We Review the Best of the Latest Books

ISSN 1934-6557

April 2004, Issue #60

The New Annals of the Civil War edited by Peter Cozzens & Robert I. Girardi (Stackpole Books) With articles by leading figures and numerous illustrations, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War remains one of the most cherished works on the war. In the same spirit and tradition, Peter Cozzens and Robert Girardi have selected the very best articles from the Philadelphia Weekly Times from 1887 to 1899, and put together this new collection, The New Annals of the Civil War.

Authors Cozzens, a Foreign Service officer with the U.S. Department of State and the author of several acclaimed books on the Civil War and Western history and Girardi, a Chicago police detective, Civil War historian, and president of the Chicago Civil War Round Table, make accessible many more accounts written by prominent Civil War leaders that had been all but lost to subsequent generations. These equally historic and valuable documents – both articles and artwork – were featured in such diverse and important publications as the Philadelphia Times, which ran a series entitled Annals of War: Chapters of Unwritten History, Scribner's, Atlantic Monthly, Harper's New Monthly, McClure's, Hearst's Magazine, the National Tribune as well as many articles written in Century Magazine after Battles and Leaders of the Civil War was published.

The book is divided into five parts, containing 45 articles/essays:

  • Part One: The War in 1861
  • Part Two: The War in 1862
  • Part Three: The War in 1863
  • Part Four: The War in 1864
  • Part Five: The War in 1865

The New Annals of the Civil War provides compelling perspectives on familiar campaigns, personalities, and controversies and corrects misconceptions about the Civil War. These fascinating, sometimes brilliant, and sometimes poignant, views into the greatest drama of American history are available again, brought together by two of the finest Civil War scholars working today.

History / Ancient

World Prehistory: A Brief Introduction (6th Edition) by Brian M. Fagan (Pearson Prentice Hall)

Three thousand, four thousand years maybe, have passed and gone since human feet last trod the floor on which you stand, and yet, as you note the signs of recent life around you – the half-filled bowl of mortar for the door, the blackened lamp, the finger-mark on the freshly painted surface, the farewell garland dropped on the threshold – you feel it might have been but yesterday.... Time is annihilated by little intimate details such as these, and you feel an intruder. – Egyptologist Howard Carter, notebook entry on Tutankhamun's tomb, November 26, 1922

Golden pharaohs, lost cities, grinning human skeletons: Archaeology is the stuff of romance and legend.

Many people still think of archaeologists as adventurers and treasure hunters, like Indiana Jones of Hollywood movie fame seeking the elusive Holy Grail. Today, few, if any, archaeologists behave like Indiana Jones. They are scientists, not adventurers, as comfortable in an air-conditioned laboratory as they are on a remote excavation. The development of scientific archaeology from its Victorian begin­nings, ranks among the greatest triumphs of twentieth-century science.

Archaeology has changed our understanding of the human experience in profound ways. A century ago, most scientists believed humans were no more than 100,000 years old. Today we know that our origins go back at least 5 million years. Our predecessors assumed the Americas were settled in about 8000 B.C. and that farming began around 4000 B.C. New excavations date the first Americans to at least 12,000 B.C. and the begin­nings of agriculture to about 10,000 B.C. Most important, archaeology has changed our perceptions of ourselves, especially of our biological and cultural diversity.
Written by one of the leading archaeological writers in the world, Brian Fagan, University of California, Santa Barbara – in a simple, jargon-free narrative style – World Prehistory is a brief, well-illustrated account of the major developments in the human past (from the origins of humanity to the origins of literate civilization), ideal for those with no previous knowledge of the subject. State of the art in content and perspective, the book covers the entire world (not just the Americas or Europe ), placing major emphasis on both theories and the latest archaeological and multidisciplinary approaches. The main focus is on four major developments – the origins of humanity; the appearance and spread of modern humans before and during the late Ice Age, including the first settlement of the Americas ; the beginnings of food production; and the rise of the first civilizations. World Prehistory features special boxes on Science (e.g., key dating methods and other scientific approaches), Sites (e.g., sites of unusual importance or interest, and Voices (e.g., quotes from writings of ancient times). Chapters include:

  • Human Origins
  • African Exodus
  • Diaspora
  • The Origins of Food Production
  • The Earliest Farmers
  • Chiefs and Chiefdoms
  • State-Organized Societies
  • Mesopotamia and the Eastern Mediterranean World
  • Egypt and Africa
  • South, Southeast, and East Asia
  • Lowland Mesoamerica
  • Highland Mesoamerica Andean Civilizations

The Sixth Edition of World Prehistory has been edited to reflect the latest advances in the field based on suggestions of archaeologists and students. It contains important new dis­coveries about early human evolution, the late Ice Age, and the origins of agriculture. There is an up-to-date Guide to Further Reading at the end of the book along with a glossary of technical terms and one of archaeological sites and cultural names. Additions include:

  • New perceptions of world prehistory. Chapter 1 includes important discussions of archaeology and alternative perspectives on the past, reflecting new thinking on this topic.
  • Early human evolution. Chapter 2 discusses the latest advances in the study of human origins, including the latest fossil discoveries in Ethiopia and Kenya, among them Sahelanthropus tchadensis and Australopithecus garhi.
  • Origins of modern humans. Chapter 3 covers new research into the controversial issue of the earliest modern humans and perceptions of Neanderthal ances­try and behavior.
  • Origins of food production. Chapter 5 incorporates expanded coverage of the latest theories on the origins of agriculture and animal domestication. Chapter 6, which describes the first farmers, incorporates new dates for early agriculture obtained from accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) radiocarbon dates and the results of new research in eastern Turkey, where some of the earliest farming settlements in the world are being found.
  • Origins of states and civilization. Chapter 8 includes current theoretical debates on the origins of state-organized societies, including the issues of factionalism and charismatic leadership. Chapters 9 to 14 offer an up-to-date description and analysis of the first civilizations, with expanded coverage of ancient Egyptian civ­ilization and of South and Southeast Asian states. Chapters 12 and 13 offer more comprehensive analysis of highland and lowland Mesoamerican civilizations than in previous editions.
  • The sixth edition's art program has been revised with new photographs and art to provide additional background on recent discoveries, amplify the narrative, or replace older art with new pictures.
  • For each chapter in the text, the Instructor’s Manual provides a de­tailed outline, list of objectives, discussion questions, classroom activities, and additional resources. The test bank includes multiple choice, true-false, and essay questions for each chapter.
  • The Companion Website works in tandem with the text; students and professors can now take full advantage of the World Wide Web to enrich their study of archaeology. The Fagan Companion Website correlates the text with related material available on the Internet. Features of the Companion Website include chapter objectives and study questions, as well as links to interesting material and information from other sites on the Web that can reinforce and enhance the content of each chapter.

Complete with extensive help with the research process and Research Navigator, three exclusive databases of credible and reliable source mater­ial, including EBSCO's ContentSelectTM Academic Journal Data­base, The New York Times Search-by-Subject Archive, and Best of the Web Link Library, Research Navigator helps students quickly and efficiently make the most of their research time.

The sixth edition of World Prehistory continues its tradition of providing an interesting, jargon-free journey through the 5-million-year-old landscape of the human past. Complete, up-to-date, research based, yet succinct, World Prehistory is for anyone interested in archaeology, world prehistory, and human antiquity.  

Health, Mind & Body / Psychology / Gender Studies

Siblings: Sex and Violence by Juliet Mitchell (Polity) Siblings and all the lateral relationships that follow from them are clearly important and their interaction is widely observed, particularly in creative literature. Yet in the social, psychological and political sciences, there is no theoretical paradigm through which we might understand them. In the Western world our thought is completely dominated by a vertical model, by patterns of descent or ascent: mother or father to child, or child to parent. Yet our ideals are ‘liberty, equality and fraternity’ or the ‘sisterhood’ of feminism, and our ethnic wars are the violence of ‘fratricide’.

When we grow up, siblings feature prominently in sex, violence and the construction of gender differences but they are absent from our theories. Written by Juliet Mitchell, Professor of Psychoanalysis and Gender Studies at the University of Cambridge , Siblings examines the reasons for this omission and begins the search for a new paradigm based on siblings and lateral relationships.

The first chapter “Siblings and Psychoanalysis: an Overview” covers, amazingly, in 31 pages: Hysteria and siblings; Group psychology and siblings; Neurosis, psychosis, narcissistic borderline conditions, psychopathy and siblings; Sisters and brothers: gender difference versus sexual difference; Sibling sexuality and the death drive; and Psychoanalysis, siblings and gender difference.

Other contents include:

  1. Siblings and Psychoanalysis: an Overview
  2. Did Oedipus Have a Sister?
  3. Sister-Brother/Brother-Sister Incest
  4. Looking Sideways: `A Child is Being Beaten'
  5. The Difference between Gender and Sexual Difference
  6. Who's Been Sitting in My Chair?
  7. Attachment and Maternal Deprivation: How Did John Bowlby Miss the Siblings?
  8. In Our Own Times: Sexuality, Psychoanalysis and Social Change
  9. Conclusion: Siblings and the Engendering of Gender

The book recognizes sibling relationships as crucial in shaping gender roles and developing survival strategies and addresses sibling incest, gender and sexual difference, attachment and maternal deprivation, and more. Siblings will be essential reading for those studying sociology, psychology and psychoanalysis and gender studies. It will also appeal to a wide, general readership.

...This new book offers richly stimulating resources that should fuel feminist scholarship and debate for many years.Terry Lovell, Warwick University

Health, Mind & Body

Plastic Surgery Without the Surgery: The Miracle of Makeup Techniques by Eve Pearl (Warner Books) Many people would love to change some part of their bodies. In fact, they spend millions of dollars on products and undergo risky, expensive surgery in the hopes of improving their looks.

Plastic Surgery Without the Surgery is aimed at readers who have been thinking about  Botox, eyelid surgery, breast augmentation, a face-lift, nose job, or collagen injections.

Like a magic wand, makeup can accentuate the uniqueness of their looks while disguis­ing the flaws. By applying the same Hollywood-insider methods used to make celebrities look years younger and show-stopping gorgeous, Emmy-award­winning makeup artist from ABC’s The View, Eve Pearl shows readers how to enhance their lips, diminish wrinkles, and even appear to go from an A-cup bra to a generous B or even C.

With Pearl's simple but amazing techniques, she shows readers how to transform their face, eyes, brows, nose, lips, and breasts in a matter of minutes. The book focuses on the common problems of ordinary women everywhere: dark circles under the eyes, blotchy complexion, unwanted freckles and double chins. Before-and-after photos of ordinary people, many taken of herself and members of her family, demonstrate:

  • The "face-lift" kit that tightens skin, brings out the eyes, and hides deep laugh lines around the nose and mouth.
  • Fantastic remedies for dark circles under the eyes, puffiness, and crow's-feet.
  • How to use moisturizers and foundations to create velvety, luminous skin tones –without the dangers of a chemical peel or bleaching.
  • Dramatic shading to produce elegant cheekbones and make a double chin dis­appear.
  • Techniques to make breasts look larger.
  • Products to create fuller, more sensuous lips with a "sweetheart" shape and a luscious shine.

Designed for the woman who is unhappy with an aspect of her face or body but who either cannot afford plastic surgery or does not want to risk its potential side effects, Pearl 's guide to makeup techniques is a friendly, affordable alternative to the doctor's office. Plastic Surgery Without the Surgery is a practical how-to guide to makeup that demonstrates how readers can accentuate their features and correct their flaws – using proven makeup techniques.  

Health, Mind & Body

Optimum Nutrition for the Mind by Patrick Holford (Basic Health Publications) How we think and feel is directly affected by what we take into our bodies. Eating the right food has been proven to boost IQ, improve mood and emotional stability, sharpen memory, and keep the mind young. Similarly, the harmful things we take into our bodies, or anti-nutrients – including oxidants, alcohol, sugar, and stimulants – negatively impact mental health.

These are the issues world-renowned author Patrick Holford discusses in Optimum Nutrition for the Mind. From boosting one's memory, solving depression, and beating addictions to overcoming eating disorders, preventing age-related memory decline, and balancing out mood swings, Holford, founder of the London-based Optimum Nutrition Center , covers a wide range of topics, with emphasis on avoiding mental difficulties. The chapters include

  1. Food for Thought
  2. Protecting Your Brain
  3. Improving your IQ, Memory and Mood
  4. What is Mental Illness?
  5. Solving Depression, Manic Depression, and Schizophrenia
  6. Mental Health in the Young
  7. Mental Health in Old Age
  8. Action Plan for Mental Health

According to Chapter One, the five essential brain booster foods are:

  • Balance your glucose – It’s fuel for the brain.
  • Essential fats – These keep your brain “well oiled.”
  • Phospholipids – These memory molecules give “oomph” to the brain.
  • Amino acids – These are the brain’s messengers.
  • Intelligent nutrients – These include vitamins and minerals.

Also containing references, recommended reading, and resources, the book is a guide for the public in fighting mental illness. Optimum Nutrition for the Mind will interest anyone who wants to learn how to stave off mental decline and feel better by applying principles of nutrition.

This book will make a tremendous difference to the millions of people who suffer unnecessarily from mental health problems. Nutritional medicine is the future. – Dr. Hyla Cass, Assistant Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, UCLA School of Medicine  

Health, Mind & Body / Psychology & Counseling

The Handbook of Infant and Toddler Mental Health Assessment edited by Rebecca DelCarmen-Wiggins & Alice Carter (Oxford University Press) Infant and toddler mental health is a growing area of interest for psychiatrists, child psychologists, pediatricians, and educators. Expanding research in this area highlights the need for early identification and assessment of mental health problems and risk factors in infants and toddlers. In addition, public policy and recent legislation have offered new opportunities to provide services to infants and toddlers who are at risk or are already exhibiting delays or deviance in social and emotional functioning. The Handbook of Infant and Toddler Mental Health Assessment is the first of its kind to bring together the several new diagnostic and assessment approaches for working with infant and toddler mental health. It also brings together, for the first time, leading clinical researchers to provide empirically based recommendations for assessment of social-emotional and behavior problems and disorders in the earliest years.

Though the field of mental health assessment in infants and young children lags behind work with older children and adults, recent scientific advances, including new measures and diagnostic approaches, have led to dra­matic growth in the field. Editors Rebecca DelCarmen-Wiggins, Chief of the Neurodevelopmental Disorders of Early Childhood Research Program in the Developmental Psychopathology and Pre­vention Research Branch of the National Institute of Mental Health in Bethesda, MD; and Alice Carter, Professor in the Department of Psychology in the Clinical Psychology Program at the University of Massachusetts, Boston and an Associate Research Scientist at Yale University have assembled an extraordinary collection of chapters that discuss the conceptualizations of dysfunction in infants and young children, current and new diagnostic criteria, and such specific disorders as sensory modulation dysfunction, sleep disorders, eating and feed­ing disorders, autistic spectrum disorders, anxiety disorders, posttraumatic stress disor­der, and ADHD. Chapters highlight the importance of incorporating contextual factors such as parent-child relationship functioning and cultural background into the assessment process to increase the validity of findings.

Given the comprehensiveness of The Handbook of Infant and Toddler Mental Health Assessment in reviewing conceptual, methodological, and research advances on early identification, diagnosis, and clinical assessment of disorders in this young age group, it is an ideal resource for teach­ers, researchers, and a wide variety of clinicians including child psychologists, child psychiatrists, early intervention providers, early special educators, social workers, family physicians, and pediatricians. Each author presents state-of-the-art information on sci­entifically valid, developmentally based clinical assessments and makes recommen­dations based on the integration of developmental theory, empirical findings, and clinical experience.

A unique and singular book, this volume is really the first comprehensive approach to assessment of mental health in infants, toddlers, and preschool children. This is a much-needed volume that will advance both research and clinical work. It will be of great interest and value to investiga­tors, practitioners, and students alike. – Fred R. Volkmar, M.D., Harris Professor of Child Psychiatry, Pediatrics, and Psychology, Yale University

Health, Mind & Body / Women’s Studies

Revolting Bodies?: The Struggle to Redefine Fat Identity by Kathleen Lebesco ( University of Massachusetts Press) is a provocative analysis of fatness as a cultural construct.  

Viewed as both unhealthy and unattractive, fat people are widely represented in popular culture and in interpersonal interactions as revolting, as agents of abhorrence and disgust. Yet if we think about "revolting" in a different way, Kathleen LeBesco argues, we can recognize fatness as not simply an aesthetic state or a medical condition, but a political one. If we think of revolting in terms of overthrowing authority, rebelling, protesting, and rejecting, then corpulence carries a whole new weight as a subversive cultural practice that calls into question received notions about health, beauty, and nature.

Revolting Bodies? examines a number of areas of struggle over the cultural meaning of fatness. The book is grounded in scholarship on identity politics, the social construction of beauty, and the subversion of medical ideas about the dangers of fatness. It explains how the redefinition of fat identities has been undertaken by people who challenge conventional understandings of nature, health, and beauty and, in so doing, alter their individual and collective relationships to power.

LeBesco, assistant professor of communication arts at Marymount Manhattan College, explores how the bearer of a fat body is marked as a failed citizen, inasmuch as her powers as a worker, shopper, and sexually "desirable" subject are called into question. At the same time, she highlights fat fashion, the relationship among fat, queer, and disability politics and activism, and online communities as opportunities for transforming these pejorative stereotypes of fatness. Her discussion of the long-term ramifications of denying bodily agency – in effect, letting biological determinism run rampant – has implications not only for our understanding of fatness but also for future political practice.

Most of the prior literature in this field has consisted of isolated studies published in medical journals that show that diets don't work and that the general public has extremely negative views about fat people. It is time that the discourse about fat oppression looks more closely at sociocultural issues, and that is the focus of LeBesco's book [Revolting Bodies?]. This is a significant contribution to the fields of women's studies, health, medicine, and all social sciences. – Esther D. Rothblum, coeditor of Fat Oppression and Psychotherapy: A Feminist Perspective

I can think of no other book that resembles Revolting Bodies? No one else has theorized on the shifting, self-contradicting, wildly political rhetoric of fat oppression. I look forward to using the book in my undergraduate women's studies classes, and I can imagine that it will be used in graduate courses in anthropology, philosophy, and psychology, as well as more professionally oriented classes in social work and nursing.... Lively, accessible, stimulating, and at times even profound. – Michele A. Barale, coeditor of The Lesbian and Gay Studies Reader  

History / Political Science

The American Journey: Teaching and Learning Classroom Edition, Combined Volume (3rd Edition) by David Goldfield, Carl Abbott, Virginia DeJohn Anderson, Jo Ann Argersinger, Peter H. Argersinger, William L. Barney, Robert M. Weir, (Prentice Hall)  

We are shaped and fashioned by what we love. – Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

The Teaching and Learning Classroom (TLC) edition of The American Journey offers a new approach for learning history. Its visual presentation, unique and focused pedagogical support, and inquiry-based approach inspires students’ appreciation of our nation’s past and motivates them to read and enjoy history. With an extensive teaching package, instructors are able to maximize their class preparation and teaching time.

The American Journey is authored by David Goldfield, Robert Lee Bailey Professor of History at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte; Carl Abbott, professor of Urban Studies and Planning at Portland State University; Virginia DeJohn Anderson, Associate Professor of History at the University of Colorado at Boulder; Jo Ann E. Argersinger, Professor of History at Southern Illinois University; Peter H. Argersinger, Professor of History at Southern Illinois University; William L. Barney, Professor of History at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; and Robert M. Weir, Distinguished Professor of History Emeritus at the University of South Carolina.

This text was designed to bring history to students with more visual appeal to encourage students to think about what they are reading because it has relevance to their lives. With this book and the accompanying multimedia tools, students experience history's dramatic trials and passionate triumphs in a way that adds meaning to their own lives.

Having read and thought about the material in the text, students come to class ready to take notes with HistoryNotes. This new tool replaces their traditional study guide, and offers students a portable system for taking and organizing notes, and for doing practice activities. Students can take HistoryNotes with them to class, and keep all of their notes in one place. HistoryNotes provides for every section of every chapter of this T.L.C. text:

  • Map exercises for students to complete during or after class.
  • Review/study activities for classroom collaboration or for individual review at home.
  • Practice tests to reinforce what they have learned in class.
  • Perforated pages with space on each page for note taking.

Included with The American Journey are:

  • Web-Based Activities

  • Automatically graded quizzes and essay questions that can be emailed to the instructor

  • An online version of this text that automatically brings students to the page where they find the correct answers to any questions they may have answered incorrectly
    • Chat rooms, message boards, and dynamic Web links for further exploration
    • Interactive versions of the maps from your text
    • Dramatic Multimedia
  • Authentic Primary and Secondary Source Documents

  • Lively maps to illustrate the importance of the relationship between what happened and where it happened

  • Biographies of the people who had influence on the development of distinctively American character

  • Authentic live audio and video clips to animate key events throughout history.

Research Made Simple. OneKey offers students extensive help on finding and citing research with Research NavigatorTM and its three exclusive databases of relevant, reliable source material including: EBSCO's ContentSelect Academic Journal Database; The New York Times Search by Subject Archive; and Best of the Web Link Library.

The American Journey, TLC edition helps students make sense of what is important in their study of history, understand the significance of events in shaping American history, and appreciate the profound place history holds in their lives. With a Native American on the shiny metallic cover, the book looks different from other texts from the start. While the book comes right up to the present (with a picture of Sadaam on his capture), it lacks a picture of the World Trade Center attack or a discussion of the implications regarding the threat of terrorism.  

History / Engineering

A Century of Innovation: Twenty Engineering Achievements That Transformed Our Lives by George Constable & Bob Somerville, with a foreword by Neil Armstrong & an afterword by Arthur C. Clarke (Joseph Henry Press) 

As the world eagerly looked forward to the dawn of a new millennium, the turning of the calendar also represented an opportunity to pause and reflect on the tremendous ingenuity and invention that marked the previous hundred years. Electricity, automobiles, telephones, radio, television, computers – these are a just a few of the innovations the decades had introduced – all compliments of the world's engineers.

Celebrating a century of innovation, the National Academy of Engineering and a consortium of professional engineering societies, in A Century of Innovation, present the most significant engineering triumphs of the era, compiled by George Constable and Bob Somerville, both science and technology writers.

While the achievements encompass many dramatic and highly visible engineering feats, from the first flight at Kitty Hawk to the birth of the Internet, the lineup is largely composed of more commonplace advances that had a profound and widespread effect on society. Indeed, most of the achievements profiled in this book are so much a part of our lives that we have come to take them for granted. But to learn the stories behind these great achievements is to behold and appreciate them anew. Topping the list is electrification. More than half of the "Top 20" would not have been possible without it. Abundant and available electric power helped spur America 's economic development and distributed benefits widely, from cities to farms. This achievement clearly shines as an example of how engineering has changed the world. Radio and television are so much more than mere entertainment devices. They have changed the way we view the world and our place in it. The telephone has made the whole planet a smaller but much more connected place for all of us. And underlying and enabling many of these technologies is the computer – from room-sized super computers to palm-sized devices.

Each chapter tells the story of a specific engineering achievement. Each chapter also features a personal reflection by a notable engineer involved with the achievement, among them: Bill Gates, who brought the personal computer into our home; Charles Townes, inventor of the laser; Robert Kahn, one of the originators of the Internet; Bill Anders, the Gemini 8 astronaut who took the famous "Earthrise" photograph while in lunar orbit; and Wilson Greatbatch, inventor of the pacemaker. The engineers' commentaries capture the excitement, imagination, vision, and tenacity that ultimately made each achievement a reality. Timelines trace the evolution of the achievements while dramatic illustrations depict how things actually work.

Replete with photographs and drawings, the drama of invention and discovery is brought vividly to life. More than a simple tally of engineering achievements, A Century of Innovation is proof that the genius and talent of the world's engineers has transformed the way people live. With a chronology of important events, with chapters heavily illustrated and concise, the book makes the history of engineering a fun read.

History / Sports

The History of Sport in Britain, 1880-1914 edited by Martin Polley (Routledge) a five volume set, is a comprehensive collection of primary sources on sports in the late Victorian and Edwardian eras.  

It is now commonplace to observe that sport in its modern form was predominantly a product of Victorian Britain. The bulk of modem sports having acquired their organization, codification, and social characters during the mid- to late-nineteenth century in the Victorian and Edwardian age. While historians differ over exact causes and dissemination routes, there is broad agreement that the changing socio-economic contexts linked to industrialization and urbanization created the setting for new sports, and that the growth of the railways and the mass circulation newspaper helped to spread sports throughout the British Isles. Other influences of this time, notably the cult of athleticism, and the spread of international and imperial trade and military routes, also played their part in developing and disseminating modern sport. In this setting, many of the characteristics of modem sport that we now take for granted – rationalization, organization, codification, standardization, and the inter-related provision of commercial, voluntary, and state agencies – can be traced to the developments that took place in schools, workplaces, churches, pubs, and clubs of the nineteenth century.

While British sports historiography has not been concerned solely with the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, this period's centrality ensures that it will always remain of interest to sports historians. According to editor Martin Polley, it is to this interest that The History of Sport in Britain, 1880-1914 is offered.

In particular, it is to the class-based analysis provided by John Lowerson in 1993 that this collection is most strongly linked. Where the middle and upper classes appeared, it was mainly in their role as providers of sport for the masses, or, particularly in J.A. Mangan's work, as educators and sporting proselytizers. What Lowerson did was to extend the analysis of middle-class sport beyond school walls, and to look at the experience of sport within the bourgeois milieu. Such sports as cricket, lawn tennis, croquet, golf, rowing, and rugby union had roles in middle-class education and the socialization it promoted, and continued to contribute to middle-class life through the clubs that people established in their workplaces and communities, both suburban and rural. The promotion of amateur sporting cultures in the middle-class versions of rowing, athletics, and rugby football set this sporting world apart from the increasingly professional worlds of association football, northern rugby football (subsequently rugby league), and rowing. The clubs of this world fostered social and business networks in which middle­class professionals were able to mix with their own type. In the genteel mixed sports of lawn tennis and croquet, the clubs formed a setting for courtship. In these ways, the sporting scene that was flourishing by the 1880s was 'middle class in much of its temperament'. Indeed, even those sports in which distinctly working-class cultures had developed by this time, with professionalism and strong links to urban communities' identities, middle-class models of administration, organization, and patronage remained strong.

The primary sources studied by the historians who have worked, and continue to work, in this area have shed light on this 'temperament' that Lowerson has identified. Minute books, club records, official histories, and the memoirs of players and administrators have all been used fruitfully. Sports journalism is another important source. It is in this setting that the collection of documents in The History of Sport in Britain, 1880-1914  is offered. The articles contained in these five volumes are all taken from the period 1880-1914, and all show the middle classes talking about sport amongst themselves. Rather than drawing on the specialist sports journalism of the period, which was spreading through the daily and Sunday newspapers and through sports magazines and journals, this collection contains a sample from another genre of writing: the non-specialist journals and periodicals that flourished, like sports themselves, in the late Victorian and Edwardian periods.

The five volumes contain articles first made available in such publications as Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, The Nineteenth Century (later The Nineteenth Century and After), The Contemporary Review, the Quarterly Review, and Temple Bar. These are themselves only a sample of the periodicals published at that time, a cultural phenomenon linked to increasing literacy rates, and to the growth of leisure time amongst the middle classes. While some of the periodicals were committed to entertaining their readers, and all were commercial enterprises, there was a genuine spirit of enquiry underpinning this publishing phenomenon. All had an interest in helping the increasingly educated middle classes to remain informed on current questions. Each journal had its own editorial agenda and political ideology, such as The Westminster Review's non­partisan liberalism and progressivism, The Modern Review's critical Christianity, The Quarterly Review's and Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine's conservatism, and the unaligned Nineteenth Century's commitment to free thinking and controversial discourse.

It may at first glance seem surprising that with such issues at stake, the periodicals bothered with sport. Sport's significance was ignored by historians for so long that it may, despite three decades of academic sports writing, still cause us to look askance when we see the educated Victorian and Edwardian middle classes discussing it seriously.

The aspects of sport that they were writing about were as varied as sport itself, and this collection aims to cover the range of approaches. In many cases, sporting articles provided light relief alongside political and religious discussions. The sports travel writing sampled for Volume V best embodies this. Much of this was in an imperial setting, exemplified by E. Stewart's, essay on 'Crocodile-Shooting in India' of 1898. Readers were also entertained with accounts of more foreign and adventurous exploits, such as the anonymous ‘Sport in the Snow; or, Bear­ Hunting in Russia’ of 1893 or Edgcumbe's 1892 account of ‘The First Ascent of Mont Blanc'. The cod anthropology of Curzon's ‘Wrestling in Japan' of 1889 should also be seen in this light, as something intended to teach readers about a different sporting world. As well as being educational and entertaining, some of the articles were designed to teach the readers how to play certain sports, or how to improve their game: clear evidence of Lowerson's ‘scramble' taking place. Other articles were historical, explicitly attempting to link the contemporary developments in sport with longer-term trends. O. Paul Monckton's ‘Little Known Sports and Pastimes' of 1911 is an excellent example of this. Taken together, these types of articles can be seen to focus on informing the periodicals' audiences about sport, and about using sport as a subject for entertainment.

However, entertainment and information were not the only settings for sporting articles in the non-sporting periodicals. Sport was also a subject worthy of serious debate, and much of that debate was represented within the periodical literature. Not only was sport considered worthy of inclusion in such publications, but it was also perceived as a problematic area of contemporary life. However, the discourses sampled here remind us that sport had a controversial nature then as now, and that many people found aspects of their sporting scene problematic.

The Aims of the Collection

With these contexts in place, it is important to outline the aims of the collection, before turning to the volumes themselves. The History of Sport in Britain, 1880-1914, the five-volume collection, is designed to provide increased access to primary sources for the historian of sport. Many of the articles will be familiar by title and short quotation in the major works of sports historiography. Almond's 1900 ‘The Breed of Man', Ensor's ‘This Football Madness' of 1898, Cooper's writings on the proposed pan-Britannic cultural and sporting gathering, and Jackson's ‘Professionalism and Sport' of 1900 are examples of the more popular ones. This collection provides the opportunity for more researchers to read such pieces for themselves. However, many of the articles reprinted here are less well-known, and have been chosen to provide students and scholars with a more rounded and holistic appreciation of the period than can be gained from reading single articles. By putting all of the chosen articles in a context, we can see the debates they touch upon, and the interrelationships that existed between different aspects of sport: for example, the links between women's participation and concerns over national physique, or those between Britain's imperial presence and field sports. Based on the premise that this period in sport's history was, indeed, revolutionary, and that the revolutionaries left plenty of explanations, justifications, and debates behind, the collection is designed to provide a flavor of how the educated middle classes were viewing sport.

A secondary aim of The History of Sport in Britain, 1880-1914 is to trace some lines of historical development in sport. Any basic study of sports history does this, of course. From A-level physical education onwards, we study a range of developments. As Richard Holt reminds us, it is crucial always to look for continuity as well as change in sports history. It is in this spirit that this collection's second aim has been framed. When we read the debates that the Victorian and Edwardian middle classes were having about sport, we cannot help but be struck by the resonance to the debates we are having ourselves.

A third aim is to help us locate sport in the wider world view of the educated middle classes of the period. This comes out in the debate-driven articles: the authors cannot discuss their fear of racial degeneration, or their concerns about professionalism and commercialism ‘corrupting' sport, without displaying their ideologies. Attitudes are present not just in the arguments used, but also in the language chosen: even only at the level of article titles, compare Kebbel's ‘English Love of Sport' of 1886 with Salt's ‘Cruel Sports' of 1893, both of which deal with hunting and shooting. Beyond this, the place of sport within educated middle-class culture can be seen by the assumptions the authors make about what their readers will know. This is seen, for example, in the frequent use of other languages in allusions, quotations, and epithets. Many of the articles serve the same purpose, and suggest that one way of reading the periodicals is to see them as the cultivated middle classes talking among themselves in a conversation characterized by the conspicuous display of knowledge.

The Volumes

Each of the five volumes in this collection has been devoted to a particular theme: I, The Varieties of Sport; II, Sport, Education, and Improvement; III, Field Sports; IV, Sport and Money; and V, British Sport and the Wider World. Of the hundreds of articles researched, the final 195 have been chosen for the ways in which they deliver the collection's aims. The majority have been included in full, although some have been slightly edited to allow a focus on their sporting subject matter.

Volume I: The Varieties of Sport

Tranter notes the ‘dramatic increase in the range of sports available', a point which Lowerson, writing of the middle classes' sporting options, has called ‘a boom': Volume I is devoted to articles which addressed this boom, and which are part of the historical evidence for the boom having taken place. The first part draws on articles that were making connections between the growth of sport and the social context, while the second and third parts deal respectively with team sports and individual sports. Some stress the speed of change in sport as a whole, and in some specific sports. This awareness of the growth of sport is clear in Graves's ‘A Philosophy of Sport' of 1900. The act of writing such a piece, which is critical of many contemporary practices, suggests the need to reflect on developments and impose some system on them. Graves was aware of the growth of sports, and of the ways in which the word ‘sport' itself was being applied to an increasing range of activities rather than solely to field sports, and he refers to those who would wish to ‘restrict the term sport to such non-competitive recreations as involve killing' as being ‘sportsmen of the old school'.

In these articles, the authors and readers deal with the changing sporting landscape, and talk amongst themselves about the new opportunities afforded them. The growth of opportunity is particularly evident for women. Jennifer Hargreaves has done much to recover the historical experience of women in sport ' and some of the articles in Volume I provide insights for the late Victorian and Edwardian periods. Some voices provide evidence of middle-­class women's increasing opportunities in active sport, albeit in activities with certain cultural and physical constraints.

A final theme to emerge from this volume is one of a growing unease about certain aspects of sport. While many of these issues are dealt with in other volumes, some of the articles here contain criticisms. For all the celebration about the growth of opportunity and diversity, pessimism is evident. While many of these articles show an awareness of the individual and communal benefits that sport could bring, some authors were aware of the barriers which were stopping some people from joining in. This is never clearer than in Walter Besant's 1884 progressive piece on ‘The Amusements of the People', in which he compared the leisure opportunities of ‘the young workman' with those of ‘the young gentleman', and stressed how the former had nowhere to play sports and no training in how to play.

Volume II: Sport, Education, and Improvement

Volume II deals broadly with the theme of sport and education. Part 4 contains articles on sport in educational establishments, particularly schools and universities, while Part 5 looks at the sport in the context of ‘improvement', particularly physical improvement that was seen as so important in the period's battle against degeneracy.

The role of the nineteenth-century public schools and universities in the history of modern sport is well established. Mangan's work on a number of schools has provided  detailed accounts of the dissemination of sports, their codification, and the ideology of athleticism that grew up around them. Organized sports were used in most schools to develop pupils' physical strength, and also their sense of loyalty and identity. With close links being made in schoolboy literature about the value of sport in preparing boys for imperial duty, the influence of the athletics cult went far beyond school walls; while the carrying on of school sports in the universities and, subsequently, in adult life helped to disseminate sports throughout society. A number of the articles in this volume provide us with insights on how sport in the schools worked, and how it was perceived by its providers and participants. For example, the volume includes some classic pieces of writing on the role of sport, especially those from Hely Hutchinson Almond, headmaster of Loretto from 1862 until his death in 1903.

Many of the apologists for athleticism made the claim that sport and physical education at school would have a positive impact on the health of the country's future adult population. The second part of this volume deals with the various debates that occurred in about the perceived physical degeneration crisis. This crisis, which was linked to the poor housing and sanitation conditions of the urban poor, and the lack of health care and health education for them, became a panic when its impact on the UK's military capability became obvious.

Volume III: Field Sports

In his attempt to provide a philosophy of sport, Graves stressed that the word ‘sport' itself was even in 1900 strongly linked with what he called ‘such non-competitive recreations as involve killing'. Volume III is devoted to articles that deal with this branch of sport. The first part comprises articles about different aspects of hunting, shooting, and fishing, while the second part contains some more critical pieces that were broadly written from anti-field sports perspectives.

Although the heritage of field sports has been heavily mythologized by their apologists, it is clear that organized forms of catching fish and animals have long histories. The articles sampled in this volume can be seen as part of a tradition of writing about these activities.

In their descriptions of the sports themselves, these articles stress the naturalness of the event, the rural setting, and the ways in which the participants are taking part in something traditional. There are also articles which aim to instruct readers in the techniques and practices involved in certain field sports.

However, while the anecdotal and technical articles convey a sense of optimism and pleasure in field sports, some of the articles are more critical. Even before we consider the anti-field sports arguments, we can see some within the field sports fraternity voicing concern over the ways in which their sports were going. The Westminster Review's 1888 survey of the ‘pampered sport' of pheasant shooting concluded that the sport had become ‘artificial': `the long rearing and feeding of the game, the tameness of the birds, their unwillingness to take wing ... make it doubtful whether pheasant-shooting ought to be looked on as a real sport'.

Part 7 of this volume moves beyond the field sports establishment to cover some of the arguments that were being made against hunting and shooting. The opposition was frequently marginalized for being made up of ‘women and sentimentalists', and not taken seriously. However, some of the periodicals carried articles on this theme, and their presence in this volume serves as a useful counterpoint to those in Part 6. Most of the critical articles were based on humanitarian grounds, with clear links existing to the vegetarian and anti-vivisection lobbies. Carlisle's 1882 article, ‘On Moral Duty Towards Animals', sets the tone, with its condemnation of hunting alongside other forms of cruelty. Lee's philosophical `Wasteful Pleasures' approaches the argument logically, while Greenwood approaches the question from an ethical standpoint. Arguments such as these remained the preserve of a minority in the period covered in this series. However, the presence of such articles in the periodicals shows a discontent with an important part of the sporting boom, and willingness in some sections to ask critical questions about the period's sporting culture.

Volume IV. Sport and Money

The growth in middle-class sport owed much to the disposable income and improved transportation of the late Victorian period. Its economic basis is also evident in the industry that had developed around sport. Lowerson estimates that the manufacture, retailing, and exporting of sports goods was worth approximately 3 per cent of the UK's gross national product by the end of the period. Add to this the money involved in betting on sport, and in the gate receipts and share­holding of professional clubs, and we can see the contours of a sports industry which was to become more significant, as part of a wider leisure and services boom, after World War I. Volume IV covers various aspects of sports economics. Part 8 deals with different aspects of the sports industry, Part 9 with professionalism and amateurism, and Part 10 with betting and horse racing.

The articles in Part 8 provide insights into the ideologies that informed the rules and regulations. Along with the anti-hunting articles in Volume III, this section contains some of the most passionate writing in the whole collection. It is no coincidence that there are more articles on association football in this section than there are in any other part of this collection, as it was the sport most clearly identified by the middle classes as being corrupt due to its acceptance of professionalism and gate money in the 1880s. However, as with professionalism in other sports, many of the articles raise concerns about the ways in which the sport was being influenced by betting interests. Cadogan, in a wide-ranging critique of the sport, wrote in 1885 of how ‘the whole country is flooded with touts, tipsters, and betting agents’.

Volume V: British Sport and the Wider World

Sport began to develop an international dimension at this time, and the articles in this volume cover some of the ways in which British sports and its participants were engaging with this development. Part 11 covers sporting contacts between teams and individuals from different countries, while Part 12 covers the sporting travel and tourism undertaken by British sports enthusiasts.

This was a time in which international sporting contacts were developing, most famously with the Olympic Games, established in 1894 and first held in 1896. In individual sports, international meetings and matches were taking place with increased regularity between the 1880s and 1914. These contacts need to be seen in the wider context of the rise of the nation state in Europe at this time. The articles in Part 11 cover a range of sports that were involved with this, including Robertson's first-hand account of the 1896 Olympic Games and Pierre de Coubertin's essay on his ‘revival' of the Olympics.

The second part takes a different view of international sport, but one that was deeply meaningful to its enthusiasts. Imperial, military, and commercial networks, combined with increasing levels of disposable income among some sections of the upper middle classes, had opened up many parts of the world to sport-based travel. Here was a kind of sporting grand tour, in which enthusiasts could go hunting, shooting, fishing, walking, and climbing in environments not available within the British Isles.

In conclusion, taken together, the articles in The History of Sport in Britain, 1880-1914 provide readers with a significant insight to the middle-class sports boom of the late Victorian and Edwardian periods. They show the confidence with which the people of the time  approached sports, as well as their fears and con­cerns about some aspects of their sporting world. Sports historians need to read such articles – as inheritors of the Victorian sporting revolution's legacy, they can use them to improve their understanding of how sport was shaped.  

History / Military

Omaha Beach D-Day June 6, 1944 by Joseph Balkoski (Stackpole Books) With the greatest drama and loss of life on D-Day, Omaha Beach and was critically important to subsequent Allied total victory in World War II.

As the 60th anniversary of D-Day approaches, more and more attention is being directed to the beaches of Normandy, where the fate of the free world hung in the balance. Nowhere was that moment more perilous than at Omaha Beach. Now, the first truly comprehensive account of that historic day has been written by America's premier living historian on D-Day, Joseph Balkoski.

In Omaha Beach D-Day June 6, 1944, Balkoski tells the story of June 6, 1944 , the day when largely untested American troops assaulted the German army's Atlantic wall. Equal parts oral history and meticulous reconstruction, including the invasion's diplomatic and strategic context, Omaha Beach D-Day June 6, 1944 is the closest modern readers can get to experiencing the Normandy landings firsthand.

A tribute to the veterans as well as an engaging narrative, the book promises to become a classic on one of America 's most important days in history. This thoroughly researched and engagingly written history includes many never before published first-person accounts by the men who were there, many given within days of the invasion.

Also included are comprehensive lists of Medal of Honor and Distinguished Service Cross winners at Omaha Beach as well as the Order of Battle casualty list for the first twenty-four hours, organization of a 30-man assault, boat weapons and equipment carried in the assault by a typical soldier, and a series of detailed maps allowing readers unparalleled insight into the minute-by-minute combat on Omaha Beach.

While capitalizing on the immense interest around this 60th anniversary, the comprehensive Omaha Beach D-Day June 6, 1944 promises to be a standard reference for years to come.  

History / Americas

The Devil's Playground: A Century of Pleasure and Profit in Times Square by James Traub (Random House) As Times Square turns 100, New York Times Magazine contributing writer James Traub tells the story of how this mercurial district became one of the most famous and exciting places in the world. The Devil's Playground is classic and colorful American history, from the first years of the twentieth century, when it started as Longacre Square before being renamed in 1904, through the Runyonesque heyday of nightclubs and theaters in the 1920s and 30s – burlesque, speakeasies, gangsters and molls. Times Square became the nexus of Manhattan , the crossroads of the world. Times Square has always been on the forefront of popular culture – vaudeville, cabaret, ragtime – before its notorious decline in the 1960s and 70s, the fierce debates over how best to restore it to life, and its corporate revival in the 1990s.

In The Devil's Playground, Traub brings us the great impresarios, wits, tunesmiths, newspaper columnists, and nocturnal creatures who shaped Times Square’s identity: Oscar Hammerstein and Florenz Ziegfeld; George S. Kaufman, Damon Runyon, Walter Winchell, and "The Queen of the Nightclubs," Texas Guinan; journalists like A.J. Liebling and his colleague Joe Mitchell; the Beats, who celebrated the drug dealers and pimps of 42nd Street during its decline; and "the Naked Cowboy" singing and posing for the masses today.
Traub, who has been writing about the politics, culture, characters, and institutions of New York City for twenty-five years, goes on to scrutinize today’s Times Square as no author has yet done. He writes about the new 42nd Street, the giant Toys R Us store with its flashing Ferris wheel, the new world of corporate theater, and the sex shops trying to leave their history behind.
More than sixty years ago, Liebling called Times Square – “the heart of the world” – not just the center of the world, though this crossroads in Midtown Manhattan was indeed that, its heart. From the dawn of the twentieth century through the 1950s, Times Square was the whirling dynamo of American popular culture and, increasingly, an urban sanctuary for the eccentric and the untamed. The name itself became emblematic of the tremendous life force of cities everywhere. Today, Times Square is once again an awe-inspiring place, but the dark and strange corners have been filled with blazing light. For the giant entertainment corporations that have moved to this safe, clean, and self-consciously gaudy spot, Times Square is still very much the center of the world. But is it still the heart?

A vivid social history as well as an in-depth analysis, The Devil's Playground is the story of how a little plot of land in the center of New York City became and remains the symbol of urban excitement all over the world. While sometimes overly intellectual, Traub’s prose tumbles out sparkling and effortless. The Devil's Playground is a fabulous read.

History / WWII / Biographies & Memoirs

Bataan: A Survivor's Story by Lt. Gene Boyt with David L. Burch, foreword by Gregory J. W. Urwin (University of Oklahoma Press)  

Instead of dwelling on enemy cruelty and indifference and the misery that permeated each day he spent in Japanese hands, Boyt concentrates on the people and things that helped him to live from one day to the next. – Gregory J.W. Urwin, from the Foreword

Like many other young American men during the depression-era 1930s, Gene Boyt entered Franklin D. Roosevelt's Civilian Conservation Corps. After receiving an ROTC commission in the Army Engineers and a bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering from the Missouri School of Mines, Boyt joined the Allied forces in the Pacific Theater. While building runways and infrastructure in the Philippines in 1941, Boyt enjoyed the life of an American officer stationed in a tropical paradise – but not for long.

When the United States surrendered the Philippines to Japan in April 1942, Boyt became a prisoner of war, suffering deprivation and brutality at the hands of the Japanese guards. Bataan, possibly one of the last accounts to come from a Bataan survivor, details the Bataan Death March and Boyt's subsequent forty-two months in Japanese internment camps, including original descriptions of three such camps. In this fast-paced narrative, Boyt's voice conveys the quiet courage of the generation of men who fought and won history's greatest armed conflict.

The book was written by Gene Boyt, Captain at the time of his discharge from the military, with the assistance of David L. Burch, a human relations professional in Oklahoma City and a family friend who helped him transcribe his story, and Gregory J.W. Urwin, Professor of History at Temple University and Associate Director of Temple's Center for the Study of Force and Diplomacy.

Bataan is a straightforward and cogent account of surviving the Depression and four years as a Japanese POW. The book deserves a place in Pacific war collections.  

Home & Garden

Clean Like a Man: Housekeeping for Men (and the Women Who Love Them) by Tom McNulty (Three Rivers Press, Crown Publishing) Most men have a problem with housekeeping: they don't know how to do it, and they don't particularly want to learn. The results are either a messy house or an angry spouse or – in the worst of circumstances – both.

Clean Like a Man by Tom McNulty is the answer – the first and only housekeeping how-to manual written for (and by) the Average Joe. Readers won't find any potpourri, flower-arranging, or silverware-polishing in this book, just the essentials of cleaning – everything a guy needs to know to make the joint presentable. "All a man needs to clean the house is opposable thumbs, a few supplies, and a little know-how and motivation," says McNulty. "If you've got the thumbs, my book will give you the rest."

In user-friendly chapters, Clean Like a Man explains:

  • The MEN Commandments: Housekeeping rules of thumb
  • Gearing Up: What cleaning tools and products readers need
  • Getting Down and Dirty: How-to techniques
  • Mastering Your Domain (and Your Stuff): Getting organized
  • Housecleaning Battle Plan: How to attack a room
  • Ten-Minute Crisis Cleanup: Girlfriend/boss/mom called, and will be right over!
  • Specific Tips for the Kitchen/Bathroom/Bedroom
  • Dealing With the Most Common Man-stains: pizza grease, sweat, beer, ketchup, mud
  • Turning Odors Into Aromas

Readers learn to abide by The MEN Commandments:

  1. Get Started
  2. Pick Up the Place First
  3. Divide and Conquer
  4. Carry Your Supplies with You
  5. Deploy Supplies Where You Use Them
  6. Start High, Finish Low
  7. Get the Right Stuff
  8. Give Cleaning Solutions Time to Work
  9. Finish What You Start
  10. Don't Clean Too Much

And they learn Home MANagement Tips:

  • Make The Bed Every Morning
  • Jam All The Dishes into the Dishwasher After Eating
  • Make Tidiness a Habit
  • Say No to Knickknacks

Clean Like a Man is a crash course written specifically for the attention-challenged and motivation-impaired. Men don't take this subject too seriously and neither does this book, which is written in a readable style, efficient and utilitarian, and also entertaining.  

Home & Garden / Professional & Technical

Off the Wall: Wonderful Wall Coverings of the Twentieth Century by Gideon Bosker, Lena Lencek (Chronicle Books) 

Either that wallpaper goes or I do. – Oscar Wilde on his deathbed

Whether elegant or kitschy, no other home decor treatment has had such a lively, long, and versatile history as wallpaper. The earliest wallpapers were created at the end of the fifteenth century in Germany, Northern Italy, and the Netherlands, and they were expensive, labor-intensive artifacts made one small sheet at a time according to the highest standards of graphic printmaking. Like everything else, as new developments made the process less arduous and expensive, wallpaper moved from the salons of the aristocracy to the rooms of the rising bourgeoisie.

Lena Lencek and Gideon Bosker, pop culture connoisseurs, in Off the Wall, provide a brief, informative history of wall-coverings since the 15th century before diving into their retrospective of 20th-century papers, largely British, American and French in origin. The book celebrates the real heyday of wallpaper designs – the early and mid-twentieth century when Americans embraced patterns and supported unprecedented wallpaper production, versatility, and sales. Hypnotic flowering vines, black-and-white Op Art odysseys, and seas of patriotic warships are just some of the beautiful, strange, and fantastic patterns that have adorned the walls of homes the world over.

The explosion of teen culture in the 1960s is chronicled in youthful paper patterns depicting athletes at play and "rec room" parties with phonographs and stacks of records. And while there are plenty of toile, floral and geometric designs represented here, the section on "High Art" is the book’s strongest chapter. It features wallpaper produced in concert with artistic luminaries such as Alexander Calder and Henri Matisse (though the latter’s mustard-yellow and black-patterned sample would be considered decidedly loud by most modern tastes). Featuring lively text and captions, the book places each design within historic and cultural context, including an interesting history of the wallpaper industry – with all its ups and downs and trends.

Covering every decade of the century, Off the Wall celebrates robust pattern and detail in all their manifestations. Lively text and captions help to capture the designers, trends, and world events relevant to each piece, and the broader evolution of the genre, from a 1948 mural of rural America , replete with plump livestock and ripening fields, to the boldly colored abstractions produced in the 1950s by Herman Miller for MOMA.

Off the Wall is a visual survey of a visual medium, featuring flawless reproductions of 150 classic and unique wallpapers, many drawn from the famous Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum , Smithsonian Institution, as well as a practical and useful resource for designers, artists, decorators, and collectors.  

Home & Garden / Crafts & Hobbies

When Quilt Designers Think Small: Innovative Quilt Projects to Wear, Give or Decorate Your Home edited by the Editors of Creative Publishing (Creative Publishing International)

  • Quilts to wear.

  • Quilts to give.

  • Quilts to decorate the home.

That's what happens when top quilt designers are asked to think small.

The ten contributors to When Quilt Designers Think Small are leading quilt designers; they include quilt-shop owners, teachers of quilting, fiber artists, and book authors: Denise Bielick, Debbie Bowles, Barbara Boyd, Janis Bullis, Patricia Converse, Phyllis Dobbs, Karen Bailey Earith, Laura Murray, Susan Stein, and Julann Windsperger. Their designs have been photographed, explained, and presented by the award-winning team of editors at Creative Publishing International.
"Small" is a key characteristic because quilters are  people and gift projects have that take less time and material than a bed quilt or large wall hanging. When Quilt Designers Think Small presents 20 projects large in creativity – each a unique, imaginative design by one of the ten quilters whom the editors challenged to "think small." For example, one designer made a quilted glasses case embellished with a beaded dragonfly. A second topped a storage box with bright, 3-D quilted flowers. Other projects include:

  • a crazy-quilted purse accented with fabric feathers
  • a quick-pieced checkerboard that rolls up for travel
  • a quilted cover for an organizer
  • a foiled velvet pillow
  • appliqué placemats
  • paper-pieced greeting cards

Each project has step-by-step instructions and is illustrated with color photography, line drawings, diagrams and templates.

Sometimes some of us, maybe it’s mostly women, just have a need – to make something special and personal for a friend, or to make something of one’s own creation to hang on the wall, it’s got to be small and quick and When Quilt Designers Think Small provides the designs and step by instructions for those kinds of projects.  

Home & Garden / Professional & Technical

Home by Design: Transforming Your House Into Home by Sarah Susanka (The Taunton Press) Home by Design by Sarah Susanka examines the key design concepts behind well-designed homes. Susanka, award-winning architect, pop culture connoisseur, and champion of the "Not So Big" movement has changed the way people think about their homes. This, Susanka’s fourth book, seeks to empower homeowners to transform a house from mere shelter into a comfortable home filled with character and beauty.

Home by Design reveals 30 key concepts that can be applied to any home, starting from the ground up or when redesigning an old treasure. With the guidance of  the "architect’s toolbox," homeowners, builders, interior designers and architects discover how to transform a house into a true home. The book uses 28 of the most thoughtfully designed homes in the country to bring her design concepts to readers. These ideas, from the notion of where to place a rug, to the addition of a reading nook, are presented through 150 examples. Organized into three sections – Space, Light, and Order – Home by Design unveils a single design principle in each chapter:

  • "Space" explores entryways, activity spaces such as alcoves and window seats, ceiling height variety, interior views and layering. The space concepts can be used in any home in order to create a more comfortable living environment.
  • "Light" looks at the creative ways in which light, both natural and generated, is used to enhance any home. View and non-view windows, reflective surfaces, reflective ceilings, light coves, and textures and colors that generate light are explored.
  • "Order" helps in creating an organized strategy. Patterns, geometry, alignments, rhythm and themes are all discussed and concise and visual examples are given.

Susanka makes spatial design accessible to the layperson. Home by Design offers insight into what’s possible and paves the way for a dialogue between homebuilding professionals and customers that may help make the houses they build and remodel together fulfilling their goals. This well-crafted book will suggest to homeowners, projects – both simple and complex – to transform their homes into individualized, personality-filled spaces.  

Home & Garden / Interior Design

Paint and Color in Decoration by Farrow & Ball, Limited, text by Tom Helme & Joseph Friedman, with photography by Ivan Terestchenko (Rizzoli International Publications, Inc.) Farrow & Ball is a renowned English firm known for hand-mixed colors for interiors (not to mention hand-printed wallcoverings); the firm has done a book devoted to the rich history of color for the home. Illustrated with photographs from historical and contemporary interiors, Paint and Color in Decoration discusses the history of color and painted decoration, from the muted shades favored in the 17th and early 18th century, to the brighter, clearer palette that came to prominence in the late 18th century.

Color is the cornerstone of an interior design statement, whether one draws from the infinite shades of white, cream, ivory, and taupe or creates drama with deeply rich reds, blues, and greens, or any contrasting, or complementary combinations thereof. Picture Gallery Red, Dorset Cream, Sudbury Yellow, Green Smoke, Ballroom Blue – their very names conjure up the opulent interiors of venerable country estates and chic city homes. From Robert Adam to David Hicks, Farrow & Ball have chosen wonderful rooms to illustrate the broadest possible range of colors and color combinations, and to explore the materials, the pigments, the finishes and the techniques behind them.

Not just a compendium of color, Paint and Color in Decoration examines different finishes; how they are mixed and applied, and what the different effects of each will be. The book goes on to reveal the development of more economical ways to produce the vivid tones used to polychrome effect in the Victorian era, and continues into the "anything goes" eclecticism we enjoy today. Written by Tom Helme, a director of Farrow & Ball, and Joseph Friedman, an architectural historian, the volume celebrates the architects, interior designers and decorators who have used paint and color to create some of the world's most beautiful interiors.

Paint and Color in Decoration is a fascinating history of the subject, an illuminating and inspirational text and an essential addition to the library of interior designers, decorators, and do-it-yourself homeowners alike.

Home & Garden / Crafts & Hobbies

Inspired by the Garden: 16 Handcrafted Projects for Inside & Out by Marie Browning (North Light Books) As the line between indoor and outdoor space continues to blur, consumers are looking for decorative accents for outdoors and garden-style accents for indoors. In Inspired by the Garden, Marie Browning, professional craft designer and demonstrator, presents 12 garden-inspired projects for inside and out. Using a range of crafting techniques and materials, this book showcases fun yet sophisticated garden décor projects for crafters of all skill levels. First, readers get help with the basics in "Preparing Your Surface," "Basic Techniques," and "Transferring a Pattern." Then they enjoy making the 16 projects found in the book with Browning's clear step-by-step instruction. Featuring popular garden motifs, projects include:

  • Mosaic garden tables
  • Matching pots and watering can
  • Decorated garden tools
  • Cards made with pressed flowers
  • Garden apron with pears
  • Decoupaged seed box
  • An elegant painted lavender drying rack
  • Bright metalwork garden stakes

Throughout the book are special care and finishing instructions to protect readers’ outdoor creations, along with tips on how to make the most of the garden, from pressing flowers to drying herbs and storing seeds.

With Inspired by the Garden readers find the creative inspiration they need to surround their homes with the beauty of the garden.  

Home & Garden / Animals & Pets

The Dachshund: An Owner's Survival Guide by Diane Morgan (Doral Publishing, Inc.) The Dachshund is not one dog but many. No other breed offers such a variety of colors, sizes and coat textures. Yet, magically, beneath this delightful multiplicity lurks a paradox: The Dachshund is not many dogs but one. Beneath the smooth, longhair or wirehair coat, packaged small or large, painted black or fawn or a mixture, is one spirit, one heart, and one soul – it is the spirit of courage, the heart of loyalty, and the soul of nobility.

The Dachshund is the book on the Dachshund. Readers will find everything they need to know about choosing, living with, and caring for their Doxie from puppyhood to dotage. In a down to earth, easy to read style, the author Diane Morgan, adjunct professor at Wilson College and the author of a number of dog books, shares her knowledge of, and experience with, the breed. There are 15 chapters covering everything readers can image, from debugging and diseases to dry skin. Readers learn all about the history, development, and diversity of the Dachshund, and about the breed standard. The book covers the health and safety issues associated with the breed, and gives detailed instruction on training, feeding, and grooming the dapper Dachshund. The book reveals a range of canine activities readers can enjoy with their pooch from conformation and obedience events, to field trials, tracking, and earthdog competitions.

The appendix is packed with resources. It is amazing how much information is packed into the compact The Dachshund – there’s even a chapter called “The Difficult Dachshund” covering barking, digging, and predatory behavior, among other topics.

Home & Garden / Weddings

The Complete Idiot's Guide to the Perfect Wedding, 4th Edition by Teddy Lenderman (Complete Idiot's Guide To... Series: Alpha, Penguin Group) Brides and grooms know planning a wedding can be stressful, with fam­ily members, photographers, florists, and other wedding professionals all offering advice for their big day.

But don't elope to Vegas just yet!

The Complete Idiot's Guide to the Perfect Wedding, 4th Edition vows to prepare readers for their walk down the aisle and then see them off on their honeymoon. Written by Teddy Lenderman, a professional wedding consultant for 20 years, who teaches wedding planning to vendors at Indiana State University, this revised and updated book in the Complete Idiot's Guide series covers:

  • Pre-wedding prep – from booking the church and gathering the wedding party to planning the honeymoon.
  • The latest and hottest trends in modern wed­dings from professional planners.
  • Inspiring stories from couples telling what they'd do again – and what they'd do differently.
  • Helpful worksheets to make choosing the florist, photographer, and other vendors easier.

The 4th edition is full of down-to-earth advice for planning a wedding, including "idiot-proof" steps for finding the best vendors for invitations, apparel, food, flowers, photography, and music. A new section shows how the Internet can be used as a planning tool. With new photos and line drawings to help readers imagine their perfect wedding, this edition focuses on the latest trends and most up-to-date advice from wedding planners across the country.

With all the information needed for planning a wedding to remember, The Complete Idiot's Guide to the Perfect Wedding is one book no bride or groom should be without.

Literature & Fiction

Confinement by Carrie Brown (Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill ) The interplay between love and loss – major themes in Carrie Brown's fiction – is the subject of Confinement.

On a snowy night in the winter of 1946, Arthur Henning, an Austrian Jew, arrives at a New York banker’s country estate. All he has with him are his young son, his sewing machine, and the painful history of the refugee – the home in Vienna he left behind, the wife and infant daughter who perished in London’s blitz, and the relatives and friends who disappeared into the abyss of the Holocaust. He has come to begin anew life and to forget.

Once an expert tailor, now he is employed as a chauffeur. He drives Mr. Duvall to work in the city, Mrs. Duvall to her shopping, their daughter Agatha, to school. The job gives Arthur solace. There’s a cottage for him and his son, Toby, to live in, congeniality in the mansion’s kitchen with the other servants, pleasure in watching Toby grow up alongside the charming little Agatha. And so there he remains for nearly a decade, hidden, unable to confront his shattered faith, his fear, and the measure of everything he has lost.

Hidden, that is, until life steps in to release Author from his seclusion. On orders from Mr. Duvall, he must drive Agatha, now 17, to her own confinement in that peculairly evil American institution of the 1950s, a home for unwed mothers. The Duvalls’ plan to give the baby away shocks Arthur from his emotional slumber. The story of these two people – a man who has lost his past and a girl who is forced to give up her future – winds its way to a conclusion that is both inevitable and wholly unpredictable.

Infused with her trademark haunting sensibility, Brown’s fourth novel, Confinement, is a deeply moving tale of the small miracles and large revelations of love. The poignant story, bittersweet, is handled masterfully by Brown, who teaches fiction writing at Sweet Briar College.  

Literature & Fiction

Sherlock's Sisters: The British Female Detective, 1864-1913 by Joseph A. Kestner (Ashgate Publishing Limited) examines the fictional female detective in Victorian and Edwardian literature.  

The character of the logical, analytical detective, originating in the 1860s, configures a new representation of women in narratives of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The analysis in Sherlock's Sisters explores female empowerment through professional unofficial or official detection, especially as this surveillance illuminates legal, moral, gendered, institutional, criminal, punitive, judicial, political, and familial practices.

Written by Joseph A. Kestner, McFarlin Professor of English at the University of Tulsa, the book considers a range of literary texts by both female and male writers that concentrate on detection by women, particularly those that followed the creation of Sherlock Holmes by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle in 1887. Cultural movements, such as the emergence of the New Woman, property law or suffragism, are stressed in the exploits of these resourceful investigators. These daring women deal with a range of crimes, including murder, blackmail, terrorism, forgery, theft, sexual harassment, embezzlement, fraud, impersonation and domestic violence. Because they exercise reason rather than intuition, these women detectives are proto­feminist in their demonstration of women's independence. Instead of being under the law, these women transform it. Their investigations are given particular edge because many of the perpetrators of these crimes are women.

Sherlock's Sisters probes many texts that, because of their rarity, have been under-researched. Writers such as Beatrice Heron-Maxwell, Emmuska Orczy, L.T. Meade, Catherine Pirkis, Fergus Hume, Grant Allen, Leonard Merrick, Marie Belloc Lowndes, George Sims, McDonnell Bodkin and Richard Marsh are here incorporated into the canon of Victorian and Edwardian literature, many for the first time. A writer such as Mary Elizabeth Braddon is reassessed through a neglected novel. The book includes works by Irish and Australian writers to present an inclusive array of British texts.

Enlarging the perception of emerging female empowerment during the nineteenth century, Sherlock's Sisters fills an important gap in the fields of gender studies, law/literature and popular culture.

Literature & Fiction / History & Criticism

Oedipus Unbound: Selected Writings on Rivalry and Desire by René Girard, edited and with an introduction by Mark R. Anspach (Stanford University Press) Did Oedipus really kill his father and marry his mother?

Or is he nothing but a scapegoat, set up to take the blame for a crisis afflicting Thebes?

For René Girard, the mythic accusations of patricide and incest are symptomatic of a plague-stricken community's hunt for a culprit to punish.

The hard-to-find writings assembled in Oedipus Unbound, include three major early essays, never before available in English, which afford a behind-the­-scenes glimpse at the emergence of Girard's scapegoat theory from his pioneering analysis of rivalry and desire. Girard, prolific writer and Professor Emeritus of French at Stanford University, unbinds the Oedipal triangle from its Freudian moorings, replacing desire for the mother with desire for anyone ­or anything – a rivalry of desires. In a wide-ranging and provocative introduction, Mark R.  Anspach presents fresh evidence for Girard's hypotheses from classical studies, literature, anthropology, and the life of Freud himself.

Presented in chronological order, these previously uncollected essays offer the full spectrus of Rene Girard’s reflections on Oedipus, while illuminating the evolution of his ideas over time. I have updated and completed the source references … – Editor’s Note

Essays include:

  1. From the Novelistic Experience to the Oedipal Myth
  2. Oedipus Analyzed
  3. Symmetry and Dissymmetry in the Myth of Oedipus
  4. Doubles and the Pharmakos: Levi-Strauss, Frye, Derrida, and Shakespeare
  5. The Myth of Oedipus, the Truth of Joseph

The book starts with Anspach’s lengthy, analytical and significant Introduction: Imitating Oedipus. In Oedipus Unbound Girard succeeds in making readers see an age-old myth in a wholly new light.  

Literature & Fiction / History & Criticism

Renaissance Beasts: Of Animals, Humans, and Other Wonderful Creatures edited by Erica Fudge ( University of Illinois Press ) Taking as its starting point the popularity of speaking animals in sixteenth-century literature and ending with the decline of the imperial Ménagerie during the French Revolution, Renaissance Beasts uses the lens of human-animal relationships to view issues as diverse as human status and power, diet, civilization and the political life, religion and anthropocentrism, spectacle and entertainment, language, science and skepticism, and domestic and courtly cultures.

Within these pages scholars from a variety of disciplines discuss numerous kinds of texts  – literary, dramatic, philosophical, religious, political – by writers including Calvin, Montaigne, Sidney, Shakespeare, Descartes, Boyle, and Locke. Through analysis of these and other writers, Erica Fudge, senior lecturer in English literary studies at Middlesex University , London , uncovers new and arresting interpretations of Renaissance culture and the broader social assumptions glimpsed through views on matters such as pet ownership and meat consumption.

But this collection is not called Early Modern Beasts; it is called Renaissance Beasts. The distinction between the two can be made not in terms of the representations of particular formations of culture, particular concep­tions of a period in the past; rather, the title refers to an idea as much as a period.

The title is in direct opposition to its more famous forebear, "Renaissance Man." "Renaissance Beast" may well be an equiva­lent creation of the early twenty-first century, reflecting the unease with which much contemporary philosophy has come to view humanity, but like Burckhardt's creation, it might offer a way of thinking about the earlier pe­riod. Where the animal, for Renaissance Man, was a mere instrument for use and, as scholars such as Lawrence Babb have shown, was the aspect of Man that needed to be tamed, kept under, the Renaissance Beasts of this col­lection have a more active role in their historical moment: they have the power to create new ideas.

The chapters are arranged in broadly chronological order. The collection begins with the use of speaking animals in satire and ends with the liberation of the animals from Louis XIV's Menagerie in 1792. Be­tween these starting and ending points the chapters introduce some of the many ways in which animals were used and thought with and about in early modern culture. In many ways, the uses of animals represented in these chap­ters are unsurprising: in science (Cummings, Harrison), religion (Fudge, Wise­man), literature (Perry, Sheen, Knowles), and sport and pastime (Schiesari, Stewart, Graham, Senior). However, each of the chapters offers a new way of thinking about these uses, and each proposes that we revise our assumptions about the place, role, and function of animals in early modern thought.

This collection is about animals, but among those animals it is perhaps the human itself that comes under the greatest scrutiny. In the early mod­ern period, as now, animals were not easy beings to contemplate. They raised the specter of human limitation; they provoked unease about the distinct nature of humanity; they undid the boundaries between human and beast even as they appeared to cement them, and in so doing they offer us another way of thinking about Renaissance Man and a way of configur­ing our new entity, Renaissance Beasts. The collection is certainly about animals, but of the many species discussed, it is ultimately humankind that comes under the greatest scrutiny.  

Literature & Fiction

Mina by Jonatha Ceely (Delacorte Press) In the musty attic of an upstate New York house, a woman finds a clasped box, hidden away for over a century. Inside, wrapped in cambric and tied with a green ribbon, is an old manuscript written by a girl dreaming of a better life, fighting for survival, and coming of age in a time of chaos and danger. Mina, a stirring adventure set in nineteenth-century England , a novel of rich history and vibrant imagination.
Amid the lush fields and gardens of an English estate, in a kitchen where every meal is a sumptuous feast, a young servant called Paddy hides her true identity. Using coal soot and grease, she conceals her flaming red hair and covers her body, desperate to keep the job she needs to survive. But the girl, 15 years old, whose real name is Mina, cannot conceal from herself the pain of her past or the beauty of an Ireland she remembers with love and grief – until she meets a man who convinces her to trust him, a man hiding sorrows of his own.
To the mysterious Mr. Serle – the estate’s skilled and quiet chef – Mina dares to confess her true identity and reveal a shattered past: her flight from the blighted fields of her homeland to the teeming streets of Liverpool...her memories of the family she lost in the great famine and dreams for the future. And as Mina and Mr. Serle begin to know each other, a journey begins – a journey of faith and identity, adventure and awakening, that will alter the course of both their lives.
According to author Jonatha Ceely, former school teacher and first-time novelist, "I never read a book about how ordinary people made the decision to leave familiar people and places to risk everything in an unknown world. Mina is an attempt to discover what that courage felt like, and perhaps, through empathy with it, to feel closer to my ancestors who made a leap of imagination as well as a literal journey across the ocean."

The sights and sounds of nineteenth-century England come vividly to life in Ceely’s novel, a tale that explores the intricate relationship forged by two people in hiding. Moving and unforgettable, Mina is historical fiction at its finest – a novel that makes readers think, feel, and marvel – until the last satisfying page is turned. Rich in detail, the  narrative touches on the freedom of religion, the strength of friendships, trust, and most importantly, about keeping hope alive within oneself.

Jonatha Ceely has caught perfectly the beauty, cruelty, and the very essence of one England about to transmute into another. The struggles of her young Mina may be behind us now, but they are vivid and wrenching, and the life she makes for herself is truly wonderful. A lovely book. – Anne Rivers Siddons, author of Homeplace and Fox's Earth

Literature & Fiction / History

To Make Men Free: A Novel of the Battle of Antietam by Richard Croker (William Morrow) is a realistic and detailed novel of one of the most important battles of the Civil War, fought on September 17, 1862 , at Sharpsburg , Maryland . In just twelve hours, over 22,000 Union and Confederate soldiers were killed or wounded, making the Battle of Antietam the bloodiest day in American history.  

From Abraham Lincoln's White House to battles outside Dunker Church , To Make Men Free brings to life this legendary battle and the events surrounding it. Abraham and Mary Lincoln grieve over the loss of their son while Robert E. Lee mourns the death of his daughter. And General Lee must be a commander when his youngest son pleads with his father not to be sent "back in there." Croker paints portraits of such larger-than-life figures as George McClellan, John Pope, Stonewall Jackson, Jeb Stuart, and A. P. Hill. Hill is seen nearly entering into a duel with Stonewall Jackson, and he also has something to prove to his old West Point roommate, the arrogant and insecure Union commander George McClellan – who married Hill's first love. Much of the battle is seen through the eyes of Stonewall Jackson's young adjutant, Kyd Douglas, and a little-known reporter named George Smalley, who dabbled briefly in mutiny and in the service of Horace Greeley, scooping the other reporters covering the story.

Croker offers a detailed picture, occasionally illustrated with maps, of this single day that dashed Southern hopes for a quick victory, denied the Confederacy crucial support from European allies, afforded the North the first clear indication that its troops had the dogged persistence to win, and ultimately cleared the path for Lincoln 's most enduring legacy – the Emancipation Proclamation. The Emancipation Proclamation and the Battle of Antietam are married in history but divorced in literature; To Make Men Free reunites them in their unhappy, bloody, and inseparable bonds.

A stirring tale of blood, glory, intrigue, mutiny, deceit, jealousy, revenge, nobility, and power, To Make Men Free goes into realistic detail about the military campaign and tactics, and the political conflicts and consequences.  

Literature & Fiction / Religion & Spirituality

Mythic Worlds, Modern Words: On the Art of James Joyce by Joseph Campbell, edited by Edmund L. Epstein, with a foreword by Phil Cousineau (New World Library) collects 60 years of Campbell 's writings, lectures, and other commentary on Joyce, including exchanges with his audiences and Campbell 's 1941 Joyce obituary.

It was with an enigma that Joseph Campbell entered the labyrinth of James Joyce. In 1927 Campbell (renowned mythographer, deceased professor emeritus at Sara Lawrence College) traveled to Paris to study medieval philology, Old French and Provençal. Almost immediately he encountered Ulysses. When he got to Chapter Three of Joyce's masterpiece, Proteus, he was puzzled by the opening: "Ineluctable modality of the visible; at least that if no more, thought through my eyes. Signatures of all things I am here to read. . . ." Always inspired by both modern culture and mythic legend, he took this enigma to the legendary bookstore owner, and original publisher of Ulysses, Sylvia Beach, at her store Shakespeare and Company at 12 rue de l'Odeon. "I went around there in high academic indignation," he wrote. "And she gave me the clues to how to read it. And there you have it, how it changed my career."

Campbell moved through the labyrinth of Joyce's creation for sixty years – writing, lecturing, reading Joyce's works to students and audiences worldwide, using depth psychology, comparative religion, anthropology, and art history as tools of analysis. His lectures and reading introduced two generations to the works of James Joyce. What Campbell discovered became the foundation for his work in comparative mythology and religion.

Mythic Worlds, Modern Words provides a representation of Campbell 's published writing, lectures on Joyce, and exchanges with his audiences, from his obituary notice on Joyce in 1941 to lectures delivered a few years before Campbell 's death. Joyce scholar, editor of the volume, professor of English, Queens College and Graduate Center, City University of New York, Edmund L. Epstein has arranged this material as running commentary on A Portrait of the Artist As a Young Man, Ulysses, and Finnegan s Wake. With a new foreword by Phil Cousineau for this Collected Works of Joseph Campbell edition, Mythic Worlds, Modern Words is both an introduction to the major work of Joyce and a representative portrait of Campbell as a critic of Joyce. This second volume  is also a major contribution to Joyce criticism, the fruit of a lifetime's meditation on the great Irish writer's works. Both Campbell fans and Joyce scholars and students will be eager to have this previously out-of-print edition in their Collected Works library as they celebrate the upcoming 100th anniversary, in 2004, of  'Bloom's Day,' the day depicted in Joyce's masterpiece, Ulysses.  

Medicine / Reference

The Treatment of Epilepsy, 2nd Edition, edited by S. D. Shorvon, Emilio Perucca, David Fish & Edwin Dodson (Blackwell Publishing) Epilepsy is a common and important neurological condition, and its treatment has become increasingly complex in recent years. In contrast to many existing large volumes on epilepsy, where the coverage of the biology and phenomenology of the condition dominates, The Treatment of Epilepsy concentrates on the clinical treatment and day-to-day management of epilepsy.

The first edition was published in 1996 and has become a standard text in the field. Since then, the science of epilepsy has advanced remarkably, and this second edition has been fully revised to reflect these advances as they relate to treatment. While the primary purpose of the book has not changed, new material has been added, with 28 new chapters, 108 contributors from 19 countries, and 2 new editors. As before, the goal is to provide a systematic survey of the whole field of contemporary treatment. Medical and surgical therapies are both covered in depth, as are the principles of treatment in different clinical contexts. A deliberately international perspective is taken, and account taken of the changing social and cultural aspects of modern epilepsy practice.

Advances in therapy fall into four main themes, and these four themes run through The Treatment of Epilepsy. Perhaps of greatest importance has been the rise of molecular ge­netics – a tidal wave that has swept across all of medicine and which has left few areas of clinical therapeutics dry, and certainly not that of epilepsy. The impact on clinical practice is only just beginning to be realized. Molecular genetics has lead to – and will surely lead to more – designer drugs, treatment predicated on new molecular targets, and therapies designed to interfere with specific molecular processes. Similarly, the understanding of the genetic and molecular basis of drug responsiveness may result in matching patient genetic profiles to specific therapies with greater predictive accuracy. The second major change in epilepsy therapeutics since the publication of the first edition has been the consolidation into clinical practice of a range of novel antiepileptic drugs, and the gathering of more substantial and well-evidenced information about the established medicaments. This development too is covered in this second edition, where eight more chapters have been added, devoted to new individual drugs. The scientific quality of drug evaluation has also greatly improved in the past decade, and this improvement is reflected in the book. The use of clinical protocols for therapy, with a strong emphasis on hard evidence rather than on clinical anecdote, is a welcome change, and one covered in the text. The third major change in epilepsy management through this period has been a contextual change, with more attention being paid to patient-centered issues, to individuality, to patient preference and to the individual clinical circumstances in which epilepsy manifests. The final thematic change in this edition is the attempt to integrate more closely the investigatory advances in epilepsy – which have had their greatest impact on surgical rather than medical therapy – with the specific modes of surgical therapy. Although the advances in investigatory technique have been less dramatic than in previous decades, and many techniques are still research-focused, the utility of individual techniques needs to be clearly defined and backed up with an evidence base. The Treatment of Epilepsy con­centrates on this theme.

The editorship of this volume has also changed: Fritz Dreifuss, a top-notch epileptologist and a founding editor of the first edition, died on 18 October 1997 and David Thomas also stepped down as editor. Emilio Perucca and Ed Dodson have both joined the editorship, both renowned international figures in epilepsy, and bring new perspectives from different continents and different specialities. In addition, over half of the 108 contributors to this edition are also new.

The underpinnings of the book, though, remain unscathed by the passage of time. The primary objective is unchanged – to provide a systematic review of the whole field of contemporary therapy in epilepsy. The emphasis is, as before, on a text that provides practical information, useful for the clinician but comprehensive, accurate and concise. The contributors examine the evidential basis of both conventional and experimental therapies, and cover all therapeutic options. As in the first edition, summary tables have been used to present information, especially in relation to drug therapy in an easily digested form. It remains the basic purpose of the book to guide clinical practice and rational therapy, and to be a source of reference for clinicians at every level.

The spirit of internationalism which was strongly emphasized in the first edition is also the central plank of the second. The spirit of the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) remains central to this book. The foreword to this volume was written by the current President of the ILAE, Giuliano Avanzini, himself a highly distinguished epileptologist and clinician scientist.

The Treatment of Epilepsy is a reference work with a strong practical bias, aiming to guide clinical practice and rational therapy in the difficult decisions involved in successful therapy. This is the definitive text and a source of reference and assistance for neurologists and neurosurgeons, other clinicians and trainees at all levels who treat patients with epilepsy.

Over 800 pages, 63 chapters and over 80 contributors, all of outstanding international status, makes this the definitive book on the subject. – Journal of Neurological Sciences.  

Mysteries & Thrillers

Scarecrow [ABRIDGED] by Matthew Reilly, read by Scott Sowers, 4 CDs, Running time: 5 hours (Audio Renaissance) Scarecrow by Matthew Reilly (Thomas Dunne Books) In the third outing for Shane Scarecrow Schofield, the U.S. Marine Corps captain is pitted against a colorful collection of bad guys (and gals) as he finds himself one of 15 men who have been put on an international hit list.

For those readers have been following the series: he led his men into hell in Ice Station; he protected the President against all odds in Area 7; but this time it's different….
It’s the greatest bounty hunt in history. There are a total of 15 targets, the finest warriors in the world – commandos, spies, terrorists. And they must all be dead by 12 noon , today. The price on their heads: almost $20 million each. Among the names on the target list, one stands out. An enigmatic Marine named Shane Schofield, call-sign: SCARECROW.  And so Schofield is plunged into a headlong race around the world, pursued by a fearsome collection of international bounty hunters – including the 'Black Knight', a notoriously ruthless hunter who seems intent on eliminating only Schofield.
The race is on and the pace is frantic as Schofield fights for survival, in the process unveiling a vast international conspiracy and the terrible reason why he cannot, under any circumstances, be allowed to live.
Scarecrow is the third book in the Shane Schofield series by Australian author, Matthew Reilly. With new exotic locations and weaponry, plus a returning cast of old friends from the battlefield, Scarecrow is set to take the action/adventure world by storm, and leave readers gasping for air. With his trademark style, Reilly continues to establish himself as one of today's top thriller writers. And this thrill fest is the best yet – even the most jaded readers will need to fasten their seatbelts and hang on for dear life.

Outdoors & Nature / Travel

Deep Survival: Who Lives, Who Dies, and Why by Laurence Gonzales (W.W. Norton) The author, Laurance Gonzales, delves into the science, psychology, and art of wilderness survival. His analysis is riveting and his conclusions startling.

After her plane crashes, a seventeen-year-old girl spends eleven days walking through the Peruvian jungle. Against all odds, with no food, shelter, or equipment, she gets out. A better-equipped group of adult survivors of the same crash sits down and dies. What makes the difference?

Examining such stories of miraculous endurance and tragic death—how people get into trouble and how they get out again (or not) – Deep Survival takes us from the tops of snowy mountains and the depths of oceans to the workings of the brain that control our behavior.

What impels people to risk their lives by climbing mountains or deep-sea diving? Why do some people survive disasters while others perish? How does one make the "transition from victim to survivor”? The book explains the biological and psychological reasons people risk their lives and why some are better at it than others. "Fear can be fun," Gonzales writes. "It can make you feel more alive, because it is an integral part of saving your own life."

Through close analysis of case studies, Laurence Gonzales, renowned journalist and contributing editor for National Geographic Adventure, Outside, and Men’s Journal, describes the essence of survivors: "They are the ones who can perceive their situation clearly; they can plan and take correct action," They share certain traits: training, experience, stoicism and a capacity for their logical neocortex (the brain's thinking part) to override the primitive amygdala portion of their brains.

Gonzales offers twelve "Rules of Survival." In the end, he finds, it's what's in your heart, not what's in your pack, that separates the living from the dead.

Fascinating for any reader, and absolutely essential for anyone who takes a hike in the woods, Deep Survival offers a portal into the human psyche – it will change the way we understand ourselves and the great outdoors.

This book should be required reading for civilian adventurers as well as all military personnel.... filled with useful information.John Harrison, RAND Corporation military analyst, former Navy helicopter search and rescue swimmer  

Parenting & Families / Relationships

The Pecking Order: Which Siblings Succeed and Why by Dalton Conley (Pantheon Books) We want to think of the family as a haven, a sheltered port from the maelstrom of social forces that rip through our lives. Within the family, we like to think, everyone starts out on equal footing. And yet we see around us evidence that siblings all too often diverge widely in social status, wealth, and education. Are these aberrant cases – the president and the drug addict, the professor and the convict? Surely in most families, in our families, all children will succeed equally, and when they don’t, we turn to one-dimensional answers to explain the discrepancy – birth order, for instance, or gender.

More than half of all income inequality in this country occurs not between families but within families. Children who grow up in the same house can – and frequently do – wind up on opposite sides of the class divide. It’s also not genetic; according to Dalton Conley, there is "an old saying that a gene for aggressiveness might land you the job of CEO if you are born to wealth and privilege, but gets you jail time if you are born in the ghetto." In fact, the family itself is where much inequality is fostered and developed. In each family, there exists a pecking order among siblings, a status hierarchy. This pecking order is not necessarily determined by the natural abilities of each individual, and not even by the intentions or will of the parents.

In The Pecking Order, Conley shows us that inequality in families is not the exception but the norm. The pecking order between siblings is never shaped by one specific factor, Conley says, but ends up being manipulated by societal machinations – gender expectations, the economic cost of education, divorce, early loss of a parent, geographic mobility, religious and sexual orientation, trauma, and even arbitrary factors such as luck and accidents. What really matters is family size, parental time and attention, and how much of the family's financial resources are available for the child. Conley, director of the Center for Advanced Social Science Research and professor of sociology and public policy at New York University , explores each of these topics, giving us a nuanced understanding that transforms the way we look at the family as an institution of care, support, and comfort.

Drawing from the U.S. Census, from the General Social Survey conducted by the University of Chicago over the last thirty years, and from a landmark study that was launched in 1968 by the University of Michigan and that has been following five thousand families, Conley has considerable empirical evidence backing up his assertions.

No rules are hard and fast, but a number of points are sufficiently valid to provide useful guideposts. One is that how a child is viewed within a family – the smart kid, the dumb kid, the jock, the lazybones – has lasting effects whether the characterization is accurate or not, "what sociologists call a 'master status,' a perceived characteristic that colors the way everything else about a person is viewed. It becomes the first thing that someone thinks of when that person comes to mind." This is a starkly darker portrait of American family life than we are used to, the truth that inequality starts at home. The way each family treats its individual children often carries greater weight than their position in the family's birth hierarchy. As an example, the book takes a look at the brothers, or half-brothers, Clinton. The environment in which they grew up was essentially the same – a family of modest means presided over by a gregarious mother and an abusive father – but the two boys took dramatically different courses. Bill did well in college and went into Arkansas and then national politics with, as the world well knows, spectacular success. Roger, by contrast, went to prison for cocaine dealing and, after his release, continued a pattern of drifting from pillar to post. But Virginia Clinton "put all her eggs – all her hopes and dreams – in Bill's basket," with little left to give Roger a similar boost. "Bill's success seemed to come at the expense of Roger's – particularly when it led Roger to a false sense of invincibility" that convinced him that being the brother of the governor and then the president made him "untouchable."

Backed up by over 5 years of research, 3 major national surveys, and in-depth interviews with 175 siblings from 68 families, the family case studies and the statistics present a remarkably different portrait of American society than that to which we are accustomed. Enriched by countless anecdotes and stories garnered through years of interviews, The Pecking Order is a book that will affect our ideas about the family.

The Pecking Order is an accessible, first-rate investigation that will join such enduring classics of social analysis as John Kenneth Galbraith's The Affluent Society, Robert Bellah's Habits of the Heart, David Riesman's The Lonely Crowd, Gail Sheehy's Passages, and more recently, Malcolm Gladwell's The Tipping Point. Certainly the book will offer fantastic fodder for graduate students looking for subjects for their research. And it will make parents think hard about the pecking order they've created and its potential influence on their children's lives.  

Parenting & Families

Everything Your Baby Would Ask: If Only Babies Could Talk by Kyra Karmiloff & Annette Karmiloff-Smith (A Firefly Book) One of the most daunting adjustments for new parents is understanding their baby's mind, especially when trying to determine the source of their infant's discomfort.

In fact, whether readers are parents, grandparents or child-care providers, they need to understand how each baby gradually becomes an intelligent, independent individual. Imagine, a baby's brain is more active and consumes more energy than an adult’s. Far from being helpless or passive, babies display extraordinary skills and capabilities that largely go unnoticed simply because adults don't know what to look for. Babies communicate in many ways including conveying anxieties and fears that parents can soothe. And science now has techniques for looking at infants' brain activity.

Everything Your Baby Would Ask reveals what babies are thinking as they stare up at their caregivers while feeding, babble away to themselves and play endless games of pull-myself-up-and-drop-back-to-the-floor. Written by a mother/daughter team – Kyra Karmiloff, writer/editor, and Annette Karmiloff-Smith, professor of psychology and a research scientist in the field of infant development – each chapter of the book focuses on a broad area of infant development. Chapters include:

  • My Life In Utero

  • Being Born

  • Relating to Myself and Others

  • The Road to Language

  • Learning to Move Around

  • Learning to Use My Hands

  • My Developing Intelligence

Using a series of questions babies might ask if only they could talk, the book provides insight into the mind of an infant and documents the early months – from the baby's point-of-view.

Everything Your Baby Would Ask is a practical book that offers insight into what life is really like for a baby – an ideal book for anyone who want to understand and successfully meet a baby's emotional and physical needs. The text is lively, charming and informative, and includes the latest scientific research on how and why babies develop as they do. Photographs and whimsical drawings enhance the book.  

Philosophy / Science / Nature & Ecology

Putting Humans First: Why We Are Nature's Favorite by Tibor R. Machan (Rowman & Littlefield) argues for the primacy of human life in the natural world and the corresponding justice of humans making use of animals; the book disputes the concept of animal rights and animal liberation.  

Given there are excesses of animal-rights ideologues, Putting Humans First opposes them with an inspired libertarianism. Written by philosophy professor Tibor R. Machan, the book scores points on the concept of animal rights – what framework, he wonders, can encompass the rights of both zebras and the lions who feed on them?

Among his arguments and positions are:

  1. As the only creatures with the capacity for moral choice, only humans can have rights.

  2. Larger problems like pollution and ecological degradation are a "tragedy of the commons" best handled by privatization of the public realm and by litigation.

  3. Private landowners will be faithful stewards of the land they own.

  4. Polluters will answer in court to those whose property or bodies they damage.

  5. There may be a problem with ozone depletion, but we should wait for more research.

Machan says he is "not sure" about anti-cruelty laws, and he hardly mentions industrial livestock rearing or the other abuses of animals that have fueled the animal-rights movement.

Although Putting Humans First shows humans to be a part of nature, Machan’s private- property-rights approach to managing environmental problems seems inadequate. In Machan’s call for individuals to do as they please with their animals, their land and their SUVs, rights of property seem to overshadow those of humans, let alone animals.

In Putting Humans First Tibor R. Machan offers an insightful, philosophical, and practical assessment of animal rights and environmental movements. Machan reveals how these philosophies would willingly sacrifice human freedoms by denying basic truths about both man and nature. He shows us that stewardship would be better served by celebrating and employing – rather than vilifying – mankind’s creative and moral nature. – Angela Logomasini, director of risk and environmental policy, Competitive Enterprise Institute


The President of Good and Evil: The Ethics of George W. Bush by Peter Singer  (Dutton) From provocative author Peter Singer, founder of the animal rights movement, ethics professor at Princeton , comes a chilling exposé of George W. Bush’s moral failure on dozens of hot-button issues.

More than any president in recent memory, Bush invokes the language of good versus evil and right versus wrong. Prolific writer Singer has put his spotlight on Bush’s moral claims and the results require a look.

Examining public pronouncements that have rarely been subjected to ethical analysis, on topics from stem-cell research and tax cuts to Iraq and the drive for American preeminence, The President of Good and Evil describes a pattern of ethical confusion and self-contradiction.

Singer contrasts the principles Bush talks with what he actually does, and finds that political expediency triumphs over declarations of principle. The familiar list includes:

  1. Bush laments the injustice of children born to poverty and disadvantage: "…this is my solemn pledge: I will work to build a single nation of justice and opportunity…" but his enormous tax cuts take resources from social programs that could ameliorate these problems.
  2. His position on stem cell research is supposedly based on the sanctity of life, even in frozen embryos, but it doesn’t fit with his attitude toward capital punishment, or with his acceptance of civilian casualties war.
  3. His espousal of the legal rights of American citizens accused of crimes abroad does not jive with detaining terrorist suspects for long periods without lawyers and without being charged.
  4. He extols free trade but hands out massive subsidies to the farming industry and levies tariffs on foreign steel imports.
  5. He respects states' rights, except when it comes to gay marriage.
  6. He extols personal freedom, but withholds it from terminally ill patients wanting physician-assisted suicide, and from the medical use of marijuana.
  7. Lying about one’s sex life is excoriated, but dishonesty about the reasons for going to war is considered acceptable – as with the discredited claim that Iraq was seeking uranium from Africa .

The President of Good and Evil strikes a fresh note in the last chapter, which tries to penetrate to the heart of the Bush moral outlook. Singer suggests that Bush believes in a force of evil in the world, with the Second Coming of Christ imminent and America the divinely appointed nation, which must destroy the forces of Satan. Bush himself admits that he “goes with his gut”, a really scary idea. Signer finds Bush to be at the level of conventional morality, characteristic of teenagers, in which simple moral rules constitute one's moral outlook. Singer's book refutes the comforting myth that Bush is governed by deeply held convictions, finding him to be a man of sporadically good moral instincts, perhaps, as with his AIDS initiative, but swaying inconsistently and opportunistically in the political breeze, with no idea how to make his beliefs fit coherently together.

The President of Good and Evil provides a documented outline of moral inconsistencies and failures, and of hypocrisy, that throw new light on America under Bush. Singer's arguments are often reasonable, and he gives Bush a D, harsh perhaps; he leans decidedly left, so he would most likely be harsh with any Republican.

Peter Singer may be the most controversial philosopher alive; he is certainly among the most influential.The New Yorker



Fraud: The Strategy Behind the Bush Lies and Why the Media Didn't Tell You by Paul Waldman (Sourcebooks, Inc.) Waldman gets right to the heart of the con. – Greg Palast, author of The Best Democracy Money Can Buy

In Fraud, political and media analyst Paul Waldman describes the rise of George W. Bush. According to Waldman, what is revealed is not the incompetence many thought they were seeing. It is instead the story of a privileged and ruthlessly clever political machine building a high-stakes deception, a policy of lies that continues to this day.

The power of the fraud lies in the ability of the Bush machine to manipulate the press, and thereby avoid having the truth exposed. Building on material from The Press Effect, here’s how to build a fraud:

  1. Portray son of one of America 's most influential families as down-home Texan.

  2. Berate media as "liberal" until they stop asking tough questions.

  3. Take advantage of reporters' tendency to not check the facts.

  4. Mask reactionary policies in compassionate words and pictures.

  5. Push false stories from right-wing media into mainstream media.

  6. Extol the virtues of workers while systematically pushing an anti-labor agenda.

  7. Propose a series of tax cuts aimed at the wealthy, but sell them as a boon to ordinary Americans.

  8. Disguise destructive initiatives with friendly sounding names.

  9. Befriend media with "genuine guy" routine.

  10. Keep the public from accessing information.

  11. Maintain message discipline at all times.

  12. Question patriotism of anyone who disagrees.

  13. Repeat above until it all seems true.

From the introduction: So why would he choose this path of deception?

At some point, George W. Bush took a good long look at who he was and what he wanted for the country and decided that the American people would never buy it if he gave it to them straight. He came to understand that they would never elect to the highest office in the land a man of such limited skills who had been given so much and accomplished so little, whose claim to power rested solely on his last name, who was so plainly hostile to the values on which their nation was founded. They would never assent to a reactionary agenda whose every element was opposed by a majority of Americans. They would never knowingly elect someone whose most passionate convictions lay in enhancing the wealth of the wealthy and the power of the powerful.

For everyone who has been uneasy about the honesty of the Bush administration, but unsure what it means or how far it goes, Fraud is a wake-up call. This volume shapes the usual knocks against Bush into a well-thought-out strategy and then shows how the media's halfhearted perusal of various charges led to the party line becoming ensconced as truth. Waldman, writing with ease and authority, scrupulous with documentation, finds that Bush serves a business elite and describes how the nation's media have failed to follow up on even the most openly dishonest parts of the Bush agenda.  


Deliver Us from Evil: Defeating Terrorism, Despotism, and Liberalism by Sean Hannity (ReganBooks, HarperCollins) Deliver Us From Evil: Defeating Terrorism, Despotism, and Liberalism [ABRIDGED] Audio CD by Sean Hannity, read by Sean Hannity  (HarperAudio/ReganBooks) 

Sean Hannity's first book, the New York Times bestseller Let Freedom Ring, cemented his place as the most compelling conservative voice in the country. As the host of the highly successful Hannity & Colmes on the Fox News Channel and The Sean Hannity Show on ABC Radio, he has won a devoted fan base. Now he brings his take-no-prisoners style to the War on Terror abroad – and liberalism at home – in Deliver Us from Evil.

"Evil exists," Hannity asserts. "It is real, and it means to harm us." And in these pages he revisits the harsh lessons America has faced in confronting evil in the past and the present, to illuminate the course he finds we must take in the future.

Tracing a direct line from Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin through Saddam Hussein and Osama bin Laden, he reminds us of the courage and moral clarity of our greatest leaders. And he asserts how the history of appeasement has reached forward from the days of Neville Chamberlain and Jimmy Carter to corrupt the leftists of the modern Democratic Party – from Howard Dean and John Kerry to Bill and Hillary Clinton.

As Americans face the ongoing war against terrorists and their state sponsors around the world, Hannity urges readers to deal with what he sees as the continuing scourge of cowardice at home. With passion, he exorts Americans to recognize the dangers of putting our faith in "multilateralism" when the times call for decisive action.

Hannity’s world is black and white – those on the conservative right are the ones wearing the white hats – and in his view Americans must strike down the bad guys before they destroy our freedom. In the last two chapters he focuses on the current Democratic candidates – after speaking against partisan politics, but it looks like partisan politics to this editor –  Deliver Us from Evil is a book playing to the themes sure to be dominant in the upcoming election.  

Psychology & Counseling / Anthropology

Cross-Cultural Perspectives in Human Development: Theory, Research and Applications edited by T. S. Saraswathi (Sage Publications) Forty years ago, the cross-cultural study of human devel­opment as a coherent field of study with a definitive identity simply did not exist. The overwhelming majority of human devel­opment textbooks published in North America and Western Europe ignored cross-cultural developmental variations altogether or relegated them to a few tangential pages. In practice, the study of human development meant the study of American and Euro­pean children, adolescents and some adults. In contrast to this situation, the contributors to Cross-Cultural Perspectives in Human Development are convinced that devel­opmental trajectories vary widely from one ecological and sociocultural context to the next. Many of them have been prominently involved with the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology (IACCP) and see it as their mission to create a international field of study: the cross-cultural study of human development in an ecocultural context. This mission is part of a broader viewpoint that aims at the creation of a global psychology appropriate to the new century and the new world in the making.

Many of the contributors to Cross-Cultural Perspectives in Human Development – John W. Berry, Pierre Dasen, Lutz H. Eckensberger, Cigdem Kagitcibasi, and Bame Nsamenang – have indeed played a prominent role in the affairs of the IACCP while the anthropologist Alice Schlegel has been an influential member of the Society for Cross-Cultural Research. Furthermore, the contributors to this volume represent a variety of Western and non-Western countries and academic traditions including Cameroon, Canada, Germany, India, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United States.

In the 1960s and 1970s, the dialectic between the evolutionary viewpoint stressing the psychobiological adap­tation of organisms to different ecologies and the viewpoint of cultural psychology with its emphasis on culturally constituted meaning systems was tailor-made for spirited debates among cross­cultural researchers – both of these perspectives are well represented in the volume. As psychology began to spread around the globe in recent decades, cultural psychologists as well as scholars in non-Western countries began to demand that indigenous conceptualizations of human nature be integrated into the Western perspectives that were, and still are, dominating mainstream psychology. One of these scholars was the Cameroonian developmentalist, A. Bame Nsamenang. In his contribution, he asks that African conceptions of personhood, social thought, socialization and education, and modes of constructing knowledge become part of psychology as taught and practiced in sub-Saharan Africa – and hopefully else­where. A "mixed" psychology inter­weaving strands of Western thought with strands of African thought would be especially appropriate in his view, since con­temporary African societies and individuals have taken on a hybrid cultural character in which native and imported lifestyles and mentalities coexist in a more or less uneasy balance.

From a methodological point of view, several essays such as those by Anita Rampal, Reed Larson, and Sevda Bekman focus on a central idea: psychological theories and research need to em­phasize much more than has hitherto been true, experience-near conceptualizations and methods that reflect the interpenetration of sociocultural context and human development, environment and organism, culture and biology, culture and mind, social and non-social psychological processes, and so on. The goal is not to create a psychology in which all traditional dichotomies have been covered with the soft plaster of postmodern thought, but rather to arrive at a more complex, process-oriented, socioculturally in­formed theory of human development systematically backed up by cross-cultural and, where appropriate, cross-species data. This theme is em­phasized in the second part of this volume, which centers on the application of developmental principles and findings especially in those countries constituting the non-Western "majority world".

The last three chapters demonstrate a special concern for Indian research findings in the context of cross-cultural comparison. Such a focus reminds readers that India may be considered a gigantic and inexhaustible laboratory for human development researchers. Possessed of a culture that includes some of humanity's oldest systematic theories about the human life cycle and its ultimate meaning, India presents a picture of enormous ecological, cultural, linguistic, and religious diversity. More chil­dren and adolescents live in India than in Western Europe and Anglo-Saxon North America combined. Ancient Indian customs continue to thrive side by side with ways of thinking derived from today's information age.

This volume makes a powerful contribution to the internation­alization of life cycle psychology. In many ways, it represents the cutting edge of research on socioemotional and sociocognitive development, indispensable in moving psychology away from its monocultural American base. At the same time, the reader is in the hands of excellent guides assembled by the editor, India's leading developmental psychologist, T.S. Sarawathi, recently retired Professor in the Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Maharaja Sayajiro University of Barada, India. Gathering together high quality conceptual work with diverse yet complementary perspectives, Cross-Cultural Perspectives in Human Development is a rich and significant volume of considerable interest to students and scholars in the fields of cross-cultural psychology, developmental psychology, human development, cultural anthropology and early childhood education.  

Reference / Writing

No More Rejections: Fifty Secrets to Writing a Manuscript that Sells by Alice Orr (Writer’s Digest Books) It's often said that "rejection is a part of the writing business," and aspiring writers are advised to learn to live with being rejected again and again. Not anymore! With the hints in No More Rejections, readers will learn how to turn "No" into "Yes."

Successful literary agent, author, and former editor Alice Orr combines lessons on craft with lessons on marketing to create a series of tips and techniques that help writers think about their book's marketability while they write it. Chapters feature lessons on:

  • Scoping out salable story ideas
  • Creating compelling characters
  • Writing an opening sentence that sizzles
  • Keeping a tight middle
  • Crafting sex scenes that satisfy
  • Ending with a big bang

Some of the 50 secrets include: “Keep the idea muscle in shape”, “Avoid scenes we’ve seen too often”, “Describe true to life”, “Leave your smarty pants in the closet”, “Don’t disrespect heroics”, and “Beware of beleaguered backstory.” A little something is thrown in on attitude and discipline, as well.

Readers discover that this approach to writing fiction offers the advice they need to get their work published. From writing the story to writing their sales pitch, in No More Rejections they find a wealth of information for improving their stories and getting them sold.  

Religion & Spirituality / Education

Understanding Other Religious Worlds: A Guide for Interreligious Education by Judith A. Berling (Faith Meets Faith Series: Orbis Books) articulates a learning process to help Christians improve their approaches to understanding other religious traditions.  

Understanding Other Religious Worlds distinguishes between learning facts about other religions and understanding them and their followers in a wholistic manner. Judity A. Berling, Professor of Chinese and Comparative Religions, Graduate Theological Union, Berkeley, argues that incorporating the religious “other” in one’s own Christian identity is integral to living an authentic Christian life.

Chapter 1 opens the book with a discussion of Christians and religious diver­sity. It explores how U.S. society has come to be so religiously diverse, and the challenges that this diversity poses for Christians. The chapter articulates Berling’s theo­logical premises, but lays no claim to having addressed or solved all the theo­logical issues of Christians and other religions. The book aims not to resolve the issues, but to aid Christians in learning other religions. Understand­ing other religions, it argues, can forge a foundation from which, in the long run, the difficult theological issues may be addressed.

The next section of the book (chapters 2 through 4) explores ideas and issues in three related fields – learning theory, study of other religions, and theological learning. Berling incorporates in this section a great deal of material on learning theory, saying, “While I share a passion for the subject matter, my experience as a teacher has taught me again and again that the subject matter does not simply teach itself. I have to under­stand my students, the backgrounds and learning goals that they bring to the classroom, and how best to help them achieve appropriate goals. Learning theory has helped me to understand and evaluate my students and the learning process so that I can be more effective as a teacher.”

Each of the three disciplines contributes substantially to the articulation of the learning process. Teaching and learning theory addresses the issues of learning within a diverse world, coming to understand and negotiate areas of human dif­ference. The study of religions addresses issues in understanding religious dif­ference, particularly in light of recent critiques of Western approaches to the study of religious others. Theological learning addresses particular issues for Christians, particularly the need to balance between the appropriation of tradition and its reappropriation in light of changing circumstances.

Building on those three disciplines, Berling articulates in chapter 5 the threads of a process for Christians learning another religion, unpacking some of the elements involved in that process so that each can be examined carefully in its own right.

Unraveling, naming, and describing the threads of the learning process offers an interpretation of that process. The five threads are (1) encountering difference on entering another world; (2) one's initial response as a Christian; (3) conversa­tion and dialogue on several levels; (4) living out what has been learned; and (5) internalizing the learning process. Many other interpretations are possible, and some may well turn out to be more useful or productive than what is offered in this book.

The last section of the book (chapters 6 and 7) turns to the practical aspects of teaching and learning other religions. Based on the learning process articulated in chapter 5 and conversations with fellow teachers, chapter 6 critiques and assesses common classroom strategies and suggests ways of enhancing the process of learning other religions. Chapter 7 moves beyond the classroom to talk about learning in less formal church settings, providing practical guidelines for making the most of such learning experiences. Throughout the book Berling seeks to address both the academic and the broader audience, but chapters 2 through 4 may be a bit "heady" for some nonacademics. The book contains some deliberate repetition; circling back to earlier points to clarify how each chapter has built upon earlier ideas.

Understanding Other Religious Worlds asks the question: why make the effort to learn other religions? Its answer is to talk about the book: in one way the book is behind its time, since religious diversity has been an increasing fact of the lives of U.S. Christians for decades. But it is simpler to be "spiritual, but not religious" than to wres­tle with the complications of maintaining Christian faith in a religiously diverse world.

In another way, the book is ahead of its time, for theological schools and con­gregations are still uncomfortable with and resistant to addressing the presence of other religions. There are understandable reasons for this – first, in the churches and in the theological schools, many Christians feel that they have at best a tenuous grasp of their own heritage, that their primary need is to learn the Christian tra­dition. Second, if they are to confront other religions at all, many would prefer a suc­cinct authoritative summary of the sort offered in the traditional course on the world's religions. We also seek a clear struc­ture or framework on which to rest so that we feel sure of our footing; prepack­aged summaries seem to provide that. We don't like the discomfort of being stretched beyond the familiar, with its unknown consequences. Such indeed is the easier way, but to follow the easier way is to withdraw from genuine engagement with the voices of other religions and to pull back into an increasingly inward­looking, isolated, and atrophied church.

If the lives of Christians are to be increasingly marked by religious diversity in the workplace, the schools, and the family; if U.S. society is to become increasingly religiously diverse; if there is to be any hope that American Chris­tians can provide leadership for the world to move beyond religious intolerance and violence, then Christians must begin to engage other reli­gions as part of their lives and understanding. Understanding Other Religious Worlds helps them do that.

A creative and intellectually facile guide for faithful learning. – Daniel  Aleshire, Association of Theological Schools  

Religion & Spirituality / Young Adults

Metal Bible NLT (One Way) by Tyndale House Publishers (Tyndale House Publishers, Inc.) is back – now in orange metal with a magnet closure. Plain, simple, small in size – and totally unexpected – the Metal Bible NLT (One Way) is a complete, plain text New Living Translation Bible – a gift for young adults that will appeal to them and make a unique statement to them and about them without directly saying it's for them. The Bible also includes appendices: Great Topics of the Bible and Great Verses of the Bible by topic. With a metallic matte finish on the outside and the complete NLT text on the inside, in a rather small font, perfectly adequate for most young eyes, this Bible will be a favorite among students of all ages. Style-conscious teens will find this lightweight compact edition of the Scriptures irresistible. 

Religion & Spirituality

The Four Things That Matter Most: A Book About Living by Ira Byock (Free Press) Four simple phrases – "Please forgive me," "I forgive you," "Thank you," and "I love you" – carry enormous power. In many ways, they contain the most powerful words in the English language. These four phrases provide us with a clear path to emotional wellness, and they guide us through the thickets of interpersonal difficulties to a conscious way of living that is full of integrity and grace.

In The Four Things That Matter Most, Dr. Ira Byock, an international leader in palliative care, teaches readers how to practice these life-affirming words in our day-to-day lives. Too often we assume that the people we love already know we love them. Byock reveals the value of stating the obvious and provides insights into how we burden ourselves by hanging on to old grudges unconsciously and unnecessarily. He shows us how to avoid living with those awkward silences and uncomfortable issues that distance us from the people we love and erode our sense of well-being and joy. His insights and stories help us to forgive, appreciate, love, and celebrate one another more fully.

The stories in the book demonstrate the usefulness of the “Four Things” in a wide range of life situations. They also show that a degree of emotional healing is always possible and that we can experience a sense of wholeness even in the wake of family strife, personal tragedy, divorce, or in the face of death.

With practical wisdom and spiritual punch, this little book gives readers the language and guidance to experience what really matters most in their lives every day. The Four Things That Matter Most provides words and stories that move the heart and the soul, showing readers a graceful way to nurture relationships and heal those that need mending.

For anyone who believes that years of therapy are required for transforming relationships with others, this book will come as a pleasant surprise. Great wisdom has always been simple – that is why it is elusive – and great wisdom is what this book contains. – Larry Dossey , MD author of Healing Beyond The Body

The Four Things That Matter Most is a book of common sense wisdom that has the power to dynamically change your life. It is a pleasure to recommend a book that encourages you to transform the quality of your life in simple ways that actually work. – Caroline Myss, author of Sacred Contracts and Anatomy of the Spirit

Although subtitled A Book about Living, the book is about making the most of the time readers have left, living with uncertainty and illness, and saying goodbye.  

Religion & Spirituality / Christianity

The Blackwell Companion to Protestantism edited by Alister E. McGrath & Darren C. Marks (Blackwell Companions to Religion Series: Blackwell Publishing) brings together new essays from internationally renowned scholars in order to examine the past, present and future of Protestantism.  

The Blackwell Companion to Protestantism is co-edited by leading Protestant theologians Alister E. McGrath, Principal of Wycliffe Hall, Oxford and Professor of Historical Theology at the University of Oxford; and Darren C. Marks, who lectures in systematic theology and religious studies at Huron University College at the University of Western Ontario. The volume opens with an investigation into the formation of Protestant identity across Europe , North America , Asia , Australasia and Africa . The book then goes on to consider the interaction of Protestantism with different areas of modern life, including the arts, politics, the law and science. A final section debates the future of Protestantism in both Western and non-Western settings.

The text reflects a triad of concerns: Protestantism as pan-global, theological and ideologically loaded. The Introduction provide a historical theological background, from Protestantism's own confes­sions, of what Protestants believe and how they organize themselves as a con­sequence in their church polity. Complementing this introduction is the final part on 'The Future of Protestantism'. In this part, the essays define and analyze the offspring of Protestantism – post-modernism, Pentecostalism, Evangelicalism, the emergence of Asian, African and South American Protes­tant forms, and the situation of historic western Protestant denominations. The Introduction and final part begin and end (at least for the present) the conver­sation about what Protestantism is in terms of its origins and its future.

Sandwiched between the Introduction and ‘The Future of Protestantism' are two further major parts. The first, ‘The Formation of Protestant Identity: History and Ideology', is a magisterial survey of Protestantism in various regional and national identities, as well as an exploration by several major Protestant thinkers. The 'big five' of Luther, Calvin, Edwards, Schleiermacher and Barth have been highlighted in this part.

'The next major part, 'Protestantism and Present Identity', is broken down into two components. Once again, these reflect the triadic concern that drives the text. 'Protestantism and Its Relations' frames the conversation that Protestantism has had with major segments of' human enterprise and culture, usually in the western context. The relationship of Protestantism to science, art, politics and law as well as itself via its Bible-centered commitments is explored, highlighting the interplay between the `religious' or 'theological' and other presumably secular human enterprise and creations. 'Protestantism and its Influence' furthers this conversation by addressing Protestantism to various movements that dominate much of the present situation and constitute the grounds of future conversations elsewhere. The section explores Protestant responsibility for (and resources to combat) anti-Semitism, racial and sexual inequality, and presents two of the major Protestant variations (or reactions) in liberalism and fundamentalism. In looking forward to the ‘New Protestantism' of the twenty-first century in new climes it seems imperative that Protestantism learns of its own critique well, if only to avoid repeating the same mistakes in new situations. This section also examines how Protestantism has exported itself in missions and its spirituality. These essays indicate how the interplay between idea theology and wider culture is transferred into real concrete situations in both pleasantly surprising and woefully shattering ways.

The Blackwell Companion to Protestantism has nearly 40 different contributors, many writing in a second or even third language, which makes for some stylistic variance, and McGrath and Marks have retained the con­tributors' spelling and punctuation style, whether UK or US. References and up-­to-date further reading lists are also provided.

The Blackwell Companion to Protestantism takes seriously the shift in Protestantism from a predominantly North Atlantic perspective to a more global reality. The strength of the volume is contributions by indigenous scholars on regional Protestant history and context as well as chapters that examine the nature of neo-Protestant forms and the future of historic Protestant identities as a consequence of increasing secularity and the emergence of “new” non-Eurocentric or American Protestants.  

Science / Outdoors & Nature

Voices of the Land edited by Jamie Crelly Purinton, photographs by Charles Lindsay, with a foreword by Michael Pollan (Chelsea Green Publishing Company) From anxiety to excitement to serenity, our relationship with the land around us plays an integral role in our moods and our lives.

Voices of the Land is a visual and written tribute to this relationship, bringing together a diverse community of people who speak out for greater stewardship of our landscape. Together with evocative photographs that detail the intricacies of nature, the essays in the book encourage homeowners to respond to the existing character and ecology of the land as it becomes a home.

With a foreword by Michael Pollan, landscape architect and writer, photographs by Charles Lindsay, and a foreword by Michael Pollan, journalism teacher at Berkeley, Voices of the Land is a work commissioned by the Dutchess Land Conservancy. The eighteen writers in the book are our neighbors – cooks, farmers, realtors, writers and architects. In essence, they are writing letters about what it means to know a place; what it means to be stewards of the land. Through frank words and stunning photographs, these voices inspire readers to think more deeply about how our actions affect the health and quality of our home ground – for example, a forest ecologist considers the role of his chainsaw in his backyard while a realtor wonders about the value of a hilltop site she is about to sell. Why clear a forest’s understory when it provides important habitat for birds and mammals? Why build on an exposed ridge when the house will be blown by cold winter winds?

Had I read something like Voices of the Land before I went at my land with chainsaw and bulldozer, I’m sure I would have come at the project in a completely different spirit—in a spirit, that is, of respect for the people and plants and animals who really made this place I now am said to own. –Michael Pollan, from the Foreword

“These photographs,” says photographer Charles Lindsay, "are from two years of periodic wandering through forests, fields and wetlands to observe and photograph on behalf of this community. I returned to my favorite locations throughout the seasons to witness their changes and to reflect and work in different light. Moving slowly through a landscape, I’m drawn in visually but also by its smells and sounds: locust trees flowering, toads and screech owls calling in the fog, wind cracking branches, the smell of mint where deer have trampled it down by my pond. These are photographs from the extended place that I call home."

Voices of the Land is a tribute to land conservation efforts and an introduction to the process of connecting to a place. By questioning conventional approaches, the essayists challenge presumptions about ‘developing’ land. Royalties from the book have been designated to support land conservation efforts.  

Science / Environment

Conserving Biodiversity in Agricultural Landscapes: Model-Based Planning Tools edited by Robert K. Swihart & Jeffrey E. Moore (Purdue University Press) Habitat loss and fragmentation arguably pose the greatest threats to biological diversity. Agriculture is a dominant land use that, along with urban sprawl and residential development, can reduce the amount and connectedness of natural areas required by many native species. Unfortunately, progress has been slow in integrating nature and biodiversity protection into community planning in intensively farmed regions, especially in America's heartland. Conserving Biodiversity in Agricultural Landscapes seeks to bridge the gap between land-users and the scientists who study their effects by providing a blueprint for advancing conceptual understanding of conservation in agricultural regions. It accomplishes this with a two-pronged approach: first, by developing spatially structured models that acknowledge the link between socio-economic drivers of land-use change and the dynamics of species occupying agricultural landscapes with abrupt changes in land cover; and second, by providing guidelines and examples to enable scientists to effectively engage stakeholders in participatory learning and planning activities that integrate biodiversity with other, more traditional considerations. The structure of Conserving Biodiversity in Agricultural Landscapes is truly interdisciplinary, linking the efforts of ecologists, economists, statisticians, mathematicians, and land-use specialists.

In this book, Robert K. Swihart, professor in the Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Purdue University and coordinator of the Upper Wabash Ecosystem Project, and Jeffrey E. Moore, Ph.D. student in the Department of Forestry and Natural Resources at Purdue University, provide a road map for advancing our conceptual under­standing of conservation in agricultural regions. This map is sketched by developing spatially structured models that acknowledge the link between socioeconomic drivers of land-use change and the dynamics of species occupying fragmented landscapes. Swihart and Moore also provide guidelines and examples to enable scientists to effectively engage stakeholders in participatory learn­ing and planning activities that integrate biodiversity with other, more tradi­tional considerations. The goal of Conserving Biodiversity in Agricultural Landscapes is to stimulate progress in the area of interdisciplinary, conservation-based landscape planning. Eventually, the authors hope that development of model-based tools for assessing consequences of land-use change on species persistence will promote the prioritization of conservation as a goal within the planning community and provide a vehicle for the integration of nature and biodiversity into the landscape-planning process.

This book is divided into three sections: I, Modeling Framework; II, Model Infrastructure; and III, Practical Considerations. Section I addresses the general themes and objectives to which subsequent chapters refer. Rob Swi­hart and Norm Slade describe a general architecture for integrated modeling within an idealized planning process. They discuss the role of models in assessing alternative land-use scenarios in terms of likely impacts on biodi­versity. They also highlight obstacles and opportunities associated with the integration of conservation-based models into the planning process.

Section II focuses on the development of spatially structured models. In Chapter 2, Kathleen Bell and Norm Slade address the parallels between spa­tial models in economics and ecology. They note that parallels in the two fields are derived from a mutual concern with the allocation of limited resources, and they review economic and ecological models related to land­scape change and its consequences. In Chapter 3, Kathleen Bell, Shorna Broussard, and Weidong Gu review spatial models of land-use change that incorporate human drivers. They note that although numerous modeling efforts claim to integrate socioeconomic drivers of land-use change with eco­logical consequences, few actually do. Because the focus of the volume was conservation of biodiversity, special attention was given to models that assess organism responses to habitat loss and fragmentation. In Chapter 4, Julie Feng and Yssa DeWoody derive a spatially realistic model for popula­tions occupying a dynamic landscape. Their analytical approach permits explicit consideration of critical thresholds required for a species' persis­tence. In Chapter 5, Weidong Gu and Jana Verboom emphasize a different approach to assessing the risk of extinction caused by habitat loss. They review spatially explicit patch-occupancy models and focus on the utility of the incidence function model. They also demonstrate with simulations how the conditions for persistence depend not just on the magnitude of habitat loss, but also on the manner in which habitat is lost and the ecological characteristics of affected species. In Chapter 6, Rob Swihart and Jana Verboom further explore how the ecological attributes of species interact with the physical landscape to determine the scale at which habitat patchiness occurs. Using data on plants and animals from the Netherlands and the midwestern United States, they demonstrate the utility of ecologically scaled landscape indices as tools for assessment of risk and suggest ways in which these indi­ces can be used to rate land-use planning scenarios in terms of their conse­ quences for native species. In Chapter 7, Mike Miller and Rob Swihart extend the notion of ecological scaling by discussing how to translate a land­scape map composed of multiple elements (patch, corridor, matrix) into a habitat map that considers a species' habitat breadth, mobility, and home­ range size. The method can provide input to models that require a spatially explicit habitat map. Mike Miller teams with Robin Russell in Chapter 8 to develop one such model. The model integrates species-specific responses to habitat heterogeneity with graph theory to estimate connectivity and popu­lation flux in complex landscapes. In the final chapter of the section, Bruce Craig, Weidong Gu, and Julie Feng synthesize several of the ideas discussed in previous chapters. They develop an integrated model of land-use/land­cover change using a hierarchical approach that considers dynamics operat­ing at two spatio-temporal scales. They also demonstrate how the model, after linking human drivers of land-use change with corresponding changes in land cover, can be used to assess the effects of these changes using ecolog­ically scaled landscape indices.

Section III is devoted to logistical, organizational, and sociological factors that can influence the ease with which model-based tools can be used to address biodiversity concerns in landscape planning. The first three chapters of the section address issues related to data acquisition. In Chapter 10, Shorna Broussard, Kathleen Bell, and Bill Hoover review the availability of social and economic data for use in spatial modeling and discuss limitations inherent in the scale at which data of different types are collected. In Chap­ter 11, Jeff Moore and Robin Russell discuss the methods and types of data needed for spatial ecological models, including those discussed in Section II. In Chapter 12, Robin Russell, Jeff Moore, Mike Miller, Trent Sutton, and Shannon Knapp review methods by which species traditionally have been chosen for conservation assessments. They then propose a hierarchical method that relies on ecological attributes of species, assessments of each species' "value", and practical issues associated with sampling and detection. They illustrate the method by developing a list of candidate species of verte­brates for the upper Wabash River basin in Indiana, United States. The last three chapters in Section III deal with human dimensions that can affect the inclusion of nature and biodiversity in landscape planning. In Chapter 13, Brian Miller, Kenli Schaaf, Rob Swihart, and Chet Arnold review the com­mitment level and sophistication of planning in the midwestern United States, New England, and Europe. They propose a heuristic model of plan­ning evolution and demonstrate that older areas are more likely to engage

in multi-objective, multijurisdictional planning that considers nature and biodiversity protection. This trend appears to be explained in part by resource scarcity, which is in turn linked to human density. The authors con­clude by noting that younger communities can sneak a glimpse of their future by studying older communities, and that adoption of model-based planning can accelerate the rate at which planning sophistication evolves. In Chapter 14, Brian Miller, Kenli Schaaf, Natalie Carroll, and Chet Arnold discuss social and technical obstacles to the adoption of model-based plan­ning and offer suggestions for turning these obstacles into opportunities for advancing the role of nature in decision making. Participation of stakehold­ers is a key to progressive planning, and in Chapter 15, Madeleine van Mansfeld provides a case study of multi-objective, multijurisdictional plan­ning in Europe. Her example illustrates the use of models as a key compo­nent of the decision-support infrastructure, highlights the importance of professional involvement in the planning process, and offers hope for similar advances in other regions.

Conserving Biodiversity in Agricultural Landscapes targets upper-level undergraduate students, graduate students, and practicing professionals with an interest in creating a larger role for nature and wild species when decisions on land use are made. This book's quantitative focus, especially in Section II, is designed for persons with inter­est or expertise in spatial modeling. Its interdisciplinary nature brings together material that could be useful to landscape planners, social scientists, environmental economists, landscape ecologists, and conservation biolo­gists. The emphasis on agricultural landscapes may provide new perspec­tives for scientists working in human-dominated landscapes in the United States, Europe, and elsewhere. The book can be used as a sup­plemental text for dual-level or graduate-level courses on ecosystem man­agement, natural-resource-based planning, or applied conservation biology. It also could serve as a source for stimulating discussion in graduate seminar classes.

Conserving Biodiversity in Agricultural Landscapes provides scientists the beginnings of a conceptual basis for incorporating ecological considerations into the planning process. The book, with its true interdisciplinary focus, with chapters co-authored by people from different fields, should accomplish the authors’ goal of stimulating interdisciplinary, conservation-based landscape planning.  

Science Fiction & Fantasy

The Last Light of the Sun by Guy Gavriel Kay (A Roc Book, New American Library) From award-winning author Guy Gavriel Kay, who "stands among the world's finest fantasy authors" (Montreal Gazette), comes a sweeping tale evocative of the Celtic and Norse cultures of the ninth and tenth centuries. Kay virtually invented a genre that blends history and fantasy in some of literature's most acclaimed works of the fantastic. Now, in The Last Light of the Sun he leaves behind the decadent, sophisticated courts of his most recent works to shape a moving saga that evokes the Celtic, Anglo-Saxon, and Norse cultures of a thousand years ago, filled with the human passion and epic adventure he is noted for.

Excerpt: There is nothing soft or silken about the north. The world echoes with the clash of weapons and sea-raiders' cries, the lives of its inhabitants as challenging as the climate and lands in which they dwell. For decades, the Erlings of Vinmark have taken their dragon­prowered ships across the seas, raiding the lands of the Cyngael and Anglcyn peoples, leaving fire and death behind. But times change, even in the north, and in a tale wrought of violence and beauty and supernat­ural presences, men and women of all three cultures find the threads of their lives brought together....

Bern Thorkellson, punished for his father's sins, denied his heritage and home, commits an act of vengeance and desperation that brings him face-to-face, across the sea, with a past he's been trying to leave behind.

In the Anglcyn lands of Aeldred, their shrewd king, battling inner demons all the while, shores up his defenses with alliances and diplomacy – and with swords and arrows­ while his exceptional, unpredictable sons and daughters give shape to their own desires when battle comes and darkness falls in the spirit wood.

And in the valleys and shrouded hills of the Cyngael, whose voices carry music even as they feud and raid amongst one another, violence and love become deeply interwoven when the dragon ships come and Alun ab Owyn, pursu­ing an enemy in the night, glimpses strange lights gleaming above forest pools.

Making use of motifs from saga and song and chronicle, Kay con­jures, in The Last Light of the Sun, a work of subtle, intricate richness, brings to life a world balanced on the knife edge of change. Solid research and vibrant prose convey a sense of how people really lived and died in Viking and Anglo-Saxon times and how they might have interacted with the realm of magic on a daily basis.

Social Sciences / Politics / Gay & Lesbian

Civil Wars: A Battle for Gay Marriage by David Moats (Harcourt Trade Publishers) In 2000 Vermont became the first state to grant gay and lesbian couples the right to join in civil unions – a groundbreaking decision that has inspired similar legislation in six states thus far.

A long struggle preceded the Vermont Supreme Court's decision, and a shorter, more intense one followed it. But it was not an easy victory; the ruling sparked the fiercest political conflict in the state's memory. David Moats, editorial page editor of the Rutland Herald, was in the thick of it, writing a series of balanced, humane editorials that earned a Pulitzer Prize. Now, in Civil Wars, he tells the intimate stories behind the battle and introduces readers to all the key actors in the struggle, including the couples who first filed suit; the plaintiffs, the supreme court justices; the lawyers who spent years championing the case; and the only openly gay legislator in Vermont, who ensured victory with an impassioned, deeply personal speech on the House floor at a crucial moment. The outcome was a domestic partners law.

Moats writes "It was also by chance that I happened to witness the story of civil union in Vermont. I did not come to the issue as a gay man. I came to it as a journalist discovering the most extraordinary story I had ever covered. I had gay and lesbian friends, of course, and, like anyone who manages to look beyond the distinctions of sexual orientation, I was able to see a truth that becomes increasingly plain as the curtains of bias are pulled aside. When love shows up, it does not always obey arbitrary social conventions. It is up to us to follow where it leads. If it is love, it will not be sinful, abusive, or otherwise wrong. In my view the Vermont story ranks, not just with the Stonewall riots and the murder of Harvey Milk as landmarks of gay history, but with Birmingham and Selma as landmarks of our growth toward a more complete democracy."

A superb account of one deeply divisive battle in the decades-long civil-rights struggle, recounted by the Pulitzer Prize-winning editorialist who covered it on the front lines. Superior reporting, fine writing; required reading for civil-rights activists. – Kirkus  Reviews

Civil Wars is a remarkable drama of democracy at work on a human scale – and a revealing story of individual lives swept up in the whirlwind of social change. Civil Wars reports local history that will stand as an important contribution to the history of civil rights in the United States; Vermont itself turns out to be the hero of this book; and Moats's account is essential reading for Americans on both sides of the partisan aisle.  

Social Sciences / Religion & Spirituality

The Diloggún: The Orishas, Proverbs, Sacrifices, and Prohibitions of Cuban Santeria by Ócha'ni Lele (Destiny Books) Ocha'ni Lele has been immersed in the underground culture of Afro-Cuban orisha worship since 1989. He made Ocha in 2000 and was crowned a priest of Oya. Bringing the mysteries of The Diloggún to the English-speaking world, his other books include The Secrets of Afro-Cuban Divination and Obi: Oracle of Cuban Santeria.  

Excerpted from The Diloggún, Section One: One may describe the word itself, diloggun, in two fashions. First, when speaking of diloggun, one may be referring to the cowrie shells received by a Lucumi priest or priestess upon initiation. In the ritual known as asiento (or kariocha or just ocha), an adherent is crowned with his guardian orisha. Note that the concept of a guardian orisha is central to this faith. It is believed that each person who lives is ruled by one orisha, and when the ritual of asiento is given, that one spirit is put to the initiate's head and is worn, briefly, as a crown. After this is done the initiate becomes a iyawo (bride) of that spirit and is properly initiated into the mysteries. For most, during the asiento one receives the following orishas: Obatala, Yemaya, Oshun, Shango, Eleggua, Ogun and Oya. Each orisha is comprised of three material elements: otanes (stones), implements, and diloggun. The otanes form the body of the deity; they are stones, and it is upon these that sacrificial offerings are given. The implements are the metal or wooden tools sacred to each spirit, symbols by which they do their work on earth. Diloggun is the most important aspect of an orisha, for within these cowrie shells are the soul of each deity. All except for one spirit, Eleggua, will have eighteen shells in his or her diloggun. Eleggua has twenty-one shells in his, for twenty-one is his sacred number and is shared with no other spirit.

The Diloggún is the first book on Santeria's divination system to explore thoroughly each family of odu and how their actions and reactions affect the spiritual development of the client. It includes the major considerations for sacrifice, providing the diviner with ways to placate and supplicate the Afro-Cuban deities known as orishas. The book provides a thoroughly detailed description of each of the 12 families of odu that exist in the diloggun-from Okana through Ejila Shebora.

According to Lele, the diloggun is more than a tool of divination; it is a powerful transformational process, and the forces that are set in motion when it is cast determine the future evolution of the adherent. The Diloggún is the first book to explore this Afro-Cuban oracle from the perspective of diaspora orisha worship. It is also the first book to explore the lore surrounding this mysterious oracle, which is the Bible of one of the world's fastest growing faiths.

Lele provides the secret and essential information that the adept diviner needs to know to ensure that every element affecting a client's spiritual development is taken into consideration during a reading. For those seeking the wisdom of ancient Africa , The Diloggún is an indispensable guide to the mysteries of the orishas.  

Social Sciences / Marriage & the Family

Marriage and Families: Changes, Choices, and Constraints, Fifth Edition by Nijole V. Benokraitis (Pearson Prentice Hall) Widely adopted when it was first published, Marriage and Families, now in its fifth edition, introduces readers to the study of marriage and the family in ways to which they can relate. Giving balanced attention to people of all societal groups, the author guides readers through the choices and challenges facing today's changing families. The open-minded approach, combined with a set of practical guidelines presented in each chapter, encourages readers to think and act for themselves, thus joining the effort to resolve some of the crucial issues confronting twenty-first century families. The fifth edition has been revised and updated by the author, Nijole V. Benokraitis, professor of sociology at the University of Baltimore , to incorporate the latest research findings, new material on families in other societies, and the most recent data.

Having recently crossed into the new millennium, we're experiencing unprecedented changes that affect marriages and families. The shift in the racial and ethnic composition of the U.S. population continues to transform families. As the number and variety of immigrants increases, the ways we relate to each other becomes both more interesting and more complex.

Medical technology is altering lifespans. Living longer means that many of us will enjoy multigenerational families but will also have numerous elderly relatives who need care.

Other recent changes have also affected families. The economy plummeted in the early 2000s: retirement portfolios dwindled, and an unprecedented number of people were laid off. Families in the high socioeconomic brackets still flourished, but many other families became poorer than ever. In addition, important gay rights issues also made the headlines during the early 2000s, for example, a U.S. Supreme Court decision calls into question a host of other laws, including same-sex marriage.

Marriage and Families offers students a comprehensive introduction to many issues facing families in the twenty-first century. Although written from a sociological perspective, the book incorporates material from other disciplines: history, economics, social work, psychology, law, biology, medicine, and anthropology. It encompasses family studies, women's studies, and gay and lesbian studies, as well as both quantitative and qualitative studies. Nationally representative and longitudinal data are supplemented with insights from clinical, case, and observational studies.

Marriage and Families is distinguished from other textbooks in several important ways. It offers comprehensive coverage of the field, allowing instructors to select chapters that best suit their needs. It balances theoretical and empirical discussions with practical examples and applications. It highlights important contemporary changes in society and the family. It explores the choices that are available to family members and the constraints that often limit our choices. It examines the diversity of U.S. families, using cross-cultural and multicultural material to encourage students to think about the many critical issues that confront the family of the twenty-first century.

Changes that affect the structure and functioning of today's family inform its pages. In addition, several chapters focus on some major transformations in American society. Chapter 4, for example, examines the growing cultural diversity of the United States, focusing on African American, American Indian, Latino, Asian American, Middle Eastern, and interracial marriages and families.

Chapter 17 discusses the ways in which the rapid "graying of America" has affected adult children, grandchildren, and even great-grandchildren, family members' roles as caregivers, and family relations in general. And Chapter 18 analyzes some of the social policy changes that affect the family.

On the individual level, family members have many more choices today than ever before. People feel freer to postpone marriage, to cohabit, or to raise children as single parents. As a result, household forms vary greatly, ranging from commuter marriages to those in which several generations live together under the same roof.

As reproductive technology becomes increasingly sophisticated, many infertile couples can now have children. Some states offer "covenant marriages" and mediation to stem the high divorce rates. And as the U.S. population continues to age, many elderly family members are participating in innovative housing arrangements (such as senior communes), and they are demanding legislation that allows them to die with dignity.

Although family members' choices are more varied today, we also face greater macro-level constraints. Our options are increasingly limited, for example, by government policies that ignore the need for national health insurance coverage for families and child care resources for middle-class and lower-class households.

Family life is often shaped by economic changes and not vice versa. Political and legal institutions have a major impact on most families in terms of tax laws, welfare reform, and even in defining what a family is. Because laws, public policies, and religious groups affect our everyday lives, Benokraitis has framed many discussions of individual choices within the larger picture of the institutional constraints that limit our choices.

Because contemporary American marriages and families vary greatly in structure, dynamics, and cultural heritage, discussions of gender roles, class, race, ethnicity, age, and sexual orientation are integrated throughout this book. To further strengthen students' understanding of the growing diversity among today's families, Benokraitis has also included a series of boxes that focus on families from many cultures. Both text and boxed materials encourages students to think about the many forms families may take and the different ways in which family members interact.

Encouraging Students to Think More Critically

All editions of this textbook have prodded students to think about themselves and their families in the "Ask Yourself" boxes. In this edition, Benokraitis prods even more than before by adding two new features:

  • Making Connections: At several points in each chapter, these questions ask students to connect the material to their own lives by relating it to a personal experience, by integrating it with scholarly studies discussed in the chapter, or by "connecting" with classmates who might be sitting next to them in a class.
  • Stop and Think: These critical thinking questions follow important issues in boxes throughout the textbook, encouraging reflective thought about current topics, both personally and across other cultures.

New and Expanded Topics

  • Chapter 4 on racial and ethnic families: This groundbreaking chapter has been moved from later in the textbook to earlier, reflecting the grow­ing impact of this topic on all of the facets of relationships and families.
  • New U.S. Census Bureau data: Pulling from recent releases from the U.S. Census Bureau, Marriages and Families has unparalleled currency.
  • Numerous statistics from 2002 and 2003 offer a current picture of families in America not found in other books.
  • A new "Investigate with Research Navigator" feature ends each chapter: Providing students with key search terms that can be used to search the three databases of Prentice Hall's Resarch Navigator.
  • In most chapters, "a global view" adds new material to the Data Digest or text. In addition, many chapters include more examples from the popular culture (television, videos, movies) to which students relate.
  • Updated material on economic security, marriage movements, children's time with parents, recent changes in the nuclear family, social class and racial and ethnic variations in using technological innovations, and a map on U.S. diversity (Chapter 1).
  • Revised section of ecological theory, family life course development theory, and a new discussion of experimental research designs (Chapter 2).
  • New material on misconceptions about slavery and on the "modern family" (Chapter 3).
  • New concepts that include assimilation and racial socialization. This chapter includes a heavily revised section on immigrant families, interracial and interethnic marriages, and multicultural children. Middle Eastern families are a new topic in this chapter, and Benokraitis has updated all the tables, figures, and other material on racial and ethnic minority families. There's also a new box on the increasing number of Mexican day laborers in the United States (Chapter 4).
  • New content on feminist theories in explaining gender roles, revised material on parents and socialization, and a rewritten section on the global variations in gender roles cross-culturally (Chapter 5).
  • New sections on friendship and love, narcissism and love, and the relationship between love and physical health. Benokraitis has also revised and updated the material on jealousy, the evolutionary perspectives on love, cyberstalking, and the global view of love (Chapter 6).
  • Recent research on homosexuality in non-Western countries, sexual scripts in terms of gender and race, and a revised discussion of what adolescents and young adults don't know about sex. The discussion on sex education and abstinence has been revised to include "outercourse," cybersex, online infidelity, unmarried sexual infidelity, and sexually transmitted diseases (Chapter 7).
  • New material on hooking up, dating in later life, and speed dating. Updated material on the func­tions of dating, equity theory, global mate selection, and breaking up (Chapter 8).
  • Rewritten text on individual reasons for postponing marriage, sex ratios, the global view on cohabitation, and older singles who "age in place." New discussions include being home alone, and the impact of cohabitation on children, social class and cohabitation. (Chapter 9).
  • New data on prenuptial agreements, marital success and happiness, and marriage and health. Also included is a new section on why people marry, "wifework," and a box for students to consider whether they're ready to tie the knot (Chapter 10).
  • New research on fertility patterns worldwide, unmarried older mothers, relative income and fer­tility, and new reproductive technologies. Benokraitis has also revised this material in terms of racial and ethnic variations in fertility, the types of and reasons for adoption, same-sex adoptions, and postponing parenthood (Chapter 11).
  • New content on the contradictions of gender roles and parenting, bed sharing between children and parents, role overload, socioeconomic status and parenting, raising biracial children, how much time parents spend with children, and parenting adolescents (Chapter 12).
  • New material on the recent increase of stay-at-home moms. There are also revised and updated sections on pregnancy discrimination, the increasing gender-wage gap, social class and family inequality, and recent data on stay-at-home dads (Chapter 13).
  • New section on infant homicide, and updates on elder abuse, adolescent abuses, and preventing family violence (Chapter 14).
  • New sections on being separated but not divorced, family abductions, and updated material on custody battles and child-support payments (Chapter 15).
  • More inclusive definition of stepfamily, an updat­ed discussion of the myths about remarriage, and recent theoretical explanations of the effects of stepfamilies on children (Chapter 16).
  • New content on centenarians, dementia, Social Security benefits by sex and race, and divorcing grandparents. A new box examines how Mexican American families deal with death. Benokraitis has also revised and updated the information on Alzheimer's disease and grandparenting styles (Chapter 17).
  • Updated sections on national health insurance, the Canadian health-care system, the 1996 welfare reforms, some results of Oregon's assisted suicide legislation, and new data on the aging world (Chapter 18).

Readability continues to be one of Marriage and Families’s most attractive features. A major reason why this textbook has been so successful is that it discusses theories and recent studies that students find interesting and relevant to their lives, in a way that involves and interests them and encourages them to think for themselves. The book offers comprehensive coverage, highlights important contemporary changes, explores the choices that are available to family members, showing how people now have more choices and yet have their options increasingly limited, and examines the diversity of US families.

Social Sciences / Music History

Music of the Renaissance by Giulio Ongaro ( Greenwood Press) The Renaissance was not a spontaneous cultural explosion, but rather an evolution and cross-fertilization of artistic, philosophical, and scientific principles.

The 175 years that comprise the Renaissance in music were a time of change in society, of reassessment of long-held beliefs and traditions and of discovery not only in they field of practical and theoretical applications but also in intellectual pursuits. If an early Renaissance European could have been brought back to life around 1600, he or she would have found a lot that would have remained familiar but would have also been astonished at the changes in politics, society, religion, the visual arts, and, of course, music. For example, he or she would have noticed a change from the early 14th century love songs, written for a small elite of noblemen and embodying the ideals of dying feudal society to the much larger repertory of secular songs available in a variety of publications that circulated widely all over Europe . The intimate polyphonic pieces for religious services written in the first part of the 15th century changed to the large-scale majestic pieces for voices and instruments that could be heard in the late sixteenth century. – from the Introduction

Music of the Renaissance is a reference work presenting and examining the rich and varied world of music in Renaissance Europe. The book studies how the musical developments and the whole music world were changed by the political, social, and religious events of the Renaissance. The author, Giulio Ongaro, offers an advanced technical knowledge of music, presented accessibly in a multidisciplinary approach.

After an introductory essay on the cultural backdrop of the Renaissance, narrative chapters:

  • Provide an overview of Renaissance music.

  • Recreate the lives of Renaissance musicians.

  • Describe the different genres of music.

  • Explain the relationships between Renaissance music and dance.

  • Look at musical instruments from the period.

  • Examine the business of music publishing during this period.

Illustrations, chapter bibliographies, a timeline, and a subject index complete the book.

Music of the Renaissance synthesizes music theory, history, and culture into a comprehensive narrative on music throughout Continental Europe. The book will appeal to students of music history, of the Renaissance, of classical music, in the social sciences in general, and to a wide general audience.  

Social Sciences

Family Stories and the Life Course: Across Time and Generations edited by Michael W. Pratt & Barbara H. Fiese (Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers) tells the tale of recent psychological research and theory of family stories, which are first-person accounts of personal experiences that have meaning to individuals and the family as a whole.

The contributors to Family Stories and the Life Course – all leaders in this emerging field – draw from work that focuses on the act of telling family stories as well as their content and structure. The process of telling family stories is linked to central aspects of development, including language acquisition, affect regulation, and family interaction patterns. The chapters show that messages inherent in these stories serve to socialize children into gender roles, reinforce moral lessons, consolidate identity and connect generations. Thus the topic extends across traditional developmental psychology, personality theory, and family studies.

The book is divided into sections that focus on family stories at different points in the life cycle from early childhood, through adolescence and identity formation, young adulthood and the establishment of intimacy, midlife and parenting, and finally mature adulthood and its intergenerational meaning in the roles of partner and grandparent.

During each of these periods, research focuses on individual development within an Eriksonian framework of ego strengths and virtues. The dynamic role of family stories is also featured, with work exploring the links between family processes, intergenerational attachment, and storytelling. Researchers use family narratives in a range of different ways, and the book attempts to illustrate the diversity of these analytic and conceptual approaches. In early development, the research focus in much of the narrative work on the family has been on children's initial acquisition of narrative styles and competencies as well as the development of attachment within the family context. Work on adolescent and young adult narratives in the family has often investigated stories as reflecting, even constituting patterns of identity and intimacy development during this crucial period of the life span. In mid- and later adulthood, family stories have been explored as important in the representation and transmission of family and personal values to children and to the outside world.

Both the process and the meaning of storytelling are the authors’ central concerns. The comparative cultural context of family sto­rytelling is also explored in several of the chapters. Sociocultural theories that emphasize how such development sits in the wider cultural context are also featured in several chapters. Throughout the book, narratives are central as a method for exploring questions of individual and family development, as analyzed through the use of a variety of both quantitative and qualitative methods.

The broad life-span developmental focus in Family Stories and the Life Course serves to integrate the diversity of the work, and to foster further questions and research in the emerging field. While the history of family narrative in psychology is not long, the authors of these chapters are some of the leading experts in the field, and the range of theoretical and methodological approaches exemplifies the potential of this rapidly expanding topic area. Family Stories and the Life Course is intended for students and researchers in the fields of developmental and personality psychology, family studies, family therapy and gerontology.  

Travel / Outdoors & Nature

The Heart of the Sound: An Alaskan Paradise Found and Nearly Lost by Marybeth Holleman ( University of Utah Press) When the Exxon Valdez struck Bligh Reef in Prince William Sound on Good Friday 1989, millions of gallons of crude oil swept into the Sound, poisoning everything in its path. On the fifteenth anniversary of the spill readers will find in The Heart of the Sound one woman’s reflections on the devastation and the larger implications of that catastrophe.

Twining together the destruction of an ecosystem, the disintegration of her marriage, and her emerging identity as a new mother, Marybeth Holleman explores the resiliency of nature – both wild and human – and the ways in which that resiliency is tested. Like the oil that remains pooled beneath rocks years after the tanker spill, the emotional wounds of the past lie below the surface. Recovery and restoration from the pain wrought by human hands does not come easily.

If much of nature writing is about the heart’s search for an unspoiled landscape, The Heart of the Sound is about what happens when the return-to-paradise fantasy is over and paradise is lost. Rich with passion and hard-won insight, Holleman, who teaches creative writing, women’s studies, and literature at the University of Alaska, creates a captivating picture of a woman who found her Eden in the sweeping fjords of Alaska only to almost lose it to ecological tragedy. Speaking as a witness and as a survivor, she shares in language both beautiful and strong what it means to rediscover love and to love an imperfect place.

In this vivid and honest account of love, loss, and allegiance to place, Marybeth Holleman engages troubling questions about human impact on the wild. Ultimately, the ravaged landscapes of Alaska and of her own heart teach her to find joy in impermanence. – Lorraine Anderson, editor of Sisters of the Earth: Women’s Prose and Poetry About Nature

Travel / History / Arts & Photography

Ireland's Treasures: 5000 Years of Artistic Expression by Peter Harbison (Hugh Lauter Levin Associates, Inc.) The treasures of Ireland are legendary; the physical beauty of the land itself is well documented; and the artistic creations of its inhabitants are exceptional.

Ireland's Treasures offers a stunning look at the uniquely rich heritage of Irish culture expressed by artists whose creative powers and achievements have stretched from the ancient world to today. From ancient portal dolmens (one of the oldest and most dramatic art forms in Ireland) to the Ardagh chalice (the finest expression of 8th century Irish metalworking); from stone towers to medieval high crosses and soaring monasteries; from The Book of Kells (the finest illuminated manuscript from Ireland's "golden age") to the elaborately carved doorway of Clonfert Cathedral (considered by many the ultimate example of Irish Romanesque art) to contemporary stained glass windows; from monumental fortresses and castles to the great houses of the 18th century; and from gold treasures (ecclesiastical and secular) to contemporary crystal, silver, and woven fabrics, the artistic endeavors of the people of Ireland – craftsmen and artists from prehistoric times onward – have been extraordinary.

In a variety of media including stonework, metalwork, handwork, architecture, and painting, Ireland's artists and craftsmen tell the story of a land deeply rooted in tradition and haunted by a troubled past. With authoritative text from Peter Harbison, one of Ireland's preeminent archaelogists, writer and lecturer, Ireland's Treasures takes readers on a tour of Irish cultural history with fascinating stops at every imaginable venue. The more than 275 photographs, most in full color, and the informative and entertaining text of this coffee-table book testify to the beauty and range of the Irish contribution to art.