely Planet offers travelers the world's richest travel advice, informed by the collective wisdom of over 350 Lonely Planet authors living in 37 countries and fluent in 70 languages. They are relentless in finding the special, the unique and the different for travelers wherever they are. When they update their guidebooks, they check every listing, in person, every time.

With Spain, travelers can spot a nesting falcon at the top of Barcelona's soaring La Sagrada Familia, squelch in the warm mud baths by the beaches of the wild and beautiful Illa s'Espalmador; watch the sun set over the Sierra de Guadarrama; and then bar-hop the medieval streets of Madrid's La Latina district.

Spain, 6th edition, features:

  • A ten-page pilgrim's guide to walking the Camino de Santiago.
  • Seven authors, 59 years of living in Spain, 146 detailed maps.
  • Over 300 travelers' tips and suggestions.
  • Coverage of Andorra.
  • Daily updates at www.lonelyplanet.com.

Spain says that any journey south of the Pyrenees mountains proves that, as an old tourism promotion campaign had it, Spain is different. With its plethora of colorful fiestas and indefatigable nightlife, its complete spectrum of scenery and its unique, well-preserved architectural and artistic heritage, Spain provides a variety of fun and fascination that few countries can match.

According to Spain travel is easy, accommodation plentiful, the climate generally benign, the people relaxed and fun-loving, the beaches long and sandy, and food and drink easy to come by and full of regional variation. More than 50 million foreigners a year visit Spain, yet travelers can also travel for days and hear no other tongue but Spanish. Once away from the holiday costas, travelers could only be in Spain. In the cities, narrow, twisting old streets suddenly open out to views of daring modern architecture, while spit-and-sawdust bars serving wine from the barrel rub shoulders with blaring, glaring discos. Travel out into the back country and they will find, an hour or two from some of Europe's most stylish and sophisticated cities, villages where time has done its best to stand still since the Middle Ages.

Geographically, Spain's diversity is immense. In Andalucia, for example, travelers can ski in the Sierra Nevada and later the same day recline on a Mediterranean beach or traverse the deserts of Almeria. There are endless tracts of wild and crinkled sierra to explore, as well as some spectacularly rugged stretches of coast between the beaches – many of which are far less crowded and developed than they might imagine.

Culturally, the country is littered with superb old buildings, from Roman aqueducts and Islamic palaces to Gothic cathedrals. Almost every second village has a medieval castle. Spain has been the home of some the world's great artists – El Greco, Velazquez, Goya, Dali, Picasso – and has museums and galleries to match. The country vibrates with music of every kind – from the drama of flamenco to the melancholy lyricism of the Celtic music and gaitas (bagpipes) of the northwest.

Spain also says that the more travelers travel in Spain, the bigger it seems to get. It is surprising just how many Spains there are. Cool, damp, green Galicia is a world away from hot, dry Andalucia, home of flamenco and bullfighting. Fertile Catalunya in the northeast, with its separate language and independent spirit, seems a different nation from the Castilian heartland on the austere meseta at the center of the Iberian Peninsula. Sophisticated San Sebastian and the farmsteads and rolling country of the Basque Country have precious little in common with the coast and limpid water of the Balearic Islands. Once travelers leave the beaten track, it can take as long to wind their way through a couple of remote valleys and over the sierra between them as it would to travel the highway or railway from Madrid to Barcelona. All travelers need to do is get out there and enjoy it.

Here is an imagination-fueling guide on how to experience the best Spain has to offer. With lively features on Spanish history; coverage of Spanish Catalan, Basque, and Galician languages; more than 145 maps, including metro maps for Madrid and Barcelona; details on outdoor activities, including national parks; chapters on Madrid and Barcelona; plus hundreds of options for food and accommodations no matter what your budget, you'll be hard-pressed to limit your stay. – Kathryn True, Amazon.com
Lonely Planet guides are a must-pack – Toronto Star

From Antarctica to Zimbabwe, if readers are going there, chances are Lonely Planet has been there first and Spain, 6th edition, is no exception. With a pithy and matter-of-fact writing style, the guide is guaranteed to calm the nerves of first-time world travelers, while still listing off-the-beaten-path finds to thrill even the most jaded globetrotters. Lonely Planet has been perfecting its guidebooks for nearly 30 years and as a result, has the experience and know-how similar to an older sibling's ‘been there’ advice.

 

Contents this page

Pierre Bonnard: The Late Still Lifes and Interiors edited by Dita Amory, with contributions from Rika Burnham, Jack Flam, Remi Labrusse, Jacqueline Munck, Nicole R. Myers, and Allison Stielau (The Metropolitan Museum or Art & Yale University Press)

Above All: Mount Whitney and California's Highest Peaks by Steve Roper, with foreword by Ken Brower, with photography by David Stark Wilson (HeyDay Books, in collaboration with the Yosemite Association)

Cast Out: Vagrancy and Homelessness in Global and Historical Perspective edited by A. L. Beier & Paul Ocobock (Ohio RIS Global Series: Ohio University Press)

Renewal Coaching: Sustainable Change for Individuals and Organizations by Douglas B. Reeves & Elle Allison (Jossey-Bass)

The Trainer's Balanced Scorecard: A Complete Resource for Linking Learning to Organizational Strategy by Ajay M. Pangarkar & Teresa Kirkwood, with a foreword by David Norton (Pfeiffer)

Presidential Power on Trial: From Watergate to All the President’s Men (Library Binding) by William Noble (Famous Court Cases That Became Movies Series: Enslow Publishers, Inc.)

Alligator Bayou by Donna Jo Napoli (Wendy Lamb Books)

Statistical Techniques for Network Security: Modern Statistically-Based Intrusion Detection and Protection by Yun Wang (Premier Reference Source Series: Information Science Reference)

Entertaining in the Raw by Matthew Kenney, with photography by Miha Matei (Gibbs Smith, Publisher)

Land of the Lost Souls: My Life on the Streets by Cadillac Man (Bloomsbury USA)

Music in America 1860-1918: Essays, Reviews, and Remarks on Critical Issues by Bill F. Faucett, series editor Michael J. Budds (Monographs & Bibliographies in American Music Series, Number 19: Pendragon Press)

The Road Goes on Forever and the Music Never Ends by Robert Earl Keen (Brad & Michele Moore Roots Music Series: University of Texas Press)

Citi Field: The Mets' New World-Class Ballpark: A Ballpark Pop-up Book by David Hawcock (Universe Publishing)

Scared to Death: From BSE to Global Warming Why Scares Are Costing Us the Earth by Christopher Booker & Richard North (Continuum)

Helping: How to Offer, Give, and Receive Help by Edgar H. Schein (Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc.)

Getting Naked Again: Dating, Romance, Sex, and Love When You've Been Divorced, Widowed, Dumped, or Distracted by Judith Sills (Springboard Press)

The Saints: The Rhodesian Light Infantry by Alexandre Binda, compiled and edited by Chris Cocks (30˚ South Publishers)

Jihadists and Weapons of Mass Destruction: A Growing Threat edited by Gary Ackerman & Jeremy Tamsett (CRC Press)

The Brother Gardeners: Botany, Empire and the Birth of an Obsession by Andrea Wulf (Knopf)

Art Quilts at Play: Ignite Your Inner Artist – Experiment with Surface Design Techniques by Jane Dávila & Elin Waterston (C&T Publishing)

Crochet Workshop: The Complete Course for the Beginner to Intermediate Crocheter (Spiral-bound) by Emma Seddon & Sharon Brant (Trafalgar Square Books)

Sleepwalking in Daylight by Elizabeth Flock (Mira Books)

Representation and Resistance: South Asian and African Women's Texts at Home and in the Diaspora by Jaspal Kaur Singh (Michigan State University Press)

Mind That Abides: Panpsychism in the New Millennium edited by David Skrbina, with general editor Maxim I. Stamenov (Advances in Consciousness Research Series: John Benjamins Publishing Company)

Democracy's Debt: The Historical Tensions between Political and Economic Liberty by M. Lane Bruner (Humanity Books)

Underground: My Life with SDS and the Weathermen by Mark Rudd (William Morrow)

The Erosion of Inerrancy in Evangelicalism: Responding to New Challenges to Biblical Authority by G. K. Beale (Crossway Books)

Faith and Culture: The Construction of a Christian Identity in Interaction with the Other World Religions in Education by Jan Van Wiele (Annua Nuntia Lovaniensia Series, LIV: Peeters)

The Hindus: An Alternative History by Wendy Doniger (The Penguin Press)

A Sea without Fish: Life in the Ordovician Sea of the Cincinnati Region by David L. Meyer, Richard Arnold Davis, with a chapter by Steven M. Holland (Life of the Past Series: Indiana University Press)

A Pint of Plain: Tradition, Change, and the Fate of the Irish Pub by Bill Barich (Walker and Company)

Botswana: The Insider's Guide by Ian Michler (Insider’s Guide Series: Struik)

Spain, 6th Edition by Damien Simonis, Susan Forsyth, Anthony Ham, Des Hannigan, John Noble, Josephine Quintero, & Miles Roddis (Country Guide Series: Lonely Planet)