Arts & Photography / Graphic Design / Reference
The Fundamentals of Digital Art by Richard Colson (Academia: AVA Publishing)
When looking at an artist's work, it is sometimes difficult to see where it fits within a broader scheme, but The Fundamentals of Digital Art provides some basic tools to allow readers to do this with its comprehensive overview to the discipline of digital art. An up-to-the-minute look at digital art, The Fundamentals of Digital Art offers complete explanations of physical computing, using data sources, programming, networks for artists, and experimental practices in digital media.
The book also uses extensive illustrations, ranging from work by
established digital artists to recent student work, to make every
point. Written by Richard Colson, senior lecturer in digital arts at
This book explores six major themes in digital art: its history, using responses, data, coding, networking and digital hybrids. These areas have been formulated on the basis of a study of the working methods and practice of individual artists, from both the past and present. The six themes draw out the key practices and debates that govern the present forms of digital art. For example, some artists want to give the computer almost full control of their final piece whereas others prefer a more limited or partial contribution from the technology. Readers might think of each of these themes in digital art as individual islands within an archipelago – each island has its own idiosyncrasies, but still maintains a place within the larger system.
Major developments in digital art have often come as a result of cooperation between artists. In the same way that climbers have to tackle a sheer rock face as a team roped together, individual artists have created networks built around their own special interests. They have found that this does in fact work to their advantage because other artists use these discoveries as a basis for their own work and research and, in doing so, reach their own unexpected outcomes, which in turn are made available to the other members of the group. The Fundamentals of Digital Art follows in this same pattern, and while providing essential information, it also creates the necessary channels to allow for feedback and further discussion.
The Fundamentals of Digital Art provides an overview; it draws together the key historical events that have had an influence on the way artists have worked, the thinking that has served to underpin their approaches and the complexity of the technologies that they have used. Thus it provides a quick scan across a broad area of practice in digital art and lays down some key markers so that readers can navigate their way within the subject with a growing sense of assurance and knowledge.
The Fundamentals of Digital Art is a resource tool for students studying digital art and design, and students of the visual arts with an interest in digital media. Ideal for students or working designers, the book provides complete explanations. Practical, clear workshop diagrams let readers self-study key topics, and the handy, portable size makes this the take-along guide to the emerging world of electronic arts.
Arts & Photography / Illustration / Social History
Drawing Conclusions: An Artist Discovers His
For sixty years as a reportorial artist I have been struggling against the thievery of time. … But always, half a step from my elbow, has been my voracious fellow traveler, time. He has whistled the tune and I have danced. So my joy as an artist and writer has come in time-encapsulated chunks, disparate in their challenges but total in their demands.
Often I have been like a sprinter, clutching sketchpads and notebooks, racing to a finish line at a Rikers Island holding pen … And sometimes I have been like a middle-distance runner, pacing myself through the minefields of the D-day invasion in Normandy, or sweating out the perilous days and nights in the Mississippi Delta as an archivist for the civil rights movement. But I have never, until now, regarded myself as a long-distance runner. …
What has intervened in my hopscotched career has been the arrival
of a benign and smiling advocate, the
I am deeply grateful for this honor and its breathtaking nod to posterity. But at such a moment I feel compelled to look inward rather than forward. As my life's most significant work is being trundled into the library's august archives, I have to make a reckoning. What indeed do all those drawings, paintings, and words add up to? What conclusions have I drawn? – from the Preface
At the apex of World War II, Tracy Sugarman documented naval life before, during, and after D-Day. In an age often dependent on photography and motion pictures, the artist, a well-know illustrator, used paints, ink, and pencil to forge his own distinctive brand of artistic journalism.
After the war, Sugarman continued to record the triumphs and contradictions of the American experience in vivid pictures and words. The result is a pictorial trove of historic, cultural, and societal events of his time: from the civil rights challenge and transformation in the south to labor demonstrations in the north; from Alvin Ailey dancers to NASA space exploration.
As told in
Drawing Conclusions, Sugarman's art was first seen
by a national audience in the pages of Fortune, the Saturday
Evening Post, and Colliers. Publishers who commissioned him to
illustrate their books include Simon and Schuster, Doubleday, Random
House, and Time-Life Books. In an age of photography, Sugarman has
continued to capture the disparate images of
Most significant for Sugarman has been his exploration of many of
the areas in
In 1970, Sugarman partnered with filmmaker Bill Buckley to create Rediscovery Productions, Inc. In the intervening years their documentary film company has produced nearly forty educational films about social, political, and cultural challenges to American society. He continues to serve as artist, scriptwriter, and coproducer for Rediscovery.
Tellingly, Sugarman refers to himself as an illustrator as much
as an artist, in a time when few artists leave their studios to draw
from life, let alone think to directly engage the political events
of their day. All the more important, then, to have artists like
Sugarman present their work as an example, not just to the public,
but to other artists as a new model for what art can aspire to. –
Steve Mumford, author of
Drawing Conclusions portrays an artist's unique
view of great historical events, told through words and drawings.
Filled with wisdom and humor yet punctuated with outrage over
injustice, Sugarman's powerful, singular artistry and thoughtful
prose provide insights into the American psyche and into the
Drawing Conclusions shows that an artist's personal
imagery can eclipse the graphic potency of a camera in telling a
Audio / Religion & Spirituality / New Age
God and the Brain: The Physiology of Spiritual Experience (AUDIOBOOK: 3 CDs, running time 3 ¾ hours) by Andrew Newberg (Sounds True)
Andrew Newberg, associate professor of radiology and psychiatry, and co-director of the Center for Spirituality and the Mind, asks listeners in this audio program, “You know what you believe – but do you know why?”
Are we hard-wired for spiritual experience? And if so, why? Is it human biological destiny to seek the divine? Is faith in a higher power a survival trait? On God and the Brain, Newberg believes that the human brain is a ‘believing machine’ – and that the capacity for self-transcendence and spirituality helps drive evolution as a species.
Newberg describes evidence that the human capacity for transcendent consciousness may have been a critical factor in survival. No matter what readers believe – or don't believe – about God, the parts of their brains that manifest spiritual experience have a profound impact on the entire identity. This pioneer of brain studies and co-author of Why God Won't Go Away presents the first audio course on his groundbreaking research into the links between spirituality, biology, and the evolution of the brain. With material from Newberg's research available nowhere else, this 3-CD program features:
The audiobook includes a guided exercise for enhancing listeners’
neurological capacity for balance and peace.
Newberg is a leader in exploring the uncharted territory where the human body overlaps with experience of the sacred. In God and the Brain he presents a lucid exploration of the uncharted regions of the mind. Newberg, with his balanced approach of spiritual wonder and scientific rigor, shares insights that will deepen listeners’ understanding of the most human gift – the experience of the divine.
Business & Investing / Industries & Professions / Science / Chemistry
The Perfect Scent: A Year inside the Perfume
No journalist has ever been allowed into the ultra-secretive,
highly pressured process of originating a perfume. But Chandler
Burr, the New York Times perfume critic, spent a year behind the
scenes observing the creation of two major fragrances. Now, in
The Perfect Scent he juxtaposes the stories of the
perfumes – one created by a Frenchman in
The answers lie in Burr's portrait in The Perfect Scent of some of the extraordinary personalities who envision, design, create, and launch the perfumes that drive their billion-dollar industry. And the result is a remarkable work of long-form reporting on both art and business, a journey through a mysterious industry, and a nuanced portrait of two entirely dissimilar people, Ellena and Parker, who had one thing in common: their quest to create the perfect scent.
In a kind of travelogue through the international perfume industry … Burr illuminates perfumery's clash of cultures and values – French artistic purity versus American commercialism.... [His] is a thorough and often hilarious account of perfumery's colorful characters. The science and art of fragrance creation, and the human experience of scent itself. – Publishers Weekly (starred review)
Exhilarating . . . Burr sharply evokes the intoxicating, often infuriating mix of precise science and artistic vision necessary to create a perfume, aided by his impressively calibrated BS detector and ability to unearth the industry's many dirty little secrets. – Kirkus Reviews
The Perfect Scent is a stylish, fascinating, unprecedented insider's view of an industry and its charismatic characters. Written with wit and elegance, the book is informative and often mesmerizing.
Business & Investing / Organizational Behavior / Education / Technology
Tacit Knowledge in Organizational Learning by Peter Busch (IGI Publishing)
Data consists of raw facts ... Information is a collection of facts organised in such a way that they have additional value beyond the value of the facts themselves ... Knowledge is the body of rules, guidelines, and procedures used to select, organise and manipulate data to make it suitable for a specific task ... – Stair & Reynolds
Knowledge management is now being seen as one of the major challenges in developing strategies for competitive advantage. Businesses continually collect and assess knowledge to decide on the kinds of products and services and processes to deliver them to remain competitive. Many businesses approach knowledge management by collecting explicit knowledge and storing it for easy retrieval. However, such stored knowledge must be interpreted using people's expertise and knowledge of context to result in innovative outcomes.
Understanding the complexity of tactic knowledge has become
increasingly important to the enhancement of organizational flow.
Tacit Knowledge in Organizational Learning by Peter
According to Busch, in order to achieve greater competitiveness, organizations need to pay greater attention to managing their soft knowledge such as tacit knowledge, judgment, and intuitive abilities. These parameters could be said to fall under the purview of a discipline referred to today as Knowledge Management (KM). Tacit knowledge management is important because of the overall economic benefit it brings. Whereas codified knowledge is usually available either freely or through direct payment for patents or intellectual property settlements, tacit knowledge tends to be withheld from direct transfer. The ultimate value of any new knowledge, including tacit knowledge, is that codification leads to a greater return on investment, increased workplace efficiency, and overall lower organizational costs. For all of these reasons, tacit knowledge often tends to be a resource that employees tend to keep to themselves, for loss of it can represent a loss of power.
One good example of organizational knowledge transfer is knowledge mapping, where the firm seeks to determine bottlenecks or alternatively, particularly rich depots of knowledge. The advantage of conducting such an exercise is that new staff is more easily acclimatized to the culture of the organization, but more importantly all staff is more easily able to understand what intellectual capital exists in various parts of the company. Management also benefits as it gains a picture of the health of the organization through studying the interactions of staff and areas where they may be avoiding one another and so not passing on their knowledge. Alternatively particular groupings or cliques of personnel may represent areas where a great deal of tacit knowledge may be being transferred.
This empirical study seeks to define tacit knowledge and to measure the tacit knowledge in ICT personnel in a number of organizations. Tacit Knowledge in Organizational Learning examines the relationships among personnel to see whether there are likely to be factors that would enhance or decrease the likely tacit knowledge flows between them. As a means of increasing rigor associated with this research it Busch used a triangulated approach which incorporated (a) a psychological testing instrument; (b) Social Network Analysis (SNA) as a tool to track the soft knowledge dissipation cycle, and (c) Formal Concept Analysis (FCA) as a means to balance results with those achieved by way the psychological method, and the dissipation (through personnel) of tacit knowledge viewed by way of SNA. FCA is a mathematical lattice based means of interpreting or visualizing data. SNA is also graphical and maps the relationships between individuals.
Tacit Knowledge in Organizational Learning examines knowledge flows among individuals. There are many parameters that can affect knowledge flows in organizations, but at the level of the individual these are limited logistically with regard to how measure of flows can take place. SNA permits a viable means of measuring such flows. It is the ties between individuals that constitute a fundamental principle in SNA. Eventually, through using such tools, researchers build up a knowledge map. These knowledge maps may represent staff at the level of the whole organization, or at the level of the individual. This research focused more at the organizational level as a whole.
Given that the research is conducted in organizations, it is useful to use some categorization of company type. Busch conducted the research in three organizations, referred to as X, Y, and Z. Organization X is a very large nationally based diversified company; however, the IT branch within that firm, which is the section under study, operates as a combination of a machine bureaucracy and a professional bureaucracy. Organization Y, a small specialized firm, is either an operating adhocracy or a professional bureaucracy. Such a classification disparity depends on the type of work being undertaken by the firm. The IT group in organization Z is in fact similar to the IT group in organization X, except on a much smaller scale, such that it too comprises a machine or professional bureaucracy.
To gather data, a tacit knowledge inventory questionnaire was programmed, which incorporated a biographical, SNA and tacit knowledge inventory component. This was the research instrument that permitted the gathering of data. When statistical testing was applied to the results, the results did not reveal significant differences between experts and others. The use of FCA did however allow the identification of individuals whose answers were consistently like those of experts. It was found experts did tend to answer the IT tacit knowledge inventory items differently from those of novices. At the same time, a whole group of expert-novices were identified who were not officially identified by their peers as being experts but whose results did place them in an expert category.
Tacit Knowledge in Organizational Learning is organized into five sections and 15 chapters, followed by appendices. The content of the chapters includes:
Section 1: Background
Section 2: Methodological Foundations
Section 3: Methodology
Section 4: Results
Section 5: Discussion, Conclusion, and Recommendations
Perhaps one of the more obvious findings uncovered in Tacit Knowledge in Organizational Learning is that there are a number of parameters that are going to affect tacit knowledge utilization and transfer. Starting externally, the classification type of the organization is going to have some affect. Certain organizations are by their very mission going to be tacit knowledge rich and others far more heavily reliant on a codified knowledge base. Within the organization itself, the number of employees and number of departments of work teams affects how reliant the company is on codifying their knowledge and trying where possible to codify their tacit knowledge. At the level of the employees themselves, there also are a number of parameters that will affect how well the tacit knowledge is going to flow. Ethnic differences, how well a common language such as English is utilized by the employees, their gender, and their age group – for example along generational lines – all have a bearing.
Busch found in Organization X that the soft knowledge of ICT contractors was not being transferred in the Organization as well as it could. In addition, certain key personnel were akin to gatekeepers in their ability to either transfer or withhold tacit knowledge. Also there were quite a number of groupings or cliques in this firm, where some of these cliques were comprised of very tacit knowledge rich individuals, where other cliques were quite knowledge poor with regard to limited access to experts. In Organization Y, the cottage industry size of the firm meant that higher densities of communication were taking place between the far lower numbers of personnel. Electronic communication which can act as a tacit knowledge barrier was also minimal, for much face-to-face interaction was taking place instead. The CIO seemed to play a more prominent role in knowledge transferal in Organization Z. In many ways the parameters affecting Organization Z were similar to those of X, except on a smaller scale. Their staff complements were similar in composition and skill levels proportionately speaking. It would be easy to say that Organization Y provided the best opportunity for tacit knowledge utilization and transferal; however, by itself this would be simplistic. What is certain is that organizations and their employees need to be more aware of their current knowledge assets and focused on their future opportunities.
Tacit Knowledge in Organizational Learning illustrates the importance of tacit knowledge to an organization, presenting a means to measure and track tacit knowledge in individuals. The description of the application of social networking methods in analyzing the flow of tacit knowledge is unique in the field. The research incorporates a triangulated approach to analyzing tacit knowledge diffusion within an IT domain. This research actually examines aspects of diffusion of soft knowledge in IT organizational settings.
The research presented in Tacit Knowledge in Organizational Learning is unique in that as it makes novel use of FCA as a means of interpreting tacit knowledge related workplace scenarios – the identification of expert non-experts was only possible through the use of this technique. An original contribution of this research is the creation of an IT specific tacit knowledge inventory. This questionnaire with its IT workplace scenarios represents a research and industry tool that has practical applications in the knowledge management domain.
The book also provides valuable recommendations on firm attributes and their ideal utilization of the tacit knowledge resource.
The book will be useful for business organizations, academic and research libraries, and those benefiting from the quantifying of tacit knowledge. It will also be of interest to those involved in knowledge management, business, or management information systems and technology, and the human aspects of technology and will assist those interested in developing greater agility in their enterprises through the ability to use their expertise to respond quickly to opportunities and improve their competitive position.
Children’s / History / Occult / Middle School
The Salem Witch Trials by Kekla Magoon (Essential Events Set 2: ABDO Publishing Company)
Aimed at middle-schoolers, The Salem Witch Trials is part of the Essential Events Set 2, which explores historic happenings around the globe and how those events have sculpted societies, the sciences and politics. Each volume in the Essential Library Set offers numerous research tools: primary research and sources, maps, color images, historic documents, timelines, essential facts including an overview of the topic, selected bibliography, further reading, web sites to expand research, places to visit, a glossary, source notes by chapter, an index, and an author biography.
As told in
The Salem Witch Trials, in the year 1692, in
Betty Parris and her cousin Abigail Williams were the first to fall ill in January 1692. Betty was just nine years old. Her father, the Reverend Samuel Parris, was the preacher at the village church. Eleven-year-old Abigail lived with the Parris family. The girls may have played around with fortune-telling and folk magic in the months before the fits began, so the idea of witchcraft was not new to them.
Betty's and Abigail's illnesses deeply upset people. Soon after, other girls began to have similar symptoms. The villagers wanted to know what was causing these afflictions. Doctors could not determine the cause, but the villagers believed it must be the work of witches. As the illness spread, Reverend Parris preached fiery sermons condemning the devil and anyone who worked on the devil's behalf. Puritans were a religious community and they believed the devil could influence people's behavior. They believed the devil could exercise control over the weak. Parris led the community in prayer vigils, and people fasted and worshipped in the hope that God would lift the curse off the girls. Nothing worked.
Soon, the girls began naming names. They shouted some names
during their fits and whispered others calmly afterward. Tituba,
Sarah Good, and Sarah Osborne were the first named. Sarah Good was a
beggar woman living in
The villagers might have been satisfied with those first three arrests, if not for Tituba's testimony. Instead of ending the problem, her words stirred up more trouble. A witch hunt began in full force. The terrified community desperately wanted the crisis to end. They set up a special court to put the accused on trial. According to the Bible, anyone found guilty of practicing witchcraft would be put to death: "Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live.
A horrific series of events occurred over the next several
months. As many as 144 people were identified as witches and jailed.
Of these, 19 were found guilty and hanged, and several others died
in prison. When the hysteria calmed down, the people of
The Salem Witch Trials, historians and scholars
continue to speculate on the
It is generally acknowledged that witchcraft was not to blame for the illness. Scholars provide various explanations for the initial fits that overtook the girls including a game gone awry, a strange illness, a mental breakdown, or a village on edge of crisis.
The book elaborates each of these possibilities and then explores
what the events in
According to the book, the
Studying the history of events such as the
Books of biographies, historic events, and current debates are all essential parts of the school curriculum and the Essential Library volumes help fill this need. The Essential Library is a well-researched, well written, and beautifully designed imprint created for middle school readers. The Salem Witch Trials offers tremendous research tools and is a representative example of the series.
Children’s / Literature / Classics
Mary Engelbreit's Mother Goose: One Hundred Best-Loved Verses (Book and CD) by Mary Engelbreit (Harper Collins Children)
From the colorful imagination of Mary Engelbreit springs a Mother Goose world bursting with warmth and humor. The favorite time-honored characters are included in Mary Engelbreit's Mother Goose – Little Bo-Peep, Humpty Dumpty, Old King Cole, Jack and Jill, and more, along with a mouse running up the clock, piggies going to market, and children dancing round the mulberry bush.
Engelbreit grew up studying the illustrations in her mother's vintage storybooks, and she developed a unique style that reflects those simpler times. Engelbreit's distinctive images have made her a celebrity. Engelbreit's dearest wish has always been to illustrate for children. Her edition of The Night before Christmas glows with the sense of wonder, wit, and nostalgic warmth that is her signature.
For children, pictures as appealing as these come as a special kind of invitation. They serve as a gateway to the enjoyment of words on the page. And they usher children into a world worth knowing: the round, ripe Mother Goose world of pure possibility. – Leonard S. Marcus, author, critic, and children’s literature historian
As complete as can be with one hundred rhymes in all, Mary Engelbreit's Mother Goose is a book to treasure. It is a masterful collection of the adorable, the zany, and the beautiful. This one is likely to become a classic.
Education / Educational Theory / School Management
From Good Schools to Great Schools: What Their Principals Do Well by Susan Penny Gray & William A. Streshly (Corwin Press)
"What can I do to make a difference and lift my school to excellence?"
From Good Schools to Great Schools answers this question for principals and considers other critical issues in a detailed examination of school leadership.
Based on the concepts from the national bestseller Good to Great: Why Some Companies Make the Leap and Others Don't by Jim Collins (2001), this guidebook identifies nine characteristics of high-performing "Level 5" school leaders through:
Authors are William A. Streshly, with 25 years of experience in public school administration and Professor of Educational Administration at San Diego State University and Susan Penny Gray, with more than 40 years as an educator in Indiana, now teaching and coordinating the advanced administrator credentialing program at SDSU – as members of the faculty at San Diego State University in Southern California, Gray and Streshly prepare school administrators. They present in From Good Schools to Great Schools evidence that supports a new paradigm for apprenticing school administrators – one that differs from the traditional model of unresearched best practices and standards. Grounding the concepts in a research format similar to the one Collins used, the authors have made it their business to become informed about the best ideas and theories of leadership in schools. In this researched model, school site leaders can learn to look closely at their leadership through the experiences of superstar models and reflect on their own behaviors to move schools toward a more excellent school experience for their students.
Gray and Streshly maintain that the authors of the Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium standards have not gathered sufficient empirical evidence to support their standards, and that the standards too often amount to little more than craft knowledge. This is disturbing to those involved with professional development, since the standards being widely adopted by states across the country are based at least in part on that consortium's standards.
In using the Collins research model, the authors suggest a new paradigm for school leadership training. They observed commonalities of leadership with the CEOs Collins studied, as well as an additional concept – the ability to work well with groups.
Gray and Streshly in From Good Schools to Great Schools say they knew from Collins' research on leadership that there is a gap between the Level 4 and the Level 5 of the five-level hierarchy of leadership ability, and found that difference to be the maintenance of gains over a sustained period. This major shift from today's view of excellence is a key difference that is often overlooked and nearly neglected in society's rush to judge schools from the current high-stakes testing frenzy. Inspired by Collins' research they embarked on a similar investigation of the qualities of outstanding principals. They compared their findings with Collins' to see what they could learn from this prominent private sector research.
While Gray and Streshly were conducting their research, they were struck by the idea that the behaviors and characteristics of these stars could be learned. They could equip most administrative candidates with interpersonal skills and approaches to human problems that could help them succeed in doing what they set out to do. At the same time, they are also realistic about the weight of their findings. This was a small study, and although the findings raise important questions, they must be viewed as clues, not as conclusions. Their research has led them to suspect that highly successful principals possess certain characteristics and behave in specific ways that cause their schools to be very successful. However, their research, like the recent research of Collins and of Peters and Waterman 19 years before only provides strong inference – not irrefutable truth. Collins studied only 11 companies; Peters and Waterman, 75 companies.
Chapters 1 through 10 attempt to answer the question, "We know what to do, so why do we fail?" Gray and Streshly look deeply in From Good Schools to Great Schools at specific qualities of the highly successful school principal. In Chapter 11, they consider the commonalities and differences between school principals and business leaders. In addition to a discussion of the disparities, they look at observable leadership attributes universally applied to both public schools and the private sector.
Finally, Chapter 12 provides insights into the potential of people to become successful school leaders.
Gray and Streshly invite readers to see how the in-depth discussion of the interviews with each of the highly successful principals gives a priceless intimate acquaintance with the hearts and minds of star-quality school leaders. These powerful people represent a wide range of personalities, and at the same time exhibit a solid core of leadership qualities and characteristics that coalesce to create startling success in their schools. Readers can see through the eyes of these leaders in the trenches, and they will experience, through their words, what it takes to produce great schools.
Lots of food for thought. The ideas and strategies will nudge people in the right direction and help administrators be brave enough to either bring about change or resist change. This would be a good book for a principal study group. – Mary Johnstone, Principal
These successful principals move beyond platitudes and optimistic
denial and learn to face the facts of what is necessary to improve
schools, then they do it. These star principals learn to work with
teachers and their union rather than around them. – Charles Taylor
Kerchner, Hollis P. Allen Professor,
Links Collins's work to success in the school setting. The examples of school leaders who were able to lead effective, systemic change are powerful. – Brenda Dean, Assistant Director of Curriculum and Instruction, Hamblen County Department of Education, TN
Gray and Streshly give readers insights through conversations with great principals so that readers may model them and improve their own operations. They even make a case for a new paradigm for administrative preparation programs that will do more to promote success for school leaders in the work of twenty-first-century schools.
From Good Schools to Great Schools is a valuable preservice book for administrators, as well as a book to be read by all site leaders. School leaders can use this book to inspire activities that transform their schools and reframe their professional behaviors. Correlated with ISLLC standards, this comprehensive resource is valuable for aspiring and practicing school administrators, and supervisors. The book is also appropriate for those responsible for the design and delivery of principal preparation programs as well as every educator who seeks excellence in school leadership.
Entertainment / Movies
The Kite Runner: A Portrait of
the Epic Film screenplay by David Benioff, with a foreword by the
novel’s writer Khaled Hosseini (
With more than 120 photos in full color and the complete
The Kite Runner is the story behind the making of
the movie based on the beloved bestselling novel directed by Marc
Forster. This pictorial book includes behind-the-scenes stories
about the production, the locations, the casting of the globally
diverse cast and crew, and commentaries by novelist Khaled Hosseini
and director Forster.
Based on one of the most acclaimed novels in recent memory, The Kite Runner is a profoundly emotional tale of friendship, family, devastating mistakes, and redeeming love. In a divided country on the verge of war, two childhood friends, Amir and Hassan, are about to be torn apart. It's a glorious afternoon in
Forster is the Golden Globe-nominated director of Monster's Ball,
Finding Neverland, and Stranger Than Fiction. Hosseini is the author
of the bestselling novels The Kite Runner and A Thousand Splendid
Suns. Born in
In his foreword to
The Kite Runner, Hosseini describes his own
personal connections to the novel, as well as his experience seeing
the birth of his story on the screen: "Watching Khalid Abdalla/Amir
peeking sadly through the gates at the house where he was raised in
the 1970s echoed with me in strange and almost disorienting ways.
Like Amir, I too was born in
Executive producer E. Bennett Walsh spent months exploring some
20 potential countries to re-create the worlds depicted in the
novel, but the surprise answer ultimately turned out to be in
The universal human story told in The Kite Runner speaks to anyone who has every yearned for a second chance to make a change and find forgiveness. The exquisite full-color photos taken during the film's production complement the novel and the film. From the intricacies of the production to its result on the big screen, the process is captured as a celebration of the film and its cast and crew.
Entertainment / Puzzles & Games / Reference
The Book of Games: Strategy, Tactics & History by Jack Botermans, translated from the Spanish by Edgar Loy Fankbonner (Sterling Publishing)
This lavishly illustrated 736-page reference provides a lifetime of entertainment. The Book of Games traces the history of sixty-five of the most fascinating and popular games from across the globe and teaches readers how to play them.
Originally available in the
The Book of Games describes in detail the rules, strategies, and origins of sixty-five engrossing and challenging games from around the world. All the essential information readers need to know before making an opening move is included, such as number of players, average game durations, necessary supplies like chips, and categories, from logic to chance. Anecdotes and facts about the games lend insight into a variety of cultures and eras.
Readers will also find hundreds of illustrations that clarify rules, tactics, and scenarios they may face. Many of the pictures show an entire game or several matches between experienced competitors so that readers can gain knowledge and maintain an edge on their opponents. Additional archival images provide historical context. Some of the games put readers’ concentration and ingenuity to the test, others require a great deal of planning and analysis. They include:
The Book of Games is a beautifully illustrated survey of games, from origins to strategies. Fascinating anecdotes and intriguing facts about the games lend insight into a variety of cultures and eras. While the book is well written and contains collectible illustrations, it lacks any overview or history of gaming, except within each game. This encyclopedic guide contains a plethora of entertainment, and game enthusiasts and collectors alike will appreciate it. The reviewer was hard-pressed to discern why no games of bowling were included. The Book of Games is especially recommended for its view into leisure activities across the ages.
Health, Mind & Body
Bursting With Energy: The
Breakthrough Method to Renew Youthful Energy and Restore Health by
Frank Shallenberger, with a foreword by Jonathan Wright (Basic
Ronald Klatz, M.D., president of The American Academy of Anti-Aging Medicine, predicted in 1999 that a full "50 percent of all baby boomers alive and well today will celebrate their 100th birthday with physical and mental faculties intact." The question Frank Shallenberger directs at readers is, “If you are a boomer, will you be among them? And if you are, how will you feel?” According to Shallenberger, anti-aging research has demonstrated that the human equivalent of living a fully functional life for a hundred and fifty years can be achieved in animals. Not surprisingly, the secret is energy production. In one particular study, those animals with the highest levels of energy production lived 46 percent longer than those with the lowest levels. Even more important than living longer, the quality of their lives was much better. They were free of disease, and of course, had much more energy.
In this updated revision of his acclaimed book,
Bursting With Energy Shallenberger makes a
connection between the amount of energy readers have and the amount
of aging they do, pointing out that, in medical terms, aging refers
to a loss of function, not chronology. According to Shallenberger,
board-certified physician in anti-aging medicine, founder and
medical director of The Nevada Center of Alternative and Anti-Aging
However, says the doctor, readers can't buy the energy they need, they have to make it, and they do that by converting oxygen to carbon dioxide. In Bursting With Energy, he explains the process and how the body uses it to harness the sun's energy. He then shows how energy relates to aging, disease, weight, and toxic elements. He elaborates on his unique breakthrough technology, the Bio-Energy Testing System, for determining energy levels, and shows how to overcome any personal energy crisis and banish the degenerative problems that deteriorate and age the body. His reinvigorating secrets include getting proper amounts of water, rest, sunlight, supplements, food, and exercise, in addition to breathing properly, replacing needed hormones bio-identically, and losing weight permanently.
In Part One, Shallenberger shares the target values with readers, so they will have a set of physiological references for their E.Q. With the Bio-Energy Testing method, outlined in Chapter 7, he quantifies and confirms the effects of all the age-defying, energy-enhancing secrets in Bursting With Energy. Then he discusses toxicity – what it is, how it can compromise the energy-producing mechanisms, and what readers can do about it.
In Part Two, he reveals eight clinical secrets, which involve lifestyle changes, some very simple, some involving effort, all rewarding. These secrets have the potential to raise readers’ energy to a level they may have experienced only in their younger days, or in many cases, to a height they never imagined possible. The goal is to be bursting with energy for a long, long time.
Dr. Shallenberger's book is bursting with compelling new insights
into health and longevity. – Wendy Whitworth, Executive Producer,
Larry King Live!
Well-written, and thorough, this innovative book provides very practical methods for increasing your energy production at any age. – Hyla Cass, M.D., author of All about Herbs
Bursting With Energy is also bursting with practical information for the lay person and for the busy practitioner. With mathematical precision, this book adds up to a true set of rules for health and healthy living. Some books you buy and never read; this one you will read and reread for the easy flow of ideas, the proven guidelines for staying young, and the clear answers about how and why they work. – Richard Kunin, M.D., author of Mega-Nutrition
This book provides dramatic information on stuffing yourself with oxygen, the single greatest preventer of chronic and degenerative disease. – Robert Rowen, M.D., Editor-In-Chief, Second Opinion Newsletter
Bursting With Energy offers a measurement of health and aging, making the connection clear. The book is full of insights and contains many practical ideas for increasing one’s energy level.
Health, Mind & Body / Psychiatry / Pharmacology / Culture
Comfortably Numb: How Psychiatry Is Medicating a Nation by Charles Barber (Pantheon)
Comfortably Numb is an unprecedented account of the impact of psychiatric medications on American culture and on Americans themselves.
Public perceptions of mental health issues have changed
dramatically over the last fifteen years and nowhere is this more
apparent than in the rampant medication of ordinary Americans. In
2006, 227 million antidepressant prescriptions were dispensed in the
Comfortably Numb examines our fascination with quick-fix drugs. Barber, lecturer in psychiatry at the Yale University School of Medicine, worked for ten years in
Barber reveals the startling facts behind the pharmacological curtain:
Barber's work illustrates how the proliferation of these drugs has resulted in them being given unnecessarily and dangerously to millions of adults, not to mention children and even pets, as well as showing up in our water supply. He explores the ways in which pharmaceutical companies first create the need for a drug and then rush to fill it, and he reveals the increasing pressure Americans are under to medicate themselves. From the bombardment of direct-to-consumer drug advertising (illegal in every other developed country, save New Zealand), to the lack of health insurance covering other options – such as psychoanalysis, cognitive-behavioral therapy and new approaches including Motivational Interviewing – Barber reveals how America's belief that drugs are the ultimate answer to their emotional difficulties is misguided and ignores those who are in desperate need of effective treatment options.
A sharply critical look at the way antidepressants are marketed
and prescribed in the
A fine, informed writer on cultural history as well as neuroscience, psychotherapy, and economics, Barber convincingly argues against the over-prescription of psychiatric drugs in the United States and sums up the history of U.S. psychiatry from the asylum to the community to glitzy but still elementary neuroscience. A blockbuster essential for all libraries. – Library Journal (starred review)
Comfortably Numb chronicles the extraordinary
psycho-pharmaceuticalization of everyday life that has arisen in
recent years and appears to be growing apace. Charles Barber marks
out the inconvenient truths on our path to emotional climate change
but also offers alternatives to readers who wish to avoid
pharmageddon. – David Healy, author of Let Them Eat Prozac
In this passionate yet fair-minded book, Barber explores the disturbing medicalization and medication of unhappiness in
Comfortably Numb is a powerful indictment of the
abuse of psychiatric medicine in
Health, Mind & Body / Psychology & Counseling / Aging
Current Directions in Adulthood and Aging:
Current Directions in Adulthood and Aging is a compilation of Current Directions articles, focused exclusively on issues of adulthood, reflecting the growing importance of studying adult development for gaining a comprehensive understanding of human behavior.
Compiled by Susan Turk Charles, associate professor in the
Department of Psychology and Social Behavior at the
The Current Directions in Psychology Reader Series is published in partnership with the Association for Psychological Science. The Association for Psychological Science is dedicated to advancing psychology as a science-based discipline. APS members include the field’s most respected researchers and educators representing the full range of topics within psychological science.
Current Directions in Adulthood and Aging, like other volumes in the series, includes articles selected for the undergraduate audience and taken from the accessible Current Directions in Psychological Science journal. Allowing instructors to bring their students real-world perspectives from a reliable source, the timely articles in Current Directions in Adulthood and Aging discuss today’s most current and pressing issues as they apply to specific areas of psychology.
Health, Mind & Body / Psychology & Counseling
Key Studies in Psychology, fourth edition by Richard Gross (Hodder Arnold)
Written by long-time psychology teacher and best-selling textbook author Richard Gross, Key Studies in Psychology, fourth edition offers students summaries of thirty-three research reports drawn from all major areas of psychology. Designed to be accessible and reader-friendly, the book covers all twenty studies from the new OCR specifications, and it also includes two new studies. Before each summary, the study is put into a theoretical, practical and/or socio-historical context, and details of its aims, hypotheses, method and design are presented. Following each summary, an evaluation of the study is provided, focusing on major theoretical and methodological issues, subsequent research, and applications and implications.
Key Studies in Psychology, fourth edition provides students full and detailed summaries of these research reports and studies, which are drawn from cognitive, social, developmental, abnormal, biopsychology, comparative, and culture, identity and individual differences. Each is also followed by exercise questions which require readers to think critically about methodological, statistical and ethical as well as theoretical features of the study. Answers to these questions are given at the back of the book.
As with the three previous editions, the major aim of Key Studies in Psychology is to do what cannot be done in a general, introductory textbook, namely to discuss a number of individual studies in depth. Students often want to know more about a particular study than can be provided in a general textbook, or by a lecturer in a teaching situation. This means that students either has to search for, and wade through, the original journal article, which can be difficult and time-consuming, or simply get by with what can be extracted from lecture and textbook.
While it's very important that students at all levels get used to reading original sources, it may not be so obvious how to make effective use of that material. The Background and Context and Aim and Nature of the Study sections that precede each Study, and the Evaluation section that follows it, are designed to provide students with a framework for reading any original material, so as to make the best use of reading time.
The articles, with the exception of Chapters 2 and 12, are not reprints of the original, but highly detailed summaries. The aim is to retain the substantial character of the original, but at the same time to reduce unnecessary bulk. Gross retains all the section headings as they appear in the original. Most tables, figures etc. have been retained, but not all. He uses a combination of paraphrasing and reproduction of the original. But nothing appears in quotation marks, as this would disturb the continuity and flow of the text. He also replaces difficult or obscure language with simpler or more familiar language.
Key Studies in Psychology gives students excellent first-hand experience in reading journal articles and the chosen key studies will be of value in practical work, essay-writing, and preparation of seminar papers. Although a hundred different authors would choose a hundred different combinations of thirty three ‘key studies’, Gross has made a selection which will satisfy most readers. The book is suitable for Psychology undergraduates and interested general readers.
Health, Mind & Body / Psychology & Counseling / Self-Help
Boundaries in Human Relationships: How to Be Separate and Connected by Anné Linden (Crown House Publishing Limited)
In Boundaries in Human Relationships, I draw upon over 25 years of work as a teacher and therapist. I have observed and interacted with many students and clients, most of whom are adult professionals from business, the arts, education, and the helping professions, and many in the midst of either personal or professional transitions. All were motivated to improve themselves, their relationships, and their ability to communicate. This book is also the result of becoming aware of myself, my ‘stuck’ places, traps, strengths, and my relationships with lovers, family, children, colleagues, friends, students, and clients. – from the Introduction
The most important distinction anyone can ever make in their life is between who they are as an individual and their connection with others. Can one truly love another and be a whole, complete and unique person? How can human beings remain individuals and yet can empathize and identify with others? How does one know the difference between fear and the partner's, or between past anger and here-and-now anger? The answer lies with boundaries – and Boundaries in Human Relationships is a guide to unlocking these mysteries. The book teaches readers what boundaries are, how to recognize them and how to create and maintain them. It is an exploration of the many facets of individuality and togetherness, and it analyzes the most essential element that either supports or destroys self-esteem and relationships: boundaries, or the ability to be separate and connected.
After 18 years as a professional actor Anné Linden went back to
college and trained to be a psychotherapist.
She tells the story that at the time when she stumbled on the concept of boundaries, she was lucky enough to have a small group of professionals in her Assistant Trainers Program, people with whom she had met four times a month for two years. They were intelligent, highly trained, and motivated professionals who enthusiastically participated in her research into boundaries. With their help over several years, she began to map out the basic structure of the Linden Boundaries Model.
The first five chapters of Boundaries in Human Relationships explore the structure of boundaries, what they are, and the patterns upon which they depend. Chapter 1 defines boundaries, loss of boundaries, and walls. There are three levels of boundaries, and Chapters 2, 3, and 4 describe these levels in depth. Chapter 5 lays out the five developmental, psychological patterns that form the foundation of boundaries. Chapter 6 explains the process of boundaries; it provides an in-depth study of how exactly the human being ‘does’ boundaries. It also offers a step-by-step explanation of the three skills (perceptual, physiological, and cognitive) that we use to create and maintain boundaries. Exercises to increase awareness of and strengthen each skill are included at the end of Chapter 6. The last four chapters describe her own and others' personal experiences to deepen readers’ understanding and recognition of the practical implications of boundaries in the important areas of our lives. They examine how the lack of boundaries or the exaggeration of them into walls influences relationships, identity, and self-esteem.
A book for anyone who wants a better understanding about this often-ignored aspect of human relationships and provides valuable information for therapists and coaches who work with clients having boundary issues. – Judith E. Pearson, PhD, Licensed Professional Counsellor, Certified Hypnotherapist, and Certified NLP Trainer
This wonderful book by Anne Linden addresses a crucial aspect of human relationships. The writing is very clear, helpful, and meaningful. I believe many people can benefit from reading it. – Stephen Gilligan, PhD, author of The Courage to Love
A must for teachers, NLP trainers, and Therapists as well as lovers and parents, it will become your user's guide to successful relationships. – Dr. Susi Strang Wood, NLP Master Trainer and Psychotherapist
Boundaries in Human Relationships is for readers
who are open to considering relationships and self-esteem from a
different perspective. A practical guide, the book increases
readers’ awareness of human boundaries and how we actually ‘do’
Health, Mind & Body / Self-Help / Relationships
The Birth Order Book of Love: How the #1 Personality Predictor Can Help You Find "The One" by William Cane (Da Capo Lifelong Books)
Who's got potential as a soul mate – and who's likely to be a dating disaster? And who will readers be happy with for the long run? The surprising factor could be in birth order.
If readers have been trying to find the right match but haven't had luck, they may simply have been dating the wrong people. Studies show the most reliable scientific predictor of personality is one’s place among their siblings.
The Birth Order Book of Love, bestselling author
In The Birth Order Book of Love readers discover:
Why do firstborns often find romance with lastborns? Who's the worst match for an only child? Cane examines the 12 personality/birth order types, revealing why certain birth orders are more compatible and which ones can present communication challenges (and how to overcome them). Cane explains why certain pairs, for example Jennifer Garner and Ben Affleck, are more compatible than others and common rank conflicts that certain birth orders can experience when matched together, such as firstborns Jessica Simpson and Nick Lachey. Cane includes celebrity case studies throughout the book, analyzing the birth orders of Cameron Diaz, Prince Charles, J. D. Salinger, Hillary Clinton, Robert Downey Jr., Mary-Kate and Ashley Olsen, and others. Based on readers’ birth order, he also tells which celebrity they are most like, which one they would be the most compatible with, and who is their overall best celebrity match.
The Birth Order Book of Love is an entertaining and informative guide to relationship compatibility based on the twelve birth order types. Filled with insights and advice, the book shows that it is possible to predict readers’ best romantic matches and demonstrates why many people never should have dated in the first place. Whether readers are trying to win the heart of a firstborn, lastborn, middle child, only child, or twin, The Birth Order Book of Love will help.
Idaho's Bunker Hill: The Rise
and Fall of a Great Mining Company, 1885-1981 by Katherine G. Aiken
Seeking to underscore the economic and social impact of mining on
American life, T. A. Rickard, the dean of mining historians, once
wrote that a mine is "much more than a hole in the ground."
Rickard's maxim certainly applies to
Throughout the company's long history,
Idaho's Bunker Hill, from its origins as two small
mining claims, to its place as one of the country's largest
producers of lead and zinc, Bunker Hill Company underwent a
large-scale evolution in management style and policy. Although early
managers operated with a hands-on mentality, the very nature of
mining soon made this type of management far less viable. From the
beginning, college-educated engineers brought the tenets of their
discipline to bear on
While they struggled to maintain some semblance of control over
their work lives,
Idaho's Bunker Hill, class, ethnic, and gender
tensions were evident in the community and inside
There are many intersections among these themes – management
practices and policies; class, ethnic, and gender tensions; labor
relations; community development; and environmental considerations –
a series of interlocking pieces that are central to
Idaho's Bunker Hill. Both workers and managers were
members of the Kellogg community, often making even the concept of
the ‘Kellogg community’ a contested one. It is safe to say that
throughout its history,
Connections among Kellogg-area residents existed on many levels,
although class, ethnic, and gender differences did not disappear.
Over time the Bunker Hill Company became synonymous with the Kellogg
community. The ‘Uncle Bunker’ relationship meant that while workers
were often critical of the company and its policies, even to the
point of developing a decidedly adversarial relationship, both
workers and managers took pride in their community and tended to
close ranks when outsiders threatened. The overall insularity of the
Kellogg community remains a noteworthy phenomenon. The community as
a whole has shared the considerable social and economic dislocation
accompanying the decline of the mining industry, an oft-repeated
scenario in western mining communities.
The course of
Not only is this book beautifully written, but the author deftly weaves together strands of business, labor, and environmental history to create a satisfying whole. – Carlos Arnaldo Schwantes, author of The Pacific Northwest: An Interpretive History
A solid contribution to the industrial history of the American
West ... a
rewarding read to both newcomers and old hands alike. – Journal of the West
Idaho's Bunker Hill presents the first ever history of the Bunker Hill Company from the period of the lode’s discovery in 1885 to the closing of the complex in 1981. This is a richly detailed history, providing an in-depth profile, which takes full advantage of the complete corporate record.
Memoirs of the Stuart Horse Artillery Battalion:
Moorman's and Hart's Batteries by Robert J.
Memoirs of the Stuart Horse Artillery Battalion,
Robert J. Trout, retired school teacher, provides readers with
complete versions of three important primary documents written by
soldiers of the battalion. Lt. Lewis T. Nunnelee's history of
The "History of Hart's
Finally, Louis Sherfesee's "Reminiscences of a Color-Bearer" fleshes out many of the stories in the history that Sherfesee co-wrote with Hart and his fellow soldiers. Filled with short vignettes, it offers a behind-the-scenes look at the battery in action.
In his speech given at the unveiling of Maj. Gen. J. E. B.
Stuart's statue in
Of the three documents included in Memoirs of the Stuart Horse Artillery Battalion, military historians will find Lt. Lewis T. Nunnelee's "History of a Famous Company of the War of the Rebellion (So Called) Between the States Viz. Lynchburg Beauregard Rifles Viz. Beauregard Artillery Moorman's Battery Viz. Stuart Horse Artillery Viz. Shoemaker's Battery Stuart Horse Artillery" of great value because of its accuracy and attention to detail. Based on a seven-volume diary kept almost daily during the war, Nunnelee compiled his history from the diaries about thirty years after the war's close. He supplied rich detail that often is lacking in the other accounts. So meticulous was Nunnelee that he listed the majority of the roads on which the battery marched and recorded the names of most of the farmers on whose land his battery encamped. Such rare attention to detail offers readers an opportunity to follow the movements of the battery virtually hoofstep by hoofstep through the various campaigns in which Nunnelee participated. For reasons revealed in his account, Nunnelee was absent from the battery during some of the crucial campaigns of the war, and readers are left to ponder what details of these operations Nunnelee might have recorded. Despite these drawbacks, Nunnelee's recollection of the service of the Moorman-Shoemaker Battery remains a valuable addition to the history of the battalion, offering material unavailable from any other source.
The second primary document in
Memoirs of the Stuart Horse Artillery Battalion is
the "History of Hart's
The third primary document in
Memoirs of the Stuart Horse Artillery Battalion is
Louis Sherfesee's "Reminiscences of a Color-Bearer", which was never
intended to be a complete history of Hart's
The types of details in this impressive work, in many cases
unavailable anywhere else, will be invaluable to cavalry aficionados
and scholars researching cavalry battles in the Eastern Theater of
the Civil War. – Keith S. Bohannon,
Until recently, it has been difficult for anyone with an interest in the Army of Northern Virginia's horse artillery, which served under legendary cavalry commander J. E. B. Stuart, to envision what the men of the battalion endured. With the publication in 2002 of Trout's seminal book, Galloping Thunder, the endeavors of the unit were rescued from obscurity. Together, the rich documents in Memoirs of the Stuart Horse Artillery Battalion provide welcome insights into the day-to-day experiences of the often overlooked Confederate horse artillery, which played an important role in cementing Stuart's reputation as one of the most outstanding cavalry commanders in the Civil War.
Life of a Soldier on the Western Frontier by Jeremy Agnew (Mountain Press Publishing Company)
Their heads filled with images of glory and battle, most young men joined the frontier army only to endure a life of tedious drills, bad meals, contaminated water, uncomfortable quarters, and ill-fitting uniforms. Working hard seven days a week and in all weather, soldiers frequently found themselves lonely and bored, with little opportunity for advancement but many ways to be punished, all for $13 a month. Yet, as author Jeremy Agnew observes, "...there is little doubt that the United States, particularly the West, was forever transformed by these men and their actions."
Focusing on the Indian Wars period of the 1840s through the
Life of a Soldier on the Western Frontier captures
the daily challenges faced by the typical enlisted man and explores
the role soldiers played in the conquering of the American frontier.
In addition to describing the nitty-gritty details of a soldier’s
daily life, this study approaches the Indian Wars from the
perspective of both the military and the Indians and examines all
aspects of the post Civil War army, including its organization, its
weapons, and its personnel. The book not only explores simple
matters such as food, clothing, and shelter; it also examines
soldiers' work responsibilities, recreation and social life, and the
brutality of frontier battles. The book places this information in a
historical context by examining the forts in which the soldiers
lived, the army as a whole, and the
The book also contains two appendices, one summarizing
significant battles and the other listing selected western forts.
Both include site locations and information for visitors. Dozens of
photos and several maps add to readers’ understanding and enjoyment.
Author Agnew, born in
Life of a Soldier on the Western Frontier is more than a convenient reference book, it is also a gripping and affecting story. The book paints a fascinating portrait of what life on the frontier was really like. With dozens of photographs, several maps, and useful appendices with information on important fort sites and Indian battles, the book is a wealth of information for the modern western history aficionado.
Home & Garden
Creating Outdoor Rooms by Leeda Marting (Gibb Smith, Publisher)
Today's garden lifestyle has its roots in one of our nation's
Creating Outdoor Rooms provides inspiration and practical advice for designing beautiful outdoor rooms. Chapters are devoted to extending the home to the outdoors, selecting furniture, choosing accessories, using architectural elements and fountains, and bringing the outdoor room alive through entertaining.
According to Marting, modeled after European cities, where houses
were built close together,
The popularity of outdoor rooms today is based on a number of factors, including our love of the outdoor lifestyle. The baby boomers invested in better housing, which included outdoor rooms equipped with fireplaces, kitchens, pools and other amenities. Home as sanctuary – in the post-9/11 era – has also played a role in the homeowners' desire for beautiful gardens and places within them for outdoor living.
Outdoor rooms in
Outdoor rooms are not defined by space alone. Inside the home,
four walls define a room. In historic
Today, an outdoor room is as much a state of mind as it is a space. It can be defined by a simple row of boxwoods or the curve of a planting bed. It may be a porch, a poolside conversation area, or a terrace twenty stories high in an urban setting. It is anyplace that allows us to connect to the restorative power of nature.
Outdoor rooms are intimate.
Free movement exists between the home and outside, with the garden room as essential as the rooms inside. Charlestonians personalize their outdoor space in the same manner and with as much care as any interior room. They cook and dine indoors and outside. Seating arrangements for conversation are important indoors as well as on the piazza or in the garden. An afternoon snooze may be taken on a chaise longue near the pool or on the living room sofa. Movement naturally takes place between inside and outside, limited by only one factor: inclement weather.
Beautifully illustrated with over 150 color photographs taken in Charleston's historic homes and gardens, Creating Outdoor Rooms is a guide for the celebration of life outdoors, and it will help readers develop a vision for their outdoor rooms that is individualistic and achievable. With an eye for good design, Marting presents inspirational ideas for creating outdoor rooms that truly extend the home into the outdoors.
Literature & Fiction / History & Criticism / Philosophy / Biographies & Memoirs
Germaine De Staël, Daughter of the Enlightenment: The Writer and Her Turbulent Era by Sergine Dixon (Humanity Books)
One of the most fascinating and influential women in French
history was Germaine de Staël (1766-1817). Raised in a stimulating
intellectual environment by parents connected to the court of Louis
XVI, she became an internationally known writer, intellectual, and
political activist. As the engaging, intelligent host of a popular
Germaine De Staël, Daughter of the Enlightenment
Sergine Dixon traces both the personal and public life of this very
accomplished woman. She recounts her early years in the waning years
of the French royal court, the turbulent period of the French
Revolution, her exiles to
As an intellectually gifted and politically minded daughter of the Enlightenment, Germanie de Staël was more than a witness to her era. She participated actively in all three periods of her tumultuous times: the Revolution, the Napoleonic Empire, and the Bourbon Restauration. She did so while constantly exercising qualities of excellent authorship: perceptivity, sensitivity, and intelligence.
Germaine De Staël, Daughter of the Enlightenment,
Staël was unquestionably one of the most important women in history.
She did not exercise the power of Queen Elizabeth, nor achieve the
saintly stature of Joan of Arc, but she was the first woman
intellectual, or ‘mandarin’ as the French would say. There had been
women in politics before, of course; there had been noted women
novelists, or travel writers, or historians, even philosophers,
but Staël was the first woman to be all these things. Moreover she
played an eminent role in all these activities. Napoleon is reported
to have stated in exile on
However, Germaine de Staël cannot be seen merely as someone who
encouraged others to write and think. She herself contributed
materially to the evolution of western thought and culture. To
paraphrase Simone Balaye, the leading Staël scholar of our age, she
combined much of what was best about the Enlightenment with what was
best in Romanticism, as she lived through the transition from the
one age to the other. While her literary career opened with an essay
on Rousseau's works (1788), it culminated in On
Not only did Germaine de Staël address universal issues: she did not flinch before embodying the complexities of her experience as a woman while attempting to represent them in the fictions and plays she composed throughout her lifetime. Her novels, Delphine (1804) and Corinne (1807), eagerly read and exploited or deplored by women authors like Elizabeth Barrett-Browning, George Sand, George Eliot, Harriet Beecher, and Margaret Fuller, achieved a kind of cult status among women readers throughout the nineteenth-century. But not only women admired Staël: the nineteenth-century male cultivation of the genre of the Kunstlerroman that she employed so fruitfully in her Corinne owed much to her example.
Into and through her forties, Madame de Staël bore emperor Napoleon's order of exile and his police surveillance. Napoleon could not bear her so-called ideology, her ebullience, and her influence on others. For many of those difficult years, her courageous resilience maintained the intellectual outflow buoyed by her emotional personality. Hence the characteristic intimacy of her writing: political but literary, all in one.
What is the ideal society? What is the ideal relationship between
men and women? Her questions fill her work during thirty years. She
appealed to her readers to develop independence of mind. She went
from this to a cosmopolitanism reaching from individuals to other
nations. As in Voltaire's Ferney at the time of de Staël's birth, a
steady group of literary and political friends gathered at her home
in Coppet or came to her
[A] tour de force. It literally flows and it captures the eye as
well as the ear. In her study she has maintained the openness and
the complexity of the personalities of each of the characters all
the while tracing the critical, political and social movements
within which they evolve and she has managed to depict a vast array
of historical characters in a forceful and economical way. This well
researched study on Madame de Staël brings to life one of the most
extraordinary writers and influential political women at a most
critical moment in European history. – Paul Perron, Member of the
Royal Society of Canada, Professor and former Chair of the
department of French and former Principal of University College,
[A] riveting account of her passionate life as a woman, an intellectual, a lover of freedom, and most important of all as a writer whose works live on as a testament to her genius. Impeccably researched and documented, clearly organized and effectively written, Dixon's book covers the intellectual, cultural, and political milieu of the times juxtaposed against the essential details of her life, along with a perspective and rigorous examination of the intellectual and psychological underpinnings of her complete canon.... – Lee Newman, University of Massachusetts at Amherst
In view of her remarkable career, it is astonishing that Germaine
de Staël should still be little known in English speaking countries.
Germaine De Staël, Daughter of the Enlightenment
will renew interest in her and lead new admirers to her side. The
present study profits from the Staël scholarship which has
fluctuated in the last half-century, and particularly from the work
done by Beatrice Jasinski in making available the rich
correspondence of Mme de Staël. This allows
Literature & Fiction / Horror
Fangland: A Novel by John Marks (Paperback: Penguin Books)
Fangland: A Novel by John Marks (Hardcover: The Penguin Press)
The news industry has a reputation for being brutal. But in former 60 Minutes producer John Marks's novel Fangland – now available for the first time in paperback – the blood spilt isn't figurative. When Evangeline Harker, an associate producer of the popular television newsmagazine The Hour, is sent to Transylvania to scout out a possible story on Ion Torgu, a notorious Eastern European crime boss, she vanishes into a world darker and more hideous than anything her young journalist's mind could have imagined.
Suddenly, several months later, Evangeline is found:
miraculously, she's convalescing in a
As a mysterious and malevolent atmosphere deepens in the halls of
Former 60 Minutes producer Marks (The Wall) puts his experience
on the legendary TV news magazine to good use in this highly
inventive reimagining of Bram Stoker's Dracula. His naïve
protagonist, Evangeline Harker, a young producer for the TV news
show The Hour, reluctantly accepts an assignment into the wilds of
… Marks' sense of place (a horse and wagon in front of a Coke
sign symbolizes the transition from communism) and tone-setting
emphasis on blood and bloodlines kick in early as Evangeline mulls
over blending her Italian Irish heritage and Robert's mix of Creek
Indian and the U.S. marshals who fought them, a union represented
for her by the engagement ring she insists on wearing to meet the
small, pale Torgu, who proves a kind of terrorist, and who infects
her ‘like a virus’ when she is abducted. … A scary
twenty-first-century take on the stuff of Dracula, worthy of its
rightful place among others. – Whitney Scott, American Library
One of the most unforgettable retellings of Dracula one could ever imagine. It takes a rare talent to make a seductive, perhaps even murderous female protagonist into a symbol of a strong modern woman, but John Marks has done just that. Ambitious, career-minded, yet vulnerable, Evangeline Harker is the anchor to an equally ambitious and powerful novel. – Mitch Cullin, author of Tideland and A Slight Trick of the Mind
Fangland is the rare real thing. . . . It’ll grab you and not let go. – Audrey Niffenegger, author of The Time Traveler’s Wife
John Marks has written the best vampire novel since . . .
Interview with the Vampire. – The
Love and death, sex and violence, satiric wit and genuine horror: Fangland has it all. – Keith Donohue, author of The Stolen Child
There’s always an audience bloodthirsty for quality, page-turning
horror. In this marvelously horrifying turn, Marks sinks his
satirical teeth into twenty-first-century media. First published to
rave reviews from critics and readers alike,
Fangland is a triumphant reinvention of the Dracula
epic that serves up biting satire and chills in equal measure. The
tale will appeal to vampire and horror aficionados as well as anyone
who’s fed up with what passes for ‘news’ today.
Literature & Fiction / World Literature / Linguistics / Reference
Shakespeare's Language: A Glossary of Unfamiliar Words in His Plays and Poems, second edition by Eugene F. Shewmaker (Facts on File Library of World Literature Series: Facts on File)
It is said that
The entries comprising Shakespeare's Language feature:
From the adjective ‘acerb’ in Othello to the verb ‘zwaggered’ in King Lear, this revised and updated edition, written by Eugene F. Shewmaker, retired editor of dictionaries and other reference books, contains approximately 17,000 definitions, more than 2,000 of which are new. It also features a new introductory chapter "Introduction to Shakespeare and His Language," which provides essential background information on Shakespeare's life and an in-depth discussion of how modern readers can approach his works in order best to understand and enjoy them.
Since the first edition of Shakespeare's Language appeared 12 years ago, there has been an increased acceptance of three more plays into the Shakespeare canon: The Two Noble Kinsmen, King Edward III, and (with somewhat less enthusiasm) Sir Thomas More. Many of the newer editions of the complete works now include these three plays, and they have also been issued in separate editions under Shakespeare's name. Kinsmen, written around 1613, was probably Shakespeare's last play and was almost certainly done in collaboration, most likely with John Fletcher. Edward and More, both early plays, are thought to be the products of several collaborators, though some scholars are willing to give Shakespeare most (or even all) of the credit for Edward. The manuscript of More has miraculously survived and resides in the British Library. A portion of the play (some 147 lines) is believed by a number of scholars to be in Shakespeare's hand. For the most part the play is undistinguished, and there is no record of its ever being produced in Shakespeare's day (the subject matter was highly inflammatory), but if generally accepted this would be the only fragment of a Shakespeare manuscript known to exist. This would bring the present canon to 40 plays, including, of course, Pericles, not added to the first compilation of Shakespeare's works in 1623 (the First Folio) but added in the Third Folio of 1664. In this edition Shewmaker has added words from these recent additions.
As Shewmaker stressed in the first edition, the main obstacle in assembling an adequate glossary/dictionary of Shakespeare's language is that no two editions of his works entirely agree. First, none of Shakespeare's manuscripts survive to authenticate or corroborate the text of the plays that have come down to us. We know them only through the printed editions of his day and the first collection of his works, familiar to us as the First Folio, published in 1623, seven years after his death. Since then, generations of editors have revised, emended, and theorized an endless number of editions into print, each with newfound confidence that this one corrects previous errors and misconceptions and presents Shakespeare as he would have had it.
Many of the problems were set right with the publication of the First Folio, which brought together 36 of Shakespeare's plays, 18 of them appearing in print for the first time. The importance of the First Folio's contribution to world literature can hardly be overestimated. Were it not for this compilation in 1623 we might well have lost half of Shakespeare's plays (including The Tempest, Macbeth, Julius Caesar, and Antony and Cleopatra) and would have only inferior versions of at least five others (including Othello and King Lear).
As Shakespeare's Language explains, in the Elizabethan Age, the spelling of English had not yet been standardized. ‘Fadom’ was just as acceptable as ‘fathom;’ ‘extract’ was often written as ‘extraught,’ ‘music’ as ‘musicke;’ ‘sheriff’ as ‘shrieve;’ etc. Add to this the fact that Shakespeare frequently worked under pressure and was not particularly concerned about spelling, indicating who was speaking, or being precise about exits and entrances, etc., secure in the knowledge that the other members of the company would know what he had in mind or that he would be there to answer their questions.
As a further complication, Shakespeare coined many words (expressure, dishabited, circummured, vastidity, etc.), which may have confused the copyists as well as subsequent typesetters. Typesetters, of varying degrees of competence and working under pressure, made errors in the printing of the plays and most likely ‘corrected’ an occasional word or passage that appeared wrong to them. Later editors have reconstructed (or ‘improved upon’) Shakespeare's original intentions in a variety of ways.
Aside from the many Elizabethan words that have disappeared from the language, other words that have acquired fairly precise meanings in our own age (e.g., pregnant, still, deceive, presently) often meant something quite different to an Elizabethan. In certain passages, the wordplay can be murky, if not incomprehensible, for a modern audience, as in Merry Wives, I, i, 16-21, when ‘coat’ is misunderstood by another character as ‘cod’ and ‘luce’ (pike) is subsequently misunderstood as ‘louse;’ with the confusion resulting in a considerable amount of cross-punning. Later in the same scene, ‘words’ is misunderstood as ‘worts’ (cabbages), causing even more confusion. Elizabethan audiences loved puns, and Shakespeare happily obliged, often throwing in a bawdy sense as another possible interpretation (such as cod, understood as codpiece, understood as penis). The "Unfamiliar Words" of Shakespeare's Language’s subtitle, then, refers as well to familiar words used in unfamiliar ways.
Shewmaker, a retired editor of reference books with a background
in drama, aims here to define succinctly and in a basic way over
15,000 words found in Shakespeare's plays and poetry. Every entry
includes an in-context quotation showing how the word or phrase was
used by Shakespeare. Though many of the work's entries are also
found in such standard reference sets as the Oxford English
Dictionary and/or C.T. Onion's A Shakespeare Glossary (
Shakespeare's Language penetrates and recreates the immediacy of Shakespeare's language. In most passages, Shewmaker has opted for the literal, or most obvious, interpretation and tried to indicate when puns and equivocations seem to be at work. When inescapable, he has not shied away from the bawdy, since it was a vital part of the Elizabethan's theatergoing experience and pleasure. This second edition is an invaluable desktop resource for anyone interested in making sense of one of the world's greatest playwrights. The book is a comprehensive, straightforward, and easy-to-understand guide.
Political Science / Public Policy
Real Change: From the World That Fails to the World That Works by Newt Gingrich (Regnery Publishing, Inc.)
Are you fed up with bickering politicians, self-satisfied bureaucrats, and a government that never seems to address the real problems facing the country? Can we create a government that is small, efficient, and responsive – from the state house to the White House?
We have a government of the bureaucrats, by the consultants, and for the special interests. We have a system that is designed to bypass us, the American people. We need to take action. If our leaders won't give us the real change we need, they are unworthy of our votes. – Newt Gingrich
Gingrich, architect of the Contract with
But politicians aren't listening.
Gingrich then reveals why the Democratic Party can't deliver real
change and why the Republican Party won't. He provides a
step-by-step, issue-by-issue toolkit for building a better
Gingrich, former Speaker of the House, led the Republican Party to victory in 1994. From 1995 to 1999, he served as Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives. Gingrich is a senior fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, founder of the Center for Health Transformation, a FOX political analyst, and general chairman of American Solutions for Winning the Future.
In Real Change Gingrich argues convincingly that America is at a crossroads – transformational change will mean prosperity, safety, and freedom but government will drag the country further into decline. He shows readers how to make real change a reality, sparing no one in his analysis, lambasting both parties for failing to offer real solutions to the serious problems that face the country.
Politics / Globalization / Social Science / Women’s Studies
The Gender of Globalization: Women Navigating Cultural and Economic Marginalities edited by Nandini Gunewardena & Ann Kingsolver (School for Advanced Research Advanced Seminar Series: School for Advanced Research Press)
As ‘globalization’ moves rapidly from buzzword to cliché,
evaluating the claims of neoliberal capitalism to empower and enrich
remains urgently important. The contributors to
The Gender of Globalization employ feminist,
ethnographic methods to examine what free trade and export
processing zones, economic liberalization, and currency reform mean
to women in
According to The Gender of Globalization, heralded as agents of prosperity and liberation, neoliberal economic policies have too often refigured and redoubled the burdens of gender, race, caste, class, and regional subordination that women bear. Traders, garment factory operatives, hotel managers and maids, small farmers and agricultural laborers, garbage pickers, domestic caregivers, daughters, wives, and mothers; women around the world are struggling to challenge the tendency of globalization talk to veil their marginalization.
The book is edited by Nandini Gunewardena, practitioner
anthropologist and faculty member in the human services program at
Many feminist anthropologists, as well as scholars in related fields, have documented how the current wave of economic globalization (with its neoliberal governance) has had disproportionately negative impacts on women in terms of aggravating women's social and economic marginality. Contrary to predictions, particularly those related to the now highly contested ‘trickle-down’ economic theory, economic globalization has deepened rather than narrowed the social and economic divides between the global North and South, as documented even by leading economists such as the former chief economist for the World Bank, Joseph Stiglitz. Less well documented are the particularly damning gendered consequences of globalization – a lacuna The Gender of Globalization attempts to fill. The literature amply documents how economic policies have reduced local purchasing power parity and subsistence security and led women to adopt compensation strategies at the expense of their self-exploitation to ensure household and family survival. A World Bank document on revenue generated by transnational immigrants (predominantly a female workforce) reveals a staggering figure of $230 billion in global remittances. The chapters in this book add to the body of literature, analyzing how these processes are distinctly gendered. The richly textured descriptions of the lived realities of women experiencing these forces illustrate how women of diverse ethnic, racial, caste, class, and other identities (as well as intersectional social locations) encounter and respond to the forces of globalization in unique and differentiated ways.
According to Gunewardena and Kingsolver, The Gender of Globalization may be read and used in a number of ways, but they have clustered chapters according to thematic concerns that encourage readers to take up the discussions begun by the authors. The first cluster, for example, focuses on production, distribution, and consumption – in this case, of cloth and clothing – as central to current and historical analyses of globalization. In the section "Producing Threads, Consuming Garb: Women Traversing Global Clothing Markets," Gunewardena's chapter focuses on women workers in a garment factory in Sri Lanka; Akosua Darkwah discusses women trading cloth in the transnational market between Europe and Ghana; and Mary Moran considers the shifting meanings of cloth and its consumption in Liberia from the colonial period. This cluster facilitates discussion of the gendering of globalizations through a focus on commodity chains and the lives connected through those chains.
The second cluster of chapters, "Racialized Policies, Scarred
Bodies: Women Transposing Neoliberal Violence," documents the
dichotomous categories that have fostered the hierarchical
racialization, subordination, and paternalistic marginalization of
groups of people through capitalist economic and cultural relations.
This cluster also allows readers to look critically at the ways in
which historical, development, and neoliberal discourses are used
to promote and mask active marginalization, including physical
violence. The chapters in this section are Ulrika Dahl's discussion
of marginality related to nationality and gender in rural
The third section, "Servicing Leisure, Serving Class: Women Transgressing Global Circuits of Care," focuses on service work as a lens to study women's marginalities, and their contestation of these, in global circuits. Lynn Bolles discusses women workers and entrepreneurs in the tourist sector in Jamaica; Rhacel Parreñas focuses on domestic workers from the Philippines who navigate urban spaces in the United States and Italy; and Sandy Smith-Nonini writes about the union activism of workers from many nations who service San Francisco's hotel and restaurant industry, which hosts groups such as the American Anthropological Association.
The last cluster of ethnographic essays, "Contesting
Marginalities, Imagining Alternatives: Women Transforming Global
Coalitions," focuses on something that all the chapters in
The Gender of Globalization address – agency in
relation to conditions associated with economic globalization.
Kingsolver's chapter includes a discussion of the conceptual
contributions of women's plurinational organizing to broader
alliances against neoliberal free trade policies in
The foreword, chapter 2, and the concluding chapters introduce other ways of reading across and beyond the collected ethnographic essays, taking up the themes of structure and agency, the role of states, the paradoxes of globalization, processes of differentiation, patriarchal capitalist and other power relations, and ethnographic and coalitional approaches to understanding gendered globalizations and how women navigate economic and cultural marginalities.
The book [makes] an important contribution in the growing field
of gender and globalization... [by analyzing] sites that are not
commonly addressed [or] women who are not represented in the
literature.... – Maisha Desai,
A landmark volume, The Gender of Globalization fills a gap in the literature documenting the gendered consequences of globalization. The richly textured descriptions show how diverse women respond to the forces of globalization in unique ways.
The authors engage theories of cultural and economic marginalization that bridge political economic, feminist, critical race theory, and other approaches to discuss individual and collective experiences of power that distinguish among agency, autonomy, and hegemony. Gunewardena and Kingsolver thoroughly examine expressions of agentive, oppositional discourse and strategies for alternative knowledge practices and political mobilization to contribute to theoretical analyses of marginalization, vulnerability, and social exclusion in relation to economic globalization.
Professional & Technical / Medical / Pharmacology / Reference
Facts & Comparisons 4.0 Singer-User Annual 2008 CD-ROM by Facts & Comparisons (Drug Facts & Comparisons Series: Wolters Kluwer Health)
Facts and Comparisons has been the health care professional's choice for authoritative, comprehensive and timely drug information for over half a century.
With the Facts & Comparisons 4.0 single-user annual CD-ROM, readers gain access to an electronic version of the most comprehensive drug information available. This resource contains information on more than 22,000 Prescription (Rx) and 6,000 over-the-counter (OTC) products. Rx and OTC product information, drug-herb-food interactions, natural product information, and patient information can be accessed and searched in this compilation of Facts & Comparisons' most popular reference products and tools.
Facts & Comparisons 4.0 offers advanced features to serve the needs of health care professionals. With this CD-ROM, readers can
The CD-ROM contains comprehensive monographs detailing actions, indications, administration and dosage, interactions, adverse reactions, and warnings.
Facts & Comparisons 4.0 is supported by over 60 years of experience, assuring editorial consistency and reliability. The CD-ROM includes data from these resources:
For ease of use, drugs are divided into logical, related therapeutic or pharmacological groups, categorized so that similar drugs can be easily compared. The CD-ROM is Windows Compatible.
Facts & Comparisons 4.0 provides drug information that is authoritative, comprehensive and evaluative, with comparative tables that support and aid therapeutic decision-making at the point of care. This trusted resource, available in the easily searchable format, provides immediate information where it is needed.
Religion & Spirituality / Buddhism
Great Perfection: The Outer and Inner Preliminaries by Dzogchen Rinpoche, with an introduction by Dzogchen Ponlop, translated by Cortland Dahl (Heart Essence Series: Snow Lion)
In the Nyingma School of Tibetan Buddhism, the Great Perfection is considered the most profound and direct path to enlightenment. The instructions of this tradition present a spiritual shortcut – a direct approach that cuts through confusion and lays bare the mind's true nature of luminous purity. For centuries, these teachings have been taught and practiced in secret by the great adepts of the Buddhist tradition.
Great Perfection contains detailed instructions on the foundational practices of this tradition from The Excellent Chariot, a practice manual compiled by the Third Dzogchen Rinpoche. Distilling the teachings of the Heart Essence of the Dakinis, The Excellent Chariot leads readers through the entire Buddhist path, starting with basic Buddhist contemplations that work to dislodge ingrained patterns of thinking and behaving, and continuing on to the most advanced and secret meditative practices of the Great Perfection.
The Third Dzogchen Rinpoche (1759-1792) was the abbot of Dzogchen
Monastery, one of the largest monastic centers in eastern
In addition to the translation, Great Perfection contains an introduction by the Dzogchen Ponlop Rinpoche, a contemporary Great Perfection master, and an extensive glossary of key Great Perfection terminology.
Great Perfection is part of the Heart Essence Series, which presents translations of seminal writings on the Great Perfection. The series aims to provide scholars, teachers, and practitioners of these profound teachings with accurate and readable translations of the most important Great Perfection texts.
For centuries, the Heart Essence of the Dakinis has been
treasured as one of the most profound and direct paths to
enlightenment in the Tibetan tradition. The teachings contained in
this volume illuminate the preliminary practices of this sacred
path. Drawing upon many of the greatest sages of
The aim of the preliminary practices is to establish a foundation
for all spiritual progress. To dispense with these foundations in
order to practice teachings one supposes to be more profound is like
building a palace on the surface of a frozen lake. If one's practice
of the preliminaries is profound, the main practice will be profound
as well. One can therefore be grateful to
This amazing volume enshrines the Buddhist teachings for beginners, teaching how to deal with everyday life, how to apply one's mind to the pure teachings of the Buddha, and especially the extraordinary physical, vocal, and mental exercises that awaken the enlightened nature of the mind. This wonderful volume is rich in blessings and filled with practical advice. – Tulku Thondup Rinpoche, author of The Healing Power of Mind
Great Perfection contains a complete description of the traditional preliminary practices to be completed before initiation into advanced practice. This beautifully written guide puts the essential teachings in an accessible, easy to practice format. This translation of the foundational practices will be of great use to Westerners wishing to step onto the Buddhist path of enlightenment.
Religion & Spirituality / Christianity / New Testament / Reference
Faithfulness and the Purpose of Hebrews:
A Social Identity Approach by Matthew J. Marohl (
Why was Hebrews written? What was the purpose of the text? The discussion of the purpose of Hebrews is traditionally connected to the discussion of the identity and social context of the addressees. In other words, it is often assumed that to answer why Hebrews was written, it must first be established to whom Hebrews was written. Herein lies a problem for modern readers of the text. There is little, if any, consensus regarding the identity of the addressees. And there is little, if any, consensus regarding the purpose of Hebrews. While most still hold to the ‘traditional view,’ that the addressees were ‘Jewish Christians’ in danger of falling back into ‘Judaism,’ a growing number of interpreters have concluded that nothing can be known regarding the identity of the addressees.
The aim of Faithfulness and the Purpose of Hebrews is to provide answers to these questions by employing that branch of social psychology known as social identity theory.
Matthew J. Marohl, teacher of New Testament at
Indeed, it has become almost commonplace to refer to the ‘mystery’ of Hebrews, to speak of Hebrews as an ‘enigma.’ It is not only the question of the identity of the addressees that has proven problematic for historical critics, the identity of the author, the date of the text, its literary genre, its place of writing, its destination, the social context in which it was written, its structure, and its very purpose have all been widely debated and difficult to discern. For many, these problems may all be traced to the text's lack of specific historical data. Therefore, while some continue to attempt to answer the question, "Who where the addressees of Hebrews?," others voice frustration at the impossibility of the task.
According to Marohl, frustration is justified. There is an incompatibility of the historical-critical method to the data available in Hebrews. However, this may only be a symptom of a much more significant problem associated with a traditional historical-critical investigation. The larger issue concerns the categories commonly used by historical critics. The inadequacies of such modern categories include both the use of problematic terminology and problematic conceptions of the nature of the various first-century groups. For example, a modern reader might envision the first-century addressees as having been ‘Jewish.’ Further, ‘Judaism’ might be understood to be a ‘religion.’ For some, the ‘religion’ of ‘Judaism’ is understood to have been in direct conflict or competition with the ‘religion’ of ‘Christianity.’ Attempting to place the addressees into one of the categories with which we are familiar, is, after all, a natural part of our social categorization process. But what categories did the addressees use to simplify and systematize their environment? Faithfulness and the Purpose of Hebrews utilizes social identity theory to identify and interpret the social categories employed by the author and the addressees of Hebrews and to identify and interpret the purpose of the text itself.
In chapter 1, Marohl outlines the historical critical process for examining identity. He presents a description of each of the eight common proposals concerning the identity of the addressees of Hebrews. Finally, he engages in a critical examination of the categorization process of historical criticism. At the end of the chapter, he proposes the problem of understanding the identity of the addressees is not rooted in a lack of information within the text but with an inadequate conceptual framework for understanding identity.
The discussion of the identity of the addressees is inherently connected with the discussion of the purpose of the text. Chapter 2 follows the basic structure of chapter 1. Marohl outlines the historical critical process for analyzing the purpose of a text. He provides a description of each of the four common proposals concerning the purpose of Hebrews. Finally, he engages in an examination of the historical-critical process for analyzing the purpose of Hebrews. At the end of the second chapter, he proposes that the multiplicity of proposals regarding the purpose of the text reflects the multiplicity of proposals regarding the identity of the addressees.
Since an appropriate conceptual framework for understanding identity is needed in order to move forward in the discussion of the addressees of Hebrews, Marohl offers an overview of social identity theory, the theoretical framework with which he comes at the problem in a new way. Social identity theory not only offers insight into the social categorization process, but more importantly, helps to describe how social groups form and maintain identity. Chapter 3 in Faithfulness and the Purpose of Hebrews describes not only the social categorization process, but also defines social identity, the role of social comparison in identity formation and maintenance, and the function of time within social identity. In addition, and of particular importance to the study of Hebrews, Marohl discusses the nature of outgroups according to social identity theory. He considers, for example, whether an outgroup must be a real group, and whether an ingroup might compare itself to a symbolic outgroup.
In chapter 4, Marohl considers the cultural context of the
first-century Mediterranean world, including in the discussion the
dynamic of temporal orientation. The chapter's main thesis is that
unlike the future temporal orientation of most twenty-first century
The first step in reading Hebrews within the framework of social identity theory involves the consideration of whether the addressees understand themselves to be a distinct group, an ‘us’? Rather than rely upon the categories of ‘Jewish Christian’ or ‘Gentile Christian,’ chapter 5 argues that the addressees of Hebrews understood their own identity in terms of faithfulness.
The addressees of Hebrews understood themselves to be ‘the faithful.’ Repeatedly, the faithfulness of Jesus is understood through comparison. The faithfulness of Jesus is compared to that of Moses (Heb 3:1-6). Likewise, his faithfulness is compared to that of the ‘great cloud of witnesses’ (Heb 12:1-2). In chapter 6, Marohl employs two relevant areas of social identity theory – the theory of shared life stories and the theory of prototypicality – in order to understand the author's use of comparison and his emphasis on the faithfulness of Jesus.
Throughout Hebrews, the author thoroughly integrates issues of identity, faithfulness, and time. Therefore, to more fully understand social identity in Hebrews, it is necessary to consider the role of time within the text. Specifically, chapter 7 of Faithfulness and the Purpose of Hebrews addresses four questions regarding temporality. First, what was the role of the antecedent in Hebrews? Second, what was the role of the forthcoming? Third, what was the role of foresight? Fourth, is there evidence of imaginary time in Hebrews? In addition, this chapter includes a description of the meaning of the promised ‘rest.’ We find that the addressees are encouraged to "look forward by looking back."
In chapter 8, Marohl broadens the discussion from the identity of the addressees of Hebrews to the purpose of the text. The discussion of the purpose of Hebrews has traditionally been connected to the discussion of the identity and social context of the addressees of Hebrews. If we take seriously the conclusions made in chapters 5-7 regarding the identity of the addressees, it is possible to present a new proposal regarding the purpose of the text. The proposal of chapter 8, based upon the culturally appropriate conceptual framework of social identity theory and present temporal orientation, can serve as a helpful tool for the interpretation of Hebrews.
Marohl's welcome study represents an accomplished application of
social identity theory to the text of Hebrews. His methodological
attentiveness is mature and responsible, resulting in an articulate
analysis that recognises the faithfulness of Jesus to be the
theological centre that informs the socio-religious program
advocated by the author of Hebrews. – Bruce Longenecker,
Henri Tajfel could have had no concept of the far-reaching influence of social identity theory he first developed in the 1970s. In Faithfulness and the Purpose of Hebrews, that theory and a model of present temporal orientation provide the conceptual framework within which to understand the identity of the addressees of Hebrews and the purpose of the text. But projects such as this can be informative beyond the boundaries and limitations of both New Testament interpretation and social identity theory.
Faithfulness and the Purpose of Hebrews offers fresh answers to several unresolved questions. The study concludes that the author of Hebrews provides internal constraints that are meant to prevent social mobility. Marohl utilizes social creativity (an aspect of social change) to provide a positive social identity for the addressees.
Religion & Spirituality / Christianity / New Testament / Reference
A Popular Survey of the New Testament by Norman L. Geisler (Baker Books)
Besides the Gospels, which are more familiar to most Christians,
the New Testament can seem like a strange collection of letters to
people who are very different from ourselves.
Understanding the New Testament is a daunting but exciting task. Today’s world is so different from that of the first century. The dress, travel, vocation, and custom of biblical characters are all foreign to readers. Yet it is important to understand the context and content of the New Testament. A Popular Survey of the New Testament is designed to help ordinary people enrich their understanding of New Testament people and events. Written by Norman L. Geisler, cofounder and former dean of Southern Evangelical Seminary and
A Popular Survey of the New Testament is illustrated throughout with color photos, charts, and maps, and written in an informal style. Each chapter includes study questions. The book also contains several appendices: Early Church Fathers and Sources, Early Citations of the New Testament, Key Words and Phrases in the New Testament, and Miracles in the Gospels; and a Bibliography.
Of the making of New Testament studies there is no end, so readers may rightly wonder why yet another manual is needed. Does this volume offer insights not easily available elsewhere? Geisler, dean of Southern Evangelical Seminary and Bible College, and author of more than 70 books dealing with the Bible and Christianity, gathers decades of findings of New Testament scholars into a truly accessible and readable overview, aimed at readers at all levels. Beginning with a fine explanation of the various critical methodologies used in analyzing the scriptural record, he then treats each book in the New Testament, addressing questions about authorship, the date of writing and the book's intended audience, and a clear explanation of the content of each book. … Numerous charts and full-color photos enhance the presentation, making the book an excellent choice for course adoption. Geisler thinks even beginning students can appreciate and understand the canon and demonstrates beautifully the simplicity and consistency of these writings. This is a book worth owning. – Publishers Weekly
Illustrated throughout with color photos, charts, and maps, and written in an easy, informal style, A Popular Survey of the New Testament is accessible and enjoyable to anyone who wants to understand the New Testament better.
Religion & Spirituality / Christianity / Reference
The Historical Reliability of the Gospels, 2nd edition by Craig L. Blomberg (IVP Academic)
Dr. Blomberg is a member of a team of scholars who have for a number of years been engaged on a ‘Gospels Project’, designed to explore the main critical issues in the study of the Gospels in our time. The findings of this team have been published in a series of six volumes entitled Gospel Perspectives. But these volumes are written by scholars for scholars. What Dr. Blomberg has done is to digest their contents and present them, in the light of his own study and understanding of the subject, to a wider public. His book calls for careful thought on the part of its readers, but does not require technical knowledge. Here is an answer to the questions: Is it possible for intelligent people nowadays to approach the Gospels as trustworthy accounts of the life and teaching of Jesus? Must they be read with skepticism until their detailed information is confirmed? Or can we, in the light of present knowledge, take it for granted that their authors intend to record things that really happened? The answer Dr. Blomberg gives to these questions is positive and satisfying, because he gives ample evidence of accurate and up-to-date acquaintance with the subject of his work and the relevant literature. I am happy to commend it warmly to readers who are interested in this question, and especially to theological students. – F. F. Bruce, from the Foreword to the first edition
For over twenty years, Craig Blomberg's first edition of The Historical Reliability of the Gospels has provided an antidote to many of the toxic effects of skeptical criticism of the Gospels. Offering a balanced overview of the history of Gospel criticism, especially that of the late twentieth century, Blomberg, Distinguished Professor of New Testament at Denver Seminary, introduces readers to the methods employed by New Testament scholars and shows both the values and limits of those methods. After an assessment of noncanonical Jesus tradition, he addresses issues of historical method directly.
Many people continue to believe that only a small percentage of the New Testament accounts of the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth reflect what he really said and did. The reasons for skepticism may vary over the years, but some arguments have proved remarkably persistent – for example, the Gospels were not written by people in a position to know what Jesus was like, primitive cultures believed in miracles that we know are impossible, theological interest precludes historical accuracy, non-canonical texts disprove the stories in the Gospels, and so on. According to Blomberg, such claims are in fact weakly supported, or have actually been disproved. However, various issues contribute to the complexity of the question of the Gospels' trustworthiness, and disagreements remain. Furthermore, confusion has been compounded by fiction promoted in popular culture, or by eccentric, unrepresentative scholarship.
Since its first appearance in 1987, Blomberg’s response to skepticism in The Historical Reliability of the Gospels has been widely appreciated. Fully revised and updated, this new edition takes account of the vast amount of relevant scholarship that has appeared over the last two decades. This new edition of The Historical Reliability of the Gospels contains numerous additions to the footnotes and two added appendixes. Readers will find that over the past twenty years, the case for the historical trustworthiness of the Gospels has grown stronger.
The book offers an overview and history of contemporary Gospel study methods, explores the problem of miracles from scientific, philosophical and historical perspectives, critically examines the issue of supposed contradictions among the Synoptics, investigates alleged historical discrepancies between the Synoptics and John's Gospel, and surveys canonical and non-canonical Jesus tradition outside the Gospels.
The Historical Reliability of the Gospels is a solid analytic study providing answers to the questions of historicity which stand up to serious academic scrutiny as well as providing some help for those who are perplexed by scholarly disagreement. Ranging over a wide field – differences between parallel accounts of the same event, the theological interests of the Evangelists, the miracles of Jesus, the testimony of extra-biblical sources, and critical assessment of historical methods – Blomberg presents a thorough, informed engagement with the main issues in the ongoing debates. Deliberately refusing to appeal to the inspiration of the Bible or to church tradition, he convincingly demonstrates the overall historical reliability of the Gospels. This valuable and accessible study will appeal to non-specialists and ministers as well as to theological scholars and students.
Science / History / Philosophy
Scientific Freedom: The Elixir of Civilization by Donald W. Braben (Wiley-Interscience)
Scientific progress comes in a vast number of ways, ranging from the apparently spontaneous comprehension of a new way of looking at the universe as typified by Albert Einstein's theory of relativity, to the prolonged and often agonizing study of a perplexing phenomenon as typified by Max Planck's work that led to the discovery of energy quantization. Until about 1970, such scientists were free – and endorsed by the scientific community – to discover the breakthroughs that have shaped the modern world. But subsequent policy changes are making it almost impossible for others to follow in their footsteps. Consequently, economic growth and future prosperity are now in jeopardy.
Scientific Freedom Donald W. Braben outlines what
needs to be done to restore the freedom that can transform
scientific understanding. He argues that creativity and the freedom
to discover is hindered by lumbering bureaucracies that threaten the
very future of civilization. He discusses in detail what
Transformative Research (Venture Research) actually is, how it
relates to other research programmers, how an initiative might be
designed and implemented, how it might be supported on the national
scale, and why it is important to everyone.
In Scientific Freedom Braben:
Braben created and ran the Venture Research initiative, a
ten-year experiment sponsored by British Petroleum in the 1980s. Its
mission was to identify and support radical, exploratory, and basic
research in any field with the sole objective of increasing
understanding. Braben has been a visiting professor at University
College London's Department of Earth Sciences for more than ten
years. Earlier, following 16 years as a researcher, first in nuclear
structure and later in high-energy physics research, Braben held
senior positions at the Cabinet Office in
Braben outlines the intellectual obstacles facing today's researchers and discusses what needs to be done to restore the freedom that can transform scientific understanding and enrich our lives. Introducing the concept of transformative research, he explains how an initiative can be designed and implemented, how it could be supported on a national scale, and the importance of launching such initiatives. Scientific Freedom provides insight into the essential steps need to avoid stagnation, including the emergence of altruistic sponsors to help fund research, the establishment of an extensive network of universities that will encourage and foster scientific freedom, and the emergence of industrialists who will convince shareholders that a small proportion of activities should be free of short-term assessment.
Scientific Freedom is structured as follows. Chapter 1 introduces the formidable Damocles Zone, and outlines how we can avoid it. Virtually every process on which life is based and indeed every dynamic process in the air, earth, oceans, or the universe itself is ultimately finely balanced. Collapse and instability are never far away. However, for most of us, and for most of the time, that is not what we actually observe. The world is generally a pleasant and predictable place only because of the feedback mechanisms that usually tame the instabilities. Braben’s conjecture is that at the highest social levels creativity provides the vital feedback that keeps societies and civilizations healthy. Crushing it, as was done during the Dark Ages, for example, makes us highly vulnerable. Today, our current obsession with efficiency and accountability is hardly consistent with promoting creativity, but in contrast to the Dark Ages we have expanding populations with increasing expectations. We must take more care or suffer the consequences.
Chapter 2 describes transformative research, the term now used in the United States to describe the research that has a reasonable chance of radically changing our understanding of important concepts or creating new fields of science. Braben avoids a more precise definition, however, because the main objective of any transformative research initiative should be to rectify the serious flaws in current funding arrangements and thereby stimulate the creation of a twenty-first century Planck Club. The major snag is that every discovery made by their twentieth-century predecessors was unexpected. According to Braben, the most we can do is to restore the freedom that leads to them.
Chapter 3 discusses why we should be concerned about our current predicament. Before 1970, scientific discovery was intensely personal. Nowadays, however, research tends to follow the fashions of consensus. Large numbers of developments are attributed impersonally to anonymous ‘researchers’ rather than to highly individualistic Olympians such as Planck, and most of these are likely to be superseded by the next development before too long. Braben attributes the apparent fall in scientific productivity to the loss of freedom in research, but the loss is not irrevocable. We are in dire need of a few determined individuals who can mount effective challenges to the new policies.
Chapter 4 of Scientific Freedom discusses how we might go about finding Planck's successors. The essential point is that such initiatives must pass the ‘Planck test’ if they are to stand a chance of succeeding. Thus, search parties must genuinely believe that their procedures would probably have led to the support of Planck et al. when they were starting out. Unfortunately, the funding agencies seem preoccupied with so-called high-risk research. They do not seem to have realized that they have hijacked the management of risk – that should normally be the researcher's responsibility, at least for academics.
Chapter 5 describes how a transformative research initiative might work in practice. The ultimate objective is to create a twenty-first century Planck Club, of course, but likely members of such an august club will probably be very careful when sharing their ideas. There must be mutual trust, and that must be won. Indeed, the staff of a transformative research initiative has a very special role to play.
Chapter 6 discusses the university as an institution, the very home of the intellectual dimension. This most successful of our institutions has served society well over the centuries. In the twentieth century, it provided an encouraging environment for most members of the Planck Club and many others who made vital contributions during World War II. This extraordinary reservoir of talent is now under serious threat. The objective of offering higher education to 40–50% of the student cohort may be desirable, but unless we take steps to preserve, for example, the freedom of research, the university as we have known it will disappear, having drowned in a sea of mundanity. Possible solutions are discussed, but they would seem to require a revolution – a proposed Fifth Revolution – the natural successor to the generally accepted four that have dominated our lives for the past 300 years or so.
Chapter 7 gives an accounting of the 26 programs being funded by the Venture Research initiative at its close in 1990, and of their eventual progress. Braben shows that Venture Researchers were phenomenally successful. At least 14 groups or individuals made transformative discoveries, but their proposals had all been rejected by the usual funding agencies. These high success levels would seem to indicate that Venture Research (transformative research, by another name) is not high-risk, and could be a viable alternative, at least for radical researchers, to the environment prior to the 1970s or so that generally allowed freedom for all. It is also remarkably cheap.
Humanity's future seems precariously balanced. We are facing a daunting catalog of problems of which perhaps the most intractable is that the majority of the world's population are now demanding the higher standards of living long enjoyed by the industrial nations. Growth depends on technical change, but management by objectives and other instruments of bureaucracy are strangling scientific research, and our universities are struggling to cope with their rising demands. On the other hand, if we strive to ensure that the most original of our elite scientists and universities are completely free to tackle these and other problems, we could synthesize the elixir that perpetuates civilization indefinitely.
Scientific Freedom is a timely, eye-opening book on the current state of scientific research. Complete with scientific proposals and commentaries, Scientific Freedom extends the debate to anyone who has a serious interest in global affairs – industrialists, academics, legislators, and consumers – and offers an inspiring analysis of how scientific freedom affects and preserves the very foundations of our civilization. The book also contains the first full, and fascinating, account of the programs funded by the Venture Research initiative.
Social Sciences / Health, Mind & Body / Ethics
Autonomy and Paternalism: Reflections on the Theory and Practice of Health Care edited by Thomas Nys, Yvonne Denier & Toon Vandevelde (Ethical Perspectives Monograph Series: Peeters-Leuven)
In recent years, the triumph of autonomy has made paternalist interventions increasingly problematic. The value of a patient's right to self-determination and the practice of informed consent are considered supremely important in present-day health care ethics. In general, the idea of ‘doctor knows best’ has become more and more suspicious. This has left us with a situation in which paternalist medicine seems difficult to reconcile with respect for patient autonomy.
Autonomy and Paternalism offers a reflection on the relationship between autonomy and paternalism, and argues that, from both theoretical and practical angles, the tension between these concepts is not as acute as it might seem. In long-term care, psychiatry, and care for the severely handicapped, the principle of respect for autonomy is particularly ill-suited. This, however, does not mean that such respect is totally irrelevant, but that it should take a different shape. Good care in those cases requires us to transcend the scarp dichotomy between autonomy and paternalism.
Editors of Autonomy and Paternalism include Thomas Nys, post-doctoral researcher in moral philosophy at the Centre for Ethics; Yvonne Denier, Research Fund K.U. Leuven post-doctoral researcher in moral philosophy at the Faculty of Philosophy and the Faculty of Economics; and Toon Vandevelde, Professor of Philosophy at the Faculty of Philosophy and at the Faculty of Economics, all of the Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium. In addition to the editors, contributors include George Agich, professor at the Department of Philosophy of Bowling Green State University in Ohio and Director of the BGeXperience Program; David Archard, Professor of Philosophy and Public Policy and Director of the Institute of Environment, Philosophy & Public Policy at Lancaster University; Eva Kittay, Professor of Philosophy at the State University of New York at Stony Brook; Eric Matthews, Emeritus Professor of Philosophy and Honorary Research Professor of Medical and Psychiatric Ethics in the University of Aberdeen, Scotland; and Heike Schmidt-Felzmann, Lecturer in Philosophy at the National University of Ireland, Galway, and Co-Director of the Centre of Bioethical Research and Analysis.
As the editors point out in the introduction to Autonomy and Paternalism, the book starts from the assumption that there is a tension between the value of autonomy and the praxis of paternalism. The fact that we perceive both concepts as enemy notions is due to historical processes. The way in which we are familiar with the term ‘autonomy’ was strongly influenced by a discourse of anti-paternalism. As such, the recent emphasis on autonomy is a product of the 1960s and 1970s, the offspring of turbulent times. Women, racial minorities, homosexuals, children, patients, etc., they were all treated paternalistically, that is, as if they were not capable of living their own lives. Sometimes this implied that people were kept out of harm's way at the cost of belittlement or even disgrace. At other times however, the ‘paternalistic’ intervention even seemed to go against the general and laudable goal of protecting a person's well-being. The claims of various groups were often formulated in terms of individual rights – that individuals should have the right to self-determination; people should be allowed a ‘space of their own’ in which they could determine and pursue their own conception of the good. They should be permitted to live their own life, and they should be respected in their autonomy conceived as the capacity for independence, personal reflection and critical decision-making. Whenever this capacity is seriously denied or ignored, the person is not treated with appropriate respect, and instances of paternalism are obvious cases where such respect is wanting.
Although these historical processes which have contributed to the importance of autonomy have deeply pervaded the whole of society, the editors focus in Autonomy and Paternalism on the context of biomedical ethics. In this context, one often refers to the ‘triumph of autonomy’ – within the set of ethical considerations that should be taken into account in medical decision-making, the principle of respect for autonomy has become dominant.
The various chapters of Autonomy and Paternalism shed a light on different aspects of the relationship between autonomy and paternalism. Moreover, they try to conceive of how a crude tension between both concepts can be avoided.
George Agich proposes to re-conceptualize autonomy in order to meet the demands of long-term care. Agich emphasizes the importance of actual autonomy which signifies the tacit, beneath-the-surface dimension of autonomy. Respect for actual autonomy means that we recognize the individual as a socially-embedded person with a specific personality that deserves to be respected. This implies that the relation between the caretaker and the recipient of care should be dialogical and that care should be tailored to the specifics of the individual's life. Respect for actual autonomy means that caretakers should be sensitive to what the recipients deem meaningful in life. They need to focus on the day-to-day activities which are important to an individual.
Eva Kittay makes a similar point. She argues that the demands which are posited by popular conceptions of autonomy are often too demanding. In that respect: "it seems odd that autonomy has come to command centre stage in biomedical ethics, that is, in an ethics developed for a context where individuals are especially vulnerable and unusually dependent on others for the care and expertise that can determine their continued existence and well-being". Kittay seeks to dissolve the sharp dichotomy and conflict between autonomy and paternalism. The dichotomy hinges upon a distinction between the autonomous and the non-autonomous: on a divide between the competent and the incompetent. As an alternative to this myopic vision on autonomy (and paternalism) Kittay defends what she calls the caring transparent self "a self accommodating to the wants of another; that is, a self that defers or brackets its own needs in order to provide for another's". Such a caring self is able to respect the agency that is left in those who fail to meet the present day requirements of autonomy.
Eric Matthews also has reservations with regard to the principle of autonomy – he is doubtful whether the principle is of any use in the context of psychiatry. He agrees with Kittay that a large subset of the people who are in need of medical attention seem to lack autonomy, and hence, that it cannot be respected. The bottom line of Matthews' paper is that respect for human dignity sometimes requires that we go against a person's expressed wishes or preferences (i.e. that we should go against their autonomy). As such, Matthews puts strong emphasis on rationality and its relation to human dignity. Yet, at the same time, he warns us that we should be extremely cautious because some seemingly irrational decisions may turn out to be reasonable after all. This calls for a ‘sensitive exploration’ of the reasons which support a patient's decisions.
David Archard focuses on the practice of informed consent as it is regarded "a specification of the principle of respect for individual autonomy". Archard interprets autonomy as "the capacity of individuals to govern themselves, [i.e.] to determine the direction of their lives". Therefore, he concludes that this capacity is not vitiated by the mere absence of informed consent in cases when the intervention does not preclude the individual's ability to live his life according to his own lights. Archard then considers privacy and self-ownership as possible arguments in favor of informed consent and he argues that neither of these values can be reduced to a more primitive principle of autonomy.
Yvonne Denier addresses the connection between autonomy, physical well-being, and the ‘good life’ within the context of medical decisionmaking. According to Denier, physical well-being and considerations about ‘the good’ are different aspects of autonomy. She proposes a model of solidarity in which the physician is the expert concerning the objective well-being of the patient, while at the same time, the patient is the best judge regarding what is in his best interests and properly serves his own conception of the good. Like Kittay, she underscores the fact that people are essentially dependent beings, yet she also emphasizes that autonomy – i.e., independence – is something we highly value. In order to do justice to these ‘ambiguities of care’ we need to develop what Denier calls careful solidarity, that is, ‘the art of caring without humiliating’.
Thomas Nys reconsiders the dichotomy between autonomy and paternalism. Whereas both concepts are frequently regarded as enemy notions, he argues that instances of paternalism often only make sense if they are interpreted as expressions of autonomy. The paternalist acts upon a concern for the other person's well-being and this motive often depends upon the fact that there is also something at stake for him: he is personally invested in the well-being of the cared-about object. Autonomy is then expressed outwardly, that is, in desires which involve the things he cares about. The paradoxical result is that respect for autonomy could imply that we should respect instances of paternalism. If we value individual autonomy, then we should respect it on both sides: i.e. on that of the cared-about individual (the patient) as well as on that of the caretaker (the doctor). Hence, the principle of respect for autonomy is insufficient to deal with ethical problems in medical decision-making. Instead we should move to a discussion on what constitutes the good life.
Heike Smidt-Felzmann points our attention to the problem of paternalism within the setting of psychotherapy. Although early psycho-analysis was already aware of the danger of a therapist imposing his values upon the patient, this awareness proves to be insufficient to safeguard psychotherapy from the pitfalls of paternalism. However, the instruments with which we analyze the problem in ordinary health care (e.g., informed consent, coercion, deception) are too blunt and need to become more attuned to the specific context of psychotherapy. In order to attenuate the potential danger of paternalism, therapists need to make their values transparent; they need to make clear when their authority shifts from descriptive expertise to moral counseling.
In Autonomy and Paternalism various acclaimed authors present their views on the interesting and relevant debate between autonomy and paternalism. Together the contributors cover the topic thoroughly and insightfully, shedding light on the different aspects of the relationship between the two concepts and making a case for transcending the sharp dichotomy between them.
Transportation / Railroads / Engineering / History
North American Railroad Bridges by Brian Solomon (Voyageur Press)
In the Solomon family photo archives exists an image of myself in
Few railroading scenes are as enduring as those that depict a
freight or passenger train traversing river or roadway, creek or
canyon, atop a sturdy structure specially engineered for the
North American Railroad Bridges is a photographic
history paying tribute to the railroad bridge as both an icon of
Solomon, author of over 30 books and one of today's most accomplished railway historians, examines trusses, trestles, both stone arches and steel construction viaducts, suspension bridges, and movable spans – as well as many of the men responsible for pioneering them. In addition to explaining in layperson’s terms the principles behind each type of construction and why they are used in given situations, Solomon offers histories detailing the origins, construction, and use of iconic structures such as Hell Gate, Starrucca Viaduct, and Suisun Bay Bridge, among others, as well as lesser known but nonetheless important and interesting spans.
The book is illustrated throughout with landmark patent drawings, period postcards, specially commissioned diagrams, and modern color photography from some of today’s top rail photographers, capturing railroads large and small hauling traffic across bridges throughout the
In researching this text Solomon visited many bridges in the
The text is but half of North American Railroad Bridges; illustrations are the other half. Solomon has been making photographs for more than three decades and some of his earliest attempts were of railroad bridges. Reviewing photographs from many other sources and inspecting tens of thousands of images, Solomon has found the most evocative and informative images.
In this marvelously illustrated work, sure to appeal to modelers and rail fans alike, Solomon presents the only completely illustrated book to tackle the development and evolution of North American railroad bridges. North American Railroad Bridges is a fitting tribute to the structures that are as essential to the continent’s railroading landscape as locomotives and rolling stock.
Traveler's Companion Costa Rica, 3rd edition by Maribeth Mellin, revised & updated by Christopher Baker (Traveler's Companion Series: Globe Pequot Press)
Overwhelmingly green and moist, smelling of hibiscus, fresh
rainfall, and the salty sea,
A tiny slip of a nation wedged between the
Originally written by Maribeth Mellin, award-winning journalist and the author of travel guides on California, Mexico, and other Latin American countries, this third edition of Traveler's Companion Costa Rica has been revised by Christopher P. Baker, award-winning travel writer and the author of best-selling guidebooks to Cuba, Jamaica, Costa Rica, and the Bahamas. New in this edition are at-a-glance ‘best-of’ lists for quick reference, a detailed review of the country's spectacular flora and fauna, and key parks, wildlife refuges, and other protected zones available to the public.
Wild and rugged, the country is like a giant zoo. Mammal, bird,
reptile, and insect species are so numerous and the individual
creatures so ubiquitous that visitors will swear Mother Nature has
ordered up a theatrical show especially timed for their visit. In
Traveler's Companion Costa Rica, the abundance of
natural beauty, the serenity of the people, the healthy political,
economical, and physical environment – these attributes combined
together – attract foreigners in droves. Today, the level of
But as developed as
Traveler's Companion Costa Rica is arranged to make it easy to find information. The guidebook begins with Travelers' Tips, which is jam-packed with practical information covering everything readers need to know to plan the visit – from how to get there and lists of consulates and embassies to banking, health, and security. There is a section called "Tips for Travelers with Special Considerations," which has useful information for gays and lesbians, those who are differently abled, and women traveling alone. A comprehensive "Costa Rican Spanish for Travelers" section includes a glossary of many words and phrases it pays to know.
The Best of Costa Rica chapter is filled with practical
travelers' tips, but organized around special interests.
Bird-watching, surfing, or white-water rafting – numerous
activities are represented to appeal to different tastes. Travelers
who thrill to scenic drives will learn where to go, as well as what
to beware – such as southern
Traveler's Companion Costa Rica also caters to
every budget. The Best of Costa Rica's "Backpacking on a Shoestring"
section identifies how to travel around the country without breaking
the bank. The "Classy Digs and Dining" section guides travelers to
the very finest restaurants and hotels. There are also sections
geared toward families traveling with children. Wildlife lovers will
find much to pique their interests in the "Wildlife Sanctuaries" and
"Tiptoe to the Turtles" sections. The chapter's sidebars can prepare
readers for studying Spanish in
The detailed "Wildlife Wonders" section provides a comprehensive overview of the nation's astounding profundity of flora and fauna, and thorough descriptions of specific animal and bird species. The "National Parks and Reserves" section includes a rounded profile on the key parks, wildlife refuges, and other protected zones accessible to the public where readers can most easily view specific species. And the "Food and Cuisine" section offers a mouthwatering profile on the most delicious dishes, including fruits, desserts, and drinks.
The regional chapters break the country up into logical
geographic units, beginning with the capital city,
Traveler's Companion Costa Rica is the perfect
companion for the authentic Costa Rican experience. With full-color
photos, maps, and insider recommendations, the book immerses readers
in the splendor of