SirReadaLot.org

SirReadaLot.org


We Review the Best of the Latest Books

ISSN 1934-6557

November 2005, Issue #79

Guide to This Issue

Contents: Digital Photography, Women in the U.S. Senate, Comparing the Visual Arts, Autobiography: Story of a Congenital Amputee Who Became a Champion in Wrestling and in Life, Life of Johnny Cash, Business: Marketing to the U.S. Hispanic Market, Marketing to the Hip-Hop Generation, Coaching, How to Get Rich Republican Style, Children’s: Bible for Tots, China in Pictures, Voting for Grade-schoolers, The Magic of Kendra Kandlestar, Food: New Era of Vegetarian Cooking, Roman Cuisine, Entertainment: Billy Crystal's 700 Sundays, Nontraditional Families in television series Buffy and Angel, Health, Mind & Body: Treating Depression, Human Emotion, Christian Guide to Herbs, Vitamins, and Supplements, Dating After 50, Knowing Your Breast, Muscle Physiology, Guyton and Hall Physiology Review, History: The Myth of La Malinche, History's Worst Decisions and the People Who Made Them, Who's German? The U-Boat Torpedoing of the SS City of Benares and the Children who Survived , A History of American Election Fraud, American Christmas Traditions, Mourning our Pets, Literature: A New Translation of Jorge Luis Borges's The Book of Imaginary Beings, Macedonio Fernández and the Argentine Avant-garde,  Hemingway's Last Safari, Mysteries: Walter Mosley's Easy Rawlins Mystery Cinnamon Kiss, Archer Mayor's Joe Gunther Mystery St. Albans Fire,  Environment: Buildings for Nature Politics: A History of Political Thought, The U.S. Women's Movement in Global Perspective, Religion: Understanding the Religions of the World, The Historical Jesus, and Atonement Theory, Debating the Nature of Women's Roles in the Early Church, Sacred Trees, No Jewish Race, Religion Culture Wars, Science: Long Life? Growing Old, Human Life as Animals, Street Gangs, Sports: Football Religion, Bill Russell, Wilt Chamberlain, and the Golden Age of Basketball, Travel: Visiting New Zealand

Arts & Photography

Understanding Digital Photography: Creative Techniques for Getting Pictures by Bryan Peterson (Amphoto Books)

Whether readers are intimidated by their digital cameras or simply want to improve the quality of their pictures, Understanding Digital Photography has the information they need. The latest from noted photographer and instructor Bryan Peterson, this book demystifies digital technology. A variety of subjects and lighting conditions are presented, including landscapes, portraits, sunsets, nighttime scenes, and even close-ups.

Using his signature bad image/good image pairings of real-life examples, Peterson, best-selling author of Learning to See Creatively and Understanding Exposure, takes readers through the techniques need to succeed with digital photography in every popular genre: nature, people, sports, interiors, travel, low-light conditions, travel, weather, commercial portraits, macro, and wildlife – even how to use creative tricks such as reflections. As a bonus, Peterson explains, in straightforward text, the techniques of Photoshop as well as the basics of publishing, printing, and archiving and storing for personal or professional use. The book provides plentiful examples showing how to get it right in camera so that when readers finally show up at the doorstep of Photoshop, they are ready to take the images to the next level. Peterson says, “Remember, digital ‘film’ is free.”

Full of great examples for beginners and serious photographers, Understanding Digital Photography makes it easy to create great digital pictures. Whatever readers’ particular interests, Peterson can help them achieve successful images with their digital cameras.

Arts & Photography / Politics

Changing the Face of Power: Women in the U.S. Senate (Focus on American History Series) by Melina Mara, with a foreword by Cokie Roberts, interviews by Helen Thomas, an introduction by Senator Barbara Mikulski, and a second an introduction by Senator Kay Bailey Hutchison ( University of Texas Press )

They are America 's most powerful women. The fourteen female U.S. senators currently in office have changed not only the face of power, but the exercise of power as well. Bringing women's perspectives and life experiences to what has been described as America's most exclusive (and exclusively male) club, female senators are emerging as powerbrokers in Congress, known for their bipartisan teamwork, compassion for social issues, ability to build coalitions, and use of unique tools for lawmaking.

Changing the Face of Power documents all fourteen women in their day-to-day work as senators. Melina Mara's candid images show the senators attending hearings, meeting the press, greeting their constituents, consulting with staff, legislating behind the scenes, and sharing private moments with colleagues and family. Mara, staff photographer at the Washington Post, tells how she followed the senators and went for the candid, revealing moments. In these photographs she captures the demanding, 24/7 nature of the job and shows that the female senators more than hold their own among their male colleagues.

Accompanying the photos are commentaries by journalist Cokie Roberts, introductions by Senators Barbara Mikulski (D-MD) and Kay Bailey Hutchison (R-TX), and interviews between veteran White House correspondent Helen Thomas and all of the senators. These pieces address women's achievements in attaining political power and describe the burdens and rewards of the office. The senators describe their motivations for being in the Senate, the challenges they've faced, the way they balance work and family, and the prospects for a woman winning the presidency in the coming years.

As Congress has become a more representative institution, the women who have been path breakers in the Senate deserve this photographic tribute. This pioneering work of photojournalism succeeds in showing us candid images of women in the halls of power. Changing the Face of Power is at once headline news and a potent documentary record of a turning point in American and women's history.

Arts & Photography / Sociology / Political Science

Art and the State: The Visual Arts in Comparative Perspective by Victoria D. Alexander & Marilyn Rueschemeyer (St. Antony’s Series: Palgrave MacMillan)

Two experts in the social study of the arts look at the impact of the nation-state – its actions, policies and traditions – on art institutions and artists. Focusing on the visual arts, Art and the State examines cultural policy in the US , the UK , Norway , Sweden , and communist and post-communist eastern Germany . Russian artists who emigrated to America and artists who experienced the transition in Germany give insight into contrasting political systems.

Art and the State demonstrates that the art-state integration is highly complex. The state has a degree of control, never absent and never absolute, over artists; artists in authoritarian societies carve out spaces of freedom, while artists in free-market countries submit to constraints imposed by the state, and by the marketplace. But the discussion goes far beyond the issues of autonomy and freedom. Other topics include the development of audiences, arts controversies, the privatization of arts institutions, and the public role of art and artists.

The authors, Victoria Alexander, Senior Lecturer in Sociology at the University of Surrey and Marilyn Rueschemeyer, Professor of Sociology at the Rhode Island School of Design, conceived the book Art and the State at the American Sociological Association's (ASA) annual conference in Washington , DC , in 2000. Alexander and Rueschemeyer realized that they were concerned about a number of similar issues in the sociology of art; moreover, they discovered that they each had a series of surprisingly similar projects underway or in planning. These interrelated projects, each on an aspect of ‘art and the state’, cried out to be explored together.

From the extensive literature on the sociology of art, and from their own research, they knew that art is not just about artists and artworks. Artists create art within a social context – within an ‘art world’ or ‘artistic field’ – that is situated in the wider society. A host of factors from the art world and the society affect the production of art.

The state is an important actor (or more accurately, a collection of actors) in the social world, and actions of the state are profoundly important for art worlds, artists, and artworks. The state influences the production, distribution, and reception of art, and it can shape the life chances of individual artists. A state may support artists directly through salary, fellowships, or grants. It may purchase artworks. It may fund art museums and galleries, either directly through line-item or project grants or indirectly through tax incentives. It may repress artists or censor artworks that criticize it. Or it may do none of these things. Its legal climate, favorable or unfavorable to free market ideology, to private property, and to intellectual property rights, will affect the distribution strategies of artists. Its ability to maintain civic order influences artistic subject matter, as well as the ability of artists to work safely in their studios. Its educational policy affects not only the training, and employment, of those interested in becoming artists or those identified with particular visual talents, but also the reception of artworks by the general public who are educated in the state's system.

Alexander and Rueschemeyer believe that the state and its effects have been understudied in relationship to other aspects of the art world. Comparative studies of the topic have been especially rare. Just as the complexities of ‘art and the state’ within a given setting are often overlooked, so too are the similarities across countries with very different governmental structures. In ‘free’ countries, as in authoritarian ones, state control of art and artists is an issue. In the west, public art, the public place of art, and even the kind of art supported by public funds can be (and has been) subject to controversy that escalates into ‘culture wars’ which, in turn, can lead to cultural policy that, in many respects, shades into censorship.

In discussing these ideas, Alexander and Rueschemeyer found that their ongoing research addressed the subject of art and the state in complementary ways. They hoped, therefore, that they were in an excellent position to contribute to the literature on art and the state, in a truly comparative way.

In 1996, Alexander moved to England , having just finished a large project on American art museums. She was struck by the relative similarities between American and British art museums, especially in such matters as marketization, commercialization, and the prevalence of special exhibitions and traveling blockbusters, which existed despite the differences in the arts policies of the two countries. She started to look into state funding of museums to explore how arts institutions came to converge on a similar, international model. This project has expanded into Chapters 2 and 3 of Art and the State.

Meanwhile, Rueschemeyer's own work had been moving in direc­tions which explored similar themes. She spent several sabbaticals abroad where, among other interests, she explored the social situation of artists, the reception of their work by different audiences, and how their creative lives are affected by state policy. She had co-authored a book on Soviet émigré artists and she continued this line of research as additional possibilities for work arose in the New York area and in Israel (now Chapter 6 in this book). An earlier project on East German artists was undergoing an update to take account of the changes brought about by the unification with West Germany (Chapter 5). Her interest in gaining a fuller comparative perspective led her into work, while in Bergen and then at the Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences, on art and the state in Norway and Sweden (Chapter 4).

They decided that it would be best to collaborate on the Introduction and the Conclusion to bring out the themes and ideas highlighted by the case studies. The Introduction (Chapter 1) discusses the general topic of cultural policy with respect to the visual arts. In this chapter, they point out the various dimensions along which cultural policy may be measured. A comparative perspective clarifies a number of issues, a key one being the degree of state control of artists and institutions involved in cultural policy. A set of textured, comparative studies shows that issues of artistic freedom and state – or market – constraint are complex and do not fall along a simple continuum from free market states with a high degree of artistic freedom to autocratic states with a high degree of censorship and control.

The Conclusion (Chapter 7) draws out the lessons learned from a comparative reading of their five projects. This chapter, the most explicitly comparative in Art and the State, brings to fruition the initial discussion they had at that ASA meeting. Though Alexander's work focused initially on art institutions, especially museums, and Rueschemeyer's on artists and their associations, they found that their interests encompassed all of these aspects of the art world. Indeed, it is difficult to study arts institutions without considering artists, and vice versa. They found that their differing research methods (Alexander drawing on documentary analysis and Rueschemeyer on interviews with artists, gallery owners and managers, and policy makers) and writing styles have proved to be useful levers with which to lift additional insights from the data. In writing Art and the State, their aims were to examine the texture and complexity within the art-state relationship in individual countries and, through their collab­orative chapters, to present their ideas on art and the state and to integrate their insights from the case studies.

In the case studies Alexander and Rueschemeyer examine these issues comparatively, for it is only by comparing different political-cultural systems that one can study such large-scale subjects. By looking at a variety of political systems they can draw out the implications of contrasting relations between the political order and the world of the visual arts, ranging from different patterns of funding through contrasting social environments in which artists work to the varying character and responses of audiences for art. These comparisons will show that the state has an important impact on what happens in the art world.

In the case studies, which are an integral part of Chapters 2 through 6, they examine different contexts of government involvement in the visual arts. Chapter 2 examines the United States , a society with extensive encouragement and incentives for private sponsorship for the arts, yet with far less direct public sponsorship than in western Europe. Chapter 3 focuses on Great Britain , which moved to more market-oriented funding of the arts during the Thatcher government but which continues, nevertheless, to offer modest public support for the arts. Chapter 4 discusses the social democratic welfare states of Scandinavia ; it focuses on Norway , though it offers some comparative glimpses of Sweden ; here access and involvement of many different segments of the population have been encouraged by generous public supports.

These three chapters of parallel case analyses are followed by two that trace transitions from one political system to another. Chapter 5 examines the art world of communist East Germany and the changes that took place after the fall of communism. Tracing the impact of this transition, which is complemented by comments on the communist and post-communist periods in the Czech Republic and Poland, it highlights the character of art worlds both in the politically dominated past and in the new market-oriented situation. Chapter 6 looks at a similar contrast, but now focusing on the personal experiences and reflections of artists who moved from one political-cultural context to another – from the Soviet Union (and, more recently, from post-communist Russia) to the United States and to Israel. In addition to highlighting the contrast between systems, the chapters together offer an analysis of art in the authoritarian systems of east European state socialism.

These contrasting political contexts represent a range of government support from meager to munificent. They also represent differences along many other dimensions such as in audience development and issues of control and censorship. For example, the United States, never generous with funding, has become stingier in recent years in response to arts controversies over federal funding of ‘obscene’ art, while the United Kingdom has also reined in cultural spending, at least on the visual arts.

Art and the State is a wonderful book…. I especially like the way in which the authors take a nuanced approach to consider the vexed relationship of the arts and the state. They are right on target when pointing to the subtle control effects that exist in non-totalitarian as well as in extremely authoritarian states. Their comparative perspective is a most valuable addition to an under-studied field. – Vera Zolberg, Professor of Sociology, New School University , New York

Timely, informative, and well-structured, this book provides a much needed comparison of the relationship between the state and the visual arts in the United States , Britain , Norway , Sweden , East Germany before and after the fall of Communism, and the Soviet Union …. Art and the State constitutes important reading to all who are interested in the visual arts, in the history, sociology and anthropology of art, in cultural politics, heritage studies, arts management, museology, political science, and many other fields and topics. – Barbro Klein, Professor of Ethnology and Director, Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study, Uppsala , Sweden

Art and the State examines the impact of states and their policies on visual art, contrasting developments in the United States with art policies in Britain and in the social democratic states of Norway and Sweden . In addition, it analyzes revealing transitions – the changes brought about in East Germany after unification and the experiences of artists who left the Soviet Union for the West. Throughout the book, the authors present empirical case studies and discuss their points of convergence and divergence, and thereby demonstrate the value of studying art and the state in comparative perspective.

The five empirical chapters are interesting in themselves, the Introduction and Conclusion demonstrating not only the coherence and unity of the ideas behind Art and the State, but also the comparative perspective they present enriches each individual case.

Autobiography / Special Needs

No Excuses: The True Story of a Congenital Amputee Who Became a Champion in Wrestling and in Life by Kyle Maynard (Regnery Publishing, Inc.)

"It's not what I can do, it's what I will do. – Kyle Maynard

Born without arms or legs below his elbows and knees, Kyle Maynard excels as a champion athlete, inspirational speaker, college student and male model. No Excuses demonstrates how a positive attitude gives someone we might see as disadvantaged the advantage over life. Maynard was born in 1986 with a rare disorder called congenital amputation. He has no forearms, shortened legs, and stands only four feet tall. Yet Maynard has learned to live a full and active life. Besides dealing with everyday challenges, he is an excellent student, has impeccable handwriting, and can type fifty words a minute.

In this autobiography, Maynard tells his story of personal determination, a devoted family, and a strong religious faith that has landed him appearances on ABC's Extreme Makeover: Home Edition, Good Morning America , 20/20, and Opra.

A competitor to the core, Maynard was determined to succeed as an athlete. Through hard work, the support of his family, and a coach who designed new wrestling moves like the ‘jawbreaker’ and ‘buzz saw,’ Maynard became one of the top high school wrestlers in the state of Georgia . In 2005, he broke the world record in the modified bench press by lifting 360 pounds, three times his body weight. Maynard is the 2004 ESPY Award Winner (Best Athlete with a Disability) and a recipient of the President’s Award for the Sports Humanitarian Hall of Fame. He is currently a student at the University of Georgia .

When I interviewed Kyle Maynard, he touched the hearts of more viewers than perhaps any other interview I've done. No Excuses is the book that Kyle Maynard fans, like me, have been waiting for. And let me tell you, it's terrific. – Larry King, Host, CNN's Larry King Live

Kyle Maynard's inspirational story is about succeeding against odds that most of us can't imagine. How does Kyle do it? His title says it all: `No Excuses.' That's a habit we could all adopt from this great book, written by a highly successful young man. – Stephen R. Covey, author of The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People and The 8th Habit: From Effectiveness to Greatness

We often measure the heart of a champion by his success. I believe a true champion is measured by how he overcomes adversity. Kyle Maynard embodies the true champion spirit and motivates me to be a better athlete and a better person. – Randy Couture, Ultimate Fighting Championship's heavyweight champion

A gripping tale of athleticism and competition, and a moving, inspiring story of one man's indomitable spirit. I couldn't put it down! – Liz Vaccariello, executive editor, Fitness magazine

No Excuses is a book about a courageous young man who faced the seemingly impossible challenge to live a normal life – and won a phenomenal victory.

This inspirational book about the perseverance of the human spirit cannot fail to inspire readers.

Biographies & Memoirs / Entertainers

The Man Called Cash: The Life, Love, and Faith of an American Legend – the Authorized Biography [UNABRIDGED] (7 Audio Cassettes or Audio CD: running time 7 hours) by Steve Turner, with a foreword by Kris Kristofferson, narrated by Rex Linn (Blackstone Audiobooks, Inc.)

The Master of Life’s been good to me. He has given me strength to face past illnesses, and victory in the face of defeat….Let the music play. – Johnny Cash

Johnny Cash was a poor sharecropper’s son from Arkansas who became one of the most influential figures in American music and popular culture. In the 1950s he embarked on a music career that took him to the heights of fame and wealth but also to the depths of addiction and despair. From these tensions Cash created haunting music, exploring the dark side of himself, and others, in a voice that sometimes sounded as old as the Grand Canyon .

Born to a devout Christian mother and a father prone to dark, destructive moods, Cash grew up in poverty and knew hardships. But his mother helped him nurture his music as well as his faith in God. The Man Called Cash chronicles his career, his love for June Carter Cash, his struggles, and his triumphs. Different from other books written about him, this one, written by Steve Turner, the author of biographies of Jack Kerouac, Marvin Gaye and Van Morrison, brings Cash's faith into the foreground and tells the story of a man redeemed, without sugar-coating.

Cash’s rise to stardom skyrocketed in the 1950s. Drug addictions, fits of rage, and shattered relationships marked his performances as a country singer. With his craggy voice and simple, direct style, Cash mesmerized young and the old alike.

While The Man Called Cash chronicles the details of the musician’s life – including his brushes with the law – Turner turns his pen toward Cash’s deep faith as well as his humble, unpretentious love for his family and his wife, June Carter Cash. The audiobook is read by Rex Linn, an actor currently starring in CSI: Miami.

… Musical biographer Turner (Conversations with Clapton, etc.) leans heavily on interviews with Cash fans such as Larry Gatlin and Kris Kristofferson (who pens the foreword) and on quotations from songs Cash wrote, sang or both. The result is an affecting mosaic of oral history, poetry and memoir – concerning Cash himself, but also the era in which his music took root and thrived. … – Publishers Weekly
Turner has . . . put Cash’s soul on paper. Read this book if you care anything at all about American popular music. – Bookreporter.com
Turner is refreshingly reluctant to sensationalize . . . evenhanded and honest. Turner’s life of the artist pays due honor to Cash. – Reuters

In The Man Called Cash, Turner explores the legacy left by the man in black with unflinchingly honesty. This biography reveals Cash anew, taking a candid look at the depth of the man. Cash’s authenticity and unassuming persona are what Turner clearly captures. Whether readers are among the millions of Johnny Cash fans, fellow believers, or pop culture aficionados, The Man Called Cash will inspire them with its story of faith, hope, and redemption.

Business & Investing / Consumerism

Latino Boom!: Everything You Need to Know to Grow Your Business in the U.S. Hispanic Market by Chiqui Cartagena (Ballantine Books)

It doesn’t matter whether you’re selling Pampers, blue jeans, cars, or credit cards, the Hispanic community is a market you must include in your business plans. – Chiqui Cartagena

The median household income of a Hispanic family is already $4,000 higher than that of an African American family; the disposable income of the Hispanic population is expected to top $1 trillion by 2010; and the average Hispanic citizen is ten years younger than the general market. The business opportunities are endless, but only if readers know whom to hire, what to sell, and where to target.

Chiqui Cartagena, Managing Director of Multicultural Communications at Meredith Integrated Marketing, an expert on the Hispanic market, has written a fact-packed guide that will help readers trying to understand the largest demographic group in America – and one with an ever-expanding buying power. Latino Boom! explains

  • The best ways to approach the three different Latino groups (Isolated, Acculturated, and Assimilated).
  • The reasons why ‘other’ Hispanics (those who aren’t Mexican, Puerto Rican, or Cuban) have become an increasingly important sub group.
  • The increasing influence of consumer-savvy Hispanic teenagers, who play an important role in urban trendsetting.
  • Why Latino consumer behavior makes for a different market than that of the general market or other minority markets.
  • Why companies can succeed wildly or fail miserably in trying to reach this market.
  • The key differences among America ’s top ten cities with the largest Latino populations.

A must read for those looking to seriously understand the dynamics of the U.S. Hispanic market. Cartagena provides an excellent foundation for grasping the opportunities inherent in this important consumer segment. – Sonia Maria Green, director, diversity marketing & sales, General Motors
A book that every marketer in the United States should read. Every multicultural ad agency should give this book as a gift to its clients, and have their own account and media executives in training read it. – Manuel E. Machado, CEO/co-chairman, Machado/Garcia-Serra-Publicidad
Cartagena has blended data and real-life experience in a very readable, enjoyable manner. The ‘10 mistakes to avoid’ are a great ‘cheat sheet’ and could serve as a quick executive presentation on how to start a Hispanic marketing campaign. What a great tool for organizing my strategy and developing my execution plan. – Ed Miller, director, Verizon Communications

Any company will benefit from the authoritative advice in Latino Boom!. This easy-to-use guide is indispensable for any business person trying to appeal to this crucial market. As Chiqui Cartagena says, “You can spend $20,000 on a consultant, or you can buy this book.”

Business & Investing / Entertainment / Youth Culture

Make It Happen: The Hip-Hop Generation Guide to Success by Kevin Liles, with Samantha Marshall (Atria Books) is both an American success story and a guidebook for the road to having both a career and a life one loves.

Kevin Liles rose from intern to president of Def Jam records in only nine years. Today, at age 37, he is Executive Vice President of multi-billion dollar industry giant Warner Music Group and has helped discover and direct the talents of Jay-Z, Ludacris, Ashanti, DMX, Ja Rule, Kanye West, LL Cool J, Method Man, Redman, and more. Liles meteoric climb from an urban street kid with hip hop aspirations to one of the most successful and influential executives in the record business is far more than a modern-day Cinderella story. It is a tribute to Liles's incredible work ethic and his insistence on doing things his way – the Hip Hop way.

"Every real success story in Hip Hop comes down to the same thing: someone who finds the will, focus and drive to achieve," Liles writes in Make It Happen. “It doesn't matter if you are male or female. It doesn't matter what race or religion you are. It doesn't even matter what hustle you choose.” “What does matter,” Liles says, “is that you fight against the odds to realize a dream and be the best that you can be. You don't take ‘no’ for an answer or abide the negativity of people. You empower yourself and make it happen.”

Make It Happen, written with New York Business senior staff reporter Samantha Marshall, presents Liles's Ten Rules of business success, which range from "Find Your Will" and "Make a Plan" to "Don't Let the Cash Rule" and "Mix it Up." As he outlines his philosophy, Liles recounts how he has put it to work, chronicling his journey to the top – from being a young black man in West Baltimore with a better chance of getting shot or jailed than getting a respectable job, to early promise as a rapper and hit songwriter at 15 (Liles wrote the Milli Vanilli hit, "Girl You Know It's True"), to his transition to the business side of the industry and his remarkable ascendancy. Along the way, he shares the stories and thoughts of others – executives, artists, mentors and friends – who have also made it despite the odds.

A career guide book for a new generation, infused with the street smarts and fresh pulse of hip hop itself, Make It Happen embodies Liles's manifesto: "The only ghetto that can hold you down is the ghetto of the mind."

For young people who might be coming from backgrounds where the corporate boardroom is alien territory or for savvy executives who are looking to excel beyond their career goals, Liles tells them how to build personal and business relationships that will last forever. But he cautions readers that they can't take everyone with them, and they need to edit negative influences out of their lives.

Liles' advice is built on his own personal journey, and he shares what he has learned from mentors such as Lyor Cohen, Chairman and CEO of US Recorded Music at Warner Music Group, and Bob Johnson, founder and CEO of Black Entertainment Television, the largest black-owned and operated media empire in the world. But he also highlights the achievements of many of the young people who have risen up the ranks under his guidance. He addresses the sensitive issue of the conservative media's relentless campaign against Hip Hop, defending the art form and its positive impact on America 's youth; and he writes movingly of the deaths of rappers Tupac, Biggie, and Jam Master Jay, and the impact they have had on the industry and his own life.

Kevin is the face of the struggle. With his street-savvy advice, his knowledge of the youth culture of today and his drive, Kevin shows that Make It Happen is truly what it says – the hip-hop generation's guide to success. Kevin overcame the trials and tribulations of growing up in West Baltimore to make himself into the man he is today. This book is a glimpse into his vision, humility and toughness. He's a friend, colleague
and partner in every sense of the word. – Russell Simmons, founder of Def Jam Records

Although Make It Happen was written for the hip-hop generation, the book is relevant for anybody who wants to succeed in business and life. Kevin's journey is a true human-interest story that is inspirational, touching and powerful. His insights are pertinent whether you are a young person starting your own business or a seasoned professional. – Gayle King, 0, The Oprah Magazine

As an African-American business leader, a man like Kevin represents to me everything that is right in the African American entrepreneurship – visionary, hard working, entrepreneurial and smart . . . and I encourage everyone to read his book and follow his advice. – Bob Johnson, founder, Black Entertainment Television

Kevin has done so much for the Baltimore community and is one who understands his roots, where he came from and is someone to be listened to for so many reasons. I highly recommend Make It Happen to anyone in this country who is pursuing excellence and deeper meaning in any area of their lives. – Mayor Martin O'Malley, city of Baltimore

Liles "balances the entrepreneurial spirit of Def Jam's hip-hop roots with the sound, old fashioned business sense needed to turn this mercurial industry into a world-renowned entertainment empire," writes Marshall in her end-note to Make It Happen.

Having crafted a management style out of the very roots of Hip Hop, Liles shares the wealth of his knowledge with those who want to emulate his spectacular success. Filled with invaluable, street-savvy advice from the hip hop music industry's young Turk, Make It Happen is the consummate career guide for a new generation – Liles speaks directly to young people hungry for success, providing advice that stresses determination, hard work, and being true to one’s dream.

Business & Investing / Psychology & Counseling

The Business and Practice of Coaching: Finding Your Niche, Making Money, and Attracting Ideal Clients by Lynn Grodzki & Wendy Allen (W.W. Norton and Co.) focuses on basic business principles and strategies.

Building a thriving coaching business is a challenge. An estimated 30,000 coaches have entered the coaching profession during the past five years. Unfortunately, the majority report they are unable to earn a living wage from their coaching services. Competition is high, and the knowledge of how to succeed is often lacking. To survive today, coaches must match their enthusiasm with strong, business and marketing expertise.

Lynn Grodzki and Wendy Allen are veteran business coaches who understand how to strategically approach the business and the practice of coaching as well as how to mentor new coaches entering the profession. The Business and Practice of Coaching is the first text to combine a coaching approach (step-by step exercises, direct suggestions, insider's tips, and motivational plans) with solid business information and ideas. Grodzki, a psychotherapist and certified coach in private practice, and Allen, a psychologist and business coach, demonstrate how to customize a business plan that can spell the difference between accomplishment and collapse. The book shows readers how to

  • Build a coaching business that has relevance to the larger community around it, and be aligned with the new realities of the coaching profession.
  • Refine their coaching skill set to incorporate the five coaching competencies that signal to the public that they are masterful coaches.
  • Define their innate coaching specialty and target a profitable niche market.
  • Implement the eight best marketing strategies to attract coaching clients.
  • Set and raise their fees the right way, develop multiple streams of coaching income, and build a six-figure business that they can own and sell.
  • Institute risk management policies.

This book offers nothing less than a radical rethinking of the essentials of building a coaching practice. A must read for all coaches, master and novice alike – Richard J. Leider, author of The Power of Purpose

The Business and Practice of Coaching provides practical guidelines that help coaches create a successful practice and a successful business. – Marshall Goldsmith, co-editor or author of 19 books

Timely and acutely needed, The Business and Practice of Coaching is a voice of realism for the coaching profession. This is a must-read for any coach who is serious about a successful and sustainable coaching business. Most importantly, readers will experience what it is like to be coached by the authors who provide a perfect balance of ‘hard truths’ and ‘how-to’ strategies. I benefited from at least one gem in every chapter. – Lynne Hornyak, Ph.D., PCC, LMH Services, Coaching and Consulting, Washington , DC

Grodzki and Allen help coaches succeed by showing them how to develop an entrepreneurial mind-set. Covering all of the territory, The Business and Practice of Coaching offers a wealth of information and accessible expert guidance. Readers will discover how to take advantage of current trends within the quickly changing coaching profession so that the business they build today will be viable tomorrow.

Business & Investing / Personal Finance

Millionaire Republican: Why Rich Republicans Get Rich – and How You Can Too! by Wayne Allyn Root (Jeremy P. Tarcher/Penguin)

...Root outlines the Republican principles that can help even some educable Democrats achieve their dreams of wealth. – Michael Medved

Author Wayne Allyn Root is a self-made millionaire, TV celebrity, Las Vegas gambling legend, and professional soothsayer. In Millionaire Republican, he shows readers how to harness the current political, business, and social winds to create a revolutionary plan to prosperity and ownership. Root explains to readers how to own their own home, business, stock and real-estate portfolio – in short, how to own and control their financial futures and their lives.

Root relates why those that vote and think like liberal Democrats are condemned to poverty, mediocrity, and dependence on others (government, unions, landlords, bosses, Democratic politicians) for the rest of their lives. In contrast, Millionaire Republican reveals the Republican success strategies, and teaches us perhaps the biggest secret of all: The real key to becoming a Millionaire Republican is to do exactly the opposite of what the masses do.

 Root reveals to readers that they should:

  • Live, work, and invest only in specific low-tax, Republican red states.
  • Base their lives on three Republican Rules: ownership, risk, and salesmanship.
  • Invest in foreign real estate – but only in specific tax havens.
  • When it comes to their primary residence, think big, think Red, and sell often. (By following Root's advice, readers can own their own home free in a red state.)
  • Cultivate ‘The Joy of Failure’ and ‘The Ego Rules’ to become a leader in the business world.
  • Learn how to legally keep more of their own money, because when it comes to wealth, it's not what they make, it's what they keep.
  • Own and control their children's future through homeschooling.

According to Root, becoming a millionaire takes action, hard work, focus, creativity, drive, and a constant willingness to risk failure. It is not for the faint of heart.

If you want to become one of those ‘Rich Republicans’ that liberals seem to hate so much, you'll need to read only one book. . . Millionaire Republican is your book! Read it, study it, live it! – Christopher Ruddy, CEO & Publisher, NewsMax.com

As a NFL Hall of Famer and Super Bowl MVP, I think I understand how to win championships. With his new book Millionaire Republican, author Wayne Allyn Root coaches his readers to victory in the game that matters – achieving high levels of ownership, wealth and financial freedom. – Randy White, NFL Hall of Fame member

Wayne Allyn Root changes lives with his Millionaire Republican philosophy. Back in 1990 when I met Wayne , I was a sheriff’s deputy with the Los Angeles County Sheriffs Department and my salary was determined by government bureaucrats. After consulting with Wayne , I retired to start my own VIP security business. Now I own my own business and there is no limit to my income. If you want to realize your full potential, Millionaire Republican is your book! I've lived it and it changed my life! – Phil Strenkowski, President, PSC Security, Inc.

I'm a member of the ‘Big Three’...I'm a Democrat, an attorney and a Californian. And yet I still love the message of Millionaire Republican! Because when it comes to the topic of wealth – there are universal truths. Wayne Allyn Root has captured them all! – Lee Sacks, Esq.

Millionaire Republican is an updated version of Napoleon Hill's Think and Grow Rich combined with "Republican Eye for the Poor-Thinking Democrat Guy (or Gal)!" Root brings his makeover message of prosperity to ALL Americans – middle class and poor – especially, he says, the poor – with a sense of humor and common sense from his own life; he relates how he used his chutzpah and drive to become a self-made millionaire CEO. According to him, if only Democrats would stop complaining and put all that extra time to good use – they would no longer have anything to complain about.

By far the most galling part of the book was when Root blamed the poor people of New Orleans for blaming others for their misfortune – it is, according to him, the Democrats’ fault they were poor, helpless and hopeless, because the Democrats intentionally keep them that way. The book does have good advice about taking responsibility, working hard, and using all the tax breaks, and that’s as far as this editor is going to go in supporting Millionaire Republican.

Children’s / Ages 6-10 / Religion & Spirituality / Christianity

Holy Bible – The Beginner's Bible: New International Reader’s Version illustrated by Kelly Pulley (Zonderkidz)

In Holy Bible – The Beginner's Bible the complete, easy-to-read New International Reader’s Version (NIrV) children's translation is combined with the bestselling The Beginner's Bible characters. The New International Reader's Version uses words and phrases written at a third-grade reading level for kids 6-10 years of age. Twenty full-color tip-ins of The Beginner's Bible artwork make this a good choice as a Bible for instilling faith in young hearts. The book also includes an NIrV dictionary, an illustrated article on ‘Life in New Testament Times,’ the ‘ABCs of Salvation’ and a simple plan for helping children read the Bible.

The Holy Bible – The Beginner's Bible provides a vehicle to capture children’s imaginations with lively pictures and easy-to-read words. The book provides accuracy together with the appeal of 20 full-color pages of the Beginner's s Bible art – in the style of the popular, updated Bible storybook whose colorful illustrations and simple stories have made it a favorite with children and parents everywhere. The book provides parents with a way to encourage their child's love for God's word to grow with this colorful, complete Bible, perfect for beginning readers.

Children’s / Ages 10 and up

Beyond the Great Mountains: A Visual Poem about China by Ed Young (Chronicle Books)

Ed Young, a prolific creator of children's books, has created a stunning tour de force: Beyond the Great Mountains.

It tells the story of the middle empire, the story of the seasons, of the crops and of nature. The unique format (the book opens vertically with tiered pages) and gorgeous paper-collage illustrations, highlighted with Chinese characters, combine to convey the many facets of China and form a poetic picture of the land's grace, depth, and majesty.

Young was born in Tientsin , China , grew up in Shanghai , then moved to Hong Kong and finally moved to the United States , where he lives today with his wife and two young daughters. He has illustrated more than eighty children's books (many of which he has also written), and his work has received many awards, including a Caldecott Medal and two Caldecott Honors. Much of his work is rooted in the philosophy of Chinese painting, which often combines words and images. As he explains, "There are things that words describe that pictures never can, and, likewise, there are images that words can never describe."

Beyond the Great Mountains on the last page includes a selection of the ancient Chinese characters shown earlier in the book (circa 500 BC) and the corresponding modern Chinese characters. Young shares his fascination with poetry and with the hidden wisdom of symbols. He connects the Chinese characters to their component parts (the symbol for wine is made up of the symbols for vessel, fermented rice and ladle; the symbol for jade is made up of heaven, earth, principle and stone) as well as their conceptual meanings. The sparse words remind one of haiku. He asks readers to look at the ancient Chinese characters & compare them to the modern symbols and to use them as a vehicle to be open.

This beautiful book would make a wonderful gift for a creative, artistic child, an adult immigrant friend who misses his home country of China , or anyone with an artistic bent.

Young describes in measured detail a beautiful and mystical land and serves as a tribute to the country he clearly loves.

Children’s / Grades K-3

Voting in Elections by Terri DeGezelle, Shirley Tabata Ponomareff (First Facts Series: Capstone Press)

Voting in elections gives citizens a voice in government. Written at the second grade level, Voting in Elections enables readers to learn about ballots, how votes are counted, and how one vote can make a difference in any election. For example, in Voting History the book says: “Years ago many US citizens were not allowed to vote. Only white men who owned land could vote. Some people believed this was not fair. For years, other people worked hard to win voting rights. In 1870, African American men won the right to vote. In 1920, all women won voting rights.”

Topics include: The Right to Vote, People Elect Leaders, Voting History, Who Can Votes, Informed Voters, Where Citizens Vote, How Citizens Vote, and Counting the Votes. The book also contains amazing but true facts, a glossary, where readers can read more, internet sites and an index.

As an activity to understand elections, Voting in Elections suggests that readers conduct their own election to elect a Leader of the Day and outlines how to do it.

The book is part of the First Facts Series in which young readers learn about government in the U.S. – each book in the series takes readers on a fact-filled tour of the different branches of the United States government. Some other titles in the set include: The City Council, The State Judicial Branch, The U.S. Senate and The U.S. Supreme Court. Like all the books in this series, Voting in Elections has a reinforced library binding and colorful pictures.

Children’s / Fantasy

Kendra Kandlestar and the Box of Whispers written & illustrated by Lee Edward Födi (Brown Books)

Födi has created a unique world...appeal[s] to a variety of readers who like fantasy, adventure, or a strong story. – Deborah Mervold, CM Magazine

With the recent mania over the latest Harry Potter book, and The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe ready to hit movie theatres, children's thirst for magical adventure and dangerous spells is unquenchable. What better way for them to spend their free moments this autumn than to curl up with a book of fantastic enchantment?

So what appears as if by magic? – Kendra Kandlestar and the Box of Whispers, written and illustrated by Lee Edward Födi, who has been illustrating stories about magic, monsters and meddlesome animals as long as he can remember.

For over a thousand years, the Box of Whispers has guarded the most precious treasure in the Land of Een . But when the box is suddenly stolen, young Kendra Kandlestar finds herself swept away on a magical adventure where doors speak in riddle, plants cast spells, and strange creatures lurk in every shadow. With only a handful of enchanted carrot seeds to help her, will Kendra be able to face these dangers and find the fabled chest? There's only one way to find out: peer inside the Box of Whispers, and enter a world of magic, monsters, and mystery. . . .

Födi invites readers to come join Kendra Kandlestar as she learns fine lessons about loyalty, friendship, prejudice, and the power of facing your fears.

Once I started reading Kendra Kandlestar and the Box of Whispers, I couldn't put it down! The pictures are amazing. – Dona, age 10

This book is special, because it has unusual things like the Riddle Door and the Garden of Books . I like Jinx, because she calls Professor Bumblebean funny names. I like the pumpkins, because they make stupid remarks. The book was good, because it was really funny. – Bethany , age 8

I love the variation of mythical and magical creatures. It's funny and full of surprises every step of the way, just like Artemis Fowl but better. – James, age 10

I love magic, so I loved Kendra Kandlestar and the Box of Whispers. It had lots of excitement and action! – Joyce, age 9

A combination of fairytale, folklore and fantasy, and written with a whimsical sense of humor and flare, Kendra Kandlestar and the Box of Whispers is peppered with all the right ingredients to please young readers.

Cooking, Food & Wine

New Vegetarian: Bold and Beautiful Recipes for Every Occasion by Celia Brooks Brown, with photography by Philip Webb (Ryland, Peters & Small)

Welcome to the new era of vegetarian cooking and eating – food for a dynamic life through a healthy diet – and food for the sheer enjoyment of it. Vegetarian cooking today includes food modeled on ancient world cuisines, as well as fusing the myriad of modern ingredients available today.

Every day, more people are deciding to eat less meat or are giving it up altogether. Cooking vegetarian can require a little more creativity than cooking with meat, but that doesn't mean it has to be complicated. New Vegetarian aims to inspire both the seasoned and the novice cook.

Written by Celia Brooks Brown, teacher-chef at Books for Cooks in Notting Hill, London , New Vegetarian says that new vegetarian cooking and eating is not about finding substitutes for meat, but rather about shifting the focus. Instead of the conventional ‘meat and two vegetables,’ meals without meat should be a varied composition of texture, color, and flavor. For example, mezze – creamy hummus singing with garlic, olives twinkling like jewels, smoky grilled vegetables, and grains dressed in fresh lemon juice and peppery olive oil – and a warm and soft pocket of pillowy flatbread to scoop it all up – no one misses the meat with a dish like this.

Recipes include Thai-glazed Vegetable Skewers, Piedmontese Peppers, Chestnut, Spinach and Mushroom Phyllo Torte, Parmesan Pattie, Mushroom and Onion Marmalade Tartlets, and White Chocolate Mousse Torte. New Vegetarian includes step-by-step instructions and preparation methods. The book also includes health notes, the basics, the vegetarian panty and kitchen equipment.

New Vegetarian suggests readers be brave and adventurous, but bear in mind that some immortally classic combinations, like pesto for example, are not necessarily improved by substituting, say, lemongrass and Roquefort for basil and Parmesan. The individual’s cooking style is based on who they are, and what they like to eat. Within the boundaries of tradition and sound judgment, there is room for individual expression.

Vegetarians and meat eaters alike will love the delicious recipes in New Vegetarian. – Top Santé

New Vegetarian is a gem: a collection of over 70 exciting, but practical, new recipes are featured that take even the experienced cook into new territory. – BBC Good Food

From quick weekday lunches, snacks, and suppers to sophisticated dinner parties, readers will find a feast of delicious vegetarian recipes for every occasion in New Vegetarian. The photography by Philip Webb is truly lovely, a song to food.

Cooking, Food & Wine

Williams Sonoma Rome by Williams-Sonoma (Williams-Sonoma Series: Oxmoor House)

Romans take pride in their city and their cuisine. In every corner of the capital, historic open-air markets herald the seasons with vivid displays of perfectly trimmed artichokes, plump fava bean; juicy tomatoes, bundles of wild greens, or piles of glossy brown chestnuts, all arranged for the discriminating eye. Specialty shops brim with the bounty of the surrounding countryside from fresh sheep's milk ricotta and cold-pressed olive oil to wonderful wines and cured salumi.

Trends may come and go, but the strongest influence on Roman cooking is still its rich tradition. Hearty pastas accented with tomato, pizzas with a crispy-thin crust, and artichokes braised to perfection are all hallmarks of the Roman table.

Eating well has always been one of the great pleasures of Roman life. Williams Sonoma Rome is a lavishly photographed testimony to the flavors of the grand city. An in-depth introduction reveals the rich rhythms of daily living, starting with the morning's caffé e cornetto at the corner bar, continuing with a trip through the lively open-air markets, and perhaps culminating in the evening meal's leisurely parade of courses from antipasto to dolce. Inspired by both well-loved traditional dishes and the new ‘cucina creativa’ of some of Rome's most acclaimed chefs, the more than 45 recipes in this volume demonstrate the simple eloquence of contemporary Roman cuisine, including classic pastas such as Tonnarelli Cacio e Pepe and Spaghetti alla Carbonara, lusty main courses like Saltimbocca alla Romana, and seasonal vegetable side dishes.

This volume brings la dolce vita home to readers’ kitchens. A cookbook that showcases the cuisine and food artisans one of the world's most beautiful cities, Williams Sonoma Rome is required reading for anyone with a passion for Italy .

The Williams-Sonoma Series presents authentic recipes celebrating the foods of the world with general editor, Chuck Williams, general editor of the Williams-Sonoma Series, has helped to revolutionize cooking in America ; writer, Maureen B. Fant, who writes regularly on food and travel for Gourmet magazine, and the New York Times travel section; and photographer Jean-Blaise Hall, food and travel photographer.

Entertainment / Biographies & Memoirs

700 Sundays by Billy Crystal (Warner Books)

In December 2004, the most successful non-musical Broadway play of all time opened on New York City 's Great White Way : Billy Crystal's 700 Sundays. With more than $10 million in advance ticket sales, the one-man show shattered box office records for its entire six month run, garnered rave reviews, and ultimately won a Tony Award for "Best Theatrical Event." The show's writer/performer, already a major star as a comedian, actor, author, director, and, of course, Oscar host par excellence, was now a Broadway megastar. In 700 Sundays, Crystal has adapted his play into a family memoir.

Billy Crystal was fifteen when his father, Jack, died of a heart attack. A dedicated family man, Jack Crystal worked two jobs most of his adult life and could spare only Sundays to spend with his wife and three sons. That's 700 Sundays total, by Billy's count.

In his memoir Crystal chronicles those formative years when he learned how to laugh and how to be funny, how to love and how to cry. From the earth-shaking purchase of a new family car (a 1957 gray-on-gray Plymouth Belvederea – “not the car of my dreams"), to his first Yankees game (where Mickey Mantle hit "the longest home run without steroids in the history of Yankee Stadium"), each Sunday event becomes for Billy a celebration of family. The cast of characters the family comprises tough-talking Aunt Sheila, hard-of-hearing Grandpa Julius, eccentric Uncle Berns, and, of course, Uncle Milt, founder of the jazz label Commodore, and friend to such music legends as Louis Armstrong and Count Basie. Perhaps the most life-altering family outing took the Crystals to a Catskills comedy show, where Billy first experienced the transforming power of laughter and his future was set. Although sports and, later girls, would compete, comedy was Billy's true love. Then came the day in 1963 when Billy's world was turned upside down: Jack Crystal died at the age of 54. After Jack's death, Billy opened up his father's wallet for the first time and found dog-eared photographs of himself and his brothers, and one of his mother.

… There's the story of Crystal 's uncle Milt Gabler, who started the Commodore music label and recorded Billie Holiday singing "Strange Fruit" when no one else would. Then there's the Sunday afternoon when Holiday takes young Crystal to see his first movie at what later became the Fillmore East. There's even Louis Armstrong at the Crystal family seder, with Crystal 's grandma telling the gravelly-voiced singer, "Louis, have you tried just coughing it up?" At the heart of these tales is Crystal's father, the man who bought his little boy a tape recorder when he announced he wanted to be a comedian and didn't scold when he recycled off-color borscht belt routines for family gatherings….  – Publishers Weekly

This autobiographical journey is sure to elicit tears and laughter from readers – 700 Sundays captures the elusive nature of family as seen through the eyes of a comic genius. 700 Sundays is not the story of Billy Crystal's great career; it is a tribute to a family and the people who helped make him a man; it celebrates the memories, the love, and all the other wonderful gifts parents can give a child.

Entertainment / Television

Blood Relations: Chosen Families in Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel by Jes Battis (McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers)

The television series Buffy and Angel revolve around radical conceptions of family. Indeed, their coherence depends on the establishment of nontraditional families that admit vampires, demons, witches, werewolves, and other bizarre characters without censuring them for their peculiarities. Blood Relations argues that what makes these characters enduring and engaging is their critical family connections – for their most involved struggles occur not in the graveyard, but around the dinner table, just as the most challenging adversarial forces that they must face are not demons or vampires but the stuff of everyday life.

Jes Battis, doctoral student in the Department of English at Simon Fraser University in Burnaby , Canada , asks such questions as: What does ‘family’ encompass within these two series? How does it relate to concepts of gender, sexuality, power and the supernatural as they emerge from the shows’ complex narratives? Blood Relations explores the answers to such questions. It also examines the ‘chosen family’ (an idea marketed specifically by successful programs such as Friends and Sex in the City within the past ten years), juxtaposing it against various images of the fractured biological family displayed in both Buffy and Angel.

Through eight chapters addressing various family-related aspects within both shows, Blood Relations plots the trajectory of this unstable notion of family, even as it is transformed, remediated, and rendered unrecognizable from a ‘family values’ perspective by the unique and supernatural relationships that proliferate in Buffy and Angel.

The book concludes by saying, “Both Buffy and Angel present us with radical new models of family, just as they exhort us to appreciate and respect our own extended families – even when we don’t want to, and even when the Scoobies seem infinitely better. For as most fans of Buffy know, who you watch the show with is as important as the show itself…. Buffy and Angel are shows about family, and should be watched with family – whichever family you choose, and whichever family chooses you.” According to Blood Relations these are new constellations of belonging, beyond the scope of family studies. Here is new view to ‘maintain the family’ – family values of the most extreme sort.

Health, Mind & Body / Psychology & Counseling

Lifting Depression: The Chromium Connection by Malcolm Noell Mcleod (Basic Health)

An investigator waits an entire lifetime for results such as these. – Jonathan R.T. Davidson, Professor of Psychiatry, Duke University Medical Center , Durham , NC

A new, safe, natural treatment with no side effects for atypical depression has been discovered by psychiatrist and psychoanalyst Malcolm McLeod. As many as one-half of depressed people – an estimated 30 million in the United States alone suffer from atypical depression; a type of chronic depression with symptoms that include carbohydrate cravings and/or weight gain, lethargy, sleepiness, and sensitivity to rejection. This type of depression begins early in life and can last a lifetime unless treated. Until now, there has been no effective treatment for atypical depression that is free of unwanted side effects.

In Lifting Depression: The Chromium Connection, McLeod describes how he serendipitously discovered that chromium, a trace mineral deficient in the diets of most Americans, was more effective and faster acting in some patients than even the strongest antidepressant drugs. Although he was initially skeptical, McLeod was unable to dismiss the effects he observed in his patients who took chromium. He began to piece together hundreds of clues from insights he gained during therapy sessions; then he conducted an in-depth study of medical and scientific literature. Over time, he deduced a scientific and medical explanation for chromium's powerful, therapeutic effects.

McLeod, clinical professor of psychiatry at the University of North Carolina , School of Medicine in Chapel Hill and training and supervising psychoanalyst at the UNC-Duke University Psychoanalytic Education Program, discovered that atypical depression is associated with insulin resistance, a condition in which the body does not respond to insulin efficiently. Supplemental chromium picolinate can bring fast, safe, effective relief to people who have suffered from depression for as long as twenty to thirty years.

Over the past ten years, McLeod tested his theory and treatment by conducting single-blind and double-blind studies with patients who were desperate for help and wished to participate in trials. He used placebos, combined chromium with prescription medications, tried chromium alone, and tested different amounts of chromium and a variety of chromium products. His dedication to the scientific method of exploration led him to recruit independent medical researchers who conducted studies that support many of his original findings. Peer-reviewed psychiatric journals, including Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, and Biological Psychiatry, have published Dr. McLeod's ‘stunning’ discovery. In the last several years, the medical and scientific worlds have begun to accept McLeod's pioneering findings.

In Lifting Depression: The Chromium Connection, in addition to explaining why and how chromium works, McLeod details a five-step program that can help overcome depression and improve overall well-being. He also helps patients self-identify the troubling symptoms which can best be relieved by chromium picolinate supplementation.

One of the most important books in my life. A lifelong sufferer from depression, I followed all of Dr. McLeod's suggestions and am, for perhaps the first time in my life, feeling entirely normal. – Elizabeth Lyon, author, editor, and national speaker
Insightful detective work! – James O. McNamara, M.D., Chair of the Department of Neurobiology, Duke University Medical Center

A dedicated and gifted psychiatrist, whose observations have begun to shed light on an important new approach to depression. – Robert N. Golden, M.D., Chair of the Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina School of Medicine

Lifting Depression: The Chromium Connection is a pioneering work with revolutionary implications; it outlines the step-by-step story of a discovery has the potential to help millions of depressed people. In this fascinating and eye-opening book, McLeod weaves together his many years of work with his patients and his scientific explorations into a riveting story of his discovery of this new treatment for depression.

Health, Mind & Body / History

A Natural History of Human Emotions by Stuart Walton (Grove Press)

Why does a tribal member in Papua New Guinea , when shown a picture of a scowling Caucasian face, recognize the feeling expressed as anger? While the many details of our lives – the way we dress to what we eat and the kinds of marriage ceremonies we perform, vary greatly across geographic distances – all humans are born with the same basic templates that allow us to identify and react to human emotion.

Using Charles Darwin's survey of emotions as a starting point, Stuart Walton's A Natural History of Human Emotions examines the history of each of our core emotions – he takes Darwin’s basic six and adds four more – fear, anger, disgust, sadness, jealousy, contempt, shame, embarrassment, surprise and happiness – and how these emotions have influenced both cultural and social history. We learn that primitive fear served as the engine of religious belief, while a desire for happiness led to humankind's first musings on achieving a perfect Utopia.

Challenging the notion that human emotion has remained constant, Walton, cultural historian, journalist, and a distinguished writer on food and drink, explains why in the last two hundred and fifty years, society has changed its unwritten rules for what can be expressed in public and in private. Our private lives have benefited from greater emotional honesty, while some emotions, such as anger, now seem to dominate public discourse.

I love [Walton's] work for his deftness in combining high culture with demotic allusions. Michael Douglas, The Simpsons, and Dolly Parton jostle Schopenhauer, Sophocles, and Adorno in his pages. – The Times ( London )

Boldly independent. Walton is a writer, which is more than can be said of most authors. – The Independent

Reading Stuart Walton's prose is a bit like going on some kind of trip. His erudition is dizzying. – The Mail on Sunday

Walton is particularly, and convincingly, engrossing, an elegant and forceful stylist. – The Guardian

…An impressive wealth of scholarship helps readers define each emotion and understand how humans experience – and provoke – it. … A study that will repeatedly spark shocks of self-recognition. – Bryce Christensen, Booklist

Like An Intimate History of Humanity or Near a Thousand Tables, A Natural History of Human Emotions is a provocative examination of human feelings and a fascinating take on how emotions have shaped our past.

Health, Mind & Body / Religion & Spirituality / Christianity

The Christian's Guide to Natural Products & Remedies: 1100 Herbs, Vitamins, Supplements and More! by John Claude Krusz, Alan Horewell , Virginia Neal (Broadman & Holman Publishers)

Everyone is using natural products today. Herbs and supplements are a huge business. Americans will spend over fifteen billion dollars on herbs and other supplements this year and there are more than eight hundred dietary supplement companies.

Who does not know someone using ginkgo biloba, Saint-John's-wort, ginseng, garlic, echinacea, saw palmetto, kava, grape seed extract, cranberry juice, valerian, evening primrose oil, bilberry, milk thistle, or other herbs?

Everyone uses some nat­ural product every day, in one fashion or another. In addition, one-third of all Americans now use herbs on a more serious, routine, directed basis. Herbs and supplements are indeed big business. Yet even with the myriad of books, magazines, and Internet articles available on the subject, there seems to be a dearth of simple-to-read, easy-to-learn information. The authors report that their clients often mention ‘wonder’ herbs and other supplements they have heard about – for anxiety, athletic enhancement, bipolar disorder, cognitive enhancement, the common cold, diabetes, fibromyalgia, heart disease, high blood pressure, hepatitis, insomnia, headaches, obesity, obsessive-compulsive disorder, osteoarthritis, and PMS. But what are they not told?

Who would take a prescription drug without knowing some potential dangers and risks of side effects? We anticipate the benefits of potential medications but also want to be cognizant of possible dangers. Why should natural products deserve less scrutiny? Any substance taken into the body to produce a biological response is a drug, regardless of what one calls it or whether one needs a prescription to obtain it.

The Christian's Guide to Natural Products & Remedies is intended to simplify the facts and provide help for those wishing to reap the most benefits from herb supplements – but it gives both sides of the story. The purpose of this book is to examine what is known, what is not known, the benefits, and the dangers of natural products. It offers at least one salient benefit and usually one danger for a thousand different supplemental products. The book was written by Frank B. Minirth,  doctor, author, diplomate of both the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology and the American Board of Forensic Medicine, and president of the Minirth Clinic in Richardson, Texas; John Claude Krusz, medical doctor and board-certified neurologist; Alan Hopewell, psychologist; and Virginia Neal, psychopharmacologist.

The information in The Christian's Guide to Natural Products & Remedies is provided in a Q&A format: a question on the left side of the page with the answer on the right. Specific chapters are allotted to herbs (chaps. 14-16), vitamins (chap. 17), minerals (chap. 18), supplements (chap. 13), hormones (chap. 20), common foods (chap. 11), spices (chap. 12), amino acids (chap. 19), beverages (chap. 10), enzymes and antioxidants (chap. 20). Those who want a quick reference on a specific natural product will like chapter 22, which alphabetically lists more than a thousand natural products – readers can use this chapter as a dictionary to look up any herb or natural product about which they have a question. Chapter 9 contains information on natural products and specific diseases in alphabetical order for easy reference. Chapter 23 contains clinical questions for medical professionals. Chapter 25 deals with those products mentioned in the Bible. Chapter 8 presents the pearls, chapter 21 the dangers, and chapter 1 the most popular herbs. The references are extensive as are the appendices.

Above and beyond the detailed, practical medical information provided in this book, The Christian's Guide to Natural Products & Remedies is the first thorough Christian treatment of the use of natural products, offering a biblical apologetic. The book also offers the integrity of Minirth and collective wisdom of his associates for a thorough, Bible-informed approach to mind and body health.

Health, Mind & Body / Self-help / Relationships

Dating After 50: Negotiating the Minefields of Midlife Romance by Sharon Romm (Thorndike Press Large Print Senior Lifestyles Series: Thorndike Press)

Dating After 50: Negotiating the Minefields of Mid-Life Romance by Sharon Romm (Best Half of Life Series: Quill Driver Books)

Looking for Love? Companionship?

Dating seems scary, especially to readers who haven't dated in a long time, but it can be manageable and even fun. Author Sharon Romm, recommends thinking of it as similar to a job search – seekers should look for a good fit between their interests and requirements and the needs of their potential companion.

In Dating After 50 Romm, nationally-known therapist, shows readers:

  • The quickest, safest and most efficient way to find people worth dating.
  • How to arrange and survive the first meeting.
  • The pleasures and problems of sex.
  • How to set limits.
  • Breaking up with style.
  • Knowing when to call for help and where to find it.

In Dating After 50 readers get help negotiating the early months of their relationship. They find out what's reasonable to tolerate. The book includes advice on managing second families, jealousy, former spouses, rejection, money, benefits, retirement and a host of other issues common to later-life relationships.

Dating After 50 is especially for readers who: Have a history of unsuccessful dating and worry that time is running out; are recovering from the loss of a long-term relationship and want to find a new partner; equate getting older with being less desirable and wonder if they are still attractive; enjoy sex and want to continue to enjoy it after 50; worry that because of their age they will have to settle for a relationship with someone who is not physically attractive to them; are concerned that as their age increases, so does their options for meeting potential mates; and/or want to help a lonely friend or relative find love.

Romm, former editor of Medical Heritage and a widely published author, believes in her topic and audience and it shows. She says, “Being over 50 means you are starting the best part of life, and with the right advice, everyone can find love and satisfaction.” You go girl!

Health, Mind & Body / Women’s Health

Dr. Susan Love's Breast Book, 4th Edition by Susan M. Love, with Karen Lindsey, illustrated by Marcia Williams (DaCapo Lifelong)

Recent research is rapidly changing the diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes of breast cancer.

From America's most trusted authority in women's health comes the 4th edition of a landmark book – Dr. Susan Love's Breast Book – a map of both where we are and where we are heading in the study of the breast and its diseases, offering a view of the new research and developments that are turning breast cancer into a potentially preventable disease.

Throughout, Dr. Susan Love, Clinical Professor of Surgery at UCLA's David Geffen School of Medicine and Medical Director of the Dr. Susan Love Research Foundation, together with Karen Lindsey, coauthor of all editions of Dr. Susan Love's Breast Book, emphasizes the need to change the way people think about breast cancer. According to them we must question the concept of early detection and one size fits all therapy, and focus on revolutionary new approaches that stop people from ever getting cancer in the first place. To that end, this fourth edition offers important information on:

  • MRI and ultrasound tests – how well they work in comparison with mammograms.
  • New surgical and non-surgical (medication and lifestyle) measures that reduce the risk of getting breast cancer.
  • An intraductal approach to finding the earliest precancerous changes when they can be destroyed, thus preventing breast cancer from occurring in the first place
  • New data on tests that can indicate those breast cancer patients who need chemotherapy and those who may receive no benefit from it at all.
  • New and exciting data on the use of Herceptin, the first targeted therapy, in addition to chemotherapy.
  • New (and more effective) hormonal approaches to premenopausal and postmenopausal breast cancer.
  • New methods to treat tumors locally and freeze fibro adenomas.
  • More localized (a.k.a. partial) radiation and highly targeted therapies.
  • Metastatic disease – new therapies and new survival curves.
  • New data on lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) which will change the way it's viewed and treated.
  • How survivors may be able to stave off recurrence through diet and exercise.
  • New information on long-term, post-treatment side effects and how to manage them.
  • New approaches to fertility that help protect a survivor's ability to get pregnant.

After a breast-cancer diagnosis, most women call a specialist. Then, to understand it all, they consult Dr. Susan Love's Breast Book... authoritative, understandable, reassuring. – Chicago Tribune
One of the most complete and trustworthy books ever published on breast care. – Newsday
Like a good teacher, Dr. Love is able to impart the vast knowledge that she has in the language of her audience...Dr. Love gets the facts across...in a reassuring and compassionate manner. – Journal of the American Medical Association
Information-packed...a must-have for many women. – Philadelphia Inquirer
The best book on breasts, and the one really indispensable book for women dealing with breast cancer, this one gets our golden globes award.… – The WomanSource Catalog & Review

Now in a completely updated new edition, Dr. Susan Love's Breast Book, is the most trusted, most authoritative guide to breast cancer diagnosis and treatment. Just as women afflicted with or worried about breast cancer have turned to the earlier editions of Love's guide for the soundest, most supportive advice, once again they will find all the help they need in this new edition. Love presents copious medical information in a simple, welcoming style, and plentiful illustrations make the information even clearer. From guidance on screening techniques and benign disease to comprehensive and heartening advice on living with breast cancer, Love's book will be a priceless help to recovery on every level, medical, practical, and psychological.

History / Americas / Mexico / Sociology

Feminism, Nation and Myth: La Malinche edited by Rolando Romero & Amanda Nolacea Harris (Arte Público Press)

Feminism, Nation and Myth explores the scholarship of La Malinche, the indigenous woman who is said to have led Cortés and his troops to the Aztec city of Tenochtitlán . The figure of La Malinche has generated intense debate among literature and cultural studies scholars. Drawing from the humanities and the social sciences, feminist studies, queer studies, Chicana/o studies, and Latina/o studies, critics and theorists in the volume analyze the interaction and interdependence of race, class, and gender when studying this controversial figure. Studies of La Malinche demand that scholars disassemble and reconstruct concepts of nation, community, agency, subjectivity, and social activism. Edited by Rolando J. Romero, teacher of U.S. Latina/Latino and Mexican literatures at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, and the founding director of the Latina/Latino Studies Program; and Amanda Nolacea Harris, scholar, writer and former managing editor of Discourse, Feminism, Nation and Myth originated in the 1999 "U.S. Latina/Latino Perspectives on la Malinche" conference that brought together scholars from across the nation. Filmmaker Dan Banda interviewed many of the presenters for his documentary, Indigenous Always: The Legend of La Malinche and the Conquest of Mexico .

Contributors include such noteworthy scholars as Alfred Arteaga, Antonia I. Castaneda, Debra A. Castillo, Alicia Gaspar de Alba, Deena J. Gonzalez, Maria Herrera Sobek, Guisela Latorre, Luis Leal, Sandra Messinger Cypess, Franco Mondini-Ruiz, Amanda Nolacea Harris, Rolando J. Romero, Tere Romo and filmmaker Dan Banda. The academic essays themselves are complemented by the creative work of Alicia Gaspar de Alba and Jose Emilio Pacheco, both of whom evoke the figure of La Malinche in their work. The volume includes the following essays:

  • La Malinche and Post-Movement Feminism
  • Post Scriptum and Self-Critique
  • Malinchista, A Myth Revised
  • Malinche Triangulated, Historically Speaking
  • ‘Mother’ Malinche and Allegories of Gender, Ethnicity and National Identity in Mexico
  • Foundational Motherhood: Malinche/Guadalupe in Contemporary Mexican and Chicana/Chicano Culture
  • Malinche's Revenge
  • Aesthetics of Sex and Race
  • Coagulated Words: Gaspar de Alba's Malinche
  • Malinche, Calafia y Toypurina: Of Myths, Monsters and Embodied History
  • Agustín Victor Casasola's Soldaderas: Malinchismo and the Chicana/o Artist
  • In Search of la Malinche: Pictorial Representations of a Mytho-Historical Figure
  • The Malinche-Llorona Dichotomy: The Evolution of a Myth
  • La Malinche as Metaphor
  • Malinche Makeover: One Gay Latino's Perspective
  • Living in Tongues

The examination of the figure of La Malinche forces us to address sexism and racism simultaneously thus making us look beyond denouncing the dominant cul­ture and to see how we have constructed ourselves. – Amanda Nolacea Harris

La Malinche is a kind of monster, a whorish traitoress, betrayer of the Aztecs – she sleeps with the enemy – and she is us. Feminism, Nation and Myth explores these ideas and what they mean in the Mexican oral tradition and about colonial patterns.

History / Encyclopedias / Reference

Encyclopedia Idiotica: History's Worst Decisions and the People Who Made Them by Nicholas Weir (Barron’s)

Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it. – George Santayana

The 64 A.D. burning of Rome during the reign of Nero . . . Winston Churchill's ill-conceived and disastrous World War I plan to invade Turkey at Gallipoli . . . the Maginot Line, built in France in 1929-34 in a foolhardy effort to prevent the feared German invasion . . . the 1950s thalidomide pharmaceutical disaster that resulted in at least 20,000 babies born with deformities . . . the 1989-91 misappropriation of company funds by publishing executive Robert Maxwell, and the collapse of his financial empire . . . the Enron scandal of 2000 that brought down a yet larger business empire.

Mankind’s past is strewn with mistakes, colossal blunders driven by virtue as often as by vice. We alternately despise and empathize with the ill-fated figures and organizations while their cautionary tales compel us to reflect on our own choices for better or for worse.
Stephen Weir, book publisher and author, former director of Northwestern University Press, presents in Encyclopedia Idiotica a selection of approximately 50 disastrous decisions, each account summarized in a report of roughly a half-dozen pages and enhanced with sidebars and thumbnail-sized, cartoon-style illustrations. Each account opens with its cast of characters, then sets the story's background before reporting the grim details and concluding with the unhappy moral.

Encyclopedia Idiotica is a historian’s look at stories of corporate chicanery, poor military decisions, engineering disasters, diplomatic blunders, and other appalling, large-scale mistakes that resulted in ruin and misery for countless innocent bystanders. Here are baleful tales motivated by false hope, anger, greed, pride, lust, and many other instances of erratic human behavior. The book includes examples of the ‘seven deadly sins’ as well as the ‘cardinal virtues’ impelling people to folly. From Adam and Eve deciding to go for the apple, through those Asian governments who decided that tsunamis just weren’t worth the extra expense of early warning sensors, to Gerald Ratner who destroyed his own company in ten seconds, the book introduces readers to history’s famous and more obscure idiots.
Weir’s chronicle introduces readers to the people and the motivations behind the most detrimental of dreadful decisions. Here is a page-turner of a book that recounts some of history's most dramatic – but also catastrophic – moments. Encyclopedia Idiotica, eccentric and insightful, is an engrossing and enlightening collection, lest we forget.

History / Europe

The Heimat Abroad: The Boundaries of Germanness edited by Krista O'Donnell, Renate Bridenthal & Nancy Reagin (Social History, Popular Culture, and Politics in Germany Series: The University of Michigan Press)

Germans have been one of the most mobile and dispersed populations on earth.

Communities of German speakers, scattered around the globe, have long believed that they could recreate their Heimat (homeland) wherever they moved and that their enclaves could remain truly German. Indeed, the roots of German language and culture developed over a wide sweep of Central and Eastern Europe . Their remnants, strewn among the Eastern European lands, the so-called Germanic Sprachinseln (islands of German speakers), have clung tenaciously to the soil of their forebears even as the tides of German borders have ebbed and flowed around them.

The history of Germany is inextricably tied to Germans outside the homeland. Lacking a centralized state and economy until 1871, for centuries Germans faced political and economic pressures to emigrate from Central Europe as colonists to Czarist Russia and the East. Later, Germans came as farmers, traders, and workers to the New World , setting in communities that sometimes withstood acculturation or absorption by predominant Spanish, Portuguese, and Anglo populations. Many of their enclaves maintained cultural, familial, and economic ties with the homeland. Anecdotes of ethnic German women single handedly passing on an entire culture to their children are by no means unusual.

If the Heimat preserved Germanness through symbols of domesticity, institutional frameworks linking overseas Germans to the metropole were equally important. The success of the German emigrants, in turn, became a justification for further expansion, even if at times unwittingly so on the part of overseas Germans

The chapters in The Heimat Abroad document the dispersal and settlement of ethnic Germans across cultures that span the globe. The editors of this volume are Krista O'Donnell, Associate Professor of History, William Paterson University; Renate Bridenthal, Emerita Professor of History, Brooklyn College of the City University of New York; and Nancy Reagin, Professor of History, Pace University. According to O’Donnell, Bridenthal and Reagin, Elliot Barkin’s six-stage model of assimilation discusses phases of contact, acculturation, adaptation, accommodation, integration, and finally full assimilation into a majority or host culture, and the nuanced transformations allowed by this analysis well suit the population discussed The Heimat Abroad.

Before 1871, late by other nations' standards, there was no central German nation of which to speak. Over the past several centuries, ethnic identity rather than citizenship preeminently defined who was German. This accounts in part for the peculiarity of the German diaspora. The shifting German nation-states confronted a complex web of diverse claimants to German ethnicity outside their borders rather than a coherent imagined national community of Germans. Although Brubaker typifies this historical evolution of Germanness, perhaps too simplistically and teleologically, as "an organic cultural, linguistic, or racial community as an irreducibly particular Volksgemeinschaft," his work has merit in recognizing the singularities in the evolution of German citizenship defined through genealogical descent and the broader ethnocultural basis of Germanness. Editors O’Donnell, Bridenthal and Reagin ascribe to a model of German identity that traces the competing racial and cultural criteria delimiting ‘Germanness’ within a web of many strains of nationalism in German history. They argue that successive German states have pursued citizenship and ethnic policies in response to their concerns at the time and, excepting the Hitler dictatorship, generally have been susceptible to the pressures of domestic and international lobbies.

Myriad recent historical writings have demonstrated the complex, dynamic, and ever-changing tenor of German national identity: the ongoing significance of gender, locality, particular interest groups, successive German nation-states, and social classes in enshrining and preserving the competing and overlapping versions of German identity. However, these writings on German nationalism, especially where they privilege local or regional powers and affiliations (Heimat), overlook to a great extent how even local identities extended over the globe and existed within the context of the diaspora, as Lekan's chapter in The Heimat Abroad on the Eifel region's homeland societies elaborates. German speakers within and outside strict political borders often identified themselves and were recognized as Germans and emigre populations contributed centrally to the formation of German national identity.

Thus, The Heimat Abroad challenges the nation-state as the basis of German nationalism. Overall, the history of Germany has too often ignored the influence of Germans outside of Germany , not only in Central and Eastern Europe but in enclaves, colonies, and diasporic communities around the world. Overseas Germans' visions of themselves and their homeland influenced those of the metropole, where, in turn, they not only fed the national illusion of self but sometimes even reciprocated by idealizing displaced populations. Indeed, the myth of the extraterritorial German, who had been wrongfully excluded through the redrawing of national boundaries after World War I enlarged Ger­mans' ambitions for global power and played a destabilizing role in German politics after 1918. It is no accident or aberration that the largest volunteer organization in Weimar Germany was the Association for Germans Abroad (Verein für das Deutschtum im Ausland, or VDA), with three million members. The VDA and similar private associations successfully tapped into state funding and power but served their private memberships' purposes as well in inflating their self-importance by aggrandizing German culture around the globe. Moreover, the historical context suggests that the German diaspora continued to destabilize German politics in the postwar era, preventing normalization with the German Democratic Republic in part due to the cold war influence of irredentist groups (Heimatvertriebenenverbände), as Wolff’s chapter in this volume indicates. The contributors to The Heimat Abroad argue that patterns of migration, particularly those that resulted in a tenacious diasporic network, have uniquely shaped Germanness and, moreover, that a historical approach provides an ideal perspective for understanding how German identity has been forged. O’Donnell, Bridenthal and Reagin trace how the German state changed in response to the evolving German diaspora. Most importantly, through this history of ethnic inclusion and exclusion, the editors confront why Germanness has always been and remains a problem.

Part 1 of The Heimat Abroad – The Legal and Ideological Context of Diasporic Nationalism – takes up the vexed question of claimants to German citizenship and state policies toward diasporic communities. Each chapter in turn traces how the existence of the diaspora disrupted debates over citizenship law and established the legal context for constant exchange, due to the still extant legal right of return for extraterritorial Germans. Howard Sargent reviews German citizenship law td1914, highlighting the disputed 1913 revision to Imperial citizenship policies and evaluating the impact of recent revisions in German naturalization policies in light of this history. O'Donnell then carries the debate forward by considering the tangled claims to German citizenship presented by miscegenation in the overseas colonies before 1914. Norbert Gotz continues the discussion of German citizenship policies through the Weimar and Nazi eras with an analysis of the many competing definitions of Germanness and Volksgemeinschaft. Thus, this introductory section outlines the complicated and poorly understood history of German citizenship laws and policies and firmly establishes the overarching centrality of immigration and emigration policy to legal and cultural definitions of Germanness. The three authors suggest to varying degrees the powerful role of private interest groups in shaping state definitions of citizenship and policies toward ethnic Germans living outside German borders.

Part 2 – Bonds of Trade and Culture – offers four case studies of diasporic ties between Germany and extraterritorial German enclaves. This section offers a concrete view of German overseas settlements and suggests common patterns for the maintenance and the deterioration of Germanness in these communities. Ethnic colonies held on to their identities not only through the formal bonds connecting them to the German state or cultural bonds of association but also through direct, informal ties: family, travel, trade, and other economic links that led some ethnic Germans to remain closer to home than others. Jurgen Buchenau highlights the basis for the staunch Germanness of the Mexico City colony; Thomas Lekan traces the international influence of the Eifel region's homeland societies on German identity; Tobias Brinkmann outlines the intertwined ethnic, cultural, and religious identities of German American Jews in Chicago; while Jeffrey Lesser examines the German-Jewish influence on Jewish settlement of inter-war Brazil. Since the Jewish diaspora was the first and is often perceived as definitive, it is interesting that Jews in the cases presented here all identified closely with the German Kulturnation, as well as in varying degrees with their coreligionists.

These chapters detail the complex local accounts of overseas Germans' articulations of ethnic identity through their evolving ideologies and lived experiences. Each author amplifies now various diasporic communities confronted the politics and demands of their host countries and suggests how and why diasporic networks proved advantageous both economically and culturally in some contexts but not in others.

Part 3 of The Heimat Abroad – Islands of Germanness – turns to the special circumstances of German settlements in Central and Eastern Europe . First, Bridenthal examines how a network of intellectual elites consciously constructed the ‘double diasporic’ identity of Germans from Russia on three continents. Pieter Judson then discusses how German speakers in the pre- and post-World War I Hapsburg Empire explicitly defined their Germanness through their regional identities and their Austrianness. Next, Nancy Reagin depicts the gendered construction of Germanness as expressed through the domestic practices of Germans in Eastern Europe . Doris Bergen details the logic behind National Socialist efforts to identify and racially categorize ethnic German individuals and communities in the occupied Eastern Territories and presents the difficulties and contradictions inherent in imposing ethnic and racial labels on a diverse population. Finally, Stefan Wolff offers an overview of the efforts of successive German federal governments and various expellee organizations to preserve German minority identities in Poland and the Czech Republic between 1945 and 1999. As a whole, part 3 establishes the persistent basis for the maintenance of German identity over time in illusory symbolic constants that created bonds between private citizens: common landscape, home, and high culture (Bildung).

The enduring cultural tropes that form the basis for German ethnic and national identity make the history of the German diaspora influential within the current German debate over immigration. In the past, Germany sent forth emigrants, but now it takes them in. Since 1990 ethnic Germans from the East, especially from Russia , have employed the right of return to migrate in ever greater numbers into the reunified Germany . Ethnicity, loosely defined, has been the standard and litmus test of German identity and remains stubbornly so even in the global age, for all its claims to multiculturalism. Culture, commerce, democracy, each heavily influenced by American and other Western flavors, became icons of postwar German identity. All of these, ironically, have made present-day Germany a land both attractive to and ambivalent toward foreigners. The editors have seen a resurgence of Jewish immigration since the fall of the Soviet Union , with Germany being the second largest site of relocation for Jews, after Israel . It is the world's second largest recipient of immigration, after the United States , with 11 percent of the population being foreign born; nonetheless, most Germans persistently consider their nation and their national identity in ethnic terms.

Historian Klaus Bade has noted the difficulty with which Germany now faces her transition from emigrant nation to immigrant destination and consciously advocates the

inclusiveness of American society as a model for integration. As Sargent's chapter indicates, sweeping changes in German citizenship and naturalization laws, although limited in scope, nonetheless are resulting in new claimants to citizenship, whose presence undoubtedly will transform German national identity. Since 1990 German investment in Eastern European states and their imminent admission to the European Union have brought about porous boundaries with the former Eastern bloc. Because of these developments, Germany 's demographic future no longer lies with its diaspora, and citizenship may no longer pose such a sticky question in the future. The thorniest debates over revising immigration will likely move Germany toward a new definition of citizenship and nationality, whose focus will be naturalization rather than diaspora.

A major contribution to the buoyant research on diasporas around the world, this volume by a team of internationally known historians excels by its impressive scope, sharp thematic focus, and genuinely comparative approach. Given their tumultuous history, many Germans abroad have had a peculiar relationship with their Heimat. This unique book, covering the full spectrum of groups and attitudes in different parts of the globe, is highly recommended to historians, legal scholars, and social scientists interested in citizenship, migration, and acculturation. – V. R. Berghahn, Columbia University

Beyond defining who is German and what makes them so, The Heimat Abroad thoroughly and uniquely reexamines German identity and history in global terms and challenges the nation-state and its borders as the sole basis of German nationalism.

History / Europe / World War II

Children of the Doomed Voyage by Janet Menzies (John Wiley and Sons)

I’m here because of what Bobby did for me. Bobby gave a great gift to me and I shall forever be grateful … He gave me his lifejacket and he has given me sixty-five years of life which he didn’t have. – John Baker, child survivor, of his brother Bobby

There was nothing for us to do except hang on to this rope. So we were facing each other on the side of the lifeboat with this rope between us. And we never let go of that rope in all the time that followed – which turned out to be nineteen hours in all … we knew if we did let go, that would be the end of us. The waves were terrible. We were being thrown one way and then dragged back again. Then there would be a huge wave coming right over us. You couldn’t see and you would be coughing and spluttering … next thing you were up in the air and back again … We were just two schoolgirls fighting the north Atlantic … There is nothing more lonely than being in mid-Atlantic on a boat upside down … Nothing alive except us three. – Beth and Bess, child survivors

It was terrible, you had to fight every minute. My hands were being cut in shreds with these horrible rusty tin canisters. But I was holding on, even though I was only eleven and quite slight, I kept fighting, every minute of fifteen hours in that awful sea – and I know that’s why I’m alive today. – Sonia Bechs, child survivor

He kept diving again and again and bringing back children. And then he dived and we didn’t see him again. – Colin Ryder Richardson, child survivor, of Laszlo Raskai, Hungarian journalist, passenger on the Benares

Written by Janet Menzies, freelance journalist, award winning writer and former woman’s editor of the Daily Express, for the first time in narrative, Children of the Doomed Voyage is the true story of the World War II tragedy of the SS City of Benares. This torpedoing remains to this day the worst ever sea disaster involving British children. More than half of all those on board this ship full of evacuees were lost after the ship was torpedoed by a German U-boat in September 1940. Of ninety very young ‘seavacuee’ children escaping the bombing in Britain to safety in Canada , seventy-seven died.

Those who survived tell stories of towering seas and near-miraculous escapes clinging to rafts and wreckage for nineteen hours before rescue. One group of children managed to keep going for eight days drifting in an open boat in the north Atlantic .

Children of the Doomed Voyage is a moving narrative in which the child survivors tell their story for the first time directly in their own words. 

History / Politics

Deliver the Vote: A History of Election Fraud, an American Political Tradition-1742-2004 by Tracy Campbell (Carroll & Graf)

If elections are the lifeblood of our democracy, then the United States of America is a sorely ailing body politic. From ballot stuffing and intimidating voters to suppressing turnout, vote buying, and manipulating returns, Deliver the Vote is an intensive examination of the corrupt underbelly of American politics, a book that casts a new light on how electoral power is often won in America . Drawing on records of hundreds of elections from the pre-colonial era through the 2004 election, Tracy Campbell reveals how a persistent culture of corruption has thrived in American elections. Among the public figures whose stories are central to his chronicle are George Washington, Boss Tweed, William Randolph Hearst, Huey Long, Harry Truman, Lyndon Johnson, Jimmy Carter, and George W. Bush, as well as countless local and state politicians.

Combining social and political history Deliver the Vote reveals how fraud has been a persistent presence in American history that has not been confined to one party, a single location, or a specific time period. Through primary sources, Campbell, Associate Professor of History and Co-Director of the Wendell H. Ford Public Policy Research Center at the University of Kentucky in Lexington , also explores how Americans throughout history have felt about the franchise, and the fact that their vote has often not been fairly recorded or counted.

Our elections are held up as the model for the world's budding democracies, such as the Ukraine or Iraq , to emulate. But after two of the most bitterly contested presidential elections in American history, this book shows how our democratic house has really never been in order. Using a candid appraisal of our history as a guide, Deliver the Vote offers some surprising suggestions in order for a demoralized electorate to reclaim its democratic birthright.

Deliver the Vote reveals

  • How election fraud played a role in the coming of the Civil War.
  • That reform efforts, such as the secret ballot and voting machines, have only changed the way the dirty game is played.
  • How an election in one American city – Louisville , Kentucky – was stolen.
  • How a stolen bond issue election in St. Louis ultimately resulted in the building of the Gateway Arch.
  • How anger at the 2000 Florida recount has raised deep-seated suspicions about the electoral process that threatens the integrity of American civic life.
  • That contested presidential elections in 2000 and 2004 are not the anomalies they appear.
  • How persistent fraud has contributed to low turnouts.

In a vivid & provocative narrative, Deliver the Vote highlights the imperfect aspects of American elections. This comprehensive history of election fraud in America reveals how our political culture has been diminished and eroded by centuries-long corruption in local, state, and national elections.

History / Holidays

American Christmases: Firsthand Accounts of Holiday Happenings from Early Days to Modern Times compiled by Joanne Martell (John F. Blair Publisher)

From Captain John Smith's description of his visit to a native village in 1608 to Major Carrie Acree's letter from Iraq in 2004, American Christmases offers firsthand impressions of the Christmas season as told in letters, journals, memoirs, newspaper articles, poems, songs, and advertisements.

Passages from well-known people include Daniel Boone describing his Christmas as an Indian captive in 1769; George Washington begging for congressional assistance for his starving Continental Army troops at Christmas in 1777; F. W. Woolworth conveying how he guessed wrong about the popularity of German Christmas tree ornaments; Helen Keller experiencing her first Christmas with teacher Anne Sullivan in 1887; Edith Wharton writing about a 1905 Christmas party at George Vanderbilt's North Carolina estate; and Secret Service agent Edmund Starling telling about President Woodrow Wilson's secret Christmas honeymoon.

However, many of the most moving entries come from ordinary people. Kate Cumming of Mobile , Alabama , writes of the Christmas she spent in 1862 with the Confederate Army of Tennessee's medical service. Hinda Satt, whose Jewish family emigrated from Poland , describes her first Christmas party at Jane Addams's Hull House in Chicago . Inez McDonald, who served with the Army Nurse Corps, tells of a treasured handmade Christmas card she kept during her imprisonment in a Bataan internment camp in 1943. Father Paul O'Connor, a Jesuit missionary in Alaska , remembers a special Christmas gift he gave to an "Eskimo lass of ten" in 1945. Army Specialist Don Odom describes a surreal experience in the Saudi Arabian desert during Operation Desert Storm at Christmas in 1990.

Though the festivities and traditions surrounding Christmas have changed, the emotions evoked by the holiday have usually been tied to home and family. These memories, along with the comings and goings of Christ­mas customs, are collected in American Christmases. "Beautiful things are written at Christmas," says Joanne Martell, who compiled the collection. "People are so open to memories, and thinking about people who aren’t there.”

Martel got the idea for American Christmases when she participated in a Christmas program near her home in Southern Pines, North Carolina , by reading poems and reminiscences of the holidays. She includes 250 entries in the book. Martell says that the way Americans celebrate Christ­mas began to change in the late 19th century. Before then, if Christmas was observed at all, it was with simple religious ceremonies or with a ‘rule of misrule’ that saw servants taking the place of masters for a day and rowdy young men rioting in the streets. The Civil War dark­ened the national mood, and the Gilded Age prosperity brought commercialism to Christmas. By reading these 250 entries, readers will see how the role of Santa Claus has changed through the centuries, how the Christmas tree became a symbol of the season, and how America 's celebration of Christmas has evolved over 400 years.

The moving messages in American Christmases speak to us of times past, evoking the emotions related to home and hearth, family and friends, right in time to get readers in the mood for Christmas.

Home & Garden / Animals & Pets / Death & Grief

Rainbows and Bridges: An Animal Companion Memorial Kit by Allen Anderson & Linda Anderson ( New World Library)

The loss of a pet companion can be devastating.

Rainbows and Bridges offers an array of ways to deal with that loss. Featuring inspirational ideas, exercises, and quotations, this kit includes a detailed guidebook to work through the sorrow and grief attendant on this event; a journal/scrapbook to celebrate the pet’s life; and cards to facilitate religious, secular, or nature-based memorial rituals and healing. A built-in frame allows the front cover of the box to be customized with a photo.

Authors Allen and Linda Anderson use these components to address the spectrum of feelings that can arise – despair, loneliness, anger, alienation, disappointment, and self-doubt. The Andersons, founders of the Angel Animals Network, inspirational speakers and clergy members, recount their own experiences with pet loss and present the experiences of others who have struggled and recovered.

As a veterinary medical correspondent and lifetime pet lover, I believe in both the power of pets and the power of stories to heal. This kit is an amazing toolbox of resources that offers a wide range of healing activities, wise information, compassionate reflection, and practical help for honoring and memorializing the life of your pet. – Marty Becker, resident veterinarian on ABC's Good Morning America and author of Chicken Soup for the Pet Lover's Soul

Let me say this about Rainbows and Bridges: I love it. I treasure it. The Andersons have left no question unposed, no conflict bypassed, no reflection unacknowledged. If you are facing or have faced the loss of a beloved animal friend, let this kit be your companion and your comfort. There exists no better exploration of this landscape of loss than you will find here. – Susan Chernak McElroy, author of Animals as Teachers

Heartwarming and unique, Rainbows and Bridges is a comprehensive and compassionate kit offering ideas, exercises, and inspirational quotations for those healing from the loss of a beloved animal companion. Rainbows and Bridges guides the bereaved through the process of recalling the past, grieving in the present, and finding hope in the future.

Literature & Fiction / World Literature

The Book of Imaginary Beings by Jorge Luis Borges, translated by Andrew Hurley, illustrated by Peter Sis (Viking)

We do not know what the dragon means, just as we do not know the meaning of the universe, but there is something in the image of the dragon that is congenial to man's imagination. . . . It is, one might say, a necessary monster.

The Book of Imaginary Beings is a new translation of Jorge Luis Borges (1899–1986) classic bestiary, illustrated by Caldecott Honor-winning artist Peter Sis. This whimsical compilation of ‘the strange creatures conceived through time and space by the human imagination’ is a unique combination of text and illustration, suitable for both longtime fans of Borges, one of the most widely acclaimed writers of the twentieth century, and those newly discovering imaginary beings.

For The Book of Imaginary Beings Borges drew from a wide range of sources, from the religious and philosophical – Kabbalah and the I Ching – to the literary and playful – The Odyssey, Lewis Carroll's writings, H.G. Well's The Time Machine. Other sources include Homer, Confucius, Shakespeare, and Kafka, among others. Here readers will find the familiar and expected dragons, centaurs, and unicorns, as well as the less familiar and altogether unexpected Animals That Live in the Mirror, The Elephant That Prefigured the Birth of Buddha, the Simurgh, and other undeniably curious beasts. Some beasts found in The Book of Imaginary Beings:

  • The Norns – These Norse deities are generally assumed to represent the fates. Their names are Past, Present, and Future, and their hands weave our fate.
  • Humbaba – Originally found in the epic poem Gilgamesh, this serpent-headed monster was given the talons of a vulture and the claws of a lion.
  • The Hairy Beast of La Ferte-Bernard – This beast, originally cited in a French city on the Huisne, was the size of a bull, covered in shaggy green hair, and preferred to feast on innocent maidens and children.
  • The Chimaera – First mentioned in Homer's Iliad, this is a creature of divine descent with three heads – a lion, snake, and she-goat – and a nasty disposition.

I am quite aware of how ephemeral literary assessments may prove, but in Borges's case I do not consider it rash to acclaim him as the most important thing to happen to imaginative writ­ing in the Spanish language in modern times. – Mario Vargas Llosa

He, more than anyone, renovated the language of fiction and thus opened the way to a remarkable generation of Spanish American novelists. – J. M. Coetzee, The New York Review of Books

Though so different in style, two writers have offered us an image for the next millennium: Joyce and Borges. The first designed with words what the second designed with ideas: the original, the one and only World Wide Web. The Real Thing. The rest will remain simply virtual. – Umberto Eco

.... If you read Borges frequently and closely, you become something of a Borgesian, because to read him is to acti­vate an awareness of literature in which he has gone further than anyone else. – Harold Bloom

He has lifted fiction away from the flat earth where most of our novels and short stories still take place. – John Updike

Imbued with Borges's characteristic wit and erudition, this unique contribution to fantasy literature ranges widely across the world's mythologies and literatures to bring together in one delightful encyclopedia of fantastical inventions. With the original forwards to the 1957 and 1967 editions, The Book of Imaginary Beings few readers will want, or be able, to resist this modern bestiary. Andrew Hurley’s brilliant new translation is perfectly paired with original drawings from award-winning illustrator Sís. The result is a wonderful gift book – an Alice Through the Looking Glass menagerie, which should appeal not only to Borges aficionados but also to fantasy fans of all stripes and ages.

Literature & Fiction

Under Kilimanjaro by Ernest Hemingway, edited by Robert E. Fleming & Robert W. Lewis (The Kent State University Press)

The sun was not up but that was because of the flank of the mountain it had to rise over and the light was gray but good and Ngui and I were walking through the grass that was wet from the dew. He walked ahead because he knew where the bait had been hung and I watched the trees and his back and the trail his black legs made through the wetness of the grass. We walked silently and the cold wet of the new knee-high grass against my legs was cold and pleasant. Ngui carried the old Winchester pump gun and I carried the Springfield and the only noise that I heard from myself was the light slopping of the tea in my stomach. – from Under Kilimanjaro

Accompanied by his fourth wife, Mary, famed American novelist Ernest Hemingway spent several months in late 1953 and early 1954 on his final safari in Kenya . Their time there came to an abrupt end in early January 1954 when they sustained serious injuries from two near-fatal plane crashes in east Africa . While recovering, and back home in Havana , Hemingway wrote what he called his ‘African book,’ which is, by turns, an adventuresome, comedic, and thought­ful recounting of his final safari.

Completed in 1956, the book was part hand-written and part typed, with many of the pages heavily edited in Heming­way's hand. He then left this manu­script, along with those for A Moveable Feast, Islands in the Stream, and The Garden of Eden, in a safe-deposit box in Cuba, often referring to them as his ‘life insurance’ for his heirs.

Under Kilimanjaro is the last of Hemingway's manuscripts to be pub­lished in its entirety. The book also contains a glossary of Swahili terms, a list of characters and notes on the editing of the text.

Excerpt from the Introduction:

From late October 1954 to the spring of 1956, Hemingway worked hard on a book that was distinctly different from anything he had written before. As he had done with the narrative of his earlier safari, he embroidered some events imaginatively, but the manuscript of Under Kilimanjaro differed radically from Green Hills of Africa in the voice of the narrator and the nature of his persona as well as in his attitudes toward Africans, big-game hunting, and many other topics. Green Hills of Africa was written when Hemingway was still relatively young (in his mid-thirties) and still fighting to keep the literary reputation he had won during the previous decade. Under Kilimanjaro, however, was written by a master who had just experienced two major triumphs, the overwhelmingly positive reception of The Old Man and the Sea (1952) and the award of the Nobel Prize for Literature (1954). The result is a lively, good-humored book in which the author Hemingway completely comfortable depicting his persona with self-deprecating humor. In place of the always-supportive Poor Old Mama, the Green Hills of Africa character based on Pauline Pfeiffer Hemingway Ernest's second wife, Under Kilimanjaro features Mary Welsh Hemingway, his fourth wife, who feels no hesitation in puncturing the ego of her husband. Hemingway always complained that he was not given sufficient credit for his humorous writing. In this remarkable book, he shows his talent as a humorist in this most lighthearted yet unconventionally serious book. As had been said about another Nobel Prize winner, George Bernard Shaw, Hemingway fused ‘high seriousness with comedy.’ Anticipating the tensions of racism, feminism, and the Cold War, Hemingway here neither explains nor argues. He nar­rates, showing rather than telling, and in so doing once more demonstrates the superiority of narrative to exposition. Hemingway's progress on the book was rapid and steady. Working at his usual disciplined pace of two pages per day, on January 16, 1955 , he recorded the date in the margin of page 186 of his manuscript. By Decem­ber 29 of that year, he was on page 748. He last noted a date on page 843, February 27, 1956 . He then set aside the long manuscript….

The first of two sources of tension that cast a shadow over the pastoral narrative is the danger posed by the Mau Mau uprisings that troubled Kenya during the 1950s. The Mau Mau was a secret society of Africans (largely Kikuyus) whose goal was to expel white colonizers from Kenya . Beginning in 1952 the movement rebelled against whites and black Africans who supported the colonial government. When the Hemingway safari began on September 1, 1953 , there was still danger of attacks by the Mau Mau. Hemingway highlighted this theme by beginning his narrative in medias res, plunging into a discussion between Hemingway and his headman about a possible attack by a group of Mau Mau who have recently escaped from government custody. While the Mau Mau are never far from the minds of the Hemingways, and the camp is kept in a state of readiness, no attack materializes.

A second source of tension emerges toward the end of the manuscript as the danger from the Mau Mau diminishes. As her Christmas gift, Mary proposes a flight to the Belgian Congo in a light aircraft, a flight that Hemingway opposes. The topic is anticipated earlier in brief discussions of low-level flying and Hemingway's observation that he and Willie, their pilot, have led Mary to underestimate the danger of flying ‘on the deck,’ as one does on a sightseeing flight. Because the Hemingways' two crashes in Ugan­da in January 1954 had been world news, and because Hemingway had quickly written and published "The Christmas Gift" in Look magazine in the three months that followed the crashes, by the time he began to write his African narrative, readers could be expected to sense that Hemingway's reservations about the trip represent an ominous note – the underwater portion of the iceberg that he always felt was essential to his best writing.…

Although in the thirties Hemingway had befriended one member of the African safari crew, M'Cola, he singled out another member, whom he calls Garrick because of his theatrical manner, for sometimes bitter criticism, and he largely ignored the individuality of most of his white hunter's staff. In contrast, in Under Kilimanjaro, while again having one special ‘brother,’ Ngui, and only half-jokingly falling in love with Debba, his African ‘fiancée,’ Hemingway also makes the reader constantly aware of the individuality of most of the staff members: Keiti, the elderly major-domo of the camp and a wise adviser to Hemingway; Charo, Mary's gun bearer and special hunting mentor; Arap Meina, a former member of the King's African Rifles who serves as an askari during these troubled times; and even Nguili, a mess attendant who aspires to become a full-fledged hunting guide. Of his relationship to Ngui, his spiritual broth­er, Hemingway says that he envies his black skin and his African roots and that he thinks of himself as an adoptive Kamba. Even an equivalent of Garrick, the Informer, a renegade Masai warrior turned police informer, is treated with a gentle humor that acknowledges his humanity. On this trip Hemingway makes an effort to learn not only Swahili but also some Masai and, most notably, Kamba as a way of better understanding black Africans..…

Readers of Under Kilimanjaro will encounter a Hemingway they have seldom experienced in previously published works. The author's sense of humor, which is not widely appreciated, comes into play, particularly joke-making at his own expense. For instance, discussing Winston Churchill's 1953 Nobel Prize, Hemingway suggests that since Churchill is known to be a heavy drinker, perhaps stepping up his own consumption of alcohol would finally result in his winning the prize. Or he could, one of his Eng­lish companions suggests, win it for his bragging, since Churchill won at least partly for his oratory. Hemingway allows Mary the last word when she suggests that if he wrote something occasionally, he might actually win the prize for his writing.

Readers of this remarkable work will experience the mingled pleasure of revisiting the familiar and discovering the new. They will find links to Hemingway's other works, from the raucous humor of The Torrents of Spring and the sardonic comedy of The Sun Also Rises and A Farewell to Arms to the philosophic calm of The Old Man and the Sea. But this work does not merely look backward. Like all of Hemingway's posthumous books – from A Moveable Feast to Islands in the Stream (1970) and The Garden of Eden (1986) – Under Kilimanjaro shows Hemingway experimenting formally and stylistically. The flexible, humorous voice Hemingway finds in this late work is simply too full of intrinsic merit to be confined to a small audience of scholars with access to the manuscript. And although the book ends as it began, in medias res, omitting the anticlimax of the two nearly fatal airplane crashes, its major conflicts are resolved, its themes fully explored. In that sense it is not incomplete or flawed. It is perhaps the last gift left to us by a literary master. – Robert W. Lewis & Robert E. Fleming, editors of the volume

… That's what it felt like, too – like I was out there on the plains of Kenya , sleeping in a tent at night with the roar of a lion rumbling through the dark air. The book's pace is deliberately slow, which gives the reader a sense of the timelessness of the camp by the plains under the great African mountain. So we listen in on the talk around the campfire and watch birds soar overhead almost in real time. When the hunt is on, we follow both the hunter and the hunted.
The book purports to be fiction, but it is every inch a memoir. Papa and Mary are, after all, the main characters. There are several levels to enjoy – the pure literary quality, the exciting adventure, the enjoyable travelogue, the often humorous commentary. And it's a love story, but not what you'd expect; it's a tribute to his beloved Africa … – ML Playfair

‘Papa’ colors real people and events with his lively imagination as he demonstrates his inimitable style, his deft wit, and his intelligent curiosity in this autobiographical novel about the land and people he came to love. Under Kilimanjaro shows a mature, tender, happy, and reflective Hemingway. The book offers a compelling, deliberately paced, subtle story of a place and time as only Ernest Hemingway could write it.

Literature & Fiction / Latin American / Philosophy

The Self of the City: Macedonio Fernández, the Argentine Avant-garde, and Modernity in Buenos Aires by Todd S. Garth (Bucknell University Press)

Macedonio Fernandez (1874–1952) is widely regarded as a key figure in Argentine letters – mentor to Jorge Luis Borges, precursor of the avant-garde, and father of the Martinfierrista generation. Yet critics have persisted in viewing Fernández's writing as asystematic, irreducible beyond its characteristic paradoxes, and unrelated to the social, political, and poetic context of modernity. Much of Fernández's mythic reputation rests on a legend that privileges his brilliant conversation and iconoclastic lifestyle over his writing.

The Self of the City shows Fernández's work to be a highly systematic effort to ‘save the city’ from the ills of modernity. Responding directly to the context of early twentieth-century Buenos Aires , Fernández rejects modern culture as inherently paradoxical and pernicious, hinging on the unsustainable fallacy of Descartes' autonomous self. His response to this crisis is to rescue the city ‘by miracle of the novel,’ creating his Museo de la Novela de la Eterna as the ultimate alternative to the artificial institutions and practices that constitute the modern city. Todd S. Garth demonstrates that all of Fernández's prose writing – his early social commentary, his quirky humorous short stories, his satirical Adriana Buenos Aires, and his never-definitive Novela de la Eterna – add up to an integrated effort to repudiate the edifice of modernity built on the modern self.

Garth dismantles the myth of Fernández, exposing the role of the Martinfierristas and Borges in fashioning an image of Fernández contradictory to his intentions. His supposed deprecation of his own writing and his detachment from contemporary aesthetic, political, and philosophical movements are reconsidered in light of the evidence from his own writings. In contrast, The Self of the City examines concrete ways that Fernandez attempts to undo specific discourses of modernity, realizing his radical vision without imposing an authorial self on an objectified public.

Making use of Fernández's published prose, as well as some rare, unpublished documents and extensive primary and secondary historical sources, Garth, Associate Professor of Spanish at the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis , studies the wide range of Fernández's reaction to his environment, comparing him to the Martinfierrista generation and to the avant-garde worldwide. He demonstrates how Fernández critiques the avant-garde's continued reliance on the self while still maintaining a commitment to collegiality and collaborative creativity.

Examining the complex political context of the time, including the important anarchist movement, Garth considers Fernández's response to his political environment, a response championing the individual over institutions, and sympathizing with the methods of Hipolito Yrigoyen's Radical party while attacking Radicalism's exploitation of the belief in self. Reviewing the evidence of the culture of hygienicism and eugenics in early twentieth-century Buenos Aires , The Self of the City analyzes his fascination with the body and rejection of hygienicism and modern medicine, observing Fernández's consistent defense of the sentient individual over the objectifiable self.

As the first book-length study in English of Macedonio Fernández (1874–1952) in over twenty years, Todd Garth's The Self of the City offers a new, more incisive understanding of this controversial and key figure in modern Latin American literature. Although prevailing critical wisdom showcases the paradoxical and unsystematic elements in Fernández's writing and often characterizes him as disengaged from the Argentina of his time, Garth demonstrates the integrated quality of Fernández's critical, philosophical, and literary thought and his work's engaged interaction with specific, early twentieth-century Argentine contexts. Drawing on a rich variety of archival primary sources and of secondary historical, sociological, and cultural material, Garth argues that Fernández challenged the Western concept of self with his own singular notion of the sentient individual. At once sophisticated in conceptualization and refreshingly reader friendly, this book manifests Garth's superior talents as a close reader, and his erudition in both Western philosophical thought and contemporary theoretical developments. – Vicky Unruh, University of Kansas

The Self of the City is a readable, insightful study providing the first deep understanding of Fernández’s work available in English.

Mysteries & Thrillers

Cinnamon Kiss: A Novel by Walter Mosley (Easy Rawlins Mysteries Series: Little, Brown and Company)

Cinnamon Kiss, the tenth book in Walter Mosley's Easy Rawlins series, contains all the intrigue and suspense of the other books in the series, while being the first to introduce Easy to the counterculture movement in San Francisco and to the more complex racial attitudes emerging at the time. Following on the heels of his bestseller Little Scarlet, which takes place in the immediate aftermath of the Watts riots of 1965, Cinnamon Kiss explores some of the vast cultural changes taking place in the wake of the civil rights movement and, as with the other novels in the series, continues as a chronicle of America's search for a new identity in the twentieth century.

It is the Summer of Love as Cinnamon Kiss opens, and Easy Rawlins is deep in a conversation with his lifelong friend Mouse about robbing an armored car. “It's a cinch,” Mouse says. This would be further outside the law than Easy has ever traveled – but his daughter Feather urgently needs a medical treatment that costs far more than Easy can earn or borrow in time.

Then white friend and PI Sam Lynx offers a job that just might solve Easy's problem without the risk of jail time. He has to travel to San Francisco to investigate the disappearance of an eccentric, prominent attorney and his assistant of sorts, the beautiful Cinnamon Cargill. Easy can see there is more to this story than he is being told – Robert E. Lee, his new employer, is as shadowy and suspect as the man Easy is seeking. And the woman who fronts for Lee is as alluring and dangerous as they come. But Easy's need overcomes all concerns. Far away from his usual network of contacts and support, he plunges into unfamiliar territory, from the newfound hippie enclaves of San Francisco to a violent and vicious plot that stretches back to the battlefields of Europe . The more he investigates, and the higher the body count climbs, the more it seems that armed robbery would have been the safer choice after all.

“Walter Mosley has quietly become one of America 's finest writers,” writes Renee Graham in the Boston Globe. In addition to the enormously successful Easy Rawlins novels; Mosley is the author of the New York Times bestselling young adult novel 47, which weaves historical and speculative fiction into a powerful narrative about the nature of freedom in the story of a young boy growing up under slavery.

As shown in the superb tenth entry in Mosley's Easy Rawlins series, Easy's progress is never smooth and his achievements always fragile.... As ever, Mosley is able to capture the era – hippies, Watts , communes in brief strokes that provide a brilliant background to Easy's search for solutions to both a convoluted mystery and complex personal problems. – Publishers Weekly, starred review

This latest entry in Mosley's Easy Rawlins series offers much of what can be found in the earlier novels – hard-boiled detective plot; Rawlins's black existentialism; an array of strange, exotic characters (namely, femmes fatales all pining for Rawlins); detailed locales in South Central L.A.; equally detailed descriptions of food; and occasional commentary on the state of race relations in America. Yet because it is set in 1966, this work offers a bit more. Rawlins must now deal with evolving and more ambiguous racial attitudes.…[Mosley is] a good writer of detective fiction, and his recurring characters continue to have appeal. Recommended for all public libraries. – Roger A. Berge, Library Journal

As rich and tightly wound as you'd expect from Mosley. – Kirkus Reviews
In Mosley’s justly celebrated series... the human drama is more highly charged than ever.... The melancholic, inward-turning Easy who emerges here offers his own multidimensional rewards. Like the best crime series, the Rawlins novels continue to evolve in surprising ways. – Bill Ott, Booklist
Walter Mosley's thrillers should be the literary equivalent of Milk Duds, but there's something surprisingly nutritious about them. …Despite his enormous popularity with white readers – the previous Easy Rawlins novel, Little Scarlet, was a national bestseller – Mosley hasn't crossed over in a way that renders race irrelevant. All the latent humiliations of racism are still here: the clammy atmosphere of suspicion, an economy that won't give blacks enough traction to get ahead. But Mosley conveys this like a long-suffering ambassador to the Land of White People , explaining the frustrations of being black in America with wry wit and repressed bitterness.…– Ron Charles, The Washington Post’s Book World

Cinnamon Kiss delivers a hard-boiled detective story with vibrant, memorable characters, and a sense of time and place that couldn't be more vivid. As the New York Times said, “Nobody, but nobody, writes this stuff like Mosley.” Cinnamon Kiss is further proof that Mosley is the master of crime fiction; it sizzles with the intensity of Mosley's life experience growing up in Los Angeles in the late 1960s. Though it's been more than forty years since the Watts riots, they still have something to teach us, and Easy Rawlins is our guide – the fact that he can be says something about how far we've come.

Mysteries & Thrillers

St. Albans Fire by Archer Mayor (Joe Gunther Mysteries Series: Mysterious Press)

In a mystery series that has spanned over 16 books, Vermont icon Archer Mayor and his hard-boiled Vermont Detective, Joe Gunther, have garnered the adoring praise from critics and fans alike that has made him a staple on the mystery scene. After the success of last year's The Surrogate Thief – released on the heels of Mayor's win of the 2004 New England Book Award for Best Fiction, the first time this prize has ever been given to a mystery writer – comes St. Albans Fire, where an arsonist is stretching Gunther and his task force to the limit.

Winter is on the wane in northwestern Vermont . The moon hangs bright and cold in the silvery night sky over hundreds of square miles of a peaceful, dormant landscape of dairy farms. Young Bobby Cutts enters the family barn to tend to the beasts within...and encounters a nightmare. Suddenly surrounded by bolts of fire, Bobby and the entire herd perish in a stampeding, hellish circle of flames.

Called to the scene to investigate, Gunther instantly recognizes arson, but by whom? And for what possible reason? There is little insurance, the family is loving and tightly knit, and there are few neighborhood animosities. Gunther quickly discovers that someone is wreaking havoc across the bucolic farmlands surrounding the town of St. Albans . Before he can discover who the arsonist's true identity, he must dissect the social fabric of the community and delve into the cut-throat business of farming lurking under St. Albans ' placid exterior. Before it is all done, Joe Gunter will discover one of his deadliest opponents to date, and will engage in an intricate, sinister game of chess that transcends mere police work to ultimately threaten the people closest to his heart.

Mayor's long-running Joe Gunther series continues to display this multitalented author's ability to construct compelling plots and build full-bodied characters... Best of all is Gunther himself; a kind and sensitive cop whose intelligence and integrity make an irresistible combination. – Booklist

The most understated cop in crime fiction racks up a satisfying 16th in a series that marches confidently to its own unhurried beat. – Kirkus Reviews

… Mayor delves deeper than ever before into his characters' psychology, especially the women: tough Newark cop Lil Farber; Peggy DeAngelis, the arsonist's naïve girlfriend; and two dispirited farm wives, beautiful Linda Cutts and her vicious mother, Marie. He also subtly portrays the shifting relationship between Gunther and his lover, Gail Zigman. … Mayor serves up another highly satisfying mystery. – Publishers Weekly

A sizzling mystery that once again unearths the dark underbelly of a seemingly serene New England town, St. Albans Fire is quintessential Mayor – Mayor, who volunteers as a firefighter/EMT, and is a death investigator for the state's medical examiner and a part-time police officer for the Bellows Falls Police Depart­ment.

Outdoors & Nature / Environment / Nature & Ecology

Building for Life: Designing and Understanding the Human-Nature Connection by Stephen R. Kellert (Island Press)

Buildings are buildings and nature is nature, and ne'er the twain shall meet.

Except that they sometimes do, argues Stephen R. Kellert in Building for Life. All around us are examples of buildings and spaces, ancient and modern, that reconnect people to their natural surroundings. These structures restore our souls as well as our communities, and we should look to them for the future of ar­chitecture.

As children, Kellert explains, we grow up with an innate sense of wonder for nature. Increasingly, however, young people are unable to experience the natural world directly: through a walk in nearby woods, for example. By the time we reach adulthood, we are convinced that buildings are meant to be a bulwark against nature, a protection from the environment and other individuals.

Building for Life shows that it is possible to reverse this trend. In the book, award-winning author Kellert examines the fundamental interconnectedness of people and nature, and how the loss of this connection results in a diminished quality of life. The solution is architecture that not only minimizes environmental impact, but also actively promotes a sense of harmony between people and nature. Sustainable design has made great strides in recent years; unfortunately, it still falls short of fully integrating nature into our built environment. Through a new paradigm of ‘restorative environmental design,’ Kellert, Tweedy Ordway Professor of Social Ecology at the Yale University School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, proposes a new architectural model of sustainability.

Building for Life illustrates how architects and designers can use simple methods to address our innate needs for contact with nature. Through the use of natural lighting, ventilation, and materials, as well as more unexpected methodologies – the use of metaphor, perspective, enticement, and symbol – architects can greatly enhance our daily lives. These design techniques foster intellectual development, relaxation, and physical and emotional well-being. Elevated greenways inside Paris, the Sydney Opera House, the neo-Gothic style of traditional college campuses, the Chrysler Tower – these are but a few of many ways in which buildings and spaces can evoke nature, play, movement, and the longing every person has to reconnect. In the works of architects like Frank Lloyd Wright, Eero Saarinen, Cesar Pelli, Norman Foster, and Michael Hopkins, Kellert sees the success of these strategies and presents models for moving forward.

In a time of unprecedented disconnection between the young and the natural world, Stephen Kellert offers us a design for hope. This brilliant work proves that nature isn't the problem; it's the solution. – Richard Louv, author of Last Child in the Woods: Saving Our Children from Nature-Deficit Disorder

Kellert shows how to ignite a love of the wild in architecture. He even dares to suggest that architectural ornament, conspicuously absent in schools of architecture and the bland walls of modern buildings, ought to be reconsidered as a festive and seamless articulation of natural cycles and flourishing geometries. Artists and architects take note! – Kent Bloomer, professor at the Yale School of Architecture, author of The Nature of Ornament

Written with grace and passion, and copiously illustrated with photographs of structures around the world, Building for Life crystallizes the mistakes of architects who focus on cost-efficiency or on sustainability, without recognizing the values of the people who will inhabit those buildings. Kellert offers simple yet creative solutions that bring green architecture to a personal level. This clarion call for designers, planners, architects, and environmentalists shows that we can recon­nect, when we are not only building for ourselves, but also Building for Life.

Politics / Philosophy / History

A History of Political Thought: 1789 to the Present by Bruce Haddock (Polity Press)

Bruce Haddock's textbook combines historical and theoretical analysis, setting political thought in the context of the emerging institutional, cultural and economic framework of the modern world.

From the colossal impact of the French and American revolutions, through reaction and constitutional consolidation, A History of Political Thought traces the contrasting criteria invoked to justify particular forms of political order from 1789 to the present day. Haddock, Professor of Modern European Social and Political Thought at Cardiff University , organizes the chapters around key themes such as liberty, welfare, the nation-state and totalitarianism, focusing on the response of theorists to fundamental ideological and political controversies. Major thinkers covered include Kant, Burke, Hegel, Tocqueville, Marx, Mill, Mazzini, Lenin, Schmitt, Hayek, Oakeshott and Rawls.

A History of Political Thought also confronts challenging questions about the status of moral and political principles.

Modern states have been shaped by conflicting, and often strictly incom­patible, demands. The initial opposition of revolutionary and reactionary movements and arguments in 1789 has been followed by efforts at political accommodation. The modern constitutional state has sought to establish terms of reference that most, if not all, citizens can regard as acceptable in the pursuit of their multifarious interests. It has in fact proved to be extraordinarily resilient, despite crises provoked by war and economic collapse that have tempted political elites and citizens to adopt more direct means of public management and control. What we see in times of crisis is very much argument about terms of reference. Not everyone will profit from any political scheme. In difficult and dangerous times, discussion has often focused on the very real costs to political losers. The tiniest practical detail – what a child may be allowed to wear in a classroom – can become an occasion for heated political debate. Haddock says that we need to ask ourselves why this should be so; and, indeed, why public stances should be so pervasive in our lives.

According to Haddock, political thought invites us to see ourselves in relation to a public realm that is contested and controversial. Even our focus on the state as the embodiment of public life and responsibility has been challenged in recent decades, as political elites struggle to manage (especially economic) affairs against a backdrop of financial and technological interdependence. The thought that as citizens we share a responsibility for our affairs looks precarious in relation to the dominance of private capital in international markets. In the circumstances we may be forced to revise our conceptions of a public domain. What remains, though, is the need to sustain social cooperation among strangers in unimaginably diverse situations.

Political thought over the last 200 years has had to respond to unprecedented situations, often with deeply disturbing results. Stress on what is 'modern' about political thought since 1789, however, should not blind us to fundamental features of political thought in any organized society. Political thinking has a public dimension, no matter how a public domain may be specifically characterized. Arguments about social cooperation have necessarily to be projected onto whoever might be expected to engage in or be subject to a given set of arrangements. It does not follow that everybody in a community would be entitled to the same sort of consideration. Consensual persuasion may be reserved for a select few, while a majority may be coerced or manipulated. The point remains that the effective exercise of political power presupposes minimally shared objectives and values among relevant groups.

Haddock says in A History of Political Thought that managing social cooperation in contingent circumstances has always been a basic feature of political thought and action. What has changed in the last 200 years is that the theoretical response to contingency has become central to the way we see ourselves. That theoretical staple of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century political thought, 'human nature', is no longer much in evidence in modern political thought. The term carries the suggestion that human beings are everywhere and always so fundamentally alike that the fortuitous circumstances in which they live can have only a superficial effect on their essential natures. The fact that human life is conducted in time and depends upon received understandings that are passed on to future generations is then accorded only secondary significance. Yet a succession of texts has defended the view that the human world as a whole is a historical product. Even knowledge itself is portrayed as historically relative, reflecting the particular circumstances in which communities have found themselves. From this point of view, judgments of value, which were once confidently cast in a universal form, should be seen more properly as expressions of the preferences of particular cultures and communities.

What needs to be noticed about the emergence of historical consciousness in modern times, is that all modes of thought that had presupposed universal standards are rendered problematic. It can no longer be assumed that we mean what we say when we ask ourselves how human beings might ideally live together in communities. Precisely how political theorists over the last 200 years have sought to respond to this dilemma is a central concern of A History of Political Thought. The view of ourselves as culturally and historically embedded in specific ways of life now colors all our experience. But at the same time, we are impelled to respond to dilemmas and atrocities that invite universal forms of description and judgment. Political thought since 1789 has oscillated uncomfortably between these positions, with little prospect that either perspective can be permanently set aside. This poses acute problems for us as we reflect on our ordinary experience of making judgments and adopting moral and political stances.

A History of Political Thought takes seriously the contention that normative arguments are problematic. It also accepts that they are unavoidable. The rich literature of the last thirty years on the social construction of identities should serve as a warning to moderate our normative ambitions. A History of Political Thought deals with political theorizing addressed to a variety of audiences, pitched at different levels of generality, responding (more or less) self-consciously to changing political conditions. Political theories are all concerned with persuasion, though not necessarily with overt mobilization. All make claims to our attention as formal responses to problems of cooperation, coordination and control in circumstances where we have limited knowledge and resources at our disposal. We might thus expect them to be tentative and conditional, despite the confident mood in which they may be couched.

A History of Political Thought also takes seriously the existential predicament of agents making choices in complex social situations. We know that we cannot flourish alone, and that we depend upon the cooperation of distant strangers whom we cannot hope to control. In an important sense, these are limiting conditions for citizens and political leaders. Political philosophy is a response to this dilemma, even when it purports to go beyond these terms of reference. At the very least, we have to picture agents making judgments which may be general in scope. Judgments may begin as rationalizations of interest, but they will become broader in range as the complexity of interdependence is recognized to be a factor in our flourishing. Values will clash, priorities may differ, yet we still have to maintain schemes of coordination and control. The use of force has always been a possible option for the rich and powerful in these situations. Even the most powerful, however, depend upon the cooperation of strangers. And no one can ensure that their power and resources will be sustained permanently.

According to Haddock, we interpret our political world in terms of received understandings. In order to think effectively ourselves, we have to see political theorizing in relation to the press of circumstances. It is hedged around by limitations, both conceptual and cultural. Hard thinking of this kind requires immersion in contexts, and at the same time awareness of continuing efforts to grasp transient situations. Our thinking, in this sense, is never over.

So A History of Political Thought deals with the vexing question: how the universal and particular dimensions of political theory should be understood. Our thinking is torn in different directions. History of political thought can equip us to address some of these difficulties, without furnishing definitive solutions. We have to do the best we can for ourselves as thinkers, in the light of the most cogent and arresting treatments of recurring issues that have come down to us. It is a challenging and frustrating exercise; but we disregard it at our peril.

Bruce Haddock offers us an original and wonderfully insightful history of political thought since 1789. It is at once stimulating and enlightening, the fruit of profound reflection upon the nature of politics in the modern age. It will be read with benefit by students and academics alike. – Jeremy Jennings, University of Birmingham

Modestly titled, but far from modest in its ambition and achievement, Bruce Haddock's elegant and informed account of Western political thought since the French Revolution is a vindication of the indispensability of normative political theory. Written in an accessible and engaging style, and wearing its learning lightly, A History of Political Thought traces the emergence and development of the principal tensions and perplexities that beset modern political thought, and explains why it is so difficult to resolve them. The book will be instructive and stimulating for students of modern political thought, but also an enjoyable and thought-provoking read for scholars. – John Horton, University of Keele

In recent decades the foundations of political and ethical theory have been widely questioned. In A History of Political Thought Haddock highlights the emergence of a dilemma that faces all citizens: how we make judgments of value from embedded positions in social and cultural communities. Lucid and original, the text will be of interest to students and scholars of politics, history and philosophy.

Professional & Technical / Medicine

Skeletal Muscle: Form and Function, 2nd Edition by Brian R. Macintosh, Phillip F. Gardiner & Alan J. McComas (Human Kinetics)

Skeletal Muscle, 2nd Edition, provides readers with a detailed understanding of the different facets of muscle physiology. This text examines motoneuron and muscle structure and function.

A unique feature of Skeletal Muscle is that it combines basic sciences (anatomy, physiology, biophysics, and chemistry) with clinical applications (detection of disease and genetic mutations and training and rehabilitation). Each chapter ends with a section on clinical and other applied aspects of the information presented in that chapter, showing, for example, how specific defects of muscle or nerve cells can result in certain clinical disorders. The result is a thorough understanding of skeletal muscle structure and physiology.

Written by Brian R. MacIntosh, associate dean of the graduate program and professor for the faculty of kinesiology at the University of Calgary in Alberta; Phillip Gardiner, Director of the Health, Leisure & Human Performance Research Institute at the University of Manitoba and adjunct professor of physiology; and Alan J. McComas, emeritus professor of medicine at McMaster University; this 2nd edition of Skeletal Muscle includes:

  • The latest research in all areas of muscle physiology.
  • Major revisions of chapters covering muscle contraction, muscle metabolism, and fatigue.
  • More than 200 drawings (many of them original) and 30 photos (mostly micrographs), all of which clarify and augment the text.
  • Pedagogical aids to facilitate comprehension, including key points in the margins, special interest points, an index, and a greatly expanded glossary .

Skeletal Muscle, 2nd Edition, is divided into three parts. Part I presents the structures of the neuromuscular system: muscle, motoneurons, and neuromuscular junctions and sensory receptors as well as the development of these structures. Part II examines muscle function, including neuromuscular transmission, muscle contraction, motor units, and muscle metabolism. Part III focuses on the adaptability of the neuromuscular system. Among the issues it explores are fatigue, loss and recovery of muscle innervation, trophism, muscle training, and injury and repair.

The depth and breadth of the contents, combined with the practical applications, make Skeletal Muscle the leading authority on the structure, electrophysiology, and adaptability of human skeletal muscle. Meticulously researched and updated, Skeletal Muscle is intended for those who need to know about skeletal muscle – from undergraduate and graduate students gaining advanced knowledge in kinesiology to physiotherapists, physiatrists, and other professionals whose work demands understanding of muscle form and function.

Professional & Technical / Medicine / Test Preparation & Review

Guyton and Hall Physiology Review edited by John E. Hall (Saunders Elsevier)

Self-assessment is an important component of effective learning, especially when studying a subject as complex as medical physiology. Guyton and Hall Physiology Review is designed to assist medical students in learning physiology by providing a comprehensive review of the subject through multiple-choice questions and explana­tions of the answers.

Following the same chapter organization as Guyton & Hall’s Textbook of Medical Physiology, 11th Edition, Guyton and Hall Physiology Review, by John Hall, Guyton Professor and Chair, Department of Physiology & Biophysics, University of Mississippi Medical Center, provides a comprehensive review for the United States Medical Licensure Examinations (USMLE) Step 1 exam with an emphasis on system interaction, homeostasis, and pathophysiology. Features of the book include:

  • Over 1,000 Board-style questions, in USMLE format, with answers and detailed rationales, cover the most essential, need-to-know concepts in physiology.
  • Includes thorough reviews of all major body systems, with emphasis on system interaction, homeostasis, and pathophysiology.
  • Offers a comprehensive practice exam of over 1,000 questions in USMLE format.
  • Includes answers and explanations for every question, as well as page references to the Guyton & Hall’s Textbook of Medical Physiology.
  • Follows a parallel chapter organization to Textbook of Medical Physiology.
  • Provides all of the essential information needed to prepare for the physiology portion of the USMLE Step 1.
  • Dedicates a brief section to helpful hints on preparing for the USMLE exam.

Illustrations are used to reinforce basic concepts. Some of the questions incorporate information from multiple chapters in the Textbook of Medical Physiology to permit assessment of readers’ ability to apply and integrate the principles necessary for the mastery of medical physiology.

According to Hall, an effective way to use the review is to allow about one minute for each question in a given unit, approximating the time limit for a question in the USMLE examination. As readers proceed, Hall recommends that they indicate their answers next to each question. Guyton and Hall Physiology Review cannot serve as a substitute for the Textbook of Medical Physiology – it is intended mainly for students as a means of assessing their knowledge of physiology and of strengthening their ability to apply and integrate this knowledge.

Hall's Guyton and Hall Physiology Review is a welcome addition to the Guyton & Hall family – the most effective way for medical students to prepare for exams or strengthen their knowledge of the field – it is particularly useful since the test questions have been constructed according to the USMLE format.

Religion & Spirituality

The Sacred Paths: Understanding the Religions of the World, 4th Edition by Theodore M. Ludwig (Pearson Prentice Hall) combines study of the dynamic historical development of each religious tradition with a comparative thematic structure.

The Sacred Paths by Theodore Ludwig, Valparaiso University , is designed for people who are just beginning their study of the world's religions. The sheer immensity of the data – names, vocabulary, historical developments, teachings and practices – can be daunting. Yet it is important that this encounter result not in perplexity and a sense of being overwhelmed, but in an awakening of interest and a desire to continue to explore and understand.

With such readers in mind, the basic approach in The Sacred Paths is focused on the goal of understanding – understanding begins with a sense of what a particular religion means for the people who practice it and live by it. It is important to realize that each religious tradition is a living and growing organism stretched out over time, and thus we pay attention to historical and cultural developments. But we also attempt to go beyond historical information and let readers find themselves in the place of the people who live by each religion – viewing the world through their sacred stories, their worldview, their rituals, and their notion of the good life.

The procedure used in The Sacred Paths combines the necessary discussion of historical matters with a thematic approach based on general issues that arise out of human experience – questions about personal identity, human existence and wholeness, and the right way to live. Since readers can identify with such issues from personal experience, windows are opened toward an understanding of the meaning and guidance people find in their particular religious traditions. Further, this combination of historical and thematic approaches facilitates comparison among the religious traditions, highlighting the main motifs and concerns of that general dimension of human life we call religious experience.

The Sacred Paths has been revised throughout to bring material up to date and to provide readers with greater clarity in the discussions of complex historical and theoretical materials. The general structure of the book focuses on major groupings or families of religions. But the structure follows a geographical taxonomy, with the major sections devoted to religions arising in India , religions of China and Japan , and religions arising in the Mediterranean world. Within these geographical groupings, family resemblances between the religious traditions can be elaborated and discussed. This structure makes it possible, for example, to study the families of Abraham – Judaism, Christianity, and Islam – in the context of the ancient traditions of Egypt , Mesopotamia , and Greece . To fill out this context, a new chapter on the important Zoroastrian tradition has been added.

It is particularly important that readers have some encounter with the sacred texts and scriptures of each particular religious tradition – yet the comprehension and appreciation of such sacred texts is notoriously difficult for an outsider. The Sacred Paths incorporates extensive quotations from the sacred texts of each tradition, providing interpretation so the reader can see the significance of these texts and comprehend what they mean for people of that religious tradition.

The inclusion of material on artistic expression in the different religious traditions helps readers see that each religion or culture has its own unique aesthetic sense. Thus it is important, for understanding each tradition, to pay attention to the special artistic expressions growing out of that religious experience. Also, The Sacred Paths gives particular attention to the role of women in each tradition. Greater awareness of women's experiences and leadership roles has made possible many new understandings and insights in all the religious traditions. Further, an important development in the modern western world is the rise of new religious movements, and a special chapter is devoted to understanding some of these alternative movements.

Study features include the discussion questions; these questions are designed to promote review of the material as well as further reflection on the character of each religious tradition. Other study features include maps, timelines, and a glossary of key terms. The suggestions for further reading for each religious tradition have incorporated many important books that have been published in the last few years.

The Sacred Paths has been revised throughout this Fourth Edition to bring the material up to date for all of the religious traditions, particularly in light of recent world events that affect people of all religions. The updates for the Fourth Edition include:

  • A new section on healing and medicine for each religious tradition
  • A glossary of relevant terms and definitions in each chapter
  • Discussion questions for each chapter that have been revised.

With this volume, Prentice Hall makes available to all readers the new Research Update! This includes the CD-ROM, The Sacred World: Encounters with the World’s Religions, which contains new multimedia explorations of the religions: and a multimedia icon throughout this text, which refers students to relevant video clips on the CD. Further, bundled with each text is TIME Special Edition: World Religions, with numerous current articles on a variety of religious topics. Also, with this text, readers are given the opportunity to access Research Navigator, the research tool.

As the work of a single scholar – much of it based on original research – The Sacred Paths offers a consistency and depth missing in many of the texts in this field. Unique in approach, Ludwig's tour de force combines a historical-descriptive presentation of individual religions with a comparative-thematic approach.  The book is for anyone interested in exploring the origins and development of the diverse religions of the world.

Religion & Spirituality / Christianity

Jesus and His Death: Historiography, the Historical Jesus, and Atonement Theory by Scot McKnight (Baylor University Press)

Recent scholarship on the historical Jesus has rightly focused upon how Jesus understood his own mission. But no scholarly effort to understand the mission of Jesus can rest content without exploring the historical possibility that Jesus envisioned his own death. In Jesus and His Death, Scot McKnight contends that Jesus did in fact anticipate his own death. McKnight, Karl A. Olsson Professor in Religious Studies, North Park University, and author or editor of twelve books, including The Historical Jesus, Turning to Jesus, and Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels, says that Jesus understood his death as an atoning sacrifice, and that his death as an atoning sacrifice stood at the heart of his mission to protect his followers from the judgment of God.

Contents include:

Part One: The Debate

The Historical Jesus, the Death of Jesus, Historiography, and Theology; Jesus' Death in Scholarship; Re-enter Jesus' Death

Part Two: The Reality of a Premature Death

The Leading Foot in the Dance of Atonement; A Temporary Presence in God's Providence ; Jesus and the Prophetic Fate

Part Three: A Ransom for Many

The Authenticity of the Ransom Saying; [Excursus: The Son of man]; Jesus and the Scripture Prophets; The Script for Jesus; Jesus and the Servant; The Passion Predictions

Part Four: Jesus and the Last Supper

Pesah in Jewish History; Pesah and the Last Supper; This Bread and This Cup; Jesus and the Covenant; "Poured Out" and Eschatology; Conclusions; [Excursus: Chasing Down Paul's Theological Ship]

In Jesus and His Death McKnight finds that Jesus believed the kingdom was yet in the future and that his own death was what would guarantee participation for his followers.

Scot McKnight is fully aware that making claims about the historical Jesus is like entering a minefield. But he combines wide-ranging knowledge of and a willingness to interact with the extensive literature to build a careful, brick-by-brick argument. The sheer breadth of issues covered separates this work from what might otherwise have been its competitors. In ways reminiscent of Stephen Neill, McKnight also has written a book that is never dry or dull. – Joel B. Green, Dean and Professor of New Testament, Asbury Theological Seminary

This is a brave book. With due awareness of the historical traps and with a mastery of the recent relevant literature, McKnight here asks the crucial question, how did Jesus interpret his own death? His answer, which hearkens back to Albert Schweitzer, does full justice to Jesus' eschatological outlook and makes good sense within a first-century Jewish context. Even those who see things differently – I do not – will enjoy how the detailed and rigorous argument develops and will find themselves learning a great deal. – Dale C. Allison, Jr., Pittsburgh Theological Seminary

…[Scot McKnight] moves back and forth with careful tran­sitions between contemporary hermeneutics and the ancient texts. As he does so, he also provides a rich and often entertaining account of the secondary literature. The volume can be read both as an address of its central questions and as a well-informed introduction to New Testament theology. – Bruce Chilton, Bard College

Jesus and His Death is a far-reaching study; in it McKnight outlines a carefully reasoned and compelling argument that Jesus believed his death would not destroy the imminent arrival of the kingdom and that, when it arrived, he would once again be in fellowship with his followers. The book will appeal to both scholars and general readers interested in Jesus’ death.

Religion & Spirituality / Christianity / Women’s Studies

Women in the Church, 2nd Edition: An Analysis and Application of 1 Timothy 2:9-15 edited by Andreas J. Köstenberger & Thomas R. Schreiner (Baker Academic)

Ten years after the publication of the first edition of Women in the Church, the debate over women's roles in the church is as fierce as it has ever been. Not that significant new biblical information has come to light. No major new data have been discovered that have a bearing on the interpretation of 1 Timothy 2:9-15 – but the larger culture continues to press on the church to recognize women as men's equals without any distinctions in function or role.

For this reason Women in the Church has been revised and updated as an antidote to political correctness, and its largely egalitarian worldview. To enhance the work's usefulness, material judged to be less central to the overall argument of the book has been omitted, while a new chapter on application has been added. All essays have been updated in light of recent developments in scholarship pertaining to the interpretation of 1 Timothy 2:9-15.

The book is edited by Andreas J. Köstenberger, professor of New Testament and Greek and director of Ph.D./Th.M. studies and Thomas R. Schreiner, professor of New Testament interpretation and associate dean for Scripture and interpretation, both at Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Wake Forest, North Carolina. The essays have been contributed by academic scholars, all with Ph.D.s.: Henry Scott Baldwin, associate professor of New Testament literature and language at Tyndale Theological Seminary, Amsterdam; Steven M. Baugh, professor of New Testament at Westminster Seminary California, Escondido, California; Dorothy Kelley Patterson, professor of theology in women's studies at Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, Fort Worth; and Robert W. Yarbrough, associate professor of New Testament and department chair at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, Deerfield, Illinois, as well as the editors.

In the new streamlined format of the argument of Women in the Church, Steven Baugh continues to maintain that first-century Ephesus was not a feminist society so that egalitarian attempts to construe the present passage as Paul's effort to counteract unruly women in this city in Asia Minor are without foundation. The chapters by Henry Scott Baldwin and Andreas Kastenberger on the meaning of α’υθεντέω and the Greek syntax of 1 Timothy 2:12 have held up under ten years of critical scrutiny, and they are included here again in an updated format.

The second half of Women in the Church is devoted to a verse-by-verse commentary on 1 Timothy 2:9–15; principles teachings by Dorothy Patterson. As a  woman who has been involved in significant ministry for several decades, Patterson, the only female contributor to the book, comments on the passage's implications for women's roles in the church, arguing that women ought to exercise their God-given spiritual gifts within biblical parameters in obedience to God. According to the book, all the various elements affecting the interpretation of 1 Timothy 2:9-15 combine to suggest that it is not God's will for women to teach or have authority over men in the church, so that the offices of pastor-teacher as well as elder ought to be reserved for men. The Preface says, “As you read Women in the Church, may God the Holy Spirit guide you to have not only a mind to understand but also the will to obey the teaching of the present passage, and may you find that personal fulfillment comes, not from rebelling against God's will, but from obeying it.

In an age when assertions abound concerning the meaning of this text, the contributors have not only presented the most thoroughgoing and decisive case for the traditional view of 1 Timothy 2:9-15 now available, but have also provided a handbook of solid interpretive methodology. Whether or not one agrees with their conclusions, the reader will find the issues clarified, the evidence evaluated, and the text carefully analyzed and applied. I heartily recommend this book to all who are willing to confront and be confronted by the biblical text once again. – Scott Hafemann, Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary

A fine collection of integrated essays addressing one of the most important issues regarding the ministry of women in the Christian church. This series of grammatical, linguistic, exegetical, hermeneutical, and theological essays is one of the most comprehensive treatments to date on the subject. … Fresh research and careful analysis have been based on the wide range of extrabiblical Greek texts that are now available, along with high-speed computer searches that can be conducted. – Peter T. O‘Brien, Moore Theological College

A pivotal text behind a major problem deserves a major book. The pivotal text is 1 Timothy 2:9-15. The major problem is how men and women relate to each other in teaching and leading the Christian church. And the major book is Women in the Church. There is none more thorough or careful or balanced or biblical. – John Piper, Bethlehem Baptist Church

Women in the Church provides a biblical defense of the traditional complementarian position – recommended reading for those on both sides of the aisle. Each chapter has been revised to make the book's substantive arguments more accessible.

Religion & Spirituality / Environment & Nature

The Spirit of Trees: Science, Symbiosis and Inspiration by Fred Hageneder (Continuum)

Fred Hageneder’s passion for trees started in his teens – he describes in the book a time when he was annoyed and depressed and a birch lifted his spirits.

The Spirit of Trees combines science, art and inspiration. Set on coated stock, it contains hundreds of illustrations including fifty-five in full color. Part 2 treats twenty-four of the most prevalent trees in the Northern Hemisphere individually, from Ash and Aspen to Willow and Yew.

Hageneder, harpist, graphic designer and artist, in 1983 discovered Robert Graves' The White Goddess and his Celtic Tree Calendar. He wanted to bring the idea of living with trees through the year to more people, and the result were two Celtic Tree Calendars published in Germany for 1987 and 1988. Each con­sisted of thirteen black-and-white drawings of trees together with brief captions on each tree's role in myth and tradition. The calendars were structured in thirteen moon months of twenty-eight days each, plus an extra day dedicated to the Yew. After two editions, however, he felt that the scope for the artwork was a bit limited, and he also started to feel uneasy about the absence of important trees like Beech or Poplar in the ancient Irish tree alphabet, which was the basis for Graves ' calendar.

Many years and trees passed by, the tree calendar question remaining unanswered and almost forgotten, although queries from people wanting a new calendar never really stopped. While on retreat in Ananda Village , Italy , he decided to create a painting and a piece of music dedicated to each tree. For two years he worked on music and arrangements for Celtic harp, flute, voice, percussion and some other instruments. When the music was finished in 1995, he realized that it was necessary to present some kind of introduction to the tree portraits. When he finally started writing in April 1997 – exactly twenty years after his encounter with the Birch – it was clear that the introduction would need to be some two hundred pages long. It now appears as a large part of The Spirit of Trees.

The present work began as an introduction to the [full-color] paintings [of trees in the book], but Hageneder's passion for his subject and the wealth of scientific fact, historical information, and traditional lore he gathered in the process have resulted in a virtual arboretum of 24 of the most common, best-loved trees of Europe and North America presented with stunningly beautiful paintings, drawings, and photographs." – NAPRA ReView

Delightfully informative and thoughtfully inspiring...beautifully illustrated, well printed and fluently written... accompanied by beautiful photographs, drawings and paintings, many by the author himself...This is a book that has been sorely needed.... General readers and specialists alike will find much within its pages for stimulation, reflection and refreshment." – Plant Growth Regulation

The Spirit of Trees combines science and popular tree lore with notes on the healing properties of individual species of tree, based on Hageneder’s own metaphysical experiences with trees and art, a unique melding.

Science / Biology / Anthropology

The Myth of the Jewish Race: A Biologist's Point of View by Alain F. Corcos (LeHigh University Press)

More than sixty years after the death of Hitler, the defeat of Nazism, and the horrors of the Holocaust, the concept of a Jewish race is still alive and well.

The Myth of the Jewish Race is an attempt to destroy such a concept from both a biological and historical point of view. Alain F. Corsos, an immigrant from France , came to write The Myth of the Jewish Race for personal and scientific reasons. He spent his early childhood under the Vichy government, the most virulent anti-Semitic regime that had ever ruled France . In its efforts to ‘cleanse the Jewish dirt’ from French society, Vichy devised a broader definition of a Jew than that of the German Nazis. It classified a person with two Jewish grandparents as Jewish, which meant that children of a Jew and non-Jew could face deportation to a death camp. This definition applied to the author's family because some of his ancestors had practiced the Jewish faith. Soon after its establishment Vichy required all persons who fit the description to register as Jews. The wisdom and courage of his parents in refusing to register saved the fam­ily from death.

As a trained geneticist, Corcos, professor emeritus in botany at Michigan State University , became convinced that there are not and never were human races. In the last twenty years, an increasing number of anthropologists and biologists have reached the same conclusion. They argue that there is no way to genetically characterize race, because no human population has ever been isolated long enough from other populations to avoid ‘crossbreeding.’ The history of the Jews, in particular, supports this thesis. From Day One they had children with non-Jews. Hence, biologically, Jews are not different from non-Jews.

In addition to an introduction, a conclusion, a bibliography and an index, the book has three parts:

  1. The History of the Concept of the Jewish Race
  2. Why Jews Are Not a Race: Thoughts of a Biologist
  3. Why Jews Are Not a Race: A Short History of the Jews

Corcos in The Myth of the Jewish Race says that “A friend asked me why I wanted to write a book on the biological myth of the Jewish race when I had just written one on the myth of human races. ‘If there are no human races,’ he said, ‘obviously there is no Jewish race." This is perfectly true, but there is a very important reason. More than fifty years after the death of Hitler, the defeat of Nazism, and the horrors of the Holocaust, the concept of a Jewish race is still alive and well in the minds of too many Jews and non-Jews. There is also a personal reason. I felt this was the only way for me to deal with the persecution that affected my childhood and which I could not forget.”

In The Myth of the Jewish Race, Corcos does his best as a biologist to destroy the false biological premises that undergird the myth of the Jewish race. For many of us it was not necessary, but for him and many others, it was.

Science / Biology / Politics / Health Policy

The Quest for Human Longevity: Science, Business, and Public Policy by Lewis D. Solomon (Transaction)

Many scientists today are working to retard the aging process in humans so as to increase both life expectancy and the quality of life. Over the past decade impressive results have been achieved in targeting the mechanisms and pathways of aging.

In The Quest for Human Longevity, Lewis D. Solomon considers these scientific studies by exploring the principal biomedical anti-aging techniques. The book considers cutting edge research on mental enhancements and assesses the scientific doubts of skeptics.

The Quest for Human Longevity is also about business. Solomon, prolific author, Theodore Rinehart Professor of Business Law at George Washington University Law School , examines eight corporations pursuing various age-related interventions, profiling their scientific founders and top executives, and examining personnel, intellectual property, and financing for each firm.

Academic scientists form the link between research and commerce. Solomon notes that the involvement of university scientists and researchers follows one of two models. The first is a traditional model in which scientists leave academia to work for a corporation or remain in academia and obtain business support for their research. The second is a modern model in which scientists use their intellectual property as a catalyst for acquiring equity interests in the firms they organize. Critics have pointed to the dangers of commercialized science, but Solomon's analysis, on balance, finds that the benefits outweigh the costs and that problems of secrecy and conflicts of interest can be addressed.

According to Solomon, the process of aging was not thought to be amenable to intervention until recently. An intense, methodical quest is now under way to turn off aging and extend life using proven science. A hunt is underway to discover the repair mechanisms that work so well during youth. If we understand these natural repair systems, we should be able to reset them or use them to repair the body as it advances in years. According to Bruce N. Ames, a noted scientist whose work is discussed in chapter 3, "Once scientists understand the mechanism [of aging], there are hundreds of ways to intervene."

Over the past decade, respected scientists achieved impressive results in their laboratories – these legitimate researchers at top-flight academic institutions see aging as subject to slowing. Some even see the possibility of reversing any age-related decline that has already occurred and restoring vitality and function, thereby combating the aging process "to achieve a perpetually youthful physiological state."' In their search, these pro-longevity scientists start with aging, targeting the mechanisms and pathways of aging, not any specific disease itself.

Scientific discoveries in the 1990s helped legitimize the field of aging genetics. By turning on or off certain genes, for example, researchers achieved success in doubling and tripling the lives of simple organisms, including yeast, fruit flies, and worms, and even more complex ones, such as mice. They even achieved an astounding six-fold increase for worms. These organisms not only put off death but also the hobbling conditions of old age. With these scientific results, one could hypothesize that human beings could live to 150 or 160 years (or even longer). Research may enable humans to slow down aging, increase the maximum lifespan, and enable people to remain vigorous longer, with a less decrepit and burdensome old age.

The Quest for Human Longevity examines four anti-aging techniques being developed by a number of businesses:

  1. Lengthening telomeres and/or actuating telomerase, to extend or stabilize the strips of DNA that cap the ends of chromosomes – Geron Corp. – Chapter 2
  2. Natural or synthetic anti-oxidants to neutralize free radicals – Juvenon, Inc. and Eukarion, Inc.  – Chapter 3
  3. Caloric restriction to duplicate the benefits of trimming food intake – BioMarker Pharmaceuticals, Inc. – Chapter 4
  4. Genetic manipulation to rearrange or alter genes to promote age-retarding genes – Elixir Pharmaceuticals, Inc. – Chapter 5

Living longer is less desirable if mental agility con­tinues to deteriorate. It may be possible that at 150, humans could have the physical and mental agility of a seventy-five-year old, and not spend the extra seventy-five years babbling in a nursing home.

Chapter 6 covers the search for memory-enhancing drugs by Helicon Therapeutics, Inc., Memory Pharmaceuticals Corp., and Cortex Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

If scientists succeed in unlocking the secrets of aging and developing drugs or therapies that will allow us to live decades longer, the consequences for society will include profound social, political, economic, and ethical questions. Solomon deals with the public policy aspects of significant life extension in the seventh and final chapter, and he looks at the conflict between those who advocate the acceptance of mortality and the partisans of life. The Quest for Human Longevity will be of interest to policymakers, sociologists, scientists, and students of business, as well as general readers interested in these compelling issues.

Social Sciences / Religion & Spirituality

The Right to Be Wrong: Ending the Culture War Over Religion in America by Kevin Seamus Hasson (Encounter Books)

It seems that the same war breaks out every December. Some angry group sues to have a nativity scene and menorah taken down from city hall, while another angry group agitates to have them put up. And it's not just holiday displays that cause this conflict – from public school curricula to zoning permits, no area of civil government seems safe from the ongoing struggle between those who say only the true faith belongs in public and those who say that no faiths do.

Who are the people behind this running battle? As Kevin Seamus Hasson explains in The Right to Be Wrong, he thinks of them as the ‘Pilgrims’ and the ‘Park Rangers.’ Pilgrims believe that their truths require them to restrict other people’s religious freedom. Park Rangers believe that their freedoms require them to make sure others' religious truths remain private. Together, these groups are responsible for the impasse over the role of religion in our public life.

The Right to Be Wrong explains why the Pilgrims and Park Rangers are both mistaken, and it offers a solution that avoids both pitfalls. The book draws its lessons from a series of stories – some old, others recent, some funny, others not. They tell of heroes and scoundrels, of riots, rabbis and reverends, founders and flakes, from the colonial period to the present. The book concludes that freedom for all of us is guaranteed by the truth about each of us: our common humanity entitles us to freedom – within broad limits – to follow what we believe to be true as our consciences say we must, even if our consciences are mistaken.

A partisan both of religious expression and personal freedom, Hasson, founder and chairman of the Becket Fund for Religious Liberty, takes readers on a tour of the American tradition in pointing the way toward a pluralism that grounds religious freedom for all in the truth about each of us.

… Hasson brings to life the people, politics and events that have led us to a seeming impasse over the role of religion in our pluralistic society. His own proposal for ending the religious culture war is so reasonable that one closes the book believing that the day may be dawning when all of us can enjoy ‘the right to be wrong.’ – Mary Ann Glendon, Learned Hand Professor of Law, Harvard University

In a manner that is informed, fresh, and marvelously accessible, Mr. Hasson guides the reader on a great adventure – out of the dark woods of judicial incoherence into the bright valley of freedom secured by truth, which is, please God, the American future. – The Reverend Richard John Neuhaus, Editor-in-Chief, First Things

In this wise and lively book, Seamus Hasson gives us an essential guide for how to retire our divisive bickering over religion in public life. He returns us to first principles in a clear, witty and remarkably persuasive way. – Rabbi Alan Mittleman, Professor of Philosophy, Jewish Theological Seminary

Readers will never look at the culture wars quite the same way after reading The Right to Be Wrong, a witty and surprisingly original book.

Social Sciences / Sociology

Mass Media, an Aging Population and the Baby Boomers by Michael L. Hilt & Jeremy H. Lipschultz (LEA's Communication Series: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers)

The baby boomer generation, born between 1946 and 1964, is heading toward their retirement years. Uses of mass media, as well as the images portrayed, are already being influenced by the demographic shift. For example, when Federal Reserve Board Chairman Alan Greenspan warned in 2004 that, in about a decade, Social Security and Medicare funding shortfalls would be driven by baby boomer retirements, the story was extensively reported in the press. Mass media coverage of aging issues is expected to expand, and scholars from a variety of fields have become interested.

Mass Media, an Aging Population and the Baby Boomers a comprehensive examination of the relationship between media and aging issues, addressing mass media theory and practice as it relates to older Americans. Reviewing current research on communication and gerontology, authors Michael Hilt and Jeremy Lipschultz focus on aging baby boomers and their experiences with television, radio, print media, entertainment, advertising and public relations, along with the Internet and new media. They draw from studies about health and sexuality to understand views of aging, and present a view of older people as important players in the political process.

The contributors include David Corbin, Professor of Health Education and Courtesy Professor of Gerontology at the University of Nebraska at Omaha; John Dillon, Professor of Journalism and Mass Communications at Murray State University in Kentucky; Hugh Reilly, Assistant Professor of Communication at the University of Nebraska at Omaha; and James Thorson, Jacob Isaacson Distinguished Professor and Chair, Department of Gerontology at University of Nebraska at Omaha. Authors Hilt, Professor and Graduate Chair and Lipschultz, Reilly Professor and Direc­tor of the School of Communication , both at the University of Nebraska at Omaha , conclude the volume by addressing trends and making predictions related to baby boomers and mass media.

Traditionally, mass media and the elderly has been an important area of study because older people have been portrayed via negative stereotypical images. Despite criticism, these portrayals persist. Mass media have tended to focus on youth culture and younger demographic age groups. These images help sell products and programming. In advertising, for example, sex is used to sell products. This represents a natural bias against the elderly. Even marketing in the area of prescription drugs for erectile dysfunction has shifted away from older people and toward baby boom­ers and younger people. Although age has always been an important variable in media use and health communication studies, there has been limited focus on the older age segment.

Mass Media, an Aging Population and the Baby Boomers examines the linkage between media and aging issues. Interpersonal communication has been the focus of previ­ous research; however, the purpose in this book is to comprehensively address mass media theory and practice as it relates to older people. Aging baby boomers are an interesting group because of their lifelong experiences with mass media, including television. They were born at the dawn of the television age. Additionally, they have come to embrace the Internet in large numbers. Beyond this, the older World Wide Web users have, in some cases, enthusiastically adopted the Internet as a source of informa­tion and a means to maintain interpersonal communication with family, friends, and interest groups.

The introductory chapter in Mass Media, an Aging Population and the Baby Boomers explains why aging baby boomers are an important area of mass media study. Chapter 2 reviews theory and research on communication and gerontology. Media images of older people may construct social realities for the public and have effects on individuals. Over long periods of time, stereotypical images may cultivate negative representations of aging. At the same time, the elderly sometimes suffer from disengagement because of declining health. Chapter 3 examines television as one replacement for interpersonal interaction. This chapter reviews the relation between broadcast news and the elderly. Chapter 4 focuses on print media. Older readers remain the most important audience for print media. However, poor eyesight among older people is one reason why they may forsake reading. Chapter 5 turns to the topic of entertainment. Because older people generally have more available free time, they use media for entertainment. Baby boomers are a distinct cultural group, which emphasizes leisure time. Media usage competes with other entertainment activities. In chapter 6, the impact of aging on ad­vertising and public relations is explored. Products and ideas targeted at older people, particularly baby boomers, are marketed with specialized campaigns that emphasize entertainment and leisure. Chapter 7 extends baby boomer media use to the Internet and new media. Older adults' use of the Internet reflects their interest in news, information, hobbies, and family. Chapter 8 draws from the studies about health and sexuality to understand views of aging. A positive view of aging may be related to life span. In chapter 9, older people are viewed as important players in the political process because of the size of the demographic group. Chapter 10 addresses trends and predictions related to baby boomers and mass media.

…Much of the text deals with such controversial questions as how dif­ferent are the baby boomers from the older (World War II generation) and the younger (‘silent generation’) cohorts? Will the baby boomers make a qualitative difference to our aging population or will they simply continue the trends of the last several generations? What are the positive aspects and opportunities of the baby boomers as well as their problems as they age?

This is a quite up-to-date book that provides the latest information on such things as television shows and their treatment of older persons, psychographics of various cohorts, research on uses of the Internet by older persons, and political issues related to aging.…In summary, this is a well-written book that will be useful to many different kinds of people – and especially to baby boomers, the face of future aging. – Erdman B. Palmore, PhD, from the Foreword

Providing a timely and insightful examination of the linkage between mass media and aging issues, Mass Media, an Aging Population and the Baby Boomers will prove a valuable resource for scholars and students in media and gerontology. It is intended for use in courses addressing such topics as mass communication and society, media and aging, media and public opinion, sociology, and social gerontology. This book may be used in undergraduate and graduate courses in communication, gerontology, sociology, and political science.

Social Sciences / Sociology

Monkeyluv: And Other Essays on Our Lives as Animals by Robert M. Sapolsky (Scribner)

Who could resist one of the most brilliant scientists of our time spilling the dirt on everything we've never thought to ask about?

When it comes to the big stuff: sex, revenge, family, love and death, are we uniquely human or just ‘aping’ our primate relatives? How much is in our genes, and why is the question of nature versus nurture quickly becoming irrelevant? Monkeyluv, the new collection of essays by Robert Sapolsky, America 's premier neurobiologist and primatologist, is full of curious, wise and clever insights into the human condition while recognizing the primate in each of us. The eighteen hilarious essays in this book let non-scientists in on the evolutionary jokes while carving out new insights on the serious subjects that have stumped philosophers for centuries.

Among the essays in Monkeyluv are surprising revelations that challenge what we thought we knew about the workings of the world. In the title essay, Monkeyluv, Sapolsky challenges the idea that nice guys (or nice baboons) finish last and shows why wooing the woman while the macho-types fight it out is a successful evolutionary strategy.

The first section, Genes and Who We Are, addresses the physiology of genes, featuring a dissertation on The 50 Most Beautiful People in the World and tackling the vital question: How did they wind up on the list? Another essay explains the invisible genetic warfare that takes place between men and women as they conceive a baby and that continues as the fetus develops. As Sapolsky, biology and neurology at Stanford University and the recipient of a MacArthur Foundation genius grant, says, "Warning: this essay does not make pleasant wedding-night reading."

The second section, Our Bodies and Who We Are, focuses on our physical natures and dwells on such diverse topics as why dreams are in fact dreamlike, why we are sexually attracted to one another, and why Alzheimer's disease tends to be a postmenopausal phenomenon. As Sapolsky writes, "Sometimes, all you need to do is think a thought and you change the functioning of virtually every cell in your body."

In The Pleasure (and Pain) of ‘Maybe’ Sapolsky gives us a front-row seat to unrequited baboon love in a troop he had been studying for twenty-five years: "Jonathan had taken one look at Rebecca and developed a god-awful male baboon crush... she'd sit down to rest in the shade...and there'd be Jonathan, trying to groom her, and getting the cold fur-covered shoulder." While it’s funny enough – and a little painful too – to think of lovelorn Jonathan chasing after Rebecca, Sapolsky relates this to larger patterns in our own behavior. How does the anticipation of possibly winning the lottery give us pleasure even when we're holding a losing ticket? What is it about ‘Maybe’ that gives us thrills?

In the third section, Society and Who We Are, Sapolsky takes his interdisciplinary curiosity out into the wilds of civilization and poses such interesting questions as: When and why do our preferences in food become fixed? Why do desert cultures tend to be monotheistic and sexually repressed, whereas rainforest cultures tend to be sexually relaxed and polytheistic? Why do different cultures think differently about dead bodies? "We are shaped by the sort of society in which we live," Sapolsky tells us, "and we would not be the same person if we had grown up elsewhere."

There are many things one might expect to find within the covers of a collection of essays by a Stanford professor of biology and neurology: a rich understanding of the complexities of human and animal life; a sensitivity to the relationship between our biological nature and our environmental context; a humility in the face of still-to-be-understood facets of the human condition. All these are in Sapolsky's new collection, along with something one might not expect: wry, witty prose that reads like the unexpected love child of a merger between Popular Science and GQ, written by an author who could be as much at home holding court at the local pub as he is in a university lab. …Each essay brings its own unexpected delight, brief enough that you can dip a toe in, yet insightful enough to encourage you to pursue the topic further (and Sapolsky helpfully appends to each essay a list of suggested further readings). – Publishers Weekly, starred review

The human animal in all its fascinating quirks of nature is showcased in this thoughtful and entertaining essay collection from America 's most beloved neurobiologist/ primatologist. Sapolsky startles us not only with his immense capacity for original thought but also his depth of empathy and humanity, once again applying his curiosity, compassion, and generous insight into the human condition to make a case for the science of behavioral biology that tells us who we are, why we are, and how we are. Charming and erudite in equal measure, Monkeyluv will appeal to the inner monkey in all of us.

Social Sciences / True Crime

American Street Gangs by Tim Delaney (Pearson Prentice Hall)

Gangs have become such a major phenomenon that their existence has become institutionalized – that is, they are now a permanent fixture of American society and students as well as many members of the general population have an increasing desire to know about street gangs. But the study of street gangs presents many obstacles, beginning with the fact that there is no agreed-upon definition of what a street gang is. Street gangs, as we know them today, have existed since the early 1800s, beginning with the Forty Thieves in New York City circa 1826. Gangs were limited primarily to the urban cities of the North and Midwest until the mid-1900s, when gangs began to expand to the cities of the West. By the 1980s, Los Angeles , the city of angels, had become known as the city of gangs. Today, there are more than 700,000 gang members in the United States and they can be found in the suburbs, rural areas, prisons, and on Native-American reservations.

American Street Gangs, written by Tim Delay, assistant professor of sociology at the State University of New York at Oswego , provides a comprehensive review of all the critical elements relevant to the growing phenomenon of gang life. It is designed to provide the necessary background material on gangs so that readers have a clear idea of the cultural and structural components of gang activity.

The primary goals of American Street Gangs are to provide a clear and comprehensive review of critical issues related to gang life; examine and assess the major theories and socioeconomic reasons why gangs exist; provide a description of all types of gangs, including small, regional, and super-sized (nations); analyze law enforcement techniques to combat the growing problem of gangs and diversion efforts to keep youths out of the gang; reveal private information about gangs in an attempt to better understand gangs; and increase readers’ general knowledge of gangs, especially the socio-psychological aspects of individual and group behavior. Chapters include:

  1. What is a Gang?
  2. A History of Gangs
  3. Theoretical Explanations of Gangs
  4. Socioeconomic Explanations of Gangs
  5. Gang Structure and Process
  6. Street Gangs: Local, Regional, and Super-Sized
  7. Female Gangs and Gang Members
  8. Criminal Activities of Street Gangs
  9. Gang Prevention, Suppression and Treatment
  10. Implications for the Future

… There are very few meaningful textbooks on gangs. American Street Gangs is breaking new ground. There is no other book that I know of that provides such a comprehensive exposition of gang dynamics and activities. – Professor John Anderson, California State University , Fullerton

This is probably the most complete and up-to-date material I have seen compiled on the subject of gangs....The information presented is accurate. – Professor Jonathan E. Cella, Central Texas College

In my opinion, the approach taken by the author is excellent. It will allow me to use just this text, rather than the normal three texts and supplementary articles I presently use. There are many texts that cover the issue of gangs, but for me, this text combines the best of each of the better books and summarizes the important issues that need to be covered in the study of gangs. The most important section in this text is the extensive coverage of the history of gangs. – Professor Morris Jenkins, University of Toledo

American Street Gangs offers a fresh and wide-ranging review of critical issues related to gang life, and it will help readers understand the complex world of street gangs. The book is intended primarily for the use of those in law enforcement and criminal justice careers as well as the sociology field.

Sports

If Football's a Religion, Why Don't We Have a Prayer? : Philadelphia , Its Faithful, and the Eternal Quest for Sports Salvation by Jere Longman (HarperCollins Publishers)

The Eagles have yet to play a game in the 2005 season and they're already off to a potentially ominous start. According to If Football's a Religion, Why Don't We Have a Prayer?, Terrell Owens, the team's flamboyant wide receiver, was recently suspended from training camp, outrageously compared his trials to those on Jesus Christ on national television, and, upon his return to the team, refused to talk to quarterback Donovan McNabb. Is it any wonder then that even the most steadfast of Eagles fans are, once again, preparing for the worst?

The last time a Philadelphia professional sports team won a championship, Ronald Reagan was in the White House and Return of the Jedi was number one at the box office. No city with all four major sports – football, basketball, baseball and hockey – has gone longer without a championship. The local NFL franchise, the Eagles, has not won a title since 1960, putting its devoted fans through decades of futility and heartbreak. As New York Times writer Jere Longman writes, "As I neared three decades as a sportswriter, what interested me most about Philadelphia was the fans. Their faith was unanswered but undying. Win or lose, they showed up, year after year, generation after generation, resigned to defeat but fierce and impatient and unshakable in their yearning."

Last season, 2004, the beleaguered Eagles finally had a shot, and the city sat poised, at long last, on the verge of sporting salvation. During the team's remarkable 2004 playoff run, Longman, the bestselling author of Among the Heroes and The Girls of Summer, followed a group of Eagle fanatics in the hope of better understanding the unique blend of anticipation and fear that takes over the city each football season. After superstar wide receiver Owens injured his ankle, the fans reacted with a peculiar blend of hope and dread, but stuck by the team. And when Owens returned for the Super Bowl, the city sat poised, at long last, on the verge of sporting salvation.

In the tradition of Fever Pitch and Rammer Jammer Yellow Hammer, and peppered with riotous anecdotes about the superfans, grandstand brawlers and football lunatics who make Philadelphia one of the most entertaining places in America to watch a game, If Football's a Religion, Why Don't We Have a Prayer? is the day-by-day account of the operatic passion of Eagle fans, as it threatens to spin out of control in the dizzying buildup to the team's first appearance in the Super Bowl since 1981. From the city's annual Wing Bowl, a near-mythological gastronomic fete in which contestants attempt to devour their weight in chicken wings, to oversize and outlandish Eagle lawn decorations, to hygiene-defying contests for playoff tickets, Eagle enthusiasm is raised to a bizarre new level. Even Pennsylvania 's governor, Ed Rendell, a season-ticket holder, gets in on the act, splitting his duties between the state house and a local sports cable channel, where he spends two hours analyzing each Eagles game.

Jere Longman has bushwhacked his way past the beer cans and barbecue into the predator-filled jungle of the Linc and brought back a story to delight sports fans of all stripes. His account of the Eagles' playoff run and Super Bowl bid is a richly reported and very funny tale of a city transfixed by football and winning, even as the latter remains ever so slightly out of reach. Fast and well aimed, Longman's writing hits you between the eyes like a snowball thrown by a heckling fan. – Warren St. John, author of Hammer Jammer Yellow Hammer: A Journey into the Heart of Fan Mania

Packing the wallop of a soggy cheese steak to the back of the head, If Football's a Religion, Why Don't We Have a Prayer? captures the anger and joy and desperation of the Philadelphia sports fan with sweat-while-you-read intensity. – Jeff Pearlman, author of The Bad Guys Won

More than a catalog of local fans' excesses and idiosyncrasies, If Football's a Religion, Why Don't We Have a Prayer? is a meditation on the powerful nature of sports and how it can affect an entire city's perception of itself. Philadelphians struggle with a reputation as a second-rate city, and Longman, a longtime resident of Philadelphia , examines how the hard-luck Eagles, with their history of wrenching defeats have become the gridiron embodiment of a city desperate for civic validation. The resulting book is the story of Philadelphia , its faithful, and the eternal quest for sports salvation, a hilarious and impassioned look at the operatic passion of Eagle fans.

Sports

The Rivalry: Bill Russell, Wilt Chamberlain, and the Golden Age of Basketball by John Taylor (Random House) highlights a time when the life of an NBA player was difficult at best and gives an accurate look at two of the greatest the league has ever had – Wilt Chamberlain and Bill Russell.

In the mid-1950s, the NBA was a mere barnstorming circuit, with outposts in such cities as Rochester , New York , and Fort Wayne , Indiana . Most of the best players were white; the set shot and layup were the sport’s chief offensive weapons. But by the 1970s, the league ruled America ’s biggest media markets; contests attracted capacity crowds and national prime-time television audiences. The game was played ‘above the rim’ – and the most marketable of its high-flying stars were black. The credit for this remarkable transformation largely goes to two giants: Bill Russell and Wilt Chamberlain.

In The Rivalry, award-winning journalist John Taylor projects the stories of Russell, Chamberlain, and other stars from the NBA’s golden age onto a backdrop of racial tensions and cultural change.

It’s hard to imagine two characters better suited to leading roles in the NBA saga: Chamberlain was cast as the athletically gifted yet mercurial titan, while Russell played the role of the stalwart centerpiece of the Boston Celtics dynasty. Taylor delves beneath these stereotypes, detailing how the two opposed and complemented each other and how they revolutionized the way the game was played and perceived by fans. Competing with and against such heroes as Jerry West, John Havlicek, and Elgin Baylor, and playing for the two greatest coaches of the era, Chamberlain and Russell propelled the NBA into the spotlight. But their off-court visibility and success – to say nothing of their candor – also inflamed passions along America ’s racial and generational fault lines. In many ways, Russell and Chamberlain helped make the NBA and America what they are today.
Filled with dramatic conflicts and some of the great moments in sports history, and building to a thrilling climax – the 1969 final series, the last showdown between Russell and Chamberlain – The Rivalry has at its core a philosophical question: Can determination and a team ethos, embodied by the ultimate team player, Bill Russell, trump sheer talent, embodied by Wilt Chamberlain?

This is a very entertaining and informative book about the men who changed the game. – Phil Jackson

Taut, well-crafted account of the fierce decade-long rivalry and odd friendship between two (literal) giants of basketball ... a book full of fine moments. Elegant, even Plimptonesque at points – top-notch sports history. – Kirkus (starred review)

…serious work of sports history, this volume compares favorably with the best works of John Feinstein and David Halberstam on sports. – Booklist (starred review)

More than an epic sports narrative, Taylor 's account of these two complex men also takes their story off the court to look at a country at a crossroads in the 1960s. The Rivalry is not only great sports writing but also an exciting narrative that will appeal to readers across the board. Gripping, insightful, this is the stuff of sporting legend. Written with a reporter's unerring command of events and a storyteller's flair, The Rivalry will take its place as one of the classic works of sports history.

Travel

Independent Travellers New Zealand: The Budget Travel Guide, 2004 edition by Christopher Rice & Melanie Rice (Independent Travellers Series: Thomas Cook Publishing)

Though only a little larger than Britain and about the same size as the state of Colorado , New Zealand offers a great variety of scenery. It's also relatively empty – the population is a mere 4 million, less than half that of London . Bearing in mind that 50 percent of New Zealand 's inhabitants live in the three cities of Auckland , Christchurch and the capital, Wellington , there's still plenty of room for visitors.

According to Melanie and Chris Rice, authors of this and many other travel guides, in Independent Travellers New Zealand, most tourists associate New Zealand with Australia , yet the two countries are as far apart as New York and Denver ; the people are different too. New Zealand com­prises two main islands, helpfully named North and South. Apart from Stewart Island , just off the southern coast, there's a scattering of dependencies across the Pacific, including the Chatham Islands , Campbell Island , Tokelau and Raoul Island in the Kermadecs, not forgetting a 414,000 square kilometre chunk of Antarctica .

Being an island country, New Zealand has a great deal of coastline, and it is also extremely mountainous. On the North Island , Ruapehu, Ngauruhoe and Tongariro are active volcanoes, while Taranaki and Rangitoto are considered dormant. The South Island too has some spectacular snow-covered peaks. The highest is Mount Cook , known to the Maoris as Aoraki, the 'Cloud Piercer'. Apart from coastline and mountain scenery, New Zealand boasts miles of pristine beaches, glacial lakes and fiords, majestic rivers and vast tracts of primeval forest and native bush. Amazingly, even today there are some isolated spots that may never have seen a human being.

Independent Travellers New Zealand, 2004 edition is a favorite with both regular and first-time backpackers wanting to tour New Zealand . Updated annually by commissioned researchers and with the help of readers, this guide offers budget options for accommodations, transportation, eating out, and sightseeing, as well as suggested routes for exploring different regions. The guide includes a web-links CD ROM with the book, offering additional information for use when planning a trip and finding out more about the destination.

The book is part of the Independent Travellers Series – with these guides readers can pick and click their way to flight deals and travel passes; they can check out exchange rates, and choose their accommodations before they go. Independent Travellers Guides include features on cities, towns, national parks and scenic areas; practical information on cars to rent, air travel and public transportation; journey plans with route maps, distances and travel timings; budget guides, where to eat, and what to see and do; plus color photographs and town and area maps.

Independent Travellers New Zealand combines expert advice with details of 33 different routes, cities and areas, each in its own self-contained chapter. The book reflects the astonishing variety of scenery to be encountered in New Zealand and the range of activi­ties available. The chapters vary in approach, each bringing out the best ways to see and enjoy that part of the country. Of the route chapters, some recommend particularly scenic rail journeys, flights, four-wheel-drive tracks and boat trips around the coastal areas. Most of the roads selected are covered by New Zealand 's excellent bus networks.

As well as giving clear driving instructions and public transport details, each route chapter suggests touring bases and describes the most important attractions in detail. The remaining chapters feature cities or attractions considered worthy of a longer stay. Each has detailed information on how to get there, getting around by local transport and how to make best use of time. All chapters offer suggestions for budget-friendly accommodation and places to eat as well as how to find local entertainment highlights.

Most chapters are accompanied by a map, showing the route or city or area, and the stops en route are described in the text. Each also has a route description and a summary of ways to get there in the form of a table showing bus and train schedules and a list of driving and public transport approaches. Throughout Independent Travellers New Zealand readers will see notes and tips in the margins. These provide added information and suggest places to stop en route. There are also day-trips from the main destination and details of boat trips, walking tours and other activities.

Clearly set out and with a mass of practical information and tips to make the most of your money and time. – The Lady ( UK )

Independent Travellers New Zealand cuts through the mountains of surplus information available to travelers and present only the most relevant, useful and interesting facts, tips and advice.

Women’s Studies / Social Sciences

The U.S. Women's Movement in Global Perspective edited by Lee Ann Banaszak (People, Passions, and Power Series: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.)

From the grassroots to the global, the significance of the U.S. women's movement in the international arena cannot be denied. At the same time, the way in which international feminism has developed – in Asia , in Latin America , in Europe – has altered and expanded the landscape of the U.S. women's movement forever.

Author Lee Ann Banaszak, associate professor of political science and women's studies at The Pennsylvania State University, describes how the students in her women and politics class “are always fascinated with the topic of the women's movement in the United States and elsewhere. They know little about this piece of their own history, and what they do know is at best half-truths and vague ideas that confuse the women's movement with the rest of the sixties. They are surprised at the diversity of women's movements around the world and also at how issues, problems, and experiences seem to be repeated in very different cultural contexts.”

Because of the way she has had to cobble together readings from various sources for her classes, Banaszak found herself motivated to pull together The U.S. Women's Movement in Global Perspective in order to unite the discussions on women's movements in the United States with analyses of women's movements in other countries. Through the volume she develops theoretical understandings of the U.S. women's movement, moving beyond the descriptive to analyze questions of why women's movements developed as they did in comparison both to other women's movements and to previous periods.

The book represents a balance between works on the women's movement in the United States (Part I) and pieces that compare the U.S. women's movement to other movements (Part II). Banaszak chose the pieces that went into Part II by giving preference to authors who made comparisons across the usual regional boundaries that divide comparative scholars. Although her own research has focused on Western Europe and North America , she looked specifically for scholars who could draw new insights through comparisons from Latin America , Asia , and post-communist countries. This different systems approach highlights both the commonalities in causal pathways across all women's movements (such as the importance of international networks of support) as well as the various ways important factors manifest themselves in different cultures or political systems. Contributors include Lisa Baldez, Maryann Barakso, Jo Freeman, Joyce Gelb, David S. Meyer, Celeste Montoya Kirk, Carol Nechemias, Jo Reger, Belinda Robnett, Deana A. Rohlinger, Barbara Ryan, Suzanne Staggenborg, and Nancy Whittier.

The U.S. Women's Movement in Global Perspective is an ambitious volume bringing together original essays on the U.S. women's movement with analyses of women's movements in other countries around the world. Many of the pieces in the book provide a feminist perspective on the na­ture of patriarchy and gender in society and how women's movements both exist in that context and seek to overcome it. The volume contributes to our understanding of the gendered processes and in­stitutions in which politics occurs.

A comparative perspective and a common theme – feminism in social movement action – unite these voices in a way that will excite students and inspire further research.

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Guide to This Issue

Contents: Digital Photography, Women in the U.S. Senate, Comparing the Visual Arts, Autobiography: Story of a Congenital Amputee Who Became a Champion in Wrestling and in Life, Life of Johnny Cash, Business: Marketing to the U.S. Hispanic Market, Marketing to the Hip-Hop Generation, Coaching, How to Get Rich Republican Style, Children’s: Bible for Tots, China in Pictures, Voting for Grade-schoolers, The Magic of Kendra Kandlestar, Food: New Era of Vegetarian Cooking, Roman Cuisine, Entertainment: Billy Crystal's 700 Sundays, Nontraditional Families in television series Buffy and Angel, Health, Mind & Body: Treating Depression, Human Emotion, Christian Guide to Herbs, Vitamins, and Supplements, Dating After 50, Knowing Your Breast, Muscle Physiology, Guyton and Hall Physiology Review, History: The Myth of La Malinche, History's Worst Decisions and the People Who Made Them, Who's German? The U-Boat Torpedoing of the SS City of Benares and the Children who Survived , A History of American Election Fraud, American Christmas Traditions, Mourning our Pets, Literature: A New Translation of Jorge Luis Borges's The Book of Imaginary Beings, Macedonio Fernández and the Argentine Avant-garde,  Hemingway's Last Safari, Mysteries: Walter Mosley's Easy Rawlins Mystery Cinnamon Kiss, Archer Mayor's Joe Gunther Mystery St. Albans Fire,  Environment: Buildings for Nature Politics: A History of Political Thought, The U.S. Women's Movement in Global Perspective, Religion: Understanding the Religions of the World, The Historical Jesus, and Atonement Theory, Debating the Nature of Women's Roles in the Early Church, Sacred Trees, No Jewish Race, Religion Culture Wars, Science: Long Life? Growing Old, Human Life as Animals, Street Gangs, Sports: Football Religion, Bill Russell, Wilt Chamberlain, and the Golden Age of Basketball, Travel: Visiting New Zealand