SirReadaLot.org

SirReadaLot.org


We Review the Best of the Latest Books

ISSN 1934-6557

September 2005, Issue #77

Guide to This Issue

Issue Contents:  Art: Virtual Touring Italy, Rethinking Design, French Style, A History of Western Architecture, Small Boatbuilding, Fiction: Suspense: Patriot Shenanigans, An Alternative WWII, Novel: Coming-of-Age in Civic Dissolution, Science Fiction: Posthumanity in Technological Morphing, The Franciscan Conspiracy Religion & Spirituality: Evidence of Life Beyond the Grave, Entertainment: Crossword Obsession, Movie Songs1934-1958, Boogaloo, a dance like the Jitterbug, Travel: Hiking in Ontario, Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware Breweries, Biography: Buffalo Bill, The Life of Edward de Vere, A Shakespeare Contender? Charles Colson, A Man of Many Seasons, Business & Investing: New Job Scams, Developing Staff, Business Law, Children: An Inventions Alphabet , Jim Morrison for Kids, How to Be a Medieval Knight, The Native Experience in Books for Children, Life of Leslie Marmon Silko, Nature as Spiritual Teacher,  Education: Politics and Education Linked, Master the GED, Alternative Medicine: Facial Diagnosis of Cell Salt Deficiencies, Psychology as Virtue, Addiction, Assessment, and Treatment with Adolescents, Adults, and Families, A Guide to Pre-Death Dreams and Visions, Tai Chi to Awaken  Natural Balance and Rhythm, Judo, History: A Modern View of Warfare, Fritz Haber, the Nobel Laureate Who Launched the Age of Chemical Warfare, A New History of Waterloo,  Brief History of the Manistique and Lake Superior Railroad, Home & Garden: Bovine Collectibles, New Country Houses, At Home in Maine: Houses Designed to Fit the Land, Medicine: Ethical Health Care Ethics: Universal Human Rights, On Going Media Censorship, Religion: Christ in the Light of Mary of Magdala, Engaging Stanley Hauerwas Religious Ethics, Exploring Theology in the Writings of Dorothy L. Sayers, Polytheism in the Hebrew Bible, Science: The Life and Times of the Telescope, A Study of the Biology of Women

 Arts & Photography / Architecture / Travel

Dreaming of Italy: Las Vegas and the Virtual Grand Tour by Giovanna Franci, photography by Federico Zignani (University of Nevada Press )

For centuries, foreign visitors have been drawn to Italy: the Roman ruins of the capital, the hill towns of Tuscany and Umbria, the scenic villages of Lake Como, the canals and palazzi of Venice. The overwhelming charm of Italy’s enchanting combination of history, art, and landscape still bewitches travelers. And today, as Las Vegas reinvents itself yet again as an urban theme park dedicated to the pursuit of adult fun and pleasure, the inspiration for some of its most elegant casino resorts comes directly from the great cultural monuments of the Italian past.

Dreaming of Italy examines the transformations Las Vegas has experienced from a city dedicated to gambling, to a city theme-park, to what is now a popular tourism destination, and, finally, to a laboratory of contemporary architectural design. In this book, Giovanna Franci compares three Las Vegas Italian-themed resorts – Caesars Palace, Bellagio, and The Venetian – to their Italian counterparts: the ancient Forum of the Caesars, the Lake Como resort town of Bellagio, and Venice, jewel of the Adriatic. Franci, professor of English and American Literature at the University of Bologna, not only examines architectural format and decorative details but considers how the mystique of these Italian sites has been transplanted to the Nevada desert. Franci addresses the compelling phenomena of modern mass tourism and postmodern travelers to whom the distinction between the ‘real’ and the ‘fake’ is often far less important than the appeal of a destination that allows a visitor to make a ‘virtual Grand Tour’ within the confines of a single city.

Franci shows how the builders of these three casinos use architectural language to unite the themes and functions of American consumer culture with the romantic mythology of some of the world’s oases of pleasure. In this context, Las Vegas emerges as far more than a popular tourist icon; it is the first urban spectacle of the postmodern world, a chameleon-like city continuously reinventing itself to offer visitors an array of experiences, sensations, and hedonistic delights.

The Grand Tour is a crucial episode in the grain of Western culture. This wonderful book juxtaposes the ancient traveling to Italy with the modern phenomenon of Italian-themed resorts in Las Vegas, while the splendid photographs by Federico Zignani visually evoke new and old landscapes of desire. – Harold Bloom, Yale University

According to Robert Venturi, Las Vegas is a city of messages, a city of signs, a city unlike any other. It does not communicate in order to function: it functions in order to communicate. In this book, text and images shrewdly analyze the shift from sign to theme in the after-Venturi architectural mode. – Umberto Eco, Università di Bologna

In Dreaming of Italy, Franci’s perceptive commentary offers unique insight into the trends and intentions behind recent development in Las Vegas. And Federico Zignani’s dazzling photographs bring to life the details and ambiance of both the lavish Las Vegas resorts and their Italian inspirations.

Arts & Photography / Graphic Design / Architecture

Emotionally Durable Design: Objects, Experiences and Empathy by Jonathan Chapman (Earthscan)

Einstein once stated that a problem could not be solved from within the mindset that created it. Indeed, fresh thinking is imperative if we are to successfully transcend current working methods and stride forth into new commercial territories. Emotionally Durable Design reframes the environmental paradigm, increasing resource productivity and reducing waste by elongating the lifespan of products. In this provocative text, Jonathan Chapman, Senior Lecturer in Three Dimensional Design at the University of Brighton and founder of sustainable design and research company Safehouse Creative, proposes a radical design about-face to reduce the impact of modern consumption without compromising commercial viability or creative edge, empowering alternative modes of consumption through provocative genres of objects that expand our experience of daily life, rather than closing it down through endless cycles of desire and disappointment. Emotionally Durable Design does not propose a sweeping overhaul of the entire designed world. Instead, it espouses the emergence of a specialist design genre that caters to deeper, more profound and poetic human needs, taking users beyond the ephemeral world of technocentric design toward a rich, interactive domain of emotionally durable objects and experiences.

Chapman explores the essential question, why do users discard products that still work? The book transports readers beyond symptom-focused approaches to sustainable design such as design for recycling, biodegradability and disassembly, to address the actual causes that underpin the environmental crisis we face. Emotionally Durable Design is an exploration into product lifetimes; belonging to the growing knowledge field of sustainable design, the book essentially embarks upon an investigation into why users dispose of products that still work, while providing designers from a range of creative disciplines with a toolbox of inspiring strategies to extend product life, interlaced with insightful critiques of the motivational drivers that underpin the human consumption and waste of goods. Emotionally Durable Design is not a moralizing tale, nor does it claim to present any singular universal truth. Rather, like a much needed food parcel strategically dropped into a defined region of growing concern, this research delivers timely reappraisal of both economic and environmental sustainability in a destructive age of transient design, consumption and grossly misplaced sustainable agendas.

The result is a revealing exploration of consumer psychology and the deep motivations that fuel the human condition, and a rich resource of creative strategies and practical tools that will enable designers from a range of disciplines to explore new ways of thinking and of designing objects capable of supporting deeper relationships with their users. This is fresh thinking for a brave new world of creative, durable and sustainable products, buildings, spaces and designed experiences. The book is a call to arms for professionals, students and academic creatives; proposing the emergence of a new genre of sustainable design that reduces consumption and waste by increasing the durability of relationships established between users and products.

Arts & Photography / Fashion / History

The Essence of Style: How the French Invented High Fashion, Fine Food, Chic Cafes, Style, Sophistication, and Glamour by Joan DeJean (Free Press)

What makes fashionist as willing to pay a small fortune for a particular designer accessory – a luxe handbag, for example? Why is it that people all over the world share the conviction that a special occasion only becomes really special when a champagne cork pops – and even more special when that cork comes from a bottle of Dom Pérignon? Why are diamonds the status symbol gemstone, instantly signifying wealth, power, and even emotional commitment?

One of the foremost authorities on seventeenth-century French culture provides the answer to these and other fascinating questions in her account of how, at one glittering moment in history, the French under Louis XIV set the standards of sophistication, style, and glamour that still rule our lives today.  Joan DeJean takes readers back to mid-1600s France to explain how all that we now consider the ultimate in sophistication originated in France during the reign of Louis XIV, the king who consciously turned Paris into the most talked about and emulated city in the Western world. DeJean in The Essence of Style explains how a handsome and charismatic young king with a great sense of style and an even greater sense of history decided to make both himself and his country legendary by making France a mercantile superpower that would stand out from all its European rivals.

DeJean takes us back to the birth of haute cuisine, the first appearance of celebrity hairdressers, chic cafes, nightlife, and fashion in elegant dress that extended well beyond the limited confines of court circles. And Paris was the magical center – the destination of travelers all across Europe. DeJean tells the story of the birth of everything from chic boutiques and trendy cafes, to celebrity chefs and celebrity hairstylists. Some of the achievements she details are:

  • Modern day shopping: Before Louis XIV's reign shops were mere storehouses where shoppers purchased their wares through a window from the street without ever entering. Now they shopped in elegantly decorated interiors where a dazzling selection of goods was artfully displayed.
  • Fine Cuisine: The first modern cookbooks promoted a new doctrine: use only the freshest ingredients and prepare them according to newly codified techniques. They convinced the world that the only cuisine worthy of the name was French.
  • Fashion seasons: In 1678, fashionistas first learned that they absolutely had to wear certain new styles, colors, and fabrics and that the styles, colors, and fabrics from 1677 were completely passé.
  • Street lighting: Paris was the first city in the world to illuminate its streets after dark on a permanent basis. This then led to the trends of dining out and shopping after dark.
  • Tourism industry: All of the above transformations brought tourists from all over Europe to Paris, creating the first modern tourism industry. In the late 1600s the original modern guidebooks (which included where to stay, where to eat, and where to shop) were also published in France.

As the author observes, without the Sun King's program for redefining France as the land of luxury and glamour, there might never have been a Stork Club, a Bergdorf Goodman, a Chez Panisse, or a Cristophe of Beverly Hills – and President Clinton would never have dreamed of holding Air Force One on the tarmac of LAX for an hour while Cristophe worked his styling genius on the president's hair.

Not only do French women not get fat, they've led the world in style for the past 300 years. French historian DeJean's premise is simple yet wonderfully effective: largely because of one obsessive spendthrift, Louis XIV, France, in the late 17th century, became the arbiter of chic, a position from which it has never since faltered. … Louis was enthralled by glitter, which fostered a huge increase in the diamond trade; the theft of the Venetians' mirror-making secrets and subsequent rise of France as world leader in that field; and the first night streetlights (hence the "City of Lights"). Louis also abhorred mud (so streets were paved with cobblestones) and disliked getting wet (thus umbrellas were invented). This engaging history ‘lite’ – to be published on Bastille Day – is a fun read despite its many Sex in the City references. – Alice Martell, Publishers Weekly
The Essence of Style is about what its author calls "the most crucial period ever in the history of elegance, élan, and luxury goods." … Precisely where all of this fits in the larger scheme of things is not entirely clear, apart from the obvious economic benefits to France, tourism among them. Certainly, though, The Essence of Style is a useful reminder that every once in a while the now-repudiated Great Man theory of history is absolutely correct: The Sun King was indeed a Great Man, and – no matter how one feels about fashionistas and other frivolities – the magnitude of his legacy cannot be denied. – The Washington Post's Book World
The first hairdresser, the first celebrity chef, and the first bubbly. The list is almost endless. … An unusual and delightfully educational perspective on snob appeal. – Barbara Jacobs, Booklist
A most readable and civilized book that reveals, in fascinating detail, some of the reasons for the French superiority complex. – Peter Mayle, author of A Year in Provence

The Essence of Style takes readers on a trip back to a time when all things cultural and fashionable were excitingly new. Written with wit, dash, and élan by an author who knows this true story better than virtually anyone – DeJean shares her time between Philadelphia and Paris The Essence of Style will delight fans of history and everybody who wonders about the elusive definition of good taste. It is a must read for anyone who loves fashion, food, traveling, antiques, diamonds, perfume, history or anything French.

Audio / Mysteries & Thrillers

Cold Hit: A Shane Scully Novel: Abridged Audio CD, 5 hours, 4 CDs by Stephen J. Cannell, narrated by Scott Brick (Audio Renaissance Audiobook)

What if, under the USA patriot act, federal bureaucrats could take murder cases away from local cops – then bury those cases so they're never investigated again?

What if government agents could bug one’s home, car, place of business – one/s entire life – with nothing more than spoken permission from a secret panel of judges?

What if the Department of Homeland Security could pull police officers off the street and hold them in cells indefinitely as material witnesses – because they're working on ‘sensitive’ investigations? These questions are explored in Cold Hit written by the Edgar and Emmy award-winner Stephen J. Cannel, who, in his thirty-five year career, has created over 40 TV series. The audio is read by audio-award-winner Scott Brick.

In Cold Hit, Detective Shane Scully suspects that Robert Allen Virtue, the regional boss of the Department of Homeland Security, is thwarting a major murder investigation. But why?

Shane and his partner are investigating the Fingertip Killer, a serial murderer preying on homeless Vietnam vets in Los Angeles. Every two weeks he strikes: he beats his victims, then shoots them in the back of the head. Once they’re dead, he cuts off their fingertips, closes their eyes, and tosses them in the river. The latest killing, however, does not quite fit the pattern. It appears to be the work of the Fingertip Killer, but Scully suspects an elaborate copycat murder meant to hide a criminal conspiracy.

A bullet taken from one victim's skull matches the bullet that killed anoth­er man ten years earlier. An unexpected ballistics match that links one unsolved case to another is what police call a ‘cold hit.’ When the previous victim turns out to have been an LAPD cop, the investigation becomes personal for Shane. But there's a problem: Robert Allen Virtue wants him taken off of it. Scully teams up with his wife and boss, Alexa, and a pair of tough cops from the LAPD’s anti-terrorism squad. To solve the cop's murder, and possibly the Fingertip Killer case, Scully goes behind the powerful bureaucrat's back and into deep undercover – where he begins unraveling a deadly, far-reaching conspiracy that threatens to destroy everything he loves: his career, his freedom, and his family.

In his new outing, L.A. homicide detective Shane Scully has too many things to deal with. … In Scully, [Cannell] has created one of the genre's most interestingly conflicted characters, …Cannell's writing keeps improving, too; fans of the Scully series will note both an added depth and a new stylistic panache in this installment. With every book, Cannell moves closer to joining crime fiction's A-Team. – David Pitt, Booklist
Scott Brick’s reading is the latest in a string of superb performances. Brick’s ability to inject irony and wit into the novel adds to his performance, particularly because his sense of timing is impeccable... Brick is Scully and always should be. – AudioFile on Vertical Coffin

Cannell’s brand of thriller is served straight up and he knows how to cut to the chase. – The New York Times

Cannell delivers non-stop action and intrigue in Cold Hit, the latest installment of his New York Times bestselling Shane Scully series.

Audio / Mysteries & Thrillers

Double Cross Blind, Audio CD, 6 hours, 5 CDs by Joel N. Ross, narrated by Hunter Graham (Random House Audio)

This debut novel by Joel N. Ross, writer and English teacher, narrated by Hunter Graham, was inspired by Ross’s father and five uncles’ service in World War II and incorporates some details from their service in the plot. Double Cross Blind is another of those what if…things had gone differently… novels based on the major facts of World War II.
It is seven days before the Japanese attack Pearl Harbor – days that are numbered for Sondegger, a Nazi spy captured in London while on a mission to take down the Twenty Committee, a German network of spies the British have turned.
For American Tom Wall, the days have run together as he awakens to find himself locked in a British military asylum. Wounded and shell-shocked, all he knows is that his brother, Earl, betrayed his unit in Crete, causing one of the bloodiest massacres of the war.
MI5 releases Tom by way of a bargain – pretend to be Earl and convince Sondegger to reveal how and where he has arranged to transmit his intelligence to Germany – fail, and spend the rest of the war in jail. Succeed, and Tom, though still considered a danger to himself, will be allowed to leave the hospital to find Earl – who may well be a Nazi informant.
But Sondegger proves himself to be a formidable opponent. Even as he surrendered himself to the British, he knew the Japanese fleet had sailed for Pearl Harbor. The question is: Who will gain more if the Allies prevent the attack? Sondegger, MI5, the OSS, Tom, and Earl’s wife, Harriet, all have different answers. Unable to trust anyone, Tom attempts to save the Twenty Committee and stop the attack on Pearl Harbor as the clock counts down.

This debut thriller joins a long list of espionage novels that use what-might-have-happened scenarios regarding the signature events of World War II … So begins a dizzying cat-and-mouse game in which switches and double switches abound, and the allegiances of all the principals are never clear until the end. Ross' grasp of the political dynamics behind Pearl Harbor gives the novel an extra dimension, despite his only limited success at building full-bodied characters. Still, a solid debut of definite interest to WWII espionage fans. – Bill Ott, Booklist

Masterfully told, Double Cross Blind is a superb WWII thriller. It is haunting and unforgettable. – Patricia Cornwell

Intelligent, fresh, exhilarating. A new career is launched. – Daniel Silva

In his debut, Ross combines political insights with the high stakes and fast pace of classic espionage fiction, and he delivers what others have not in more than a decade – a Nazi spy novel that readers will not be able to put down. The audio is convincingly narrated by Holter Graham, stage, television and screen actor.

Audio / Religion & Spirituality

Forever Ours: Real Stories of Immortality and Living from a Forensic Pathologist, unabridged, 4 CDs, running time 4 hours by Janis Amatuzio (New World Library)

Forever Ours: Real Stories of Immortality and Living from a Forensic Pathologist by Janis Amatuzio (New World Library)

Written by a scientist in approachable, nonjudgmental language for anyone who has lost someone they love, Forever Ours offers stories that can't be explained in purely physical terms.

Forensic pathologist Janis Amatuzio, County Coroner in Minnesota and Wisconsin, first began recording the stories told to her by patients, police officers, and other doctors because she felt that no one spoke for the dead. She believed the real experience of death – namely, the spiritual and otherworldly experiences of those near death and their loved ones – was ignored by the medical professionals, who thought of death as simply the cessation of breath. From the first experience of a patient in her care dying to the miraculous ‘appearances’ of loved ones after death, she began recording these experiences. 

Over the years, several of those ‘left behind’ shared a certain intimacy with Amatuzio through the death of their loved ones and they have revealed to her extremely personal accounts of visions and synchronicities surrounding those deaths. For example, one woman reflects on the night when she was fast asleep, and was suddenly awakened by a very real visit from her husband, who died just moments before in a tragic car accident. He tells her that he loves her and where his body is located relative to the car he was thrown from on a desolate highway. Her 911 call to the police leads them to his body within 40 minutes.

Here is a doctor with a heart. Her book brings tears to my eyes and joy to my heart and that is what life is about. Though pathology is her specialty, life is her teacher. Read and learn about life and the gifts of our mortality. – Bernie Siegel, MD author Love, Medicine & Miracles

As a forensic pathologist, Dr. Janis Amatuzio looks death in the eye every day, and she has come away from this confrontation with a message of promise and hope. ... a stark contrast to the dismal pronouncements of modern science that death is the end of everything. Forever Ours is the only book I know that finds buoyant, optimistic meaning in the morgue. – Larry Dossey, M.D., author, Healing Beyond the Body

In years of broadcast interviews few authors have written material with such universal meaning and healing content as you have. – Brad Walton, WCCO Radio

Amatuzio explores the mysterious realms of visions, experiences and communications by families at the threshold of the death of their loved ones. These unforgettable stories, never documented in autopsy reports, offer readers' profound lessons on living. A passionate storyteller, Amatuzio weaves her own life experience among the true-life stories she has collected, creating a stunning tapestry of threads of love and hope. Forever Ours leaves readers comforted and hopeful about the continuum of life and death.

Biographies & Memoirs / Entertainments

Crossworld: One Man's Journey into America's Crossword Obsession by Marc Romano (Broadway Books)

Sixty-four million people do it at least once a week. Nabokov wrote about it. Bill Clinton even did it in the White House.

The crossword puzzle has arguably been our national obsession since its birth almost a century ago. Now, in Crossworld, writer, translator, and lifelong puzzler Marc Romano goes where no Number 2 pencil has gone before, as he delves into the minds of the world’s cleverest crossword creators and puzzlers, and sets out on his own quest to join their ranks.
While covering the American Crossword Puzzle Tournament for the Boston Globe, Romano was amazed by the skill of the competitors and astonished by the cast of characters he came across – like Will Shortz, beloved editor of the New York Times puzzle and the only academically accredited ‘enigmatologist’ (puzzle scholar); Stanley Newman, Newsday’s puzzle editor and the fastest solver in the world; and Brendan Emmett Quigley, the wickedly gifted puzzle constructer and the Virgil to Marc’s Dante in his travels through the crossword inferno.
Chronicling his own journey into the world of puzzling – even providing tips on how to improve crosswording skills – Romano, former staffer at the New York Review of Books – tells the story of crosswords and word puzzles themselves, and of the colorful people who make them, solve them, and occasionally become consumed by them.
But saying Crossworld is a book about puzzles tells only half the story. It is also an explanation into what crosswords tell us about ourselves – about the world we live in, the cultures that nurture us, and the different ways we think and learn.

With wit and verve, puzzle devotee Romano offers a bird's-eye view of the arena of crossword addicts, combining basic information with engaging anecdotes about those who populate this intense, competitive corner of the universe. … Clearly infatuated with his hobby, Romano claims, not entirely tongue-in-cheek, that solving crosswords can help make you into a ‘better, more informed, fairer, and more tolerant person.’ – Publishers Weekly

Finally a book about crosswords that's as intelligent, literate, and funny as the puzzles and people it covers. Thoroughly entertaining. – Will Shortz, Crossword Editor, New York Times

For those readers who are puzzlers, Crossworld will enthrall. But for those readers have no idea why their spouses spend so much time filling letters into little white squares, Crossworld will explain all – and with luck, save their marriages.

Biographies & Memoirs / Historical

From Prairie to Palace: The Lost Biography of Buffalo Bill by John M. Burke, edited by Tim Connor, with an introduction by Jason Berger (Marquette Books)

In 1893, John M. Burke wrote a biography of Gen. William F. Cody titled, ‘Buffalo Bill’ from Prairie to Palace. The book wasn’t the first or last biography of the famous cowboy-turned-showman, but it was the first book-length biography written by a public relations practitioner. Burke was Cody’s promotions manager and press agent.

Although historians credit Burke with turning Cody into the legendary ‘Buffalo Bill,’ the book Burke wrote has often been ignored or overlooked by historians of the ‘Wild West.’ In fact, public relations scholar and assistant professor Jason Berger has found that only one of four major biographies about Cody cites Burke’s book.

Berger, who writes the introduction to From Prairie to Palace, speculates that Burke’s book has been overlooked partly because the original has not been widely available. Indeed, a survey of major public libraries in the United States has found that only a handful of them have a copy, and many of those copies are too fragile for public use.

Edited by Tim Connor is an investigative reporter, this reprint, which also includes two news stories published about the Wild West show in 1895, is offered to help remedy that shortage. In the introduction, Berger points out that Burke – although controversial and often accused of distorting facts – was a genius when it came to marketing and public relations. As such, From Prairie to Palace is useful not just to historians, but also to public relations practitioners and student of popular culture, who are still trying to understand the ‘Buffalo Bill phenomenon’ and its impact on field of public relations.

Biographies & Memoirs / Historical

“Shakespeare” by Another Name: A Biography of Edward de Vere, Earl of Oxford, the Man Who Was Shakespeare by Mark Anderson (Gotham Books)

From the soaring soliloquies of Hamlet to the sensual imagery of the ‘Eighteenth Sonnet,’ the plays and poems of William Shakespeare have captivated the world from their first printings in the late sixteenth century. But in the centuries since the death of the man conventionally assumed to be the author of these immortal works – William Shakspere of Stratford, an actor and entrepreneur who had little education, never left England, and left behind not a single book or page from his pen – more and more questions have arisen about the true identity of their creator. Such prominent literary figures as Walt Whitman and Mark Twain have argued that the actor Shakspere was not, in fact, the author. In recent decades, increasing attention has focused on the Elizabethan court playwright Edward de Vere, Earl of Oxford, of whom filmmaker and acclaimed Shakespearean dramatist Orson Welles once said, "I think Oxford wrote Shakespeare. If you don't, there are some awful funny coincidences to explain away."

Now, in “Shakespeare” by Another Name, journalist Mark Anderson creates an unforgettable portrait of de Vere, a prominent courtier and quintessential Renaissance man, a scholar, spendthrift, scoundrel, cosmopolitan traveler, military adventurer, artistic patron, and prolific ghostwriter. Weaving together a wealth of evidence uncovered over ten years of research, Anderson brings to life this ingenious and sometimes reckless figure.

Weaving together a wealth of evidence uncovered in ten years of research, Anderson in “Shakespeare” by Another Name brings to life a colorful figure whose biography presents countless mirror images of the works of Shakespeare. De Vere lived in Venice during his twenties – racking up debt with the city’s money-lenders (Merchant of Venice); his notorious jealousy of his first wife spawned both self-critical works (Othello, The Winter’s Tale) and self-mocking japes (The Comedy of Errors); an extramarital affair led to courtly disgrace (Much Ado About Nothing) as well as street fighting between his supporters and rivals (Romeo and Juliet). Anderson contends that the only way de Vere’s compromising works – including political satire and brutally honest portraits of the powerful elite at Queen Elizabeth I’s court – could ever be published was under another man’s name. That name was "William Shakespeare."

“Shakespeare” by Another Name is a wake-up call. The wealth of new and revelatory corroborative evidence in this biography fleshes out Edward de Vere, seventeenth Earl of Oxford, as the man behind the plays of Shakespeare, and as the story unfolds, the background to some of Shakespeare's most important plays springs into life. Mark Anderson's book will be a galvanizing force for actors and theatre people with its richly nourishing and illuminating information. No biography of the Stratford man is as persuasive. – Kristin Linklater, professor of theatre arts, Columbia University and cofounder of Shakespeare & Company, Lenox, Massachusetts

Without exaggeration, this is the most important Shakespeare biography of the past 400 years. Mark Anderson brings Shakespeare out of biographical limbo and, in fully documented and convincing detail, shows who he was, how he fit into his time, and how he became the genius of our culture. This will be a hotly debated book, and doubtless no one will agree with all its conclusions; but anyone who claims to have a serious interest in Shakespeare must read Mark Anderson. – Sarah Smith, author of Chasing Shakespeares

This book, with fascinating specificity, suits ‘the action to the word, the word to the action.’ Innumerable instances of de Vere's experiences, his relationships, his travels, and his unusual circumstances find expression in his plays and poems. “Shakespeare” by Another Name is one of the very best whodunits you will ever read. – Sir Derek Jacobi, acclaimed Shakespearean actor
… The earl's inconvenient death in 1604, however, requires Anderson to explain away all contemporary references in the last phase of Shakespeare's output with the same vehemence with which he found earlier coded identifications. The anti-Stratford movement currently favors the Oxfordians, who will eat this up; others will find it hard to swallow. – Publishers Weekly

Insightful and compelling, “Shakespeare” by Another Name is a voyage into the Elizabethan age and the secret history of the immortal bard's masterpieces. Anderson’s page-turning and groundbreaking biography offers tantalizing evidence that it was the 17th Earl of Oxford, who actually created this timeless body of work. The book is a triumph of literary detective work: the first popular biography of the adventurous Elizabethan earl whose life and letters indicate that he may very well have been the true author of the works of Shakespeare.

Biographies & Memoirs / Religion & Spirituality / Politics

Charles W. Colson: A Life Redeemed by Jonathan Aitken (WaterBrook Press)

Charles Colson is often described as a man of extremes. His involvement in the Watergate conspiracy led him to prison – and then to a life-changing encounter with God. Once the second‑most-hated man in America (after Richard Nixon), he now known as a defender of Christian faith and values. Born Again, his account of his conversion, has sold millions of copies, and the ministry he founded, the $50-million-a-year Prison Fellowship, is one of the most productive Christian organizations in the country.

More than thirty years after his spectacular fall from grace, Colson's life has turned full circle. He is a nationally known Christian leader, broadcaster, and best-selling author. Amazingly, he is once again an influential voice in presidential politics, enjoying regular access to the White House, with close ties to President George W. Bush and old friends such as Dick Cheney and Donald Rumsfeld. Few figures in contemporary society have in their lives stirred up greater passions, negative and positive, secular and spiritual.

Jonathan Aitken's biography, Charles W. Colson, seeks to shed new light on Colson's conversion, his prison sentence, and his creation in the late 1970s of a prison ministry based on his own incarceration.

Aitken, the British author of the award-winning biography Nixon: A Life, is the first biographer to be given complete access to Colson's private archives and personal papers. From these, and from his knowledge of Colson and his circle for some seventeen years, Aiken has written Charles W. Colson. Not so incidentally, Aiken’s story is not unlike Colson’s; his political career as a British cabinet member ended in 1999 when he served a seven-month prison term for perjury in a civil case.

… Aitken's prose, usually lively, sometimes turns breathless. At times Aitken's obvious admiration for his subject leads him to downplay Colson's critics, including the disaffected associates he has left behind in his ministry career. But if this falls short of the definitive critical biography, it is still a compelling portrait of a flawed but faithful man. – Publishers Weekly
… Colson seeks through his Prison Fellowship to redeem not only himself but others who have fallen from grace. Therein lies the reason to read this book: the story of helping others to help themselves perhaps cannot be told often enough. – Donna Chavez, Booklist

Rich in detail, Charles W. Colson looks at Colson's life and vocation and analyzes his role in current affairs and matters of faith. Aitken has crafted a revealing portrait of this complex and colorful man.

Business & Investing / Economics / Politics

The Great American Jobs Scam: Corporate Tax Dodging and the Myth of Job Creation by Greg LeRoy, with a foreword by William Greider (BK Currents Series: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc.)

It's an all-too-familiar story: a large company is in the news, promising to move in or expand operations and create good paying jobs, or threatening to leave and lay off workers. According to Greg LeRoy in The Great American Jobs Scam, in each case, the price demanded is huge tax breaks and other subsidies from state and local governments.

Playing states and communities off against each other in a bidding war for jobs, corporations reduce their taxes to next-to-nothing and win subsidy packages that routinely exceed $100,000 per job. But the subsidies come with few strings attached, so companies feel free to provide fewer jobs, or none at all, or even outsource and lay people off. They are also free to pay poverty wages without health care or other benefits.

All too often, communities lose twice. They lose jobs – or gain jobs so low-paying they do nothing to help the community – and lose revenue due to the huge corporate tax breaks. That means fewer resources for maintaining schools, public services, and infrastructure. In the end, the local governments that were hoping for economic revitalization are actually worse off. They’re forced to raise taxes on struggling small businesses and working families, or reduce services, or both.

LeRoy, winner of the 1998 Public Interest Pioneer Award, cites dozens of companies and episodes, revealing scams such as ‘job blackmail’ (Raytheon in Massachusetts), ‘payoffs for layoffs’ (IBM in New York State), ‘exaggerate the ripple effects’ (Illinois for Boeing), ‘stick taxpayers with hidden costs’ (Wal-Mart in many states), ‘soak the taxpayer’ (Dell in North Carolina), ‘ride Enron's coattails’ (ConAgra in Nebraska), and ‘take the money and run’ (Sykes Enterprises, shutting down call centers in several Plains states).

LeRoy also explains, in plain English, arcane tax-rule changes – such as ‘Single Sales Factor’ – that companies demand in the name of jobs. Such giveaways, he documents, are costing states such as Massachusetts and Illinois billions of dollars in lost revenue – with no guarantee that even one job will be created or retained.

The Great American Jobs Scam also reveals that corporate subsidies are a significant cause of runaway suburban sprawl, paying companies as they leave urban areas to pave farmland and other natural spaces. LeRoy gives examples of massive subsidies that lead to retail sprawl, such as $1 billion benefiting Wal-Mart facilities and a $31 million subsidy to reduce ‘blight’ in an affluent St. Louis suburb, when an upscale mall decided it needed a Nordstrom store.

LeRoy shows how carefully corporations orchestrate the bidding wars between states and communities. He dissects government and corporate mumbo-jumbo with plain talk.

Behind it all, LeRoy argues, is an orchestrated 30-year drive by many of America's most prominent corporations to confuse the taxpaying public about how companies actually decide where to expand or relocate. By dissecting the site location system, he reveals that taxes are actually an infinitesimal cost factor that rarely influences location decisions. He reveals the rise of highly publicized ‘business climate’ studies and the secretive ‘site location consulting’ industry as key players in this mass deception.

The Great American Jobs Scam concludes with a series of simple, common sense reforms to make the job-subsidy system more transparent and effective.

Called by some ‘the leading national watchdog of state and local economic development subsidies,’ LeRoy directs Good Jobs First (www.goodjobsfirst.org), a national resource center he founded in 1998 to promote corporate and government accountability in economic development and smart growth for working families.

We have supported Greg’s work since 1998. This book is a welcome resource for leaders of our union all over. – Sandra Feldman, American Federation of Teachers
Greg LeRoy has exposed the problem of corporate misuse of taxpayer subsidies and promoted real working solutions. – Gerald W. McEntee, American Federation of State County, and Municipal Employees
LeRoy reveals why corporate tax cuts don’t work: corporations get huge subsidies while workers get trickle-down lip service. – Jim Hightower, author of Thieves in High Places and Let’s Stop Beating Around the Bush
Companies like Wal-Mart aren’t going to want you to read this book – all the more reason why you should. – Carl Pope, Executive Director, Sierra Club
…should be required reading for governors, mayors and legislators who want to invest their citizens’ money wisely and effectively. – Robert S. McIntyre, Citizens for Tax Justice

Here is the secret history of our economic times, a tale of public larceny told plainly and painstakingly and also with a dash of mordant humor. Our erstwhile corporate benefactors have taken us all for a ride. This book is the first step on the long road back. – Thomas Frank, author of What's the Matter With Kansas?

This is the definitive Community Defense Manual for every citizen who wants to stop corporations from looting the public treasury and win real community eco­nomic development. – Chuck Collins, Senior Fellow, United for a Fair Economy, and coauthor of Economic Apartheid in America

The Great American Jobs Scam is a blistering exposé about corporate tax chicanery. LeRoy shows how in case after case, these promises – of good jobs and higher tax revenues in exchange for massive taxpayer subsidies – prove false or exaggerated. In this important book, LeRoy shows how companies are using the sheep's clothing of ‘jobs, jobs, jobs’ to fuel bidding wars between both states and localities, resulting a massive drop in corporate taxes and a burden shift onto working families and small businesses. By popularizing these grassroots reforms – most of which are already on the books in some states and cities – The Great American Jobs Scam showcases a movement that has been percolating in the states and places it on a national stage.

Children’s / Ages 4-8

I Is for Idea: An Inventions Alphabet by Marcia Schonberg, illustrated by Kandy Radzinski (Sleeping Bear Press) is for every budding scientist who would like to think beyond the smoking volcano, diorama, and colored graphs of the typical school science fair.

Curious kids will find plenty of inspiration as they discover the answers to their continuous questions. What is the basis for the phrase ‘the real McCoy’? What actually is the mother of invention? What kitchen appliance was developed after a scientist's candy bar suddenly melted?

I Is for Idea explores the development of bicycles, zippers, toilets, computers, and many other inventions that we now take for granted in our daily lives. Readers will learn about the inventors and the genesis behind these ever-present and useful items.

Written by prolific children’s book author Marcia Schonberg, I Is for Idea inspires creativity and imagination in readers as they learn about inventions. Schonberg weaves interesting facts, history and culture into her poetry and text. She brings together men and women who made incredible contributions to our everyday lives through their inventions in this A to Z pictorial.

Able to weave facts and timelines of numerous inventions into her commentary, she connects youngsters to inventors from all over the world and throughout many historical time periods. Illustrator Kandy Radzinski's vibrant, quirky art adds both a whimsical and culturally diverse dimension to Schonberg's work.

From the English patent for Sybilla Masters' method of preserving the cornmeal given to her by Native Americans to Doug Englebart's ‘mouse’ invention that lives happily on many desktops, I Is for Idea will spark imaginative enthusiasm in every reader. Written in a two-tier format with captivating poetry suited for younger children combined with detailed-filled expository text for older readers, this book is sure to grab the attention of many.

Children’s / Biographies / Arts & Music / Ages 9-12

Jim Morrison by Michael Burgan (Rock Music Library Series: Capstone Press)

On May 10, 1968 , about 15,000 fans filled a Chicago arena. They cheered as Jim Morrison stepped on stage and began to sing. Morrison was the lead singer and main songwriter for the Doors. Morrison led the Doors as they played their hit songs. These songs included "Break on Through," "Five to One," and "When the Music's Over."

According to Jim Morrison, Morrison did more than sing the words to the songs. He performed as if he were acting in a play. Sometimes he fell to the stage and pretended he was in pain. Then, he leaped up and jumped into the air. Later, Morrison ripped off his shirt and threw it into the crowd.

The Doors finished with two encores, then left the stage. The crowd stood and called for the band to play more. Some of the fans rushed onto the stage. Morrison had stirred strong feelings in the fans who loved him and his music.

With the Doors, Morrison was one of the most popular performers in rock music. He wrote both poetry and song lyrics. Many of his poems and songs were about love, death, or other personal topics. Other lyrics dealt with war or problems in society.

According to Michael Burgan in Jim Morrison, Morrison was a talented and troubled artist, a poet and a spokesman for his generation. Young Americans during the 1960s often questioned the rules set for them by adults, and Morrison and the Doors shared many of those feelings.

Burgan relates that Morrison was intelligent and talented, but he had problems with drugs and alcohol. His drug and alcohol abuse often hurt his ability to work. It also may have led to his early death – he was only 27 when he died. Fans still wonder what great songs and poetry he might have written if he had lived longer. The book also discusses Morrison’s impact on later music, especially Pearl Jam and the Doors of the 21st Century.

Jim Morrison gives young readers the opportunity to learn about Jim’s rise to fame as the lead singer of the 1960s group the Doors, and about the drug and alcohol abuse that lead to his death at age 27. The book, written in consultation with Meredith Rutledge, Assistant Curator of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum, explores these issues at the pre-teen level and at a reading level of fourth grade.

Children’s Books / History & Historical Fiction

How to Be a Medieval Knight by Fiona Macdonald, illustrated by Mark Bergin (How to Be... Series: National Geographic Children’s)

How to Be a Medieval Knight is designed to help young readers put themselves ion the place of legendary medieval knights and imagine what it would be like for them living in medieval Europe. The book proposed to readers to imagine that this is their chance to become a member of a top fighting force. Knights were among the top 5% of the population in status and wealth, and they came from the top rank of society.

Author Fiona Macdonald, who has taught in both secondary schools and universities, and illustrator Mark Bergin, specialist in historical reconstructions, present the job requirements:

  • Obey orders from the king, royal princes, and great nobles on campaigns at home and abroad.
  • Excellent sword-fighting and horse-riding skills and knowledge of medieval armor and weapons.
  • Keep law and order in peacetime.
  • Fulfill the proper image of a knight through chivalry, loyalty, and honor.

Readers learn exactly what the requirements for being a knight are. Knights generally left home at age 8 and were in training until they were 21. Gradually advancing from a page or a groom, knights-in-training became squires between the ages of 14 and 21.

According to How to Be a Medieval Knight:

You will need to practice swordsmanship and horse-riding skills. You must have your own war-horse, weapons, and armor. You will go on long campaigns, perhaps even a Crusade. You'll be away from home for long periods of time – maybe even years. Other times you may be barricaded inside your lord's castle during a siege. For entertainment knights do what they do best – fight! But during tournaments the only battles are fake ones, meant to show which knights are the strongest and most clever. What else will you do while you are not at war? You will run your estate, give feasts followed by dancing, oversee the village court, and help the needy. And you will use your best manners to impress the ladies of the court. Perhaps you will sing, play an instrument, or recite poetry! What will your future be like? Who will take care of you if you are injured, or sick? What will happen when you die? All of your questions will be answered to prepare you for the job interview section at the end of the book – a clever way to test if you are ready to become a medieval knight!

With lively text and engaging illustrations, How to Be a Medieval Knight explains everything readers need to know to imagine themselves as medieval knights: they will see what their training covers and what sort of weapons they use. The ideas are well sequenced and the interview at the end is a clever device to focus readers.

Education / Business & Investing / Careers

Blueprint for Action: Achieving Center-Based Change Through Staff Development, 2nd edition by Paula Jorde Bloom (Gryphon House, New Horizons)

Blueprint for Action provides a framework for understanding the dynamics of organizational change in early care and education settings. It helps administrators move beyond a ‘quick fix’ notion of center improvement by serving as a guide for organizational analysis and action. The book, written by Paula Bloom, professor of early childhood education and executive director of the McCormick Tribune Center for Early Childhood Leadership at National-Louis University in Wheeling, Illinois, details a comprehensive method for assessing program strengths and areas in need of improvement. The heart of this approach is an individualized model of staff development. Woven throughout the text are vignettes connecting the concepts to real-life situations experienced by early childhood administrators. This second edition includes a CD of worksheets and assessment tools that directors can adapt for use in their own programs.

The premise for Blueprint for Action rests on two assumptions: the first assumption is that every center has areas of strength and areas in need of improvement. High-quality programs are distinguished by their willingness to deal with their imperfections. The role of the director is that of catalyst, setting the climate that allows staff to reflect on how program practices might be improved. The second assumption is that organizational change can come about only through change in individuals. That is why the emphasis in Blueprint for Action is on linking individual needs to organizational needs.

The book is organized so that the first three chapters of Blueprint for Action give a global perspective on the issues. Chapter 1 presents a social systems model to help readers better understand the significance of events in the day-to-day life of their center. Chapter 1 also introduces the case study featuring Martha, the director of the Children's Corner. Martha's experiences applying the ideas presented in the book breathes life into the theoretical concepts that serve as the foundation for this approach to center improvement. Chapter 2 addresses the nature of change, providing an overview of how change occurs in early care and education programs. This chapter sets the stage for Chapter 3 which describes more specifically the director's role in the change process.

In the second half of the book readers see how the theoretical concepts introduced in the first three chapters become a blueprint for action. Chapter 4 provides the essential tools that will help readers assess the needs of their center as a whole. This chapter explores issues regarding communication, supervisory processes, goal consensus, leadership style, center climate, and a host of other organizational characteristics. It presents a step-by-step process for collecting data about their center along with practical assessment tools that readers can adapt to their unique situation.

Chapter 5 looks more specifically at how readers can assess the needs of the individuals who work at their center. It presents a framework for developing individual profiles for each member of the staff. This information serves as the springboard from which to implement the staff development model they will learn about in Chapter 6. Chapter 6 takes readers through a step-by-step process for designing an individualized model of staff development. This model serves as a template for putting readers’ philosophy of center improvement into action. The model of staff development presented is in sharp contrast to what is customarily called in-service education, where an inspirational speaker is invited, a smorgasbord of workshops is offered, and dozens of donuts are consumed, but little in the way of substantive behavioral and attitudinal change results.

Chapter 7 links the notion of individualized staff development to the supportive organizational structures that ensure its success. This chapter presents information that will help readers design a comprehensive performance appraisal system and a career ladder for professional advancement. Chapter 8, the final chapter, helps readers learn how to connect organizational needs and individual needs in a unified approach for achieving change. It underscores the importance of thinking of the center as a professional-learning community, a place where collaboration, shared decision making, and team building are the driving forces that make the vision of center-based change possible. The book includes an appendix of assessment tools and worksheets that can be adapted to meet the specific needs of the program. The accompanying CD-ROM can be used to print out reproducible versions of the assessment tools and worksheets.

A four-star blockbuster! Blueprint for Action is an indispensable guide for any director who is serious about staff development. With insight and keen awareness of the realities facing the field, this book provides realistic strategies for promoting change, planning staff develop­ment, and increasing program effectiveness. Blueprint for Action is flexible enough to be used in a variety of settings. It is a must for your professional library! – Roger Neugebauer, Publisher, Child Care Information Exchange

Blueprint for Action will help you pinpoint organizational problems, link staff development to performance appraisal, and create action plans to achieve your goals. This book is the catalyst for change, the blueprint you've been looking for. – Marilyn Brink, Head Start Education Coordinator, Children's Home and Aid Society

Those of us who care deeply about quality in early care and education settings know that it is not achieved without knowledge and skill at the administrative level. Blueprint for Action addresses what goes into a healthy program. It is a wonderful balance of theory and practical hands-on tools. – Gwen Morgan, Senior Fellow for Child Care Policy, Wheelock College

This is a guidebook full of practical theory and examples of real-life situations directors encounter with staff in day care centers. It provides a model for implementing change, for evaluating oneself as an administrator and for evaluating staff for their yearly review. From the aspiring or new director to the most seasoned and experienced administrator, this book has something for everyone. Blueprint for Action is comprehensive, providing both a theoretical rationale and practical suggestions for making staff development come alive. And there is a lot of evidence that this book really works – since its first publication nearly 15 years ago, Bloom has received hundreds of letters from directors who provide examples of how they wove the principles described in this book into the fabric of their centers and witnessed the changes in staff morale and job performance.

Education / Sociology / Politics

Schooling and the Struggle for Public Life: Democracy’s Promise and Education’s Challenge, 2nd edition by Henry A. Giroux (Cultural Politics & the Promise of Democracy Series: Paradigm Publishers)

Democracy has never been more threatened in the United States than now – it is under attack by Christian fundamentalists who view the government as an adjunct of the church; by market fundamentalists who believe that consumerism is the only obligation of citizenship; and by neoconservatives who cheapen its meaning by imposing through bombs and military actions the dictates of empire, all the while legitimating such action in the name of democracy.

Schooling and the Struggle for Public Life provides a different understanding of the meaning of democracy as both a reality and a promise. According to Henry A. Giroux, professor of education at McMaster University, democracy is impossible without critical education, just as education is reduced to training when it loses sight of its purpose in extending and deepening a democracy. A democracy of consumers and workers cannot fulfill the same task as a democracy of engaged citizens and social agents. Over the past ten years, we have seen a split develop between politics and education, with education increasingly more concerned with training and rote learning rather than critical thinking, civic consciousness, and social justice. All over the United States, there is a rising tide of antidemocratic tendencies, including the militarization of public space, the collapse of the line between church and state, the development of a foreign policy that is imperialist to the core, and the increasing control of the media and government by corporate and religious fundamentalists. If there ever was a time to address the crisis of democracy, now is the time.

This new edition of Schooling and the Struggle for Public Life contributes to that debate and struggle. Written in the late 1980s, the book examines the relationship between democracy and schooling and argues that schools are one of the few spheres left where youth can learn the knowledge and skills required to become engaged, critical citizens. Not only is the legacy of democracy addressed through the work of John Dewey and others, but the democratic possibilities of schooling are analyzed through a range of issues, from the politics of teacher authority to the importance of student voices.

… Giroux argues that the proper function of schools is that of ‘citizenship education,’ the teaching of critical skills that advance emancipatory interests, promote equity and justice, and improve not merely SAT scores, but the quality of public life. Giroux … and addresses a wide range of interrelated subjects – authority in the classroom, ethics, teacher education, literacy in terms of their ‘critical’ significance, that is, their role in making the school into a "progressive force in the ongoing struggle for democracy as a way of life.” – Publishers Weekly

Although Schooling and the Struggle for Public Life was first written during another trying time in American history, it is, in many ways, more critically useful now than it was when first published. This perceptive, piquant proposal for educational reform exposes the anti-democratic assumptions and underlying elitist prejudices of several of today’s leaders who see education in terms of a narrowly defined labor market perspective.

Entertainment / Music

Best Songs of the Movies: Academy Award Nominees and Winners, 1934-1958 by John Funnell (McFarland and Company)

‘Thanks for the Memory.’ ‘Swinging on a Star.’ ‘The Way You Look Tonight.’ Three great and popular standards of the American songbook – and all three won Oscars for best song. But who wrote these songs? What movies were they written for? Which stars introduced them? In the 25 years covered by Best Songs of the Movies, 160 songs by 114 songwriters were nominated for Academy Awards. Some are well known, but many are nearly forgotten.

Best Songs of the Movies written by semi-retired teacher and publisher John Funnell, tells the stories behind all these songs, year by year. After announcing the nominated songs, the text describes the way each song was presented and performed, critiques the lyrics and melody, and provides appropriate historical and biographical insights.
Some of these songwriters are household names, especially those who wrote highly successful Broadway shows: Irving Berlin, Cole Porter, the Gershwins, and so on. And when these and other Broadway songwriters were induced to write for Hollywood musicals, they were usually given prominent billing. But the songwriters under extended contracts to Hollywood studios rarely received that kind of recognition. Well-known and enduring movie songs such as ‘Thanks for the Memory,’ ‘Pennies from Heaven’ and ‘Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy’ are famil­iar standards, but few of us recall their songwriters: Leo Robin and Ralph Rainger, Arthur Johnston and Johnny Burke, and Hughie Prince and Don Raye respectively. The great talents of these and many other men and women made the most vital contribution to the success of the Hollywood musical.

In the 1930s and 1940s, Hollywood musicals produced hundreds of new songs each year and competition for the Best Song Oscar was fierce. Choosing the best of anything is an almost impossible task, and it is easy to find instances where the Academy slipped up. For example, ‘Sweet Leilani’ – an ordinary song that only Crosby devotees now recall – won the 1937 Oscar and the Gershwins' ‘They Can't Take That Away from Me’ was passed over. Yet many of the 160 nominated songs were the most popular of the day and of such strong appeal that they have gone on to become classics of the great American song book.

In part it was a desire to track down songs such as these, and to try and discover what led to their nomination, that provided the impetus for Best Songs of the Movies. Another motivation was the desire to discover how nominations for the Best Song Oscar come about. According to Funnell, members of the songwriters' guild decide on the list of nominations for Best Song, voting in secret. Later, the full membership of the Academy votes to determine the winner from the list of nominees. The criteria for the Best Song Oscar nominations have changed over time, but the award has almost always been given only to a song that, as the Academy rules, must be ‘specifically created for the eligible feature-length motion picture.’ This rule means that the songs from film versions of Broadway shows are ineligible. Therefore, when Roberta was filmed in 1935, Jerome Kern and Otto Harbach's lovely song ‘Smoke Gets in Your Eyes’ could not be nominated, though ‘Lovely to Look At,’ written especially for the film, could be. According to Funnell, songs that became popular and were then included later in a film should always have been ineligible, and the Academy's rules now state that the song must be "recorded for use in the film prior to any other usage including public performance or exploitation through any of the media whatsoever." This rule was not enforced in 1941 when ‘The Last Time I Saw Paris’ won.

The first years of the Academy Award for Best Song coincided with a time when the popular music of the day appealed to people of all ages. The primary reason, according to Best Songs of the Movies, was that whole families listened to the radio together, all age groups hearing and enjoying the music of the top artists of the day: for instance, 50 million Americans a week (approximately 40 percent of the population) listened to Bing Crosby's Kraft Music Hall in the 1930s, and Benny Goodman's radio show Let's Dance also attracted huge audiences.

Things are very different today. Far fewer people are aware of the nominations for Best Song. Media speculation in the lead-up to each year's Awards rarely mentions them. The fragmentation began in the 1950s with the emergence of rock 'n' roll: The new phenomenon of teenagers with money to spend led to the development of a music aimed specifically at this age group. The trend has continued over the years, and today there are many styles and genres, each with its devotees who rarely listen to any other kind of music. The decline in production of original screen musicals is also significant in the shift from high levels of interest and awareness of the nominated and winning songs to the current situation where they are largely ignored.

But it is the first 25 years of the Best Song Oscar that are featured in Best Songs of the Movies. These years, 1934-1958, coincide with the golden age of the Hollywood musical, and so all the great American songwriters are represented. The 25th year, 1958, is the year that Gigi collected nine Academy Awards, including Best Song. And ‘Gigi,’ a superb song from one of the finest screen musicals of all time, makes an appropriate pinnacle on which to conclude this book.

Because many of the 114 highly talented writers of the songs were overlooked, Funnell includes an appendix that gives biographical information on each. Another appendix lists the Oscar-nominated and winning songs from 1959 through 2003. A bibliography and index complete Best Songs of the Movies. With many black-and-white photographs from the movies, this compendium of winners and also-rans will appeal to all fans of musicals, but especially to those who were growing up during the heyday of radio.

Entertainment / Music / History

Boogaloo: The Quintessence of American Popular Music by Arthur Kempton (The University of Michigan Press)

The boogaloo, a dance akin to the jitterbug as well as the title of a record by a Chicago soul group, in 1965 leapt out of the communities of black America and swept across America. Since then, insiders in the music industry have used the word ‘boogaloo’ to describe rhythm and blues, or soul music.

In Boogaloo, a survey of the history of soul music in America, musicologist Arthur Kempton traces the genealogy of boogaloo. He masterfully narrates the careers of several musicians who played key roles in establishing the legacy of boogaloo. Sam Cooke, for example, molded his sweet and seductive style in his early days with the traveling gospel group, the Soul Stirrers. When Cooke discovered that he could make soul music by simply changing the words of many of the gospel tunes he was crooning, his career took a new and lucrative turn. Kempton, former radio disk jockey and deputy superintendent of Boston’s public school system, also focuses on the ways that boogaloo captured the hearts not only of black Americans but also of white teenagers, driving men like Berry Gordy and the founders of Stax Records to find singers who could capitalize on this crossover appeal. In addition to profiles of Cooke and Gordy, Kempton offers portraits of two other men – gospel great Thomas Dorsey and Parliament Funkadelic's leader, George Clinton – instrumental in making boogaloo the soul of American music. In this sketch of the history of rap music, Kempton anoints Tupac Shakur, Dr. Dre and other rappers as heirs to these R&B musicians, arguing that hip-hop is modern boogaloo.

From Thomas A. Dorsey and gospel to Sam Cooke and the classic age of boogaloo ('soul') to George Clinton and hip hop, this comprehensive analysis of African-American popular music is a deep and gorgeous meditation on its aesthetics and business. – Henry Louis Gates, Jr., W.E.B. Du Bois Professor of the Humanities, Harvard
Surpassingly sympathetic and probing. . . . a panoramic critical survey of black popular music over seventy-five years. . . .There is no book quite like it. – New York Review of Books
. . . moving, dense, and fascinating. . . . – New Yorker
. . . a grand and sweeping survey of the history of soul music in America . . . . one of the best books of music journalism. . . . – Publishers Weekly
. . . a fascinating and often original addition to the extensive literature. . . . an astute and witty account. . . . there is plenty in Boogaloo to set the mind and heart alight, as well as some flashes of brilliance and originality rare in music writing today. – Times Literary Supplement

Boogaloo is the much-anticipated paperback edition of Kempton's story on the art, influence, and commerce of Black American popular music. This readable and brilliant history succeeds in conveying the sweep of the topic as well as providing detailed portraits of the key players.

Health, Mind & Body / Alternative Medicine

Facial Diagnosis of Cell Salt Deficiencies: A User's Guide by David R. Card (Hohm Press)

The condition of facial skin is a primary indicator of overall bodily health. Deficiencies in diet and metabolism, together with disease conditions, are easily observed in the face if readers know what to look for.

Cell salts are twelve inorganic biochemicals found in the blood and tissues, catalysts for many essential processes, including digestion. Today, homeopathic practitioners and naturopathic doctors use cell salt supplementation to treat a spectrum of disease conditions. Based in the pioneering work of German researcher W.H. Schuessler (1880), and American physician George W. Carey (1920), Facial Diagnosis of Cell Salt Deficiencies presents a guidebook for health practitioners and patients. The book is about how to ‘read the face’, one’s own face, to determine which essential cell salts are lacking in the body. When a diagnosis is determined, the condition can be remedied by supplementing with the proper cell salt.

Facial Diagnosis of Cell Salt Deficiencies includes:

  1. How to Read the Face – by skin color, condition of eyebrows, size and color of lips, musculature, blemishes, and under-eye circles.
  2. How to Use Cell Salts – explanations of the twelve cell salts (corresponding to the twelve signs of the zodiac) correlated with disease or imbalance conditions.

Facial Diagnosis of Cell Salt Deficiencies is a fabulous, comprehensive resource that every physician who wants to incorporate natural medicine in their practice should have. It not only thoroughly reviews the pathophysiology of each cell salt, but also details the physical signs if one's body is deficient. Each chapter has a summary and color facial photos of each cell salt deficiency in its acute and chronic states. I highly recommend this book. – Cindi Croft, D.O.

David R. Card is very knowledgeable in the field of Homeopathic medicine, and his approach is practi­cal and articulate. His books can be used as a guide to wellness in Alternative Medicine, and they have been a great tool in my own practice. The pictures in Facial Diagnosis of Cell Salt Deficiencies allow patients to relate to their medical concerns. …– Cesar Diaz, M.D., Family Practice/Natural Medicine

This well-illustrated guidebook by a well-known European cell-salt practitioner promises to guide individuals, providing visual cues to the causes of physical conditions. Facial Diagnosis of Cell Salt Deficiencies is focused on a common self-diagnosis obsession in Europe and contains a disclaimer that it is not intended to treat or diagnose diseases, most likely because this is not a science recognized by the American Medical Association.

Health, Mind & Body / Psychology & Counseling

Virtue and Psychology: Pursuing Excellence in Ordinary Practices by Blaine J. Fowers (American Psychological Association)

Virtue and Psychology issues a clarion call for psychologists and other mental health professionals to recognize the reality of virtue in social interaction. Virtues are character strengths – such as generosity, loyalty, and honesty – that make it possible for people to pursue worthwhile goals.

Blaine J. Fowers explores the current terrain of psychology, a field that actively avoids discussion of virtue while it implicitly endorses values such as independence and mastery. Some of these implied values derive from and feed into the individualism and instrumentalism of modern cultures, often to the detriment of individual and communal well-being. Virtue and Psychology describes an alternative framework that not only acknowledges virtue but also shows how values that we already hold in common may be incorporated into psychological practice and into our lives as a whole. Indeed, according to the virtue ethics framework proposed in this book, professional and personal lives cannot be separated – at least if one is to lead the best possible existence.

Psychologist Fowers, professor and director of training for the counseling psychology program at the University of Miami, examines the cognitive, affective, behavioral, and social components of virtue. He then illustrates various applications of virtue, from understanding optimal human living and how to attain it to clarifying the best professional practices and how to teach them. The author also discusses how practical wisdom – the ability to choose one's actions wisely – illuminates therapeutic practice, research, and professional ethics. 

Virtue and Psychology is an extraordinary book. Blaine Fowers demonstrates that a psychology that ignores 'virtue' is an impoverished psychology. Virtue, and especially 'practical wisdom' – the 'master' virtue, is essential to human flourishing, and thus to successful clinical training and practice. In a style that is simple, direct, and elegant, Fowers teaches us about practical wisdom and virtue in a way that should make everything we do as scientists, as practitioners, and as human beings look different and better. – Barry Schwartz, PhD, Professor of Psychology, Swarthmore College

Virtue and Psychology will be a valuable resource for psychologists seeking to integrate their lives with their work in a way that rewards themselves, their loved ones, and society at large. In one of those rare books that have the possibility of transforming a discipline, Fowers argues persuasively for putting virtue at the heart of psychological thought and practice.

Health, Mind & Body / Psychology & Counseling

Addiction, Assessment, and Treatment with Adolescents, Adults, and Families edited by Carolyn Hilarski (Haworth Social Work Practice Press) examines addiction concerns ranging from prevention to relapse, offering intervention techniques and assessment tools to serve a variety of populations.

In Addiction, Assessment, and Treatment with Adolescents, Adults, and Families, editor Carolyn Hilarski, assistant professor, Rochester Institute of Technology, brings together leading addiction researchers to address new developments in theory, methodology, treatment, and assessment on counselor beliefs, contingency management, group treatment, rapid assessment instruments, behavioral couples therapy (BCT), family-based intervention, motivational interviewing, and 12-step programs and faith-based recovery. This professional and academic resource presents case studies, reviews, research findings, and empirical papers that offer unique perspectives on a variety of topics, including evidenced-based practice, theory of reasoned action, harm reduction, juvenile justice, and treatment outcomes. Topics addressed include:

  • The gap between research and practice in substance abuse counseling.
  • Prevalence and patterns of illicit drug use among juvenile offenders.
  • The relationship between the reported substance abuse of African-American and Hispanic youth and their perceived attachments with their primary caregivers.
  • Using a harm reduction approach to the evaluation of treatment outcomes.
  • Using a non-confrontational approach to substance abuse counseling when addressing client denial.
  • Why contingency management interventions are underutilized.
  • Motivational interviewing and adapted motivational interviewing.
  • How to use non-abstinence-based prevention services in working with adolescents.
  • How to use and score the k6 scale to screen serious mental illnesses.
  • How to use receiver operating characteristics analysis.

…very timely. . . Covers some of the latest and best-supported practices in the field of addictions. – Bruce A. Thyer, PhD, Professor, College of Social Work, Florida State University

The book benefits readers by pulling together important research studies in the substance abuse field. – Robert H. Keefe, PhD, ACSW, Associate Professor, School of Social Work, College of Human Services and Health Professions, Syracuse University

Addiction, Assessment, and Treatment with Adolescents, Adults, and Families presents sophisticated, cutting-edge theory and practice concepts that provide professionals, practitioners, and educators with a more varied focus than most current available books on addiction. Counselors working in mental health settings and EAP programs, psychiatric nurses working in hospitals and outpatient settings, social workers, and students pursuing degrees in social work, nursing, psychology, and criminal justice will benefit from the book’s wide range of appropriate addiction, treatment, and prevention methodologies. In addition, Addiction, Assessment, and Treatment with Adolescents, Adults, and Families is a vital professional resource and an invaluable aid to anyone suffering with some level of addiction and their families.

Health, Mind & Body / Self-Help / Dreams / Death & Dying

Dreaming Beyond Death: A Guide to Pre-Death Dreams and Visions by Kelly Bulkeley & Patricia Bulkley (Beacon Press)

Dreams have long been viewed as religious experiences that can ease the transition to death. Now in Dreaming Beyond Death, dream researcher Kelly Bulkeley and Presbyterian minister Patricia Bulkley argue that pre-death dreams and visions are of the utmost importance in helping terminally ill patients – regardless of religious faith or practice – accept death. Kelly Bulkeley, visiting scholar at the Graduate Theological Union, and Patricia Bulkley, hospice worker for some ten years, examine the recurring symbols that occur in dreams and show how these images can be used to change a person's view of death, allowing them to die peacefully, and providing comfort to those in mourning.
Documented throughout time and across cultures, dreams experienced by those on the verge of death offer profound insight into the process of dying. Drawing from a rich understanding of dreaming in culture, history, psychology, and through modern dream study, Dreaming Beyond Death offers interpretations to aid both the dying person and the caregiver. A final chapter provides resources and concrete methods for a caregiver to guide a dying person through the dreaming process and, ultimately, to a sense of peace.

"Our goal in writing this book has much more to do with the practical consequences of taking pre-death dreams and visions seriously in the care of the dying," write Bulkeley and Bulkley in their introduction. "Whatever the origin of these experiences may be, what matters is their emotional impact. As a direct result of the dream or vision, the person's fear of death diminishes, and in its place there arises a new understanding of living, dying, and that which lies beyond death."

Bulkeley and Bulkley write that dreaming is largely consistent with the dreamer's interests and concerns in the waking world. Furthermore, dreaming is extremely responsive to waking attention, they note – merely reading a book or article will enhance the dreamer's recollection. These dreams then can be used to produce an emotional transformation. The authors focus on three types of dreams: dreams where death is portrayed as a journey, dreams where the dreamer meets a guide – often a trusted family member who has already died – and dreams where the dreamer faces deep anxiety or an unresolved conflict.

Because they believe that pre-death dreaming is most powerful when done in a safe, loving environment, the authors wrote Dreaming Beyond Death as a resource for caregivers, whether they are clergy, hospice workers, or family members. They stress that the health care system needs to examine the effects of medication and painkillers on the dying person’s dreams and to be prepared to take this in to account during care-giving in their final days. Often pre-death dreams are attributed to illness, medication, or mental illness, the authors observe, and are ignored when they should be explored.

The authors offer a unique how-to on interpreting dreams, one has during the period just before death. With a nod to various scientific and religious factions whose opinions of dreams range from considering them to be of no value to believing they are works of Satan, the authors contend that "one of the functions of dreaming is precisely to create the meanings that will help us face the end with courage and understanding." If the very thing that defines humans is the ability to find meaning, they say, then allowing oneself to experience, remember, and find meaning in dreams can only serve to enrich one's last days. To support that supposition, they present anecdotes gleaned mainly from hospice spiritual-services provider Bulkley's professional experience. They make a case in favor of dreams as endowing the journey to death with opportunities for mending fences, making peace with a troubled conscience, and looking beyond temporary pain to a rich reward or, at least, a welcome serenity. – Donna Chavez, Booklist

Suitable reading for both the dying and for their caregivers, Dreaming Beyond Death brings to light a distinct and profound part of the dying process. Bulkeley and Bulkley bring together their diverse areas of expertise to create a guide to pre-death dreams that offers practical advice and provides a broader understanding of this phenomenon. Rev. Bulkley’s experience with the transformative possibilities of pre-death dreams as a hospice spiritual counselor lend this book a deeply personal and human touch, while Kelly Bulkeley’s insightful analysis and intellectual framework make it easy to understand the deeper meanings behind this type of dreaming. Let us hope with the authors, that this book provides “a window into the dreaming and visionary experiences that can make this final phase of our bodily existence so richly meaningful.”

History / Military

Warriors and Scholars: A Modern War Reader edited by Peter B. Lane & Ronald E. Marcello, with a foreword by Alfred F. Hurley (University of North Texas Press)

The papers in Warriors and Scholars, originally from the University of North Texas 's annual Military History Seminar, are organized chronologically from World War II to the present day, making this a modern war reader of great use to both professionals and students.

The book is edited by Peter B. Lane, a fighter pilot in Vietnam, who teaches history at the University of North Texas, and Ronald E. Marcello, professor of history at the University of North Texas and director of the Oral History Program. Lane and Marcello have balanced the book, including articles written both by scholars and by veterans. Scholars and topics include David Glantz on the Soviet Great Patriotic War, 1941–1945; Robert Divine on the decision to use the atomic bomb; George Herring on Lyndon Baines Johnson as Commander-in-Chief; and Brian Linn comparing the U.S. war and occupation in Iraq with the 1899 – 1902 war in the Philippines.

Veterans and their topics include flying with the Bloody 100th by John Luckadoo; an enlisted man in the Pacific theater of World War II, by Roy Appleton; a POW in Vietnam, by David Winn; and Cold War duty in Moscow, by Charles Hamm.

The Soviet Union 's Great Patriotic War was a war of unprecedented brutality. As many as 35 million Russian soldiers and civilians, almost 4 million German soldiers, and countless German civilians, died. The searing effect of this terrible war on the Soviet soul endured for generations through today, shaping the development of the postwar Soviet Union and ultimately, I believe, contributing to its demise in 1991. – excerpt from Col. David M. Glantz, ‘Fact and Fancy: The Soviet Great Patriotic War, 1941–1945’

Whatever his wish, Johnson is remembered as a war president, and among America 's commanders-in-chief, he generally rates with the least effective. …He is scored, on the one side, as the stereotypical, shoot-from-the-hip Texan, the warmonger who destroyed Vietnam to save his own ego, and from the other side as a timid, all too ‘political’ war leader who refused to do what was necessary to win an eminently winnable war. Such criticisms tell a great deal about the way Johnson fought the war, but they do not get at the fundamental problems of his war leadership. – excerpt from Dr. George C. Herring, ‘The Reluctant Warrior: LBJ as Commander-in-Chief’

An outstanding collection of war stories related by men who have been there and done that. A must-read book for those who recognize the influence of warfare on the creation and development of nation states. – Alexander R. Bolling, Jr., Major General, USA (Ret.)

This collection provides a vivid collage of the American way of war in the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. It gracefully combines the observations of top scholars with the ‘I-was-there’ testimony of articulate and intelligent veterans – a happy mating of ivory tower erudition with the voice of personal experience. – Gregory J. W. Urwin, professor of history, Temple University

University of North Texas' Military History Seminars have a well earned reputation for bringing together on a systematic basis academicians, participants, and members of the community to address key issues in military history. The dozen contributions to this anthology do not disappoint. They synergize academic knowledge lightly worn with personal experience dearly bought. – Dennis Showalter, professor of history, Colorado College

Few works of military history are able to move between the battlefield and academia. But Warriors and Scholars takes the best from both worlds by presenting the viewpoints of senior, eminent military historians on topics of their specialty, alongside veteran accounts for the modern war being discussed. Editors Lane and Marcello have added helpful contextual and commentary footnotes for student readers.

History / Military / World War I / World War II

Master Mind: The Rise and Fall of Fritz Haber, the Nobel Laureate Who Launched the Age of Chemical Warfare by Daniel Charles (ECCO)

Fritz Haber (1868-1934) – a Nobel laureate in chemistry, a friend of Albert Einstein, a German Jew and World War I hero – may be the most important scientist readers have never heard of. During his lifetime, he was considered among the giants of European science, as prominent as Einstein, Planck, and Bohr. The Haber-Bosch process, which he invented at the turn of the twentieth century, revolutionized agriculture by converting nitrogen to fertilizer in quantities massive enough to feed the world. The invention has become an essential pillar for life on earth; some two billion people on our planet could not survive without it. Yet this same process supplied the German military with explosives during World War I, and Haber orchestrated Germany's use of an entirely new weapon – poison gas. Eventually, Haber's efforts led to Zyklon B, the gas later used to kill millions – including Haber's own relatives – in Nazi concentration camps.

In Master Mind, Daniel Charles offers the first biography for general readers of this controversial genius. As he recreates Haber's little-known life story, Charles – a former technology correspondent for National Public Radio – probes the complicated characteristics of this brilliant man, whose accomplishments in the end wore a mantle of disgrace.

Born a Jew in the Prussian city of Breslau, Fritz Haber would later convert to the Protestant faith, a move that, thought it may have advanced his career, mainly bore testimony to his devotion to the German nation. Initially an outsider among German scientists, he rose to prominence through quickness of wit, obsessive work, self-confidence and ambition. Confronted with the challenge of finding a new source of nitrogen for fertilizer, Haber forged an alliance with German industry and triumphed. A few years later, that invention became the source of nitrogen not for fertilizer, but for explosives used by the German military in World War I. In fact, without the Haber-Bosch process, Germany would have quickly run out of explosives and been forced to surrender. Meanwhile, Haber moved on to a new military frontier – he oversaw the development of deadly chemical weapons.

Controversial from the start, the use of these poisons was condemned by many as barbaric. Haber's first wife, herself a trained chemist, committed suicide, possibly recognizing that her husband's knowledge had unleashed a horror upon the world. Once Germany lost the war, Haber's worldwide reputation plummeted, and his Nobel Prize, awarded in 1920, prompted protests and denunciations in the scientific community. As postwar Germany suffered a massive economic decline, Haber lost much of his wealth along with his prestige.

In the eyes of the Nazis, however, Haber's devotion to Germany, and his conversion to Christianity, did not matter – he was a Jew. When Hitler took power in 1933, Haber lost the national identity that he cherished. Plagued by ill-health, he died in exile in Switzerland in 1934.

"Had German politics taken a different turn, Fritz Haber might be considered a hero, and statues of him might stand in prominent places," Charles writes. "Instead, Haber became a tragic figure, trapped within the moral blinders of his time, unable to recognize the direction of history Haber could not foresee the ultimate consequence of the path he chose; perhaps it isn't fair to expect that he should have. But those consequences – the fateful prolongation of a senseless war, the invention of new methods of dealing out death – stand as a warning to all who follow."

Charles delivers an eminently readable account of German chemist Fritz Haber's life (1868-1934) and precepts. … A perceptively intelligent writer, Charles, one senses, is the biographer Haber would have wanted. – Gilbert Taylor, Booklist

A deeply thoughtful study of Fritz Haber – a brilliant, fascinating and finally tragic figure – and his equivocal legacy. – Oliver Sacks

This is an excellent biography – the fascinating and ultimately tragic story of an extraordinary scientist, a loyal German Jew, rejected by the country he loved, who failed to foresee the bloody history of the twentieth century and became its victim. – W. Michael Blumenthal, director of the Jewish Museum, Berlin and former Secretary of the Treasury

Fritz Haber's brilliance produced discoveries that fed the world, gassed World War I soldiers, and eventually slaughtered millions. Skillfully narrated with verve and sympathy, Master Mind offers a challenging insight into the nature of a man driven by patriotism and absorption in science, and blind to the rise of Nazism that would destroy his world. – David Edmonds and John Eidinow, authors of Wittgenstein's Poker and Bobby Fischer Goes to War

Master Mind resurrects an important, nearly forgotten chapter from the annals of science, a story that has far-reaching ramifications today. It is a compelling story of triumph mired in tragedy, rife with drama, disillusionment and hubris. The book provides a complete chronicle of Haber’s tumultuous and ultimately tragic life, from his childhood and rise to prominence in the heady days of the German Empire to his disgrace and exile at the hands of the Nazis; from early decades as the hero who eliminated the threat of starvation to his lingering legacy as a villain whose work led to the demise of millions. With narrative grace and fair-minded insight, Charles offers this thought-provoking, long-overdue reassessment of a seminal figure of the 20th century.

History / Military / 19th Century

The Battle: A New History of Waterloo by Alesandro Barbero, translated by John Cullen (Walker & Company)

One hundred and ninety years ago, Napoleon faced his final defeat at the Belgian village of Waterloo. The titanic struggle between the great military strategists of the 19th century would dramatically shift the European balance of power – in Alessandro Barbero's new history, The Battle, the events are brilliantly retold.

Barbero, an Italian historian and novelist, professor of Medieval History at the University of Piemonte Orientale in Vercelli, Italy, provides an original narrative-driven perspective of the days and hours leading up to the battle. After Napoleon's sudden return to power in the spring of 1815, allied European nations quickly mobilized their armies. By June a showdown in Belgium was inevitable as Napoleon realized he had to strike before Prussian and English troops could join forces.

Recreating the conflict as it unfolded, Barbero recounts individual miracles and tragedies, moments of courage and foolhardiness, from the commands of Wellington and Blucher to the cavalry charges of the thousands of soldiers on the ground.

Barbero invokes the memories of British, French, and Prussian soldiers and re-creates the conflict as it unfolded, from General Reille's early afternoon assault on the chateau of Hougoumont, to the desperate last charge of Napoleon's Imperial Guard as evening settled in. From privates to generals, Barbero recounts individual miracles and tragedies, moments of courage and foolhardiness, skillfully blending them into the larger narrative of the battle's extraordinary ebb and flow. One is left with indelible images: cavalry charges against soldiers formed in squares; the hand-to-hand combat around farmhouses; endless cannon balls and smoke.

… The narrative is unusually accessible, and as experienced readers march on, they will find some novel insights and analyses. … The author also does a better job than many popular historians in dealing with factors such as rate of fire, accurate range and the sights, sounds and smells of a Napoleonic battlefield. And while rejecting certain ‘patriotic myths,’ he supports the concept of Waterloo as a battle of unusual intensity. – Publishers Weekly
Italian historian Barbero offers a very readable narrative of one of the most significant battles in European history. …Barbero also provides enough information on tactics to depict how and why as well as what the commanders were trying to do, which makes the book an excellent resource for those with limited knowledge of the battle. … – Frieda Murray, Booklist

. . . A resounding piece of reportage . . . It does for Napoleonic-era warfare what Roberto Calasso did for Greek mythology. – Kirkus Reviews

The Battle is a masterpiece of military history, a vivid human history of the legendary battle. This majestic new account stands apart from previous British and French histories by giving voice to all the nationalities that took part. To its credit, the book leaves readers with a powerful appreciation of the inevitability and futility of war.

History / Transportation

The Haywire: A Brief History of the Manistique and Lake Superior Railroad by Hugh A. Hornstein (Michigan State University Press)

More properly known as the Manistique and Lake Superior Railroad for much of its existence, ‘The Haywire’ was one of what Willis Dunbar called the ‘Little Fellows.’ In its earliest days it was the product of a New York visionary who saw a bright future for the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. Its builders laid track through gloomy swamps, heavy forests and treacherous muskegs. During its three-quarters of a century of existence, it carried iron ores, lumber, pulpwood, alcoholic beverages and livestock. Having limited passenger accommodations, it carried passengers in both passenger cars and in cabooses, in rail-mounted motor cars and even, on occasion, in the locomotive cabs. Briefly, it even carried them on its own railroad car ferry.

The Haywire tells the story of ‘The Haywire’ as it played a major role in the industrial development of Manistique and Schoolcraft counties. But for much of its existence it existed in virtual anonymity – merely the northern branch of a Lower Peninsula railroad.

Started by visionaries, it was finished by scavengers. By 1968 ‘The Haywire’ had outlived its usefulness; it had become an economic drain on its parent, the Ann Arbor, which also had economic problems. With one exception, the industries it had helped found had ceased to exist. Trucks, cars, and a major class 1 railroad had taken over virtually all of its traffic; and so on 18 July 1968, at 12:01 A.M. it ceased to exist.

A long-held dream of mine is that someday there would be comprehensive histories for every notable Michigan railroad. That wish has now pretty much come true for the old Manistique and Lake Superior line, thanks to the efforts of Hugh Hornstein. – Le Roy Barnett, Ph.D., Former Head of Reference, State Archives of Michigan

Most of its records went into a bonfire at the Manistique depot in 1955. Hugh Hornstein has replaced an important part of this loss with his research into the life of the Manistique and Lake Superior Railroad. His perseverance and dedication to the history of this small Michigan line are apparent. The company's successes, difficulties, and eventual failure are a common but rarely documented tale of railroading in America. Hornstein rewards the reader with both insight and an historical record. – Grandon M. Meints, author of Michigan Railroads and Railroad Companies and Michigan Railroad Lines

The story of The Haywire is told by Hugh A. Hornstein, Emeritus Professor of Muskegon Community College, a railroad enthusiast with a special interest in the railroad car ferries of the Great Lakes and in the railroads of the Upper Peninsula. The book is full of photos and graphics. Hornstein’s enthusiasm and the help he received from other enthusiasts shows particularly in the care taken in replicating timetables and maps and many other artifacts.

Home & Garden / Animals & Pets

Cow Tails & Trails: A Fun & Informative Collection of Everything Bovine by Willow Creek Press (Willow Creek Press)

Frank Lloyd Wright once asked, “Has anyone sung the song of the patient, calf-bearing, milk-flowing, cud-chewing, tail-twitching cow?”
Not until Cow Tails & Trails! This informative book is packed with North American cow facts and trivia. Both dairy and beef cows are discussed and illustrated in color photographs. Classic cow stories, historic cattle drives and trails, the development of cows, cheeses, and other dairy and cow products are herded together in Cow Tails & Trails, which includes these chapters:

  • Part One: The Cow’s Story

  • Part Two: The Breeds

  • Part Three: Dairy & Beef

The book compares California and Wisconsin as the two top dairy producers. Common and uncommon cow terminology is covered. Out of 900 different breeds, the breeds covered include those most commonly milked in the US: Holstein, Jersey, Brown Swiss, Guernsey, Ayrshire and Milking Shorthorn – the Holstein accounts for 95% of the cows milked in the US. Other breeds milked in the US include the Kerry, Canadienne, Dutch Belted, Milking Devon and Norwegian Red. And other breeds found throughout the US and covered in Cow Tails & Trails include Angus, Hereford, Charolais, Shorthorn, Simmental, Longhorn, Highland, and Brahman, many of which are raised for beef. The tiny Dexter, the ideal family cow, is also covered.

The large format color photos of the cows are the highlight of this light-hearted, artful celebration of everything bovine.

Home & Garden / Architecture

New Country Houses by Dominic Bradbury (Abbeyville Press) explores how architects today seek to reinvent the country house and develop a new rural architecture for the twenty-first century, rather than simply remodeling or recreating the methods and manners of the past.

The thirty houses featured in New Country Houses range from a Portuguese vacation home whose granite facade blends seamlessly into an ancient system of agricultural terraces to a Japanese family residence whose translucent walls glow like a paper lantern in the nighttime, but they all embody the same contemporary architectural trend: a radical shift in thinking about the residential architecture of the countryside. According to Dominic Bradbury, freelance journalist and design writer, an increasing exodus from the stresses of urban living has brought a positive and powerful design consciousness out of the cities into new and challenging environments.

Exercising his eye for architectural style, Bradbury divides the book thematically into four chapters which correspond to contemporary architects’ primary approaches to the challenge of designing for the countryside: organic, vernacular, contemporary, and experimental. The individual case studies within these chapters include insights from the architects themselves and are augmented by detailed plans and elevations and 175 full-color interior and exterior photographs. The book has a full complement of supplementary features, including an introduction tracing the history of the country house, a bibliography, and an index.

Beautifully illustrated, New Country Houses will serve as a guide and inspiration to architects, their clients, and all readers who are interested in the aesthetically groundbreaking, flexible, and ecologically conscious way of living represented by today’s new country houses.

Home & Garden / Professional & Technical / Architecture

At Home in Maine: Houses Designed to Fit the Land by Christopher Glass, photography by Brian Vanden Brink (Down East Books)

Its foundations follow with delightful frankness the variations of the grounds upon which it stands, while its good proportions and harmonious arrangement of its rooflines give it that truly architectural character in which dignity may lie for the most modest building. It is so appropriate to its surroundings that it seems to have grown out of them by some process of nature, and it is equally appropriate to its purpose…. – Marianna Griswold Van Rensselaer, 1888

Just what is the quintessential Maine house? A traditional Cape nestled into a hillside meadow? A classic lakefront cottage? A Victorian reproduction on the outskirts of a quaint village? In At Home in Maine, architect Chris Glass and architectural photographer Brian Vanden Brink – both of Camden – make the argument that the answer can be all of the above. The critical element, notes Glass, is a house that fits its surroundings, rather than competing with them. And in plentiful photographs, Vanden Brink proves the point.

At Home in Maine covers a wide variety of Maine houses: some old, some new, and some that are combinations of the two, featuring innovative yet appropriate renovations. According to Brink, "good architecture, sensitive to site, will inspire others to produce, build, and design more of the same." Toward that end, he and Glass have created At Home in Maine.

Following an introduction explaining the book's design principles, three sections provide examples of these principles: homes that have been renovated with respect for the land, while valuing the original builder's intent; non-residential buildings that have been turned into homes; and new homes designed to fit their sites. The houses chosen for the book are relatively small and serve as inspiration for designers, builders, and homeowners everywhere who want to suit their homes to their natural and cultural settings.

A rich visual and written celebration of the wonderful sense of place that characterizes so much of [Maine's] domestic architecture. – Earle G. Shettleworth Jr., Maine Historic Preservation Commission
This is a book to savor. – Philip M. Isaacson, architecture critic, Maine Sunday Telegram
It's full of examples, both simple and ornate, that illustrate why Maine is a special place for architecture. – Maine Sunday Telegram

In At Home in Maine, a compelling and visually fascinating book, Glass describes each house as only a skilled designer can, exploring its history, its strengths, and even its weaknesses. For his part, photographer Vanden Brink uses light and line to underscore his collaborator’s points, at once delighting the eye with color and perspective.

Law / Business & Investing

Business Law: A Hands-On Approach by Neal Bevans (West Legal Studies Series: Thomson Delmar Learning)

Business Law is designed to act as an introductory text to business law, providing a practical, hands-on guide that gives the student a firm foundation in commercial practices, with an eye toward the kind of law that a legal professional, not a business major, should know.

Written by Neal R. Beavens, J.D., a former private attorney and Assistant District Attorney, now an instructor for 9 years at Western Piedmont Community College in North Carolina, the text emphasizes the daily tasks and responsibilities of a paralegal involved in business law, and provides numerous examples and hands-on applications to illustrate key concepts. The theoretical bases of the material are provided and then the student is asked to apply this material in the following ways:

  • Each chapter analyzes the elements of business law and business structures from basic contracts to UCC transactions.
  • Significant cases are excerpted and explored in great detail.
  • Websites for further research or discussion are provided.
  • Step-by-step analysis of the creation of contracts is presented, as well as the common clauses contained in them.
  • Chapter discussions are based on actual business problems.
  • Numerous hypotheticals and practical examples are offered to bring home the issues discussed in each chapter.
  • Practical assignments are given, based on real-world problems faced by business people and attorneys on a daily basis.
  • Numerous sidebars are presented in each chapter addressing a wide variety of issues.
  • The end of chapter exercises, hands-on assignments, and practical applications emphasize the theoretical concepts presented in the text.
  • A ‘Business Case File’ appears in each chapter that profiles various businesses and how they carry out their daily activities and how legal concerns often feature in their business decisions.

The text engages and holds readers’ interest, and presents information in a variety of styles to take advantage of different learning styles. Each new concept is presented in a multilayer fashion, first with the basic concepts and then adding greater complexity once the intellectual foundation is laid. Charts and diagrams are provided to illustrate concepts as they are discussed and to provide the instructor with additional material for class discussion. Sidebars, tables, and interviews are also presented to supplement the chapter information in a different format for students who may not fully grasp the concepts on initial presentation. Finally, practical, hands-on assignments and discussion questions are presented to reiterate and emphasize the concepts.

The author has developed an instructor's manual to accompany the text available both in print and online. Recognizing the needs of instructors for multiple resources, the author has provided the following features:

  • Suggested syllabi and lesson plans
  • Annotated outlines for each chapter
  • Answers to all end-of-chapter questions
  • A test bank, including a variety of test questions.

Online Companion is available online to students, providing supplemental resources including study tips, chapter outline websites and Powerpoint slides

This practical, application-oriented business law book is written specifically for the paralegal. Business Law balances theoretical discussions and practical examples, all presented in a well-written, enjoyable style. The numerous examples of business organizational documents make the concepts easy to grasp and apply. Based on the recognition that students who apply their newly acquired knowledge often retain it much better than those who do not, this text takes a strong ‘hands-on’ approach to business law by emphasizing practical applications of important concepts. Business Law is a must-have resource for the paralegal student studying business law.

Literature & Fiction / Native American / Reference

A Broken Flute: The Native Experience in Books for Children edited by Doris Seale & Beverly Slapin (Contemporary Native American Communities Series: Altamira Press) is a book of reviews, critically evaluating children’s books about Native Americans, along with stories, essays, and poems from its contributors.

Since the 1950s, non-Native authors and illustrators of books for children have turned increasingly to Indian literatures, lives and histories as sources of material for their efforts. Publication of the results has become big business: lavishly illustrated, and brought out with carefully orchestrated publicity. Several have become best sellers: some have won awards. They are nearly invariably praised for their beauty and sensitivity, and frequently for their ecological messages, by reviewers who do not know enough to know that the works are inauthentic, patronizing, full of lies, and an insult to the people out of whose lives money is being made. On the other hand, Native writers, unless well-known, do not find publishers in the mainstream. This is unfortunate, not only for Indians, but for the world of letters, because some of the most original and creative work being done today is by Indian authors and artists.

Edited by Doris Seale and Beverly Slapin, A Broken Flute is not intended to be a buying guide, but to bring attention to some of the gifted writers and illustrators of the past ten years or so, frequently published by Native and small presses, and also to evaluate as much as possible of the most objectionable work of the non-Native writers. Some of what is included can not be comfortable reading. Seale says clearly that Native peoples were never meant to survive – their histories include the publicly stated objective of their extinction. One of the more ingenious ideas to come out of the extinction era was the establishment of the Indian residential schools, where the children, forcibly removed from their parents, were forbidden to speak their own languages. When they lost their words, these children lost access to their past, and the stories their parents and elders might have told them. Corey Harris, a young bluesman, said on the PBS series, The Blues: "You can’t know who you are until you know the past. You can't know where you're going until you know where you’ve been." Whole generations of our young people have grown up not knowing who they were, how to live, or how to raise their own children.

Almost without exception, those who have taken Indian stories to use for their own purposes have not understood the nature of an oral literature at all. The assumption is that, because it was not originally written, it is not really to be granted the same status as the printed word, or require the same laws for its use. What happens when a story has been translated from a language as complex as, say, Navajo, into written English, and then edited, adapted or ‘retold,’ for young children? What then remains of its essential nature? Taking a story from word to paper is difficult enough, even when one knows it as well as an old shoe. Where is the gesture, the change of facial expression, the pacing, the turn of a head, the intonation, that can tell as much as the actual words? Even more so, when one is translating from an unknown culture. And there is this: Taking something that has not been offered to you does not make it yours. That makes it stolen. Stories are never free.

Seale says that those who have contributed to A Broken Flute are people who have given their lives to preserving languages and the life-preserving traditional ways; to taking back some of what has been taken from them, including the bones of their relatives; and to talking to the elders before it is to late and to telling their stories.

[Seale and Slapin's] latest volume evaluates hundreds of books for children and teenagers published from the early 1900s through 2004, [and] it is more brutally honest than anything else out there. Seale, Slapin, and their reviewers and commentators – noted storytellers, poets, fiction writers, scholars, teachers, and student and community activists – take on Newberry and Caldecott medalists and reading-list perennials for their simplistic, stereotype-filled, condescending, and outright false portrayals of American Indians.... Here, we see concerned parents and grandparents and strong Indian children who have grown up with the good examples that ultimately stand out in this book. – Multicultural Review

If you are teaching children's literature to prospective teachers, Head Start staff, librarians, or others who make vital decisions about acquisition and use of appropriate books for kids, you have got to own this book. If you are teaching Native American kids, you also must own this book. It critically reviews and assesses the cultural authenticity and historical accuracy of hundreds of well-known (and elsewhere highly regarded) children's titles of the past ten years with a particular scrutiny for the taint of misinformation, cultural theft, and lack of balance. – Tribal College Journal

Strong American Indian voices permeate A Broken Flute. In innovative stories at the beginning, adults and young people speak movingly of how certain books have brought pain – or healing – to their lives. Readers of all ages can relate to these powerful words, which vividly reinforce the book reviewers' excellent critiques. A Broken Flute is a compelling call for truth-telling and healing. – Marilou Awiakta (Cherokee), author of Selu: Seeking the Corn Mother’s Wisdom

A Broken Flute will be a valuable resource for community and educational organizations, and a key reference for public and school libraries, and Native American collections. Readers will turn to this volume repeatedly, especially because of the multiple indexes, for help with book evaluation and to broaden their understanding of the community in which they work and live.

Literature & Fiction / Saga / Historical Fiction

The King of Kings County: A Novel by Whitney Terrell (Viking)

Few first novels elicit the rave reviews enjoyed by Whitney Terrell for The Huntsman. The New York Times called it ‘a searing first novel,’ while the Chicago Tribune compared Terrell to "Faulkner, Conrad, and Melville." In The King of Kings County, Terrell, New Letters visiting writer at the University of Missouri-Kansas City, again takes readers to his native Kansas City for a heartrending look at a young man’s coming-of-age as he confronts his father’s – and his city’s – dissolution.

Jack Acheson begins his tale in the 1950s, when his father, Alton Acheson, part con-man, part visionary, is busy conning local farmers out of their land on the outskirts of Kansas City. From there he charts his father's attempt to build a suburban empire in rural Kings County  through the giddy land rush of the ‘60s and ‘70s to the vast corporate campuses of the present day. It's a novel of youth, of football games and prep school rituals. It's a history of real estate barons and racial covenants, of color lines and highway building. And it's also the story of a father and son who are more similar than they care to admit.

Throughout, Terrell weaves an intensely private portrait of Jack's entire life, a stunning, fifty-year arc through the heart of the American dream. In it, readers meet the math-whiz son of a mob accountant, John Birch-crazed ranchers, and blockbusting black real estate agents. Readers learn of Jack's first love, Geanie Bowen, the redheaded, improbably progressive daughter of the city's greatest developer, who protests apartheid from her father's crum­bling estate. And how Jack, in his fifties, remains haunted by one particular event that he and Geanie witnessed in a quarry during their junior year of high school – a secret that eventually forces him into a clear-eyed confrontation with the true consequences of his father's legacy.

Combine J. D. Salinger with Mark Twain and you'll have some idea of the irony, humor, and harrowing sorrow in Whitney Terrell's tale of the improbable rise and fall of a farcical, con-man father and his watchful, melancholy, embarrassed son. The King of Kings County is the finest novel of delusional lives in Kansas City since Evan S. Connell's Mr. Bridge. – Ron Hansen

The King of Kings County is a scandalously convincing novel and Whitney Terrell writes prose as smooth and quietly sparkling as that of the finest old masters. He follows a small cast of privileged Kansas City characters who are alive enough to kiss, or maybe punch on the nose, and through them conveys with intimate detail the thumping hearts and cold logic of the powerful as they congregate and connive to change forever the future of a fine city. His eye is sharp and his sentiments firm. – Daniel Woodrell

In The King of Kings County, Terrell offers us the story of the creation of the streets and neighborhoods of Kansas City – from the once-bustling downtown sidewalks to the antiseptic ranch homes of this prototypical American city – and in the process draws a tender and comic portrait of a family's suspect pursuit of fortune in the U.S. This extraordinary saga in essence examines the manufacturing of an American Dream, one whose contradictions divide us to this day.

Literature & Fiction / Science Fiction & Fantasy

Accelerando by Charles Stross (Ace Books)

Now, expanding upon his award-winning short story cycle from the pages of Asimov's Science Fiction Magazine, Charles Stross in Accelerando presents a startling vision of humanity's inability to cope with rapid technological advancement.
The Singularity. It is the era of the post human. Artificial intelligences have surpassed the limits of human intellect. Biotechnological beings have rendered people all but extinct. Molecular nanotechnology runs rampant, replicating and reprogramming at will. Contact with extraterrestrial life grows more imminent with each new day.
Struggling to survive and thrive in this accelerated world are three generations of the Macx clan: Manfred, an entrepreneur dealing in intelligence amplification technology whose mind is divided between his physical environment and the Internet; his daughter Amber, on the run from her domineering mother, seeking her fortune in the outer system as an indentured astronaut; and Sirhan, Amber's permanently space-bound offspring, paying witness to the fruits of his grandfather's early innovations as something ominous and nonhuman is systematically dismantling the planets from Pluto to Earth. And Sirhan finds his destiny linked to the fate of all of humanity.

For something is systematically dismantling the nine planets of the solar system. Something beyond human comprehension. Something that has no use for biological life in any form...

This new brand of science fiction, like all the best SF before it, is not just about predicting the future or pushing an agenda or even plain old entertaining techno-fun. It is all that, but it's also about expanding the boundaries of the possible, building far-out worlds and then populating them with characters who bring the big ideas down to Earth. – Popular Science
There is an intrinsic unknowability about the technological singularity. Most writers leave it safely offstage or invent reasons why it doesn’t happen. Not Charles Stross. Accelerando lives up to its name, the most sustained and unflinching look into radical optimism I’ve seen – Vernon Vinge, author of the Peace War

…Stross has his thumb squarely on the pulse of technology's leading edge and exults in extrapolating mere glimmers of ideas out to their mind-bending limits. His brilliant and panoramic vision of uncontrollably accelerating technology vaults him into the front rank of SF trailblazers, alongside Gibson and Stephenson, and promises to become a seminal work in the genre. – Carl Hays, Booklist, starred review

Where Charles Stross goes today, the rest of science fiction will follow tomorrow. – Gardner Dozois, Editor, Asimov's Science Fiction Magazine

Expanding upon his award-winning short story cycle, Stross delivers the story fans have been waiting for with Accelerando, a novel destined to change the face of the genre. An ideological tour-de-force, Accelerando is destined to stand beside Neuromancer and Snow Crash as a seminal work in science fiction.

Literature & Fiction / Women’s / Native American

Silko: Writing Storyteller and Medicine Woman by Brewster E. Fitz (American Indian Literature & Critical Studies Series, Volume 47: University of Oklahoma Press)

I suppose that if I didn't have the outlook of a writer, I might get better at storytelling . . . – Leslie Marmon Silko

Laguna Pueblo author Leslie Marmon Silko was raised in a culture with a strong oral tradition. The critical focus on orality in Native literature has kept the equally important tradition of Native writing from being honored.

But Silko also grew up in a household where books were cherished and reading at the dinner table was not deemed rude, but instead was encouraged. In his examination of Silko's award-winning literature in Silko, Brewster E. Fitz explores the complex dynamic between the spoken story and the written word, revealing how it carries over from Silko's upbringing and plays out in her writings.

Focusing on critical essays by and interviews with Silko, Fitz argues that Silko's storytelling is informed not so much by oral Laguna culture as by the Marmon family tradition in which writing was internalized long before her birth. In Silko's writings, this conflicted desire between the oral and the written evolves into a yearning for a paradoxical, written orality that would conceivably function as a perfect, nonmediated language.

A penetrating, shrewd, learned, and elegantly written book. – Arnold Krupat, author of Red Matters: Native American Studies

[Silko] is stimulating and beautifully written, bringing together a fascinating mix of influences on Silko and her writing. – Southwest Book Views

By offering close readings of stories from Storyteller and Ceremony, as well as passages from Almanac of the Dead and Gardens in the Dunes, Fitz, Associate Professor of English at Oklahoma State University, shows how Silko weaves the oral and the written, the spirit and the flesh, into a new vision of Pueblo culture. As Fitz asserts in Silko, Silko's written word, rather than obscuring or destroying her culture's oral tradition, serves instead to sharpen it.

Medicine / Philosophy / Ethics

Ethical Health Care by Patricia Illingworth & Wendy E. Parmet (Pearson Prentice Hall) provides an interdisciplinary perspective to bioethics, relying heavily upon the insights of such diverse fields as economics, law, and public health.

For those interested in the human rights dimensions of medicine, many may ac­cuse physicians of ‘meddling’ in societal issues that go beyond their scope or competence. Also, issues of human rights inherently and inevitably represent a challenge to power – and health professionals are often part of, or direct beneficiaries of, the societal or institutional status quo that is challenged by the claims of human rights and dignity.

The factors that determine the health and well-being of individuals and communities are complex and multi-faceted, ranging from the competency of health care providers to social policies that affect the distribution of resources between nations. The same is true of the ethical questions that arise in the context of both the provision of health care and the determination of public polices that affect human health. Ethical Health Care identifies and addresses these compelling questions. The book broadens the scope of traditional bioethics by integrating the social, economic, public policy and legal influences on health care. Written by Patricia Illingworth & Wendy E. Parmet, both of Northwestern University, Ethical Health Care explores the nature of the relationship between patients and clinicians, health care providers and the societies in which they live, and the relationship between the health care enterprise and the international community. Chapters include:

  1. Bioethics: Expanding Our Horizons
  2. The Building Blocks of Health
  3. The Health of Individuals
  4. The Ethical Obligations of Health Care Providers
  5. The Ethical Obligations of Health Care Institutions
  6. Individuals, Society, and Health
  7. Individuals, Society, and Biomedical Science: Emerging and Reemerging Issues

Illingworth and Parmet in Ethical Health Care note that there is more to modern health than new scientific discoveries, or development of new technologies, or emerging or re-emerging diseases, or changes in patterns of morbidity and mortality around the world. For we are living at a time of paradigm shift in thinking about health, and therefore about medicine and public health. Health as well-being, despite the World Health Organization's definition, lacks more than rudimentary definition, especially regarding its mental and societal dimensions. The universe of human suffering and its alleviation is being more fully explored. Awareness of the limits of medicine and medical care, growing recognition of the health impacts of societal structure and function, globalization and consequent interdependence, and the sometimes active, sometimes ineffectual actions of nation-states, all intersect to lead toward a new vision of health.

The authors note that at such times of profound change, another kind of value becomes more vital. To build bridges – between medicine and public health, and between ethics and human rights – the critical underlying question may be, Do we believe that the world can change? Do we believe that the long chains of human suffering can be broken? A high-minded exploration of the intersection of health care and ethics, aimed at clinicians and other health care providers, Ethical Health Care carefully and thoughtfully reframes the agenda and approach to bioethics, offering a broader perspective to our understanding of the struggle for human health and freedom.

Mysteries & Thrillers / Religion & Spirituality / Historical Fiction

The Franciscan Conspiracy by John Sack (RiverWood Books)

Do not tell me that Francis failed. The Spirit of Compromise captured his dream and pared it down; it captured his brothers ... and changed them, as it had tried to change him from the first, into good but commonplace monks. It captured his body and buried it in one of the greatest churches of Italy. It captured his dangerous life story and put it into censored and adapted biogra­phies. But it could not catch Francis. ... Francis succeeded; it was the others who failed. – Ernest Raymond

700 years ago church officials hid the body of St. Francis from the world. What secret went with Francis of Assisi to his grave?

The Franciscan Conspiracy explores the great thirteenth-century mystery: Why was the body of St. Francis stolen and hidden? This historical tale investigates what caused the Franciscan Order to destroy all early biographies of Francis by his closest disciples in favor of a sanitized biography by the powerful St. Bonaventure.

The Franciscan Conspiracy is set against the chaotic backdrop of Italy in the thirteenth-century, a time when the extreme poverty of religious zealots clashed with the burgeoning prosperity of merchants, the monastic orders, and high church officials.

The story, written by prolific author John Sack, begins 30 years after Francis death, when Father Leo, Francis' closest friend, is dying. Father Leo refuses to take his secrets with him to the grave even though he is bound to a vow of silence. In a cryptic farewell message, Fra Leo launches his favorite student, the young hermit Conrad into a labyrinth, connecting him with an unlikely companion, sixteen-year-old Sister Amata. The two begin to search for the truth about St. Francis. In the labyrinth, every passage confronts Conrad with his deepest fears – there to make sense of the bizarre and puzzling events that followed the death in 1226 of Francis of Assisi and to find the truth – a truth that will shake the foundation of the Franciscan Order and the faith of the masses.

The Franciscan Conspiracy is based on an actual event, the kidnapping and hiding of the remains of Saint Francis of Assisi at the instigation of the head of the Franciscan Order. The burial site was not discovered for 600 years. This book, multilayered, intricately plotted, based on historical fact, explores what might have been.

Philosophy / Civil Rights

Universal Human Rights: Moral Order in a Divided World edited by David A. Reidy & Mortimer N.S. Sellers (Philosophy and the Global Context Series: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.)

Human rights talk is now ubiquitous. Human rights claims permeate political, legal, and even commercial practices. And human rights stand at the center of philosophical inquiry into global or international justice, one of the most active and productive areas of philosophical inquiry in recent decades. Nearly all governments of the world have now expressed their commitment to "fundamental human rights, . . . the dignity and worth of the human person, [and] . . . the equal rights of men and women" everywhere. The Charter of the United Nations commits nearly all nations of the world to promote, realize, and take action to achieve human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, yet this formal consensus masks an underlying confusion about the philosophical basis and practical implications of rights in a world made up of radically different national communities. The nearly universal recognition by governments of a nearly identical list of ‘universal’ and ‘inalienable’ rights neither confirms that such rights exist nor guarantees their effectiveness. It is often not very clear what human rights talk is about or is intended to accomplish or could accomplish in a world as divided as our own. Many governments do little to secure the rights of their subjects, and many violate the very rights they have solemnly promised to uphold.

Edited by David A. Reidy, assistant professor of philosophy at the University of Tennessee, and Mortimer N. S. Sellers, Regents Professor of the University System of Maryland and director of the Center for International and Comparative Law at the University of Baltimore School of Law, Universal Human Rights explores the foundations of universal human rights in four sections devoted to their nature, application, enforcement, and limits, concluding that shared rights help to constitute a universal human community, which supports local customs and separate state sovereignty.

Chapters and their authors include:

  1. Introduction – David A. Reidy and Mortimer N. S. Sellers

Part I: The Nature of Human Rights

  1. The Structure of Arguments for Human Rights – Alistair M. Macleod
  2. Human Rights: Constitutional and International – Rex Martin
  3. Universalism and Relativism in Human Rights – David Duquette

Part II: The Particular in Universal Human Rights

  1. Are Women Human? Feminist Reflections on ‘Women's Rights as Human Rights’ – Lucinda Joy Peach
  2. Human Rights and the Ethic of Listening – Helen Stacy
  3. Rights against Institutions: What Governments Should and Can Do – William Nelson

Part III: Enforcing Universal Human Rights

  1. Human Rights and Humanitarian Intervention – Steven P. Lee
  2. Genocide and Political Responsibility – Larry May
  3. Human Rights and the Rule of Law: Sovereignty and the International Criminal Court – Kenneth Henley

Part IV: Rights in Extremis

  1. Is Terrorism Ever Morally Permissible? An Inquiry into the Right to Life – Stephen Nathanson
  2. Thwarting Suicide Terrorists: The Locus of Moral Constraints and the (Ir)Relevance of ‘Human Rights’ – Jonathan Schonsheck

Although human rights discourse is becoming the recognized lingua franca of international relations, differences of justification, interpretation, application, and enforcement abound. This set of original essays throws fresh light on these differences while clearly exemplifying the greater importance of the basic similarities that all parties to the debate share. – Richard T. De George, University of Kansas

This impressive and timely volume brings together some of the most hotly debated issues in the philosophical discourse on human rights and offers new ways of thinking about them. The essays raise all the hard questions on the theory and practice of human rights, providing wide-ranging and sharply contested arguments. The book is a must for anyone interested in the normative and institutional issues of human rights and their global dimensions. – Deen Chatterjee, University of Utah

Universal Human Rights brings some clarity to this important and contested new discourse of universal human rights. Contributors to this important volume demonstrate from very different perspectives how human rights can help to bring moral order to an otherwise divided world.

Politics / Social Sciences

Silenced: International Journalists Expose Media Censorship edited by David Dadge (Prometheus Books)

What happens to journalists who expose uncomfortable truths?

How far are they  prepared to go in order to report a difficult story?

Silenced, written by David Dadge of Vienna, Austria, editor at the International Press Institute, provides answers to these questions with the stories of journalists who risked their careers so that the public might be informed.

From Mexico, where journalist Isabel Arvide faced imprisonment for publishing a series of articles on the chilling activities of criminal gangs and their protectors in local government, to Zimbabwe, where the harsh treatment of the Andrew Meldrum led to him being arrested and forcibly deported from the country because he dared criticize President Robert Mugabe, Silenced is a powerful reminder of the risks – both personal and financial – accepted by the media on our behalf.

In other parts of the world, journalists face more traditional problems, whether it is the pressure placed on Gary Hughes and Gerard Ryle when highlighting police corruption in Australia or the aggressive tactics employed by the Belgian authorities against Stern magazine's Hans-Martin Tillack for exposing a financial scandal at the heart of the European Union. According to Dadge, when faced with the threat of censorship, the journalists represented in the book reacted in a similar manner – they chose to report and face the consequences. They decided to place the ethics of journalism above all other considerations. As such they are proof that press freedom cannot exist without those who are willing to uphold its fundamental principles.

Told through the personal experiences of fourteen professional journalists, Silenced offers insight into the lives of working reporters. In essence, it is an insider's view that allows readers to see how the media operate, the vital principles of press freedom, and the difficulties – indeed, the dangers – faced by many journalists in their everyday work.

Canadian professor Stephen Kimber found himself increasingly censored when the newspaper in which he penned a daily column was bought out by a corporation that controlled other media outlets. Michael McKinnon struggled in the courts to restore the original intent of the Australian Freedom of Information Act. These stories demonstrate that in democratic countries, where fundamental liberties such as freedom of speech are supposedly held dear, journalists can be punished simply for reporting the truth.

Even in the United States, where the words are guaranteed in the First Amendment of the Constitution, journalists face censorship. News director Stacey Woelfel in Missouri and columnist Tom Gutting in Texaseach caused outrage among both citizens and politicians in the aftermath of September 11. While Woelfel survived threats to cut funding to his university, Gutting lost his job and has since been unable to find employment as a journalist.

But the consequences of reporting in other countries are far more severe. In Silenced British photojournalist Tim Lambon recounts his near-fatal experience in Liberia as part of a documentary team trying to interview President Charles Taylor. Aaron Berhane began Eritrea's first independent newspaper, whose exposure of dishonest practices in government led to his fleeing for his life in 2001. And Charles Arthur covers the story of Jean Dominique, a Haitian who was murdered outside the radio station where he hosted a daily news show that uncovered the corruption of Haitian officials.

Other chapters show how Russian law was turned on its head in an effort to quiet journalists, how the selling of a Hong Kong-based newspaper to a wealthy Chinese family led to some startling changes, and how journalism in the South Pacific differs from that practiced in the Western world.

This hard-hitting collection shows that pressure and persecution are still inescapable aspects of a journalist's job description. Dadge (Casualty of War: The Bush Administration's Assault on a Free Press) gathers 14 mostly first-person stories from journalists about the obstacles and threats they have faced. Many of the reports concern underdeveloped countries … The journalists take on a range of targets, from bureaucrats to media conglomerates as well as their own colleagues' lazy collusion with official sources. The result is a vigorous defense of press freedoms by journalists who are unafraid to confront the powers that be. – Publishers Weekly

Powerful and compelling, Silenced is more than a book on the media; it is an expression of the bravery and persistence of journalists everywhere. Edited by a journalist working for a global press freedom organization, Silenced greatly adds to our understanding of the growing pressures on the global media.

Professional & Technical / Architecture / History / Reference

A History of Western Architecture, 4th edition by David Watkin (Watson-Guptill Publications)

In A History of Western Architecture David Watkin traces the history of western architecture from the earliest times in Mesopotamia and Egypt to the dramatic impact of CAD (computer-aided design) on architectural practice at the beginning of the twenty-first century.

Adopting an approach that sees architectural history as a living continuity rather than a museum of neatly labeled styles, Watkin, Professor of the History of Architecture at the University of Cambridge and a Fellow of Peterhouse, emphasizes the ongoing vitality of the Classical language of architecture, underlining the continuity between, say, the work of Ictinus in fifth-century BC Athens and that of McKim, Mead and White in twentieth-century NewYork.

The fourth edition of A History of Western Architecture has been expanded in both text and illustration. As well as containing new material on ancient Egyptian and Mesopotamian architecture, where the roots of western architecture can be seen, it has been reshaped so that each chapter now contains a full account of urbanism. Watkin has taken the opportunity of expanding the account of twentieth-century architecture from the 1930s to the present day. The book is thus brought up to date by its survey of the extraordinary flowering of architecture around the world at the start of the millennium. From Berlin to Ohio, from Bilbao to London, a series of spectacular public buildings have captured the popular attention to an unexpected degree. And, though A History of Western Architecture remains a history of western architecture, it is also now appropriate to take a fuller look at the remarkable contribution of modern Japanese architects from Arata Isozaki to TadeoAndo.

The preface of the first edition presented this book as the first history of western architecture from the ancient world to the present day to have appeared since the demise of the certainties of the Modern Movement. According to modernist doctrines, the birth of something called ‘modern man’ in the twentieth century called for a new architecture devoid of historical resonances. However, according to Watkin, contemplating the whole history of architecture from ancient times onwards, it seemed improbable that traditional forms would never recur. Indeed, in the last decades traditional architecture has reestablished itself inescapably as a solution to the many problems presented by new needs and new materials.

The years since the appearance of the first edition also saw other events which few anticipated: the demise of the totalitarian Communist systems in Eastern Europe and even in Soviet Russia itself.

Looking at the successive rebirths of classicism, it is clear that each generation has had to rediscover the classical language for itself, finding in it what it wanted to find. Alberti in the fifteenth century, Palladio in the sixteenth, Perrault in the seventeenth, Adam in the eighteenth, Schinkel in the nineteenth, Lutyens in the twentieth: all made a personal rediscovery of the language of the orders; all brought expectations of their own to their search for the secrets of ancient design, expectations that colored their response to what they found or thought they found. Architectural and archaeological scholarship has also kept pace in the 1980s and 1990s with this new receptivity to our continuing historical legacy. It is clearly the principal aim of A History of Western Architecture to tell that story. However the book does not predict the future, other than to confirm the truth of the claim in the Apocalypse that, ‘Behold, I make all things new.’

In the opening years of the twenty-first century, ‘flagship’ buildings have been used as never before to advertise institutions, notably art galleries and museums of all kinds. This process frequently includes the rejuvenation of run-down and outdated nineteenth- and twentieth-century industrial sites with buildings whose striking new shapes have sometimes been made possible by the use of CAD. While steel, glass and concrete are used as prolifically as in the twentieth century, many architects make a point of using traditional materials such as timber, sandstone, terracotta, copper, bamboo and even paper. As a result, a varied if sometimes confusing picture is being built in which architecture, often controversial but constantly debated, occupies a central position in contemporary culture.

 Far and away the best narrative summary of western architecture in existence…it stands out as an intellectual triumph. – Sir John Summerson

This authoritative, comprehensive and highly illustrated survey provides a fresh perspective which will be invaluable to students and anyone interested in the history of architecture. This fourth edition of A History of Western Architecture, a highly acclaimed, standard work, has been expanded to bring the story of western architecture right up to the present day.

Reference / Education / Test Guides

Master the GED 2006 by Arco (Master the GED Series: Thomson Peterson’s)

ARCO’s Master the GED 2006, written by staff writers who have been working on this highly successful book for twenty years, is designed to help readers gain a clear idea of what to expect and how to prepare for the General Educational Development (GED) examination. By following the advice in this book, readers can earn a high school equivalency diploma and increase their chances of professional and personal success. It gives a fair and reasonable explanation of testing procedures, scoring information, and useful test-taking hints. The book provides:

  • In-depth lessons that cover the GED from start to finish.
  • A diagnostic test to help readers pinpoint their strengths and weaknesses.
  • Detailed answer explanations for every question on each of the practice tests.
  • Proven test-taking techniques and score-raising strategies.

The GED tests are a series of examinations that are designed to determine whether a person has the literacy and computational skills equivalent to those of the upper two thirds of the students currently graduating from high schools in the United States. The tests are sponsored by the American Council on Education, a nonprofit educational organization located in Washington, D.C. They are designed and developed by the GED Testing Service. Since 1942, millions of adults have earned their high school credentials by passing the GED tests. Approximately 900,000 adults take the test each year, and more than 600,000 of them are awarded high school equivalency diplomas.

According to the American Council on Education, the tests measure "broad concepts and general knowledge, not how well they (test-takers) remember details, precise definitions, or historical facts. Thus, the tests do not penalize candidates who lack recent academic or classroom experience or who have acquired their education informally."

The current edition of this book, Master the GED 2006, represents a broadly updated version, revised after numerous consultations with the GED Testing Service of the American Council on Education, to comply with the changes made in the test, as well as with national standards in the different academic areas. These changes include:

  • A greater emphasis on business-related skills broadly applied to all academic areas, and the potential needs of the third-millennium workplace.
  • An expanded use of graphics and other visual modes of presenting information.
  • More emphasis on practical, commonsense approaches and skills as related to academic subjects.
  • A greater recognition of the increasing impact of technology on daily life.

Some features include:

  • The Mathematics sections provide user-friendly explanations of math processes in recognition of the particular difficulty many students have in this area. The answer explanations are written with care, taking students ‘by the hand’ to coach them, and enable them to comprehend difficult concepts that might have been previously elusive in the classroom. There is also a clearly presented step-by-step section on using the special scientific calculator effectively, as this instrument is utilized in part of the GED Mathematics Test.
  • The Language Arts, Reading Section provides an opportunity for improving these skills necessary for good performance in reading, as well as in all the other academic areas.
  • Master the GED 2006 has an extensive Business Reading section that helps readers become familiar with selections of a business, practical or work-related nature. This enables students to deal more easily with readings of this kind throughout the GED.
  • The book offers brief but broad-based suggestions, labeled ‘Quick Tips,’ which are proven aids in improving readers’ performance in the specific areas tested on the GED test.
  • A list of telephone numbers for GED contact centers throughout the United States and its territories, as well as in Canada, has been added.
  • Review of all 5 GED subjects: Language Arts, Reading, Writing; Mathematics, Science, and Social Studies.
  • Exercises and drills that cover every type of question on the exam.
  • Three full-length practice tests.

Readers will find that Master the GED 2006 is a useful guide for taking and passing the GED exam with the least possible heartache and headache. This is an easy-to-use book with a direct and uncluttered format. The Diagnostic Test, the full-length Practice Tests, and the practice questions for each subject area will give readers an understanding of the kinds of questions they may expect. The book also contains instruction tips for teachers of GED prep courses.

Religion & Spirituality

Divine Rainbow: Nature as Spiritual Teacher by M. Louise Heydt (Sunstone Press)

In Divine Rainbow, Louise Heydt weaves together a one-year cycle of nature in a small valley in the Tecolote Mountains east of Pecos, New Mexico, and an inspirational spiritual journey as taught by nature. According to Heydt, scholar of Eastern Studies, self-taught naturalist, artist and poet, the land and the spiritual path are interconnected; the outer landscape of nature is the guide for the journey through the inner landscape.

Readers are shown how to find sacred places in the land, and how these places are gateways or thresholds for quiet observation and meditation. The realm of mystical experiences can be explored while in the embrace of nature.

Divine Rainbow also shows that it is a contemporary delusion that humans and nature are separate, and how in the process of immersing oneself into experiences in nature one nourishes his or her inner nature. In the process of this nurturing, a spiritual awakening begins in which one also learns the power of prayer, thus bringing to light one’s intimate relationship with the Divine.

These meditative chapters – Rainbow Woman, October, Moon Dragon, November, and so on – flow in a stream of consciousness manner. Those who are strongly drawn to nature will find Divine Rainbow an inspiring and uplifting book, perhaps one they may want to read outdoors.

Religion & Spirituality / Apocrypha / Gnosticism

The Gospel of Mary of Magdala: Jesus and the First Woman Apostle by Karen L. King (Polebridge Press)

Lost for more than fifteen hundred years, the Gospel of Mary is the only existing early Christian gospel written in the name of a woman. Karen L. King, Winn Professor of Ecclesiastical History at Harvard University in the Divinity School in The Gospel of Mary of Magdala, tells the story of the recovery of this remarkable gospel and offers a new translation.

Where did the Gospel of Mary come from?

According to The Gospel of Mary of Magdala, over a hundred years ago, in January of 1896, a seemingly insignificant event took place on the antiquities market in Cairo. A manuscript dealer, whose name history has forgotten, offered a papyrus book for sale to a German scholar named Dr. Carl Reinhardt. It eventually became clear that the book was a fifth-century CE papyrus codex, written in the Coptic language. Unbeknownst to either of them, it contained the Gospel of Mary along with three other previously unknown works, the Apocryphon of John, the Sophia of Jesus Christ, and the Act of Peter. This seemingly small event turned out to be of enormous significance.

Reinhardt could tell that the book was ancient, but he knew nothing more about the find than that the dealer was from Achmim in central Egypt. The dealer told him that a peasant had found the book in a niche of a wall, but that is impossible. The book's excellent condition, except for several pages missing from the Gospel of Mary, makes it entirely unlikely that it had spent the last fifteen hundred years unnoticed in a wall niche. No book could have survived so long in the open air.

Reinhardt purchased the book and took it to Berlin, where it was placed in the Egyptian Museum with the official title and catalogue number of Codex Berolinensis 8502. There it came into the hands of the Egyptologist Carl Schmidt, who set about producing a critical edition and German translation of what is now generally referred to as the Berlin Codex.

From the beginning, the publication was plagued by difficulties. First of all, there is the problem of the missing pages. The first six pages, plus four additional pages from the middle of the work, are missing. This means that over half of the Gospel of Mary is completely lost. Schmidt thought those pages must have been stolen or destroyed by whoever found the book. The manuscript itself was found protected inside its original leather and papyrus cover, but by the time it reached Carl Schmidt in Berlin, the order of the pages had been considerably jumbled. It took Schmidt some time to realize that the book was nearly intact and must therefore have been found uninjured.

By 1912 Schmidt's edition was ready for publication and was sent to press in Leipzig. The printer was nearing completion of the final sheets when a burst water pipe destroyed the entire edition. Soon thereafter Europe plunged into World War I. His death on April 17, 1938, caused further delay while the edition was retrieved from his estate and sent to press. Walter Till in 1941 took over the work, and by 1943 the edition was again ready to go to press. But now World War II made publication impossible.

By the time the war was over, news had reached Berlin of a major manuscript discovery in Egypt near the village of Nag Hammadi. No new copies of the Gospel of Mary were found at Nag Hammadi, but publication was delayed yet again as Till waited for information about the new manuscripts so that he could incorporate the new evidence into his edition of the Berlin Codex. But the wheels of scholarship grind slowly, and finally in exasperation, Till gave up.

At last in 1955, the first printed edition of the text of the Gospel of Mary finally appeared with a German translation. And scholars continue to make changes. Of foremost importance was the discovery of yet another early third-century Greek fragment of the Gospel of Mary, which was published in 1983. With the addition of this fragment, we now have portions of three copies of the Gospel of Mary dating from antiquity: two Greek manuscripts from the early third century and one in Coptic from the fifth century.

Because it is unusual for several copies from such early dates to have survived, the attestation of the Gospel of Mary as an early Christian work is unusually strong.

What does the Gospel say?

According to The Gospel of Mary of Magdala, when Jesus died, he did not leave behind him an established church with a clear organizational structure. Early Christians experimented with a variety of formal arrangements, from relatively unstructured charismatic organizations to more fixed hierarchical orders. In some congregations, leadership was shared among men and women according to the movement of the Spirit in inspiring gifts of prophecy, teaching, healing, administration, and service. Others were headed by elders, bishops, deacons, and widows. In many, women and slaves were important leaders; others resisted this reversal of the dominant social order and worked to exclude them. The Gospel of Mary was written at a time when it was not yet clear which direction church organization would take.

From at least the time of Paul, Christian churches had stressed the presence of the Spirit within the churches, and the manifestation of spiritual gifts among all believers. They assumed that Jesus intended to generate a movement that would spread his teaching to all nations. The Gospel of Mary traces its own spiritual legacy to the early Christian tradition that Jesus had commissioned his disciples to preach the gospel. The dialogues among the disciples are framed in order to explore the meaning of Jesus' admonition to preach the gospel. What is the content of that gospel? Who has understood it and who has the authority to preach it? What insures that the true path to salvation is being taught? The Gospel of Mary takes very clear positions on each of these issues, but the controversy that erupts among the disciples also shows that the author of the Gospel of Mary was fully aware that not all Christians agreed with its views.

Increasingly the tide would turn toward favoring a patriarchal, hierarchical authority. It was the predominant form by which power was exercised in the Roman world, and it afforded at once more stability and more respectability than charismatically organized groups, which stern Roman sensibilities apparently found radical and disorderly. In the early fourth century, when the Roman emperor Constantine first legalized Christianity by issuing an edict of toleration, he recognized a group of male bishops as the established leadership of the church, and in doing so sanctioned a power structure that would govern Christianity for centuries to come. This succession of past witnesses, it was argued, ensured the truth of the Church's teaching and guaranteed the salvation of believers.

The Gospel of Mary directly challenges the validity of such claims, and offers instead a vision of Christian community in which authority is based not solely or even primarily upon a succession of past witnesses, but upon understanding and appropriating the gospel. Authority is vested not in a male hierarchy, but in the leadership of men and women who have attained strength of character and spiritual maturity. Prophetic speech and visions are given a place of primacy as the manifestation of spiritual understanding and the source of sound teaching. Christian community constituted a new humanity, in the image of the true Human within, in which the superficial distinctions of the flesh lacked any spiritual significance. Women as well as men could assume leadership roles on the basis of their spiritual development. The Gospel of Mary rejects any view of God as divine ruler and judge and, hence, repudiates those as proper roles for Christian leadership. The true model for leadership is the Savior, the teacher and mediator of divine wisdom and salvation who cautions his disciples against laying down fixed laws and rules that will come to enslave them.

The historical importance of the Gospel of Mary lies in letting us see the contours of some crucial debates over the authority of apostolic tradition, prophetic experience, and women's leadership. We are in a better position to judge what was at stake in the road Christianity followed by walking a way down one of the paths that has been little trodden.

The Gospel of Mary of Magdala, a second-century gospel that was discovered in the 19th century and not published until 1955, shows Mary to be the apostle (yes, apostle) to whom Jesus revealed deep theological insights. King, a professor at Harvard Divinity School and author of What Is Gnosticism?, argues that the Gospel prefers inner spiritual knowledge to exterior forms such as the law and that it reveals some of the gender conflicts and spiritual divisions of the early Christian movement. … In the brief text, the male apostles are afraid and despondent after Jesus' post-resurrection departure, so Mary tries to cheer them by revealing some of the esoteric teachings that Jesus imparted to her alone. But the teachings cause discord, as Peter and others refuse to believe that Jesus would have given such ‘strange ideas’ to a woman. ("Did he choose her over us?" a petulant Peter asks.) The bulk of King's book takes up various issues raised by the text – questions about the Son of Man, law, women's authority, visionary experiences and the body. This is a serious scholarly study with the apparatus of an academic book, including Coptic facsimiles of the papyrus, and Coptic and Greek phrases sprinkled throughout the text. – Publishers Weekly
Karen King’s The Gospel of Mary of Magdala is a book that many readers are waiting for – a complete translation of the Gospel of Mary together with a lucidly written, marvelously informative discussion of where it comes from and what it means. – Elaine Pagels, Harrington Spear Paine Foundation Professor of Religion at Princeton University

This brief narrative presents a radical interpretation of Jesus' teachings as a path to inner spiritual knowledge. It rejects his suffering and death as a path to eternal life and exposes the view that Mary Magdalene was a prostitute for what it is – a piece of theological fiction. The Gospel of Mary of Magdala offers a fascinating glimpse into the conflicts and controversies that shaped earliest Christianity.

Religion & Spirituality / Christianity

God, Truth, and Witness: Engaging Stanley Hauerwas edited by L. Gregory Jones, Reinhard Hütter & C. Rosalee Velloso Ewell (Brazos Press)

In 2001, Time magazine named him ‘America's best theologian.’

God, Truth, and Witness is a collection of writings to celebrate the influential career and writings of Stanley Hauerwas, Gilbert T. Rowe Professor of Theological Ethics at Duke University and the author of many books, including Performing the Faith, The Peaceable Kingdom, With the Grain of the Universe, A Better Hope, and most recently Cross-Shattered Christ: Meditations on the Seven Last Words.

On the occasion of his sixty-fifth birthday, Stanley Hauerwas is being honored – this time by peers who are themselves world-class thinkers on theology, politics, ethics, and history. God, Truth, and Witness celebrates a man whose mind and life have been, and continue to be, engaged with God, truth, and witness to both. Hauerwas's peers offer spirited essays discussing and sometimes even arguing with his notions of a wide variety of topics. Pulled together by editors L. Gregory Jones; dean and professor of theology at Duke Divinity School; Reinhard Hotter, associate professor of Christian theology at Duke Divinity School; and C. Rosalee Velloso Ewell, professor at South American Theological Seminary in Brazil; the international lineup of contributors includes:

  • Rowan A. Greer
  • Hans S. Reinders
  • Arne Rasmusson
  • Emmanuel M. Katongole
  • Bernd Wannenwetsch
  • George Lindbeck
  • Nicholas Lash
  • Peter Ochs
  • David B. Burrell, Csc
  • Robert Louis Wilken
  • Robert N. Bellah
  • Robert W. Jenson
  • H.Tristram Engelhardt Jr.
  • Neville Richardson
  • Harry Hueibner

Touching on topics such as church and civil religion and Jewish-Christian relations, this stirring celebration evokes thoughtful engagement and spiritual reflection. God, Truth, and Witness also engages Hauerwas's contributions to key theological twentieth-century developments, including narrative theology, virtue and medical ethics, Christian pacifism, and ecclesiology in a post-Christendom era. The book is a must read for anyone who has followed Hauerwas's career with interest or for those who wish to seek a new perspective on Christian issues through a lens colored by one of the sharpest Christian thinkers of our time.

Religion & Spirituality / Christianity / Philosophy

Creed without Chaos: Exploring Theology in the Writings of Dorothy L. Sayers by Laura K. Simmons (Baker Academic)

Dorothy L. Sayers has been called the "the most significant female British Christian intellectual of the twentieth century." A contemporary of C. S. Lewis, she possessed keen theological sense, tremendous writing skill, and deep concern about how ordinary people understand Christian life. Scholars and even Sayers herself are quick to note that the person who wrote detective fiction, the person who wrote religious plays and essays, and the person who translated Dante are not different people. Rather, Sayers was a woman of huge intellect and convinced faith whose convictions permeated whatever she wrote, though in different ways.

According to Laura K. Simmons, teacher at George Fox Seminary in Portland , in Creed without Chaos, Sayers's experience as a writer honed both her powers of observation and her descriptive abilities. Sayers's unique personal and vocational history influenced how she saw things, how she interpreted them, and how she communicated those interpretations. How did this affect her theology? As someone with a lifelong interest and skill in integrating various components of her learning, Sayers was uniquely poised to integrate her observations on everyday life with her faith – Chapter 2 of Creed without Chaos explores in more detail how Sayers's vocation as a writer enhanced her contributions as a theologian.

Sayers contributed to theological reflection and discussion in three main ways. Based on her observation of the theological ignorance of many of her contemporaries, some of her work serves to restate and/or clarify doctrine. Chapter 3 addresses this clarifying function in her work. Another body of Sayers's work explores, either implicitly or explicitly, traditional theological themes: the incarnation and the person of Christ; redemption, atonement, forgiveness, and justice; sin, death, and evil; the Trinity; liturgical moments (Advent, Epiphany); and the nature of doctrine itself. Chapters 4 through 6 explore these themes.

In some situations, Sayers addressed a theological theme specifically in light of her daily experiences, one of the characteristics of a theology of the laity as described above. A third contribution of Sayers the lay theologian was to reflect theologically on themes related to everyday life but not traditionally discussed by professional theologians: education, learning, and the intellect; creativity and art; vocation, work, and business ethics; the war and politics; theater, plays, and playwriting; women's issues; time and aging; words and language. By ‘reflecting theologically’ we might say that she was examining a subject through God's eyes. While most of these reflections were explicit, some were also presented in implicit ways. Chapters 7 through 10 provide a taste of this kind of theological reflection in Sayers's oeuvre. Chapter 11 explores some specific ways in which Sayers's work can benefit the church in the twenty-first century.

Throughout the analysis of Sayers as a lay theologian, in Creed without Chaos Simmons examines both what she said and how she said it. Sayers both articulated the need for theological literacy among laypeople and embodied what that might look like. Combining a constant integration of ‘theology and’ – theology and work, thought, art, life – with an engaging intellect, Sayers modeled how a layperson brings God into all aspects of his or her daily existence. She practiced what she called ‘sanctifying the intellect,’ disciplining her learning, reading, and writing to be used by God and for God's purposes.

Part 2 contains case studies examining some of Sayers's main theological contributions in more detail. Part 3 involves an examination of Sayers's contribution to the people of God, exploring how the church can use the various categories of Sayers's writings.

Various appendices provide additional resources helpful to an understanding of Sayers as a lay theologian. Appendix A lists many of Sayers's published explicitly religious writings. Appendix B contains the text of the three main creeds of Christendom: the Nicene, Apostles', and Athanasian creeds. Appendix C provides Sayers's suggestions for dates to air The Man Born to Be King in anticipation of Easter. Appendix D contains an article Sayers wrote on how to read creatively and thoughtfully. A glossary defines the various specialized theological terms scattered throughout Sayers's work.

A church newsletter in 1938 published a brief review recommending one of Sayers's essays, The Greatest Drama Ever Staged, as “a clear, forceful and exciting statement of Christian doctrine in wholly untechnical language. . . . And it is real theology, the genuine thing.... After all, is there any reason why theology should not be made interesting?” Creed without Chaos asks the same question. Even before Sayers's death, admirer Deborah Webster wrote, "Who is this challenging, ironic woman who has only to phrase an article of faith to have it come afire?'" In the book Simmons examines that woman, how she phrased the articles of faith, and the fire they brought to life.

In this superb commentary on Sayers, Laura Simmons brilliantly helps church members and leaders of all sorts recover the task of speaking biblical truth clearly. Not only did this book inspire me immensely with Sayers's (and Simmons's) keen theological insights into such topics as how the writing process illustrates the Trinity, but it also offers great suggestions for future study of Sayers. … This is an exceedingly timely book. – Marva J. Dawn, teaching fellow in spiritual theology, Regent College, Vancouver

A thorough evaluation of Sayers's theological contribution is long overdue. In recent years, attention has been paid to important features of her life, literary work, and fictional writings. This volume, the fruit of more than a decade of investigation into Sayers's thought, draws on the full range of both her creative writings and her informative letters. In doing so, it further enhances Sayers's reputation as one of the twentieth century's most significant and vigorous apologists for the Christian faith. – Robert Banks, senior fellow, Center for the Study of Christian Thought and Experience, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia

Creed without Chaos provides a cogent argument for Sayers's continuing relevance for today's church. In today’s world, which is ever more confused about what Christianity has to offer, Sayers's clarifications of doctrine are still useful. Her observations on vocation and her use of her own vocation to live out her theology provide inspiration for the working laity. This well-researched book performs a service for theology students and interested laypeople alike by providing a theological, rather than a literary, introduction to Sayers's writings as well as a way to instruct the church in its own history.

Religion & Spirituality / Judaism

Twilight of the Gods: Polytheism in the Hebrew Bible by David Penchansky (Westminster John Knox Press)

Since the middle of the twentieth century, one of biblical scholarship's chief assumptions has been that ancient Israel evolved out of the polytheism of surrounding cultures into an ethical monotheism. However, this consensus has fallen apart in the last twenty years. Scholars now know that early Israel was surrounded by a very polytheistic culture and that many Israelites thought of Yahweh as the chief God among many gods. Furthermore, archaeology has shown that Yahweh was worshiped along with other gods throughout the period after the exile, when many shrines were in honor of ‘Yahweh and his Asherah.’

David Penchansky's Twilight of the Gods shows a historical Israel where polytheism and monotheism existed simultaneously. He provides a historical introduction, followed by close readings of key Old Testament passages, where he demonstrates how to interpret dif­ficult biblical texts that depict other gods or claim Yahweh is the only God within this new understanding of Israelite religion.

According to Penchansky, Professor of Theology at the University of St.Thomas, St. Paul, many texts in the Hebrew Bible assume a polytheistic universe. Much of ancient Israelite literature reflects beliefs far more varied than strict monotheism. From the time of Genesis (Let us make humankind in our image, according to our likeness) to the Christian tradition's Holy Trinity, notions of monotheism among the people of the book have been less than strict, and always a bit troubled.

Polytheism, in many and varying forms, seems to revisit ancient Israelite texts as a kind of Freudian ‘return of the repressed.’ Freud claimed that those parts of our psyche we repress come out in a hidden or dreamlike manner. Certain emotional conflicts, if we force them down, return disguised. Although Israelofficially believed in only one God, polytheistic texts come back in the Hebrew Bible like undigested lumps in the monotheistic soup.

Jews proclaim, Hear, O Israel : The LORD is our God, the LORD alone. (Deut. 6:4) In Christianity, the faithful recite the Nicene Creed in many Christian churches: We believe in one God, the Father Almighty, maker of heaven and earth. And Muslims declare, There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is his messenger.

The Bible, however, indicates that the ancient Israelites believed differing and conflicting things about God. First, some Israelites believed that only one God existed from the beginning of time. Second, some Israelites believed that only one God existed but that earlier times saw many gods involved in people's lives. Finally, some Israelites (along with most of West Semitic culture) believed that the gods were organized in tiers, and Yahweh inhabited the highest tier alone.

The second and third of these options would not meet contemporary criteria for monotheism, and yet they too shaped the meaning of monotheism for subsequent generations. In their own way, they each elevate Yahweh above other deities.

Penchansky in Twilight of the Gods defines monotheism more broadly, including in his definition of monotheism those Israelites who worshiped Yahweh exclusively while acknowledging the existence of other gods, commonly called henotheism. Those Israelites centered Yahweh in their devotion, regarding him as the chief and most powerful god, as the god who specifically cared about their nation.

Our understanding of Israel and our understanding of monotheism must change. Regarding Israel, we must reconsider the historical narrative that explains how Israel moved from paganism/polytheism to radical monotheism. In Twilight of the Gods Penchansky demonstrates that many different theisms coexisted within the same society.

Monotheism might be described most simply as the belief in one god. But such a definition does not preclude the belief in the existence of other gods. You shall have no other gods before me (Exod. 20:3) By ‘before me,’ the writer affirms that other gods actually exist, and might theoret­ically be brought into Yahweh's presence.

Historically, biblical scholarship has tended to see paganism displaced over time by monotheism. However, the struggle was more an ongoing process. The ancient Israelites had never quite resolved the ‘god question,’ so they oscillated from one extreme position to another.

Therefore, upon the surface of strict monotheism that is the Hebrew Bible, one occasionally sees faint stirrings of a world where, although Yahweh is the supreme God, he is not always the only god. The literature of the Hebrew Bible gives significant evidence that the Israelites drew deeply from the well of mythology that they found among the people in whose land they dwelt.

There are two parts to Twilight of the Gods: Gods of Ancient Israel and Goddesses of Ancient Israel. As to gods: Miqreh (chapter 2) is not a divine personality, but more like a force. The Israelites carefully distinguished miqreh from the realm of the gods. But the others, Chemosh and the members of the divine council, all fit into the category ‘gods.’ They exist as part of the Israelite pantheon, which includes Yahweh. With Chemosh and miqreh (chapters 1 and 2), they compete with Yahweh. The divine council (chapters 3 and 4) submits to Yahweh and does his will, but its members are gods nonetheless. Finally, in chapter 5, Second Isaiah satirizes the gods, because he believes they do not exist.

As to goddesses: Penchansky says that when he began to write Twilight of the Gods, he expected to find that Yahweh and each of the goddesses mentioned in the Bible formed a couple, that at various times Yahweh would have chosen this or that female deity as his consort or wife. Instead he found that two of these goddesses (Hokmah and Lady Zion) were Yahweh's daughters, and the only evidence that Yahweh had a wife is found outside the ancient text, in ancient inscriptions dug up in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

The first chapter of Genesis describes humans as made in the image of God. The writer carefully specifies through parallel writing that the image of God is male and female: So God created humankind in his image, in the image of God he created them; male and female he created them. By making parallel the terms ‘image of God’ and ‘male and female,’ the writer stressed that the God of whom he spoke had the qualities of both maleness and femaleness. Ordinarily, gods in the ancient Near East were either male or female, and both were needed to bring life and fertility to the world. They achieved this through their sexual union. But the writer of Genesis 1 insists that God needed no consort because he possessed the qualities of both male and female, so in a sense, he could self-fertilize and bring life into the world with no help from a wife.

Penchansky's Twilight of the Gods is the first accessible book that shows a historical Israel where polytheism and monotheism existed simultaneously and in great conflict.

Quite readable, the book provided a nuanced portrait of the beliefs of ancient Israel, particularly regarding the goddess quality of God.

Science / Astronomy / History

Stargazer: The Life and Times of the Telescope by Fred Watson (Da Capo Press)

From its humble beginnings in seventeenth-century Holland, when a simple spectacle-maker first presented his invention to his country's military leaders, to today's colossal structures housed in space-age cathedrals, the telescope has unlocked nature's secrets. And in the past decade, the Hubble Space Telescope has brought us to the very edges of the universe, and the very beginning of time. How did the telescope – a potent mix of art, science, and engineering – reach its present level of sophistication?

The history of the telescope is a rich story of human ingenuity and perseverance involving some of the most colorful figures of the scientific world – Galileo, Johann Kepler, Isaac Newton, William Herschel, George Ellery Hale, and Edwin Hubble.

Stargazer is written by Fred Watson, Astronomer-in-Charge of the Anglo-Australian Observatory at Coonabarabran in central New South Wales, where he is responsible for the scientific output of Australia's largest optical telescope.

Stargazer traces the history of the telescope, from its origins with Tycho Brahe (Denmark's ‘lord of the stars’) whose king gave him an island on which he could pursue his scientific investigations, to NASA's Hubble Space Telescope. It also brings us face-to-face with the recent bumper-crop of telescopes designed to do a wide variety of tasks, from monitoring the Sun in X-rays to mapping the remnants of the Big Bang itself. And it gives us a glimpse into the future, when telescopes could conceivably save us from Earth-killing asteroids and acquaint us with extraterrestrial brethren.

Stargazer captures the life of the modern astronomer – an intensely competitive individual who is "driven not only by the desire to reveal new insights into the mysteries of the Cosmos, but also to be the first to do so." Watson even exposes the ‘aperture fever’ that grips most astronomers as they vie for the telescope with the largest light-collecting surface, or mirror. Apparently, at least when it comes to telescopes, size matters, and Stargazer acquaints us with the biggest and the best.

[A] pleasing history...told with gleeful professionalism...A fine piece of science writing, from an author as intelligibly capable as Brian Greene or Richard Dawkins. – Kirkus (starred review)

 [Watson is] a gifted science communicator...Treating readers to an insider's view of the competitive and passionate culture of the astronomers who devote their lives to gathering data about the universe, Watson describes in readable engaging prose the technical obstacles to improving our knowledge of the universe...As accessible as Isaac Asimov's Eyes on the Universe and broader in scope than W. Patrick McCray's more recent Giant Telescopes, this book will appeal to many...Recommended. – Library Journal

A lively and well-illustrated history of the development of the telescope and its impact on science and society, Stargazer brings to life the story of these brilliant, and sometimes quirky, scientists as they turned their eyes and ideas beyond what anyone thought possible. Watson, one of Australia's top astronomers, writes clearly and skillfully, without technical jargon but with a dash of humor, explaining the science and technology behind the telescope, and the enormous impact that it has had for four hundred years on how we have come to understand our universe.

Science / Biology

The Naked Woman: A Study of the Female Body by Desmond Morris (Thomas Dunne Books)

Every human female has a beautiful body. The brilliant end point of millions of years of evolution, loaded with amazing adjustments and subtle refinements, it is the most remarkable organism on the planet.

At different times and in different places, human societies have tried to improve on nature, modifying and embellishing the female body in a thousand different ways. In The Naked Woman, internationally bestselling author and world-famous human behaviorist Desmond Morris, tackles one of his most fascinating and challenging subjects to date, turning his attention to the female form and taking readers on a guided tour of the female body from head to toe. Highlighting the evolutionary functions of various physiological traits, Morris's study explores the various forms of enhancement and constraint that human societies have developed in the quest for the perfect female form. Chapters go through the body parts one by one, and there are pictures of each part featuring women both famous and unknown. Each chapter not only explains the exciting biological features that all human females share, but also discusses the many ways in which these features are exaggerated or suppressed, enlarged or reduced, and thus attempts to give a rounded picture of the most fascinating subject in the world – the naked woman.

The admiration evinced throughout Morris's ‘guided tour of the female body’ will make a nice change for women… body parts are special, he points out, in being superior to the male equivalent. – Guardian (UK)

Morris to the rescue, handing us girls back our evolutionary birthright with this celebration of ‘the most fascinating subject in the world – the naked woman.’ – Telegraph (UK)

Written from a zoologist's perspective and packed full of scientific fact, fascinating accounts, and thought-provoking conclusions, The Naked Woman builds on Morris's unrivalled experience as an observer of the human animal. This is vintage Morris, delivered in his trademark voice: direct, clear, focused, and communicating what is often complex detail in simple language. The author of the international bestsellers The Naked Ape and Manwatching, Morris applies the friendly and accessible approach which has made him one of the best-known figures in the field of natural history. The book incorporates some of his previous work, Bodywatching, but not much.

Sports / Home & Garden / Animals & Pets

Ride from Within: Use Tai Chi Principles to Awaken Your Natural Balance and Rhythm by James Shaw (Trafalgar Square Publishing) is an exploration of Tai Chi as it relates to riding and to developing a mind-body connection on and off the horse.

James Shaw asks readers: Have you ever seen a talented dressage rider performing an exquisite test, her seat seemingly melding with her horse’s back, and his movements airy, animated, and effortless? Or, perhaps you’ve watched a great cutting horse at work, his direction and momentum changing on a dime as he reads his cow, his rider’s body flowing fluidly above him as if they were one.

Riders dream of experiencing a ‘connection’ with their horses, not only in the show ring, but during daily lessons and on peaceful trail rides. In Ride from Within, Shaw teaches readers how the practice of Tai Chi – an ancient Chinese art that unifies the body, mind, and spirit in a series of flowing movements – can help riders achieve this oft-dreamed connection.

Readers learn to calm the mind, control the breath, and center the body, so that the body increasingly acts as one cohesive unit. The riding position softens so movements become relaxed and free of tension, and the foundation of smooth, rhythmic breathing allows readers to communicate from their center. Then by asking the horse for the same thing with the body that one is in the mind and spirit, they improve their horse's performance as an athlete and a partner and experience a connection like never before.

Ride from Within helps readers:

  • Develop a sensitive seat and learn to use their breath as an aid.
  • Reduce tension unconsciously held in their hands.
  • Lower their center of balance and expand their center.
  • Create free movement in their lower back and spine.
  • Heal pain and stiffness in their neck, shoulders, lower back, hips, and hands.

Working with James is a profound experience. He is a clear, patient, gentle, and very effective teacher who understands the inner workings of people and horses. I love what James did for me, and my horse Gideon does, too.  – Kim Walnes, teacher, coach, and US Equestrial Team member, 1980-1986

James Shaw uses Tai Chi principles to teach riding from the inside out. I have used his exercises with many of my students and have repeatedly seen breakthroughs. I highly recommend the book to riders, instructors, and trainers of all levels and disciplines. – Kate Selby, American Riding Instructors Association Instructor of the Year, 2002 and Middlebury College Equestrian Team Coach

With a step-by-step guide readers and a basic discussion of Eastern philosophy, Ride from Within provides a great foundation for a new way of riding. Shaw's techniques have worked for hundreds of riders, so he has won the right to claim that as readers gain Tai Chi experience and apply it to their riding, they will find their horsemanship becoming not just more skilled, but more satisfying.

Sports / Kayaking / Arts & Crafts

Stitch-and-Glue Boatbuilding: How to Build Kayaks and Other Small Boats by Chris Kulczycki (International Marine)

In Stitch-and-Glue Boatbuilding, Chris Kulczycki, one of the leading practitioners and teachers of the craft assembles the definitive how-to manual for the most popular method of amateur boatbuilding today. Enlivened with tales of boat shop mishaps and designs gone bad that entertain as they instruct, this book includes full plans and assembly instructions for nine boats – seven kayaks, a sailing skiff, and a wherry. Step-by-step photos and drawings make this an ideal guide for visual learners.

Kulczycki, founder of Chesapeake Light Craft, the largest boat-kit and plan manufacturer in the world, author of The New Kayak Shop, explains why readers don't need to be  master craftsmen with dozens of specialized tools to create a sleek, responsive small boat. He lays out the basic stitch-and-glue building techniques; outlines the shortcuts and pitfalls; and details the materials boat builders will need. Then he guides readers through each phase of the building process, from cutting plywood panels and stitching them together to gluing the seams with epoxy to fiber glassing, sanding, painting, finishing, and outfitting.

Building a stitch-and-glue boat brings readers as close as they are likely to get to instant boatbuilding. Stitch-and-Glue Boatbuilding presents the fastest, easiest method yet devised for creating a strong, beautiful, seaworthy craft with one’s own hands. Kulczycki, one of the world's premier stitch-and-glue designers, builders, and teachers gives readers the information and guidance their need to build the boat of their dreams in their backyard, basement, or garage.

Sports / Martial Arts

Kodokan Judo: Throwing Techniques by Toshiro Daigo, translated by Francoise White (Kodansha International) is the complete book of judo throwing techniques from the headquarters of Japan's popular Olympic sport.

Throughout the long history of Japan's martial traditions, judo has evolved into one of the nation's richest and most revered cultural legacies. The vast array of judo techniques has branched out into three distinct categories: throwing techniques, grappling techniques, and striking techniques. Of these, throwing techniques (nage-waza) represent some of the most dynamic and compelling aspects of this world-famous martial art.

Recent developments in competition (shiai) and free practice (randori) have seen an increase in the number of forms of nage-waza, leading to often confusing interpretations of the techniques' names. The purpose of Kodokan Judo, therefore, is to provide a comprehensive and correct classification of nage-waza terminology as used in both competition and practice.

Written by Toshiro Daigo, the manager of the Japanese judo team at the 1976 Olympic Games in Montreal, and at the 1984 Olympic Games in Los Angeles, Kodokan Judo covers all the sixty-seven official Kodokan throwing techniques. The techniques in all their various forms are explained thoroughly and concisely, and over 1,800 photographs accompany the text to provide readers with the most comprehensive guide to judo's throwing forms to date.

For many years Daigo has held the prestigious position of chief instructor at the Kodokan, regarded as the mecca for all judo enthusiasts. Kodokan Judo, the result of painstaking research into the constantly changing forms of judo's nage-waza, will be an invaluable resource for practitioners everywhere.

Travel / Canada

Hiking in Ontario by Tracey Arial (Ulysses Green Escapes Series: Ulysses Travel Guides; distributed by Hunter Publishing)

Where'er you walk, cool gales shall fan the glade,
Trees where you sit shall crowd into a shade:
Where'er you tread, the blushing flowers shall rise,
And all things flourish where you turn your eyes.

Alexander Pope never hiked along Ontario's trails, but lines 73-76 of his Pastorals, which were first published in 1709, still capture the experience. The simple pleasure of meandering through boreal forests or along a lakeside boardwalk beats almost any crowd-filled activity, according to Hiking in Ontario. The book provides

  • In-depth coverage of some 400 trails in 65 parks and conservation areas, rated by level of difficulty, plus a listing of more than 160 additional hiking locations.
  • All the necessary practical information (directions, trailheads, services) as well as descriptions of each area's natural and cultural features.
  • More than 20 maps to keep readers on the right track.
  • A listing of the best trails, to help readers choose.

In this the second edition of Hiking in Ontario, author Tracey Arial, staffer at Ulysses Green Escapes, outlines 70 of the province's most interesting hiking trails in detail. According to Arial all of them are worth driving a day or more to get to, either because of an unusual geological feature or because there are many diverse walking experiences nearby. She advises readers to plan on spending at least one full day in each of these major locations. Some conservation areas; others are provincial parks or nature reserves; and others are small towns. Each section describes all the possible trails hikers might experience in a single location. These hiking trails are further divided within regional sections so that they can select the length of hike, whether that means doing two or three sections of a long trail or a couple of trails in one region. At the back of each region, all the other hiking trails in the area are listed so that residents, long-term or frequent visitors can explore everything on return visits.

These trails will take readers to some of Ontario's most impressive land formations such as the Niagara Escarpment, the Oak Ridges Moraine, Elora Gorge, Ouimet Canyon, the Sleeping Giant, the La Cloche Mountains and Bon Echo rock. They will enable readers to view important heritage landmarks and monuments, like the Backhouse Mill, the Hermitage or the gravestone of Canada's first prime minister. Readers will explore the most beautiful areas near Niagara Falls, along Long Point and on the Bruce Peninsula. The best places to view bird and butterfly migrations are given, as are the most likely locations for seeing nesting species. The trails around Ontario's most important wetlands are included, as are those that border the Great Lakes. Readers will also find several wheelchair-accessible trails listed so that people who are less mobile can also explore Ontario's best natural features.

Hiking in Ontario also identifies 18 favorite locations which are specially marked – these trails are the ones with the most awe-inspiring locations, either because of the type of landscape, the importance of a cultural site, the plants or animals that live within the location or simply for the unique experience they provide.

To help readers identify hikes that match their own passions, the first chapter provides a big-picture look at Ontario. Along with size and climate, it mentions major physical land-forms, unusual flora and fauna and unique historical landmarks throughout the province. The Practical Information chapter helps readers get ready for a typical day hike, and includes a checklist of the most important items they will need. The Multi-Region Trails chapter provides basic information about any trail that crosses regional borders.

The rest of Hiking in Ontario is divided into six major regions, which are roughly based on telephone area codes. They include Southern Ontario (319 area code), Greater Toronto and the Niagara Peninsula (416 and 905 area codes), Central Ontario (705 area code), Eastern Ontario (613 area code), Northeastern Ontario (705 area code) and Northwestern Ontario (807 area code). A short list of other hiking trails in the region is also listed at the back of each chapter so readers can choose their own path, no matter which part of Ontario they decide to visit.

Whether readers are looking for a day away from the city with the baby strapped to their backs and the dog on a leash, a week-long trek through the wilderness or a wheelchair-accessible trail, Hiking in Ontario has it covered. The book can make a real difference if time is limited and readers want to choose the best trails. The book would have been greatly enhanced, albeit also made more expensive, by the inclusion of photos.

Naturalists will particularly appreciate the bird and plant species mentioned within each listing, while budding geologists will want to hike the trails that lead past potholes, kettle lakes and drumlins.

Travel / United States

Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware Breweries by Lew Bryson (Stackpole Books)

…one night in my senior year at Franklin and Marshall College, I met my medieval history professor for drinks, a special treat for a few legal-age students. The bar was the Lauzus Hotel, in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. Run by old Wilhelm Lauzus, an ex-German Navy man, the bar carried more than 125 different beers in 1981, not too shabby at all in those days. I had no clue and grabbed my usual Stroh’s. My professor laughed and slapped it out of my hand. He pulled a German beer, an Altenmünster, out of the cooler and popped the swingtop. "Try this," he said, and changed my life.

It was big, full in the mouth, and touched by a strange bitterness that I'd never tasted before. That bitterness made another sip the most natural thing in the world, like pepper on potatoes. I've been looking for beers outside the American mainstream ever since that night. – from the book

Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware Breweries is a travel guide about breweries and the region that is home to startling natural beauty and man-made wonders. Sharing information has been a part of the success of the rise of micro-breweries in the United States, and Lew Bryson has been sharing what he knows for more than twenty years. Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware Breweries and its companion volumes, Pennsylvania Breweries and New York Breweries represent his latest efforts to spread the word.

It does not present a comprehensive history of any brewery, nor is it one of the ubiquitous books that try to rate every single beer produced by every single brewery. It is not a conglomeration of beer jargon – Original Gravities, International Bittering Unit levels, Apparent Attenuations, and so on. And it's not about homebrewing. The book is a compendium of information about Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware breweries put together by Bryson, a writer who writes about the brewing scene for Ale Street News in Newton, Pennsylvania, who claims to have tasted at least one beer from each brewery. It offers facts and opinions about brewing, brewing history in the United States and the lower Mid-Atlantic region, and beer-related subjects. And it also lists some of the interesting attractions and best bars in the area.

Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware Breweries is organized in alternating parts. The meat of the book, the brewery information, is presented in seven sections. Each of these geographical sections – Delaware, Baltimore and the Bay, Western Maryland, D.C. Metro, the District, Richmond and Tidewater, and the Blue Ridge – is prefaced with a description of the area for those unfamiliar with it. The A word about . . . sections are intended as instructional interludes on topics readers may be curious about.

The history and character of the brewpub or brewery, highlights, Bryson’s observations, and other information are presented in a narrative section. A brew pub sells beer to be enjoyed on location, whereas a brewery sells its beer primarily off-premises. If any beers have won Great American Beer Festival (GABF) or Real Ale Festival (RAF) awards those are noted, but not every brewery enters these competitions.

In Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware Breweries, Bryson explains how microbreweries got started: Fritz Maytag bought the Anchor Brewery in San Francisco on a whim in the mid-1960s. He had heard they were going out of business and they brewed his favorite beer. Fritz was an heir to the Maytag appliance fortune and could afford to indulge his whims. But he got hooked on brewing, and Anchor led the return of beer variety in America.

Next came the microbreweries. Ambitious home brewers, maverick mega brewers, and military or businesspeople who had been to Europe and wanted to have the same kinds of beer they drank there saw a need for better beer. The beer was anything but uniform – sometimes excellent, sometimes awful – but even so, it found a receptive market.

The revolution started in the West and grew very slowly. Sisson's and Baltimore Brewing opened in Baltimore in the late 1980s, as did Old Dominion in Virginia, outside of Washington. Things started happening faster in the mid-1990s, when dozens of small breweries opened.

Then the long-anticipated shakeout hit the industry, and the press has gleefully reported several times since then that micro brewing is dead. Most of the larger micros had troubles, and some of the undercapitalized ones went under. The tragic events of September 11, 2001, hit the industry hard as people reevaluated their lifestyles. Some were hit harder than others. Old Dominion's Jerry Bailey told Bryson that he didn't sell a bit of beer in the hotels around the Pentagon in the two weeks after September 11. "The bar managers said everyone was drinking hard liquor," Jerry said.

Things looked bad for a few years. But Bryson thinks that micro brewing is not just a passing fad, that Brewpubs are established in their communities, and that more are still opening. The area's smaller microbreweries are doing well; a number of them were returning to growth and planning expansions.

I first got to meet Lew in 1998 during a beer festival at Henry Ortlieb's revived brewery in downtown Philadelphia. He approached my booth and asked me what I was serving. I told him it was an IPA made with pureed dried apricots. … "That sounds horrible . . . I can't wait to try it." There wasn't a doubt in my mind that I was going to get a genuine opinion. Over the last nine years, as I've gotten to really know Lew, I've expected and received nothing less than that genuine opinion, as he goes happily about his job of educating budding beer enthusiasts.…

…I’m sure Lew is going to keep searching for the ultimate beer experiences. There are some real treasures out there, and with Lew's guidance, you can discover them for yourself. Enjoy the trip. Cheers. – Sam Calagione, President, Dogfish Head Craft Brewery, from the foreword

Well, Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware Breweries made this reviewer consider switching the plans to tour the wine regions of Virginia and go on a beer tour instead. The depth of his knowledge and his joy in the subject is palpable. If Bryson were available to be the guide, well, we might just consider it.

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Guide to This Issue

Issue Contents:  Art: Virtual Touring Italy, Rethinking Design, French Style, A History of Western Architecture, Small Boatbuilding, Fiction: Suspense: Patriot Shenanigans, An Alternative WWII, Novel: Coming-of-Age in Civic Dissolution, Science Fiction: Posthumanity in Technological Morphing, The Franciscan Conspiracy Religion & Spirituality: Evidence of Life Beyond the Grave, Entertainment: Crossword Obsession, Movie Songs1934-1958, Boogaloo, a dance like the Jitterbug, Travel: Hiking in Ontario, Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware Breweries, Biography: Buffalo Bill, The Life of Edward de Vere, A Shakespeare Contender? Charles Colson, A Man of Many Seasons, Business & Investing: New Job Scams, Developing Staff, Business Law, Children: An Inventions Alphabet , Jim Morrison for Kids, How to Be a Medieval Knight, The Native Experience in Books for Children, Life of Leslie Marmon Silko, Nature as Spiritual Teacher,  Education: Politics and Education Linked, Master the GED, Alternative Medicine: Facial Diagnosis of Cell Salt Deficiencies, Psychology as Virtue, Addiction, Assessment, and Treatment with Adolescents, Adults, and Families, A Guide to Pre-Death Dreams and Visions, Tai Chi to Awaken  Natural Balance and Rhythm, Judo, History: A Modern View of Warfare, Fritz Haber, the Nobel Laureate Who Launched the Age of Chemical Warfare, A New History of Waterloo,  Brief History of the Manistique and Lake Superior Railroad, Home & Garden: Bovine Collectibles, New Country Houses, At Home in Maine: Houses Designed to Fit the Land, Medicine: Ethical Health Care Ethics: Universal Human Rights, On Going Media Censorship, Religion: Christ in the Light of Mary of Magdala, Engaging Stanley Hauerwas Religious Ethics, Exploring Theology in the Writings of Dorothy L. Sayers, Polytheism in the Hebrew Bible, Science: The Life and Times of the Telescope, A Study of the Biology of Women