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SirReadaLot.org


We Review the Best of the Latest Books

ISSN 1934-6557

July 2006, Issue #87

Guide to This Issue

Issue Contents:  From Wood to Linoleum: The Cuts and Prints of Barbara Mathews Whitehead, What is Graphic Design For? Print in Fashion: Design, Development and Technique in Fashion Textiles, Every Mother Is a Daughter: The Never-ending Quest for Success, Inner Peace, and a Really Clean Kitchen, The Rebels of Ireland: The Dublin Saga, Negotiating Buck Naked: Doukhobors, Public Policy, and Conflict Resolution, Children: Ugly Fish, Encyclopedia of War Crimes and Genocide, White Teachers / Diverse Classrooms: A Guide to Building Inclusive Schools, Promoting High Expectations, and Eliminating Racism, Leadership in Higher Education: Views from the Presidency. Teaching Environmental Ethics, Barbra: The Way She Is, Making Short Films, with DVD, American Singing Groups: A History, from 1940 to Today, Transgender Health and HIV Prevention: Needs Assessment Studies from Transgender Communities Across the United States, Body after Baby: The Simple 30-Day Plan to Lose Your Baby Weight, People's Movements, People's Press: The Journalism of Social Justice Movements, Maharanis: The Extraordinary Tale of Four Indian Queens and Their Journey from Purdah to Parliament, Agincourt: Henry V and the Battle That Made England, Roughneck Nine-One: The Extraordinary Story of a Special Forces A-team at War, Alms for Jihad: Charity and Terrorism in the Islamic World, The Da Vinci Kit: Mysteries of the Renaissance Decoded, A Fresh Twist on Fabric Folding: 6 Techniques 20 Quilt & Decor Projects, Creative Computer Crafts: 50 Fun and Useful Products You Can Make with Any Inkjet Printer, Good Green Kitchens, Brethren: An Epic Adventure of the Knights Templar, Dark Deeds, Sweet Songs: A Journal of Sorts, The Economics of Fantasy: Rape in Twentieth-century Literature, Emma, Last Voyage of the Valentina, Sacred Eroticism: Georges Bataille and Pierre Klossowski in the Latin America Erotic Novel, Pete Dunne's Essential Field Guide Companion: A Comprehensive Resource for Identifying North American Birds, Edens Lost and Found: How Ordinary Citizens Are Restoring Our Great American Cities, Brothers and Sisters in India: A Study of Urban Adult Siblings, Writing Southern Politics: Contemporary Interpretations and Future Directions, A Black Way of Seeing: From "Liberty" to Freedom, Study Guide to Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 6th edition, Prenatal Diagnosis, Continuing Professional Development for Clinical Psychologists: A Practical Handbook, Clothing and Textile Collections in the United States: A CSA Guide, The Genealogist's Internet: Third Expanded Edition, The Erotic and the Holy: Kabbalistic Tantra for Everyday Living, Abraham's Children: Jews, Christians, and Muslims in Conversation, The Great Black Way: L.A. in the 1940s and the Lost African-American Renaissance, Cruel but Not Unusual: Violence in Canadian Families, Let Me Tell You Where I've Been: New Writing by Women of the Iranian Diaspora

Arts & Photography / Graphic Design

From Wood to Linoleum: The Cuts and Prints of Barbara Mathews Whitehead by Barbara Mathews Whitehead, introduction by Lonn Taylor (Texas Christian University Press)

Barbara Whitehead is one of the few artists in Texas who regularly work in woodcuts and linoleum prints. From Wood to Linoleum showcases her work.

Whitehead began her career as an illustrator in 1969 for Bill Wittliff's Encino Press. Her work soon became widely known among collectors and lovers of fine printing. With her late husband, Fred, she established Whitehead & Whitehead Publishing Services, providing book and poster illustrations as well as book production and design. Such Austin-area book printers as David Lindsey, Thomas W. Taylor, and David Holman, and university presses at TCU, SMU, the University of New Mexico, the University of Oklahoma, the University of Texas, and others used their designs.

As seen in From Wood to Linoleum, Whitehead's work has a boldness and assertiveness about it that is peculiarly Texan, even when her subject matter is not Texas. Among her favorite projects are Growing Up in Texas, a collection of reminiscences, David L. Lindsey's The Wonderful Chirrionera and Other Tales from Mexican Folklore, and R. G. Vliet's long poem, Clem Maverick: The Life and Death of a Country Singer. Whitehead does extensive research to prepare for her wood and linoleum cuts. After research, she says, "I go off in another world somewhere and concentrate on the subject I'm working on, and while I'm driving off to the grocery store or something it comes to me."

The work shown in From Wood to Linoleum comes from The Southwestern Writers Collection at Texas State University-San Marcos, which houses the Fred and Barbara Whitehead Collection. The collection contains posters, woodblocks and woodblock and linoleum prints, and work from Encino Press. A member of the Texas Institute of Letters, Barbara Whitehead is a three-time winner of TIL's design award.

Barbara is of course a long recognized marvel with graver and wood. Her collected works – as this book so beautifully attests – absolutely shine with originality, with personality, with bedrock appropriateness to the subject at hand, and always, always with that special bold flair that makes her work so instantly recog­nizable. She is above all one of those rare artists whose work not only illustrates but illuminates as well – and those of us who care about the bookmaking arts in Texas are much blessed to have her. – Bill Wittliff

Woodcuts remain Barbara's first love, and they are the medium she is most closely identified with. Her work is instantly recognizable; there is a unique quality about her vibrating lines and blocks of color that cause them to jump off the page. They are powerful because of the economy of line and mass that form them; at the same time there is a strong sense of the absurd. Barbara has always looked on life with an unflinching eye. – Lonn Taylor, from the introduction

The woodcuts are beyond description; the book contains anywhere from one to six per page. As Lonn Taylor says in the introduction to From Wood to Linoleum, quoting Whitehead herself, “Woodcuts get the essence, and I like to get at the essence of things.”

Arts & Photography / Graphic Design

What is Graphic Design For? by Alice Twemlow (Essential Design Handbooks Series: RotoVision)

The roles of graphic designers have never been so diverse: they must often copy write, edit, curate, originate photography and illustrations, design typefaces, and be astute marketers and businesspeople all in a world of converging media. The issues that preoccupy contemporary practitioners include maintaining a dispassionate and ironic distance from one's subject matter; and the celebration of phenomena like the quotidian, ambiguity, complexity, and even absence. Also evident is a vociferous questioning of a traditionally revered model of communication in which the designer is positioned as an author, disseminator, or generator of messages and the audience a passive receiver or consumer of those messages.

What is Graphic Design For? is a guide to the world of graphic design, exploring all the issues that shape contemporary design: economics; ethics; technology; multimedia communication; theory and developments in other fields that impact globally on local cultures, with a special focus on work from emerging design locations, including China, Russia and Eastern Europe. In the pages of What is Graphic Design For?, readers meet designers from all these camps and, through their work and thinking, examine the issues that are of critical relevance to design today and, more importantly, to the people who engage with it on a daily basis. In the 21st century, graphic designers throughout the world are facing tough but exciting challenges: new technologies, new ways for clients to interact with customers, and an audience that is increasingly literate when it comes to design, global influences, and cultures, What is Graphic Design For? starts by exploring the issues that shape design today: sustainability, ethics, technology, theory, and developments in other fields that impact globally on local cultures.

According to author Alice Twemlow, who writes, curates exhibitions, and lectures about design and visual culture, the very idea of design having a purpose or being for something, in the context of early 21st-century society, is somewhat anachronistic. It seems to belong to an era in which ideology and fundamental truths were possible and when manifestos were proclaimed. In today's decentralized society, the responsibility for social change and progress has fallen to individuals and small groups, non-profits, and publications. Consequently the messages are more numerous and more complex. Many designers are politically motivated, of course, and are working under the radar for a host of social causes, but as design critic Rick Poynor has remarked, "Designers inevitably express the values of their day. And today's values are not primarily about social responsibility."

The book breaks the discipline down into its elements, examining traditional practices such as typography, signage, advertising, and book design, as well as more recent developments including VJing, games design, software design, and interactive design.

What is Graphic Design For? concludes with a showcase of the work of cutting-edge designers from many parts of the world. The book includes work by barbara says, Radovan Jenko, Rebecca Ross, Jonathan Ba'nbrook, karlssonwilker, Stefan Sagmeister, Base, Kerr Noble, Sweden Graphics, COMA, KesselsKramer, Frederic Teschner,  cyan, Land Design Studio, thomas.matthews, deValence, Ji Lee, Clarissa Tossin, Ed Fella, Jürg Lohni, UVA, Fl@83, LUST, James Victore, Vince Frost, John Morgan, Why Not Associates, KimHiorthoy, Open, Wieden+Kennedy, Allen Hori, ORG, Barbara de Wilde, HunterGatherer, Pentagram, Martin Woodtli

What is Graphic Design For? is a visually oriented new graphic design handbook, extending the issues raised in the bestselling original What is Graphic Design? The special focus on work from emerging design locations, including China, Russia and Eastern Europe, is particularly invaluable.

Arts & Photography / Fashion

Print in Fashion: Design, Development and Technique in Fashion Textiles by Marnie Fogg (Batsford)

The relationship between print and high fashion has never been more potent. For more than thirty years print has been used to support the concepts of structure and shape, designers adhering to the modernist precepts that form follows function and that decoration for its own sake is somehow essentially frivolous. Print is a distraction and yet invites recognition; it is an affirmation that there is time in the world to play, and that decoration is, in itself, a purpose.

Print in Fashion, by Marnie Fogg, media consultant on all aspects of the fashion industry and lecturer in Visual Studies and the Culture of Fashion at the University of Nottingham, is the first and only book to explore cutting-edge print design for fashion through the designer’s eyes. Print in Fashion guides readers through the design process, looks at sources of inspiration and considers the relationship between fashion designer and print designer. From Paul Smith’s iconic stripes to the paisleys and peacock feathers of Matthew Williamson, Fogg explores the enduring appeal of print design as an expression of the fashion design process.

The book is concerned with all aspects of the design process as it examines sources of inspiration and preferred methods of working and studio practices employed by contemporary cutting-edge designers. It considers the role of innovative development in print technology and how the immediacy of modern processes affects creativity, maintaining the sublime conjunction of image, color and texture that printed textiles for fashion represent. The book is complete with interviews, studio examples, exclusive archive material from international fashion houses, and full-color photographs of patterns. Innovative fashion and textile designers such as Eley Kishimoto and Jonathan Saunders explain their work, take readers through their artistic process, and consider the relationship between fashion designer and print designer. Some of the striking motifs are based on nature, others are drawn from urban graffiti and graphics, and still more go retro, abstract, or folkloric.

Contents of Print in Fashion includes

  • Print into Fashion – history of the relationship between print and fashion
  • And, Next to Nature, Art – recreating the beauty of nature
  • Abstract – fashion textiles as one-off artworks
  • Folklore, Fantasy and Fable – inspiration from different cultures and places
  • Graphics and Graffiti – the urban environment as pattern
  • Vintage – the retro trend

The book also includes footnotes, a bibliography, and an index. Every page in Print in Fashion offers something beautiful and striking. The material is invaluable to anyone interested in fashion and design.

Audio / Biographies & Memoirs

Every Mother Is a Daughter: The Neverending Quest for Success, Inner Peace, and a Really Clean Kitchen [UNABRIDGED] (8 Audio Cassettes, 12 hours) by Perri Klass & Sheila Solomon Klass, read by Anna Fields & Carrington MacDuffie (Blackstone Audio, Inc.)

Oh no, I’m turning into my mother!

Every woman is familiar with the poignant, funny, baffling, or horrifying echoes that resonate at that moment when she first hears her own mother’s voice coming out of her mouth. But this moment of recognition is more than ironic: it is at the root of how we see ourselves, and how we plot and follow the arc that goes from childhood to motherhood. Together, Perri Klass and her mother, Sheila Solomon Klass, in Every Mother Is a Daughter cover more than seven decades of daughterhood and motherhood. Sheila is professor of English at the City University of New York, and Perri is an award-winning author, pediatrician and the medical director of the national program Reach Out and Read. Although they grew up in dramatically different circumstances, they find that their lives have been shaped in strangely similar ways. Sheila grew up in Brooklyn in the 1920s, a child of the city, of the Depression, and of an orthodox Jewish home where a girl’s education was considered unnecessary. She took a job as a live-in babysitter in order to be the first person in her family to go to college, and went on to become a professor of English and a working mother. Although Perri was born into a privileged academic upbringing and encouraged to follow her ambitions, her life turned out remarkably similar to her mother’s: she married an academic, had three children while working full time, and always managed to write in her spare time.

These authors avoid the pitfalls of the often saccharine mother-daughter memoir by interspersing humorous anecdotes within a solid framework of stories of mom Sheila's dark upbringing during the 1940s and daughter Perri's current struggle to keep her own life as a mother, doctor, writer and avid knitter under control. The two exchange ideas, conflicting memories of past events and even gentle criticisms in chapters such as "There Are No Old Babies" and "Milking Reindeer." Readers will appreciate the honesty between the pair as Sheila writes about growing up with abusive and distant parents and her experience as a working mother in New Jersey during the 1960s, while Perri struggles to ‘have it all’ in 2005, consistently feeling as though something, or someone, has been forgotten along the way. The mother-daughter duo triumph over hectic schedules and physical distance through their love of writing and travel, ending with reminiscences of their trip to India to visit the Taj Mahal. This is a treasure for any generation. – Publishers Weekly

In Every Mother Is a Daughter, Perri and Sheila tell their mother-daughter story, looking honestly at their own lives and at each other, in the first co-written mother-daughter memoir. They examine the pulls of love and affection but also at the tension, frustration, and competition inherent in any mother-daughter relationship. With unique perspectives, voices, and insight, they shed light on the critical issues that resonate in the lives of mothers and daughters everywhere.

Audio / Literature & Fiction / Historical

The Rebels of Ireland: The Dublin Saga [ABRIDGED Audio Cassette] by Edward Rutherfurd, narrated by John Keating (Random House Audio)

Spellbinding. . . . Like James Michener and Leon Uris, Rutherfurd does a magnificent job of packaging a crackling good yarn within a digestible overview of complex historical circumstances and events. – Booklist

In a tale of fierce battles, hot-blooded romances, and family and political intrigues, The Rebels of Ireland brings the story begun in The Princes of Ireland to its conclusion. Edward Rutherfurd spins the saga of Ireland's 400-year path to independence in all its drama, tragedy, and glory through the stories of people from all strata of society.

Beginning where the first volume left off, The Rebels of Ireland takes readers into a world transformed by the English practice of ‘plantation,’ which represented the final step in the centuries-long British conquest of Ireland. Rutherfurd takes us inside the process of history by tracing the lives of several Dublin families – Protestant and Catholic, rich and poor, conniving and heroic.
From the time of the plantations and Elizabeth’s ascendancy, Rutherfurd moves into the grand moments of Irish history: the early-17th century ‘Flight of the Earls,’ when the last of the Irish aristocracy fled the island; Oliver Cromwell’s brutal oppression and confiscation of lands a half-century later; the romantic, doomed effort of ‘The Wild Geese’ to throw off Protestant oppression at the Battle of the Boyne. Readers see through the eyes of the victims and the perpetrators alike the painful realities of the anti-Catholic penal laws, the catastrophic famine and the massive migration to North America, the rise of the great nationalists O’Connell and the tragic Parnell, the glorious Irish cultural renaissance of Joyce and Yeats, and finally, the triumphant founding of the Irish Republic in 1922.

The audio is read by John Keating, who performs with the Irish Repertory Theater and the Roundabout Theater, and who can also be heard narrating The Princes of Ireland.

Told from the diverse viewpoints of several interrelated families, this epic recounting of the often tragic fate of one nation under two banners is transformed into an irresistible multigenerational chronicle featuring huge servings of romance, action, conflict, intrigue, and adventure. Ambitious in scope, teeming with a huge cast of finely drawn and realized characters, and dripping with authentic historical detail, this lengthy but eminently readable narrative will satisfy the appetites of discerning historical fiction aficionados. The previous volumes in the series have proven very popular, and the latest installment should follow suit. – Margaret Flanagan, Booklist

Rutherfurd’s stirring account of Irish history, the Dublin Saga, concludes in this magisterial work of historical fiction. Written with all the drama and sweep that has made Rutherfurd the bestselling historical novelist of his generation, The Rebels of Ireland is both a necessary companion to The Princes of Ireland and a magnificent achievement in its own right. Rutherfurd’s richly detailed narrative brings to life watershed moments and events. And through the eyes of his characters, he captures the great Irish nationalists and the birth of a free Ireland.

Business & Investing / Management & Leadership / Politics / Public Policy

Negotiating Buck Naked: Doukhobors, Public Policy, and Conflict Resolution by Gregory J. Cran (UBC Press)

Soon after the arrival of Doukhobors (a name given to a group of Russian peasants who left the Russian Orthodox Church in 1785 by Ambrosius, the Archbishop of Ekaterinoslav) in British Columbia, new immigrants clashed with the state over issues such as land ownership, the reg­istration of births and deaths, and school atten­dance. For eighty years, the media represented the Sons of Freedom, a radical group of Russian Doukhobors, through stories of nude demonstrations, children kidnapped by the RCMP, the torching of schools and other buildings, and the bombing of railways and bridges. These events created consternation for governments, orthodox Doukhobors, their neighbors, and the general public. As positions hardened, the conflict, often violent, intensified and continued unabated for the better part of a century, until an accord was finally negotiated in the mid-1980s between the Doukhobors and government.

Negotiating Buck Naked examines the accord closely. Why did it work when numerous other interventions failed, and how did it change the patterns of conflict between the factions? How was the accord reached, and what factors enabled it to succeed? What lessons can be learned from this experience? To answer these questions, Gregory Cran, Director of the School of Peace and Conflict Management at Royal Roads University and a for­mer treaty negotiator for the BC provincial government, develops a theoretical framework for understanding the process of dispute resolution. Cran emphasizes that competing discourses are juxtaposed and that it is these different but equally valid narratives that must be negotiated.

Negotiating Buck Naked examines the events that, in 1979, brought to­gether a skilled group of dedicated local non-Doukhobor people – the Kootenay Committee on Intergroup Relations (KCIR) – with the Douk­hobor factions and a group of government officials and police. This group heard witnesses describe how bombing and arson came to be used as a means of protest and retaliation and how, over a period of sixty years, this was sometimes encouraged and sometimes discouraged by the Doukhobor leadership.

In examining the factors that led to change, Cran’s analysis draws upon interviews with key spokespersons for the Doukhobors who played strategic roles in helping their groups bring an end to bombing and arson. The interviews explore these people's pasts and the stories they told about other groups and the government. They also explore how meaning was constructed and how the epiphanies that were experienced during the KCIR sessions reshaped people's perceptions and views of each other. The lessons resulting from this study challenge conventional conflict theory and conflict intervention practices.

Cran’s role dates back to 1978, when he was asked by the Ministry of the Attorney General of British Columbia to design an intervention process that, so he reasoned at the time, would focus attention away from provincial government. In his late twenties, he had to face an elderly group of extremely determined, very religious people who, at least with regard to the Sons of Freedom, had spent a good part of their lives in prison for standing up for what they believed. Notwithstanding their age difference and his role with the provincial government (which they viewed as the ‘devil’), they reached an accord. For the next twenty years Cran watched from a distance to see whether this agreement would hold, periodically wondering why the process had enabled the occurrence of such a dramatic change. Finally, he found his excuse to return to the region, this time as a doctoral student, eager to look for answers.

In Negotiating Buck Naked Cran fills a gap in the history of the Doukhobors regarding how, after many years of turmoil, competing narratives were eventually negotiated into a new story structure that laid the foundation for bringing an end to violence; and he also informs those interested in conflict intervention and peace building – whether they are government policy makers, police officers, conflict practitioners, or members of the general public – about the lessons that were learned in addressing a particularly complex ethno-political conflict

Chapter 1 provides a brief history of the Doukhobors and the conflicts that emerged when they came to Canada. Cran describes the various failed attempts on the part of the government and the community to address the ongoing tension between state policies and religious beliefs. Chapter 2 explores what has been written about the Doukhobors and about conflict and culture in order to highlight not only where these theories diverge but also where their limitations come into play. Chapter 3 describes Cran’s role as a young provincial government representative who came face-to-face with a myriad of situations, ranging from hunger fasts and blockades to efforts to get all the groups in the same room together. Chapter 4 sets out the conflicting narratives and events that unfolded in the period during which the KCIR was meeting. Chapter 5 continues with the narrative exchange but notes what happened when pressure was brought to bear on the Union of Communities of Christ, the Sons of Freedom, and the Fraternal Council of the Christian Community and Brotherhood of Reformed Doukhobors (also known as the "Reformed Sons of Freedom,") to make a choice between abandoning the process altogether and constructing a common narrative. Negotiating Buck Naked details key parts of the exchange, the situations that emerged between sessions, and the dilemmas the groups faced in negotiating their storied pasts. Chapter 6 returns to the Kootenays after nearly twenty years to interview three people who played a significant role in helping the Orthodox Doukhobors and the Reformed Doukhobors reach an accord. The book explores the meanings each group created about the other during their earlier years and then what happened when they participated in the KCIR sessions. In Chapter 7, those interviewed describe their experiences throughout the KCIR sessions and tell how these experiences helped them to reshape their views and perspectives. Finally, in Chapter 8, Cran examines the transcripts and interviews to educe lessons that may be useful to conflict theorists and practitioners, public policy makers, and others addressing difficult and challenging conflict situations, such as that presented by the Doukhobors.

An unparalleled testimony of persecution, protest, conflict resolution, and hope. By taking seriously stories, cultures, and communities, Gregory Cran masterfully weaves together astonishing firsthand narratives of twentieth-century Doukhobor oppression with a rigorous academic analysis of conflict and terror. – Trevor C.W. Farrow, Faculty of Law, University of Alberta

Negotiating Buck Naked offers new ways of dealing with conflicts considered to be intractable as it tells in detail the fascinating story of two peoples in British Columbia changing their collective minds. The book extracts valuable lessons and challenges traditional conflict resolution practices. It will be useful to conflict resolution practitioners, policy makers, peace makers, and peace keepers.

Children / Ages 3 to 7

Ugly Fish by Kara LaReau & Scott Magoon (Harcourt, Inc.)

There’s only room for one fish is this tank….

Ugly Fish is ugly and big and mean, and he won't share his driftwood tunnel or his special briny flakes with anyone.

And that means the wimpy little fish who keep showing up in his tank have got to go.

But then one day someone bigger and uglier and maybe even meaner arrives . . . and suddenly Ugly Fish isn't feeling quite so confident anymore.
Kara LaReau is a children's book editor and the author of the Rocko and Spanky series. She was inspired to write Ugly Fish after reading an article about childhood bullying. The article said some kids actually think it’s cool to be mean to others. With that attitude, LaReau says, “They’ll probably end up alone. Or, like Ugly Fish, even worse!”
Ugly Fish was cowritten and illustrated by Scott Magoon, freelance illustrator and designer who is making his picture-book debut with Ugly Fish. Magoon has had lots of experience with ugly fish – the pond near his childhood home in Maine was teeming with them. Not only would the catfish sting him when he tried to pick them up, but they were also bottom feeders that turned the entire floor of the pond to muck, making it no fun to swim in.

Ugly Fish is an irreverent and terrifically funny book about a bully who at last gets his comeuppance. The story is laced through and through with fish doing what fish do – eating other fish, which may upset some tender-hearted individuals – but, hey, that’s what fish do; get over it!

Children / Reference / Encyclopedias / History / World

Encyclopedia of War Crimes and Genocide by Leslie Alan Horvitz & Christopher Catherwood (Facts on File)

This A-to-Z encyclopedia examines the entire history of crimes against humanity, during wartime and peacetime. With more than 450 entries, Encyclopedia of War Crimes and Genocide covers a wide range of relevant topics: human rights, war criminals, trials of war crimes, examples of genocide, international organizations and international law concerning war crimes, and more.

Coverage includes: Amnesty International, apartheid, Armenian genocide, Babi Yar, Klaus Barbie, biological weapons, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cambodia, collateral damage, conflict diamonds, Darfur, Francois ‘Papa Doc’ Duvalier, El Salvador, ethnic cleansing, Freedom House, Geneva Conventions, ghost prisoners, gulags, Human Rights Convention, Saddam Hussein, International Committee of the Red Cross, My Lai massacre, North Korea, Pol Pot, Rwanda, Shining Path, slavery, Taliban, Desmond Tutu, and Simon Wiesenthal. Also included is a primary resources section of documents vital to understanding this subject.

The title Encyclopedia of War Crimes and Genocide was chosen for the sake of simplicity and compression, because the book's scope extends to such topics as crimes against humanity, crimes against peace, and human rights violations. Many of the individuals profiled – a veritable ‘rogues' gallery’ – were never formally indicted for war crimes; indeed, they committed their crimes during periods when their countries were not at war. Nonetheless, their excesses and abuses of human rights warrant their inclusion. Some of them, such as Pol Pot, Idi Amin, and Joseph Stalin, none of whom have ever had to answer for their crimes in a court of law, are well known. Other men profiled here – and nearly all are men – while hardly household names, nonetheless stand out, whether because their cases shed light on an important issue (the destruction of public or cultural property, for example) or because they establish a crucial legal precedent. Although these pages are crowded with dictators, mass murderers, and torturers, the authors, Leslie Alan Horvitz, freelance writer and the author or editor of many books, and Christopher Catherwood, Fellow of the Royal Historical Society (Great Britain) and teacher at the Universities of Cambridge and Richmond, feel they would have been remiss if they had not given space to prominent human rights organizations and activists who have done so much to redress grievous wrongs often at great risk to their lives.

War crimes, crimes against humanity, crimes against peace, and genocide all have a legal definition. Therefore, a great many entries are concerned with what is known as international humanitarian law, or IHL, dealing with the rules and conduct of war, the distinction between international and internal conflicts, types of weapons that can and cannot legally be used in conflicts, and the treatment of prisoners of war and civilians under occupation. Readers will find lengthy discussions about the principal treaties that constitute IHL, including, the Geneva Conventions of 1949, the Additional Protocols to the Geneva Conventions of 1977, the Conventions against Genocide and Torture, and the London Charter that established the rules under which the Nuremberg Trials of Nazi war criminals would be conducted. In addition, readers will find a discussion of how IHL applies to terrorism and whether suspected terrorists should be treated as prisoners of war. If it is not enforced, of course, the law enshrined in all these treaties, protocols, and conventions means very little. So several entries are devoted to institutions and mechanisms that have emerged in the postwar era to resolve international and regional disputes and investigate and prosecute human rights abuses. For instance, several entries focus on each of the three special ad hoc courts that have been set up by the United Nations in order to try individuals implicated in war crimes committed in the former Yugoslavia, Rwanda, and Sierra Leone.

The entries in Encyclopedia of War Crimes and Genocide will provide readers with a context – a historical perspective – that will allow them to understand and assess events in these countries in light of what came before.

Education

White Teachers / Diverse Classrooms: A Guide to Building Inclusive Schools, Promoting High Expectations, and Eliminating Racism edited by Julie Landsman, & Chance W. Lewis (Stylus Publishing, LLC)

For African Americans, school is often not a place to learn but a place of low expectations and failure. In urban schools with concentrations of poverty, often fewer than half the ninth graders leave with a high school diploma.

White Teachers / Diverse Classrooms encourages reflection and self-examination, as it calls for understanding how students can achieve and expecting the most from them. It demonstrates what’s involved in terms of recognizing often-unconscious biases, confronting institutional racism where it occurs, surmounting stereotyping, adopting culturally relevant teaching, connecting with parents and the community, and integrating diversity in all activities. The book is edited by Chance W. Lewis, assistant professor at the School of Education, Colorado State University and founder and Chairperson of the African American Research Consortium; and Julie Landsman, consultant and teacher in the Minneapolis Schools.

W. E. B. DuBois noted in his groundbreaking book The Souls of Black Folk that the problem of America is of the color line. If this is the case, then we are deplorably behind in addressing issues of education for African American students, for DuBois identified this problem more than a century ago. What makes us so reluctant to grapple with this issue? Landsman and Lewis, the editors of White Teachers / Diverse Classrooms, believe that much of the work must be done within the community and in the racial group who does most of the educating: the White teachers, administrators, counselors, and social workers of our students.

Landsman and Lewis believe now is the time to engage in the uncomfortable talks, the continuing dialogue, the community work necessary to truly understand and change the situation for those students who are being failed by our public educational institutions and assessment standards. Now is the time to look at practices and the results of those practices with the blunt and critical lens of urgency and concern. Now is the time to look at our position of power in the classroom and question our assumptions about the kids we teach. It is time for critical reflection about our roles in the schools and in the commu­nities from which our students come.

Landsman and Lewis have found that although all children of color experience difficulty and systematic racism in this country, African Americans have received more than a fair share of negative media attention. Much of White Teachers / Diverse Classrooms is devoted to their education and to what is addressed to close the gap between African American students and all others. We also believe that Latino students as well as Native and Asian students suffer from stereotyping, generalizations, and invisibility in our schools and colleges. For many of these students, those same suggestions and ideas, theories, and pedagogies apply as well to their African American brothers and sisters. Autobiography and memoirs are interspersed throughout White Teachers / Diverse Classrooms to bring home to readers, on a visceral level, what we really mean when we speak of low expectations or invisibility within the curriculum. We need such stories to remind us of the human costs of our educational failures, our systematic indifference, and the assumption of deficits instead of strengths our students bring.

Part One of White Teachers / Diverse Classrooms is entitled "Foundations of Our Work: Recogniz­ing Power and Privilege." In chapter 1, "Being White: Invisible Privileges of a New England Prep School Girl," Julie Landsman calls on the work of Peggy McIntosh and Thandeka as well as W. E. B. DuBois and Barack Obama to clarify what it means to be White in America and how this affects everything we do and how we live. She concludes with some suggestions for exploring Whiteness and engaging in dialogue around the privilege of "single consciousness" as opposed to DuBois's "double consciousness."

Part Two, entitled "Culturally Relevant Pedagogy: How Do We Do It?" includes five chapters by practitioners working in classrooms in both universities and public schools. In chapter 2, "Yes, But How Do We Do It?" Ladson-Billings breaks down what it means to teach effectively when teaching African American students and how to apply this to the classroom in a practical, doable manner. In chapter 3, "The Empty Desk in the Third Row: Experiences of an African American Male Teacher," Robert W. Simmons III captures an experience he had with a student in his inner-city classroom. He draws a picture here of what an activist, culturally competent teacher does in the world.

In chapter 4, Joseph White, in an interview with Julie Landsman, entitled "Educating Black Males," calls on his years of experience and research into Black psychology to give readers practical, compassionate, and vivid ideas for reaching young Black boys in our classrooms. In chapter 5, "The Unintentional Undermining of Multicultural Education: Educators at the Equity Crossroads," Paul Gorski asks us to go further than the ‘heroes and holidays’ approach to multicultural education. How are we contributing to our students' lack of achievement when we are silent in the face of racist curriculums or generalizations by our colleagues? He asks us to look at multicultural education in an activist context, questioning the power relationships in the country, the school, and the classroom as part of the work we must do to dismantle the present concentration of wealth in the hands of so few while others go without decent schooling, medical care, and community services. In the final chapter of this part, "But Good Intentions Are Not Enough: Theoretical and Philosophical Relevance in Teaching Students of Color," H. Richard Milner explores the theories of multicultural education and best practices. Milner focuses on two main theoretical assumptions that are the foundations of problems White teachers must face when teaching students of color: (1) deficit thinking and teaching, and (2) power and teaching.

In Part Three, "Expecting the Most: How White Teachers Can Ensure African American Achievement," Stephen D. Hancock, in chapter 7, "White Women's Work: On the Front Lines of Urban Education," addresses White women and their role in the school systems as they exist today. He explores avenues that encourage, enlighten, and empower White women to become more effective in diverse classrooms. Carolyn L. Holbrook, in her autobiographical piece in chapter 8, "Low Expectations Are the Worst Form of Racism," explores the intimate and troubling experiences of a Black single mother and teacher raising her children in a system that often does not expect as much from her bright, eager sons and daughters as it does from students who are not of color. In chapter 9, "I Don't Understand Why My African American Students Are Not Achieving: An Exploration of the Connection among Personal Power, Teachers' Perceptions, and the Academic Engagement of African American Students," Verna Cornelia Price spells out clearly exactly why we have the kind of educational gap we have in America and what needs to be done about it. Bruce B. Douglas, Esrom DuBois Pitre, and Chance Lewis address a specific situation in chapter 10, "African American Student-Athletes and White Teachers' Classroom Interactions." This chapter directly shows how deficit thinking about African American student capabilities ultimately hurts them in the long run. In their chapter, "Tips for School Principals and Teachers: Helping Black Students Achieve," Dorothy F. Garrison-Wade and Chance Lewis provide research-based ways that administrators and teachers can address the achievement gap. Finally, in chapter 12, "Black/African American Families: Coming of Age in Predominately White Communities," Val Middleton, Kieran Coleman, and Chance Lewis explore the unique challenges of educating Black students in a predominately White setting.

Part Four, "The Truly Reflective Teacher," addresses how we can rethink our own role in the system of education in which we are working. Ann B. Miser recalls how she was forced to look at her students and their community differently in chapter 13, "Connecting to the Community: Speaking the Truth without Hesitation." She confronts her own hesitancy to speak up about an injustice and what happens when she does. Miles Anthony Irving, in chapter 14, "In Practicing What We Teach: Experiences with Reflective Practice and Critical Engagement," examines his own unwillingness to really engage with his students in controversial issues, issues that he does not feel entirely comfortable with himself. In chapter 15, "Conversation – A Necessary Step in Understanding Diversity: A New Teacher Plans for Competency," Jane Nicolet reconstructs a dialogue she has with a former university student who is going off to teach her first class.

In Part Five, "Creating Activist Classroom Communities," the final part of White Teachers / Diverse Classrooms, classroom teachers and researchers, college professors, and consultants speak about creating the ideal of the inclusive community within the school. In chapter 16, "When Truth and Joy Are at Stake: Challenging the Status Quo in the High School English Class," Julie Landsman draws on her thirty years of experience as a Minneapolis teacher to talk about how to build trust not only among students each hour, but also between a White teacher and his or her students who are primarily Black.

Susan Leverett Dodd and Miles Anthony Irving, in chapter 17, "Incor­poration of Multiculturalism into Art Education," present a history of art education and then proceed to provide suggestions on how to have a truly multicultural art experience. Sharon R. Ishii-Jordan speaks from her perspective as a teacher educator. She is clear and unequivocal, in chapter 18, "Preparing Teachers to Develop Inclusive Communities," about what is needed to truly bring about equity in education and what part teachers play in this process. Verna Cornelia Price, in chapter 19, "How Can Service-Learning Increase the Academic Achievement of Urban African American Students?" gives us a passionate and well-researched way of providing the important connection Professor Joseph White talks about in his interview. Finally, Bridgie A. Ford also urges readers to connect to the communities in which our students live, in chapter 20, "Culturally Responsive School-Community Partnerships: Strategy for Success." Although we often pay lip service to the importance of the community, we often do very little to reach out to the world our students come from every day. 

Ultimately, White Teachers / Diverse Classrooms is only as useful as White teachers make it. Landsman and Lewis have culled together a rich, fresh look at schools and teachers, researchers, and professors from young and old, veteran and new, Black and White from all over the country. Unless teachers put into practice what they are suggesting, not only in the classroom but in their own private moments of reflection, as well as in boardrooms, faculty meetings, and town hall gatherings, racism, inequity, and the achievement gap will continue to deprive the majority of students the right to reach their potential. White students as well as those of color have a great amount to gain from equity for all. For the sake of all children, teachers must follow up their reading with action, their contemplation with change. The writers and teachers and thinkers in White Teachers / Diverse Classrooms show readers a way.

The preparation of a highly qualified teacher workforce has become a national priority. In an unusual turn, the discussion of 'quality' has centered solely on forms of knowledge and the ability to show the acquisition and demonstration of content and competencies. The place and importance of dispositions and clinical skill in teacher practice are largely absent from the national discourse. White Teachers / Diverse Classrooms is an intellectually rich conversation starter. This book explores the myriad considerations needed to create schools that serve all learners. Chief among the requirements is highly qualified teachers – those who are committed to advancing the intellectual development of all learners because each one has the potential to do great things. – Sharon P. Robinson, President and CEO, American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education

When people read the title of this book, their initial reaction might be that this is another 'blame game.' However, this book is about one of the most persistent and well documented fault lines in our schools: the educational achievement gap between minority and non-minority students and the critical role of all teachers, particularly white teachers, in eliminating it. White Teachers / Diverse Classrooms is both a practical road map and an appeal to all teachers to re-dedicate themselves to ensuring that all students are prepared and can meet high educational standards – not simply for their sake, but for the future of America and all of her citizens. – Mary H. Futrell, Dean of the Graduate School of Education & Human Development, The George Washington University, and former President of the National Education Association

Black and White teachers in White Teachers / Diverse Classrooms provide an insightful approach to inclusive and equitable teaching and illustrate its transformative power to bring about success. The book is replete with examples of practice, telling insights, and practical models that will engage teachers in practice or in service. It should have a place in every classroom in colleges of education. Its empowering message applies not just to teachers of Black students, but illuminates teaching in every racially diverse setting.
White Teachers / Diverse Classrooms will give its readers pause; it will, hopefully, energize White teachers to look at their classrooms, reflect on their interactions with students of color and even their school building policies and opt for true change and equity.

Education / Leadership

Leadership in Higher Education: Views from the Presidency by Francis Lawrence (Transaction Publishers)

The American higher education system, often characterized as the best in the world, is distinguished for its scholarship as well as its accessibility. Higher education has become the passport to the American dream, and the percentage of those going to college has increased, challenging individual institutions and systems to accommodate growing numbers of aspiring students while searching for solutions to problems of inadequate college preparation and inadequate financial assistance for low-income students. In this time of change and uncertainty, universities have become the targets of media interest, critical examination, and political manipulation. Despite their increasing importance to the nation, the region, and their communities, public and private universities have seen states reduce their support to their state systems of higher education, shifting the responsibility to individuals and institutions.

Leadership in Higher Education, compiled by Francis L. Lawrence, president emeritus of Rutgers University, contains a collection of interviews of thirteen presidents and chancellors of some of America’s top universities. They candidly reflect on their experiences during the decade leading up to the twenty-first century and immediately following it. The book traces the careers of these women and men who have presided over a total of twenty universities or university systems and three national organizations of higher education: Robert Berdahl, Myles Brand, Molly Corbett Broad, John T. Casteen III, Mary Sue Coleman, Norman C. Francis, Nils Hasselmo, Shirley Ann Jackson, Shirley Strum Kenny, William English Kirwan, Francis L. Lawrence, Charles M. Vest, and David Ward. The interviews depict some of the most distinguished and effective institutions of higher education in America, ranging from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology on the East Coast to Xavier University of New Orleans in the Deep South, and the University of California, Berkeley on the West Coast, and from the NCAA to the AAU.

Painted by the leaders who shaped them, Leadership in Higher Education offers a vivid mural of a richly varied group of universities and university systems, the presidents and chancellors who have, by their own accounts, devoted every waking minute to wrestling with the problems of their institutions and planning for their advancement. The time period that this portrait of American higher education treats is one of considerable economic and cultural stress, from the recession of the early 1990s through the shock of 9/11. The interviews reveal the ways that the leaders of these institutions, in collaboration with their boards, their faculty colleagues, their administrative staff members, and their external constituencies, have charted successful paths that have not simply kept their institutions functioning at the same level in times of fiscal stringency but have taken them forward to new heights of academic achievement in teaching and scholarship.

As shown in Leadership in Higher Education, with great energy and ingenuity, America's higher education leadership, the interviewees and their academic communities, have continuously improved the bedrock teaching, research, and service missions of these institutions of higher education and have done so in circumstances of severe economic stringency. They have brought about this miracle by what in other circles might be termed entrepreneurial means, which are ably described in this book. A conclusion sums up the salient common aspects of the leadership styles of the presidents and chancellors in this volume and ends with a plea for action on the federal level to ensure that affordable access is available to the new more numerous and more diverse cohorts of young people coming of age and eager to enter higher education.

Fran Lawrence is a highly respected and well connected leader of American higher education. The candor he elicits in the interviews with university presidents contained in this book is remarkable. His own insights reflect a wealth of experience and deeply held values. Rarely have the practical experiences of so many leaders and leadership theory been so thoughtfully blended. This book is a must read for both aspiring and serving college and university presidents. – David Hardesty, president, West Virginia University

Leadership in Higher Education by Fran Lawrence is not just a book for academics: it's for anyone interested in leadership in complex organizations. It will be especially helpful to anyone who wants to learn how to inspire and motivate very bright, creative, self-directed people, no easy task as many business leaders have learned. The stories of thirteen leaders of some of America's best universities offer excellent models for the management of knowledge workers, a whole new area of business skill with many difficult passages and dangerous pitfalls for the traditional CEO. – David Stern, commissioner, National Basketball Association

These conversations open a fascinating perspective on the backgrounds and characters of several highly regarded university presidents. The interviews give a good sense of their disparate approaches to the job and the challenges they faced – both challenges that were common to almost everyone and those that were distinctive in each case. The book demonstrates that a variety of strategies can lead to success in these complex and demanding jobs, and also sheds light on more general issues of leadership in higher education. – Nannerl O. Keohane, president emerita, Duke University

If anyone doubts the common perception that America has the best system of higher education in the world, Lawrence in Leadership in Higher Education has produced a casebook of leadership stories that will convince all skeptics. The interviews are remarkably candid and revealing, personal and direct. What emerges from them are stories of power and appeal. These are histories that students of leadership, their teachers, and prospective presidents alike will read with interest and great profit.

Education / Outdoors & Nature / Social Sciences / Philosophy / Ethics

Teaching Environmental Ethics edited by Clare Palmer (Brill Academic Publishers)

Teaching Environmental Ethics explores a wide variety of questions, both of a theoretical and a practical nature, raised by teaching environmental ethics. The essays consider general issues such as the place of environmental advocacy in the environmental ethics classroom; using outdoor environments to prompt reflection on environmental ethics; and handling student responses – such as pessimism – that may emerge from teaching environmental ethics. The essays in the volume also consider practical issues, including successfully teaching environmental ethics to students without a background in philosophy, promoting the development of interdisciplinarity, useful ways to structure syllabi, and teaching and learning techniques.

According to editor Clare Palmer, Associate Professor of Philosophy and Environmental Studies at Washington University in St Louis, to argue that teaching environmental ethics explicitly is important and worthwhile says nothing about the aims, methods or principal concerns of such teaching. In the book, views about what teaching environmental ethics entails or should entail diverge significantly, in particular with respect to whether the teaching of environmental ethics should be seen as in any sense a practice of advocacy. Several different broad orientations with regard to the role of advocacy in environmental ethics teaching can be identified and most are represented in Teaching Environmental Ethics. Palmer outlines four approaches in the introduction.

One orientation might be called ‘pure intellectualist’. Here environmental ethics teaching is seen purely as an intellectual project, aiming to develop students' ethical reasoning abilities with respect to the environment. It introduces them to ethical issues raised by the environment, and outlines a range of different ethical approaches and values that are potentially relevant to thinking about those issues. Students are encouraged to think critically, to analyze arguments and to consider the evidence for claims, to develop their own consistent arguments and to offer sound reasons for advancing them. This kind of environmental ethics teaching fits the model of many other academic subjects. There is no attempt at advocacy of any kind; the course is regarded as an intellectual exercise.

A second orientation might be called ‘ethical advocacy’. It, too, introduces possible ethical issues raised by the environment, and outlines a range of potentially relevant approaches and values. As with the ‘pure intellectualist’ model, students are encouraged to think critically, to analyze arguments and to consider the evidence for claims, to develop their own consistent arguments and so on. However, the ‘ethical advocacy’ model, alongside the straightforwardly intellectual aim, also aims to help students in working through what is ethical in an environmental context. Such an approach is likely to encourage students critically to consider, and to be prepared to revise, their own beliefs, values and practices with respect to the environment. The ‘ethical advocacy’ then, consists of an additional aim to encourage students to consider what is ethical, and to live an examined and ethical life with respect to the environment.

Others take an ‘environmental advocacy orientation’. This is the majority view in Teaching Environmental Ethics and perhaps the majority view in environmental ethics teaching as a whole, as de Laplante suggests in his paper. Ethical issues about the environment are generally raised in the context of environmental crisis – an environmental crisis understood to have been produced by misguided values. These mistaken values emphasizing consumerism and consumption and understanding the environment as a resource – are seen as tightly bound into what Sterling calls the ‘dominant social paradigm’. Given the dominant social paradigm (DSP) and the urgency of the environmental crisis, the teaching of environmental ethics is regarded as both vital (in putting forward new values) and counter-cultural (in exposing, and opposing, the DSP). Courses that interpret teaching environmental ethics in this way, of course, retain intellectual aims. But there are major additional aims. Not only does such teaching aim to produce students who live ethical, examined lives with respect to the environment; it also aims to produce students who live ethical examined lives with respect for the environment. Students are challenged and encouraged to move from holding views congruent with the DSP to adopting a new environmental ethic. What matters is that students emerge with an orientation towards, and a commit­ment to, respecting or caring for nature, though this respect may he underpinned by different worldviews and have several possible principled manifestations.

Fourthly, some adopt a ‘specific advocacy’ orientation to envi­ronmental ethics teaching: that is, they focus on, and advocate, one particular form of environmental ethic (such as, for instance, the land ethic). Courses of this kind often direct student concern to a range of environmental issues particularly relevant to the ethic at stake. A number of different kinds of ethical responses to those problems may be outlined, but the one flowing from the specific environmental ethic advocated is argued to be the most successful. Good reasons and arguments for the desired ethical position are put forward; other views may be discussed but are seen ultimately as unsuccessful challenges. (It should be noted that such approaches to teaching often arise when the course is being taught in relation to a particular concern, such as forestry or land management.) In most cases the ‘specific advocacy’ approach to teaching environmental ethics is also ‘environmental advocacy,’ inasmuch as the aim is to persuade students to adopt beliefs, values and practices of respect for the environment (though filling out ‘respect’ here with a specified content.) But this is not necessarily the case.

Environmental ethics teaching not only manifests a diversity of orientations and attitudes towards advocacy, it also manifests a diversity of teaching methods. A number of contributors to Teaching Environmental Ethics claim that the nature of their environmental ethics teaching requires them to adopt specific methods that in relation to teaching in higher education as a whole might be seen as unusual or unorthodox. Some of these methods seem to emerge from the nature of environmental ethics as a subject. Others arise from the ways in which educators orient their environmental ethics teaching with regard to advocacy.

Dealing with multidisciplinarity and interdisciplinarity, for example, is part of the nature of environmental ethics even where teaching is located wholly within a philosophy department. Yet teaching that involves drawing on a number of disciplines is not straightforward for a variety of reasons. Consequently, many educators in environmental ethics consciously attempt to develop interdisciplinarity. Some methods that can be adopted include paying conscious attention to the contrasting intellectual cultures of different academic disciplines, involving members of different disciplines actively in the design and delivery of courses, and including visitors to the course from other academic disciplines or from professional environmental practice. The Interdisciplinary Minor in Environmental Ethics at Marquette University, discussed by Schaefer in this book, provides an example of an attempt to achieve interdisciplinarity.

A number of educators in environmental ethics including some in this book also argue that since environmental ethics is about the environment, some teaching at least should actively engage with the environment, rather than wholly being book learning. This may entail the organization of field trips to par­ticularly interesting or important environments (as with the field trip to the island of Rum discussed in Teaching Environmental Ethics; venturing into local environments to consider environmental problems and values at stake there; or even just attention to and awareness of the classroom environment itself. Actively engaging with an environment in these ways may have a variety of purposes. Experiential methods of teaching environmental ethics are, obviously, particularly appropriate in a context of advocacy of any kind: the impact is likely to be felt on an individual's own beliefs and values as part of their examined life, as well having an effect on their purely academic work.

And, indeed, it is the advocacy aims – whether ethical, environmental or specific – of much teaching in environmental ethics that give rise to many of the concerns for method displayed in the papers in Teaching Environmental Ethics. Where there is some intent in a course to encourage students to examine their own lives, ethical beliefs and practices, one might expect reactions from students that are not ‘purely academic’. A number of papers consider how to build students' emotional reactions into the methods adopted in teaching classes, anticipating that student responses to learning about environmental problems or to changing their own environmental values will include – inter alia – pessimism, depression, powerlessness, frustration, anger, confusion and uncertainty. Dealing with these kinds of responses (discussed, for instance, in Sheppard's and Gottlieb's papers) may require carefully tailored teaching and learning methods, ones that are, perhaps, unusual in higher education.

The potential subject matter of environmental ethics is, of course, vast. For this reason, environmental ethics educators must of necessity select particular subject concerns around which their courses focus. Some may emphasize geographical, place-based concerns. These concerns may, literally, focus on the character of and environmental issues raised by the local environment. Cafaro's paper in Teaching Environmental Ethics illustrates how a course in environmental ethics may use local and regional environments as a focus. Equally, though, the pedagogic concerns selected for attention may reflect both the background of the instructor and the constituency of the students being taught. Some instructors have qualifications in biology rather than in philosophy and teach students who are science majors; this is reflected in the concerns on which they focus (see, for instance, Boorse's paper on non-indigenous invasive species in Teaching Environmental Ethics). Others, whether with philosophical backgrounds or not, teach environmental ethics to non-specialist students from a range of different backgrounds (for instance Mason, Gottlieb and Nelson in this book); teaching non-specialist students certainly affects the kinds of material one might choose to include in a syllabus. The subject concerns of environmental courses are also likely to reflect the approach to environmental ethics adopted by the educator (even where there is not an intention to advocate such an approach). Environmental pragmatists, for example, are more likely to construct their courses around policy issues; those committed to deep ecology are more likely to emphasize wilderness (whether or not they are geographically located in proximity to wilderness). Yet others may shape their subject concerns in teaching environmental ethics through the lenses of broader socio-political commitments (such as feminism, animal welfare and bioregionalism).

In subject concern, then, as well as in method and orientation towards advocacy, environmental ethics courses can be extremely diverse. The papers in Teaching Environmental Ethics effectively illustrate this diversity. The book is organized broadly along a spectrum from the more theoretical to the more practical, but no clear divide between the two could be established. The aim is to have theory informing practice, and practice informing theory.

Palmer concludes the introduction with a worry concerning the kind of environmental ethics teaching that adopts an orientation of ‘environmental advocacy’ or ‘specific advocacy’. One may argue that there are good reasons why so many in higher education adopt these approaches to teaching environmental ethics. The intensity of the environmental crisis is now so pressing that what is important is that students acquire and pass on new environmental values. Yet it is precisely this understanding of the role of education, especially in a university context, that generates uneasiness. Increasingly, work in educational theory has emphasized the importance of critical thinking to students' education. Encouraging students to develop critical thinking skills and abilities, to become autonomous thinkers in their own right, seems to be fundamentally important to any educational undertaking. Yet it also seems to be in tension with any strong sense of education for the environment. Students may be encouraged to become passive learners, accepting what they are being taught and revising their views accordingly, rather than developing the critical skills of recognizing assumptions, evaluating and criticizing arguments and learning to think for themselves. Educationally, this is surely less beneficial to students than developing their critical thinking, even if by doing so students end up with a less environmentally-respectful environmental ethic. And even though refraining from environmental advocacy in the classroom may seem to be a risk (since one is not helping students to any ethical position with respect to the environment); it seems to be a risk worth taking. If threats to the environment are as many and as severe as many environmentalists think, then even the most critical of reasoners is likely, on reflection, to adopt an active environmentally-protective ethic. And such an ethic – unlike that adopted by more passive learners – is unlikely to be overwhelmed by the strongly represented but weakly supported environmental values outside the classroom.

Teaching Environmental Ethics will be particularly useful to anyone teaching environmental ethics or environmental studies, or interested in the theoretical issues that teaching environmental ethics raises, or interested in current issues for teaching critical thinking.

Entertainment / Biographies & Memoirs

Barbra: The Way She Is [LARGE PRINT] by Christopher P. Andersen (Thorndike Press Large Print Americana Series: Thorndike Press)

Funny, I don't feel like a legend. – Barbra Streisand

She is a one-name legend, a global icon, the ultimate diva – one of the most beloved and detested, worshiped and feared, gossiped-about and speculated-about figures of the age; a woman for whom the word superstar was invented. Yet most of what we know about Barbra Joan Streisand is the stuff of caricature: the Brooklyn girl made good, the ugly duckling who blossomed into a modern-day Nefertiti, the political dilettante driving to the barricades in her Rolls-Royce, the Oscar-winning actress and bona fide movie mogul, the greatest female singer who ever lived, a skinflint, a philanthropist, a connoisseur and a barbarian, the woman whose physical characteristics are instantly identifiable around the planet – the tapered nails, those slightly crossed eyes, that nose, the voice.

Barbara has always guarded her secrets and nurtured her own mystique. Even to the multitudes around the world who idolize her, Streisand remains aloof, unknowable, beyond reach. In the manner of his #l New York Times bestsellers The Day Diana Died and The Day John Died as well as Jack and Jackie, Jackie After Jack, An Affair to Remember, and Sweet Caroline in Barbra, Christopher Andersen taps into important sources – eyewitnesses to Streisand's remarkable life and career – to paint a startling portrait of the artist . . . and the woman. Among the revelations:

  • New details about her wedding and marriage to James Brolin.
  • New information about her many failed love affairs, including her never-before-revealed relationships with Prince Charles and Princess Diana's doomed lover Dodi Fayed – as well as Warren Beatty, Ryan O'Neal, former Canadian prime minister Pierre Trudeau, Steve McQueen, Richard Gere, Kris Kristofferson, Don Johnson, Jon Voight, Andre Agassi, and newsman Peter Jennings.
  • From Funny Girl and The Way We Were to Yentl and The Prince of Tides – and in the recording sessions that produced some of the biggest hits in music history – new behind-the-scenes details of the obsessive drive for perfection, and the Callas-sized ego.
  • New insights into Barbra's relationship with her only child, Jason.

Barbra includes a provocative account of what went on between Streisand and Bill Clinton in the White House, what their relationship is like today, and how Hillary feels about Barbra. Whether you love her, hate her, or are simply spellbound by her titanic talent, Barbra is one thing above all others, an American original. In Barbra Anderson stripes away the mask to offer a spellbinding portrait of Barbra in all her headstrong, take-no-prisoners glory.

Entertainment / Movies

Making Short Films, with DVD by Jim Piper (Allworth Press)

When the New York Times recently announced that it had gone multimedia and started running short films in the video section of its online site, the message was clear – short films have entered mainstream media. For anyone wanting to express themselves creatively in short films, help is here.

Making Short Films shows readers how to create real movies using consumer digital video format – without spending a lot of money or time. Making Short Films shows how to get the most from the least so anyone can make engaging films practically by themselves, the way poets create. Working this way reduces expenses to about six dollars per film or the cost of a single tape cassette.

In Making Short Films, experienced filmmaker Jim Piper invites beginners and students to explore, innovate, and experiment in visually exciting ways using simple and inexpensive digital equipment. The award-winning Piper has taught filmmaking for more than thirty years, and along with his technical expertise, he brings entertaining anecdotes and great examples. His descriptions of more than one hundred student films, illustrated with three hundred stills, offer inspiration for beginners, and the accompanying DVD showcases thirty examples that comprise an intriguing and instructive mini film festival. Readers learn how to:

  • Develop a story.
  • Create special effects with the camera or on the computer.
  • Write a script (or not!).
  • Operate digital video cameras and equipment.
  • Assemble and record a soundtrack with dialogue, narration, and music.
  • Compose shots narration, and music.
  • Use a variety of angles.
  • Discover the expressive world of story films, art films, and documentary filmmaking.
  • Apply natural and artificial lighting.
  • Master editing programs on Mac and PC.

From equipment to exercises to effects, from planning the story to casting, shooting, and editing the movie, everything a budding filmmaker needs to know and understand is in Making Short Films. The book provides projects and exercises to get readers started. But the primary objective is to teach aspiring filmmakers how to create visual poetry within the confines of the short film.

As a bonus feature, included with the book is an accompanying DVD with thirty completed films by students and beginners. These films run the gamut from off-the-shelf exercises, engaging story films, and a variety of approaches for a documentary film to an array of provocative art films. Not all of the films on the DVD are technically proficient – after all, they were made by beginners. "The point of the book," says Piper, "is not to make you a film smoothie, but to make you a film artist, for which technical perfection is not a requirement."

At last, a book that tells us the whys and what ifs rather than the how tos. Brimming with insightful tips and practical, useful examples, Making Short Films is written with a deep appreciation for film as art rather than as a commodity. It's the book I wish I'd had when I started my career. Long live short films! – John Kelly, Cinematographer

If you love movies and want to learn how to make them, here is a book that takes you by the hand and sends you on your way to fulfilling your dream. This book is a direct and practical manual for anyone seriously interested in learning filmmaking at any level. I highly recommend it. – Peter Maris, Producer/Director

Making Short Films is unlike any other filmmaking book I've seen. If you want to start thinking and working as a filmmaker today, then this is the book for you. – John Moses, Film Instructor, Fresno City College

By emphasizing a minimalist approach and smart technique, this indispensable guide opens up the world of story films, art films, and documentary filmmaking. Throughout this all-encompassing primer, readers are guided and inspired by actual student films. Making Short Films will help bring readers’ unique visions to life. The accompanying DVD is a veritable film festival of artful and meaningful films by beginners. The book is great for film students and independent filmmakers.

Entertainment / Music / Reference

American Singing Groups: A History, from 1940 to Today by Jay Warner, with a foreword by Frankie Valli (Hal Leonard) is the expanded, one-of-its-kind, music reference tome by the music historian and publisher Jay Warner.

The recipient of the Heroes and Legends Pioneer Award and various ASCAP awards, Jay Warner has won 24 gold or platinum awards. Warner, currently CEO and President of National League Music, founded K-Tel's music publishing division; was Vice President of the Entertainment Company, forerunner to SBK-EMI; and is on the board of the Vocal Groups Hall of Fame.

A definitive history of pop vocal groups, American Singing Groups encompasses the doo-wop of Dion and the Belmonts, the Motown hits of the Supremes, the surf sound of the Beach Boys, country-rock of Crosby, Stills and Nash, and the slick pop sounds of 'N Sync. Each entry details the group's career, key members, and its influences. Updated and freshly revised, the book also chronicles the revival of the pop groups in the nineties and the new millennium. New bands in this revision include Backstreet Boys, Destiny's Child and many more. Organized by decade and listed in alphabetical order, American Singing Groups is a testament to a style of music that has entertained millions of people around the world.

The '40s, '50s, and '60s were considered the glory days of vocal groups. The 70s were dismal, but Warner says he was too busy catching up on what he had missed from the earlier decades to notice how slim the pickings were. The '80s were an improvement from the '70s, but still left much to be desired, and the '90s and new millennium, though creating a resurgence in the category and numbers of successful groups, left the format almost unrecognizable.

In beginning his research, Warner discovered that material on the subject were even harder to find than records. In a country where someone has written something on just about everything, there was nothing devoted strictly to vocal groups. But in a world that is more music-conscious than ever, there has never been a history of vocal groups. So Warner says he set out to fill the gap by writing American Singing Groups.

To keep the book a manageable size, and to make it a reference work that would also entertain, he aimed for a balance of well-known groups and obscure-but-interesting ones, while not attempting to list every group in history. The period originally covered in the first edition was from the early 1940s (when most music historians acknowledge the vocal group sound came into its own) through 1990. Only American singing groups are listed (except for a few nearby Canadians) since the vocal group sound is mainly of U.S. origin. In terms of musical style Warner kept the focus on pop, R&B, doo-wop, gospel, jazz, rock 'n' roll, and soul, with an occasional foray into folk and country groups that he felt may have spent more time practicing a vocal modulation than tuning their guitar strings. A further requirement for inclusion in this book is that the group recorded one or more released 45-rpm records or at least one LP or CD.

Since the entries are arranged alphabetically within separate decades, the decisions for listing a group in a particular decade was usually based on the year their performing or recording career began. However certain acts that covered several decades and began in the later part of one are listed in the first decade of their greatest activity. For example, the Impressions were formed in 1958 but are detailed in the '60s, when they were most productive.

In 2005, Warner decided to create an update to the first edition as fifteen years had passed and a whole new slew of vocal groups had taken the music world by storm. The basic flow of American Singing Groups remains the same with the '90s following the ‘a cappella’ era which followed the '80s. A new chapter on the Vocal Group Hall of Fame follows the '90s as The Hall has been a key exponent of vocal group history since the mid-'90s. Consistent with the original edition, singing groups are cross-referenced throughout this book. When an entry cites a group that has its own separate entry, that group's name is printed in capital letters the first time it appears.

You always hear about new books on music history, but they rarely fulfill your hopes. This one is head and shoulders above the rest. A monumental achievement. As a pretty good historian myself I have to admit that nobody has done it quite as well as Jay. – Jerry Butler, Jerry Butler and the Impressions

This book is must reading for people who are interested in the evolution of the modern singing group. – "Little Anthony" Gourdine, Little Anthony & The Imperials

This book is exciting and informative, and even though I've known a lot of the groups personally, it was truly enlightening. Group harmony fans will enjoy the rich histories. Both thumbs up. – Joe Terry, Danny & the Juniors

How exciting – the history of vocal groups at your fingertips and all under one cover. With such a wealth of information, it's like going to the encyclopedia or library, only much easier. – Carvin Winans, The Winans

This book is the definitive handbook for group singers. Now we can find each other. – Spanky McFarlane, Spanky and Our Gang

Sha Na Na came to the world's attention by singing doo wop at Woodstock. Jay Warner continues in this greasy tradition by telling about everyone who preceded, and those who dared to follow. – Screamin' Scott Simon, Sha Na Na

American Singing Groups took me back to a time, a people, and a music I love. As far as I'm concerned, Jay Warner has made the greatest contribution to music for the '90s and beyond. – Ben E. King, The Drifters

This book is an overdue tribute to vocal groups. I was amazed to discover just how much influence singing groups have had on the origin and development of today's musical styles – from R&B and soul to rock 'n' roll and pop – not to mention the impressive list of solo artists who spent their early years in a group. – Donny Osmond, The Osmonds

...an amazingly accurate work... American Singing Groups is one of the best rock books to hit the stands [and] merits inclusion on every rock fan's bookshelf. – Goldmine

American Singing Groups is a comprehensive reference work, but it is never dull reading, because the subjects are vibrant, colorful, talented, visionary, and historic. With extensive discographies and rare photos, American Singing Groups is a one-of-a-kind entertaining reference filled with musical facts that will fascinate fans and collectors. This is an essential guide to an evolving and ever-popular art form.

Health, Mind & Body / AIDS / Medicine / Gender Studies

Transgender Health and HIV Prevention: Needs Assessment Studies from Transgender Communities Across the United States edited by Walter Bockting & Eric Avery (Haworth Medical Press) gives readers the latest assessment of the health needs of the transgender population.

The impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic on the transgender community has been largely ignored, and as yet there is surprisingly little research data on the subject of health care and HIV prevention in this marginalized population. Even though recent studies show estimated HIV infection rates to be as much as 60 percent among specific transgender populations in the United States, the transgender community continues to receive inadequate healthcare support. Transgender Health and HIV Prevention tackles the problems inherent in the healthcare system by first assessing the needs of transgender persons, then offering specific practical recommendations for remedy. Top researchers in partnership with community members in San Francisco, Houston, Washington DC, Chicago, Boston, Philadelphia, New England, San Juan, and Minneapolis/St. Paul bring empirical data together to assess what has to be done to stem the HIV epidemic. Respected experts discuss issues that hinder the effectiveness of HIV prevention programs, including housing, mental health, and employment, as well as the unique broader problems of social stigma, discrimination, and the lack of transgender knowledge and sensitivity on the part of health providers and prevention workers.

Transgender Health and HIV Prevention explores in detail:

  • Health and social services needs of African-Americans, Latinas, and Asian/Pacific Islanders.
  • Sources for the high rates of HIV infection among male-to-female transgender persons.
  • The prevalence of physical and sexual violence, substance abuse, and unemployment in the transgender community.
  • Risk behaviors of male-to-female transgender persons.
  • Health care providers’ ignorance, insensitivity, and discrimination – with training strategies to increase patient access and effectiveness of care.
  • How traditional notions about femininity affect risk behaviors.
  • A comparison between transgender persons and other sexual minorities.

This book is referenced with tables to clarify data.

Shares information from critical needs assessments on how transgender people may be served in the widest possible way. – Ronni L. Sanlo, EdD, Director, UCLA Lesbian Gay Bisexual Transgender Center

An essential resource for the work of HIV prevention and health. This collection is impressive for its meticulous representation of a community characterized by both common concerns and identity claims and by the many divergences occurring within its members. Adequate and needs-sensitive health care is vital for a community that by and large depends on medical support, is vulnerable to HIV infection, and whose marginalized status also renders it vulnerable to discrimination and hatred. – Dina Georgis, PhD, Assistant Professor and LGBT Certificate Program Coordinator, Department of Women’s Studies, Queen’s University

Transgender Health and HIV Prevention fills a void by providing a groundbreaking empirical assessment of the health needs of transgender persons in several areas around the United States. The book is essential reading for educators, students, researchers, public health professionals, social workers, health care providers, HIV/AIDS caregivers, and prevention workers.

Health, Mind & Body / Exercise & Fitness / Women’s Health

Body after Baby: The Simple 30-Day Plan to Lose Your Baby Weight by Jackie Keller (Avery)

Finally, the book all new mothers have been waiting for: Body after Baby by Jackie Keller.

Nutrition and lifestyle coach and founder of NutriFit, Keller has helped many Hollywood stars and moms get back into shape, including Uma Thurman, Marcia Gay Harden and Tia Carrere. In this book she reveals to women everywhere can learn the secrets of her ‘foolproof’ plan. Doctor-approved, Body after Baby combines nutrition and gentle, healing movements that can be done with baby. According to Keller, not only will Body after Baby help new moms lose the weight they gained – but it will also help them feel their best, look great, sleep better, experience less stress, and give them the energy they need to keep up with their new baby and the rest of their family.

As Keller says, "If you follow the plan, you'll see up to 20 pounds of the weight you gained during pregnancy disappear in 30 days and you won't feel that overwhelming hunger or the fatigue that is associated with new motherhood."

The key ingredient of the recipes and meals are super-fuel foods that are high in nutrients and antioxidants and help readers lose weight. Strawberries, almonds, sweet potatoes, and even dark chocolate are all super-fuel foods that will keep new moms satisfied as they follow the plan. According to Keller, "Chocolate stimulates the production of serotonin, which helps to induce a sense of well-being naturally. This can lead to sounder sleep – what a wonderful treat!"

The 30-day Body after Baby plan is divided into three, ten-day phases and includes more than 100 recipes. The menus have been developed to make moms' lives ‘super easy’ – each recipe takes no longer than 10 minutes to prepare. There are also meal options for vegetarian moms, as well as breastfeeding and non-breastfeeding moms. On every day of the plan, they also learn a targeted, natural exercise movement so they can build a short workout routine designed to tighten and tone the whole body. Complete with easy-to-follow, day-by-day instructions and illustrations, Body after Baby also features helpful weekly shopping lists and tips for reading labels.

Jackie Keller delivers a wise plan.... Her good food and exercise regimen make perfect sense. – Mehmet C. Oz, M.D. professor and vice-chairman of surgery, Columbia University and bestselling coauthor of You: The Owner's Manual
Jackie proves that if you just stay the course, weight loss will follow! – Tia Carrere

Body after Baby will not only help moms get back into those favorite jeans, but it will also reduce their stress and give them more time and energy to spend with their new baby. New moms and their families will love the recipes Hollywood moms and celebrities can't live without, including Uma Thurman's much-loved Chocolate Chip Fondue. But most of all, new moms will love how quickly and easily they'll lose their baby weight on Keller's plan.

History / Americas / Reference / Journalism

People's Movements, People's Press: The Journalism of Social Justice Movements by Bob Ostertag (Beacon Press)

America was born in an act of rebellion, and protest and dissent have been crucial to our democracy ever since. Along the way, move­ments for social justice have created a wide array of pamphlets, broadsides, newsletters, newspapers, and even glossy magazines.

In 1971, at the age of thirteen, future author Bob Ostertag found himself moved and fascinated by the scene unfolding on the television screen in his family living room. He watched as approximately two thousand Vietnam War veterans marched to the nation's Capitol to ‘return their war-won honors’ – their medals and honorable discharges – to the American government. The veterans spoke words of defiance, solidarity, peace, and anger as they combined a memorial for those comrades lost in the war with a strong call for protest and change. This act, organized through the underground GI press that served as the heart of the anti-war movement, remains a vivid and important memory for Ostertag, a musician and professor of technocultural studies at UC Davis who has written widely on political subjects. He explains, "The image is etched in my mind forever. It fundamentally shaped my understanding of war, of government, and of what constitutes meaningful protest."

Now, in People's Movements, People's Press, Ostertag offers an account of the inextricable links between social change and independent journalism, beginning with an account of William Lloyd Garrison's self-published abolitionist paper, The Liberator, in 1830. Ostertag examines the formation of alternative media sources within the context of five major movements of social change – Abolition, Women's Suffrage, Gay Liberation, The GI/Vietnam Antiwar Campaign, and Environmentalism. Offering readers a fresh perspective on America's long history of protest and rebellion, he gives a voice to the individuals and communities behind these publications and evaluates their impact based on their place within each movement's trajectory.

Ostertag taps into the ways in which journalism becomes a powerful vehicle for social agency. Reminding readers that "words matter, but only when something is done with them," he emphasizes the potential for social transformation that exists within all of us. Detailing the development of and key players in publications from Walker's Appeal to The Lesbian Tide to Vietnam GI, Ostertag's research reinforces the power of journalism: "Testimonies down through the decades speak of the singular impact that movement journals have had for individuals in this transformation from passive isolation to engaged citizen." He builds a people's history of social change, illuminating the very words that inspired zeal for change, spurred political, cultural, and social action, and strengthened solidarity amongst like-minded activists.

While the print runs were often modest for many of the publications Ostertag highlights, the force behind them was far from timid. Noting that one cannot use traditional, corporate indicators to evaluate the impact of activist media, Ostertag analyzes the way each publication fits into a cultural and political landscape and, with publications of varied characters and opinion coexisting and shaping each movement, he reveals the ways in which independent journalism has become essential to activism past, present, and future. "The independent media form a counterculture in the most literal sense: a culture based in community and individual creativity . . . this counterculture will be crucial to whatever the future holds for movements for social justice."

This story takes readers from the sparse, privately owned media environment of the nine­teenth century to the corporate media saturation of the present. Within these publications, we find debates about the direction of a movement; impassioned cries for rights and civil liberties; lonely voices reaching out to others after being alienated by the mainstream press and the unaccepting world around them; and demands that now seem surprisingly reasonable but were at one time quite revolutionary. Ostertag tells the story not only of the publications but of the many colorful characters who created them.

The story of the social justice movement press is deeply intertwined with the story of the move­ments themselves. Ostertag shows how reliance on the printed word fundamentally shaped what we now know as social movements. People's Movements, People's Press, then, offers a new view – from the ground up – of social transformation in America and raises the question of how social movements will change as they move from print to the Internet as their primary means of communication.

People's Movements, People's Press is an extremely useful inter­vention into the historical debate of the meanings of journalism, democracy, and their various uses and complications. Its measured tone and extensive research are particularly welcome, given the potential volatility of the topic. Highly recommended. – Eric Alterman, author of What Liberal Media?

Bob Ostertag's People's Movements, People's Press fills a gaping hole both in our understanding of social movements and our understanding of the relationship of journalism to democracy. This is a wonderful book and a delightful read that deserves the attention of all who care about journalism and social justice. – Robert W. McChesney, author of The Problem of the Media

A wonderfully illuminating book. Movements are in large part about communication, and the journalistic efforts of the abolitionists, the women who fought for the right to vote, the environmentalists, and the gay liberation and Vietnam antiwar movements bring the hopes and moral outrage that fueled these movements to life. – Frances Fox Piven, author of The War at Home

This is a piece of our history that everyone concerned about the past and future of our democracy needs to know. – Eric Foner, author of The Story of American Freedom

As large corporations take over every available media outlet, People's Movements, People's Press reminds readers of the great value and historical importance of independent, activist-driven media. By telling the story of the newspapers and magazines of these movements, Ostertag shows the power of the written word to mobilize activists behind a political cause. Concise, accessible, and appropriately urgent, People's Movements, People's Press is an important book of journalism history as well as a call to arms for young activists ready to change their world.

History / Asia / India / Biographies & Memoirs

Maharanis: The Extraordinary Tale of Four Indian Queens and Their Journey from Purdah to Parliament by Lucy Moore (Penguin Books)

Maharanis traces the characters that demolish every known stereotype and shape the emerging modern, democratic society in India.
Originally published by Viking in January 2005, Maharanis recounts the adventures of three generations of Indian queens, starting with 1857 Indian Mutiny and continuing to the present. Ranging from the final days of the Raj and the British Empire to the present, Lucy Moore, magazine writer and novelist, recreates a lost world and describes India’s national growing pains through the audacious lives of four ravishing, influential women of the same family:

  • Sunity Devi, mother of the dashing Jit, was a favorite of the British aristocracy and made Queen Victoria godmother of her son Victor.
  • Chimnabai, her in-law, was the first to break purdah, in 1913.
  • Indira, Chimnabai's daughter, defied her parents to marry Jit for love, became the regent of her husband's state, and counted among her friends Noel Coward, Douglas Fairbanks, Jimmy Stewart, and the Prince of Wales, the future Edward VIII.
  • Ayesiia, Indira's equally fashionable daughter, and friend to the Kennedys, was elected – with the greatest majority ever recorded – to the parliament of an independent India in 1962.

Until the 1920s, being a Maharani – the wife of a Maharajah – meant being tantalizingly close to the power and glamour of the Raj, but locked away by purdah, the law that required women to cover themselves with clothing that effectively acted as chattel. The cast of characters in Maharanis engender these rigid cultural mores, but dare to push the envelope just the same: beginning with Sunity Devi, Moore paints a delicious and irreverent portrait of the lives of radical women of India.

The lives of these influential, immensely colorful women embody the delicate interplay between rulers and the ruled, race and culture, subservience and independence, Eastern and Western ideas, and ancient and modern ways of life in the bejeweled exuberance of Indian aristocratic life in the final days of both the Raj and the British Empire.

Imagine Amanda Foreman crossed with Simon Schama and you have Lucy Moore. – The New Statesman

Erudite, poignant, and compelling. With this exotic and flamboyant story, Lucy Moore brings India to life in a way rarely achieved by English historians. – Simon Sebag Montefiore, author of Stalin: The Court of the Red Tsar

Exotic in detail yet clear in its historical treatment, this is a fascinating picture of a vanished world. – Sarah Bradford, author of America’s Queen and Lucrezia Borgia

Drawing on accounts from the waning days of the Raj and the British Empire to the present, Moore (The Thieves' Opera) brings exhaustive research to bear on the stories of four Indian queens who used their power to help forge social change. Her fly-on-the-wall approach gives their triumphs and struggles immediacy. – Publishers Weekly

A maharani is the wife of a maharaja, and through the lives of four such Indian queens, in two linked families over three generations, Moore demonstrates the changing currents of Indian politics and customs. …The changes of the twentieth century seem to have been easier on the women than on their husbands and sons. With only a few exceptions (including Devi's husband, who had a heart attack during a polo match), the men died young, from complications of severe alcoholism. – The New Yorker
… Moore revels in every detail – from the elegance of the maharanis' attire to the complexities of Indian family life and politics to the trauma and heroism of breaking with tradition – in her scintillating portrait of four revolutionary Indian queens. – Donna Seaman, Booklist

Maharanis is the breathtaking tale of four women who overcame terrible personal loss and centuries of tradition to live lives of adventure, passion, and political influence. While the innumerable cultural and political changes that occurred in India during this period have been well-documented in non-fiction, Moore's triumph is in creating in Maharanis a novel that stands on its own as great fiction even as it authentically describes Indian life over the past 150 years.

History / Military / Europe

Agincourt: Henry V and the Battle That Made England by Juliet Barker (Little Brown and Company)

From a master historian comes this astonishing chronicle of life in medieval Europe and the battle that altered the course of an empire.  

St. Crispin’s Day, 1415.

Two armies face off across a sodden plateau in northeastern France, each wait­ing for the other to make the first move. On one side are the English, suffering from dysentery and starvation, their numbers devastated. Arrayed against them is a rested and well-fed French army, a sea of burnished armor and menacing weaponry primed to slaughter the foolish invaders. Nevertheless, the charismatic and brilliant English king, twenty-eight-year-old Henry V, defies conventional military wisdom and leads his ‘band of brothers’ forward. His troops are outnumbered six to one.

What follows is one of the most remarkable battles in history, celebrated for almost six centuries as the classic triumph of the underdog in the face of seemingly insurmountable odds. Immortalized by Shakespeare and by contemporary historians, the battle of Agincourt has been embellished and edited by the quill of unbridled nationalism. Now, drawing on a wide range of primary sources and original research, in Agincourt, eminent medievalist and historian, Juliet Barker casts aside the myth and shows readers the truth behind Henry's invasion of France and the showdown at Agincourt. She paints a narrative of the entire campaign, from the preparations to the reaping of the spoils. Readers are there in the English camps as common men struggle to secure buckles and laces with numb fingers; in the French front lines as petulant noblemen squabble over positions in the vanguard; and in the deep mud as heavily armed knights stumble and struggle under a barrage of arrows so thick and fast that it darkens the skies.

Barker also takes readers beyond the battlefield to bring into focus the dynamics of medieval life in peace and war. Readers meet ordinary and extraordinary people such as Margaret Merssh, a female blacksmith who forges arms in the Tower of London; Lord Grey of Codnor, who pawns his own armor to pay his soldiers' wages; and Raoul de Gaucourt, the gallant French knight who surrenders himself into English custody simply because the code of chivalry compels him to do so.

If you buy just one book of history this year, choose this one. Juliet Barker's Agincourt, like Henry's achievement, is a triumph. – Bernard Cornwell, Mail on Sunday

Juliet Barker's splendid book omits no detail.... Ms. Barker is a specialist in tournaments and chivalry, and this serves her excellently here…. Wonderfully vivid, clear, and involving. She never forgets that a military campaign is made up of human beings. All the terror, dust, and dirt of war is here. – The Economist

Thoroughly readable.... Barker has done Henry V and his troops proud. – Michael Prestwich, Times Literary Supplement

Barker's great achievement lies in her treatment of the less familiar elements of this dramatic story.... An engrossing account, laced with unexpected and arresting images. – Helen Castor, Guardian

Barker, a British biographer (The Brontës) and accomplished medievalist, brings an excellent synergy of academic and literary skills to this study of the 1415 British campaign in France and the battle that was its climax, around which she elaborately reconstructs the conflict's antecedents. … Barker shows that the battle hung by a thread: French numbers against English desperation, with courage a common virtue. She also illustrates how Agincourt was decisive – not only for its consequences in France. An English defeat would have meant chaos, perhaps civil war. Destiny on both sides of the Channel turned on the outcome of St. Crispin's Day. – Publishers Weekly (starred review)

Already hailed by critics in the United Kingdom as a masterpiece, Barker's Agincourt is a timeless saga of courage, sacrifice, and vengeance. Drawing upon a wide range of sources, Barker casts aside the legend and shows readers that the truth behind Agincourt is just as exciting, just as fascinating, and far more significant. She paints a gripping narrative of the October 1415 clash, but she also takes readers into palaces and common cottages to bring into vivid focus an entire medieval world in flux. Populated with chivalrous heroes, dastardly spies, and a ferocious and bold king, Agincourt is as earthshaking as its subject – and will confirm Barker's status as both a historian and a storyteller of the first rank.

History / Military / Iraq War

Roughneck Nine-One: The Extraordinary Story of a Special Forces A-team at War by Frank Antenori & Hans Halberstadt (St. Martin’s Press)

At roughly 7:30am (local time) on April 6, 2003, twenty-six Green Berets, along with three Air Force bomb targeters and two additional support troops, faced off against a reinforced Iraqi motorized rifle company that included well over 150 heavily armed soldiers, four T-55 main battle tanks, eight MTLB armored personnel carriers, and heavy artillery support on call. SFC Frank Antenori, U.S. Army (Ret.) leading the Special Forces A-team, was at the forefront of the battle that day. His actions, and those who served with him, are now the stuff of legend.

Antenori, along with Hans Halberstadt, co-author of some 50 military books, captures the events of April 6 in Roughneck Nine-One. In that battle, those twenty-six Green Berets, including those of Antenori's Special Forces A-team (call sign Roughneck Nine-One), led a violent, 5-hour battle against a vastly superior force at the remote crossroads near the village of Debecka, Iraq. In an already legendary conflict that will influence US Army doctrine for years to come, the Green Berets stopped an enemy unit that included battle tanks and more than 150 well-trained, well-equipped, and well-commanded soldiers. Any normal American light infantry unit finding itself outnumbered over five to one and outgunned on the ground by such a heavily armored force would have turned and run for cover. But Green Berets don't like to run and ‘Nine-One Don't Run’ was Antenori's team's motto from the very begin­ning. In a spectacular fight, they battled Iraqi tanks and personnel until only a handful of Iraqi survivors finally fled the battlefield.

The story of heroism, though, has a flip side, as Antenori reports in Roughneck Nine-One. Of the many aspects of the book that will spark discussion is Antenori's assertion of cowardice against his commanding officer – called ‘Major X’ in the book. Also causing a stir is Antenori's account of the news reporters who essentially interfered with the battle; one of them even tried to get the U.S. troops to cease fire on the enemy. But perhaps the most heart-rending moment came during one of the few instances of support these troops received which resulted in the accidental dropping of a 500-pound bomb from a U.S. Navy F-14 into the middle of a group of supporting Kurdish Peshmerga fighters, killing and wounding dozens of allies.

Roughneck Nine-One is a rare an unexpectedly personal look into the elite world of a Special Forces A-Team. – Gunnery Sgt. Jack Coughlin, USMC, and bestselling author of Shooter

A terrific inside look at a Special Forces A-Team at war. Frank Antenori didn't pull any punches in combat, and he doesn't in this book either. – Sean Naylor, New York Times bestselling author of Not a Good Day to Die

Pure Special Forces – deadly, professional...Cool! – Jim Morris, Major U.S. Army Special Forces (Ret.) and author of War Story

Roughneck Nine-One, written with retired Green Beret SFC Frank Antenori, is clearly Hans Halberstadt's best work yet! He brings to the table his exceptional background and years of well-honed expertise in writing book on special operations. This, combined with Antenori's ‘eyes on, ground truth’ Special Forces soldier's experience, perspective, and insights, produces a truly groundbreaking, first-of-a-kind book. – Colonel Gerald Schumacher, U.S. Army Special Forces (Ret.) and author of To Be a U.S. Army Green Beret and A Bloody Business: American War Zone Contractors and the Occupation of Iraq

Frank Antenori and Hans Halberstadt team up to give readers an updated version of the classic ‘David and Goliath’ story, a powerful no-holds-barred, first-hand account of actual ground combat in Iraq. Roughneck Nine-One most definitely captures the professionalism, comradeship, self-sacrifice, and courage that define the heart and soul of America's finest warriors – U.S. Army Special Forces. A must read book! – Col. Tom Yarborough, USAF, and author of Da Nang Diary

This is the never before told, unsanitized, unedited story of the fight for the crossroads at Debecka, Iraq, and a unique inside look at a Special Forces A-team as it recruits and organizes, trains for combat, and eventually fights a battle against a huge oppos­ing force in Iraq. One of the most captivating stories of the Iraq War, Roughneck Nine-One is a powerful and revealing story of the role of Special Forces in the ongoing war in Iraq. This is a book destined to change readers’ perceptions of war and the quagmire that has become the situation in Iraq.

History / World / Islamic / Current Events

Alms for Jihad: Charity and Terrorism in the Islamic World by J. Millard Burr & Robert O. Collins (Cambridge University Press)

The Moving Finger writes; and having writ
Moves on: nor all your Piety nor Wit
Shall lure it back to cancel half a Line.
Nor all your Tears wash out a word of it.
- The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam

Giving to charity is incumbent upon every Muslim. Throughout history, Muslims have donated to the poor and to charitable endowments set up for the purposes of promoting Islam through the construction of mosques, schools, and hospitals. There has been a dramatic proliferation of Islamic charities recently, many of which were created in the declining decades of the twentieth century by the infusion of oil money into the Muslim world. While most are legitimate, considerable evidence reveals that others have more questionable intentions, and that funds have been diverted to support terrorist groups, such as al-Qaeda. The authors, J. Millard Burr, former United States logistics advisor for Operation Lifeline Sudan, and Robert O. Collins, Emeritus Professor of History in the University of California, Santa Barbara, examine the contention in Alms for Jihad. Using a vast array of resources, they conduct a detailed investigation of the charities involved, their financial intermediaries, and the terrorist organizations themselves. What they discover is that money from these charities has funded conflicts across the world, from the early days in Afghanistan, to subsequent terrorist activities in Asia, Africa, Palestine and, most recently, Europe and the United States.
Chapters in Alms for Jihad include

  1. The third pillar of Islam: zakat
  2. Saudi Arabia and its Islamic charities
  3. The banks
  4. Afghanistan beginnings
  5. Islamic charities and the revolutionary Sudan
  6. Islam at war in the Balkans
  7. Russia and the Central Asian Crescent
  8. From Afghanistan to Southeast Asia
  9. The Holy Land
  10. The Islamization of Europe
  11. Islamic charities in North America

Alms for Jihad makes a clear distinc­tion between those Islamic charities – some several score – which supported jihad to achieve the Islamist state and the many thousands devoted to humanitarian and religious purposes throughout both the Islamic and non-Muslim worlds. Although few in number, those charities with an Islamist agenda were not only the largest but the wealthiest Islamic charities, which enabled them, through the disbursement of a great deal of money, to support the religious commitment and objectives of the small Islamist minority among the world's Muslims by jihad, including the use of terror. This very complex tale of intense religious belief to justify the disregard for human life and the manner by which it was carried out is the subject of Alms for Jihad.

It begins after 1973 with the acquisition of an enormous amount of wealth by the members of OPEC, particularly Saudi Arabia, in return for petroleum to quench the insatiable thirst of the West, particularly the United States, for oil. The primitive financial institutions in Saudi Arabia and the Islamic world at that time were slow to respond to the management of such large sums of revenue. They had neither the trained staff nor experience in banking, and the Islamic restriction against interest on borrowed money, the very foundation of western banking, spawned new and fragile systems of fiscal management by Islamic banks to complement the traditional institution of hawala to transfer large sums with little accountability. Wealthy donors were increasingly inclined to satisfy their zakat obligation and to distribute their excess wealth as an act of religious piety (sadaqa and waaf) through donations to the traditional institution of the Islamic charity. This abundance of charitable produced, in the late 1980s and early 1990s, an astonishing proliferation of new charities established by wealthy Saudis, which had, however, a more specific agenda – to promote the Wahhabi Islam of Saudi Arabia – unlike the older, less ideological charities, which promoted Islam by humanitarian relief and the construction of mosques and schools, but not jihad.

As told in Alms for Jihad, the invasion of Muslim Afghanistan by the kafirin communists of the Soviet Union was greeted with outrage throughout the Muslim world, and sparked a determination to defend Islam, providing an opportunity for the new Islamic charities to use their wealth to fund jihad in Afghanistan, where its distribution was increasingly managed by Islamists to promote their ideological objectives by any means, cloaked in the mantle of Wahhabism. When the disintegrating Soviet Union withdrew from Afghanistan in 1989, the Islamist leadership was determined not to remain solely in that country, which had plunged into civil war, but to seek their objectives throughout the world by utilizing the veteran Afghan-Arab mujahideen ready to die for the Islamist faith by jihad. From Afghanistan – or, more precisely, Peshawar – the mujahideen under numerous leaders scattered in cells throughout the globe, for they could hardly return to their homelands, whose secular governments would have instantly incarcerated or killed them.

At first they found a safe haven in the Sudan, whose revolutionary Islamist government had come to power in 1989, the year that the Afghan war ended. Here they were welcomed, and accommodated in a score of jihadist training camps scattered in the semi-arid desert surrounding Khartoum, financed by a spate of new – mainly Saudi – charities, which had suddenly appeared in the capital. These Afghan-Arab mujahideen could not resist the call for military assistance by the beleaguered Bosniaks in the Balkans. Other Islamist jihadists, with support from Islamic charities, went to assist the Muslims of Central Asia, Transcaucasia, and Chechnya, while a separate group had returned directly from Peshawar to the Philippines and elsewhere throughout Southeast Asia. While the use of jihad in the Holy Land may have had intellectual roots similar to those of the Salafist Islamists, its primary aim, expressed by the Intifada and suicide bombers and supported by Saudi charitable giving, was to destroy Israel, and only then to establish the Islamist state in Palestine. Finally, jihad by the use of terror and funded by Islamic charities arrived in Europe, its Islamist proponents submerged within the great wave of Muslim immigration, and took the form of terrorist attacks in Amsterdam, Madrid, and London; but the greatest confrontation between jihadist Islamist terrorists and the West had already succeeded in the destruction, with great loss of life, of the World Trade Center in New York on 9/11.

According to Alms for Jihad, it was this act that galvanized the United States to mobilize the resources, not only of its allies, but, slowly and painfully, those of other Muslim countries, against terrorism; and President Bush has declared that "money is the lifeblood of terrorism." Scores of national and international agencies have been created to interdict and disrupt the flow of financial resources required to sustain terrorism, with mixed results. The United States has been the most aggressive in this pursuit of the financial sources of terrorism and has curtailed or closed the activities in America of the large and wealthy MWL, IIRO, the Rabita Trust, and especially the Islamic Society of North America, with surprisingly little reaction from the Saudi government and relative silence about attacks in the US media on Saudi ‘missionaries’ disseminating egregious Wah­habist propaganda in American mosques.

After two decades, funding for the Islamist movement by specific Islamic charities appears to be in sharp decline. Certainly, the vast financial networks that have been erected throughout the world to combat terrorism are responsible for the constricted flow of money laundered through Islamic charities; but the Islamists have had considerable experience and skill in acquiring and moving money, and no sooner has one network been disabled than another usually appears, in a different form and using different methods. The efforts to impede the flow of charitable funds to Islamist jihadists has also been greatly facilitated by "103 charities suspected of raising funds for terror [that] have been shut or otherwise neutralized in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Yemen and Kuwait alone." In October 2005 Saudi Arabia announced that King Abdullah, Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, had called for an Extraordinary Islamic Summit to be held in Mecca in December 2005 under the aegis of the OIC. Among the issues for the fifty-seven Muslim nations to consider was the creation of a poverty fund as one significant step in response to the difficulties encountered in achieving greater transparency regarding the purposes for which the billions of dollars of charitable donations are used throughout the Muslim world. Never known for taking strong stands on unpleasant subjects, the OIC would now have the mandate to distinguish between the many thousands of humanitarian and good works performed by Islamic charities and those that would be considered criminal. The book does not report on the results of this meeting.

Alms for Jihad is a ground-breaking book, the first to piece together, from a vast array of sources, the secret and complex financial systems that support terror.

History / World / Renaissance

The Da Vinci Kit: Mysteries of the Renaissance Decoded by Andrew Langley (Running Press)

When it comes to the enigmatic Leonardo da Vinci and his masterpieces, can you separate truth from fiction?

The Da Vinci Kit will appeal to fans of the Da Vinci Code who hunger for more information about the enigmatic Leonardo Da Vinci, his masterpieces, and the Renaissance era that defined him. Readers can interact with the kit to uncover the secrets of Da Vinci's highly debated masterpieces with this investigation of the original Renaissance man. Readers examine Da Vinci's handwritten notes and sketches and explore his interests in architecture, anatomy, botany, and engineering to gain insight into one of history's most puzzling figures. Activities include learning more about Da Vinci and his influences, constructing a detailed model of the famed Duomo, examining Da Vinci's personal journals, recreating Da Vinci’s flying machine, and restoring The Last Supper.

This interactive exploration includes tools for recreating the master's art and inventions and a model of the famous cathedral dome that dominated the skyline of his childhood home. The Da Vinci Kit contains:

  • 32-page, full-color history of Leonardo da Vinci.
  • Facsimile sketchbook containing Da Vinci's handwritten notes.
  • The Last Supper restoration simulator.
  • Replica of Leonardo's flying machine.
  • Punched sketch study for The Last Supper.
  • Detailed paper model of Florence's famed Duomo.
  • Full-color timeline of Da Vinci's life and influences.
  • Alberti Grid for drawing like the Masters.
  • Charcoal sketching stick.

The Da Vinci Kit contains the keys to uncovering a fascinating world of discovery, invention, and great mystery in an appealing, interactive format perfect for those who like to get involved in a hands-on way.

Home & Garden / Crafts & Hobbies

A Fresh Twist on Fabric Folding: 6 Techniques 20 Quilt & Decor Projects by Rebecca Wat (C&T Publishing, Inc.)

Rebecca Wat, origami expert and quilt maker, amazed quilters with the ideas she unveiled in Fantastic Fabric Folding. Now she’s back with A Fresh Twist on Fabric Folding – six more exciting folding techniques and their innovative twists. The book contains 20 quilt & décor projects, including quilts, pillows, and even a little girl’s dress, all with exotic folded-fabric embellishments. They combine origami and quilt making to create three-dimensional art that is often seen in museums.

Each chapter in A Fresh Twist on Fabric Folding begins by introducing a fabric-folding technique. The folding instructions are provided, followed by several related projects. Readers discover how to use these techniques to create fabulous quilts with dimension and unique texture. Readers also learn how to modify or enhance these techniques – pressing them differently, inserting contrasting fabrics, adding embellishments, stuffing them with batting, and so on – which gives quilters more options when incorporating them into their projects. The last chapter provides some quilting basics, which beginning quilters will find particularly useful.

One way to make the most out of A Fresh Twist on Fabric Folding is to learn as many of the folding techniques as possible. Readers just need to follow the folding instructions in each chapter and practice with scrap fabric or paper. Once readers have learned to make these fabric models, they will be equipped with new techniques that they can freely apply to many sewing projects.

Wat says, “I am a different kind of quilter. I have an acute interest in fabric manipulation and origami. When struck by an inner urge to create something, I just pick up a piece of square fabric or paper and experiment with folding it in different ways. Over the years, with some patience and luck, I have created many extraordinary three-dimensional fabric models, such as flowers, butterflies, stars, pinwheels, bow ties, kimonos, and so on – all fashioned from a single piece of fabric. Most of these models are designed to be pieced into a quilt like regular quilt blocks.”

The twenty projects presented in A Fresh Twist on Fabric Folding demonstrate how to use these three-dimensional fabric models in quilts. They also display a variety of styles, from traditional to contemporary, occidental to oriental, and the marriage of both. Readers will see adaptations of traditional blocks like Log Cabin and Bow Tie, as well as brand-new ideas that do not conform to any block designs and are not bound by any rules. Wat also mixes and matches different fabrics (silk, lace, satin, cotton) with contrasting themes (denim look-alike, oriental floral). In addition, she uses a variety of binding methods – straight grain, prairie points, scallops – to give these quilts the right finishing touch.

A Fresh Twist on Fabric Folding will help readers see new possibilities, so the next time they pick up a piece of fabric, they will look at it quite differently than before. The book contains exciting new projects ranging from subtle to stunning. New techniques and sophisticated fabrics contribute to a major WOW factor. The book will appeal to both beginners and more advanced quilters.

Home & Garden / Crafts & Hobbies / Computers & Internet

Creative Computer Crafts: 50 Fun and Useful Products You Can Make with Any Inkjet Printer by Marcelle Costanza (No Starch Press) shows readers how to make craft projects using a printer and basic computing skills.

With Creative Computer Crafts, Marcelle Costanza has written a how-to book for both the newbie and the more seasoned computer crafter, describing projects that will keep any level of reader engaged. Readers don’t have to be computer scientists to apply technology to their crafting projects. In Creative Computer Crafts, they discover how easy it can be to take their imaginations to the next level by using a computer and inkjet printer.

Packed with hints, ideas, and step-by-step instructions, Creative Computer Crafts helps readers jump in to try the projects described. All projects include directions, diagrams, and full-color photos of the finished product. The book includes a resource list of websites and message boards to help readers connect to the computer crafting community, as well as an exhaustive supplier directory for finding computer crafting materials.

Author Costanza started crafting as a hobby 20 years ago, selling her work at local flea markets, and once she discovered software for things like making greeting cards and banners, she was hooked. Her business and its website have become a destination for crafting advice and resources and a forum for swapping project ideas.

Some of the projects described are beginner-level and even kids can get involved. As projects increase in sophistication, readers pick up new techniques and skills.

This book is packed with more projects, patterns and templates for computer crafting than anything else out there. You don't have to be an artsy-fartsy type to enjoy making these crafts, nor do you need to be a computer wizard to be successful with them. Virtually all of the newest computer models come bundled with software that encourages users to get creative, and digital photography has gone mainstream, so this book is a perfect way for anyone to have fun with the high-tech equipment that's in most homes today. – Bill Pollock, founder of No Starch Press

Arts and crafts just got more exciting. With the release of Creative Computer Crafts, would-be Martha Stewarts can apply simple technology to all sorts of projects and achieve impressive results. From picture frames to party favors, the book will have readers making items that are suitable for gift-giving but also want to keep for themselves.

Home & Garden / Interior Design / Remodeling & Renovation

Good Green Kitchens by Jennifer Roberts (Gibbs Smith, Publisher)

Expectations have never been so high for the kitchen. It has to look great, of course, and hold up to the demands of today's fast-paced lifestyles. Not only that, the kitchen, as the heart of our home, must to exude health and be a vibrant space that nurtures body and soul. The newest book from green advocate and consultant, Jennifer Roberts, Good Green Kitchens inspires and informs homeowners to incorporate eco­friendly design into their next kitchen-improvement project.

Green building or green remodeling is quite simply an improvement on conventional practices – with an emphasis on energy efficiency, conserving natural resources, and creating a healthy home. What makes a kitchen green? Good Green Kitchens shows that eco-friendly design is a continuum that's shaded from light to dark green. At the light green end are easy-to-do steps such as choosing less polluting paints or selecting energy-efficient appliances. At the darker green end are strategies like using certified or reclaimed wood, consciously choosing to simplify or downsize, or using the kitchen project as a launching point for greening the whole house.

Good Green Kitchens offers detailed how-to guidance for redecorating and building an eco-friendly kitchen. Readers tour ten cutting-edge kitchens that share one major detail – all are at the forefront of eco-friendly design. Chapters cover a range of topics including: the big picture, floors, new homes, counter and wall surfaces, modern style, and old houses. The book gives the lowdown on what's green and what's not, including:

  • Extensive resource lists of eco-friendly products, manu­facturers and retailers.
  • More than 150 color photos of beautiful kitchens and enticing products.
  • Up-close profiles of beautiful, green kitchens and the people who created them.
  • Tips for environmentally responsible redecorating, remod­eling, and building from the ground up.
  • In-depth chapters on greener alternatives for flooring, kitchen storage, countertops, and appliances.
  • Strategies for greening the whole house.
  • Guidance on how to keep pollutants out of the kitchen.
  • Tips for keeping costs in check.

From range hoods to refrigerators, from cook top options to daylighting designs, from old-fashioned favorites like natural linoleum to hot new products like recycled-glass counters, Good Green Kitchens is the ultimate resource for creating a dream green kitchen. With striking color photography, easy-to-understand text, and an extensive resource list of recommended products, manufacturers, and retailers, Good Green Kitchens is a must-have – whether taking small steps to a green kitchen, or planning a comprehensive remodel. Even if readers are not planning a top-to-bottom kitchen re-do, this book offers practical, everyday solutions that will contribute to a healthier planet.

Literature & Fiction / Action & Adventure / Historical

Brethren: An Epic Adventure of the Knights Templar by Robyn Young (Dutton)

On the eve of the last crusade...
One young knight, bound by faith, driven by valor, begins a quest to protect a secret that could change the course of history irrevocably.

A richly detailed, epic historical adventure set in Paris, London, Egypt, and Palestine on the eve of the last Crusade, Brethren, by creative writing teacher and first time novelist Robyn Young, tells the story of a young knight's search for a mysterious (and potentially deadly) book belonging to a secret organization within the Knights Templar.

When young Will Campbell joins the most powerful organization in Europe, The Order of the Knights Templar, he finds himself drawn into a world of intrigue and danger. Apprenticed to the foul-tempered scholar Everard, he must try to make sense of many things: his own past; the dangerous mystery that surrounds Everard; and his feelings for Elwen, the strong-willed young woman whose path seems linked with his own. He is charged with recovering a heretical book stolen from the order's vaults – but what Will doesn't know is that the book, in the form of a Grail Romance, hides the covert plans of a secret group within the Temple known as the Anima Templi: the Soul of the Temple. Whoever controls the book controls the fate of the Templars – and it seems that everyone around Will is ready to kill to possess it.

Meanwhile, a new star is rising in the East. The former slave Baybars Bundukdari, an ambitious commander in the Egyptian army, has become one of the greatest generals of his time. After assassinating the sultan, he takes control of Egypt and Syria. Haunted by his early life, he is driven by an unquenchable desire to free his people from the European invaders of his homeland. Baybar campaigns for a new Holy War that will cripple an empire and bring the Crusaders to their knees.

From the filthy backstreets of Paris and London to the burning plains of Syria, these stories come together on the eve of the Last Crusade in Brethren.

Writing medieval stories is one of the toughest jobs in historical fiction, because there are so many details we just don't know – how people talked to each other, how they loved each other. But Robyn Young has written an intricate, compelling, captivating and, above all, believable story. Brethren is a brilliant piece of sustained imagination. – David Boyle, author of The Troubadour's Song: The Capture, Imprisonment & Ransom of Richard the Lionheart

Wonderful... loaded with atmosphere, action, and intrigue... The Crusades come alive. – Steve Berry, bestselling author of The Templar Legacy

Brethren is one of the best historical debuts in recent memory. Exciting and enthralling, it gripped me from the first page and left me waiting anxiously for the next installment. – John Connolly, bestselling author of Bad Men 
Pacy and well-written, with vivid, convincing characters, Brethren captures your interest until the last page. I eagerly anticipate the sequel, knowing I will not be disappointed. – Alison Weir, bestselling author of Eleanor of Aquitaine and Henry VIII

Few first novels are bid upon in heated auction and become part of an international publishing event. Even fewer are sold as a trilogy. But Young's debut novel, Brethren has accomplished both. Cleverly combining two narratives – East and West – Young gradually reveals the many links that bring two great cultures to war, creating a multifaceted world of sultans, troubadours, priests, and knights; strong-willed women and foul-mouthed murderers; sieges, battles, courage, and betrayal. With nail-biting war scenes, a wonderfully complex villain, and an encyclopedic grasp of historical detail, Brethren brings this fascinating period vividly alive.

Literature & Fiction – General

Dark Deeds, Sweet Songs: A Journal of Sorts by Margot Tenney (Argonne Publishing, Inc.)

In Margot Tenney's first novel, Dark Deeds, Sweet Songs, we see into the heart of Blair Neville Stewart, actress, harried wife and mother, devoted daughter, gardener and reluctant ex-New Yorker.

A woman of passion and dedication who tries to sustain what she calls "a dangerously frail marriage," Blair copes with moving away from Broadway, her husband's infidelities and life's other low-balls by writing in her journal, which she describes as "a repository for painful feelings I dared express nowhere else."

Even though Leonard, Blair's husband, reminds her she is the love of his life, he spends most of his time away. One rainy afternoon, Blair sits alone in their house, dreaming of the big city, where her early success in television and theater bloomed. And she thinks, "... while I was staring into the fire, longing for the taste of a cafe espresso at the Russian Tea Room, I prayed for something, anything, to happen. The flames licked and spit and I saw the face of Satan in that tiny blaze. I called out to him. I offered him my soul in exchange for the prospect of a little excitement, a happening of any kind, the entrance of anyone in pretty clothes; or, barring that, the entrance of anyone capable of laughter."

As if in answer, Collin Williams arrives. He is tall and slender, with a childlike openness that belies his wild moods and secretiveness. Their emotional attraction is instantaneous. Blair arranges for Leonard, busy with his new real estate career, to hire Collin, who gradually becomes invaluable to the Stewart family. Despite a series of thefts, encounters with a parade of underage hoods, and the aura of a drug habit, Collin remains. He is on hand during Blair's return to the stage, the rearing of her son and daughter, her comical tryout for a television soap opera role, her hysterectomy, the ups and downs of her marriage, the deaths of her parents, and the continuing struggles of a woman born beautiful, as she fights the encroachment of aging.

In turn in Dark Deeds, Sweet Songs, Blair sustains Collin after his life style plunges him into the century's most feared illness. Only when Blair faces the fact that Collin's days are numbered, does she realize he is truly her best friend. She speaks to Collin through her journal:

"You were so worried I'd write about you one day. You made me swear I'd leave you out of everything I ever wrote. Well, I swore to it, and even as I made that silly promise, I knew I was lying. I knew you'd end up, at the very least, in the pages of this journal. How could I not include you?

"You are a juicy morsel, Collin. And I believe that what happened between you and Leonard and me mattered. Love is always what makes the difference."

I found a good deal to admire about Dark Deeds, Sweet Songs. The writing is, for the most part, on a high level; the character of Collin is provocative in his contradictions; and I felt I had gained some insights by reading the book. – Ring Lardner, Jr.

Margot Tenney is a gifted writer ... Dark Deeds, Sweet Songs is a riveting, theatrical, sobering and gallant personal diary of our times. – Alexander H. Cohen

…Though he is somewhat childlike and certainly not without his faults, Collin adds an important dimension to family life and particularly to the parents' tenuous marriage. Tenney's insight and empathy as she delineates Blair's many struggles make this bittersweet work a joy to read. General readers – particularly older women, who can identify with Blair – should enjoy this. – Ellen R. Cohen, Library Journal

Rarely has an author combined humor and triumph over death with the descriptive power that is Tenney's special gift. To join Blair, Leonard and Collin in the journal-play-story of Dark Deeds, Sweet Songs is a commitment to seek unique solutions to living, and the wisdom that accompanies the determination to take whatever comes. As Blair says, "We live as best we can, while we can."

Author Tenney spent fifteen years acting, reviewing scripts and supporting theater arts in Connecticut and New York; she was the founder of the Hartman Theater and was among those honored as outstanding during the United Nation's ‘Year of the Woman.’

Literature & Fiction / Health, Mind & Body / Abuse

The Economics of Fantasy: Rape in Twentieth-century Literature by Sharon Stockton (The Ohio State University Press)

In The Economics of Fantasy, Sharon Stockton examines the persistence and the evolution of the rape narrative in twentieth-century literature – the old story of male power and violence, and female passivity and penetrability. What accounts for its persistence? How has the story changed over the course of the twentieth century?

In The Economics of Fantasy, Stockton, associate professor of English at Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, investigates the manner in which the female body – or to be more precise, the violation of the female body – serves as a metaphor for a complex synthesis of masculinity and political economy. From high modernism to cyberpunk, Pound to Pynchon, Stockton argues that the compulsive return to the rape story, articulates – among other things – the gradual and relentless removal of Western man from the fantastical capitalist role of venturesome, industrious agency. The metamorphosis of the twentieth-century rape narrative registers a desperate attempt to preserve traditional patterns of robust, entrepreneurial masculinity in the face of economic forms that increasingly disallow illusions of individual authority.

It is important to note that the genre of rape story studied in the book presumes a white masculine subject and a white feminine object. Stockton makes the case that the aestheticized rape narrative reveals particular things about the way white masculinity represents itself. Plotting violent sexual fantasy on the grid of economic concerns locates masculine agency in relation to an explicitly contingent material system of power, value, and order. It is in this way that The Economics of Fantasy discloses the increased desperation with which the body has been made to carry ideology under systems of advanced capitalism.

Chapter 1 of The Economics of Fantasy contains the introduction. In chapter 2, Stockton shows that representations of the divinely raped female body enabled some ‘high’ modernist artists and writers to conscript and eroticize entrepreneurial fantasies of invasion and empire to the service of the new ideologies of controlled capitalism and a managed working class. The aestheticized female body thus becomes in much high modernist literature a stand-in for material chaos generally and class, labor, and gender displacement and democratization particularly. The violent invasion of this body by some transcendent and/or abstract force articulates the attraction that writers like Eliot and Yeats felt toward totalitarianism. The repression of man that might otherwise be implicit in the vision of divine domination is more or less neatly avoided, even in the face of capitalism's rape story excising from its own narrative the agency of the rapist.

Chapter 3 investigates the parallel constructions of the rape victim in the Fordist model of labor and production and the ideological superstructure of fascism. Both models emphasize hierarchy, concentration, and control, and both ultimately move beyond turn-of-the-century rhetoric by validating themselves in the figure of the great man, whether the fascist leader or the heroic engineer. The idealized role of the leader in some ways resolves the split between the capitalist rhetoric of entrepreneurial agency and the twentieth-century reality of controlled capitalism. The raped women in The Fountainhead and The Cantos speak not of divinity in all of its transcendent incomprehensibility but of the force of great human personality to reenergize production, thus to control the crisis endemic to capitalism. The victims speak not of their own effacement before the absolute – although certainly they are effaced – but of their now-increased (re)productive capabilities.

However, according to Stockton, not all mid-century figurations of white masculinity could participate fully in the triumphant rape story told by Pound, or Rand, or even Eliot or Yeats. Stockton argues in chapter 4 that such factors as increasing automation resulted in a mid-century reconstruction of masculinity often marked by nostalgia, or even grief. In a sense, it was technological production itself – the engine that powers capitalism – that was silently coming to be understood as the force that would displace the white man. In Tarr, published in 1918, Wyndham Lewis crafts a machine to supplant man and usurp his prerogative for gender violence. What the brutalized female body finally expresses, however, is a lament, as in the case of William Faulkner, for the lost white gentleman of the past.

The anxiety articulated in the work of writers like Faulkner and Lawrence begins to investigate a masculinity explored more fully in chapter 5: one defined not in relation to production but in relation to consumption. As is often noted, after the Second World War, first-world economies turned more fully toward postindustrial structures on one hand and toward commodity production and consumerism on the other. A novel like Vladimir Nabokov's Lolita, then, is structured by Humbert Humbert's frustration over Lolita's increasing removal and obscurity, an affective response doubled by readers. Like the novel of the postmodern striptease generally, Lolita speaks to commodity fetishism under late capitalism and to the ways in which consumer culture relies heavily on the victimized female body to create the illusion of an abstract universal essence behind the material commodity.

By most accounts, 1973 marked the decisive end of the postwar ‘boom’ and initiated a new economy that would have a powerful impact on what would come to be called the postmodern subject. Chapter 6 in The Economics of Fantasy examines masculinity as it is developed in postmodern fiction. David Savran argues that what he terms ‘reflexive sadomasochism’ has become "the linchpin ... to a new American white masculinity". Produced in response to such factors as feminism, civil rights, gay rights, the loss of the Vietnam War, and, most importantly, "the end of the post-World War II economic boom and a resultant and steady decline in the income of white working- and lower-middle-class men," Savran's ‘reflexive sadomasochism’ gave voice to "a new masculinity ... that was no longer contingent either upon the production of enemies out there or upon nakedly imperialistic forays abroad". The rape narrative is not at all lost in this revised account of white masculinity. In the postmodern text, however, the prerogative for rape is often forcefully dissociated from masculine agency, and it is precisely the trauma of this dissociation that focuses the portrayal of masculinity. No longer promising subjectivity, the raped and disappearing female body shows man his relationship to the techno-economy of late capitalism, and that relationship is revealed to be one that finally nullifies him as subject. In the end the new white man is an exhausted information worker, consigned to a cubicle, detached from any understanding of the larger project of which he is a part, producing under compulsion (in the clearly ideological name of pleasure) what does not have the palpable materiality of a ‘product.’ Ultimately, the rape dreams of an older time turn traitorously, masochistically, against the soft, vulnerable body of man himself. It is Gravity's Rainbow that most relentlessly dwells on the vulnerability of the new man. In spite of its domination by violent phallic imagery, what it stages is the disappearance of the feminine – the enabling feminine ‘other’ whose rapability used to promise masculine agency – and the spectacular growth of male masochism. The machine, it turns out, has appropriated the traditionally masculine prerogative for sexual violence, and the true sexual event is between the lethal technological phallus and the vulnerable, rapable masculine body.

Chapter 7, on the other hand, examines the ways the rape narrative is also employed within postmodern fiction to resuscitate the white male subject. There are texts that suggest – precisely through heterosexual violence – a regrouping, or a reemergence of the father amidst post-cold war consumer glut, finance capitalism, and waste management. Ironically, the white masculinity reestablished in this type of postmodern rape narrative is defined in sharp contrast to sexual violence, is actually dependent on the repeated and emphatic casting out of the desire to rape. There is an overarching grief in the texts of Don DeLillo and John Irving, the two writers Stockton in The Economics of Fantasy takes up – grief for a lost masculinity, and grief for the raped girl or woman. That grief, however, as (massively) sympathetically rendered as it is, is predicated on the presence of a victim for whom to feel grief. Like the accumulated and recycled waste of late capitalism, the rapist is thus preserved as he is scapegoated, and he remains to haunt the borders and underground of the text; his violence necessarily continues to operate, denounced and yet crucial for masculine (anti)definition. This masculine regret and disavowal, in the midst of claiming ownership, is a part of a new vision of subjectivity, a vision explicitly celebrated in the novel as ‘real’ finally, outside the fantastical illusions of late capitalism.

The final chapter examines the struggle over the last thirty years to reclaim the rape narrative for feminist purposes. Toni Morrison, Margaret Atwood, A. M. Homes, Kathy Acker, Angela Carter, Christa Wolfe, Jeanette Winterson, Julia Alvarez – to name just a few – rework the sado­masochistic narrative in ways that call into question the ways the presumed feminine subject has been traditionally represented.

The Economics of Fantasy is a smart, well researched and persuasive study that presents an intelligent and provocative overview of the way in which twentieth century rape narratives negotiate tensions associated with the construction of masculine subjectivity within the shifting forces of capitalism. – Laura E. Tanner, author of Lost Bodies: Terminal Illness, Grief and Embodiment in Contemporary American Literature

Stockton’s reading of the individual texts are persuasive, sensitive, incisive, and to the point. She brings a thorough understanding of this material to the forefront, and her analyses of individual works are original and thought provoking. – Thomas DiPiero, White Men Aren’t

Women have been and continue to be raped. The Economics of Fantasy is a provocative work struggling to disentangle representations of acts of rape and of women as well as those of men in the 20th century.

Literature & Fiction / Literary Classics

Emma [UNABRIDGED] (10 Audio Cassette, running time 14 hours, 30 minutes) by Jane Austen, narrated by Prunella Scales (Worth Series in Outstanding Contributions Series: Audio Partners)

Emma, originally published in 1815 and deemed Jane Austen's best novel, is a witty satire of English society set within the customary plot: young ladies finding proper husbands. Generally considered Austen’s most technically brilliant novel, it can be heard as a charming love story, a detective story, and a comically lively picture of English life two hundred years ago. Emma reveals the author's love of laughter and gossip in her wry observations concerning matters of the heart. When Emma sets about matchmaking among her friends and acquaintances, she discovers her own inadequacies in the art. Fortunately, she learns her lesson in time to seize her own chance for true love.

Emma's popularity has enjoyed a recent resurgence: a major film in 1996 starring Gwyneth Paltrow; Clueless, the 1995 blockbuster starring Alicia Silverstone (a modern-day interpretation of Emma); and the recent television adaptation by the A&E Channel.

Jane Austen (1775-1817) spent the first 25 years of her life in her birthplace, Steventon, Hampshire, England. Later she lived in Bath, Southampton, Chawton, and Winchester. The fifth of a family of seven children, she began writing for family amusement as a child. Love and Friendship (published in 1922) dates from this period. Austen created the comedy of manners in middle-class life in the England of her time. She was the English writer who first gave the novel its distinctly modern character through her treatment of ordinary people in everyday life. Her early published work satirized the sensational fiction of her time, and she applied common sense to apparently melodramatic situations a technique she later developed in evaluating ordinary human behavior. Austen's prose is noted for its understatement and irony although it is gentle enough to prevent the light treatment of the social types portrayed from descending into ridicule. She is the author of many beloved novels, including: Sense and Sensibility (1811), Pride and Prejudice (1813), Mansfield Park (1814), Emma (1815), Persuasion, and Northanger Abbey (both published posthumously, 1817). Of her six great novels, four were published anonymously during her lifetime and two under her signature posthumously.

Jane Austen's novels have long been fodder for transference to other media. The same quality that makes such adaptation a good idea also makes it difficult – her elusive tone. When is she kidding? When serious? How to communicate what Sir Walter Scott called "that exquisite touch which renders ordinary, commonplace things and characters interesting?" Performance pros struggle with it as much as everybody else. For this reason, Prunella Scales's interpretation of Emma is most welcome. Scales ‘nails’ it, as actors say. One of England's finest actresses, Scales hits the right note from the beginning and unerringly follows the author's amusing and insightful trajectory to the very end. There are no actorly pyrotechnics here, just Jane Austen, which is certainly good enough for me. – Audiofile, An AudioFile Earphones Award Winner
 Generally regarded as the most accomplished of Jane Austen's novels, Emma demonstrates Austen's witty and sophisticated insights into the mating game. This classic is often required in schools, and this outstanding reading brings the story vividly alive. Reader Prunella Scales is particularly well known for her work as Sybil in Fawlty Towers, and she appeared in the film Howard's End and in the television miniseries of Emma. [Scales'] account of dear, garrulous, faithful Miss Bates is masterly. – Gramophone

These Cover to Cover tapes offer up a delectable feast for fans of the spoken word. We're talking class act here – from the elegant covers to the accomplished readers...Those of you who recall Prunella Scales, the divine Sybil from Fawlty Towers, will relish her unabridged reading of Jane Austen's Emma. – Deidre Donahus, USA Today
For Emma, raised to think well of herself, has such a high opinion of her own worth that it blinds her to the opinions of others. The story revolves around a comedy of errors: Emma befriends Harriet Smith, a young woman of unknown parentage, and attempts to remake her in her own image. Ignoring the gaping difference in their respective fortunes and stations in life, Emma convinces herself and her friend that Harriet should look as high as Emma herself might for a husband – and she zeroes in on an ambitious vicar as the perfect match. … As Emma's fantastically misguided schemes threaten to surge out of control, the voice of reason is provided by Mr. Knightly, the Woodhouse's longtime friend and neighbor. … – Alix Wilber, Amazon.com

In Emma we have Austen’s most profound characterization:  the witty, imaginative, self-deluded Emma, a heroine the author declared "no one but myself will much like," but who has been much loved by generations of readers.  Delightfully funny, Emma displays the shrewd wit and delicate irony that made Austen a master of the English novel. And Prunella Scales brings Emma vividly alive in this outstanding reading, skillfully demonstrating Austen's mastery of dialogue and character.

Literature & Fiction / Romance – Historical

Last Voyage of the Valentina by Santa Montefiore (Touchstone)

Exotically beautiful but desperately unhappy, in Last Voyage of the Valentina Alba lives on a houseboat on the Thames, where she enjoys a life of leisure and entertains an endless and unfulfilling succession of lovers. Though irresistible to men, her striking Mediterranean features and fiery temper distance her from her father and stepmother's aristocratic and highly traditional English family.

When Alba discovers a portrait of her dead mother, Valentina – a mysterious Italian beauty she'd hardly known, whose story has been kept from her by her still grieving father – she is instantly shaken from complacency. Determined to learn the truth about Valentina, Alba returns to the olive groves of the Amalfi coast of Italy, to her mother's tiny village of Incantellaria, ignoring the friends and family who urge her to leave the past alone. Once there, Alba discovers cultural roots and the love of a new family, and begins to uncover wartime secrets protected for decades. Alba's quest to understand her mother's identity takes her beyond anything she could have imagined, revealing a mysterious tale of desperation, decadence, deception, murder, and betrayal involving partisans and Nazis, peasants and counts. Alba's journey in Last Voyage of the Valentina leads her not only to the truth of her family's hidden past but to the possibility of love and happiness in her own future.

Montefiore is well known by women's-fiction readers in England but less recognized in the U.S. All that is about to change with her new book, a sweeping saga of wartime romance, family secrets, lost loves, and murder. As she grows up, Alba becomes a rebellious, shallow young woman with a string of lovers. Eventually, she goes to Italy to find her ‘real’ family. What she discovers there changes her life forever. Montefiore is a grand storyteller. Her near-lyrical descriptive prose is appealing on its own; the plot is involving on multiple levels, crossing several genres; and her characters step well beyond formula. All in all, a fine way for American readers to get to know the Montefiore name, which will very soon be cropping up in the same sentences as the name Maeve Binchy. – Emily Melton, Booklist (starred review)

Escape into a world of ardent love and doomed desire... – InStyle (UK)

If you are a fan of the old-fashioned blockbuster and are fond of a little Rosamunde Pilcher-style nostalgia, this is just the ticket. – Glamour (UK)

The stuff of delicious escapism. – The Sunday Times (UK)

Sensual, sensitive and complex...a passionate page-turning life journey and a dark mystery that sweeps from war-torn Italy to aristocratic 1960s London. – Plum Sykes, author of Bergdorf Blondes

Written by Santa Montefiore, whose novels have been translated into twenty languages and sold more than three million copies in England and Europe, Last Voyage of the Valentina is a sweeping, romantic story that makes great escapist summer reading for any booklover.

Literature & Fiction / World Literature

Sacred Eroticism: Georges Bataille and Pierre Klossowski in the Latin America Erotic Novel by Juan Carlos Ubilluz, series editor Anibal Gonzalez (The Bucknell Studies in Latin American Literature and Theory Series: Bucknell University Press)

Sacred Eroticism addresses a neglected chapter in Latin American literature, namely, the influence of Georges Bataille and Pierre Klossowski's atheist mysticism in the Latin American erotic novel of the twentieth century. Combining a Lacanian analytical framework with a textualist approach, author Juan Carlos Ubilluz reveals how Julio Cortázar, Salvador Elizondo, Mario Vargas Llosa, and Juan García Ponce adopted Bataille and Klossowski's aesthetic and philosophical models as a point of departure to rearticulate the modern subject's buried dimension of the sacred through various innovations on the erotic novel's form. Ubilluz; who teaches literary theory in the doctoral program of the University of San Marcos & a course on Slavoj Zizek at the Jesuit University, Lima, Peru; examines the dialectical irruption of these literary experiments into their particular aesthetic, theoretical, and political contexts. He shows, for instance, that Cortázar's Rayuela and Elizondo's Farabeuf reintroduce a Bataillean sense of tragedy into the secularist nouveau roman, that García Ponce exemplifies the Barthian ‘death of the Author’ by ‘copy­ing’ with originality the form and content of Klossowski's novels, and that Vargas Llosa's Los cuadernos de don Rigoberto gives an unbecoming neoliberal spin to Bataille and Klossowski's anti-capitalist theorization of the sacred.

Rather than a gross exaggeration or a rash generalization, it would be an understatement to say that a large part of Latin American erotic literature is deeply rooted in mysticism. One needs no more than a superficial glance at the region's fiction to apprehend that erotic mysticism is a literary tremor that inhabits its different aesthetic trends. How can this be so? How can such different writers equally choose to imbue their erotic writing with mysticism? The answer to these questions may be found in their inversion – How can the atheist or agnostic writers raised in the strong Catholic tradition of an incompletely modern continent not channel the remnants of their religious spirit toward erotic literature? The purpose of Sacred Eroticism is to analyze in detail how the novelists Julio Cortázar, Salvador Elizondo, Mario Vargas Llosa, and Juan García Ponce subvert the sacred erotic models of Bataille and Klossowski. Yet, this is only one of the episodes in the history of a larger intercontinental literary intercourse. So as to aid readers to situate it in literary history, Ubilluz offers in the introduction a broad overview of the impact of Bataille and Klossowski on Latin American writers through the different aesthetic and philosophical contexts from the 1930s until the early 1990s (i.e.. surrealism, primitivism, the nouveau roman, and poststructuralism). Chapter 1 of Sacred Eroticism provides a thorough summary of Bataille and Klossowski's theories on eroticism while comparing them to Jacques Lacan's psychoanalysis. In addition, it outlines Bataille and Klossowski's different aesthetic attempts to express the meaningless radiance of the sacred through the meaningful medium of language. Although both resort to images of women in transgression to disrupt the logical chain of discourse, their writings differ in that the former employs a rupturist prose that disrupts the linear flow of the narrative while the latter erects a neoclassical prose that parodies its own representation of the Dionysian void. The use of Lacanian psychoanalysis in Ubilluz’s work serves a double purpose: it operates as common denominator to Bataille and Klossowski while offering a more actual and hence recognizable point of reference to contemporary readers. Even though Lacan's terms are the ultimate analytical frame, those of Bataille and Klossowski are kept in the text so as to displace the limits of the psychoanalytic discipline. Throughout the ensuing chapters, this analytical frame, along with the intertextual references to Bataille and Klossowski's erotic models, allows us to address some key critical issues that have puzzled critics of Latin American literature for decades. Chapter 2 discusses Cortazar's ambivalent surrealist search for alterity in his poetics and Rayuela. The Argentine writer engages in an unresolved intertextual dialogue with Bataille's radically transgressive and Andre Breton's more restrained formulations of man and the sacred. Chapter 3 focuses on another monumental novelistic experiment in Latin American literature: Salvador Elizondo's Farabeuf. This chapter is of vital importance to the Anglo-American academia since it has virtually neglected the study of what is perhaps the best novel of the avant-garde movement known as the nouveau roman. Chapter 4 explores Mario Vargas Llosa's containment of Bataille's writing in Elogio de la madrastra. Vargas Llosa's novel exhibits both an Arcadian eroticism (i.e., sex as a blissful fusion) and a fetishist formalism. Also, by commenting on the latent laws of hospitality in the text, this short chapter facilitates the transition from the Bataillean to the Klossowskian Latin American fiction.

Chapter 5 describes almost the entirety of Juan García Ponce's narrative, concentrating in particular on his entrance to the impersonal space of literature through the works of Robert Musil and Pierre Klossowski. García Ponce is the intertextual voyeur who rewrites the erotic trios in Musil's "The Perfecting of a Love" and Klossowski's Les lois de l'hospitalite [The Laws of Hospitality]. The last chapter is mainly about how Vargas Llosa's Los cuadernos de don Rigoberto [The Notebooks of Don Rigoberto] holds an intertextual relation with the poetics of Klossowski and the expressionist painter Egon Schiele. Given the inevitable thematic plurality in these chapters, the conclusion establishes the general trends of the Latin American authors' subversion of the Bataillean and Klossowskian philosophical themes and narrative techniques: i.e., eroticism as the Leng Tch'e, man as the weak sex in transgression, woman as the perverse over man, the refractive interplay between the image and writing, and the conception of writing as the gateway to limit experiences. In addition, the conclusion of Sacred Eroticism delineates the phantasm that reifies sexual difference in the Latin American novel – it outlines the fantasmatic formation that enables these male New World narrators to contain the subversive irruption of woman's difference in their rather erotic themes as well as their formal expression. Furthermore, it attempts to specify how Latin American novelists remain true to Bataille and Klossowski's atheist mystic cosmo vision while adhering at the formal level to secular anti-representative narrative trends such as Robbe-Grillet's new novel [nou­veau roman] and Roland Barthes's playful avant-garde poetics. The conclusion brings to the fore a theme that remained in the background until chapter 6: the different political cosmo visions outlined in these erotic novels. For Cortázar, Eli­zondo, García Ponce, and Vargas Llosa – as for Sade, Bataille, and Klossowski – the erotic novel is inherently political; political in the larger, Nietzschean sense of the word, in the sense of addressing the question: what ought humankind to become?

Sacred Eroticism is a philosophically rich and erudite work filling a significant gap in the scholarship on twentieth-century Latin American narrative.

Outdoors & Nature / Birdwatching / Reference

Pete Dunne's Essential Field Guide Companion: A Comprehensive Resource for Identifying North American Birds by Pete Dunne (Houghton Mifflin) is the winner of the ABA Roger Tory Peterson Award

In Pete Dunne's Essential Field Guide Companion, bursting with more information than any field guide could hold, the well-known author and birder Pete Dunne, the vice president of the New Jersey Audubon Society and the director of its Cape May Bird Observatory, introduces readers to the ‘Cape May School’ – often called GISS, for General Impression of Size and Shape – which focuses on the bird holistically, giving more weight to the general impression of the bird than to specific field marks. Dunne is in fact one of the American pioneers of this method.

Pete Dunne's Essential Field Guide Companion includes accounts of 691 species and subspecies. Dunne's lengthy species accounts are fun to read; he has spent the past two and a half years traveling around North America, writing the accounts with his experiences and insights from studying each species fresh in his mind. After determining the most likely possibilities by considering such factors as habitat and season, the birder uses characteristics such as size, shape, behavior, flight pattern, and vocalizations to identify a bird. The descriptions feature an arsenal of additional hints and helpful clues to guide a birder when, even after a review of a field guide, he or she is still unsure of the identification.

Accomplished birder Dunne . . . introduces readers to a well-known but perhaps underused birding technique . . . No serious bird collection should be without [Pete Dunne's Essential Field Guide Companion]. – Library Journal, starred review

Mr. Dunne's prose . . . soars, creating new visions of the delights and devilments of bird watching. – New York Times

Mr. Dunne . . . is one of the county's most-respected birders ... whose exuberant, almost poetic approach to the pastime has won him many followers among the growing legions of birders. – Wall Street Journal

Dunne's legions of fans will devour this book, savoring Pete's unique perspectives on every North American bird. – Kenn Kaufman, author of the Kaufman Field Guide to Birds of North America

Pete's book is packed with important information, especially on behavior. He puts us in the position of seeing the bird for the first time. – Jon Dunn, coauthor of the Peterson Field Guide to warblers of North America

Pete Dunne's Essential Field Guide Companion contains a wealth of extensive information on the structure, behavior, and flight of birds, topics covered only briefly in field guides. This valuable addition to any birder's library incorporates years of close observation of birds by Pete and other observers, as well as fresh insights based on recent field observations. – Victor Emanuel, Victor Emanuel Nature Tours

Pete Dunne's Essential Field Guide Companion is bursting with information and a unique style. In it, well-known birder Dunne goes beyond the field guide to enable birders of all levels to solve bird identification challenges and boil down a lifetime of firsthand observation into an essential reference for identifying North American birds. With humor, style, and wisdom, Pete Dunne's Essential Field Guide Companion teaches the knowledge and skills of advanced birders. There is no better ambassador for birding than Dunne; he combines a unique playfulness with the work of identification. Readers will especially enjoy his nicknames for birds, from the Grinning Loon and Clearly the Bathtub Duck to Bronx Petrel and Chicken Garnished with a Slice of Mango and a Dollop of Raspberry Sherbet.

Outdoors & Nature / Environment / Conservation

Edens Lost and Found: How Ordinary Citizens Are Restoring Our Great American Cities edited by Harry Wiland & Dale Bell, with Joseph D’Agnese, with a foreword by Van Jones (Chelsea Green Publishing Company)

This book is one of the first major attempts to chronicle the beginnings of a new American movement – a quiet countercurrent that has the potential to both heal the Earth and flood our inner cities with renewed hope and opportunity. . . . In modest and hopeful efforts to recreate Eden, we may be seeing the seedlings of a new urban politics and economics that can transform our civilization. – Van Jones, from the Foreword

The Edens Lost and Found television series premiered in May 2006 on PBS, with the first two hours devoted to Chicago and Philadelphia. The second installment of the series, covering Los Angeles and Seattle, airs in October 2006. Edens Lost and Found, the companion book to the PBS series, chronicles the forward-looking transformation of America's urban landscapes and communities.

With Edens Lost and Found, award-winning filmmakers Harry Wiland and Dale Bell herald an exciting sea change in the relationship between ordinary citizens, environmental groups, and government. Traveling across America they gather evidence of a new spirit of cooperation among neighbors, planners, architects and builders, city officials, and government agencies, which have come together from disparate backgrounds and political leanings to join forces and recast life in American cities.

As citizens take action where government has failed, they are finding support, encouragement, and help from their neighbors. Conversely, as progressive-minded government agencies and organizations explore nontraditional solutions, an energized community rallies to the cause. Neither exclusively top-down, nor grass roots, we are in the midst of an unprecedented movement that unites efforts from every quarter in a common cause.

Focusing on Chicago, Los Angeles, Philadelphia, and Seattle – four cities that face vastly different challenges – Edens Lost and Found highlights the power of hope, pride, ingenuity, and chutzpah that characterize this era of collaboration. Bioengineering concepts – now increasingly understood by many to offer the most effective, cost-efficient solutions – are playing a central role. Working with – rather than in opposition to – nature is leading to such innovations as rooftop and urban gardens, restored parks, transformed vacant lots, the re-greening of city streets, communal food cultivation, and eco-friendly watershed management. Edens Lost and Found shows how working to reshape the land also transforms the relationships people have to one another.
A mayor takes the bold step of closing an airport runway on the edge of the city in the middle of the night, making way for an oasis of wildflowers, prairie grasses, and trees. A father works through his grief after his son's death by transforming an abandoned lot into a public garden, creating a gathering place in his neighborhood. From powerful government officials with political muscle to neighborhood champions with big dreams, individuals are at the heart of the urban sustainability movement.

From gardens blooming on Chicago's rooftops to river restoration in Los Angeles, from farms and murals in Philadelphia to citizen empowerment in Seattle, Edens Lost and Found highlights the many small acts of heroism, activism, and leadership that bring neighborhoods together to build landscapes of beauty and delight.

Edens Lost and Found introduces us to daring modern-day trailblazers who are enlivening and enriching our great American cities. They make the ties between peo­ple and nature as real as concrete and stone. Their enterprise reminds us that the marvelous and miracu­lous are doable – we just have to begin. – Scott Simon, host, NPR's Weekend Edition Saturday

Edens Lost and Found demonstrates that environ­mentally beneficial solutions can cost less, not more, and can contribute to growth rather than impede it. In the tradition of Jane Jacobs's ground-breaking The Death and Life of American Cities, this book documents what is possible. Part celebration and part inspiration, the book shows readers how to become part of this movement uniting every quarter of the urban community in a common vision of renewal.

Parenting & Families / Social Sciences

Brothers and Sisters in India: A Study of Urban Adult Siblings by G. N. Ramu (University of Toronto Press)

Indian society is urbanizing rapidly, and while the level of urbanization and the values associated with it have yet to correspond with those of Western societies, the traditional ethos governing sibling relations is becoming increasingly less relevant to contemporary Indian brothers and sisters, especially those who live in urban areas. G.N. Ramu, professor in the Department of Sociology at the University of Manitoba, explores this phenomenon in Brothers and Sisters in India, the first detailed study of adult siblings in contemporary Indian society.

Based on sixteen months of field work in Mysore City and over three decades of research in the area, Ramu’s study focuses on the three sibling types (fraternal, sororal and cross-sibling), and examines the frequency of interaction between siblings, the level of mutual assistance, and the incidence of conflict and strains in routine relations. Ramu’s findings are significant, and differ substantially from what one typically finds in research on family and kinship patterns in contemporary India. The brothers and sisters investigated in this study together demonstrate that the nature and function of kinship ties in India are undergoing striking changes – changes which may converge with similar patterns found in Western societies.

Brothers and Sisters in India explores adult sibling relationships in an Indian urban setting. Sibling relationships are unique because they endure throughout one's life and are firmly situated in one's genetic, familial, and cul­tural roots. In India, cultural ideals and expectations demand that siblings maintain solidarity throughout their lives, and many rituals and festivals are observed to reinforce this solidarity. But these ideals and norms are not universally followed. There are frequent conflicts and occasional fights between siblings, especially in rural areas, where inheritance can become a contentious issue for brothers. However, custom demands that even feuding siblings stand by one another at times of need. The vast majority of Indians are still rural; that said, the urban sector is emerging as a dynamic force, one that is changing the social fabric of India, particularly its middle class, which is estimated to be between 250 and 300 million.

The main objectives of this study are to investigate how sibling relationships are organized and maintained in an urban setting in order to answer the following questions: What are the attitudinal dimensions of sibling solidarity? What is the nature of sibling solidarity and conflict? What values and norms enable solidarity and reduce the incidence of conflict? What is the frequency of interaction (e.g., visits, telephone calls, and correspondence)? What critical events (e.g., illness, rituals, and feasts) draw siblings together or drive them apart? What forms of aid are exchanged, and how often? What are the differences and similarities in relationships among fraternal, sororal, and cross-sex siblings? How are sibling relationships shaped by socio-economic factors such as social class and caste? In order to answer these questions, Ramu stays away from the analytical model that characterizes kinship relations – in particular, adult sibling relationships in their static formulations. Brothers and Sisters in India explores how brothers and brothers, sisters and sisters, and brothers and sisters get along in an urban environment notwithstanding the overarching cloud of myths, customs, traditions, and folklore.

Chapter 1 of Brothers and Sisters in India reviews previous research. Chapter 2 describes the setting where this study was conducted. This is followed by a discussion of the methodology: sampling procedures, data collection techniques, and methods of analysis, and so on. The second half of the chapter offers a detailed account of the characteristics of the respondents.

Chapter 3 examines the nature of fraternal relationships among the male respondents. To this end, after a brief account of the demographic and socio-economic profiles of the sibling set under consideration, Ramu examines the values that respondents hold with regard to maintaining close ties with their brothers. This is followed by an analysis of the solidarity between brothers at the time of the study and over their life span, as well their patterns of interaction. The chapter then tries to understand the instrumental dimension of fraternal ties in terms of mutual help, and finally, examines the nature of conflict as well as strategies for conflict resolution.

Given the scant attention paid by social scientists to sororal relationships, Chapter 4 examines the values the female respondents hold regarding ties with their close sisters. Like the previous chapter, this one examines the nature and level of sororal solidarity. Ramu tries to understand the patterns of interaction and mutual aid as well as the degrees of conflict and methods of resolving conflicts between the female respondents and their sisters.

Chapter 5 analyses cross-siblings with respect to the same dimensions as in Chapters 3 and 4. Given the traditional emphasis on brother-sister relationships, the chapter explores how male and female respondents assess their ties with their cross-siblings and what value they attach to these ties. This final chapter draws conclusions based on the discussions in previous chapters.

Few studies have closely examined the nature of adult sibling ties in India. Brothers and Sisters in India fills this gap, finding interesting and surprising differences between expectations and actual sibling behavior in contemporary India.

Politics / Government

Writing Southern Politics: Contemporary Interpretations and Future Directions edited by Robert P. Steed & Laurence W. Moreland (The University Press of Kentucky) charts the evolution of southern politics.

Scholars, journalists, writers, and pundits have long regarded the South as the nation's most politically distinctive region. Its culture, history, and social and economic institutions have fostered unique political ideas that intrigue observers and have had profound political consequences for the nation's citizens, politicians, and policymakers.

Since World War II, the southeastern United States has experienced one of the most dynamic political evolutions ever witnessed in America. That the South has produced the three most recent presidents is strong evidence of this evolution, as is the dramatic rise of the Republican Party in the southeast. Political scientists have devoted significant attention to the dramatic transformations witnessed in this politically and culturally distinctive region and a wealth of literature and discourse on southern politics abounds.

In Writing Southern Politics, edited by Robert P. Steed and Laurence W. Moreland, both professors of political science at The Citadel, where they have codirect the biennial Citadel Symposium on Southern Politics, leading scholars review the key research and writing on southern politics since World War II. The volume covers topical areas such as civil rights, public opinion, political behavior, party development, population movement, governors, legislatures, and women in politics. This collection was inspired by Writing the Civil War, edited by James M. McPherson and William J. Cooper Jr., which book provides encapsulation for the vast literature on the Civil War. Writing Southern Politics has similar goals: to identify important works, dominant themes, points for debate, and knowledge gaps in modern southern political scholarship.

Contributors include: Stanley P. Berard, David A. Breaux, John A. Clark, Patrick R. Cotter, Richard L. Engstrom, Ted G. Jelen, Branwell DuBose Kapeluck, Susan A. MacManus, John J. McGlennon, Penny M. Miller, Laurence W. Moreland, Brittany L. Penberthy, Charles L. Prysby, Lee R. Remington, Richard K. Scher, Stephen D. Shaffer, Harold W. Stanley, Robert P. Steed, and Thomas A. Watson.

Each essay in Writing Southern Politics covers an important political topic. Among the subjects covered: political party development; activism; civil rights; congressional districting; women; religion; presidential elections; and state governments. Individually, the essays in this volume identify and clarify the key writing and research in selected subfields of southern politics, including religion, race, women, and political parties. Collectively, the essays identify and discuss the major components of and trends in southern politics over the past half century.

In addition to reviewing existing literature, Writing Southern Politics includes suggestions for a future research agenda. 

This collection provides the most comprehensive overview of the Southern politics literature. The subfield has been crying out for a volume such as this for some time, and will likely become required reading for both students and scholars of southern politics. – Jonathan Knuckey, University of Central Florida

Writing Southern Politics is the most comprehensive review of the large body of post-World War II literature on southern politics. The contributors, some of the foremost scholars in the field, have been heavily involved in researching and writing about southern politics during the past three decades and have observed the development of many of the research projects that form the foundation of southern political literature. In many instances, their own writings are included in the body of literature they discuss, bringing unique skills, research, and perspectives to their original essays. The discussion of past research and writing is an invaluable tool for understanding the trends in southern politics over the past half century. By examining these trends and developing an agenda for future research, the authors provide a roadmap for identifying the changes that will likely shape the region over the next half century.

Politics / Social Sciences / History

A Black Way of Seeing: From "Liberty" to Freedom by Paul Robeson, Jr. (Seven Stories Press)

Today no African-American elected on a Republican ticket sits in Congress. Most Blacks do not trust President Bush, and are not inclined to believe anything he says. When Black Americans begin to change the status quo, Black American writer Paul Robeson, Jr. argues, they will change not only their own status in America, but will help change this whole country in the process.

Paul Robeson, Jr., son of the legendary Paul Robeson, served for more than 20 years as his father's close aide and personal representative. An esteemed cultural critic, he has lectured across the United States and England and appeared on radio and television programs across the globe.

"The language of the Declaration of Independence could not have used the word freedom without directly confronting the issue of slavery as the ultimate denial of liberty," writes Robeson in the opening pages of A Black Way of Seeing, Robeson’s third book. Robeson, one of our strongest and bravest Black voices of conscience, provides a stinging indictment of contemporary American politics. He goes on to proclaim, "Liberty meant the privileges to which the elite minority was entitled. And as for freedom...we are still waiting for it."

In the tradition of W.E.B. Du Bois's The Souls of Black Folk and James Baldwin's Notes of a Native Son, Robeson's A Black Way of Seeing melds history and analysis in a sweeping panaroma, scathing in its understanding of why black empowerment has failed, prescient in its articulation of what it will take for Black Americans to finally cross over to the status of fully empowered citizens, and what the ramifications of this change can be for the country as a whole.

Paul Robeson, Jr. stands tall in the grand tradition of his legendary father. Listen closely to his bold words! – Cornel West

Robeson clearly despairs for America. A Black Way of Seeing is an engaging and provocative prescriptive from the emerging black discourse on the future of America, its ideals and its possibilities, both bleak and bright. – Max Rodriguez, publisher of QBR: The Black Book Review

Robeson's A Black Way of Seeing is a fresh take on race in America, offering a bold approach to empowerment.

Professional & Technical / Medical / Biostatistics / Epidemiology

Study Guide to Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 6th edition by J. Richard Hebel & Robert J. McCarter (Jones and Bartlett Publishers)

Study Guide to Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 6th edition, previous edition 1996, is a comprehensive guide to basic principles of epidemiology and biostatistics. Concise study notes and exercises are included. The emphasis is on application.

Authors J. Richard Hebel, professor, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine; and Robert J. McCarter, Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Epidemiology and Biostatistics, The George Washington School of Medicine, have designed Study Guide to Epidemiology and Biostatistics to coordinate instruction for both epidemiology and biostatistics, finding in their 25 years of teaching from the text that the fundamentals can be elusive for many students.

Many of the chapters have been fully revised in this new edition of the classic text. This sixth edition has been expanded to include all fundamentals, including topics such as confounding, P values, and survival analysis. This edition also includes a revised chapter on the appraisal of epidemiological studies, and a new section on meta-analysis. Chapter 3 now introduces the concept of incidence density with a simple example. Chapter 4 includes sections that highlight the distinction between confounding and effect modification as they relate to relative risk. Chapter 9 includes more on the use of chi-square and t tests for the determination of P values. Chapter 15 has a new introduction to survival analysis that clarifies when it should be used. Chapter 4 expands on the types of attributable risk and their uses. Chapter 6 has new sections on the use of odds and the application of probabilistic concepts in epidemiology. Chapter 7 has a new section on the reliability of screening tests, including some discussion of how reliability is assessed with the use of the kappa statistic and the intraclass correlation coefficient. Chapter 11 now touches on applications for longitudinal regression models.

The book includes Study Notes, which can be used as the sole source of input to cover the material or used to supplement attendance at a lecture series. Also included are Chapter Exercises, which encourage students to immediately use their newly acquired knowledge, and thus improve retention through practice. Finally, Study Guide to Epidemiology and Biostatistics includes Multiple Choice Examinations, which have the same scope and are on the same level that students may expect to encounter in professional examinations. The last chapter introduces a systematic procedure to aid students in the evaluation of health science articles.

This versatile text, Study Guide to Epidemiology and Biostatistics, covers all the basic comprehensively, yet concisely. The book may be used as a course textbook for a formal lecture series, in a seminar series, or as a vehicle for an independent study program. This edition covers some topics that have not appeared previously but are seen more and more in the current literature. The text is essential reading for students and health professionals in medicine, nursing, public and community health, dentistry, pharmacy, and allied health sciences.

Professional & Technical / Medicine / Obstetrics & Gynecology

Prenatal Diagnosis by Mark I. Evans, Mark P. Johnson, Yuval Yaron, & Arie Drugan (McGraw Hill – Medical)

This comprehensive text provides in-depth clinical coverage of prenatal diagnosis, fetal risk, and related topics of consequence to practitioners. Authors of the volume are Mark Evans, President, Fetal Medicine Foundation of America Director, Comprehensive Genetics, Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mt. Sinai School of Medicine; Mark Paul Johnson, Associate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Pediatric Surgery Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania; Yuval Yaron, Director, Prenatal Genetic Diagnosis Unit Genetic Institute, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv; and Arie Drugan, Director, Genetics, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Ram Barn Medical Center, Haifa, Israel. Edited and contributed by an international team of experts, Prenatal Diagnosis spans the field from classic genetic principles to incisive coverage of the latest diagnostic methods. The text covers the multiple risk factors that can adversely affect fetal development, the latest in imaging and other diagnostic technologies, system-by-system diagnosis, fetal treatment and therapies, counseling in all phases of the process, and legal, moral, cross-cultural, and even political questions raised by these issues.

Prenatal Diagnosis features rigorous clinical coverage of:

  • Genetic risk factors and risk assessment.
  • Prenatal genetic counseling.
  • Environmental, occupational, viral, bacterial, radiological, and other sources of fetal genetic risk.
  • Diagnostic methods, including the latest imaging technologies.
  • Strengths and weaknesses of imaging technologies.
  • Comprehensive exploration of the ultrasound examination.
  • System-by-system diagnosis of fetal abnormalities.
  • 350 diagnostic and other images.
  • Latest developments in diagnostic sampling and laboratory testing.
  • Counseling on abnormalities.
  • Approaches to management and treatment of fetal anomalies.
  • Fetal surgery.
  • Pregnancy reduction and termination.
  • Reviews of classic genetics, molecular biology, and cytogenetics.
  • Special chapters on cross-cultural, legal, and ethical issues.

Prenatal Diagnosis is a really big book. Its size and scope are all the more impressive considering the fact that just 40 years ago it would have been a very small book, perhaps even non-existent. Human cytogenetics was just developing, amniocentesis for prenatal genetic diagnosis did not appear until 1967, ultrasound use was limited to little more than detecting a midline shift, and talk of the fetus as patient was yet to be heard. Yet just 40 years later, this comprehensive book on prenatal diagnosis and associated issues requires 68 chapters to cover the relevant topics. Even as a component of the genetics revolution, this is remarkable growth, matched in only a few other areas of medicine.

Taking on the task of covering this field had to be daunting. Mark Evans, M.D., expanding on his 1992 book, Reproductive Risks and Prenatal Diagnosis, joined with three of his former trainees as co-editors and took on this task. The result provides a great service to the field by documenting how far science has allowed us to progress in providing pregnancy care. It is a remarkable compilation authored by authorities in each topic area, and provides the reader a status report on the whole field of prenatal diagnosis.

John Fletcher, to whom Prenatal Diagnosis is dedicated, would have especially loved this book. … He would have enjoyed poring through the pages of this book, with almost every page providing a source of new ethical questions to ponder and deliberate.

The reader would do well to approach reading this book emulating John Fletcher, exerting every effort to learn and understand the science, and use that understanding to work through with patients the ethical decision-making process in striving to provide the best care for fetus, child, and mother in the most ethically appropriate manner. – Duane Alexander, Director of National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda

There is no more complete and current source on the diagnosis, evaluation, and management of fetal risk than this text. Prenatal Diagnosis is a necessity for OB/GYNs, residents, and all other clinicians who provide care to women who are pregnant or contemplating pregnancy.

Professional & Technical / Psychology & Counseling

Continuing Professional Development for Clinical Psychologists: A Practical Handbook edited by Laura Golding & Ian Gray (British Psychological Society – Blackwell)

The changing context and hugely increased emphasis and importance placed on continuing professional development (CPD) within the National Health Service (NHS) in recent years have meant that practicing clinical psychologists have much to do in this area in the UK. They need to know about the best ways to go about meeting their individual CPD needs, and the needs of their services. They also need to know if what they are doing is effective. They need to link in with their colleagues in other professions and do some of their CPD activities with them. To the authors, it seemed there was much to say on this subject and now was about the right time to say it.

Continuing Professional Development for Clinical Psychologists provides a practical guide to continuing professional development for clinical psychologists. Edited by Laura Golding, Consultant Clinical Psychologist and Lead Tutor for the NHS-funded North West (England) Clinical Psychology Continuing Professional Development Scheme; and Ian Gray, Clinical Director of the Lancaster University Doctoral Programme in Clinical Psychology; and written by a group of practicing clinical psychologists and experts in continuing professional development (CPD), it takes a 'hands-on' approach, addressing the many practical issues involved in identifying, evaluating and meeting CPD needs. The book is a collection of edited chapters written by practitioners who have expertise in professional issues and continuing professional development, and aimed primarily at clinical psychologists working in the UK, but is relevant reading for all applied psychologists working in healthcare as well as other health professionals, especially those who work in mental health.

Continuing Professional Development for Clinical Psychologists starts by outlining the importance of life-long learning for clinical psychologists, taking into account the context of statutory regulation and mandatory CPD requirements.

It goes on to explore the CPD needs of clinical psychologists at different stages of their careers, giving examples of good practice. It also describes some of the CPD structures required in services, the outcomes of CPD activity in practice, the work of the British Psychological Society, the Division of Clinical Psychology, and special interest groups and faculties in the field, and it looks at the NHS Knowledge and Skills Framework and its implications for applied psychologists. Continuing Professional Development for Clinical Psychologists concludes by considering likely future developments in CPD for clinical psychologists.

This is the most comprehensive coverage of CPD to date. The book concludes with the sentence, "what a difference CPD should make!" What a difference to your personal CPD, and your service planning this book should make! It is bang up to date and highly readable. I expect to see many a thumbed-through copy on clinicians' desks in all professional groups. – Tim Cate, Professional Head of Clinical Psychology and Counselling, DCP Chair-Elect, Stockton on Tees

An authoritative and comprehensive edited text around establishing and supporting CPD on a firm professional basis. This excellent manual ought to propel CPD provision for psychologists the extra mile! – Graham Turpin, Chair, Division of Clinical Psychology, BPS/ University of Sheffield

This book casts a discerning and sometimes critical eye on the CPD process, setting it in the context of NHS policy, professional regulation and career progression ... a ‘must buy’ for practicing psychologists. – Dorothy Fielding, Head of Psychological Services, St James's University Hospital, Leeds

Continuing Professional Development for Clinical Psychologists provides UK practicing psychologists with an accessible, practical self-help guide to all they need to know about their own continuing professional development and that of the services and organizations they work in. The book has a clear practical focus throughout and aims to be a practical ‘how to do it’ handbook at a time when statutory regulation and other healthcare developments mean that undertaking CPD activity has renewed importance. It also provides a means for American psychologists to compare their continuing professional development to their British counterparts.

Reference / Fashion

Clothing and Textile Collections in the United States: A CSA Guide edited by Sally Queen &Vicki L. Berger (Costume Society of America Series: Texas Tech University Press)

Clothing is the most personal expression of a culture; objects of dress and adornment reveal so much about the individuals who wore them and the cultures and times in which they lived. History, art, technology, psychology, culture, social systems, customs – all are reflected in people’s clothing.

Countless treasures exist in clothing and textile collections across the U.S., but until now no comprehensive directory to the collections was available. Clothing and Textile Collections in the United States is the first guide to list information on more than 2,600 American collections.
The authors are Sally Queen, a specialist in eighteenth- and early-nineteenth-century costume and reproduction, and the publisher of Textiles for Colonial Clothing, Textiles for Clothing in the Early Republic: 1800–1850, and Textiles for Early Victorian Clothing: 1850–1880; and Vicki L. Berger, director of the Arizona Historical Society Museum at Papago Park in Tempe, Arizona, a faculty member of the American Association of State and Local History.

Readers may will ask, how did the treasures in Clothing and Textile Collections in the United States come to be preserved, studied, and exhibited in the collections listed here? The answer is in any number of ways but surprisingly often from America's own attics and closets. During the twentieth century, many people could more easily afford to replace old items with the latest trends yet could not bring themselves to discard these objects, which went into trunks, boxes, or sacks for storing and thereby survived to reflect more than the material culture of their eras. Some went into museums and historical societies; others to pri­vate collectors or small house museums. Many others remain in homes within the family.

While the community of U.S. collections is strong in twentieth-century objects, there is also a wealth of American and international objects from the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, or even earlier. They continue to be preserved and valued for many reasons, some for their his­torical significance and the stories they tell. Others are saved purely for their art.

The purpose of Clothing and Textile Collections in the United States is to make known and solidify the community of collections open to the public. Identifying that community has taken many years in gathering information about U.S. and international collections. Queen and Berger continue the earlier work through America's Closets – a visionary, multipurpose database project to record, track, and share information from collections across the Americas.

Information in Clothing and Textile Collections in the United States is in two forms: basic contact information and basic contact information plus collection details. Basic contact information was compiled from many public sources. Each institution received a survey asking for more detailed information on the clothing, accessories, uniforms, costumes, general textiles, quilts, and flags in their holdings. The detailed collection information comes from the surveys completed by more than eight hundred curators and collection managers. A few select institutions provided images, so readers can see their objects from the comfort of their homes or offices and be inspired to plan a visit to their next exhibition or a behind-the-scenes look into the ‘closets.’

The information in Clothing and Textile Collections in the United States is organized by state. Each chapter begins with a state map with cities marked where collections exist. Metropolitan areas such as New York City, Chicago, and Los Angeles contain large numbers of collections and cover a large traveling area often with many city names. Additional information is included for these large metropolitan areas. The regional insert for each map shows neighboring states for planning purposes. After each state map, cities are listed alphabetically with the institutions listed alphabetically in each city. Some institutions have multiple collections, and each is listed separately if the curator chose to differentiate.

Clothing is defined broadly as objects that were worn by people, with general categories of underwear, main wear, and outerwear. Wearable art is included in this category.

Accessories, including hats, gloves, jewelry, purses, pocketbooks, scarves, socks and stockings, belts, and bags, are defined as what was carried or added to clothing for function or decoration. Military accessories are generally called accoutrements.

Uniforms are defined as military and civilian clothing worn specifically for visual job dis­tinction. The largest category is military uni­forms and accoutrements.

Costumes are defined as fanciful clothing and ensembles for performance wear, fancy dress, and specific events such as Halloween. General textiles is a broad category used to refer to any flat textile, including yard goods and household textiles such as tablecloths, sheets, wall hangings, and rugs. Textiles include unwoven fibers, wool batts, and silkworm cocoons to show the beginnings of cloth and clothing. Textile collections also include fiber art, tapestries, samplers, quilts, and flags.

Quilts and flags are specific objects in the general textile category. The locations of specific objects are of great interest to readers, and they are listed separately for easy access. The quilt category includes quilts for bed coverings and wall art, coverlets, and bedspreads. Flags are flat textiles designed to show affiliation and allegiance.

This field guide is part of the Costume Society of America (CSA) series. The information in Clothing and Textile Collections in the United States should prove to be a valuable trip-planning tool and will provide insight to such things as what amenities might be available in a particular collection's hometown. In addition the regional insets will encourage readers to consider collections of interest in nearby states as well as to show the regional divisions of the Costume Society of America, which offers to its members and to the general public a significant resource in networking and in clothing and textile expertise.

This guide is essential for museum directors, costume studies professionals, and librarians, as well as anyone interested in clothing and textile history. Owners of heirlooms, seeking to preserve them, stand also to benefit from the combined expertise represented in this guide.

Reference / Genealogy / Computers & Internet

The Genealogist's Internet: Third Expanded Edition by Peter Christian (The National Archives of England)

There is a wealth of data on the Web for those researching a family tree. However, the sheer volume of information and diversity of websites can make starting a search confusing and time-consuming. Help is at hand with this guide from The National Archives (England).

The Genealogist's Internet starts by explaining for the beginner how the internet works. It continues by detailing the major sources of primary data available to family historians online and highlights the most helpful directories and gateways. Readers may use it to contact others with the same surname or to access the numerous forums, discussion groups, mailing lists and newsgroups focusing on genealogy.

This edition includes new information on fully-updated URLs as well as:

  • Developments in the indexes to births, marriage and deaths online.
  • The expansion in the census and wills data available online.
  • The Online Parish Clerk schemes (for putting parish data on the Web).
  • Lottery-funded projects relating to historical material which have come to fruition since the previous edition.
  • Sites on the use of DNA testing in genealogy and DNA surname studies.
  • Genealogy blogs, a type of online journal which has become popular.
  • Major changes in the world of search engines.
  • Future developments in online genealogy.
  • A timeline of online genealogy resources for the British Isles.

According to Peter Christian, highly-regarded online genealogist, many resources have moved or disappeared in the two years since the last edition of The Genealogist's Internet, and there are some important new sites. For example, the General Register Office (Great Britain) at long last has a site of its own, and a new National Archives site, combining the Public Record Office and Historical Manuscripts Commission, was launched in summer 2004. The explosion in the amount of data available has continued. Civil registration and census material is now accessible from many more sites than two years ago.

Another important factor has been the increasing availability of broadband in the home. According to The Genealogist's Internet, at least one major site is introducing higher quality images alongside its existing offering. Although broadband has not yet revolutionized the genealogical content available on the web, in the way that it has for music and film, it has meant that sites with high quality maps and photographs can be more readily recommended.

Everyone who uses a computer for genealogical research should have this book. – Society of Genealogists
An excellent book – Eastman’s On-line Genealogy Newsletter

The book is clear and authoritative, and of particular help to those researching ancestors in Great Britain. Many of the principles explained in the book will be of help to all researchers. Note especially that The Genealogist's Internet is accompanied by its own website with updates on all the information covered in the book: www.spub.co.uk/tgi3/ .

Religion & Spirituality / Kabbalah / Health, Mind & Body

The Erotic and the Holy: Kabbalistic Tantra for Everyday Living [UNABRIDGED] (7 Audio CDs, running time 7 ½ hours) by Marc Gafni (Sounds True) reveals the wisdom of God in the erotic.

What can erotic love teach about the Divine? In modern Western thought, the sexual is often seen as being the opposite of the spiritual. Yet according to Marc Gafni, best-selling author of Soul Prints, when listeners understand and access the rich interplay between the erotic and the sexual, they can tap into a limitless reservoir of spiritual wisdom. "The sexual models the erotic," explains Rabbi Gafni, leader of an international spiritual community, "but it does not exhaust it." Now, with The Erotic and the Holy, a seven CD workshop, this Kabbalistic sage invites listeners to accept Eros as their spiritual teacher, a teacher that will guide them with sweetness and tenderness toward ‘being a lover’ in every aspect of their lives.

Gafni's is a Kabbalistic teaching known as ‘The Secret of the Cherubs’. His study of ancient scrolls has revealed that the early Hebrews tried to illuminate the relationship between erotic love and divine grace when they built the first Temple. Accounts of the Temple describe it as being adorned with vivid images of angelic figures in passionate lovemaking – even directly above the Ark of the Covenant. Yet when the Temple fell, the feminine erotic, known to the ancient Hebrews as Shekinah, was exiled. It is that essential feminine quality of the Divine, the sensual and creative side of God, that the teachings in The Erotic and the Holy reclaim.

This is the message of the Kabbalistic Tantra, that when individuals live from their erotic core, bringing the spirit of the lover to each facet of their lives, the most valuable lessons of spiritual awakening come naturally and without resistance. The answers to such challenges as giving up the need to control, learning to forgive, and developing true compassion can all be found in the erotic heart of the Tannic lover.

This is a complete workshop recorded before a live audience, featuring over seven hours of insights, stories, and wisdom from a master of Kabbalistic mysticism. Contents of The Erotic and the Holy include:

  • What is ‘erotic’ and what is ‘merely sexual’?
  • To be ‘inside the face of God’ – a forgotten truth about the erotic.
  • The union of temple energy and pagan energy – why both are needed, and how they can find common ground.
  • Sexuality as the great wisdom teacher – how to apply its lessons to life.
  • Savoring the ‘aftertaste’ – a key to knowing a true erotic experience.
  • How ‘being a lover’ is a commitment to generosity and transcending the self.
  • Giving up control: why we happily give up the illusion of control when we embrace the wisdom of Eros.
  • Reclaiming the power of the ‘Great Name’ – the secret meaning of the name of God.

With his intimate knowledge of Kabbalistic mysticism, Gafni the relationship between pleasure and the spirit. The Erotic and the Holy combines revelations about the Kabbalah with moving stories from everyday life to guide listeners into experiencing the divine power of the Shekinah in their own world.

Religion & Spirituality / Religious Studies

Abraham's Children: Jews, Christians, and Muslims in Conversation edited by Richard Harries, Norman Solomon & Timothy J. Winters (T & T Clark Publishers, Ltd.)

The world today is only too painfully aware of the tension, suspicion and at times outright hostility that exist among followers of the three great monotheistic religions of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. In Abraham's Children distinguished scholars from all three faiths examine the key issues which either unite or divide Jews, Christians and Muslims today and offer constructive suggestions for developing mutual understanding, trust and co-operation.

Abraham's Children is divided into two parts. Part One, Foundations of Faith, explores the significance of Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad. Part Two, Resources for the Modern World, deals with such diverse topics as the image of God in humanity, religion and pluralism, gender, the environment and life after death. Each section is followed by a chapter identifying areas of common ground, as well as continuing differences and questions needing further exploration.

The authors include Rabbi Dr Norman Solomon, a member of the Oxford University Unit for Teaching and Research in Hebrew and Jewish Studies; Richard Harries, Bishop of Oxford and a popular speaker and broadcaster; and Tim Winter, Lecturer in Islamic Studies at the University of Cambridge. The contributors include the 14 members of the Oxford Abrahamic Group, which includes renowned British religious leaders, Jewish, Christian, and Muslim and has been meeting for more than ten years.

Part I: Foundations of Faith includes

  1. Abraham: Abraham from a Jewish Perspective - Sybil Sheridan; Abraham from a Christian Perspective - Paul Joyce; Abraham from a Muslim Perspective - Tim Winter; Abraham in Jewish, Christian and Muslim Thought - Norman Solomon, Richard Harries and Tim Winter
  2. Moses: Moses from a Jewish Perspective - Jonathan Gorsky; Moses from a Christian Perspective - John Barton; Moses from a Muslim Perspective - Annabel Keeler; Moses in Jewish, Christian and Muslim Thought - Norman Solomon, Richard Harries and Tim Winter
  3. Jesus: Jesus from a Christian Perspective - Kallistos Ware; Jesus from a Jewish Perspective - Sybil Sheridan; Jesus from a Muslim Perspective - Basil Mustafa; Jesus in Christian, Jewish and Muslim Thought - Norman Solomon, Richard Harries and Tim Winter
  4. Muhammad: Muhammad from a Muslim Perspective - Tim Winter; Muhammad from a Christian Perspective - Keith Ward; Muhammad from a Jewish Perspective - Norman Solomon; Muhammad in Muslim, Christian and Jewish Thought - Norman Solomon, Richard Harries and Tim Winter

Part II: Resources for the Modern World includes:

  1. The Image of God in Humanity: The Image of God in Humanity from A Jewish Perspective - Norman Solomon; The Image of God in Humanity from a Christian Perspective - Alison Salvesen; The Image of God in Humanity from a Muslim Perspective - Yahya Michot; The Image of God in Humanity, in Jewish, Christian and Muslim Thought - Norman Solomon, Richard Harries and Tim Winter
  2. Pluralism: Pluralism from a Jewish Perspective - Norman Solomon; Pluralism from a Christian Perspective - Keith Ward; Pluralism from a Muslim Perspective - Tim Winter; Pluralism in Jewish, Christian and Muslim Thought - Norman Solomon, Richard Harries and Tim Winter
  3. Gender: Gender from a Jewish Perspective - Sybil Sheridan; Gender from a Christian Perspective - Marcus Braybrooke; Gender from a Muslim Perspective - Tim Winter; Gender in Jewish, Christian and Muslim Thought - Norman Solomon, Richard Harries and Tim Winter
  4. The Environment: The Environment from a Jewish Perspective - Norman Solomon; The Environment from a Christian Perspective - Kallistos Ware; The Environment from a Muslim Perspective - Lutfi Radwan; The Environment in Jewish, Christian and Muslim Thought - Norman Solomon, Richard Harries and Tim Winter
  5. Life after Death: Life after Death from a Jewish Perspective - Norman Solomon; Life after Death from a Christian Perspective - Richard Harries; Life after Death from a Muslim Perspective - Yahya Michot; Life after Death in Jewish, Christian and Muslim Thought - Norman Solomon, Richard Harries and Tim Winter

Abraham's Children is the product of the fruitful interaction of the members of the Oxford Abrahamic Group, all of whom are highly conscious that monotheism itself is under question in the modern world. Its contributors demonstrate that faith cannot be shared more widely without an acute awareness of the questions the world poses.

Social Sciences / Anthropology / History / African Americans

The Great Black Way: L.A. in the 1940s and the Lost African-American Renaissance by R. J. Smith (Public Affairs)

In 1997, R.J. Smith went hunting for a book about the 1940s jazz scene on Los Angeles's Central Avenue. What he found was a forgotten place and time in African American and California history, and a scene whose influence has lasted more than fifty years, though we no longer realize it.

In the 1940s, when FDR opened up the defense industry to black workers, it inspired a massive wave of black migration to a small area of Los Angeles along Central Avenue – and cultural ferment in the arts, culture, and politics. In a neighborhood densely packed with black musicians, independent labels and after-hours spots, rhythm and blues was spawned. Chester Himes fathered the black detective novel and a noir sensibility. Black comics took off minstrel blackface for the first time and addressed audiences directly with socially-tinged humor. And, as Smith, senior editor at the Los Angeles Magazine, suggests in The Great Black Way, the civil rights movement got a new start, as the strategy of building mass movements and giving power to ghetto dwellers gained favor in opposition to the top-down strategies of the NAACP and the Urban League. Harlem's Renaissance had been driven by the intellectual elite. In L.A., a new sense of black identity arose from street level. But when the moment was over, many hopes and lives were swept away with it.

Based on original research and more than a hundred interviews underwritten by the Getty Research Institute and by USC's Center for Transnational and Multiethnic Studies, The Great Black Way shows that much that we take for granted today, from hip hop and slang to modern-day street fashion, all flowed from the 1940s scene along the Great Black Way. Smith brings the 1940s Central Avenue scene back to life, from its nightclubs and drag shows to the Azusa Street Revival meetings where Pentecostalism was born; from the wartime shipyards where workers risked death to integrate the unions to the neighborhood called Bronzeville, where black businesses flourished in storefronts vacated by interned Japanese. He also introduces us to unknown heroes, like young journalist John Kinloch, who stirred up readers of The California Eagle with his irreverent, confrontational writing; pastor Clayton Russell, who led black workers into political activism via the Negro Victory Committee; and attorney Loren Miller, whose legal fight against restrictive housing covenants dealt a death blow to residential segregation.

The book features interviews with John Kinlock, Joe Liggins, Clayton Russell, Cecil Gant, Loren Miller, Ben Waller, Carlotta Bass, Big Jay McNeely, Charlie Parker, Ivie Anderson, Dexter Gordon, Nat King Cole, Sammy Davis, Jr., Charles Brown, Pigmeat Markham, Gladys Bentley, Adam Clayton Powell, Mabel Scott, Duke Ellington, Korla Pandit, Eddiej ‘Rochester’ Anderson, Jack McVea, Chester Himes, Buddy Collette, Walter Williams, Ornette Coleman, Bert Williams, count Basic, Mickey Cohen, Redd Foxx, Charles Mingus, Alyce Key, Slim Gaillard, Wardell Gray.

In prose that evokes all its color and intensity, The Great Black Way resurrects a forgotten time and a scene as influential as the Harlem Renaissance. Like a major archaeological dig, The Great Black Way unearths that now vanished civilization and changes how we understand history.

Social Sciences / Parenting & Families

Cruel but Not Unusual: Violence in Canadian Families edited by Ramona Alaggia & Cathy Vine (Wilfred Laurier University Press)

Violence in families and intimate relationships affects a significant proportion of the population – from very young children to the elderly. Although no one is immune to violence, some groups are particularly vulnerable. Cruel but Not Unusual, edited by Ramona Alaggia, assistant professor in the Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto and Cathy Vine, executive director of Voices for Children, is the first book to offer a Canadian national survey of the latest research and practice, and it reflects on the patriarchal roots and societal conditions in Canada that have led to the longstanding abuse of women and children. While feminist theories provide an overarching framework, a broad range of approaches is offered to examine and respond to critical aspects of this serious social problem.

Affecting a wide range of people, family violence is a social problem with far-reaching consequences. We are still in the early stages of uncovering and understanding the persistent and pervasive character of violence in families, despite its frequent occurrence. As Alaggia and Vine looked for materials to address these concerns – to help educators and students in the classroom and professionals in the field – they say they recognized there was no one text available that reflected the expansive range of issues and provided a Canadian context. Topics covered in Cruel but Not Unusual include: systemic oppression of Aboriginal families and communities; violence in a francophone minority context; child corporal punishment; abuse in the lives of people with disabilities; the objectification of older adults; mother blaming; intimate violence in same-sex relationships; and new approaches to solving the problem of violence in Canadian families.

For the purposes of Cruel but Not Unusual, the editors use a feminist-informed approach as an overarching framework to assert that many forms of violence and abuse occur within the context of intimate and familial relationships, a manifestation of patriarchy, perpetuated by patriarchal structures. While feminist theories are helpful to understanding family violence, no one theory alone explains this complex phenomenon.

Alaggia and Vine begin Cruel but Not Unusual with a focus on the role of systemic oppression and violence in the lives of Aboriginal families, children and adults with disabilities, francophone women living in a minority context, immigrant and refugee families, and the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgendered, and queer (LGBTQ) community. Each of the first five chapters provides an in-depth examination of the historical and current experiences and issues faced by these diverse groups. While each of the groups is united by a common bond, the authors are clear that each of these groups is made up of diverse members. Nevertheless, it is instructive to chronicle the oppression of a particular group and its experiences of violence. This focal point provides a window into the issues which may cut across all marginalized groups and those which are unique to a group because of its particular characteristics and historical treatment through Canadian structures and policies.

In chapter 1, Cyndy Baskin records the far reaching and devastating consequences of colonization on First Nations' communities and the systematic placement of Aboriginal children in residential schools. Baskin connects the past with the present, demonstrating that the legacy of colonization has had a profound impact on Aboriginal families, giving rise to soaring rates of violence in Aboriginal communities. Oppression is central to this analysis and responses determined by Aboriginal traditions and values are critical to addressing violence and abuse.

While Baskin calls for a unique, culturally driven response to abuse in Aboriginal communities, in chapter 2, Richard Sobsey and Sonia Sobon propose that anything short of fully involving people with disabil­ities in mainstream Canadian society will serve only to perpetuate the high rates of abuse in their lives. In chapter 3, Ina Motoi continues the examination of oppressed groups' experiences by delving into the experiences of French-Canadian women living in Ontario's dominant Anglophone society. She reveals the tensions in providing emergency telephone counseling services to women whose everyday lives are permeated by ‘identity violence’ and asserts that the experience of family violence must be understood first and foremost upon this foundation. Ultimately, the counseling service staff developed an ‘intercultural’ approach to providing support and dealing with the frequently asked question, "Is this violence?"

While Motoi's chapter explores the existential issues involved in addressing violence in a francophone minority context, chapter 4 by Ramona Alaggia and Sarah Maiter expands this focus by reviewing the plight and experiences of women and children experiencing violence in immigrant families. Alaggia and Maiter explore the problems inherent in definitions, who gets counted, and the complexities involved with domestic violence and child welfare policy and practice responses when private ails require public action. They also provide an analysis of the service delivery system for immigrant families affected by abuse and violence and make recommendations for improved response.

Chapter 5 by Roy Gillis and Shaindl Diamond sheds light on yet another oppressed group's experiences of exclusion as they focus on intimate violence in the LGBTQ community. Along with providing a challenge to the existing paradigms of intimate violence theory – the femi­nist conceptualization of intimate violence in particular – they chronicle the ways in which the needs of both victims and perpetrators continue to be ignored, if not exacerbated, in mainstream violence responses.

In concentrating on the experiences of specific groups, the first section of Cruel but Not Unusual brings to light the multifaceted issues involved in identifying, naming, counting, understanding, and intervening in violence that is experienced by groups that have been marginalized in Canadian society.

While Section 1 uses a cultural lens for directing discussion, in Section 2 Alaggia and Vine bring a developmental lens to the fore. Here they investigate the experiences of children as they grow up in homes (or family-like settings) where they themselves directly experience a broad range of acts and behaviors which may or may not be classified as ‘child abuse’ or ‘violence.’ They may also be exposed to other forms of violence in their family relationships – most commonly, the abuse of their mothers.

In chapter 6, Cathy Vine, Nico Trocme, and Judy Finlay provide an overview of the nature, scope, characteristics, and impact of child abuse as it can be understood within the contexts and limitations of research and the systems involved in responding. The authors assert that how we view, care for, and protect children from abuse is influenced by legal, social, political, economic, cultural, and religious traditions along with an ever-expanding knowledge base regarding child development and the short- and long-term effects of child abuse and trauma.

One issue that has received extensive attention in recent years has been corporal punishment. In chapter 7, Anne McGillivray and Joan E. Durrant demonstrate that "the road from Rome to the twenty-first century has been paved with justifications for violence against children." The authors bring into razor-sharp focus the historical, legal, and current legislative contexts which support continued physical punishment of children throughout Canada. In Roman and common law, for example, both women and children lived under the rule of the father. While women are no longer subject to ‘correction’ by their husbands, the story is different for children. The authors offer recommendations to professionals and policymakers regarding the prevention of violence against children in Canada.

In chapter 8, Jasmine Hayes, Nico Trocme, and Angelique Jenney draw attention to another issue which has only recently begun to receive concerted attention: children's exposure to domestic violence. Here the authors provide a detailed examination of the ways in which children are understood to be affected by exposure to domestic violence and the ways in which research and clinical practice can usefully inform one another. The authors spotlight how policy shapes system response.

In chapter 9, Susan Strega further investigates how policies and leg­islation shape system response and argues that ‘failure to protect’ leg­islation maintains or even increases the dangers to mothers and children. Strega asserts that mothers are being held responsible for failing to protect their children from ‘witnessing’ the violence being inflicted on them and asks why the system continues to focus on mothers while failing to even notice – let alone hold responsible – the men who are perpetrating the violence against them. She recommends policy and practice changes that would "enable child welfare to move from punishing and threatening mothers to more effectively working with them to protect both themselves and their children."

In chapter 10, Rachel Birnbaum provides yet another lens for understanding the ‘forces at play’ when parents sepa­rate and/or divorce in the context of violence. The problems continue into disputes over custody and access. Birnbaum analyzes the evolution of the legislation which governs separation and divorce processes, argues that children are invisible throughout, and concludes with a proposed framework for making children visible.

Moving from examining the experiences of diverse groups to those of children, in Section 3 the editors address the abuse of women in their intimate relationships. They provide an analysis of the theory and context which shapes how this phenomenon is understood from a structural perspective, followed by two chapters which present both an overview of clinical practice and a narrative approach to working with women oppressed by relationship violence. In chapter 11, Sarah Todd and Colleen Lundy review the prevalence and nature of gender-based violence in Canada. Todd and Lundy include international comparisons and critically analyze the violence surveys and measures used to produce this picture. The authors use a structural approach to explain the dynamics of male violence against women and affirm that it should guide analysis, policy, and practice responses.

In chapter 12, Leslie Tutty provides critical assessment and treatment principles for working with abused women and perpetrators. Tutty provides the necessary tools for sensitively raising the issue and describes a comprehensive approach for prioritizing safety and employing effective clinical interventions. In chapter 13, Judith Myers Avis presents a detailed portrayal of a narrative approach for working with women oppressed by relationship violence. Avis's goal is to provide a liberating approach for both thinking about intimate violence and for helping women to escape its hold.

In the final section of Cruel but Not Unusual, the editors turn their attention to the later stages of the family life cycle. While many of the earlier chapters actively connect the lives and experiences of adults and children, the work presented in the last two chapters focuses almost exclusively on older adults. While women are commonly credited with ‘breaking the silence’ about sexual abuse and domestic violence, the discovery of elder abuse as a social problem, in contrast, has been led by professionals. Add that dynamic to the ways in which we commonly depict older people as dependent and we end up with the prospect of creating legislation aimed at protecting older adults akin to that developed for protecting children.

In chapter 14, Lynn McDonald, April Collins, and Julie Dergal provide an overview of the major developments that have occurred in the field of elder abuse and neglect within Canada. They examine definitional problems, issues of reliability, and validity of data related to the incidence and prevalence of abuse, theoretical advances, and current challenges associated with identifying risk factors for abuse and neglect.

In chapter 15, Joan Harbison, Pam McKinley, and Donna Pettipas trace the development of elder abuse and neglect as a social problem. Their work reveals how older people become objects of the study and intervention as opposed to being subjects in their own lives. The authors review the structural factors and theoretical inadequacies responsible for this situation. They highlight the ethical questions involved in balancing autonomy, intervention, and protection. Case examples are provided to illuminate the issues involved in translating theory into practice as well as how practice can inform theory.

Cruel but Not Unusual will be useful for students, educators, and professionals. Alaggia and Vine bring together the work of practitioners and academics working in a range of settings across Canada to supply a comprehensive and current picture of the scope of the problem of violence in Canadian families along with the notable activity and advances in the area. The chapters integrate the separate domains and offer an advanced level of theory, research, and practice knowledge. They address experiences of intimate and family violence across particular groups and throughout the family life cycle. The chapter authors offer extensive analysis on the scope of the problems, issues, and legal, policy, and practice activity across many areas. Many of the contributors link the different forms of abuse in families to one another, and to broader social, political, and legal structures. Alaggia and Vine encourage understanding of these experiences in the context of one another and within broader Canadian societal structures. Taken together, this picture powerfully reveals the ways in which the personal experiences of individuals, groups, and families are affected by political orientations and policies.

Women’s Studies / Social Sciences / Literature & Fiction

Let Me Tell You Where I've Been: New Writing by Women of the Iranian Diaspora edited by Persis M. Karim, foreword by Al Young (The University of Arkansas Press)

In these tender and no-so-tender pages you’ll find the barely tellable story of what really happened to dreams deferred. Through the vivid, sometimes spellbinding accounts they provide, these gifted writers speak powerfully to the subject of displacement. – Al Young, from the Foreword

Until recently, Iranian literature has overwhelmingly been the domain of men. But in the twenty seven years since the Iranian revolution, women both in Iran and in the Diaspora have written and published in unprecedented numbers. The new hybrid cultures of Iranian Diaspora writers have given way to a uniquely feminine literary voice.

Let Me Tell You Where I've Been, the first anthology of writing by women of the Iranian Diaspora, is an extensive collection of poetry, fiction, and nonfiction that explores through literature the influences of history, revolution, war, exile, and immigration. The work in this collection, edited by Persis M. Karim, associate professor of English and Comparative Literature at San Jose State University in California and coeditor of A World Between: Poems, Short Stories, and Essays by Iranian-Americans, uncovers an emerging multicultural generation of female sensibility and eloquence. Unlike the tired, familiar images of Iran in the media, these women write about the complicated spaces between cultures, and capture a unique and still emerging literature. They challenge both the patriarchal literary tradition of Iran and the singular portrayals in the West of Iranian women as veiled, silent, and lacking in agency.

Featuring over one hundred selections (two-thirds of which have never been published before) from over fifty contributors – including such well-known writers as Gelareh Asayesh, Susan Atefat-Peckham, Tara Bahrampour, Firoozeh Dumas, Roya Hakakian, Azadeh Moaveni, and Farnoosh Moshiri – the collection represents a substantial cross section of this unique multicultural community. Organized around six general themes, including home and away, family and tradition, gender, politics, love, and silence, Let Me Tell You Where I've Been creates a rich conversation. That conversation is about Iran, Iranian culture, the Persian and English languages and the dual identities of its authors as represented and expressed in the West. Readers can share in the discovery of the wisdom and beauty of these woman and simultaneously witness them harnessing a power that is unmistakably their own.

We have to thank Persis Karim and the authors of this wonderful book for their selections, offering us a new alternative to the currently politicized and one-sided views on Iran. – Azar Nafisi, author of Reading Lolita in Iran
This is a surprising collection. . . . Persis Karim has located a community of sensitive and articulate cultural observers and mapped that explosion of creativity for us. – Michael Beard, coeditor of Middle Eastern Literatures and author of Naguib Mahfouz: From Regional Fame to Global Recognition

[These writings] command our attention, not only for the range of their subject matter and literary artistry, but for representing a multiplicity of voices, the newest patch in this quilt of American culture. They are allegories of our enriched nation. . . . The real thing. – Zohreh T. Sullivan, author of Exiled Memories: Stories of Iranian Diaspora

The diversity of voices represented in this stunning collection of poetry, fiction and nonfiction by women of Iranian descent shatters their narrow image in the U.S. …Touching on universal themes of love and loss, exile and longing, politics and war, this collection derives its cumulative power from its authors' subtle, uniquely female perceptions. – Publishers Weekly (starred review)

Might we present this stunning collection of voices to the U.S. government? Might this be the perfect moment for bridges of language and sensibility – delicious humanity – to define and connect us? Cast aside the grim proclamations of power and threat! Gratitude to Persis Karim for this healing tonic of pomegranate wisdom and pleasure. – Naomi Shihab Nye, poet and author of You &Yours and 19 Varieties of Gazelle: Poems of the Middle East

Iran is a land of paradoxes. It is also undergoing a momentous and profound transformation. The delightfully diverse group of women assembled in this important and timely collection offers a panoramic view of these complex and dynamic changes. Persis Karim ought to be congratulated. – Farzaneh Milani, author of Veils and Words: The Emerging Voices of Iranian Women Writers

In a time when Iran is cited daily in the news and political rhetoric is at an all time high, this collection offers a complex and humanizing literary representation. The writers in Let Me Tell You Where I've Been bring their individual and collective vision and offer a powerful new voice to the international literary scene.

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Guide to This Issue

Issue Contents:  From Wood to Linoleum: The Cuts and Prints of Barbara Mathews Whitehead, What is Graphic Design For? Print in Fashion: Design, Development and Technique in Fashion Textiles, Every Mother Is a Daughter: The Never-ending Quest for Success, Inner Peace, and a Really Clean Kitchen, The Rebels of Ireland: The Dublin Saga, Negotiating Buck Naked: Doukhobors, Public Policy, and Conflict Resolution, Children: Ugly Fish, Encyclopedia of War Crimes and Genocide, White Teachers / Diverse Classrooms: A Guide to Building Inclusive Schools, Promoting High Expectations, and Eliminating Racism, Leadership in Higher Education: Views from the Presidency. Teaching Environmental Ethics, Barbra: The Way She Is, Making Short Films, with DVD, American Singing Groups: A History, from 1940 to Today, Transgender Health and HIV Prevention: Needs Assessment Studies from Transgender Communities Across the United States, Body after Baby: The Simple 30-Day Plan to Lose Your Baby Weight, People's Movements, People's Press: The Journalism of Social Justice Movements, Maharanis: The Extraordinary Tale of Four Indian Queens and Their Journey from Purdah to Parliament, Agincourt: Henry V and the Battle That Made England, Roughneck Nine-One: The Extraordinary Story of a Special Forces A-team at War, Alms for Jihad: Charity and Terrorism in the Islamic World, The Da Vinci Kit: Mysteries of the Renaissance Decoded, A Fresh Twist on Fabric Folding: 6 Techniques 20 Quilt & Decor Projects, Creative Computer Crafts: 50 Fun and Useful Products You Can Make with Any Inkjet Printer, Good Green Kitchens, Brethren: An Epic Adventure of the Knights Templar, Dark Deeds, Sweet Songs: A Journal of Sorts, The Economics of Fantasy: Rape in Twentieth-century Literature, Emma, Last Voyage of the Valentina, Sacred Eroticism: Georges Bataille and Pierre Klossowski in the Latin America Erotic Novel, Pete Dunne's Essential Field Guide Companion: A Comprehensive Resource for Identifying North American Birds, Edens Lost and Found: How Ordinary Citizens Are Restoring Our Great American Cities, Brothers and Sisters in India: A Study of Urban Adult Siblings, Writing Southern Politics: Contemporary Interpretations and Future Directions, A Black Way of Seeing: From "Liberty" to Freedom, Study Guide to Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 6th edition, Prenatal Diagnosis, Continuing Professional Development for Clinical Psychologists: A Practical Handbook, Clothing and Textile Collections in the United States: A CSA Guide, The Genealogist's Internet: Third Expanded Edition, The Erotic and the Holy: Kabbalistic Tantra for Everyday Living, Abraham's Children: Jews, Christians, and Muslims in Conversation, The Great Black Way: L.A. in the 1940s and the Lost African-American Renaissance, Cruel but Not Unusual: Violence in Canadian Families, Let Me Tell You Where I've Been: New Writing by Women of the Iranian Diaspora