Go to Chronological Review List for previous issues.
Neuropathology: A Volume in the High Yield Pathology Series (Expert Consult – Online and Print), 1st edition edited by Anthony T. Yachnis MD and Marie L. Rivera-Zengotita MD (High-Yield Pathology Series: Elsevier Saunders)
Arts & Photography / Graphic Design / Education
Design Firms Open for Business by Steven Heller and Lita Talarico (Allworth Press)
Design Firms Open for Business features insights and images of the inner workings of more than 40 design firms from around the world.
While many young designers perceive a design studio to be little more than a table and computer, the majority of businesses consider the physical locale and architectural surroundings of a firm to be as important as the work that is produced. Design Firms Open for Business is a firsthand look inside studios and offices, both large and small, from all over the world.
One hundred and fifty color photographs accompany interviews with the studios' principals revealing variously focused design establishments, offering insights into firms working on everything from two- to three-dimensional projects. Designers reveal their thinking about a broad spectrum of important issues, ranging from the names they selected to the underlying philosophy of their practices to the business models they employ. Profusely illustrated with photos of both specific work and working environments, Design Firms Open for Business provides a unique blend of analysis and biography rolled into one.
Authors are Steven Heller, co-chair of the MFA Design: Designer as Author+ Entrepreneur program at New York's School of Visual Arts and an author and editor and Lita Talarico, co-founder and co-chair of the same program, a producer, editor, writer, and educator in the worlds of architecture and graphic design, and co-founder of the SVA Masters Workshop in Italy.
According to Heller and Talarico, design spaces, as reflective of creative people in general, are rarely neutral. Rather they are expressions of something important – intimacy or power, or both – that is being communicated to clients, staff, visitors, or simply the messenger. As in handwriting analysis, it is worthwhile to unpack a designer's intentions, but in this book they forego inquiry into the pseudo-psychological underpinnings of office design. Instead they introduce various designers who are Open for Business in spaces that are either modest or lavish, according to their preference. Design Firms Open for Business is not, however, a book about workspaces alone. It is rather a study of the people who inhabit those spaces, and whose creative practices are engaged with the places where they conceive ideas and collaborate with others.
The principals of each studio featured in Design Firms Open for Business answered a common volley of questions. Some are delightfully loquacious; others are self-consciously succinct. Nonetheless, each tells the story of why their studio was formed, why they chose its name, and where it is housed. Questions about design philosophy and aesthetics are balanced with the nitty-gritty of their businesses (staffing, client types, expansion, etc.). Individually, they offer insight into why studios are formed. Collectively, they may provide models for those who are considering the plunge.
Heller and Talarico represent a broad range of designers in terms of geography, age, and experience, operating small (one to eight), medium (nine to fourteen), and large (fifteen-plus) firms, and even a few without any employees. Independent designers are increasingly likely to start with small full-time staffs, relying on freelance help when necessary. They are, surprisingly, investing their capital into their studios. Building a sturdy yet scalable infrastructure is, in today's economy, more important than creating a staff, which invariably will ebb and flow as clients come and go. Designers are more comfortable when they are not carrying financial burdens, which obviously means not having to accept commissions that portend difficulty or take on difficult clients simply to pay the salaries of their staffs.
When opening a design firm, understanding that bigger is not better is vital to the firm's success, as is accepting fiscal and creative responsibility. It is also an act of professional maturity. The designers who comprise Design Firms Open for Business, regardless of style, manner, and preference, have this in common.
Pulls back the curtain on design enterprise in a way that's both revealing and inspiring. Browse it for the office snapshots; keep it for the real-world advice. – Allan Chochinov, Editor-in-Chief, CORE77; chair, School of Visual Arts MFA Products of Design Program
In Design Firms Open for Business, the proprietors of small, medium, and large design firms respond to questions that are rarely asked. Their answers form an invaluable blueprint for anyone wishing to start a design studio. – Adrian Shaughnessy, designer and writer
Profusely illustrated with photos of workspaces, staff, and original designs, Design Firms Open for Business offers keen insights and an array of successful models for those looking to start their own ventures as well as experienced professionals in search of fresh ideas. Beautifully put together, this book is a work of art in and of itself.
Arts & Photography / Nature & Wildlife
Underwater Photography: A Guide to Capturing the Mysteries of the Deep by Trent Burkholder (Schiffer Publishing, Ltd.)
Few places on earth beg to be photographed as much as the majestic and mysterious underwater world. Breathtaking coral reefs, kelp forests, playful dolphins, awe-inspiring sharks, and countless colorful fish and invertebrates await photographers in a dynamic and shifting kaleidoscope of life. There is the possibility of finding rare animals never photographed or even documented before. By crossing through the barrier that is the water's surface, photographers find a whole new world waiting to be discovered.
Photographers explore the underwater world of photography through Underwater Photography, written in simple language, covering the technical, mechanical, and compositional factors that contribute to producing quality images. They view 120 beautiful color photographs and 18 instructional images illustrating the successful use of the techniques described. Precise instructions are given for handling and maintaining an underwater camera, as well as how to choose from the many different types of equipment available. Underwater Photography also discusses the historical pioneers in the fields of underwater exploration, photography, and oceanography. Included are descriptions of specific diving techniques that can result in improved photographic opportunities. Also included is information about animal behavior and ecology with an emphasis on safety and protection of the marine environment.
The author is Trent Burkholder, a freelance photographer and writer with a primary focus on culture and travel stories whose passion is underwater photography. According to Burkholder, underwater photography can be challenging, exhilarating, and rewarding if photographers have a basic understanding of the photographic process and the underwater world. Although the fundamentals of land photography (measuring light, calculating exposure, focusing, framing, and composing) are essentially the same when applied to underwater photography, the challenge of capturing images underwater lies in dealing with the constraints of the underwater environment. First, photographers need to learn a skill, scuba diving; mastering scuba diving is essential to mastering underwater photography. Secondly, because the quality and quantity of light are altered as they penetrate water, photographers have to change their photographic techniques accordingly. Thirdly, they have to become familiar with the collection of special equipment designed for underwater use, so they can handle it easily and confidently while diving.
According to Underwater Photography, environmental constraints also require them to develop and sharpen their organizational and planning skills. The logistics of simply getting to their subject are often complex, involving people and events beyond their control. For example, when an electronic flash unit fails underwater photographers cannot simply reach into their equipment case and pull out another one. Replacing the flash unit requires them to collect their diving companion, get back to the boat, take off most of the gear, find a dry place where they can work on the equipment, and then get back into the water. This is all assuming the current, tiles, and other water conditions have not changed by then.
There are few more hostile environments in which to take photographs than underwater. The combined elements of water and pressure impose considerable limitations both physically and photographically, in a way that should make most sensible people give it a wide berth. Yet photographers are still down there, pushing themselves to enjoy it, spurred on by the occasional good shot, which makes them forget the difficulties, both financial and physical.
There are many reasons why people want to capture images underwater. Some are land photographers who take up diving purely to take pictures of unique underwater environments. Some are diving instructors who want to be able to teach underwater photography or use pictures to illustrate their courses. Others are scientists who use underwater photography for identification purposes or to record behavior. Environmental groups rely on underwater pictures to draw attention to their concerns and campaigns, such as the threats to marine life posed by drift netting. Commercial divers make extensive use of photography as an inspection tool to assess underwater structures. Then there are the recreational divers who strive to share the unique and beautiful experiences they have had while diving, with friends and family who may not dive.
Whatever readers’ interests in underwater photography, Underwater Photography provides them with valuable information on how to develop, maintain, and improve their skill as underwater photographers. A highly informative guide, the book is a must have for any scuba enthusiast, aspiring underwater photographer, or ocean lover.
Audio / History / World / Jewish / Biographies & Memoirs / Sibling Relationships
Brothers Emanuel: A Memoir of an American Family, unabridged audiobook, 8 CDs, 10 ½ hours by Ezekiel J. Emanuel (Random House Audio)
Brothers Emanuel: A Memoir of an American Family by Ezekiel J. Emanuel (Random House)
What did your mom put in the cereal?
According to Brothers Emanuel, Eldest brother Zeke is the son of Benjamin Emanuel and Marsha Emanuel. Middle brother Rahm is the mayor of Chicago, erstwhile White House chief of staff, and one of the most colorful figures in American politics. Youngest brother Ari is a Hollywood superagent, the real-life model for the character of Ari Gold on the hit series Entourage. And Zeke himself, whom the other brothers consider to be the smartest of them all, is one of the world’s leading bioethicists and oncologists. A vice provost and university professor at the University of Pennsylvania and a member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences, Emanuel also served as the special advisor for health policy to President Obama’s director of the Office of Management and Budget. And he also is an op-ed columnist for The New York Times.
How did one family of modest means produce
three such high-achieving kids? Here, for the first time, Zeke
provides the answer.
Set amid the tumult of Chicago in the 1960s and 1970s, Brothers Emanuel recounts the intertwined histories of these three rambunctious, hypercompetitive Jewish American boys, each with his own unique and compelling life story. But ultimately, this is the story of the entire Emanuel family: the tough, colorful Old World grandparents; a mischievous, loving father who immigrated to the United States with twenty-five dollars and who enthralled his boys with tales of his adventures in Israel’s war for independence; and a proud, politically engaged mother who took the boys with her to rallies and protests – including a civil rights march through the streets of Chicago led by Martin Luther King himself.
According to Zeke in Brothers Emanuel even as the Emanuels distinguished themselves as individuals, the bond of brotherhood that tied them together has never been broken.
This delightful memoir is a deeply personal tale of one family, but it’s also about much larger things: America and tribal identity, love and rivalry, and the moral lessons to be learned as you grow up. – Walter Isaacson
Brothers Emanuel is a wry, rollicking, and often poignant narrative of how one American family succeeded in raising three extraordinary children.
The audiobook is read by the author.
Children’s Books / Science Fiction & Fantasy / Social Situations
Story's End by Marissa Burt (Harper)
As told in Story's End, long ago, a King ruled the land of Story....
During the King’s reign, Heroes, Villains, and characters of all kinds lived out new Tales filled with daring quests and epic struggles.
Then the King disappeared, and over the years, nearly everyone forgot that he had ever existed. Now an evil Enemy has emerged, determined to write a new future for Story that he will control. And an ordinary girl named Una Fairchild is inextricably tangled up in his deadly plan.
– C ALLING ALL CHARACTERS OF STORY –
All we have believed about THE INFAMOUS UNBINDING is a lie!
We were told THE MUSES broke theirs oaths and turned against us.
We were told that THE MUSES made our loved ones disappear.
We were told THE MUSES killed the WIs.
We were told to lock up the Old Tales because THE MUSES were tainted with evil.
We were told
Tale Master Archimago defeated THE MUSES and saved Story.
We were told that THERE IS NO KING.
All of it. Lies.
was a King in Story, and he appointed his Muses to write our Tales.
We have recently discovered Archimago's confession, wherein he reveals
THE TRUE BACKSTORY.
ARCHIMAGO and THE RED ENCHANTRESS DUESSA
plotted with THE MUSE FIDELUS to rebel against THE KING.
It was THE MUSE FIDELUS who was responsible for the many deaths of the Unbinding.
The other innocent Muses have been wrongfully accused.
WE MUST UNITE.
The Enemy being once again at our very doors, it behooves every character to come forward and join the Resistance:
STOP THE RED ENCHANTRESS DUESSA.
LOOK FOR THE KING'S RETURN.
Together we can save Story and find a happy ending for us all.
Remember that only love conquers fear. – The prologue
Una and her friends Peter and Indy are desperate to find a way to defeat the Enemy. But Una soon discovers that the real key may lie in her own mysterious ties to Story's past – and to the long-forgotten King, who could be Story's only hope for survival.
In Story's End a key slid into an ancient-looking keyhole with a click, and Una gave it a 'fierce twist. The door opened a crack, and Una gritted her teeth as she pushed hard on it with her shoulder and made her way through. She found herself on a path that zigzagged up a steep hill. Over the top, a long walk away, she could see the outline of a lone turret.
This is it. Una was in enemy territory now, and she wouldn't leave until she had discovered the Enemy's plans.
An appealing fantasy that will have readers on the lookout for the planned sequel. – Publishers Weekly
A richly imagined world – LA Booklist
Author Marissa Burt writes middle grade fantasy, studied sociology, ancient languages, and theology and clocked hours as a social worker, barista, 5th grade teacher, bookseller, faculty assistant, and reference librarian. This rich and varied background manifests itself in her children’s books including Story's End.
Children’s Books / Social Situations
Welcome to America, Champ! by Catherine Stier, illustrated by Doris Ettlinger (Tales of the World: England: Sleeping Bear Press)
During World War II thousands of American servicemen were stationed overseas in various countries. As told in Welcome to America, Champ!, it is in England that American GI Jack Ricker meets and marries an English widow with a nine-year-old son, Thomas. Thomas likes his new stepfather and he's hopeful about their future. But now with the war over, Jack is back in America. Thomas and his mother make plans to leave England and join him. Thomas is apprehensive about moving. He won't know anyone, apart from Jack. In America, they play baseball and not cricket. Will he fit in?
Thomas gets ready to embark on a history-making event – the ‘Bride and Baby’ voyages of 1946. Great ships are readied to transport tens of thousands of ‘soldier brides;’ ladies like his mother who married American servicemen. They will cross the Atlantic, crowded in small cabins with their babies and children, to awaiting husbands in the United States.
Thomas is excited to sail aboard the famous RMS Queen Mary. But is he brave enough to leave England – forever?
Thomas and his mother are not alone; hundreds of other ‘Brides and Babies’ are on board, making the same trip with the same dreams. When Thomas helps another passenger handle feelings of homesickness, he realizes he is prepared to start his new American life.
Welcome to America, Champ! joins the Tales of the World series featuring England during World War II. From ancient Japan to contemporary Ireland, the Tales of the World titles brings cultures from around the world home to young readers.
Author Catherine Stier has authored several children's books and numerous magazine and newspaper articles, including an article on a World War II War Brides reunion, and illustrator Doris Ettlinger has illustrated many books for children.
This hope-filled World War II and immigration story, Welcome to America, Champ! presents an extraordinary historical event as experienced by one spirited boy from England.
Education & Reference / Library & Information Science
The New Digital Scholar: Exploring and Enriching the Research and Writing Practices of Nextgen Students edited by Randall McClure and James P. Purdy (ASIST Monograph Series: Information Today)
The New Digital Scholar makes a cogent and deeply thoughtful research contribution that, so far, has been neglected in the literature.... This collection has some of the finest research writings about teaching NextGen students that have ever been collected in a single volume. – Allison J. Head and Michael B. Eisenberg, from the Foreword
On college campuses everywhere, the same scene unfolds each term: In a classroom full of chattering, engaged students, an instructor utters five simple words: "Research paper due next week." Instantly, a pall falls over the room and laughter is replaced by a tense silence, and then a deep, collective sigh.
This situation may seem perplexing. Students are there to learn, explore, and discover, right? What better way than an in-depth research paper? Surely, students can't be worrying about finding resources and information to develop and write a research paper. The much-vaunted on-ramp to the information superhighway is just fingertips away, linking to rich resources like JSTOR, ABI/Inform, Wikipedia, Google, and the library catalog.
Editors are Randall McClure, who has taught writing at several universities, including Georgia Southern University, Cleveland State University, and Minnesota State University, Mankato and James P. Purdy, assistant professor of English and director of the University Writing Center at Duquesne University, where he teaches first-year writing, composition theory, and digital writing in the undergraduate and graduate programs. The book has more than 20 contributors.
Purdy and McClure's premise in The New Digital Scholar is that teaching NextGen students the fundamental competencies of research and writing should be a shared responsibility across the academy, rather than a marginalized learning outcome left to instructors of first-year expository writing and composition courses.
According to Alison J. Head and Michael B. Eisenberg in the foreword to The New Digital Scholar, one of the paradoxes of the digital age is that while finding information and answers may be easy, making sense and using all that information is not. This makes research assignments one of the most significant challenges college students face today.
For example, most NextGen students complain of being lost in a thicket of information. When they conducted a large-scale survey of undergraduates for Project Information Literacy, eight in 10 respondents reported feeling overwhelmed starting a research project and determining the nature and scope of what was expected. Nearly half of the students in the survey sample expressed nagging uncertainty about how to conclude and assess the quality of their research efforts.
The New Digital Scholar takes readers through the NextGen research and writing process, explaining how to best engage today's students to improve these binary communication competencies. This collection of writings offers a score of new instructional practices, such as incorporating Web 2.0 technologies into research assignments, so students recognize their own strengths as primary researchers with the digital tools they know best. It also offers suggestions about how instructors and librarians can introduce programmatic solutions that are collaborative, fresh, and, most importantly, effective.
While many valuable works have focused on the practices, habits, and beliefs of a generation of students who have not known a world without the internet, Purdy and McClure's collection delivers something that is original and urgently needed. The New Digital Scholar provides the essential ingredients to improve students' research by offering new ideas for teaching them how to be critical thinkers – a skill necessary for both academic and real world success.
An important work for anyone who cares about students and who wants to learn more about how to improve research-writing pedagogies and practices…. thoroughly a fascinating and helpful read. – Heidi McKee, associate professor of English and director of Professional Writing, Miami University
An interdisciplinary treasury of valuable insights for all college teachers and every academic librarian. A handy, hefty, thought-provoking volume that is sure to become a classic. – Barbara Fister, academic librarian, Gustavus Adolphus College
Thoughtful, provocative, and useful, this collection helps us address the contradictions that challenge our students as they learn to write with purpose in the age of information. – Mike Palmquist, professor of English and associate vice provost for Learning and Teaching, Colorado State University
The New Digital Scholar opens a discussion long silent in academic circles that the teaching of research-writing is mired in practices poorly suited for digital natives.
Reminding readers of the history of the academic research paper and the scope of the recent information explosion, the authors offer a call to action in this important and timely book, providing innovative thinking and groundbreaking research on the challenges NextGen students face.
The audience is writing and language arts teachers, information behavior researchers, writing program directors, students in writing studies, and library and information science professionals.
Health & Fitness / Psychology & Counseling / Self-Help / PTSD / Anxiety Disorder
The PTSD Workbook: Simple, Effective Techniques for Overcoming Traumatic Stress Symptoms, 2nd edition by Mary Beth Williams PhD LCSW CTS and Soili Poijula PhD (New Harbinger Publications)
If readers suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), or if they have lived through traumatic events, they may be experiencing a number of symptoms, such as flashbacks, insomnia, anxiety, or even depression.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an extremely debilitating anxiety condition that can occur after exposure to a terrifying event or ordeal. Although many know that this mental health issue affects veterans of war, many may not know that it also affects victims of domestic violence, sexual violence, natural disasters, crime, car accidents and accidents in the workplace. No matter the cause of their illness, people with PTSD will often relive their traumatic experience in the form of flashbacks, memories, nightmares, and frightening thoughts. This is especially true when they are exposed to events or objects that remind them of their trauma. Left untreated, PTSD can lead to emotional numbness, insomnia, addiction, anxiety, depression, and even suicide.
In The PTSD Workbook, Second Edition, psychologists and trauma experts Mary Beth Williams and Soili Poijula outline techniques and interventions used by PTSD experts from around the world to offer trauma survivors the most effective tools available to conquer their most distressing trauma-related symptoms, whether they are veterans, rape survivors, or crime victims. Williams, PhD, LCSW, CTS, researcher, lecturer, trainer, and former president of the Association of Traumatic Stress Specialists, treats trauma survivors in private practice at the Trauma Recovery Education and Counseling Center in Warrenton, Virginia and Poijula, PhD, is a clinical psychologist, licensed psychotherapist, and director at Oy Synolon, Ltd., Center for Trauma Psychology in Finland.
Based in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), the book offers evidence-based therapy at a low cost. This new edition of The PTSD Workbook features chapters focusing on veterans with PTSD, the link between cortisol and adrenaline and its role in PTSD and overall mental health, and the mind-body component of PTSD. This second edition provides tools to help readers manage their most distressing trauma-related symptoms and stay on the path to recovery. This book helps them determine what kind of trauma they have experienced, identify their symptoms, look at connections between body and mind, and offers ways to help them on their healing journey. The book helps readers build the emotional resilience they need to reclaim themselves and their lives after a traumatic event.
This excellent workbook, based on a rich body of research, will be helpful to anyone who has experienced a sudden, incomprehensible event or suffered lifelong abuse. The authors have provided readers with a clear, comprehensive explanation of trauma, accompanied by practical yet creative exercises to help them manage their trauma symptoms. It’s also a valuable resource for clinicians as well as members of the general public striving to understand trauma and return to everyday functioning. – Betty Stevens-Guille, PhD, CPsych, trauma specialist, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
For those who believe that they will never feel ‘normal’ after a traumatic event, this workbook provides many techniques that survivors can use to jump-start their recovery … an extremely important tool for growth and strength. – James D. Baxendale, PhD, CTS
The PTSD Workbook, Second Edition, is an excellent resource for those directly affected by a critical or traumatic event, as well as for professionals working in the trauma field. Filled to the brink with concrete, helpful tools and useful information, it will guide the reader in reducing the untoward effects of trauma. Clinical wisdom is combined with evidence-based information in a very readable book. Having worked with trauma and loss for over thirty years I know that this book will be an indispensable guide for the field. – Atle Dyregrov, PhD, director at the Center for Crisis Psychology, Bergen, Norway
This revised workbook is based on the latest research, but written with the same warmth and wisdom that informs the first edition. It is a classic for those who live with severe trauma on an ongoing basis. – M.E. Stevens-Guille, PhD
Designed to arm PTSD survivors with the emotional resilience they need to get their lives back together after a traumatic event, The PTSD Workbook can help suffers of PTSD begin to heal. And it is extremely accessible and easy to use.
History / Americas / Politics & Social Sciences / Economics / Environmental Policy
Wilderness and Waterpower: How Banff National Park Became a Hydro-Electric Storage Reservoir by Christopher Armstrong and H. V. Nelles (University of Calgary Press)
Wilderness and Waterpower explores how the need for electricity at the turn of the century affected and shaped Banff National Park. Today’s conservationists and energy researchers will find much to think about in this tale of Alberta’s early need for electricity, entrepreneurial greed, debates over aboriginal ownership of the river, moving park boundaries to accommodate hydro-electric initiatives, the importance of water for tourism, rural electrification, and the ultimate diversion to coal-produced electricity.
Wilderness and Waterpower is also a lively national story, involving the irrepressible and impetuous Max Aitkin (later Lord Beaverbrook), R.B. Bennett (local legal advisor and later prime minister), and a series of local politicians and bureaucrats whose contributions confuse and conflate issues along the way.
Authors are Christopher Armstrong, Emeritus Professor in the Department of History at York University and H.V. Nelles, L.R. Wilson Professor of Canadian History at McMaster University and Distinguished Research Professor Emeritus at York University.
Armstrong and Nelles say that Canadians do not often think of this iconic Canadian site – Banff National Park – serving the mundane corporate function of storing water for hydropower stations; yet, it does. Canada's premier national park – along with the Bow River flowing through it – had to be significantly altered to accommodate the production and consumption of electricity in southern Alberta. This is a gripping tale of Alberta's early need for energy, a story full of entrepreneurial recklessness, debates over aboriginal ownership of the river, and political intrigues.
Why did Banff National Park have to be significantly altered to accommodate hydroelectric storage? More broadly, how did the production and consumption of electricity in southern Alberta shape Canada's premier national park? Wilderness and Waterpower attempts to answer those questions.
Almost from the beginning of the electric age, Banff National Park came under continuous pressure to accommodate the Calgary Power Company's need to modify the Bow River watershed to make electricity. That pressure was not absolute, but relative. It was not so much electricity itself as the method of its generation that led the power company to cast covetous eyes upon a national park. Calgary Power made a strategic decision at the outset to generate electricity using hydroelectric power. There were other ways of generating electricity. In a coal-rich region, thermal electric power represented a viable alternative. But the company chose instead to rely upon falling water in the Bow River for its energy, primarily because hydroelectricity was cheaper to produce over the long term. But as it turned out, the Bow River – a glacier-fed mountain river in a region of hard winters – experienced dramatic seasonal streamflow changes. As a result, it was not ideally suited to the efficient production of electricity on a constant basis throughout the year. To produce enough electricity to meet its commitments in all seasons, and to earn a profit, the company had to redesign the river to make it a better source of power. That is what led Calgary Power into a series of negotiations to create storage and generating facilities upstream in, as fate would have it, a national park.
There were always other ways to make electricity, but whenever the need for additional power arose, it seemed easier, cheaper, faster, and simpler to extend the existing system rather than shift to another basic platform. Calgary Power eventually ran out of river to manage, at which point it redesigned its system around another method of power generation. This, in turn, took pressure off the river, but what would happen to those sunk hydroelectric investments on the Bow and in the park?
There is no necessary incompatibility between power generation and a national park. We may find the two contradictory now, but that depends largely upon our notion of what a park should be, an idea that has changed over time. Banff, of course, was originally reserved to preserve its hot springs so that it might become a health resort or spa. The addition of recreational and aesthetic rationales for ‘emparkment’ led to the progressive expansion of the park boundaries to include scenic and wilderness terrain. Parks existed to be used and enjoyed by the people. The greater the usage, the logic ran, the greater the income and public support.
Nor had the idea of what a park should be coalesced into a coherent perception or policy. For example, the railway predated the park. Whatever Banff might want to become, it would always have trains thundering through. Similarly, the territory encompassed by the park included coal mines, silver mines, logging operations, and considerable private
property. And of course, the railroad and the government-built hotels, spas, a town, and leased large lots for the rich to set the tone of conduct by their presence and taste for architecture. Under such a regime, turning shallow Lake Minnewanka – formerly Devil's Lake – into a storage reservoir did not, on the face of it, violate any principles.
But over time that would change, a phenomenon called ‘policy hardening’.
Over time, parks managers would change their minds about the need to accommodate economic activities within their mandates and would write increasingly restrictive regulations. The bureaucrats, in turn, were supported by a small but vocal interest group of park users who amplified their concerns and sometimes stiffened their resolve. As the Calgary Power Company returned again and again to government to find new ways of wringing more power out of the Bow River, it encountered a hardening policy, an ever more resolute bureaucracy, and an external lobby insisting that its aims were incompatible with those of a national park. What would happen when an irresistible force encountered an immovable object?
This struggle between the power company and the Parks bureaucracy of the Government of Canada was not played out in a vacuum. An apparently insatiable demand for electricity in burgeoning southern Alberta sometimes propelled the company to near desperation in its need to expand production. At the same time, it presented the Parks Branch bureaucrats and nature preservationists with a countervailing public good that could not be readily dismissed. Popular North American campaigns for electrification had taken on a tone of religious revivalism. Electrification was as much a social gospel as an infrastructure project. The demand for electricity was a countervailing force that could also, like national parks, wrap itself in the high diction of social redemption.
Path dependence meets policy hardening in an atmosphere of unpredictably rising demand: in a nutshell, that is the essence of the story told in Wilderness and Waterpower. But it takes more than bloodless abstract categories to make a good story. Strong characters are required, along with unpredictable plot shifts and some raw emotions. The story has all of those qualities in abundance. The irrepressible and impetuous Max Aitken sets the tale in motion. A stuffy, bumbling, and somewhat uncomprehending R. B. Bennett becomes the Ottawa fixer. He gives way to an archetypical gruff, hard-driving, square-jawed engineer-businessman, G. A. Gaherty. William Aberhart, Ernest Manning, Mackenzie King, and C. D. Howe make cameo appearances and decisive choices. Earnest bureaucrats, lurking in their offices, struggling to be consistent within ambiguous policies and mindful of shifting political currents, lob convoluted, often turf-defending memoranda into the maelstrom. They can also be counted on for the occasional, if unintended, light comic turn.
Other actors in Wilderness and Waterpower appear more often as collectivities than as individuals. The Nakoda (Stoney) Indians, whose reserve contained the most promising energy resources, had to come to terms with the prospects of hydroelectric development and then had to fight to obtain the compensation that they had been promised. The City of Calgary, as owner of a municipal electric utility and voice of the citizens and electricity users, volubly asserted those not-always-identical interests. The Government of Alberta had to make up its mind over policy within a provincial frame of reference in dramatically shifting economic and political circumstances through the Depression, World War II, and the Cold War; over time, shared jurisdiction of lands and waterpowers with the federal government eventually changed the power dynamic in the provincial government's favor. Then there was the mythical East, home of two of the most powerful players: the Montreal-based Calgary Power Company, and, of course, Ottawa, the seat of the bureaucracy and the federal government.
Armstrong and Nelles say that the story of a decades-long battle between wilderness preservationists and hydroelectric developers would, in other hands, be a simple moral tale in which greedy businessmen try to despoil a pristine wilderness in search of higher profits against the resistance of nature lovers. In such a Manichaean view, Indians are victimized, civil servants strive to uphold the public good, and nature is despoiled. That is not their reading of the evidence. The moral tale quickly becomes blurred. They see largely honorable people on all sides striving to achieve legitimately conflicting versions of the public good as seen from their perspective. But in the heat of the moment, they surrender occasionally to their human frailties. And in this struggle, they sometimes unexpectedly exchange black and white hats.
Irony resides, too, in the often-noted ambivalence that Canadians have always exhibited toward the landscapes that surround them. There is so much ‘nature’ in Canada – so vast, so lovely, so challenging, and yet so foreboding – that to tame its resources for their economic rents remains a national obsession. Canadians have expended huge amounts of energy assaulting and destroying the ecosystems in which they live, while at the same time busily celebrating the beauty and importance of unspoiled nature in shaping the national character. But this story raises the question of whether this kind of development is an either-or proposition. Now that these hydroelectric structures have largely outlived their usefulness, who would propose pulling them down? They have become, in a strange way, part of the nature to be preserved.
Wilderness and Waterpower is an engaging book filled with lively national stories. It provides a full treatment of subtle and complicated matters using the latest details which have been exposed, shedding light on entrepreneurial recklessness and larger-than-life political intrigues. Today's conservationists and energy researchers will find much to think about.
Home & Garden / Crafts & Hobbies / Beadwork
Metallic Seed Bead Splendor: Stitch 25 Timeless Jewelry Pieces in Gold, Bronze, and Pewter by Nancy Zellers (Kalmbach Books)
In this book, readers learn to create various types of seed bead jewelry to imitate the look of rich metals. Metallic Seed Bead Splendor includes over 25 projects covering a range of styles from elegant to casual, all stitched with gorgeous gold, bronze, silver, and pewter seed beads. Illustrations accompany each project, as well as a thorough Basics section demonstrating many different stitches including peyote, right-angle weave, St. Petersburg chain, square stitch, herringbone, and ladder stitch.
Author Nancy Zellers is a bead artist and teacher whose sculptural pieces have appeared in regional and national contemporary art shows. Zellers showcases the beauty of metallic seed beads in Metallic Seed Bead Splendor. This wide-ranging collection is full of timeless designs; with just a handful of seed beads and some extras, such as crystals, pearls, and other touches of color, readers will be able to make the perfect piece to complement any occasion or outfit.
Metallic Seed Bead Splendor includes:
Metallic Seed Bead Splendor contains the beautiful bronze and steel colors available in the beading palette, and readers can use pewter as well. A few pieces have rich accents of crystals or pearls, and some feature the dramatic contrast between black and gold.
For most of the projects, Zellers uses seed beads, particularly those with the new permanent finishes from the Japanese manufacturers. Zellars uses mostly gold beads, along with various shades of bronze in these projects (another favorite is steel). If readers prefer silver to gold, they can change the color schemes or even go outside the metallic family and use any color they fancy to fit their style.
In addition to beautiful beads, readers explore many different stitches in Metallic Seed Bead Splendor. Often, readers can use just the diagrams or just the text to make the pieces. For some projects, they will need to use the text to supplement the diagrams and vice versa.
With metallic seed beads, readers get the look of precious metal without the expense. And with projects easy enough for beginners but stylish enough to intrigue even advanced beaders, Metallic Seed Bead Splendor makes it easy to create an elegant look at a fraction of the cost.
Literature & Fiction / Essays
The Cushion in the Road: Meditation and Wandering as the Whole World Awakens to Being in Harm's Way by Alice Walker (The New Press)
The Cushion in the Road, Walker writes that “we are beyond a
rigid category of color, sex, or spirituality if we are truly
alive.” For the millions of her devoted fans – and for readers of
Walker’s bestselling 2006 book We Are the Ones We Have Been
Waiting For in particular – this new ‘gift of words’ (Essence)
invites readers on a journey of political awakening and spiritual
The Cushion in the Road revisits themes the Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist, poet, essayist, and activist has addressed throughout her career: racism, Africa, solidarity with the Palestinian people, the presidential campaign of Barack Obama, Cuba, healthcare, and the work of Aung San Suu Kyi. In doing so, Walker explores her conflicting impulses to retreat into inner contemplation and to remain deeply engaged with the world. Through the evocative image of the meditation cushion in the road, she finds a delicate balance between these two paths and invites her readers to do so, too.
Called ‘impassioned and genuine’ by Publishers Weekly, The Cushion in the Road highlights our unique capacity to make positive change in the world. Walker brings insight to issues from aging and empathy to the joys of pet ownership and the magic of a wedding ceremony.
Walker’s compassion, courage, and humor
gain strength and eloquence essay by essay.... Media attention will
surge for this provocative collection by Walker, a revered writer of
conscience. – Booklist
Alice Walker is a muse for our times ... she touches the soul, and propels us to action. – Amy Goodman, host of Democracy Now!
A lavishly gifted writer. – The New York Times
Just when you think Alice Walker has empathized her way as far as any writer can go, she goes further. – Gloria Steinem
The Cushion in the Road shows Walker at the height of her literary powers, revealing the depths of her spiritual and political understandings. It is a joyful guide to live by with these meditations filled with hope, insight, and inspirational vision. Rich with humor and wisdom and informed by Walker's unique eye for the details of human and natural experience, The Cushion in the Road will please longtime Walker fans as well as those who are new to her work.
Literature & Fiction / Women’s Fiction / Historical
Sisters: A Novel by Brigitte Lozerec'h, translated from the French by Betsy Wing (Dalkey Archive)
In Sisters Mathilde Lewly – a female painter at the dawn of the twentieth century – has achieved notoriety among the Parisian avant-garde. But when her perfect life is threatened by the shadow of her little sister, Eugénie, what follows is a fierce rivalry, an emotional tug-of-war, played out against the bohemian riot of the last century’s wildest years.
She and her husband, also a talented young artist, pursue their separate visions side by side in a Clichy atelier, galvanized by the artistic ferment that surrounds them. But the couple are threatened by the shadow of Eugénie: since the two girls’ sudden departure from their native England, Eugénie has been determined to vault the eight years separating her from Mathilde. Now, devoured by envy and haunted by a past she never actually experienced, the ‘little one’ hurls herself into the artistic and personal life of her elder sister. It is the birth of a fierce rivalry. But will the First World War’s sudden and brutal eruption allow Mathilde to escape this intimate conflict and achieve her destiny?
Author of Sisters Brigette Lozerec’h hasn’t stopped writing since the 1982 publication of her first novel, L’Intérimaire, which has been translated into numerous languages and into English as The Temp. Since then she has published six novels and a biography of the polar explorer Ernest Shackleton. Translator Betsy Wing is a writer and translator whose fiction collection Look Out for Hydrophobia appeared in 1991. She is the translator of Western and The Origin of Man by Christine Montalbetti, as well as works by Assia Djebar, Paule Constant, and Édouard Glissant.
Brigitte Lozerec’h is a genuine writer. Her narratives – rich, deep, nuanced – understand, describe, and precisely analyze conflicting emotions. – Elle (France)
Politics & Social Sciences / Health Care History / Demographics / Minority Studies
Healing Histories: Stories from Canada's Indian Hospitals by Laurie Meijer Drees (The University of Alberta Press)
The truth about stories is that's all we are. – Thomas King, The Truth About Stories: A Native Narrative
Healing Histories is the first detailed collection of Aboriginal perspectives on the history of tuberculosis in Canada's indigenous communities and on the federal government's Indian Health Services. Featuring oral accounts from patients, families, and workers who experienced Canada's Indian Hospital System, it presents a fresh perspective on health care history that includes the diverse voices and insights of the many people affected by tuberculosis and its treatment in the mid-twentieth century. This intercultural history models new methodologies and ethics for researching and writing about indigenous Canada based on indigenous understandings of ‘story’ and its critical role in Aboriginal historicity, while moving beyond routine colonial interpretations of victimization, oppression and cultural destruction. The author is Laurie Meijer Drees, Co-Chair of the First Nations Studies Department at Vancouver Island University.
Scholars interpret the history of Aboriginal peoples within the Canadian state in many ways, commonly emphasizing the colonial nature of the relationship between Aboriginal communities and Canada. For the most part, such accounts emphasize the power imbalance between Aboriginal communities and Canada's governments. They also focus on the oppressive policies those governments brought to bear on Aboriginal peoples. Such histories provide invaluable insights into such themes as the control of the state, exploitation of minorities, the nature of resistance movements, and the role of authority in society.
In Healing Histories, persons rather than systems and communities are given precedence. The book concentrates on the stories told by individuals who experienced the IHS. This work also employs Aboriginal approaches to the sharing of stories. Juxtaposing stories and perspectives, it offers readers a chance to grapple with the stories directly as they are passed along from teller to listener, rather than having the accounts interpreted for them through a lens of colonial or critical theory. In fact, the work might be considered postcolonial because it reorients readers to multiple perspectives as shared through stories rather than a singular history of a series of events. Today, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada is investigating Indian residential schools as a result of its view that these shared stories of Canada's Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people are indeed important: "The truth of our common experiences will help set our spirits free and pave the way to reconciliation.” According to Drees in Healing Histories, sharing these stories is a form of healing, especially for the storytellers.
Drees began the project as an academic history of nurse training and nursing work in Alaska. In 2000, while working at the University of Alaska – Fairbanks, She searched through archives and interviewed Alaska Native Service nurses and doctors in Fairbanks, Homer, Sitka, and Anchorage. Much as in Alaska, Canada's West and North experienced epidemics of tuberculosis, measles, and other infectious diseases in indigenous communities in the first half of the twentieth century. Among these illnesses, tuberculosis ranked as the worst and most dreaded. When she returned to Canada from Alaska, she was determined to piece together the stories of Canada's IHS, and its impact on families and communities.
In the summer of 2004, she visited Mrs. Kathleen Steinhauer in Edmonton, Alberta. She had worked as a registered nurse in Edmonton's IHS hospital – the Charles Camsell Indian Hospital. She and her husband Gilbert Anderson shared what they remembered about that hospital and all who worked there. Inspired by Steinhauer, she put fresh batteries in her cheap tape recorder and stepped up her work.
Back home on Vancouver Island, she asked around about who might be willing to recall their experience or work with Indian Health Services. Several IHS facilities existed in the coastal British Columbia area, including a large hospital in Nanaimo. Soon enough, people volunteered their precious memories and stories, many of which had remained unrecalled for years.
As told in Healing Histories, Drees’ approach to her work evolved gradually. Most important to her work were valuable lessons passed to her by Maria Campbell, Metis storyteller, writer, and Elder, and Ellen White (Kwulasulwut), Snuneymuxw First Nation Elder, storyteller, and teacher: Campbell and White continually emphasized that oral histories are stories and must be shared as such. Both women worked hard to encourage her to approach community stories or personal memories from an Aboriginal perspective – as storytelling moments with all the protocol required of such events.
These two teachers also suggested she write oral histories in a manner consistent with Aboriginal traditions of storytelling. In their respective traditions, and from their perspective, stories are meant to help people, to teach them, and to be shared for the benefit of others. Practicing her research as a form of storywork, she gathered the oral histories using techniques quite different from her conventional training as an historian.
To exercise respect and reciprocity, she arranged for others to be present during storytelling sessions. Through her patient repetition of the need to work this way, Ellen White taught her that it is better to be with others when sharing stories with an Elder or when stories of personal importance are being told. The presence of more people helps both the listeners and the teller, for the teller, an audience is a welcome presence; for the listener it is important to have others to discuss or even debrief the story, and ultimately to remember it. In her own work, she was often accompanied by Delores Louie (Elder in the Stz'uminus First Nation), by Ray Peter (Elder for Cowichan Tribes), or by colleagues familiar with her project.
Sharing stories in a group setting also builds relationships between listeners and tellers and ensures the protocol of proper behavior is exercised during the telling session. It creates a relational accountability, helping listeners check one another. Because the stories she had been told contain difficult, powerful, and sometimes painful personal insights and experiences, she learned gathering stories could not and should not be rushed.
Drees quickly understood how interview work in this field really only works by invitation, rooted in relationships underwritten by reciprocity and trust. By writing down their stories, she engaged in something more than creating an oral history document. The people who shared their stories with her expected her to share them with others; this was the expressed desire of the storytellers. She was also to remain connected to them as long as she worked with their story.
Drees says in Healing Histories that she had to accept that in the telling, she, too, was a storyteller. It meant not only gathering stories but also sharing her own insights as she passed the stories along to others. It wasn't enough for her to just collect stories, to simply record and edit an oral history. Trusted by the storytellers, her obligation was to insert herself into the life of each story, perhaps to offer her own analysis and to bring an historical context to stories from the people. Her teachers told her she was part of a chain along which stories are passed.
The stories in Healing Histories are invitations to consider the world of the teller – a means to examine another view of a complex set of events. They are not, in the first instance, merely autobiographical statements. Instead, they show how people feel about and interpret events, moving listeners/readers beyond the events themselves and into the world of perception and understanding. Each of the narratives presented in the book offers an opportunity to glimpse a snapshot of a worldview or to accompany another person on a small part in a life's journey.
In Healing Histories, several noteworthy themes emerge. With voices of optimism, humor, determination, pride, hope, and strength that echo through the texts, Aboriginal storytellers convey a sense of pride in their ability to overcome the legacy of IHS activity in their own lives. As listeners, readers, too, may be healed of their notions of Aboriginal peoples as victims of yet another imposed system as they come to appreciate that their traditional healing practices and notions of health were never really subsumed to Western medicine. First Nations patients and their families continued to understand medicine and well-being in different ways from the established medical professions.
Through her storywork, Drees serves well the tellers and their stories and contributes to their healing. Through these stories, individuals, collective memories, and even a history may be better understood, find a more human dimension, and thus heal the pain of real events and injustices that have been obscured and nearly forgotten. Presenting a fresh perspective on health care history, written for both academic and popular reading audiences, Healing Histories is essential reading for those interested in Canadian Aboriginal history, history of medicine and nursing, and oral history.
Politics & Social Sciences / Philosophy
Hegel's Undiscovered Thesis-Antithesis-Synthesis Dialectics: What Only Marx and Tillich Understood by Leonard F. Wheat (Prometheus Books)
Hegel's Undiscovered Thesis-Antithesis-Synthesis Dialectics is an original and thoroughly researched interpretation of Hegel's contribution to philosophy. For over 50 years, Hegel interpreters have rejected the former belief that Hegel used thesis-antithesis-synthesis dialectics. This analysis of Hegel's philosophy shows that the modern interpretation is false. According to Leonard F. Wheat, retired economist, in Hegel's Undiscovered Thesis-Antithesis-Synthesis Dialectics, there are in fact 38 well-concealed dialectics in Hegel's two most important works – twenty-eight in Phenomenology of Spirit and ten in The Philosophy of History. The book also develops a number of other major new insights
Hegel's chief dialectical format consists of a two-concept thesis, a two-concept antithesis, and a two-concept synthesis that borrows one concept from the thesis and one from the antithesis.
· All dialectics are analogically based on the Christian separation-and-return myth: the dialectic separates from and returns to a thesis concept.
· Hegel's enigmatic Spirit is a four-faceted, deliberately fictitious, nonsupernatural entity that exists only as an atheistic redefinition of ‘God.’
· Spirit's ‘divine life’ begins not with consciousness but with unconsciousness, in the prehuman state of nature – before Spirit acquires its human mind.
· Hegel's concept of freedom is not a sociopolitical concept but release from bondage to religious superstition (belief in a supernatural God).
· In Hegel's widely misinterpreted master-and-slave parable, the master is God, the slave is man, and the slave's gaining his freedom is man's becoming an atheist.
· The standard non-Hegelian base-superstructure interpretation of Marx's dialectics is false. Marx's basic dialectic is actually this: thesis = communal ownership + poverty, antithesis = private ownership + wealth, synthesis = communal ownership + wealth.
Wheat in Hegel's Undiscovered Thesis-Antithesis-Synthesis Dialectics also shows that Marx and Tillich, who subtly used Hegelian dialectics in their own works, are the only authors who have understood Hegelian dialectics.
In the preface to his most famous work, Phenomenology of Spirit, Hegel says that thesis-antithesis-synthesis dialectics (Fichte's ‘triadic form’) will be his new ‘Science.’ But because he artfully conceals his dialectics in discussions of surface topics, nobody has ever found a genuine dialectic in Hegel's thought. It is now widely denied that such dialectics exist, yet they exist by the dozens.
An example is Hegel's overarching macro-dialectic from Phenomenology: (1) thesis: unconscious + unity, (2) antithesis: conscious + separation; (3) synthesis: conscious + unity – a literal synthesis or combining of parts (the best parts of the thesis and the antithesis). This dialectic reveals that Spirit's ‘divine life’ begins not with consciousness, as claimed by every other interpreter, but with unconsciousness – in the prehuman state of nature, before the arrival of man, the seat of Spirit's collective Mind (its only mind), Spirit's consciousness. Spirit achieves self-realization – and ‘freedom’ – when its Mind (Hegel's, in this instance) recognizes that it (Spirit) is all reality, the divine (‘God’), and that no supernatural God exists. Every ‘object’ perceived by every human mind is not really something ‘other.’ The objects are really itself (the perceiver, or ‘subject’); both are Spirit – an ‘inner’ concept, not a metaphysical entity. So every ‘subject’ is ‘God’: man is God, a figurative God.
Hegel begins a long series of micro-dialectics with his famous but universally misunderstood master and slave parable. It is really a disguised dialectic: (1) potential + freedom, (2) actual + bondage, (3) actual + freedom – again taking one concept from the thesis and one from the antithesis. Here the potentially free person who becomes an actual slave symbolizes man; the master who enslaves is God; and the slave achieves actual freedom when he becomes the master: man becomes God. Hegel's' concept of freedom, it becomes clear, is not what everyone else has assumed – a sociopolitical concept concerning the rights of persons versus the rights of the state. Freedom is escaping from bondage to God and to religious superstition by becoming an atheist.
Hegel uses the same dialectical format in The Philosophy of History. Its ten dialectics include this overarching history dialectic: (1) one ruler + one territory, (2) many rulers + many territories, (3) one ruler + many territories – Hegel's Prussian empire.
According to Wheat in Hegel's Undiscovered Thesis-Antithesis-Synthesis Dialectics, because Hegel's philosophy can't be understood without understanding his dialectics, no interpreter has understood Hegel – until now.
Thoroughly researched and rigorous in detail and reasoning, Hegel's Undiscovered Thesis-Antithesis-Synthesis Dialectics is a radically original reinterpretation of Hegel's philosophy. This reinterpretation challenges and refutes every previous interpretation of Hegel’s – and Marx’s – philosophy, and it will be of great interest to Hegel scholars and students of philosophy.
Politics & Social Sciences / Philosophy / Women’s Studies
Fortunes of Feminism: From State-Managed Capitalism to Neoliberal Crisis by Nancy Fraser (Verso Books)
Fortunes of Feminism charts the history of women’s liberation and calls for a revitalized feminism. Nancy Fraser’s book traces the feminist movement’s evolution since the 1970s and anticipates a new – radical and egalitarian – phase of feminist thought and action. Fraser is Loeb Professor of Philosophy and Politics at the New School for Social Research, Einstein Fellow of the city of Berlin, and holder of the ‘Global Justice’ Chair at the Collège d’études mondiales in Paris.
During the ferment of the New Left, ‘Second Wave’ feminism emerged as a struggle for women’s liberation and took its place alongside other radical movements that were questioning core features of capitalist society. But feminism’s subsequent immersion in identity politics coincided with a decline in its utopian energies and the rise of neoliberalism. Now, foreseeing a revival in the movement, Fraser in Fortunes of Feminism argues for a reinvigorated feminist radicalism able to address the global economic crisis.
A compilation of essays written over a period of more than twenty-five years, Fortunes of Feminism's orientation is at once retrospective and prospective. Charting shifts in the feminist imaginary since the 1970s, it offers an interpretation of the recent history of feminist thought. At the same time, however, it looks forward, to the feminism of the future now being invented by new generations of feminist activists. Schooled in digital media and comfortable in transnational space, yet formed in the crucible of capitalist crisis, this generation promises to reinvent the feminist imagination yet again.
According to the prologue, from today's vantage point, the history of second-wave feminism appears as a drama in three acts. Emerging from the ferment surrounding the New Left, the ‘movement for women's liberation’ began life as an insurrectionary force, which challenged male domination in state-organized capitalist societies of the postwar era. In Act One, feminists joined with other currents of radicalism to explode a social-democratic imaginary that had occulted gender injustice and technicized politics. Insisting that ‘the personal is political,’ this movement exposed capitalism's deep androcentrism and sought to transform society root and branch. Later, however, as utopian energies began to decline, second-wave feminism was drawn into the orbit of identity politics. In Act Two, its transformative impulses were channeled into a new political imaginary that foregrounded ‘difference.’ Turning ‘from redistribution to recognition,’ the movement shifted its attention to cultural politics, just as a rising neoliberalism declared war on social equality. More recently, however, as neoliberalism has entered its current crisis, the urge to reinvent feminist radicalism may be reviving. In an Act Three that is still unfolding, we could see a reinvigorated feminism join other emancipatory forces aiming to subject runaway markets to democratic control. In that case, the movement would retrieve its insurrectionary spirit, while deepening its signature insights: its structural critique of capitalism's androcentrism, its systemic analysis of male domination, and its gender-sensitive revisions of democracy and justice.
Historians will eventually explain how neoliberalizing forces succeeded, for a time at least, in defusing the more radical currents of second-wave feminism – and how (one hopes) a new insurrectionary upsurge managed to reanimate them. For critical theorists, however, there remains a prior task: to analyze alternative grammars of the feminist imaginary in order to assess their emancipatory potential. Here the goal is to ascertain which understandings of androcentrism and male domination, which interpretations of gender justice and sexual democracy, which conceptions of equality and difference are likely to be most fruitful for future engagements. Above all, which modes of feminist theorizing should be incorporated into the new political imaginaries now being invented by new generations for Act Three?
Though not written with this aim in mind, the essays collected in Fortunes of Feminism can nevertheless be read today as preliminary attempts at such a reckoning. Composed over the past twenty-five-plus years as interventions in theoretical debates, they document major shifts in the feminist imaginary since the 1970s. For this volume, Fraser has grouped them in three parts, which correspond to the three acts of the drama. In Part I, she includes pieces that seek to marry a feminist sensibility to a New Left critique of the welfare state. Targeting not only the latter's androcentrism, but also its bureaucratic organization and near-exclusive focus on distribution, these essays situate second-wave feminism in a broader field of democratizing, anti-capitalist struggles. Reflecting the historical shift from mainstream social democracy to the new social movements, they defend the latter's expanded understanding of politics, even as they also criticize some influential ways of theorizing it. Part II charts subsequent alterations in the feminist imaginary. Noting the broader cultural shift from the politics of equality to the politics of identity, these chapters diagnose dilemmas facing feminist movements in a period of ascendant neoliberalism. Troubled by the relative neglect of political economy at the fin de siecle, they criticize the eclipse of ‘struggles for redistribution’ by ‘struggles for recognition,’ even as they also defend a non-identitarian version of the latter. Part III of Fortunes of Feminism contemplates prospects for a revival of feminist radicalism in a time of neoliberal crisis. Advocating a ‘post-Westphalian’ turn, the essays comprising this section situate struggles for women's emancipation in relation to two other sets of social forces: those bent on extending the sway of markets, on the one hand, and those seeking to ‘defend society’ from them, on the other. Diagnosing a ‘dangerous liaison’ between feminism and marketization, these essays urge feminists to break that unholy affiance and forge a principled new one, between ‘emancipation’ and ‘social protection.’
In general, then, the concerns shaping the volume's organization are both systematic and historical. A record of one theorist's ongoing efforts to track the movement's trajectory, Fortunes of Feminism assesses feminism's current prospects and future possibilities.
Today, no serious social movement, least of all feminism, can ignore the evisceration of democracy and the assault on social reproduction now being waged by finance capital. Under these conditions, a feminist theory worth its salt must revive the ‘economic’ concerns of Act One – without, however, neglecting the ‘cultural’ insights of Act Two. But that is not all. It must integrate these not only with one another but also with a new set of ‘political’ concerns made salient by globalization: How might emancipatory struggles serve to secure democratic legitimacy and to expand and equalize political influence in a time when the powers that govern our lives increasingly overrun the borders of territorial states? How might feminist movements foster equal participation transnationally, across entrenched power asymmetries and divergent worldviews? Struggling simultaneously on three fronts – call them redistribution, recognition, and representation – the feminism of Act Three must join with other anti-capitalist forces, even while exposing their continued failure to absorb the insights of decades of feminist activism.
Today's feminism must, moreover, be sensitive to the historical context in which we operate. Situating ourselves vis-a-vis the broader constellation of political forces, we need to keep our distance both from market-besotted neoliberals and from those who seek to ‘defend society’ (replete with hierarchy and exclusion) from the market. Charting a third path between that Scylla and Charybdis, a feminism worthy of Act Three must join other emancipatory movements in integrating our fundamental interest in non-domination with protectionists' legitimate concerns for social security, without neglecting the importance of negative liberty, which is usually associated with liberalism.
Such is the reading of recent history that emerges from the essays collected in Fortunes of Feminism.
Nancy Fraser is one of the most creative
social philosophers and critical theorists of her generation. –
Nancy Fraser challenges us to reactivate the audacious spirit of second-wave feminism. Analyzing an imaginary aimed at eradicating exploitation as well as subjugation, she offers a rousing conclusion as to how we might mobilize feminism’s best energies against the perils of the neoliberal present. – Lynne Segal
Nancy Fraser is among the very few thinkers in the tradition of critical theory who are capable of redeeming its legacy in the twenty-first century. – Axel Honneth
For more than a decade, Nancy Fraser's thought has helped to reframe the agenda of critical theory. – Etienne Balibar
This powerful new account is set to become a landmark of feminist thought.
Emerging from the long slog through identity politics, the young feminists of this generation seem poised to conjure up a new synthesis of radical democracy and social justice. Combining redistribution, recognition, and representation, they are seeking to transform a world that no longer resembles the Westphalian international system of sovereign states. Faced with the gravest crisis of capitalism since the 1930s, they have every incentive to devise new, systematic critiques that combine the enduring insights of socialist-feminism with those of newer paradigms, such as postcolonialism and ecology. Whatever helpful lessons the young feminists of this generation can glean from Fortunes of Feminism will pale in comparison with those Fraser expects to learn from them.
Professional & Technical / Medicine / Clinical / Internal / Otolaryngology / Surgery
Atlas of Endoscopic Sinus and Skull Base Surgery: Expert Consult – Online and Print, 1st edition edited by James N. Palmer MD and Alexander G. Chiu MD (Elsevier Saunders)
Clinicians are able to improve their surgical outcomes with Atlas of Endoscopic Sinus and Skull Base Surgery edited by James N. Palmer, MD and Alexander G. Chiu, MD. Ideal for every otolaryngologist who performs basic or advanced rhinologic procedures, this well illustrated atlas takes clinicians step by step through endoscopic sinus and skull base surgeries as if the chapter authors were right there with them in the operating room.
With Atlas of Endoscopic Sinus and Skull Base Surgery clinicians are able to:
Editors of Atlas of Endoscopic Sinus and Skull Base Surgery are James N. Palmer, MD, Associate Professor and Director Division of Rhinology, Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia and Alexander G. Chiu, MD Professor and Chief, Division of Otolaryngology Department of Surgery, University of Arizona, Tucson. Associate Editor is Nithin D. Adappa, MD, Assistant Professor, Division of Rhinology, Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. The book has 55 contributors, many of whom are former fellows of the editors.
According to Palmer and Chiu, after seven and a half years together in adjoining offices at the University of Pennsylvania, training 11 rhinology fellows and 32 otolaryngology residents, bouncing ideas and interesting cases off each other, and collaborating on nearly 50 peer-reviewed publications, they decided that they had spent too much time talking about writing a book and needed to actually accomplish writing a book.
Pairing high-definition endoscopic photos with clear illustrations, Atlas of Endoscopic Sinus and Skull Base Surgery takes clinicians through each surgical procedure as if the authors were in their operating rooms assisting them with the case. Each surgical chapter starts with the relevant anatomy and surgical indications, instrumentation needed, and potential pitfalls to lookout for. The chapters take readers through each procedure step by step, with special attention to surgical anatomy and postoperative considerations. The editors cover the entire spectrum of modern rhinology and anterior skull base surgery, from septoplasty and sphenoethmoidectomy to extended frontal sinus procedures, endoscopic craniofacial resections, and complex skull base reconstructions.
Chapters in Atlas of Endoscopic Sinus and Skull Base Surgery and their authors include:
Part 1: Nasal Surgery
Part 2: Basics of Primary Endoscopic Sinus Surgery
Part 3: Revision Endoscopic Sinus Surgery Inflammatory Disease
Part 4: Orbital Surgery
Part 5: Sinonasal Tumors
Part 6: Skull Base Reconstruction
Part 7: Anterior and Central Skull Base Approaches
In the first edition of Atlas of Endoscopic Sinus and Skull Base Surgery, Drs. Palmer and Chiu gather an ensemble of premier surgeons, each of whom has gone to great lengths to provide readers with beautifully illustrated drawings, high-quality digital images, and straight-forward instructions for a plethora of rhinologic procedures. This is the rhinology and skull base atlas that we wish we had been able to read during our fellowship, and we are proud to say that it is as useful to us now as it would have been during those earlier years. We believe this text will be well-suited for the medical student all the way to the experienced Rhinologic surgeon – as an introduction to endoscopic procedures and a manual to refresh experienced surgeons on complex techniques.
We remain indebted to Drs. Palmer and Chiu for the mentorship they provide, and we are honored to have contributed to this atlas. I hope you enjoy reading this atlas as much as we did writing chapters and that it will enlighten and inspire you. – Nithin D. Adappa, MD; Robert T. Adelson, MD; Rakesh K. Chandra, MD; Noam Cohen, MD, PhD; Satish Govindaraj, MD, FACS; Jivianne T. Lee, MD; John M. Lee, MD, FRCSC; Jayakar V. Nayak, MD, PhD; Vijay R. Ramakrishnan, MD; Jeremy Reed, MD; Rodney J. Schlosser, MD; Jeffery D. Suh, MD; Calvin Wei, MD; Kevin C. Welch, MD; and Bradford A. Woodworth, MD.
Beautifully illustrated, Atlas of Endoscopic Sinus and Skull Base Surgery is a comprehensive atlas for endoscopic sinus and skull base surgery providing highly effective surgical solutions to sinus and skull base disease. The volume is suited for medical students interested in otolaryngology, otolaryngology residents, and practicing otolaryngologists who perform rhinologic procedures, simple or complex.
Professional & Technical / Medicine / Clinical / Internal / Pathology / Diagnosis / Reference
Practical Soft Tissue Pathology: A Diagnostic Approach: Expert Consult – Online and Print by Jason L. Hornick MD PhD (Pattern Recognition Series: Elsevier Saunders)
Practical Soft Tissue Pathology catapults clinicians across the finish line of a definitive diagnosis. Illustrated in full color throughout, this medical reference book captures key morphologic patterns for a comprehensive range of common and rare soft-tissue conditions and assists in the interpretation of complex diagnostic puzzles. Access to the entire text and image bank on Expert Consult adds time-saving convenience.
With Practical Soft Tissue Pathology clinicians are able to:
The editor of Practical Soft Tissue Pathology is Jason L. Hornick, MD, PhD, Director of Surgical Pathology, Director, Immunohistochemistry Laboratory, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Associate Professor of Pathology, Harvard Medical School, Boston. The book has 18 contributors.
According to Hornick in Practical Soft Tissue Pathology, with its diversity of histologic appearances and the rarity of many types of mesenchymal tumors, soft tissue tumor pathology can be intimidating for pathologists in training and practicing pathologists alike. The current classification system informs the organization of the majority of soft tissue tumor textbooks, emphasizing the line of differentiation exhibited by the tumor cells. Pathologists can relatively easily recognize some mesenchymal tumors as fibroblastic/myofibroblastic, ‘fibrohistiocytic,’ smooth muscle, skeletal muscle, vascular, or adipocytic, but for many other soft tissue tumors, the lineage is not intuitively obvious. Immunohistochemistry therefore plays a major role in demonstrating such lineages. However, for some mesenchymal neoplasms, there is no apparent normal cellular counterpart; such tumors (which are both histologically and clinically diverse) are often found in textbooks lumped together in a separate chapter with tumors of uncertain lineage. Despite teaching junior residents to describe tumors based on cytologic findings and histologic patterns, the specialty features surprisingly few pathology textbooks wherein soft tissue tumors are presented in the same manner in which pathologists approach them in daily practice – with tumor cell appearance, architectural arrangements, and stromal characteristics as organizing principles.
Practical Soft Tissue Pathology addresses this gap in the literature by taking a pattern-based approach to soft tissue tumor pathology, with chapters devoted to the dominant cytology of the tumor cells (spindle cell tumors, epithelioid tumors, round cell tumors, pleomorphic sarcomas, biphasic tumors, and tumors with mixed patterns), the quality of the extracellular matrix (tumors with myxoid stroma), and other distinguishing features (giant cell-rich tumors, soft tissue tumors with prominent inflammatory cells). Because recognition of many adipocytic, vascular, cartilaginous, and osseous neoplasms, is relatively straightforward on histologic grounds alone, separate chapters are devoted to these groups of lesions. Cutaneous, gastrointestinal, and lower genital mesenchymal tumors are also presented in separate chapters, because many distinctive tumor types arise exclusively or predominantly in those anatomic compartments. Because many soft tissue tumors have more than one distinguishing feature (e.g., epithelioid cytology and myxoid stroma, spindle cell morphology and prominent inflammatory cells), quite a few tumors are discussed in multiple chapters to emphasize approaches to differential diagnosis. Although molecular findings are included throughout Practical Soft Tissue Pathology when relevant, the final chapter is devoted to molecular testing in soft tissue tumor pathology, both to provide an overview of the methods used (and relative merits of the various techniques) and to give examples of how the application of molecular testing can aid in differential diagnosis.
The main patterns are included in table form in the front of Practical Soft Tissue Pathology. This section also includes additional distinguishing findings that can narrow down the differential diagnosis, specific diagnostic considerations within each category, and a reference to the chapter and page number where the particular tumor type can be found. Readers may choose either to use these tables to identify specific tumors in the book based on the dominant pattern and other particular features or to go directly to the chapter or chapters containing tumors with the histologic features recognized. Although these tables are relatively comprehensive, they do not include most vascular, adipocytic, cartilaginous, and osseous tumors, which can be studied in the chapters devoted to those groups of neoplasms.
The chapters in Practical Soft Tissue Pathology and their authors include:
Pattern-Based Approach to Diagnosis
1 Introduction: Tumor Classification and Immunohistochemistry – Jason L. Hornick, MD, PhD
2 Biologic Potential, Grading, Staging, and Reporting of Sarcomas – Jason L. Hornick, MD, PhD
3 Spindle Cell Tumors of Adults – Adrian Marino-Enriquez, MD, Louis Guillou, MD, and Jason L. Hornick, MD, PhD
4 Pediatric Spindle Cell Tumors – Cheryl M. Coffin, MD
5 Tumors with Myxoid Stroma – Alessandra F. Nascimento, MD, and Jason L. Hornick, MD, PhD
6 Epithelioid and Epithelial-like Tumors – Essia Saiji, MD, Louis Guillou, MD, and Jason L. Hornick, MD, PhD
7 Pleomorphic Sarcomas – J. Frans Graadt van Roggen, MB ChB, PhD, and Pancras C. W. Hogendoorn, MD, PhD
8 Round Cell Tumors – Enrique de Alava, MD, PhD
9 Biphasic Tumors and Tumors with Mixed Patterns – Alessandra F. Nascimento, MD, and Jason L. Hornick, MD, PhD
10 Soft Tissue Tumors with Prominent Inflammatory Cells – Jason L. Hornick, MD, PhD
11 Giant Cell-Rich Tumors – Bernadette Liegl-Atzwanger, MD, and Jason L. Hornick, MD, PhD
12 Adipocytic Tumors – Licia Laurino, MD, and Angelo Paolo Dei Tos, MD
13 Vascular Tumors – Briana C. Gleason, MD, and Jason L. Hornick, MD, PhD
14 Cartilaginous and Osseous Soft Tissue Tumors – Andre M. Oliveira, MD, PhD
15 Cutaneous Mesenchymal Tumors – Thomas Brenn, MD, PhD, and Jason L. Hornick, MD, PhD
16 Mesenchymal Tumors of the Gastrointestinal Tract – Brian R. Rubin, MD, PhD, and Jason L. Hornick, MD, PhD
17 Lower Genital Soft Tissue Tumors – Marisa R. Nucci, MD
18 Applications of Molecular Testing to Differential Diagnosis – Alexander J. Lazar, MD, PhD
Lavishly illustrated with high quality images, Practical Soft Tissue Pathology provides the practical, hands-on information clinicians need to solve even the toughest soft tissue diagnostic challenges.
Professional & Technical / Medicine / Clinical / Internal / Surgery / Neurology / Reference
Monitoring in Neurocritical Care: Expert Consult – Online and Print, 1st edition edited by Peter D. Le Roux MD FACS, Joshua Levine MD and W. Andrew Kofke MD MBA FCCM (Elsevier Saunders)
Ideal for neurosurgeons, neurologists, neuroanesthesiologists, and intensivists, Monitoring in Neurocritical Care helps clinicians use the latest technology to more successfully detect deteriorations in neurological status in the ICU. This neurosurgery reference offers in-depth coverage of state-of-the-art management strategies and techniques so they can effectively monitor their patients and ensure the best outcomes.
With Monitoring in Neurocritical Care clinicians are able to:
Editors are Peter D. le Roux, MD, FACs, Associate Professor of Neurosurgery, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Department of Neurosurgery, Pennsylvania Hospital, Philadelphia; Joshua M. Levine, MD, Assistant Professor, Departments of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Co-Director, Neurointensive Care Unit, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia; W. Andrew Kofke, MD, MBA, FCCM, Professor, Departments of Anesthesiology and Critical Care and Neurosurgery, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Director, Neuroanesthesia, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care University of Pennsylvania Health System; Co-Director, Neurointensive Care Unit, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. There are 98 contributors to the book: clinicians, engineers, information technology experts, and researchers who have extensive experience in the field.
According to Le Roux, Levine and Kofke in the preface to Monitoring in Neurocritical Care, neurocritical care has evolved rapidly in the past 10 years. It is a specialty that focuses on the critical care management of patients with catastrophic neurologic diseases, including primary neurologic pathologies such as traumatic brain injury (TBI), ischemic stroke, intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), brain tumors, infection (e.g., HIV, TB, meningitis), spinal cord injury, and acute ascending neuropathies. In addition, neurologic dysfunction occurs in many diverse systemic disorders, including hypoxia (e.g., post cardiac arrest, near drowning), liver dysfunction, electrolyte abnormalities, high altitude sickness, eclampsia, lead intoxication, and malignant hypertension.
There are many reasons why brain injury or damage occurs in patients with neurologic disorders. In particular, multiple experimental and clinical studies have demonstrated a close relationship between variables such as hypoxia, increased intracranial pressure, arterial hypotension, hyperglycemia, fever, and seizures with neurologic outcome, and accumulating evidence suggests that brain damage evolves over time. Minimizing the burden of this delayed, or ‘secondary,’ brain injury, has become the focus of modern neurocritical care. However, despite much research, trials in neuroprotection have largely failed, in part because of their association with prognostic heterogeneity, multiple mechanisms of cellular damage, and a paucity of early mechanistic endpoints. This has led to a realization that strategies of care, or ‘bundles,’ rather than single agents, and approaches that are tailored to individual patient physiology and pathophysiology are necessary to improve outcomes.
As explained in Monitoring in Neurocritical Care, in daily practice neurointensivists focus on the recognition of subtle changes in the neurologic condition, interactions between the brain and systemic derangements, and brain physiology. The challenge for intensivists today is to identify individuals who are at risk of developing disease or secondary injury, determine disease severity, and distinguish responders from nonresponders to therapy (i.e., individualized and targeted medicine). Monitoring is one tool that may answer these challenges, and it has become central to the management of secondary brain injury and to individualized care. In recent years, technology developments have resulted in several new monitoring techniques that provide the neurointensivist with information about brain and cellular function. Techniques to better monitor function of the heart, lung, liver, kidney, and blood also have evolved. In addition, when the various techniques are combined (‘multimodal monitoring’), a more accurate overall picture of brain function is produced. This approach, along with new computer systems that integrate data at the bedside, and the emerging field of bioinformatics may change the way patients with brain injury are managed in the future.
In the last decade, there have been many advances in neurocritical care monitoring technology, and a better understanding of what information the technology provides. These advances have been chronicled in numerous contributions to the scientific literature, the sheer volume of which makes it difficult for healthcare providers and device engineers to keep up to date with the knowledge necessary to provide the best patient care. In addition, although several textbooks on critical care or head injury briefly discuss monitoring in a chapter or two, there is a paucity of information that summarizes all aspects of neuromonitoring and no textbook that is dedicated to monitoring in neurocritical care.
This book, Monitoring in Neurocritical Care, represents a comprehensive review of neuromonitoring. It provides readers with a practical but in-depth reference that describes the scientific basis and rationale for use of a particular monitor, the information it provides, and how this information can be used to manage the neurocritical care patient in an integrated fashion.
Monitoring in Neurocritical Care is divided into seven sections. Section I, Background, provides information about cerebral metabolism, the principles of neurocritical care, informatics, quality assessment, the role of ICU design and nursing, specific considerations in children, the effects of anesthetic agents on monitors, and a discussion on the relationship between bioethics and monitoring. Section II, Clinical and Laboratory Assessment, reviews clinical evaluation, sedation, pain, delirium, outcomes such as neuropsychological and brain death, extracerebral organ systems, laboratory analysis, and the role of biomarkers. Section III, Electrophysiology, is devoted to evoked potentials and electroencephalography. Section IV, Radiology, discusses the use and integration of various techniques, including computed tomography, xenon-CT, MRI, PET, and SPECT in neurocritical care. Section V, Cerebral Blood Flow, is a review of techniques such as neurosonology, laser Doppler flowmetry, thermal diffusion flowmetry, jugular bulb oximetry, and near infrared spectroscopy Section VI, Intracranial Monitoring, provides an in-depth review of invasive techniques, including intracranial pressure, brain oxygen, cerebral microdialysis, and brain temperature. The final section, Computers, Engineering, and the Future, provides a description of device development, engineering, simulation, telemedicine, robotics, information processing, data acquisition and storage, medical informatics and multimodality monitoring, noninvasive brain monitoring, and a discussion of potential future developments.
The chapters in Monitoring in Neurocritical Care and their authors include:
Section I Background
1 Principles of Cerebral Metabolism and Blood Flow – Brad E. Zacharia and E. Sander Connolly, Jr.
2 Why Monitor and Principles of Neurocritical Care – Syed T. Arshad and Jose I. Suarez
3 Designing the Neurocritical Care Unit for Better Patient Care – Mahbub Rashid, Craig Zimring, and Owen B. Samuels
4 Informatics Infrastructure for the Neurocritical Care Unit – J. Michael Schmidt, David K. Vawdrey, and Richard S. Moberg
5 Nursing and Education – DaiWai M. Olson
6 Quality Assessment in the Neurocritical Care Unit – Anoma Nellore, Peter D. le Roux, and David A. Horowitz
7 Brain Monitoring Issues in Pediatrics – Anthony A. Figaji
8 Bioethics and the Family – Patricia D. Scripko and David M. Greer
9 Monitors During Anesthesia: Effects of Anesthetic Agents on Monitors – Jonathan McEwen, K. T. Henrik Huttunen, and Arthur M. Lam
Section II Clinical and Laboratory Assessment
10 Clinical Assessment in the Neurocritical Care Unit – Ramani Balu, John A. Detre, and Joshua M. Levine
11 Pain, Sedation, and Delirium in Critical Illness – Kyla P. Terhune, E. Wesley Ely, and Pratik P. Pandharipande
12 Outcome Scales and Neuropsychological Outcome – Rosette C. Biester
13 Brain Death – Farzana Tariq and Peter M. Black
14 Glucose and Nutrition – Sarice L. Bassin and Thomas P. Bieck
15 Hematology and Coagulation – Monisha A. Kumar
16 Monitoring Inflammation – Alejandro M. Spiotta, Alan Siu, and J. Javier Provencio
17 Infection – Barnett R. Nathan and John J. Stern
18 Biomarkers – Robert G. Siman
19 Volume Status and Cardiac Function – Jose L. Pascual, Jiri Horak, Vicente H. Gracias, and Patrick J. Neligan
20 Ventilation and Pulmonary Function – Maurizio Cereda and Patrick J. Neligan
21 Endocrine Evaluation – Matthew R. Sanborn and Carrie A. Sims
22 Renal, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Assessment – Guy M. Dugan
23 Gastrointestinal and Hepatic Disorders – Christiana E. Hall and Aashish R. Patel
Section III Electrophysiology
24 Evoked Potentials – Emmanuel Carrera, Ronald G. Emerson, and Jan Claassen
25 Electroencephalography – Peter Horn, Mauro Oddo, and Sarah E. Schmitt
Section IV Radiology
26 Computed Tomography – Asako Miyakoshi and Wendy A. Cohen
27 Xenon-Enhanced Computed Tomography – Andrew P. Carlson and Howard Yonas
28 MRI in Neurocritical Care – Damien Galanaud and Louis Puybasset
29 PET and SPECT – Thomas Geeraerts and David K. Menon
Section V Cerebral Blood Flow
30 Neurosonology: Transcranial Doppler and Transcranial Color-Coded Duplex Sonography – Jaroslaw Krejza and Michal Arkuszewski
31 Laser Doppler Flowmetry, Thermal Diffusion Flowmetry, and Orthogonal Polarizing Spectral Imaging – Frederik A. Pennings
32 Jugular Bulb Oximetry – Amit Prakash and Basil F. Matta
33 Near Infrared Spectroscopy – Pippa G. Al-Rawi and Peter J. Kirkpatrick
Section VI Intracranial Monitoring
34 Intracranial Pressure – Randall M. Chesnut
35 Brain Oxygen – Mauro Oddo and Peter D. le Roux
36 Cerebral Microdialysis – Martin Smith
37 Brain Temperature – Nino Stocchetti and Elisa R. Zanier
Section VII Computers, Engineering, and the Future
38 Device Development – Gerald P. Roston and Brandon von Tobel
39 Engineering Issues – Brett Trimble and Jens Bracht
40 Multimodality Monitoring and Artificial Intelligence – Richard S. Moberg and J. Michael Schmidt
41 Simulation in the ICU – W Andrew Kofke
42 Robotic Telepresence in Neurocritical Care: The Next Paradigm in Critical Care – Paul M. Vespa
43 Information Processing, Data Acquisition, and Storage – Per Enblad, Ian Piper, and Richard O. Sinnott
44 VISICU and the eICU Program – Pamela J. Amelung and Martin E. Doerfler
45 Medical Informatics – J. Claude Hemphill III, Marco D. Sorani, Stuart Russell, and Geoffrey T Manley
46 Noninvasive Brain Monitoring – Marek Czosnyka, Bernhard Schmidt, Eric Albert Schmidt, Rohan Ramakrishna, Pierre D. Mourad, and Michel Kliot
47 Auditory Signals for Noninvasive Monitors – Richard P. Dutton and John M. Sewell
48 Past, Present, and Future Developments of Intracranial Monitoring – David M. Benglis, Jr., Brett Trimble, and M. Ross Bullock
For those who are interested in clinical or laboratory research on brain injury in its broad sense, Monitoring in Neurocritical Care provides many ideas and references and will be a stepping-stone to further progress in understanding a complex problem. Readers gain a comprehensive understanding about neuromonitoring and neurocritical care and an insight into existent controversies and potential future management.
This in-depth volume, complete with state-of-the art management strategies, will be relevant to neurologists, neurosurgeons, neuroanesthesiologists, neurointensivists, and neuroscience nurses, and will serve as a useful resource to intensivists working in medical and surgical ICUs. It also will serve as a reference and guide for engineers, bioengineers, and computer experts who work on medical device and bioinformatics development.
Professional & Technical / Medicine / Clinical / Surgery / Anesthesiology / Reference
Anesthesia Equipment: Principles and Applications (Expert Consult: Online and Print), 2nd edition by Jan Ehrenwerth MD, James B. Eisenkraft MD MRCP(UK) FFARCS and James M Berry MD (Elsevier Saunders)
Anesthesia Equipment, 2nd Edition, by Dr. Jan Ehrenwerth and Dr. James B. Eisenkraft, offers expert, highly visual, practical guidance on the full range of delivery systems and technology used in practice today. It equips clinicians with the objective, informed answers they need to ensure optimal patient safety.
With Anesthesia Equipment clinicians are able to:
The editors are Jan Ehrenwerth, MD, Professor of Anesthesiology, Yale University School of Medicine New Haven, Connecticut; James B. Eisenkraft, MD, Professor of Anesthesiology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai New York, and James M. Berry, MD, Professor of Anesthesiology Vanderbilt University Medical Center Nashville. The book has 58 contributors, all acknowledged leaders in the field.
It is paradoxical that in the late twentieth century, when anesthesia machines and equipment were much simpler, reading Anesthesia Equipment edited by Drs. Jan Ehrenwerth and James Eisenkraft was mandatory. At that time in most health care facilities, the absence of on-site-trained technicians made each anesthesia caregiver his or her own biomedical technician. Analogous to early aviators, anesthesia caregivers were required to understand the mechanics of their equipment as well as make minor repairs. Today, anesthesia workstations and equipment are complex and computer based. Now there is an information explosion from multiple e-media sources. Does this absolve health care providers from possessing an intimate knowledge of the basics of their equipment? The answer, according to Ehrenwerth and Eisenkraft, is a resounding no! If anything, the second edition of Anesthesia Equipment becomes even more important, as clinicians are continually bombarded with data on the well-being of their equipment. Deciphering early clues from a potential equipment failure and addressing them in a timely fashion can mean the difference between an uneventful anesthetic procedure and one with a significant complication or adverse outcome.
Anesthesia equipment and technologies have evolved significantly since publication of the first edition of Anesthesia Equipment 20 years ago. In many areas the function of the equipment (e.g., anesthesia workstation) remains the same, but the process has changed to make the systems more accurate, more reliable, and compatible with electronic medical record-keeping and data handling systems. There are many potential benefits to be gained from these largely computer-based advances, such as better ergonomics, intelligent alarm systems, and unlimited potential for data mining to help improve outcomes. This evolution has necessitated an increasing appreciation of the more sophisticated equipment that clinicians use on a daily basis. Steven J. Barker, MD, PhD, in 2003 in the journal Anesthesia and Analgesia cautioned cautioned against ‘black box complacency’ and concluded that "Today's problem is not simply too much reliance on technology. Our problem is not enough education in the basis of technology, its limitations, its relationship with physiology, and its integrated use in patient care." His challenge to readers was to improve ‘technoeducation’ for the benefit of future anesthesiologists and the safety of patients. Anesthesia Equipment is intended to meet that challenge.
As in the first edition, the approach taken to describe equipment is first to define the principles of operation, including, where applicable, the physics and technologic aspects. Once the principles of operation are understood, the applications and limitations should be a logical continuation. Clinical relevance and safety aspects have been emphasized throughout.
Anesthesia Equipment is organized into seven parts. Part I, Gases and Ventilation, covers this topic as used in contemporary anesthesia delivery systems for inhaled anesthetics. Although Ehrenwerth, Eisenkraft and Berry focus on systems used in the United States, the principles should be applicable to other systems used elsewhere. Obsolete systems have been omitted except where they may be useful to illustrate important principles. This particularly applies in the case of measured flow vaporizing systems, such as the Copper Kettle and Verni-Trot.
Part II, System Monitors, discusses the basic monitors of the anesthesia delivery system that ensure correct functioning.
Part III, Patient Monitors, describes the additional equipment used for basic anesthetic monitoring as defined by the standards most recently published by the American Society of Anesthesiologists.
Part IV describes Other Equipment that is not logically categorized in other groups.
Part V covers Computers, Alarms, and Ergonomics. These features are the basis of the distinction between contemporary systems and their predecessors.
Part VI describes Special Conditions in which anesthesia delivery systems may be used, as well as the principles of closed circuit anesthesia techniques.
Part VII includes chapters related to Safety, Standards, and Quality. Studies of critical incidents and adverse outcomes involving anesthesia equipment continue to show that pure failure of equipment is uncommon, whereas use error and failure to recognize spurious data are the leading culprits.
There is extensive coverage of most anesthesia equipment; omitted are ultrasound and echocardiography equipment, as well as rapid infusion systems. There is also no discussion of cardiopulmonary bypass or extra-corporeal oxygenation hardware and techniques. These devices are omitted because they are somewhat specialized, not exclusive to anesthesiology practice, and are extensively covered in other texts. There is a significant allocation of space to safety, standards, and regulatory issues, along with quality assurance topics.
Chapters in Anesthesia Equipment and their authors include:
Part I Gases and Ventilation
Part II System Monitors
Part III Patient Monitors
Part IV Other Equipment
Part V Computers, Alarms, and Ergonomics
Part VI Special Conditions
Part VII Safety, Standards, and Quality
The real strength of the second edition of Anesthesia Equipment lies in the breadth of topics covered. This is not an anesthesia workstation book. Rather, it addresses areas that the clinician is likely to encounter on an everyday basis. The last part of the book, Safety, Standards, and Quality, brings all the chapter themes together under the larger topic of patient safety, a core value of our specialty. It addresses such provocative topics as risk management and the development and impact of regulations and standards.
have taken a very complex group of topics, and by use of their
skills as clinicians and educators, have made the material
meaningful to the novice as well as seasoned attending clinicians.
In looking at the value of the book, perhaps Albert Einstein said it
best: "Everything should be made as simple as possible, but not
simpler." – Paul Barash, MD, Professor of Anesthesiology,
Yale University School of Medicine
New Haven, CT
Anesthesia Equipment makes the safest and most effective use of today’s anesthesia equipment. This comprehensive and clearly written reference offers expert, highly visual, practical guidance. Incorporating vital material from the first edition, the editors have completely redesigned this seminal publication. The figures are clear and crisp, with the associated educational message easy to understand. The tables are clear and not so overloaded with data that they become unreadable. The chapters, written by experts in specific areas, follow a template, which enhances their ability to deliver a message clearly and rapidly and augments their educational value.
Professional & Technical / Medicine / Internal / Clinical / Pathology / Neurology / Reference
Neuropathology: A Volume in the High Yield Pathology Series (Expert Consult – Online and Print), 1st edition edited by Anthony T. Yachnis MD and Marie L. Rivera-Zengotita MD (High-Yield Pathology Series: Elsevier Saunders)
Clinicians can save time diagnosing neuropathology specimens with Neuropathology, part of the growing High-Yield Pathology Series. Dr. Anthony Yachnis and Dr. Marie Rivera-Zengotita help clinicians review the key features of neuropathology specimens, recognize the classic look of each disease, and confirm their diagnosis. A logical format, excellent color photographs, concise bulleted text, and authoritative content helps them accurately identify hundreds of discrete disease entities.
With Neuropathology clinicians are able to:
Neuropathology, with access to ExpertConsult, provides a pragmatic review of clinical and pathological features of a range of nervous system diseases. The editors of Neuropathology are Anthony T. Yachnis, MD, Professor, Chief, Neuropathology Section and Marie L. Rivera-Zengotita, MD, Clinical Assistant Professor, both in the Department of Pathology, Immunology, and Laboratory Medicine, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville. Contributors are Kelly Garland Devers, MD, Neuropathology Fellow; Jennifer A. Jeung, MD, Senior Pathology Resident; and Matthew Simmons, MD, Fellow – all in the Department of Pathology, Immunology, and Laboratory Medicine, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville; Kyle M. Fargen, MD, MPH Senior Neurosurgery Resident Department of Neurosurgery, University of Florida, College of Medicine, Gainesville; Christine Lin, MD, Dermatopathology Fellow, Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Tulane University, School of Medicine, New Orleans; and Dara N. Wakefield, MD, Hematopathology Fellow, University of Alabama, Department of Pathology, Birmingham.
Establishing the correct neuropathologic diagnosis routinely requires knowledge of clinical and imaging findings that allow optimal interpretation of gross, histological, and genetic studies. Hence, pertinent clinical and radiological features for each entity covered in the book precede a summary of the pertinent pathological findings with corresponding representative photographs.
Chapters in Neuropathology and their authors include:
I. BASIC REACTIONS – Anthony T. Yachnis and Marie L. Rivera-Zengotita
A. CEREBRAL EDEMA
II. DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS – Dara N. Wakefield
Neural Tube Defects, Holoprosencephaly, Posterior Fossa: Chiari Malformations, Cerebellar Vermis Malformations, Lhermitte-Duclos Disease, Neuronal Migration Defects
B. ACQUIRED DEVELOPMENTAL DEFECTS
Germinal Matrix Hemorrhage, Periventricular Leukomalacia, Gray Matter Lesions, Porencephalies
III. CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS
A. CEREBRAL ISCHEMIA AND HYPERTENSIVE CHANGES – Matthew Simmons
Ischemic Cerebrovascular Disease, Hypertensive Cerebrovascular Disease: Ischemic Changes, Hypertensive Cerebrovascular Disease: Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage, Hypertensive Cerebrovascular Disease: Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES)
B. INTRACRANIAL ANEURYSMS
Saccular ('Berry') Aneurysms – Kyle M. Fargen
Fusiform Aneurysms – Matthew Simmons
Infective ('Mycotic') Aneurysms – Matthew Simmons
C. VASCULAR MALFORMATIONS
Arteriovenous Malformations (AVM) – Kyle M. Fargen
Cavernous Angiomas (CA) – Kyle M. Fargen
Capillary Telangiectasis – Matthew Simmons
Venous Angioma – Matthew Simmons
D. VASCULITIS – Matthew Simmons
Giant Cell Arteritis, Polyarteritis Nodosa (PAN), Primary CNS Angiitis
E. INHERITED CEREBROVASCULAR DISEASES – Matthew Simmons
Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy, Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL), Moyamoya Syndrome
IV. TRAUMA – Christine Lin
A. CLOSED VERSUS OPEN (PENETRATING) HEAD TRAUMA
Contusion/Laceration (Including Coup and Contrecoup Lesions), Diffuse Axonal Injury (Diffuse Traumatic Brain Injury)
B. TRAUMATIC INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGE
Epidural Hematoma, Subdural Hematoma
V. BRAIN TUMORS
A. DIFFUSE GLIOMAS: ASTROCYTIC – Matthew Simmons
Diffuse Astrocytoma, Anaplastic Astrocytoma, Glioblastoma, Glioblastoma Variants
B. DIFFUSE GLIOMAS: OLIGODENDROGLIAL – Matthew Simmons
Oligodendroglioma, Anaplastic Oligodendroglioma, Mixed Glioma (Oligoastrocytoma, Anaplastic Oligoastrocytoma), Gliomatosis Cerebri
C. OTHER ASTROCYTIC TUMORS – Matthew Simmons
Pleomorphic Xanthoastrocytoma (PXA), Pilocytic Astrocytoma, Subependymal Giant Cell Astrocytoma
D. EPENDYMOMAS AND SUBEPENDYMOMA – Christine Lin
Ependymoma, Anaplastic Ependymoma, Myxopapillary Ependymoma, Subependymoma
E. TUMORS WITH EPENDYMAL-LIKE FEATURES – Anthony T. Yachnis
Angiocentric Glioma, Chordoid Glioma, Astroblastoma
F. CHOROID PLEXUS TUMORS – Christine Lin
Choroid Plexus Papilloma, Choroid Plexus Carcinoma
G. NEURONAL AND GLIONEURONAL TUMORS – Dara N. Wakefield
Ganglion Cell Tumors, Desmoplastic Infantile Astrocytoma/ Ganglioglioma, Central Neurocytoma, Dysembryoplastic Neuroepithelial Tumor (DNET), Papillary Glioneuronal Tumor, Rosette-Forming Glioneuronal Tumor of the Fourth Ventricle
H. EMBRYONAL (PRIMITIVE) NEUROEPITHELIAL TUMORS – Dara N. Wakefield
Medulloblastoma, Central Nervous System – Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor (CNS-PNET), Atypical Teratoid/Rhabdoid Tumors (AT/RT)
I. MENINGIOMAS (TUMORS OF THE MENINGES)
Meningiomas: Overview and General Characteristics – Jennifer A. Jeung
Meningioma: WHO Grade I Variants – Jennifer A. Jeung
Atypical Meningioma – Jennifer A. Jeung
Malignant (Anaplastic) Meningiomas – Jennifer A. Jeung
Hemangiopericytoma: Solitary Fibrous Tumor – Christine Lin
J. NERVE SHEATH TUMORS – Christine Lin
Schwannoma, Neurofibronia, Perineurioma, Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor (MPNST)
K. PRIMARY CNS LYMPHOMA (PCNSL) – Christine Lin
L. PINEAL PARENCHYMAL TUMORS – Christine Lin
Pineocytoma, Pineal Parenchymal Tumor of Intermediate Differentiation, Pineoblastoma, Papillary Tumor of the Pineal Region
M. GERM CELL TUMORS OF THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM – Jennifer A. Jeung
Germinoma, Other Germ Cell Tumors
N. HEMANGIOBLASTOMA – Jennifer A. Jeung
O. SELLAR AND SUPRASELLAR TUMORS – Dara N. Wakefield
Pituitary Adenomas, Pituicytoma, Craniopharyngioma, Rathke Cleft Cyst, Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis
P. PRIMARY MELANOCYTIC TUMORS OF THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM – Matthew Simmons
Q. CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM CYSTS – Jennifer A. Jeung
R. METASTATIC BRAIN TUMORS – Dara N. Wakefield
S. TUMORS OF THE SKULL BASE – Matthew Simmons
Chordoma of Skull Base, Chondrosarcoma of Skull Base
VI. INFECTIOUS DISEASES – Kelly Garland Devers
A. BACTERIAL INFECTIONS
Acute Purulent Meningitis, Cerebral Bacterial Abscess, Nocardia/Actinomyces Species, Mycobacterial Infection, Neurosyphilis
Cerebral Cryptococcosis, Aspergillosis, Mucormycosis, Candidiasis
C. PARASITIC INFECTIONS
Cerebral Toxoplasmosis, Cerebral Cysticercosis, Primary Amoebic Meningoencephalitis, Granulomatous Amoebic Encephalitis, Cerebral Malaria
D. VIRAL INFECTIONS
General Viral Effects on the Central Nervous System, Herpes Simplex Encephalitis, Cytomegalovirus Encephalitis, Rabies Encephalitis, Arboviruses, Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy
E. NEUROPATHOLOGY OF AIDS
Primary Central Nervous System HIV Infection, HIV-Associated Vacuolar Myelopathy (HAM), Opportunistic CNS Infections in AIDS, CNS Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome (Neuro-IRIS)
F. PRION DISEASES
Prion-Related Diseases (Overview), Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease, Other Prion-Related Diseases
VII. NEURODEGENERATIVE DISORDERS – Jennifer A. Jeung
A. ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE
B. FRONTOTEMPORAL LOBAR DEGENERATIONS AND RELATED TAUOPATHIES
Corticobasal Degeneration (Rebeiz Disease), Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (PSP: Steele-Richardson-Olszewski Syndrome), Pick Disease, Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration: Frontotemporal Dementia and Parkinsonism Linked to Chromosome 17 (FTDP-17)
C. FRONTOTEMPORAL LOBAR DEGENERATIONS WITH UBIOUITININCLUSIONS (FTLD-U AND FTLD-MND) (TDP-43)
D. PARKINSON'S DISEASE AND RELATED ALPHA-SYNUCLEINOPATHIES
Parkinson's Disease, Dementia with Lewy Bodies, Multiple System Atrophy (MSA)
E. AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS (ALS)
F. TRIPLE-REPEAT INHERITED NEURODEGENERATIONS
Huntington Disease, Autosomal Recessive Spinocerebellar Degeneration (Friedreich's Ataxia), Autosomal Dominant Spinocerebellar Ataxias (SCA), Fragile X Tremor/Ataxia Syndrome (FXTAS)
G. NEUROAXONAL DYSTROPHIES
Neurodegeneration with Brain Iron Accumulation Type 1 (NBIA 1), Other Inherited Neuroaxonal Dystrophies
H. VASCULAR DEMENTIA AND BINSWANGER DISEASE
VIII. DEMYELINATING DISEASES – Jennifer A. Jeung
A. MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS
Multiple Sclerosis, Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorders
B. ACUTE DISSEMINATED ENCEPHALOMYELITIS
C. ACUTE HEMORRHAGIC LEUKOENCEPHALITIS (HURST DISEASE)
D. TUMEFACTIVE DEMYELINATING LESIONS (TDL)
IX. TOXIC, NUTRITIONAL, METABOLIC DISEASES – Kelly Garland Devers
A. TOXIC INJURY
Toxic Leukoencephalopathy, Carbon Monoxide, Ethanol-Related Injury (Including Superior Vermis Atrophy and Central Pontine Myelinolysis), Hepatic Encephalopathy
B. NUTRITIONAL DISEASES
Wernicke-Korsakoff Disease, Subacute Combined Degeneration
C. METABOLIC DISEASES
Neuronal Storage Diseases, Leukodystrophies, Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis, Wilson Disease (Hepatolenticular Degeneration), Alexander Disease
X. NEUROMUSCULAR DISORDERS – Marie L. Rivera-Zengotita
A. PERIPHERAL NERVE DISEASE
Basic Reactions in Peripheral Nerve Disorders, Immune-Mediated Inflammatory Neuropathies, Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease and Related Congenital Neuropathies
B. SKELETAL MUSCLE DISEASES
Essential Features: Myopathic versus Neurogenic Changes, Dermatomyositis, Polymyositis, Inclusion Body Myopathy and Myositis, Dystrophinopathies (Duchenne and Becker Muscular Dystrophies), Myotonic Dystrophies, Periodic Paralyses, Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophies, Nemaline Myopathy, Central Core Disease, Pompe Disease, McArdle Disease, Mitochondrial Myopathies
In Neuropathology the authors provide rapid access to a range of nervous system disorders. This volume does not to replace the other outstanding comprehensive textbooks in the field but rather provides quick reference via bulleted summaries of key facts that are supported by multiple representative photographs on topics of interest in the major areas of neuropathology. Neuropathology will find good use for trainees of all experience levels in pathology, neurology, neurosurgery, neuroradiology, neurooncology, and related fields. It should also be a handy practical reference for practicing pathologists, including neuropathologists requiring quick access to the field.
Professional & Technical / Medicine / Internal / Clinical / Pathology / Neuropathology
ERCP: Expert Consult – Online and Print, 2nd edition edited by Todd H. Baron MD FASGE, Richard A. Kozarek MD FASGE and David L. Carr-Locke MD FACG FRCP FASGE (Elsevier Saunders)
ERCP, now in its second edition, is dedicated to simplifying and explaining everything that clinicians need to know to practice endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ECRP). High-quality images, illustrative diagrams, and coverage of the latest techniques guide them through this complex area of endoscopy and help them achieve optimal outcomes.
With ERCP, clinicians are able to:
Clinicians can access the fully searchable text, download all the images, and watch key videos online. Over 40 videos feature the latest procedures, such as Needle Knife Sphincterotomy, Biliary Sphincterotomy, Cannulation, and Fistulotomy.
The editors of ERCP are Todd H. Baron, MD, FASGE, Professor of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Director of Pancreaticobiliary Endoscopy, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota; Richard A. Kozarek, MD, FASGE, Executive Director, Digestive Disease Institute, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Clinical Professor of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle; and David L. Carr-Locke, MD, FRCP, FACG, FASGE, Chief, Division of Digestive Diseases, Beth Israel Medical Center, Professor, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York. The book has 97 contributors.
It has been 5 years since the first edition of ERCP was published. At that time the editors recognized the importance of other technologies, including CT and MR scanning, and only touched upon EUS as a diagnostic supplement to these imaging techniques and to ERCP as well. In the intervening years, EUS has evolved as a complementary, and occasionally competitive, technique to retrograde cholangiopancreatography. The second edition of ERCP acknowledges this evolution with chapters devoted to EUS access of the pancreaticobiliary tree for diagnosis as well as transluminal and rendezvous therapy. As such, EUS has supplemented, and sometimes supplanted, traditional therapies such as interventional radiology and conventional surgery. However, as they are mindful of the past, they have included a chapter on the history of ERCP.
Over the past 5 years, the obesity epidemic has hit Western society and elsewhere in the developed world. As bariatric surgeries have flourished and long-length endoscopic (double/single balloon enteroscopes, spiral overtube-assisted) ERCPs have become commonplace, as have laparoscope-assisted transgastric approaches to the pancreaticobiliary tree. The editors’ prediction is that although currently limited to tertiary care and referral institutions, transgastric ERCP and evolving methods to perform ERCP in gastric bypass patients will be performed by many more centers in the years to come.
ERCP has become more globalized. ERCP is in the domain of developed countries, but the techniques described in the second edition of ERCP are replacing surgery throughout the developing world. There have been studies over the past 5 years that discuss not only ERCP indications and techniques but also when other imaging procedures may be safer and more appropriate. The chapter on radiologic imaging by Morgan and Schueler now includes radiation safety. EUS may be a better diagnostic tool for chronic pancreatitis than ERCP, that planning endoscopic therapy for complex hilar lesions without preceding MRCP or spiral CT for a roadmap is ill-advised, and that both EUS and MRCP can diagnose pancreas divisum in the majority of patients without need for direct pancreatography. Perhaps more importantly are studies suggesting that routine biliary decompression in resectable patients with distal malignant obstructive jaundice is unnecessary and may be associated with higher rates of adverse events than in individuals who undergo surgery alone. Likewise, differentiation between walled-off pancreatic necrosis (WOPN) and pancreatic pseudocysts has precluded therapeutic endoscopic misadventures. Finally, procedural techniques have evolved to minimize, but have not eliminated, the ERCPist's nemesis, acute post-ERCP pancreatitis. These techniques include guidewire cannulation, placement of small-diameter pancreatic duct stents, use of rectal NSAIDs, and most importantly, as defined in the chapter on indications and contraindications, avoiding use of this technology for marginal indications.
The chapters of ERCP and their authors include:
Section I General Topics
1 Four Decades: The History of ERCP – Lee McHenry and Glen Lehman
2 The ERCP Room – Steven A. Edmundowicz
3 Radiologic Issues and Radiation Safety during ERCP – Desiree E. Morgan and Beth Schueler
4 Endoscopes, Guidewires, and Accessories – Sushil K. Ahlawat and Firas H. Al-Kawas
5 Sedation in ERCP – Gregory A. Cote
6 Indications for and Contraindications to ERCP – John Baillie
7 Adverse Events of ERCP: Prediction, Prevention, and Management – Martin L. Freeman
8 ERCP Training – Juergen Hochberger, Juergen Maiss, and Todd H. Baron
9 Preparation for ERCP – John T. Maple
10 Principles of Electrosurgery – Petros Benias and David L. Carr-Locke
11 Quality Issues and Measures in ERCP – Amer A. Alkhatib and Douglas O. Faigel
12 Medicolegal Issues in ERCP – Peter Cotton and James T. Frakes
Section II Techniques
13 Cannulation of the Major Papilla – Michael J. Bourke
14 Access (Precut) Papillotomy – Paul Kortan and Gary May
15 Sphincter of Oddi Manometry – Evan L. Fogel
16 Biliary Sphincterotomy – Horst Neuhaus
17 Balloon Dilation of the Native and Postsphincterotomy Papilla – Chan Sup Shim
18 Stone Extraction – Catherine B. Ngo and Joseph W. Leung
19 Pancreatic Sphincterotomy – Jonathan M. Buscaglia and Anthony N. Kalloo
20 Minor Papilla Cannulation and Sphincterotomy – Pier Alberto Testoni and Alberto Mariani
21 Plastic Pancreaticobiliary Stents and Nasopancreaticobiliary Tubes: Concepts and Insertion Techniques – Todd H. Baron
22 Biliary Metal Stent Insertion – Brintha K. Enestvedt and Gregory G. Ginsberg
23 Pancreaticobiliary Stent Removal: Migrated and Nonmigrated – Everson L.A. Artifon, Juan J. Vila, and Jose Pinhata Otoch
24 Papillectomy and Ampullectomy – Shayan Irani and Richard A. Kozarek
25 Pancreatoscopy – Tadashi Kodama and Tatsuya Koshitani
26 Cholangioscopy – Peter B. Kelsey, Takao Itoi, and Raj J. Shah
27 ERCP in Children – Victor L. Fox
28 ERCP in Pregnancy – Ara B. Sahakian and Priya A. Jamidar
29 ERCP in Surgically Altered Anatomy – Simon K. Lo
30 Echoendoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Biliary Drainage – Marc Giovannini, Erwan Bories, and Felix Ignacio Tellez Avila
31 Endoscopic Ultrasound–Assisted Access to the Pancreatic Duct – Larissa L. Fujii and Michael J. Levy
SECTION III Approach to Clinical Problems
32 Pancreas Divisum, Biliary Cysts, and Other Congenital Anomalies – Mark Topazian
33 Approach to the Dilated Bile Duct and Pneumobilia – Pari Shah, Geoffrey Spencer, and Michael L. Kochman
34 The Dilated Pancreatic Duct – Michelle A. Anderson and Anoop Prabhu
35 Ampullary Neoplasia – Paul Fockens and Ian D. Norton
36 Malignant Biliary Obstruction: Distal – Sandeep Krishnan and Douglas Pleskow
37 Malignant Biliary Obstruction of the Hilum and Proximal Bile Ducts – Savreet Sarkaria and Michel Kahaleh
38 Indeterminate Biliary Stricture – Bret T. Petersen
39 Combined Biliary and Duodenal Obstruction – Kathryn R. Byrne and Douglas G. Adler
40 Benign Biliary Strictures – Guido Costamagna, No Boskoski, and Pietro Familiari
41 Biliary Surgery Adverse Events Including Liver Transplantation – Claudio Navarrete, Francisca Navarrete, Jaquelina M. Gobelet, Eduardo Valdivieso, and Miguel Munoz-Navas
42 ERCP for Acute and Chronic Adverse Events of Pancreatic Surgery and Pancreatic Trauma – Prabhleen Chahal and Todd H. Baron
43 Choledocholithiasis – James Y.W. Lau, Yuk Tong Lee, and Joseph Sung
44 Pancreaticobiliary Pain and Suspected Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction – Paul R. Tarnasky and Robert H. Hawes
45 Sclerosing Cholangitis – Jawad Ahmad and Adam Slivka
46 Tropical Parasitic Infestations – Nageshwar Reddy, G. Venkat Rao, and Rupa Banerjee
47 Recurrent Pyogenic Cholangitis – Dong Wan Seo and Khean-Lee Goh
48 Cystic Lesions of the Pancreas – Won Jae Yoon and William R. Brugge
49 Unexplained Acute Pancreatitis – Damien Tan and Stuart Sherman
50 Biliary Intervention in Acute Gallstone Pancreatitis – Ayaz Matin and David L. Carr-Locke
51 Pancreatic Interventions in Acute Pancreatitis: Ascites, Fistulae, Leaks, and Other Disruptions – Andrew Ross and Richard A. Kozarek
52 Chronic Pancreatitis: Stones and Strictures – Jacques Deviere
53 Endoscopic Drainage of Pancreatic Pseudocysts, Abscesses, and Walled-Off (Organized) Necrosis – Todd H. Baron
ERCP, second edition, simplifies and explains everything that clinicians need to know to effectively and safely practice endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. High-quality images, illustrative diagrams, and coverage of the latest techniques guide them through this complex area of endoscopy and help them achieve optimal outcomes. This is state-of-the-art information and imaging for ERCP.
Religion & Spirituality / Buddhism
Dakini Power: Twelve Extraordinary Women Shaping the Transmission of Tibetan Buddhism in the West by Michaela Haas, with a foreword by His Holiness the Karmapa (Snow Lion)
I am heartened to read the accounts in Dakini Power of the achievements of women teachers from different schools of Buddhism: it is a celebration of the contribution which female practitioners have made throughout history and which they are continuing to make.... Their efforts will lead to a fresh recognition of the unique insights and qualities of female spirituality, and wider acknowledgment of women insights and qualities of female spirituality, practitioners and teachers. – from the foreword by His Holiness the Seventeenth Karmapa
Dakini Power reveals how 12 Tibetan Buddhist teachers
succeed in merging East and West, including personal reflections and
life stories from 12 contemporary female Tibetan Buddhist teachers
who share insights into how they discovered their true calling,
overcame barriers, and developed the courage, determination, and
wisdom to progress on the spiritual path.
The author Michaela Haas, PhD, reporter, lecturer, and media consultant who has been studying and practicing Buddhism for almost twenty years, asks, What drives a young London librarian to board a ship to India, meditate in a remote cave by herself for twelve years, and then build a flourishing nunnery in the Himalayas? How does a surfer girl from Malibu become the head of the main international organization for Buddhist women? Why does the daughter of a music executive in Santa Monica dream so vividly of peacocks one night that she chases these images to Nepal, where she finds the love of her life in an unconventional young Tibetan master?
The women featured in Dakini Power – contemporary teachers of Tibetan Buddhism, both Asians and Westerners, who teach in the West – have been universally recognized as accomplished practitioners and brilliant teachers whose life stories demonstrate their immense determination and bravery.
Featured in Dakini Power are:
The twelve women profiled in Michaela Haas's book form a circle that radiates in countless ways. Taken as a whole, their lives document both the continuing emergence of Tibetan Buddhism in the West and the concurrent work toward women's inclusion in arenas of practice and leadership where they have historically been marginalized and excluded. Dakini Power is an inspiring contribution to the ongoing conversation. – Sharon Salzberg, author of Lovingkindness and Real Happiness
What a moving and powerful book! Michaela Haas has done a superb job of presenting the struggles and the realization of these remarkable women in a way that makes them an inspiration to men and women alike. – B. Alan Wallace, author of Genuine Happiness and Choosing Reality
Meeting these women in Dakini Power, readers will be inspired to let go of old fears, explore new paths, and lead the lives they envision.
Religion & Spirituality / Christianity / Home & Garden / Crafts & Hobbies
A Homemade Year: The Blessings of Cooking, Crafting, and Coming Together by Jerusalem Jackson Greer (Paraclete Press)
Ten years ago I did not know what Christmastide was. I did not know about Epiphany or St. Stephen or Maundy Thursday. I had heard the terms Candlemas and Michaelmas, but I could not have picked their definitions or dates out of a liturgical calendar. In fact I did not even know what a liturgical calendar was. Growing up in a Southern Baptist family meant that the Christmas season ended on December 25 and Lent was something we picked off our black sweaters. When my family moved to Juneau, Alaska (a melting pot of beliefs and practices), my world cracked a bit wider, as I was exposed to new traditions such as Passover and Eastern Orthodoxy. Later in college and as a newlywed I found myself becoming even more curious about how others, outside of my tradition, connected to their faith daily. – from the book
A Homemade Year is a guide to celebrating the rhythm of life’s calendar of events, as well as the Christian liturgical year from Advent to Easter and beyond, focusing on God’s love in our lives. Jerusalem Greer weaves her own faith story with original recipes, crafts and entertaining ideas, creating a personal narrative that is a modern take on timeless traditions. This lush book celebrates love in practical, fun ways throughout the year.
Greer says that she has gone through seasons of thinking that legitimate spirituality only fits into one very tight-fitting box. But A Homemade Year is the kind of book that frees readers from just that sort of mistaken belief. This book inspires them to seek and experience God in a different way at their own pace. It can be a guide – to encourage, and to teach – but never to induce guilt, to depress, or to intimidate.
As readers look through A Homemade Year they may find celebrations that they already observe and some that they may not have thought of. Some projects are filled with recipes, some with crafts, and some with parties. As their families grow and change, so perhaps will how they use this book.
This energetic book is as useful as it is comforting. Christian formation begins in the home and A Homemade Year gives us ways and means of accomplishing that with joy, holiness, and a healthy portion of just plain, old-fashioned fun. – Phyllis Tickle, author of The Divine Hours
I began reading A Homemade Year one afternoon when I had no fewer than a thousand things going on in my house. Almost immediately, I was drawn into Jerusalem Greer's beautiful writing and became fascinated with her journey through an entire year of liturgical celebrations – some of which (Advent, Epiphany) I celebrate in my own home, but some of which I never knew about before. Two hours later, I was still reading, happily resigned to letting my plans for the day slide. Jerusalem so clearly conveys the significance and beauty of liturgical tradition, and her celebration-specific recipes and crafts are sweet and meaningful, while at the same time completely ‘do-able’ for everyone. This book is an absolute treasure. I want to share it with everyone I know! – Ree Drummond, #1 New York Times Bestselling author of The Pioneer Woman Cooks
Like many moms, I’m longing to create a sense of rhythm and tradition in our lives and our home, and this sweet book gives many imaginative, practical places to start. – Shauna Niequist, author of Bittersweet and Cold Tangerines
With waffle crumbs and bacon drippings and brown sugar crystals, Jerusalem Jackson Greer leaves a Hansel and Gretel-like path to follow as we travel through the seasons of the liturgical year. A Homemade Year gives families a wonderful sensory way to share and experience the Christian story at home. I was charmed and moved by this book. – Sybil MacBeth, author of Praying in Color and Praying in Color for Kids
In a world that struggles to slow down and stay focused on what’s really important, A Homemade Year gives you new vision to do just that. I can’t wait to get started myself! – Courtney Walsh, New York Times bestselling author of A Sweethaven Summer and Scrapbooking Your Faith
A Homemade Year shows readers how they can spend the year building love and friendship in their families and faith communities. This beautifully designed book may be a jumping-off point from which readers discover new and creative ways to experience the rhythm of God's story in their home, not just for one season, but for every season, creating joy and lasting memories in the most ordinary days.
Neuropathology: A Volume in the High Yield Pathology Series (Expert Consult – Online and Print), 1st edition edited by Anthony T. Yachnis MD and Marie L. Rivera-Zengotita MD (High-Yield Pathology Series: Elsevier Saunders)