We Review the Best of the Latest Books

ISSN 1934-6557

August 2006, Issue #88

Guide to This Issue

Art & Architecture

Outdoor Spaces by Ana G. Cañizares (Good Ideas Series: Collins Design)

Humans have always had a unique bond with nature, one that has been unfortunately weakened by the growth of densely populated urban centers. The earliest examples of dwellings incorporated exterior spaces into the home, designed for cooking, cleaning, and resting. Today, the integration of outdoor spaces is an attempt to re-establish this connection with the outdoors. Considered a privilege, especially in large cities, the access to an outdoor space within the privacy of a residence can be taken advantage of in many ways. Terraces, balconies, gardens, and courtyards can be transformed, no matter what their size, into relaxing spaces in which to unwind or as sources of light that can filter in to the interior spaces of the residence. Through the use of the appropriate materials, furnishings plants, colors, textures, and other accessories, an outdoor space can become a genuine oasis in any private home.

Outdoor Spaces, written by Ana G. Cañizares, who specializes in interior design and architecture, gathers an extensive selection of innovative projects by contemporary architects and landscape designers. They shed light on ways to make the most of an outdoor space, to strengthen the relationship between the interior and exterior and to improve the quality of our lives.

Outdoor Spaces consists of four sections: Introduction, Terraces & Balconies, Courtyards, and Gardens, and is composed almost entirely of photographs from Europe, the Americas and Australia. Using state of the art design and materials, these terraces, balconies, gardens, and courtyards embody the merging of luxurious living spaces with a more respectful attitude toward nature. Whether the view is a secluded, sandy beach or a metropolitan skyline, these spaces function as stylish yet relaxing leisure areas.

Outdoor Spaces is a unique collection of innovative, alfresco designs that integrate human habitats seamlessly into their surrounding environment. This eclectic, essentially Western mix lets the pictures tell the story.

Art & Architecture / Guidebooks

Syracuse University: An Architectural Guide by Jeffrey Gorney (Syracuse University Press)

Written by Jeffrey Gorney, Syracuse writer and photographer, Syracuse University is a companion for anyone interested in exploring the architectural heritage of Syracuse University. The book illustrates how the Syracuse University campus evolved in response to the chang­ing character of the academic community and urban environs. It also gives an inside look at the University's most engaging structures – from the stately Hall of Languages (1871) and Crouse College (1887) to the landmark Carrier Dome stadium (1980) and the Warehouse (2006).

Syracuse University is a companion for a sidewalk tour of this illustrious campus. Designed for those who are unfamiliar with the delights of SU's buildings and gardens, the book works as a take along. Strolling through the Old Row one can easily imagine what collegiate life in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries must have been like. Fortunately, much of the fundamental pedagogic framework of college life from those early days – lectures, studios, labs, and studying – remains essential to university life today, a fact demonstrated by the highly effective functioning for today's academic endeavors of early buildings. With pride faculty, students and staff preserve these landmark buildings as testimonies to the University's past while carefully adapting them to meet the needs of the University's future.

According to Syracuse University, the campus building booms of the 1920s and the era following World War II, like the current boom in building as the campus enters the twenty-first century, challenged campus planners to create stimulating and effective expansions of the campus, not only to meet the immediate needs of a thriving and growing University but to leave flexible opportunities for the campus to adapt to the inevitable next set of academic challenges. The result is an eclectic composition of architectural styles and forms, creating a rich environment in which to learn and live. The broad architectural range of the campus both expresses and stimulates the diverse interests and objectives of the University, and the result is an environment that encourages students to appreciate and learn from the past while preparing for a future that will continue to evolve and provide new challenges.

The view to the south visually shows the Syracuse University campus as an expansive, fully functional, academic village with its arms open wide to the world. Richly illustrated and compellingly written, Syracuse University tells the story of SU for prospective students, faculty, alumni, and visitors. In it are the chancellors and architects, benefactors and builders who helped turn dreams into brick and mortar, as well as the grand plans and false starts, external events, and policy choices that transformed a bucolic nineteenth-century school into the architecturally and culturally complex campus that is Syracuse University today.

Arts & Photography / History / Portraits

Artists' Self-Portraits by Omar Calabrese, translated by Marguerite Shore (Abbeville Press)

In Artists' Self-Portraits, distinguished art historian and linguist Omar Calabrese reveals that self-portraits through the ages are both a reflection of the artist and of the period in which the artist lived. Organized thematically, Calabrese, professor of art and semiotics at the University of Siena, first presents a basic definition of the genre of the self-portrait, interpreting the picture to be a manifestation of self identity, as, for example, when the artist first portrayed his name rather than his actual features. This chapter includes examples from an Egyptian tomb painting and pictures on stained glass during the Middle Ages and continuing to modern times. At first a self-portrait was hidden in a narrative painting: an artist would paint his image as part of a crowd scene, for example, or as a mythological figure, as for example, Raphael's inclusion of himself at the edge of his School of Athens.

The next chapter of Artists' Self-Portraits focuses on the turning point for the establishment of the genre during the Renaissance when the status of the painter or sculptor was raised from artisan to artist. As a result, portraits of the artist were considered worthwhile pictures, and the glass mirror began to enjoy unprecedented popularity. On the other extreme, once the genre was accepted, it was practiced by some artists – Rembrandt, van Gogh, Munch, and Dalí, for instance – almost as an obsession. In contemporary art the self-portrait can become a deconstructed genre with the artist hiding or satirizing himself until he nearly disappears on the canvas.

Successive chapters ex­plore a diversity of themes: the self-portrait as a sign of its creator's prominence; women and the self-portrait; recurring motifs; the artist's private, and for some individuals, destructive, passions; the autobiographical image using portraiture to replace writing; and the negation, or even destruction, of the self-portrait in the twentieth century.

Among the 300 pictures featured in Artists' Self-Portraits are examples by such artists as Albrecht Dürer, Velazquez, Elisabeth Vigée-Lebrun, Ingres, Degas, Toulouse-Lautrec, Gainsborough, Matisse, James Ensor, Egon Schiele, Frida Kahlo, Man Ray, Henry Moore, Robert Rauschenberg, Norman Rockwell, and Roy Lichtenstein.

In concluding Calabrese writes: "Our history of the self portrait has been a history of philosophical, social, artistic, figurative, and linguistic ideas that emerge in every period when the theme of self-representation is addressed. This journey was conceived as a cultural adventure, one that attempts to convey to the reader the depth of discourse suggested by artists and the inventiveness of their solutions. For art, even more than artistic technique, is one of the greatest intellectual exercises imaginable."

Artists' Self-Portraits, a monumental yet lively study, encompasses the long and illustrious history of this piquant subset of the portrait form, which Italian art professor Calabrese traces back to antiquity, then forward into the modern era. Calabrese establishes three main categories of artists' self-portraits: the straightforwardly iconographic, embodiments of a specific historic moment, and works that reflect the inner realm, with Rembrandt and Van Gogh's self-portraits serving as key examples. But from these three main streams branch many tributaries, and Calabrese engagingly discusses self-portraits by women artists, self-portraits as visual autobiography, such recurring motifs as mirror images and the proud display of the tools of the trade, and self-portraits that subvert self-portraiture. His expert interpretations are illuminating, but it's the opportunity to revel in 345 gorgeous color reproductions and gaze into the eyes of such superlative artists as Albrecht Dürer, Elizabeth Vigée-Lebrun, Goya, Manet, Munch, James Ensor, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, and Frida Kahlo that makes the book such a transporting experience. – Donna Seaman, Booklist

Artists' Self-Portraits is a fresh way to appreciate the history of art and is certain to be welcomed by art lovers and scholars alike. In his insightful, original text, Calabrese offers an in-depth analysis of a fascinating genre, the self-portrait. He reveals that a self-portrait is far more complex and meaningful than a mere likeness of an artist. In lively, well-researched, thematic chapters, the author explains how the genre evolved over the centuries from early examples in antiquity through its flowering in the Renaissance to modern interpretations. The absorbing text is lavishly illustrated with 34 full-color reproductions, most by celebrated artists, but some by lesser-known painters and sculptors.

Arts & Photography / Travel

Lasting Light: 125 Years of Grand Canyon Photography by Stephen Trimble (Northland Publishing)

The Grand Canyon is one of the most photographed subjects on earth. The scenic chasm inspires awe, admiration, and frustration for those who attempt to capture its majesty on film. From nineteenth century pioneer photographers' glass-plate negatives to the twenty-first century's artful digital images, Canyon photography has loomed large in our nation's creative psyche. The best photographs forge a bridge with three piers, a triangular relationship that connects the viewer to the place and the photographer. Such photographs have the power to carry the viewer into the waves in Lava Falls and to the brink of soul-stirring cliffs at Toroweap Point, in heat and storm light, through the emotions and imaginations and craft of men and women with their cameras.

Lasting Light takes readers into the heart of the Grand Canyon – and sweeps them along on the backcountry journeys of its great photographers. Reaching back 125 years into the photographic record of the Canyon, Lasting Light explores the experiences of the earliest photographers and today’s most exceptional artists. From nineteenth century explorers using glass plate negatives to the twenty-first century's pioneers of artful digital images, the book tells the stories of Grand Canyon photog­raphers. But in the stories of the photographers, this book does what no other Grand Canyon book has done: bring to life the relationship between artists and their subject.

Accomplished writer and Ansel Adams Award-winning photographer Stephen Trimble navigates the stories of the Canyon’s photographic history and takes readers down the river and along the rim with the next generation of photographers and their photographs. Also included in Lasting Light are twenty-three essays by contemporary photographers recounting their experiences at Grand Canyon, along with details of changing equipment and a timeline of important moments in the Canyon’s photographic record.

Trimble says, “In Lasting Light, I am revisiting people and places I hold dear. In the late 1970s and early ‘80s, I spent five years in Flagstaff, working for the Museum of Northern Arizona, editing Plateau Magazine and par­ticipating in research trips on the river in Grand Canyon. In my most profound Canyon experience, I journeyed downriver with musician Paul Winter when he recorded Canyon, his landmark album of ‘earth music.’ I listened and photographed while he played his soprano sax with the ravens and canyon wrens.”

According to Trimble, while the photographers patiently lie in wait for sunset, visitors keep moving – fast – headed for Las Vegas, Disneyland, Yosemite, Yellowstone. Later, the actual experience of the Grand Canyon for them fade, but those issues of Arizona Highways keep coming, and the coffee-table stack of large-format photo books about the Canyon grows ever higher. Dreams colored by the work of Grand Canyon photographers drift back like a Technicolor filter over the glancing reality of a single midday view of the Grand Canyon.

Renowned photographers share their stories through personal narratives about the perils and adventures of how they capture the Canyon's light to make their celebrated photographs. For example, photographers Alfredo Conde and Sherri Curtis try to capture their love for the Grand Canyon in their pictures, “that feeling,” as Conde puts it, “that emotion, that spirit of the magnificent and instanta­neous.” Lasting Light gathers these stories – the pictures themselves, with narratives for each viewer to imagine – and the tales behind the photographs, intimate moments from the lives of men and women in love with the crazy notion of bringing home in their pic­tures the light and space and rocks and river of the Grand Canyon.

Lasting Light brings to life the relationship between artist and subject and portrays an American treasure in a way not many are fortunate to experience. Lasting Light collects 125 years of great photographs and moving stories of patience, commitment, humor, and skill. Trimble deftly provides historic context and creates captivating essays. This beautifully produced book contains spectacular images and fascinating details of changing equipment over time.

Business & Investing / Economics / International / Politics

The Political Economy of Transition in Eurasia: Democratization and Economic Liberalization in a Global Economy edited by Norman A. Graham & Folke Lindahl (Eurasian Political Economy and Public Policy Studies Series: Michigan State University Press)

The Political Economy of Transition in Eurasia, edited by Norman A. Graham and Folke Lindahl, is the inaugural volume of Michigan State’s new series, Eurasian Political Economy and Public Policy Studies, which focuses on the neglected but clearly emerging region of Eurasia, with an emphasis on trends and challenges in political economy and public policy – especially the challenges of the twin transitions of democratization and economic liberalization in the post-Soviet space.

The Political Economy of Transition in Eurasia looks at the progress in democratization and economic liberalization of the 27 post-communist countries of Eurasia with some guarded optimism. According to Norman A. Graham, Director of the Center for European and Russian/Eurasian Studies and Associate Dean of James Madison College, and Folke Lindahl, Professor of Political Science, James Madison College, Belarus, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan are clearly unabashed authoritarian regimes with only sporadic ventures toward political accountability and very limited effort to liberalize economically. Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Russia have made more substantial moves, particularly on the economic side, but the regimes seem to be undergoing political retrenchment. Hungary, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovenia, and the three Baltic States clearly have competitive democracies with effective political institutions and processes. Chapters and their authors include:

  • Too Few or Too Many Parties? The Implications of Electoral Engineering in Post-Communist States – Eric Herron
  • Hegel's Institutionalism Liberalism: Political Economy and Civil Society in the ‘Philosophy of Right’ – Louis Hunt
  • The Dissidents and the Anti-political Ideology of Civil Society, Folke Lindahl
  • Nation-Building in East Central Europe: Civil or Ethnic Majorities – Kathleen Dowley
  • The Development of Political Parties: Russia in Perspective – Axel Hadenius
  • The Political Elite in Hungary Through Transition – Jiri Lach
  • The Negation of Communism in Central Europe? – Andres Lanczi
  • Why is Romania Different? A Perspective of the Economics Transition – Mircea T. Maniu
  • On the Question of European-ness in Romania: Between an Institutional Construction and an Imagological Perception – Marius Jucan

The 27 new states in Eurasia do present a wide range of progress in democra­tization and economic liberalization. Belarus, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan have made only tentative moves toward political accountability, and only limited effort to privatize or invigorate the old, centrally planned command economies. Hungary, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovenia, and the three Baltic States, on the other hand, have competitive democracies and each has made substantial progress in the transition to market economies. More limited but promising reforms have been introduced now in Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania, and Slovakia. Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Ukraine, and the rest of the former Yugoslavia raise more questions about progress and promise. ‘Two steps forward and three steps back’ may be an apt description, as the challenges of accommodating political unrest and widespread unemployment and poverty remain largely unmet. This chapter reflects some preliminary progress toward assessing this varied performance systematically. The data compiled by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Freedom House, UNC­TAD, and the World Bank offer a useful basis for comparative analysis, but there is a clear need for intensive exploration of the individual cases.

It is clear that the ‘dual transition’ of democratization and economic liberalization has been a challenge for all the regimes that have seriously attempted it. Even the most successful ones in Central Europe and the Baltics find themselves in search of more rewarding strategies for managing tough economic and social measures in an environment of financial constraint and political stress. The chapters in The Political Economy of Transition in Eurasia should help to shed some light on the complexities at work.

Editors Graham and Lindahl begin this effort with Erik Herroi’s analysis of "Too Few or Too Many Parties? The Implications of Electoral Engineering in Post-Communist States." This nicely complements the more general survey provided above and offers insight on challenges of institutional design in emerging democracies. It is commonly argued that the large number of political parties in transition systems is problematic, particularly if there are no large and mature ones among them. Herron finds that electoral rules do influence the size of the party system and could mitigate the level of multipartism. Noting that some post-communist states suffer more from the lack of strong, independent parties, he stresses that the key in such cases is less the character of electoral laws in existence (now in all 27 states) than the progress toward more effective democratization and rule of law more generally. Herron concludes with a list of reform proposals based on his comparative research.

Two theoretical discussions of the relevance and condition of civil society are offered in Louis Hunt's "Hegel's Institutionalist Liberalism: Political Economy and Civil Society in the Philosophy of Right," and Folke Lindahl's "The Dissidents and the Anti-political Ideology of Civil Society." Hunt examines the writings of Hegel on the relation between civil society and political economy, noting important insights on the role of the state and its relation to the family and civil society. He concludes that the most enduring contribution of Hegel's political philosophy is the clear connection between the health of these moral and political institutions and the prospects of transition to a market economy. Lindahl focuses his discussion on the ideology of civil society as it was developed by three well-known dissidents in the pre-1989 period, and then critically evaluates to what extent this ideology can be viewed as relevant for the transi­tion period and the furthering of liberal democracy.

Kathleen Dowley addresses the challenges of sub national pluralism and ethnic polarization in transition societies in "Nation-Building in East Central Europe: Civic or Ethnic Majorities?" Avoiding another Yugoslavia lurks in the background of this challenge, of course, and Dowley examines a range of sur­vey data to determine the extent to which minority interests are promoted or demoted/assimilated in recent public policies. She provides an inventory of cross-national differences, while noting that even in Central Europe, where legislation is more commonly developed to be consistent with the minority-rights positions proffered by the European Union, ‘mass attitudes have not kept apace these efforts.’

The Political Economy of Transition in Eurasia turns to individual transition case studies first with "Party Development in Russia" by Axel Hadenius. Stressing the crucial connection between democ­racy and the existence of parties, Hadenius explores the character of political parties in Russia in three of their roles: in government, in the citizenry, and as organizations. He finds weakness in all three areas, noting the low degree of cohesiveness even in the Duma, the instability more generally, and the challenges they face in formal membership, finance, and personalism.

Jifi Lach analyzes "The Political Elite in Hungary Through Transition," tracing its roots to 1956 and noting concern about the polarization of the leadership today, and the attendant "discrepancy between action and propaganda, particularly in the economic sphere." Andras Lanczi provides a different slant of critical evaluation of Hungary and its neighboring transition states in "A Post-Communist Landscape: Social and Moral Costs of the Regime Change in Post-Communist Hungary." In some respects, he picks up on the polarization concerns expressed by Lach and warns of complacency about the widely perceived ‘progress’ of democratization and economic liberalization in Central Europe. Here he criticizes the policy of self-preservation of Prime Minister Peter Medgyessy, and in particular, the extent to which the (orchestrated?) indifference evident in Hungarian media and civil society is symptomatic of longer-term dangers.

Mircea Maniu asks "Why is Romania Different?" as he explores the impact today of the economic and political precursors to the onset of transition. He seeks to account for the ‘slower’ transition in Romania, compared with most of its neighbors, outlining the lingering effects of repression under Ceausescu and the lack of previous experience with democratic reform and economic liberalization. He remains hopeful, particularly on the political side, and looks to the drive toward eventual membership in the European Union as the engine to reduce the lag. Marius Jucan provides a more cultural and philosophical interpretation, "On the Question of European-ness in Romania." His argument has much to say about the crucial question of the extent to which Romania can be integrated fully into the new Europe, and offers a more sociocultural explanation for the lag that Maniu describes economically and politically.

Graham and Lindahl provide a concluding chapter that summarizes the key issues raised, and provides a map for future empirical research and theoretical development.

This important collection looks at the progress of democratization and economic liberalization on the twenty-seven post-communist countries of Eurasia with some guarded optimism. The Political Economy of Transition in Eurasia gets this series from Michigan State University Press off to a good start.

Business & Investing / Reference

Social Change in America: The Historical Handbook 2006 edited by Patricia C. Becker (Social Change in America Series: Bernan Press)

The 2006 edition of Social Change in America offers new insights into American society. The editors of Bernan Press have written commentary about U.S. society and how it has changed not just in comparison to the past, but also within a global context. Insightful narrative helps users understand many different aspects of American life. These narrative segments are supported by extensive population data from the Decennial Census, the American Community Survey, and other recent surveys. Charts and graphs provide yet another way for users to perceive and understand this information and what it says about life in the United States.

"We designed Social Change in America to offer more than the raw data," stated Tamera Wells-Lee, Director of Publishing. "From start to finish, Social Change offers a compelling analysis of how and why American society has changed over the decades, with detailed charts, maps, and graphs to complement the narrative. It explores all the major facets of American life from politics, crime, and the economy to health, leisure, and family life. We are especially excited to include a new section about the Internet and its dramatic effect on American society."

Topics covered in Social Change in America include:

  • Population
  • Family Life
  • Work and Unemployment
  • Housing
  • Income, Wealth, and Poverty
  • Education
  • Crime
  • Health
  • Leisure Activity
  • Government and Voting

The 2006 edition includes an updated article about the impact of the Internet on American society, in which the editor offers insights into issues such as privacy, Spam email, and the popularity of blogs. The 2006 edition features an article by Business Week senior White House correspondent Rick Dunham entitled "Modern Technology Meets Congressional Traditions." The article discusses the history and current state of technology on Capitol Hill, exploring why Senators refuse to file campaign contribution reports electronically and why laptops and BlackBerries are still banned on the House and Senate floor. It describes how Congress is "decidedly schizophrenic about embracing [technological] changes."

Also new to this edition are data and findings from the new National Assessment of Adult Literacy study.

Social Change in America is an absorbing and spot-on survey of how American society has changed and evolved in recent times. No academic or community library American Demography reference collection can be considered complete and up-to-date without the inclusion of Social Change in America. – Midwest Book Review

This book covers a lot of ground in terms of subject matter and time. Its analyses and overviews present complex issues (social and statistical) in a clear, concise fashion ... this work should be seen as an introduction to issues of social change in the United States and a resource for locating further information on each topic. Social Change in America is recommended for public libraries. – American Reference Books Annual

Social Change in America helps readers understand the incremental social changes that have occurred in our society over the past several decades, and it provides a compelling portrait of American society in one convenient volume. It contains current and historical data, insightful analyses, and easy-to-read graphs that provide details on the social conditions and trends that impact our daily lives.

Business & Investing / Finance

Reverse Mortgages by Greg Patti (Book Surge Publishing)

If readers are seniors, adult children of seniors, or are planning on retiring one day, they owe it to themselves to check out all the options for financing the years ahead.

The number one question on the mind of retirees is: Will the money last? Reverse Mortgages brings the good news: The answer is yes, and Greg Patti show readers how to do it.

Patti has a lot of experience presenting complicated information in a straightforward style. A Certified Public Accountant, Patti spent 25 years as a Chief Financial Officer for various technology firms in Silicon Valley. His involvement with reverse mortgages began while assisting his father with the reverse mortgage process. Frustrated by a lack of easy information, and then he saw how a reverse mortgage helped his Dad get through a tough spot, and he realized there are tens of thousands of other people in a similar situation. Because of his background, he felt he could write a book that gets readers some real decision-making information, and have some fun along the way, so he wrote Reverse Mortgages.

A reverse mortgage is not for everyone, according to Patti. Readers must keep in mind something they often forget – the money in the house is their own money. As he explains in the book, reverse mortgages can provide the cash they need. Using them, it is possible to: eliminate house payments, fund long term health care, supplement one’s income, and remodel the house.

Reverse Mortgages includes in-depth discussions and explanations of reverse mortgage concepts and facts, including:

  • Specific recommendations.
  • Illustrative case studies.
  • Actual forms.
  • EZ Guide to ‘FHA Guaranteed’.
  • No payment loans for seniors.
  • Real-life examples.

Reverse Mortgages, has a unique format – The key concept pages on the left have bullet point summaries, key information, and is in and out with answers quickly. The detailed pages on the right give the whole story so that readers can be comfortable they got all of the facts.

The unique presentation appeals both to seniors and their adult children. The discussion of Reverse Mortgages is straight forward and easy to understand. It's even better if you can have some fun along the way. Reverse Mortgages is right on target. This book is needed, a must read for anyone interested in this topic. – Thomas Martignoni, President of

Who says Real Estate finance has to be boring? It's all about simplifying data and turning it into valuable information that people can understand and use to make real decisions. Reverse Mortgages is right on target. This book is a must-read for anyone interested in this topic. – Phil Hary, President and CEO & Shirlene Reeves, Chief Financial Officer, Signing Pro Document Signing Service

Reverse Mortgages provides a straightforward, in-depth discussion of reverse mortgages, jam packed with decision making information, realistic examples, and how-to’s. The book gives specific examples, with specific recommendations, which is not done by every book on the topic.

Business & Investing / Real Estate

Modern Real Estate Practice in New York, 8th edition by Edith Lank (Modern Real Estate Practice in New York Series: Dearborn Real Estate Education)

Modern Real Estate Practice in New York, 8th Edition is the latest update of the book that educates more New York real estate students than all of its competition combined. The book, written by Edith Lank, licensed broker in New York for more than 30 years, contains the material necessary for both salesperson and broker students. Lank has taught at St. John Fisher College, and her award-winning weekly column on real estate has appeared in more than 100 newspapers. This classic best-seller features:

  • Updated content that includes all of the most recent changes in New York law and practice.
  • Over 625 questions that help readers review key topics and measure their understanding of the material.
  • Practice examinations that give readers the edge in preparing for either the salesperson or broker exam.
  • Two-color text that highlights precisely what information is most important.
  • Margin notes that help readers locate key topics and crucial material.
  • An expanded math section to give students a better opportunity to ensure that their skills are ready for the real world.
  • Both salesperson and supplemental broker level chapters.

The general topics covered include: deeds, mortgages, basic finance, liens, easements, laws of agency, contracts, closings, and estates and interests.

Modern Real Estate Practice in New York sets the standard for real estate education in the Empire State. This exciting new edition provides readers with the latest developments in real estate law and practice.

Children’s / Ages 3-9 / Geography

National Geographic Our World, Updated Edition: A Child's First Picture Atlas by National Geographic Society (Science Quest Series: National Geographic)

In today's interconnected world, kids hear different languages, see different types of clothing, and eat food from different countries every day. Toys, televisions, and clothing all have labels saying where they were made. It's no wonder kids are always asking, ‘Where is this?’ and ‘What is that?’ Children's natural curiosity demands they know where these places are, who lives there, and what kind of things they do.

National Geographic Our World, chock full of facts, ensures that even the youngest kids have the learning tools they need to find the answers to their questions.
National Geographic's world-renowned mapmakers worked with experts in education like Billie M. Kapp, chief educational consultant for this atlas, currently a Social Studies Consultant and teacher consultant with the Connecticut Geographic Alliance. Together they created a bright, bold atlas that will capture the imaginations of children. Colorful maps pop off the pages and show the newest countries in Europe and Asia, and a map of Canada has been added to complement the one of the United States.

This updated edition of the award-winning National Geographic Our World uses a puzzle-piece motif to introduce children to maps and geography. Full-color photographs and vivid artwork showcase people, places, and animals around the world. Interactive activities add to the hands-on appeal, and the fun facts sprinkled throughout the text hold kids' attention.

The maps teach kids about Earth's land, water, and countries. This updated edition features: 3 world maps, 7 continent maps, United States map, Canada map, 75 full-color illustrations, interactive activities, glossary, and pronunciation guide.

In National Geographic Our World National Geographic Society's world-renowned cartographers present an inviting, oversized, state-of-the-art world atlas for children starting at age 3. Lively text, pictures, and interactive activities make it easy and fun for kids to learn about and understand their world.

Children (Grades 6 & up) & Adults / Religion & Spirituality / Reference

Historical Atlas of Religions by Karen Farrington (Mercury Books)

From the dawn of imagination, humankind has sought the favor of elemental powers and attempted to appease them with worship and sacrifice. The story of religion is one of learning to live with evolving social structures and determining how faith can provide a structure of beliefs through which people can deal with the world around them. In Historical Atlas of Religions, Karen Farrington, an ex-Fleet Street journalist, shows how different cultures' beliefs evolved, how their influence spread, and where they came into conflict with each other.

Historical Atlas of Religions gives an overview of religious practice from the time thousands of years ago when humankind first embraced supernatural ideas, through the emergence of today's great global faiths, to modern beliefs. Avoiding moral judgments and the competing claims of differing traditions, it looks to the origins of religious practice, the development of doctrine, and the benefits of faith to ordinary people worldwide. Arranged geographically, the atlas details religious history from Australasia to North America. Taking a regional approach to the study of the major faiths of the world, this work considers the great monotheistic religions as well as tribal beliefs from Africa, Australasia and North America.

Topics include Native American worship, Shamanism, Christian Scientists, the story of Judaism and the creation of Israel, the birth of Jesus and the spread of Christianity, the rise of Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism, Taoism and Zoroastrianism.

Farrington's Historical Atlas of Religions charts the rise and wane of religious faiths from the dawn of humanity until today. The book also demonstrates that no matter how diverse the belief system, humankind's religions have more in common than many readers would expect.

God – or rather, belief in God – still drives human affairs. In Heaven, God is the ultimate power. On Earth, religion is the ultimate tool to power. This is evident in any study of historical conflict. Few leaders go to battle without God on their side, and no struggle is quite as righteous as that which seeks to defend His will. To truly win a soldier's heart and mind, rulers and politicians must invoke clear, simple ideas: right and wrong; good and evil; salvation in death. Here religion is the perfect conduit. What better way to persuade the young to die for the cause?

According to Historical Atlas of Religions, here lies the cynic's creed and it conveniently ignores the fact that today's mainstream religions are demonstrably forces for good; teaching mutual love, respect, protection of the weak, and a moral code for life. In assessing them, there is danger in making comparisons. To do so presupposes that they share similar components and concepts. Such thinking is fundamentally flawed. It can be partly blamed on early European explorers, who readily stamped religious labels onto foreign cultures, assuming they possessed the same structures as Christianity.

Defining the nature of religion is equally problematic. Convention confines the term principally to Judaism and its legacies of Christianity and Islam. Yet this ignores so-called ‘primitive’ religions that have equally valid claims to spirituality and the truth of creation. Primitive beliefs found in parts of Africa and the Pacific islands carry no clear boundary between the spiritual and material world or between dreams and reality. There is a strong sense of fusion between man and nature, which some scholars have likened to a mystical version of the science of ecology.

The third main religious category concerns typically Asian belief systems such as Hinduism, Buddhism, and Taoism. Followers do not denounce the idea of God but focus on ways of liberating human consciousness from the boundaries imposed by social factors. They attempt to explore beyond thought and language to higher planes in which everything in the Universe is interdependent.

Within these categories – and within our limited understanding of the ancient religions – there are surprisingly similar beliefs even among totally unconnected cultures. This emerges clearly in rituals, religious myth, and burial rites and has been explained by the Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung as the product of a common human psyche. Jung argued that just as all people possess similar physical traits, so their unconscious being stems from similar psychological influences.

Historical Atlas of Religions gives an overview of religious practice from the time more than 200,000 years ago when humankind first embraced supernatural ideas, through the emergence of today's great global faiths, to modern beliefs.

… The origins and basic tenets of each faith and the hardships experienced by some of its practitioners are revealed in substantial text. Abundant color illustrations include portraits of significant individuals, reproductions of important religious art, and photographs of artifacts and sites. The many historical maps depicting strongholds and the spread of specific religions are especially helpful. Entries for groups such as The Society of Friends and Christian Science are only two pages long as are those for religious beliefs of which there is little record, such as those of the Maya. Others, including Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, and Judaism, are discussed at greater length. Christianity receives the most attention since it has influenced the histories of peoples in most parts of the world. …On the whole, Farrington's work presents more variety than Trevor Barnes's The Kingfisher Book of Religions (Kingfisher, 1999) and more substance than Anita Ganeri's The Atlas of World Religions (Peter Bedrick, 2001). – Ann G. Brouse, Steele Memorial Library, Elmira, NY, School Library Journal

Historical Atlas of Religions is a delightful encyclopedia of human spiritual endeavor from the earliest forms of animism to the established faiths of modern times. The book avoids moral judgments and the competing claims of differing traditions and instead looks to the origins of religious practice and the development of doctrine. The lively text is complemented by full-color illustrations and specially commissioned maps. It is written for anyone who has ever questioned the meaning of spirituality and the power of belief.

Education / Dance

Inclusive Creative Movement and Dance by Karen A. Kaufmann (Human Kinetics)

Inclusive Creative Movement and Dance helps teachers guide students with diverse abilities express their feelings and ideas through creative movement experiences involving dance learning, dance making, and dance sharing. Of equal value to new and veteran teachers, this book provides in-depth coverage of inclusive dance instruction, including teaching strategies, practical learning experiences, movement problems for students to solve, and:

  • Open-ended movement explorations and inclusion suggestions help teachers accommodate the different learning needs of their students.
  • Learning experiences help students understand the elements of movement and dance (body actions and shapes, awareness of space, moving to time, awareness of energy and force, and awareness of relationships).
  • Teachers can select individual learning experiences or present a series of units for creative movement and dance.
  • National Standards for Dance Education, goals, movement glossary, journal reflection assignments, and simple assessments are incorporated into each unit for easier assessment and accountability.
  • Interdisciplinary activities at the end of each unit connect creative movement with classroom subjects – reading, writing, grammar, geography, astronomy, earth science, math, visual art, drama, and music – as appropriate.

Written by award-winning artist Karen A. Kaufmann, associate professor of dance at the University of Montana, where she heads the dance program in the department of drama/dance, Inclusive Creative Movement and Dance is organized into three parts. Part I presents a framework to help teachers envision dance for all their students. Part II prepares teachers to design inclusive dance experiences and extend them into performance and discussion. Part III is the book’s heart and soul – more than 100 dance-learning experiences presented in five chapters, or units, that teachers can use in their classes for students of all ages and abilities. These chapters may be used either as separate units that each feature one of the five movement or dance elements for a thematic approach or as progressive units that build in the order presented in Inclusive Creative Movement and Dance.

Each chapter, or unit, in part III has three basic sections:

  • Planning information outlining the learners’ outcome goals, movement vocabulary, specific National Standards in Dance Education met, and suggestions for adapting instruction for special needs.
  • Dance-making opportunities through students’ exploration, experimentation, and problem solving as they use movement language in multiple ways.
  • Dance sharing and assessment opportunities using critical-thinking questions and writing assignments.

Inclusive Creative Movement and Dance educates and empowers teachers to use dance in inclusive classrooms, to celebrate and value differences, and to help all students discover the uniquely personal art form of dance. The book helps teachers achieve the ultimate goal: to develop students as dancers, creators, performers, and viewers.

Education / Parenting & Families

The Hot-Button Issues in Today's Schools: What Every Parent Needs to Know by Sheldon Marcus & Philip Vairo (Rowman & Littlefield Education)

The first day of school is now a special event in the day in, day out rhythms of family life in this country. Tens of thousands of parents eagerly take photos of their young children as they step onto a school bus or leave their homes on their way to school. According to Sheldon Marcus, professor of educational leadership and policy at Fordham University's Graduate School of Education; and Philip D. Vairo, former president of Worcester State College in Massachusetts and dean emeritus at California State University in Los Angeles, the reality is, however, that once the children are out of sight, most parents know very little about the real workings of the schools their children attend, nor do they know much about how to help their children perform better. This is true of parents regardless of their socioeconomic status.

Now more than ever, parents need to be informed so that they may become active, knowledgeable partners in the educational process. In The Hot-Button Issues in Today's Schools, Sheldon Marcus and Philip D. Vairo examine contemporary educational issues of paramount concern to parents, including teacher quality, leadership, testing, home schooling, vouchers, extended school year, health and nutrition, special education, curriculum, and bilingual education.

With the stakes so high, parents rightfully want more than simply having the schools be a receptacle for their children from the early morning until mid to late afternoon. Based on the authors’ more than 90 years of combined experiences in urban and suburban schools, pre-K to 12, and in colleges and universities around the country, ranging in position from teacher to professor to college president, they take a close look at America's educational process and share their thoughts with parents and concerned citizens on what is right, what is wrong, and what readers may actually be able to do to improve the chances of their children’s achieving maximum success in school. As they say, they are not infallible, but their experiences are of sufficient breadth and scope to enable them to share some unique insights into one of the most important institutions impacting on the lives of adults and children in the country.

Marcus and Vairo have written a book which every teacher, school administrator, parent, and taxpayer should read.... If all the people involved with the education of our children would read this book, schools would be much improved. – Max Weiner, former dean of teacher education, City University of New York, and dean emeritus of the Graduate School of Education, Fordham University

This book is written by two 'insiders' with 90 years of combined experience as teachers, school administrators, professors, and deans of education. . . . An important read and worthwhile investment of time for parents who are betting their children's future on the quality of education the schools provide. – Allan Ornstein, professor of education, St. John's University

Many books and professional papers are published each year about education, but few shed light on the concerns and anxieties parents have about schools and their children's educational experiences in the day-by-day workings of schools. This is one book which does. The Hot-Button Issues in Today's Schools provides a road map for success so that parents can be fully prepared to maximize their children's educational prospects. After reading the book, readers will have a better understanding not only of what ‘education’ is about but also how parents can assist their children in successfully navigating the school experience. The Hot-Button Issues in Today's Schools is a must-read for every parent and educator.

Education / Science

Becoming a Better Science Teacher: 8 Steps to High Quality Instruction and Student Achievement by Elizabeth Hammerman (Corwin Press)

In today's standards-based educational climate, teachers are challenged to create meaningful learning experiences while meeting specific goals and accountability targets. In Becoming a Better Science Teacher veteran science teacher Elizabeth Hammerman focuses on helping teachers expand their understanding of the interconnected elements of high quality curriculum and instruction and build those qualities into their own teaching.

Hammerman describes what exceptional teaching looks like in the classroom and provides practical, teacher-friendly strategies to make it happen. She identifies ten indicators of high quality science teaching, providing how-to's for applying each in their own classroom and a completed sample unit illustrating the incorporation of all ten essentials.

Using this straight-forward guide, teachers can analyze their existing curriculum and instruction against a rubric of indicators of critical characteristics, related standards, concept development, and teaching strategies to develop students' scientific literacy to the fullest. Modeling the inquiry process, each chapter begins with an essential question, provides learning experiences, incorporates pauses in the text for thought and discussion, and closes with a return to the initial question. Each chapter is packed with charts, sample lesson ideas, reflection and discussion prompts, and more, to help teachers expand their capacity for success. This research-based resource helps teachers:

  • Reinforce understanding of standards-based concepts and inquiry.
  • Add new content, methods, and strategies for instruction and assessment.
  • Create rich learning environments.
  • Maximize instructional time.
  • Ask probing questions and sharpen discussion.
  • Include technology.
  • Gather classroom evidence of student achievement to inform instruction.


Major strengths of this book are its dealing with standards and making practical connections to assessment and teaching, and the excellent examples throughout and their practicality. A very exciting and user-friendly text. – Gary Willhite, Teacher Educator
What a treasure! The contents will change the way teachers teach and students learn. This book is a tour de force, a must-read for every educator! – Marian White-Hood, Principal
This text is especially strong in the clear, solid approach toward developing high quality science instruction. It does an exceptional job of relating this step-by-step approach to educational research on science pedagogy. – Diann Musial, Distinguished Teaching Professor

Hammerman brings more than 20 years' experience as a science educator and consultant to her new book to help teachers connect all of the critical elements of first-rate curriculum and instruction. Becoming a Better Science Teacher gives teachers everything they need to deliver meaningful science instruction and ensure student success and achievement.

Entertainment / Music / History & Criticism

The John Adams Reader: Essential Writings on an American Composer by Thomas May (Amadeus Press) is the first full-length book in English to be devoted to Grammy-Award and Pulitzer-Prize winning composer John Adams, among the most frequently performed living American composers in the sphere of classical music.

Sometimes called America's ‘composer laureate,’ John Adams has proved to be that rare bird – an enduring, if often controversial, figure in contemporary art music. Although branded a minimalist early in his career, Adams has composed in many styles and forms, from opera, choral, and orchestral pieces to multimedia stage works and tape and electronic compositions. In The John Adams Reader, essays by leading music commentators and critics explore the Adams oeuvre with insights pro and con. Friends and collaborators, including director Peter Sellars, conductor Robert Spano, performers Emanuel Ax and Dawn Upshaw, and longtime chum Ingram Marshall, as well as in-depth interviews with Adams himself, provide eyewitness views of Adams, the man, and his creative influences.

Truly a composer of his time, Adams is nothing if not bold, generating controversy by daring to explore sensitive contemporary issues in such operas as Nixon in China, which portrays the vulnerable private side of a very public historical figure; The Death of Klinghoffer, which depicts an episode of terrorism aboard a cruise ship in the 1980s and its emotional ramifications for all involved; and Doctor Atomic, which dramatizes the creation of the first atomic bomb in Los Alamos. The Death of Klinghoffer, especially, raises moral questions about the relationship between art and public responsibility. Essays by writers such as John Rockwell, Edward Rothstein, Richard Taruskin, Mark Swed, and Alan Rich explore the stakes involved. Other essays by Michael Steinberg, Alex Ross, Sarah Cahill, and Renaud Machart delve into other significant Adams works such as El Nino, The Violin Concerto, Naive and Sentimental Music, The Dharma at Big Sur, and the work Adams was commissioned to write as a memorial to the victims of the 9/11 terrorist attacks, On the Transmigration of Souls, which won a Pulitzer Prize and three Grammy Awards.

Editor Thomas May, regular writer for San Francisco Opera, and senior music editor at, has grouped this collection into four sections: profiles of the artist, detailed essays on the major works, interviews with some leading collaborators and interpreters, and critical reception. The book's in-depth interviews, among them May's interview with the composer himself and Marshall's memory piece on Adams' early days in San Francisco, enhance the reader's understanding of the man behind the music. The John Adams Reader, as May further asserts in the book's introduction, "traces the evolution of an artist who has never ceased to take on a new challenge."

Absorbing and enlightening...A bona fide page-turner. Thomas May's 2005 interview with the composer should be required reading. – Joshua Rosenblum, Opera News

John Adams shines brilliantly through this collection as one of America's most compelling and innovative cultural figures. The composer's originality and continuous energy are revealed through repeated illustrations of his ability to unite both familiar and unfamiliar elements in bold, expressive music that never fails to surprise the many followers of his music and inspire contemporary creators and choreographers. – Peter Martins, Ballet Master in Chief, New York City Ballet

It was a rare pleasure to read (or re-read) the pieces in this book. What a wonderful variety of insight: surprising, stern, fun. – Mark Morris, Artistic Director, Mark Morris Dance Group

The John Adams Reader gathers a colorful and wide-ranging selection of pieces from leading musical commentators and critics. Probing, often witty, always eloquent, the essays and interviews in this collection serve not only as a portrait of a preeminently significant American artist, but also as a window on the development of classical and art music in our time and the various cultural factors that shape it. This lively reader should be of use both as an introduction for general readers to a preeminently significant American artist and as a reference for more serious students and scholars.

Entertainment / Music / Middle East / Culture Studies

Among the Jasmine Trees: Music and Modernity in Contemporary Syria by Jonathan Holt Shannon (Wesleyan University Press) is the first ethnographic study of music-making in modern Syria.

Six centuries ago, the Andalusian scholar Ibn Khaldun argued that music serves as a barometer of social-cultural change. Today, Arabs are experiencing a cultural crisis of sorts. Their desire for cultural and social modernity has been frustrated by lengthy periods of colonialism, postcolonial instabilities, persistent economic stagnation, and crises of political legitimacy. In Among the Jasmine Trees, author Jonathan Holt Shannon explores how music in Syria shapes debates about Arab society and culture, and how discourses of decline and crisis have shaped music.

How does a Middle Eastern community create a modern image through its expression of heritage and authenticity? In Among the Jasmine Trees, Shannon, assistant professor at Hunter College of the City University of New York, investigates expressions of authenticity in Syria's musical culture, which is particularly known for embracing and preserving the Arab musical tradition, and which has seldom been researched in depth by Western scholars. Music plays a key role in the process of self-imaging by virtue of its ability to convey feeling and emotion, and Shannon explores a variety of performance genres. Looking at a variety of these genres, including Sufi rituals, song lyrics, melodic modes, and aesthetic criteria, Shannon explores the turn to heritage in the search of an authentically Arab modernity. In Syria, as in many postcolonial nations, the arts are an important arena for the struggle over vision of the past, present, and future, and for the discussion of what is ‘authentic’ in today's Arab world.

Shannon has conducted extensive field research among musicians and artists in Syria, and his work is sure to be received as an important treatment of music in Middle Eastern society. Through his work he shows that although the music may evoke the old, the traditional, and the local, these are re-envisioned as signifiers of the modern national profile.

Throughout the 20th century, societies in the Middle East have labored to produce their own modernities, which are often manifest in expressive culture. Jonathan Shannon's book takes on this process for the first time in terms of musical culture in a nuanced and expert text of deep understanding that should motivate thought about Middle Eastern societies for years to come. – Virginia Danielson, Loeb Music Library, Harvard University

In this book, anthropologist Jonathan H. Shannon explains how a Middle Eastern community engenders its modern image through its articulations of heritage and authenticity. The research setting is Syria's musical culture, which is particularly known for embracing and preserving the Arab musical tradition, but has seldom been researched in depth by Western scholars. A valuable contribution to the study of music and identity and to the ethno­musicology of the modern Near East, the book stands out for its scholarly rigor and rich documentation. Shannon approaches his subject matter with keen musical sensibility and remarkable affinity for the community that he has studied. Furthermore, he backs his theoretical interpretations with lively accounts of relevant incidents and personal encounters. Indeed, the work is thoughtful and intellectually stimulating and, I would add, delightfully and humanly engaging. – A.J. Racy, Professor of Ethnomusicology at UCLA and author of Making Music in the Arab World: The Culture and Artistry of Tarab

A valuable contribution to the study of music and identity and to the ethnomusicology of the modern Middle East, Among the Jasmine Trees details this music and its reception for the first time, offering an original theoretical framework for understanding contemporary Arab culture, music, and society. The book leaves readers with a better understanding of music's complex role within a rapidly changing Syrian society and, more broadly, within the volatile Arab world.

Health, Mind & Body / Alternative Medicine

The Power of Belief: Psychological Influences on Illness, Disability, and Medicine edited by Peter Halligan & Mansel Aylward (Oxford University Press)

Over the past two decades, a widening gulf has emerged between illness presentation and the adequacy of traditional biomedical explanations. As a result, the causes of many illnesses remain a mystery for both patient and physician, with the consequence that increasing numbers of well-educated people are using alternative or complementary medicines.

In an attempt to bridge this gap between illness and explanation, without sacrificing the clear benefits of the biomedical approach, many health care professionals have begun to consider a bio-physiological approach. As explained in The Power of Belief, edited by Peter W. Halligan, School of Psychology, Cardiff University and Mansel Aylward, UnumProvident Centre for Psychosocial and Disability Research, School of Psychology, Cardiff University, together with 20 contributing experts from neuroscience, rehabilitation and disability medicine, central to this approach is the belief that disease and illness are not just the result of patho-physiological causes but involve and can be explained in terms of psychological and socio-cultural factors or causes.
In this model, the beliefs held by patients about their conditions are considered central to the way they understand, behave and respond to treatment. Such beliefs are not specific to patients, though they can greatly influence the behavior and reasoning of health professionals as well. Moreover, the illness beliefs held by health care professionals, policy makers and society at large also need to be considered. In addition, psychosocial influences in the form of beliefs have equal relevance for those in wider society regarding etiology of illness, recovery and potential for treatment. Further, future develop­ments within the bio-psychosocial approach need to take account of the beliefs of all the key players involved.

At a time when public trust in doctors and science is undoubtedly diminishing, a better understand­ing of patients' and health care professionals beliefs is clearly a priority for clinical practice and research. The Power of Belief brings together a range of experts and provides a overview of the role and influence that belief can play in illness and the development of promising clinical and vocational interventions. The Power of Belief is unique in examining the influence and power of beliefs, one of the key psychosocial factors considered to underpin and validate the bio-psychosocial model.

Health, Mind & Body / Psychology & Counseling / Reference

Ethical Practice in Forensic Psychology: A Systematic Model for Decision Making by Shane S. Bush, Mary A. Connell, & Robert L. Denney (American Psychological Association)

While most psychologists working in forensic contexts aspire to practice in a manner consistent with the highest ideals of ethical practice, they face numerous and complex concerns and may be unclear about how to apply the Ethics Code and Specialty Guidelines for Forensic Psychologists to their real-world issues. Ethical Practice in Forensic Psychology was written by Shane S. Bush, certified rehabilitation psychologist and neuropsychologist Mary A. Connell, certified forensic psychologist and president of the American Academy of Forensic Psychology; and Robert L. Denney, forensic psychologist and neuropsychologist at the U.S. Medical Center for Federal Prisoners and associate professor and director of neuropsychology at the Forest Institute of Professional Psychology in Springfield, Missouri. Ethical Practice in Forensic Psychology presents and integrates the principles and standards provided in the APA Ethics Code with many of the other guidelines that have relevance to forensic practice. The volume explores common ethical dilemmas forensic psychologists may encounter in procedures, including referrals, evaluations, documentation of findings and opinions, and testimony and termination. The authors present and apply a practical, ethical decision-making model to timely case vignettes in civil, criminal, and child family law to demonstrate how to approach the ethical challenges faced in forensic psychology; they also offer suggestions for addressing potential ethical misconduct by colleagues.

Ethical Practice in Forensic Psychology organizes the material around the steps in the evaluation process, such as the referral, data collection, and so on. Organizing the material around the steps in the evaluation process provides clear reference points for practicing psychologists who are facing ethical challenges. Although practitioners may not always be immediately aware of the relevant ethical principles or the underlying threats to the validity of data or opinions, they do know the practice activity in which they or their colleagues are engaging. Thus, organization along these lines facilitates reference to the material that is most relevant at a given time.

Following the introduction, chapters 2 through 6 examine the various components of the forensic evaluation process, beginning with the referral and ending with testimony. Although much of the information applies to psychologists working in forensic treatment settings and as trial consultants, the book is structured primarily around the forensic evaluation. Case illustrations are provided to demonstrate application of the issues examined and the ethical decision-making process. Case illustrations cover three broad topic areas: personal injury litigation, criminal litigation, and child and family law. Chapter 7 covers the ethical challenges inherent in addressing ethical misconduct by colleagues doing forensic work. Forensic psychologists are likely exposed to more of the work of colleagues than are psychologists in any other specialty area. That exposure, combined with the natural emotional reactions and the potential for bias that may emerge in adversarial situations, contributes to a context in which allegations of ethical misconduct may abound. This raises a need for attention to be given to the sensitive topic of responding to apparent ethical misconduct by forensic psychology colleagues. The Afterword offers concluding remarks, with an emphasis on the personal commitment needed by forensic psychologists for ethical conduct to be possible.

Ethical Practice in Forensic Psychology also includes ‘excerpts’ from fictional psychological and neuro­psychological reports created by the authors. Similarly, the case illustrations provided in the book were created by the authors and represent an integration of scenarios either encountered in practice or imagined by the authors.

Unlike previous books that treat forensic contexts as a subset of a general ethical perspective, this volume deals with critically important issues unique to forensic practice, such as the adversarial environment, the impact of specific laws, and the complicated differences between being retained by an attorney and being sought out by a patient. The book is comprehensive yet exceedingly user friendly and easily used as a reference in everyday forensic practice. – David L. Shapiro, PhD, Associate Professor of Psychology, Center for Psychological Studies, Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale

Ethical Practice in Forensic Psychology translates legal processes and ethical considerations into language that forensic psychologists can easily understand, without glossing over difficult issues and decisions that often arise in practice. – Allan Barsky, JD, PhD, Professor of Social Work and Professional Ethics, Florida Atlantic University

Ethical Practice in Forensic Psychology, the first to focus solely on forensic psychology ethics, is a valuable, indeed essential, reference for psychologists working in adversarial settings. Not only is it an exceptional resource to consult when an ethical issue arises but a review of this book will help forensic psychologists avoid or prevent ethical challenges to their practice. The authors review the ethical issues that may arise in forensic evaluations in both criminal and civil settings and provide case examples to illustrate ethical dilemmas and their potential solutions. This book has much to offer psychologists who are just beginning a forensic practice, but I have no doubt that even seasoned forensic practitioners will refer to it often. – Ronald Boesch, PhD, Department of Psychology, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada

Ethical Practice in Forensic Psychology provides forensic psychology students and trainees and practicing psychologists who have little forensic involvement with the ability to apply appropriate professional resources to ethical challenges associated with specific practice activities. In addition, by reviewing relevant sections of the book as needed, career forensic psychologists may achieve greater understanding of challenging ethical issues and increased ease of ethical problem solving. This balanced and comprehensive volume will be a valuable addition to the library of forensic psychology students and trainees as well as career forensic psychologists.

Health, Mind & Body / Psychology & Counseling

Unconscious Fantasies and the Relational World by Danielle Knafo & Kenneth Feiner (Relational Perspectives Book Series: The Analytic Press, Inc., Publishers)

What is the role of unconscious fantasies in psychological development, in psychopathology, and in the arts?

In Unconscious Fantasies and the Relational World, Danielle Knafo and Kenneth Feiner return to these interlinked questions with a specific goal in mind: a contemporary appreciation of fantasy in its multiform relational contexts. To this end, they provide detailed examinations of primal scene, family romance, and castration fantasies, respectively. Each category of fantasy is pushed beyond its ‘classical’ psychoanalytic meaning by attending to the child’s ubiquitous concerns about sexual difference and feelings of incompleteness; the child’s perception of the parental relationship; and the multiple, shifting identifications that grow out of this relationship.

Evocative clinical examples illuminate the manner in which patients and analysts play out these three core fantasies in the form of symptomatic acts and enactments, and especially in the transference/counter transference. But these fantasies, the authors stress, are equally linked to creative self-expression, especially in the arts. Knafo, associate professor in the Clinical Psychology Doctoral Program at Long Island's CW Post Campus and faculty at Derner's Postdoctoral Program in Psychoanalysis; and Feiner, a psychoanalyst in private practice, balance treatment considerations with explorations of the generative side of unconscious fantasies.

After a general theoretical introduction (chapter 1) addressing major issues and controversies regarding the concept of unconscious fantasies, Unconscious Fantasies and the Relational World consists of three parts. The first chapter in each part offers a critical review of the literature relating to its particular fantasy and articulates a contemporary clinical and theoretical perspective on the fantasy in question.

Each part also provides case material to illustrate how the fantasies manifest in the treatment setting and techniques of working with the material that emerges. In each part, a related chapter applies the particular fantasy to artistic productions. These applied chapters investigate the artist's fantasy life as well as the way artists engage their audiences to take part in, and respond to, shared collective fantasies that remain vital and continue to be worked through from childhood on.

In chapter 2, Knafo and Feiner offer an updated view of primal scene fantasies, which have historically referred to the child's witnessing sexual intercourse, usually between the parents. They expand the concept to include the child's perceptions of, and ideas about, his or her parents' relationship. They also use primal scene fantasies as a model that illustrates the multiple and shifting identifications and reversible self-other relationships that we believe characterize all forms of fantasy. Finally, they illustrate these fluctuations by presenting detailed process notes from a session with a man whose sexual obses­sion and sexual inhibition were the result of prolonged exposure to his parents' sexual lives.

Chapter 3 explores David Lynch's film Blue Velvet in terms of its artistic exploration of primal scene fantasies. The film's protagonist, Jeffrey Beaumont, wishes to gain entry into a mysterious adult world and to uncover its secrets. His curiosity; as well as his tendency to arrogate the prerogatives of grown-ups and ignore parental injunctions, reveals his effort to deny the intolerable loss of narcissistic omnipotence associated with acceptance of parental authority and exclusion from the primal scene.

The family romance fantasy involves the child's substitution for his or her parents by a different, usually more exalted, set of parents. This fantasy aids the child in dealing with a range of developmental tasks, including disillusionment, reconciliation of love and hate, separation, and the renunciation of oedipal objects. Chapter 4 presents two cases that illustrate how the inability to relinquish the promise of the family romance shapes a detachment from one's biological family as well as a perpetual search for an ideal substitute family in one's current relationships.

The universality of family romance fantasies is also obvious in children's play (playing house or doll play), fairy tales, and popular children's stories (e.g., Harry Potter, Stuart Little, A Series of Unfortunate Events), where they are ever-present. These stories typically portray a child living with mean and unloving parental figures who have replaced the real, idealized parents who have died or been killed. In chapter 5, Knafo and Feiner examine the life and fiction of the novelist Jerzv Kosinski, a man whose misrepresentations about his experiences as a child during World War II are interpreted as a version of a family romance fantasy. They focus on the way this fantasy shaped Kosinski's internal object relationships, his interpersonal relationships, aspects of his character, and his novels.

Castration fantasies are undoubtedly the most controversial in the literature. Traditionally defined as the unconscious idea of losing, or expecting to lose, the male genital, castration fantasies are thought by many to be outdated concepts reflective of the phallocentrism, The authors believe that the body and the appreciation of sexual difference are primary and central in children's fantasies, In chapter 6, Knafo proposes a model in which castration fantasies refer to a sense of incompleteness – about the body as well as nonphysical attributes – in males and females alike. Such fantasies deal with the gap between what one is and what one would like to be and are expressed in envy of perceived privileges belonging to persons of the opposite sex, the same sex, and a different generation.

Chapter 7 presents an extensive case study of the treatment of a transsexual patient to explore the significance of castration as both fantasy and reality: ‘Anna,’ a female who was once a male and who has experienced sexual relations with both men and women as both man and woman, describes herself as ‘omni sexual.’ Her history and treatment offer a unique perspective from which to view sexual dif­ference and sameness and the role of castration wishes, fears, and enactments.

The final chapter, chapter 8, discusses French multimedia artist Orlan and her self-named ‘carnal art’ as dealing explicitly with castration fantasies and gender differences. Orlan is best known for employing cosmetic surgery in her art, interpreted here as a recreation of the notorious Freudian ‘moment’ when children confront the reality, as well as their fantasies, about sexual difference. Orlan traumatizes her viewers with unforgettable visual scenes of castrative mutilation that both fascinate and repel. Orlan's artistic project is also used to defy and challenge the (primarily male) theories that have placed limitations on the multiple possibilities of sexuality, beauty, gender, and identity as a whole. Orlan's performance art, with its forced inclusion of audience response, demonstrates the interplay between her personal fantasy life and the relational context in the real world,

Overall, in Unconscious Fantasies and the Relational World Knafo and Feiner present and explore the primal scene, family romance, and castration fantasies to illustrate their ubiquitous character, their flexible and shifting nature, and their problem-solving functions.

Knafo and Feiner have done a masterful job of reinvigorating the concept of unconscious fantasy. Their erudition is worn so lightly that we are carried along by the sheer pleasure of seeing how the false dichotomy between fantasy and reality dissolves into a mutually interpenetrating dialectic. By combining modern classical and relational theory, they bridge a one-person emphasis on imagination and desire with a two person focus on relationality and social context. The resulting synthesis not only attests to the centrality of fantasy as a problem-solving mode of thought; it also re-establishes the critical importance of fantasy for contemporary psychoanalysis. – Virginia Goldner, Ph.D., Founding Editor, Studies in Gender and Sexuality

Through an interwoven mix of the clinical, the theoretical, and the psychology of the arts, Knafo and Feiner explore the crossroads where unconscious fantasy meets relational processes. They have produced an informed, highly readable, and stimulating book – a book at the center of current theoretical debates that will reward readers at all levels. – Fred Pine, Ph.D., Private Practice, New York City

Unconscious Fantasies and the Relational World is a tightly woven study of broad and basic questions. It is in equal measure a contemporary re-visioning of the grounds of fantasy formation, a relationally informed guide to clinical techniques for dealing with unconscious fantasy, and an examination of the generative potential of unconscious fantasy in the arts. Out of the authors’ broadening and broad-minded sensibility emerges an illuminating study of the manifold ways in which unconscious fantasies shape lives and enrich clinical work.

Health & Safety / Professional & Technical / Engineering

The Farm Safety Handbook by Rick Kubik (Country Workshop Series: Voyageur Press)

What to do – and what not to do – to stay safe on the farm…

Again and again farming tops the list of the most dangerous occupations. And with so many hobby farms springing up, new generations of farmers taking over, and new and complicated machinery arriving on the farm, the work just gets more dangerous. The Farm Safety Handbook, part of the Country Workshop Series from Voyageur Press, is dedicated to keeping farmers safe – to preventing the accidents that beset agriculture by teaching proper farm practices, providing safe rules for operating equipment, and alerting farmers to potential dangers. The Farm Safety Handbook covers the basics of farm safety, including what not to do around the implement, the proper way to use each piece of equipment and implement, what can happen if readers misuse the implement, and what to do if an accident happens.

Child safety around the farm, how to deal with natural gases that occur on the farm, and how to safely work with animals are also included in this book. Case reports from various states detail accidents that have happened on farms to illustrate the results of inexperience and carelessness.

Farm safety expert Rick Kubik, certified crop adviser for the American Society of Agronomy, tells readers how to handle implements, what not to do around them, and what to do if an accident occurs. The detailed and comprehensive information in The Farm Safety Handbook, clearly illustrated throughout, is further brought home through harrowing accounts of real-life farm accidents; survivors of farm accidents share their stories and explain how their lives have been altered.

No matter whether readers have lived their entire lives on a farm or have recently moved to the country, farming implements are very dangerous and deadly if misused, and it’s about time someone wrote a book about it. Many accidents can be prevented, and The Farm Safety Handbook can reduce readers’ risk – as well as the risk to others – of accidents and injury.

History / Americas / Biographies & Memoirs / African-American Studies

Will You Die with Me?: My Life and the Black Panther Party by Flores Alexander Forbes (Atria)

This is a powerful telling of our story. – from the foreword by Elaine Brown

Amid the social turmoil of the 1960s and 70s, a young man in California found his purpose in the rise of the Black Panther Party, made a deadly mistake that cost him his freedom, and ultimately got his life back, having learned the true lessons of the Buddha Samurai.

As told in Will You Die with Me?, by the time Flores Forbes was twenty-five years old, he had just a GED and sixty college credits to his name. But he had gone far in his chosen profession as a revolutionary. In 1977, Forbes had been in the Black Panther Party for almost a decade and had become the youngest member of the organization's central committee. In this remarkable memoir, Forbes, now chief strategic officer of the Abyssinian Development Corporation in New York City, describes his transformation from an angry youth into a powerful partisan in the ranks of the black liberation movement. Disillusioned in high school by the racism in his native San Diego, he began reading Black Panther literature. Drawn to the Panthers' mission of organizing resistance to police brutality, he eagerly joined and soon found himself immersed in a culture of Mao-inspired rigor. His dedication ultimately earned him a place in the Party's elite inner circle as assistant chief of staff, charged with heading up the ‘fold’ – the heavily armed military branch dubbed by Huey P. Newton the ‘Buddha Samurai.’ "My job was one of the most secretive in the party," writes Forbes, "and to this day most of the people who were in the Party over the years had not a clue as to what I really did..."

Forbes wasn't the first 16-year-old boy to be smitten by the romance of revolution, but he is among the handful in recent American history who became top-ranking members of the Black Panther Party. His autobiography reads like a modern-day Crime and Punishment, tracking Forbes's evolution from a comrade who thought he could "do almost anything" to achieve a revolutionary objective to a prisoner in existential crisis. Unlike Dostoyevsky's protagonist, Forbes does not generally regret his past, but reproaches himself for his vulnerability to "years of ideological and philosophical conditioning," despite the worthiness of the Panther cause. A survivor above all, Forbes straddles passion and cynicism with equanimity, and is as willing to demythologize major figures as he is to canonize them. He treats Huey P. Newton with particular subtlety, alternately revering the Black Panther founder and cult hero as a genius of realpolitik and criticizing him as a cocaine-snorting, iron-fisted gangster. When Newton is accused of murdering a 17-year-old prostitute and Forbes risks assassinating the star witness to save him, one realizes that Forbes's story is really a case study of power's allure and attendant moral compromise, no matter how righteous its origin. – Publishers Weekly

Of all the books on the Black Panther party, few are as honest, self-critical, and chock-full of gripping detail as Flores A. Forbes's Will You Die with Me? It is at once a cautionary tale and a compelling story of a survivor. – Herb Boyd, author of Black Panthers for Beginners

[Flores Forbes's] story is the essence of what it means to pay personally for one's beliefs. He removes the romanticism from the legendary panthers and replaces it with a young man's journey through a world filled with violence, racism, and lies. There are not many who can recount this saga. In many ways, it is the American story and one well worth the wait. – Kevin Willmott, writer and director of C.S.A.: The Confederate States of America

Next time a talented tenther or a neoliberal tells you that we are living in a post-race America, refer them to this book. I couldn't put [Will You Die with Me?] down. – Ishmael Reed

With intimate portraits of such BPP leaders as Elaine Brown, Eldridge Cleaver, and Huey P. Newton, Will You Die with Me? is a firsthand look at some of the most dramatic events of the last century and a brutally honest tale of one man's journey from rage to redemption. The book is a remarkably riveting  and courageous memoir.

Home & Garden / Arts & Photography

Sleeping Around: The Bed from Antiquity to Now by Annie Carlano & Bobbie Sumberg (University of Washington Press)

There’s more than one way to make a bed, and humans throughout history have devised every sort they could imagine. From a simple blanket laid on the ground to elaborately carved four-posters hung with sumptuous draperies, from a hammock swinging under the stars to a stifling cupboard bed built into a wall, the ways in which humans have gone about trying to get a good night’s sleep are myriad. Sleeping Around, illustrated with some 140 images, takes readers on a lively tour of beds and sleeping customs over time and around the world.

Written by Annie Carlano, senior curator of European and North-American collections and Bobbie Sumberg, curator of textiles and costume at the Museum of International Folk Art in Santa Fe, Sleeping Around begins with ‘sleeping low.’ Carlano and Sumberg show that, whereas in Europe and North America sleeping on bedding on the floor was the lot of the poor, in many other parts of the world it has long been a cultural and aesthetic choice. Beautiful tatami-futon ensembles in Japan, intricately patterned rattan mats in Borneo, and cozy textile pads, pillows, and quilts in Turkey have kept people warm and comfortable for centuries.

Yet ‘sleeping high,’ on raised platform beds, started early, too: such beds are known from archaeological finds and tomb paintings dating to the fourth century BCE in Egypt. From ancient Greece and Rome, the narrow, rectangular bed spread into Europe and then to North America, seeing innumerable elaborations along the way – not only in the designs of the bedsteads themselves but also in the styles of bedding that became integral parts of the sleeping arrangement. In the modern West, people stowed away Murphy beds in the early 1900s, romped on water beds in the 1970s, and now can buy futuristic beds designed by furniture artists.

Rounding out the tour, Carlano and Sumberg describe the ways people have found to sleep safely and comfortably while on the move – whether the travelers are full-time nomads sleeping in tents or twentieth-century tourists in Pullman cars. They devote a chapter to the special beds, cradles, and cribs designed for infants and young children, and an appropriately final chapter to the abundance of sleep imagery associated with death. In short, Sleeping Around offers an informative and entertaining look at the history of beds and – under the impetus of both functional needs and aesthetic tastes – their ever-changing designs.

Home & Garden / Building & Construction

2006 International Plumbing Codes Handbook by R. Dodge Woodson (McGraw-Hill Professional)

The revised edition of 2006 International Plumbing Codes Handbook, claims to be all readers will need to ‘crack the codes.’

Understanding the intent of the code is crucial, and 2006 International Plumbing Codes Handbook delves into both content and intent. Unlike the cryptic codebooks, this one explains the code and its usage in real-world terms with examples that make understanding the code easy. The Private Sewage Disposal Code and Fuel Gas Codes have been worked into the new edition. New material also includes sizing tables, bullet lists, and illustrations, and related data as well as tip boxes offering the most critical information out of the codes.

All the chapters have been updated with current code information for the 2006 International Plumbing Code. Some chapters have been deleted to make room for newer, more useful data – the chapters eliminated are: old Chapter 17, Chapter 18, Chapter 20, Chapter 21, and Chapter 22. Selected material has also been deleted from the appendix.

2006 International Plumbing Codes Handbook covers general regulations, fixtures, faucets, and fittings, water heaters, water supply and distribution, sanitary draining systems, vents, traps, storm drainage, permits and fees, private sewage disposal, rainfall rates, and recycling gray water. This reader-friendly guide helps

  • Fix common plumbing problems with the workable solutions illustrated.
  • Find worked-out examples of nearly every type of plumbing task.
  • Locate the right figures, formulas, and charts for water heaters, fixtures and faucets, fuel piping, storm water drainage, and other calculation needs.
  • Cut labor and material costs by meeting but not exceeding codes.
  • Avoid leaks, malfunctions, blockages, plumbing-caused damage, callbacks, and other costly troubles.
  • Get quick troubleshooting guidance.
  • Work safe with time-tested tips.

No one explains plumbing better than master plumber, master gasfitter, and popular author R. Dodge Woodson, who has 20 years’ experience as a home builder, contractor, plumber, and real estate broker. In a conversational style with plenty of real-life examples, Dodge in 2006 International Plumbing Codes Handbook puts the International Plumbing Code into plain English. The book is perfect for students, apprentices, and masters. An all-in-one manual, it provides ready-to-use answers to help readers get plumbing jobs done right, on time, and up to standard. It's all the plumbing information readers will ever likely to need – the one they will pack in their tool bags.

Home & Garden / Crafts & Hobbies

Quick Colorful Quilts for Babies and Toddlers edited by Rosemary Wilkinson (Good Books)

Quick Colorful Quilts for Babies and Toddlers is a collection of crib quilts, first-bed quilts, playmats and wall quilts for children from six months to five years with instructions on how to make them.

All projects in the book were selected by Rosemary Wilkinson, an experienced quilt maker and craft-book editor. She is the editor of the popular quilt books, Quick Colorful Quilts and Super Quick Colorful Quilts, also published by Good Books. Included are 14 bright, colorful designs, each with four alternative color schemes for each design, for optimal variety. A section on Materials and Techniques helps quilters get started, and simple, clear diagrams throughout the book help keep them going.

Quilts include:

  1. Spring Chick Crib Quilt by Janet Goddard
  2. Nursery Windows by Dorothy Wood
  3. Tic-Tac-Toe Crib Quilt by Alison Wood
  4. Nautical Playmat with Bag by Gail Smith
  5. Cookie Cutter Snuggle Quilt by Janet Goddard
  6. Special Edition by Rosemary Wilkinson
  7. Jungle Playmat by Gail Smith    
  8. Spinners by Mary O'Riordan   
  9. Fairy Princess by Sarah Wellfair
  10. Triangular Playmat by Dorothy Wood
  11. Sailboats by Mary O'Riordan
  12. Spotty Zigzag Bed Quilt by Alison Wood
  13. Random Patch Bed Quilt by Rita Whitehorn
  14. Play on Plaids by Rita Whitehorn

Quick Colorful Quilts for Babies and Toddlers provides clearly explained methods and helpful diagrams with full instructions for beginners. These designs are simple and easy for busy or beginning quilters, and attractive and useful for babies and young children. Brilliant photography and fabric suggestions eliminate the guesswork, so that finished projects are sure to please. In fact, everyone wins with this collection of quilts.

Home & Garden / Gardening & Horticulture

Seascape Gardening: From New England to the Carolinas by Anne Halpin, with photography by Roger Foley (Storey Publishing)

Gardening by the sea is unlike any other gardening experience in the world. The gentle, misty light, moderate climate, and natural beauty of the coast only make seaside gardens more beautiful. Add to that the pleasant memories of summers spent by the sea as a child, and the allure is irresistible for gardeners and ocean-lovers.

But aside from the scenic landscape and romantic setting there are challenges to be overcome. As author and renowned garden designer Anne Halpin knows, the challenges are plentiful. The East Coast is known for its extreme weather – storms blow in during the winter with gale-force winds, spraying sand and salt on every plant in their path. Even during the summer, high winds, fierce sun, and periods of drought challenge the toughest plants. Seaside gardens must be able to tolerate the elements and still look good.

In Seascape Gardening, Halpin – a seaside resident herself – offers advice, insight, and inspiration to intrepid coastal gardeners living along the Atlantic seaboard. Halpin explains the conditions unique to temperate Atlantic coastal settings – from the rocky bluffs of Maine to the placid sea islands of South Carolina – and offers solutions to the biggest seaside gardening challenges. Illuminating concepts like air movement, soil composition, color selection, planting, and year-round garden maintenance, the book reveals how seascape designers work with coastal elements, instead of against them. From a cozy backyard in Martha's Vineyard, to a naturalistic Chesapeake Bay meadow, to a Frank Lloyd Wright-inspired landscape on a Carolina barrier island, ten stunning seaside gardens as diverse as their settings are profiled. The book also features an encyclopedic reference guide to 100 plants that can thrive in coastal conditions. This at-a-glance section features photographs, as well as growing and maintenance instructions, and recommended cultivars for each plant. Readers can learn which flowers, grasses, and shrubs thrive along the Atlantic coast; see how they work in established coastal gardens; and use them to design the dream garden to complete their seaside retreat.

… Halpin presents ‘profiles’ of 11 gorgeous seaside gardens varying in locale, from rocky southern Maine to marshy Maryland, and structure, some with formal and difficult-to-maintain plantings, others using native plants for low maintenance, with intriguing comments from the gardens' designers and caretakers about their failures, successes and passion for Oceanside gardening. These gardens are mostly designed by landscape architects and professionally maintained, and may intimidate the DIY seaside gardener, but the book brims with practical information and lists of plants appropriate to particular situations. Almost half of the volume is devoted to an illustrated encyclopedia of seaside-compatible species, addressing hardiness, tolerance and recommended varieties. – Publishers Weekly

Featuring dazzling images from award-winning photographer Roger Foley, Seascape Gardening is an enchanting, indispensable reference for anyone who dreams of nurturing plants by the sea. Halpin's evocative language and Foley's lush, four-color photographs will appeal to anyone who adores the look of windswept foliage by the water's edge.

Literature & Fiction / Western

The Whistling Season: A Novel by Ivan Doig (Harcourt, Inc.)

“Can't cook but doesn't bite.” So begins the newspaper ad offering the services of an “A-1 housekeeper, sound morals, exceptional disposition” that draws the hungry attention of widower Oliver Milliron in the fall of 1909. And so begins the unforgettable season that deposits the noncooking, nonbiting, ever-whistling Rose Llewellyn and her font-of-knowledge brother, Morris Morgan, along with a stampede of homesteaders drawn by the promise of the Big Ditch – a gargantuan irrigation project intended to make the Montana prairie bloom. When the schoolmarm runs off with an itinerant preacher, Morris is pressed into service, setting the stage for the ‘several kinds of education’ – none of them of the textbook variety – Morris and Rose will bring to Oliver, his three sons, and the rambunctious students in the region's one-room schoolhouse in The Whistling Season.

Award-winning author Ivan Doig is a former ranch hand, newspaperman, and magazine editor, who has been delighting readers with his writing about the American West for almost 30 years, beginning with his first book, This House of Sky, a National Book Award finalist. Doig is the kind of American writer that every journalist should talk to at least once in his or her career. Doig has a speaking voice as distinctive and melodic as his signature writing style, and he has a great deal to say in The Whistling Season including:

  • Why one-room schoolhouses still hold such appeal in our imaginations.
  • His lifelong ties to Montana and why it continues to be the setting for most of his writing.
  • Doig's own experience of rural schooling and the idiosyncratic, scintillating teachers who taught him to love writing and inspired this book.
  • His early career in journalism and history, and how they inform his approach to writing.
  • What the No Child Left Behind policy could learn from The Whistling Season.


The reigning master of new Western literature . . . [Doig is] bigger than the Big Sky. He stands upon the shoulders of Wallace Stegner and A. B. Guthrie, taller than Edward Abbey and Tom McGuane, and sees much farther. He looks homeward, and he sees a place in all our minds, not just those who live in and write about the West. – San Francisco Chronicle

In matters of work and grief, of place and kinship, [Doig] can make you remember with him and sometimes weep. – The New York Times Book Review

Ivan Doig is one of the best we've got – a muscular and exceedingly good writer who understands our hunger for stories. – Annie Proulx, author of Brokeback Mountain and The Shipping News

The West's preeminent literary novelist ... Doig's characters, new and old, are unforgettable… they are becoming a part of the American mindscape. – The Denver Post

… Doig's strengths in this novel are character and language – the latter manifesting itself at a level of old-fashioned high-octane grandeur not seen previously in Doig's novels, and few others': the sheer joy of word choices, phrases, sentences, situations, and character bubbling up and out, as fecund and nurturing as the dry-land farmscape the story inhabits is sere and arid. The Whistling Season is a book to pass on to your favorite readers: a story of lives of active choice, lived actively. – Rick Bass, Publishers Weekly
…Doig has been at this for a long time; he's 67 and the author of eight previous novels and three works of nonfiction, including the memoir This House of Sky. You can see the evidence of that experience in his new novel: its gentle pace, its persistent warmth, its complete freedom from cynicism – and the confidence to take those risks without winking or apologizing. When a voice as pleasurable as his evokes a lost era, somehow it doesn't seem so lost after all. – Ron Charles, The Washington Post

… Throughout his long career, Doig has been at his best when chronicling the passing of a season in the lives of a Montana family, usually farmers at around the turn of the century. It's no surprise, then, that this is his best novel since the marvelous English Creek (1985). As in all of his books, he digs the details of his historical moments from the dirt in which they thrived. … Doig's antique narrative voice, which sometimes jars, feels right at home here, coming from the mouth of the young Paul, who is eagerly learning Latin as he tries to make sense of his ever-enlarging world. An entrancing new chapter in the literature of the West. – Bill Ott, Booklist (starred review)

The Whistling Season is a charming, elegantly written novel set in early 1900s Montana that magically transports readers to a time when one-room schoolhouses were the hub of the community and homesteaders were taming the West. A paean to a vanished way of life and the eccentric individuals and idiosyncratic institutions that made it fertile, The Whistling Season is Ivan Doig at his evocative best.

Literature & Fiction / World / Short Stories

Realm of the Dead: Stories by Uchida Hyakken, translated by Rachel DiNitto (Dalkey Archive Press)

I picked up the pace and caught up with the girl. I tried to pull her sleeve. She rejected me a second time with a tearful gaze and hurried after the old woman. Right there I resolved to kill the old woman. – Uchida Hyakken, from Realm of the Dead

In this short story, the man accidentally kills the old woman. He grabs her hand and she shatters like a statue and turns to the narrator, but she is not the girl at all – she has become the woman he killed.

Written by Uchida Hyakken and translated by Rachel DiNitto, Realm of the Dead is a collection of short stories set in a dark and mysterious world where logic and reality are subject to constant change and where ideas about identity and self are continually questioned. In one story, the narrator watches footage from the Russo-Japanese War, but then, moving across the screen, finds himself fighting in the war. In another, the narrator goes to a freak show with a woman, only to find the woman herself has become a freak.

With a series of disconnected dreams and images that fade into one another without logic, Realm of the Dead evokes a society – and a people – on the brink of enormous change.

Uchida Hyakken (1889-1971) was born to a family of sake brewers whose business later went bankrupt. He was the author of over fifteen volumes of fiction, essays, diaries, and poetry, including A New Account of My Hut, I Am a Cat: The Fake Version, and Gates Close at Dusk. An essay of his was adapted into the movie Madadayo, which was directed by master filmmaker Akira Kurosawa. A major figure with a devoted following in Japan, this is his first book to be translated into English.

Forty-eight short stories – or more accurately, fables and vignettes – make up the two collections gathered in this volume, which is the first English translation of this highly regarded Japanese modernist writer. In these stories, unsuspecting, usually passive narrators suddenly find themselves in mysterious, sometimes life-threatening, often embarrassing situations, though things were perfectly safe and normal only moments before. …. In ‘The Leopard,’ a caged leopard escapes to chase and kill a group of bystanders, the last one realizing he's the butt of a joke he can't understand. In ‘The Dance of the Invasion of King Ranryo,’ a man comes home from a performance of traditional dance, and, in a drunken fit, invokes the same spirit he has just seen on stage, much to the dismay of his wife and neighbors. Like Zen koans, these stories end with surprising abruptness. Events unfold without apparent rhyme or reason, as if motivated by a hidden inner logic, leaving the reader to fathom their moral and meaning. The results both frustrate and expand Western expectations of fiction. – Publishers Weekly

Considered one of the foremost innovators of Japanese modernism, Hyakken incorporates a distinctly non-Western set of myths and folklore to create dreamscapes opening doors into another world. By so doing, he opens our Western minds to a different culture and a world on the brink of change.

Mysteries & Thrillers

Dirty Sweet: A Mystery by John McFetridge (ECW Press)

Nothing is what it seems and everyone knows more than they let on in Dirty Sweet, a fast-paced crime story.

Take a chance. That's what Roxanne Keyes thinks when she recognizes the guy calmly driving away from a murder in broad daylight. She can make this work for her. It will get her out of the huge mess she's made of her life – if she's willing to lie to the cops, partner with a porno website developer with a mysterious past, and blackmail a Russian mobster.

Can't be much more dangerous than selling real estate in Toronto.

Except the cops, new guy Loewen, and the maybe-too-cool-for-his-own-good Price, know right away this isn't a random act of violence. There's something bigger going on – and they're going to get to the bottom of it. Even if it means going after mobsters, biker gangs, crooked cops, and Roxanne Keyes... .

What appears to be road rage or a random act of violence in Dirty Sweet is actually an opportunity for everyone – everyone, that is, but the victim. The getaway driver is a Russian mobster who needs to rent a space for his new strip club, which funds his other, even less savory enterprises. The eyewitness, Roxanne Keyes now has with some new leverage, legal and otherwise, on that strip club lease. Her other tenant, a petty pornographer, sees a chance to expand his business – if the realtor plays along – and the homicide squad sees its own opportunities in the brazen murder.

In the heart of Toronto's underworld, where sex, drugs and crime run rampant, roles reverse and boundaries are crossed as everyone struggles for personal gain. Events unfold with speed and surprise as the players eye the prize and race to the finish in Dirty Sweet.

McFetridge combines a tough and gritty story populated by engagingly seedy characters (Boris Suliemanov, the Russian mobster; Vince Fournier, the Internet-porn czar; and a couple of shady police detectives) with an effective use of a setting, Toronto, not that familiar to many American readers of hard-boiled fiction. …Readers will also notice a connection between McFetridge and such gritty British writers as Ken Bruen and Ian Rankin. – David Pitt, Booklist

This is a fine first novel. McFetridge's background as a screenwriter is evident from the first page. He has a gift for dialogue and setting ... McFetridge is an author to watch. He has a great eye for detail, and Toronto has never looked seedier. – Globe and Mail

If more people wrote the kind of clean-as-a-whistle, no-fat prose McFetridge does, this reviewer would finish a lot more of their books. – David Gilmour, National Post

Dirty Sweet was written by John McFetridge, the author of Below the Line and several screenplays, a writer who became fascinated with crime when attending a murder trial at age of 12 with his police officer brother. In the tradition of Elmore Leonard and Christopher Brookmyre, here is a novel where no rules apply – a fast-paced crime story with clipped prose and ready dialogue that follows each character to a surprising end.

Mysteries & Thrillers

Never Fear by Scott Frost (G.P. Putnam’s Sons) is a chilling case of murder, lust, and betrayal, by the Edgar Award-nominated author of Run the Risk.

Author Scott Frost knows fear…the kind of fear that makes us feel helpless and powerless, and can only be overcome when all is risked. And he should. As a screenwriter whose credits include Twin Peaks and The X-Files, he is well versed in terror. Now the author of the Los Angeles Times bestseller Run the Risk (recently nominated for an Edgar Award as ‘Best First Novel’ by the Mystery Writers of America) brings us a new version of fear in a novel suffused with chilling, psychological suspense, Never Fear.

Seventeen years ago, three young women were killed, their bodies dumped in the wasteland of the L.A. River. The killer was never found, and the case was mysteriously closed. Now, all these years later, as memories from her past threaten her present, Detective Alex Delillo reopens the River Killer case.

After a chaotic year, homicide detective Alex Delillo's life is finally back to normal – her daughter is in college and she is experiencing the first pangs of an empty nest – until she receives a phone call about a death outside her Pasadena jurisdiction. The body of an unidentified man is found next to the river near Griffith Park with a single gunshot wound to the head – apparent suicide – and Alex was the last person he tried to contact before he died. When she goes to identify him, Alex comes face to face with the spitting image of her father.

In Never Fear, the half brother Alex never knew she had is dead under more than mysterious circumstances. LAPD thinks it's an open-and-shut case, but she isn't so sure. When she reconstructs her brother's final hours, she discovers he had been investigating an old LAPD serial killer case from the '70s – the River Killings. He may have come across something buried deep within the case files, something that could have gotten him killed.

As Alex gets closer to the truth of her brother's murder, her father's past comes into alarming focus, and disturbing flashbacks from her childhood start to plague her. A journeyman actor who disappeared when she was child, her father had a history of violence against women, but was he capable of murder? And is he the one in the shadows, stalking Alex's every move and leaving a body count? In a chilling turn, Alex finds that the truth is as murky and as empty as the L.A. River itself.

Screenwriter Frost (Twin Peaks; The X-Files) brings back Lt. Alex Delillo, Pasadena supervisor of homicide, from his impressive debut, Run the Risk, for another pulse-pounding, complex thriller in the tradition of Peter Straub's serial killer whodunit Blue Rose series. … Frost's combination of psychological depth, complex plotting and an evocative, arid Los Angeles setting will have fans of intelligent suspense counting the days until his next book. – Publishers Weekly (starred review)
… Woven throughout the novel are images of the menacing blazes that threaten to level L.A.: "Driving into the canyons was like entering a city under siege. Burning embers were falling out of the sky…. The tops of palm trees would explode in flames as if hit by a bomb." Frost delivers a superlative scorcher with a cast of memorably eccentric characters (including a brilliant schizophrenic hell-bent on revenge) and a sinuous plot that crackles and pops. Fans of Robert Crais and Michael Connelly should check out this series. – Allison Block, Booklist (starred review)

Never Fear is to mystery novels about Los Angeles what Chinatown was to movies, the one that even when you know what happens at the end you want to go back and start again. It's that good. – D. W. Buffa, author of The Defense

A riveting thriller, implacable in its intensity. – Catherine Coulter

Replete with a labyrinth-like plot, feverish suspense, and the simmering setting that is Los Angeles, Frost proves he can rival the best popular suspense authors in Never Fear, his second outing in a promising new series that Publishers Weekly called "a jaw-dropper that will leave readers clamoring for more."

Mysteries & Thrillers

A Prayer for the Night: An Ohio Amish Mystery by P. L. Gaus (Ohio Amish Mysteries Series: Ohio University Press)

Amid a whirlwind of drugs, sex, and other temptations of the ‘English’ world, a group of Amish teenagers on their Rumschpringe test the limits of their parents’ religion to the breaking point in A Prayer for the Night. But Bishop Irvin Raber wonders whether the tradition has become too dangerous, especially now that young John Schlabaugh’s body has been found in an abandoned barn out past Saltillo, near Spits Wallace’s ramshackle place. Sara Yoder, who ran with Schlabaugh’s gang, is torn between a modern culture of drugs, sex, iPods and cell phones and the strict values of her rural Ohio religious community. Now she has disappeared, abducted by drug dealers who prey on naïve Amish youths. The murder and abduction challenge Professor Michael Branden as he confronts the communal fear that the young people can never be brought home safely.

Holmes County Sheriff Bruce Robertson lets deputy Ricky Niell, Branden, and preacher Cal Troyer, all trusted friends of the Amish, take the lead. But Tony Arnetto of the DEA has other ideas. His agency has been looking for Samuel White’s Ecstasy lab to nail down his case against traffickers who may have been using the Amish kids as part of their distribution network, and he won’t let a premature raid ruin a case that took months to build – even if the price is Sara’s life.

Along with Sheriff Robertson and Pastor Troyer, Professor Branden in A Prayer for the Night works against the clock to find a murderer and a kidnapper, determined, wherever the trail may lead him, to restore the shattered community. In his desperate search, Branden struggles with the reluctance of the Amish to trust the law to help them find the answers to their problems.

Gaus is a sensitive storyteller who matches his cadences to the measured pace of Amish life, catching the tensions among the village's religious factions. – New York Times Book Review

Precise, detailed descriptions of Amish practices and full-bodied, unhurried, well-measured prose. A pleasure to read. – Library Journal

Definitely a series worth reading – Booklist

… Detailed Amish funeral and wedding rites conclude an otherwise taut tale, offering fascinating insights into this closed society's struggle to maintain traditions amid a rapidly changing world. – Publishers Weekly

…Sober and authentic, Gaus’s well-paced fifth takes a hard look at the risks the community must take and the compromises it makes to preserve itself in an ever-more-complex world. – Kirkus Review
… Gaus usually writes quiet novels, but this one is harsher than his others, full of suspense, the immediacy of a hostage situation, and in-depth Amish funeral rites. – Library Journal

In A Prayer for the Night, his fifth Ohio Amish Mystery, P. L. Gaus, author of this ongoing series, deftly balances the pace and practices of Amish life in northern Ohio against the unfolding urgency of a hostage situation. As Gaus has proven before, the mystery gains from its exploration of the ever-widening chasm between the traditional life of the Amish people and their interaction with the outside world.

Outdoors & Nature / Environmental Science / Conservation / Home Improvement

Solar Water Heating: A Comprehensive Guide to Solar Water and Space Heating Systems by Bob Ramlow, with Benjamin Nusz (Mother Earth News Wiser Living Series: New Society Publishers)

Heating water with the sun is almost as old as humankind itself, and it is done all over the world. Yet there are strangely few resources on the topic in North America, especially for those who want to install such systems themselves. Solar Water Heating fills this gap.

Written by Bob Ramlow, solar thermal consultant for the Wisconsin Focus on Energy Program, the owner of a renewable energy company, and founder and director of the Midwest Renewable Energy Association (MREA); and Benjamin Nusz, solar water heating consultant and site assessor in Wisconsin, it reviews the history of solar water and space heating systems from prehistory to the present. Then the book presents the basics of solar water heating, including an introduction to modern solar energy systems, energy conservation and energy economics. Since people often get turned off by the up-front cost, the book focuses especially on the financial aspects of solar water or space heating systems, showing that such systems can save significant costs in the long run. Drawing on the author's experience as an installer of these systems, Solar Water Heating goes on to cover:

  • Types of solar collectors, solar water and space heating systems and solar pool heating systems, including their advantages and disadvantages.
  • System components, their installation, operation, and maintenance.
  • System sizing and siting.
  • Choosing the appropriate system.

Bob Ramlow's Solar Water Heating is a practical solar encyclopedia for anyone interested in installing a solar energy system or in starting a solar energy company. The folksy writing is clear and the numerous diagrams make this book a great resource for everyone from the novice just getting started to the existing solar professional looking to pick up some of Bob Ramlow's many useful observations from a long career installing and maintaining solar energy systems. – Don Wichert, Director, Renewable Energy Programs, Wisconsin Energy Conservation Corporation

It's high time someone wrote a comprehensive but accessible overview of solar heating, which is one of the most cost-effective steps that we can take to wean from fossil fuels. Bob Ramlow is a rare combination of plumber, engineer, and public educator who has learned with his own hands. Whether you wish to do it yourself or simply be an informed
consumer, start with Solar Water Heating! – Windy Dankoff, solar industry pioneer and educator since 1975, and founder of Dankoff Solar Products

Clear, well-illustrated, Solar Water Heating is designed for a wide readership from those who are merely curious to students and professionals.


Unfinished Dialogue by Sir Isaiah Berlin & Beata Polanowska-Sygulska, with a foreword by Henry Hardy (Prometheus Books)

Unfinished Dialogue is the fruit of nearly fifteen years of discussion – in person and by letter – between world-famous British philosopher Isaiah Berlin and Dr. Beata Polanowska-Sygulska, Department of Theory and Philosophy of Law, Jagiellonian University in Cracow, Poland. Berlin always felt a special affinity for scholars from Eastern Europe, and the unique chemistry between him and this younger enthusiast for his ideas yielded a remarkable body of material, most of it hitherto unpublished.

Divided into four sections, Unfinished Dialogue begins with a selection from the correspondence between Berlin and Polanowska-Sygulska dating from 1983 to 1997. These letters are published here in their entirety for the first time. The second section comprises two interviews Berlin gave in 1991 for Polish periodicals. Next come edited transcripts of a number of recorded conversations that took place between 1986 and 1995. In one conversation, Berlin tellingly recalls his childhood and youth. In other exchanges, the famous conversationalist is pressed to be more concise about some of his most contested views, particularly his concepts of liberty and value pluralism, and his response to criticism of these ideas by a wide range of authors.

Unfinished Dialogue concludes with a collection of articles on Berlin’s thought by Polanowska-Sygulska, stemming from her long-standing immersion in his work. Berlin himself thoroughly discussed three of these with the author and approved their publication. In one of his last letters to her, Berlin stated, "I have never expressed myself so clearly before, I believe."

Isaiah Berlin (1909-1997) spent a long, distinguished career at Oxford University, where he was Professor of Social and Political Theory, a Fellow of All Souls College, and founding President of Wolfson College. Among his many books are Karl Marx, Russian Thinkers (including "The Hedgehog and the Fox"), The Age of Enlightenment, and Liberty (including "Historical Inevitability" and "Two Concepts of Liberty").

In 1983, Polanowska-Sygulska was struggling with her doctoral thesis on ‘controversies about the concept of liberty’ when she got every grad student's dream opportunity: the chance to interrogate the subject of her research, philosopher Berlin. From then until his death in 1997, they corresponded through long letters as well as personal meetings, and Polanowska-Sygulska's record of these reveals both a young woman awed by the privilege of such tutoring and the kindness of the elderly Berlin, who was gratified by her interest and also stimulated by her questions, which forced him to re-examine his philosophical arguments. … Even the digressions make for interesting reading, since Berlin was learned but also engaged in the world (the decline and fall of the Soviet Union is a frequent concern), and his responses to then-current events illuminate his ideas. … – Publishers Weekly

Beata Polanowska-Sygulska has given us an invaluable guide to the thought of one of the twentieth century's great liberal thinkers. In letters, interviews and conversations Isaiah Berlin reveals the essence of his philosophy and relates it to the events of his life. It is a unique record, and together with Polanowska-Sygulska 's penetrating interpretive essays, this book will prove indispensable to anyone interested in political theory and the history of ideas in the twentieth century. – John Gray, Professor of European Thought, London School of Economics author of Isaiah Berlin

This remarkable and unusual book vividly presents Berlin thinking aloud. He grapples with the deeper difficulties raised by his ideas about liberty and value pluralism in response to the persistent, acute and deeply serious questioning of a young Polish woman philosopher he befriended. Their letters, conversations and interviews and her concluding reflective essays shed welcome further light on Berlin's unsettling version of liberalism and the unsettled questions it raises. – Steven Lukes, Professor of Sociology, New York University author of Power: A Radical View and Liberals and Cannibals: The Implications of Diversity

Unfinished Dialogue sheds considerable light on Berlin’s thinking, clarifying some of the central themes of his philosophy. Complete with a foreword by Henry Hardy, Berlin’s editor and collaborator of thirty years, and now one of his literary trustees, this fascinating collection of letters, conversations, and articles will be of great interest to students and scholars of one of the 20th-century’s most renowned intellectuals.

Philosophy / Political Science

Marx, Reason, and the Art of Freedom, 2nd edition by Kevin M. Brien, with a foreword by Marx W. Wartofsky (Humanity Books)

In Marx, Reason, and the Art of Freedom philosopher Kevin M. Brien, professor of philosophy and chair of the Department of Philosophy and Religion at Washington College, Maryland, analyzes the problem of freedom from a humanistic-Marxist perspective. In it he draws on the full chronological spectrum of Marx's writings to reconstruct the mature Marx's view of freedom under three broad categories: freedom as a mode of being, freedom as transcendence, and freedom as spontaneity. While recognizing that many students of Marx have noted two distinctly different perspectives in early and late Marx, Brien interprets Marx's philosophy as a coherent organic whole. He demonstrates that Marx's thought is principally and systematically an elaborated philosophical-scientific theory of freedom.

New to this second edition is an extended postscript in which Brien provides critical responses to a number of published reviews of the first edition of Marx, Reason, and the Art of Freedom. In addition, Brien also presents a humanistic-Marxist interpretation of spirituality. In so doing he identifies a potential revolutionizing agency in the context of the 21st century. Finally, an addendum shows how humanistic Marxism and Buddhism converge on the same basic values and mutually complement each other. This comparison serves to emphasize the viability of projecting a nontheistic spiritual dimension and shows that there is a genuine moral basis for common social action among adherents of different perspectives.

Before turning to some introductory remarks on other chapters, Brien notes in the first methodological chapter that it is a philosophically important one because, in his view, the established interpretations of Marx all fail (in one way or another) to come to ade­quate grips with Marx's mature method of explanation. This is especially true of those interpretations that project a sharp dichotomy between the early and late Marx.

The bulk of Marx, Reason, and the Art of Freedom is given in Chapters 3, 4, 5, and 6 – and Marx's dialectical method is in play throughout. These chapters explore the problem of freedom under three main categories of freedom that Brien distinguishes: (a) freedom-as­transcendence; (b) freedom-as-a-mode-of-being; and (c) freedom-as-spontaneity.

Chapters 3 and 4 are developed under the category of ‘freedom as transcendence.’ Marx's thesis of historical materialism is seen to be central for understanding how this category is to be interpreted within Marx's framework. Among other things, he provides critical remarks concerning some of the dominant ways of construing historical materialism. He goes on to bring out that the thesis of historical materialism, when properly seen in connection with Marx's level-by-level method of dialectical explanation, really constitutes a conceptual matrix for a theory of cultural evolution that must be understood in relation to more concrete articulations that take into account complicating factors that Marx himself did not explicitly address. Then Brien articulates some laws of cultural development – i.e., laws construed in terms of dynamic structural tendencies. In the course of the discussion he goes on to situate male-female social relations within the level-by-level articulation. Also he explores some key structural tendencies of capitalism; and in addition he addresses the issue of a potential transcending agency.

Chapter 5 is carried out under the category of ‘freedom-as-a-mode-of-being.’ The primary concern of this chapter is to give a developed account of what an unalienated mode of being might look like as interpreted from within Marx's philosophical perspective. This analysis is carried out against the contrasting background of Marx's positions concerning alienated modes of being. In the ongoing discussion Brien gives developed positions on unalienated social relationships, unalienated produc­tion, unalienated activity, and unalienated modes of reason and of sensuousness.

Chapter 6 is carried out under the category of ‘freedom-as-spontaneity.’ He brings out that fully understanding Marx's scientific/philosophical paradigm requires a recognition of an important philosophical presupposition he makes to the effect that there is a margin of freedom from antecedent causal conditioning in the social world, and in nature at large. Brien notes that in his doctoral dissertation he explicitly indicates his belief in some sort of real indeterminacy in nature, and also suggests some real indeterminacy in the domain of human events. He takes the position that running through all of Marx's later work is his philosophical presupposition that there is some degree of indeterminacy in the domain of human events.

Brien develops these themes in Marx, Reason, and the Art of Freedom by contrasting an analysis of the classical conception of the unity of science on the one hand, with a tentative analysis of a dialectical conception of the unity of science on the other hand. Then he goes on to address the ques­tion of a dialectics of nature. In this connection he explores Engels' views concerning purported ‘laws of dialectics.’ In doing so, though, he shows how Engels' formulations would have to be critically appropriated if they are to harmonize with Marx's own dialectical method of explanation.

The rise and fall of the Soviet Union has masked the double lesson that Marx was never a Marxist and that the recovery of his unique, quite splendid method of analyzing the human condition was never more sorely needed than it is now... . Marx was indeed the great architect of a thick philosophical anthropology that demonstrated the viability and sheer power of refusing to disjoin the scientific analysis of the human condition and the humanistic application of its findings in the service of human freedom.

Now, Kevin Brien, in the second edition of Marx, Reason, and the Art of Freedom, has demonstrated, in a way that is at once inventive and textually scrupulous, the unity of Marx's methodological conception in terms of a sustained reflection on Marx's account of human freedom.... Brien adds an extended two-part postscript ... as well as an in­triguing addendum on Marx and Buddhism.... Brien is a man of quiet daring here. We are very much in his debt. – Joseph Margolis, Laura H. Carnell Professor of Philosophy, Temple University

The first edition of Marx, Reason, and the Art of Freedom was a strikingly provocative contribution to the debate both about how Marx is to be interpreted and about what we still need to learn from Marx. Eighteen years later, Kevin Brien's second edition once again puts us in his debt both for his further account of the relation between the dialectical and the empirical in Marx's writings and for opening up the surprising possibility of integrating Marxist attitudes with Buddhist spirituality. It perhaps most needs to be read by those who will initially be most irritated by it. – Alasdair MacIntyre, Professor of Philosophy, University of Notre Dame

One of the best-kept secrets of our time is that Marxism is a philosophy of freedom....  In this revised edition of Marx, Reason, and the Art of Freedom, Kevin Brien reveals this secret and shows all the wisdom we have missed out on by not knowing it. – Bertell Ollman, Professor of Politics, New York University

Brien’s reasoning and explanation in Marx, Reason, and the Art of Freedom is clear – once Marx's mature method of dialectical explanation is understood, the claim that there is a fundamental philosophical conflict between the critical and scientific dimensions of his thought can readily be seen to be illusory. This rigorously argued and deeply thoughtful analysis reveals the continuing relevance and promise of Marx's thought in the 21st century.

Politics / Social Science / History / Americas

American Methods: Torture and the Logic of Domination by Kristian Williams (South End Press)

I'm told that these photographs that are coming out now are nothing more than the same things that came out before, if not identical of the same type of behavior. – Donald Rumsfeld, 2/16/06

When the Abu Ghraib prison scandal broke in April 2004, many American commentators expressed shock. But, as The Progressive's Anne-Marie Cusac observed, "Abu Ghraib shock[s] us because our soldiers abroad seem to have acted out behaviors that we condone, yet don't face up to, at home." On the heels of Our Enemies in Blue, Kristian Williams' controversial chronicle of policing, the writer/activist gives us American Methods, once again upsetting the notion that the use of ‘excessive force’ by the state is aberrant rather than altogether American.

American Methods reveals torture not as a recent or rogue phenomenon, but a veteran tool of the American state. As writer Williams suggests, torture is not, as claimed, a means of interrogation used only by others, elsewhere. Instead, it is a tried-and-true weapon of social control and terror, right here in the U.S.

Unlike other recent books, American Methods locates ‘war on terror’ scandals in the systems of inequities and dominance that nurture them. Williams pays close attention to the distinct character of American torture and its gender and racial contours – particularly its emphasis on sexual violence, emasculation, and spectacle. His discussion ranges over much of the globe and a quarter-century: from U.S. support of torture – regimes in Central America in the 1980s to today's more favored approach – outsourcing torture to ‘friendly governments.’ Returning to our shores, Williams observes the banality of violence in American prisons, precincts, and society. What emerges is the distinct character of American torture, particularly its emphasis on sexual violence, misogyny, and racialized spectacle. Ultimately, he offers devastating conclusions about the centrality of rape, racism, and conquest to both the state and our national culture.

One voice surprisingly, if sadly, in agreement with our secretary of defense is Williams, but what Williams observes in these new photos is ‘identical of the same type of behavior’ we've seen along a much longer historical continuum that stretches back to first contact and slavery, persisting today in the routine maintenance of the world's largest prison system, in the state's management of political dissent, and in the ‘unremarkable’ structural inequities and violence that shape everyday life in the United States.

Kristian Williams peels away the mythic veneer of American innocence with an eloquence, power, and precision that stands largely unrivaled. The result is a book which not only deserves, but quite literally demands inclusion among the handful of works essential to understanding where it is we find ourselves at this awful moment in history. Read it if you dare, and especially if you don't. –Ward Churchill, author of A Little Matter of Genocide and On the Justice of Roosting Chickens

American Methods shines an unmediated light on this country's use of torture as an essential component of social control, both at home and abroad. Williams's exhaustive analysis exposes a history of routine brutality in US police, military, and prison interrogation practices. He deftly makes the case that the Abu Ghraib scandal was not an aberrant experiment conducted by a handful of rogue soldiers but part of a longstanding national tradition. An important, thoroughly well-researched and superbly written critique. – Tara Herivel, Seattle-based prisoners' attorney and editor of Prison Nation: The Warehousing of America's Poor

American Methods is a damning audit of the U.S. record in underwriting human rights violations around the globe. So for a superb overview of the use of torture in the war on terror, read Seymour Hersh's Chain of Command and Jennifer K. Harbury's Truth, Torture, and the American Way. To fully grasp how we got to Abu Ghraib and Guantanamo in the first place, reach for American Methods.

Professional & Technical / Art & Architecture

Fieldwork (Landscape Architecture Europe) edited by Landscape Architecture Europe Foundation (LAE) (Birkhäuser LAE Foundation)

Europeans today for the most part no longer create developments on virgin land, but on former agricultural land. The European answer to the how of the progressive urbanization of the landscape is therefore: we work in and with the field.

Fieldwork presents 43 groundbreaking landscape architecture projects from Dublin to Athens, whose authors have done sensitive fieldwork, with sensitivity to materials and details, respect for customs and mentalities, and pleasure in the play of their own powers of invention. The projects are supplemented by seven essays on the most burning issues of European landscape architecture of today, that is, European cartography, the cultivated landscape, the intellectual history of landscape architecture, the development of suburbia, the profession, and pioneers in the field. The projects and texts have been selected by an independent jury of practicing landscape architects from various European countries, edited by a team of experienced European experts in the field.

Fieldwork, in Europe titled Landscape Architecture Europe, is new. It is the first issue of a planned triennial publication addressed to professionals in Europe and in other parts of the world as well as to those who are interested in landscapes and in the profession of landscape architecture. The profession in Europe still has unique characteristics within the different countries but it is becoming more homogenous because of several factors: the impact of general European policies on the landscape, increasing mobility, and the tendency of social, cultural and economic standards to become more alike. According to the editors, landscape architects are meeting the challenges required to build a new European landscape, and their work will stand as testimony to a continent of many cultures and environments and to the diversity of the art of landscape making. Europe is becoming an area with a broad and diverse community that calls for innovation in the creation of the new European rural landscape, of accessible and safe leisure landscapes that effectively promote a natural and cultural heritage, qualified infrastructures and a more sustainable urban landscape.

Fieldwork (Landscape Architecture Europe) is a collective work. It has been created not by an isolated editorial office but by a group of professionals from diverse European countries and cultural contexts who met and discussed intensively before publishing what they think demonstrates the European approaches to landscape architecture. In this respect the book is representative of the European profession. The European Foundation for Landscape Architecture (EFLA) has a significant interest in the continuing publication of Fieldwork, a project that in the future will become increasingly representative of a Europe that is joined together while at the same time expanding eastwards. They feel that this first edition offers an opportunity for crossover information, and for an exchange of landscape approaches, an exchange that respects cultural differences, understands the importance of interdisciplinary aspects, and, finally, has the capacity to evolve.

Fieldwork is largely the result of the effort and enthusiasm of a number of landscape architects from different European countries, who collected a large number of projects from all over Europe, selected a number of them, and edited texts and wrote essays, all of which make up the content of this book, and this group is pictured at work in the book. The task of selecting a number of designs that simultaneously meet certain standards and represent various backgrounds and currents within a single country would take much discussion and a concentrated effort on the part of a jury, but the same project undertaken on a European scale is a far more complex matter. Landscape architecture in Europe may have been influenced by developments elsewhere; however, it still remains largely based on national culture, on national legislation and economy, and on regional topography and climate, all of which create significant differences in the nature of design products.

According to the editors, this first book of a triennial edition cannot hope to fulfill all its goals – to collect those designs in Europe that are of interest in terms of professional standards and also stimulate the imagination of readers, to show the state of the art and at the same time represent the work of landscape architects all over Europe. Neither the number of designs collected in the period from 2001 to 2004, nor the capacity of one volume, which can present only about forty examples, allowed the producers of this book to achieve all these aims simultaneously.

This ambitious collective project called Fieldwork is off to a great start, thanks in no small part to the support of the Netherlands Architecture Fund, to the hard work of a number of landscape architects and to the makers of the successful Dutch Yearbook Landscape Architecture and Town Planning who abundantly illustrated and luxuriously presented the volume. An exciting and dramatic start!

Professional & Technical / Medical / Nutrition / Health

Clinical Nutrition in Gastrointestinal Disease edited by Alan Buchman (Slack Incorporated)

Nutrition has been identified as one of the most neglected but important aspects of gastroenterology. The goal of the editor in putting together the volume is the improved education of clinicians in the consequences of malnutrition and the appropriate preventative and treatment interventions. As the editor, Alan Buchman, says in the Preface, “It is my hope that this reference text will be but one aid in the improvement in nutritional care of our patients through an understanding of how disease processes affect nutritional status, how nutritional status affects disease processes, and how the most appropriate nutritional interventions may lead to improved outcomes with minimization of complications.”

Clinical Nutrition in Gastrointestinal Disease is a compilation of the most currently available data, clinical experience, and research on the role of nutrition in the management of patients with disorders of the stomach, intestines, liver, pancreas, and colon, as well as other diseases that affect the gastrointestinal tract. Dr. Buchman, Director, Northwestern IBD Center and Medical Director, Northwestern Intestinal Rehabilitation Center, has teamed up with more than 70 world renowned leaders in the field to provide today’s professionals specializing in gastrointestinal disease with a practical guide that examines and explains the necessary elements and principles of nutrition. With more than 100 images and 180 tables, Clinical Nutrition in Gastrointestinal Disease contains essential information to optimally and successfully manage pediatric and adult patients.

Nutrition begins in the gastrointestinal system when food enters the body. Clinical Nutrition in Gastrointestinal Disease begins with the nutritional assessment of the patient; one cannot intervene until the problem is recognized. Nutrient deficiencies and their clinical consequences are covered. Contemporary nutrition as it relates to the gastrointestinal system is described. This includes chapters on absorption and malabsorption, recommended dietary intakes, pro- and prebiotics, fiber, alternative medicine, and food safety. Nutritional consequences and interventions in various disease states are discussed, including diabetes, alcoholism, obesity, inflammatory bowel disease, celiac disease, pancreatitis, motility disorders, gastrointestinal malignancy, liver disease, and intestinal failure. Particular metabolic and nutritional concerns in the critically ill patient are discussed. Both parenteral and enteral nutritional support and prevention of their complications are covered in detail. Surgical issues in gastrointestinal nutrition are covered including bariatric surgery, the consequences and remedies of extensive intestinal resection, and intestinal transplantation. The legal and ethical ramifications of nutritional therapy are discussed. The authors of the chapters make extensive use of figures, diagrams, tables, photos, and many seminal references.

Some gastrointestinal diseases covered include:

  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Colon cancer
  • Pancreatititis
  • Hepatic failure
  • Celiac sprue.

Clinical Nutrition in Gastrointestinal Disease delivers the latest information in a comprehensive and well-organized format that is perfect for gastroenterologists, general surgeons, and general internists looking to increase their knowledge of clinical nutrition. The target audience includes not only the entire gastroenterology community, but those who participate in the nutritional care of patients. The extensive use of images, graphs, and tables compliments the text and makes this one of the most authoritative and thorough books on gastrointestinal disease currently on the market. Covering all of the vital aspects of nutrition and serving as the definitive resource on this topic, this book delivers on the editor’s vision of improving knowledge on nutritional concepts in the training of gastroenterologists.

Professional & Technical / Nursing / Education

Teaching Cultural Competence in Nursing and Healthcare by Marianne R. Jeffreys (Springer Publishing Company)

Preparing nurses and other health professionals to provide quality health care amid the increasingly multicultural and global society of the 21st century requires a new, comprehensive approach that emphasizes cultural competence education throughout professional education and professional practice. Written by Marianne R. Jeffreys, professor of nursing at The City University of New York College of Staten Island, in response to this need, Teaching Cultural Competence in Nursing and Healthcare provides readers with valuable tools and strategies for cultural competence education at all levels.

Culture is a factor that can make the greatest difference in promoting wellness, preventing illness, restoring health, facilitating coping, and enhancing quality of life for all individuals, families, and communities. The two major goals of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Ser­vices report Healthy People 2010 require culture-specific care. The first goal – to increase quality and years of healthy life for all – can only be achieved when examining ‘quality of life’ and the meaning of ‘health and well-being’ within a cultural context. The second goal seeks to eliminate health disparities among different segments of the population, necessitating culture-specific and competent actions designed to eliminate disparities. Therefore, customized health care that fits the client's cultural values, beliefs, and traditions (culturally congruent care) is urgently imperative.

Not only are nurses, physicians, other health care providers, and institutions ethically and morally obligated to provide the best culturally congruent care possible, but they are also legally mandated to do so. Within the scope of professional practice, nurses and other health professionals are expected to actively seek out ways to promote culturally congruent care. Yet, providing such care to the myriad culturally diverse populations is a growing professional challenge.

In Teaching Cultural Competence in Nursing and Healthcare, readers will find the following resources:

  • A model to guide cultural competence education.
  • A questionnaire for measuring and evaluating learning.
  • A guide for identifying at-risk individuals and avoiding pitfalls.
  • A wide selection of educational activities.
  • Techniques for diverse learners.
  • Vignettes, case examples, illustrations, tables, and assessment tools.

Teaching Cultural Competence in Nursing and Healthcare is divided into two parts: Part I, Tools to Get Started, and Part II, Educational Activities for Easy Application. Part I contains four chapters filled with resources and tools to help educators begin teaching cultural competence. Essential background information about the multidimensional process of teaching cultural competence offers a valuable guide for educators at all levels when planning, implementing, and evaluating cultural competence education.

Chapter 1 begins with an overview of the key issues, concerns, and new challenges facing health care consumers, professionals, and educators today and in the future. Professional goals, societal needs, ethical considerations, legal issues, changing demographics, and learner characteristics are highlighted. Select cultural values and beliefs are vividly compared and contrasted in a supplementary table that enhances the text. The chapter concludes with a discussion of factors influencing cultural competence development among culturally diverse learners.

Chapter 2 introduces a model to guide cultural competence education – the Cultural Competence and Confidence (CCC) model. The underlying assumptions, principles, concepts, and terms associated with the model's development are concisely presented. A unique feature of the model (and the book) is that its major concepts, propositions, and constructs are supported by several quantitative studies using the questionnaire also presented in Teaching Cultural Competence in Nursing and Healthcare. The visual illustration of the model enhances understanding of the text. A second illustration expands on the CCC model illustration by tracing the proposed influences of TSE (confidence) on a learner's actions, performance, and persistence for learning tasks associated with cultural competency development and culturally congruent care. The model is brought to life through a realistic ‘Educator-in-Action’ vignette featuring cultural competence education in the health care institution (hospital setting).

Educators and researchers are continually challenged to measure changes following educational interventions. Chapter 3 addresses this challenge by introducing a quantitative tool (questionnaire) that measures and evaluates learners' confidence – the Transcultural Self-Efficacy Tool (TSET). The TSET has been used in several grant-funded projects and studies, and has been requested by graduate students, faculty, and health care professionals in various disciplines from around the world. These ongoing requests identified the need to write Teaching Cultural Competence in Nursing and Healthcare and to provide detailed information about the TSET and the conceptual model underlying it. Major components, features, and psychometric properties (reliability and validity) of the 83-item questionnaire are presented, using a systematic and reader-friendly approach. The TSET and accompanying appendices provide valuable resources for educational researchers. Applied uses, evaluation strategies, and the ‘Educator-in-Action’ vignette conclude the chapter, offering multiple options and ideas for educators and researchers.

Chapter 4 offers resources for establishing prioritized, diagnostic-prescriptive, evidence-based cultural competence education. For example, inefficacious (low confidence) individuals are at risk for decreased motivation, lack of commitment, and/or avoidance of cultural considerations when planning and implementing nursing care. In addition, supremely efficacious (overly confident) individuals are at risk for inadequate preparation in learning the trans-cultural nursing skills necessary to provide culturally congruent care.

Part II offers a wide selection of educational activities that can easily be applied by educators everywhere. Chapter 5 introduces readers to strategies aimed at uncovering, discovering, and exploring educational opportunities within academia for promoting cultural competency, beginning with faculty self-assessment. An illustrated self-assessment tool for faculty and students provides an excellent resource for easy use. Inquiry, action, and innovation at the curriculum level involve the philosophy, conceptual framework, program objectives, program outcomes, courses, course components, horizontal threads, and vertical threads. At the course level, inquiry, action, and innovation involve the course outline, instructional media, learning activities, course components, and clinical settings. Detailed examples include the teaching of cultural competence through innovative use of textbooks, reading assignments, videos, computer-assisted instruction, web page, nursing skills laboratory, clinical settings, written assignments, presentations, exams, and supplementary resources.

In Chapter 6 of Teaching Cultural Competence in Nursing and Healthcare, strategies for systematic inquiry into already existing facets of the health care institution (HCI) are proposed, along with suggested activities for developing new initiatives, actions, educational innovation, and evaluation. An illustrated self-assessment tool for direct application within HCIs, a sample questionnaire to guide prioritization, and a sample list for determining target populations are essential tools to guide cultural competence education and justify resource allocation. Numerous examples of educational activities are integrated throughout the chapter, highlighting key areas such as institutional mission and philosophy, new employee orientation, newsletter and publications, in-service education, staff meetings, patient care conferences, walking rounds and report, special events, continuing education, and networking.

Professional associations possess a potentially powerful and extensive ability to network diverse and talented groups of professionals beyond a single health care institution or academic setting; therefore, professional associations can exert tremendous influence on promoting, disseminating, and advancing cultural competence education. Chapter 7 highlights strategies for identifying educational opportunities within professional associations for promoting cultural competence education; recognizing and overcoming barriers and challenges; and developing action-focused strategies for educational innovation. An illustrated assessment tool is provided for direct application within these associations, and numerous educational activities are presented.

Chapter 8 suggests important implications for educators everywhere. Educators are challenged to commit to a focused and transformational change that will not only advance the science and art of cultural competence education, but will also result in culturally congruent care, ultimately benefiting health care consumers worldwide. The urgent expansion of educational research specifically focused on the teaching and learning of cultural competence is emphasized, and areas for further inquiry, research, and future goals are proposed. Extensive references and relevant appendices are provided at the end of the book.

Teaching Cultural Competence in Nursing and Healthcare is intended as a primary resource for educators and graduate students in academic settings, health care institutions, and professional associations. This hands-on, user-friendly book provides readers with valuable tools and strategies for cultural competence education that can easily be adapted by educators at all levels. It is the only book that presents a research-supported conceptual model and a valid, reliable corresponding questionnaire to guide educational strategy design, implementation, and evaluation. Other unique features of this book include the model to guide cultural competence education, the guide for identifying at-risk individuals and avoiding pitfalls, and the wide selection of educational activities, techniques for diverse learners, and vignettes, case examples, illustrations, tables, and assessment tools.

Professional & Technical / Psychology & Counseling

Counseling Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse, 3rd edition by Claire Burke Draucker & Donna Martsolf (Counseling in Practice Series: Sage Publications)

The experience of childhood sexual abuse is a trauma which continues to have an impact on survivors throughout their lives. The pervasive and long-term effects that stem from sexual abuse make it vital that counselors become adept at addressing the unique and complex needs of survivors.

In this Third Edition of Counseling Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse, Claire Burke Draucker, Distinguished Professor in the College of Nursing at Kent State University, and Donna S. Martsolf, Associate Professor in the same school, identify the significant healing processes which are essential to achieve recovery. It first addresses counseling implications of the false memory debate and review outcomes of research on abuse-focused psychotherapeutic approaches. The book then discusses the counseling of adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse by identifying significant healing processes thought to be necessary for recovery. These processes include disclosing the abuse, focusing on the abuse experience, reinterpreting the abuse from an adult perspective, addressing issues related to the context of the abuse, making desired life changes, and dealing with abuse resolution issues. As each of these processes is discussed, and counseling interventions that facilitate resolution are outlined. Common dynamics and difficulties in therapeutic relationships with survivors are addressed. Carefully chosen case examples demonstrate the appropriate use of interventions in practice.

The Third Edition of Counseling Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse includes a wealth of new material covering memory retrieval, outcome research, multicultural counseling, emerging therapeutic approaches, and neuroscience and counseling. Dynamics and difficulties in the therapeutic relationship are also discussed in great depth.

Counseling Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse does not discuss specific issues and interventions that are applicable to varied types of childhood sexual abuse (e.g. same-sex and specific opposite-sex abuse, abuse of males and females). An effort is made, however, to avoid the assumption of  'universality' by addressing significant differences between abuse experiences, when applicable. Specific relationship combinations of offenders and survivors (e.g. father-daughter, brother-sister, stranger-child) are not be addressed separately. Although the impact of the relationship between the victim and the offender is significant, relationship variables are complex; factors other than the formal relationship between the two may be important, including the emotional closeness or amount of authority possessed by the offender. Most survivors who seek treatment as adults are dealing with abuse that occurred in the context of their intimate social world and this is the primary focus of Counseling Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse.

In addition to presenting a counseling model based on essential healing processes, several future directions and trends in counseling adult survivors are addressed.

Counseling Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse is an accessible, practical guide to helping these victims through the healing process. This book will be a useful tool for professionals dealing with the counseling and/or treatment of sexually abused clients.

Reference / Musical Instrument Collections

A Living Legacy: Historic Stringed Instruments at the Juilliard School by Lisa Robinson, with a foreword by Itzhak Perlman (Amadeus Press/Hal Leonard with The Juilliard School)

Created on the occasion of the Juilliard School's 100th anniversary in 2005, A Living Legacy offers the public a look at Juilliard's historic stringed instrument collection. The Juilliard School essentially opens up its stringed instrument collection to the world for the first time with this publication by Lisa B. Robinson, senior writer for special projects and proposals at Juilliard. The Juilliard School established this country's standard for education in the performing arts, beginning with music.

The collection consists of mainly violins, but also violas, cellos, double basses, and three bows, numbering more than 200. Assembled over the course of the last century through generous gifts of instruments and funds to the school, the collection is represented by photographic and narrative accounts of 25 instruments of particular historic interest by such illustrious makers as Amati, Bergonzi, Guadagnini, Guarneri, Stradivari, and others, as well as reproductions of historic documents and an annotated list of other instruments and bows. A Living Legacy highlights the important instruments in the collection Among the featured instruments are a Stradivarius violin that once belonged to a Russian czar and was later owned by Avery Fisher, a Guarneri del Gesu violin played by a member of the Viennese quartet that premiered many of Beethoven's and Schubert's works in that genre, and a Stradivarius cello previously owned by Hugo Becker, head of the Berlin Hochschule fur Musik. Short essays sketch the history of Juilliard and its illustrious string department, and describe the crucial role of the Instrumental Loan Program, which allows students to borrow instruments for special performances and competitions as well as for longer-term use. A Living Legacy includes a foreword by renowned violinist Itzhak Perlman, a Juilliard alumnus, faculty member and holder of the school's Dorothy Richard Starling Foundation Chair since 1999.

The collection exists primarily as a result of the exceptional generosity of individuals, who have wished to benefit the School and see their instruments put to active use.

In the book's foreword, Perlman, comments: "The true measure of the collection's value is not its substantial monetary worth, but its availability as a resource for the many talented young string players at Juilliard who lack a performance-quality instrument. I should know, since I was one such student when I won the Leventritt Competition in 1964 with the 1731 Guarneri del Gesil, on loan from the collection! Today, as a teacher in Juilliard's Pre-College and College Divisions, I'm grateful that my own students have the opportunity to borrow instruments through this invaluable program."

Vividly presented, illustrated by fine photographs, A Living Legacy is an elegant, hard covered book offering an unprecedented look at the historic stringed instrument collection at Juilliard.

Reference / Writing / Directories

The American Directory of Writer's Guidelines: More than 1,600 Magazine Editors and Book Publishers Explain What They Are Looking for from Freelancers, 5th edition compiled & edited by Stephen Blake Mettee & Doris Hall (Quill Driver Books)

Perhaps the best-kept secret in the publishing industry is that many publishers – both periodical publishers and book publishers – make available to would-be contributors writer's guidelines. Written by the staff at each publishing house, these guidelines help writers target their submissions to the exact needs of the individual publisher. Updated and expanded, The American Directory of Writer's Guidelines is a compilation of the actual writer's guidelines for more than 1,600 publishers.

Magazines include, among others: Alfred Hitchcock Mystery Magazine, American Poetry Review, American Medical News, Analog Science Fiction and Fact, Better Homes and Gardens, Boys' Life, Bride's Magazine, Catholic Digest, Entrepreneur, Essence, Family Circle, Field & Stream, Good Housekeeping, Glamour, Gourmet, Grit, Guideposts, Highlights for Children, Humpty Dumpty, Men's Health, Mother Jones, The National Enquirer, The New Yorker Parade, Penthouse, Playgirl, Popular Science, Psychology Today, Reader's Digest, Saturday Evening Post, Smithsonian, Sunset, True West, True Romance, Vogue, and Writer's Digest.

Book publishers include, among others: Atheneum Books, Avalon Books, Berrett-Koehler, Farrar, Straus & Giroux, Great Quotations, Harlequin, Health Communications, Osborne/McGraw Hill, Prima Publishing, Quill Driver Books, Ten Speed Press, Tor Books, Warner Books, University of Nebraska, Zondervan Publishing.

According to The American Directory of Writer's Guidelines for years, editors at magazines have prepared writer's guidelines to advise and direct freelance writers who wish to write for their magazines. Today, editors at many book publishers also prepare writer's guidelines for writers with book-length projects in mind. Yet, while supporting writers is important to editors, they don't provide writer's guidelines for purely altruistic reasons. They do it with the hope that the pool of material submitted to them will increase both in quality and in adherence to the needs of the press. In theory, the editor's ability to pick and choose from this enriched reservoir will enhance the publisher's success – and the editor's job security. Whether this works as anticipated is a still a topic of discussion among editors – most material that arrives on an editor's desk still does not fit the editor's needs. What is certain is that savvy writers save time and limit the number of rejection slips they receive by perusing a publisher's guidelines before querying or submitting material.

The best writer's guidelines convey a plethora of information. The basics, such as whether material should be fiction or nonfiction, which subject matters or topics are to be dealt with, and the approximate word count required, are almost universally spelled out. Yet, many guidelines go well beyond the basics, instructing the writer in such matters as tone, voice, use of first person or third person point of view, use of humor, and the appropriateness of political, sexual, or violent content.

Guidelines often provide information about photographs and other illustrations to be used, deadlines for seasonal material, which rights are acquired, which columns or features are open to freelancers and which are staff written, and which style guide (The Associated Press Stylebook and Libel Manual and The Chicago Manual of Style are two common examples) the publisher wishes the author to follow. Some guidelines even list the rates the publisher will pay.

The American Directory of Writer's Guidelines is broken into two main sections, Periodicals' Guidelines, which lists guidelines for magazines and other periodicals in alphabetical order, and Book Publishers' Guidelines, which does the same for book publishing houses. Contact information – with names of the editors to whom submissions should be addressed – follows each of the guidelines. Since editors change jobs and publishers change addresses, it is wise to invest in a phone call to verify this information before submitting. The Topic Index listing publishers by areas of interest is the place to start when writers know what subject they want to write about.

Readers can use this book to:

  • Find a publisher.
  • Polish their submission.
  • Brainstorm ideas using the guidelines and the Topic Index.
  • Exploit their expertise and use the same material for more than one article.
  • Look like a pro using the manuscript format.
  • Track their submissions using the Submission Tracking Sheet.


A comprehensive but easily used guide for freelance writers... Will interest writers, both published and aspiring. – Choice

Any writer who has ever received a rejection slip has no doubt wondered, ‘What do these editors and publishers want?’ This useful directory attempts to answer that question. Also included are forms to help writers track submissions and several pages of tips on how aspiring writers can catch the attention of magazine and book editors. – Library Journal

Invaluable compilation of information.... [The American Directory of Writer's Guidelines] will help you target your submissions with pinpoint accuracy. – Freelance Success

Destined to take its rightful place on every serious writer's bookshelf alongside her Webster's Dictionary and Roget's Thesaurus. – Georgia Hughes, Editorial Director, New World Library

Using a The American Directory of Writer's Guidelines can save freelance writers a lot of heartache and wasted effort. It can also make them look like pros.

Religion & Spirituality / Christianity / Home & Garden / Hobbies & Crafts

Fabric of Faith: A Guide to the Prayer Quilt Ministry by Kimberly Winston (Morehouse Publishing)

For countless generations, patchwork quilts have been a visible act of love. Pieced together from bits and pieces of material, they represent the handiwork and devotion of the quilter – and a deep and comforting connection with the person they’re presented to.

In the Prayers and Squares ministry, though, the quilt has become something more – a visible act of prayer. It’s made not just with artistry but with purpose; not just with fabric but with prayer. From the time the fabric is purchased to the time the finished quilt is given away, a prayer quilt is prayed over by scores of people, from the person who cuts the fabric to the person who inserts the ties. And – most importantly – when the quilt is completed, it’s placed before a congregation and every member is invited to bind a tie and say a prayer for the person it will ultimately comfort.

Begun in California in 1992, Prayers and Squares now has some 200 chapters throughout the United States, Australia, and Canada, representing dozens of denominations and faiths. Fabric of Faith, written by Kimberly Winston, writer and recipient of the 2005 American Academy of Religion Award for Best In-Depth Reporting on Religion, is the story of this ministry. It chronicles the amazing ways Prayers and Squares has touched lives and hearts around the world. It offers directions and patterns for making quilts and starting a parish or community chapter. And it provides a selection of prayers, written from many faith traditions, to offer with each complete quilt.

This book about the lovely, and loving, ministry of prayer quilting is nicely stitched together – stories behind quilts, how-to for quilt makers, and above all the profound why of this activity: to pray, with the quilter's own hands, for someone in need of comfort. Kimberly Winston has crafted a comprehensive, and attractive, guide that informs and inspires. – Marcia Z. Nelson, journalist, and author of The Gospel According to Oprah

The only how-to book that has ever, ever touched my heart. I know it is the only one that has ever moved me to tears. Kimberly Winston's deft blending of human story with craft history and ministry methods makes Fabric of Faith as much a gift as are the quilts she writes about. This one is pure joy. – Phyllis Tickle, author of The Divine Hours

Kimberly Winston has given us a wonderful gift as she truly captures the spirit of this ministry with her expert storytelling. – Kathy Cueva, President, Prayers & Squares, The Prayer Quilt Ministry

For anyone joining or founding a Prayers & Squares chapter, this book is invaluable. I especially enjoyed Kimberly's interfaith application of this craft and her courage to explore the question, ‘Does God hear our Prayers?’ – Susan Jorgensen, spiritual director and coauthor of Knitting into the Mystery

This inspiring book is one of the very few which cross over from crafts to spirituality. Heartfelt, Fabric of Faith can serve as a model for groups wishing to start a Prayers and Squares ministry.

Religion & Spirituality / Christianity / Theology

On the Nature of Theology and Scripture by Johann Gerhard, translated by Richard J. Dinda (Theological Commonplaces Series: Concordia Publishing House)

This is an English translation of Johann Gerhard's monumental Loci Theologici. Gerhard was the premier Lutheran theologian of the early seventeenth century. Combining his profound understanding of evangelical Lutheran theology with a broad interest in ethics and culture, he produced significant works on biblical, doctrinal, pastoral, and devotional theology. His multi-volume Loci is regarded as the standard compendium of Lutheran orthodoxy, with topics ranging from the proper understanding and interpretation of Scripture to eschatology.

In this the first volume of the Theological Commonplaces series, Gerhard presents the Lutheran doctrine of theology and Scripture, including detailed arguments for each canonical book of the Bible and against extra-biblical documents. On the Nature of Theology and Scripture emphasizes the divine inspiration of Scripture, its inerrancy, and its unity.

No other doctrinal work in the Lutheran Church surpasses the breadth and depth of Gerhard's Theological Commonplaces in its careful presentation of the teachings of Holy Scripture. According to Gerhard, theology is conversation, discussion, and discourse about God. This conversation is based on God's self-revelation in the prophetic and apostolic Scriptures. The subject of all theology is Jesus Christ, and it is a divine gift that we know Christ and are led to take refuge in him. In this sense, Gerhard considered theology to be more than an academic discipline or a matter of scientific study. Explaining carefully the truth and life of the crucified and risen Lord for pilgrims on the journey to eternity is Gerhard's goal. Of course some will choose to read Gerhard only for academic and scholarly purposes, and there is great value in such activity, but above all else it was Gerhard's intention to provide a comprehensive presentation of the Chris­tian faith precisely for the sake of confessing, defending, and extending the blessed Gospel of Jesus Christ.

This translation of Gerhard's Loci Theologici (here titled On the Nature of Theology and Scripture and the first volume in the series Theological Commonplaces) was initiated in the 1960s by The Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod's Committee for Scholarly Research. The Rev. Dr. Richard Dinda, one of the translators who contributed to the American Edition of Luther's Works, was asked to undertake this task.

Johann Gerhard (1582-1637) is widely held to be the third preeminent theologian of the Lutheran Reformation, after Martin Luther and Martin Chemnitz. Luther himself wrote no formal dogmatic theology comparable to John Calvin's Institutes of the Christian Religion, and with his death in 1546, the unifying mind of Lutheranism was gone. The Religious Peace of Augsburg in 1555 ironically allowed Lutheran theologians, especially in Germany, to turn their energies against one another. Various theological controversies ensued. These theologians generally divided between the ‘pure,’ or ‘Gnesio,’ Lutheran party, centered at Jena, and the ‘Philippist’ party, named after Philipp Melanchthon and based in Wittenberg.

The threat of a permanently divided Lutheranism was largely overcome by the wide reception of the Formula of Concord and the publication of The Book of Concord in Germany in 1580. The Formula was the work of Martin Chemnitz, who also wrote numerous other important works of Lutheran dogmatic theology. Robert Preus divides the ‘orthodox’ period of Lutheran history into three ages: the ‘Golden Age,’ extending from 1580 (the publication of The Book of Concord) to the early seventeenth century; the age of ‘High Orthodoxy,’ extending from the end of the Golden Age to the end of the Thirty Years' War (1648); and the ‘Silver Age,’ lasting into the early eighteenth century. In terms of his dates, Gerhard could be placed in both of the first two ages. However, Preus makes the ‘rudimentary development’ of dogmatics one of the marks of the Golden Age. Therefore Gerhard's Loci Theologici (On the Nature of Theology and Scripture) would fit more com­fortably into the milieu of High Orthodoxy with its greater clarity of dogmatic expression and its appeal to Aristotelian terminology.

Gerhard was born of noble lineage in Quedlinburg, Saxony, one of seven children. His father died in 1598. In that year, bubonic plague struck Quedlinburg, claiming the lives of more than 3,000 inhabitants. Gerhard was infected, but perhaps because of a felicitous oversight that caused him to receive a double dose of medication, he survived. Gerhard entered the University of Wittenberg in 1599 to study philosophy. Of his intellectual gifts and diligence there was ample evidence. In 1601 he briefly took up the study of medicine but entered the University of Jena in 1603 to study theology. Gerhard received his master's degree that same year. In May 1604 he entered the University of Marburg, but by the end of the next year, Landgraf Moritz had subjected Marburg to Calvinism. Gerhard found this new theological environment unbearable, thus he returned to Jena.

In 1606 Duke Johann Casimir called Gerhard to the office of bishop of Heldburg. He accepted the call under the condition that Casimir would both allow him to finish his doctoral work and would underwrite the cost. Gerhard received the doctorate in November 1606. In 1615 he accepted a call to become superintendent of Coburg. In 1616 he became a professor of theology at the University of Jena. Gerhard remained at Jena until his death, declining at least twenty-four calls to serve elsewhere, including Uppsala. His students dearly loved him, and he was in constant demand as a preacher.

Despite both Johann Gerhard's relatively important position in the history of the Lutheran Reformation and the considerable amount of material he produced, he has gone under-noticed in more recent studies of ecclesiastical and theological history.

Even a cursory examination of Gerhard's dogmatic magnum opus reveals Gerhard as a thorough scholar, a fair polemicist, and a devoted servant of Christ and his church. Most particularly, one is struck by Gerhard's pastoral concern. Even as his devotional writings were dogmatic, so also his dogmatic works are intrinsically devotional. As such, Gerhard unites dogmatic theology and pious devotion to Christ. Inasmuch as western Protestant Christianity has tended to treat ‘devotion’ and ‘dogmatics’ as two separate projects, Gerhard presents a most refreshing corrective.

The Loci Theologici were intended to assist pastors in their calling to shepherd the laity. The reading of the Loci invites a cross-examination of the view that Lutheran Orthodoxy was ‘dead.’ In Gerhard, one finds no demagogue of orthodoxy, accessible only to theologians, who leaves the masses with nothing but a mechanical sacramentalism.

Those who read the Loci will find an orthodoxy intended to be evocative of faith among the laity, as well as the trained clergy, centered by means of Baptism and the Lord's Supper in devotion to Christ. Useful for research on Lutheran doctrine, Gerhard's accessible style makes On the Nature of Theology and Scripture a must-have on the bookshelf of pastors and professional church workers.

Religion & Spirituality / New Age / Health, Mind & Body

The Wisdom of Wilderness: Experiencing the Healing Power of Nature by Gerald G. May (HarperSanFrancisco)

Wilderness, then, is not only the nature you find outdoors. It can also refer to your own true Nature – the You that is closest to your birth. This inner wilderness is the untamed truth of who you really are. – from the preface

The natural world has a power to inspire the best and soothe the worst in each of us. It also has much to teach us about the wilderness within and the divine presence that is manifest in nature. In this, his last work, beloved author Gerald G. May offers a memoir and spiritual guide that reveals the great lessons available to us when we retreat from our busy lives to the serenity of the natural wilderness.

The Wisdom of Wilderness expresses the healing and wholeness May received through spending time in the wild – whether hiking, camping, canoeing, fishing, or, often, just sitting. May saw that wilderness can be found anywhere – a garden, a park, perhaps in one's own room, or even in other people. Wherever we find it, it calls to what is natural in each of our hearts, reassuring us that we are part of a bigger creation and teaching us how to make peace with the outer world and with our inner selves.

For May (1940–2005), who practiced medicine and psychiatry for twenty-five years before becoming a senior fellow in contemplative theology and psychology at the Shalem Institute for Spiritual Formation in Bethesda, nature was not something to rise above. The belief that we must dominate and tame all that is wild around and within us is the most fundamental estrangement of Western civilization, long inflicting wounds upon the planet and upon ourselves. But, as May saw it, before we can effectively heal the earth, we must somehow recover our own natural wholeness, our own wildness and kinship with nature. We cannot do this healing for ourselves, but only through ‘the grace of Something or Someone beyond’ – and in May's case, he found this grace in Nature itself.

In this, his final book, May offers an exploration of the power of nature and a memoir of one man's quest for answers and peace through the natural world. The Wisdom of Wilderness includes a foreword by author Parker J. Palmer, which illuminates the importance of May's life and writing and explains how this last book fits into the body of his work.

Rarely are we graced by such honest and profound reporting of what it is to be a spirit in a body on earth. You can only enliven yourself by drinking here. – Mark Nepo, author of The Exquisite Risk

When a great truth and a great teacher come together, you know you are going to have a great book! Historically, spiritual initiation was always done in the wilderness, because it was sacred for all ancient peoples. Learn here from a modern ‘initiator.’ – Fr. Richard Rohr, O.F.M., Center for Action and Contemplation, Albuquerque, New Mexico

May was a great soul who taught us to be present in the world and to notice things in their mystery. This book is clear, funny, direct, and unpretentious. – Alan Jones, dean of Grace Cathedral, San Francisco, and author of Reimagining Christianity: Reconnect Your Spirit without Disconnecting Your Mind

Anyone reading this precious gem can't help but be left closer to their own true nature, the nature of the earth's wilderness that we share, and the wild, loving Wisdom that mysteriously animates and guides our steps. – Tilden Edwards, founder and senior fellow, Shalem Institute, and author of Living in the Presence

Chronicling outdoor forays he took from 1990 to 1995, May's elegant prose uses a storyteller's magic to plumb the profound mystery of outside events that provoke and foster inner change. Vivid details and masterful style place the reader in context: breathing alongside a bear, drumming with cicadas, grieving a man-mutilated turtle, dodging eagles or seeking fire's heat in a soaking storm. … May is a kind of Christian Zen master, but this book doesn't favor a particular religious tradition so much as the deep wild of nature's way. In this work for everyone, he wants us to understand that wilderness is our natural state and that contemplative communion with the ‘Power of the Slowing’ will bring us safely home to our wild eternal selves. – Publishers Weekly (starred review)
Well-known psychologist May wrote his last book, testimony to the role of wilderness in healing, fully aware that he was dying. The healing that May describes isn't the kind that circumvents death but rather the pure spiritual salve of the force he identifies as the ‘power of slowing.’ In the early 1990s, May took frequent, solitary trips to campsites beautiful and dear to him, relishing nature in all of her glory, violence, beauty, and power. Here he shares the lessons learned during those sojourns and acquired later during chemotherapy. Drawing inspiration from wilderness, May, in turn, presents his readers with humor, quiet wisdom, and sometimes brutal accounts of man's cruelty to other animals. The great ‘slowing’ gives way to a sense of complete happiness that May identifies as profound gratitude. This comfort never leaves him during days of grief and sadness as he packs away camping gear and gives up his beloved canoe in preparation for his final good-bye. May's legacy is found in this compelling account of wildness and joy beyond understanding. – Pamela Crossland, Booklist

This moving, beautifully written book is May at his best. In The Wisdom of Wilderness psychologist May taps into the transformative and inspiring power of nature. Neither outdoor adventure nor psychology text, The Wisdom of Wilderness is a groundbreaking guide to finding one's way into the healing power of nature.

Science Fiction & Fantasy / Social Sciences / Anthropology

Drones, Clones, and Alpha Babes: Retrofitting Star Trek's Humanism, Post-9/11 by Diana M. A. Relke (University of Calgary Press)

The Star Trek franchise represents one of the most successful emanations of popular media in our culture. The number of books, both popular and scholarly, published on the subject of Star Trek is massive, with more and more titles printed every year. Very few, however, have looked at Star Trek in terms of the dialectics of humanism and the post human, the pervasiveness of advanced technology, and the complications of gender identity. In Drones, Clones, and Alpha Babes, author Diana Relke sheds light on how the Star Trek narratives influence and are influenced by shifting cultural values in the United States, using these as portals to the sociopolitical and sociocultural landscapes of the U.S. pre- and post-9/11. From her Canadian perspective, Relke focuses on Star Trek's uniquely American version of liberal humanism, extends it into a broader analysis of ideological features, and avoids a completely positive or negative critique, choosing instead to honor the contradictions inherent in the complexity of the subject.

Diana M.A. Relke is founding member and professor in the Department of Women's and Gender Studies at the University of Saskatchewan, and a teacher of American popular culture since 1988. Having served five years in the Canadian navy as a communications specialist, Relke was drawn to Star Trek's kinder, gentler version of Anglo-American Naval tradition and intrigued by its imaginative projection of communications technologies into the future.

Author Relke says that Drones, Clones, and Alpha Babes was written during the Anglo-American invasion of Iraq and its aftermath. “In the long months leading up to the war, I had become addicted to the news, obsessively surfing back and forth between American and Canadian network and cable channels, …Eventually I became conscious of how often I was stopping to catch a few scenes from various Star Trek reruns. … I decided to enter the conversation in my own way – i.e., via the two extended essays contained in this volume. It was only after I'd got some friendly feedback on the first one that my real audience began to emerge for me. It includes those graffitists and any other science fiction fans who find that Orwell's 1984 isn't the only work that provides an accurate context for un­derstanding the anxiety-provoking events of our bizarre post-9/11 world.”

The two extended essays (“Alpha Babes in the Delta Quad: Post feminism and the Gendering of the Borg” and “Drones, Clones and Starship Captains: Encounters with the Post human”) in Drones, Clones, and Alpha Babes were not written with the intention of challenging the many excellent American critical studies of Star Trek. The stories Relke tells are more inspiration than interrogation and reflect her newfound respect for the unusual storytelling talent of Star Trek's writers and producers, a talent that made Trek the rival of McDonald's and Coca-Cola as America's most valuable ‘soft-power’ export during the 1980s and 1990s. Star Trek's fan base has been "one of the most important populist sites for debating issues of the human and everyday relation to science and technology". While virtually all television texts "allow for easy incorporation into a wide diversity of subcultures", what makes Star Trek unique is the sheer volume and variety of fan-authored fictions it spawned. Indeed, while American academic studies of Star Trek are also a soft-power commodity, their sophisticated prose, intricate theoretical frameworks, and elaborate scholarly apparatuses – and, for non-Americans, their tendency to universalize American perspectives on the Star Trek text – often put them beyond the reach of a general readership. Academic studies would do well to use Star Trek as fans use it, "as a starting point for thinking about other issues or thinking about our identities or our politics", and this is the spirit in which these essays are written.

As a Canadian, Relke says she has found that exploring the links between U.S. politics and American popular culture has greatly increased her appreciation of both. For example, the influence of the Christian Right on American foreign policy provides a useful historical context within which to set the two Star Trek series with which she engages in these essays. She was interested to discover numerous references to the Left Behind literary phenomenon that began in 1995 – the same year in which Star Trek: Voyager was launched. It seemed the more insidious many scholarly critics seemed to find it. This growing dislocation was more revealing than Star Trek itself of something curious happening in post-Cold-War American culture. There was an epic battle raging between exuberant optimism and gloomy apocalypticism in fin-de-millennium America: within the burgeoning body of Star Trek writ­ings – popular books, academic critique, fan fiction, newsgroup discussion – the intense hysteria of the American culture wars and end-of-history thinking had collided head-on with the equally intense desire to celebrate the American imagination as unleashed by the emergence of new technosciences and their implications for the future in both outer space and cyberspace.

What fans value most about Star Trek is often what academic critics find especially dangerous about it. Fans tend to read Roddenberry's enlightened humanism as hope for the future, while many academic critics see it as business as usual. Both are right. Fans are right – by default – because humanism is the only discourse that can still talk about a future worth looking forward to. Critics are right about it as ‘business as usual,’ for humanism refuses to play the role we have written for it in our celebratory scripts about the death of man and the birth of the post human. Star Trek does a deal with humanism: in exchange for recognizing that it's still with us whether we like it or not, we have the option of retrofitting it.

Watching The Next Generation and Voyager post-9/11 – especially the way in which the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq have made Arabs a central focus of American racism and Muslim women the objects of a bizarre American post-feminism – put a whole different spin on those two series for Relke, particularly the episodes and films featuring the Borg collective. As a collective, the Borg are especially useful for illustrating the ideology that underpins American foreign policy and the Bush administration's preference for military solutions over diplomatic ones. George W. Bush's reference in his 2002 State of the Union address to Iran, Iraq, and North Korea as forming an ‘axis of evil’ is but one manifestation of this Manichean tendency.

Many of the insights into the Borg as a sinister reflection of the Federation and, by extension, America resonate with Relke – they focus on the way in which the evolution of the Borg over several television episodes and the feature-length film First Contact slowly but inexorably flattens out the Borg's radical difference and makes them more comprehensible within the framework of a uniquely American ideology of liberal individualism and humanist universalism. Relke has pursued this theme too, but her focus is primarily on the gender transformations in the Borg that make them comprehensible within the context of the Christian fundamentalism's ideology of the American family and on encounters with the Borg that have an impact on the evolution of the Federation as repre­sented by its individual Starfleet captains and their crews.

As told in Drones, Clones, and Alpha Babes, we have been too quick to dismiss Star Trek as merely a cheerleader for Enlightenment humanism's faith in technological ‘progress.’ In her second essay, Relke tries to correct that view by lifting Star Trek out of its unwinnable debate with critics of the Enlightenment project and suggesting that there is enough techno-skepticism in Star Trek to qualify as a legitimate critique of the kind of dreams of world domination apparent in those images of the penetration of Baghdad.

Where she differs most is in her Canadian perspective. To be sure, Canadians are big consumers of American popular culture, but they do tend to adjust for the American ideology that infuses it; they simply accept that its flag-waving is there as a reminder that productions like Star Trek are uniquely American. If Star Trek is a gut-wrenching reminder to American critics of the evil underside of U.S. foreign policy, her gut is wrenched only to the extent that Canada is complicit in it. If she and other Canadians sometimes miss the more insidious implications of Star Trek's humanism, it may have something to do with there being more than one kind of humanism. The United States is a centripetal union served by its myth of ‘one nation, under God,’ indivisibly colorless, genderless, classless. Its current division into Blue states and Red states constitutes a national crisis. Canada, by contrast, is a centrifugal confederation that clings to its myth of multiculturalism to keep its diverse constituencies from flying apart. Quebec separatism, Western alienation, Aboriginal self-government – these and myriad other regional and cultural divisions are business as usual in Canadian society. As ‘a nation of minorities,’ they really have no choice but to acknowledge that "the 'human' is a completely open-ended signifier, subject to endlessly different interpretations" – even if acknowledging such a progressive idea is not the same as living it.

While, as a professor of gender and cultural studies, Relke has been well served by Star Trek as a handy reservoir of examples of how American popular culture reinforces Western race and gender ideology, as a fan she has also taken delight in the ways in which Star Trek often manages to contradict itself on these issues and offer up fragments of progressive insight. She wants to honor those contradictions, rather than merely expose them, as they are a reminder to non-American fans that not all Americans think alike – least of all the writers who make up the large team that has gifted us with the Star Trek saga. Those con­tradictions are another reason why there are two essays in Drones, Clones, and Alpha Babes, rather than one. Readers will note that the second essay revisits some of the terri­tory covered by the first but from a different perspective. The first essay is fairly close to the surface of the Star Trek narrative and taught Relke a new appreciation for the elements good storytelling; the second essay addresses another level, where a completely new story began to emerge for her. Fortunately, the Borg, who figure centrally in both essays, have undergone such a spectacular evolution over the course of The Next Generation and Voyager that they are capable of supporting multiple levels of meaning. But what they all have in common is that they mirror things about Western culture generally and American culture in particular that need to be said if we, as a species, want to survive long enough to get to the twenty-fourth century and find out what it's really like.

Social Sciences / Anthropology / Forensic Science

Fundamentals of Forensic Anthropology by Linda L. Klepinger (Foundations of Human Biology Series: Wiley-LISS)

The aim of Fundamentals of Forensic Anthropology, written by Linda L. Klepinger, Department of Anthropology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, is to provide the essential foundation for the practice of forensic anthropology and to serve as a guide to the evaluation and use of the primary literature. The emphasis follows the two main subdivisions of forensic anthropological work: the quest for personal identification from skeletal remains and the role of the anthropologist in the broader medical-legal investigation. This volume serves students in human skeletal biology as a basic, yet guided, tour of the research and practice of forensic anthropology at the dawn of the twenty-first century. Selection criteria for cited literature include historical importance and continuing influence, broadness of applicability in case work, promise of improved standards, level of methodological sophistication appropriate to both students and novices, or illustration of an important principle.

Fundamentals of Forensic Anthropology is divided into three parts that collectively provide a solid base in theory and methodology:

  1. "Background Setting for Forensic Anthropology," introduces the field and discusses the role of forensic anthropology in historic context.
  2. "Towards Personal Identification," discusses initial assessments of skeletal remains; determining sex, age, ancestral background, and stature; and skeletal markers of activity and life history.
  3. "Principal Anthropological Roles in Medical-Legal Investigation," examines trauma; the postmortem period; professionalism, ethics, and the expert witness; and genetics and DNA.

The critical and evaluative approach to the primary literature stresses the inherent biological constraints on degrees of precision and certainty, and cautions about potential pitfalls. Although somewhat peripheral to the practice of a majority of forensic anthropologists, genetics and DNA analysis are presented in a brief overview of the basics of terminology and interpretation that physical anthropologists need in the forensic science world. Physical anthro­pologists are already familiar with the basic concepts of both Mendelian and population genetics. The technologies change, but the principles remain. The emphasis of Fundamentals of Forensic Anthropology is the core knowledge that one needs to know in order to practice anthropological forensics; the volume deals only in passing with the related discipline of taphonomy and not at all with archaeological survey and excavation. Other special techniques that some anthropologists practice, such as facial reconstruction and photographic superimposition, are not covered in this book.

The targeted audience for Fundamentals of Forensic Anthropology is advanced undergraduate and gradu­ate students and post-graduates who have familiarity with skeletal anatomy and some introduction to statistics. Less specifically prepared readers will find sections of interest and learn of strengths and limitations, but will not fully benefit from the issues and critiques discussed herein. The book routinely gives sample sizes (n values) and the demographic breakdown of samples. While this scarcely makes for a page-turner, it does allow readers to evaluate the bases from which the conclusions were drawn and, therefore, the extent of their valid applicability. The emphasis is on presenting those aspects of skeletal biology that are of most direct use in forensic casework. Potential pitfalls of methods, applications and areas of uncertainty and disagreement are included.

Fundamentals of Forensic Anthropology is not a compendium of all available charts and regression for­mulae; it is not a cookbook of pretested recipes for arriving at identifications. Instead, the critical and evaluative approach stresses the cautionary note that the variation inherent in human biology places certain constraints on the techniques of forensic anthropology, especially on the narrowness of confidence intervals and the degrees of certainty. Readers must remember that, even under ideal circumstances, 95 percent confidence in an answer means error is expected five percent of the time, just on the basis of chance. Perhaps this will add perspective to dramatic journalism and case portrayals that attribute an amazing degree of precision to the analyses of forensic investigation. For various reasons journalists, the general public, law enforcement and legal professionals, and sometimes forensic scientists themselves, are prone to representing forensic science as more exact than it really is. This volume simply cannot cover the entire field of forensic anthropology in all its diverse aspects. Its focus is not on practical laboratory or field procedures. Instead it examines the theoretical and methodological foundations of the discipline.

Fundamentals of Forensic Anthropology is an essential foundation for the practice of forensic anthropology. The practical focus, coupled with theoretical basics, make the book ideal for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students in biological anthropology as well as forensic scientists in allied fields of medical-legal investigation. This text is the first of its level written in more than twenty years; it serves as a summary and guide to the core material that needs to be mastered and evaluated for the practice of forensic anthropology.

Social Sciences / Criminology / Discrimination & Racism

Images of Color, Images of Crime: Readings, 3rd edition edited by Coramae Richey Mann, Marjorie S. Zatz, & Nancy Rodriguez (Roxbury Publishing Company)

The Third Edition of Images of Color, Images of Crime, a reader of 23 original essays edited by eminent criminologists Coramae Richey Mann (deceased), Marjorie S. Zatz and Nancy Rodriguez, has been updated and improved from the previous edition.

Images of Color, Images of Crime explores the dynamics of race, crime, and the criminal justice system in the United States today. This edited volume gives equal attention to the linkages between images of color and images of crime as well as the ramifications of criminal justice policies and practices. In their essays, the contributors stress the diversity of experiences within racial/ethnic groups based on gender, class, and national origin/heritage. Many books about crime and the criminal justice system ignore race when it comes to crimes by whites, much as they ignore gender when discussing crimes by men. In contrast, Mann, Zatz and Rodriguez present a critical analysis of white privilege as a central feature.

Within each of the four substantive sections (Images of Color, Stereotyping by the Media, Stereotyping by Politicians, and Images of Crime and Punishment), readers will find essays describing and analyzing the experiences of American Indians, African Americans, Latinos and Latinas, Asian Americans, and Euro-Americans. Transitional pieces were added at the time of the second revision that tie each section together.

Images of Color, Images of Crime opens with a general discussion of race and racism as social constructions, clarifying how images of color are structurally linked to systems of oppression and domination and are reinforced by the media and politicians. Then there is a section on personal narratives from each major color category, followed by sections on stereotyping by politicians, stereotyping by the media, and crime and punishment on color lines. Changes to the third edition include:

  • Revised introductory and concluding chapters that more clearly outline the focus and selection of the racial and ethnic groups discussed.
  • The Third Edition further examines the ways in which gender, religion, culture, sexuality, and sexual orientation are central components of racialized constructions.
  • A new chapter provides examples of the racialized effects of current criminal justice practices and crime control policies, including law enforcement policies, prosecution and sentencing, and imprisonment.
  • Brief, framing introductions underscore why each chapter is important and how it fits into the book's overarching themes.
  • Each chapter includes discussion questions and a list of relevant websites.

An accompanying Instructor's Manual is also new to Images of Color, Images of Crime.

Derrick A. Bell in the Foreword says, “… the onus of this open but unmentionable secret about racism marks the critical difference between those able to claim whiteness as an identity and those who cannot. Here is the unbreachable barrier, the essence of why those not deemed white can never be deemed the orthodox, the standard, the conventional. Indeed, the fact that as victims we suffer racism's harm, but as a people cannot share the responsibility for that harm, may be the crucial component in a definition of what it is to be white in America.

“This phenomenon is as old as this soci­ety. Because race, more specifically ‘whiteness,’ continues to serve as a connector spanning the gargantuan gap between those whites at the top of the economic ladder and most of the rest scattered far below, and because politicians and others can so easily deflect attention from what they are not doing for all of us to what whites fear blacks might do to them, I have concluded, sadly but with great certainty, that racism in America is a permanent phenomenon. Nothing in this book of essays does other than strengthen this conclusion.

“Many view this prediction as despairing, not defiant. It is rejected out of hand by civil rights professionals and those who pursue – despite all – the dream that ‘We Shall Overcome.’ Oh, I understand the conviction that ‘we must keep the faith.’ But just as we learn from the Book of James that faith without works is dead standing alone, just so, faith alone, serving as a sole shield against disaster, is fashionable foolishness.

We might wish it otherwise, but the daily reality will not permit us to deny that racism is alive and has easily managed the transition to the twenty-first century. The civil rights gains, so hard won, are being steadily eroded. Despite undeniable progress for many, no persons of color are insulated from incidents of racial discrimination. Our careers, even our lives, are threatened because of our color. And even the most successful of us are haunted by the plight of our less fortunate brethren who struggle for existence in what some social scientists call the ‘underclass.’ Burdened with lifelong poverty and soul-devastating despair, they live beyond the pale of the American Dream.

“Crime is that conduct a society finds threatening, and when that conduct is that of persons of color, it is – as the essays in this book make painfully clear – particularly threatening, the actor becoming a greater danger than the deed. The authors here, like a bevy of prophets, seek to provide details about aspects of life in America that, at some level, everyone already knows. In one way or another, the writers call for acknowledgment that might be the foundation of repentance. They do so with full knowledge of the usual fate of prophets. About the least dire fate for a prophet is that they preach, and no one listens; that they risk all to speak the truth, and nobody cares.”

The editors of Images of Color, Images of Crime, Coramae Richey Mann (1931-2004), Professor Emerita at the Indiana University Department of Criminal Justice and Professor Emerita at the Florida State University School of Criminology; Marjorie S. Zatz, Professor of Justice and Social Inquiry and Vice Provost for Academic Affairs at Arizona State University; and Nancy Rodriguez, Associate Professor in the Department of Criminal Justice and Criminology at Arizona State University have served well in their role as prophets, bringing together in one useful volume 23 voices. This book fills the gap to help students of race and crime understand the relationship between stereotypic images of color and the images and realities of crime and punishment.

Travel / Latin America / Guidebooks

Fodor's Argentina, with Wine Country and Chilean Patagonia, 4th Edition by Fodor's (Fodor's Gold Guides Series: Fodor’s)

To start things off, Fodor's Argentina provides a brief overview of Argentinean’s four biggest thrills in life: beef, vino, tango, and futbol.

Beef. Argentina is cow country. The beef is so good, most Argentines see little reason to eat anything else, though Patagonian lamb and chicken are tasty alternatives, as is chivito (kid). Readers can expect different cuts of beef, as well as chorizo sausage, roasted sweetbreads, and less bloodthirsty accompaniments like provolone cheese and bell peppers.

Vino. Given the high consumption of beef, Argentines understandably drink a lot of vino tinto (red wine). If travelers prefer vino blanco (white wine), try a sauvignon blanc or chardonnay from Menloza, or lesser-known wineries from farther north, such as La Rioja and Salta, where the Torrontes grape thrives.

Futbol. In a country where Diego Maradona is revered as a god, nothing unites and divides Argentines as much as their passion for soccer. Every weekend, stadiums across the country fill to bursting with screaming fans toting drums and banners and filling the air with confetti and flares in their team's colors which - together with the play on the field – make for a sporting spectacle second to none.

Tango. There's no question as to what the soundtrack of Buenos Aires is: the city and the tango are inseparable. Travelers may hear strains of tango on the radio while sipping coffee in a boulevard cafe or see high-kicking sequined dancers in a glitzy dinner show or listen to musicians in a cabaret.

Fodor's Argentina goes on to discuss the varied climates of Argentina – they range from tropical to sub-Antarctic and altitudes descend from 22,000 feet to below sea level, so every conceivable environment on Earth is represented. Plants, birds, and animals thrive undisturbed in their habitats. Along the south Atlantic coast sea mammals mate and give birth on empty beaches and in protected bays. To the north, guanaco, rhea, and native deer travel miles over Andean trails and across windswept plains, while birds pass above in clouds of thousands or descend on la goons like blankets of feathers.

If an eyeful of natural beauty doesn't make readers’ hearts race in the way they would like, why not try an adventure sport? Argentina is great for winter rushes – skiing, snow-boarding, and dog-sledding among them. When temperatures soar, travelers can cool down by white-water rafting or leaping (with a parachute) into the breeze. Places to get adrenaline rushes include:

  • Ice Trekking on the Perito Moreno Glacier.
  • Hang gliding and paragliding at Cuchi Corral.
  • White-water rafting in the Rio Mendoza.
  • Skiing and snowboarding at Las Lenas, Catedral, and Chapelco ski areas.
  • Tierra Mayor, Patagonia.
  • Mountain climbing at Aconcagua, Mendoza Province.

Buenos Aires is a city of Paris-inspired boulevards and historical neighborhoods. Beyond the city, gauchos work ranches that sprawl over every horizon, and old Jesuit estancias evoke Argentina's colonial days in Cordoba Province. The Andes tower above the age-old vineyards of Mendoza and San Juan, while Salta and Jujuy retain traditions that stretch back to before the arrival of Europeans. The windswept reaches of Patagonia roll on forever and a few miles more. Places to get a culture fix include:

  • Museo de Arte Latinoamericana de Buenos Aires (MALBA). One of the world's few museums specializing in Latin Ameri­can art is in a stunningly simple building.
  • Camino de la Historia, Cordoba. Five-hundred-year-old Jesuit estancias, a reminder of Argentina's colonial past, dot the countryside around Cordoba City.
  • Festival de Tango, Buenos Aires. The world's most important tango festival is a nine-day-long extravaganza culminating in a huge milonga (dance session) along Corrientes Avenue.
  • Festival de La Vendimia, Mendoza. At the grape-harvest festival, during the first week of March, parades, folk dancing, and fireworks take place. The crowning of a queen marks the grand finale.
  • Museo Maritimo, Ushuaia. A museum in Tierra del Fuego's penal colony sheds light on Patagonia's past.
  • Museo Paleontologico, Trelew. Travelers can marvel at dinosaur bones and watch archaeologists at work at this impressive paleontology museum.

Fodor's Argentina provides ratings on sights, as well as on hotels and restaurants. Sometimes readers find terrific travel experiences and sometimes they just find readers. But usually the burden is on the traveler to select the right combination of experiences.  As travelers we've all discovered a place so wonderful that its worthiness is obvious. And sometimes that place is so unique that superlatives don't do it justice: travelers just have to be there to know. These sights, properties, and experiences get the highest rating, Fodor's Choice, indicated by orange stars throughout the book. Black stars highlight sights and properties the editors at Fodor’s deem Highly Recommended, places that Fodor’s writers, editors, and readers praise again and again for consistency and excellence. By default, there's another category: any place included in Fodor's Argentina is by definition worth travelers’ time, unless the book says otherwise.

For attractions, the book gives standard adult admission fees; reductions are usually available for children, students, and senior citizens. The book also lists cards accepted for readers who want to pay with plastic.

Fodor’s frequently updates Fodor's Argentina, making every effort to bring readers the most accurate and thorough book. Unlike some other travel books, Fodor's guides rely heavily on local experts who know the territory best – so travelers know they're seeing the real Argentina. The book gives readers all the planning tools they need to tailor their trip, and they give options for all budgets, so readers make their own choices.

Travel / U.S. / Water Sports

Cruising the Florida Keys, 2nd edition by Claiborne S. Young & Morgan Stinemetz (Pelican Publishing Company)

This completely updated edition by the king of cruising guides provides instructions and commentary about traveling from the Port of Miami all the way to the Dry Tortugas. Boaters may choose one of two routes to the Florida Keys, the inside route via the Intracoastal Waterway or the offshore option through Hawk Channel. In both cases, the authors pinpoint and assess obstructions, anchorages, marinas, fuel supplies, and other facilities and important bits of information for cruisers. Cruising the Florida Keys also contains first-hand evaluations of restaurants, cultural attractions, and historical sites, including the many things to see and do in Key West. The coastal-chart books offer full-color NOAA nautical charts and easy-to-read map characters, and all are cross-referenced to every site and symbol in the cruising guides.

A resident of North Carolina, Claiborne Young, a 30-year sailor, edits the on-line cruising newsletter, Salty Southeast, and Morgan Stinemetz’ has a weekly column in the Sarasota Herald-Tribune and a monthly feature in Southwinds magazine.

Young's books are considered the gold standard for cruising guides and have been called the "most comprehensive, accurate, and informative on the market." The precision of the books can be attributed to Young's genuine enthusiasm for the subject matter. "I actually felt that I had to go out and see and experience everything I wrote about," says the author concerning the meticulous nature of his guides. He and his navigator wife, Karen, are ardent, expert cruisers who have logged countless hours exploring southern coastlines to ensure the accuracy of their descriptions and recommendations. Though incredibly experienced himself, Young writes his guides with captains of all skill levels in mind.

Cruising the Florida Keys can be used alone or accompanied by Young's Coastal Charts for Cruising the Florida Keys, which contains the latest NOAA nautical charts cross-referenced to the cruising guide. These maps include anchorages, marinas, fueling stations, bridges, restaurants, historical sites, folklore and other important bits of information for boaters.

Your new Florida Keys cruising guide is terrific, and is now my personal choice for cruising the Keys. Everywhere we went aboard Bluewater, we compared what you said with what we saw and you were virtually 100% on target. – Milt Baker  

This brand-new book by the king of cruising guides provides reliable instructions and lively commentary about traveling from the Port of Miami all the way to the Dry Tortugas. The authors of Cruising the Florida Keys have carefully documented obstructions, anchorages, marinas, fuel supplies, and other facilities for cruisers. Young seasons his guides with invaluable maps, photographs, and chart references, as well as personal stories to give readers the edge in safety, convenience, and efficiency. Unlike most cruising guides, Young's books go the extra mile to offer recommendations about restaurants and historic sites on the land side of boat travel.

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