SirReadaLot.org

SirReadaLot.org


We Review the Best of the Latest Books

ISSN 1934-6557

December 2005, Issue #80

Guide to This Issue

Contents: Photography and Community in the Twentieth Century, Biography of George W. Bush, Ben Franklin: America 's Original Entrepreneur, Technical and Business Innovations, Resonant Leadership, Improving Communities, Cooking, Food & Wine: America's Great Delis, Classic Mediterranean Cuisine, Hot & Spicy Dishes from around the World, Wine Making, Health, Mind & Body / Psychology & Counseling: Domestic Violence and Family Safety, Social Cognition in Adolescence, History: Billy the Kid Rides Again, Mapping the World: An Illustrated History of Cartography, The Encyclopedia of Conspiracies and Conspiracy Theories, Home & Garden: The Complete Houseplant Survival Manual, Law: My FBI: Bringing Down the Mafia, Investigating Bill Clinton and Fighting the War on Terror, Drugs, Society, and Criminal Justice Fiction: Why She Married Him, Poets on Poetics, Mysteries: Air Dance Iguana an Alex Rutledge Key West Mystery, Sad Cypress: A Hercule Poirot Mystery, Delete All Suspects by Donna Andrews a Turing Hopper Mystery Medicine / Surgery: Year Book of Surgery, 2005, Cognition and the Brain, Outdoor Recreation: The Physical Education Activity Handbook, Wild Plants of the Sierra Nevada Philosophy: Why We Want What We Want, Jimmy Carter on Our Endangered Values, Education: Internet Reference Support for Distance Learners Religion: Joseph Smith's Quorum of the Anointed, 1842-1845, Misquoting Jesus: The Story Behind Who Changed the Bible and Why, Slaves in the New Testament: Literary, Social, And Moral Dimensions, Social Sciences: Appalachian Cultural Competency, The Average American: The Extraordinary Search for the Nation's Most Ordinary Citizen, The Media after 9/11

Arts & Photography

American Exposures: Photography and Community in the Twentieth Century by Louis Kaplan ( University of Minnesota Press)

Photographs have the power to define and shape a community of people – for those who are revealed as well as for those who view them. Louis Kaplan addresses this phenomenon through a constellation of essays that draw on the artistic renderings of national, ethnic, and global community. Spanning the twentieth century, American Exposures sheds light on a wide range of photographs, from Arthur Mole’s propagandistic ‘living photographs’ of American icons and symbols to the exploration of contemporary sub-cultural communities by the Korean-born photographer and performance artist Nikki Lee, and asserts that the depiction of community is a central component to photography. 
Examining an eclectic collection of photographers, American Exposures deploys a number of critical concepts and theories developed by Jean-Luc Nancy in The Inoperative Community, as well as other philosophers, and applies them to the field of photography studies. Combining artistic and historical material with interdisciplinary theory, Kaplan, associate professor of history and theory of photography and new media in the Graduate Department of History of Art at the University of Toronto , moves beyond indexical thinking to demonstrate how an expository approach offers valuable resources with which to analyze visual communication. In doing so, he highlights the distinct powers of both community and photography as discourses of exposure. 

Without minimizing their differences, Louis Kaplan examines a heterogeneous set of works to demonstrate the many links between the practice of photography and endless efforts to delineate concepts of community. Few studies could be more relevant for rethinking the role of photography in the ‘American’ twentieth century. – Sally Stein, University of California , Irvine

The profusely illustrated American Exposures sheds an innovative light on photographs of the twentieth century. With an original approach to photography, from Edward Steichen’s Family of Man exhibition to Pedro Meyer and the rise of the digital image, Kaplan points to a new way to think about the intimate relationship among photography, American life, and the artistic imagination. 

Biographies & Memoirs / Leaders & Notable People

George W. Bush: Portrait of a Leader by Tyndale with an introduction by Karen Hughes (Tyndale House Publishers)

The essence of the presidency is often captured in small moments…. This book is a collection of those moments, captured by the White House photographers, whose work provides an intimate, behind-the-scenes account of the Bush presidency. – Karen Hughes, from the Foreword

Small moments…a bullhorn clasped in one hand as the other encircles a retired fireman; a fallen policeman's badge, given by a grieving mother that becomes the symbol of "lives that ended and a task that does not end;" a handshake between the leaders of Britain and the United States, whose shared resolve toppled the regime of Saddam Hussein. George W. Bush is a behind-the-scenes account of the Bush presidency as captured by the White House photographers. The White House Photo Office documents the presidency. For those readers who do not know, for almost 40 years White House photographers have accompanied each President throughout his working days in American and around the world. Eric Draper, the current director of the White House Photo Office, leads a team of photographers and photo editors from the West Wing of the White House.

Originally developed for limited distribution by the 55th Presidential Inaugural Committee, George W. Bush is being made accessible to the general public by Tyndale House Publishers. The book contains over 100 photos, select quotes from George W. Bush, and a reprinting of Bush's 2005 inaugural address. It also contains an introduction by Karen Hughes, who has worked for the President since he ran for Governor of Texas, serving as Counselor to the President in the White House, helping run his 2000 presidential campaign, and serving as his communications director during his six years as Texas Governor.

George W. Bush gives readers a look at public and private moments of the 43rd President from his first Inaugural to his second, during some of the most difficult days in the nation's history. This beautiful book captures the essence of the day-to-day responsibilities of the presidency. In George W. Bush readers are able to view in one place many behind-the-scenes photographs of a sitting President, taking readers inside the presidency in a way few have ever experienced.

Business & Investing / Biographies & Memoirs

Ben Franklin: America 's Original Entrepreneur adapted by Blaine McCormick (Entrepreneur Press) is the story of America ’s first entrepreneur, taken from his own words, adapted for today’s business reader.

The most versatile Founding Father was a husband, a father, a writer, an inventor, a statesman, a fundraiser and a military leader, but first and foremost a businessman. Franklin's capti­vating adventures include his almost single-handed responsibility for establish­ing the first media empire, the first public library, the first fire brigade, the University of Pennsylvania, the first book club and the first franchise – all of which are detailed within these pages with Franklin's characteristic mix of humility and pride.

Ben Franklin is the only modern translation of Franklin ’s original autobiography covering both the founding father’s life and the formation of his business acumen from 1706 through 1757. Adapted by Blaine McCormick, associate dean at the Hankamer School of Business at Baylor University and a nationally recognized expert on Benjamin Franklin, this autobiography by Franklin deciphers the colonial context of Franklin ’s autobiography and clearly presents Franklin ’s observations and experiences in the business world in ways that modern readers can appreciate and apply.

  • Part I details Franklin ’s upbringing, explaining the lessons he learned on his way to owning his own business.
  • Part II covers Franklin ’s years as a printer and concludes when he retires from his business.
  • Part III showcases a highly effective Franklin applying his business knowledge as he moves into the public arena. Special sidebars link concepts introduced in the original autobiography with today’s business environment, over two centuries later.

In Ben Franklin, Franklin chronicles his own story, from his early days growing up in colonial Boston to his retirement from printing and growing involvement in national politics. It was during these years that he honed his management and leadership skills, acquired a fervent distaste for tyranny of all types, embraced a strong set of morals and developed an uncompromising work ethic. From the moment he fled his tyrannical master and set himself up as a printer in Philadelphia , all who came into contact with Franklin recognized his destiny.

Although this modernized version of Franklin 's autobiography achieves its goal of sharing business lessons, it also serves as an accessible – if abbreviated – portrait of the entrepreneur, statesman, scientist and inventor. … Each of the 82 short chapters features an introduction contextualizing the events. Some lessons are of the moral variety (honesty is a necessity in all endeavors); others pertain to development (expose yourself to a wide variety of jobs; Franklin worked for his father's candle business, enjoyed watching talented craftsmen at work and toyed with small machines for his science experiments); many are more traditionally business-minded (on partnerships, for example, Franklin advises "clearly defining the roles and expectations of each partner at the very beginning"). History buffs with business interests will enjoy this entertaining, informative account. – Publishers Weekly

Franklin ’s autobiography is America ’s first great self-help book. It teaches in a delightful way how to win friends, influence people and succeed in business. Professor McCormick makes this great work more accessible and adds his own insights.  – Walter Isaacson, author, Benjamin Franklin: An American Life

Anyone who’s got the bug and drive to become a great leader and innovator can only be inspired by the life of Benjamin Franklin, who quite literally wrote the book for getting the most out of himself and bringing out the best in others. His genius – scientific, entrepreneurial, diplomatic, and literary – was sui generis. His Autobiography is a classic of American letters, and he emerges from the pages of Professor McCormick’s version not only as our contemporary, but also as a 21st century visionary, not to mention a wise companion. – Judith Rodin, Ph.D., President Emerita, The University of Pennsylvania , President, The Rockefeller Foundation

Statesman and inventor are the first images that come to mind when we think of Benjamin Franklin, but as his autobiography will remind us, he was also a very successful entrepreneur and a most fascinating individual. Dr. McCormick brings the story of Franklin ’s entrepreneurial spirit alive for today’s audience in his adaptation of Franklin ’s autobiography. – United States Congressman Michael N. Castle ( Delaware ), fifth generation Franklin descendant

The only modern adaptation of Benjamin Franklin's l8th century autobiography, Ben Franklin’s is one of the greatest business stories ever told. Franklin ’s wisdom transcends the ages – and his life lessons and insights are as compelling today as ever.

Business & Investing / Management & Leadership

The Pebble and the Avalanche: How Taking Things Apart Creates Revolutions by Moshe Yudkowsky (Berrett Koehler Publishers Inc.)

What is the common denominator linking most of the technical and business innovations from the past 200 years? According to Moshe Yudkowsky, the answer can be summed up in one polysyllabic word: disaggregation.

Important revolutions of the past 30 years include the Internet, personal computers, the XML programming language, and the breakup of AT&T. What do they have in common? All are based on innovations that break technology apart. After breaking a technology apart, it still works – phone calls could still be made after the breakup of AT&T – but it is composed of smaller and more flexible pieces that can be used to create new innovations. This process is called ‘disaggregation,’ so named because the pieces of the technology that were formerly stuck together are pried apart. Using the simple metaphor of the pebble and the avalanche – prying rocks loose from a mountaintop releases tremendous energy – The Pebble and the Avalanche explains the workings and benefits of disaggregation.

Yudkowsky, physicist, inventor, president of Disaggregate and Chair of the Midwest Speech Technology Association, explains how prying pieces of technology apart can unleash a similar outpouring of tremendously powerful, groundbreaking ideas. Through a variety of high-profile historical examples – the break-up of AT&T, the age of digital music, and the phenomenon of the Internet – Yudkowksy details exactly how the process of disaggregation works.

The book is filled with dozens of examples from the past 200 years. Thus, in tangible terms Yudkowksy differentiates between the five different ways things are taken apart, highlights the many benefits of disaggregation, and suggests how to use disaggregation to develop new innovations. Yudkowsky also demonstrates how some of the most important innovations in history – interchangeable parts, the automobile, personal computers – were displays of disaggregation in action. And there are more subtle examples – separating infor­mation from the storage medium – digital music doesn't rely on records, tapes, or CDs; digital photographs don't require paper; and digital movies don't need film – has enabled millions of people to create and share their work (and others') far more easily than ever before, with enormous implications.

The Pebble and the Avalanche also offers strategies for successfully adapting to a disaggregation revolution – a necessary course of action for anyone who wants to survive and thrive in the 21st century. And in that same line of thought, the book provides precautionary advice against futile attempts to suppress disaggregation. Yudkowksy also points toward the future, identifying several industries that are about to be completely transformed by disaggregation.

A terrific book – it's full of ideas that helped me rethink our company's position in our commercial ecosystem. And it's entertaining, too! – Lin Chase, Ph.D., Vice President, Enterprise Solutions

This book started pebbles bouncing around in my head. If you're tired of incremental progress and want to make a big difference, then stop reading this endorsement and buy this book. – Richard Axelrod, author of Terms of Engagement, and coauthor of You Don't Have to Do It Alone

Mr. Yudkowsky offers a novel perspective on the forces of destructive creation. His analysis and numerous examples of the benefits and pitfalls of disaggregation draw from sources as diverse as trains, bears and Lenin. An entertaining and thought provoking read. – Tom Rowley, CEO, Preventsys

… This isn't another generic change-in-the-workplace book. This book offers rational advice and sensible tools that really make a difference when making decisions, both big and small. – Ed Bennett, Director of Web Strategy, University of Maryland

In The Pebble and the Avalanche Yudkowsky shows why the dynamic of disaggregation is crucial to survival in the 21st century marketplace – and how readers can use it to bring about change in their industries. This is a thought provoking book, full of ideas and strategies; it will appeal particularly to those who are idea oriented, especially those in high tech fields, and it is entertaining too.

Business & Investing / Management & Leadership

Resonant Leadership by Richard E. Boyatzis & Annie McKee, with a foreword by Daniel Goleman (Harvard Business School Press)

We've all seen it before: the ambitious leader who enjoys great success and then, inexplicably, crashes and burns. Why does this happen, in spite of the leader's vision, talent, and emotional intelligence?

Richard Boyatzis and Annie McKee, coauthors, with Daniel Goleman, of the international bestseller Primal Leadership, argue that today's leaders face unprecedented challenges that result in a vicious cycle of stress and sacrifice, with little or no recovery time built in. Consequently, even the most resonant leaders – whose ability to deftly manage their own and others' emotions once drove their companies to greatness – end up spiraling into dissonance.

In Resonant Leadership, Boyatzis, Professor in the Department of Organizational Behavior at the Weatherhead School of Management at Case Western Reserve, and McKeeis, co-chair of the Teleos Leadership Institute and teacher at the University of Pennsylvania , Graduate School of Education, apply decades of multidisciplinary research and hands-on consulting work. They provide a practical framework for how leaders can create and sustain resonance in their relationships, their teams, and their organizations. To counter the inevitable ‘power stress’ of the leadership role, leaders must consciously manage the ‘Cycle of Sacrifice and Renewal’ by stepping out of destructive patterns and renewing themselves physically, mentally, and emotionally.

Through examples from the front lines of organizations worldwide, Resonant Leadership illustrates the ways that three key elements – mindfulness, hope, and compassion – are essential to enabling renewal and sustaining resonance. Boyatzis and McKee show that these seemingly ‘soft’ concepts have proven implications for the practice of leadership, invoking physiological and psychological changes that enable leaders to overcome the negative effects of chronic stress. The book also provides dozens of exercises and a field-tested Intentional Change Model to guide leaders on their path to resonance and renewal.

Resonant Leadership reveals that the path to resonance, by intentionally employing mindfulness, hope, and compassion, creates effective and enduring leadership.

...Boyatzis and McKee's methodology is appropriately academic, with extensive footnotes and research citations, but it also uses a nice blend of anecdotes from their field work as consultants, and is expressed through decidedly touchy-feely language. What emerges is a highly engaging, readable work that takes business audiences into somewhat unusual psychological territory, far beyond the usual bar charts and spreadsheets.

… whether already-strong leaders looking to maintain their effectiveness, or burned-out ones aiming to get back in the proverbial saddle – will find this is a thought-provoking read. – Peter Han, Amazon.com
… when business leaders are under scrutiny for moral lapses on financial and social fronts, the exercises and arguments in this book can help executives learn to improve their interests by strengthening their ethics. – Publishers Weekly, starred review

Resonant Leadership goes straight to the heart of what it takes to be a leader in today's pressure-cooker world. It is data driven, full of unconventional wisdom, and highly practical. Superbly written, Resonant Leadership represents an extraordinary contribution to the world of business. – Jim Loehr, Chairman and CEO, LGE Performance Systems, and coauthor of the bestseller The Power of Full Engagement

The authors provide a practical guide to sustaining success as a leader in the face of relentless stress through cultivation of mindfulness, hope, and compassion – in the workplace and in daily life. They support their theories with instructive real-life examples. This is a rare business book, truly a pleasure to read. I recommend Resonant Leadership to all who lead or aspire to lead. – Barbara Krumsiek, President and CEO, Calvert Group

The quality and sustainability of any organization rests on the intellectual and emotional connection between its leaders and its key stakeholders. The work of Richard Boyatzis and Annie McKee is inspiring to anyone wanting to resonate deeply with those they lead. – Mats Lederhausen, Managing Director, McDonald's Ventures LLC

Leaders can't sustain effectiveness if they can't sustain themselves. Resonant Leadership offers inspiration and tools – to help readers become and remain successful leaders in their work and in their lives.

Business & Investing / Non-profits & Charities

Results that Matter: Improving Communities by Engaging Citizens, Measuring Performance, and Getting Things Done by Paul Epstein, Paul M. Coates, & Lyle D. Wray, with Swain Swain (Jossey-Bass)

Is your community strong and vibrant or merely struggling to survive?

Today's communities – whether they are strong or struggling – face difficult challenges if they want to be tomorrow's healthy, vibrant communities. The challenge for community leaders and citizens is not just to solve specific problems today. Their real challenge is to keep learning from their experience so they can keep improving their communities tomorrow.

In a time of increased scrutiny and heightened demands for accountability, community and public leaders must demonstrate more than good intentions: they must produce results. Results that Matter presents the new Effective Community Governance Model that brings together valuable tools of community improvement – especially performance measurement and citizen engagement – to empower communities to achieve the outcomes their citizens most desire.

Results that Matter is filled with real-life examples from twenty-five communities across the country that demonstrate the benefits and practicality of the model and related practices. The authors are Paul D. Epstein, principal of Epstein and Fass Associates, a New York-based consulting firm; Paul M. Coates, director of the Office of State and Local Government Programs and associate professor of public policy and administration in the Department of Political Science at Iowa State University; Lyle D. Wray is executive director of the Capitol Region Council of Governments based in Hartford; and David Swain, a Florida-based consultant who managed the Jacksonville Community Council Inc.'s pioneering community quality of life indicators. They provide down-to-earth guidance, including self-improvement practices of effective communities and new roles for citizens, community leaders, and managers. Government and nonprofit managers learn how to combine these tools in new ways, not only to achieve one-time improvement of their organizations and communities, but to foster continual community renewal and improvement.

Too many politicians think that being a leader means being a powerbroker. Results that Matter clearly demonstrates that leadership means letting the people lead. – Mayor William Johnson, Rochester , New York

Results that Matter provides concrete teaching tools for nonprofit developers, local governments, residents, or anyone else working to build strong and healthy communities. The authors demonstrate that results-based governance and citizen engagement not only enrich community improvement efforts, they are necessary ingredients for success. – Michael Rubinger, president and CEO, Local Initiatives Support Corporation

Results that Matter is a must-read for any community leader, especially those outside of government, who want to create a community culture of high expectation for success. The book provides an engaging depth of information while staying in the comfort zone of those of who aren't experts in performance measurement. – Michael Meotti, president and CEO, United Way of Connecticut

The authors effectively show how two compelling and potentially conflicting forces – modern managerial techniques and citizen engagement – can be combined to produce livable communities where things get done and people invest in the future and care about the present. As a local government educator and former mayor, I see in this book a rare combination of practical case examples and intellectual guidance that should appeal to citizens, public officials, and students concerned about community building. – John Nalbandian, chair and professor, Department of Public Administration, University of Kansas

Read Results that Matter. Learn how citizens, governments, and nonprofit organizations can work together and improve their communities. – Joe Wholey, University of Southern California

What is more important than results? Rock solid examples to emulate. – Michael Van Milligen, City Manager, Dubuque , Iowa

Results that Matter offers ‘how to’ guidance to public and nonprofit managers, including promising practices for effective communities, and new roles for citizens, community leaders, and managers. Using the information and tools in the book, government and nonprofit managers, civic reformers, and community leaders and activists will learn not only how to achieve one-time improvement of their organizations and communities but how to foster a continual cycle of community renewal and improvement.

Cooking, Food & Wine

America's Great Delis: Recipes and Traditions from Coast to Coast by Sheryll Bellman (Collectors Press)

A New York institution, delis have made their mark in communities across the country, serving up the traditional kosher and non-kosher specialty dishes that have made them famous. Deli food is simple food from Eastern Europe , Lithuania , Russia , and Hungary . Many items on menus today were developed out of necessity and evolved over time as Jews migrated from country to country. Today, a turkey and Swiss on sourdough with mayo is pretty standard fare, but at a traditional kosher deli you’ll find dark ryes, plenty pastrami, beef brisket, frankfurters, and mustard in the glass case.

The true American deli is an endangered species with many older establishments closing their doors. As more delis take on characteristics of diners, the traditional menu offerings are becoming more homogenized and less individual. The stories, recipes, and images offered in America's Great Delis preserve the great deli tradition and keep the doors open for future generations to nosh to their heart’s content. The book is a gathering place for great food, history, and the celebration of Jewish cuisine and culture. New York writer Sheryll Bellman includes vintage photographs, menus, and signs to complement the mouth-watering recipes made famous in delis across the country. Matzo ball soup, classic coleslaw, and cheesecake are just a few of the classic made-to-order tastes included for deli aficionados everywhere.

The book features:

  • More than one hundred nostalgic deli photographs, historical food and deli details, and a guide to ‘deli speak.’
  • Recipes including Ben’s Kosher Noodle Kugel, Zingerman’s Hamentaschen, Ratner’s Potato Pancakes, Nate ‘n Al’s Corned Beef Hash, and many more.
  • Famous delis such as the 2nd Avenue Deli, Ratner’s, and The Stage Deli in New York , and Canter’s and Langers in Los Angeles , among others across the country.
  • More than 75 recipes from America ’s most famous delis and 100 nostalgic photographs.
  • Beloved recipes found in the glass cases and on the menus of delis nationwide.
  • Historical information on the popularity and origins of the deli.

Bellman reveals the origins and evolution of many favorites like challah, corned beef, matzo, cheesecake, and bagels, which were created in Poland in 1610 and given as gifts to women after childbirth. The illustrated timeline chronicles a brief history of Jewish migration, as well the emergence of staples like cream cheese, Crisco, matzo, and bialys.

Whether it’s a pastrami on rye or a bagel with a schmear, America's Great Delis explores the history and recipes of the country’s most beloved delis. Bellman highlights classic American delis with their colorful characters and rich histories by way of recipes that have been passed down by family-owned establishments for generations.

Cooking, Food & Wine

The Food and Cooking of Greece: A Classic Mediterranean Cuisine: History, Traditions, Ingredients and over 160 Recipes by Rena Salaman & Jan Cutler (Lorenz Books), with over 700 photographs, shows readers how to recreate the flavors, aromas and colors of sunny Greece in their own cooking and entertaining.

With a culinary heritage shaped by the sun, the sea and the Mediterranean landscape, eek cuisine is bursting with rich flavors and fresh ingredients. It makes full use of ripe summer fruits, herbs and vegetables, particularly tomatoes and olives, to produce the foundations of dishes that are both healthy and packed with taste. To these signature staples, ingredients are added from the surrounding area – succulent lamb; freshly-caught fish, such as swordfish, hake, tuna and squid; yogurt; feta cheese; and bread, baked slowly in smoky local ovens.

The Food and Cooking of Greece is all about translating and recreating the evocative tastes, textures and traditions of Greek food easily in the kitchens of readers. Written by Greek cookbook author Rena Salaman, and freelance editor and food writer Jan Cutler, the book opens with a history of Greek cuisine and its regional influences, and then gives full details on how to choose the best ingredients and how to prepare these foods in the traditional method.

The recipe section offers more than 160 authentic dishes, both classic and modern – mezes, soups, man courses, vegetable dishes and desserts. Every recipe is tested for the modern kitchen and uses ingredients that can new be found in the local supermarket.

All recipes are illustrated step by step, demonstrated visually so they are easy to follow and copy with confidence, and there is a photograph of every finished dish to show the reader exactly what to aim for. Mezes include such delights as Grilled Vegetable Terrine, Stuffed Vine Leaves, and Taramasalata. For the main course, there are dishes such as Spring Lamb Casserole with Fresh Peas, and Grilled Swordfish skewers. For these with a sweet-tooth, The Food and Cooking of Greece provides mouthwatering specialties such as Walnut Cake or Sifnos Cheese and Honey Tart.

The Food and Cooking of Greece provides a collection of 150 wonderfully flavored classic Greek recipes using popular traditional ingredients, all lavishly photographed to make them easy to follow.

Cooking, Food & Wine

Hotter than Hell: Hot & Spicy Dishes from around the World by Jane Butel (Northland Publishing)

Using popular spicy ingredients from the Far East to the Southwest, Hotter than Hell serves up imaginative dishes that range from mild to mouth-searing in this revision of an earlier cookbook. Captured in this collection of recipes are piquant ingredients from cuisines around the world, offering new ways to turn up the heat – the Middle East gives us spicy mustard, Europe offers hot horseradish, the Far East supplies sweet yet powerful ginger, and the Americas are all about chilies.

Jane Butel, an internationally recognized authority on the regional cooking of the American Southwest shows how to start with smaller amounts of the hot stuff in each recipe. Readers of Hotter than Hell eventually work their way up to zingly, tingly, tongue-numbing dishes like Zesty Szechwan Salmon and Hot to Trot Tarts. The book includes fired-up recipes of all kinds including appetizers, soups, salads and main dishes. There is also basic information on ingredients, mail order sources and an index. Butel includes icy cold beverages and creamy desserts like the Pink Mermaid and Butterscotch Peach Crisps to soothe the palate and put out the fire.

Butel, a native of New Mexico , was the first to write about the cooking style that evolved in the southwestern border area and is credited with starting the nation's love affair with this cuisine. Since the release of her first cookbook in 1961, she has continued to explore the region's unique ingredients, recipes, and cooking techniques. In all, she has written 16 cookbooks, including six best-sellers.

In 1983, she founded her own Southwestern School in Albuquerque , which was recognized by Bon Appetit magazine as one of the best vacation cooking schools in the world. Butel is also the founder of Pecos Valley Spice Co., a trusted source for chilies, spices, and other authentic southwestern ingredients. Through her writing, teaching, and television projects, she continues to season this country's melting pot with the rich culinary, cultural, and historic heritage of the Southwest.

Butel's ‘hell’ is undefined, but her recipes are pungent, often imaginative, and just what she says: Hot! …Butel, an experienced author and lover of spicy foods, wisely includes a few desserts and both soothing and fiery beverages. A fiendish success. – Library Journal

These international ingredients bring the unexpected flavors of the world to the table. So if readers like it hot, they will love Butel's newly updated and revised Hotter than Hell!

Cooking, Food & Wine

Untrodden Grapes by Ralph Steadman (Harcourt, Inc.)

In The Grapes of Ralph, Ralph Steadman brought his singular artistic style and contagious curiosity on a global wine tour that yielded delicious results.

Untrodden Grapes is Steadman's latest journey into the world of wine as only he can experience it. Steadman, a well-known illustrator and wine aficionado, chronicles his adventures touring wine regions from Chile to California , Africa to Alsace . Steadman  illustrates his experiences searching out the best wine the world has to offer. On a constant search for the unique and original, he meets Aurelio, the Chilean winemaker who planted Syrah vines on a rocky, south-facing hill in order to ‘steal the wild complexity of the mountain's soul.’ In Spain he learns of the white chalky soil called albariza that produces the sherry of the Jerez region. In California , Steadman describes crossing the Golden Gate Bridge , driving up into Marin County and meeting enthusiastic winemakers whose vineyards sit precariously on the San Andreas fault . And the journey continues on through Burgundy and Champagne , Sicily and South Africa .

[Untrodden Grapes] is luscious, acidic, stylish. – Sawur

Steadman, illustrator of several of Hunter S. Thompson's gonzo narratives, also has a reputation in the world of wine. … it's Steadman's sketches that make the book: vertiginous mountain vineyards; splotchy caricatures of idiosyncratic vintners; lumpy, mustachioed villagers (male and female); even a brief album of wine dogs, ‘grand cru mutts.’ Although he's designed many wine labels himself, Steadman's no label snob; indeed, he rails against ‘the rigid aristocracy of fine appellation’ and misses the ‘good, bad old days’ when you could decant a nice Roussillon into your own jug straight from a pump at the wine cooperative. Readers dithering over the right bottle to surprise a wine-loving friend with might do better to shop at the bookstore for a Steadman instead. – Publishers Weekly, starred review

Throughout Untrodden Grapes, Steadman brings the landscape and people to life with full color illustrations and vivid prose. Witty and irreverent, he infuses his wine tour with a personality that makes it this season's must-have wine accessory. From die-hard oenophiles to casual wine aficionados, the book provides something for every wine lover to appreciate.

Health, Mind & Body / Psychology & Counseling

Domestic Violence and Family Safety: A Systemic Approach to Working with Violence in Families by Jan Cooper & Arlene Vetere (Whurr Publishers) explores the opportunities offered by a systemic approach for mental health professionals and psychotherapists working with domestic violence in intimate relationships.

The main purpose of the book lies in the application of systemic thinking to safety and to understanding the complexity of domestic violence on family relationships over time. The authors, Jan Cooper and Arlene Vetere, outline their approach to these complex issues based on their eight years of joint experience in the Reading Safer Families project. They draw from a broad field of family psychology and systemic psychotherapy to distill the theories, methods and techniques most helpful to practitioners working in modern public and voluntary agencies.

Domestic Violence and Family Safety is divided into eight chapters which describe both theory and clinical practice. Chapter 1 is an introduction to Reading Safer Families' approach to risk assessment and risk management and outlines their systemic way of working and their focus on safety. Chapter 2 continues their discussion on risk assessment and risk management by outlining their pol­icy on confidentiality and how they develop a ‘stable third’ relationship with referrers. It includes a description of how they create and maintain contracts of no violence. Chapter 3 shows how they use multiple theories within a systemic approach to practice, situated within a critical feminist framework. Cooper and Vetere introduce the importance of language use and lin­guistic research in their clinical work and report writing around family violence. Chapter 4 deals specifically with their particular use of reflecting processes. Chapter 5 outlines the impact of domestic violence on children and the implications for practice. Chapter 6 deals with issues for adults as victims, perpetrators and childhood witnesses. Cooper and Vetere discuss theoretical and practice ideas for working clinically with issues of shame and blame in current and past relationships. Chapter 7 addresses accountability and responsibility and the experiences of families in the court system. Chapter 8 considers the emotional impact of doing this type of work on practitioners and draws some implications for the supervision of practitioners working with domestic violence. Finally, they close Domestic Violence and Family Safety with their reflections on the importance of a safety focus and look towards future work. They use examples from their practice as points of illustration, examples that illustrate how diverse people approach some common problems in intimate living when violence is of concern.

Cooper and Vetere have written a major book. Family violence is a vexing social problem that cannot be solved with one-size-fits-all theories or styles of practice. The approach described here addresses the painful complexity of these issues with moral clarity and psychological humanity. The book has both breadth and depth, and will provide a basic education for professionals who will read just one book in this area, while also offering experienced workers with a creative, state of the art model that should become a standard reference for the field. – Virginia Goldner, PhD, Ackerman Institute for the Family

Domestic Violence and Family Safety will be of interest to practitioners in clinical and educational psychology, social work, nursing, psychiatry, probation, health visiting, counseling and psychotherapy, who work with individuals living in intimate relationships where violence may be of concern, and also to practice supervisors, trainers, trainees and students in these disciplines. Their systemic approach to issues of risk, responsibility and collaboration provides a coherent framework within which to integrate practice. The authors provide a practice orientated and detailed approach to risk assessment, risk management and family reunification.

Health, Mind & Body / Psychology & Counseling

Social Cognition in Adolescence: A Tribute to Sandy (A.E.) Jackson (1937-2003) edited by Willem Koops & Harke A. Bosma (Psychology Press)

Social Cognition in Adolescence is a special issue of the European Journal of Developmental Psychology. It aims to develop a greater understanding of the relationship between social cognitive development in adolescence and social behavior; to discuss the mediating effects of other aspects of development in adolescence such as the parallel emergence of ideas concerning personal identity, and patterns of relationship development within or outside the family; and to examine new approaches to the study of social development in adolescence. Social Cognition in Adolescence considers the problems (practical, methodological and ethical) associated with intervention in adolescence and how the approaches which are adopted may be guided by our understanding of young people's social cognitive development.

The role of the individuals’ social cognitive processes is largely unexplored in research. In Sandy Jackson's opinion this was remarkable in the face of the varied social problems and negative outcomes of social development, such as ongoing difficulties in relationships with parents, teachers, and authority figures, engagement in abusive or antisocial behavior, and problems in peer relations and social isolation. Jackson was convinced that further knowledge of the processes and patterns of social development in adolescence could help to understand development and problems in related domains such as identity formation, friendship choice, school and subsequent career development. Furthermore, evidence from adult studies in personality and social psychology has demonstrated the importance of processes like person perception, impression formation, attributions, and stereotyping for ways of relating to others. It could well be that these processes emerge and crystallize in adolescence. Although the continuity of social behavior between adolescence and adulthood remains to be empirically demonstrated, the lack of research on social cognitive processes and development in adolescence is a principal restraint in the longitudinal assessment of such continuities. Jackson saw this deficiency also as a very serious limitation for the construction of effective forms of intervention in the social development of adolescents.

To illustrate his interest in this area, Jackson often shared the observation that "teenage youngsters in a residential school were prepared to make judgments about a new arrival, whom they had never previously seen, solely on the basis of observing him walk the short distance from the front gate to the school office. In some cases, these same teenagers had been placed in the residential school, having attacked a stranger in the street, simply because they did not like the look of him. He made this observation while he was working as a clinical psychologist in a residential setting. When he became a faculty member at the department of Developmental Psychology at Groningen, in 1977, this and similar observations inspired him to start a research program with person perception, impression formation, and the formation of cognitive schemata or scripts in adolescents' social interactions as its key elements. On the basis of four experiments Jackson could demonstrate how young adolescents (>12 years of age) can provide a great deal of psychological information (in the form of interpersonal constructs) about a stranger whom they have only met for a short time in a group situation. Young adolescents, according to these results, have already acquired a set of interpersonal constructs, which they employ in their self-perception and in the perception of friends, acquaintances and people whom they meet for the first time. In these experiments he successfully combined experimental methods with his favored clinical measure, Kelly's Repertory Grid Technique.

Unfortunately Jackson never took the time to publish the results of this set of experiments in a series of journal articles. They did inspire him, however, to the elaboration of an analytic framework of social interaction sequences for further research into the adolescents understanding of and participation in the social world. In this framework Jackson strongly emphasized the role of information processing in the adolescent's social activities. It was his strong conviction that the detailing of these processes could help to describe and understand social thinking in adolescent development. A nice empirical example of such an approach can be found in a publication on the cognitive strategies employed by adolescents in trying to arrange a first date. This focus on the adolescents' cognitive construction of their social worlds can also be found in other publications by Jackson and colleagues. Given his clinical background and his interest in developmental psychopathology, Jackson also tried to always link his teaching and research to applied questions. His dissertational research already showed how he used fundamental research to answer questions that came up in his clinical work. In relation to his social-cognitive orientation he showed a strong interest in social skills training and the effect of interventions in adolescent social development.

Sandy Jackson's contributions to developmental psychology comprise his interconnected clinical and scientific experiences and publications. His enthusiasm and his warm, outgoing style of interaction with colleagues all over the world made him also a leader in boosting the internationalizing of adolescence psychology and developmental psychology at large, particularly at the European level. He was the founder and first president of the European Association for Research on Adolescence and he was, together with the late George Butterworth, the founder of the European Society for Developmental Psychology as well as the cofounder of its flagship journal, the European Journal of Developmental Psychology. Sandy Jackson retired in June 2002, and an international workshop was organized to wrap up the impact of his work.

This special issue is simply the publication of the contributions to a symposium organized in June 2002 at the retirement of A.E. Jackson. Jackson was not able to edit Social Cognition in Adolescence; he suffered for many years from cancer and in the summer of 2003 he passed away. Editors of the volume are Willem Koops, Utrecht University and Harke A. Bosma, University of Groningen .

The papers presented at the original workshop and the articles in this special issue reflect the main themes in Jackson 's work:

  • First, what scientific progress has been made with regard to the study of fundamental processes and developmental pathways in social cognitive development in adolescence? – articles by Mascolo & Margolis and by Berzonsky.
  • Second, how is social cognitive development related to other areas of development in adolescence? – articles by Persson, Stattin, & Kerr and by Van Aken & Dubas; and Honess.
  • And, finally, how effective are interventions in social cognitive development in adolescence? – articles by Seiffge-Krenke; Kurtines et al. and by Lichtwarck-Aschoff & Van Geert.

The series of papers in Social Cognition in Adolescence highlights the preoccupations of Sandy Jackson, which at the same time are major issues of present-day adolescence research. In the concluding discussion, the participants of the original workshop focused on the question how ‘social cognition’ is construed and brought into adolescent research. Two perspectives emerge. One position can easily be characterized by the statement that ‘all cognition is social’ – from this perspective social cognition permeates all the work presented at the workshop and in this special issue. Is it actually an umbrella concept; participants who favor the other position (as Sandy Jackson did) argue that social cognition should be defined much more specifically. It then refers to literatures such as the social-psychological literature on biases in self-perception, and the developmental traditions on perspective taking and the child's theory of mind. From this perspective, is there a gap in our knowledge, for example, on how social cognition develops in adolescence, and which factors and processes are involved?

Editors Koops and Bosma cannot say that the papers in the workshop, published in Social Cognition in Adolescence, provide final answers, but they do say that over a long period, past, present, and future, these Jacksonian issues have remained and will remain among us, motivating and stimulating theoretical discussions.

History / United States

Billy the Kid Rides Again by Jay Miller (Sunstone Press)

In early 2003, three sheriffs set out to prove that Pat Garrett killed Billy the Kid, thereby also proving that Brushy Bill of Hico, Texas was not the real Kid. Along their way, the sheriffs enlisted New Mexico Governor Bill Richardson’s support and took two communities on a wild ride through court battles to dig up Billy and his mother.

Governor Richardson found an attorney willing to work free and provide Billy with a voice.

In Billy the Kid Rides Again readers can follow ‘Billy’ as he speaks for himself in court, requesting that he and his mother be dug up to examine the DNA in their dusty remains for evidence that they were related. And they can follow the small towns of Fort Sumner and Silver City , New Mexico as they fight to retain the integrity of their municipal cemeteries and keep the legend of Billy the Kid from crumbling away.

Author Jay Miller followed the strange unfolding of events, digging to find the source of the money that financed an official murder investigation and the court action against two courageous small towns struggling to prevent the exhumations.

Anyone interested in learning about New Mexico should first check with Jay Miller. This collection of Jay’s columns is the first in a series of books about New Mexico history and current events. It’s a must read. – Bill Richardson, Governor of New Mexico

As a syndicated newspaper columnist, Miller has written often about Billy and the Lincoln County War and has used a collection of those columns to weave, in Billy the Kid Rides Again, a riveting story of just what happened when Billy rode again.

History / World / Earth Sciences

Mapping the World: An Illustrated History of Cartography by Ralph E Ehrenberg (National Geographic)

The map is one of humankind's most basic and essential tools. The oldest to survive is a 4,300-year-old road map inscribed on a clay tablet by an ancient Babylonian; the most modern are marvels of technical accomplishment that are viewed on a computer screen and chart everything from nearby towns to craters of the moon and Mars. The story of their evolution is a revealing exploration of how we have understood and represented our world throughout history.

A giant in the world of cartography, National Geographic taps the Library of Congress, the British Library and its own vast, rich archives to present Mapping the World. This one-of-a-kind collection of rare and popular maps spanning centuries and cultures guides readers expertly through the ages of mapmaking. Mapping the World contains more than 100 maps and color illustrations. Organized chronologically with an astonishing variety of mapping styles and techniques, the book depicts groundbreakers such as the first known map and the first representation of the world as a globe, as well as the invention of the magnetic compass and the chronometer, and later the computer that revolutionized the science of mapmaking.

The introduction and a running commentary is provided by Ralph E. Ehrenberg, former Chief of the Geography and Map Division of the Library of Congress, and a former director of the Center for Cartographic and Architectural Archives at the U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. His narrative identifies key cartographic innovators, milestones in the ever-advancing technology of cartography, and priceless artistic masterworks, such as the 1507 Waldseemüller world map, the first to use the name ‘ America .’

The book also presents maps with a place in history, ranging from sea charts of the Age of Discovery, closely guarded state secrets that shaped the rise and fall of empires, to the widely circulated and fabled routes of the Silk Road across western Asia , to the Oregon and Santa Fe Trails that opened up the American West. Mapping the World features unusual and surprising maps, including a secret escape route embedded in a set of playing cards smuggled to American prisoners in Germany during World War II, and a Polynesian stick chart made of bent twigs, seashells and coconut palms capable of leading an outrigger canoe safely across thousands of miles of trackless ocean.

Featuring scores of superb cartographic art culled from the finest collections in the world, Mapping the World more than lives up to the National Geographic Society's long tradition of cartographic expertise as it spans centuries and continents to dazzle everyone with an interest in maps and mapmaking. Highlighted by more than a hundred arresting, often breathtakingly beautiful, maps, mapping the world features authoritative text and draws on the world's finest map collections.

Home & Garden

The Complete Houseplant Survival Manual: Essential Know-How for Keeping (Not Killing!) More Than 160 Indoor Plants by Barbara Pleasant, with photography by Rosemary Kautzky (Storey Publishing LLC)

Award-winning author Barbara Pleasant starts out with a friendly welcome to a whole new world of houseplants – and a whole new generation of plant lovers ready to embrace the joy of indoor gardening. For the nearly 50 percent of U.S. households who spend six billion dollars every year on indoor plants to decorate, purify the air, and generally boost the spirits, The Complete Houseplant Survival Manual provides practical, hands-on advice showing readers how to care for 160 beautiful houseplants, including many new selections that have entered the retail market in the last ten years.
For new indoor gardeners, Pleasant offers basic information on how to identify their plants, as well as where to place them and how to keep them healthy. In-depth plant profiles provide troubleshooting guidelines to quickly identify symptoms, causes, and remedies to common problems for each species. Information about how to repot, propagate, and display each plant, as well as advice on the best varieties is included.

According to Pleasant, the first step to success is to know what you've got. One plant may look a lot like another but require very different care. Devil's ivy for example, is similar to blushing philodendron but needs less water than the philodendron, which should be kept lightly moist at all times. To keep readers from mistaking one plant for another, the book opens with an easy-to-follow, color-coded plant ID guide that uses simple observations to help identify plants.

For more experienced gardeners, the heart of The Complete Houseplant Survival Manual features two in-depth plant encyclopedias, one for flowering plants and one for foliage, arranged alphabetically by botanical name. The profiles of each species include light and temperature needs for both winter and summer, and information on propagating, repotting, and pruning the plant. Watering is one of the things that people wonder most about, and the profiles also include guidelines on the watering needs of each plant throughout the year. Each entry includes a troubleshooting section to help identify what can go wrong and how to fix or prevent it.

Rounding out this volume is a complete, illustrated A-to-Z primer on general houseplant care, along with useful appendices, including a common/botanical name cross-reference.

With The Complete Houseplant Survival Manual, no green thumb is required to be successful at keeping, not killing, indoor plants. Pleasant shares the joys and frustrations of plant care with a warm and engaging voice, sure to encourage even the blackest thumbs, and bring lush indoor foliage and flowers to every home. The Complete Houseplant Survival Manual is the only guide indoor gardeners will need to not only help their plant survive, but thrive.

Law / Biographies & Memoirs

My FBI: Bringing Down the Mafia, Investigating Bill Clinton and Fighting the War on Terror, Abridged audio CD, running time 6 hours by Louis J. Freeh, narrated by Adam Grupper (Audio Renaissance)

My FBI: Bringing Down the Mafia, Investigating Bill Clinton, and Fighting the War on Terror by Louis J. Freeh ( St. Martin ’s Press)

From September 1, 1993 to June 25, 2001 , Louis J. Freeh served as the nation's top law-enforcement official, director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. His tenure witnessed the attack on the Khobar Towers , the Atlanta Olympics bombing, the Oklahoma City bombing, the capture of the Unabomber, the Monica Lewinsky scandal, Whitewater, and the attack on the USS Cole. During this period, Freeh was on-site both domestically and abroad as one of the most hands-on FBI directors the United States has ever seen. He personally worked with the Saudis in an attempt to bring the Khobar Towers bombers to justice and attempted to persuade Pakistan to allow him to arrest Osama Bin Laden pre-9/11. Freeh actively investigated President Clinton, his boss, during his term, and found Washington , D.C. a bureaucratic nightmare.

In part, Freeh's term as FBI director is defined by his relationship with Bill Clinton, who initially wooed him to take the job. While spending almost his entire tenure working for President Clinton, Freeh rarely spoke to or heard from the president, as their relationship became increasingly fractured over time. With an apolitical, dedicated work ethic, Freeh was frustrated by both the politics of the Clinton administration and Washington , D.C. in general. He inherited an FBI that was under-funded, under-staffed and technologically behind the eight ball. My FBI is Freeh's memoir of the challenges, successes and disappointments of his term as FBI director.

Inside My FBI:

  • Soon after the bombing of the Khobar Towers , it was apparent that Iran 's state-supported Hezbollah was involved in the planning and implementation of the plot. Not only did Freeh not receive support from the Clinton administration, he had to go to former President Bush to call in a favor to help with the investigation.
  • How Dan Rather almost disrupted the apprehension of Ted Kaczynski after he was tipped that the FBI had found the Unabomber.
  • During Freeh's tenure, the FBI discovered that China developed "a campaign to influence and compromise elected American officials."
  • Over three fiscal years, 2000-2002, the FBI asked for a total of nearly 1,900 special agents, analysts, and linguistics experts to enhance its counter-terrorism program. In all, the FBI received 76 people to fill those critical gaps.
  • The FBI was pursuing Bin Laden pre-9/11 and unsuccessfully attempted to persuade Pakistan to allow his arrest.

A former FBI agent himself, Freeh was the most hands-on director in Bureau history. He didn't sit in Washington ; he was there, on the ground, at some of the most high-profile crime sites the Bureau has ever faced. My FBI takes readers and listeners of the audio version inside law enforcement at its highest levels. Listeners are taken to the Saudi desert and Oklahoma City and through Freeh's prosecution against the mafia with undercover agent Donnie Brasco. It captures Freeh's showdown with Bill Clinton and illustrates how a dedicated, non-partisan professional faced down the absurdities of beltway politics and repeatedly put himself on the line for a mission few others in Washington took seriously before September 11: ensuring the safety of the American people.

Freeh defends his performance as FBI director (1993-2001) and retaliates against Richard A. Clarke's Against All Enemies and Bill Clinton's My Life in this smooth memoir…. "I spent most of the almost eight years as director investigating the man who had appointed me," Freeh declares on the book's first page ... – Publishers Weekly
For nearly a dozen years, Louis J. Freeh has been pointedly silent about the man who appointed him director of the FBI. That moratorium ends officially and loudly with the publication of Freeh's My FBI, a scorching account of his relationship with Bill Clinton and of leading the bureau at a time when, as Freeh writes, the president's "scandals . . . never ended." ... the heart of Freeh's complaint is that until Sept. 11, terrorism was viewed by both the Clinton and Bush administrations as a law enforcement issue – sifting through bomb sites looking for evidence, as the FBI did with Khobar Towers and not as an act of war, as he now argues that it should have been. … My FBI is ultimately a sad tale, and it's clear Freeh saw it this way, too. He had planned to resign before the end of Clinton 's term but held off until the president left office because he worried that Clinton might replace him with someone who would damage the FBI. “Not only was he actively hostile toward me, he was hostile to the FBI generally,” Freeh writes. “My departure might be one last opportunity for retaliation.” – Elsa Walsh, The Washington Post

In the audio version, listeners can hear to actor Adam Grupper narrate Freeh's tale of his rise to the nation's top law enforcement office, from his early years as a field agent in New York City to his successful prosecution of the New York mafia as a U.S. attorney – as well as his work as a federal judge. My FBI is the definitive account of American law enforcement in the run-up to September 11. Freeh is clear-eyed and frank, the ultimate realist, and he offers his resolute vision for the struggles ahead.

Law / Criminology

Drugs, Society, and Criminal Justice by Charles F. Levinthal (Allyn & Bacon) is an adaptation of Levinthal’s Drugs, Behavior and Modern Society, Fourth Edition, in order to fit more closely the interests of sociology and criminal justice students.

Drugs, Society, and Criminal Justice is a textbook on drug use and abuse, oriented toward a psychological/sociological perspective, with significant attention to issues related to criminal justice. In particular, it focuses on the implications for society and the criminal justice system. Some distinctive chapters that address issues of drug abuse, crime, and criminal justice include:

Chapter 2: The History of Drug Use and Drug Legislation

Chapter 13: Drugs and Crime

Chapter 14: Drugs and the Criminal Justice System

Chapter 15: Drug Policy: Prevention, Education, and Treatment

Drugs, Society, and Criminal Justice introduces the basic facts and major issues concerning drug-taking be­havior in a straightforward, comprehensive, up-to-date, and reader-friendly manner. Charles Levinthal, Hofstra University , explains how the social problems surrounding drug misuse and abuse are not someone else's concern but rather everyone's concern. Like it or not, the decision to use drugs today is one of life's choices, regardless of our racial, ethnic, or religious background, how much money we have, where we live, how much education we have achieved, whether we are male or female, or whether we are young or old. The potential for drug misuse and abuse is a problem facing all of us.

According to Levinthal, a particularly important theme in understanding the relationship between drug use and the criminal justice system that exists in the United States is the enormous diversity that exists among drugs that af­fect the mind and the body. We must educate ourselves not only about illicit street drugs such as cocaine, amphetamines, heroin, hallucinogens, and marijuana but also about legally available drugs such as alcohol and nicotine. And we must be aware of the increasing usage of an­abolic steroids and other performance-enhancing drugs, as well as problems associated with prescription medica­tions and dietary supplements. Drugs, Society, and Criminal Justice addresses this diversity.

The chapters in Drugs, Society, and Criminal Justice are organized in four major sections:

Part 1 (Chapters 1-3): Drugs and Society: Past and Present

Part 2 (Chapters 4-9): Legally Restricted Drugs in Our Society

Part 3 (Chapters 10-12): Legal Drugs in Our Society

Part 4 (Chapters 13-15): Drug Abuse and Drug Policy

Discussions of drugs have been grouped not in terms of their pharmacological characteristics but rather according to their access to the general public and the societal attitudes toward their use. The last section concerns itself with crime and the criminal justice systems, as well as approaches toward education and treatment.

The special features throughout Drugs, Society, and Criminal Justice serve as learning aids; they include Quick Concept Checks, Portraits, Drugs…in Focus, and Health Alerts.

The Portraits put a human face on the discussion of drugs, society, and criminal justice. They remind us that throughout this book we are dealing with issues that affect real people in all walks of life, now and in the past. Some examples of Portraits are:

  • Eliot Ness and the Untouchables (Chapter 2)
  • Nora D. Volkow – Imaging the Face of Addiction in the Brain (Chapter 3)
  • Barry Tuttle and Russell Fitch – The Two Sides of Oxycontin (Chapter 5)
  • Timothy Leary – Whatever Happened to Him? (Chapter 6)
  • Patricia White, GHBB, and the ‘Perfect’ Crime (Chapter 8)
  • Bill W. and Dr. Bob – Founders of Alcoholics Anonymous (Chapter 11)
  • Sigmund Freud – Nicotine Dependence, Cigars, and Cancer (Chapter 12)
  • Pablo Escobar – The King of Cocaine (Chapter 13)

Some of the Drugs ... in Focus represent a look on a question that readers might have wondered about, for example:

  • What Happened to the Coca in Coca-Cola? (Chapter 4)
  • Strange Days in Salem : Witchcraft or Hallucinogens? (Chapter 6)
  • Can You Control a Marijuana High? (Chapter 7)
  • Resistol and Resistoleros in Latin America (Chapter 8)
  • THG and the War on Performance-Enhancing Drugs (Chapter 9)
  • Alcohol, Security, and the NBA (Chapter 11)
  • Lighting Up in Hollywood : Rating Your Latest Movie for Tobacco Use (Chapter 12)
  • Drug Smuggler Profiles (Chapter 14)

Health Alerts feature important facts that readers can use to recognize the signs of drug misuse or abuse and ways readers can respond to emergence drug-taking situations, as well as warnings about risk situations. Examples of some Health Alert features are:

  • Adverse Effects of Drug-Drug and Food-Drug Combinations (Chapter 1)
  • The Physical Signs of Possible Cocaine Abuse (Chapter 4)
  • Emergency Guidelines for a Bad Trip on LSD (Chapter 6)
  • The Symptoms of Steroid Abuse (Chapter 9)
  • Emergency Signs and Procedures in Acute Alcohol Intoxication (Chapter 10)

Other features include a running glossary positioned on the page where new terminology is first introduced, a pronunciation guide for difficult-to-pronounce drug names and terms, a summary at the end of each chapter, and an alphabetized list of key terms previously presented in the running glossary.

Drugs, Society, and Criminal Justice is a highly readable, pedagogically-oriented text, designed for students in sociology and criminal justice courses that focus on issues of drug use, misuse, and abuse. A background in biology, sociology, psychology, or chemistry is not necessary; the only requirement is a sense of curiosity about the range of chemical substances that affect minds and bodies and an interest in the challenges these substances bring to our daily lives.

Literature & Fiction / Historical

Why She Married Him: A Novel by Myriam Chapman (Other Press) is a first novel by a French teacher at New York City 's Bank Street School for Children.

Inspired by an unpublished memoir by her grandmother, found years after her death, Myriam Chapman wrote this novel, infused with passion.
Set in Paris in the early 1900s, Why She Married Him tells the story of Nina Schavranski, a beautiful young Russian Jewish émigré at a crossroads in her life. At 22, in the immigrant community of Belle Epoque Paris, Nina's choices are few. She works in her father's tailor shop, attends political lectures and night school, striving to be an intellectual, ‘modern’ woman. But Nina's sensual nature and her longing for freedom remain unfulfilled.

The answer to the question of why she marries Abraham Podselver, a struggling fashion illustrator with socialist dreams, lies in the sum of Nina's experiences – which unwind like a bolt of silk as the novel moves backward in time. We see Nina enjoy her first real love – who abandons her for better opportunities in America . We see the Schavranskis when they first arrive in Paris , struggling to make it out of the Marais ghetto. We see the family in Yekaterinoslav in Ukraine , where they enjoyed a comfortable, cultured life until a series of bloody pogroms forced them into exile.

With wisdom, graceful writing and vivid settings, Myriam Chapman transports us right into the world of Tsarist Russia and Belle Epoque Paris . Her characters are so real, so present, that the history and politics of the Jewish diaspora reverberate effortlessly through their yearnings. This novel opens the doors of the workshops and tenements of Zola's department store Paris . But what makes it unforgettable is Chapman's gift for psychological portraiture, in the best tradition of Chekhov. More than historical fiction, Why She Married Him leaves us dreaming about what might have happened. – Alice Kaplan, author of The Interpreter and French Lessons: A Memoir

Poignant . . . filled with vivid detail ... this first novel depicts a Russian Jewish emigre coming of age in Paris . – Kirkus Reviews

In Why She Married Him history and fiction merge in the richly embroidered tale of a young Jewish woman in early 20th-century France . Capturing both the sweep of history and the private joys and turmoil of a complex young woman, the book is rich, satisfying historical fiction.

Literature & Fiction / Poetry

Lofty Dogmas: Poets on Poetics edited by Deborah Brown, Annie Finch, & Maxine Kumin (the University of Arkansas Press )

Compiled by three noted poets, Lofty Dogmas is an eclectic and informed selection of poets' remarks on poetry spanning eras, ethnicities, and aesthetics. The 102 selections from nearly as many poets reach back to the Greeks and Romans, then draw on Chaucer, Shakespeare, Sidney, and Milton, on to Shelley, Keats, Coleridge, and Poe, then Hopkins, Yeats, Eliot, Rilke, and Pound, concluding with many of our contemporaries, including Hall, Clifton, Mackey, Kunitz, and Rukeyser. Selections from lesser known poets are also included, such as Moira Egan, Phyllis Wheatley, Fanny Howe, Lyn Hejinian, Joy Harjo, and Li-Young Lee. The book is edited by Deborah Brown, professor of English at the University of New Hampshire at Manchester ; Annie Finch, director of the Stonecoast low-residency MFA program at the University of Southern Maine ; and Maxine Kumin, one of America 's most distinguished poets.

Lofty Dogmas is divided into three sections. ‘Musing’ concerns issues of inspiration; ‘Making’, issues of craft, from diction to meter to persona and voice; and ‘Mapping,’ the role of poetry and the poet. Headnotes at the beginning of each selection provide interesting background information about the poet and commentary on the significance of the selection. There is also a useful appendix with a listing of essays arranged according to more specific topics.

As the poets/editors write in their introduction: "This book was intended to deepen readers' understanding of age-old poetic ideas while at the same time pointing out new directions for thinking about poetry, juxtaposing the familiar and the strange, reconfiguring old boundaries, and shaking up stereotypes."

Once again the brilliant Maxine Kumin and her co-editors have given us exactly what we need, this time an anthology of important works by poets on their craft. We who teach and write, edit and read will use Lofty Dogmas in full knowledge of wisdom in the gathering and delight in the words. – Hilda Raz, author of Divine Honors and Trans, editor of Prairie Schooner

What a wonderful, valuable, and original book this is! . . . It has my highest recommendation. – Leon Stokesbury, author of Autumn Rhythm

Lofty Dogmas will introduce you to an academy of poets talking about their craft. This is a multipurpose book. It's good for teachers and students. – E. Ethelbert Miller, author of How We Sleep On The Nights We Don't Make Love

From Sappho to Heaney, Lofty Dogmas is a stimulating anthology of poets on poetry.

Medicine / Surgery

Year Book of Surgery, 2005 edited by Edward M. Copeland III, with an editorial board of 8 distinguished surgeons (Elsevier Mosby)

The Year Book of Surgery brings readers abstracts of the articles that reported the year's breakthrough developments in surgery, carefully selected from more than 500 journals worldwide. Expert commentaries evaluate the clinical importance of each article and discuss its application to readers’ practice. Sections include General Considerations, Trauma, Burns, Critical Care, Transplantation, Surgical Infections, Endocrine, Nutrition, Wound Healing Gastrointestinal Oncology, Vascular Surgery and General Thoracic Surgery. In the 2005 Year Book of Surgery, 68 journals are represented.

Hot topics in the 2005 Year Book of Surgery included: A 20-year follow-up of the seminal randomized trial comparing breast conservation and radiation to mastectomy; Patients with previous colorectal cancer are at higher risk of developing colorectal adenomas, administration of daily aspirin helps to prevent development of future adenomas; The significant reduction of postoperative complications through use of Perioperative and postoperative nutrition; Minimally Invasive Surgery: all aspects of organ site surgery advancing to MIS approaches; Use of RAI and PET to comprehensively evaluate cancer; Islet cell transplants; and the 80 hour work-week for residents, among many others.

The editor is Edward M. Copeland III, Edward R. Woodward Professor, Department of Surgery, University of Florida . The editorial board includes Kirby I. Bland, Robert J. Cerfolio, John M. Daly, Timothy J. Eberlein, Thomas J. Fahey III, David W. Mozingo, Timothy L. Pruett, and James M. Seeger. Contributing editors include Keith E. Georgeson, John J. Gleysteen, and Selwyn M. Vickers.

There is no faster or easier way for busy surgery faculty, or anyone with an interest in the current research in surgery, to stay informed than with Year Book of Surgery.

Mysteries & Thrillers

Air Dance Iguana by Tom Corcoran (Alex Rutledge Key West Mystery Series: Thomas Dunne Books)

In his four previous novels, Tom Corcoran, DJ, Navy officer, screenwriter and journalist, exposed the steamy, eccentric core of Key West with solid characters, authentic settings, and powerful dialogue. Now, with Air Dance Iguana, he travels deep into the Florida landscape, into edgy lives and easy death in the tropics.

Too many of photographer Alex Rutledge's friends are dead, injured, or accused. After straying from ad agency jobs, freelance assign­ments, and his carefree Key West lifestyle, Alex wants out of the crime-scene business. He's proven himself to be a solid detective – unofficial, of course – but that doesn't matter. He wants out.

Rutledge’s lover, Detective Bobi Lewis knows this, but phones with a pre-dawn request. Another crime in paradise. Against his better judgment, Alex must document a gruesome murder, Monroe County ’s first hanging in more than thirty years. An hour later, Sheriff Fred ‘Chicken Neck’ Liska asks Rutledge to photograph another crime. Alex confronts an equally bizarre killing, an abrasive detective new to the Keys, and abundant evidence that yields few clues.

Within hours Rutledge is reminded that you can’t pick your relatives. His brother, Tim, with a lifetime of issues and baggage, jacks the complications and multiplies the danger. Piecing wisps of information to archives dug up by journalist friend Marnie Dunwoody, Alex suspects that shoddy police work may be linked to a long-forgotten cover-up. He also learns that his connection to the cops can't prevent harassment and arrest. And revenge is always more deadly than original crimes. Alex connects the current-day murders to a thirty-year-old scam amidst revenge smoldering since the Nixon years. He races time to thwart a final killing and, if possible, to prove his brother’s innocence.  

Air Dance Iguana was the reading highlight of the year for me. With characters as strong and intriguing as the story they move through, I went cover to cover without coming up for air. Tom Corcoran and his creation, Alex Rutledge, are great new discoveries that will go on the regular reading list. – Michael Connelly, author of The Closers and The Lincoln Lawyer

Key West 's crazies are a hoot, and Tom Corcoran's range of characters adds to a series that won't quit. Treat yourself to an exotic setting, laughs, and suspense. – Janet Evanovich, author of the Stephanie Plum series

Corcoran is a master at setting the scene, and his wonderfully descriptive writing pulls the reader to Key West faster than any airplane. – Cozies, Capers and Crimes on Octopus Alibi

Tom Corcoran knows the human heart, sure as hell knows how to write a good book, and knows Key West – a setting so real you'll get a sunburn. – Steve Hamilton, author of the Alex McKnight series

Corcoran in Air Dance Iguana once again delivers a deftly plotted and gripping mystery with all of the flavor and intrigue that Key West can offer.

Mysteries & Thrillers

Sad Cypress: A Hercule Poirot Mystery, 4 audiocassettes: run time 6 hours, 5 minutes, by Agatha Christie, narrated by David Suchet (Mystery Masters Series: Audio Partners)

Agatha Christie (1890-1976) is the world's bestselling author and deemed the most popular mystery writer of all time. She achieved Britain 's highest honor when she was made a Dame of the British Empire . Christie was named Best Mystery Writer of the 20th Century at the Bouchercon World Mystery Convention, and the Poirot stories were named the Best Mystery Series of the 20th Century as well. Now Mystery Masters brings another one of her beloved Poirot stories to listeners.
In Sad Cypress Elinor Carlisle has everything a girl can want: beauty, brains, money, and the man she loves. But Elinor also has something no one would ever want: a murder indictment and her own criminal trial. She stands accused of ingeniously poisoning her rival, Mary Gerrard. It seems Elinor had means, motive, and opportunity. The prosecutor insists she is also heartless and calculating. As a verdict of guilty seems a foregone conclusion, she turns to the indomitable Hercule Poirot for assistance. Poirot is the only one who assumes she is innocent until truly proven guilty. Only he stands between Elinor and the gallows. Only he can sift through clues and red herrings, searching for the complex truth hidden within a maze of deceit.

Elinor Carlisle has everything, so when she's to be tried for murder, everyone is shocked. Christie's clever plotting keeps even the most practiced sleuths on the trail until the very end of this topsy-turvy story. David Suchet renders each character with great individuality, interest, and seeming innocence, adding to the intrigue. Each of the stereotypes is fun, and even acceptable, under Suchet's influence. Listeners are in for an added treat because Sad Cypress is also one of Christie's best efforts. Not just for mystery fans, this portrait of manners will have wide appeal among fiction lovers. – AudioFile

Elegiac, emotionally involving, and the ingenuity and superb clues put Sad Cypress among the very best of [Christie’s] classic titles. – Robert Barnard, mystery writer

Sad Cypress is another great audio rendition read by David Suchet, British stage and screen actor, the definitive Poirot, and another great companion on that interminable daily commute.

Mysteries & Thrillers

Delete All Suspects by Donna Andrews (Turing Hopper Mysteries Series: Berkley Prime Crime)

One of the most cleverly conceived detectives of the decade. – Kirkus Reviews

From award-winning mystery series writer Donna Andrews comes Delete All Suspects, the fourth book in the Agatha Award-winning series starring Turing Hopper – Turing Hopper, the quick-thinking sleuth – so quick that she can process up to a billion pieces of information per second. She's an Artificial Intelligence Personality, an almost sentient mainframe computer with a mind like Miss Marple and hardware that hides a suspiciously human heart.

Delete All Suspects starts with a hit-and-run that leaves a young techie named Eddie in the hospital; his grandmother hires Turing’s PI friend Tim to find out who did it. While Turing tries to break into Eddie's computers, her human friends do the legwork. The grandmother thinks the collision has something to do with Eddie’s business, which he runs out of their computer-filled basement. It seems Eddie lets his seedy friends use his computers – and some are running highly unsavory websites. Others are using Spam to con people out of their credit card numbers. Then the feds show up, looking for an online vigilante who's also using Eddie's computers. Now Turing and her friends are caught in the middle. They can't let the online vigilante continue – but they also can't tell the FBI everything without revealing Turing's identity to the world. So they become vigilantes themselves, hoping to make sure the original vigilante has logged in for the last time. What started as a simple hit-and-run becomes a deadly game of computer-and-mouse.

Expert plotting and a highly original heroine...she observes everything with the wry, witty musings on human-computer relations that make this 'techno-cozy' series a true standout. – Publishers Weekly (starred review)

Charming mystery with a delightful heroine. – Midwest Book Review

Turing is a true original. – Margaret Maron, author of High Country Fall

A clever, well-written mystery with a distinctly futuristic feel. – Earlene Fowler, author of Delectable Mountains

The most engaging new detective to come down the data stream in a long time. – Daniel Stashower, author of Houdini Specter

A novel concept sure to keep readers guessing and amused. – Library Journal

Donna Andrews has either gone stark raving mad...or else she's a genius. – Steve Hamilton, author of Blood Is the Shy

Full of twists and turns, Delete All Suspects should appeal to techies, to lovers of the new idea, and especially to all lovers of mysteries.

Outdoor Recreation / Education

The Physical Education Activity Handbook,10th Edition by Neil Schmottlach & Jerre McManama (Benjamin Cummings)

Now in its tenth edition, The Physical Education Activity Handbook reveals learning activities that emphasize more effective skill learning and are appropriate for meeting the special needs of P.E. students. This revision of a tried-and-true book helps readers learn and organize at beginning and intermediate levels of physical education.

Thoroughly revised and updated with the latest information in the field, this authoritative reference book offers the most complete resource of physical education activities for educators, student researchers, physical education majors, recreational leaders, and sports enthusiasts.

The authors, Neil Schmottlach, Ball State University , and Jerre McManama, also from Ball State , present skills and techniques for beginning, intermediate, and advanced levels in over 30 sport activity areas. Each activity is presented in a simple, step-by-step method with hints for easy learning and a suggested learning sequence. The Physical Education Activity Handbook also discusses meaningful principles and key topics related to sport activities such as movement and motor learning, the benefits of physical fitness programs, the importance of healthy nutrition, and the future of physical education.

New features include:

  • An Appendix on Contemporary Activities recognizes the emergence within physical education of activities such as hiking, canoeing, kayaking, skin and scuba diving, snowboarding, in-line skating, and skateboarding. The nature and purpose of these types of physical activity are offered. Necessary equipment, types of skills involved, and references for further investigation are described.
  • A chapter on Yoga investigates the beneficial effects of relaxation and stretching and assists instructors in developing effective lessons.
  • An introductory chapter addresses how technology may be used by physical education teachers, describes the mechanics and psychology of learning, and explains how to use the text effectively.
  • Web site references at the conclusion of each chapter invite further research.
  • Tips for modifying skills or activities designed for people with special needs are included in every chapter.

With revised chapters, new material, updated pictures, an opening chapter that directs the reader on how to effectively use the book, and new URLs at the end of each chapter, The Physical Education Activity Handbook coaches teachers on principles of physical fitness, contemporary activities, and over thirty physical activities. The text is intended for preservice and in-service physical education teachers.

Outdoors & Nature / Biological Sciences

Wild Plants of the Sierra Nevada by Ray S. Vizgirdas & Edna M. Rey-Vizgirdas ( University of Nevada Press)

The Sierra Nevada of California and Nevada is the longest continuous mountain range in the United States . Covering about 20 percent of California ’s land base and part of western Nevada , it offers an exceptional variety of topographic relief and environmental conditions that allow for a high diversity of plant species, many of them endemic to the range. The Sierra contains over 50 percent of California ’s total flora, approximately 405 plant taxa endemic to the Sierra, and 218 taxa considered rare.

Wild Plants of the Sierra Nevada inventories the flora of the entire range, including comprehensive descriptions of the plants; their traditional uses as food, medicine, or for making tools and other utensils; and their habitat; plus ‘quick keys’ to help identify similar species. Authors Ray S. Vizgirdas, fish and wildlife biologist with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in Boise and Edna M. Rey-Vizgirdas, forest botanist in the Boise National Forest , describe the natural history and ecology of Sierra Nevada plants in terms of plant communities and life zones, addressing the impact of such variables as climate, elevation, soil, and precipitation. They also outline the basic principles of ethnobotany, the role of plants in nutrition and human medicine, the classification of plants, and methods of collecting plant specimens and protecting rare species. The plant descriptions are accompanied by line drawings of each major species, and the book includes a table of Sierra Nevada habitats and their associated plants, along with a list of threatened, endangered, and sensitive plant species found in the range.

Wild Plants of the Sierra Nevada is the first comprehensive look at the flora and their many uses, from historical to pharmacological, of vascular plants found in the Sierra Nevada , one of the richest and most diverse botanical regions of North America . The book is an essential reference guide for botanists, hikers; outdoors aficionados, and readers interested in the traditional uses of native plants.

Philosophy / Ethics & Morality / Consciousness & Thought

On Desire: Why We Want What We Want by William B. Irvine ( Oxford University Press)

A married person falls deeply in love with someone else. A man of average income feels he cannot be truly happy unless he owns an expensive luxury car. A dieter has an irresistible craving for ice cream. Desires often come to us unbidden and unwanted, and they can have a dramatic impact, sometimes changing the course of our lives. In On Desire, William B. Irvine, Professor of Philosophy at Wright State University in Dayton , takes us on a wide-ranging tour of our impulses, wants, and needs, showing us where these feelings come from and how we can try to rein them in. Spicing his account with observations by writers like Seneca, Tolstoy, and Freud, Irvine considers the teachings of Buddhists, Hindus, the Amish, Shakers, and Catholic saints, as well as those of ancient Greek and Roman and modern European philosophers. Irvine also looks at what modern science can tell us about desire – what happens in the brain when we desire something and how animals evolved particular desires – and he advances a new theory about how desire itself evolved. Irvine also suggests that at the same time that we gained the ability to desire, we were ‘programmed’ to find some things more desirable than others. On Desire concludes that the best way to attain lasting happiness is not to change the world around us or our place in it, but to change ourselves. If we can convince ourselves to want what we already have, we can dramatically enhance our happiness.

William B. Irvine has written a disarmingly seductive and easily readable treatise on the origins, nature, vicissitudes, and ‘crises’ of desire. He simply and clearly discusses biologically instilled incentive systems, the rich psychological research on the peculiarities of our motivation, and the wisdom of various religious and spiritual traditions. It is a well-informed, wise, informal interdisciplinary book that is highly recommended for the general reader. – Robert C. Solomon, author of The Passions, About Love, The Joy of Philosophy, Not Passion's Slave, and In Defense of Sentimentality

Irvine has given us a very engaging book on what desire is: how central it is to human existence, what science has to tell us about it, and what we can do with it and about it. He combines knowl­edge, wisdom and wit with a light but sure philosophical touch. – John Perry, Professor of Philosophy, Stanford University
In a ruminative volume that falls, thankfully, between mass-market, silver-bullet self-help guide and unreadable thesis, Irvine , a professor of philosophy at Wright State University , carefully, with intelligence and good humor, walks readers through the nature of desire in human beings. … This is that rare book that should appeal to a wide range of readers without necessarily trying to do so. – Alan Moores, Booklist

Brimming with wisdom and practical advice, On Desire offers a thoughtful approach to controlling unwanted passions and attaining a more meaningful life.

Politics / Religion & Spirituality

Our Endangered Values: America 's Moral Crisis, 4 Audio CDs: Run Time 4 ½ hours, by Jimmy Carter (Simon & Schuster Audio)

Our Endangered Values: America 's Moral Crisis by Jimmy Carter (Simon & Schuster)

In Our Endangered Values, former president Jimmy Carter offers a personal consideration of ‘moral values’ as they relate to the important issues of the day. He puts forward a passionate defense of separation of church and state, and a strong warning about where the country is heading as the lines between politics and rigid religious fundamentalism are blurred.

Carter describes his reactions to recent disturbing societal trends that involve both religious and political worlds as they increasingly intertwine and include some of the most crucial and controversial issues of the day. Many of these matters are under fierce debate – they include preemptive war, women's rights, terrorism, civil liberties, homosexuality, abortion, the death penalty, science and religion, environmental degradation, nuclear arsenals, America 's global image, fundamentalism, and the melding of religion and politics.

Carter speaks eloquently of how his own faith has shaped his moral vision and of how he has struggled to reconcile his own values with the Southern Baptist church's transformation under increasingly conservative leadership. Notably, he avoids mentioning the current president in Our Endangered Values.

…Fundamentalism has gotten America into a mess, but religion can once again help the country finds its soul. The Republican version of Jimmy Carter, former Missouri senator John Danforth, started an important national discussion when he criticized right-wing extremists in his party for their certainty that God was on their side. By adding his own voice to the discussion, Carter reminds us of a time when religion was tied to such virtues as humility and to such practices as soul-searching. He may not have been one of our best presidents, but he is undoubtedly one of our finest human beings. – Alan Wolfe, The Washington Post's Book World

Since Carter was defeated in the presidential election of 1980 by Ronald Reagan, he has received great praise for his efforts to alleviate domestic poverty, his campaigns for human rights and free elections, and his efforts at mediation in several foreign ‘hot spots.’ But Carter has also been condemned as a naive, presumptuous meddler who frequently does more harm than good. This book contains ample ammunition for both views. … Carter may be a kind, decent, even admirable man, but this book preaches to the choir and will not change many minds; expect demand, however. – Jay Freeman, Booklist

Sustained by his lifelong faith, Jimmy Carter assesses issues of the day in a courageous and often partisan way in Our Endangered Values.

Professional & Technical / Medicine / Philosophy

Cognition and the Brain: The Philosophy and Neuroscience Movement edited by Andrew Brook & Kathleen Akins (Cambridge University Press)

Cognition and the Brain provides a comprehensive overview of the philosophy and neuroscience movement, which applies the methods of neuroscience to traditional philosophical problems and uses philosophical methods to illuminate issues in neuroscience. At the heart of the movement is the conviction that basic questions about human cognition, many of which have been studied for millennia, can be answered only by a philosophically sophisticated grasp of neuro­science's insights into the processing of information by the human brain. Essays in Cognition and the Brain are clustered around five major themes: data and theory in neuroscience; neural representation and computation; visuomotor transformations; color vision; and consciousness.

The book is edited by Andrew Brook, Director of the Institute of Cognitive Science and Professor of Philosophy at Carleton University in Ottawa , and Kathleen Akins, Director of the McDonnell Project in Philosophy and Neuroscience and Associate Professor of Philosophy at Simon Fraser University in Burnaby , British Columbia .

In Cognition and the Brain, Valerie Hardcastle and Matthew Stewart present compelling evidence in ‘Localization and the Brain and Other Illusions’ that even a system as simple and biologically basic as oculomotor control is the very reverse of localized. To the contrary, it involves contributions from units dispersed widely across the cortex. They also show that a given nucleus can be involved in many different information-processing and control activities. They point out that the brain's plasticity – its capacity to recover function by using new areas when damage to an area affects function – holds the same implication.

In Cognition and the Brain, two contributions focus on the role of introspection in neuroscience. Evan Thompson, Antoine Lutz, and Diego Cosmelli ar­gue in ‘Neurophenomenology: An Introduction for Neurophilosophers’ that first-person reports about real-time subjective experience made after training and practice can play and should play a vital role in neuroscience, especially the neuroscience of consciousness. They call their approach neurophenomenology; their chapter provides a comprehensive overview of the approach and the context out of which it arose, together with two extremely interesting examples of neurophenomenology actually at work experimentally.

By way of contrast, in ‘Out of the Mouths of Autistics: Subjective Report and Its Role in Cognitive Theorizing’, Victoria McGeer urges that first-person utterances other than introspective reports can also be an important source of evidence. She studies autistics and their self reports. Because of the extensive cognitive deficits found in autistic people, many hold that their first-person utterances are suspect. McGeer argues that behind this belief is an assumption that the job of first-person utterances is to describe what is going on in people's heads. If, instead, we treat self-reports as expressions of the underlying cognitive and affective sys­tems, then we can see that there is a great deal to be learned from them.

According to Brook and Akins, the neurophilosophical questions concerning computation and representation nearly all assume a definition of computation in terms of representation transformation. Thus, most questions concerning computation and representation are really questions concerning representation. There are three general kinds of questions: questions to do with architecture, questions to do with syntax, and questions to do with semantics. The question of architecture is the question of how a neural system having syntax and semantics might be structured. The question of syntax is the question of what the formats or permissible formats of the representations in such a system might be and how representations interact with one another on the basis of their forms alone. The question of semantics is the question of how it is that such representations come to represent – how they come to have content, meaning.

In Cognition and the Brain, two papers are devoted to neural architecture, one on the issue in general, one on how time might be represented neurally. In ‘Moving Beyond Metaphors: Understanding the Mind for What It Is’, Chris Eliasmith suggests that past approaches to understanding the mind, including symbolicism, connectionism, and dynamicism, fundamentally rely on metaphors for their underlying theory of mind. He presents a new position that is not metaphorical and synthesizes the strengths of these past approaches.

Rick Grush, in ‘Brain Time and Phenomenological Time’, focuses on the structures in a neural system that represent time. His target is not objective time, actual persistence, but rather the subjective time of behavior: the temporal representation that is analogous to egocentric space (in contrast to objective or allocentric space). There are two parts to his theory. The first concerns the neural construction of states that are temporally indexed; mechanisms of emulation can be augmented to maintain a temporally ‘thick’ representation of the body and environment. The second part of the story concerns how these temporally indexed states acquire specifically temporal phenomenal content.

In addition to these chapters, in ‘The Puzzle of Temporal Experience’, Sean Kelly tackles a very specific kind of representational content, the representation and conscious experience of temporality, and the neuroscience of same. He starts from Karat's famous distinction between a succession of independent representations and a representation of a single, unified, temporally extended object, the distinction between a succession of representations and a representation of succession. He shows how neither Specious Present Theory nor Kantian/Husserlian Retention Theory gives us a satisfying account of our experience of the passage of time. Since representation of objects as persisting through time is a completely general feature of representation, Kelly's paper identifies something that we have to understand if we are to understand neural representation. He concludes the chapter with a revealing overview of the current state of' neuroscience on the issue.

Grush's chapter and, less directly, Eliasmith's also connect to the first of the two more specific topics to do with neural representation examined in Cognition and the Brain, visuomotor transformation, that is to say, the use of visual information to guide motor control.

In ‘Grasping and Perceiving Objects’, Pierre Jacob starts from the A. D. Milner and M. A. Goodale hypothesis that we have two complementary visual systems, vision-for-perception and vision-for-action, based on a double dissociation between two kinds of disorder found in brain-lesioned human patients: visual form agnosia and optic ataxia.

The chapter by Pete Mandik, ‘Action-Oriented Representation’, relates to Jacob's. Focusing on the claim that spatial perception and motor output are interdependent, Mandik asks how best to characterize this in­terdependence. There are two broad approaches. One favors the positing of mental representations mediating between perception and action; the other opposes the idea. He favors the former proposal, urging that sensori-motor interdependence is best accounted for by a novel theory of representational content whereby the most primitive forms of representation are those that have the function of commanding actions.

The second of Cognition and the Brain’s two more specific topics having to do with neural representation is color vision. In ‘Chimerical Colors’, Paul Churchland presents a stunning example of neurophilosophy at work. He shows that by exploiting shifts in experienced color due to tiredness and habituation, experiences of color can be brought about where the colors do not exist in nature and, what is even more striking, could not exist in nature according to an extremely long-held and well-confirmed color theory. They are impossible.

Focusing on perceived color similarity, in ‘Opponent Processing, Linear Models, and the Veridicality of Color Perception’, Zoltan Jakab argues against views of color experience that hold that the representational content of a color experience is exhausted by the color property in an object for which the experience stands. To the contrary, he argues, color experience arises from processing that distorts the stimulus features that are its canonical causes in numerous ways, thereby largely constructing our world of perceived color.

Most of the philosophical interest in consciousness started from the question of whether consciousness could possibly be a physical process, even a brain process. A common view in philosophy of neuroscience is that if there is anything appropriately given the name ‘consciousness’, it must be physical and, furthermore, explicable in terms of neurophysiology – no explanatory autonomy allowed. Using recent neurobiology and cognitive psychology in ‘A Neu­rofunctional Theory of Consciousness’, Jesse Prinz argues that consciousness arises when mechanisms of attention allow intermediate-level perceptual systems to access working memory. He then supports this view by appeal to multiple other modalities, which suggests that consciousness has a uniform material basis. He then draws out the implications of his analysis for the traditional mind-body problem. Both leading current approaches, functionalism and identity theory or radical reductivism, fail to appreciate the extent, he argues, to which the solution to the mind-body problem may rely on multiple levels of analysis, with constitutive contributions at relatively abstract psychological levels and levels that are often dismissed as merely implementational.

In the final essay, ‘Making Consciousness Safe for Neuroscience’, Andrew Brook ignores the antiphysicalist claim that at least some element of some kind of consciousness is not neural or even physical at all (put forward by most cognitive scientists) and says that throwing science at it will leave many – and not just dyed-in-the-wool antiphysicalists – feeling that the real thing, consciousness itself, has been left out, that the researcher has covertly changed the subject and is talking about something else, not consciousness. This is how many react, for example, to suggestions that consciousness is some form of synchronized firing of neurons. “Surely,” they react, “you could have the synchronized firing without consciousness. If so, consciousness is not synchronized firing of neurons. Maybe this firing pattern is a neural correlate of consciousness, but it is not what consciousness is.” Ignoring this reaction, Brook argues, is a bad idea – it is not going to fade away on its own.

Brook and Akins assert that neuroscience is not going to be relevant. The most effective appeal to neuroscience in this context is probably the kind of appeal mounted in Thompson et al. in this volume. Because neurophenomenology puts first-person conscious experience front and center, it does not even have the appearance of leaving consciousness out, changing the topic. However, even such consciousness-centered work can still be accused of studying mere correlates, of not telling us anything about the nature of consciousness. According to Brook, what we need to do instead is to tackle head-on the urge to split consciousness off from cognition and the brain and the antiphysicalist arguments that aim to support the urge, to show that attempts to split consciousness off from cognition and the brain do not succeed.

Cognition and the Brain provides a representative, up-to-date, fairly comprehensive snapshot of the work currently going on in the philosophy and neuroscience movement.

Reference / Encyclopedias / History

The Encyclopedia of Conspiracies and Conspiracy Theories by Michael Newton (Checkmark Books)

Conspiracies, simply put, occur when two or more parties work together to commit some unlawful or immoral act and no nation's history has been left untouched by them.

  • Was Jack the Ripper the product of a Freemason plot to conceal an embarrassing dalliance among Great Britain 's royal family?
  • Did Lee Harvey Oswald act alone in the assassination of John F. Kennedy?
  • Was the Chernobyl nuclear disaster really an accident, or a calculated experiment by forces planning a nuclear war?
  • Does the CIA covertly utilize ‘mind control’ drugs and techniques?
  • Are satanic messages subliminally hidden in popular music?
  • Did Kurt Cobain really commit suicide, or was he murdered?
  • Did American astronauts really walk on the moon or was the whole event concocted on a sound stage?
  • Does a vote really count or is the U.S. president chosen by secretive societies such as the Bilderherg Group, the Council on Foreign Relations, and the Illuminati?

There is no doubt about the influence hundreds of documented conspiracies have played in shaping the modern world. In more than 500 concise entries, The Encyclopedia of Conspiracies and Conspiracy Theories, written by Michael Newton, professional true-crime writer, explains numerous true conspiracies from around the world and throughout history, while also closely examining those that remain unproven. From the ‘inheritance powder’ of the Medicis to the United Nations Oil-for-Food program scandal, the author details the key points of each case and notes its historical significance.

Entries include biographies, specific events, profiles of groups, and thumbnail histories of notorious nations, each noting whether the conspiracy at hand is documented (BCCI, Project Paperclip) or speculative (alien abductions, New World Order) and offering concise analysis of the evidence and plausibility of those that remain unproved.

Other entries include assassinations, cults, financial shenanigans, global banking powers, intelligence operations, international power struggles, municipal corruption, murders, political scandals, secret brotherhoods and organizations, terrorism, and voting fraud.

In an objective, fact-based manner, The Encyclopedia of Conspiracies and Conspiracy Theories thoroughly documents and explores these provocative issues. Featuring more than 80 photographs, a bibliography, and an index, this volume is a must-have guide to the dark and mysterious history of conspiracies.

Reference / Library & Information Science / Computers & Internet

Internet Reference Support for Distance Learners edited by William Miller & Rita M. Pellen (The Haworth Information Press) makes separate library services for distance learners a thing of the past.

With the development of the World Wide Web and the evolution of Web-based services, reference librarians are adding a human element to the virtual library, blurring the difference between distance learners and traditional users.

Internet Reference Support for Distance Learners takes a comprehensive look at the efforts by librarians and information specialists to provide distance learners with effective services that match those already available on campus. The book examines how they deal with a wide range of related topics, including standards and guidelines, copyright issues, streaming media, and chat and digital references, and presents a historical overview of how reference and instructional services have been delivered to distance users – before and after the creation of the Internet. Internet Reference Support for Distance Learners reveals that librarians do not make a sharp distinction between reference and instruction within the context of distance learning, and that there is no clear boundary between ‘true’ distance learners and more traditional students who might use services designed for nontraditional users.

Internet Reference Support for Distance Learners, edited by William Miller, Director of Libraries and Rita Pellen, Associate Director of Libraries, both at Florida Atlantic University in Boca Raton , provides practical information on:

  • How librarians can ‘keep IT simple’ when designing reference support.
  • Why library Web sites are vital sources of communication between the distance learning student and the reference-based instructional component.
  • How to set up a university chat service, including software selection, staff training and assessment.
  • How to provide students services beyond traditional provision of resources, including advising, enrollment, and payment of fees.
  • How to create an online assistance site that incorporates online versions of traditional print handouts, faqs, subject guides, course-specific guides, learning modules, and instructional videos in one central location.
  • How to work with faculty to create support for students in Blackboard courses.
  • The pros and cons of using open-source software.
  • How to create an online library assistance site.
  • How to create online information literacy course to teach independent research skills to remote students.
  • How to avoid copyright infringement and educate library personnel about copyright law.
  • How to use Camtasia Studio, a screen capture program to create audio and video for online presentations.

Any librarian involved with the delivery of instruction or reference service using the internet will find this book invaluable. Addresses a variety of important topics. . . . Of particular interest is the emphasis on establishing collaborative associations with other libraries to provide this electronic service. – Patrick Mahoney, MLS, MBA, BSBA Off-Campus Librarian , Central Michigan University

Internet Reference Support for Distance Learners takes a comprehensive look at efforts by librarians and information specialists to provide distance learners with effective services. This unique book examines how they deal with a wide range of related topics, and presents a historical overview of how reference and instructional services have been delivered to distance users – before and after the creation of the Internet. Internet Reference Support for Distance Learners is an invaluable resource for librarians working in academic, school, special, and public settings, and for library science faculty and students.

Religion & Spirituality / Christianity / History

Joseph Smith's Quorum of the Anointed, 1842-1845: A Documentary History edited by Devery Scott Anderson & Gary James Bergera, with a foreword by Todd Compton (Signature Books)

The first Latter-day Saint temple ceremonies were performed, not in Kirtland , Ohio , but on the second floor of Joseph Smith's Red Brick Store in Nauvoo , Illinois . For nearly four years beginning in 1842, the prophet's modest mercantile functioned as the de facto temple – the site of the first washings, anointings, endowments, and sealings.
Preparations to initiate the first members of Joseph Smith's Quorum of the Anointed, or Holy Order, as it was also known, were made on May 3, 1842 . The walls of the second level of the store were painted with garden-themed murals, the rooms fitted with carpets, potted plants, and a veil hung from the ceiling.

In Joseph Smith's Quorum of the Anointed, 1842-1845, the editors assemble available primary references to the Anointed Quorum and its regular gatherings in the locations prior to construction of the Nauvoo temple.

Despite the secrecy imposed upon members of the Anointed Quorum, word of the gatherings above Smith's store soon spread. In one instance, housekeeper Maria Jane Johnston helped prepare the special ceremonial clothing for Smith to wear at the group's meetings. In another, Ebenezer Robinson innocently opened the upstairs door at the mercantile and was startled to see church apostle John Taylor in a long white robe and ‘turban,’ carrying a sword. Only Nauvoo's elite were invited to participate in these new ceremonies – never more than ninety individuals and even fewer during Joseph Smith's lifetime – and, as editors Devery Scott Anderson and Gary James Bergera write in Joseph Smith's Quorum of the Anointed, 1842-1845, only those who had been introduced to the prophet's doctrine of plural marriage.

An unusual aspect of the Quorum of the Anointed, compared to the membership in the Nauvoo Masonic Lodge, was that women were initiated as regular members. However, the women effectively disappear after Brigham Young's assumption of leadership in 1844, following Smith's death, and remain virtually absent until the Nauvoo Temple is completed nearly a year and a half later. Readers will also note some of the differences in protocol between what Smith instigated and what Young eventually settled on, for instance that members could be washed and anointed repeatedly but were ‘endowed’ only once. There were not yet proxy ordinances.

Among Latter-day Saints today, temple worship is a sensitive topic; but Anderson, Mormon writer and telephone company employee and Bergera, managing director of the Smith-Pettit Foundation and Mormon publications editor, do not present anything that would be considered invasive or indelicate. In fact, the accounts, which come almost exclusively from the early LDS leadership itself, manifest discretion about what to report.

The sources include excerpts from the diaries of William Clayton, Joseph Fielding, Zina D. H. Jacobs, Heber C. Kimball, Willard Richards, George A. Smith, Joseph Smith, John Taylor, Wilford Woodruff, and Brigham Young; autobiographies and reminiscences by Joseph C. Kingsbury, George Miller, and Mercy Fielding Thompson; letters from Vilate Kimball and Lucius N. Scoville; the Manuscript History of Brigham Young; General Record of the Seventies, Book B; Bathsheba W Smith's unedited testimony from the 1892 Temple Lot Case; other manuscripts such as the Historian's Office Journal and ‘Meetings of Anointed Quorum’; and published records such as the History of the Church, Latter Day Saints' Messenger and Advocate, and Times and Seasons.

Never before have these primary, authoritative sources been correlated by date for comparison and fuller understanding of the gradual development of the temple ceremonies. Readers of Joseph Smith's Quorum of the Anointed, 1842-1845 may find an added benefit in discovering some of their own ancestors' names included in these records; but in fact, anyone interested in LDS temple worship will find this compilation of primary documents fascinating.

Religion & Spirituality / Christianity / Bible

Misquoting Jesus: The Story Behind Who Changed the Bible and Why by Bart Ehrman (Harper SanFrancisco)

Since the advent of the printing press and the accurate reproduction of texts, most people have assumed that when they read the New Testament they are reading an exact copy of Jesus' words or Saint Paul 's writings. Yet, the truth is, for almost fifteen hundred years these manuscripts were hand copied by scribes who were deeply influenced by the cultural, theological, and political disputes of their day. Both mistakes and intentional changes abound in the surviving manuscripts, making the original words difficult to reconstruct.

In Misquoting Jesus top Bible scholar Bart Ehrman reveals where and why these changes were made and how scholars go about reconstructing the original words of the New Testament as closely as possible. He makes the provocative case that many of our cherished biblical stories and widely held beliefs concerning the divinity of Jesus, the Trinity, and the divine origins of the Bible itself stem from both intentional and accidental alterations by scribes – alterations that dramatically affected all subsequent versions of the Bible.

In example after example, readers learn where and why changes were made in the earliest surviving manuscripts, changes that continue to have a dramatic impact on widely-held beliefs. Ehrman, chair of the Department of Religious Studies at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and an authority on the history of the New Testament, the early church, and the life of Jesus, frames Misquoting Jesus with his own personal story – his reflections on how his study of the Greek manuscripts made him abandon his once ultraconservative views of the Bible.

In Misquoting Jesus Ehrman shows how:

  • The King James Bible was based on corrupted and inferior manuscripts that in many cases do not accurately represent the meaning of the original text.
  • The favorite Bible story of Jesus' forgiving the woman caught in adultery (John 8:3-II) does not belong in the Bible.
  • Scribal errors were so common in antiquity that the author of the Book of Revelation threatened damnation to anyone who ‘adds to’ or ‘takes away’ words from the text.

Engaging and fascinating.... [Ehrman's] absorbing story, fresh and lively prose, and seasoned insights into the challenges of recreating the texts of the New Testament ensure that readers might never read the Gospels or Paul's letters the same way again. – Publishers Weekly (starred review)

Misquoting Jesus is a fascinating report on the scribes who wrote the Greek manuscripts of the New Testament, the scholars who used these thousands of manuscripts to establish the best text, and Bible translators who use their results to produce the modern translations we use today. I recommend it enthusiastically to everyone interested in the wording of the New Testament. – James M. Robinson, author of The Gospel of Jesus

Here, at last, in Misquoting Jesus is the fascinating history of the words of the Bible themselves. This is one book sure to liven up conversations this fall and lead to more talk about putting a fence around Chapel Hill and its heretical university.

Religion & Spirituality / Christianity / Bible

Slaves in the New Testament: Literary, Social, And Moral Dimensions by J. Albert Harrill ( Augsburg Fortress Press)

If it were a matter to be determined by personal sympathies, tastes, or feelings, I should be as ready as any man to condemn the institution of slavery, for all my prejudices of education, habit, and social position stand entirely opposed to it. But as a Christian . . . I am compelled to submit my weak and erring intellect to the authority of the Almighty. For then only can I be safe in my conclusions, when I know that they are in accor­dance with the will of Him, before whose tribunal I must ren­der a strict account in the last great day. – John Henry Hopkins (1792-1868), Episcopal Bishop of Vermont

The God who, in America , is declared to sanction the impious system of slavery – the annihilation of the marriage institution and the sacrifices of all human rights – is my ideal of the devil. – William Lloyd Garrison

Slaves in the New Testament is a new analysis of slaves and slavery in the New Testament. In it, J. Albert Harrill, Associate Professor of Religious Studies at Indiana University , makes extensive use of Greco-Roman evidence, explicit attention to hermeneutics, and treatment of the use of the New Testament in antebellum U.S. slavery debates. He also examines in detail Philemon, 1 Corinthians, Romans, Luke-Acts, and the household codes.

Chapters include:

  1. The Slave Self: Paul and the Discursive ‘I’
  2. The Slave Body: Physiognomics and Invective against Paul
  3. The Comedy of Slavery in Story and Parable
  4. Subordinate to Another: Elite Salves in the Agricultural Handbooks and the Household Codes
  5. The Vice of the Slave Trader
  6. The Domestic Enemy: Household Slaves in Early Christian Apology and Accounts of Martyrdom
  7. The Use of the New Testament in the American Slave Controversy: A Case History in the Hermeneutical Tension between Biblical Criticism and Christian Moral Debate

In Atlanta , Georgia , on 20 June 1995 , America 's largest Protestant denomination – one founded largely in defense of slavery – repented of its historic roots. Twenty thousand delegates of the Southern Baptist Convention gathered in the Georgia Dome, an indoor sports arena, for the denomination's annual meeting and overwhelmingly approved a resolution to repudiate its past stand on slavery and the Bible, with an official apology to African Americans.

Harrill says he mentions the Southern Baptist Convention not to single it out but to point to a wider trend in American religious culture of which it is representative. Liberal positions that claim Paul's letters or the Gospels to be fundamentally subversive of slavery and other Roman moral values are equally problematic, as he note many times in Slaves in the New Testament. Liberal theologians and scholars are also at fault for perpetuating favorably disposed opinions about the New Testament that are just as specious.

Doubtless some of the readers of this volume will always believe in appealing solely to the Scriptures to settle Christian moral debate. Although he says he does not entertain delusions of convincing everyone, Harrill does hope that he has demonstrated that such a view fails to comprehend the complexity of either moral reasoning or biblical interpretation. Appeals to ‘what the Bible says’ do not promote knowledge but merely attempt to end inquiry altogether. On the level of exegesis, one goal of Slaves in the New Testament has been to argue that any critical interpretation of the New Testament must start by situating the early Christian writings in their literary, social, and moral context of the early Roman Empire . He finds that most slaves in the New Testament and early Christian literature are literary products, drawn from classic stock scenarios that reflected the conventional Roman value of aucto­ritas. In terms of ideology, the New Testament writings participate and are implicated in the ancient prejudice and stereotyping that functioned to dehumanize slaves and to make masters better masters. Given this finding, Harrill asks, shouldn't we challenge Christian moral debate to move beyond the specious Biblicism of ‘traditional family values,’ and create a better moral vision?

Harrill combines wide-ranging knowledge of ancient sources with a sharp eye for the jugular of a text. The result is that rare thing in biblical scholarship, genuinely fresh insights into an old question. A book both delightful and disturbing, Slaves in the New Testament demolishes a card house of wishful thinking about early Christian views on slavery. Everyone who believes that the Bible has something to say about moral issues needs to pay attention. – Wayne A. Meeks, Woolsey Professor Emeritus of Biblical Studies, Yale University

Far more than a historical study of slavery in early Christianity, Harrill's remarkable book raises profound moral questions for the field of biblical studies and for the Christian churches. Nineteenth-century debates over whether the Bible supports slavery forged the schools of thought that shape today's debates over the rights of lesbians, gays, bisexuals, and transgendered people; the full emancipation of women; or capital punishment. Harrill deftly analyzes a range of New Testament and other Christian sources, demonstrating how frequently they echo Roman society's slave-holding values and anxieties about living with people forcibly held in bondage. – Bernadette J. Brooten, Robert and Myra Kraft and Jacob Hiatt Professor of Christian Studies, Brandeis, University

In this exciting new analysis of slaves and slavery in the New Testament, Harrill in Slaves in the New Testament breaks new ground with his extensive use of Greco-Roman evidence, discussion of hermeneutics, and treatment of the use of the New Testament in antebellum U.S. slavery debates.

Social Sciences

Appalachian Cultural Competency: A Guide for Medical, Mental Health, and Social Service Professionals edited by Susan E. Keefe (The University of Tennessee Press)

Health and human service practitioners who work in Appalachia know that the typical ‘textbook’ methods for dealing with clients often have little relevance in the context of Appalachian culture. Despite confronting behavior and values different from those of mainstream America , these professionals may be instructed to follow organizational mandates that are ineffective in mountain communities, subsequently drawing criticism from their clients for practices that are deemed insensitive or controversial.

The lapses between practitioners' expectations and outcomes are often due to inadequate attention to the Appalachian cultural context. While the Appalachian region has received significant attention from scholars and writers in the last three decades, there is little literature directed to helping health and social services professionals who work in the region. Editor Susan Keefe relates that professionals she has come into contact with are aware of the importance of understanding Appalachian culture, but, they remark, there is no single reference work that clarifies the practical relevance of a cultural approach in their particular field.

In Appalachian Cultural Competency, Keefe, professor of anthropology at Appalachian State University, has assembled fifteen essays by a multidisciplinary set of scholars and professionals, many nationally renowned for their work in the field of Appalachian studies. These authors, despite the diversity of their fields of expertise, share the conviction that providers of health and human services in the region often face common situations and problems that could benefit from a cultural perspective. Together, they argue for the development of a cultural model of practice based on respect for local knowledge, the value of community diversity, and collaboration between professionals and local communities, groups, and individuals. A cultural approach assumes, first of all, that people are intelligent actors and that peoples' beliefs and behavior reflect their understanding of the way the world works. If a group of people acts in a way that puzzles us, the cultural perspective demands that we investigate that action from their point of view, what anthropologists refer to as the ‘emic’ perspective. This book assists the readers in understanding this emic basis for the cultural approach. It is divided into four sections, each of which describes a key strategy in the successful professional's cultural toolbox: the reflexive stance, the acquisition of cultural competence, the avoidance of stereotyping, and the adoption of a cultural theoretical paradigm.

The essays in Appalachian Cultural Competency address issues of both practical and theoretical interest, from understanding rural mountain speech to tailoring mental health therapies for Appalachian clients. Other topics include employee assistance programs for Appalachian working-class women, ways of promoting wellness among the Eastern Cherokees, and understanding Appalachian death practices.

The book demonstrates the utility of a cultural approach from a variety of disciplines, including anthropology, sociology, social work, counseling, nursing, psychology, linguistics, and church ministry. What binds this collection together is the authors' understanding of Appalachia based on an intimate knowledge of the region and its people and an involvement in practice and training programs. The essayists provide clear and effective case studies in which the elements of Appalachian culture and their relationship to practice are made obvious. Taken as a whole, Appalachian Cultural Competency provides wisdom and practical suggestions for those who wish to serve Appalachian people well.

Social Sciences / Anthropology

The Average American: The Extraordinary Search for the Nation's Most Ordinary Citizen by Kevin O'Keefe (PublicAffairs) tells the story of an intrepid author who sets himself this task: to find the most perfectly average person in the nation.

John Q Public. Plain Jane. The Average Joe. We think we know the type, but have we ever actually met the person?

To be the perfectly, statistically average American is harder than it might seem: you must live within three miles of a McDonald's and two miles of a public park; you must be better off financially than your parents, but earn no more than $75,000 a year; you must believe in God and the literal truth of the Bible, yet hold some views that traditional churches deem sacrilegious.

After years as a successful marketing executive, asserting to his clients that he could predict the behavior of the ‘average American,’ Kevin O'Keefe got curious. Who actually was the Average American? Equipped with his trusty Mr. Q, a notebook that he has compiled with over 1,000 facts about the Average American, O'Keefe, media and marketing consultant, made a tour of America in search of the sublimely ordinary, the man and woman who each represent most definitively all that is average in our country – The Average American is his report on his travels.

In his travels from New York to Nevada, Pennsylvania to Hawaii, Kansas to Connecticut and beyond, O'Keefe talks business and pleasure with the proprietors of Average Joe and Jane Athletics, visits the polls on election day with the first candidate for the Average American party, bypasses both Peoria and Normal, Illinois (for, as he explains, they are not that normal), and watches the magician Myklar the Ordinary wow the kids at a church in rural Maryland. At the end of the road he discovers that the Average American is, up close, rather extraordinary.
And he asked, what does America – a nation as fond of its superlatives, its winners, and its ‘best of’ lists as it is of the common man – think about the averageness within it?

Combining his search with a look into the history and assumptions about the average American, O'Keefe discovered that many myths about Americans are untrue. We are not as culturally divided as is often said, nor as fat. Most people are staying in suburbs rather than moving to exurbs, IQs are rising, and no, not everyone wants to be famous. In his search, as he had hoped, he learned a lot about this country, the people in it, and whether it's okay to be average.

The Average American delivers a fascinating, often surprising, look into the idea of what is common, normal, and ‘average’ in American culture. The book is lively, fun, and thought provoking, packed with interesting facts, and, as readers will discover, more moving than one could have any right to expect. With an ending – a final destination and a final Average American – that surprised even O'Keefe to no end, he found that sometimes average is not just okay; sometimes it's amazing.

Social Sciences / Media Studies

Feet to the Fire: The Media after 9/11, Top Journalists Speak Out edited by Kristina Borjesson (Prometheus Books)

If the president says I’m going to war for reasons A, B, and C, I can’t very well stand there and say, “The president is not telling you the truth, the actual reason that he’s going to war is some reason he hasn’t even mentioned. – Ted Koppel

... to say “the ... president is lying” is considered a partisan statement even if you can document that he is lying, unless it involves a private matter, like a consensual affair. But if he's lying about a public matter; a number, a policy, or a rationale for war; it's unacceptably partisan to say that. – Paul Krugman

Why did we go to war? At this point, astonishingly enough, I do not think the public yet fully understands why we went to war in Iraq . – Ron Suskind

These are dangerous bloody times when the administration can get away with the WMD lie. And then they can switch in midstream and say, “We’re all for freedom.”' Like hell. – Peter Arnett

They took the nation to war using a lot of bogus information. – John Walcott

The administration wanted Iraq to look like it was a very threatening, dangerous place connected to al Queda and ready to attack us. The CIA was not reporting that. The CIA was reporting almost the opposite. – James Bamford

The American people should be clamoring to find out the why. When it turns out and becomes very clear there are no weapons of mass destruction, why aren’t they saying, “Why are we there?” – Helen Thomas

Focusing on the post 9/11 crisis period, Borjesson has interviewed ABC’s Ted Koppel, Hearst Newspaper’s Helen Thomas, Paul Krugman of the New York Times, Barton Gellman and Walter Pincus of the Washington Post, Associated Press President/CEO Tom Curley, Harpers publisher John MacArthur, and many others. Kristina Borjesson’s collection of interviews unveils a journalistic environment that rivals any long-running soap opera on television. Filled with personal stories, conflict, and drama, Feet to the Fire gives readers the rare opportunity to walk a mile in the shoes of this nation’s most powerful journalists and news executives. Most of them have spent long stretches of their professional lives in what can only be described as pressure-cooker environments ranging from deadly war zones to high-rise corporate offices.

As a first-hand account of contemporary mainstream journalism, Feet to the Fire has no equal. Mindful of the broader historical context and the value of comparing the coverage of recent conflicts to Vietnam War coverage, Borjesson, Emmy and Murrow Award-winning investigative reporter, who has worked for CBS and CNN, has included long interviews with Vietnam-era reporters who are still working today, like Peter Arnett. Arnett won a Pulitzer Prize as an Associated Press reporter in Vietnam , was CNN’s star war correspondent during the first Gulf War, and became a lightning rod while reporting on the second Gulf War. Other interview subjects include: Tom Curley (President/CEO Associated Press), Deborah Amos (NPR war correspondent), Jon Alpert (independent producer/ cameraman), John MacArthur, Tom Yellin (executive producer for Peter Jennings), Chris Hedges, and James Bamford (National Security reporter).

With each interview, Borjesson gathers details from national security and intelligence reporters, White House journalists, Middle East experts, war correspon­dents, and others. Like pieces of a puzzle, these conversations combine to provide a hair-raising view of the mechanisms by which the truth has been manufactured post 9/11. The assembled puzzle also shows how ordinary Americans have played key roles along with the press and the gov­ernment in perpetuating the deception.

Borjesson, an award-winning investigative reporter turned media critic, gathers an impressive list of journalists in what purports to be "an oral account of the current era of crisis," but the author is less interested in her group's answers than whether they agree with her premises: the Bush administration is evil, the American media are largely complicit, and the American public is idiotic. … this book is full of such insightful commentary. Just skip the questions. – Publishers Weekly
American media has garnered severe criticism, particularly abroad, for failing to more vigorously question the Bush administration's insistence on going to war against Iraq . In this collection of interviews with 21 journalists, Borjesson offers a penetrating look at how top reporters regard the efforts by themselves and their colleagues to cover the war and the efforts of the administration to conceal or obfuscate their policy on Iraq . … – Vanessa Bush, Booklist
Thoughtful questions asked during individual meetings with these men and women...gave reporters emotional and intellectual space for candor... – Library Journal  

Feet to the Fire is all unprecedented and deeply disturbing insider's report on how diverse factions within our society have collaborated and clashed to bring about profound change. Zeroing in on a stunning lineup of first-hand sources, Borjesson presents a unique and fascinating record of self-examination by some of America ’s top working journalists. As an oral account of the current era of crisis, as an insightful view of this nation’s most accomplished messengers and the landscape in which they operate, Feet to the Fire is nothing short of a tour-de-force.

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Guide to This Issue

Contents: Photography and Community in the Twentieth Century, Biography of George W. Bush, Ben Franklin: America 's Original Entrepreneur, Technical and Business Innovations, Resonant Leadership, Improving Communities, Cooking, Food & Wine: America's Great Delis, Classic Mediterranean Cuisine, Hot & Spicy Dishes from around the World, Wine Making, Health, Mind & Body / Psychology & Counseling: Domestic Violence and Family Safety, Social Cognition in Adolescence, History: Billy the Kid Rides Again, Mapping the World: An Illustrated History of Cartography, The Encyclopedia of Conspiracies and Conspiracy Theories, Home & Garden: The Complete Houseplant Survival Manual, Law: My FBI: Bringing Down the Mafia, Investigating Bill Clinton and Fighting the War on Terror, Drugs, Society, and Criminal Justice Fiction: Why She Married Him, Poets on Poetics, Mysteries: Air Dance Iguana an Alex Rutledge Key West Mystery, Sad Cypress: A Hercule Poirot Mystery, Delete All Suspects by Donna Andrews a Turing Hopper Mystery Medicine / Surgery: Year Book of Surgery, 2005, Cognition and the Brain, Outdoor Recreation: The Physical Education Activity Handbook, Wild Plants of the Sierra Nevada Philosophy: Why We Want What We Want, Jimmy Carter on Our Endangered Values, Education: Internet Reference Support for Distance Learners Religion: Joseph Smith's Quorum of the Anointed, 1842-1845, Misquoting Jesus: The Story Behind Who Changed the Bible and Why, Slaves in the New Testament: Literary, Social, And Moral Dimensions, Social Sciences: Appalachian Cultural Competency, The Average American: The Extraordinary Search for the Nation's Most Ordinary Citizen, The Media after 9/11